DESFIL defines a new role and research...
 DESFIL's first five years: The...
 DESFIL project briefs

Group Title: DESFIL newsletter
Title: The DESFIL newsletter
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086655/00001
 Material Information
Title: The DESFIL newsletter
Series Title: DESFIL newsletter
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Development Strategies for Fragile Lands (Project)
United States -- Agency for International Development
Publisher: Development Strategies for Fragile Lands Project.
Place of Publication: Washington, D.C.
Publication Date: Spring 1992
Frequency: quarterly
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Statement of Responsibility: a publication of the Development Strategies for Fragile Lands Project.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Summer 1987)-
General Note: "Funded by the United States Agency for International Development."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086655
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 18806289

Table of Contents
    DESFIL defines a new role and research agenda
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
    DESFIL's first five years: The findings
        Page 6
    DESFIL project briefs
        Page 7
        Page 8
Full Text

L iOevelopment Strategies for Fragile Lands

DESFIL Defines New Role

and Research Agenda

DESFIL's Vision: As a result of DESFIL research and technical assistance,
the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID), other development
agencies, host government agencies, and nongovernmental organizations
will better understand the attitudes and behaviors of resource users and
other factors that affect their management of fragile land resources. Based
on this understanding, DESFIL will help develop and implement practical
strategies for fragile lands management that are likely to lead to sustainable,
productive use of natural resources.

5 The DESFIL Team
Introduction of team for
second five-year phase

6 DESFIL's First Five
Years: The Findings
Recommendations in nine
areas that affect
fragile lands

7 DESFIL Project Briefs
Initial project activities

DESFIL enters its second
five-year phase, the project is defining
a specific role for itself in the realm of
natural research projects sponsored by
AID and other donors.

The project's first phase (1987-91),
which concentrated on fragile land
problems in Latin America and the Ca-
ribbean, demonstrated the importance
of local participation in designing and
implementing programs to improve
resource management. (See article,
page 6.) The second phase (1991-96)
aims to consolidate those lessons,
sharpen the research focus, and apply
them to the problems of fragile lands
management worldwide.

By design, DESFIL is comprehensive,
dealing with various land types and
ecozones (steep slopes, humid tropical
lowlands, arid and semiarid lands),
natural resource management systems
(agriculture, livestock, forestry, and
combinations thereof), and the means
to influence the ways that people man-
age resources (policy, technology, and

Recognizing that many AID projects
address natural resource management
issues in one form or another, DESFIL
is seeking to carve out a niche that
maximizes its utility to AID and the
broader development community.
Given its comprehensive mandate, the
DESFIL team has determined that its
most logical role is as follows:

SSynthesize research findings and les-
sons learned from other AID projects
and the broader development com-
munity. In this area, DESFIL will
collaborate with other projects and
organizations by sponsoring net-
works, working groups, workshops,
and conferences.
continued on page 2

Indigenous Peoples and Their Homelands:
Links with Fragile Lands Conservation

W hat are the links between indi-
genous peoples and fragile land con-
servation? How can tenure security
preserve and strengthen these links?

As input into strategic planning for
DESFIL's focus on indigenous
peoples, Cultural Survival, Inc., a
U.S.-based private voluntary organi-
zation, addresses those questions in a
January 1992 report.

In much of the developing world, the
most fragile or threatened environments
are also the homelands of indigenous
groups, the report notes.

This alone would be just cause to link
fragile land conservation with the
people who have traditionally occu-
pied these lands, according to Ted
Macdonald, author of the Cultural Sur-
vival report.

continued on page 3


DESFIL Defines New Role... from page 1

* Conduct core-supported research to
determine how policy, technology,
and local incentives influence the
choices resource users make regard-
ing fragile lands management. This
will require selecting a limited num-
ber of clearly defined research topics,
developing hypotheses and critical re-
search questions to be addressed dur-
ing the course of DESFIL, and articu-
lating core and buy-in supported ac-
tivities that will enable the project to
test the hypotheses and answer the

* Integrate research results into USAID
field projects and programs by
providing assistance in conceptu-
alization, design, implementation, and
evaluation in selected missions. This
also provides an opportunity for
further learning as new approaches
are incorporated into projects and ob-
served. DESFIL will focus on coun-
tries in Latin America, Africa, Asia,
and the Near East through long-term
collaborative relationships with
USAID missions.

