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Group Title: International Migration for Employment working paper ; MIG WP 16
Title: Bibliography on international return migration
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086806/00001
 Material Information
Title: Bibliography on international return migration
Series Title: International Migration for Employment working paper
Physical Description: vi, 59 p. : ; 30 cm.
Language: English
Creator: International Labour Office
Publisher: International Labour Office
Place of Publication: Geneva
Publication Date: 1984
Subject: Return migration -- Bibliography   ( lcsh )
Genre: international intergovernmental publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
General Note: "September 1984."
Funding: Working paper (International Labour Office. International Migration and Employment Branch) ;
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Bibliographic ID: UF00086806
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 28576819
isbn - 9221038459

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Full Text


Working Paper


International Labour Office, Geneva



Working Paper



Note: This paper is issued by the International Migration for
Employment Branch. It is circulated informally in a limited
number of copies to stimulate research and action.

September 1984

Copyright International Labour Organisation, 1984

ISBN 92-2-103845-9

The designations of countries employed, which are in conformity with
United Nations practices, and the presentation of the material in
this paper do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on
the part of the International Labour Office concerning the legal status
of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the
delimitations of its frontiers.

The responsibility for opinions expressed in ILO working papers rests
solely with their authors and their circulation does not in any way
constitute an endorsement by the International Labour Office of the
opinions expressed in them.


Les designations utilis6es dans cette publication, qui sont conformes
a la pratique des Nations Unies, et la presentation des donnees qui y
figurent n'impliquent de la part du Bureau international du Travail
aucune prise de position quant au statut juridique de tel ou tel pays
ou territoire, ou de ses autorit6s, ni quant au trac6 de ses frontieres.

Les articles, 6tudes et autres textes signs n'engagent que leurs auteurs
et leur publication ne signifie pas que le Bureau international du Travail
souscrit aux opinions qui y sont exprim6es.

Las denominaciones empleadas, en concordancia con la pr6ctica seguida
por las Naciones Unidas, y la forma en que aparecen presentados los
datos en esta publicacidn no implican juicio alguno por part de la
Oficina Internacional del Trabajo sobre la condition jurfdica de ninguno
de los pauses o territories citados o de sus autoridades, ni respect
de la delimitacion de sus fronteras.

La responsabilidad de las opinions expresadas en los articulos, studios
y otras colaboraciones firmados incumbe exclusivamente a sus autores, y
su publicacidn no significa que la OIT las sancione.


This is a paper of the ILO's International Migration for Employment
Branch. The objectives of the Branch are to contribute to (1) the evaluation,
formulation and application of international migration policies suited to the
economic and social aims of governments, employers' and workers'
organizations, and (2) the increase of equality of opportunity and treatment
of migrants and the protection of their rights and dignity. Its means of
action are (a) research and reports, (b) technical advisory services, (c)
technical co-operation, (d) meetings and reports and (e) work concerned with
international labour standards. The Branch also collects, analyses and
disseminates relevant information and acts as the information source for ILO
constituents, ILO units and other interested parties.

Return migration has become an increasingly topical subject in recent
years due in part to the recession that hit Western European States of
employment and the large scale temporary engagement of Asian workers in Arab
States of employment. Among researchers as well as policy makers there
persists the opinion that relatively little is known about return migration or
that existing publications yield little useful information. Be that as it
may, I thought it might be useful to compile the information that was readily
available here in Geneva.

The material is arranged by authors in alphabetical order. However, to
help readers who are only interested in publications relating to particular
regions of migration, each item is preceded by an identifier, as follows:

GE = General, i.e. applies to several regions or return migration

AF = Africa

AS = Asia including Arab States of the Gulf region

LA = Latin America, including Guyana, French Gujana, and Suriname

NC = Northern America and Caribbean

AO = Australian, New Zealand and Pacific Islands

WE = Western Europe

- ii -

As items are arranged by authors they are presented only once, but there
may be several identifiers. For example, a study on Italian return migrants
from the United States may be preceded by NC or WE or both, depending on the
apparent focus of the publication. Items concerning Turkey are preceded by WE
if the work in question concerns Turkish return migration from Western Europe,
but AS would be found if the subject were Turkish return migration from Arab

The original version of this bibliography was prepared by Mr. Solon
Ardittis during his stay at the ILO in 1984.

It is intended from time to time to update this bibliography. It would
be greatly appreciated if readers could supply missing or new items.

September 1984 W.R. BBhning

- iii -


Le present document est public par le Service de la Migration
international pour l'Emploi. Les objectifs de ce Service sont de contribuer
A 1) l'rvaluation, la formulation et la mise en oeuvre de politiques de
migration international conformes aux buts economiques et sociaux des
gouvernements et des organizations d'employeurs et de travailleurs; et A 2)
l'extension de l'egalite de chance et de traitement des migrants, et la
protection de leurs droits et de leur dignity. Les moyens d'action du
Service sont: a) la recherche et les 4tudes; b) la furniture d'avis
techniques; c) les activities de cooperation technique; d) l'organisation de
reunions; e) divers travaux relatifs aux normes internationales du travail.
En outre, le Service rassemble, analyse et diffuse des informations relatives
aux questions de migrations internationales pour l'emploi et fait function de
source de renseignement A l'egard des pays Membres, des Services du Bureau et
de tout autre interesse.

L'emigration de retour est devenue un sujet d'actualitg croissante au
course de ces dernieres annees, en parties a cause de la recession qui frappe
les pays europeens d'emploi et du flux massif de travailleurs temporaires
asiatiques dans les pays arabes d'emploi. Selon l'avis des chercheurs et des
responsables politiques, le domaine des migrations de retour est aujourd'hui
relativement m4connu, et les publications disponibles A ce sujet ne suffisent
pas a une information de bon aloi. Sans trancher cette opinion, j'ai cru
utile de compiler toutes les informations disponibles ici & Geneve.

Ce materiel est ordonn4 par auteurs et par ordre alphab4tique.
Cenpendant, afin d'aider les lecteurs plus particulibrement interesses par des
publications ayant trait A des regions de migration prdcises, chaque titre a
ete precede d'une cle, de la maniere suivante:

GE = Gnedral (si la publication se rdfere A plusieurs pays ou aux
migrations de retour d'une maniere g4enrale)

AF = Afrique

AS = Asie (y compris les Etats arabes de la region du Golfe)

LA = Amdrique Latine (y compris la Guyane, la Guyane Frangaise et le

NC = Amerique du Nord et les CaraYbes

AO = Australie, Nouvelle Zelande, et les lies du Pacifique

WE = Europe de l'Ouest

- iv -

Les publications etant classes par auteurs, elles n'apparaissent qu'une
seule fois, mais elles peuvent etre pr4ceddes de plusieurs cles. Ainsi, une
4tude sur les migrants de retour italiens en provenance des Etats-Unis peut
etre identified par NC, WE, ou les deux, selon le contenu de la publication.
Les titres concernant la Turquie sont precedes par WE s'ils concernent la
migration de retour turque en Europe et par AS s'il s'agit d'une emigration de
retour depuis les Etats Arabes.

La version original de cette bibliographie a etd prdparde par
M. Solon Ardittis pendant son s4jour au BIT en 1984.

Ii est prevu de tenir cette bibliographie a jour. Pour cela, nous
saurions grA aux lecteurs de nous signaler toute omission relevse dans le
present document et de nous tenir informs des prochaines publications a ce

Septembre 1984 W.R. B'hning


Este es un document publicado por el Servicio de Migraciones
Internacionales con Fines de Empleo de la OIT. Los objetivos del Servcio
consistent en contribuir a 1) la evaluaci6n, el diselo y la ejecuci6n de
political en material de migraci6n international conformes a los objetivos
econ6micos y sociales de los gobiernos y de las organizaciones de empleadores
y trabajadores y 2) el ammento de la iqualdad de oportunidades y de trato, y
de la protecci6n de los derechos y la diquidad de los trabajadores migrants y
de los miembros de sus families. Sus medios de acci6n son a) studios e
informes b) servicios de asesorfa c) actividades de cooperaci6n tecnica d)
reuniones tecnicas y e) trabajos relacionados con instruments y normas
internacionales. El Servicio tambi4n recopila, analiza y difunde informaci6n
relevant a los miembros y unidades de la OIT y a otras parties interesadas.

La migraci6n de retorno se ha convertido en un tema de creciente
actualidad en los dltimos anos debido a la recesi6n econ6mica que ha golpeado
a los pauses de empleo en Europa occidental y al movimiento masivo de
trabajadores temporarios de origen asiAtico para trabajar en los pauses
Arabes. De acuerdo con las opinions de investigadores y de responsables de
politicas gubernamentales, se conoce relativamente poco sobre el fen6meno y
las publicaciones que existen al respect contienen informaci6n de poca
utilidad. Independientemente de la validez de esta corriente de opini6n, cref
que serfa convenient recopilar todo la informaci6n disponible en Ginebra.

El material recopilado se present por author en orden alfab4tico. No
obstante, a fin de facilitar su utilizaci6n por aquellos lectores que s61o
esten interesados en publicaciones relacionadas con algunas regions de
migraci6n en particular, cada referencia bibliogrAfica se encuentra precedida
de una clave como se indica a continuaci6n:

GE = General se aplica a varias regions o a la migraci6n
de retorno en general

AF = Africa

AS = Asia, inclusive los Estados arabes de la regi6n del Golfo

LA = America Latina, inclusive Guyana, la Guayana Francesa y Surinam

NC = America del Norte y el Caribe

AO = Australia, Nueva Zelandia y las Islas del Pacffico

WE = Europa Occidental

- vi -

Como las publicaciones son presentadas por autor, aparecen s61o una vez;
sin embargo, pueden estar precedidas de mas de una clave. Por ejemplo, un
studio sobre trabajadores migrants italianos que retornan desde los Estados
Unidos podrfa estar precedido de NC o WE o de ambas claves. Las referencias
bibliogrAficas sobre Turqufa, para citar otro ejemplo, seran precedidas de WE
si se trata de un trabajo relacionado con la migraci6n turca que retorna de
Europa Occidental; por el contrario, seran precedidas de AS si el contenido
versa sobre el retorno de trabajadores turcos desde los Estados arabes del

La version original de esta bibliograffa fue preparada por el
Sr. Solon Ardittis durante su estadfa en la OIT en 1984.

Se pretend actualizar la bibliografia peri6dicamente. Por consiguiente,
quedarfa muy agradecido a los lectores que nos hicieran llegar las referencias
de publicaciones que hayan sido omitidas o toda publicaci6n nueva que pudiera
aparecer sobre el tema.

Septiembre 1984

W.R. B'dhning



- 1 -

WE Abadan, N. La main-d'oeuvre Turque en Allemagne Feddrale. ProblTmes
relatifs aux retours conjonctuels (Paris, OCDE, 1971).

WE Abadan, N. "Le non-retour a l'industrie, trait dominant de la chaine
migratoire turque", Sociologie du Travail, vol. 14, no 3 (juillet-sept.
1972), pp. 278-293.

WE Abadan-Unat, N. "Migration as an obstacle for re-integration in
industry: The Turkish Case", Studi Emigrazione / Etudes Migrations, vol.
13, no 43 (Sept. 1976), pp. 319-334.
The author argues that employment abroad instills bourgeois rather than
proletarian concepts in migrants' minds.

WE Abadan-Unat, N. Migration and development. A study of the effects of
international labor migration in Bogazliyan District (Ankara, Matbaacilik
Sanayii, 1976),386 pp.
The author analyses reverse migration as a return of failure.

WE Abete, G. "Vocational training courses for returning migrants before
their departure from the country of immigration and after their arrival
in the country of origin", International Migration, vol. 14, no. 1/2
(1976), pp. 120-133.
This article looks at the development of the training system in France,
United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany and Italy and calls for
cooperation between the employers in the country of immigration and
training establishments in the countries of emigration.

AF Abou-Sada, G. and Tricart J.-P. (coordinators) L'immigration tunisienne
et la question du retour (Lille, ERA-CNBRS, 1982), 200 p.
Development schemes for the return of the Tunisian migrants to their home
country. Bilateral cooperation, professional training and re-integration
projects are explored.

AF Abou Sada, G. "Return migration and the Tunisian Labor Market", in The
politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D.
Kubat (Rome-New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 15-19.
Characteristics of Tunisian migrants, demographic situation in Tunisia
and labour force participation rates. Results of a projective study on
job creation and return migration by 1990.

AF Addi, L. "Immigr4s algeriens: mythes d'un retour", Education Permanente,
WE No. 75 (Septembre 1984), pp. 189-194.

WE Adler, S. A turkish conundrum. Emigration, politics, and development,
1961-80 (Geneva, ILO, August 1980; mimeographed World Employment
Programme Research working paper; restricted)
Includes a chapter on return migration.
AF Adler, S. The organisation of return migration: A preliminary analysis
of the recent experience of France and Algeria (Paris, OECD, 1976).
Summary of recent procedures designed to facilitate return migration.
Education of migrants' children and professional training in France;
recruitment, housing, financial and other aspects in Algeria.

AF Adler, S. Swallows' children. Emigration and development in Algeria
WE (Geneva, ILO, May 1980; mimeographed World Employment Programme Research
working paper; restricted).
Results of the Algerian policy to facilitate the return of emigrants.



AF Affari Sociali Internazionali, "Problemi dell'Emigrazione",
WE Affari Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 10, No. 3 (1982), pp. 29-116.
Examines trends relating to second generation immigrants in Western
Europe, Eritreans and Tunisians in Italy, Italian workers in Austria and
USSR, migrant education, occupational status, return migration, etc., and
considers social integration in the Israeli kibbutz.

WE Ahern, W.H. "The returned Indians: Hampton Institute and its Indians
alumni, 1879-1893", The Journal of Ethnic Studies, vol. 10, no. 4
(winter 1983), pp. 101-124.

WE Akre, J. "Migration impact on a Turkish village. A personal account",
Migration news vol. 23, no. 6 (Nov.-Dec. 1974), pp. 17-20.

AF Akrer, J. "Alg6rie; politique de reinsertion", Hommes et Migrations, No.
942 (1 fevrier 1978), pp. 34-36.

GE Alexander, S. "A model of population change with new and return
WE migration", Environment and Planning, vol. 15, no. 9 (Sept. 1983),
pp. 1231-57.
The structure of the model is explored through various assumptions
concerned with the constancy in numbers of migrants and in migration
rates. An example is given of birthplace-specific movement between Great
Britain and the rest of the world.

AF "Algerie: L'4tat des facilities de retour au pays des travailleurs
algeriens", March6s tropicaux et m4diterrandens, 39 (aoGt 1983).
Employment policy and vocational training.

AF Alouane, Y. "Le retour des emigres dans leur milieu d'origine; Facteur
de changement social?", Paper presented at The Workshop of Problems of
Development, Organization for the Promotion of Social Science in the
Middle East, Khartoum, February 16-19, 1976.

WE Alstad,J.A. "A follow-up to the Investigation of Motives for Migration
of 1972: a study on return migration", Rapporter fra Statistisk
Sentralbyra, no. 82/15 (1982), 93 pp.
Analysis of migration over the period 1964 to 1978 including regional
variations in migration, length of stay of migrants who eventually
return, and changes in the spatial distribution of the population due to

WE Amaral, Joao Ferreira do "Desenvolvimento regional e retorno de
emigrantes", paper presented to Conferencia sobre Regionalizacao e
Desenvolvimento, Lisbon, 7-8 October 1982, IED.

AF Amicale des Algeriens en Europe "La reinsertion des travailleurs
algeriens", Alphabitisation et promotion, 50, (1976), pp. 17-19.

WE Anwar, M. The myth of return: Pakistanis in Britain (London, Heinemann,
AS 1979), 278 p.

AO Appleyard, R.T. "The return movement of United Kingdom migrants from
WE Australia", Population Studies, vol. 15 (1962), pp. 214-25.

WE Appleyard, R.T. "Determinants of return migration a socio-economic
AO study of United Kingdom migrants who returned from Australia", Economic
Record, (1962).



WE Arrabito, I. "Analisi delle condizioni strutturali minime per il ritorno
dell'emigrante", Affari Sociali Internazionali, vol.11, No. 1-2 (1974),
pp. 45-71.
Return migration as an agent of democratisation and change in social life.

NC Ashton, G.T. "The return and re-return of long-term Puerto Rican
migrants: a selective rural-urban sample", paper presented at the
Conference on concept and function of culture in Puerto Rico society
(Casa blanca, Inter American University of Puerto Rico, Sept. 26-27,
Survey of a group of "ancient" migrants (over 8 years abroad) who have
acquired the experience of modernism in the United States. Analysis of
the motivations of these returnees.

WE Augenti, A., Favero, L., Foti, E., Monaco, L. "II reinserimento
scolastico degli alunni rientrati dai paesi di immigrazione", in La
scuola italiana e gli alunni migrati (Roma, Ministero della Pubblica
Istruzione, 1982), pp. 11-83.
This study analyses the educational reintegration process of the young
Italian returnees.

WE Avner, M. "Encouraging Israelis in North America to return to Israel",
Labour and National Insurance, Vol. 31, no. 5 (1979), pp. 147-151.

GE Awasthi, S.P. "An experiment in voluntary repatriation of high level
technical manpower: the scientist's pool", Development Digest, vol. 4,
no. 1 (1966).

WE Axelrod, B. "Historical studies of emigration from the United States",
International Migration Review, vol. 6, no. 17 (spring 1972),
pp. 32-49.

AS Azim, T. "Race and Repatriation. An Asian viewpoint", Race Today,
vol.3, no. 5 (May 1979), 149 p.

WE Azmaz, A. Migration of Turkish "Gastarbeiters" of rural origin and the
contribution to development in Turkey, Sozialoekonomische Schriften zur
Agrarentwicklung, 37 (SaarbrUcken, Verlag Breitenbach, 1980), 131 p.
Research report examining the impact of rural migrant worker return
migration on rural development and economic development in Turkey. Based
on a 1976-1977 sample survey. Discusses economic, social and cultural
characteristics of resettlement, reasons for return, residence, living
conditions, wealth, occupations and income after return, 'urban'
expansion, etc., outlines the research method, and includes suggestions
on migration policy.

WE Barros, J. "Les portugais et le retour", Alphabetisation et Promotion,
77 (Sept. 1978), pp. 14-16.

AF Bartle, P.F.W. Cyclical migration and the extended community: A West
African Example (Leiden, The Netherlands: Afrika-Studiecentrum, 1980),
43 p.
Study on return migration in relation to social and ideological values of
a community and according to different stages in the life cycles.

WE Baucic, I. Effects of emigration from Yugoslavia and the problems of
returning emigrant workers (The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1972), 44 p.



Pamphlet on emigration from and return migration to Yugoslavia. Studies
the causes and largely adverse effects of and trends in emigration, and
the problems of returning migrant workers (e.g. difficulty of readapting
to life in Yugoslavia, etc.).

WE Baucic, I. Employment situation of second-generation migrants in
Europe: The possibility of voluntary return to, and reintegration into,
the country of origin, and measures that should be adopted. ILO
Tripartite technical seminar on second-generation migrants, Lisbon, 1981.
(Geneva, 1981, ILO-RER/79/01/Sem.I/1), 41 p..
Paper on voluntary return migration of young second generation immigrants
(youth) in Western Europe to their countries of origin. Describes trends
of migrant worker employment, considers prerequisites for productive
return migration results such as culture and ethnic group integrity, and
discusses migration policy measures to expedite return as well as the
role of bilateral international cooperation.

WE Baucic, I. Practical measures and activities undertaken for the
reintegration of second-generation migrants by the countries of origin,
with particular reference to Yugoslav experiences. ILO Tripartite Meeting
on the Reintegration of Second-Generation Migrants in Cases of Voluntary
Return, Belgrade 1984 (Geneva, 1984, ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.III/3(e)).

WE Baucic, I., Maravic, Z. Conditions de retour des travailleurs migrants
et provision d'emploi (Zagreb, Institut de Geographie de 1'Universit4 de
Zagreb, 1971), 113 p.

WE Beange, G. et Oriel, M. "La crise de 1974 et la remise en question des
migrations tournantes", Greco 13, 2 (1980), pp. 29-42.

WE Bedford, R.D. New Hebridean mobility. A study of circular migration
(Canberra, Australian National University, 1973).

WE Bedford, R.D. "A transition in circular mobility. Population movement
in the New Hebrides 1800-1970", in The Pacific in transition, ed. by H.
Brookfield (New York, St. Martin's Press, 1973), pp. 187-228.

AF Bedjaoui, M. "Inversion progressive du flux migratoire", intervention A
la 7eme Conference des cadres d'Argenteuil, 14-15 dec. 1974, pp. 48-49.

AF Belguenday, A. "L'immigration marocaine dans 1'Europe en crise et la
formation professionnelle ou le mythe des retours productifs", in
L'emigration maghrebine en Europe. Exploitation ou cooperation? (Alger,
CRETA), pp. 27-205.

AF Belguenday, A. "Le mythe des retours productifs: le cas des emigr4s
marocains", in Les travailleurs migrants dans l'Europe en crise (Geneve,
Conseil Oecumenique des Eglises, Cinquieme Assemblee, 1982), pp. 42-49.

AF Belkaid, A., et Remili, A. "Problemes et politique de reinsertion de la
main-d'oeuvre immigree en Algerie", Migrants Formation, 8 (Fevr. 1975),
p. 1-6.

AF Belkhodja, A. "Algerie, premieres experiences de reinsertion", Hommes et
Migrations, no. 899 (31 janv. 1976), pp. 19-22.

GE Bell, D.N.F., and Kirwan, F.X. "Further thoughts on return migration. A
rejoinder to Gordon", Regional Studies; 15 (1981), pp. 63-66.



WE Bell, D.N.F. Return Migration in a Scottish context, Discussion paper
no. 5 (Glasgow, University of Strathclyde, 1977), 12 p.

AF Ben Abdeslam, S. Acculturation et reinsertion socio-professionnelle des
adolescents algeriens immigrds (Paris, Universite de Paris V, thbse de
3eme cycle, 1975).

