Citation
A bibliography on rural development in Tanzania

Material Information

Title:
A bibliography on rural development in Tanzania
Series Title:
MSU rural development papers
Creator:
Kocher, James E
Fleisher, Beverly ( joint author )
Michigan State University -- Dept. of Agricultural Economics
Place of Publication:
East Lansing Mich
Publisher:
Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Michigan State University
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
iv, 77 p. : ; 28 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Rural development -- Bibliography -- Tanzania ( lcsh )
Rural conditions -- Bibliography -- Tanzania ( lcsh )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:
Tanzania

Notes

General Note:
"Prepared and published under Agency for International Development contract AID/ta-CA-3."
General Note:
Includes index.
Statement of Responsibility:
by James E. Kocher and Beverly Fleischer sic.

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Full Text
MSU Rural Development Papers
A Bibliography on
Rural Development
in Tanzania
by
James E. Kocher and Beverly Fleischer
MSU Rural Development Department of.Agricultural Economics
Paper No. 3 Michigan State University
1979 East Lansing, Michigan 48824




MSU RURAL DEVELOPMENT PAPERS
Carl K. Eicher and Carl Liedhoim, Co-editors
The MSU Rural Development Paper series is designed to further the
comparative analysis of rural development in Africa, Latin America, Asia, and the Near East. The papers will report research findings on community development and rural development in historical perspective as well as on contemporary rural development programs. The series will include papers on a wide range of topics such as alternative rural development strategies; off-farm employment and small-scale industry; marketing problems of small farmers; agricultural extension; interrelationships between technology, employment, and income distribution; and evaluation of rural development projects. While the papers will convey the research findings of MSU faculty and visiting scholars, a few papers will be published by researchers and policy-makers working with MSU scholars on cooperative research and action programs in the field.
The papers are aimed at teachers, researchers, policy-makers, donor agencies, and rural development practitioners. Selected papers will be translated into French, Spanish, and Arabic. Libraries, individuals, and institutions may obtain singled copies of the MSU papers free of charge and may request their names be placed on a mailing list for periodic notifications of published papers by writing to:
MSU Rural Development Papers
Department of Agricultural Economics 206 International Center
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan 48824
U.S.A.




A BIBLIOGRAPHY ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN TANZANIA*
by
James E. Kocher** and Beverly Fleischer***
1979
*This paper was prepared and published under Agency for International Development contract AID/ta-CA-3 with Michigan State University.
**From 1972-75 James Kocher was a Research Fellow in the Bureau of Resource Assessment and Land Use Planning (BRALUP) at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. He is currently a Program Officer for Population, Health and Nutrition, The Ford Foundation, New Delhi, India and Institute Associate, Harvard Institute of International Development, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
***Department of Agricuiltuiral Fconomis, Michigan State IUniversit.







TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
I. INTRODUCTION .... ............1
II. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE .............3
III. BACKGROUND INFORMATION .............4
IV. DEVELOPMENT IDEOLOGY AND POLICY ...........6
V. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND LAND USE.. ...I 0
VI. DEMOGRAPHY .II ... ......1
VII. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION, PARTICIPATION AND MODERNIZATION ..14 VIII. DEVELOPMENT PLANNING AND FINANCE ...... 17
IX. LAND TENURE........ ......... 21
X. AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY AND PLANNING ......22
XI. RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY AND PROBLEMS ......25
XII. UJAMAA, VILLAGIZATION AND PLANNED SETTLEMENT .......29 XlII HEALTH .................. 35
XIV. NUTRITION ..................... 38
XV. EDUCATION ................... 40
XVI. LABOR, EMPLOYMENT, AND MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT ....44
XVII. WOMEN IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT 46
XVIII. INCOME DISTRIBUTION ............... 47
XIX. WATER SUPPLY, HOUSING, AND TRANSPORTATION .......48
XX. FARM MANAGEMENT AND FARMING SYSTEMS .......50
XXI. SAVINGS AND CREDIT ..................54
XXII. RURAL CO-OPERATIVES .......... ......55




XXVI. RURAL INDUSTRY ..... .. 63
XXVII. MARKETING AND PRICE POLICY ....65
XXVIII. EXTENSION AND DIFFUSION OF INNOVATIONS .68




I. INTRODUCTION
Tanzania is a nation of 15 to 16 million people, about 90 percent of whom reside in rural areas. The Government of Tanzania and the Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), the nation's political party, are widely known for their commitment to rural development and to improving the living conditions of all Tanzanians. Central to Tanzania's rural development strategy is its villagization and ujama_adevelopment program. Derived from the Swahili word for family, ujamaa has come to mean a form of rural socialism in which villagers organize and carry out communal production activities. A large proportion of the rural population in Tanzania has traditionally lived in scattered homesites rather than in villages. The villagization program has integrated these scattered households into small villages in order to facilitate progress towards ujamaa modes of production. In addition the villagization program provides primary and adult education, health services, water supplies, transportation services and| agricultural extension, credit and marketing facilities--all of which are essential for the improvement of living conditions In rural areas.
The preparation of this bibliography was stimulated by the widespread
interest In rural development in Tanzania and by the absence of a compilation of references on the topic. The bibliography covers rural development as comprehensively as possible. Rural development is understood to mean both the increased productivity of agricultural and other rural economic activities and the enhancement of the material well-being of rural people through education, improved health, arid better nutrition.




2
Although this bibliography is comprehensive in scope, it is not
intended to be a complete compilation of all references on the subject. Its purpose is to provide a compilation of references on rural development specific to Tanzania and thus provide the basis for further inquiry: To facilitate the use of the bibliography, the references have been grouped by subject area. This specificity has resulted in the arbitrary categorization of some references which cover several topics. Although many of these entries have been cross-referenced, the user is urged to look under topics related to their interest to cull the full complement of references.
, Most of the publications listed here will be available in the larger university libraries in North America. Others, however, are not generally available outside Tanzania. A large number of the listings have been published by two social science research organizations at the University of Dar es Salaam: the Bureau of Resource Assessment and Land Use Planning (BRALUP) and the Economic Research Bureau (ERR). Items published by the Government Printer can be purchased by writing directly to the Government Publications Agency, P. 0. Box 1801, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
Papers on Tanzanian rural development have been published by scholars of many nationalities and in several languages. However, only Englishlanguage publications are cited here. With few exceptions, only items published within the last ten years are included in this bibliography.
Suggestions from the following people are greatly appreciated: Mary Anderson, Andrew Coulson, Carl K. Eicher, Beverly Fleischer,




3
II. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
1. Bowles, B, D., 1976. "Export Crops and Underdevelopment in Tanganyika 1929-61," Utafiti,l(1), pp. 70-85.
2. Cliffe, Lionel, 1972 ."Nationalism and the Reaction to Enforced Agricultural Change in Tanganyika During the Colonial Period," pp. 17-24 in Socialism
in Tanzania, Vol. 1: Politics, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi:
East Africa Publishing House1 also in Taanmuli, I, July 1970, and paper
presented at the Conference of the East African Institute of Social
Research, Kampala, 1964.
3. Feierman, Steven, 1974. The Shambaa Kingdom: A History, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 235 p.
4. Graham, 3. D., 1976. "Indirect Rule: The Establishment of 'Chiefs' and 'Tribes' in Cameron's Tanganyika," Tanzania Notes and Records
77/78, dune, pp. I-9.
5. Heussler, Robert, 1971. British Tanganyika: An Essay and Documents on District Administration, Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
6. Iliffe, John, 1971. "Nationalism and the Commercial Economy in Tanganyika, 1954-61 ," London: University of London mimeograph.
7. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1961. The Economic Development of Tanganyika, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University
Press.
8. Kimambo, I. N., and A. 3. Temu, eds, 1969. A History of Tanzania,
Evanston: Northwestern Univers ity Press.
9. Lumley, E. K., 1976. Forgotten Mandate: British District Officer in Tanganyika, London: C. Hurst. ...
10. Ogutu, M. A., 1973. "The Evolution in the Agrarian Economy of East Africa,
1895-1960," Journal of Eastern African Research and Development,
3(2), pp. 167-89.
I1. Pratt, Cranford, 1976. The Critical Phase in Tanzania 1945-68,
London: Cambridge University Press, 316 p.
12. Rogers, S. G.o, 1974. "The Kilimanjaro Native Planters Association:
Administrative Responses to Chugga Initiatives in the 1920's,"
Transafrican Journal of History, 4(1/2), pp. 94-114.
13. Tooler, Peter D., 1977. "Sub-Natural Politics and the Advent of Dual
Rue- azna 916, uatrvJunlo cnmc II I




4
III. BACKGROUND INFORMATION
14. Berry, L., ed. 1971. Tanzania in Maps, London: University of London
Press, 172 p.
15. Conyers, D., 1975. Agro-Economic Zones of Tanzania, University of
Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 25, 85 p.
16. Hundsdorfer, V., and W. Kuper, 1974. Bibliography for Social Science
Research in Tanzania. Munchen: Weltsforum.
17. Jensen, S., 1968. District Data for Tanzania, 1967, Dar es Salaam:
Government Printer.
18. ____, 1968. Regional Economic Atlas, Mainland Tanzania, University
of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. I, 72 p.
19. Killick, Tony, 1976. "Past and Future Research on the East African
Economies," Eastern Africa Economic Review, 8, June, pp. 51-76.
20. McLoughlin, Peter F. M., 1970. Agriculture in East and Central Africa,
London: Longman.
21. Neers, P., 1974. "Selected Aspects of Tanzania's Policies on Foreign
Investment," World Development, 2(2), February, pp. 139-144.
22. ____, 974. "Tanzania's Policies on Private Foreign Investment,"
22 African Review, 4(1), pp. 61-78.
23. Sandberg, Audun, 1974. Socio-economic Survey of the Lower Rufiji
Flood Plain, Rufiji Delta Agricultural System, University of
Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 34.
24. Tanzania, 1969. Second Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development, 1969-1974, Oar es Salaam: Government Printer:
- Vol.I: General Analysis
- Vol. II: The Programmes
- Vol. III: Regional PersPectives
- Vol. IV: Survey of High and Middle Level Manpower Requirements and Resources
25. ___, 1971. 1969 Household Budget Survey,. Vol. 2: Housing Conditions,
Dar es Salaam: Government Printer, 82 p.
26. ______, 1972 1969 Household Budget Survey, Vol. 1: Income and
Consumption, Dar es Salaam: Government Printer, 222 p.




5
27. 1972. 1969 Household Budget Survey: Vol. 3: Retail Prices,
Dar es Salaam: Government Printers.
28. 1972. The Annual Plan for 1972/73, Dar es Salaam: Government
Printer, 90 p.
29. 1972. Statistical Abstract, 1970, Dar es Salaam: Government
Printer.
30. 1975. The Economic Survey, 1973/74, Dar es Salaam: Government
Printer. (Annual Surveys are also available for prior years;
Plans and surveys after 1974 were published in Swahili.)
31. Vahrman, Mark, 1974. "Fuel and Power in Tanzania," Energy Policy, 2,
June, pp. 160-165.
32. Wasawo, David P. S., et al., 1973. The Young Child in Tanzania,
Dar es Salaam: UNICEF Liaison Office, 459 p.
33. Westergaard, P., 1967. A Theoretical Framework for the Study of Foreign
Assistance to Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper
No. 67.20.




6
IV. DEVELOPMENT IDEOLOGY AND POLICY
34. Ake, C., 1972. "Tanzania: The Progress of a Decade," The African Review,
2(1), June, pp. 56-64.
35. Akpan, M. B., 1977. "Economic Development in Liberia and Tanzania, 19601972," Africa Quarterly, 16(3), pp. 42-53.
36. Blue, Richard N., and James H. Weaver, 1977. A Critical Assessment of the
Tanzanian Model of Development, Washington, D. C.: U. S. Agency for
International Development, Development Studies Program Occasional
Paper No. 1, 80 p.; reprinted in part as Blue, R. N., and J. H. Weaver,
1977, A Critical Assessment of the Tanzanian Model of Development,
Agricultural Development Council Report No. 30, 19 p.
37. Bomani, Paul, 1974. "Tanzania's Road to Development: Bringing
Development to the People," (interview by Douglas Ensminger),
International Development Review, XVI(2), pp. 2-9.
38. Carvalho, V. N., 1972. "The Control of Managing Agents in Tanzanian
Parastatal Organizations With Special Reference to the National
Development Corporation," Eastern Africa Law Review, 5(1/2), pp.
89-126.
39. Clark, W. E., 1975. "Socialist Development in an Underdeveloped Country:
The Case of Tanzania," World Development, 111(4), pp. 223-228.
40. Cliffe, Lionel, and John Saul, eds., 1972. Socialism in Tanzania,
Vol. 1: Politics, Nairobi: East African Publishing House.
41. 1973. Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, Nairobi:
East African Publishing House.
42. Cliffe, Lionel, 1975. "Underdevelopment or Socialism? A Comparative
Analysis of Kenya and Tanzania," pp. 137-186 in Richard Harris,
ed., The Political Economy of Africa, New York: John Wiley.
43. Conyers, D., 1974. "Organization for Development: The Tanzanian Experience
Journal of Administration Overseas, 13(3), July, pp. 438-48.
44. Coulson, Andrew C., 1974. A Simplified Political Economy of Tanzania,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 74.9.
45. 1976. "Review Article: C. Y. Thomas, Dependence and Transformation
Utafiti, 1(3).
46. Glickman, Harvey, 1967. "Dilemmas of Political Theory in an African
Context: The Ideology of Julius Nyerere," in Boston University
Papers on Africa: Transaction in African Politics, Jeffrey Butler
and A.S. Castagno, eds., New York, Praeger.




7
47. Gottlieb, Manuel, 1972. "Pluralist or Unitary Economic Systems: A
Contribution to the Dialogue between Western Social Science and
Marxism," The African Review, 1(4), April, pp. 77-92.
48. Green, Reginald H., 1970. The International Economic System and Development:
Some Limitations of a Special Case, University of Dar es Salaam;
ERB Paper 70.4.
49. ___, 1976. "Tanzanian Goals, Strategies, Results: Notes Towards an
Interim Assessment," paper presented at the Conference on Socialist
Development in Tanzania, Toronto; also University Dar es Salaam:
Economic Research Bureau mimeograph (1976).
50. ___,1977. Toward Socialism and Self Reliance: Tanzanian Striving for
Sustained Transition Projected, Uppsala: Scandanavian Institute
of African Studies and the Swedish International Development Agency.
51. Helleiner, Gerald K., 1972. "Socialism and.Economic Development in
Tanzania," Journal of Development Studies, 8(2), January, pp. 183-204.
52. Hyden, Goran, 1975. "Public Policy Making and Public Enterprises in
Tanzania," African Review, 5(2), pp. 141-65.
.53. ___, 1975. "'We Must Run While Others Walk': Policy Making for
Socialist Development in the Tanzania-Type of Politics," Oar es Salaam:
ERB Paper 75.1.
54. 1976. "Policy-Making for Development: The Tanzanian Case,"
frica Quarterly, 15(4), Jan./March, pp. 5-24.
55. James, Rude W., 1973. "Implementing the Arusha Declaration: The
Role of the Legal System," The African Review, III, pp. 179-209.
56. Jinader, Adele L., 1976. "Ideology, Political Religion, and Modernization:
Some Theoretical and Empirical Explorations," African Studies Review,
XIX(l), April, pp. 119-137.
57. Karioki, James N., 1973/1974. "Socialism in Africa, the Tanzanian
Experience,"' Civilisations, 23/24 (1/2), pp. 31-50.
58. McHenry, Dean E., Jr., 1976. "The Underdevelopment Theory; a Case-Study
from Tanzania," Journal of Modern African Studies, 14, December,
pp. 621-36.
59. Mramba, B. P., and Mwansasu, B. U., 1972. "Management for Socialist
Development in Tanzania: The Case of the National Development
Corporation," African Review, 1(3), January, pp. 29-47.




8
60. Mushi, Samuel, 1973. Revolution by Evolution, Yale University: Ph.D.
thesis.
61. Nellis, John R., 1972. A Theory of Ideology: The Tanzanian Example,
Nairobi: Oxford University Press, 217 p.
62. Ngombale-Mwiru, K., 1973. "The Policy of Self-Reliance," pp. 66-70
in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and
John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
63. Nyerere, Julius K., 1966. Freedom and Unity, Dar es Salaam: Oxford
University Press.
64. 1967. The Arusha Declaration and TANU's Policy on Socialism
and Self-Reliance, Dar es Salaam: The Government Printer, 29 p.
65. 1967. Socialism and Rural Development, Dar es Salaam: Government
Printer; also pp. 337-366 in Freedom and Socialism, Dar es Salaam:
Oxford University Press, and pp. 106-144 in Ujamaa: Essays on
Socialism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
66. 1968. Freedom and Socialism, Dar es Salaam: Oxford University
Press.
67. 1968. Ujamaa: Essays on:Socialism, Oxford: Oxford University
Press.
68. 1972. Decentralisation, Dar es Salaam: The Government Printer.
69. 1972. "Tanzania Ten Years After Independence," The African
Review, II (1), June, pp. 1-54; also in Tanzania Notes and Records,
No. 76 (1976), pp. 1-50.
70. 1973. Freedom and Development, Dar es Salaam: Oxford University
Press.
71. 1975. Man and Development, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
72. 1977. The Arusha Declaration Ten Years After, Dar es Salaam:
The Government Printer, 51 p.
73. O'Barr, Jean, and Joel Samos, ed., 1974. Cell Leaders in Tanzania,
Nairobi: East African Publishing House.
74. O'Barr, William, 1972. "The Politics of National Culture in Tanzania,"
paper presented at the 15th Annual Meeting of the African Studies
Association, Philadelphia, November.
75. Pratt, Cranford. "Nyerere on the Transition to Socialism in Tanzania,"
African Review, 5(l), pp. 63-76.




9
76. Proctor, Jesse Harris, ed., 1971. The Cell System of the Tanganyika
African National Union, Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House.
77. Resnick, Idrian, 1972. "Socialist Alternatives for African Development:
Decentralization in Tanzania," paper presented at the 15th Annual
Meeting of the African Studies Association, Philadelphia, November.
78. Routh, G., 1976. "Development Paths in Tanzania," pp. 10-38 in Development Paths in Africa and China, ed. U. G. Damachi, et al., London.
79. Rwegasira, Deiphen G., 1973. "Monetary Stability and Economic Development: Some Monetary Problems of Tanzania," Economic Reflections,
No. 2, pp. 1-40.
80. e___,1977. "Inflation and Economic Development; Some Lessons from
the Tanzanian Experience," Africa Development, 2, July/Sept.,
pp. 29-50.
81. Samoff, Joel,' 1972. "Public Policy and PoliticalIConflict: Obstacles to
Change: A Case Study of Tanzania," paper presented at the 15th Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Philadelphia,
November.
82. Saul, John S., 1973. "Socialism, One Country: Tanzania," in Ess_ y~s
on the Political Economy of Africa, ed. G. Arrighi and J. S. Saul,
New York: Monthly Review Press.
83. 1977. "Tanzania's Transition to Socialism," Canadian Journal of
84. Svendsen, Knud Erik, 1971. "Tanzania After Mwangozo," mimeograph.
85. ___, and Merete.Teisen, eds., 1969. Self-Reliant Tanzania,
Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House, 332 p.
86. Tschannerl, G., 1976. "Periphery Capitalist Development--A Case Study
of the Tanzanian Economy," Utafiti, l(1), pp. 5-46.
87. University of Dar es Salaam, Provisional Council for the Social Sciences
in East Africa, 1971. First Annual Conference Proceedings on
Strategies for Natural Developmentlin Africa, University of Dar es
Salaam.
88. van Hekken, N., 1969. The Ten House Groups in Ngamanga, Leiden:
Afrika Studiecentrum, mimeograph.