Research: A Three-part Focus
DESFIL has selected three priorities
for its research agenda in fragile lands
management. The first is indigenous
peoples who have traditionally inhab-
ited and managed fragile lands or who
have been obliged to move onto these
lands to survive. By undertaking natu-
ral resource management needs assess-
ments for indigenous communities in
several countries, DESFIL intends to
help develop more appropriate ap-
proaches to working with indigenous
peoples. Two major questions emerge:
How do national policies and local and
national institutions affect indigenous
people and their ability to sustainably
manage their resources? And how can
indigenous technical knowledge be cap-
tured and applied to solving problems
related to current natural resource man-
agement strategies?
continued on page 5

How to Access DESFIL Services

To access DESFIL's core funding, a formal request with an attached
scope of work should be cabled to R&D/EID/RAD Project Officer Gloria
Steele or Technical Advisor Peter Frumhoff for approval. Potential uses
For the core resources include initial reconnaissance visits, development
of long-term relationship agreements, and specialized assistance from
the staff of DESFIL and participating organizations. To access the
DESFIL buy-in requirements contract, missions should send a PIO/T
t containing a scope of work and illustrative budget to the project officer
for review and approval. If the activity falls within DESFIL's scope.
R&D'EID/RAD forwards the PIOT to the contracting officer with a
request to negotiate a delivery order and amend the requirements
contract. DESFIL then undertakes the assignment. Funding schemes that
combine core and bu -in funds are also possible.

AID Contact
Peter Frumhoff. PhD. DESFIL Technical Advisor
AID/R&D/EIDRAD Room 622D. 5A-18 Washington, DC 20523-1814
Tel: (703) 875-4532 Fa\- (703) 875-4949

The DESFIL Newsletter is published quarterly by the Development
Strategies for Fragile Lands (DESFILJ Project. Funded by the U.S.
Agency for International Development (AID) through a contract between
AID's Office of Research and Development (RAD) and Chenonics
International. DESFIL provides analysis and technical assistance to AID
missions and bureaus. host-country agencies, and private voluntary
organizations. Its goal is to help countries and regions develop strategies
to improve the management of fragile lands. Chemonirs collaborates
with Abt Associates Inc., Datex Inc.. and Rodale Institute in implement-
ing the DESFIL project.

In the inter-.ts of communicating with individuals and institutions
dedicated to improving fragile lands management, the DESFIL Newslet-
ter welcomes- inquiries, comments, and criticisms, and addrpessi to add
to the mailing list.

The DESFIL Newsletter
2000 M Street, N WV., Suite 200
Washington. DC 20036
Tel. (202) -16b-53-0
Fax: (202) 331-8202

Editor: Paula Hirsc.hoff
Designer: I. Omar Serritella
Distribuion: Ann Hamilton

The vie'j.o i nntained in this issue: are solely those of the authors and
should not be ultributud to AID or the contracting institutions. The
orntents may be reproduced if the DESFIL Netsletter is acknow pledged
as the source.

Indigenous Peoples... from page 1

The homeland connection, however, is
entwined with economic, environmen-
tal, and political concerns. First, most
indigenous peoples, especially Latin
American Indians, are worse off eco-
nomically than other groups in society.
For generations they have devoted their
lives to managing the land and its re-
sources, which comprise their capital
base for the present and the future.

Second, concern for tropical rainforests
has aroused worldwide interest in in-
digenous technology and knowledge
systems. A consensus has emerged that
Indian management of natural resources
is sustainable as long as population and
market pressures remain low. The au-
thor stresses that modern land manage-
ment techniques must also be shared
with indigenous peoples who can adapt
them to traditional systems.

Third, Indians are creating a strong so-
cial and political infrastructure to gain
greater autonomy in managing their land
and resources. In response to threats to
their land rights from government poli-
cies, colonization, and an expanding
market economy, Indians in every Latin
American country organized regional
and national groups or ethnic federa-

tions in the 1970s and 1980s. These
have become a powerful vehicle for
broad, long-range social and economic
change in Latin America.


management of

natural resources

is sustainable as

long as population


market pressures

remain low.

Many of these groups operate their
own programs of natural resource
management and exchange ideas and
methods through an international net-
work of indigenous groups. As they
gain power, they are demanding rec-
ognition of land rights and participa-
tion in resource management issues

previously dominated by government
agencies. They are calling for partici-
pation in all phases of the work: defin-
ing the project, planning, assessing train-
ing needs, managing funds, and evalu-
ating progress and results.