AF Benamrane, D. Emigration algerienne en France. Politiques et
reinsertion et implications du plan des structures et des systhmes
d'Tducation et de formation. Le cas de 1'enseignemnent secondaire
technique (Alger, CREA, 1981), 39 p.

WE Benhadji, A. Aspects psycho-sociologiques de la migration temporaire et
definitive (Genbve, International Institute for Labour Studies. 1978), 38
Paper on sociological aspects and psychological aspects of the migrant
worker phenomenon, with relationship to the propensity for return
migration and the duration of the stay in the host country. Covers the
social implications of emigration, the employment problems of return
migrants, the implications for economic development.

WE Benhadji, A. "Retour et rdinsertion des travailleurs migrants dans leur
pays d'origine", Bulletin de l'Institut International d'Etudes sociales,
12 (1974), pp. 57764.

AF Benouamer, R., and Hemman, A. La reinsertion des travailleurs emigres et
la politique de 1'emploi dans la strategie de developpement algerienne
(Alger, Institut des Sciences Economiques, 1976).

WE Beratungszentrum fur griechische RUckkehrer des Ausschusses fur
Zwischenkirchliche Hilfe und AuswArtige Beziehungen der Orthodoxen Kirche
Griechenlands Die Griechische RUckwanderung, Enimerosi 5 (Athens,
Thessaloniki, Kavala, April 1982).

GE Bernard, G.J. Le retour des migrants. Etude bibliographique et critique
(Paris, Commission Nationale pour les etudes et les recherches
inter-ethniques, 1977), 105 p.

GE Bernard, P.J. "L'exprrience international des retours d'4migrants et la
recherche d'une strat4gie de reinsertion dans le pays ou la region
d'origine", in L'emigration maghrebine en Europe, exploitation ou
cooperation (Alger, CREA), pp. 382 401.
The economic crisis is not a determinant factor for the return of
emigrants. The author analyses the need for a model of productive return
migration which would increase the figures of reverse migration.

WE Bernard, H.R., Comitas, L. "Greek return migration", Current
Anthropology, 19 (Sept. 1978), pp. 658-659.

WE Bernitt, M. RUckwanderung spanischer Gastarbeiter: Der Fall Andalusien,
Materialien zur Arbeitsmigration und Auslanderbeschaftigung, Bd.7
(Koenigstein, Hanstein, 1981), 361 p.
Monograph on economic implications and social implications of return
migration of Spanish migrant workers from West European industrial
countries to Andalusia, Spain. Based on a 1974-75 field study and
questionnaire/survey, discusses the economic conditions of the region,
Marxist views of the role of industrialisation in alienation and social


class consciousness, motivation, occupational status and reintegration of
returning workers, etc., and attempts an economic evaluation of their
economic role in the region's economic development.

WE Berrocal, L. "The Spanish Euromigration: Returnees and the domestic
labor market", in The politics of return. International return migration
in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York Center for Migration Studies,
1984), pp. 21-26.
Statistical analysis of the distribution of return migrants by employment
situation throughout the migratory cycle and their impact on the Spanish
labour market.

GE Besse, A. "Le retour du migrant", Cahiers d'Anthropologie, 4 (1976),
pp. 119-126.
Mental diseases caused by non-integration of migrants in the immigration
countries, as a factor of return migration.

GE Beyer, G. Brain drain, a selected bibliography on temporary and
permanent migration of skilled workers and high-level manpower 1967-1972
(The Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1972).

WE Beyer, G. "Re-emigration and social structure. Return migration of
labour and its effects in urban areas of Greece", European Demographic
Information Bulletin, Vol. 10, No. 2 (1979) pp. 50-58.

GE Beyer, G. "Positive and negative economic aspects of migration of
labour, wage, transfer of savings, job opportunities for returnees",
paper presented at the International Conference on Cooperative research
on immigration and emigration policy (Vienna, 5-8 May, 1975).

NC Blackett, R.J.M. "Return to the Motherland: Robert Champbell, a Jamaican
in early colonial Lagos", Phylon, 40 (December 1979), pp. 375-386.

WE Blauw, W. "Back to the city. A research into return migration of
families with children to big cities", paper presented at the
International Sociological Association, Uppsala, August 14-19, 1978.
This study is part of the STEPRO project of the University of Utrecht.
Case studies of 239 families returned to Utrecht.

AO Blauw, W., and Elich, J. "The return of Dutch migrants from Australia,
WE New Zealand and Canada", in The politics of return. International return
migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York Center for Migration
Studies, 1984), pp. 229-232.

WE Blauw, W., and Ehlich, J. "To emigrate and still to return; Dutchmen's
emigration and return migration", International Migration, Vol. 21, No. 3
(1982), pp. 418-424.
Proportion of emigrants and return migration from and to the Netherlands.
Characteristics and motives of return migration.

WE Bdhning, W.R. "The social and occupational apprenticeship of
Mediterranean workers in West Germany", in The demographic and social
pattern of emigration from the Southern European countries, ed. by L.
Bacci (Florence, Universita di Firenze, 1972) pp. 175-259.
Analysis of return of Mediterranean migrants from the Federal republic
of Germany. Refutes the argument that their temporary presence in a
developed country constitutes a social or an occupational apprenticeship.


- 7-

WE Bbhning, W.R. "Some thoughts on emigration from the Mediterranean
basin", International Labour Review, Vol. 111, No. 3 (March 1975),
pp. 251-277.
Questions migrants' contribution to the development of their countries of
origin, particularly as regards the expectation that individuals
returning to the modern, urban sector would boost its expansion. Proposes
a scheme to organise the return movement under a labour market

GE Bohning, W.R. Return migrants' contribution to the development process:
The issues involved (Geneva, ILO, July 1975; mimeographed World
Employment Programme Research working paper; restricted)

WE Bbhning, W.R. "International migration in Western Europe: reflections on
the past five years", International Labour Review, Vol. 118, No. 4
(July-August 1979), pp. 401-414.
The author attempts to quantify the large-scale return flows of migrants
from the Federal Republic of Germany since the onset of the recession in
Western Europe and elaborates the inequities of the migration system.

WE Bohning, W.R. Guest worker employment, with special reference to the
Federal Repubic of Germany, France and Switzerland Lessons for the
United States? (Geneva, ILO, June 1980; mimeographed World Employment
Programme Research working paper; restricted).
Comparative study of Western European migration policies regarding
migrant workers and return migration predictability as examples for
possible policy reform in the USA. Shows that forecasting of return
migration propensity is difficult, with nationality being the best
indicator, and concludes that potential USA temporary employment
programmes for positions of longer duration are in conflict with human
rights. Reprinted in The border that joins, ed. by P.G. Brown and H. Shue
(Totawa, N.J. Rowman and Littlefield, 1983) and Studies in international
labour migration, by W.R. Bbhning (London and Basingstoke, Macmillan,

WE Bohning, W.R. How many migrant workers have returned home and why?
Elements of an answer with data from the Federal Republic of Germany, ILO
Tripartite Technical Seminar on Second-Generation Migrants, 2nd, Granada,
1982 (Geneva, 1982, ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.II/7), 17 p.
Conference paper on the level of return migration of migrant workers from
F.R. Germany. Presents statistical tables on foreign workers according
to employment, duration of stay, nationality, accompanying family
migration (incl. second generation migrant youth and children),
socio-economic factors.

NC Bohland, J. "Models of return migration: case study of American-Indian
relocation", paper presented at the Annual meeting of the population
Association of America, Seattle, Washington, April 17-19, 1975.

WE Bombelles, J.T. Yugoslav migrant workers and their reintegration into
the Yugoslav economy (Cleveland, Ohio, Ohio University, 1979), 55 p.

NC Bonilla, F., Jordan, H.C. "Puerto Rican return migration in the 70's",
Migration Today, Vol. 7, No. 2, (April 1979), pp. 7-12.

WE Borgerard, L.E. Return migration from Sweden to Finland after the second
world war. A methodological study (Stockholm, Forskningsprojektet
Migrationen Finland-Sverige, 1976).


- 8

WE Bortot, N. "Reintro degli emigranti e gli interventi regionali, Affari
Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 9, No. 2 (1981), pp. 111-132.
Article discussing recent trends in immigration and problems related to
return migration in view of regional planning in Italy. Surveys the
measures taken and the prospects for policy.

WE Borzeix, A., Alvarez, P., Marcon, M. La perspective du retour chez les
AF ouvriers algeriens qualifies travaillant dans la metallurgie francaise
(Paris, Socidtg Nationale Siderurgique d'Algerie, 1971).

GE Bovenkerk, F. Migration des travailleurs, retour au pays et cooperation
au d4veloppement: inventorisation critique des opinions courantes et
propositions de politique A court terme (La Haye, NUFFIC/IMWOO Projet
REMPLOD, 1974), 58 p.

LA Bovenkerk, F. "Why returnees generally do not turn out to be "Agents of
change": The case of Surinam", in Return Migration and Remittances:
Developing a Caribbean Perspective, ed. by W.F. Stinner, K. de
Albuquerque and R.S. Bryce-Laporte, RIIES occasional papers No. 3
(Washington D.C., 1982), pp. 183-215.
Characteristic features of the return migration from the Netherlands to

WE Bovenkerk, F. "Dutch Immigration Policy and the Myth of Return",
International Migration, Vol. 13, No. 3 (1975), pp. 147-150.
Based on the Dutch case, this article demonstrates that there is no more
voluntary return migration since the beginning of the European economic

GE Bovenkerk, F. Sociology of return migration: A bibliographic essay (The
Hague, Martinus Nijhoff, 1974), 67 p.
Research report comprising a literature survey on the sociological
aspects of return migration. Covers types of return migration,
motivation and social adjustment of returnees, etc., and includes
definitions and research methods.

LA Bovenkerk, F. Wie gaat er terug naar Suriname? (Amsterdam, Universiteit
van Amsterdam, 1976), 112 p.
This study on return migration to the Netherlands is based on the case
histories of 75 returning Surinamese, who were compared with a smaller
control group of Surinamese who did not return.

WE Boyd Caroli, B. Italian repatriation from the United States, 1900-1914
(New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1974), 117 p.
This study comments on the statistical sources concerning the return of
migrants from 1900 to 1914. The author also examines the Italian
governmental policy in favour of emigration, to solve internal economic

WE Brettell, C.B. "Vamos celebrar: Emigration and the religious Festa in
Northern Portugal", paper presented at The American Anthropological
Association, 77th Annual Meeting, Nov. 14-18, 1978.
Examines the relationship between church, religion and emigration. The
paper demonstrates the way in which the "festa" symbolically and socially
reintegrates the Portuguese emigrant into village life.

WE Briot, F, Verbunt, G. Immigrds dans la crise (Paris, les Editions
ouvrieres, 1981), 191 p.
Interviews of migrant workers in France concerning their intentions to



return home, in the economic crisis context of the immigration countries.
"Better unemployed in France than unemployed in Turkey" seems to be the
result of this survey.

AS Brookes, D. "Who will go back", Race Today, Vol. 1, No. 5 (Sept. 1969),
pp. 132-134.
Survey of a London transport immigrant sample concerning the intentions
of returning to the West Indies.

WE Brunetta, G. "I rientri e le nuove direzioni del flusso migratorio in
provincia di Belluno", in Italiani in movimento, ed. by G. Valussi
(Pordenone, Grafiche Editoriali Artistiche Pordenonesi, 1978), pp.
Based on statistical research, this study shows that from 1974 to 1976
600 families, mostly from Switzerland, have been forced to return to the
province of Belluno.

WE Budzinski et al. Les problames des migrants qui retournent Le cas de
la Grece, rapport par le Groupe de Travail sur le Retour des Migrants &
l'intention de la 76me Assemblee Generale du CETMI (Bruxelles, 1982),
83 p.

WE Buratto, O.F. "L'integrazione dei rimpatri in Sardegna. Risultati di un
indagine-pilota", Rassegna di Servizio Soziale, Vol. 16 No. 4 (ott.-dic.
1977), pp 77-96.

WE Cabezas Moro, 0., Cases, J.I. "Relaci6n entire political sobre migraciones
y desarollo econ6micos y la promoci6n de nuevas posibilidades de empleo
para los que regresan", Boletin Informativo, 91 (enero 1976), pp 1-38.

AF Caillaux, F. Mythe ou reality? Notes sur les retours aujourd'hui en
Algerie (Paris, CIEMM, 1978), 18 p.
Interviews by the author in Algeria with political and economic decision
makers, staff of trade unions and universities on the theme of return

WE Caisse Centrale de Cooperation Economique La formation des travailleurs
AF immigres en vue de leur reinsertion dans l'economie de leur pays
d'origine. 1974-1981: Premier bilan du programme frangais (Paris, CCCE,

WE Cajoleas, L.P. "The American-educated foreign student returns home",
Teachers College Record, Vol. 60, No. 4 (1969), pp. 191-197.

WE Calvaruso, C. "Return migration to Italy and the labour market", Affari
Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 11 No. 1 (1983) pp. 115-128.

WE Calvaruso, C. "Rientro dei migrant e condizione delle collettivita
italiane in Europa", Civitas, 1 (Jan. 1980), pp. 33-46.

WE Calvaruso, C. "Return migration to Italy and reintegration of
returnees", in The politics of return. International return migration in
Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies,
1984), pp. 123-128.
Impact of returning migrants on the local labour market, in particular
as regards occupational skills and technical knowledge of the returnees.
Statistical data on the outflow of Italian migrants from 1964 to 1980 and
the geographical distribution of the return flows.


- 10 -

AF Camilleri, C. Quelques facteurs psychololgiques de la representation du
retour dans les pays d'origine chez les jeunes migrants maghrdbins de la
second generation (Paris, Ministere du Travail, 1979).

WE Canzoneri, R. A highly ramified tree. An American writer returns to his
father's roots in Sicily (New York, The Viking Press Publishers, 1976),
89 p.

WE Caritas Coimbra Le retour des migrants portugais (Geneve, CICMC, 1973),
5 p.

WE Casciaro, F. Indagine conoscitiva sulla condizione scolastica dei figli
degli emigrati rientrati dall'estero (Rome, ANFE, No. 22, 1977).

GE Cases Mendez, J.I. and Cabezas Moro, 0. "The relation between migration
policy and economic development and the promotion of new employment
possibilities for returnees (foreign investment and migrant
remittances)", International Migration, Vol. 14, No. 1/2 (1976),
pp. 134-157.
Analysis of "the myth that the returning emigrant helps the economic
development of his home country" and models on how to attract and to
channel migrants' savings into productive investment.

WE Cassinis, U. "Emigrazione e industrializzazione del Mezzogiorno", Studi
Emigrazione, No. 13 (Oct. 1968), pp. 513-536.
Article calling for rational government policy on return migration, with
particular reference to Italians returning to Southern Italy. Includes
employment policy, employment service facilities, vocational training and
adult education programmes, etc.

WE Cassinis, U. "Le migrazioni alla rovescia", Nord e Sud, Vol. 38, No. 99
(1963), pp. 41-46.

WE Castillo y Castillo J. "Emigrantes Espafoles: La hora del retorno",
Boletin Informativo, No. 151-152 (enero-febrero 1981), pp. 2-51.

WE Castillo y Castillo, J. Spanish Emigration at the crossroads: an
empirical study of return migration (Madrid, Centro de Investigaciones
Sociologicas, 1980), 270 p.

WE Catalano, F. "Problemes actuels des travailleurs migrants en
Europe",Objectif Europe, 1 (juin 1978), pp. 22-28.
Return migration in Europe and second generation migrants.

WE Catalano, F. "I problem posti dal ritorno dei lavoratori migranti,
Italiani nel Mondo, 21 (14 Juglio 1965), pp. 7-12.

GE Catani, M., Berthelier, R. "A propos de la psychopathologie de la
transplantation. Considerations relatives au cas des migrants, de leurs
enfants, et a l'impossible retour des enfants dans les pays des parents",
in Psychopathology of the transplantation of migrants (Strasbourg,
European Science Foundation, 1983), pp. 85-100.

WE Cavallaro, R. "Fenomeni di emigrazione di ritorno a Mirabello
Sannitico", Proposte Molisane, 3 (1973), pp. 97-103.
Results of a survey conducted with the returnees in the Provincia di
Campobasso in 1971. These migrants returned to Italy to invest their
savings in a productive way.


- 11 -

WE Cazorla Perez, J. "Mentalidad "modernizante", trabajo y cambio en los
retornados andaluces", Revista Espafola de Investigaciones Sociologicas,
no. 11 (julio-septiembre 1980), pp. 29-53.
Results of a 1977 survey conducted in 9 Andalusian villages. Social
origin of emigrants, reasons for remaining or returning, economic
re-integration in the home country.

WE Cazorla, P.J. Emigraci6n y retorno: una perspective europea (Madrid,
Institute Espafol de Emigraci6n, 1981), 328 p.

WE Cecchi, C. "Presupposti del rientro degli emigranti", Affari social
internazionali, Vol. 7, No. 1 (1979), pp. 137-156.
Article discussing problems of return migration in Italy includes a
typology of emigration, manpower planning problems, the role of OECD,
possibilities of forecasting, regional planning for employment creation.

WE CEDEP, Centro de Estudos da Dependencia Research Project on the
Economics of Reintegration of Emigrants in Portugal (Lisbon,
mimeographed, 1981).

WE CEDEFOP Migranti e flussi di rientro. Rapporto di ricerca (Berlino,
Centro Europeo per lo Sviluppo della Formazione Professionale, 1979),
73 p.
Comparison of the professional reintegration in Italy between the adult
and the young returnees.

AF Centre Interuniversitaire d'etudes m4diterrandennes Les travailleurs
emigres et le changement urbain des pays d'origine (Poitiers, Ministare
de la Recherche et de 1'Industrie, 1983), 137 p.
Papers submitted at the round table of Poitiers (14-15 May 1982)
concerned in particular with the reintegration of emigrants in Algeria,
Tunisia and Senegal.

WE CENSIS Emigrazione forzata di ritorno: esame dei dati ufficiali dei
governi tedesco e svizzero (Roma), 1976.
Forced return migration in Italy, examined through the official
statistics of the Federal Germany and Switzerland.

WE Centro Europeo per lo sviluppo della formazione professional Migranti e
flussi di rientro (Berlin, CEDEFOP 1980), 189 p.

WE Centro di Formazione e Studi per il Mezzogiorno Ricerca sull'emigrazione
meridionale nelle zone di esodo (Roma, 1977), 208 p.
Monograph on the social change effects of emigration on Alta Irpinia and
Sicily in Southern Italy. Presents the results of a 1976-1977 survey of
the demographic pattern (population decrease), labour mobility,
educational level, employment, income, return migration and use of
savings, attitudes towards politics, family and society and of trade
union and political participation.

WE Centro di Formazione e Studi per il Mezzogiorno Progetto di studio
operative sull'emigrazione meridionale nelle zone di esodo, 2 fase,
2Vol.(Portici, 1976).
Report on emigration from southern agricultural areas and rural
communities of since 1945. Presents the results of a questionnaire
survey of the demographic characteristics and educational level of
migrant workers, the economic structure of the emigration areas, the
consequences of emigration on age structure and labour mobility wages and


'- l2 -

savings of migrants in Switze land and the Federal Republic of Germany,
various aspects (incl. income u ilization, and changes in attitudes and
behaviour) of return migration.

WE Cerase, F. L'emigrazione di ritorno; innovazione o reazione?
L'esperienza dell'emigrazione di ritorno dagli Stati Uniti d'America
(Roma, FacoltA di Scienze Statistiche, Demografiche e Attuariali, 1971),
302 p.

WE Cerase, F. "A Study of Italian migrants returning from the USA",
International Migration Review, Vol. 1, No. 3 (1967), pp. 67-74.

WE Cerase, F. "Nostalgia or Disenchantment; Considerations on Return
Migration", in The Italian Experience in the United States, ed. by S.M.
Tomasi and M.H. Engel (New York, 1970), pp. 217-239

WE Cerase, F. "Expectations and Reality; a case study of return migration
from the United States to Southern Italy", International Migration
Review, Vol. 8 (1974), pp. 245-262.

WE Cerase, F. "L'emigrazione di ritorno nel process di integrazione
dell'immigrato: una prima formulazione", Genus, vol. 23, no. 1/2 (1967),
pp. 7-28.

GE Cerase, F. "Su una tipologia di emigrati retornati; il ritorno di
investimento", Studi Emigrazione, vol. 4, no. 10 (1967), pp. 327-350.

WE CESE Arbeit mit Rickkehrer Konferenz fUr Auslanderfragen des
Kirchlichen Aussenamtes der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland
(16. Oktober 1975).

WE CETMI Les problemes des migrants qui retournent; Le cas de la Grece,
papers presented by the working group on return migration to the 7th
General Assembly of the CETMI (Brussels, CETMI, 1982), 83 p.
Assisted return migration to Greece, development of rural sector,
consequences on urban environment. Interviews of Greek returnees.

AF CGT Le retour "volontaire", ou la champagne du government et du patronat
centre les travailleurs immigrds (Paris, INCA-CGT, 1977), 9 p.

AF CGT "Echange de lettres franco-algerien du 18 septembre 1980 relatif au
retour en Algerie de travailleurs algeriens et de leur famille", Bulletin
de 1'Immigration (12 mars 1981), pp. 1-22.

WE CGTP-IN Contribution of the General Confederation of the Portuguese
Workers. ILO Tripartite Meeting on the Reintegration of Second-Generation
Migrants in Cases of Voluntary Return, Belgrade 1984. (Geneva, 1984), 9 p.

AF Chaker, R. "Probl4matique de la rdinsertion des travailleurs immigres;
quel avenir pour l'emigration alg&rienne?", Hommes et Migrations, No.
968 (15 avril 1979), pp. 3-20.

AF Chaker, R. Quel avenir pour 1'4migration algerienne? Problematique de
la rdinsertion des travailleurs emigres (Grenoble, Universitd des
Sciences Sociales, 1978)

WE Chansarkar, B.A. "Professional immigrants, do they move on?", Race
today,(Jan. 1970), pp. 3-7.


AO Chapman, M. "Tribal mobility as cir6ilation: A Solomon Islands example
of micro-macro linkages", in L.A. Kosinski and J.W. Webb, Population at
microscale (New Zealand Geographical Society, 1976), pp. 127-142.

