Title: Florida clearing house news ..
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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00109
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: April 1, 1933
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00109
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text



LibrarY-Perio. Div:F L R I
Washington, D.C.


CLEARING


Representing more than 10,000
Growers o'f Oranges and GrapeFruit
Headquarters: WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA


NEW


wl Mffic i a I Publication of the
eIVE LO R IDA CITRUS GROWERS
SR 6 IfC-LEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION


$2.00 a Year Published Semi-monthly by theFloridaCit- Entered as second-class matter August 81. Volume V
rus Growers Clearing House Association, APRIL 1, 13 Departtiid r n. Number 13
eWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Fla. r ofd March 1879i

85% of Grapefruit Signed in One Unit


Industry
Plan for


Authorizes Special Committee to Develop
Bettering Prices Through Clearing House


Control of practically 85 per-
j 1jj cent of all the grapefruit remain-
ing to be shipped from Florida,
has been thrown into one large
unit to be marketed under the
direction of a special grapefruit
L committee authorized by the in-
dustry. The move is an emer-
gency effort to return grapefruit to a more
profitable level than has existed during the
past three months, and was the result of a
state-wide meeting in Winter Haven, March 29,
of shippers called for the purpose of taking a
definite and concerted action on the grapefruit
situation. Representatives of the Florida Cit-
rus Exchange, the Clearing House Association,
and marketing agencies unaffiliated with either
of these groups participated in the effort.
The first definite effect of the movement was
the inauguration of a grapefruit picking holi-
day ordered to start Wednesday night, March
29, and to continue until next Tuesday morn-
ing, April 4. Actual machinery for handling
the gigantic move was placed in the hands of a
special committee of five grower-shippers ap-
Spointed by the directors of the Clearing House.
On this committee are representatives of the
Exchange, the Clearing House, and marketing
agencies outside these organizations, the per-
sonnel of the committee being C. C. Comman-
der, Lawrence Gentile, W. H. Mouser, William
G. Roe, and R. B. Woolfolk. A per box assess-
ment of one-half cent will be levied by the
Clearing House to cover the cost of handling
Sthe program. Shippers present at the meeting
who were not previously affiliated signed a
special grapefruit contract with the Clearing
r House.
Leaders of the industry attending the meet-
ing characterized it as the most significant step
taken in the history of Florida's citrus indus-
try. Never before, it was pointed out during
the meeting, has as much fruit been represent-
ed in a single, unified, binding effort as will
Sbe the case with the Florida grapefruit during
the remainder of the season. While it was esti-
mated that the grapefruit tonnage represented
at the meeting was approximately 85 percent
of the state's crop, indications were that the
total would come close to 100 percent before
the effort is well under way. Details of opera-
Stion had not been worked out by the special


grapefruit committee prior to the sign-up, but
plans were hurriedly made during the meeting
to send out a committee to contact every ship-
per in the state who as yet has not joined the
movement. The meeting went on record as de-
claring that every grower should require sup-
port of this industry effort from his shipper.
The meeting got down to business in short
order. There was no idle discussion to the ef-
fect that the grapefruit market has been ailing
-every one present knew it, said they knew it,
and declared that what they wanted to do right
now was to bind themselves into a coherent
group which would have powers to handle the
situation so as to get back some semblance of
a profit for the growers.
The work of the special committee during
the rest of the season will be supported by a
contract that its signers here admitted cheer-
fully had extra sharp teeth in it.
Violation of the contract will lay the viola-
tor open to liquidated damages to the amount
of 25c a box for all Florida grapefruit mar-
keted, handled or disposed of by a shipper con-
trary to the terms of the contract. In short, as


As this issue of the Clearing House News
goes to press grower-members of the Associa-
tion are completing their annual election of
directors and Committee of Fifty representa-
tives to serve during next season. Although
the date of the election is set for April 4, this
provision of the by-laws means that the voting
will be completed by that date, the balloting
being handled by mail. As provided also in the
by-laws of the Association the ballot contain-
ing the nominees for the district seats on the
Clearing House board and those from the state-
at-large were mailed out to the grower-mem-
bers a week ago. Accompanying the ballot sent
to each grower was a postage-paid envelope in
which the grower's ballot, after being marked,
was to be returned to the Clearing House for
canvassing April 4.
Election of the new representatives on the
Committee of Fifty has been done through a


members of the committee declared, a picking
holiday will mean a picking holiday!
Interest in the meeting had spread to the
ranks of growers themselves, and the Haven
Hotel, in which the meeting was held, appeared
to include as many, if not more, growers than
there were shippers. Some of the growers took
part in the general discussion preceding the
actual contract sign-up.
The job confronting the special grapefruit
committee is a complicated and difficult one.
The committee's powers are practically unlim-
ited, within the balance of reason, but even at
that, the committee frankly admitted, not all
its actions and decisions could be iron-clad in
character. The picking holiday now in effect,
for instance, will not prevent a shipper from
picking a few more boxes to complete packing
of a car; nor will the picking holiday prohibit
the shipping of fruit already in the packing
houses during the holiday. The committee in-
dicated that in all probability the picking holi-
day will be followed by some sort of a prorat-
ing plan, although the details of this had not
been worked out when the News went to press.