Land Rights: Key Priority
Indigenous groups that have increased
control over their resources have se-
cured land tenure rights as a first step.
Examples are the Central Selva Project
in Peru and Project Pumaren in Ecua-
dor. Other projects have a strong land
titling component through which land
tenure can eventually be secured. At the
very least, a process to define land
rights and resolve tenure disputes must
be put in motion before outsiders un-
dertake efforts to implement resource
management programs.

Several UN agencies are active in pro-
moting land rights. In fact, so many are
doing so that the need for col-laboration
is critical. A working paper prepared
for a UN inter-agency consultation on
indigenous and tribal peoples in Geneva
in December 1991 strongly recom-
mends that agencies coordinate land
tenure guidelines and approaches.
continued on page 4

As indigenous groups gain power, they are demanding land rights.

Indigenous Peoples... from page 3

Roger Plant, a consultant to the UN
International Labour Organization
(ILO) and author of the paper, Land
Rights for Indigenous and Tribal
Peoples in Developing Countries, urges
that existing guidelines and approaches
be sumarized, partly in preparation for
the 1993 UN International Year for the
World's Indigenous Peoples.

UN documents that contain guidelines
on land tenure include the Draft Decla-
ration on Indigenous Rights and the
Food and Agriculture Organization's
1979 Peasants' Charter. Additional prin-
ciples and guidelines may emerge from
the UN Conference on Environment
and Development (UNCED) in June.

Research Needs
Plant also stresses that gaps in the body
of research on indigenous land rights
impede progress toward implementing
programs. For example, India and the
countries of Southeast Asia (with the
exception of the Philippines) have no
substantive literature on the legal as-
pects of these issues, a gap which must

be filled before programs on tribal
land rights can be initiated in those
countries. A second research need is
to identify subsistence-based technol-
ogy to facilitate sustainable resource
management. Again, Plant advises col-
laboration in the form of an informa-
tion exchange on appropriate tech-

The need for collaboration is acute
partly because programs and projects
addressing indigenous land rights are
likely to proliferate as concern for
fragile lands mounts. Considerable
interdisciplinary expertise will be
required, especially in the Amazon,
where projects cover large geographic
areas and diverse activities.

Plant notes it is tempting to focus on
Latin American countries where the
concept of special rights for indig-
enous peoples is becoming more
widely recognized in national laws
and policies. In the last two decades,
forexample, constitutional provisions
in Brazil, Colombia, Paraguay, and

Peru have been enacted to protect in-
digenous peoples. In contrast, Asia, with
more indigenous and tribal peoples than
any other region, is just beginning to
define indigenous rights.

For Africa, Plant recommends a series
of interagency seminars to reconcile
indigenous customary laws and land
tenure systems with national agrarian
laws and policies. The system of private
ownership and tenure that prevails in
other developing regions is less com-
mon in African countries, where
colonialists imposed a system of land
tenure in which Europeans had private
and transferable title. National laws of-
ten prevent Africans who farm lands
considered communal from engaging
in market transactions involving land.

Increasingly, indigenous peoples are
linking their concerns more closely to
those of the environmental community.
Though their interests are similar, these
groups have a great deal of work ahead
to move toward a mutual goal of fragile
land conservation.+


UN Conference on Environment & Development, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
LINCED Secretariat, Case postal 80, CH-1231, Conches, Geneva, Switzerland
Tel: 41-22-789-1676 Fax: 41-22-789-3536

July 13-17 Int'l Symposium on Biodiversity in Managed Landscapes: Theory and Practice, Sacramento, California
R. Szaro, Scientific Program Lead, USDA Forest Service, P.O. 96090, Washington, DC 20090
Tel: (202) 205-1524

July 19-24 1st World Congress on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants for Human Welfare, Maastricht, Netherlands
ISHS, Englaan 1, 6703 ET Wageningen, Netherlands

Aug. 24-28

Tropical Trees: Potential for Domestication, The Edinburgh Centre for Tropical Forests, Edinburgh, UK
Dr. R.R.B. Leakey, Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Bush Estate, Penicuik, Midlothian, EI-1260QB, Scotland, UK

