flhe Baldwin Libdr)
THE TRIAL OF THE KNAVE OF HEARTS
WITH FORTY-TWO ILLUSTRATIONS
-_ -- -_ n_ 7_ _
ALL in the golden afternoon
Full leisurely we glide;
For both our oars, with little skill,
By little arms are plied,
While little hands make vain pretence
Our wanderings to guide.
Ah, cruel Three! In such an hour,
Beneath such dreamy weather,
To beg a tale, of breath too weak
To stir the tiniest feather !
Yet what can one poor voice avail
Against three tongues together?
Imperious Prima flashes forth
Her edict to "begin it"-
In gentler tone Secunda hopes
"There will be nonsense in it"
While Tertia interrupts the tale
Not more than once a minute.
-b~~. I -Y ~~cif
Anon, to sudden silence won,
In fancy they pursue
The dream-child moving through a land
Of wonders wild and new,
In friendly chat with bird or beast-
And half believe it true.
And ever, as the story drained
The wells of fancy dry,
And faintly strove that weary one
To put the subject by,
"The rest next time-" "It is next time"
The happy voices cry,
Thus grew the tale of Wonderland:
Thus slowly, one by one,
Its quaint events were hammered out-
And now the tale is done,
And home we steer, a merry crew,
Beneath the setting sun.
Alice! a childish story take,
And with a gentle hand
Lay it where Childhood's dreams are twined
In Memory's mystic band,
Like pilgrim's withered wreath of flowers
Plucked in a far-off land.
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE . .
THE POOL OF TEARS . .
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE .
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL .
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR .
PIG AND PEPPER . . .
A MAD TEA-PARTY . . .
THE QUEEN'S CROQUET-GROUND .
THE MOCK TURTLE'S STORY . .
THE LOBSTER QUADRILLE . .
WHO STOLE THE TARTS? . .
ALICE'S EVIDENCE . .
S . 147
-~;r 1 -
-, -~- ---
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE.
ALICE was beginning to get very tired of sitting
by her sister on the bank, and of having nothing
to do: once or twice she had peeped into the book
her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or
conversations in it, "and what is the use of a
/* book," though
So she wa
well as she c
very sleepy ai
making a dai
of getting up
denly a white
,nor did Alice
to hear the R
dear! I shall
to have wond
actually took a
and looked at
started to her
that she had n
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE.
t Alice, "without pictures or con-
considering in her own mind, (as
uld, for the hot day made her feel
d stupid,) whether the pleasure of
y-chain would be worth the trouble
and picking the daisies, when sud-
rabbit with pink eyes ran close by
nothing so very remarkable in that;
think it so very much out of the way
.abbit say to itself, Oh dear! Oh
be too late !" (when she thought it
s, it occurred to her that she ought
ered at this, but at the time it all
natural); but when the Rabbit
watch out of its waistcoat-pocket,
t it, and then hurried on, Alice
feet, for it flashed across her mind
ever before seen a rabbit with either
:ket or a watch to take out of it, and,
Ir! i DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE. 3 .'
burning with curiosity, she ran across the field
after it, and was just in time to see it pop down a .
large rabbit-hole under the hedge. '
In another moment down went Alice after it,
never once considering how in the world she was
to get out again.
3 The rabbit-hole went straight on like a tunnel
'for some way, and then dipped suddenly down, so
< suddenly that Alice had not a moment to think
about stopping herself before she found herself
falling down what seemed to be a very deep well.,
Either the well was very deep, or she fell very
slowly, for she had plenty of time as she went
down to look about her, and to wonder what was
going to happen next. First, she tried to look
down and make out what she was coming to, but
it was too dark to see anything: then she looked
at the sides of the well, and noticed that they were
filled with cupboards and bookshelves: here and
q< there she saw maps and pictures hung upon pegs.
She took down a jar from one of the shelves as she
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE.
passed; it was labelled "ORANGE MAR-
MALADE," but to her great disappointment it
was empty: she did not like to drop the jar for
fear of killing somebody underneath, so managed to
put it into one of the cupboards as she fell past it.
Well !" thought Alice to herself, "after such a
fall as this, I shall think nothing of tumbling
down stairs! How brave they'll all think me at
home! Why, I wouldn't say anything about it,
even if I fell off the top of the house !" (Which
was very likely true.)
Down, down, down. Would the fall never come
Sto an end? "I wonder how many miles I've
fallen by this time?" she said aloud. "I must be
getting somewhere near the centre of the earth.
Let me see: that would be four thousand miles
down, I think-" (for, you see, Alice had learnt
several things of this sort in her lessons in the
schoolroom, and though this was not a very good
opportunity for showing off her knowledge, as
there was no one to listen to her, still it was good
&- 2_j I-*
----------- -I~-JI-~---~ ------------~ -L
practice to say it over) "-yes, that's about the
right distance-but then I wonder what Latitude
or Longitude I've got to?" (Alice had not the
slightest idea what Latitude was, or Longitude
either, but she thought they were nice grand
words to say.)
Presently she began again. "I wonder if I
shall fall right through the earth! How funny it'll
seem to come out among the people that walk with
their heads downwards! The Antipathies, I
think-" (she was rather glad there was no one
listening this time, as it didn't sound at all the
right word) "-but I shall have to ask them what
the name of the country is, you know. Please,
Ma'am, is this New Zealand or Australia?" (and
she tried to curtsy as she spoke-fancy curtsying
as you're falling through the air! Do you think
you could manage it?) "And what an ignorant
little girl she'll think me for asking! No, it'll
never do to ask: perhaps J shall see it written up
DOWN THE RABI
-6 DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE.
Down, down, down. There was nothing else to
do, so Alice soon began talking again. "Dinah'll
miss me very much to-night, I should think!"
(Dinah was the cat.) "I hope they'll remember
her saucer of milk at tea-time. Dinah. my dear!
I wish you were down here with me! There are
no mice in the air, I'm afraid, but you might catch
a bat, and that's very like a mouse, you know.
But do cats eat bats, I wonder?" And here
Alice began to get rather sleepy, and went on say-
ing to herself, in a dreamy sort of way, Do cats
eat bats? Do cats eat bats ?" and sometimes,
S"Do bats eat cats ?" for, you see, as she couldn't
answer either question, it didn't much matter
which way she put it. She felt that she was dozing
off, and had just begun to dream that she was
walking hand in hand with Dinah, and was say-
ing to her very earnestly, "Now, Dinah, tell me
the truth: did you ever eat a bat?" when sud-
denly, thump! thump! down she came upon a .
/ heap of sticks and dry leaves, and the fall was over. .
t i l 1 \' ,, ,
if < ., s s A-
./ ,K ,,, kA...i,.
~ < f -,. r. -._- .,. ,,
DOWN THE RABI
Alice was not a bit hurt, and she jumped up
on to her feet in a moment: she looked up, but
it was all dark overhead; before her was another
long passage, and the White Rabbit was still in
sight, hurrying down it. There was not a mo-
ment to be lost: away went Alice like the wind,
and was just in time to hear it say, as it turned a
corner, "Oh my ears and whiskers, how late it's
getting!" She was close behind it when she
turned the corner, but the Rabbit was no longer
to be seen: she found herself in a long, low hall,
which was lit up by a row of lamps hanging
from the roof.
There were doors all round the hall, but they
were all locked, and when Alice had been all the
way down one side and up the other, trying every
door, she walked sadly down the middle, wonder-
ing how she was ever to get out again.
Suddenly she came upon a little three-legged
table, all made of solid glass; there was nothing
on it but a tiny golden key, and Alice's first
8 DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE.
idea was that this might belong to one of the
doors of the hall; but alas! either the locks were
too large, or the key was too small, but at any rate
it would not open any of them. However, on the
second time round, she came upon a low curtain she
had not noticed
before, and be-
hind it -was a
little door about
95e o high: she tried
the little golden
I key in the lock,
and to her great
delight it fitted!
the door and found that it led into a small pas-
sage, not much larger than a rat-hole: she knelt
down and looked along the passage into the love-
liest garden you ever saw. How she longed to
get out of that dark hall, and wander about
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE. 9
among those beds of bright flowers and those cool
fountains, but she could not even get her head
through the doorway; "and even if my head
would go through," thought poor Alice, "it would
be of very little use without my shoulders. Oh,
how I wish I could shut up like a telescope! I
think I could, if I only knew how to begin." For,
you see, so many out-of-the-way things had hap-
pened lately that Alice had begun to think that
very few things indeed were really impossible. ;i
There seemed to be no use in waiting by the 'S.:
little door, so she went back to the table, half
hoping that she might find another key on it, or at,
any rate a book of rules for shutting people up like
telescopes: this time she found a little bottle on
it, ("which certainly was not here before," said
Alice,) and tied round the neck of the bottle was
a paper label with the words DRINK ME" (
beautifully printed on it in large letters.