WE Chariot, M. "Emigres portugais de retour definitif au pays", Migrants -
Formation, No. 31 (dec. 1978), p. Dl Dll.

.WE Chariot, M. "Des jeunes Espagnols se prdparent au retour", Migrants -
Formation, No. 38/39 (mars 1980).

AF Chariot, M., Demart, M. "Retour des travailleurs migrants en Algerie et
strategie de d4veloppement", Migrants Formation, No. 11-12
(juillet-octobre, 1975), pp. 1-8.

AF Chazalette, A. "Le retour au pays des families de travailleurs immigrds:
d6sirs, departs et conditions de reussite", Migrations-Etudes (21 avril
1979), 30 p.

AF Chazalette, A. Le retour au pays des families de travailleurs immigrss:
Dssirs, departs et conditions de reussite (Lyon, Groupe de Sociologie
Urbaine, fev. 1973), 163 p.

GE Chazalette, A. "La formation-retour destinee aux jeunes immigres de la
deuxiame generation", Migration/Etudes, No. 27 (janvier 1980).

GE Chepulis, R.L. "Return migration: an analytical framework", in The
politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed by D.
Kubat (Rome, New York Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 239-245.
Describes the roots, causes and shifts in the direction of labour
migration through an analysis at the macro, regional and micro levels.

WE Chepulis, R.L. "Migration policies and return migration with particular
reference to Yugoslavia", Studi Emigrazione, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 319-335.
Analysis of some of the most recent migratory trends in Europe in the
light of labour turnover, integration and assimilation, with particular
reference to the changing migration policies of Yugoslavia.

LA Chi, S.K.P. and Bogan, M.W. "Etudes sur les migrations et les migrations
de retour au Perou", Notas de Poblaci6n, Vol. III, No. 9 (dec. 1975).
Study of the selectivity of migration in Peru through a comparison
between emigration and return migration in the region of Chancay in Peru.

GE Chi, S.K.P., Bogan, M.W. "Des chiffres et des homes: Les demandeurs
d'emploi strangers, l'aide au retour en 1979", Hommes et Migration, Vol.
31, No. 992 (ler juin 1980), pp. 19-22.

AF Chker, R. Quel avenir pour l'emigration alg$rienne? Probldmatique de la
rdinsertion des travailleurs immigrds (These de 3eme cycle, Universite
des Sciences Sociales de Grenoble, 1978), 250 p.

WE Churches Committee on Migrant Workers in Europe The return of migrant
workers, report from the General Assembly of the Churches' Committee on
Migrant Workers in Europe (7-14 May 1982), 6 p.

WE Churches Committee on Migrant Workers in Europe Papers on the main theme
"Return migration and regional development", documents for presentation
and discussion at the CCMWE Assembly 1982 (7-14 May 1982).



WE Ciaurro, G. "Rientro degli emigrati", Affari Sociali Internazionali,
Vol. 8, No. 4 (1980), pp. 59-74.
Article surveying and commenting the provisions of regional labour
legislation in Italy regarding return migration and the social assistance
available to migrant workers and their families.

AF CIEM "Les negociations franco-algdriennes", Presse et immigrds en
France,serie "Problemes et &venements, points de vue", 12, (18-24
septembre 1980), pp. 1-12.

LA CIMADE "Amerique latine, retour et reinsertion 4conomique des exiles",
CIMADE-Information, No. 11-12 (novembre-d4cembre 1983), pp. 5-6.

LA CIME "L'Amerique Latine accueille plus de migrants europeens qualifies
et salue le retour d'Europe de nombreux concitoyens", Bulletin des
Migrations (novembre 1977), pp. 1-3 et 7.

WE Cinel, D. "The seasonal emigration of Italians in the nineteenth
century: From internal to international destinations", The Journal of
Ethnic Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Spring 1982), pp. 43-68.
This study analyses the figures quoted on declarations made by Italian
emigrants at the time of their departure pertaining to their intentions
to remain abroad or to return to their home country.

NC Cintron, Celia Fernandez de, and Vales, Pedro A. Social dynamics of
return migration to Puerto Rico (Rio Pedras, Social Science Research
Center, University of Puerto Rico, 1975).

WE CLAP Le retour vu du Portugal, voyage d'4tude organism par le CLAP
(Paris, CLAP, 1979), 89 p.

WE CLAP "La formation retour: point de vue de la France. Point de vue des
pays d'origine (Espagne, Portugal, S4ndgal)", Alphabdtisation et
Promotion, 76 (juillet-aoOt 1978), pp. 23-24.

WE Clapier-Valladon, S. Les medecins frangais d'outre-mer: Etude
psycho-sociologique du retour des migrants. These du 3eme cycle
University de Nice 1977, 2 vol., 994 p.

WE Collaros, T.A. and Moussourou, L.M. The return home: Socio-economic
aspects of re-integration of Greek migrant workers returning from Germany
(Athens, Re-integration Center for Migrant Workers, 1978), 658 p.
Results of a sample survey of return migrants undertaken in 1976-1977 in
the high emigration region of Macedonia. This study was originally to
provide guidance to the staff of a newly established migrant
re-integration center in Athens.

WE Collicelli, C. "Rientro degli emigrati e nuova imprenditorialita",
Quindicinale Censis di note e comment, No. 9 (1982).

WE Collicelli, C. Training of young migrants: Experiences of some European
countries of origin. (Geneva, ILO, 1984), UNDP/ILO European regional
project for second generation migrants, WP.10, 48 p.
Experiences of training migrants for integration or reintegration of
Italy, Greece, Yugoslavia, Portugal, Spain and Turkey.



LA Colombia, Servicio Nacional de Empleo Evaluacion del program de retorno
de profesionales y tecnicos, Migraciones Laborales, 13 (Bogota, 1986),
86 p.
Report evaluating a programme to encourage return migration among
professional workers, scientific personnel and technical personnel to
reduce brain drain from Colombia. Includes emigrant/demographic
characteristics (incl. age, sex, geographic distribution, educational
level, employment and training experience abroad), discusses tax
incentives and other motivation to return, and investigates job
satisfaction among returnees.

NC Comay, Y. "Determinants of return migration: Canadian professionals in
the U.S.", Southern Economic Journal (Jan. 1971).

WE Comite de Redaction de la Revue "Feuillets" "Migrations europdennes.
Problemes des retours (synthese de documents)", Hommes et Migrations, No.
862 (15 avril 1974), pp. 30-35.

WE Commare, C. e G. (a cura di) Presenti e invisibili. Storie e dibattiti
degli emigranti di Campobello (Milano, Feltrinelli, 1978) 165 p.

WE Commission Europeenne Immigrds du Service Civil International "Le retour
et l'insertion des travailleurs immigres dans le pays d'accueil et le
pays d'origine", Objectif Immigrss, 31-32 (mai-aott 1978), p. 1-34.
Results of the Seminar held in Prali (Italy) from 30 April to 8 May 1978
on the reintegration of return migrants.

WE Compagna, F. "La geografia dei ritorni", Nord e Sud, Vol. 12, No. 3
(1975), pp. 37-51.

WE Compagna, F. "Intervento alla Conferenza Nazionale
dell'Emigrazione",Affari Sociali Internazionali (1975), pp. 54-55.
Proposals for an investment policy in the southern regions of Italy,
towards a productive return of the emigrants.

WE Compagna, F. "II capovolgimento del saldo migratorio", in G. Valussi
(a cura di), Italiani in movimento (Pordenone, Grafiche Editoriali
Artistiche Pordenonesi, 1978), pp. 93-100.
Geographical approach to the return of emigrants in Italy.

GE Conaway, M.E. Circular migration; a summary and bibliography (Council
of Planning Librarians. Exchange Bibliography. N. 1250, 1977).

WE Confederacao da Industria Portuguesa Contribution presented by the
Employers' Organisation, ILO Tripartite technical seminar on
second-generation migrants, Lisbon, 1981 (ILO-RER/79/001/Sem.I/25), 5 p.
Focuses on the need to retain and recruit skilled workers in Portugal,
return migration.

WE Conseil de l'Europe Comit4 d'experts sur l'insertion professionnelle des
travailleurs migrants qui retournent dans leur pays d'origine,rapport
2ame Reunion, Strasbourg, 14-16 mars 1979(Strasbourg, CAHRS,
20 mars 1979), 8 p.


-16 -

WE Conseil de l'Europe Problames poses par les retours des travailleurs
migrants dans leur pays .(Strasbourg, doc. RS 84 (66)).

AF Cordeiro, A. "Crise et immigration; peut-on parler d'un "movement de
retour" chez les immigrds alg4riens?", Les Autres, 1 (d4cembre 1979),
pp. 24-27.

AF Cordeiro, A. and Guffond, J.L. Les Algeriens en France; ceux qui
parent et ceux qui restent (Grenoble, IREP-CERER, Mai 1979), 217 p.

AF Cordeiro, A. and Guffond, J.L. "Les travailleurs algdriens quittent-ils
la France?" Migrations Etudes, 25 (juillet 1979), 24 p.

WE Cortese, G. "L'esodo della collettivitA italiana dalla Libia e le
provvidenze predisposte dal governor italiano a favore dei rimpatriati",
Africa, 26 (1971), pp. 313-346.
Return of Italian emigrants from the Libyan Arab Jamahirya, and the
assistance of the Italian government to the returnees.

GE Costes, A. "Retours: quelle politique? Quels resultats?", Migration et
Pastorale, 151 (avril-mai 1982), pp. 4-9.

GE Couesnon, C. "La formation des travailleurs en vue du retour au pays",
Alpha-Info, 2 (juillet 1977), pp. 32-38.

WE Council of Europe Secretariat Problems raised by the return home of
migrant workers (Strasbourg, 1966).

WE Courgeau, D.L. "Premiers migrants, migrants secondaires et retours",
Population, Vol. 37, No. 6 (nov.-ddc. 1982), pp. 189-193.

AF Courgeau, D.L. "Les departs hors de France des travailleurs strangers,
un essai de measure Population, Vol. 23. No. 4 (1968), p. 609-624.

WE Cravinho, J. "Comentario aos relat6rios do IED e do CEDEP", Conferencia
sobre retorno e reintegracao dos emigrantes (Lisboa, Instituto de estudos
para o desenvolvimento, June 1984), 10 p.

GE CREDIF "Formation des travailleurs immigrds en vue du retour au
pays",Hommes et Migrations, No. 921 (15 fevrier 1977), pp. 4-14.

WE CRES Indagine sulle caratteristiche dei lavoratori che rimpatriano dopo
un period all'estero, Atti della Seconda Conferenza Regionale
sull'emigrazione, Udine, Regione Autonoma Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 28-30
giugno, 1979.

WE CSER "Repertorio delle ricerche sull'emigrazione in Europa", Formez,
(1976), 149 p.
Critical analysis of the different research studies on return migration
to Italy and Southern Europe.

WE CSER "Societa meridionale, emigrazione e ritorni", Selezione Cser

WE Cvetic, M. Prdformation et formation professionnelles des migrants de la
deuxieme generation, dans la perspective de leur (re-)integration
socio-professionnelle dans le pays d'origine en cas de retour. ILO
Tripartite technical seminar on second-generation migrants, Granada,


17 -

1982. (Geneve, 1982, ILO-RER/79/001/Sem.II/4), 37 p.
Conference paper on prevocational training end vocational training for
second-generation migrant youth (immigrants) involved in return migration
to their country of origin. Outlines measures of national and
international cooperation in Western Europe and Yugoslavia with a view to
employment opportunity and social integration.

AS Dahaya, B. "Pakistanis in Britain, transients or settlers?", Race, Vol.
14, No. 3 (1973), pp. 241-277.

AS Daley, C.L. The Chinese as sojourners: a study in the sociology of
NC migration (New York, City University of New York, 1978), pp. 203.
The intention to return home and the restrictions placed on female
migration. The theoretical framework is tested by an analysis of Chinese
migration to the U.S. during 1850-1870.

AF Daniel, H., and King, M.C. "That they be men. Eight migrants return with
a purpose", Migration Today, 16 (1972), pp. 18-24.

LA Da Vanzo, J. "Repeat migration in the United States: Who moves back and
who moves on?", paper presented at the Annual Conference of the
Population Association of America, Atlanta, Georgia, April 13-15, 1978.

\/ C Davison, B. "No place back home: a study of Jamaicans returning to
Kingston, Jamaica", Race, 9 (1969), pp. 499-509.

WE De Angelis, F. "I problem del ritorno dei lavoratori emigranti,
Italiani nel Mondo, no. 4/5 (Feb-March 1966).

WE Del Campo, S. and Garmendia, J.A. "The return of the emigrants", in
International Migration, ed. by G. Tapinos (Paris, C.I.C.R.E.D, 1974),
pp. 210-221.

WE Delavesne, Y. "Retour et developpement", Migrations et Pastorale, 156
(dec. 1982-janv. 1983), pp. 37-40.

WE Delegado Episcopal de Migraci6n "Children of migrants returning to
Spain", Migration today, no. 25 (1979).

AF Deletraz, P. "Mieux vaut vivre dans notre pays", Masses Ouvribres, 322
(septembre-octobre 1975), pp. 62-70.

WE Delia, E.P. "Return migration to the Maltese Islands in the postwar
years", Hyphen, Vol. 3, No. 1 (1981), pp. 1-8.
This article assesses the extent of the return migration to Malta and
Gozo up to 1974, that is, during the years when official data register a
very low incidence of Maltese migrant returnees. It comments on Maltese
immigration statistics and derives an estimate of the net return flow.
Some implications for economic planning of the results obtained conclude
the paper.

GE Desbois, G. La formation en vue du retour: mythe ou rdalitd? (Paris,
Credif, 1976), 55 p.

WE Desclottres, R. "International migration: its size and character",
Emigrant workers returning to their home country, Supplement (Paris,
OECD, 1968), pp. 9-14.


i' 18-

WE Di Comite, L. "Return immigration in the original region of emigration",
Rassegna Economica, vol. 45, no. 4 (Jul.-Aug. 1981), pp. 925-49.
Effect of return migration on the regions of Italy that have been
important sources of emigration. Socio-economic impact of both internal
and international migration.

NC Diarez, J.H. Return migration to Puerto Rico (Berkeley, University of
California Press, 1967).

GE Dias, M. "La formation-retour des travailleurs immigres: quel type de
formation? et au service de quel development?", Objectif Immigres, 34
(jan-mars 1979), pp. 5-10.

WE Dietzel, K.P. "Die Rolle der rUckkehrenden Arbeiter in der
Entwicklungsstrategie des westdeutschen Imperialismus", Das Argument,
Vol. 13, No. 9-10 (1971), pp. 764-781.

WE Dimitras, E. "Greece prepares for the return of her intra-European
migrants", Migration News no. 16, (1967), pp. 1-3.

WE Dimitras, E. Enquites sociologiques sur les emigrants gr&cs: deuxieme
enqugte, lors du sejour en Europe occidentale (Athene, Centre National
de Recherches Sociales, 1971), 219 p.
Social research monograph on emigration of Greek migrant workers and
emigrants from Greece to France, Belgium and the Federal Republic of
Germany. Presents research results of a survey of the attitudes and
experiences of migrants in the host country, their family life, their
employment and social integration, and their plans for returning to the
country of origin.

WE Dimitras, E., Vlachos, E. Sociological surveys on Greek emigrants. 3rd
survey; upon the return to Greece (Athens, National Centre of Social
Research, 1971), 131 p.
Report on a 1964 questionnaire social survey of Greek migrant workers in
Western Europe illustrating the effect of emigration on the migrant's
social adjustment abroad and on their expectations and attitudes
concerning permanent return to Greece. Outlines research results relating
to wages in Western Europe, duration of stay abroad, desired daily
salaries, occupational choice, financial aid desired.

LA Dinerman, Ir. Migrants and stay-at-homes: a comparative study of rural
migration from Michoacan, Mexico (La Jolla, 1982), 112 p.
Monograph on comparative study of (1) emigration and return migration of
Mexicans to the USA, and (2) internal migration (esp. rural migration)
within Mexico. Based on a 1980 interview survey of the rural communities
of Huecorio and Ihuatzio, examines migration trends since 1960, issues,
esp. seasonal unemployment and reduced urban employment opportunities,
low agricultural income and standard of living expectations, land tenure
and land use, household characteristics, remittances.

AF Direction de la Population et des Migrations "Le retour des migrants",
Migrations Informations, 18 (juin 1978).

WE Direzione general dell'Emigrazione e degli Affari social Guida pratica
delle norme emanate dallo stato e dalle region a favore degli emigrati:
Aggiornamento leggi regional al 2 Maggio 1980 (Roma, 1980), 691 p.
Guide to national, local and regional regulations and source legislation


19 -

pertaining to migrant workers and their return migration to Italy. Covers
migration policy issues, esp. retraining, holidays and re-schooling of
children and all forms of social assistance, social
services and benefits for families, and includes analytical, regional and
chronological indexes and a directory of useful addresses.

AF Documents Nord-Africains "800,000 repatrids a titre ddfinitifs a la fin
de l'ann6e", Documents Nord-Africains, 500 (novembre 1962).

WE Drettakis, E. Yugoslav migration to and from West Germany; 1962-1973. An
econometric analysis (Zagreb, Centre for Migration Studies, 1975),
73 p.

GE Droit et Liberte "A propos des rapatriements sanitaires des immigrds",
Droit et Liberte, 15 (avril 1974), pp. 6-7.

AF Dubois, J. "La formation des migrants africains en vue de leur retour
dans leurs pays d'origine", Recherche et Realisations, 2 ( 1976),
pp. 7-52.

GE Dumon, N. "The situation of children of migrants and their adaptation
and integration in the host society, and their situation in the country
of origin", International Migration, Vol. 17, No. 1-2 (1979), pp. 59-75.

WE Dunlevy, J.A. "Nineteenth century European immigration into the United
States: intended versus lifetime settlement patterns", Economic
Development and Cultural Change, 29 (1980), pp. 77-90.

WE ECAP-CGIL Aspects linguistiques et psycho-sociaux de l'insertion A
l'6cole et au travail des jeunes emigres dans deux zones temoins de
l'Umbria et de 1'Irpinia (Roma, ECAP-CGIL, 20 Maggio 1977), 72 p.
Paper presented to coloquium on children from the Third World. Problems
relating to countries of origin.
NC Eldridge, H.T. "Primary, secondary and return migration in the United
States 1955-1960", Demography, 2 (1965), pp. 444-455.

WE Elich, J.H. and Blauw, P.W. "Inpakken, wegwezen en toch terug",
Demografie, No. 47 (Oct. 1982), pp. 1-4.
This article examines the pattern of emigration from the Netherlands and
considers the factors leading up to the decision to return.

WE Elich, J.H., Blauw, P.W. En toch terug ... (Rotterdam, Erasmus
Universiteit, 1981).
Return migration from Australia, Canada and New Zealand.

WE Elyzur, D. "Attitudes and intentions of Israelis residing abroad in the
U.S. towards returning to Israel", International Migration, Vol. 11, No.
1/2 (1973), pp. 3-14.
Major factors in the decision to return to Israel, such as the sense of
national and religious belonging and children's education.

NC Engel, G. "Comparison between Americans living in Israel and those who
returned to America", The Journal of Psychology, Vol. 75, No. 2 (March
1970), pp. 195-204; part II, ibid. (July 1970), pp. 243-251.

WE Entzinger, H. Return Migration from West European to Mediterranean
Countries (Geneva, ILO, March 1978, mimeographed World Employment


20 -

Programme Research working paper; restricted), 90 p.
This paper assesses the size and analyses the nature and policies of
return migration from the Federal Republic of Germany, the Netherlands
and France to Algeria, Greece, Turkey and Yugoslavia.

WE Entzinger, H. Return policies in Western Europe and their implications
for second-generation migrants: co-operation between the countries of
origin and the countries of employment in extending assistance for the
reintegration of second-generation migrants. ILO Tripartite Meeting on
the Reintegration of Second-Generation Migrants in Cases of Voluntary
Return, Belgrade, 1984 (Geneva, 1984, ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.III/2(e)).

WE Epstein, J. "Forced repatriation. A crime against humanity", Central
Europe Journal, Vol. 17 No. 5 (May 1969), pp. 159-162.

GE Ersu, P. L'insertion professionnelle des travailleurs migrants qui
retournent dans leur pays d'origine (Strasbourg, Conseil de l'Europe,

WE Ewenczyk, P, Garson, J.P. et Moulier, Y. Retour et developpement:
l'exemple espagnol 1960-1978 (Paris, Fondation Nationale des Sciences
Politiques, 1978).
Statistical data and recent serves on the return migration flows to
Spain. Professional re-integration and the Spanish policy of assistance
to return migration.

AF Fadayomi, T.O. "Rural migration and rural development: an exploratory
study of return migrants in selected rural communities of Nigeria",
Journal of Rural Economics and Development, Vol. 12, No. 2 (1978-1979),
pp. 53-64.
Results of a survey of 1,150 households in two villages of the Ishan
Division of Bendel State. Analysis of the reasons for return migration in
rural areas in Nigeria.

AF Fakhfakh. F. "Emigration A partir de Tunis-Sud et le retour des emigres
dans la region", Revue tunisienne de Sciences sociales, Vol. 15, No. 53
(1978), pp. 101-139.
Article on trends in emigration and return migration of migrant workers
from South Tunis. Based partially on a questionnaire/survey of 120
workers, compares the situation of Tunisian immigrants in Western Europe
and the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, and covers migrant workers geographic
distribution, motivation for emigration, distribution by age group,
marital status, educational level and occupation.

WE Fakiolas, R. "Return migration to Greece and its structural and
socio-political effects", in The politics of return. International return
migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for
Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 37-43.
The causes and destination of Greek emigration from 1968 to 1977.
Prospects and effects of return migration in Greece and geographical
distribution of the returnees.

WE Fakiolas, R. Problems and opportunities of the Greek migrants returning
from Western Europe, paper presented at the European Science Foundation
Workshop on Cultural Identity and Structural Marginalisation of Migrant
Workers (Bochum, 10-12 Dec. 1980).