Sept. 2-7 Int'l Symposium on Rehabilitation of Tropical Rainforest Ecosystems: Research and Development
Priorities, Sarawak, Malaysia
Abas bin Said, Centre of Applied Sciences, UPM Bintulu, Sarawak, Malaysia

June 1-12

DESFIL Defines New Role... from page 2

The second key area is natural forests, methods by which communities can maintaining long-term productive po-
which supply products and income for join forces to manage forests. tential.
local populations, provide habitats for
important species, and process green- Third, DESFIL will examine a series Issues will include how agriculture in
house gases that help control global of issues relating to sustainable agri- high-potential areas affects fragile land
warming. DESFIL will explore, for culture, focusing on the potential to use andhoweconomic and cultural vari-
example, promising approaches to sus- incorporate new technologies for in- ables influence adoption of sustainable
tainable forest management and the creasing short-term productivity while resource management technologies. o.


Albert "Scaff" Brown (Chemonics),
team leader, has 37 years of experience
in agricultural development, including
19 years with AID in policy-making
positions. For AID's LAC Tech project,
he analyzed agricultural and rural de-
velopment policies, developed sector
assistance concept papers, and ad-
dressed policy issues. He has helped
develop agricultural and natural re-
sources strategies for AID, the LAC
region, and several countries and sub-
regions including Bolivia, Jamaica,
Honduras, Central America, and the
Eastern Caribbean. As chief of the LAC
Bureau's Rural Development Division,
he managed technical staff for an agri-
cultural development portfolio of more
than $1 billion, increasing the empha-
sis on agricultural productivity and ap-
propriate land use management.
DESFIL I was developed during his
tenure in response to concerns about
the burgeoning natural resource crisis
in the region.

George Johnston (Abt Associates),
policy program coordinator, has a PhD
in agricultural economics and 21 years
of experience in natural resources, ag-
ricultural and development economics
research, teaching, and extension ac-
tivities in Asia, Africa, and Latin
America. In his work with DESFIL he
is honing a tool he has been developing
over the past year to identify key poli-
cies that affect fragile lands and to
determine their impact on human be-

havior. Johnston describes his tool as
a "policy taxonomy" that will evolve
from a loose-leaf notebook into a
database on natural resource poli-
cies. He developed it under AID's
Agricultural Policy Analysis Project
(APAP) while conducting invento-
ries of policies that affect natural
resources in Latin America.

Nancy Forster (Chemonics), local
incentives program coordinator, has
a PhD in development studies and
more than two decades of experience
in research in Latin America. Par-
ticularly relevant to DESFIL was her
study of peasant economies in High-
land Ecuador where she examined
changes in landholding patterns over
two generations. Her research dem-
onstrated the need to offer people
incentives in order to shape market
forces. Forster will focus on the un-
derlying causes of land degradation:
"Only when the causes are pin-
pointed can incentives be developed
that will ultimately preserve fragile

Michael Sands (Rodale), technol-
ogy program coordinator, has a PhD
in animal science and nearly two
decades of experience in on-farm
research, training, and institutional
development. He has worked to set
up natural resource management
projects in Senegal's peanut region
and Guatemala's lowland forests in

his role as cooperative research coordi-
nator for Rodale Institute. With
DESFIL, Sands is examining the im-
pact of alternative farming systems on
fragile lands.

Valerie Estes (Datex), gender analysis
specialist, has a PhD in anthropology
and 15 years of experience in applied
social science, gender analysis, and
rural household income generation. She
has integrated her academic back-
ground with consulting work in Latin
America over the last few years, apply-
ing her research findings to the im-
provement of rural development
projects. Estes believes that network-
ing with other groups and projects will
be key to her role on the DESIL team.
She is facilitating coordination and in-
formation exchange among individu-
als and groups that are working on
gender and indigenous issues in rela-
tion to fragile lands.

Peter Frumhoff (AID), technical ad-
visor and acting project manager for
DESIL at AID, is an American Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Sci-
ence fellow in R&D/EID. Frumhoff
has a PhD in ecology and evolutionary
biology. His primary work with
DESFIL is to assess the ecological
impacts of resource management prac-
tices and to facilitate the participation
of local communities, including indig-
enous and tribal peoples, in the man-
agement of fragile habitats.*.