It was all very well to say "Drink me," but the
wise little Alice was not going to do that in a .,
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE.
hurry: "no, I'll look first," she said, "and see
whether it's marked opison' or not:" for she had
read several nice lit-
tle stories about chil-
dren who had got
burnt, and eaten up
by wild beasts, and
things, all because
they would not re-
member the simple
rules their friends
h.ad taught them,
such as, that a red-
hot poker will burn
you if you hold it
too long; and that if you cut your finger very
deeply with a knife, it usually bleeds; and she had
never forgotten that, if you drink much from a
bottle marked poison," it is almost certain to dis-
agree with you, sooner or later.
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE. 1
However, this bottle was not marked "poison,"
so Alice ventured to taste it, and finding it very
nice, (it had, in fact, a sort of mixed flavor of
cherry-tart, custard, pine-apple, roast turkey, toffy,
and hot buttered toast,) she very soon finished
"What a curious feeling!" said Alice, "I must
be shutting up like a telescope."
And so it was indeed: she was now only ten
inches high, and her face brightened up at the
thought that she was now the right size for going
through the little door into that lovely garden.
First, however, she waited for a few minutes to
see if she was going to shrink any further: she felt
a little nervous about this, "for it might end, you
know," said Alice to herself, "in my going out
altogether, like a candle. I wonder what I should
be like then?" And she tried to fancy what the
~ 51'I' !S0i
12 DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE.
flame of a candle looks like after the candle is
blown out, for she could not remember ever having
seen such a thing.
After a while, finding that nothing more hap-
pened, she decided on going into the garden at
once, but, alas for poor Alice! when she got to
the door, she found she had forgotten the little
golden key, and when she went back to the table
for it she found she could not possibly reach it:
she could see it quite plainly through the glass,
and she tried her best to climb up one of the legs
of the table, but it was too slippery, and when she
had tired herself out with trying, the poor little
thing sat down and cried.
Come, there's no use in crying like that !" said
Alice to herself, rather sharply, I advise you to
leave off this minute !" She generally gave her-
self very good advice, (though she very seldom
followed it,) and sometimes she scolded herself so
severely as to bring tears into her eyes, and once
she remembered trying to box her own ears for
gi~i~-- ?-i- ----~i~;-~%~~;~i~rsa-s---- ------ --. -- -;---r
DOWN THE RABBIT-H
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE. 13
having cheated herself in a game of croquet she
was playing against herself, for this curious child
was very fond of pretending to be two people.
"But it's no use now," thought poor Alice, "to
pretend to be two people! Why, there's hardly
enough of me left to make one respectable person 1"
Soon her eye fell on a little glass box that was
lying under the table: she opened it, and found
in it a very small cake, on which the words
" EAT ME were beautifully marked in currents.
"Well, I'll eat it," said Alice, "and if it makes
me grow larger, I can reach the key; and if it
makes me grow smaller, I can creep under the
door; so either way I'll get into the garden, and
I don't care which happens !"
She ate a little bit, and said anxiously to her-
self "Which way? Which way ?"- holding her
hand on the top of her head to feel which way it
was growing, and she was quite surprised to find
that she remained the same size: to be sure, this
is what generally happens when one eats cake, but
DOWN THE RABBIT-HOLE.
Alice had got so much into the way of expecting
nothing but out-of-the-way things to happen, that
it seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on in
the common way.
So she set to work, and very soon finished off
THE POOL OF TEARS.
Alice (she was so
that for the moment
she quite forgot
how to speak good
I'm opening out like
the largest telescope
that ever was!
Good- bye, feet !"
(for when she look-
ed down at her feet,
they seemed to be
almost out of sight,
they were getting
THE POOL OF TEARS.
far off.) "Oh, my poor little feet, I wonder
o will put on your shoes and stockings for you
v, dears? I'm sure I shan't be able! I shall
a great deal too far off to trouble myself about
: you must manage the best way you can;-
I must be kind to them," thought Alice, 'or
haps they won't walk the way I want to go!
t me see: I'll give them a new pair of boots
knd she went on planning to herself how she
uld manage it. "They must go by the carrier,"
thought; "and how funny it'll seem, sending
sents to one's own feet! And how odd the
actions will look!
Alice's Right Foot, Esq.,
near the Fender,
(with Alice's love.)
Oh dear, what nonsense I'm talking !"
Just at this moment her head struck against the
roof of the hall: in fact she was now rather more
THE POOL OF TEARS. 17
than nine feet high, and she at once took up the
little golden key and hurried off to the garden
Poor Alice! It was as much as she could do,
lying down on one side, to look through into the
garden with one eye; but to get through was
more hopeless than ever: she sat down and began
to cry again.
You ought to be ashamed of yourself," said
Alice, a great girl like you," (she might well say
this,) "to go on crying in this way! Stop this
moment, I tell you!" But she went on all the
same, shedding gallons of tears, until there was a
large pool all round her, about four inches deep
and reaching half down the hall.
After a time she heard a little pattering of feet
in the distance, and she hastily dried her eyes to
see what was coming. It was the White Rabbit
returning, splendidly dressed, with a pair of white
kid gloves in one hand and a large fan in the
other: he came trotting along in a great hurry,
THE POOL OF TEARS.
muttering to himself as he came, "Oh! the
Duchess, the Duchess! Oh! won't she be savage
if I've kept her waiting! Alice felt so desperate
:^ THE POOL OF TEARS. 19
that she was ready to ask help of any one; so,
when the Rabbit came near her, she began, in a
low, timid voice, "If you please, sir---" The
Rabbit started violently, dropped the white kid
gloves and the fan, and skurried away into the
darkness as hard as he could go.
Alice took up the fan and gloves, and, as the
hall was very hot, she kept fanning herself all the
time she went on talking: "Dear, dear! How
queer everything is to-day! And yesterday things
went on just as usual. I wonder if I've been
changed in the night ? Let me think: was I the
same when I got up this morning ? I almost think
I can remember feeling a little different. But if
I'm not the same, the next question is, Who in
the world am I? Ah, that's the great puzzle!"
And she began thinking over all the children she
knew, that were of the same age as herself, to see
if she could have been changed for any of them.
I'm sure I'm not Ada," she said, for her hair
goes in such long ringlets, and mine doesn't go in
20 THE POOL OF TEARS.
ringlets at all; and I'm sure I can't be Mabel, for
I know all sorts of things, and she, oh she knows
such a very little! Besides, she's she, and I'm I,
and-oh dear, how puzzling it all is! I'll try if I
know all the things I used to know. Let me see:
four times five is twelve, and four times six is
thirteen, and four times seven is-oh dear! I
,] shall never get to twenty at that rate! However,
the Multiplication Table don't signify: let's try
Geography. London is the capital of Paris, and
Paris is the capital of Rome, and Rome-no, that's
S all wrong, I'm certain! I must have been changed
for Mabel! I'll try and say 'How doth the little
-'" and she crossed her hands on her lap, as if
she were saying lessons, and began to repeat it, but
her voice sounded hoarse and strange, and the
words did not come the same as they used to do:-
"How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale/
THE POOL OF TEARS. 21
How cheerfully he seems to grin,
How neatly spreads his claws,
And welcomes little fishes in
Wit gently smiling jaws / "
S" I'm sure those are not the right words," said
poor Alice, and her eyes filled with tears again as
she went on, I must be Mabel after all, and I
shall have to go and live in that poky little
house, and have next to no toys to play with, and
oh! ever so many lessons to learn! No, I've
made up my mind about it: if I'm Mabel, I'll
stay down here! It'll be no use their putting
their heads down and saying, 'Come up again,
dear!' I shall o'nly look up and say, 'Who am I,
then ? Tell me that first, and then, if I like being
that person, I'll come up : if not, I'll stay down
here till I'm somebody else!'--but, oh dear!"
cried Alice with a sudden burst of tears, I do
wish they would put their heads down I am so
/ 4 Q very tired of being all alone here!" "
As she said this, she looked down at her hands,
22 THE POOL OF TEARS.
and was surprised to see that she had put on one
of the Rabbit's little white kid gloves while she
was talking. "How can I have done that ?" she
thought. I must be growing small again." She
got up and went to the table to measure herself by
it, and found that, as nearly as she could guess,
she was now about two feet high, and was going
on shrinking rapidly: she soon found out that the
cause of this was the fan she was holding, and she
dropped it hastily, just in time to save herself from
shrinking away altogether.