WE Farina, J.J. Experiences de rdinsertion dans leur pays d'origine de
travailleurs retournant de 1'6tranger, Partie II, (Paris, OCDE, 1966),
16 p.

WE Favero, L. "Scuola e rientri: il caso di S. Giovanni in Fiore", Dossier
Europa Emigrazione, 10 (1980), pp. 5-8.

WE Favero, L. "Situazione scolastica dei figli dei lavoratori rimpatriati.
Risultati di una ricerca", Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, No. 57
(March 1980), pp. 134-152.
Educational reintegration of young Italian returnees.

WE Favero, L. and Tassello, G. "Schooling of children returning to Italy:
Problems in the system", in The politics of return. International return
migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for
Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 129-135.
Results of a nationwide survey held in 1979, aiming at finding out the
statistical distribution of returnee children in Italian schools.

WE Favero, L, Rosoli, G. Second-generation within the Italian migration
movement; Demographic and economic aspects (Geneva, 1982,
ILO-RER/79/001/DOC-4), 58 p.
Working paper on demographic and economic implications of
second-generation Italian migrants (the 0-20 years child and youth age
group). Examines emigration and internal migration, trends in return
migration to Italy of both youth and school age children, and also return
to inland rural areas, and migrant education issues, and includes case

GE Federici, N. "La rilevazione statistics delle migrazione: problem,
osservazioni et proposte", Statistica, Vol. 24 No. 3 (Jul.-Sept. 1964),
pp. 405-421.
General consideration of flaws in the statistics of migration that
prevent fundamental analysis of social relationships. Discusses defects
in statistics derived from census and population registers, in particular
as concerns return migration.

WE Fein, A. "Benefits to returning Israelis. Need and eligibility",
International Migration, Vol. XX, No. 3/4 (1982), pp. 112-124.
Analysis of the effect of assistance programmes on the decision to return
to Israel. The author criticizes the universal theory of an economic
assistance to the returnees and shows that for 58.6% of the Israeli
returnees this programme had no effect on the decision to return.

CA Feindt, W., and Browning, H.L. "Return migration: Its significance in an
industrial metropolis and an agricultural town in Mexico", International
Migration Review, Vol. 6, No. 2 (1972), pp. 158-165.

CN Fernandez de Cintron, C., Vales, P.A. Social dynamics of return
migration to Puerto Rico (Rio Piedras, Social Science Research Center,
University of Puerto Rico, 1975).

WE Ferreira, E.S., Leite Pereira, J., Ferro de Paiva, A. "Contribuicao para
o estudo da economic da reintegracao dos emigrantes", Estudos de Economia
Vol. 11, No. 2 (Jan-Mar. 1982), pp. 232-240.
Article on the economic implications of return migration in Portugal.
Considers the potential loss of remittances, discusses employment



creation and economic policy measures for facilitating the economic and
social integration of returning migrant workers; encourages investment

WE Ferreira, E.S., and Leite Pereira, J.J.R. "Portugal's accession to the
EEC and migration balance", in The politics of return. International
return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for
Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 27-30.
Return migration as a mechanism of economic development in regard to
Portugal's forthcoming membership in the EEC.

WE Filias, V. "Emigration Its causes and effects", NCSR, (1967), pp.

WE Filias, V. "Some aspects of the Greek migration problems", in A. Kudat/
Y. Ozkan, eds., Workshop on "The comparative study of the reintegration
policy of five European labor exporting countries (Wissenschaftszentrum
Berlin), pp. 120-169,

WE Foeken, D. "Return migration to a marginal rural area in North-Western
Ireland", Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Vol. 2, No. 71
(1980), pp. 114-120.

WE Fondation ECAP-CGIL Le retour au pays d'origine d'dmigrgs italiens et le
r8le que joue la Fondation ECAP. ILO Tripartite Meeting on the
Reintegration of Second-Generation Migrants in Cases of Voluntary Return,
Belgrade, 1984. (Geneva, 1984). 12 p.

LA Form, W.H., and Rivera, J. "The place of returning migrants in a
stratification system", Rural Sociology, 23, pp. 286-297.

WE FORMEZ Emigrazione e region meridionali; risultati e indicazioni di una
indagine Formez atti del seminario tenuto a Roma il 4 e 5 luglio 1977
(Rome, Quaderni Formez No. 16, 1978), 205 p.
Collection of conference papers on the problems of emigration in Southern
Italy. Particular reference to the problems of return migration,
retraining of migrants and social assistance programmes.

WE FORMEZ Il reinserimento degli emigrati di ritorno (Rome, 1982), 219 p.
Study preceding the constitution of agricultural cooperatives in Sicily
of return migrants from the Federal Republic of Germany and Switzerland.

WE Foschi, F. L'emigrazione italiana oggi (Roma, Istituto Poligrafico dello
Stato, 1978), 139 p.

WE France, Ministere de l'Economie, Ministere du Budget "Guide financier
des Frangais de l'4tranger: Fiscalit6, douanes, contr8le des changes",
Documentation frangaise, 1980, 93 p.
Guide to taxation, foreign exchange and customs regulations for French
citizens abroad and in case of their return migration to France.
Includes lists of countries with which France has concluded international
agreements and bilateral tax agreements.

LA Friberg, J "Native, non-native return and non-return migration to a
Colombian metropolis", paper presented at the Annual Conference of the
Population Association of America, Atlanta, Georgia, April 13-15, 1978.

GE Friedlander, S.L. Labour migration and economic growth (Boston, Mass.,
M.I.T. Press, 1965).


23 -

GE Frijda, N.H. "Emigrant overseas", in Characteristics of overseas
migrants, ed. by G. Beijer (The Hague, Govt. Printing and Publishing
Office, 1961).

WE Frittella, A. "Emigrazione di ritorno: political nazionale ed initiative
regionali, Affari Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 7, No.4 (1979),
pp. 167-172.

WE Frittella, A. "Aspetti scolastici del'emigrazione di retorno: political
ed initiative nazionali, regional e locali, Affari Sociali
Internazionali, Vol. 8 No. 3 (1980), pp. 93-106.
Educational aspects of return migration to Italy. National and regional
policies and initiatives.

WE Frdhlich, D., and Schade, B. "Zur Frage der RUckanpassung von Studenten
aus Entwicklungslandern", KBlner Zeitschrift fUr Soziologie und
Sozialpsychologie, Vol. 18 (1966), pp. 271-299.
Evaluation of a small number of extensive interviews with graduates who
have returned to their home countries, with special reference to problems
of adjustment and re-adjustement.

WE Gacey, F. "Retour au Portugal?", Alphab4tisation et Promotion, 84 (avril
1979), pp. 17-24.

WE Gallais-Hamonno, G., Noirot, D., Poupat, B. "La durde de s4jour des
travailleurs strangers en France", Population, 2 (1975).

WE Garson, J.-P. "The role of return migration in Algerian economic develop-
AF ment in the 1980s", in The politics of return. International return
migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat. (Rome, New York, Centre for
Migration Studies, 1984), pp.11-14.
Motivations to return of Algerians in France and measures undertaken by
the Algerian government to encourage return migration and the creation of
small enterprises.

AF Garson, J.-P. La rdinsertion productive des 4migres algeriens: Retour et
creation d'entreprises (Alger, C.R.E.A., 1981), 26 p.

AS Geiss, B. "TUrkische Arbeitnehmer: Reintegration bewahrt",
Bundesarbeitsblatt, No. 9 (1981), pp. 20-23.
Reasons for the lack of return migration to Turkey. This article also
demonstrates that the 1972 agreement helped reintegration less than the
foundation of new enterprises.

WE Gentileschi, M.L., and Simoncelli, R., eds. Rientro degli emigrati e
teritorio (Napoli, Istituto Grafico Italiano, 1983), 398 p.
Survey of 1033 Italian returnees from 1972 to 1977. The study
demonstrates that return migration can be of benefit to regional economic

WE Gentileschi, M.L. "Return migrants to Sardinia; Rural and urban
differences", in The politics of return. International return migration
in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies,
1984), pp. 61-65.
Reports on a survey of return migrants to Sardinia registered in various
communes as returnees between 1972 and 1977. Socio-demographic profile of
returnees and impact of return migration on the urbanisation and
population growth of these communes.


- 24 -

WE Gilkey, G.R. "The United States and Italy; Migration and repatriation",
in F.D. Scott, ed. World migration in modern times (Prentice Hall Inc.,
Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1968).

WE Gilkey, G.R. "The United States and Italy: Migration and
Repatriation",in The Journal of Developing Areas, Vol. 2 (October 1969),
pp 23-36.

AS Gitmez, A. Return migration of Turkish workers, paper presented at the
First European Conference on International Return Migration (Rome, 11-14
November 1981).

AS Gitmez, A.S. Die RUckwanderung der Gastarbeiter (Ankara, Middle East
Technical University, 1980).

WE Gitmez, A.S. "Geographical and occupational reintegration of returning
Turkish workers", in The politics of return. International return
migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for
Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 113-121.
Statistical data on the presence of Turkish workers in Western Europe in
the 1970s and results of a survey of 1365 returnees conducted in 1978.

WE Glacey, F. "Retour au Portugal?", Alphabdtisation et Promotion, 84
(avril 1979), pp. 17-24.

GE Glaser, W.A. "The migration and return of professionals", paper
presented at the International Sociological Association, Research
Committee on Migration, University of Waterloo, Oct. 17-20, 1973.

GE Glaser, W.A. "The migration and return of professionals", International
Migration Review, Vol. 8 (Summer 1974), pp. 227-244.
Results of a survey of returning students and professionals in developed
and developing countries. Motivations for the return.

AF Glaser, W.A., and Habers, G.C. Brain drain, emigration and return;
findings of a UNITAR multinational comparative survey of professional
personnel of developing countries who study abroad (Oxford, Pergamon
Press, 1978), 324 p.
Monograph reporting on a research project concerning brain drain, study
abroad and the return migration of professional workers to developing
countries. Supplies survey data on the sociological aspects, economic
implications and cultural factors influencing the individual motivation
and decisionmaking, and provides information for educational planning and
employment policy-making.

WE Gmelch, G. "Return migration", Annual Review of Anthropology, 9 (1980)
pp. 135-159.

WE Gmelch, G. "Irish return migration and migrant adjustment", paper
presented at the American Anthropological Association 77th Annual
Meeting, Nov. 14-18, 1978.
Describes ongoing research on returning migrants to Ireland, including
their demographic characteristics, motives for returning, especially
related to life cycle and problems of adjustment.

WE Gokalp, C. "L'emigration turque en Europe et particulibrement en
France", Population, Vol. 28, No. 2 (March-April 1973), pp. 335-360
Based on official data on Turkish workers in the Federal Republic of
Germany and France, the author investigates, among other aspects of
migration from Turkey, the impact of the returnees on the Turkish economy.


- 25 -

WE Goldey, P. "Migration, co-operation and development: an examination of a
pilot project in Portugal", in The politics of return. International
return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for
Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 45-53.
Evaluation of a co-operative established by 74 returnees in the village
of Alvoco in 1977, with the support of a Dutch funding agency and the
Portuguese Ministry of Agriculture.

AS Goldstein, S. "Circulation in the context of total mobility in Southeast
Asia", Papers of the East-West Population Institute, No. 53 (1978).

WE Gordian, F. "Salvatore und Gennaro kehren heim: Italienische
Gastarbeiter in Deutschland Leben im Ausnahmezustand", Auslands-Kurier,
Vol. 11, No. 5 (October 1970), pp. 23-24.

AF Gould, J.D. "Les retours" Peuples Noirs Peuples Africains (mars-avril
1981), pp. 3-189.

WE Gould, J.D. "European intercontinental emigration. The road home: return
migration from the USA", The Journal of European Economic History, Vol.
9, No. 1 (Spring 1980), pp 41-111.
The author points out various reasons for which US immigrants decide to
return to their homelands and offers an alternative method for
calculating immigration and emigration rates. Italian emigration from
1876-1914 is highlighted.

WE Granelli, L. "Emigrazione di ritorno", Informazioni Suimez, Vol. 28, No.
5 (15 Marzo 1975), pp. 185-186.

WE Granelli, L. "Emigrazione di ritorno", II Ponte, Vol. 30, No. 11-12, pp.

WE Grece, Ministere du Travail Les problemes des Grecs, migrants de la
deuxieme generation: measures pratiques et actions mises en place par la
Grece pour leur reinsertion. ILO Tripartite Meeting on the Reintegration
of Second-Generation Migrants in Cases of Voluntary Return, Belgrade,
1984, 14 p.

WE Greek Government/Council of Europe Programme Report on Greece, ILO
Tripartite Meeting on the Reintegration of Second-Generation Migrants in
Cases of Voluntary Return, Belgrade, 1984, 19 p.

WE Greece Education et enseignement de la Langue maternelle; contribution
presentge par le Gouvernement Grec. ILO Tripartite Technical Seminar on
Second-Generation Migrants, 2nd, Granada 1982,
(ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.II/14.A), 9 p.
Conference paper on educational policy and social policy of Greece
regarding second-generation Greek migrant (immigrant) youth in Federal
Republic of Germany and elsewhere. Covers migrant education, social
integration, language teaching, vocational training and return

AF Gregory, J.W., Piche, V. "African return migration: past, present and
future", Contemporary Marxism, No. 7 (Fall 1983), pp. 169-183.
The various forms of return migration in Africa in the twentieth century
are first examined, and the factors affecting them are discussed. The


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authors then consider the value of the household, rather than the
individual, as the unit of analysis. Return migration is also analyzed
in terms of the linking role it plays between Africa's capitalist and
non-capitalist countries. Finally, alternative future trends in the
circulatory flow of African labour are considered.

WE Gross, B., Stevens, W., Werth, M., eds. Akademiker aus
Entwicklungsltndern in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: Zwischen
Brain-Drain und RUckkehr (Verlag Breitenbach, Saarbrucken, 1982).

WE Grupo de Sociologia Urbana de Lyon "El retorno al pais de origen de los
trabajadores immigrados en Francia y sus families: deseos, partidas y
condiciones de exito", Boletin Informativo, No. 147 (septiembre-octubre
1980), pp. 149-150, part II ibid,. No. 148 (noviembre-diciembre 1980),
pp. 2-24.

AS GUnge, M.E. Turkey Turkish workers' companies, Forschungsinstitut der
Friedrich-Ebert Stiftung, Arbeiten aus der Abteilung Entwicklungslander-
forschung, Nr. 71 (Bonn, 1978).
WE Haberl, O.N. Die Abwanderung von Arbeitskrdften aus Jugoslawien. Zur
Problematik ihrer Auslandsbeschaftigung und RUckfUhrung (Munich,
Oldenbourg Verlag, 1978), 337 p.
Problems arising in Yugoslavia after the return of labourers in social,
demographic and economic fields.

WE Hammar, T. "Dilemmas of Swedish immigration policy: They were invited to
stay permanently. Do they want to return?", in The politics of return.
International return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New
York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 187-200.
Statistical examination of (i) return migration from Sweden by sex and
year of immigration as from 1968 to 1977; (ii) immigration of Yugoslav
citizens to Sweden from 1968 to 1978; (iii) re-emigration of Yugoslav
citizens from Sweden from 1968 to 1978; (iv) return migration of Finnish
citizens to Finland in 1974-77 by duration of stay in Sweden; (v)
re-immigration and immigration to Sweden of Finnish citizens in 1974-77;
(vi) return migration to Finland, Greece and Yugoslavia in 1977.
Analysis of the Swedish immigration and return policy.

WE Haniotis, G.V. "An exercise in voluntary repatriation in Greece", The
OECD Observer, 11 (1964), pp. 12-15.

WE Harder, E. RUckkehr oder Verbleib. Eine Befragung griechischer Arbeiter
in Nordrhein-Westfalen (Melle, 1980).

WE Hardman, A., and Power, J. Western Europe's migrant workers, Minority
Rights Group Report no. 28 (London, 1976).

WE Harrison, G. Viavai Calabresi. L'emigrazione di ritorno rivisitata in
chiave antropologica (Cosenza, Quaderni del Dipartimento di Scienze
dell'Educazione no. 35), 140 p.

WE Harvey, S. Dutch return migration. North Brabant farmers' sons. A case
study of settler loss (Melbourne, La Trobe University, 1980).

WE Heikkinen, S.L. "Return migration from Sweden to Finland", Proceedings
of the Nordic Seminar on long-term effects of migration, Taljoviken, May
27-29, 1974.


- 27 -

AS Helm, P., ed. Entwicklungspolitische Fdrderung der RUckgliederung
tUrkischer Arbeitnehmer in die Volkswirtschaft ihrer Heimat (MUnchen,
WIP, 1971), 102 p.

AS Helweg, A.W. "Emigration and return; ramifications for India",
Population Review, Vol. 28, No. 1-2 (Jan.-Dec. 1984), pp. 45-57.
This article provides a sketch of the influences emigration has on India
in general and on her local communities in particular. After giving a
brief historical synopsis, it deals with the present situation and
focuses on general topics such as the effects on the Indian economy,
society and culture, and the situation of expatriates returning to their

AF Herbeth, A. "Utilises et rejetds: les immigres", L'Echo de Notre Temps,
150 (novembre 1979), pp. 35-46.

WE Hermanns, H., Lienau, C. "RUckwanderung griechischer Gastarbeiter und
Entwicklung landlicher Raume in Griechenland", in P. Weber, ed.
Periphere RMume (Paderborn, 1979) pp. 53-86.

WE Hermet, G. "Voluntad de retorno de los emigrantes cualificados.
Encuesta en una empresa de Bilbao", Fomento Social, Vol. 21, No. 84
(octubre-diciembre 1964), pp. 351-365.

WE Hermet, G. "Les retours d'6migrants qualifies: Enquete dans une usine de
Bilbao", Mobilit4 de la main-d'oeuvre et developpement dconomique.
Etudes sur quatre pays du Bassin Mdditerranedn (Paris, Fondation
National des Sciences Politiques, 1967), pp. 25-40.

LA Hernandez-Alvarez, J. "A demographic profile of the Mexican immigration
to the United States, 1910-1950", Journal of Inter American Studies, Vol.
8, No. 3 (1966), pp. 472-496.

NC Hernandez-Alvarez, J. Return migration to Puerto Rico (University of
California, Berkeley, 1967).

NC Hernandez-Alvarez, J. "Migration, Return and Development in Puerto
Rico", Economic Development and Cultural Change (1967), pp. 574-587.

GE Hernandez-Alvarez, J. "Migration, return and development", Economic
development and Cultural Change (1968), pp. 574-588.

WE Heyden, H. "RUckkehrf'rderung und Auslanderpolitik", Zeitschrift fUr
Auslanderrecht und Auslanderpolitik, 1 (1984), pp. 5-9.

AF Holt, D. "The send them back campaign", Race today (Aug. 1971), pp. 256

WE Holzman, J.M. The Nabobs in England. A study of the returned
Anglo-Indian 1760-1785 (New York, 1926).

WE Hommes et Migration "Formation des travailleurs immigrds en vue du
retour au pays", Hommes et Migrations, 28 (1977).
Abstracts of the seminar organized by the Centre de Recherche et d'Etude
pour la Diffusion du Frangais (Paris, 12-14 jan. 1976) concerning the
promotion of a vocational training system for migrants wishing to return.


- 28 -

WE HWnekopp, E. "Labour market development, tendencies of return migration,
the individual motives for the return and the plans for the period after
the return", Conferencia sobre retorno e reintegracao dos emigrantes
(Lisboa, Instituto de Estudos para o Desenvolvimento, June 1984), 5 p.
The document presents 4 statistical indicators in the Federal Republic of
1) Labour force, employment and registered unemployment from 1970-1984;
2) Inflows and outflows of the total foreign population (1960-1983);
3) Inflows and outflows of employed foreigners (1964-1982); and
4)Inflows and outflows of the foreign population by age groups

GE ICM Cultural identity of young migrants and re-integration services
rendered to migrants returning to their country of origin. ILO
Tripartite technical seminar on second-generation migrants, Granada, 1982
(Geneva, 1982, ILO-RER/79/001/Sem.II/9), 6 p.
Conference paper on the role of ICM in preserving the ethnic culture of
immigrant youth and facilitating social integration after return
migration. Discusses information dissemination, language teaching,
vocational training, promotion of cultural relations with emigration home
countries, assistance in migration policy making, etc, and stresses the
promotion of migrant associations for social participation and
coordination between home and host countries.

WE IED, Instituto de Estudos para o Desenvolvimento Research Project on the
Return of Portuguese Emigrants: Regional Impact and Application of Their
Savings (Lisbon, mimeographed, 1982).

GE ILO Problems raised by the return of migrant workers, Meeting of
Experts on Migrant Workers, Geneva, 1975 (ILO RETM/75/D.2).
Conference paper on migration policy and problems in respect of return
migration of migrant workers and their families to the country of
origin. Discusses international labour standards.

AS ILO-ARTEP Impact of return migration on domestic employment in Pakistan
A preliminary analysis (ILO Asian Employment Programme, April 1984),
113 p.

WE Immigration Advisory Council, Department of Immigration, Commonwealth of
Australia The departure of settlers from Australia (Canberra, 1967).

WE Institut fUr Entwicklungsforschung und Sozialplanung (ISOPLAN) TUrkische
Arbeitnehmergesellschaften, Band II (Bonn, ISOPLAN, 1975), 147 p.

WE Institut Fernando Santi Communication A la reunion tripartite sur la
r4insertion des migrants de la deuxiZme g4ndration en cas de retour
volontaire, Belgrade, 1984 (Geneve, BIT, 1984), 10 p.

AS ISOPLAN TUrkische Arbeitnehmergesellschaft. Evaluierung von
BetriebsgrUndungen in der TUrkei (ISOPLAN, 1975).

WE Instituto Espanol de Emigraci6n Guia del emigrante que retorna (Madrid,
1983), 60 p.
Guide book for returning migrants in Spain as concerns work, social
security, education and financial assistance and facilities.

WE International Catholic Migration Commission "Three research studies on
Italian returnee migrants", Migration News, vol. 18, no. 2 (March-April
1969), pp. 1-22.