DESFIL's First Five Years: The Findings

Just as there is no single root cause of fragile land
degradation, there is no single, all-purpose solution. Rather,
the problem calls for an integrated, multifaceted approach
that draws on local knowledge for site-specific strategies,
according to findings from the first five years of the
DESFIL project. Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI),
the prime contractor for the first phase, reports on its
conclusions in Fragile Lands Management in Latin
America and the Caribbean: A Synthesis.

The Synthesis devotes several chapters to the nature of the
fragile lands problem in Latin America, conceptual frame-
works, and each of nine areas found to have a significant
impact on the management of fragile lands and the human
production systems imposed on them.
The findings and recommendations in
each area of influence are briefly sum-
marized in this article. Substa

Institutions nt
Host-country institutions must be en-
couraged to focus more on fragile lands to e
management (FLM). They must
strengthen their management capaci- frag
ties, reduce overlapping and contradic-
tory duties, and decentralize responsi- manY
ability. New institutions need to estab-
lish their credibility, and all institutions but the n
must coordinate activities and commu-
nicate among themselves. be tail

The Synthesis also stresses that the culture
process of institution building merits at
least as much emphasis as the product
(institutions that run well). The time
needed for this process extends well beyond the life of
most development projects. The development com-
munity's current emphasis on measuring project success
in terms of tangible, quantifiable outputs ignores the vital
importance of the long-term process in achieving sustain-
able development.

It is necessary but not sufficient that FLM technology be
appropriate to a set of biophysical characteristics; it must
also be economically viable and culturally acceptable,
incorporating local knowledge, practices, and beliefs.
Even then, other variables frequently complicate its ap-






To develop technological solutions for specific situations, the
Synthesis recommends the development of an analytical
framework and inventories of both the site characteristics and
the FLM technologies. The two inventories can then be placed
on a matrix as a means of identifying appropriate techniques
for specific situations. Development project experience from
many countries should be incorporated into the inventories,
and guidelines should be issued for appraising land manage-
ment situations.

Local Stewardship
Substantial local control is vital to effective FLM, but the
methods must be tailored to the cultural context. Consultation
with resource users can reveal what is acceptable and toler-
able in the community. Local steward-
S ship does not guarantee sustainable
FLM, but it does encourage the poor to
tial l l choose options that lead to sustainable
trial local land use. A major impediment to devel-
1 is vital oping local stewardship in Latin
America, however, is the resistance
ective from state and national agencies who
are accustomed to centralized control.
le lands
cement, Economic analyses that consider the
value of natural resources are a vital
?thods must component of FLM. The long-term
macroeconomic costs of resource deg-
red to the radiation are considerably greater than
the costs of conservation practices that
1 context. sustain resources. Sustainable resource
use generates ongoing economic devel-
opment while resource destruction of-
fers only short-term gains. To achieve
long-term sustainability, economic growth cannot exceed the
inherent capability of the land.

Incentive programs should be culturally sensitive, taking
account of all stakeholders and including noneconomic incen-
tives as well as economic ones. The latter (i.e., direct cash
payments) have been used too heavily, according to the
Synthesis. When noneconomic measures are used in tandem
with economic incentives to promote the sound use of envi-
ronmental resources, they improve the sustainability of pro-
grams and projects. They also require the intervenor (often a
Western development professional) to carefully examine the
social hierarchy and understand the motivations for people's
continued on page 7

DESFIL's First Five Years... from page 6

Planning and Policy
Local professionals and other stakeholders must be in-
volved from start to finish in the strategic planning pro-
cess-the essential link between abstract policies and
action programs. Participatory planning improves the
efficacy of ENR programs. It is more expensive and time-
consuming than external program design, but participants
have a stronger motivation for implementing plans if their
own ideas are included.

Tropical Forests
Sustaining habitat and biodiversity are the paramount
goals for tropical forest FLM. A diversity of use strategies
should parallel the natural diversity of the tropical forest.
The Synthesis suggests a three-pronged approach: select
uses that do the least damage to the forest ecosystem while
still meeting economic and social needs; seek multiple uses
and benign technologies that optimize yield and minimize
damage; and increase yields from existing managed forests
to reduce the pressure to exploit unmanaged forests.