"That was a narrow escape!" said Alice, a
good deal frightened at the sudden change, but
very glad to find herself still in existence; and
now for the garden !" and she ran with all speed
back to the little door: but alas! the little door
was shut again, and the little golden key was lying
on the glass table as before, "and things are
worse than ever," thought the poor child, "for I
never was so small as this before, never! And I
declare it's too bad, that it is !"
THE POOL OF TEARS. 23
As she said these words her foot slipped, and
in another moment, splash! she was up to her
chin in salt water. Her first idea was that she
had somehow fallen into the sea, and in that case
I can go back by railway," she said to herself.
(Alice had been to the seaside once in her life, and
D had come to the general conclusion, that wherever
you go to on the English coast you find a number
of bathing machines in the sea, some children dig-
Sging in the sand with wooden spades, then a row of
} lodging houses, and behind them a railway station.)
However, she soon made out that she was in the
pool of tears which she had wept when she was
nine feet high.
I wish I hadn't cried so much!" said Alice,
as she swam about, trying to find her way out.
" I shall be punished for it now, I suppose, by
being drowned in my own tears! That will be
a queer thing, to be sure However, everything
is queer to-day."
Just then she heard something splashing about
in the pool a little way off, and she swam nearer
to make out what it was: at first she thought it
must be a walrus or hippopotamus, but then she
remembered how small she was now, and she soon
made out that it was only a mouse, that had
slipped in like herself.
Would it be of any use, now," thought Alice,
"to speak to this mouse? Everything is so out-of-
the-way down here, that I should think very likely
it can talk: at any rate there's no harm in trying."
So she began: Mouse, do you know the way
out of this pool ? I am very tired of swimming
^ --. ^--- ^-^ F^-^
THE POOL OF TEARS.
THE POOL OF TEARS. 25 '
about here, O Mouse !" (Alice thought this must
be the right way of speaking to a mouse : she had
never done such a thing before, but she remem-
bered having seen in her brother's Latin Grammar,
" A mouse-of a mouse-to a mouse-a mouse-
O mouse!") The Mouse looked at her rather
inquisitively, and seemed to her to wink with one
of its little eyes, but said nothing.
Perhaps it doesn't understand English,"
thought Alice; I daresay it's a French mouse,
come over with William the Conqueror." (For,
with all her knowledge of history, Alice had no
very clear notion how long ago anything had hap-
pened.) So she began again : Ou est ma chatte?"
which was the first sentence in her French lesson-
book. The Mouse gave a sudden leap out of the
water, and seemed to quiver all over with fright.
"Oh, I beg your pardon!" cried Alice hastily,
afraid that she had hurt the poor animal's feelings. I
" I quite forgot you didn't like cats."
"Not like cats!" cried the Mouse, in a shrill,
THE POOL OF TEARS.
passionate voice. "Would you like cats if you
were me ?
"Well, perhaps not," said Alice in a soothing
tone: "don't be angry about it. And yet I wish
I could show you our cat Dinah: I think you'd
take a fancy to cats if you could only see her.
She is such a dear quiet thing," Alice went on,
half to herself, as she swam lazily about in the
pool, "and she sits purring so nicely by the fire,
licking her paws and washing her face-and she
- ~v -~P+anBI-h, -W
THE POOL OF T
is such a nice soft thing to nurse-and she's such
a capital one for catching mice- oh, I beg your
pardon!" cried Alice again, for this time the
Mouse was bristling all over, and she felt certain
it must be really offended. We won't talk about
her any more if you'd rather not."
We, indeed!" cried the Mouse, who was
trembling down to the end of his tail. "As if I
would talk on such a subject! Our family always
kated cats: nasty, low, vulgar things! Don't let
me hear the name again !"
I won't indeed !" said. Alice, in a great hurry
to change the subject of conversation. "Are you
-are you fond-of-of dogs ?" The Mouse did
not answer, so Alice went on eagerly: "There is
such a nice little dog near our house I should like
to show you! A little bright-eyed terrier, you
know, with oh such long curly brown hair! And
it'll fetch things when you throw them, and it'll sit
up and beg for its dinner, and all sorts of things-
I can't remember half of them-and it belongs to a
: ,, ,. <
28 THE POOL OF TEARS
farmer, you know, and he says it's so useful, it's worth
a hundred pounds! He says it kills all the rats and
-oh dear!" cried Alice in a sorrowful tone. "I'm
afraid I've offended it again !" For the Mouse was
swimming away from her as hard as it could go,
and making quite a commotion in the pool as it went.
So she called softly after it: Mouse dear! Do
come back again, and we won't talk about cats or
dogs either, if you don't like them !" When the
Mouse heard this, it turned round and swam
slowly back to her: its face was quite pale (with
passion, Alice thought), and it said in a low,
trembling voice, "Let us get to the shore, and
then I'll tell you my history, and you'll understand
why it is I hate cats and dogs."
It was high time to go, for the pool was getting
quite crowded with the birds and animals that had
fallen into it: there was a Duck and a Dodo, a Lory
and an Eaglet, and several other curious creatures.
Alice led the way, and the whole party swam to the
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE.
THEY were indeed a queer-looking party that
assembled on the bank-the birds with draggled
feathers, the animals with their fur clinging close to
them, and all dripping wet, cross, and uncom-
i 32M ___ --9f
30 A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE.
The first question of course was, how to get dry
again: they had a consultation about this, and
after a few minutes it seemed quite natural to Alice
to find herself talking familiarly with them, as if
she had known them all her life. Indeed, she had
quite a long argument with the Lory, who at last
turned sulky, and would only say, "I am older
than you, and must know better;" and this Alice
would not allow, without knowing how old it was,
and as the Lory positively refused to tell its age,
there was no more to be said.
At last the Mouse, who seemed to be a person of
some authority among them, called out, "Sit down,
all of you, and listen to me! I'll soon make you dry
enough !" They all sat down at once, in a large
ring, with the Mouse in the middle. Alice kept
her eyes anxiously fixed on it, for she felt sure she
would catch a bad cold if she did not get dry very
"Ahem !" said the Mouse with an important air,
"are you all ready ? This is the driest thing I
..j .. .... .....- -- -.7 _
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE. 3
know. Silence all round, if you please 'William
the Conqueror, whose cause was favoured by the
pope, was soon submitted to by the English, who
wanted leaders, and had been of late much ac-
customed to usurpation and conquest. Edwin and
Morcar, the earls of Mercia and Northumbria-'"
Ugh!" said the Lory, with a shiver.
I beg your pardon ?" said the Mouse, frown-
ing, but very politely: Did you speak ?"
Not I !" said the Lory, hastily.
I thought you did," said the Mouse.-" I pro-
ceed. 'Edwin and Morcar, the earls of Mercia
and Northumbria, declared for him; and even
Stigand, the patriotic archbishop of Canterbury,
found it advisable-'
Found what ?" said the Duck.
Found it," the Mouse replied rather crossly;
"of course you know what 'it' means."
"I know what 'it' means well enough when find a
thing," said the Duck: "it's generally a frog or a worm.
The question is, what did the archbishop find ?"
/i- 32 A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE.