10
V. PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND LAND USE
89. Anderson, B., 1973. A Survey of Soils and Land Use Potential of the
Lolkisale and Galappo Areas of Northern Tanzania, Rome: FAO/
IBRD/CP.
90. Baker, S.J.K., 1974. "A Background to the Study of Drought in East Africa," African Affairs, 73, April, pp. 170-177.
91. Berry, E. and L. Berry, 1969. Land Use in Tanzania by Districts,
University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Note No. 6.
92. Berry, L., et al., 1971. Human Adjustment to Agricultural Drought
in Tanzania: Pilot Investigations, University of Dar es Salaam:
BRALUP Research Paper No. 13.
93. East African Community, 1972. Summary of Rainfall in Tanzania, 1971.
East African Meteorological Department.
94. Hathout, S., 1973. Agricultural Soil Capability of South East Tanzania,
University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 23.
95. Keupper, William George, 1969. Rainfall Deficiencies on the Plateau of
Tanzania, University of Wisconsin: Ph.D. thesis.
96. Mascarenhas, A. C., 1977. "Resettlement and Desertification: The Wagogo
of Dodoma District, Tanzania," Economic Geography, 53(4), October,
pp. 376-80.
97. Drought and Optimization of Tanzania's Environmental Potential,
Swedish Insitute of Ecological Studies.
98. Rald, J., 1969., Land Use in a Buhaya Village: A Case Study from Bukoba
District, West Lake Region, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP
Research Paper No. 5.
99. Rapp, A., et al., 1972. "Studies of Soil Erosion and Sedimentation in
Tanzania," Geografiska Annaler (A) Physical Geography, 54A (3/4),
pp. 105-379.
100. Thomas, Ian D., 1970. Some Notes on Population and Land Use in the More
Densely Populated Parts of the Uluguru Mountains in Morogoro
District, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Notes
No. 8, 51 p.
101. __ 1970. Some Notes on Population and Land Use in the North
Pare Mountains, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Notes
No. 9, 61 p.




11
VI. DEMOGRAPHY
102. Barnum, H. N., and R. H. Sabot, 1976. Migration, Education and Urban
Surplus Labour: The Case of Tanzania, Paris: OECD, 115 p.
103. 1977. "Education, Employment Probabilities and Rural-Urban
Migration in Tanzania," Oxford Bulletin of Economic Statistics,
39(2), May, pp. 109-126.
104. Claeson, C. F., 1971. Movement to Towns: Tables and Comments, University
of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Note No. 11.
105. and B. Egero, 1972. "Migration and The Urban Population-A Demographic Analysis of Population Census Data (1967) for Tanzania,"
Geografiska Annaler (B) Human Geography, 54B (1), pp. 1-18.
106. de Jonge, K., 1974. "Fertility: A Dependent Valuable--A Case Study of
a Rural Area in Tanzania (Rungwe)," Kroniek van Africka, No. 1,
pp. 61-71.
107. Egero, Bertil, 1972. "Population Characteristics of Tanzania," pp. 1420 in Population Growth and Economic Development in Africa, ed.
S. H. Ominde, et. al, London.
108. and Roushdi A. Henin, eds., 1973. The Population of
Tanzania: An Analysis of the 1967 Census (Census Vol. 6), Dar es
Salaam: BRALUP and Bureau of Statistics, 292 p.
109. Henin, R. A. and B. Egero, 1972. 1967 Population Census of Tanzania: A
Demographic Analysis, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research
Paper No. 19.
110. and D. C. Ewbank, eds., 1977. The Demography of Tanzania,
Dar es Salaam: BRALUP and Bureau of Statistics.
111. Hirst, M. A., 1971. A Migration Survey in Bukoba Town, Tanzania,
Kampala: Makerere University Department of Geography Occasional
Paper No. 44.
112. Kocher, James E., 1974. Population Growth Prospects and Some Aspects
of Social and Economic Development in Tanzania, University of Dar
es Salaam: BRALUP Research Report No. 10, 21 p.
113. __ 1975. "Population Data and Projections for Tanzania," pp. 2442 in Social and Economic Development and Population Change in
Tanzania, James E. Kocher, ed., University of Dar es Salaam:
BRALUP Research Paper No. 36.




12
114. Kocher, James E., ed., 1975. Social..and. Economic Devel.opment and
Population Change in. Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP
Research Paper No. 36.
115. Kocher, James E., 1976. A Micro-Economic Analysis of the Determinants of
Human Fertility in R ura'l 'Northeastern Tanzania, Michigan state
University, Ph.D. thesis.
116. ___, 1976. "Rural Development and Demographic Change in Northeastern
T------ananipp..PP 53-93 in New Perspectives onp.. the Demographic Transition, Washington, D.C.: Interdisciplinary Communications Program of
the Smithsonian Institution, Occasional Monograph No. 4, 239 p.
117. ___, 1976. Socioeconomic Develop.ment and Fertility Change in..Rural
Africa, Harvard University: HIID Development Discussion Paper No. 16,
i22 p.
1l8. ___, 1976. Tanzania: Population Projections and Primary Education,
~R----ural Health and Water Supply Goals, Harvard University: Development Discussion Paper No. 17, 36 p.
l19. .__, 1977. "Socioeconomic Development and the Determinants of Fertility
inLushoto and Moshi Districts," in The Demography of Tanzania, ed.
R. A. Henin and D. E. Ewbank, Oar es Salaam: BRALUP and Bureau of
Statistics.
120. Maro, Paul S., 1974. PoPUlation and Land Resources in Northern Tanzania:
The Dynamics of Change, 1920-1970, University of Minnesota,,,
Ph.D. thesis.
121. ___, 1975. "Land Use and Population Change: The Kilimanjaro Experi~e'----nce," pp. 81-92 in Social and Economic Development and.Population
Chanige in Tanzania, ed. James E. Kocher, University of Oar es Salaam:
BRALUP Research Paper No. 36.
122. Moore, J. E., 1971. Rural Population Carrying Capabilities for the
Districts of Tanzania, University of Oar es Salaam: BRALUP Research
Paper No. 18.
123. Nieuwolt, S., 1977. "The Influence of Rainfall on Rural Population
Distribution in Tanzania," Journal of Tropical Geography, No. 44,
June, pp. 43-56.
124. Ominde,.S. H. 1975. The Population of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda,
Nairobi:' Heinemann, 124 p. ...
125. Porter, Philip W., 1966. "East African Population Distribution--As of
August 1962," Annals of the Association of American Geographers
56(1).




13
127. Sabot, R. H., 1972. Education, Income Distribution, and Rates of Urban
Migration in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper
No. 72.6.
128. ______, 1977. Economic Development, Structural Change and Urban Migration.
A Study of Tanzania, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
129. Segall, E. S., 1973. "Ethnic Variables in East African Urban Migration,"
Urban Anthropology, 2(2), Fall, pp. 194-204.
130. Smith, H. E., 1975. "Trends in Population Policy Making in English
Speaking Sub-Saharan Africa," pp. 157-162 in The Population Factor
in African Studies, ed. R. Moss, et al. London.
131. Sterkenburg, 3., and H. A. Luning, 1974. "Population Growth and Economc
Growth in Tanzania: A Case Study of the Rungwe District," Kroniek
van Afrika, No. 1, pp. 36-49.
132. Tanzania, 1969..1967 Population Census. Oar es Salaam:i Central Statistic
Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Development Planning.
133. Thomas, Garry L., 1972. "Rural Migrants and Rural Development in North
Iraqw: A Tanzanian Case Study in the Tribesman-Peasant-Farmer
Continuum," paper delivered at the 1972 African Studies Association
Meeting, Philadelphia."
134. Thomas, Ian D., 1968. .Population Density in Tanzania, University of Dar
es Salaam: BRALUP Research Note No. 56.
135. ___, 1971. "Population in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania," in
Studies in East A frican Geography and Development, ed. Simeon H.
Ominde, London: Heinemann.
136. ____ 972. "Census Mapping: Tanzania," pp. 3-9 in Population Growth
and Economic Development, ed. S. H. Ominde, et al., London.
137. ___, 1972. "Infant Mortality in Tanzania," East African Geographical
Review, No. 10, pp. 2-26.
138. ___, and C. 3. Thomas, 1971. Comparative Population Data for
the Divisions of Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP
Research Notes No. 10.
139. United Republic of Tanzania, 1967. Preliminary Results of the Population
Census Taken on the Nights of 26-27th, August, 1967. Dar es Salaam:
Central Statistical Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs and Development Planning, 26 p.




14
Vll. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION, PARTICIPATION AND MODERNIZATION
140. Bakula, B., 1971. "The Effect of Traditionalism on Rural Development,"
in Building Ujamaa Villages in Tanzania, ed. J. H. Proctor,
Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House.
141. Brain, James L., 1972. "Problems of Motivation and Leadership on a
Tanzanian Settlement Scheme," paper presented at the 15th Annual
Meeting of the African Studies Association, Philadelphia, 1972.
142. Cliffe, Lionel, 1977. "Rural Class Formation in East Africa," Journal
of Peasant Studies, 4, January, pp. 195-244.
143. Coulson, Andrew, 1975. "Peasants and Bureaucrats," Review of African
Political Economy, 1(3).
144. Election Study Committee, 1974. Socialism and Participation: Tanzania's
1970 National Elections, Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House,
464 p.
145. Elliot, C. and F. de Morsier, 1975. "Rural Differentiation in East
Africa," pp. 17-45 in Patterns of Poverty in the Third World: A
Study of Social and Economic Stratification, New York.
146. Feldman, Rayah, 1975. ",Rural Social Differentiation and Political Goals
in Tanzania," pp. 154-182 in Beyond the Sociology of Development: Economy and Society in Latin America and Africa, ed. I. Oxall and
T. Barnett, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
147. Finucane, 3. R., 1972. "Heirarchy and Participation in Development: A
Case Study of Regional Administration in Tanzania," African
Review, 2(4), pp. 573-595.
148. Gottlieb, Manuel, 1973, "The Extent and Character of Differentiation in
Tanzanian Agriculture and Rural Society, 1967-1969," The African
Review, 111(2), June, pp. 241-263.
149. Holmquist, Frank, 1975, "Class Structure and Rural Self-Help in Kenya
and Tanzania," paper presented at the 18th Annual Meeting of the
African Studies Association, San Francisco, October.
150. Hormats, Robert David, 1970. Peasants and Pressure: Peasants as an
Active Force in the Process' of Change and Development in Rural
Tanzania, Fletcher University: Ph.D. thesis.




15
151. Hutton, C., R. Cohen, 1975. "African Peasants and Resistance to
Change: A Reconsideration of Sociological Approaches," pp. 105130 in Beyond the Sociology of Development: Ecology and Society
in Latin America and Africa, ed. 1. Oxall, et. al., London.
152. Hyden, Goran, 1968. Political Development in Rural Tanzania: TANU
Yajenga Nchi, Munsgaard: Lund.
153. Ingle, Clyde R., 1970. "The Ten-House Cell System in Tanzania: A
Consideration of an Emerging Village Institution," Journal of
Developing Areas, 6(2), January.
154. 1972. Political Entrepeneurs in the Village: The Key to Local
Support for National Development, unpublished.
155. Knight, C. Gregory, 1974. Ecology and Change: Rural Modernization in
an African Community, New York: Academic Press, 300 p.
156. Landberg, L. C. W., and P. L. Weaver, 1974. "Maendeleo: Economic
Modernization in a Coastal Community of Northeastern Tanzania,"
pp. 194-233 in Rethinking Modernization: Anthropological Perspectives, ed. J. J. Poggie, et. al., Westport, Connecticut.
157. Mazrui, A. A., 1973. "Racial Self-Reliance and Cultural Dependency:
Nyerere and Amin in Comparative Perspective," Journal of International Affairs, 27(l), pp. 105-121.
158. McHenry, Dean E., Jr., 1976. "Peasant Participation in Communal Farming:
The Tanzanian Experience," paper presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Boston, November; also
African Studies Review, XX(3), December, 1977, pp. 43-64.
159. Miller, Norman Nees, 1967. Village Leadership and Modernization in
Tanzania: Rural Politics Among the Nyamwezi People of Tabora
Region, Indiana University: Ph.D. thesis.
160. Newman, James L., 1973. "Hazards, Adjustments, and Innovation in Central
Tanzania," Rural Africana (East Lansing, Michigan), No. 19, pp. 4-19.
161. O'Barr, William M., 1971. An Ethnography of Modernization: Pare
Traditionality and the Impact of Recent Change, Northwestern
University: Ph.D. thesis.
162. Raikes, Philip L., 1972. Differentiation and Progressive Farmer Policies,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB.
163. Rigby, Peter, 1972. "The Relevance of the Traditional in Social Change
[application to the Wagogo and Baganda]," African Review, 2(2),
pp. 309-321.




16
164. Rigby, Peter, 1977. "Local Participation in National Politics: Ugogo,
Tanzania," Afia 1, pp. 89-107.
165. Samoff, Joel, 1974. Tanzania: Local Politics and the Structure of
Power, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
166. ___, 1976. "The Bureaucracy and the Bourgeoisie: Decentralization
~a----nd Class Structure in Tanzania," paper presented at the 19th
Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Boston, November.
167. Shapiro, Kenneth H. 1975. "Measuring Modernization Among Tanzanian
Farmers: A New Methodology and An Illustration," in Formal
Methods in Economic Anthropology, ed. S. Plattover, Washing----ton,
D.C.: American Anthropological Association.
168. Shellabarger, Samuel, 1972. The.Politics of Institutional Transfer:
Local Authorities in Tanzania, 1962-1969, Columbia University:
Ph.D. thesis.
169. Shivji, Issa G., 1970. "Peasants and Class Alliances in Tanzania,"
Review of African Political Economy, 3, May-October, pp. I0-18.
170. ___, 1976.82Glass Struggles in Tanzania, New York: Monthly Review
Press, 18 p..
171. Thomas, Garry L., 1969. "From Enclave to New Frontier: Irawq Responses
to Natural Human Hazards Under Conditions of Environmental Change,"I
in Environmental Evaluation and Risk Adjustment in Eastern Africa,
ed. James L. Newman, Syracuse University: Program of Eastern
Africa Studies Occasional Paper No. 52.
172. van Velzen, H. U. F. Thoden, 1973. "Staff, Kulaks and Peasants," pp. 153179 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Gliffe and
John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
173. Woods, R., 1975. "Peasants and Peasantries in Tanzania and Their Role
in Socio-Political Development," pp. 39-50 in Rural Cooperation in
Tanzania, ed. L. Cliffe, et. al., Dar es Salaam: Tanzania
Publishing House.




17
VIII. DEVELOPMENT PLANNING AND FINANCE
174. Bienefeld, M. A., 1972/73. "Planning People," Development and Change,
4(I), pp. 51-77.
175. Boesen, Jannik, and Philip Raikes, 1976. Political Economy and Planning
in Tanzania, Copenhagen: Institute for Development Research.
176. Chambers, Robert, 1972. "Planning for Rural Areas in East Africa:
Experience and Prescriptions," African Review, 1(3), January,
pp. 130-147.
177. Clark, W. Edmund, 1978. Development and Public Investment in Tanzania,
1964-73, Toronto and Buffalo: University of Toronto, 1978.
178. Cliffe, Lionel R., 1972. "Planning Rural Development," in Towards Socialist
Planning, ed. J. F. Rweyemanu, et. al., Oar es Salaam: Tanzania
Publishing House.
179. Collins,.Paul D., 1969. A Preliminary Evaluation of the Working of the
Regional Development Fund, University of Dar es Salaam, mimeograph.
180. ___, 1974. "The Working of Tanzania's Rural Development Fund: A
Problem in Decentralization," pp. 87-120 in Planning in Tanzania:
Background to Decentralization, ed. A. H. Rweyemanu and B. U. Mwansasu,
Dar es Salaam: East African Literature Bureau.
181. Coulson, Andrew, 1975. Decentralization and Government Budget, University
of Dar es Salaam: The University Research Project on Government
Decentralization and the Management of Rural Development in
Tanzania, Working Paper, 75.6.
182. Green, Reginald H., 1975. "Relevance, Efficiency, Romanticism and Confusion in Tanzanian Planning and Management," African Review,
5(2), pp. 209-234.
183. Heilmuth, W. H., 1966. The Role of Finance in Economic Development,
University of Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper 66.3.
184. Jensen, S. 1968. Regional Economic Atlas, Mainland Tanzania, University
of ares Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 1.
185. JonesnD.iB., 1974. "Rural and Regional Planning in Tanzania," pp. 61-86
in Panning in Tanzania: Background to Decentralization, ed.
A. H. Rweyemanu and B.U. Mwansasu, Oar es Salaam: East African
Literature Bureau.
186.1J Knight, C ~..Grgoy 19'73.I "Lctng Bwn Shma Rflcton onnr




18
187. Lawrence, P. R., and P. L. Raikes, 1974. "Regional Planning in Tanzania:
Some Institutional Problems," Eastern Africa Journal of Rural
Development, 7(1/2), pp. 10-45.
188. ___, R. G. Saylor and D. Warner, 1968. Regional Planning in
~T----anzania: A View for tbe Field, University of Dar es Salaam:
ERS Paper 68.29.
189. Loxley, 3., 1971. The Domestic Finance of Development Projects in Tanzania,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 71.8.
190. ___, 1971/72. "Financial Planning and Control in Tanzania," Development
and Change, 3(3), pp. 43-61.
191. Lundquist, 0., 1974. "Regional Information and Regional Planning in
Tanzania," pp. 53-65 in Regional Information and Regional Planning,
~ed. A. Kuklinski, The Hague.
192. Luttrell, William L., 1972/73. "Location Planning and Regional Development
in Tanzania," Development and Change, 4(1), pp. 17-38.
193. Malecela, J., 1972. "Some Issues About Development Planning in East Africa,"
African Review, 1(3), January, pp. 1-7.
194. __, 1974. "Some Issues of Development Planning," pp. 13-22 in Planning
in Tanzania: Background to Decentralization, ed. A. H. Rweyemamu and
B.U. Mwansasu, Dar es Salaam: East Africa Literature Bureau.
195.: Malima, Kighoma., 1970. Subsistance Accounting and Development Planning in
Africa, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.14.
196. Mayer, W. P. 1974. "Planning for Self-Reliance," Taamuli, 4(2), July,
pp. 17-33.
197. McKay, 3., 1967. Planning for Development: A Review of Studies of
Traditional Rural Settlement in Tanzania, University of Dar es
Salaam: BRALUP Research Note No. 2.
198. Meyns, P., 1973. "Some Aspects of Planning and Socialism in Tanzania,"'
pp. 61-65 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, L. Cliffe
and John Saul, eds., Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
199. Mutahaba, Gelase, 1974. "Local Autonomy and National Planning: Complementary
or Otherwise? Case Study from Tanzania," The African Review,
4(4), pp. 509-530.
200. Nnoli, 0Acn., 1972.ve"External J~urSt~liipand Nati onal Pl anni ng in Tanzania,"