- 29 -

AS Iqbal, M., Khan, M.F. Economic implications of the return flow of
immigrants from the Middle East: A preliminary study (Islamabad,
Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, 1981), 27 p.
Report on the incidence and rate of return migration of migrant workers
from the Middle East to Pakistan. Examines the geographic distribution
of Pakistani emigrants in Arab countries by occupational structure;
discusses anticipated occupations of return migrants, issues relating to
employment opportunities, low wages and the maintenance of standard of
living; includes migration policy suggestions.

WE Instituto di formazione e ricerca sui problem social e dello suiluppo
(ISVI) Emigrazione di ritorno e professionalita: una indagine sulla
Sicilia central (Catania, ISVI, 1979).

WE Jackson, J.A. The Irish in Britain (Routledge and Kegan Paul, London,

WE Jackson, J.A. "Ireland", in Emigrant workers returning to their home
country, Supplement (Paris, OECD, 1967), pp. 101-111.

WE Jelden, H. RUckkehrhilfen fUr Gastarbeiter", in W. Althammer, ed. Das
Gastarbeiterproblem (MUnchen, 1975), pp. 62-74.

NC Johnson, R.A. "The Newyorican comes home to Puerto Rico; Description and
consequences", in Return Migration and Remittances: Developing a
Caribbean perspective, ed. by W.F. Stinner, K. de Albuquerque and R.S.
Bryce-Laporte, RIIES occasional papers No. 3 (Washington 1982), pp.
This paper focuses on both out-migration and back-migration of Puerto
Ricans to and from the United States. Reasons for leaving Puerto Rico
and for returning, and consequences of both moves.

AS Jurecka, P., Werth, M. Mobilitat und Reintegration. Analyse der
wirtschaftlichen, sozialen und entwicklungspolitischen Effekte der
Migration von auslandischen Arbeitnehmern, untersucht am Beispiel der
Ruckwanderung in die TUrkei (SaarbrUcken, ISOPLAN, 1980).

WE Kallweit, H., Kudat, A. Rickwanderung auslandischer Arbeiter: zwangweise
oder freiwillig (Berlin, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin, 1976.)

WE Kammerer, P. "Reintegrationsprobleme von RUckwanderern in Monopoli
(Apulien)", in H. Kbrner, M. Werth, eds. RUckwanderung und
Reintegration von auslandischen Arbeitnehmern in Europa (SaarbrUcken/Fort
Lauderdale, 1981), pp. 49-62.

AF Karger, H.J. "Reintegrationsprobleme afrikanischer Aus- und
Fortbildungsgaste der Bundesrepublik beim Einsatz in ihren
Heimatlandern", Afrika Spectrum, No. 2 (1973), pp. 172-189.

GE Kassimati, K. Recent studies and research on return migration: lessons
to be drawn for the reintegration of young migrants (Geneva, ILO, 1983),
UNDP/ILO European Regional Project for Second Generation Migrants, WP.No.
8, 31 p.
Contemporary trends of research into repatriation of second-generation
migrants. Typologies of returnees, socio-economic reintegration and
vocational training of second-generation migrants. Includes general
proposals formulated by the international organizations to improve the
different aspects of return migration.


- 30 -

GE Kassimati, K. Etudes et recherches r4centes sur le retour: Legons en vue
des politiques de (rd)intdgration professionnelle, social et culturelle
des migrants de la deuxiame generation, en cas de retour, ILO Tripartite
Technical Seminar on Second-Generation Migrants, Granada, 1982 (Geneve,
1982, 49, ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.II/3), 8 p.
Conference paper comprising a literature survey of research concerning
language teaching, vocational training and social integration policies in
relation to return migration of second-generation migrants
(immigrant/youth). Considers the role of migrant education, training and
cultural factors from vantage points of both the recipient country and
the country of origin.

LA Kashiwazaki, H. and Suzuki, T. "Emigration and remigration of Okinawans
settled in the lowlands of eastern Bolivia in relation to background
characteristics of their place of origin", Journal of Human Ergology,
Vol. 6, No. 1 (Sept. 1977), pp. 3-14

WE Katunaric, V. Vanjske migracije i promjene u porodici (Zagreb, 1978),
124 p.
Social research study of the sociological aspects of emigration
alternated with return migration (incl. internal migration), on the
family structure in Yugoslavia, with particular reference to the impact
thereof on emigrant parent's children. Includes theoretical concepts,
and surveys the learning success and failure, behaviour and adaptability
of children left behind in a one-parent family.

WE Kayser, B. "Situation sur les marches du travail des emigrds rentrds de
1'6tranger", Hommes et Migrations, 712 (octobre 1967), pp. 1-9.

WE Kayser, B. "The situation of the returning migrant on the labour market
in Greece: results of surveys", in Emigrant workers returning to their
home country, Supplement (Paris, OECD, 1967), pp. 169-176.

WE Kayser, B. Manpower movements and labour markets (Paris, OECD, 1971).

WE Kayser, B. Cyclically-determined homeward flows of migrant workers
(Paris, OCDE, 1972).

WE Kayser, B. Les retours conjonctuels de travailleurs migrants et les
effects de l'emigration (OCDE, Paris, 1973).

WE Kayser, B. "Migrations et Ddveloppement", Tiers-Monde, Vol. 18 No. 69
AF (Jan-Mar 1977), pp. 3-175.
AS Compilation of articles showing that emigration and return migration do
not diminish the problems of underdevelopment in developing countries,
but on the contrary, tend to exacerbate them. Examines the consequences
of emigration policies in countries such as Portugal, Yugoslavia, Mexico
and Cyprus and the problems of migrant workers in South Africa, the Gulf
States (particularly Kuwait), Argentina, Western Europe.

WE Kenni, M. "El retorno del emigrante espanol", Boletfn Informativo, 109
(julio 1977), pp. 2-16.

WE Kenny, M. "Twentieth century Spanish expatriate ties with the homeland:
remigration and its consequences", in The changing faces of rural Spain,
ed. by J.B. Aceves and W.A. Douglas (New York, Schenkman, 1976),
pp. 97-112.


- 31 -

AF Kessal, M. "La rdinsertion: un acte volontaire", in L'emigration
maghrebine en Europe, Exploitation ou cooperation? (Alger, CREA, n.d.)
pp. 470-485.

AF Khandriche, M. Developpement et rdinsertion: l'exemple de 1'Vmigration
algerienne (Paris, Publisud, 1982), 470 p.
Analysis of the Algerian reintegration policy in relation to national
economic development.

WE King, R.L. "Problems of return migration: a case study of Italians
returning from Great Britain", Tijdschrift voor Economische en social
Geografie, vol. 68, no. 4 (1977), pp. 241-146.

GE King, R. "Return migration: a neglected aspect of population geography"
Area, vol. 10, no. 3 (1978), pp. 175-182.
The statistical background to the phenomenon of return migration is weak
and information on economic possibilities for the returnees is lacking.
Frameworks for looking at return migration are advanced with reference to
case studies.

WE King, R. "Post-War Migration Pattern and Policies in Malta with special
reference to Return Migration", European Demographic Information
Bulletin, vol. 10, no. 3 (1979), pp 108-128.
Examines some historical perspectives on Maltese migration and migration
patterns in the post-war period, and the problems for Malta's economic
development and future migration policies presented by return migration.

WE King, R. "Return migration: a review of some case studies from Southern
Europe", Mediterranean Studies, vol. 1, No. 2 (1979), pp. 4-30.

WE King, R. The Maltese migration cycle: perspectives on return (Oxford
Polytechnic, 1980), 77 p.
Study of Maltese emigration based on interviews with 185 returnees. The
object was to gain insight into the complete "migration cycle" of a group
of emigrants.

WE King, R. and Strachan A. "The effects of return migration on a Gozitan
village", Human Organization, vol. 39, no. 2 (summer 1980), pp. 175-179.
Results of a fieldwork on the Maltese island of Gozo, with respect to
the social and economic behaviour of returnees and their developmental

WE King, R.L., Strachan, A.J. and Di Comite, L. "Return migration in
Southern Italy: a research framework", Economic Notes, no. 3 (1982), pp.
Preliminary results of a research project on return migration to Southern
Italy, based on a survey conducted in the Puglia, Basilicata and Calabria
regions and focusing on the economic impact of return migration.

GE King, R., Strachan, A., Mortimer, J. Return migration: a review of the
WE literature, Discussion paper in Geography, No. 19 (Oxford Polytechnic,
August 1983).
A review of the literature on return migration is presented with
particular reference to return migration to Southern Italy. The main
types, trends and frameworks of return migration research are first
described and the concept of return migration is defined. The geographic
focus is on European return migration since World War II, but some


- 32 -

reference is also made to the literature on the Caribbean, Southeast Asia
and the United States.

GE King, R., Strachan, A. Return migration; a sourcebook of evaluative
abstracts, Discussion paper in Geography, No. 20 (Oxford Polytechynic,
Sept. 1983), 131 p.
A bibliography of over 300 items on return migration is presented
together with abstracts. The items included are listed alphabetically by
author; no indexes are provided. The listing is confined to works in
English. The abstracts not only include summaries of the findings of the
work in question but also provide an assessment of the work's importance
and significance.

WE King, R., Mortimer, J., and Strachan, A. "Return migration and the
development of the Italian Mezzogiorno", in The politics of return.
International return migration in Europe, ed. by D Kubat (Rome-New York,
Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 79-86.
Progress report on a two-year programme of research on the economic
impact of return migration in the regions of Puglia, Basilicata and

WE Kivanc, C. Die tUrkische Minderheit in Deutschland und ihre
Integrations- und RUckkehrprobleme (MUnster, Universitat Minster, 1982),
63 p.

AS Kizilbash, M. "The employment of returning US educated Indians",
Comparative Education Review, Vol. 8, No. 3 (1964), pp. 320-326.

GE Klinar, P. Remigrants from the underdeveloped areas of emigrant society
and the problems of their reintegration, paper presented at the 9th World
Congress of Sociology, Uppsala, 1978.

NC Knowles, W.H. "Puerto Rico: problems of returning migrants", in Emigrant
workers returning to their home country, Supplement (Paris, OECD, 1967),
pp. 87-123.

WE Ko-Chih Tung, R. "Ateranpassning av invandrare: Valkommen hem-om du har
pengar", Invandrare och Minoriteter, 3-4 (1976), pp. 40-43.
Proposals on a Sweden-Finland return migration model.

AF Koelstra, R.W., Tieleman, H.J. Ddveloppement ou Migration; une enquite
WE portant sur les possibilities de promotion de l'emploi dans des regions
moins developp s de Tunisie (La Haye, Nuffic/Imwoo Project Remplod,
1977), 84 p.
Field study report on the potential impact of return migrations on
Tunisian economic and social development. Presents research results and
an evaluation of the role of Netherlands in promoting small scale
industry, rural development.

WE Kollaros, T., and Mousouros Repatriation (Athens, Centre of Humanist
Studies and Research, 1980), 47 p.

WE Kolodni, E. "Retours migratoires et problames de reinsertion (Exemple de
Neokaisaria)", Hommes et Migrations, 967 (ler avril 1979), pp. 28-31.

WE Kdrner, H., Werth, M. RUckwanderung und Reintegration von auslandischen
Arbeitnehmnern in Europa, Beitrage zu einem internationalen Symposium des
Isoplan-Instituts in SaarbrUcken am 16. und 17. Oktober 1980.
(SaarbrUcken, Verlag Breitenbach, 1981), 161 p.
Conference report on the social implications and economic implications of


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return migration of Greek, Italian, Turkish, Spanish and Yugoslav migrant
workers from the Federal Republic of Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain,
Turkey and Yugoslavia. Discusses the role of formulating a migration
policy to ease re-integration, and examines changes in living conditions,
employment opportunities, brain drain, capital formation and investment
in the home countries (using remittances, savings).

WE Korner, H. "Return migration from the Federal Republic of Germany", in
The politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by
D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp.
Statistical examination of the migration of foreigners in the Federal
Republic of Germany and the unemployment of foreign workers as from 1967
to 1980, and evaluation of return policies.

WE Korner, H. "Problems of migrant workers' return to their home
countries", Intereconomics (September/October 1984), pp. 235-238.
Migration statistics in the Federal Republic of Germany for 1982 and 1983
show, for the first time in some years, an excess of out migration over
immigration of foreign workers and their families. What are the problems
facing the returnees? How can their modernizing influence on their
societies be increased?

WE Korte, H. "EinbUrgerung oder RUckwanderung? Ergebnisse und
Interpretationen sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschung", in W. Slim Freund,
ed. Gastarbeiter (Neustadt, 1980), pp. 40.ff.

WE Korte, H. "Questions centrales et resultats de la recherche en sciences
sociales sur le retour et la reintegration des travailleurs migrants en
Europe; Etat de la question en automne 1983", Conferencia sobre retorno e
reintegracao dos emigrantes (Lisboa, Instituto de Estodos para o
Desenvolvimento, June 1984), 6 p.
Synthetical review of different research studies on return migration
undertaken in the 1980s, in particular as regards the concept of
selectivity in the process of out-migration and back-migration in
European countries.

WE Kraak, J.H. "The repatriation of the Dutch from Indonesia", R.E.M.P.
Bulletin, 6, pp. 27-40.

WE Kraak, J.H. "The repatriation of Netherlands citizens and Ambonese
soldiers from Indonesia", Integration, Vol. 4 ,No. 4, pp. 348-355.

WE Kraak, J.H. The repatriation from Indonesia (The Hague, Government
Printing and Publishing Office, 1958).

WE Kraljec, F. Croatian migration to and from the United States, 1900-1914
(Palo Alto, Cal., Regusan Press, 1978).
This study deals primarily with the group of Croatians who returned to
their homeland after a temporary stay in the United States. The author
concludes that economic factors were more important than political
considerations in determining both emigration and repatriation.

WE Krane, R.E. "Effects of cyclical international migration upon
socio-economic mobility", International Migration Review, Vol. VII, No. 4
(1973), pp. 427-436.


- 34 -

WE Kubiak, H. "Potozenie spoteczne i ewolucja swiadomsci narodowej ludnosci
polskiej w USA w latach 1900-1919", in H. Florkowska-Francic, M. Francic,
H. Kubiak, eds. Polonia wobec niepodleglosci Polski w czasie I wojny
swiatowej (Wroclaw-Warszawa-Krakow, Ossolineum, 1979).

WE Kubat, D. ed. The politics of return. International return migration in
Europe (Rome and New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984).

WE Kubat, A., Ozkan, Y., eds. The comparative study of the re-integration
policy of five European labour exporting countries (Berlin, International
Institute for Comparative Social Studies of the Science Center Berlin,
1975), 267 p.
Based on a conference held in Berlin in June 1975. Proposals for a
common approach of emigration and return migration from and to Greece,
Portugal, Spain, Turkey and Yugoslavia.

WE Kurmann, W. "Le retour au pays des travailleurs migrants italiens:
Problemes lids a la scolarisation de leurs enfants", Feuille
d'information "Cooperation international dans 1'Vducation No. 36
(nov. 1979).

AF Lacoste, C. "Changements dans les r6les de femmes algeriennes dmigrees
en France (par rapport A un context rural algerien): Etude de cas",
Comptes rendus de recherches et bibliographie sur l'immigration, 8
(juil.-dec. 1975), pp. 17-24:
Article presenting a case study of the social adjustments in behaviour
and attitude of Algerian immigrant women in Frannce, illustrating the
influence of modernization processes on social roles and the possible
implications for return migration.

WE Lebon, A. "Les retours definitifs des migrants en Europe", Hommes et
Migrations, 970 (15 mai 1979), pp. 25-29.

WE Lebon, A. "Un bilan des retours au pays d'origine des travailleurs
immigrds en Europe", La documentation frangaise, Problemes 4conomiques,
1631 (11 juillet 1979), pp. 27-29.

GE Lebon, A. "L'aide au retour des travailleurs strangers", Economie et
Statistiques, 113 (juillet-aoQt 1979), pp. 37-46.

WE Lebon, A. and Falchi, G. "New developments in Intra-European Migration
since 1974", International Migration Review, Vol. 14, No. 52 (winter
1980), pp. 539-579.
Analyses the current trends of return migration in Spain, Greece, Italy,
Portugal, Turkey and Yugoslavia. Evaluation of the transfer of funds in
these countries and description of the different schemes of repatriation
allowance, vocational training and development assistance.

WE Lebon, A. "Return migration from France: Policies and data" in The
politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D.
Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 153-169.
Examines the different periods and results of the development and
implementation of French policy regarding return migration. Focuses, in
particular, on vocational training for return and the "aide au retour"


- 35 -

GE Leger, D. "Les utopies du retour", Actes de la Recherche en Sciences
Sociales (29 September 1979), pp. 45-63.

WE Leib, J. "Die RUckkehr der spanischen Arbeitsemigranten:
Rahmenbedingungen, Umfang, GrUnde, raumliches Verteilungsmuster und
Ergebnisse empirischer Untersuchungen in ausgewHhlten Provinzen", in
Untersuchungen zur spanischen Arbeitsmigration, ed. by G. Mertins,
Marburger Geographische Schriften, Heft 95 (Geographisches Institut der
UniversitHt Marburg, 1984), pp. 151-214.

AF Le Masne, H. Le retour des 4migr4s alg4riens: Projets et contradictions,
WE (Paris, Centre d'Information et d'Etudes sur les Migrations, 1982),
215 p.
Monograph examining the attitude of Algerian migrant workers in France
towards return migration and obstacles to their re-establishment in
Algeria. Based on a 1972-1973 survey of 80 Algerian workers and their
families in the Rhone-Alpes region, covers trends relative to employment
opportunity, educational opportunity, migrant children, social status of
women, Algerian return migration policy, social integration.

AF Le Masne, H. "Emigres alg&riens et perspectives du retour", Hommes et
Migrations, 867 (15 septembre 1974).

AF Le Masne, H. "Les lendemains de l'aventure: des 4migrds algeriens
parent de leur retour au pays", Croissance des Jeunes Nations, 157 (mars

AF Le Masne, H. "Le retour des Algdriens au pays", Economie et Humanisme,
221 (janvier-fdvrier 1975), pp. 9-20.

AF Le Masne, H. Les 4migres algeriens et la perspective du retour. Les
projects de 80 4migrds de la region Rhone-Alpes (Alger, Universit4
d'Alger, 1974).

NC Levine, B.B. "The Puerto Rican circuit and the success of return
migrants", in Return Migration and Remittances: Developing a Caribbean
perspective, ed. by W.F. Stinner, K. de Albuquerque and R.S.
Bryce-Laporte, RIIES occasional papers no. 3 (Washington D.C. 1982),
pp. 157-181.
Analysis of the development of Puerto Rican-United States relationship.
Statistics of exodus and return migration and life histories of the

WE Lianos P.T. "Flows of Greek out-migration and return migration",
International Migration, vol. 13, no. 3 (1975), p. 119-133.
Return migration to Greece from the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium,
Australia, Canada and the United States. Differences in the flows of
gross out-migration and return migration with respect to place of
residence, age groups and occupation.

WE Lianos, T.P. "Movement of Greek labor to Germany and return", Greek
Economic Review, vol. 2, no. 1 (April 1980), pp. 71-77.
Estimates of the total volume of return migration from the Federal
Republic of Germany to Greece. Data are for the period 1959 to 1976.

WE Lohrman, R., and Manfrass, K., eds. Auslanderbeschaftigung und
international Politik (Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich 1974), 395 p.


- 36 -

WE Lombardo, A. "Rientro degli emigranti e comportamento politico", Affari
Sociali Internazionali, vol. 2, no. 1-2 (1974), pp. 37-44.
Relations between return migration and communist votes in Italy.

WE Lopreato, J. Peasants no more. Social class and social change in an
underdeveloped society (San Francisco, Chandler, 1967).
Survey of the social status and investments of Italian returnees from the
United States

WE Lucrezio, G. "II ritorno degli emigrati", Italiani nel Mondo, 25 (1969),
pp. 3-8.

WE Lucrezio, G. "Les migrants retournant dans leur pays", Migrations dans
le Monde, vol. 1 (1969), pp. 8-9.

WE Ludolph, E., Jalla, P. Enquiry related to the return of migrant workers,
Churches Committee on Migrant Workers in Western Europe. (Geneva, 1966).

WE Luetkens, C. Die unglUckliche RUckkehr (Frankfurt/New York 1981).

WE Maier, R. "Uberlegungen Uber Notwendigkeit und Moglichkeiten der
Fbrderung der freiwilligen Ruckkehr auslandischer Arbeitnehmer", Arbeits-
und Sozialrecht, vol. 27, no. 9 (1978), pp. 196-199.

WE Majava, A. Migration from and to Finland in 1977 (Helsinki, Ministry of
Labour, 1978), 21 p.
This reports deals with emigration to and return from Sweden. It shows
that the actual emigration in Sweden is presently restrained since the
recession has lowered the demand for foreign labour.

WE Mancho, S. Emigraci6n y desarrollo espafol (Madrid, Instituto Espaflol de
Emigraci6n, 1978), 175 p.
Monograph on the role of emigration in the economic growth of Spain.
Sets out the reasons for and the positive and negative economic
implications and social implications of emigration, internal migration
and return migration, and discusses future migration policy of host

WE Mancho-Gomez, S. "El retorno de los emigrantes", Razon y Fe (Feb. 1976),
pp. 139-152.
Return migration to Spain from Switzerland, the Federal Republic of
Germany and France after the European economic crisis.

WE Manganara, I. Study of returnees to rural areas in Greece, enquate
effectuee sous les auspices de l'Alliance des Unions chretiennes
feminines (Geneve, 1973).

WE Manganara, I. "Some social aspects of the return movement of Greek
Oigrant workers from West Germany to rural Greece", The Greek Review of
Social Research, No. 29, pp. 65-75.

WE Marques dos Santos, A. "Les emigrants portugais et le retour au pays",
Options mediterraneennes, vol. 4, no. 22 (1973), pp. 67-69

WE Marselli, G.A. "Un ritorno doloroso, un'occasione da non perdere", Studi
Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, No. 63 (settembre 1981), pp. 305-317.