The Mouse did not notice this question, but
hurriedly went on, '-found it advisable to go
with Edgar Atheling to meet William and offer
him the crown. William's conduct at first was
moderate. But the insolence of his Normans-'
How are you getting on now, my dear?" it con-
tinued, turning to Alice as it spoke.
"As wet as ever," said Alice in a melancholy
tone : "it doesn't seem to dry me at all."
In that case," said the Dodo solemnly, rising to
its feet, I move that the meeting adjourn, for the
immediate adoption of more energetic remedies-"
Speak English !-" said the Eaglet. I don't
know the meaning of half those long words, and
what's more, I don't believe you do either !" And
the Eaglet bent down its head to hide a smile:
some of the other birds tittered audibly.
What I was going to say," said the Dodo in
an offended tone, "was, that the best thing to get
us dry would be a Caucus-race."
What is a Caucus-race ?" said Alice; not that
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE. 33
she much wanted to know, but the Dodo had paused
as if it thought that somebody ought to speak, and
.. no one else seemed inclined to say anything.
"Why," said the Dodo, "the best way to ex-
) plain it is to do it." (And as you might like to
try the thing yourself, some winter day, I will tell
you how the Dodo managed it.)
First it marked out a race-course, in a sort of
circle, (" the exact shape doesn't matter," it said,)
and then all the party were placed along the course,
here and there. There was no "One, two, three,
and away," but they began running when they liked,
and left off when they liked, so it was not easy to
know when the race was over. However, when
they had been running half-an-hour or so, and
were quite dry again, the Dodo suddenly called out,
The race is over !" and they all crowded round it,
panting, and asking, But who has won ?"
This question the Dodo could not answer with-
out a great deal of thought, and it sat for a long
time with one finger pressed upon its forehead, (the
::h '' -r "z _1 j-". i .a
34 A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE.
S position in which you usually see Shakespeare, in
the pictures of him,) while the rest waited in silence.
At last the Dodo said, "Everybody has won, and
all must have prizes."
But who is to give the prizes ?" quite a chorus
of voices asked.
"Why, she, of course," said the Dodo, pointing
to Alice with one finger; and the whole party at
once crowded round her, calling out in a confused
way, Prizes! Prizes !"
Alice had no idea what to do, and in despair
she put her hand into her pocket, and pulled out
a box of comfits, (luckily the salt water had not
got into it,) and handed them round as prizes.
There was exactly one a-piece, all round.
But she must have a prize herself, you know,"
said the Mouse.
"Of course," the Dodo replied very gravely.
"What else have you got in your pocket ?" he
went on, turning to Alice.
"Only a thimble," said Alice sadly.
'ni r'-N -.-~_ --
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE. 35
Hand it over here," said the Dodo.
Then they all crowded round her once more,
while the Dodo solemnly presented the thimble,
saying, We beg your acceptance of this elegant
thimble;" and, when it had finished this short
speech, they all cheered.
Alice thought the whole thing very absurd, but
they all looked so grave that she did not dare to
laugh, and as she could not think of anything to
say, she simply bowed, and took the thimble, look-
ing as solemn as she could.
The next thing was to eat the comfits: this caused
some noise and confusion, as the large birds com-
plained that they could not taste theirs, and the
small ones choked and had to be patted on the
back. However it was over at last, and they sat
down again in a ring, and begged the Mouse to
tell them something more.
"You promised to tell me your history, you
know," said Alice, and why it is you hate-C
and D," she added in a whisper, half afraid that
it would be offended again.
Mine is a long and a sad tale!" said the Mouse,
turning to Alice, and sighing.
"It is a long tail, certainly," said Alice, look-
ing down with wonder at the Mouse's tail
"but why do you call it sad ?" And she kept on
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE.
this:--" Fury said to
a mouse, That
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE. 37
puzzling about it while the Mouse was speaking,
so that her idea of the tale was something like
38 A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE.
"You are not attending!" said the Mouse to
Alice, severely. "What are you thinking of?"
I beg your pardon," said Alice very humbly:
"you had got to the fifth bend, I think?"
I had not!" cried the Mouse, sharply and
"A knot!" said Alice, always ready to make
herself useful, and looking anxiously about her.
"Oh, do let me help to undo it !"
"I shall do nothing of the sort," said the
Mouse, getting up and .walking away. "You in-
sult me by talking such nonsense !"
I didn't mean it !" pleaded poor Alice. "But
you're so easily offended, you know !"
The Mouse only growled in reply.
"Please come back, and finish your story!"
Alice called after it; and the others all joined in
chorus, "Yes, please do!" but the Mouse only
shook its head impatiently, and walked a little
"What a pity it wouldn't stay!" sighed the
A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE. 39
Lory, as soon as it was quite out of sight; and
an old crab took the opportunity of saying to her
daughter, "Ah, my dear! Let this be a lesson
to you never to lose your temper!" Hold
your tongue, Ma!" said the young crab, a little
snappishly. "You're enough to try the patience
of an oyster!"
I wish I had our Dinah here, I know I do!"
said Alice aloud, addressing nobody in particular.
"She'd soon fetch it back !"
"And who is Dinah, if I might venture to ask
the question ?" said the Lory.
Alice replied eagerly, for she was always ready
to talk about her pet. "Dinah's our cat. And
she's such a capital one for catching mice, you
can't think! And oh, I wish you could see her
after the birds! Why, she'll eat a little bird as
soon as look at it !"
This speech caused a remarkable sensation
among the party. Some of the birds hurried off
at once: one old magpie began wrapping itself up
- --- -- -----~T~r 4~~/ ~--~LkL -
L_ ~ I,~LW ..r
40 A CAUCUS-RACE AND A LONG TALE.
very carefully, remarking, I really must be get-
ting home; the night-air doesn't suit my throat !"
and a canary called out in a trembling voice
to its children, "Come away, my dears! It's
high time you were all in bed !" On various pre-
texts they all moved off, and Alice was soon
"I wish I hadn't mentioned Dinah!" she said
to herself in a melancholy tone. Nobody seems
to like her, down here, and I'm sure she's the best
cat in the world! Oh, my dear Dinah! I
wonder if I shall ever see you any more! And
here poor Alice began to cry again, for she felt
very lonely and low-spirited. In a little while,
however, she again heard a little pattering of
footsteps in the distance, and she looked up
eagerly, half hoping that the Mouse had changed
his mind, and was coming back to finish his story.
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
IT was the White Rabbit, trotting slowly back
again, and looking anxiously about as it went,
as if it had lost something; and she heard it
muttering to itself, "The Duchess! The Duchess!
Oh my dear paws! Oh my fur and whiskers!
She'll get me executed, as sure as ferrets are
ferrets! Where can I have dropped them, I
wonder!" Alice guessed in a moment that it
was looking for the fan and the pair of white
kid gloves, and she very goodnaturedly began
hunting about for them, but they were nowhere
to be seen-everything seemed to have changed
since her swim in the pool, and the great hall,
with the glass table and the door, had vanished
i ,=---~--~,~~n~~--~YY- --- --
'~ i '
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
Very soon the Rabbit noticed Alice, as she
S went hunting about, and called out to her in an
angry tone, "Why, Mary Ann, what are you
doing out here? Run home this moment, and
fetch me a pair of gloves and a fan! Quick,
now !" And Alice was so much frightened that
she ran off at once in the direction it pointed to,
without trying to explain the mistake that it had
He took me for his housemaid," she said to
herself as she ran. How surprised he'll be
when he finds out who I am! But I'd better
take him his fan and gloves-that is, if I can find
them." As she said this, she came upon a neat
little house, on the door of which was a bright
brass plate with the name "W. RABBIT,"
engraved upon it. She went in without knock-
ing, and hurried upstairs, in great fear lest she
should meet the real Mary Ann, and be turned
S out of the house before she had found the fan
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
How queer it seems," Alice said to herself,
"to be going messages for a rabbit! I suppose
Dinah'll be sending me on messages next !"