19
202. Penner, R. G., 1968. Local Government Revenue in Tanzania, University of
Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 68.22.
203. ___, 1970. Financing Local Government in Tanzania, Nairobi: East
Africa Publishing House.
204. Pratt, R. Cranford, 1967. "The Administration of Economic Planning in a
Newly Independent State: The Tanzanian Experience 1963-66," Journal of Commonwealth Political Studies, 5(1) March, pp. 38-59; reprinted
in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. II. ed. L. Cliffe and 0J Saul,. Nairobi:
East African Publishing House, 1973.
205. Raikes, Philip L., P. R. Lawrence, R. G. Saylor and D. Warner, 1968.
Regional Planning in Tanzania: An Economic View from the Field,
University College, Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper 68.8.
206. Rubambey, Grace Chimile, 1972. A Proposal for Financial Planning in
Tanzania, Kent State:Masters thesis.
207. Rweyemanu, A. H., and B. U. Mwansasu, eds.,1974. Planning in Tanzania:
Background to Decentralization, Nairobi: East African Literature Bureau,
208. Rweyemanu, Justinian.F., ed., 1972. Towards Socialist Planning, Dar es
Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House.
209. Saul, John S., 1971/72. "Planning for Socialism in Tanzania; the SocioPolitical Context," Development and Change, 3(3) pp. 3-25; also presented at the Symposium on Strategies for Development--Africa
Compared with Latin America, Dakar, 1972; alsoin Essays on the
Political Economy of Africa, ed. Giovanni Arrighi and John S. Saul,
New York: Monthly Review Press, 1973.
210. Saylor, R. G., and I. Livingstone, 1971. "Regional Planning in
Tanzania," The African Review, I(2), September, pp. 53-75; also
published by University of Dares Salaam: ERB Paper 69.25.
211. Spence, William Randall, 1972. Design and Implementation of a Development
Project System in Tanzania, University of Toronto: Ph.D. thesis.
212. Tanzania, 1972. Tanzania Rural Development Bank: Projected Investment
Plans, Dar es Salaam: Government Printer.
213, ___, 1973. "Planning in Tanzania," pp. 25-39 in Socialism in.
Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi:
East African Publishing House.
214. ___, Rural Development Bank, 1972. Operational Policjes, Procedures
and Projected Investment Plans for 1972/73 1978/79, Dar es Salaam,




20
216. Thomas, Ian D., and G. Coleman, et. al., 1976. Physical planning and
Resource Evaluation Follow-up Studies, Iringa Region, Final Report
(2 Vols.), Norwich, U.K.: Overseas Development Group for FAQ.
217. University of Oar es Salaam, Bureau of Resource Assessment and Land Use
Planning, 1971. Some Aspects of Regional Planning in Tanzania,
University of Oar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 14.
218. van Arkadie, B., 1972. "Planning in Tanzania," in The Crisis in Planning,
ed. by M. Faber and D. Sears, London: Chattow and Windus.




21
IX. LAND TENURE
219. Feldman, Rayah, 1974. "Custom and Capitalism: Changes in the Basis of
Land Tenure in Ismani, Tanzania," Journal of Development Studies,
10, April/July, pp. 305-20.
220. Gershenberg, I., 1971. "Customary Land Tenure as a Constraint on
Agricultural Development: A Re-Evaluation." *East African Journal
of Rural Development, 4(!), pp. 51-62.
221. Gulliver, P. H., 1975. "A Land Dispute in Arusha, Tanzania," pp. 1-14 in
AfriCan Dimensions: Essays in Honor of WilliamO0. Brown, ed. M. Karp,
Brookline, Mass.
222. Jacob, Abel, 1972. "Foreign Aid in Agriculture; Introducing Israel's Land
Settlement Scheme to Tanzania," African Affairs, No. 71, April,
pp. 186-94.
223. James, Rude W., 1971. Land Tenure and Policy in Tanzania, Nairobi:
Fast Africa Literature Bureau.
224. _______, and G. M. Fimbo, 1973. Customary Land Law of Tanzania:
225. Pipping, Knut, 1976. Land Holdings. in the Usangu Plain: A Survey of
Two Vi11ages in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania, Uppsala:
Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Research Report No.
33, 122 p.
226. Pitblado, J. R., 1970. A Review of Agricultural Land Use and Land
Tenure in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP
Research Notes No. 7, 41 p.
227. Pokosny, 0. 1973. "The Haya and Their Land Tenures: Property Rights
and teSurplus Problem," Rural Africana, 22, Fall, pp. 93-123.
228. van Hekken, N., and H. U. E. Thoden van Velzen, 1972. Land Scarcity
and Rural Inequality in Tanzania--Some Case Studies from Rungwe
Ditrct, The Hague: Mouten, 126 p.




22
X. AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY AND PLANNING
229. Aman, V. F.,.ed., .1973. Agricultural Policy Issues in East Africa,
Proceedings of the East African Agricultural Economics Society
Conference.
230. Amman, W., 1967. The Role of the Energy Sector in Agriculture
Oriented Economic Development: The Tanzania Case Study,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 67.14.
231. Boesen, Jannik, 1973. "Peasants and Coffee Export: A CoffeeExporting Region in Tanzania--A Distorted Economic Structure and Stagnating Agriculture,' pp. 79-100 in Dualism and Rural
Development in East Africa, ed. Denmark, Institute of Development Research, Copenhagen: Institute of Development Research.
232. ___, 1973. Stagnating Agriculture and the Distorted Structure of
a Coffee Exporting Region in Tanzania, Copenhagen: Institute for
Development Research, 13 p.
233. Collinson, M. P., 1968. "Agricultural.Planning in Tanzania," in
Agricultural Planning in East Africa, ed. G. Helleiner, Nairobi:
East African Publishing House.
234. Coulson, Andrew, 1970. Agricultural Planning in Tanzania, University
of Dar es Salaam: ERR mimeo.
235. Cunningham, L., 1973. "Agriculture: Still Vast Resources to be Tapped,"
pp. 129-130 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L.
Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
236. Dumont, Rene, 1969. Tanzania Agriculture After the Arusha Declaration,
Dar es Salaam: Government Printer, 62 p.
237. Fuggles-Couchman, R. N.,.1964. Agricultural Change in Tanganyika,
1945-1960, Stanford: Stanford Food Research Institute.
238. Helleiner, Gerald K., 1968. The Cornposition of Agricultural Development Expenditure in Tanzania 1:963-64 to 1967-68, University of
Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper 68.11.
239. _______, 1968,... Agricultural Planning in East Africa, Nairobi:
East Africa Publishing House, 183 p.
240. ___, 1971. "Agricultural Development Plans in Kenya and Tanzania,
1969-1974," Rural Africana (East Lansing, Michigan), No. 13,
pp. 36-42.




23
241. Iliffe, John, 1971. Agricultural Change in Modern Tanzania: An Outline
History, Nairobi: East African Publishing House.
242. Inukai, Ichiro, 1974. "African Socialism and Agricultural Development
Strategy; a Comparative Study of Kenya and Tanzania," Developing
Economies, 12, March, pp. 3-22.
243. Livingstone, Ian, 1973. "Some Requirements for Agricultural Planning in
Tanzania," in Agricultural Policy Issues in East Africa, ed.
V. F. Aman, Kampala: Makerere University. (Also ERB Paper 71.15,
1971).
244. Malima, Kighoma A., 1971. Cotton, Agricultural and Economic Transformation
in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 71.10.
245. Matango, R., 1975. "Agricultural Policy and Food Production in Tanzania,"
paper presented at the Conference on Factors Affecting Land Use and
Food Production, Soni, May.
246. McHenry, Dean E., 1973. "The Utility of Compulsion in the Implementation
of Agricultural Policies: A Case Study from Tanzania," Canadian
Journal of African Studies, 7(2), pp. 305-316.
247. McKinsey and Co., 1973. Reorganizing Around the Key Tasks for Agricultural
Development, Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Agriculture.
248. Mkoka, G., 1975. "Politics and Agricultural Development," a seminar paper
presented at the University of Dar es Salaam.
249. Moris, John R., 1972. "Administrative Authority and the Problem of
Effective Agricultural Administration in East Africa," African
Review, 2(l), June, pp. 105-146.
250. Msambichaka, Lucian A., 1974. A Theoretical Analysis of the Fundamentals
of Agricultural Development in a Non-capitalist Developing Tanzania
in the State Sector and Agricultural Producer Cooperatives, University
of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 74.12, 51 p.
251. Nyerere, Julius K., 1973. "Progress Comes with Production," The African
Review, 111(4), pp. 519-539.
252. Omari, C. K., n.d. Operation Kigoma: Kibondo District, A Preliminary
Appraisal, University of Dar es Salaam: Rural Development Committee
Report No. 2.
253. Ruthenberg, Hans, 1964. Agricultural Development in Tanganyika, Berlin:
Springer-Verlag.




24
254. Ruthenberg, Hans, ed., 1968. Smallholder Farming and Smallholder
Development in Tanzania, Munich: Weitforum Verlag, 360 p. 255. Seidlity, Peter, 1975. "The Failure of Tanzania's Collective
Agriculture," Swiss Review of World Affairs, 24, January,
pp.. 18-19.
256. Silberfein, Marilyn, 1974. Constraints on the Expansion of Commercial
Agriculture: Iringa District, Tanzania, Athens, Ohio: Ohio
University, 52 p.
257. Smith, Hanley E.., ed., 1965. Agricultural Development in Tanganyika,
Nairobi: Oxford University Press.
258. Stoces, Ferdenand, 1969. "Agricultural Production, Productivity and
Investments in the Development Plans of East African Countries,"
Agricultural Economics Bulletin for Africa, 11, May, pp. 1-26.
259. Sumra, S. A., 1975. An Analysis of Environmental and Social Problems
Affecting Agricultural Development in Handeni District, University of Dar es Salaam: M.A. thesis.
260. Thomas, Garry L., 1967. "Agricultural Capitalism and Rural Development
in Tanzania," East African Journal, 6(7), November.




25
XI. RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICY AND PROBLEMS
261. Amey, Alan, 1976. "Urban-Rural Relations in Tanzania: Methodology,
Issues and Preliminary Results," University of East Anglia
(U.K.), Development Studies Discussion Paper No. 15, December,
62p.
262. Baguma, R., 1973. "Decentralization as a Strategy for Rural Transformation in Tanzania: Causes and Prospects," paper presented
at the Universities of East Africa Social Science.Conference,
Dar es Salaam.
263. ___, 1974. "The Strategy for Rural Development in Tanzania,"
Taamuli, 4(2), July, pp. 9-16
264. Barker, Jonathan, 1977. The Debate on Rural Socialism in Tanzania,
an unpublished paper presented at the University of Toronto.
265. Chambers, Robert, 1974. Managing Rural Development: Ideas and
Experience from East Africa, New York: Holmes & Meier, 216 p.
266. Cliffe, Lionel, 3. S. Coleman, and M. R. Dovinbos, ed., 1977.
Government and Rural Development in East Africa: Essays on Political Penetration, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 330 p.
267. ___ W. L. Luttrell and 3. E. Moore, 1969. Socialist Transformation in Rural Tanzania: A Strategy for the Western Usambaras,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 69.24
268. ___, and 3. S. Saul, 1972. "iThe District Development Front in
Tanzania," The African Review, 2(I), June, pp. 65-104; also in
Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 1: Politics, ed. L. Cliffe and
John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House, 1972.
269. Collins, Paul, 1974. "Decentralization and Local Administration for
Development," Africa Today, 21(3), Summer.
270. Connell, John, 1974. The Evolution of Tanzania Rural Development,
Sussex: Institute for Development Studies.
271. Coulson, Andrew C., 1975. "The Evolution of Rural Policies in
Tanzania, or Can a Government Bureaucracy Bring About Development?"
Maji Maji 20.
272. Cunningham, G., 1969. "Socialism and Rural Development in Tanzania,"
East African Journal of Rural Development, 2(2).
273.') 197 "Pasnt anurl Delopmeint+ 4n Tanza~nla," Africaa




26
274. Denmark, Institute for Development Research, 1973. Dualism
and Rural Development in East Africa, Copenhagen: Institute
for Development Research, 209 p.
275. Dryden, S., 1968. Local Administration in Tanzania, Nairobi: East
~Africa Publishing House.
276. East Africa Journal. Special Issue on Rural Development, 9(3),
March, 1972.
277. Feldman, David, 1969. "The Economics of Ideology: Some Problems of
Achieving Rural Socialism in Tanzania," pp. 85-111 in Politics a nd Change in Developing Societies, ed. Colin Leys, Cambridge
University Press.
278. Finucane, dames R., 1974. Rural Development and Bureaucracy in
Tanzania: The Case of Mwanza Region, Uppsala: Scandinavian
Institute of African Studies (distributed by Africana Publishing
~Corp., New York), 192 p.
279,. Gitelson, S. A., 1972. "How Are Development Projects Selected?: The
Case of the UNDP in Uganda and Tanzania," African Review,
~2(2), pp. 365-79.
280. Hall, B. L., 1975. "Development Campaigns in Rural Tanzania,"
Rural Africana, 27, Spring, pp. 73-80.
281. Holmquist, F. W., 1972. "Toward a Political Theory of Rural Self-Help
.,Developmentlin Africa," Rural Africana, 18, Fall, pp. 60-79.
282. Hyden, Goran, 1969. Political Development in Rural Tanzania: A West
Lake Story, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
283. Ingle, Clyde Reid, 1970. Inter-System Linkage: Politics and Rural
Development in Handeni and Tanga Districts, Tanzania, Syracuse
University: Ph.D. thesis.
284. ___, 1970. "Compulsion and Rural Development in Tanzania,"
Canadian Journal of African Studies, 4(I).
285. ___, 1972. From Village to State in Tanzania: The Politics of
~R----ural Development, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 279 p.
286. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1974.
Tanzania: Agricultural and Rural Development Sector Study,
(3 volumes).
287. Ishasi,, C. A. 3., 1973. "Rural Development In Tropical Africa: What
is the Problem?" Taamuli, 4(1), Decmrp 16




27
288. Junod, V., 1966. "Community Development and National Planning: The
Tanganyika Case," International Review of Community Development,
15/16, pp. 165-178.
289. Lele, Uma, 1975. The Design of Rural Development: Lessons from Africa,
Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 246 p.
290. Lofchie, Michael, 1976. "Agrarian Socialism in the Third World: The
Tanzanian Case," Cornarative Politics, April, pp. 479-499.
291. Lukwaso, Emanuel A., 1972. Decentralization of Regional Administration:
A Case Study of Pare-Kilimianjaro Relationship, University of
Dar es Salaam: Unpublished senior political science dissertation.
292. Luttrell, William L.,, and Ji F. Moore, 1969. Socialist Transformation
in Rural Tanzania: Strategy for the Western Usambaras, University
of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 69.24,
293. Mascarenhas, A. C., 1977. "Social and Inttutional Framework for
Implementinq Rural Development Approaches and Constraints: The
Cases of Tanzania," pp. 16-25 in Report of the FAO/STDA Expert Consultation on Policies and Institutions for Integrated Rural
Development, Vol. II. Held in Nairobi, Kenya, September, 1976,
Rome: FAO.
294. MiiyMarjorie, 1974 The Transition to Rural Capitalism in
Rural Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper, 48 p.
295. Mlambiti, N. F., 1976. "Rural Development: The Tanzanian Type,"
Tanzania Notes and Records, 79/80, December, pp. 1-12.
296. Mushi, Samuel, and J. Chu, n.d. "Decentralized Participatory
Development in Tanzania: An Institutional Strategy for
Managing Rural Development," mimeograph.
297. Ndaba, F. M., 1973. "Decentralization and Development in Ngara District,"
Taamuli, 4(I), December, pp. 48-54.
298. Nellis, J. R., 1972. "Prelude to Arusha: A Study of Productivity
Problems on a Rural Development Scheme in Tanzania [Rwankoma],"
Journal of Administration Overseas, 1l(3), July, pp. 169-81.
299. Ngotyana, 8., 1973. "The Strategy of Rural Development," pp. 122-128
in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and
John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
300. Nyerere, Julius K., 1969. "Progress in Rural Areas," pp. 178-186 in
Ujamaa: Essays on Socialism, Dar es Salaam: Oxford University
Press.




28
301. O'Barr, Jean, 1972. "Rural Development in Tanzania: The Political
Dimension," paper presented at the 15th Annual Meeting of the
African Studies Association, Philadelphia, November.
302. Omari, C. K., 1974. "The Emerging Rural Development Policy in
Tanzania," Africa Today, 21(3), Summer.
303. ed., 1976. Strategy for Rural Development: The Tanzanian
Experience, Nairobi: East Africa Literature Bureau,
168 p.
304. Rald, Jorgen, K. Rald, 1975. Rural Organization in Bukoba
District, Tanzania, Uppsala: Scandanavian Institute of African
Studies.
305. Seidman, A., 1972. Comparative Development Strategies in East Africa,
Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House, 299 p.
306. Sender, J., 1974. Some Preliminary Notes on the Political Economy of
Rural Tanzania Based on a Case Study in the Western Usambaras,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 74.5.
307. Svendsen, Knud Erik, 1973. "General Problems of Rural Development
Policy in Tanzania," pp. 180-185 in Socialism in Tanzania,
Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East
Africa Publishing House.
308. 1974. "Development Administration and Socialist Strategy:
Tanzania After Mwongozo," pp. 23-44 in Planning and Tanzania: Background to Decentralization, ed. A. H. Rweyemamu and B. U.
Mwansasu, Dar Es Salaam: East Africa Literature Bureau.
309. Thomas, Garry, 1964. Community Development and Nation-Building in
Transitional Tanganyika, Syracuse University: Program of East
African Studies, Occasional Paper No. 11.
310. Traore, Aly, 1975. "Rapports Agriculture--Industrie et "Socialisme
Ujamaa" en Tanzanie," Tiers-Monde, 16(64), October/December,
pp. 805-20.
311. Watts, E. R., ed. 1969. New Hope for Rural Africa, Nairobi: East
Africa Publishing House, 151 p.
312. Yeager, Roger, 1972. "Micropolitical Dimensions of Development and
National Integration in Rural Africa: Concepts and an Application to Tanzania," African Studies Review, 15(3), December, pp. 367-402.