series of regional meetings held throughout the
Clearing House districts. At these regional
meetings grower-members of the Clearing
House selected their representatives on the
Committee of Fifty who, will serve from the
district in which they were chosen. In that the
exact number of representatives who will serve
on the Committee of Fifty were selected, their
election is merely a matter of form on Tuesday,
April 4. Like the new directors the Committee
of Fifty representatives for next season will as-
sume office June 1.
As is customary in the annual election of
directors, the labor of carrying on the election
is placed largely in the hands of the Commit-
tee of Fifty. A letter which accompanied the
blank ballot mailed out to all grower-members
was, in fact, signed by the chairman of the
Committee of Fifty, and was in the nature of a
(Continued on Page Six)


Clearing House Directors for 1933"1934

Being Elected This Week by Members






Page 2 FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


Committee of 1
(Articles under this heading are prepared and published in the News by the
Educational Committee of the Committee of Fifty. Through this department
members of the Committee of Fifty hope to maintain closer relations with the


Sign It, Seal It, Mail It
If you are one of the growers who laid aside the
new grower agreement with the Clearing House when
you received it in the mail, and then just neglected it
or forgot about it, we like you, because you display
the same human failings that we ourselves so fre-
quently have to admit. However, we want to call your
attention to the great importance of having every one
of these agreements signed and returned.
The present state-wide effort to improve the grape-
fruit market was possible only because there was a
Clearing House with sufficient grower background to
enable the industry to control the grapefruit situation
without violation of the anti-trust law. That grower
background must be maintained. It isn't enough that
you market your fruit through a shipper who is asso-
ciated with the Clearing House, helpful as that may
be; you must also be a signed grower member, in
order that the Clearing House may maintain its
grower standing, and be able to do those things under
the protection of the law which are only possible to
united groups of growers.
The Committee of Fifty is anxious to have the
majority of the growers in the state sign these new
agreements. Before you read further, hunt up your
grower agreement and mail it in the postage-paid
envelope supplied you for that purpose. Your doing
so will facilitate the work in the Clearing House and
save the expenditure of further postage, which will
be necessary if a reminder has to be you by mail.
There is just a little bit of Scotch in this request
because every penny is being counted carefully these
days, and every penny the Clearing House spends is
a grower's penny and we should help to conserve as
many of those pennies as possible. Please return your
grower agreement promptly in order that we may not
have the expense of further postage in again writing
to you. Find it, sign it, seal it, mail it. Thank you.


Push the Grapefruit Deal
The generosity of the citrus growers of Florida
seems to be unbounded. The poor railroads have been
sweating blood trying to make ends meet over an
ocean of watered stock, and the citrus growers of
Florida have been exceptionally sympathetic, and
have continued during the past weeks, at great loss
to themselves, to ship grapefruit into an already over-
loaded market, in order that the poor suffering rail-
roads receive freight charges, even if the growers
themselves had to starve. The pages of history would
have to be searched very closely to find any more
touching demonstration of self-sacrifice in the inter-
ests of others!
Note the figures from March 1 to March 24, 1933:
There were shipped into the city of Philadelphia alone
8824 boxes of third grade grapefruit, which sold, de-
livered in Philadelphia, at an average of $1.17 per
box. Just think of it, $1.17 per box delivered in the


Fifty Department
thousands of other grower-members of the Clearing House and to report their
efforts and activities to them. The Clearing House Directors and Manage-
ment accept no responsibility for what appears in this department)