And she began fancying the sort of thing that
would happen: "'Miss Alice! Come here di-
rectly, and get ready for your walk!' 'Coming
in a minute, nurse! But I've got to watch this
mousehole till Dinah comes back, and see that
the mouse doesn't get out.' Only I don't think,"
Alice went on, "that they'd let Dinah stop in
the house if it began ordering people about like
By this time she had found her way into a
tidy little room with a table in the window, and
on it (as she had hoped) a fan and two or three
pairs of tiny white kid gloves: she took up
the fan and a pair of the gloves, and was just
going to leave the room, when her eye fell upon
a little bottle that stood near the looking-glass.
There was no label this time with the words
"DRINK ME," but nevertheless she un-
-- ": ~ -r~
IN A LITTLE BILL.
corked it and put it to her lips. I know some-
thing interesting is sure to happen," she said
to herself, "whenever I eat or drink anything;
so I'll just see what this bottle does. I do hope
it'll make me grow large again, for really I'm
quite tired of being such a tiny little thing !"
It did so indeed, and much sooner than she
had expected: before she had drunk half the
bottle, she found her head pressing against the
ceiling, and had to stoop to save her neck from
being broken. She hastily put down the bottle,
saying to herself, That's quite enough-I hope
I shan't grow any more-As it is, I can't get
out at the door-I do wish I hadn't drunk quite
so much !"
Alas! It was too late to wish that! She went
on growing and growing, and very soon had to
kneel down on the floor: in another minute
there was not even room for this, and she tried
the effect of lying down, with one elbow against
the door, and the other arm curled round her
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BLL,
head. Still she went on growing, and, as a last
resource, she put one arm out of the window,
and one foot up the chimney, and said to herself,
"Now I can do no more, whatever happens.
What will become of me ?"
Luckily for Alice, the little magic bottle had
now had its full effect, and she grew no larger:
still it was very uncomfortable, and, as there
seemed to be no sort of chance of her ever
46 THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
getting out of the room again, no wonder she felt
It was much pleasanter at home," thought poor
Alice, "when one wasn't always growing larger
and smaller, and being ordered about by mice
and rabbits. I almost wish I hadn't gone down
that rabbit-hole-and yet-and yet-it's rather
curious, you know, this sort of life! I do wonder
what can have happened to me! When I used
to read fairy-tales, I fancied that kind of thing
never happened, and now here I am in the middle
of one! There ought to be a book written about
me, that there ought! And when I grow up,
I'll write one-but I'm grown up now," she
added in a sorrowful tone, "at least there's no
room to grow up any more here."
But then," thought Alice, "shall I never
get any older than I am now? That'll be a
comfort, one way-never to be an old woman
-but then-always to have lessons to learn Oh,
I shouldn't like that!"
J THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL. 47
"Oh, you foolish Alice!" she answered her-
self. How can you learn lessons in here?
Why, there's hardly room for you, and no room at
all for any lesson-books !"
And so she went on, taking first one side and
then the other, and making quite a conversation of
it altogether, but after a few minutes she heard a
voice outside, and stopped to listen.
"Mary Ann! Mary Ann!" said the voice,
"fetch me my gloves this moment !" Then came
a little pattering of feet on the stairs. Alice knew
it was the Rabbit coming to look for her, and she
trembled till she shook the house, quite forgetting
that she was now about a thousand times as large
as the Rabbit, and had no reason to be afraid of it.
Presently the Rabbit came up to the door,
and tried to open it, but as the door opened in-
wards, and Alice's elbow was pressed hard against
it, that attempt proved a failure. Alice heard
it say to itself, "Then I'll go round and get in at
48 THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL
That you won't !" thought Alice, and, after
waiting till she fancied she heard the Rabbit just
under the window, she suddenly spread out her
hand, and made a snatch in the air. She did not
get hold of anything,
Sbut she heard a lit-
tle shriek and a fall,
and a crash of bro-
ken glass, from
i" which she concluded
I' that it was just possi-
ble it had fallen into
a cucumber frame,
or something of the
.-. Next came an
Rabbit's-" Pat Pat Where are you ?" And
then a voice she had never heard before, "Sure
then I'm here! Digging for apples, yer hon-
/ THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL 49
Digging for apples, indeed!" said the Rabbit
angrily. Here! Come and help me out of
this!" (Sounds of more broken glass.)
Now tell me, Pat, what's that in the win-
"Sure, it's an arm, yer honour!" (He pro-
nounced it "arrum.")
An arm, you goose! Who ever saw one that
size ? Why, it fills the whole window !"
S" Sure, it does, yer honour : but it's an arm for
"Well, it's got no business there, at any rate:
go and take it away !"
There was a long silence after this, and Alice
could only hear whispers now and then, such as,
Sure, I don't like it, yer honour, at all, at all! "
Do as I tell you, you coward !" and at last she
spread out her hand again and made another
snatch in the air. This time there were two little
shrieks, and more sounds of broken glass. "What
a number of cucumber frames there must be !"
thought Alice. "I wonder what they'll do next!
As for pulling me out of the window, I only wish
they could! I'm sure I don't want to stay in here
any longer !"
She waited for some time without hearing any-
thing more: at last came a rumbling of little cart-
wheels, and the sound of a good many voices all
talking together: she made out the words,
"Where's the other ladder ?-Why, I hadn't to
bring but one: Bill's got the other-Bill! fetch it
here, lad !-Here, put 'em up at this corner-No,
tie 'em together first-they don't reach half high
enough yet-Oh! they'll do well enough; don't
be particular-Here, Bill! catch hold of this rope
-Will the roof bear ?-Mind that loose slate-
Oh, it's coming down! Heads below!" (a loud
crash)-" Now, who did that?-It was Bill, I
fancy-Who's to go down the chimney ?-Nay, 1
shan't! You do it !-That I won't then !-Bill's
got to go down-Here, Bill! the master says
you've got to go down the chimney! "
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL
"Oh, so Bill's got
to come down the chim-
ney, has he?" said
Alice to herself. "Why,
they seem to put every-
thing upon Bill! I
wouldn't be in Bill's
place for a good deal:
this fireplace is narrow,
to be sure, but I tkink
I can kick a little !"
She drew her foot as
far down the chimney
as she could, and wait-
ed till she heard a lit-
tle animal (she couldn't
guess of what sort it
was) scratching and
scrambling about in the
chimney close above
her: then, saying to
52 THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
herself, "This is Bill," she gave one sharp kick,
, and waited to see what would happen next.
The first thing she heard was a general chorus
of "There goes Bill!" then the Rabbit's voice
alone, "Catch him, you by the hedge !" then
silence, and then another confusion of voices-
"Hold up his head-Brandy now-Don't choke
him-How was it, old fellow ? What happened
to you ? Tell us all about it !"
Last came a little feeble squeaking voice,
("That's Bill," thought Alice,) Well, I hardly
know-No more, thank'ye, I'm better now-but
I'm a deal too flustered to tell you-all I know is,
something comes at me like a Jack-in-the-box, and
up I goes like a sky-rocket !"
"So you did, old fellow !" said the others.
"We must burn the house down !" said the
Rabbit's voice, and Alice called out as loud as she
could, If you do, I'll set Dinah at you !"
There was a dead silence instantly, and Alice
g thought to herself, I wonder what they will do
3 .. __ -.al-m
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL. 53
next! If they had any sense, they'd take the roof
off." After a minute or two they began moving
about again, and Alice heard the Rabbit say, "A
barrowful will do, to begin with."
"A barrowful of what ?" thought Alice; but
she had not long to doubt, for the next moment a
shower of little pebbles came rattling in at the
window, and some of them hit her in the face.
" I'll put a stop to this," she said to herself, and
shouted out, "You'd better not do that again!"
which produced another dead silence.
Alice noticed with some surprise that the
pebbles were all turning into little cakes as they
lay on the floor, and a bright idea came into her
head. If I eat one of these cakes," she thought,
"it's sure to make some change in my size: and
as it can't possibly make me larger, it must make
me smaller, I suppose."
So she swallowed one of the cakes, and was
delighted to find that she began shrinking directly.
As soon as she was small enough to get through
-ssy-----,-=3 3\'^^^^===" =a
54 THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
the door, she ran out of the house, and found quite
a crowd of little animals and birds waiting outside.
The poor little Lizard, Bill, was in the middle,
being held up bytwo guinea-pigs, who were giving
it something out of a bottle. They all made a
rush at Alice the moment she appeared, but she
ran off as hard as she could, and soon found her-
self safe in a thick wood.