29
XII. UJAMAA, VILLAGIZATION AND PLANNED SETTLEMENT
313. Altschul, Dieter Robert, 1967. The Arrangement and Dimensions of Rural
Settlements of the Northeast Coastal Zone of Tanganyika, Pangoni
District, University of Illinois: Ph.D. thesis.
314. Angwazi, J., and B. Ndulu, 1973. "An Evaluation of Ujamaa Villages in
the Rufiji Area, 1968-72," paper presented at the East African
Universities Social Science Conference, Dar es Salaam, December.
315. Awiti, A., 1975. "The Development of Ujamaa in Ismani," pp. 418-455 in
Rural Cooperation in Tanzania, ed. L. Cliffe, et al., Dar es
Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House.
316. 1971. The Development of Ujamaa Villages and the Peasant Question
in Iringa District, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 71.17.
317. 1973. The Development of Ujamaa Villages and the Peasant Question
in Iringa District: A Study Outline, University of Dar es Salaam:
ERB Paper No. 73.4.
318. Balken, G., P. Mendel, and G. Mendel, n.d. Mbambara: Village Collectif
Ujamaa, Action-Video en Tanzanie et Lecture Sociopsychoanalytique.
319. Barker, Jonathan, 1974. "Ujamaa in Cash Crop Areas in Tanzania: Some
Problems and Reflections," Journal of African Studies, pp. 441-463.
320. Baum, E., 1973. "Ujamaa Villages: An Approach to Rural Development in
Tanzania," South African Journal of African Affairs, 3(2), pp. 37-46.
321. Berry, L., and R. W. Kates, 1970. Planned Irrigated Settlements: A
Study of Four Villages in Dodoma and Singida Regions, Tanzania,
University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 10, 63 p.
322. Boesen, Jannik, 1972. Development and Class Structure in a Smallholder
Society and the Potential of Ujamaa, Copenhagen: Institute for
Social Research, 43 p.
323. 1976. Tanzania: From Ujamaa to Villagization, Copenhagen:
Institute for Development Research.
324. A. A. Moody, and B. Storgaard, 1977. Ujamaa: Socialism from Above, Upsalla: Nordic Africa Institute.
325. Brain., James L., 1968. Patterns of Continuity and Change in the Context
of Planned Settlement in Tanzania, Syracuse University: Ph.D. thesis.




30
326. Brain, James L., 1977. "Is Transformation Possible? Styles of Settlement
in Post Independence Tanzania," African Affairs, 76, April, pp. 231-24!
327. Cedlillo, V. G., G. H. E. Mwinama, and R.P.A.S. Mkokol, 1970. A
Study of the Rural Development Programme, Ujamaa Villages and Rural Development Staff of Tanga, Kilimanjaro and Arusha, Oar
es Salaam: Government Printer.
328. Cliffe, Lionel, 1971. "The Policy of Ujamaa Vijijini and the Class
Struggle in Tanzania," Rural Africana, No. 13; also pp. 195-215 in
Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul,
Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House, 1973.
329. ______, and G. Cunninqham, 1973. "Ideology, Orqanization and the
Settlement Schemes in Tanzania," pp. 131-140 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa
Publishing House.
330. Connell, 3., 1972. "Ujamaa Villages: Institutional Change in Rural
Tanzania," Journal of Administration Overseas, 11(4), October,
pp. 273-83.
331. Cunningham, G., 1971. "The Ujamaa Village Movement in Tanzania," Rural
Africana, No. 13, pp. 28-35.--332. Damachi, U. G., 1976. "Julius Nyerere: Ujamaa-Socialism and Rural
Development in Tanzania," pp. 55-72 in Leadership Ideology in Africa:
Attitudes Toward Socioeconomic Development, U. G. Damachi, New York. 333. de la Rue, A., 1973. "Ujamaa on the March," pp. 40-51 in Socialism
in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Pol~ies, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul,
Nairobi: East African Publishing House.
334. Desai, P. M., 1976. "Ujamaa Villages: A Tanzanian Experiment in Rural
Development," Africa Quarterly,S16(2), October, pp. 36-55.
335. de Vries, J., and L. P, Fortmann, 1974. A Study of Ujamaa Villages in
Iringa Region, paper prepared for FAO/UNDP Planning Team, Morogoro.
336. Eliman, Anthony, 1970. Progress, Problems and Prospects in Ujamaa Development in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.18,
35 p.
337. .___ 1975. "Development of the.Ujamaa Policy in Tanzania,"
pp. 312-345 in Rural Cooperation in Tanzania, ed. L. Cliffe, et al.,
Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House.
338. Gordon, 3. U., 1974. "Ujamaa in Tanzania: Problems and Prospects,"
Current Bibliographyon African Affairs, 7(4), Fall, pp. 360-77.
3. ess Oleen, 1976t .Tazn~a _Ujamaan and Delopment, CnrnellUnivearsity:




31
340. Huizer, Gerrit, 1971. The Ujamaa Village Program in Tanzania: New
Forms of Rural Development, The Hague: Institute of Social
Studies, 30 p.
341. Hyden, Goran, 1975. Ujamaa Villagization and Rural Development in
Tanzania, Overseas Development Institute Review No. I, 70 p.
342. Kahama, Kabakama, 1973 Rural Development as a Strategy for Modernization
ACase Study of Ujamaa Villages in Tanzania, Claremont College:
Ph.D. thesis.
343. KatesnR.i W., 3. McKay, and L. Berry, 1970. "Twelve New Settlements
inTanzania: A Comparative Study of Success," Geography Papers,
pp. 63-100.
344. Kazimoto, A. A., 1973. "Prospects for Building Ujamaa Villages,"
pp. 186-188 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe
and John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
345. Korkfors, Christer, 1973. Agricultural Development in Selected Ujamaa
Villages in Sumbawanga District, University of Dar es Salaam:
BRALUP Research Report 4/I.
346. Kuischner, F., 1974. "Ujamaa Villages in Tanzania: The Example of Malili,
International Journal of Politics, 4(4), Winter, pp. 88-101.
347. Landell-Mills, P. M., 1966. "On the Economic Appraisal of Agricultural
Development Projects: The Tanzanian Village Settlement Schemes,"
Agricultural Economics Bulletin for Africa, No. 8, pp. 1-35.
348. Langdon, E. Jean, n.d. An Examination of Directed Change: Resettlement
Schemes in Tanzania, Ph.D. thesis, University of Washington.
349. Lewin, Roger, 1973. "Matetereka," pp. 189-194 in Socialism in Tanzania,
Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East
Africa Publishing House.
350. Luttrell, William L., 1971. Villagization, Cooperative Production,
and Rural Cadres: Strategies and Tactics in Tanzanian Socialist Rural Development, University of Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper 71.11.
351. Mapolo, Henry, 1973. The Social and Economic Organization of Ujamaa
Villages, University of Dar es Salaam: M. A. thesis
352. Markie, 3., 1976. "Ujamaa Villages in Tanzania: A Possible Solution
to teProblems of the Rural Poor," Land Reform, No. 1, pp. 54-76.
353. McHenry, Dean E., 1973. "Policy Implementation !n Rural Africa: The
Case of Ujamaa Villagies in Tanzania," paper read at the 16th




32
354. McHenry, Dean E., 1976. "The Ujamaa Village in Tanzania: A.Comparison
with Chinese, Soviet and Mexican Experiences in Collectivization,"
Comparative Studies Soc. and History, 18(3), July, pp. 347-70.
355. McKinsey and Co., 1974. Strengthening the Ujamaa Village Program: A
Progress Review, Dar es Salaam: The Government of Tanzania.
356. Moderne, Franck, 1970. "The Ujamaa Villages and the Building of Socialism
in Tanzania," Review Economique de Madagascar, No. 5, January/December
pp. 363-381.
357. ___, 1971. "New Developments ot Experience in Ujamaa Villages in
Tanzania," Revue Francaise d'Etudes Politigues Africaines, No.n61,
January, pp. 62-86.
358. Mohidden, A., 1968. "Ujamaa: A Commentary on Nyerere' s Vision of
Tanzanian Society," African Affairs, April.
359. Moris, John R.,.1967. "The Evaluation of Settlement Scheme Performance:
A Sociological Appraisal," in Makerere Institute of Social
Research, Conference Papers, Kampala: Makerere Institute of
Social Research, 24 p.
360. Mugoya, M., 1972. "Ujamaa in Practice: Mwalimu Visits Makundusi,"
African Development, December.
361. Musoke, I. K. S., 1974. "Building Socialism in Bukoba: The Establishment
~of Rugaze (Nyerere) Ujamaa Village," International Journal of
~Politics, 4(4), Winter, pp. 102-118.
362. Mwapacha, Juma Volter, 1976. "Operation Planned Villages in Rural
Tanzania: A Revolutionary Strategy for Development ," The
African Review, VIl), 1-16; also in Mbio_ni, XII(II),--T975.
363. Myers, Robert Burrls, 1973. The.Structure and Performance of a Commercial
Farm Settlement: An Economic Analysis of One of Tanzania's Village
Settlement Schemes, Syracuse University: Ph.D. thesis.
364. Ngeze, P. 8., 1973. "Some Aspects of Agricultural Development in Ujamaa
Villages," paper presented at the East African Agricultural
Economics Society Conference, Dar es Salaam.
365. Ngombale-Mwiru, K., 1973. "The Arusha Declaration on' Ujamaa na
Kujitegemea and the Perspectives for Building Socialismlin
Tanzania," pp. 52-60 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies,
ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing
House.
36 NyrrJiuK..91 "ama TeBssoAfiaSoilsm
N\I0r0rc~ ~1,i1i,,g IC i~~i "tiThmn Th~~ Pncicz nf Afrir~n gnt-inlcm"




33
368. Proctor, Jesse Harris, ed.,.1971. Building Ujamaa Villages in Tanzania,
Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House,69p
369. Raikes, Philip, 1972. "Village Planning for Ujamaa," Tamuli: A Political Science Forum, III, December, pp. 3-25.
370. ____ 1973. Economic Evaluation Criteria for Ujamaa Villages, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 73.3.
371. ___, 1974. Ujamaa Vijijini and Rural Socialist Development, Copenhagen: Institute for Development Research Paper A.14.4.
372. 1975. "Ujamaa and Rural Socialism," Review of African Political
-----Tconomy, 3 (May-October), pp. 33-52.
373. Rodney, Walter, 1972. "Tanzanian Ujamaa and Scientific Socialism," h
African Review, I(4), April, pp. 61-76.-374. Ruhumbika, G., ed., 1974. Towards Ujamaa: Twenty Years of TANU Leadership: A Contribution of the UniverSity of Oar esSalaam to the
20th Anniversay of TANU, Kampala: East African Literature Bureau.
375. Sandberg, A., 1973. ."Ujamaa and Control of Environment," paper presented
at the East African Universities Social Science Conference, Dares Salaam.
376. Seushi, I. and J. Loxley, 1975, "Financing Ujamaa-State Resources and
Rural Development;"' pp. 538-554 in Rural Co-operation inTanzania,
L. Cliffe, P. Lawrence, W. Luttrell, S..Migot-Adholla, and 3. S. Saul, ed., Oar es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House.
377. Silberfein, Marilyn, 1972. The Regional Impact of Tanzanian Settlement
Schemes, Syracuse University: Ph.D. thesis.
378. Sweet, Louise, 1977. "iObstacles to the Creation of Collective Villages
in Tanzania: A Discussion of Ideology and Administration," paper
presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the African Studies
Association, Houston, Texas, November.
379. Tanzania, Rural Settlement Commission, 1966. A Report on the Village
Settlement Programme from the Inception of the Rural Settlement
Commission to 31st December 1965, Dar es Salaam: Government
Printer.
380. Temu, Peter, 1973. "The Ujamaa Experiment," Ceres, 8(4), pp. 71-75.
381. Thomas, Garry L., 1966. "The Transformation Approach at a Tanzania
Village Settlement," East African Institute of Social Research,
Conference Paper No. 427, Nairobi, Depcember




34
382, Urfer, S., 1975. "Tanzanie: la longue marche vers 1'ujamaa," ZaireAfrique, 15(97), pp. 391-401.
383. Vincent, 3., 1974. "The Changing Role of Small Towns in the Agrarian
Stutr fEs fia"Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative
... Politics, 12(3), November, pp. 261-75.
384. ___, 1975. "Room for Monoeuvre: the Political Role of Small Towns
in East Africa," pp. I15-144 in Colonialism and Change: Essays
Presented to Lucy Mair, ed. M. Owusu, The Hague.
385. von Freyhold, Michaela, 1972. "Rural Development Through Ujamaa Vijijini
University of Dar es Salaam, mimeo.
386. ___, 1973. "The Government Staff and Ujamaa Villages (The Tanga
~Experience)," paper presented at the Universities of East Africa
Social Science Conference, Dar es Salaam, December.
387, __.,_ n.d. "The Potential for Ujamaa in Handeni," University of
Dar es Salaam, mimeo.
388. Zegge, Barnabas, K., 1973. "Ujamaa Villages Program: Past and Present,"
paper presented at the Workshop on Development from Below, Addis
Ababa, October.




35
Xlll. HEALTH
389. Alawy, S. Z., 1975. "Health Infrastructure and Population Change in
Tanzania," pp. 67-72 in Social and EconomiC Development and
Population Change in Tanzania, ed. James E. Kocher, University
of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Report No. 36.
390. Beck, Ann, 1970. A History of the British Medical Administration of
East Africa, 1900-1950, Cambridge: Harvard University Press,
271 p.
391. Bennet, F. J.. et. al, 1973. "Studies on Viral Bacterial, Richettsiai
and Treponemal Diseases in the Hadza of Tanzania, and a Note on
Injuries," Human Biology, 45(2), May, pp. 243-72.
392. Burgess, H. J.L., 1969. "The Health of ChIldren in Kisarawe District,
Tanzania," Tropical Geography of Medicine, 21, pp. 39-46.
393. Chagula, W. K., and E. Tarimo, 1975. "Meeting Basic Health Needs in
Tanzania," in Health by the People, ed. K. W. Newall, Geneva:
World Health Organization.
394. Cohen, 3. E., 1974. "Some Potential Economic BenefitS of Eliminating
Mortality Attributed to Schestosomiasis in Zanzibar," Social.
Science and Medicine, 8(7), June, pp. 383-98.
395. Gish, Oscar, 1975. Planning the Health Sector: The Tanzanian
Experience, London: Groom Helm Ltd. (distributed by New York:
Holmes & Meier), 209 p.
396. Gottlieb, Manuel, 1972. "Health Politics," Dar es Salaam: The
Standard, April 7-8.
397. ,__ 1973. Health Care Financing in Tanzania, University of Oar
es Salaam: ERB paper 73.7.
39_._, 1973. The Problem of Goiter in Tanzania: A Programme for
Prevention by Salt Ledi gation and a Programme for Improved Salt Marketing in-Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper
73.6.
399. ___,.1974. Health Survey of Selected Households, Rural and Urban,
Mainland Tanzania: Six Districts, Summer, 1972, University of
Dar es Salaam: ERS Paper 74.1.
400. ___,.1915. Health Care Financing in Mainland Tanzania, Syracuse
University: Foreign and Comparative Studies/Eastern Africa
Series XX, 104 p.




36
402. Hartwig, G. W., 1975. "Economic Consequences of Long Distance Trade
in East Africa: The Disease Factor," African Studies Review,
18(2), September, pp. 63-73.
403. Kilama, W. L., A. M. Nhonoli, and W. 3. Makene, 1974. "Health Care
Delivery in Tanzania," in Towards Ujamaa: Twenty Years of
Tanu Leadership, ed. G. Ruhumbika, Dar es Salaam: East African
Lit. Bureau.
404. Kreysler, 3., 1968. Uhuru na Maji: Health, Water Supply and selfReliance in Mayo Village, University of Oar es Salaam: BRALUP
Research Paper No. 3.
405. Lindner, Irmgard, 1975. "Baseline Study of Mothers and Children
Attending Under Five Clinics in Kilimanjaro," Moshi, Tanzania:
Kilimanuaro Christian Medical Centre, mimeo.
406. Maletniema, T. N., and A. L. D. Marealle, 1973. "iThe Health and
Nutritional Status of Children in Tabora Region, Tanzania,"
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics and Environmental Child Health,
March, pp. 14-18.
407. Messing, S. 9., ed., 1972. "Rural Health in Africa," Rural Africana,
17, Winter, pp. 1-131.
408. Reid, Marlene B., 1969. Persistence and Change in the Health Concepts
and Practices of the Sukama of Tanzania, East Africa, Catholic
University: Ph.D. thesis.
409. Schulpen, T. W. 3., 1976. Integration of Church and Government Medical
Services in Tanzania: Effects at District Level, Nairobi:
African Medical and Research Foundation, 301 p.
410. Segall, M.,.1972. "The Politics of Health in Tanzania," in Towards
Socialist Planning, ed. J. F. Rweyemanu, et al., Oar es Salaam:
Tanzania Publishing House.
411. Tanzania, 1972. The Tanzanian Health Sector in 1980, Dar es Salaam:
Ministry of Health.
412. Tarimo, Eleuther, 1978. "Health and Self-Reliance; The Experience of
Tanzania," Development Dialogue, (1), pp. 35-40.
413. Thomas, Ian D., 1973. Health Facilities and Population in Tanzania,
Part Two: Rural Health Centres, University of Dar es Salaam:
BRALUP Research Paper No. 21.2.




37
414. Thomas, Ian D. and A. C. Mascarenhas, 1973. Health Facilities and
Population in Tanzania,' Part One: Hospitals in Tanzania and
Population Within Given Distances of Their Sites, University of
Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 21.1.
415. Turshen, M,., 1977. "The Impact of Colonialism on Health and Health
Services in Tanzania," International Journal of Health Services,
7(1), pp. 7-35.
416. University of Dar es Salaam, Institute of Adult.Education, Planning
and Research Department, 1974. An Evaluation of the 1973 Mass
Health Education Campaign in Tanzania, Dar es Salaam: University
of Dar es Salaam Study in Adult Education No. 12.
417. van Etten, G. M., 1971. "New Strategies of Rural Health Development
in Tanzania," Tropical Geography of Medicine, 23, pp. 393-398.
418. ______, 1972. "Towards Research on Health Development in Tanzania,"
Social Science and Medicine, 6, pp. 335-352.
419. ___, 1976. Rural Health Development in Tanzania: A Case Study of
Medical Sociology in a Developing Country, Amsterdam: Van Gorcum (distributed by Humanities Press, Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey),
181 p.
420. ___,and A. Raikes, 1975. "Training for Rural Health in Tanzania,"
Social Science and Medicine, 9, pp. 89-92.