- 37 -

WE Martinez Cachero, L.A. "El retorno de los emigrantes espafioles",
Revista de Trabajo, vol. 19, no. 3 (1967), pp. 7-20.

LA Maselli, G. Transfer of technology through international movements of
AS manpower (The Hague, R.E.M.P., 1977), 23 p.
Examines the different aspects of the transfer of technology with special
reference to movements of qualified migrants between developing countries
in Latin America and the Arab regions. Includes ICM programmes for
selective migration and return of talents.

AS McArthur, H.J. "The effects of overseas work on return migrants and
their home communities: a Philippine case", Papers in Anthropology, vol.
20, no. 1 (spring 1979), pp. 85-104.

WE McDonald, J.R. "The repatriation of French Algerians 1962-63", Inter-
AF national migration (1963), pp. 146-157.

GE McLean Petras, E. "Economic consequences of migration and return", in
The politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by
U. Kubat (Kome, New XorK, Center tor Migration Studles, 1984), pp.
Assesses whether trends of foreign investment and trade may be linked to
recent cross-national flows of labour. Examines the immigration policies
adopted by the European receiving countries and the role of immigrant
labour as a regulator of cyclical unemployment.

WE McLean Patras, E. "Return migration to Greece. Labor migrants, Eastern
European refugees and high level manpower", Conferencia sobre retorno e
reintegragao dos emigrantes (Lisboa, Instituto de Estudos para o
desenvolvimento, June 1984), 14 p.
Examines cross-national migration of Greeks and their subsequent return
at two levels of analysis: (i) migrant behaviour (motivations for
emigration and contributions of migrant households to local regional and
national development), (ii) structural context in which migratory
movements take place.

WE Mehrlinder, U. "L'avenir de l'immigration: rapatriement ou politique
d'intdgration des strangers en R4publique F4ddrale d'Allemagne?"
Conferencia sobre retorno e reintegracao dos emigrantes (Lisboa,
Institute de Estudos para o desenvolvimento, June 1984), 6 p.
Reviews and discusses the measures taken by the Federal Republic of
Germany (i) to integrate migrant workers and their families and (ii) to
facilitate their return to their home countries. Statistical appendix on
the financial assistance granted by the Federal Republic of Germany to
Portuguese, Spanish, Tunisian, Turkish and Yugoslav returnees up to May

GE Mendez, J.I.C., Moro, O.C. "The relation between migration policy and
economic development and the promotion of new employment possibilities
for returnees (foreign investment and migrant remittances)",
International Migration, vol. 14 (1976), pp. 134-162.

WE Mendonsa, E.L. "Benefits of Migration as a personal strategy in Nazare,
Portugal", International Migration Review, Vol. 16, No. 59 (fall 1982),
pp. 635-645.
Analysis of the causes, patterns and results of involvement in
international wage labour migration for Nazard. Describes the local
investment opportunities for return migrants.


- 38 -

WE Merico, F. "Il difficile ritorno. Indagine sul rientro degli emigrati in
alcune community del Mezzogiorno", Studi Emigrazione/Etudes migrations,
No. 50 (1978), pp. 179-212.
Survey on the return of Italian migrants, carried out in 4 southern
Italian towns in 1974.

WE Merico, F. "Il ritorno degli emigranti alle community di origine:
motivazioni et problemi, Affari Sociali Internazionali, 4 (dic. 1973),
pp. 3-39.

AS Merriam, M.F. "Reversing brain drain, a case study from India",
International Development Review, 3 (1970), pp. 16-22.

WE Mertins, G. "RUckwanderung spanischer Arbeitnehmer aus dem europdischen
Ausland. Raumliches Verteilungsmuster und Investitionsverhalten in
Spanien", in RUckwanderung und Reintegration von auslandischen
Arbeitnehmern in Europa, ed. by H. K'rner and M. Werth (SaarbrUcken,
Verlag Breitenbach, 1981), pp. 63-75.

WE Meznaric, S., Klinar, P., Tos, N. and Zizek, F. "An action programme to
attract Slovene workers to return home", in The politics of return.
International return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New
York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 137-140.
In order to identify the "migration component" in development, a region
of Slovenia was selected as the target of a "field experiment". The
objectives were to identify the role of change agents and to let them
interact with the target population in order to facilitate return
migration where it was so desired.

AF MFX "Le retour des 4migres algeriens", Accueillir, 97 (fdvrier 1983),
pp. 8-12.

GE Michotey, C. and Dias, M. "D6bat: Une bonne formation doit permettre le
libre choix des immigrds pour le retour", Alphabdtisation et Promotion,
86 (juil.-aoOt 1973), pp. 7-11.

WE Mikkola, K. "Return migration from Sweden to Finland in 1946-1970",
Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, vol.13 (1973-74),
pp. 115-124.

WE Milano, M. "II problema dei rimpatri dei lavoratori italiani",
Formazione e Lavoro, 25-26 (1967), pp. 95-98.

GE Miller, E. "Return and non-return in migration", Growth and Change, Vol.
11, No. 4, pp. 3-9.

AF Ministere du Travail, France "Le retour des migrants",
Migrations/Informations, 18 juin 1978, 9 p.

AF Ministere du Travail et de la Participation "Nombre d'4trangers ayant
bnedfici6 de l'aide au retour", Hommes et Migrations, 973 (ler juil
1979), pp. 21-22.

LA Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid Retourmigratie van
Mediterranen, Surinamers en Antillianen uit Nederland (Den Haag, 1983),
290 p.


- 39 -

WE Ministry of Labour, Greece The training of emigrants returning to
Greece (Athens, July 1982).

WE Mira, G. "L'integrazione economic europea e il problema degli
emigranti", Studi Economici e social, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Genn-Marzo 1979),
pp. 49-59.

WE Moffa, M. "Regional measures in Italy in favour of returning migrants",
Migration News, 23 (1974), pp. 3-5.

WE Moll Marques, J. "Die RUckkehr in die Heimat. Politische und
gesellschaftliche Auswirkungen", in E. Klee, ed. Gastarbeiter: Analysen
und Berichte (Frankfurt a.M., 1972), pp. 137-146.

WE Mongardini, C. "Fenomeni migratori e ritorno degli emigranti, Affari
Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 1, No. 4 (1973), pp. 51-79.

WE Monteiro Neto, F.F. Le retour des migrants Portugais: contribution a
l'etude d'une etiologie du retour au pays natal, Thbse du 3eme cycle
(.cole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris, 1980), 400 p.

WE Morokvasik, M. "Des migrants temporaires: les Yougoslaves", Sociologie
du Travail, vol. 14, No. 3 (July-Sept. 1972), pp. 260-277
Study on the phenomenon of return migration to Yugoslavia from France.
Based on two surveys, one in France and one in Yugoslavia, the author
compares the migrants' intentions with the likely outcome of their

WE Morokvasic, M., Rogers, R. "Employment creation through migrants' loans
to enterprises in Yugoslavia", in Return Migration to Yugoslavia:
policies, the innovative return migrant and prospects for economic
development, Final report submitted by Mirjana Morokvasic and Rosemarie
Rogers to the Rockefeller-Ford Research Program on Population and
Development Policy, 1982.

WE Morokvasic, M. "Strategies of return of Yugoslavs in France and the
Federal Republic of Germany", in The politics of return. International
return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for
Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 87-92.
Motivation to return, family reunification, savings and remittances of
Yugoslavs in France and the Federal Republic of Germany. The role of
information and the search for jobs back home.

WE Montara, G. "Cento anni di emigrazione italiana per il Brasile; nota
statistics", Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia, Vol. 21, No.
9/10 (Sept.-Oct. 1962), pp. 573-581.
Presents and discusses quinquennial data, 1861-65 to 1956-60 and annual
data 1951-1961 on Brazilian statistics of arrivals of immigrants and
Italian statistics of emigrants and returnees.

NC Motuz, C. Return migration: an analysis of return migration from Canada;
1969-1974, mimeographed report of the Research Projects Group (Project
R-22), Ottawa, Department of Manpower and Immigration.

WE Mousouros, L. and Siambos, G. Socio-cultural integration in Germany and
reintegration of the migrants returning to Greece, paper presented at the
European Science Foundation Workshop on Cultural Identity and Structural
Marginalisation of Migrant Workers (Bochum, 10-12 Dec. 1980).


- 40 -

WE Mughini, C. "L'emigrazione di ritorno: problem e prospective per un
reinserimento produttivo degli emigrati in Yugoslavia", Studi
Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. XVIII, No. 62 (June 1981),
pp. 207-238.
Results of a survey carried out in Yugoslavia during the period
1977-1979. Analysis of the limits of a productive reintegration model
and formulation of some alternative hypotheses.

WE Munzenmaier, W., Walter, I. "Auslandische Haushalte in Baden-Wirttemberg
RUckkehrabsichten, Familiennachzug und Integration", Zeitschrift fUr
Bevdlkerungswissenschaft, vol. 9, No. 4 (1983), pp. 487-496.
Results are presented from a 1981 survey conducted by the Statistical
Office of Baden-Wirttemberg as a supplement to the 1981 micro-census of
the Federal Republic of Germany. The survey focused on the length of stay
and the intentions of the heads of foreign households to return to their
home countries. The findings indicate that economic motivations are the
primary factor determining intentions to stay or return. It is also found
that between 1978 and 1981, there was an increasing trend toward the
reunification of migrant families in the Federal Republic of Germany. The
political significance of the results is considered.

WE Musillo, I. Retour et emploi des migrants dans le Mezzogiorno: enquete
sur un dchantillon de migrants Italiens (Genove, ILO, mars 1981;
mimeographed World Employment Programme research working paper;
Working paper on a comparative analysis of two surveys (1969-70 and
1979-80) of return migration and employment in the Mezzogiorno regional
area of Italy. Studies reasons for return of Italian migrant workers
(free circulation in EEC countries, end of the migration wave, etc.) and
data available on labour market re-entry, and presents research results
detailing age, marital status, educational level, motivations,

NC Myers, G.C. and Masnick, G. "The migration experience of New York Puerto
Ricans: a perspective on return", International Migration Review, Vol. 2,
No. 2 (1968), pp. 80-90

WE Nacken, W. Evolution als Mittel der Politikberatung: Analyse eines.
Modellprogramms zur RUckgliederung tUrkischer Gastarbeiter (NUrnberg,
Nirnberger Forschungsvereinigung e.V., 1976).

AF Naidja, D. La rdinsertion des travailleurs immigrds algdriens dans
1'economie algerienne, These de 3eme cycle en Sociologie (Universitg de
Paris VIII, 1978), 286 p.

WE NCB-IMOS Office The experimental scheme of returnee development projects
AF for foreign workers (Utrecht, Foundation Netherlands Centre Foreigners,
1980), 170 p.
Report on the implementation of the Dutch Government's returnee
development scheme from 1976 to 1980.

WE Nestola Altarell, K. "Artigianato e rientro degli emigranti", Studi
Emigrazione, No. 13 (ottobre 1968), pp. 594-598.

WE Neto, F. "Santd et retour au pays natal des migrants portugais",
Migration Santd, 36 (juillet 1983), pp. 7-13.


- 41 -

WE Nicholson, B. "Return migration to a marginal area", Tidskrift for
samfunforskning, Vol. 12, No. 2 (1971), pp. 99-122.

GE Nina, T. "The effect of economic incentives on return migration",
International Migration, Vol. 13, No. 3 (1975), pp. 134-144.

NC Nordheimer, J. "Puerto Ricans Accelerating Return to Crowded Homeland",
The New York Times (May 10, 1978), p. A18.

WE Oberdan Buratto, F. "L'integrazione dei rimpatri in Sardegna: Risultati
di un indagina-pilota", Rassegna di servizio social, Vol. 16, No. 4
(Otto-dic. 1977), pp. 77-96.

GE OCDE La chatne migratoire (Paris, OCDE, 1978), 59 p.

WE OCDE Services for returning migrant workers; Yugoslav Report (Paris,
OCDE, 1975), 105 p.
Role of the employment agencies and services for Yugoslav returnees.
Implementation of the Yugoslav policy for the return and reintegration of

GE OECD "The OECD and return migration; note on the role and activity of an
intergovernmental agency in the study of return migration", in The
politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D.
Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 235-237.

WE OECD Emigrant workers returning to their home country, International
Management Seminar, Athens, 18-21 October 1966, final report by J.C.
Reverdy (Paris, 1967), 101 p.
Contains statistics and qualitative data on return, reintegration of the
returnees, role and attitude of the employers' associations, and issues
and new policy directions suggested by the Seminar.

WE OECD Emigrant workers returning to their home country, International
Management Seminar, Athens, 18-21 October 1966, supplement to the Final
Report (Paris, 1967).

AF Office National d'Immigration, France Etude de l'impact sur la
situation de 1'emploi des departs de travailleurs strangers beneficiaires
de l'aide au retour: Bilan pour douze departements (Paris, ONI, juin
1980), 10 p.

AF ONAMO, Algerie Approche des problames de la rdinsertion (Alger, 1973).

AF Oussou-Essuis, D. Les saisons saches (Paris, Ed. L'Harmattan, 1979),
192 pp.

WE Padiglione, V. "Emigranti e community& di origine nel Mezzogiorno
interno: note su un rapporto simbotico", Studi Emigrazione/Etudes
Migrations,Vol. 13,no.41 (mars 1976).
Consequences of emigration and return migration on the structural context
of small communities of the "Mezzogiorno interno".

WE Pagani, M. Contribution presented by the Employers' Organisation, ILO
Tripartite Technical Seminar on Second-Generation Migrants, Lisbon, 1981
(Geneva, 1981, ILO-RER/79/001/Sem.I/15), 5 p.
Conference paper presenting the Employers Organization view regarding
second generation Italian migrants in Western Europe and countries and
the presence of migrant workers in Italy. Comments on return migration,
social integration, training.


- 42 -

WE Paine, S. Exporting workers: the Turkish case (London/New York,
University of Cambridge, 1974), 227 p.
Based on published and unpublished data from Turkey and other countries,
this study deals mainly with the economic consequences on Turkey, and the
effects on the other countries involved, produced by the departure and
return of Turkish migrant workers.

WE Paiva, A. "Balango da investigacao sobre retorno e reintegragao de
emigrantes: consequencias para uma political em Portugal", Conferencia
sobre retorno e reintegragao dos emigrantes (Lisboa, Instituto de Estudos
para o Desenvolvimento, June 1984), 8 p.

GE Panayotakopoulou, E. "Specific problems of migrant women returning to
the country of origin, particularly as regards employment and social
services", International Migration, Vol. 19, No. 1-2 (1981), pp. 219-224.

WE Papademetriou, D.G. Emigration and return in the mediterranean
littoral: conceptual, research and policy agendas (Washington, Center
for Migration Studies, 1981).
The political economy of international migration and the components of
emigration research. Analysis of the assumptions on the relation between
skill acquisitions abroad and the socio-economic reintegration of the

WE Papademetriou, D.G. "Return in the mediterranean littoral: Policy
agendas", in The politics of return. International return migration in
Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies,
1984), pp. 259-267.
Examines the utilization of remitted and transferred savings in
Mediterranean countries of return, and assesses occupational skill and
the socio-economic re-integration of the returnees.

WE Papantoniou-Frangoulis, M. "Problems of return migration to Greece",
Conferencia sobre retorno e reintegracao dos emigrantes (Lisboa,
Institute de estudos para o desenvolvimento, June 1984), 9 p.
Factors influencing return migration to Greece and analysis of the return
of second generation migrants. Existing measures and proposals
concerning the re-integration of Greek returnees.

WE Parodi, L. "L'emigrato ritorna e impazzisce: una realty dolorosa e poco
nota della Sardegna di oggi", Famiglia Cristiana, 17 (april 1978),
pp. 42-47.
Mental diseases of returning migrants in the Sardegna region.

WE Pascual, A. El retorno de los emigrantes: Conflicto o integraci6n?
(Barcelona, Nova Terra, 1970).

WE Passera, A.L. "II reinserimento social di ragazzi emigrati di ritorno
in un'area internal della Calabria", Rassegna di Servizio Sociale, Vol.
21, No. 2 (aprile-giugno 1982), pp. 8-27.
Social reintegration of young returnees in Calabria.

AS Patterson, H.O. "West Indian migrants returning home: some
observations", Race, vol. 10, no. 1 (1968), pp. 69-77.

WE Pekin, H. "Placement assistance to returning migrants and other type of
assistance, including reception and accommodation", International
Migration, vol. 14, no. 1/2 (1976), pp. 105-119.



Examines the situation of European migrants returning to their country
and the deficiencies in placement assistance and reception of the
returnees. The author suggests alternative measures.

WE Pellegrini, A.M. Immigrants return (New York, The Macmillan Company,
1953), 269 p.
Social reintegration of Italian emigrants returning from the United

WE Penninx, R., Van Renselaar, H. A fortune in small change. A study of
migrant workers' attempts to invest savings productively through joint
stock corporations and village development co-operatives in Turkey (The
Hague, 1978).

WE Perotti, A. "L'inserimento dell'emigrato nel moment economic e
socio-culturale dei programmi di sviluppo regional. Appunti e
proposte", Studi Emigrazione, No. 7 (ottobre 1966), pp. 51-60.
Integration of returning migrants in Italy in connection with the
economic and socio-cultural regional development.

WE Peter, K. "Remigrants from the underdeveloped areas of emigrant society
and the problems of their reintegration", American Sociological
Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco, Sept. 4-8, 1978.
Reintegration policy in economically less developed areas of an emigrant
society in connection with social development. The research is centered
on a less developed area of Slovenia in Yugoslavia. A structural model
is used to find changes in the social status of remigrants in the
immigrant society and their original society.

WE Philpott, S.B. "Remittance obligations, social networks and choice among
Monserratian immigrants in Britain", Man, vol. 3 (1968), pp. 465-476.

WE Pinilla de las Casas, E. "Les travailleurs 4migres retournant dans leur
pays", Sociologie du Travail, Vol. 10, No.4 (oct.-d4c. 1968), pp. 458-459.

AF Plotnicov, L. "Going home again Nigerians, the dream is unfulfilled",
Transaction, 3 (117), pp. 18-22.

WE Poinard, M. Rapport sur les retours au Portugal (Paris, OECD, 1971),
87 p.
The concept of return migration and public opinion. Statistical data on
the return migration from France and the Federal Republic of Germany; the
role of the returnees in the Portuguese economy.

WE Poinard, M. "Le million des immigres. Analyse de l'utilisation de l'aide
au retour par les travailleurs portugais en France", Revue Geographique
des Pyrenees et du Sud-Ouest" (oct. 1979), pp. 511-539.

WE Poinard, M. Retour des travailleurs portugais, Migrations et Societds, 5
(Paris, documentation frangaise, 1979), 141 p.
Monograph on the return migration of Portuguese migrant workers from
France. Reviews current economic conditions, labour market situation and
migration policy of Portugal, presents survey data covering the migrants'
distribution by age group, family structure and occupational
qualifications, and examines employment opportunities and social
integration of returning workers.


44 -

WE Poinard, M. "Le retour de travailleurs migrants au Portugal", Migration
Etudes, 22 (Mai 1979), 19 p.

LA Poitras, G. Return migration from the United States to Costa Rica and El
Salvador (San Antonio, Border Research Institute, Trinity University
1980), 34 p.
Describes the personal and demographic characteristics of Costa Rican and
Salvadorian samples of return migrants to study the pattern of migration
to the United States and to examine the characteristics of the return to
the home countries.

LA Poitras, G. The US experience of return migrants from Costa Rica and El
Salvador (San Antonio, Tex., Trinity University Research Institute,
1980),140 p.

WE Polizos, N.J. Consequences des retours en gr&ce des emigrants (Paris,
OECD, 1970), 43 p.
Technical and professional training of emigrants. Effects of the
returnees on the Greek labour market.

WE Portugal Contribution presentee par le Gouvernement, ILO Tripartite
Technical Seminar on Second-Generation Migrants, Granada, 1982, (Genave
1982, ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.II/15.A), 29 p.
Conference paper on educational policy and social policy in Portugal
regarding second generation Portuguese migrant (immigrant) youth in
Western Europe. Covers migrant education and language teaching, role of
migrant associations, vocational training, cultural factor identity and
return migration.

WE Puigjaner, J.M., et al. La desemigraci6n (Madrid, Fundacion Foessa,
Documentaci6n social 3, 1974).

WE Radlovic, O. "Normativeno regularanje privremenog zaposl avanja
jugoslavenskih gradjana u inozemstvu", Rasprave o migracijama, No. 3,
41 p.

WE Rellini, G.P. Les politiques du retour (Clermont-Ferrand, Facultd de
Droit et de Science Politique, 1978).
Action programme for return migration policies in Europe. Based on the
Council of Europe and OECD schemes.

WE Reyneri, E., Barone, C., Cacciola, R. Emigrazione meridionale nelle
zone d'esodo (Catania, Universita di Catania, Facolta di Scienze
Politiche, 1976), 3 Volumes
Report on emigration from agricultural areas and rural communities of
Sicily 1945. Presents the results of a questionnaire/survey of the
demographic characteristics, marital status, educational level,
motivations and attitudes of migrant workers, the economic structure of
emigration areas, the geographic distribution and duration of
international and internal migration, various aspects of return
migration, changes in political participation of return migrants.

WE Reyneri, E., and Mughini, C. "Return migration and sending areas: from
the myth of development to the reality of stagnation", in The Politics of
Return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome,
New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 31-36.
Explains the various "myths" on the benefits of return migration for the
country of origin, through the example of return migration situation in
Southern Italy.



WE Reyneri, E., Scuderi, M. and Sineri, G. Emigrazi-one di ritorno e
professionalita. Un indagine sulla Sicilia Centrale (Catania, 1979).

WE Rhoades, R. "European cyclical migration and economic development. The
case of Southern Spain. The return of urban migrants to their rural homes
and their impact there", in G. Gmelch, W.P. Zenner, eds. Urban Life (New
York, St. Martin's Press, 1980).

WE Rhoades, R.E. "Intra-European return migration and rural development;
lessons from the Spanish case", Human Organization, vol.37 (Summer 1978),
pp. 146-147.

WE Rhoades, R.E., ed. "The anthropology of return migration", Papers in
Anthropology, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring 1979).