"The first thing I've got to do," said Alice to
herself, as she wandered about in the wood, "is to
grow to my right size again; and the second thing
is to find my way into that lovely garden. I
think that will be the best plan."
It sounded an excellent plan, no doubt, and
very neatly and simply arranged; the only dif-
ficulty was, that she had not the smallest idea how
to set about it; and while she was peering about
- anxiously among the trees, a little sharp bark just
over her head made her look up in a great hurry.
An enormous puppy was looking down at her
with large brown eyes, and feebly stretching out
"'$N fG S
IN A LITTLE BILL 55
one paw, trying to touch her.
said Alice in a coaxing tone, ar
a~~PiuZm~ ~C .UUE1L~
"Poor little thing!" V-
id she tried hard to
56 THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
whistle to it, but she was terribly frightened all the
time at the thought that it might be hungry, in
which case it would be very likely to eat her up
in spite of all her coaxing.
Hardly knowing what she did, she picked up
a little bit of stick, and held it out to the puppy;
whereupon the puppy jumped into the air off all
* its feet at once, with a yelp of delight, and rushed
at the stick, and made believe to worry it; then
Alice dodged behind a great thistle, to keep
herself from being run over, and, the moment
she appeared on the other side, the puppy
made another rush at the stick, and tumbled
head over heels in its hurry to get hold of it;
then Alice, thinking it was very like having a
game of play with a cart-horse, and expecting
every moment to be trampled under its feet,
ran round the thistle again; then the puppy
began a series of short charges at the stick,
running a very little way forwards each time
and a long way back, and barking hoarsely all
THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL. 57
the while, till at last it sat down a good way
off, panting, with its tongue hanging out of its
mouth, and its great eyes half shut.
This seemed to Alice a good opportunity for
making her escape, so she set off at once, and
ran till she was quite tired and out of breath,
and till the puppy's bark sounded quite faint
in the distance.
"And yet what a dear little puppy it was!"
said Alice, as she leant against a buttercup to
rest herself, and fanned herself with one of the
leaves; I should have liked teaching it tricks
very much, if-if I'd only been the right size
to do it! Oh dear! I'd nearly forgotten that
I've got to grow up again! Let me see-how
is it to be managed ? I suppose I ought to eat or
drink something or other; but the great question
is, what ?"
The great question certainly was, what? Alice
looked all round her at the flowers and the
blades of grass, but she could not see anything
58 THE RABBIT SENDS IN A LITTLE BILL.
that looked like the right thing to eat or drink
under the circumstances. There was a large
mushroom growing near her, about the same
height as herself, and when she had looked
under it, and on both sides of it, and behind
it, it occurred to her that she might as well look
and see what was on the top of it.
She stretched herself up on tiptoe, and peeped
over the edge of the mushroom, and her eyes
immediately met those of a large blue caterpillar,
that was sitting on the top with his arms folded,
quietly smoking a long hookah, and taking not
the smallest notice of her or anything else.
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR.
THE Caterpillar and Alice looked at each other
for some time in silence: at last the Caterpillar
took the hookah out of its mouth, and addressed
her in a languid, sleepy voice.
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR.
"Who are you ?" said the Caterpillar.
This was not an encouraging opening for a con-
versation. Alice replied, rather shyly, "I-I hardly
know, sir, just at present-at least I know who I
was when I got up this morning, but I think I
must have been changed several times since then."
What do you mean by that ?" said the Cater-
pillar sternly. Explain yourself!"
"I can't explain myself, I'm afraid, sir," said
Alice, "because I'm not myself, you see."
I don't see," said the Caterpillar.
I'm afraid I can't put it more clearly," Alice
replied very politely, "for I can't understand it
myself to begin with; and being so many different
sizes in a day is very confusing."
It isn't," said the Caterpillar.
"Well, perhaps you haven't found it so yet,"
said Alice; "but when you have to turn into a
chrysalis-you will some day, you know-and
then after that into a butterfly, I should think
you'll feel it a little queer, won't you ?"
I I '
" --~--~- ~c ~Y--sF ~---- "
Not a bit," said the Caterpillar.
"Well, perhaps your feelings may be differ-
ent," said Alice; "all I know is, it would feel
very queer to me."
"You !" said the Caterpillar contemptuously.
"Who are you ?"
Which brought them back again to the be-
ginning of the conversation. Alice felt a little
irritated at the Caterpillar's making such very
short remarks, and she drew herself up and said,
very gravely, "I think you ought to tell me who
you are first."
"Why?" said the Caterpillar.
Here was another puzzling question; and as
Alice could not think of any good reason, and
as the Caterpillar seemed to be in a very un-
pleasant state of mind, she turned away.
Come back !" the Caterpillar called after her.
" I've something important to say !"
This sounded promising, certainly: Alice turned
and came back again.
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR. 61
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR.
Keep your temper," said the Caterpillar. N
Is that all ?" said Alice, swallowing down her
anger as well as she could.
No," said the Caterpillar.
Alice thought she might as well wait, as she had
nothing else to do, and perhaps after all it might tell
her something worth hearing. For some minutes it
puffed away without speaking, but at last it unfolded
its arms, took the hookah out of its mouth again,
, and said, "So you think you're changed, do you?"
2 "I'm afraid I am, sir," said Alice; "I can't
remember things as I used-and I don't keep the
same size for ten minutes together!"
S"Can't remember what things?" said the
"Well, I've tried to say 'How doth the little
busy bee,' but it all came different !" Alice replied
in a very melancholy voice.
Repeat 'You are old, Father William,'" said
Alice folded her hands, and began:-
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR.
" You are old, father William," the young man said,
"Andyour hair has become very white;
And yet you incessantly stand on your head-
Do you think, at your age, it is right? "
"In my youth," father William replied to his son,
"Ifeared it might injure the brain,
But now that I'm perfectly sure I have none,
Why, I do it again and again."
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR.
" You are old," said the youth, as I mentioned before,
And have grown most uncommonly fat;
Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door-
Pray, what is the reason of that "
"In my youth," said the sage, as he shook his grey locks,
"I kept all my limbs very supple
By the use of this ointment-one shilling the box-
Allow me to sell you a couple."
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR. 65
" You are old," said the youth, and your jaws are too weak
For anything tougher than suet;
Yet you finished the goose, with the bones and the beak:
Pray, how did you manage to do it Y"
"In my youth," said his father, "I took to the law,
And argued each case with my wife;
And the muscular strength, which it gave to my jaw,
Hcvs lasted the rest of my life."
to 'I -
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR.
" You are old," said the youth; one would hardly suppose
That your eye was as steady as ever;
Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose-
What made you so awfully clever?"
"I have answered three questions, and that is enough,"
Said his father ; don't give yourself airs
Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff?
Be off, or /'ll kick you down stairs!"
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR. 67
That is not said right," said the Cater-
Not quite right, I'm afraid," said Alice
timidly; some of the words have got altered."
It is wrong from beginning to end," said the
Caterpillar decidedly, and there was silence for
The Caterpillar was the first to speak.
What size do you want to be ?" it asked.
Oh, I'm not particular as to size," Alice
hastily replied; "only one doesn't like changing
so often, you know."
I don't know," said the Caterpillar.
Alice said nothing: she had never been so
much contradicted in all her life before, and she
felt that she was losing her temper.
Are you content now ?" said the Caterpillar.
Well, I should like to be a little larger, sir, if
you wouldn't mind," said Alice: "three inches is
such a wretched height to be."
"It is a very good height indeed!" said the
Caterpillar angrily, rearing itself upright as it
spoke (it was exactly three inches high).
"But I'm not used to it !" pleaded poor Alice in
a piteous tone. And she thought to herself, I
wish the creatures wouldn't be so easily offended!"
"You'll get used to it in time," said the Cater-
pillar; and it put the hookah into its mouth and
began smoking again.
This time Alice waited patiently until it chose
to speak again. In a minute or two the Cater-
pillar took the hookah out of its mouth, and yawned
once or twice, and shook itself. Then it got down
off the mushroom, and crawled away in the grass,
merely remarking as it went, One side will make
you grow taller, and the other side will make you
One side of what ? The other side of what ?"
thought Alice to herself.