38
XIV. NUTRITION
421. Brooke, Clarke, 1967. "The Heritage of Famine in Central Tanzania,"
Tanzania Notes and Records, No. 67, pp. 20-22.
422 ____, 967. "Types of Food Shortages in Tanzania," Geographical
422 -----Review, LVII, pp. 336-337.
423. Burgess, H. J. L., T. N. Maletnlema, and Ann P. Burgess, 1968. "The
Nutritional Status of Young Children in Hombolo, Tanzania,"
East African Medical Journal, 45(9), September, pp. 605-17.
424. Kraut, H., 1969. "Investigations in North East Tanzania: Introduction
and General Survey," in Investigations into Health and Nutrition
in East Africa, ed. H. Kraut and H. 0. Cremer, Munich: Weltforum
~Verl ag.
425. Kreysler, 0., and C. Schlage, 1969. "The Nutrition Situation in the
Pangani Basin," inlInvestigations into Health and Nutrition in East Africa, ed. H. Kraut and H. D Cremer, Munich: Weltforum
Verlag.
426. KreySie r, 0., and I. Schulze-Westen, 1973."Sca Fctr Inleig
Attitudes of Mothers Towards Nutrition Services in Rural Populations:
A Case Study in Usambara, Tanzania,' Ecology of Food and Nutrition,
2(I1), ppi 49-60.
427. Kreysler, J., and M. Modeme, 1975. "The Nutritional Status of
~Preschool Villa ge Children in Tanzania: Observations in Lushoto
. District, Ecology of Food..and Nutrition, IV,' pp. 1 5-26.
428. Latham, M. C., and F. 0. Stare, 1967. "Nutritional Studies in Tanzania,"
World Review of Nutrition, 7, pp. 31-71.
429. Maletnlena, T. N., 1977. The Importance of Nutrition in Socio-economic
Development, Dar es Salaam: Tanzania Food and Nutrition Center.
430. ___, and J. L. Bavu, 1974. "Nutrition Studies in Pregnancy, Part I:
~E----nergy, Protein and Iron Intake of Pregnant Women in Kisarawe,
Tanzania," East African Medical Journal 51(7), July, pp. 515-28.
431. Maletnlema, T. N., R. Mhombolage and G. E. Ngowi, 1974. "Family Food
Consumption Surveys in Rural Tanzania," Tanzania Notes and Records,
No. 73, pp. 43-54.
432, Mascarenhas, A. C., 1967.' "Aspects of Food Shortages in Tanganyika
(1922-45), "Proceedings of the 1966 East African Universities




39
433. Mascarenhas, A. C., ed., 1973. Studies in Famines and Food Shortages,
Special Issue No. 8, Journal of the Geographical Association
of Tanzania, Oar es Salaam.
434. Ndorobo, Bende, 1973. "Famine Problems in Oodoma District," Journal
of the Geographical Association of Tanzania, No. 8, pp. 26-47.
435. Newman, James L., 1975. "Dimensions of Sandawe Diet," Ecolog)y of Food
and Nutrition, IV, pp. 33-39.
436. Patn, Michael, 1971. Dodoma Region, 1929-1959: A History of Famine,
PattUniversity of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Report No. 44, 62 p.
437. "Planning for Nutritional Self Sufficiency for Ujamaa Villages in the
Context of Tanzania's Goals for National Development," in Nutrition
Planning and Policy for African Countries: Summary Repoart of a Seminar
Held in Nairobi, Kenya, June, 1916, ed. Michael C. Latham and Sidney B. Westley, Cornell international Nutrition Monograph Services No. 5,
Ithaca, N. Y.: Cornell University.
438. Peoplau, W., C. Schlage and W. Keller. 1969. "Nutrition and Health
in Usambara," in Investigations into Health and Nutritioni in East Africa, ed. H. Kraut and H. D. Cremer, Munich:'Weitforum Verlag.
439. Robson, J. R.K., 1974. "The Ecology of Malnutrition in a Rural Community
[Songea District] in Tanzania," Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 3(I),
~pp. 61-72..
440. Schiage, C., 1968. Polished Versus Whole Maize: Some Nutritional and
Economic .Implications of the Traditional Processing of Maize in
Northeastern Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research
Paper No. 2, 18 p.
441. ,__ 1969.."Analysis of Some Important Foodstuffs of Usambara,"
in Investigations into Health and Nutrition in. East Africa, ed.
H. rau an H.D.Cremer, Mun'ich Weltforum Verlag.
442. ___, 1969. "Observations at a Local Market in Usambara," in
Investigations into Health and Nutrition in East Africa, ed.
H. Kraut and H. D. Cremer, Munich: Weitforum Verlag.
443. Swantz, M., L. Henricson, and M. Zalla, 1975. Socioeconomic Causes.
of Malnutrition 4n Moshi District, University of Oar es Salaam.
BRALUP Research Report No. 38.
444. Ten Raa, Eric, 1968. "Bush Foraging and Agricultural Development: A
History of Sandawe Famines," Tanzania Notes and Records, No. 69,
pp. 36-39.




40
XV. EDUCATION
446. Auger, G. A., 1973. Tanzania Education Since Uhuru: A Bibliography,
1961-1971, Nairobi: East African Academy Information Circular No. 8.
447. Baregn, M. L. M., 1978, "Rural Libraries in Functional Literacy Campaigns
in Tanzania," Rural Africana, 1, pp. 35-43.
448. Branfman, F., 1973. "Some Suggestions Concerning the Teaching of
Agriculture in the Tanzania Primary School," pp. 259-263 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and
John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
449. Bunting, J. R., 1976. "Tanzania; A New Approach [Education]," pp. 187-199
in To Light a Candle: Educational Problems and Opportunities in the
Developing Commonwealth and Britain, J. R. Bunting, London.
450. Cliffe, Lionel, 1973. "Socialist Education in Tanzania," pp. 216-223
in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and
John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing House.
451. Court, David, 1971. Schooling Experience and the Making of Citizens:
A Study of Tanzanian Secondary Students, Stanford University:
Ph.D. thesis.
452. 1973. "The Social Function of Formal Schooling in Tanzania," The
African Review, 3, pp. 577-93.
453. 1976. "The Education System As a Response to Inequality in Tanzania
and Kenya," Journal of Modern African Studies, 14, December, pp. 661-90.
454. Courtney, Dorothy Winifred, 1973. A Perspective on Educational and Social
Change in Mainland Tanzania, Syracuse University: Ph. D. thesis.
455. Dolan, Louis Frances, 1970. Transition From Colonialism to Self-Reliance
in Tanzanian Education, Michigan: Ph.D. thesis..
456. Ergas, Zecki, 1974. "Systemes 6ducatifs et dynamique du d6veloppement
en Afrique; une analyse compare: Kenya Versus Tanzanie," Tiers-Monde,
15, December, pp. 695-705.
457. 1975. "L'economie politique du systime iducatif en Tanzanie,"
Geneve-Afrique, 14(2), pp. 58-73.




41
458. Gandy, Oscar H. Jr., 1975. "What Alternatives are There for Using Mass
Media in Tanzania?", paper presented at the 18th Annual Meeting of
the African Studies Association, San Francisco, October.
459. Gillette, Art~jur, 1975 "L'educatjon en. Tanzanie; une reforme de plus
ou une revolution educationelle?" Tiers-Monde, 16, October/December,
pp. 735-56.
460. Hall, B. L., 1972. "Mass Adult Education: A Necessary Element in the
Development of Tanzania," Afahamu, 2(3), Winter, pp. 29-37.
461. __ 1973. Wahati wa Furaha: An Evaluation of a Radio Study Group
Campaign, Uppsala: Scandanavian Institute of African Studies Research
Report No. 13.
462. ___,1975. "Conscientization by Radio in Tanzania," Institute for
Development Studies Bulletin, 6(3), February, pp. 95-I05.
463. ___, and Dobbs, T., 1974. Voices for Development: The Tanzanian
N----ational Radio Study Campaigns, .ablg International Extension
College Broadsheet on Distance Learning No. 6.
464. Heinen, J. D., 1968. Development and Education in Mwanza District: A
Case Study of Migration and Peasant Farming, Rotterdam: BronderOffset, 171 p.
465. ___, 1969. Primary Education and Proposed Agricultural Experiment
in Mwanza District, University of Oar es Salaam. BRALUP Research
Paper No. 6.
466. Hinkle, Rodney James, 1971. Educational Problems and Policies in PostIndependence Tanzania, Columbia: Ph.D. thesis.
467. Hyden, Goran, 1974. "Co-operative Education and Co-operative Development; the Tanzanian Experience,"I AgriculturalIAdministration,
1, January, pp. 35-50.
468. Kapinga, Christian, M. J., 1968. The Politico-EconomiC Context and
Implications for Primary Education of Tanzania'sl1961 Educational
Policy, University of Ottowa: Ph.D. thesis.
469. Kurtz, Laura S., 1972. A Critical Analysis of the Relationship Between
the Goals for Tanzania and Their Implications for EduCation as Expressed by President Nyerere and the EduCational Policies in
Tanzania, 1961-1969, New York University: Ph.D. thesis.




42
470. Mapunda, 0. B., 1975. "Educational Progress in the First Ten Years
of Independence," Tanzania Notes and Records, No. 76, pp. 119-126.
471. Mbilinyi, Marjorie J., 1972. The Decision to Educate in Rural
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: Ph.D. dissertation.
472. ___, 1973. Attitudes, Ex ectations and the Decision to Educate
in Rural Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: BALPRsac
Report No. 3/1, 50 p.
473 ,_ 1973. "Education, Stratification and Sexism in Tanzania:
Policy Implications," The African Review, 111(2), June, pp. 327-40.
474. 1974. "The Problem of Unequal Access to Primary Education in
----- anzania," Rural Africana, 25, Fall, pp. 5-28.
475. Michael, Lizette, 1971. "Centralisation in Education in Tanzania,"
Administration, No. 5, January, pp. 183-196.
476. Millonyi, Joel Carl, 1972. Citizenship in Africa: The Role of Adult
Education in the Political Socialization of Tanganyikans, 18911961, Columbia: Ph.D. thesis;.also Syracuse University: Maxwell
-SCho6ol: of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Foreign and Comparative
Studies/East African Studies Paper No. 19, 1975.
477. Moris, John R., 1969. "The Impact of Secondary Education Upon Student
~Attitudes Towards Agriculture," pp. l-& in Society and Social
Change in Eastern Africa, ed. P. Rigby, Kampala: Makerere
Institute of Social Research.
478. Morrison, David R., 1976. Education and Politics in Africa: The
Tanzanian Case, London:, Hurst, 352 pp.
47.Mwkla L., 1973. Comparative Education Indicators, Dar es
47S.lMamkaMinistry of National Education.
480. ___,1975. "Education and Population Change in Tanzania," pp. 43-48
in Social and Economic Development and Population Change in Tanzania, ed. James E. Kocher, University of Oar es Salaam:
BRALUP Research Paper No. 36.
481. Mytton, G., 1970. "Mass Media and TANUJ: Information Flow in Tanzania
and its Relevance to Development," Vol. 4, pp. 258-284.in.
Conference of the Provisional Council of the Social Sciences in
East Africa,7Dar es Salaam.
482. Ndonde, E. C., 1975. "Educational Methods for Self-Reliance Development," pp. 164-180 in Agricultural Extension in Ujamaa Village
Developmnt, ed L. Hasl 1 De rlesn P. n .Ney




43
483. Neve, Herbert T., 1977. "Education for Self Reliance as Religious
Process: The Tanzanian Model," paper presented at the 20th Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association, Houston,
Texas, November.
484. Nyerere, Julius K., 1968. "Education for Self-Reliance," pp. 44-75
in Ujamaa: Essays on Socialism, Dar es Salaam: Oxford University
Press. (Also in entry No. 8, pp. 261-290).
485. Nyiti, Raphael Majala, 1973. .Intellectual Development on the Meru
Children of Tanzania, University of Illinois: Ph.D. thesis.
486. O'Connor, E. 1974. "Contrasts in Educational Development in Kenya
and Tanzania," African Affairs, 73(290), January, pp. 67-84.
487. Odia, S., 1971. "Rural Education and Training in Tanzania,"Itr
NationaliLabour Review, 103(1).
488. Resnick, Idrian N e, 1969. "Prescriptions for Socialist Rural Education in Tanzania," Rural Africana, East Lansing, No. 9,
48. _d._96 Tnna Revolution by Education, New York:
New York: Humanities Press, (Arusha: Longmans, 1968).
490. Samoff, Joel, 1976. "Education in Tanzania: Class Formation and
Reproduction," paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the
American Political Science Association, Chicago.
491. Saul, John, 1974.."Agricultural Education in Tanzanyika 1925-1955,"
in S. M. Mbilinyi, ed., Agricultural Research for Rural Development, Oar es Salaam: East African Literature Bureau.
492. Schwartz, Joseph Herman, 1971. Collective Education and the Transformation of Social and Political Consciousness: A Comparative
Analysis of Communal!Systems of Education in Israel, Cuba and
Tanzania, University of Toronto: Masters thesis.
493. Swatman, 3. E. D., 1976. ",Access to Education: The Changing Pattern
in the Location of Schools," Tanzania Notes and Records, 79/80,
December, pp. 107-114.
494. Toroka, S., 1973. "Education for Self-Reliance: The Litowa Experiment," pp. 264-270 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies,
ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing
House.
495. van de Laar, A. J. M., 1967. Education and Educational Planning in
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 67.2.




44
XVI. LABOR, EMPLOYMENT, AND MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT
497. Anderson, LascellesF., 1972. High Level Manpower and Development Alternatives for the Tanzanian Economy, New School for Social
Research: Ph.D. thesis.
498. ___, 1975. "Manpower and Economic Planning: a Linear Programming
Model for Tanzania."I Social and Economic Studies, 24, March,
pp. 15-46.
499. Bienefeld, M. A., 1970. Manpower Planning and the University: The
Position in Education, Arts and Social Science, University of
Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 70.2.
500. Eze, 0. C., 1977. "Multinational Enterprises and Local Manpower in
Tanzania," Journal of World Trade Law, 11(5), September/October,
pp. 441-461.
501. Gappert, Gary M., 1972. The Economics of Labor Migration in an African
Society: Labor Aspects of Resettlement Policy in SOuthern
iTanzania, Syracuse University: Ph.D. thesis.
502. Giaham, James Douglass, 1968. Changing Patterns of Wage Labor in
Tanzania: A History of the Relations Between African Labor and European Capitalism in Njombe District, 1931-1961, Northwestern
University: Ph.D. thesis.
503. Hill, John Richard, 1971. Structural Transformation and the Development of an Industrial Labor Force in Tanganyika, University of
ill inois: ......Masters thesis.
504. Hunter, G., 1973. "Manpower, Employment and Education in the Rural
Economy of Tanzania," pp. 246-258 in Socialism in Tanzania,
Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East
Africa Publishing House.
505. Loxley, J., 1973. "Technical Assistance, High-Level Manpower Training and Ideology in Tanzania," pp. 65-82 in Technical Assistance
in East Africa, ed. Y. Tanden, Stockholm.
506. Mramba Basil.P., 1972. "The Development of Human Resources for
Self-Reliance; the Experience of the National Development
Corporation of Tanzania," African Training and Research Centre
in Administration for Development: Afri can Administrative
Studies, No. 8, August, pp. 43-58.
507. Okulo, Henry, 1972. "Manpower Development in Tanzania," International
Institute. ai I*1n. for Laour Std.ies Bulltn No l 9,pp 75-O90




45
508* Resnick, Idrian Navarre, 1967. The Economics of Manpower Development:
the Tanzania Case, Boston University: Ph.D. thesis.
509. Sabot, R. H., 1977. "The Meaning and Measurement of Urban Surplus
Labor: General Theory with a Particular Reference to Tanzania,"
Oxford Economic Papers, 29, November, pp. 389-411.
510. ___, 1977. "Poverty, Urban Unemployment, and Labor Market Performance in Tanzania," paper presented at the 20th AnnualIMeeting of
the African Studies Association, Houston, Texas, November.
511. van de Laar, A., 1973. "Towards a Manpower Development Strategy in
Tanzania,"I pp. 224-245 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies,
ed. L. Gliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East Africa Publishing
House; also published by University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper
69.27.
512. Yeaman, D. R.., F. P. Schwencke, and A. Wamunza, 1972. A riclua
Manpower Development in Tanzania, Washington: USAID.7




46
XVII. WOMEN IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT
513. Brain, J. L., 1975. "The Position of Women on Rural Development
Schemes in Tanzania," Ufahamu, 6(I), pp. 40-59.
514. ___, 1976. "Less Than Second-Class: Women in Rural Settlement
Schemes in Tanzania," pp. 265-284 in Nancy J. Hafkin and Edna
G. Bay, eds., Women in Africa: Studies in Social and Economic
Change, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
515. Healey, J. G., 1975. "Training Women for Local-Level Development in
Tanzania: A Multimedia Communication Project,0 Rural Africana,
No. 27, Spring, pp. 97-112. l
516. Mbilinyi, Majorie J., 1971. The Participation of Women in African
Economics, University of Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 71.12.
517. ,1972. "The 'New Woman' and Traditional Norms in Tanzania,"
----Journal of Modern African Studies, 10(1), pp. 57-72.
518. 1972. "The State of Women in Tanzania," Canadian Journal of
------frican Studies, 6(?), pp. 371-377.
519. Ngalula, Theresia Kuiwa Frances, 1977. Women as a Productive Force in
the Tanzanian Rural Society: *A Case Study of Buhongwa Village in
Mwanza District, University of Dar es Salaam: Masters thesis,
Department of Sociology.
520. Storgaard, B., 1975/76. "Women in Ujamaa Villages," Rural Africana,
29, Winter, pp. 135-155.
521. Swedish International Development Authority, 1974.
"Rural Women in Kenya and Tanzania," pp. 24-37 in Women in Developing
Countries--Case Studies of Six Countries, Stockholm: Swedish
International Development Authority; reprinted in Development Digest,
XIII(3), July, 1975, pp. 53-60.




47
XVIII. INCOME DISTRIBUTION
522. Awiti, A., 1973. "Economic Differentiation in Ismani, Iringa Region:
A Critical Assessment of Peasants' Response to the Ujamaa Vijijini
Program," African Review, 3(2), June, pp. 209-239.
523. Friedland, Roger 0., 1971. Structure and Income: Alternative Models
of Rural Social Change, University of Wisconsin: Masters thesis.
524. Green, R., 1974. "Tanzania," in Redistribution With Growth, ed. H. Chenery,
et al., London: Oxford.,
525. ___, 1974. Toward Ujamaa and Kujitegemea: Income Distribution and
Absolute Poverty Eradication Aspects of the Tanzanian Transition to
Socialism, University of Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper 74:11.
526. Huang, Y., 1976. "Distribution of the Tax Burden in Tanzania," Economic
Journal LXXXVI, March, pp. 73-86.
527. Larsen, Arne, 1970. Variations in Income Among Farming Areas in Sukumaland
and Related Policy Issues, Fnvriyo DrsSla RB Paper
No. 70.6.
528. Phillips, A. 0., 1975. Review of Income Distribution Data: Ghana, Kenya,
Tanzania and Nigeria; P rinceton University:: Woodrow Wilson School,
Discussion Paper No. 58.
529. Piorio, F., 1973. "Polarized Structure of Tanzanian Economy," Africana
Bulletin, 18, pp. 101-126.
530. Turner, -H., 1975. The Past, Present and Future of Incomes Poli cy in
Tanzania, Geneva: ILO.
531. Van Ginneken, W., 1976. Rural and Urban Income Inequalities in Indonesia,
Mexico, Pakistan, Tanzania and Tunisia, Geneva: International Labor
Organization. ...