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
The initial step in an FLM project design should be an EIA
which determines site-specific land capabilities. This EIA
then serves as a basis for designing the project. EIA is
essential to broader worldwide strategies for developing
sustainable uses for fragile lands, not just for individual

projects. Critically important is the intensive involvement
of local professionals and a broad spectrum of public and
private institutions in EIA data collection and document
preparation so as to intensify the commitment to environ-
mentally sound development.

Environmental Education
To raise consciousness about fragile land problems and
ensure broad support for solutions, environmental educa-
tion must employ a variety of methods tailored to specific
audiences ranging from national policymakers to local
resource users. Students in formal education settings are
relatively easy to reach; more emphasis should be placed on
nonformal programs, extension, and community outreach
to subsistence farmers; teachers and extension workers;
middle and upper classes; influential groups and citizens;
foreign tourists; and world audiences. .:

For copies of the full Synthesis report or an executive
summary, contact DAI, 7250 Woodmont Ave., Suite 200,
Bethesda, MD 20814; tel (301) 718-8699; fax (301) 718-
7968; or AID/R&D, Department of State, Washington,
D.C. 20523; tel (703) 875-4532; fax (703) 875-4949.
Editor's note: This summary of thefirstphase ofDESFIL's
work is based on a synthesis edited by PhillipYoung ofDAI.

DESFIL Project Briefs

Concept Paper in Guatemala
The DESFIL and LAC Tech (Latin
America/Caribbean Agricultural and
Rural Development Technical Ser-
vices) projects collaborated with
USAID/Guatemala in February to pre-
pare a concept paper for a new natural
resources management project for the
Guatemalan altiplano (highlands).

The paper describes three problems
that affect the potential for sustainable
resource management: an unsupportive
policy environment, the indigenous
population's lack of secure access to
land, and critical institutional weak-
nesses. It also provides guidelines on
how to address them in a project con-

The team, led by Dave Gibson, in-
cluded Kerry Bymes, Ken Weiss, and
Steve Hendrix, all from LAC Tech,
with James Chapman representing
DESFIL. The mission intends to buy in
to DESFIL for the project design to be
carried out in July and August. This
activity will initiate a collaborative re-
lationship between USAID/Guatemala
and DESFIL designed to support
USAID programs in natural resource
management and contribute to DESFIL
research and the synthesis of lessons

Gender & Natural Resources Group
Representatives of projects and organi-
zations that work on gender and natural
resource issues organized into a work-

ing group, following a meeting that
DESFIL convened in March. Activi-
ties will include a seminar series, in-
formation and resource sharing, and
discussion groups.

Thirty-six people attended the meet-
ing from organizations such as Cul-
tural Survival, the International Cen-
ter for Research on Women, and the
World Resources Institute, and AID
projects such as GENESYS (Gender
in Economic and Social Systems) and
ECOGEN (Ecology, Community Or-
ganization, and Gender).

Gender and natural resource manage-
ment issues have a high priority in the
second five-year phase of the project.

continued on page 8

DESFIL Project Briefs... frompage 7

Those interested in participating in the
network should contact Valerie Estes.

An initial review of the policy tax-
onomy that George Johnston, DESFIL
policy program coordinator, developed
with collaboration of the Agricultural
Policy Analysis Project and DESFIL,
will be reviewed in May. The prelimi-
nary review will take place at the bian-
nual conference of the Regional Envi-
ronmental and Natural Resource Man-
agement Project of AID's Regional
Office for Central American Programs,
May 26-28 in Guatemala City.

DESFIL and ACCESS (Land Tenure
Center of the University of Wisconsin-
Madison) will jointly sponsor a work-
shop entitled, "Tenure Issues Impact-

ing on Natural Tropical Forest Man-
agement in Latin America and the
Caribbean" in Washington, D.C. in
late July 1992.

A small group of participants from en-
vironmental organizations will share
their experiences in forest manage-

ment to determine how tenure regimes
(access rights and conventions for re-
source use) impact forest management
within varying biological, econo-
mic, and sociocultural settings. A
second workshop later this year will
disseminate findings to AID and envi-
ronmental and development NGOs.

The DESFIL Newsletter
Chemonics International
2000 M Street, NW, Suite 200
Washington, D.C. 20036

The DESFIL team welcomes correspondence from the international
development community. We would like tohear about your experiences
with fragile lands management and related issues, as well as your
responses to items in the DESFIL Newsletter and suggestions for future
articles. Please also send us names and addresses of individuals who
would like to receive this quarterly publication.


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