Of the mushroom," said the Caterpillar, just
as if she had asked it aloud; and in another
moment it was out of sight.
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR]
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR. 69
Alice remained looking thoughtfully at the
mushroom for a minute, trying to make out which
were the two sides of it; and, as it was perfectly
- round, she found this a very difficult question.
However, at last she stretched her arms round it
as far as they would go, and broke off a bit of the
edge with each hand.
And now which is which ?" she said to her-
self, and nibbled a little of the right-hand bit to try
the effect : the next moment she felt a violent blow
underneath her chin; it had struck her foot!
She was a good deal frightened by this very
sudden change, but she felt that there was no time
to be lost, as she was shrinking rapidly ; so she set
to work at once to eat some of the other bit. Her
chin was pressed so closely against her foot, that
there was hardly room to open her mouth; but
she did it at last, and managed to swallow a
i morsel of the left-hand bit.
. 70 ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR.
"Come, my head's free at last!" said Alice in
a tone of delight, which changed into alarm in
another moment, when she found that her shoulders
were nowhere to be found: all she could see,
when she looked down, was an immense length of
neck, which seemed to rise like a stalk out of a sea
of green leaves that lay far below her.
What can all that green stuff be ?" said Alice.
"And where have my shoulders got to'? And
oh, my poor hands, how is it I can't see you ?"
She was moving them about as she spoke, but no
result seemed to follow, except a little shaking
among the distant green leaves.
As there seemed to be no chance of getting her
hands up to her head, she tried to get her head
down to them, and was delighted to find that her
neck would bend about easily in any direction, like
a serpent. She had just succeeded in curving it
down into a graceful zigzag, and was going to dive
in among the leaves, which she found to be
nothing but the tops of the trees under which she
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR. 71
had been wandering, when a sharp hiss made her
draw back in a hurry: a large pigeon had flown
into her face, and was beating her violently with
Serpent!" screamed the Pigeon.
I'm not a serpent !" said Alice indignantly.
Let me alone!"
Serpent, I say again!" repeated the Pigeon,
but in a more subdued tone, and added with a
kind of a sob, I've tried every way, and nothing
seems to suit them !"
I haven't the least idea what you're talking
about," said Alice.
I've tried the roots of trees, and I've tried
banks, and I've tried hedges," the Pigeon went on,
without attending to her; "but those serpents!
There's no pleasing them !"
Alice was more and more puzzled, but she
thought there was no use in saying anything more
till the Pigeon had finished.
"As if it wasn't trouble enough hatching the
Age A~a~ ~b
VICE FROM A CATERPILLAR
eggs," said the Pigeon, "but I must be on the
look-out for serpents night and day! Why, I
haven't had a wink of sleep these three weeks !"
"I'm very sorry you've been annoyed," said
Alice, who was beginning to see its meaning.
"And just as I'd taken the highest tree in the
wood," continued the Pigeon, raising its voice to a
shriek, "and just as I was thinking I should be
free from them at last, they must needs come
wriggling down from the sky! Ugh! Serpent!"
But I'm not a serpent, I tell you !" said Alice,
"I'm a- I'm a- "
"Well! What are you ?" said the Pigeon.
I can see you're trying to invent something !"
I-I'm a little girl," said Alice, rather doubt-
fully, as she remembered the number of changes
she had gone through that day.
"A likely story indeed," said the Pigeon in a
tone of the deepest contempt. I've seen a good
many little girls in my time, but never one with
such a neck as that! No, no! You're a serpent;
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR. 73
and there's no use denying it. I suppose you'll
be telling me next that you never tasted an egg! "
I /have tasted eggs, certainly," said Alice, who
was a very truthful child; "but little girls eat
eggs quite as much as serpents do, you know."
I don't believe it," said the Pigeon; "but if
they do, why then they're a kind of serpent, that's
all I can say."
This was such a new idea to Alice, that she
was quite silent for a minute or two, which gave
the Pigeon the opportunity of adding, You're
looking for eggs, I know that well enough; and
what does it matter to me whether you're a little
girl or a serpent ?"
"It matters a good deal to me," said Alice
hastily; "but I'm not looking for eggs, as it
happens; and if I was, I shouldn't want yours:
I don't like them raw."
S"Well, be off, then !" said the Pigeon in a
sulky tone, as it settled down again into its
nest. Alice crouched down among the trees as
s~---g-=--a^^^ ---, -
7:' 4 ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR.
well as she could, for her neck kept getting
entangled among the branches, and every now
and then she had to stop and untwist it. After
a while she remembered that she still held the
pieces of mushroom in her hands, and she set
to work very carefully, nibbling first at one
and then at the other, and growing sometimes
taller and sometimes shorter, until she had suc-
ceeded in bringing herself down to her usual
It was so long since she had been anything
near the right size, that it felt quite strange at
first, but she got used to it in a few minutes,
and began talking to herself as usual. Come,
there's half my plan done now! How puzzling
all these changes are! I'm never sure what
I'm going to be, from one minute to another!
However, I've got back to my right size: the
next thing is, to get into that beautiful garden-
how is that to be done, I wonder ?" As she said
this, she came suddenly upon an open place,
--- .. -EB ~ _^ ng i"f^-'~
ADVICE FROM A CATERPILLAR. 75
with a little house in it about four feet high.
" Whoever lives there," thought Alice, it'll
never do to come upon them this size: why,
I should frighten them out of their wits !" So
she began nibbling at the right-hand bit again,
and did not venture to go near the house till she
had brought herself down to nine inches high.
E PIG AND PEPPER.
FOR a minute or two she stood looking at the
house, and wondering what to do next, when
suddenly a footman in livery came running out of
the wood-(she considered him to be a footman
because he was in livery: otherwise, judging by
his face only, she would have called him a fish)-
and rapped loudly at the door with his knuckles.
It was opened by another footman in livery, with
a round face and large eyes like a frog; and both
footmen, Alice noticed, had powdered hair that
curled all over their heads. She felt very curious
to know what it was all about, and crept a little
way out of the wood to listen.
The Fish-Footman began by producing from
under his arm a great letter, nearly as large as
PIG AND PEPPER,. 77
himself, and this he handed over to the other, say-
ing in a solemn tone, "For the Duchess. An
S78 PIG AND PEPPER.
invitation from the Queen to play croquet." The
Frog-Footman repeated, in the same solemn tone,
only changing the order of the words a little,
From the Queen. An invitation for the Duch-
ess to play croquet."
Then they both bowed low, and their curls got
S Alice laughed so much at this that she had
to run back into the wood for fear of their
hearing her, and when she next peeped out the
Fish-Footman was gone, and the other was sitting
on the ground near the door, staring stupidly
up into the sky.
Alice went timidly up to the door, and knocked.
"There's no sort of use in knocking," said the
Footman, "and that for two reasons. First,
because I'm on the same side of the door as you
are; secondly, because they're making such a noise
inside, no one could possibly hear you." And
certainly there was a most extraordinary noise
going on within-a constant howling and sneez-
PIG AND PEPPER. 79
ing, and every now and then a great crash, as if a
dish or kettle had been broken to pieces.
Please, then," said Alice, "how am I to
There might be some sense in your knocking,"
the Footman went on without attending to her,
"if we had the door between us. For instance, if
you were inside, you might knock, and I could let
you out, you know." He was looking up into the
sky all the time he was speaking, and this Alice
Thought decidedly uncivil. "But perhaps he can't
help it," she said to herself; "his eyes are so very
nearly at the top of his head. But at any rate he
might answer questions-How am I to get in?"
she repeated, aloud.
I shall sit here," the Footman remarked, "till
At this moment the door of the house opened,
and a large plate came skimming out, straight at
the Footman's head; it just grazed his nose, and
, broke to pieces against one of the trees behind him.
80 PIG AND PEPPER.
or next day, maybe," the Footman con-
tinued in the same tone, exactly as if nothing had
How am I to get in ?" Alice asked again in a
"Are you to get in at all ?" said the Footman.
"That's the first question, you know."