48
XIX. WATER SUPPLY, HOUSING, AND TRANSPORTATION
532. Bienefeld, M. A., 1970. A Long-Term Housing Policy for Tanzania,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.9.
533. Edvardsen, K. I., and B. Hegdal, 1972. Rural Housing in Tanzania:
Report on a Prestudy, Dar es Salaam: National Housing and Building
Research Unit.
534. Ferster, G., 1970. A Report on Rural Water Use Characteristics in
Geographic Sub-Areas of the Northeast Nzega Study Area, Vol. 6,
pp. 319-72 in Conference of the Provisional Council of the Social
Sciences in East Africa, Dar es Salaam.
535. Goshi, T., et al., 1971. Road Feasability Studies in Tanzania,
University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP.
536. Hofmeier, R., 1968. Truck Road Transport and the Possibility of a National
Transport Company in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB
Paper No. 68.24.
537. 1973. Transport and Economic Development in Tanzania, with
Particular Reference to Roads and Road Transport. Munchen: Weltform
for University of Dar es Salaam ERB, 353 p.
538. Kirpatrick, C. H., 1972. "The Relevance of Road Pricing in Developing
Countries: Some Results for Tanzania," Manchester School of Economic
and Social Studies, No. 40, December, pp. 357-74.
539. Luning, H. A., and J. J. Sterkenberg, 1973. "A Social Cost-Benefit Analyses
of Road Building for Agricultural Development: A Case Study from
Tanzania," Journal of Agricultural Economics, 24(2), May, pp. 311-19.
540. Lwegarulila, F. K., 1972. Forecasting Water Requirements in Developing
Countries with Special Reference to Tanzania, United Nations Ad. Hoc.
Group of Experts on Water Requirements Forecasting (Budapest).
541. 1977. "Tanzania: The Rural Water Supply Program," European
Communities Commission Courier, (43), May/June, pp. 67-69.
542. McKay, J., T. Goshi, and S. Hameer, 1971. Road Feasability Studies in
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 16.
543. Tanzania Notes and Records, 1975. "Water Supply--Service to the Nation
to Speed Development," Tanzania Notes and Records, No. 76, pp. 191-192.
544. Tschannerl, Gerhard, 1974. The Cost of Rural Water Supply Construction in
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 30,
36 p.




49
545. Tschannerl, Gerhard, 1974. "The Political Economy of Rural Water Supply,"
paper presented to a Workshop on Environment and Rural Development
in East African Countries, Nairobi, Kenya, November, 27 p.
546. ___, and M. Mujwahuz4, 1974. Preliminary Results of an Impact Study
on RuraliWater Supply Schemes Built by Self-Help, University of
Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Service Paper NO. 74/1, 48 p.
547. University of Dar es Salaam, Bureau of Resource Assessment and Land Use
Planning, 1970. Water Development--A Critical Review of Research,
University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 12.
548. ___, n. d. Transport Problems in Mbambara Ujamaa Village, University
of Dar es Salaam. BRALUP Research Report No. 1.
549. Warner,.D., 1968. Planning and Evaluation of Rural Water Supply Programmes,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 68.34.
550. ___, 1969. Project Planning for Rural Development: A Case Study of the
Manonga Plains Water Supply Schemes, University College, Oar es Salaam:
ERB Paper 69.5, 39 p.
551. ___, 1969. Rural Water Supply and Development: A Comparison of Nine
Villages in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 69.17.
552. ___, ed., 1969. Rural Water Supply in East Africa, University
of Oar es Salaam: ERB/BRALUP Research Paper No. 11.
553. 1___ 970. The Economics of Rural Water Supply in Tanzania,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERS Paper 70.19.
554. ___, 1970. "Formulating Guidelines for Rural Water Investment; The
Case of Tanzania," East African Journal of Rural Development,
3(I), pp. 69-91.
555. ___, 1970. A Preliminary Assessment of the Impact of Rural Water Supply
Upon Households and Villages, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper
No. 70.12.
556. Warner, Dennis, ed., 1970. "Rural Water Supply in East Africa," in
Proceedings of the Workshop on Rural Water Supply, University of
Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. II.
557. Wells, 3., 1972. The Construction Industry in East Africa, University of
Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper 72.2.
553. White, 0., 0. Bradley, and A. White, 1972. Drawers of Water: Domestic
Water Use in East Africa, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.




50
XX. FARM MANAGEMENT AND FARMING SYSTEMS
559. Attems, Manfred, 1968. "Permanent Cropping in the Usambara Mountains:
The Relevance of the Minimum Benefit Thesis," in Smallholder
Farming and Smallholder Development in Tanzania, ed. Hans
Ruthenberg, Munich: Weltforum Verlag.
560. 1969. "The Shambala System of Agriculture (Usambara),"
in Investigations into Health and Nutrition in East Africa, ed.
H. Kraut and H. D. Cremer, Munich: Weltforum Verlag.
561. Basehart, H. W., 1973. "Cultivation Intensity, Settlement Patterns and
Homestead Farms Among the Matengo of Tanzania," Ethnology, 12(1),
January, pp. 57-73.
562. Beck, Roy S., 1963. An Economic Study of Coffee-Banana Farms in the
Machame Central Area, Kilimanjaro District, Tanganyika, 1961,
Dar es Salaam: United States Agency for International Development,
Mission to Tanganyika.
563. Boeree, Robert M., 1972. Report to the Government of Tanzania on the
Economics and Planning of Irrigation, Rome: Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations (FAO No. TA 3096).
564. Chant, J. F., 1969. "Bibliography of Recent Farm System Studies in
Tanzania," East African Journal of Rural Development, 2(l), pp. 85-88;
also published by University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 68.31.
565. Collinson, M. P., 1969. "Experience With a Trial Management Farm in
Tanzania," East African Journal of Rural Development, 2(2), pp. 28-43.
566. 1970. An Example of Farm Survey Work Directed Towards the Solution
of a Policy Problem: The Comparative Economics and Growing Aromatic
or Virginia Tobacco on Small Family Farms In the Tabora Area of
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 70.7.
567. 1972. The Economic Characteristics of the Sukuma Farming System,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 72.5.
568. Datoo, B. A., 1973. Population Density and Agricultural Systems in
the Uluguru Mountains, Morogoro District, University of Dar es
Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 26, 72 p.
569. Ellman, Anthony 0., 1969. Agricultural Improvement Through Co-operative
Farming in Tanzania: A Brief Outline, University of Dar es Salaam;
ERB Paper No. 69.23.




51
570. Ellman, Anthony, 1975. "Group Farming Experiences in Tanzania," in
Cooperative and Commune: Group Farmers in the Economic Development
of Agriculture, ed. P. Dorner, Madison: University of Wisconsin
Press, 1977.
571. Feldman, D. R., 1969. Co-operation and Production Environment, University
of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 69.12.
572. 1970. "An Assessment of Alternative Policy Strategies in the
Agricultural Development of Tanzania and Their Application to Tobacco
Farming in Iringa," East African Journal of Rural Development, 3(2), pp. 1-29; also published by University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper
No. 68.21.
573. Hall, Malcolm, 1970. "A Review of Farm Management Research in East
Africa," Agricultural Economics Bulletin for Africa, 12, June, pp.
11-24.
574. Heijnen, J. D., 1969. Mechanised Block Cultivation Schemes in Mwanza Region.
University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Research Paper No. 9.
575. Helleiner, G. K., 1968. Rationalisation in the Tanzania Sisal Industry,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 68.23.
576. Hewlett, R., and J. Markie, 1976. "Co-operative Farming as an Instrument
of Rural Development: Examples from China, Vietnam, Tanzania and
India," Land Reform, No. 2, pp. 41-54.
577. Lawrence, P. R., 1969. Rationalization and Diversification in the Sisal
Industry, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 69.3.
578. 1970. The Sisal Industry in Tanzania: A Report to the Ministry
of Agriculture, Food and Cooperatives, University of Dar es Salaam:
ERB Paper No. 70.13.
579. 1971. The Sisal Industry in Tanzania: A Review of the
Informal Commodity Agreement and Related Questions of Strategy,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 71.9.
580. Malima, Kighoma A., 1970. The Economics of Cotton Production in Tanzania:
Some Theoretical and Policy Discussion, University of Dar es Salaam:
ERB Paper No. 70.20.
581. 1971. The Determinants of Cotton Supply in Tanzania, University of
Dar es Saiaam: ERB Paper 71.4, 30 p.




52
582. Malima, Kighoma A., 1971. The Economics of Cotton Production in Tanzania:
An Examination of Some of the Factors that Influence Agricultural
Development., Princeton University: Ph.D. thesis.
583. Mascarenhas, Adolfa Caridade, 1970. The Development of the Sisal Industry
in Tanzania, University of California at Los Angeles: Ph.D. thesis.
584. ___, 1971. Resistance and Change in the Sisal Plantation.System of
----Tanzania, University of California at Los Angeles: Ph.D thesis.
585. Mbilinyi, S. M., 1968. Coffee Diversification Schemes, University of Dar
es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 68.33.
586. _____, 1968. The Economics of Central Coffee Pulperies in Tanzania: A
Preliminary Assessment, University of Dar es Salaam: ERR Paper
No. 68.6.
587. ___,1968. Estimation of Peasant Farmers' Costs of Production: The
____Case of Bukoba Robusta Coffee, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB
Paper No. 68.1.
588. ___,1969. Problems and Possibilities' of Group Diversification In the
----Robusta Areas of Tanzania: The Case of West Lake Region, University
of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 69.26.
589. McHenry, Dean E., 1972. Tanzania: The Struggle for Development: A Study
of Attempts to Establish a Fisherman's Cooperative and to Introduce Cotton Growing in Kigoma Region of Western Tazna nin:Ph.D.
thesis.
590. Moody, A. A., 1970. A Report on Farm Economic Survey of Tea Smallholder
in Bukoba District, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.8.
591. Musikira, Mufungo A. C., 1971. Tanzania's Coffee: With Special Reference
to Diversification Schemes, Vanderbelt University: Master's thesis.
592. Ndawala-Kajumba, S., 1970. "A Sociological Description of the Tanzania
Sisal Industry," paper presented to the 1970 East African Universities
Social Science Conference, 32 p.
593. Raikes, P. L., 1970. The Historical Development of Wheat Production in
Northern Mbulu District, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.11.
594. Scheffler, W., 1968. "Tobacco Schemes in the Central Region," in
Smallholder Farming and Smallholder Development in Tanzania, ed.
Hans Ruthenberg, Munich: Weltforum Verlag, Afrika-Studien No. 24.




53
595. Shapiro, Kenneth H., 1969. Efficiency and Progressiveness in Peasant
Agriculture: A Research Proposalfor Gerta District, Universiit- of
Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 69.33.
596. 1974. Efficiency and Modernization in African Agriculture: A
Case Study in Geita District, Tanzania, Stanford University: Ph.D.
thesis.
597. 1976. Efficiency Differentials in Peasant Agriculture and their
Implications for Development Policies, University of Michigan: Center
for Research on Economic Development Discussion Paper No. 52.
598. and Jurgen Muller, 1977. "Sources of Technical Efficiency: The
Roles of Modernization and Information," Economic Development and
Cultural Change 25(2), January, pp. 293-310.
599. Takeda, J., 1975. "An Ecological Study of the Honey Collecting Activities
of the Tonge, Western Tanzania, East Africa," Kyoto University
African Studies, No. 10, pp. 213-47.
600. Thomas, Garry L., 1976. "Upper Kitete: A Communal Wheat Scheme on the
Iraqw Frontier," in Rural Transformation in Tanzania: The Village
Settlement Experience, ed. Roger D. Yeager and Fred G. Burke.
601. Uchendu, Victor C., and R. M. Anthony, 1974. Agricultural Change in
Geita District, Tanzania, Nairobi: East African Literature-B-ureau,
79 p.




54
XXI. SAVINGS AND CREDIT
602. Binhammer, H. H., 1969. The Institutional Framework for Mobiliziny
Savings in Tanzania, University of Dares Salaam: ERB Paper No. 69.7.
603. 1968. Financial Infrastructure and the Availability of Credit to
the Rural Sector of the Tanzania Economy, University of Dar es Salaam:
ERB Paper No. 68.17.
604. Caselli, Clara, 1975. "Agricultural Credit," pp. 233-270 in The Banking
System of Tanzania, Milan, Italy: Cassa di Risparimo Delle
Provincie Lombarde.
605. Chant, J. F., 1968. Agricultural Credit in Tanzania, University of Dar es
Salaam: ERB Paper No. 68.4.
606. Due, Jean M., 1977. Agricultural Credit in Tanzania, University of
Illinois: Agricultural Economics Staff Papers No.s 77 E-2, 77 E-15,
and 78 E-38.
607. 1977. "The Allocation of Credit to Ujamaa Villages and to Small
Private Farmers in Tanzania," paper presented at the 20th Annual
Meeting of the African Studies Association, Houston, Texas, November.
608. Hyden, Goran, 1973. Agricultural Credit in Three Village Areas in NorthEastern Tanzania: A Case Study, Rome: FAO, Agricultural Credit Case
Study Working Paper No. 2.
609. Mahole, A., 1975. The Ismani Maize Credit Programme, University of Dar es
Salaam: ERB Paper No. 75.2.
610. Mohele, A. T., 1975. The Ismani Maize Credit Programme, University of Dar
es Salaam: ERB Paper 75.2.
611. Msambichaka, L. A., and R. B. M. Mabele, 1974. Agricultural Credit and
the Development of Ujamaa Villages in Tanzania, University of Dar es
Salaam: ERB Paper 74.10.




55
XXll. RURAL CO-OPERATIVES
612. Cliffe, Lionel, ed., 1975. Rural Cooperation in Tanzania, Dar es Salaam:
Tanzania Publishing House.-613. Cooperative Union of Tanganyika, Ltd., 1972. Memorandum on the
Cooperative Movement of Tanzania (Mainland). Containing Recommendations on Reorganization of the Cooperative Union of Tanganyika Ltd.
and the Co operative Movement, Dar es Salaam.
614. Hyden, Goran, 1973. Efficiency versus Distribution in East African
Cooperatives: A Study in Organizational Conflicts, Nairobi: East
Africa Literature Bureau.
615. _______, 1975. "Development of the Cooperative Movement in Tanzania,"
T anzania Notes and Records, No. 76 ,pp. 51-56.
616. ___, 1976. Cooperatives in Tanzania: Problems of Organization, Dar
es Salaam: Tanzania Publishing House, 93 p.
617. Lang, G. 0., 1969. Sukumaland Cooperatives as Mechanisms of Change,
Lexington: Lexington Books.
618. Mutaha, A. Z.., et al., 1976. Cooperatives in Tanzania, Dar es Salaam:
Tanzania Publishing House, 93 p.
619. Noble, Charles, 1970. Voluntary Associations of the Basukuma of Northern
Mainland Tanzania, Catholic University: Ph.D. thesis.
620. Nowrojee, P., 1972. "Public Enterprise and Cooperatives in Kenya and
Tanzania: Some Comparative Illustrations," Eastern Africa Law
]evi e, 5(1/2), pp. 141-75.
621. Roth, Warren 3., 1966. Three Cooperatives and a Credit Union as Examples
of Culture Change Among the Sukuma of Tanzania, Catholic University:
Ph.D. thesis.
622. Westergaard, Paul, 1969. Outline of the Joint Research Project on
Cooperatives, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 69.34.
623. d___,1970. Go-operatives in Tanzania: Their Functions as Economic
and Democratic Institutions -- Some Economic Comments, University of
Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.16.
624. ___, 1973. Analysis of the Accounts of the Cooperative Societies in
Tanzania for the Years 1967-1969, University of Dar es Salaam: [RB
Paper 73.2.




56
XXIII. CROP PRODUCTION
626. Aldington, T.J3.,.1975. "Tanzania Agriculture: A Decade of Progress in
Crop Production," Tanzania Notes and Records, No. 76, pp. 57-66.
627. Coulson, A. C., 1973. "The CIDA Silo Project: A Case Study," Rasilmali
(Journal of the Tanzania Investment Bank), No. 3.
628. ___, 1977. "Crop Priorities for Tanga Region," Tanzania Notes and
Records, No. 81/82.
629. Darrah, L. L., and L. H. Penny, 1974. "Altitude and Environmental
Responses of Entries in the 1970-71 East African Maize Variety Trials," East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 40(1),
pp. 77-88,
630. Dowker, D. M., 1971. "A note on the reduction in yield of Taboran maize
by late planting," East African Agricultural and Fore siyJournal,
30(1), pp. 33-34.
631. Eisenloeffel, A.,n1972. Development of Oil Crops Cultivation and
Processing in Tanzania, Oar es Salaam: NAFCO.
632. Gwyer, G. 0., 1971. Perennial Crop Supply Response: The Case of
Tanzanian Sisal, Wye College (London University): School of Rural
Economy and Related Studies, 46 p.
633. LeMare, P. H., 1974. "Response of Cotton to Amonium Sulphate and
Superphosphate, and Relationships Between Yield and Some Soil
Constituents in Tanzania," Journal of Agricultural Science, 83(I),
August, pp. 47-56.
634. Mascarenhas, A. C., 1975. "Agriculture, Food Production and Population
Change in Tanzania," pp. 49-62 in Social and Economic Development and Population Change in Tanzania, ed. James E. Kocher, University of Dar
es Salaam: BRALUP Research Report No. 36.
635. Mbilinyi, S..M., 1972. Agricultural Research Problems in East Africa,
University of Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 72.4.
636. ___, ed., 1973. Agricultural Research for Rural Development: How
~D----o We Use What We Know? Nairobi: East Africa Literature Bureau,
247 p.
637. Mkongwa, A.J., 1974. Tobacco Production in Ujamaa Villages in Iringa
Distrct, Special Project completed at the University of Oar es Salaam.
63 oyT. H. et- al ,e. 1976. Tntenrcroppnng in the~ Semi-Arid Areas,




57
639. Radetzki, Marian, 1971. The Swedish Grain Storage Venture in Tanzania:
A Micro-Evaluation, University of Stockholm: Institute for
International Economic Studies, Seminar Paper No. 3.
640. Raikes, P. L., 1968. A Study of Wheat Production in Tanzania, University
of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 68.35.
641. ___,.1970. Peasant Wheat Production in Four Districts of Tanzania,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.3.
642. ,.1974. Fertilizer Projections for Tanzania up to 1974 and 1980,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 74.2.
643. Redmond, P. M., 1976. "The NMGMU and Tobacco Production in Songea,"
Tanzania Notes and Records, Dec., pp. 65-98.
644. Saylor, R. Gerald, 1974. "Farm Level Cotton Yields and the Research and
Extension Services in Tanzania," East African Journal of Rural
Development, 7(1/2>, pp. 46-60.
645. ___, n d. Studies on the Cost/Benefit Analysis of the Agricultural
Research Services in Selected Cotton and Coffee Growing Areas of
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper.
646. Sperling, D. W., 1976. "Village Trial Experience of Tanzania Maize
Research Programme,".Ministry of Agriculture Research and Training
Institute, Ilonga, Mimeograph.
646. Sumra, S., 1975. Problems of Agricultural Production in Ujamaa Villages
in Handeni District, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 75.3.
647. Varl, David 0., 1973. "Sorghum Research in East Africa," East African
Community, Communications, Research and Social Services Secretariat.
648. Watson, J, S., and F. E. Tollervey, 1971. "Cotton Research on the
Mbarali Irrigation Scheme, Tanzania, 1957 to 1966," Cotton Growing
Review, No. 48, April, pp. 85-95.
649. Westergaard, Paul, 1968. Cashew Nuts: The Quality Problem, University
of Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 68.8.
650. ___, 1968. Farm Surveys of Cashew products in Mtwara Region:
~P----reliminary Results, University of Dar es Salaam:- ERB Paper No. 68.3.
651. ______ 1969. The Cashew Nut Industry in Tanzania:QOualitv of the Raw
Product, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 69.8.