WE Rhoades, R.E. "Intra-European migration and development in Mediterranean
Basin", Current Anthropology, Vol. 18, No. 3 (Sept. 1977), pp. 539-540.
Results of a survey conducted in 1976 on 133 returnees in Andalusia.
Demographic characteristics and investments on return are analysed.

GE Ribeiro, A.G. "Le retour pathologique du migrant", in Psychopathology of
the Transplantation of Migrants (Strasbourg, European Science Foundation,
1983) pp. 61-64.

NC Richardson, B.C. "The origins and continuity of return migration in the
Leeward Caribbean", paper presented at the Fifth Annual Conference of the
Caribbean Studies Association, Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, May 7-11,
1980, 8 p.
Examines the migratory movements of people from the Eastern Caribbean as
being fundamental to their livelihoods. Most information concerns the
islands of St. Kitts and Nevis but many conclusions can be extended to
the other Caribbean islands.

WE Richardson, A. "A shipboard study of some British born immigrants
returning to the United Kingdom from Australia", International Migration,
vol. 6, No. 4 (1968), pp. 221-238.

WE Richmond, A.H. "Return migration from Canada to Britain", Population

NC Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2 (July 1968), pp. 263-271.
Statistics of 36,514 migrants returning from Canada to Great Britain are
compared with 195,383 immigrants entering Canada between 1956 and 1965.
Other statistics on type of past migration and future migration
intentions by sex and age are also discussed.

WE Richmond, A.H. "Demographic and family characteristics of British
immigrants returning from Canada", International Migration, vol. 4 No.l
(1966), pp. 21-27.

GE Richmond, A.H. "Explaining return migration", in The politics of return.
International return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New
York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 269-275.
Reviews the existing theories and typologies on migration issues.
Includes voluntary and involuntary migration, immigrant adaptation and
return migration.

GE Rizzo, L. "La nouvelle politique de l'immigration: le FAS et la
formation retour", Alphabdtisation et Promotion, 90 (janvier 1980),
pp. 31-35.


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WE Rocca, G. "Cause e prospective dei rimpatri", Affari Sociali
Internazionali, Vol. 2, No. 1-2 (1974), pp. 71-84.

WE Rocha-Trindade, M.B. "Caminhos para a reinsergao", Conferencia sobre
retorno e reintegracao dos emigrantes (Lisboa, Instituto de Estudos para
o Desenvolvimento, June 1984), 12 p.

WE Rodid, R. Workers abroad and their reintegration in the local economy
under the five year development plan 1968-1972 (Turkey), (OCDE,
MS/M/503/273, mai 1968).

GE Rogers, R. "Incentives to return: patterns of policies and migrants'
responses", in M.M. Kritz, C.B. Keely, S.M. Tomasi, eds. Global trends
in migration: theory and research on international population movements
(Staten Island, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1981),
pp. 338-364.

GE Rogers, R. "Return migration in comparative perspective", in The
politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D.
Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 277-299.
Critical review of existing theories on migration issues. The author
questions the validity of the current literature on the failure of
returning migrants to contribute to their home countries' economic
development, and describes the inadequacy of the analysis, the sampling
and the evaluation criteria of such studies.

WE Roque Amaro, R. "Linhas de investigagao possiveis sobre o regresso dos
emigrantes", Conferencia sobre retorno e reintegragao dos emigrantes
(Lisboa, Instituto de Estudos para o Desenvolvimento, June 1984), 4 p.
The document looks at the perspectives of return migration to Portugal,
the attitudes of local population toward the return of Portuguese
emigrants, the differences in the motivations of returnees by sex, and
the economic and political measures that would harmonize the return of
Portuguese emigrants with the regional development.

GE Rosoli, G. "L'emigrazione di ritorno: alla ricerca di una impostazione",
Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 14, No. 47 (ottobre 1977),
pp. 235-246.
Comparison with the most discussed issues and policies concerning return

NC Rubenstein, H. "Return migration to the English-speaking Caribbean:
Review and Commentary", in Return migration and remittances. Developing a
Caribbean perspective, ed. by W.F. Stinner, K. de Albuquerque and Roy S.
Bryce-Laporte, RIIES occasional papers No. 3 (Washington D.C., 1982),
pp. 3-34.
Typology of the returning migrants and comparative analysis of intra-
regional return movements. Demographic and historical process and
ideology of return migration.

AS Rubenstein, H. "The return ideology in West Indian migration", Papers in
Anthropology, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring 1979), pp. 21-38.

WE Runft, H. RUckwanderung der auslFndischen Arbeiter, Symposium Zweite
Migranten-Generation, Centre Europden cultural de Delphes, 1-3 oct. 1980.


- 47 -

WE Saba, V., Frittella, A., Fratini, M. "Problemi dell'emigrazione", Affari
Sociali Internazionali, (Milano), Vol. 7 No. 4 (1979), pp. 159-213.
Compilation of articles on emigration problems, with particular reference
to Italy. Surveys unemployment trends in EEC countries, immigration
policies of Switzerland and the USA, schooling and housing problems of
migrant workers, migration policy as regards Italian return migration,
regional applications of EEC instruments, international relations.

WE Sacchetti, G.B. "II reinserimento dell'emigrato nella community di
partenza", L'Emigrazione Italiana in Europa negli Anni Sessanta, 19e
reunion du Comite catholique pour les Migrations intra-europeennes
(Alghero, 1968), pp. 117-132.

AF Safir, T., Khelladi, M. "Strategies individuelles de retour",
L'6migration maghrdbine en Europe; Exploitation ou cooperation? (Alger,
CREA, n.d.), pp. 429-444.

WE Salmon, C. "Le retour de petits americains", Travail, 2-3 (1983),
pp. 55-59.

WE Saloutos, T. They remember America: The story of the repatriated Greek
Americans (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press,

WE Salvatori, F. Jeunes migrants de la deuxibme generation: Identite
culturelle et liens avec le pays d'origine, preformation et formation
professionnelle pour le retour; reintegration social, culturelle et
professionnelle au retour; contribution presented par la Federation
CGIL-CISL-UIL, ILO Tripartite Technical Seminar on Second-Generation
Migrants, Granada, 1982 (Genave, 1982, ILO-RER/79/001/Sem.II/19.C), 24 p.
Conference paper presenting the views of a trade union federation in
Italy concerning Italian second-generation migrant (immigrant) youth in
Western Europe. Covers cultural factor identity, prevocational training
and vocational training, return migration, employment opportunity and
social integration.

NC Samaroo, B. "In sick longing for the further shore: Return migration by
Caribbean East Indians during the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries", in
Return Migration and Remittances: Developing a Caribbean Perspective, ed.
by W.F. Stinner, K. de Albuquerque and R.S. Bryce-Laporte, RIIES
occasional papers no. 3 (Washington D.C., 1982), pp. 45-72.

AS Sanbar, E. "Territorialites palestiniennes: La communaut4 national
palestinienne et l'idee du retour", Peuples Mediterrandens-Mediterranean
Peoples, 18 (janvier-mars 1982), pp. 129-143.

WE Sanchez, F. "Les migrants retournent-ils en Espagne? Motif de leur
retour", Migrations (series informations), 8, 1967.

NC Sandis, E.E. "Characteristics of Puerto Rican migrants to and from the
U.S.", International Migration Review, No. 11 (1970), pp. 22-43.

WE Sandlund, T. "Economic change and migration; The Finnish case", in The
politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D.
Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 201-209.
Examines the different periods and patterns of Finnish migration and
analyses the reasons for return. Statistics on migration between Finland
and Sweden from 1968-1981 and distribution of population gain and loss
between 1950 and 1975.


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WE Sanjust, A.M. "Re-integration of returnees in Sardinia", Migration News,
vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 14-18.

AS Sannyasi, B.D., and Chaturvedi, B. A Report on the Emigrants Repatriated
to India Under the Assisted Emigration Scheme from South Africa and on
the Problem of Returned Emigrants from all Colonies (Calcutta, 1931).

WE Santos, A.M.D. "Les migrants portugais et le retour au pays", Options
mediterraneennes, 22 (1973), pp. 67-69.

WE Saraceno, E. Emigrazione e rientri Il Friuli-Venezia Giulia nel second
dopoguerra (Udine, Cooperativa editorial "II Campo" 1981), 102 p.

WE Saraceno, E. "Scuola e rientri: il caso di S. Giovanni in Fiore",
Dossier Europa Emigrazione, 10 (1980), pp. 5-8.

WE Saraceno, E. An analysis of the three main types of reentry in Udeine
and Pordenone fom 1970 to 1977 (OECD, 1978).

WE Saraceno, E. "Indagine sui rimpatriati nel Friuli-Venezia Giulia" Studi
Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, vol. 17, no. 58 (june 1980), pp. 174-202.

WE Saraceno, E. "Return migration in Friuli-Venezia Giulia", in The
politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D.
Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 67-71.
Results of a survey of 1500 returnees to the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region
conducted between September 1980 and March 1981. Work and family

WE SCDC Travailleurs migrants. Perspectives de retour (Groupe de recherches
AF SCDC, 1975).

WE Schierloh, H. Le "ullusioni del Ritorno" (Camerino, Istituto di Studi
Linguistici dell'Universita degli Studi, 1981), 32 p.

WE Schilling, C. "Three research studies on Italian returnee migrants",
Migration News, vol. 18, no. 2 (1969), pp. 1-24.

WE Schmiedeck, R. "Motive zur Ab- und RUckwanderung bei Osterreichischen
Wissenschaftlern und Akademikern", Kilner Zeitschrift fUr Soziologie und
Sozialpsychologie, vol. 3 (1973), pp. 594-606.

GE Scobie-de Maar, M.J.A. Migration and return of highly-qualified
manpower: a bibliography of recent publications 1965-1971 (Oslo,
Norwegian Research Council for Science and Humanities, 1971), 13 pp.

WE Scuderi, M. and Sineri G. "Rimpatri e formazione professionale, Dossier
Europa Emigrazione, 2 (1980), pp. 6-8.

WE Seferagic, D. "Scientific work in Yugoslavia on migrant returnees and
their impact on the mother country", International Migration Review,
vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 363-364.

WE Seilhamer, S., Prewitt-Diaz, J. "The return and circulatory migrant
student", Migration Today, Vol. 11, No. 1 (1983), pp. 20-23.


- 49

WE Serra-Santana, E. "Return of Portuguese: Economic goals or retention of
one's identity",in The politics of return. International return migration
in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies,
1984), pp. 55-56.
Results of a research project carried out between 1978 and 1981
consisting of interviews with 34 families of returnees. Motives and
patterns of the return to Portugal.

WE Seruya, L.M. and Pisco, M.L. O retorno dos emigrantes Portugueses na
Europa e o desenvolvimento regional Hipoteses de investigagao, paper
presented at the Conferencia sobre Regionalizagao Desenvolvimento,
Lisbon, October 7-8, 1982. IED.

NC Sheffield, E.F., McGrail, M.M., eds. The retrieval of Canadian graduate
students from abroad (Ottawa, Association of Univiersities and Colleges
of Canada, 1966).

NC Shepperson, W.S. Emigration and disenchantment: Portraits of English
WE repatriated from the United States (University of Oklahoma Press, 1965).

WE Siampos, G., Moussourou, L.M. Socio-cultural integration in Germany and
reintegration of the migrants returning to Greece, paper presented at
the International Workshop on "Cultural Identity and Structural
Marginalization of Migrant Workers", held in Hamminkeln Uber Wesel, 10-12
December 1980.

WE Signorelli, A., Tiriticco, M.C., Rossi, S. Scelte senza potere; il
ritorno degli emigranti nelle zone dell'esodo (Roma, Officina Edizioni,
1977), 306 p.
Monograph on return migration in Southern Italy. Presents the results of
a 1974-75 questionnaire/survey of the age, educational level, marital
status, housing, class attitudes, desire for cultural change, political
participation, trade unionization, occupational status and economic
conditions of returned migrant workers and how they use their savings.

WE Signorelli, A. The reintegration of second-generation migrants and the
adult migrant return process, ILO Tripartite Meeting on the Reintegration
of Second-Generation Migrants in Cases of Voluntary Return, Belgrade,
October 1984 (Geneva, 1984, ILO-RER/79/001-SEM.III/1), 38 p.

WE Signorelli d'Ayala, A. Contadini ed emigrazione. Il problema del
rientro e l'impiego dei risparmi, Relazione tenuta a Trieste il 4 ottobre
1975 press l'Istituto di Giornalismo Agricolo, 20 p.

WE Silva, M. (co-ordinator) Return, emigration and regional development in
Portugal (Lisboa, Instituto de Estudos para o Desenvolvimento, 1983).

WE Silva Santos, I. "Algunas consideragoes sobre o retorno de emigrantes",
Analise social (5), 18 (1967), pp. 288-298.

LA Simmons, A.B., Cardona, G.R. "Rural-urban migration: who comes, who
stays, who returns? The case of Bogota, Colombia, 1929-1968",
International Migration Review, No. 18 (Summer 1972), pp. 166-181.

AF Simon, G. "Industrialisation, emigration et rdinsertion des emigres en
Afrique du Nord. Le cas de la Tunisie et de l'Algdrie", in Recherches sur
l'industrialisation et l'urbanisation en Mediterrannde, Afrique du Nord,


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Espagne, Grace, journees d'dtudes du 14 et 15 mars 1975 (Universit4 de
Poitiers, travaux du Centre Gdographique d'Etudes et de Recherches
Rurales, 5, 1975), pp. 83-99.

AF Simon, G. "Industrialisation, emigration, rdinsertion de la
main-d'oeuvre qualif4e au Maghreb", Hommes et Migrations, No. 902 (15
mars 1976), pp. 1-14.
Article on industrialisation, emigration and return migration of skilled
workers in North African countries.

AF Simon, G. "Faiblesse et difficultis des retours definitifs en Tunisie",
Hommes et Migrations, No. 975 (15 sept. 1979), pp. 19-25.

LA Simon, T. "Mexican repatriation in East Chicago, Indiana", The Journal
of Ethnic Studies, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Summer 1974), pp. 11-23.

WE Simoncelli, R. "La geografia dei rientri", in G. Valussi (a cura di)
Italiani in Movimento (Pordenone, Grafiche Editoriali Artistiche
Pordononesi, 1978), pp. 75-92.

WE Sindacato Italiano Assistenti Sociali Regioni d'Italia e i rientri degli
emigranti; atti dei Convegno Europeo del Patronato sias Svoltosi a Lecce
nei Giorni 30-31 ottobre 1976 (Roma 1976), 99 p.
Conference report on the problems of return migration in Apulia in Italy.
Discusses the demographic, economic and sociological aspects of
emigration, presents the social assistance role of social services and
comments on relevant legislation.

WE Sjollema, B.S. "Return migration and development: when the migrant
workers in Western Europe go home", Migration Today, No.5 (1965),
pp. 14-24.

WE Slater, M. "Migrant employment, recessions and return migration: some
consequences for migration policy and development", Studies in
Comparative International Development, Vol. 14, No. 3-4 (Fall-Winter
1979), pp. 3-22.
Review of the experience of labour migration and return migration in
Western Europe during and since the recession of 1973-74. Reasons for
the low level of return migration and policy implications are analysed.

GE Sobbrio, G. "A proposito di talune e condizioni economiche per
realizzare un maggiore equilibrio fra emigrazione e rientri", Affari
Sociali Internazionali, 4 (dic. 1973), pp. 39-51.

WE Sole, R. "Retour des Emigr4s", Hommes et Migrations, 983 (janv. 1980),
pp. 23-26.

WE Sole, C. "Return of internal migrants from Catalonia", in The politics
of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat
(Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 57-60.
Results of a survey of households in the metropolitan area of Barcelona.
Main variables determining immigrant's willingness or intention either to
stay or to return.

WE Souza-Ferreira, E. de Research project: Economics of the reintegration
of emigrants, the case of Portugal, ILO Tripartite Meeting on the
Reintegration of Second-Generation Migrants in Cases of Voluntary Return,
Belgrade, 1984 (Geneva, ILO, 1984), 10 p.


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WE SSAE "Services pour le retour et la rdinsertion des travailleurs
immigrds", Accueillir, 46 (janvier 1978), pp. 1-6.

WE SSAE "L'experience finlandaise: retour et rdinsertion des travailleurs
immigrds", Accueillir, 48 (mars 1978), pp 3-6.

AS SSAE "Au Japon: le retour des enfants", Accueillir, 48 (mars 1978),
pp. 1-6.

WE SSAE "Les immigrds en milieu rural et la formation: 1) Des collegiens
AF portugais en Auvergne; 2) Des Africains candidates au retour",
Accueillir, 72 (juillet-aoOt 1980), pp. 6-10.

GE Stark, T. "Il ritorno degli emigrati. Stato attuale degli studi e
proposte", Studi Emigrazione, No. 8 (febbraio 1967), pp. 172-178.
Critical analysis of the research studies on return migration.

WE Stark, T. "Should the migrant workers in Europe be encouraged to return
to their home country?", Migration News, Vol. 16, No. 2 (1967), pp. 5-14.

AF Stelzer, J.P. "Retour des travailleurs Algeriens", Accueillir, 42
(aoOt-sept. 1977), pp. 10-12.

WE Stichting Nederlands Centrum Buitenlanders Experimental scheme of
returnee development projects for foreign workers; policy and
implementation by the NCB-IMOS Office Report covering the period August
1976 October 1980 (Utrecht, 1980).
Report on the role of the Netherlands in an experimental employment
creation scheme for migrant workers through promotion of development
projects in their country of origin after return migration. Reviews
background of the scheme, implementation, institutional framework and
effects, focuses on migration policy and international co-operation
implications, and includes recommendations.

NC Stinner, W.F., de Albuquerque, K., Bryce-Laporte, R., eds. Return
migration and remittances: developing a Caribbean perspective
(Washington, D.C., Research Institute on Immigration and Ethnic Studies,
Smithsonian Institution, 1982), 322 p.
Essays on return migration and emigrant remittances in the Caribbean.
Discusses the motivation for and types of return, historical and current
trends, geographic distribution, demographic characteristics, use of
remittances, related social implications and economic implications, etc.;
includes case studies of Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Costa Rica, El
Salvador and Suriname.

NC Stockton, W. "Going home: The Puerto Rican's new migration", The New
York Times Magazine (November 27, 1978), pp. 89-90.

WE Storbeck, D. "Flucht oder Wanderung? Eine RUckschau auf Motive, Folgen
und Beurteilung der Bevilkerungsabwanderung aus Mitteldeutschland seit
dem Kriege", Soziale Welt, vol. 14, No. 2 (1963), pp. 153-171.

WE Stdssel, R. Die RUckwanderung von Auslandsschweizern seit 1939
(Schwarzenbach, 1958), 137 p.

WE Stout, H.S. "The morphology of remigration: New England University men
and their return to England 1940-1960", Journal of American Studies, 10
(2 August 1976), pp. 151-172.


22 -

WE Studi Emigrazione/Etudes migrations "The policies for economic and
social reintegration of return migrants in the Mediterranean basin",
Studi Emigrazione/Etudes migrations, Vol. XVIII, No. 63 (Sept. 1981),
pp. 337-347.
Summary of an international seminar held in Catania in December 1979.
Results of the different reports on the economic and social reintegration
of returnees in Italy, Yugoslavia, Spain and Turkey.

GE Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations L'emigrazione di ritorno: Rassegna
bibliografica, No. 72 (December 1983).
Bibliography on return migration.

WE SVIMEZ "Emigrazione di ritorno", Informazioni SVIMEZ, Vol. 28, No. 5
(15.3.1975), pp. 185-186.

GE Swanson, J. "The consequences of return migration for economic
development: a review of the literature", Papers in Anthropology, Vol.
20, No. 1 (1979), pp. 39-56.

AF Taamallah, K. Les travailleurs tunisiens en France: Aspects socio-
WE d4mographiques, 6conomiques et problems de retour (Tunis, Publication de
1'Universitd de Tunis, 1980), 555 p.

WE Tapinos, G., ed. International migration, proceedings of a Seminar on
demographic research in relation to international migration, held in
Buenos Aires, Argentina, 5-11 March 1974 (Paris, CICRED, 1974), 303 p.

WE Tapinos, G. "Retour et developpement: l'exemple espagnol 1960-1978",
Migrations Etudes (20 mars 1979), pp. 1-11.

WE Tassello, G. and Favero, L. La problematic del ritorno degli emigrati e
del loro reinserimento in Italia, rapporto curato dal CSER su Commissione
del CIEM (Rome, CSER, 1979), 277 p.

NC Taylor, Edward "The social adjustment of returned migrants to Jamaica",
in Ethnicity in the Americas, edited by Frances Henry (The Hague: Mouton,
1976), pp. 213-230.

WE Tempesta, I. "Comportamento sociolinguistico degli emigranti salentini:
indagine a Montesano e Miggiano", in Puglia ed emigrazione di ritorno
(Galatina, 1977), pp. 95-103.
Social and socio-linguistic adaptation of Italian returnees in the region
of Salento.

WE Testa Alavez, J. Documentacion e information en la emigracion; una
contribution al studio de los movimientos migratorios (Madrid, Centro de
Documentacion, Instituto Espafol de Emigracion, 1977), 410 p.
Reference book pertaining to migration policy, emigration and the
problems of emigrants (incl. migrant workers, return migration, brain
drain, etc.). Discusses problems of documentation and information
sources, and includes a directory of research centres, information
centres and international organizations with activities in this field.

AS Thomas, E.-J. "Le phgnomene migratoire et le retour des migrants en
Turquie. Etudes de cas", in E.-J. Thomas Les travailleurs immigres en
Europe: Quel statut? Etude comparative de la condition des travailleurs
immigr4s en Europe (Paris, Presses de l'UNESCO, 1981), pp. 183--214.



NC Thomas-Hope, E. Return migration; poitive, negative or neutral impact
on development, paper presented to the conference "Migration and
Development in the Caribbean", September 14-16, 1984 (College Park, Md.,
University of Maryland, mimeographed).

WE Thompson, S.L. Australia through Italian eyes: a study of settlers
AS returning from Australia to Italy (Melbourne, Oxford University Press,
1980), 271 p.