city of Philadelphia. Are you shocked? If not, you
ought to be. Figure out for yourself the following
costs-picking, hauling, packing, transportation and
sales charges-and you will see what the grower had
to pay out of his own pocket in order that this third
grade fruit might be placed in Philadelphia to lower
the price that might have been received for the bet-
ter grades of fruit. It was a very charitable thing to
do, market this grapefruit in Philadelphia at a loss
in order that the transportation companies might have
additional income, but it has just been discovered in
Florida that "charity begins at home"; and so special
grapefruit agreements have been signed by the indus-
try whereby the balance of the grapefruit leaving the
state will be under the control of a special committee
of five in order that the fruit that does go to market
will not only help to support the transportation com-
panies but will return something to help the grower
and his family through this summer.
If you are interested in your own welfare and in the
welfare of the grapefruit industry of Florida, you will
not, during the balance of this season, permit one box
of your fruit to be marketed by or sold to any one who
is not a party to this special grapefruit agreement.
Don't let any foolish petty selfishness on your part
interfere with the successful working of this program.
If this program succeeds, and it will succeed, you will
profit. Had the program not been established, it
would have been your loss as well as the loss of every
grapefruit grower in the state. Let's give it one hun-
dred percent support and show the world how the
citrus growers of Florida can cooperate to mutual
advantage.


A Thought on Good Fruit
-This is not the new year but it isn't a bad time for
some growers of citrus fruit to establish a few new
resolutions. With the increasing volume of citrus fruit
produced, not only in this state but in competing pro-
ducing territory, it becomes more and more important
that the grower produce the kinds and quality of fruit
that meet the demands of the market and bring back
to him the maximum returns.
Those of you who are receiving the daily bulletins
sent out by the U. S. D. A. should watch closely the
price differential that exists between grades one and
two. The same investment in land, in trees, in time
and effort, in fertilizer, in cultivation, in taxes, in care,
with very little additional thought and expenditure
may be made to produce a crop of number ones in-
stead of number twos. So it is up to you for your own
sake to get busy and plan your program for the com-
ing season. Just one or two small inexpensive slip-ups
in your grove work may cost you quite a large sum
in the marketing of next season's crop.
So, resolve now to do your best during the coming
growing season to prove the fact that you, and the
State of Florida can produce the best citrus fruit pro-
duced anywhere. It will always pay to produce and
market quality citrus fruit.


April 1, 1933






April 1, 1933


FL


Weekly Citrus Summary

(By A. M. Pratt, Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association)
(Week Ending March 25, 1933)

WEEKLY CARLOT INDEX ANALYSIS
Week Week Week
Ending Ending Ending
Mar. 25,'33 Mar. 18,'33 Mar. 26,'32
la. Org's Shpd....... 1174 845 634
Total......................16131 14957 15249
la. Gft. Shpd......... 757 621 621
Total......................10215 9458 13371
la. Tang. Shpd..... 61 108 5
Total--------.................... 2948 2887 2752
la. Mixed Shpd..... 284 256 187
Total...................... 6458 6174 7588
exas Gft. Shpd..... 1 330
Total..........------ 2676 2676 5333
al. Org's Shpd....... 1167 933 1677


Fla. Org's Auc-........ 592
Average................. $2.35
Fla. Gft. Auc.--......-----. 315
Average----.......-.. $1.85
Fla. Tang. Auc......... 105
Average--........--- $2.05
Texas Gft. Auc....... 6
Average.................. $2.50
Cal. Org's Auc-........ 271
Average..........------....... $2.55


510
$2.50
347
$1.85
98
$2.45
14
$2.50
282
$2.50


410
$3.65
223
$2.55
7
$4.06
49
$2.34
393
$3.10


FIRST SIX DAYS' SHIPMENTS & SALES
(Commencing Sunday)
M.S. ORGS. No. 1 M.S. ORGS No. 2
Week Ending Shpd Sold Avg. Shpd Sold Avg.
Mar. 18.... 84 11 $1.77 124 22 $1.52
Mar. 25
(5 days).. 42 7 $1.68 107 14 $1.44
Mar. 26
last year-. 35 9 $2.89 14 4 $2.58


VAL. ORGS. No. 1
Week Ending Shpd Sold Avg.
Mar. 18... 14 7 $2.20
Mar. 25
(5 days).. 5 1 $2.25
Mar. 26
last year.. 81 32 $3.22


REG. GRFT. No. 1
Week Ending Shpd Sold Avg.
Mar. 18.... 20 1 $1.15
Mar. 25
(5 days).. 17 6 $1.19
Mar. 26
last year.. 66 36 $1.78
M. S. GRFT. No. 1
Week Ending Shpd Sold Avg.
Mar. 18-... 13 10 $1.78
Mar. 25
(5 days).. 15 9 $1.86
Mar. 26