58
652. Witucki, Lawrence A., 1978. "Tanzania boosts food output, cuts imports,"
Foreign Agriculture, 16, January, pp. 10-lI.
653. Yoshida, M., 1972. "Agriculture Survey of the Lower Rufiji Plain,"
University of Dar es Salaam: BRALUP Seminar Paper.




59
XXIV. LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT
654. Davis, R., 1969. Prospects for Joint Production of Livestock and
Wildlife on East African Rangeland, University of Dar es Salaam:
BRALUP Research Paper No. 4.
655. FAO, 1972. Livestock Development in Masailand, Gogoland and Sukumaland,
Rome.
656. Hatfield, C. R., 1972. "Livestock Development in Sukumaland: The
Constituents of Communication," Sociologia Ruralis, 12(3/4),
pp. 361-83.
657. Hess, Oleen, 1976. The Establishment of Cattle Ranching Associations in
Tanzania, Cornell University: Rural Development Committee,
Occasional Paper No. 7, 57 p.
658. Hofmeier, R., 1968. Land Use and Livestock Husbandry in Sukumaland,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 68.30.
659. MacArthur, J. D., 1972. Economic Aspects of the Development of Sheep
and Cattle Projects. The Kitulo Sheep Raising Project, Rome:
FAO/UNDP/SF.
660. Mackenzie, William, 1972. "Conflicts and Obstacles in Livestock
Development in Tanzania," East African Journal of Rural Development,
5, pp. 81-102. (Also, ERB Paper 73.1, 1973).
661. 1973. The Livestock Economy of Tanzania, University of Dar es
Salaam: ERB Paper 73.5, 97 p.
662. Macparlane, T. S., n.d. A Review of Livestock Research in Tanzania,
1950-1970. Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Agriculture.
663. Mbaga, E. D., 1968. Some Economic and Technical Aspects of Milk
Production on Small Holdings in Kilimanjaro and Meru Districts of
Tanzania, Kampala: Makerere Institute of Social Research Paper
No. 58.
664. Murmann, C., 1974. Change and Development in East African Cattle
Husbandry: A Study of Four Societies During the Colonial Period,
University of Copenhagen: Akademick Falag for Inst. Ethnol. & Antrop.
665. Rigby, Peter, 1969. Cattle and Kinship Among the Gogo: A Semi-Pastoral
Society of Central Tanzania, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 355 p.




60
666. Ronningen, K., et al., 1972. "Zebu Cattle in East Africa," Swedish
Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(4), pp. 209-228.
667. Schneider, H. K., 1974. "Economic Development and Economic Change: The
Case of East African Cattle," Current Anthropology, 15(3),
September, pp. 259-65.
668. Tanzania Notes and Records, 1975. "Livestock Development After
Independence," Tanzania Notes and Records, No. 76, 67-70.
669. van Rensburg, H. J., 1970. Management and Utilization of PasturesEast Africa3 Part 2, Tanzania, Rome: FAO.
670. Wangwe, S. M., 1975. The Problem of U nderutilization of Capacity in
Industry: A Case Study of the Mara DairylIndustry, University of
Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 75.4.
671. Zalla, Tom M., 1974. The Herd Cornposition and Farm Management Data on
Smallholder Milk Producers in Kilimanjaro: Some Preliminary Results,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERR Paper 74.8, 75 p.




61
XXV. MECHANIZATION AND THE ADOPTION OF INNOVATIONS
672. Apiyo, Timothy, 1964. Evaluating Farm Mechanization Problems in
Tanganyika, University of West Virginia: Ph.D. thesis.
673. Clayton,.E. S., 1972. "Mechanization and Employment in East African
Agriculture," International Labor Review, 105(4), April, pp. 309-334.
674. Kuuya, P. Massette, 1977. "Transfer of Technology: An Overview of the
Tanzanian Case," Africa Development, 2(2), April/dune, pp. 47-72.
675. Lele, Uma, 1975. "Technology and Rural Development in Africa," Technos,
4, duly/September, pp. 4-12.
676. MacPherson, George A., 1975. Steps in Village Mechanization, Dar es
Salaam, Tanzania Publishing House.
677. ___, and Dudley Jackson, 1975. "Village Technology for Rural Development:
Agricultural Innovation in Tanzania," International Labour Review III
(2), February, pp. 102-112.
678. ___, 1916. "Village Technology in Tanzania," Development Digest, XIV (1),
January, pp. 48-55.
679. Mitschke-Collande, P., 1978. "Research for Indigenous Technology in
Tanzania," University of Dar es Salaam: Faculty of Law, mimeograph.
680. Msambichaka, L. A., 1974. "Agricultural Mechanization in Ujamaa Villages:
Prospect and Problems," paper presented at an Ad-Hoc Meeting of
Regional Agricultural Offices, Mwanza, 28 September.
681. Uchendu, Victor, C., 1975. "The Role of Intermediate Technology in East
African Agricultural Development,"' East African Journal of Rural
Development 8(1 & 2), 182-190.
682. Vail, David 3., 1974. "The Intracontinental Transfer of Intermediate
Technology Designed for Tanzania's Ujamaa Villages," paper presented at the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association,
Chicago, November 1974.
683. ______, 1975. Technology for Ujamaa Village Development in Tanzania,
Syracuse University: Foreign and Comparative Studies/Eastern Africa
Series XVIII.
684. ___, n.d. Technology for Socialist Development in Rural Tanzania,
mimeograph.




62
685. Wangwe, S. M., 1978. "Transfer of Technology and the Need to Strengthen
Domestic Technological Capacity," University of Dar es Salaam:
Faculty of Law mimeograph.




63
XXVl. RURAL INDUSTRY
686. Blume, H., 1971. Or anisational Aspects of Agro-Industrial.Develo ment
MUnchen: Welt Forum far INFO-Institut f~r Wirtschaftsforschung
Afrika-Studien No. 58.
687. Coulson, Andrew C., 1975. "The Automated Bread Factory," East African
Law Review, VIII(2).
688. 1977. "Tanzania's Fertilizer Factory," Journal of Modern African
Studies, XV(l), pp. 119-125.
689. Dobskra, Z., 1968. Criteria for Public Investment in Manufacturing: Five
Tanzanian Case Studies, University of Oar es Salaam: ERB Paper
No. 68.25.
690. Guendmann, H. E., 1970. A Framework for Regional Allocation of Industry,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.17.
691. Livingstone, lan, 1970. The National Small Industries Corporation in
Tanzania: An Examination of Current Plans and Prospects, University
of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.23.
692. ___, 1970..Results of a Rural Survey:. The Ownership of Durable Goods
in Tanzania Households and Some Implications for Rural Industry,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 70.1.
693. Lthring, Joachim, 1974. Regional Entities, Growth Centres and
Decentralized Industries in African Development Planning:
Reflections on the Cases of Ghana and Tanzania. African Training and Research Centre in Administration for Development: African
Administrative Studies No. 12.
694. Nixson, F. I., 1973. Economic Integration and Industrial Location: An
East African Case Study, London: Longman, ]81 p.
695. Raikes, P. L., 1967. Some Comments on the Possible Establishment of the
Nitrogen Fertilizer Industry in Tanzania, University of Dar es
Salaam: ERB Paper No. 67.5.
696. iRweyemanu, Justinian F., 1971/72. "Planning, Socialism, and Industrialization: The Economic Challenge," Development and Change, 3(3),
pp. 62-76.
697. ___, 1973. "Rural Industrialization in the United Republic of
Tanzania: A Case Study," paper presented at the Workshop on
Development from Below, Addis Ababa, October.




64
698. Rweyemanu, Justinian F., 1973. Underdevelopment and Industrialization
in Tanzania, Nairobi: Oxford University Press.
699. Schadler, Karl, 1968. Crafts, Small Scale Industries and Industrial
Education in Tanzania, Munich: Weltforum Verlag: Africa-Studien
No. 34.




65
XXVII. MARKETING AND PRICE POLICY
700. Botros, S. T., 1973. Market Statistical Report on Tanzania Main
Agricultural Commodities, Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Agriculture.
701. Etherington, D. M., 1972. "An International Tea Trade Policy for East
Africa: An Exercise in Oligopolistic Reasoning," Food Research
Institute Studies, II(1), pp. 89-108.
702. Good, Charles M., 1971. Market Development in Traditionally Marketless
Societies: A Perspective on Fast Africa, Athens, Ohio: Center for
International Suis
703. HelIleiner, Gerald K., 1966. Agricultural Export Pricing Strategy in
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 66.6.
704. _, 1968. Agricultural Marketing in Tanzania: Policies and
~P---roblems, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 68.14.
705. Kimble, H., 1970. Price Control in Tanzania, Nairobi: East African
Publishing House, 55 p.
706, Kriesel,. C., C. K. Laurent, C. Halpern, H. E. Lazelere, 1970.
Agricultural Marketing in Tanzania. Background Research and Policy
Proposals, East Lansing: Michigan State University.
707. Lamate, W. A., 1967. The Role of Marketing Boards in Tanzania, University
of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 67.1.
708. Livingstone, Ian, 1973. "Production, Prices and Marketing Policy for
Staple Foodstuffs in Tanzania," in Acricultural Policy Issues in
East Africa, ed. V. F. Aman, Kampala: Makerere University. (Also,
ERB Paper 71.6, 1971.)
709. Mabior, J. G., 1970. Cooperative Marketing of Non-Traditional Cooperative
Commodities in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper
70.25.
710. "Marketing in Tanzania," Overseas Business Reports, No.s OBR-77-09,
March 1977, pp. 1-17.
711. Mascarenhas, A. C.,.and S. M. Mbilinyi, 1969. Rationalizing the Orange
Trade, University of Dar es Salaam" ERS Paper No. 69.15.
712. ___, 1971. "The Orange Trade of Dar es Salaam: A Case Study of Risk
Taking Among Peasant Food Producers," East African Journal of Rural
Development, 4(1), pp. 1-21.




66
713. Mbilinyi, S. M., and A. C. Mascarenhas, 1968. Research on Subsidiary
Staple Food Marketing in Dar es Slam, University of Dar es
Salaam: ERR Paper No. 68.16.
714. ______, 1969. The Sources and Marketing of Cooking Bananas in
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 69.14.
715. ____,1973. Bananas and the Dar es Salaam Market, "Eastern Africa
Journal of Rural Development, 6(1/2), pp. 55-77.
716. Odegaard, K., 1974. A Study of Agricultural Prices, Their Interrelationships and Impact on Marketing in Tanzania, Dar es Salaam:
Office of the Prime Minister and Second Vice-President, Rural
Development Division.
717. Newhouse, P., 1972. A Review of the Production and Marketing Arrangements for Maize, Paddy and Wheat with Particular Reference to the
Milling Sector, Vol. I andllI, Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Agriculture, Market Development Bureau.
718. ,___ 1972. An Appraisal of Marketing Costs for Crops Handled by
NAPB For Use in Government's 1973/74 Price Review, Dar es Salaam,
Ministry of Agriculture, Market Development Bureau.
719. Nyankori, James Cyprian Okuk, 1978. Forecasting with a Market Oriented
Model: The Spatial and Temporal Price and Allocation Models of
the East African Grain Economy, University of Illinois: Ph.D.
dissertation.
720. Raikes, P. L., 1968. Prospects for Exporting Agricultural Products to
Zambia, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 68.12.
121. Saul, JOhnsS. 1971. "Marketing Cooperatives in Tanzania," in Two
Blades of Grass, ed. P. Worsley, Manchester University Park.
722. ,__ 1973. "Marketing Co-operatives in a Developing Country: The
Tanzanian Case," pp. 141-152 in Socialism in Tanzania, Vol. 2: Policies, ed. L. Cliffe and John Saul, Nairobi: East African
House.
723. Tanzania, Market Development Bureau, 1973. Markets for Tanzania's
Crops, Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Agriculture.
724. ___, 1973. State and Problems of Marketing and Pricing in the Cattle
and Beef Sector of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam: Ministry of Agriculture.




67
725. Tanzania, Market Development Bureau, 1974. Profiles of Tanzania's
Major Agricultural Commodities, Dar es Salaam: Ministry of
Agriculture.
726. Temu, P. E., 1971. Marketing Board Pricing and Black Market: A
Theoretical Analysis, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB.
727. Weber, A., and F. T. Hartmann, 1978. "A Comparative Study of Economic
Integration with Special Reference to Agricultural Policy in the
East African Community," in Decision Making in Africa, ed. T. Dams
and K. Hunt, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
728. Westergaard, Paul, 1968. The Marketing Margin: An Analysis of Cashew
Nut Marketing Costs in Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB
Paper No. 68.13.
729. __ 1969. The Cashew Nut Industry in Tanzania: Marketing Costs,
University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 69.28.
730. 1969. Primary Societies' Marketing Cost Case Study of Some
General Remarks, Mostly on Efficiency, University of Dar es Salaam:
ERB Paper No. 69.6.
731. Yoshida, Masao, 1973. "Agricultural Marketing Reorganization in Postwar
East Africa," Developing Economies, 11, September, pp. 244-271.




68
XXVlII. EXTENSION AND DIFFUSION OF INNOVATIONS
732. Anderson, Eugene Laurence, 1973. An Experimental Evaluation of
Programmed Agricultural Instruction in a Private Tanzanian Secondary
, School, University of Wisconsin, Ph.D. thesis.
733. Cliffe, L., G. Helleiner, S. Mbilinyi, and R. Woods, 1968. An, Interim
Report on the Evaluation of Agricultural Extension, Dar es Salaam:
Rural Development Paper No. 5.
734. Collinson, M. P., 1968. "The Evaluation of Innovations for Peasant
Farming," Eastern African Journal of Rural Development, 1(2) July,
pp. 50-60.
735. ___, 1974. "Transferring Technology to Developing Economies: The
Example of Applying Farm Management Economies in Traditional
African Agriculture," World Development, 2(2), February, pp. 93-7.
736. de Vries, James, 1976. Has Extension Failed? A Case Study of
Maize-Growing Practices in Iringa. Tanzania, University of Dar es
Salaam: Rural Economy Research Paper No. 1.
737. ___, 1977. Uliamaa Villagesanid Problems of Institutional Change. With
Emphasis on-Agricultural Extension and Development, University of
Dar es Salaam: Rural Economy Research Paper No. 3.
738 ____ 978. "Agricultural Extension and Development-- Ujamaa Villages
andlthe Problems of. Institutional Change," Community Development
Journal, 13(1), pp.11~-18.1
739. ,_ 1978. Selected Bibliography on Agricultural Extension in
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam,: Depatmeint or RUralFEconomy
Technical Paper No. 3.
740. Ellman, Anthony C., 1970. "The Introduction of Agricultural Innovations
Through Co-operative Farming: A Brief Outline of Tanzania's
Policies," East African Journal of Rural Development, 3(I), pp. 1-15.
741. Francke, A.,, 1974... Kibaha Farmers' Training Centre Impact Study,
1965-1968, Coast Reqgion, Tanzania, Uppsala: Scandina.vIin Institute
of African Studies Research Report No. 25.




69
742. Hansel, 3., 3. de Vries, and P. C. Ndedya, eds., 1975. Agricultural
Extension in Ujamaa Village Development, Dar es Salaam: Ministry
of Agriculture. (Available from Department of Rural Economy,
University of Dar es Salaam, Morogoro, Tanzania.)
743. Hulls, Robert H., 1971. An Assessment of Agricultural Extension in
Sukmaland, Western Tanzania, University of Oar es Salaam: ERB
Paper 71.13, 65 p.
744. Lawrence, P. R., 1969. The Adoption of Innovations and Research
Recommendations in the Sisal Industry of Tanzania, nvriyo
Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper No. 69.22.
745. Mabele, R. B., 1975. "Extension Program Development and Agricultural
Production Planning," pp. 107-133 in Agricultural Extension in
U jamaa Village Development, ed. H. Hansel, J. de Vries, and
P. C. Ndedya, Oar es Salaam: Ministry of Agriculture.
746. McGranahan, David, 1972. The Relationship Between Innovativeness and
Productivity in Sukumaland, Tanzania,, University of Wisconsin:
SMasters thesis.
747. Petrini, F., 1973. "An Evaluation of Some Farmers' Training Centres
in Tanzania," Swedish Journal of Agricultural Research, 3(4),
pp. 175-85.
748. Raikes, Philip. L., 1972>."Dependency, Differentiation and Diffusion
of Information: A Critique of Extension Theory and Practice,"
paper presented to the Eighth Annual Conference of East African
Universities Social Science Council, December.
749. Saylor, R. G., 1968. An Economic Evaluation of Farmer Education in
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 68.31.
750. ___, 1969. The.Administration of Innovations, University College,
Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 69.18.
751. _____, 1970. A Social Cost/Benefit Analysis of the Agricultural
Extension and Research Services in Selected Cotton Growing Areas of
Western Tanzania, University of Oar es Salaam: ERB Service Paper
'70.2.
752. ___, 1970. Variations in Sukumaland Cotton Yields and the Extension
~S--ervice, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper 70.5.
753. ___, nd. An Economic Evaluation of Agricultural Extension in
Tanzania, University of Dar es Salaam: ERB Paper.