Tobias, P.M. Emigrants' changing perception of home, paper presented at
V the American Anthropological Association, 82nd Annual Meeting, Chicago,
16-20 Nov. 1983.
This paper, based on the phenomenological approach to the "everyday
world" developed by Alfred Schutz, explains how emigrants' knowledge of
"home" is newly created as each new social situation demands and why
emigrants who finally return home after long absences often have
difficulty readjusting. Illustrative materials are drawn from
biographies of Grenadian emigrants.

WE Toepfer, H. "MobilitHt und Investitionsverhalten tirkischer Gastarbeiter
nach der Remigration", Erdkunde, 34 (1980), pp.260 ff.

WE Toren, N. "The effect of economic incentives on return migration",
International Migration, Vol. 13, No. 3 (1975), pp. 134-144.
This study demonstrates that the Israeli Government's incentive programme
1968-1970 aiming to promote the return of Israeli migrants has not
achieved its goals. Analysis of the attitudes of return migrants toward
the economic benefits of this programme.

WE Toren, Nina "Return migration to Israel", International Migration
Review, Vol. 12, No. 41 (Spring 1978), pp. 39-54.
Based on a random sample of Israeli citizens who returned during 1970
from the U.S., Canada and France. The empirical investigation reported in
this paper concerns the motivations to return, such as patriotic
commitments and family ties.

NC Torruellas, L.M. and Vazquez-Calzada, J.L. Labor Force Characteristics
and Migration Experience of the Puerto Ricans, Part II. A cross sectional
analysis of return migration to Puerto Rico using 1970 census data (Rio
Piedras, Social Science Research Center, 1976).

WE Townsend, A.R. "The role of returned migrants in England's poorest
region", Geoforum, Vol. 11, No. 4 (1980), pp. 353-369.

AF Trebous, M. Migrations et developpement. Le cas de l'Algdrie (Paris
OCDE, 1970).

WE Trillat, M. "Problimes sociaux pos4s par les retours au pays d'origine",
Accueillir, 56 (janvier 1979), pp. 1-4

AS Tuna, O. Yurda D'nen Iscilerin Intibak Sorunlari (Ankara, SPO Research
Report, 1967).

AF Tunisie Contribution pr4sentee par 1'Union Generale Tunisienne du
WE Travail (UGTT), ILO Tripartite Technical Seminar on Second-Generation
Migrants, Granada, 1982 (Geneve, 1982, ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.II/24.C), 9 p.
Paper on the social integration and return migration of Tunisian migrant



workers and second-generation immigrant youth and children from EEC
countries in Tunisia. Discusses migrant education and the involvement of
migrant worker associations; suggests (1) leisure activities for visiting
migrants and (2) social policy and economic policy measures in favour of
returning migrants.

WE Turkey, Devlet Planlama Teskilati Yurt disindan donen iscilerin
sosyo-ekonomik egilimleri uzerinde bir calisma (Ankara, 1974).
Report on a survey of the socio-economic behaviour of Turkish migrant
workers upon their return to Turkey.

NC Ugalde, A., and Langham, T. "International return migration to the
Dominican Republic", paper presented at the Fifth Annual Meeting of
Caribbean Studies Association, Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, May 7-10,
1980, 24 p.
Characteristics of return migrants in the Dominican Republic who had
difficulties in adjusting to the way of life in the country of

WE UGT Espagne, Contribution presentee par l'Union Gendral de Trabajadores
(UGT), ILO Tripartite Technical Seminar on Second-Generation Migrants,
Granada, 1982, (Geneve, 1982, ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.II/18.C.1), 8 p.
Presenting the comments of a trade union federation in Spain concerning
return migration of Spanish second-generation migrant (immigrant) youth.
Covers migrant education, prevocational training, problems of
unemployment and cultural factors.

WE Underhill, E., Babel, M.F. "Return of migrant workers and their families
to their country of origin", International Child Welfare Review, No. 34
(Sept. 1977), pp. 36-44.
Conference paper on migration policies for return migration with
particular reference to EEC countries. Examines problems of children and
yough upon return to the home country, legal aspects of the transfer of
social security contributions or benefits, the need for a unified system.

GE UNESCO Seminaire international sur identification des problems
auxquels se heurtent l'insertion des migrants dans le pays d'accueil et
leur rdintegration dans leur pays d'origine (Geneve 26-30 avril 1976),
11 p.

WE Unger, K. "Greek emigration to and return from West Germany", Ekistics,
vol.48,no. 290 (Sept-Oct. 1981), pp. 369-373.
Article on Greek migrant worker emigration from Greece and return
migration from the Federal Republic of Germany. Examines causes, trends,
motivation and geographic distribution in the migration process.

WE Unger, K. ArbeitskrgfterUckwanderung nach Griechenland (Bielefeld,
Universitat Bielefeld, 1982), 11 p.

WE Unger, K. Die RUckkehr der Arbeitsemigranten (SaarbrUcken, Fort
Lauderdale, Verlag Breitenbach, 1983).

WE Unger, K. Greek emigration and return structural factors and
characteristics of the migrants, paper presented at the Symposium on
Return Migration and Reintegration (SaarbrUcken, Oct. 1980).

WE Unger, K. "Occupational profile of returnees in three Greek cities", in
The politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by


55 -

D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 93-99.
Results of a survey of 574 returnees from the Federal Republic of Germany
to Athens, Salonica and Serres. Statistical data on the professional
categories of the returnees and the change of occupation upon their

WE Uniao Geral dos Trabalhadores Portugueses Contribution prdsentse par
1'Union Generale des Travailleurs, ILO Tripartite Technical Seminar on
Second-Generation Migrants, Lisbon, 1981 (Geneve, 1981,
ILO-RER/79/001/SEM.I/26), 18 p.
Conference paper on second generation Portuguese migrants (youth) in
Western European countries. Covers migrant education, cultural relations
with Portugal, and measures taken relating to social integration,
voluntary return migration and new migration in receiving countries.

WE Vagts, A. Die deutsch-amerikanische RUckwanderung: Probleme, Phanomene,
NC Statistik, Politik, Soziologie, Biographie (Heidelberg, Beihefte zum
Jahrbuch fUr Amerikastudien, 1960), 216 p.

WE Van Amersfoort, J.M.M. "Migrant workers, circular migration and
development", Tijdschrift voor Econ. en Soc. Geografie, 69 (1978),
pp. 17-26.

WE Van Dijk, P.J.C., Penninx, R. Migration and development: the
Netherland's REMPLOD project; an experimental venture in the integration
of research in the field and policy making (The Hague, Institute for
Social Research in Developing Countries, 1976), 12 p.
Report on migration policy making in the Netherlands with regard to
return migration to Yugoslavia, Portugal and North Africa. Covers the
role of the Netherlands in employment opportunity creation for returning
Yugoslav, Portuguese and North African migrant workers.

GE Van Dijk, P. "Discussion notes on institutional arrangements",
Conferencia sobre retorno e reintegracao dos emigrantes (Lisboa,
Institute de Estudos para o desenvolvimento, June 1984), 4 p.
The author analyses the prospects of return migration in the light of the
integration process in the country of immigration of migrant workers'
families, who constitute the decision-making unit. Possible
reintegration strategies should actively involve the chambers of commerce
and industry, the agricultural organizations and, where applicable,
investment banks in the countries of return.

WE Van Gendt, R., Garcia Passigli, G. Return migration and reintegration
services (Paris, OECD-42 77 01 1, 1977), 64 p.
Examines the present situation in Finland, Greece, Italy, Portugal,
Spain, Yugoslavia and Turkey with regard to utilization of savings,
employment services, training needs of returning migrants, social
services, the need for an integrated approach.

NC Vanderkamp, J. "Return migration: its significance and behaviour",
Western Economic Journal, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Dec. 1972) pp. 460-465.
Return migration to Canada for the period 1966-68. Report of the size and
time pattern of return flows.

AF Vangelade, J. "Stocks and flows in the analysis of return migration",
Population, Vol. 37, No. 6 (Nov.-Dec. 1982), pp. 1194-8.
Distinctions between stocks and flows in the analysis of return
migration, through the example of migration flows between Upper Volta and\
Ivory Coast.


- 56 -

WE Vaz Dias, M. Retour au Portugal: Viagem sem future (Paris, CIEMM, 1979),
24 p.

GE Vaz Dias, M. "Le retour volontaire: la formation retour n'est-elle qu'un
piBge?", Alphabdtisation et Promotion, 98 (novembre 1980), pp. 29-31.

WE Vaz Dias, M. "Le double rejet", Alphabetisation et Promotion, 107-108
(septembre-octobre 1981), pp. 25-28.

WE Vedris, M. "Policies on the return and work reintegration of Yugoslav
migrant workers", in The politics of return. International return
migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for
Migration Studies, 1984), pp 141-145.
Examines the effects of out-migration on Yugoslavia and the economic
impact of the measures adopted by the government to facilitate the
returnees' reintegration.

WE Velikonja, J. "Geography of return migration", in The politics of
return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome,
New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 247-250.
Reviews the different theories and models applied to the problems of
return migration by geographers.

WE Verbunt, G. "Travailleurs strangers dans l'incertitude du retour",
Cahiers d'action religieuse et social, 484 (15 nov. 1968), pp. 661-664.

AF Verhaeren, R. Les problems de la reinsertion: Etude du cas des
travailleurs algeriens (St.Martin d'Heres, AEFTI, 1977), 10 p.

CN Vidal, D. "The loneliness of the returning Newyorican", The San Juan
Star (October 5, 1975), p. 5.

WE Vigorelli, P. "Returning migrants re-employed in Italian industry",
Migration News, No. 18 (1969), pp. 3-13.

WE Vigorelli, P. "La grande industrial Italiana e il ritorno dei lavoratori
emigrati", in L'emigrazione italiana in Europa negli anni sessanta, ed.
by G. Bonicelli (Roma, UNAIE, 1969), pp. 133-156.

WE Virtanen, K. Settlement or return: Finnish emigrants (1860-1930) in the
international overseas return migration movement (Turku, The Migration
Institute, 1979), 275 p.

WE Virtanen, K. "Return migration of the Finns from overseas countries", in
The politics of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by
D. Kubat (Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984),pp.221-228.
Historical patterns of Finnish return migration since the 19th century.

WE Von Delhaes-Gunther, Haberl, O.N., Parwez, G., Schlumm, H.B. and
Schmidtke, H.P. "RUckwanderung eine Perspektive fUr auslVndische
Arbeitskrdfte?", Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, Beilage zur
Wochenzeitschrift das Parlament, No. B 32/84 (11 August 1984), pp. 19-33.

AS Vredenbregt, J. "De Baweaners in hun moederland en in Singapore" (with
summary in English), Luctor et Emergo (1958).



WE Wagner, M. Le retour promotionnel des immigrds. Une experience francaise
AF en matiere de transfer de technologies (Paris, Caisse Centrale de
Cooperation 4conomique, 1980).

GE Wagner, M. "Vers une politique de cooperation entire lee peuples: la
formation retour", Migrants Formation (17-18 octobre 1976).

WE Wagner, M. "La formation professionnelle des travailleurs immigrds en
vue de leur retour au pays d'origine. Analyse d'une experience", Droit
social, 12 (decembre 1976).

NC Walaszek, A. "Return migration from the USA to Poland", in The politics
WE of return. International return migration in Europe, ed. by D.Kubat
(Rome, New York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 213-219.
Historical patterns of Polish return migration from the U.S.A. as from
the 17th century. Examines the role of the Polish ethnic organizations in
the U.S. in the return movement.

NC Walker, W.J. A geographical analysis of return migration: an Eastern
Kentucky case study (Lexington, University of Kentucky, 1978), 215 p.

GE Walston, Lord "Repatriation: why it is wrong", Race Today (May 1969),
pp. 7-8.

GE Warren, R., Marks, P.J. "La formation-retour", Migrations, 21 (1977),
pp. 113-124.

NC Warren, R., Marks, P.J. "Foreign-born emigration from the United States:
1960 to 1970", Demography, Vol. 17, No. 1 (1980), pp. 71-84.

AS Werth, M., Yalcintas, N. Migration and re-integration; transferability
of the Turkish model of return migration and self-help organizations to
other Mediterranean labour-exporting countries (Geneva, ILO, June 1978;
mimeographed World Employment Programme Research working paper;
restricted), 128 p.
Paper on the impact of return migration on the labour market in Turkey.
Considers the Turkish model of re-integration of the migrant worker as
typical for Mediterranean countries of emigration, includes comparative
analysis of migration for employment in Greece, Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria
and Yugoslavia.

WE Wichelmann, S. "Promoting re-integration in their developing countries
of origin of professionals and skilled personnel trained in an
industrialized country", International Migration, Vol. 15, No. 2-3
(1977), pp. 236-242.
Study on the policy of the Federal Republic of Germany to facilitate the
return migration of professional and skilled personnel. Looks at the
reintegration programme in Brazil undertaken from 1974 to 1976, and the
professional and scientific vocational training in the Federal Republic
of Germany.

GE Widgren, J. The migratory chain (Paris, OECD, 1977).

AS Widmann, H. "Reintegration tUrkischer Migrantkinder, Bilanz einer
Forschungsgreise", Bildung und Erziehung, Vol. 3, No. 4 (1978),
pp. 377-386.


58 -

JGE Wiest, R.E. '"Anthropological perspectives on return migration: a
critical commentary", Papers in Anthropology, Vol. 20, No. 1 (1979),
pp. 167-187.

AF Wihtol de Wenden, C. "Le retour des travailleurs immigrds en France dans
leur pays d'origine", Die Dritte Welt, Vol. 8, Nos. 3-4 (1980),
pp. 291-305.

WE Wihtol de Wenden-Didier, C. "Les orientations rdcentes de la politique
frangaise de retour, 1980-1981", L'dmigration maghr4bine en Europe.
Exploitation ou cooperation (Alger, CREA, n.d.), pp. 315-329.

WE Wihtol de Wenden-Didier, C. "Return migration in France and the
Franco-Algerian agreement of 1980", in The politics of return.
International return migration in Europe, ed. by D. Kubat (Rome, New
York, Center for Migration Studies, 1984), pp. 171-174.
Examines the different provisions of the agreement, as regards financial
aid, occupational training, reintegration and aid to development.

GE Wilder-Okladek, F. Research on return migration and the concept of
"intention of permanence" in migratory theory, paper presented at the
International Sociological Association, Research Committee on Migration,
University of Waterloo, Oct. 17-20, 1973

WE Wilder-Okladek, F. The return movement of Jews to Austria after the
second world war; with special consideration of the return from Israel
(The Hague, Nijhoff, 1969).
Motives, size, geographical distribution phases and age structure of
return migration of Jews to Austria.

AS Wilpert, C. Returning and remaining context and dynamics of decisions
to return among Turkish migrants in Germany, paper presented at the First
European Conference on International return migration (Rome, 11-14 Nov.

GE Wiltshire, R. "Return migration to lagging regions: a bibliographic
survey with special reference to North America and Europe", The Science
Report of the Tohoku University, Geography, 28 (1978), pp. 87-99.

WE Yap, K.S. Remigratie: een bijdrage aan de economische ontwikkeling der
herkomstlanden? (Den Haag, REMPLOD, 1975).

WE Yugoslavia Contribution, Standing Conference of Institutes for the
Promotion of Upbringing and Education in the S.F.R. of Yugoslavia, ILO
Tripartite Technical Seminar on Second-Generation Migrants, Granada,
1982 (Geneva, 1982, ILO-RER/79/001/Sem.II/17.A), 14 p.
Recommendations on education and social integration of second-generation k
immigrant children upon their return migration to Yugoslavia. Discusses
language teaching in the mother tongue, psychological aspects, curriculum
development, attainment appraisal, school guidance. a

AF Zehraoui, A. "La politique algerienne d'4migration et le retour des
emigres", Pluriel, 19 (1979), pp. 45-68.

WE Zehraoui, A. "Le retour; mythe ou realites?", Annuaire de 1'Afrique du
Nord (1981), pp. 229-245.
Sociological analysis of the return migration patterns in Algeria. The
article focuses on the family aspects of emigration and return migration,
and on the bilateral relations between Algeria and France.


59 -

NC Zell, S. Puerto Rican migrants: a socio-economic study (San Juan, Puerto
Rican Planning Board, 1972).
NC Zell, S. A comparative study of the labour market characteristics of
return migrants and non-migrants in Puerto Rico (San Juan, Commonwealth
of Puerto Rico, 1973).

WE Zidaric, V. Odgojno-obrazovni rad na materinskom jeziku s djecom
migranata kao jedan od preduvjeta za njihovu reintegraciju u domovini,

WE Zingaro, R. "Re-integration of returnees in Andria", Migration News,
vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 19-22.



Working Papers

1. International labour migration and international development, by
C.W. Stahl, Jan. 1982 (out of print).

2. Towards a system of recompense for international labour migration, by
W.R. Bohning, Feb. 1982 (out of print).

3. Contract migration policies in the Philippines, by L.S. Lazo,
V.A. Teodosio and P.A. Sto. Tomas, Mar. 1982.

4. Contract migration in the Republic of Korea, by S. Kim, Apr. 1982.

5. Emigration of scarce skills in Pakistan, by M. Ahmad, May 1982 (out of

6.F Les clandestins et la regularisation de 1981-1982 en France, par
J.-P. Garson et Y. Moulier, 10 mai 1982 (out of print).

6.E Clandestine immigrants and their regularisation in France, 1981-1982,
by J.-P. Garson and Y. Moulier, 10 May 1982 (out of print).

7. Out of the shadows A review of the 1980 regularisation of status
programme in Australia, by D. Storer with the assistance of
A. Faulkner, June 1982.

8. International contract migration in the light of ILO instruments, with
special reference to Asian migrant-sending countries, by W.R. Bohning,
July 1982 (out of print).

9.S La amnistia migratoria de 1974 en Argentina, por Lelio Marmora,
Feb. 1983.

9.E The 1974 amnesty for migrants in Argentina, by Lelio Marmora, Feb. 1983.

10.F La libre circulation A 1'int4rieur d'une Communaut4 entire pays en
developpement, par W.R. Bbhning, decembre 1983.

10.E Freedom of movement within a community of developing countries, by
W.R. Bohning, Dec. 1983.

11.F L'administration du travail de 1'immigr6 en situation irreguliere en
Espagne, en Grece et en Italie, par S. Ricca, janvier 1984 (out of

11.E Administering migrant workers in an irregular situation in Grece, Italy
and Spain, by S. Ricca, Jan. 1984.

12. Recruitment practices and working and living conditions of Asian
migrant workers in the Middle East: Problems and possible solutions,
by Z. Zar, May 1984 (out of print).


13. International labour migration and the ASEAN economies, by C.W. Stahl,
June 1984.

14. International labour migration and skill scarcity in the Hashemite
Kingdom of Jordan, by I.J. Seccombe, July 1984.

15.S Immigracion illegal y matricula general de extranjeros en Venezuela,
par A. Michelena et al., agosto 1984.

15.E Illegal immigration and the general register of foreigners in
Venezuela, by A. Michelena et al., August 1984.

16 Bibliography on international return migration, September 1984.


International migration and

development in the Arab region

In 1975 over two-and-a-half million Arab workers and their dependants, as well as
another half-million non-Arabs, were living in Arab countries other than their home-
land. Migration on such a scale is largely the result of economic forces, in particular
the apparently insatiable demand for labour in oil-exporting, capital-rich States
such as the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and Saudi Arabia.
In this well researched book the authors examine the volume and pattern of
international migration for employment to, from and between the Arab States of
the Middle East and analyse the factors underlying it. In so doing they draw atten-
tion to the advantages and disadvantages of these flows both to the countries of
origin and to the countries of employment, and suggest what might be the conse-
quences of the ever greater recourse now being had by the migrant-receiving
countries to labour from the Indian subcontinent and the Far East. The book con-
cludes by setting out a number of courses that the Arab migrant-sending countries
might consider in order to improve their position vis-a-vis the capital-rich
xii + 175 pages 25 Swiss francs ISBN 92-2-102251-X (limp cover)
35 Swiss francs ISBN 92-2-102252-8 (hardcover)

Black migration to South Africa

A selection of policy-oriented research
Edited by W R 3.. .....I .

The results of research initiated by the ILO in 1976 into the whole question of Black
migration to South Africa are brought together in this study, which is published
with the financial support of the UN Fund for Population Activities. Taking as their
starting-point the assumption that Black migration to the Republic of South Africa
should be eliminated on both moral and political grounds, the researchers set
themselves two aims: first, to examine how the working and living conditions of
both the migrants and their dependants can be improved as long as migration con-
tinues; and second, to discover what means there are of reducing the dependence
of the migrant-sending countries on job opportunities in South Africa and, in partic-
ular, to consider how the existing migration link can be used to relieve these coun-
tries of their need to send workers to South Africa. The final chapter suggests a
possible plan for the gradual phasing-out of migration over a period of 15 years.

20 Swiss francs ISBN 92-2-102759-7 (limp cover)
30 Swiss francs ISBN 92-2-102758-9 (hard cover)

Trade in place of migration
An employment-oriented study with special reference to the Federal
Republic of Germany, Spain and Turkey
By U. Hiemenz and K. W. Schatz
An important feature of a new international economic order would be an efficient
international division of labour that would encourage a mutually profitable revival of
world trade. The present book is one of a number of case studies carried out under
ILO auspices to quantify some of the factors involved.
After examining in some detail the competitiveness of the industries of the
Federal Republic of Germany, in particular, which is one of the developed countries
already most integrated in world trade, the study estimates the effects of a liberali-
sation of the country's imports on employment in the Republic by industry, by area,
and by the skill, sex and nationality of the workforce. The possibilities of re-employ-
ment in their own countries for the Spanish and Turkish migrant workers who
might well be displaced by such a liberalisation are assessed in a concluding sec-
tion, which contrasts the economic policies recently followed in Spain and Turkey
and points to their employment implications.

x + 118 pages 17.50 Swiss francs ISBN 92-2-101865-2 (limp cover)
27:50 Swiss francs ISBN 92-2-101864-4 (hard cover)


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