VAL. ORGS. No. 2
Shpd Sold Avg.
11 3 $1.78

5 2 $1.73

70 38 $2.89


REG.GRFT.No. 2
Shpd Sold Avg.
63 12 $ .97

49 13 $ .95

76 33 $1.49
M. S. GFT. No. 2
Shpd Sold Avg.
21 19 $1.52

29 20 $1.58


last year.. 53 16 $1.93 43 12 $1.78

COMPARATIVE SHIPMENTS
Florida Oranges
Week This Last 1930- 1929- 1928- 1927-
Ending Year Year 31 30 29 28
Mar. 18...... 845 621 1113 541 1040 361
Mar. 25......1174 634 1123 448 1082 373
Apr. 1......*1100 653 674 464 1001 306
California Oranges
Week This Last
Ending Year Year 1930 1929 1928 1927
Mar. 18...... 893 1292 1665 997 1362 1243
Mar. 25......1167 1677 1851 1481 137 999
Apr. 1......*1200 1656 1762 1242 1510 1274
Florida Grapefruit
Week This Last 1930- 1929- 1928- 1927-
Ending Year Year 31 30 29 28
Mar. 18...... 621 485 973 658 746 588
Mar. 25...... 757 621 925 518 727 375
Apr. 1........ *700 571 984 771 759 393


ORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS

Mar. 25...... 284 187 361 224 253 118
Apr. 1........*275 216 288 200 294 111


F

F

F

F

T

C


Florida Tangerines
Week Ending This Year Last Year 1930-31 1929-30
Mar. 18........ 108 9 33 -
Mar. 25........ 61 5 18 -
Apr. 1......... 50 2 -
Texas Grapefruit
Week Ending This Year Last Year 1930-31 1929-30
Mar. 18........ 1 395 -
Mar. 25 ........ 330 -
Apr. 1 ..--- -

Estimated

EARLY AND MID-SEASON ORANGES
MORE THAN LAST YEAR
Florida has already shipped 1000 cars more
early and mid-season oranges than was ship-
ped the entire season last year. Based on esti-
mates applied to a proper division of valencias
and the balance of the oranges, our shipments
to date, compared with last season, check as
follows:
ORANGE SHIPMENTS TO MARCH 25
This Year Last Year
Early and Mid-season........ 18,856 17,741
Valencias .....---....---------..............------. 856 2,252

Total.................................. 19,712 19,993
This week last season was the last week that
mid-season oranges went forward, with the
exception of about 25 cars, which would make
last season's early and mid-season crop total
17,765 cars.
HOW MANY MID-SEASONS LEFT?
After talking with several of our own ship-
pers, as well as those outside, and after going
over the estimated movement from our mem-
bers for next week, which you will note is
heavy to mid-season oranges, we are estimat-
ing that about 1000 cars of mid-season oranges
are left. If this esitmate is correct, our early
and mid-season oranges will exceed last year's
total crop about 2000 cars. In other words,
these mid-season oranges have picked out about
10 percent more than last year's crop. Nearly
everyone thought that valencias would show
considerable increase, but very few figured
that the mid-season and early crop would show
an increase.
ESTIMATES INCREASING ON VALENCIAS
For some time reports that have been com-
ing in have indicated a pretty strong tendency
to increase valencia estimates. We have talk-
ed with several operators who are positive that
the valencia crop will be at least 10,000 cars;
one operator said 12,000. Last year's valencia
crop is figured at 8000 and year before last is
figured at 11,500. With mid-season oranges
showing an increase of at least 10 percent, if
we estimated that valencias would show a 12
percent increase over last season, the valencia
crop would total 9000 cars. Accepting for the
time being this estimate on valencias as prob-
ably being a minimum estimate, this year's
orange crop, compared to last year, checks up
as follows:
TOTAL CROP
This Year Last Year
Early and Mid-season........ 19,850 17,765
Valencias ............................ 9,000 8,719

Total.................................. 28,850 26,484
Our total orange shipments to date, includ-
ing proper proportion of mixed, are almost
identical to last season, and from the foregoing


Page 3

estimate, we have about 2600 cars more to
move than last season, as per the following
figures:
FLORIDA ORANGES ESTIMATED LEFT
This Year Last Year
Mid-Seasons .......................... 1000 24
Valencias .............................. 8144 6467