70
754. Silberfein, Marilyn, 1973. "Agricultural Extension Policy and its Local
Interpretation in Musoma District, Tanzania," Rural Africana (East
Lansing, Michigan), No. 19, pp. 41-55.
755. Tanzania, 1972. Training for Agricultural Production, Dar es Salaam:
Ministry of Agriculture.
756. Tanzania, Office of the Prime Minister and Second Vice-President, n.d.
"The Village Management Technicians," mimeograph.
757. von Freyhold, M., 1972. "Problems of Extension Evaluation," pp. 242-262
in Aqricultural EtninnUjamaa Village Development, ed.
H. Hansel, 3. DeVries, and P. C. Ndedya, Dar es Salaam: Ministry of
Agriculture.
758. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa/Food and Agriculture
Organization Joint Agriculture Division, 1971. A Comparative
Analysis of Agricultural Extension Systems of Fight East African
Countries, With Suggested Guidelines for Improvement, Addis Ababa:
ECA/FAO Joint Agriculture Division E/CN.14/AGRIP/10O
759.University of Dar es Salaam, Department of Arclua dcto n
Extension, 1977. "Constraints to the Establishment of Small Scale
Village Projects: A Research Proposal," University of Dar es
Salaam: Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Veterinary Science.
760. Watts, E. R., 1971. "Extension (Agriculture) Research in East Africa:
A Summary of Conclusions,' Rural Africana, 16, Fall, pp. 41-47.
761. ,__ 1973. "Reaching East Africa's Farmers: A Survey of Recent
Efforts to Increase the Effectiveness of Agricultural Extension
in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania," Journal of Administration
Overseas, 12C2), April, pp. 112-124.




71
XXIX. LIST OF AUTHORS CITED AND CITATION NUMBERS
Ake, C., 34 Bowles, B.D.,518
Akpan, M.B., 35 Bradley, D.,58
Alawy, S.Z., 389 Brain, dames L., 141, 325, 326, 513,
Aldington, T.J. 626 514
Altschul, Dieter Robert, 313 Branfman, F., 448
Aman, V.F. 229, 243, 708 Brooke, Clark, 421, 422
Amey, Alan, 261 Bunting, J.R. 449
Amman, W., 230 Burgess, Ann P. 423
Anderson, 8., 89 Burgess, H.J.L., 392, 423
Anderson, Eugene L., 132 Burke, Fred G., 600
Anderson, Lacelles F., 497, 498 Butler, Jeffrey, 46
Angwazi, 3., 314
Anthony, P.M., 601
Apiyo, Timothy, 672
Arrighi, G., 82, 209 Garvaiho, V.N1., 38
Attems, Manfred, 559, 560 Caselli, Clara, 604
Auger, G.A., 446 Castagno, A.S., 46
Awiti, A., 315, 316, 317, 522 Cedillo, V.G. 327
' Chagula, W.K., 393
Chambers,FR., 176, 265
Chant, Jd., 564, 605
Baguma, R. 262, 263 Chenery, H., 524
Baker, SJ.. K4"90 Chu, 3., 296
Bakula, B., 14Claeson, C.F.,I104, 105 Bakuma, R., 262, 263 Clark, W.E., 39, 177
Balken, 0. 318 Clayton, E.S., 673
Baregn, M.L.M., 447 Cliffe, Lionel, 2, 40, 41, 42, 62, 66,
Barker, Jonathan, 264, 319 142, 172, 173, 178, 198, 204,
Barnett, T., 146 213, 235, 266, 267, 268, 299,
Barnum, H.N., 102, 103 307, 315, 328, 329, 333, 337,
Basehart, [.W., 561 344, 349, 365, 376, 448, 450,
Bary, En 514 ColhinsR., 151 23 6556
Berry, L., 14, 92, 321, 343 567, 734, 735
Bienefeld, M.A., 174, 499, 532 Connell, John, 270, 330
Binhammer, H.H., 602, 603 Conyers, D., 15, 43
Blue, Richard N., 36 Cooperative Union of Tanganyika,
Blume, H., 686 613
Boeree, Robert M., 563 Coulson, Andrew C., 44, 45, 143,
Boesen, Jannik, 175, 231, 232, 322, 181, 234, 271, 627, 628, 687,
323 32 68




72
Cremer, H.D., 42.4, 425, 438, 441, Faber, M., 218
442, 560 FAO, 655
Cunningham, G.., 272, 273, 329, Federal Agricultural Association,
331 655
Cunningham, L., 235 Feierman, Steven, 3
Feldman, David, 277, 571, 572 Ferster, G., 534
Fimbo, G.M., 224
Damachi, U.G., 78, 332 Finucane, J.R., 147, 278
Dams, T., 727 Fortmann, L.P., 335
Darrah, L.L., 629 Francke, A., 741
Datoo, B.A., 568 Friedland, Roger 0., 523
Davis, R., 654 Friedland, W.H., 366
de Jonge K., 106 Fuggles-Couchman, R.Nt, 237
de la Rue, A., 333
de Horsier, F., 145
Denmark, Institute for Development Research, 231, 274 Gandy, Oscar H., Jr., 458
Desai, P.M., 334 Gappert, Gary M., 501
de Vries, James, 335, 482, 736, Gershenberg, I, 220
737, 738, 739, 742, 746, Giaham, James Douglass, 502
757 Gillette, Arthur, 459
Dobskra, Z., 689 Gish, Oscar, 395
Dodds, T.,.463 Gitelson, S.A., 279
Dolan, Louis Frances, 455 Glickman, Harvey, 46
Dorner, P., 570 Good, Charles, 702
Dovinbos, M.R., 266 Gordon, J.U., 338
Dowker, D.M., 630 Goshi, T., 535, 542
Dryden, S, 275 Gottleb,"Manu~l, 47, 148, 396,
Due, Jean M., 606, 607 397, 398, 399, 400
Dumont, Rene, 236 Graham, J.D. 4
Green, Reginald H., 48, 49, 50, 182, 524, 525
Guendmann, W.E., 690
East African Community, 93 Gulliver, P.H., 221
East Africa Journal, 276 Gwyer, G.D., 632
Edvardsen, K.I., 533
Egero, Bertil, 105, 107, 108,
109
Eisenloeffel, A., 631 Hafkin, Nancy J. 514
Election Study Committee, 144 Hall, B.L., 280,'401, 460, 461,
Elliot, C., 145 462, 463
Eliman, Anthony, 336, 337, 569, Hall, Malcom, 573
570, 740 Halpern, C., 706
Ensminger, Douglas, 37 Hameer, S, 542
Ergas, Zecki, 456. 457 Hansel, ,t 48?, 746, 757




73
Hatfield, C.R., 656 Jinader, Adele L., 56
Hathout, S., 94 Jones, D.B., 185
Healey, J.G., 515 Junod, V., 288
Hegdal, 8., 533
Heijen, J.D., 464, 465, 574
Helleiner, Gerald K., 51, 233,
238, 239, 240, 575, 703, Kahama, Kabakama, 342
704, 733 Kapinga, Christian, M.G., 468
Hellmuth, W.H., 183 Karioki, James N., 57
Henin, R.A., 108, 109, 1I0, 119 Karp, M., 221
Henricson, L., 443 Kates, R.W., 321, 343
Hess, Oleen, 339, 657 Kazimoto, A.A., 344
Heussler, Robert, 5 Keller, W., 438
Hewlett, R.., 576 Keupper, William George, 95
Hill, John Richard, 503 Kilama, W.L., 403
Hinkle, Rodney James, 466 Killick, Tony, 19
Hirst, M.A., III Kimambo, I.N., 8
Hofmeier, R., 536, 537, 658 Kimble, H., 705
Holmqjuist, Frank, 149, 281 Kirpatrick, C.H., 538
Hormats, Robert David, 150 Kni:ght, C. Gregory, 155, 186
Huang, Y., 526 Kocher, JameslE., 112, 1114,
Huizer, Gerrit, 340 115. 116. 11. 18 19'11
Hulls, Robert, 743 389, 480, 634
Hundsdorfer, V., 16, 239,.2 40 Korkfors, Christer, 345
Hunt, K., 727 .Kraut, H., 424, 425, 438, 441, 442, 560
Hunter, G., 504 Kreysler, 3. 404, 425, 426, 427
Hutton, 0C., 151 Kriesel, H.C., 706
Hyden, Goran, 52, 53, 54, 152, Krokfors, Christer, 345
282, 341, 467, 608, 614, 615, Kuiischner, F., 346
616 Kukliniski, A., 191
K~iper, W., 16
Kurtz, Laura S., 469
Kuuya, P. Massette, 674
Iliffe, John, 6, 241 "
Ingle, Clyde R., 153, 154, 283,
284, 285
International Bank for Recon- Lamate, W.A., 707
struction and Development, Landberg, L.C.W., 156
7, 286 .Landell-Mills, P.M., 347 Inukai, Ichiro, 242 Lang, G.0. 617
Ishasi, G.A.J., 287 Langdon, E. Jean, 348
Larsen, Arne, 527
Latham, M.C., 428, 437
Laurent, O.K., 706
Jackson, Dudley, 677 Lawrence, P.R., 187, 188, 205, 376,
Jacob,. Abel.1222 ^^ ^ 77, 578,_5790744




74
Lewin, Roger, 349 McGranahan, David, 745
Leys, Collin, 277 McHenry, Dean E., Jr., 58, 158,
Lindner, Irmgard, 405 246, 353, 354, 589
Livingstone, Ian, 210, 243, 691, McKay, 0.., 191, 343, 542
692, 708 McKinsey and Co., 247, 355
Lofchie, Michael, 290 McLoughlin, Peter F.M., 20
Loxley, 0., 189, 190, 376, 505 Mendel, G., 318
Iiuhring, Joachim, 693 Mendel, P., 318
Lukwaso, Emanuel, A., 291 Messing, S.D., 407
Lumley, E., 9Meyns, P., 198 Lundquist, 3., 191 Mhombolage, R., 431
Luning, H.A., 131, 539 Michael, Lizette, 475
Luttrell, William L., 192, 267, Migot-Adholla, S., 376
292, 350, 376 Miller, Norman Nees, 159
Lwegarulila, F.K., 540, 541 Millonyi, Joel Carl, 476
Mitschke-Collande, D., 679
Mkoka, G., 248
Mkokoi, R.P.A.S., 327
Mabele, R.B., 611, 745 Mkongwa, A.J., 637
Mabior, JoC., 709 Mlambiti, M.E., 295
Mac Arthur, J.D., 659 Mndeme, M., 427
MacKenzie, William, 660, 661 Moderne, Franck, 356, 357
Macparlane, T.S., 662 Mohele, A.T., 610
MacPherson, George A., 676, 677, Mohidden, A., 358
678 Monyo, T.H., 638
Mahole, A. 609 Moody, A.A., 324, 590
Makene, W.J., 403 Moore, J.E., 122, 267, 292
Malecela, 3., 193, 194 Moris, 3., 249, 359, 477
Maletnlema, T.N., 406, 423, 429, Morrison, David R., 478
430, 431 Moss, R., 130
Malima, Kighoma, 195, 244, 580, Mramba, B.P., 59, 506
581, 582 Msambichaka, Lucian A., 250, 611,
Mapolo, Henry, 351 680
Mapunda, 0.8., 470 Mugoya, M. 360
Marealle, A.L.D., 406 Mujwahuzi, MI., 546
"Marketing in Tanzania," 710 Muller, Jurgen, 598
Markie, 3., 352, 576 Murmann, C., 664
Maro, Paul S., 120, 121 Mushi, Samuel, 60, 296
Mascarenhas, A.G., 96, 97, 293, Muslkira, Mufango, A.G,, 591
414, 432, 433, 583, 584, 634, Musoke, I.K. 361
711, 712, 713, 714, 715 Mutaha, A.Z., 618
Matango, R., 245 Mutahaba, Gelase, 199
Mayer, W.P., 196 Mwakalsi, A.L., 479, 480
Mazrui, A.A., 157 Mwansasu, B.U., 59, 180, 185, 194,
Mbaga, E.D., 663 207, 308
MbilSiny.., Mrorl 294, 471, 472'Mapaha Jum4a Ve,6




75
Ndaba, F.M., 297 Penny, L.H., 629
Ndawala-Kajumba, S., 592 Peoplau, W., 438
Ndedya, P.C., 482, 742, 745, Petrini, F., 747
757 Phillips, A.O., 7528
Ndonde, E.G., 482 Pikosny, D.,27
Ndorobo, Bende, 434 Piorio, F., 529
Ndulu, B., 314 Pipping, Knut, 225
Neers, P., 21, 22 Pitblado, J.R., 226
Nellis, John R., 61, 293 Planning for Nutritional Self
Neve, Herbert T.:, 483 Sufficiency for Ujamaa, 437
Newall, K.W., 393 Plattover, S., 167
Newhouse, P., 717, 718 Poggie, J.J., 156
Newman, James L., 160, 171, 435 Porter, Philip W., 125
Ngalula, Theresia K.F.., 519 Pothoim, C.P., 126
Ngeze, P.B., 364 Pratt, Granford, 11, 75, 204
Ngombale-Mwiru, K., 62, 365 Proctor, Jesse Harris, 76, 140, 368
Ngotyana, B., 299
Ngowi, G.E., 431
Nhonoli, A.M., 403
Nieuwolt, S., 123 Radetzki, Marian, 639
Nixson, F.I. 694 Raikes, A., 420
Nnoli, 0., 200 Raikes, Philip, 162, 175, 187, 188,
Noble, Charles, 619 205, 369, 370, 371, 372, 593,
Nowrojee, P., 620 640, 641, 642, 695, 720, 748
Nsekela, A.J., 201 Rald, 0., 98, 304
Nyankori, James, 719 Rald, K., 304
Nyerere, Julius K,, 63, 64, 65, Rapp, A., 99
66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, Redmond, P.M., 643
251, 300, 366, 367, 484 Reid, Marlene B., 408
Nyiti, Raphael Majala, 485 Resnick, Idrian,'77, 488, 489, 508
Rigby, Peter, 163, 164, 477, 665 Robson, J.R.K., 439
Rodney, Walter, 373
Rogers, S.G., 12
O'Barr, Jean, 73, 301 Ronningen, K., 666
O'Barr, William, 74, 161 Rosberg, C.J., 366
O'Connor, E., 486 Roth, Warren 0. 621
Odegaard, K., 716 Routh, 0., 78
Odia, S., 487 Rubambey, Grace Chimile, 206
Oguto, M.A., 10 Ruhumbika, G., 374, 403
Okulo, Henry, 507 Ruthenberg, Hans, 253, 254, 559, 594
Omari, O.K., 252, 302, 303 ReaiDlpnG.,179, 80
Omine, lmen H, 10, 14, 35,136 Rweyemanu, A.H., 180, 185, 194, 207, 308 Owusu, N., 384 Rweyemanu, Justinian F., 178, 208, 410,
Oxall, I., 146, 151 .696, 697, 698




76
Samos, Joel, 73 Takeda, J., 599
Sandberg, Audun, 23, 375 Tanden, Y., 505
Saul, John S., 40, 41, 62, 82, 83, Tanzania, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
172, 198, 204, 209, 213, 235, 132, 212, 213, 214, 379, 411, 755, 756
268, 299, 307, 328, 329, 333, Tanzania, Market Development Bureau,
344, 349, 365, 376, 448, 450, 723, 724, 725
491, 494, 504, 511, 721, 722 Tanzania Notes and Records, 543, 668
Saylor, R.G., 188, 205, 210, 644, Tarimo, Eleuther, 393, 412
645, 749, 750, 751, 752, 753 Teisen, Merete, 85
Schadler, Karl, 699 Temu, A.J., 8
Scheffler, W., 594 Temu, Peter, 380, 726
Schlage, C., 425, 438, 440, 441, Ten Raa, Eric, 444
442 Thomas, C.J., 138
Schneider, H.K., 667 Thomas, Garry L., 133, 171, 260, 309,
Schulpen, T.W.J., 409 381, 600
Schulze-Westen, I., 426 Thomas, lan D., 100, 101, 134, 135,
Schwartz, Joseph Herman, 492 136, 137, 138, 215, 216, 413, 414
Schwencke, F.P., 512 Tollervey, F.E., 648
Sears, D., 218 Tooler, Peter, D., 13
Segall, E.S., 129 Toroka, S., 494
Segall, M., 410 Traore, Aly, 310
Seidlity, Peter, 255 Tschannerl, G., 86, 544, 545, 546
Seidman, A., 305 Turner, H., 530
Sender, J., 306 Turshen, M., 415
Seushi, I., 376
Shapiro, Kenneth H., 167, 595, 596;
597, 598
Shellabarger, Samuel, 168 Uchendu, Victor C., 601, 681
Shivji, Issa G., 169, 170 United Nations Economic Commission....,
Silberfein, Marilyn, 256, 377 758
754 United Republic of Tanzania, 139
Smith, H.E., 130, 257 University of Dar es Salaam, 87, 217,
Spence, William Randall, 416, 547, 548, 733, 759
211 Urfer, S., 382
Sperling, D.W., 646
Stare, F.J., 428
Sterkenberg, J.J., 131, 539
Stoces, Ferdenand, 258 Vahrman, Mark, 31
Storgaard, B., 324, 520 Vail, David J., 682, 683, 684
Sumra, S.A., 259, 646 van Arkadie, B., 218
Svendsen, Knud Erik, 84, 85, 307, van de Laar, A.J.M., 495, 511
308 van Etten, G.M., 417, 418, 419, 420
Swantz, M., 443 Van Ginneken, W., 531
Swatman, J.E.D., 493 van Hekken, N., 88, 228
Swedish International Development van Rensburg, H.J., 669
Authority, 521 van Velzen, H.U.E. Thoden, 172, 228
Sweet, Louise, 378 Varl, David, J., 647




77
Vincent, 3.,4383, 384 Vis, H.L..,45 vonFreyhold, Michaela, 385, 386,
387, 757
Wamunza, A., 512 Wangwe, S.M., 670, 685 Warner, Dennis, 188, 205, 549,
550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555,
556
Wasawo, David, 32 Watson, J.S., 648 Watts, E.R., 311., 760, 761 Weaver, James H. 36 Weaver, P.L., 156 Weber, A., 727 Wells, J., 557 Westergaard, Paul, 33, 622, 623,
624, 649, 650, 651, 728, 729,
730
Westley, Sidney B., 437 White, A., 558 White, G. 558 Widstrand, Carl E., 625 Witucki, Lawrence A., 652 Wober, M., 496 Woods, R., 173, 733 Worsley, P., 721
Yeager, R., 312, 600 Yeaman, D.R., 512 Yoshida, Masao, 653, 731
Zalla, M., 443 Zalla, Tom M., 671 Zegge, Barnabas, K., 388




MSU RURAL DEVELOPMENT PAPERS
RDP No. 1 Akhter Hameed Khan, "Ten Decades of Rural Development:
Lessons from India," 1978.
RDP No. 2 Lane E. Holdcroft, "The Rise and Fall of Community
Development in Developing Countries, 1950-65: A Critical
Analysis and an Annotated Bibliography," 1978.
RDP No. 3 James E. Kocher and Beverly Fleischer, "A Bibliography on
Rural Development in Tanzania," 1979.
Single copies of MSU Rural Development Papers may be obtained free by writing to: MSU Rural Development Papers, Department of Agricultural Economics, 206 International Center, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, U.S.A.