It was, no doubt: only Alice did not like to be
told so. It's really dreadful," she muttered to
herself, "the way all the creatures argue. It's
enough to drive one crazy !"
The Footman seemed to think this a good
opportunity for repeating his remark, with varia-
tions. I shall sit here," he said, "on and off,
for days and days."
But what am I to do ?" said Alice.
"Anything you like," said the Footman, and
Oh, there's no use in talking to him," said
Alice desperately: he's perfectly idiotic !" And
she opened the door and went in.
PIG AND PEPPER.
The door led right into a large kitchen, which
was full of smoke from one end to the other:
the Duchess was sitting on a three-legged stool
in the middle, nursing a baby; the cook was
leaning over the fire, stirring a large cauldron
which seemed to be full of soup.
"There's certainly too much pepper in that
p /~ ~i3r-~f
82 PIG AND PEPPER.
soup !" said Alice to herself, as well as she could
There was certainly too much of it in the air.
Even the Duchess sneezed occasionally; and as
for the baby, it was sneezing and howling alter-
nately without a moment's pause. The only two
creatures in the kitchen that did not sneeze, were
the cook, and a large cat which was sitting on the
hearth and grinning from ear to ear.
Please, would you tell me," said Alice, a little
timidly, for she was not quite sure whether it was
good manners for her to speak first, "why your
cat grins like that ?"
It's a Cheshire cat," said the Duchess, "and
that's why. Pig !"
She said the last word with such sudden vio-
lence that Alice quite jumped; but she saw in
another moment that it was addressed to the baby,
and not to her, so she took courage, and went
"I didn't know that Cheshire cats always
II~ ~ui .nm~-'
PIG AND PEPPER 8
grinned; in fact, I didn't know that cats could
SThey all can," said the Duchess; and most
of 'em do."
I don't know of any that do," Alice said very
politely, feeling quite pleased to have got into a
"You don't know much," said the Duchess;
"and that's a fact."
Alice did not at all like the tone of this remark,
and thought it would be as well to introduce
some other subject of conversation. While she
was trying to fix on one, the cook took the cauldron
of soup off the fire, and at once set to work throw-
ing everything within her reach at the Duchess
and the baby-the fire-irons came first; then
followed a shower of saucepans, plates, and dishes.
The Duchess took no notice of them, even when
they hit her; and the baby was howling so much
already, that it was quite impossible to say whether
the blows hurt it or not.
j I) i
84 PIG AND PEPPER.
"Oh, please mind what you are doing!" cried
Alice, jumping up and down in an agony of
terror. "Oh, there goes his precious nose !" as an
unusually large saucepan flew close by it, and very
nearly carried it off.
If everybody minded their own business," said
the Duchess in a hoarse growl, "the world would
go round a deal faster than it does."
"Which would not be an advantage," said
Alice, who felt very glad to get an opportunity of
showing off a little of her knowledge. "Just think
what work it would make with the day and night!
You see the earth takes twenty-four hours to turn
round on its axis- "
"Talking of axes," said the Duchess, chop off
her head !"
Alice glanced rather anxiously at the cook, to
see if she meant to take the hint; but the cook
was busily stirring the soup, and seemed not to
be listening, so she went on again: Twenty-four
hours, I think; or is it twelve ? I---"
While the Duchess sang the second verse
the song, she kept tossing the baby violently
and down, and the poor little thing howled
that Alice could hardly hear the words :-
"I speak severely to my boy,
I beat him when he sneezes;
For he can thoroughly enjoy
The pepper when he pleases / "
Wow! wow! wow/"
PIG AND PEPPER. 85
"Oh, don't bother me," said the Duchess; I
never could abide figures." And with that she
began nursing her child again, singing a sort of
lullaby to it as she did so, and giving it a violent
shake at the end of every line :-
"Speak roughly to your little boy,
And beat him when he sneezes;
He only does it to annoy,
Because he knows it teases."
(in which the cook and the baby joined) :-
Wow wow wow / "
86 PIG AND PEPPER.
Here! you may nurse it a bit, if you like!"
said the Duchess to Alice, flinging the baby at
her as she spoke. I must go and get ready to
play croquet with the Queen," and she hurried
out of the room. The cook threw a fryingpan
after her as she went, but it just missed her.
Alice caught the baby with some difficulty, as
it was a queer-shaped little creature, and held out
its arms and legs in all directions, "just like a
star-fish," thought Alice. The poor little thing
was snorting like a steam-engine when she caught
it, and kept doubling itself up and straightening
itself out again, so that altogether, for the first
minute or two, it was as much as she could do to
As soon as she had made out the proper way of
nursing it, (which was to twist it up into a sort of
knot, and then keep tight hold of its right ear and
left foot, so as to prevent its undoing itself,) she
carried it out into the open air. If I don't take
this child away with me," thought Alice, they're
PIG AND PEPPER.
sure to kill it in a day or two: wouldn't it be
murder to leave it behind ?" She said the last
words out loud, and the little thing grunted in
reply (it had left off sneezing by this time).
Don't grunt," said Alice: "that's not at all a
proper way of expressing yourself."
The baby grunted again, and Alice looked very
anxiously into its face to see what was the matter
with it. There could be no doubt that it had a
very turn-up nose, much more like a snout than a
real nose; also its eyes were getting extremely
small, for a baby: altogether Alice did not like
the look of the thing at all, "-but perhaps it was
only sobbing," she thought, and looked into its
eyes again, to see if there were any tears.
No, there were no tears. "If you're going to
turn into a pig, my dear," said Alice, seriously,
I'll have nothing more to do with you. Mind
now!" The poor little thing sobbed again, (or
grunted, it was impossible to say which,) and they
went on for some while in silence.
Bw a^. -- g.pu --
-C C~;;~j~- -tem !Vg ----- .
88 PIG AND PEPPER.
Alice was just beginning to think to herself,
" Now, what am I to do with this creature when
S I get it home ?" when it grunted again, so violently,
that she oo k e d
( [ ~down into its face
in some alarm.
S lThis time there
could be no mis-
take about it: it
was neither more
nor less than a pig,
Sand she felt that it
would be quite ab-
carry it any further.
So she set the
down, and felt quite relieved to see it trot away
quietly into the wood. If it had grown up," she
said to herself, it would have been a dreadfully
ugly child: but it makes rather a handsome pig, I
PIG AND PEPPER,
think." And she began thinking over other chil-
dren she knew, who might do very well as pigs,
and was just saying to herself, if one only knew
the right way to change them---" when she was
a little startled by seeing the Cheshire Cat sitting
on a bough of a tree a few yards off.
The Cat only grinned when it saw Alice. It
looked goodnatured, she thought: still it had very
Long claws and a great many teeth, so she felt it
ought to be treated with respect.
Cheshire Puss," she began, rather timidly, as
she did not at all know whether it would like
the name: however, it only grinned a little wider.
"Come, it's pleased so far," thought Alice, and
she went on, "Would you tell me, please, which
way I ought to walk from here ?"
"That depends a good deal on where you want
to get to," said the Cat.
I don't much care where-- said Alice.
Then it doesn't matter which way you walk,"
said the Cat.
- I MWOmR
90 PIG AND PEPPER.
---so long as I get somewhere," Alice added
as an explanation.
Oh, you're sure to do that," said the Cat, if
you only walk long enough."
Alice felt that this could not be denied, so she
tried another question. What sort of people live
3 about here ?"
"In that direction," the Cat said, waving its
right paw round, "lives a Hatter: and in that
direction," waving the other paw, lives a March
Hare. Visit either you like: they're both mad."
But I don't want to go among mad people,"
"Oh, you can't help that," said the Cat:
"we're all mad here. I'm mad. You're mad."
How do you know I'm mad ?" said Alice.
You must be," said the Cat, "or you wouldn't
have come here."
Alice didn't think that proved it at all; how-
ever, she went on: "and how do you know that
you're mad ?"
Cat, "a dog's
1. You grant
I suppose so," said
"Well, then," the Cat
went on, "you see a dog
growls when it's angry,
and wags its tail when it's
pleased. Now I growl
PIG AND PEPPER.
.*-, ., _. .4 -W
- -------(i~~ ~~i~ih----ra~nrr-