Total................................... 9144 6491
MID-SEASON ORANGES SHOULD HAVE
RIGHT OF WAY
In all fairness to an intelligent distribution
of the balance of the crop, mid-season oranges
should have the right of way in moving at this
time instead of valencias. Only those valencias
that are tending to run to larger sizes and that
might be getting coarse should be moving so
as to let the mid-season oranges get out of the
way and give the market a chance to stabilize
itself on valencias. There is every confidence
expressed in the belief that the smaller sizes in
valencias will bring far more money than at
present and everyone knows they can be held
without any risk. ... .
WHAT ARE PROSPECTS ON VALENCIAS?
Last season 4360 cars of Florida valencias
were sold at the various auctions at a general
delivered average of $3.62. This past week 82
cars of Florida valencias averaged only $2.45,
or $1.17 less than last year's general average
on valencias. It is true that the f.o.b. sales
were on a much higher basis, comparatively.
It is also true that the whole situation is not
as favorable as a year ago. California has
about 60 percent more navels that they would
like to ship than they shipped a year ago. Cal-
ifornia also is planning on putting in about
3000 cars of navels from May 1 on. California
also has a big increase in valencias.
The auction average to date on oranges is
$2.60 for all sales, as compared to $3.15 last
season. This is 55c below the auction index to
date. If we figured this as an indicator, that
would bring this season's probable valencia
average, say, to $3.00 delivered instead of
$3.62. $3.00, however, is 55c more than val-
encias are bringing at present at auction.
Doesn't this $3.00 delivered mark seem like a
reasonably conservative figure to have in mind,
especially as valencias are generally said to be
better, comparatively, than the quality that we
had this year in mid-season oranges? By the
way, California's auction average on all cars
to date is $2.70 on her navels, as compared
with $3.05 to this same week last year, a dif-
ference of only 35c.
GRAPEFRUIT SITUATION
We have seen such everlastingly low prices
on grapefruit for the last eight weeks that it
may be rather startling to know that the
(Continued on Page Five)



NITROSE
Nitrose actually welds itself, through
rust, right down into the bare metal. It
defeats the corrosive action of heat, rust,
gas, grease, acid fumes, chemicals, brine,
ammonia and alkalis. We venture to say
that there are but few corrosive problems
that Nitrose has not already successfully
met.
THE NITROSE COMPANY, Peoria, 111.
G. L. SIMONDS
Southeastern Distributor
Winter Haven, Fla.


Week This
Ending Year
Mar. 18...... 25(


Florida Mixed
Last 1930- 1
Year 31
6 211 362


929- 1928- 1927-
30 29 28
325 272 146





Page 4 FL

FLORIDA

CLEARING HOUSE

NEWS

T. G. HALLINAN . . . . .. Editor
CLEARING HOUSE PURPOSES
Co-ordinating members' activities for orderly control
of distribution.
Controlling supplies at key markets.
Disseminating marketing information.
Standardizing grade and pack through impartial in-
spection service.
Increasing consumer demand by advertising and pub-
licity.
Securing best freight rates and transportation
services.
Developing mutual interests of, and better under-
standing among growers and shippers.
Maintaining representation of industry in all matters
of common welfare.


DIRECTORS
E. C. AURIN
J. C. CHASE
JOHN D. CLARK
L. P. KIRKLAND
J. H. LETTON
JAMES C. MORTON
M. O. OVERSTREET .
E. W. VICKERS -.- .
GEORGE F. WESTBROOK .
E. H. WILLIAMS .
R. B. WOOLFOLK .
OFFICERS
E. C. AURIN
JAMES C. MORTON
M. O. OVERSTREET .
L. P. KIRKLAND
A. M. PRATT .


SFt. Ogden
Winter Park
Waverly
Auburndale
Valrico
Auburndale
Orlando
Sebastian
Clermont
. Crescent City
Orlando
President
Vice-President
STreasurer
Secretary
Manager


Let's Push Reimbursement

To The Florida Members
United States Congress,
Washington, D. C.
We know you will be interested in
learning how we feel about this Medi-
terranean fruit fly reimbursement busi-
ness, what we've been doing about it,
and what we plan to do further about
it, hence we are writing this letter to
you in the added hope that it will serve
possibly in lending strength to your
arguments before the other members
of the Congress of United States.
We scarcely need to tell you how we
feel about reimbursement, for we be-
lieve you already know that we, who
suffered material damage during the
Mediterranean fruit fly eradication
campaign, both to our citrus fruit on
the trees and to the trees as well, feel
wholly justified in requesting the
United States Government to repay us
for the losses we were unable to avoid.
We believe you know that we carried
out one hundred percent our Govern-
ment's request for cooperation in the
eradication work, taking it for granted,
naturally, that the Government did not
have in mind any sort of one-sided co-
operation. We could go further, you
know, and admit that we have begun to
wonder just a little if the Government
hasn't actually thought that one-sided
cooperation was all that should be ex-
pected.
Now, as to what we have done; you
will recall that first, we organized the
Florida Growers' Reimbursement Com-
mittee so that we might have a coher-
ent, representative body for further co-
operation with the Government. This
committee formed in December, 1930,
promptly proceeded to collect damage


IORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS

claims from those of us who desired to
file affidavits. To date the committee
has in its headquarters files, 6,017 loss
claims amounting to a total of $7,423,-
736.27. Claims still are being filed but
in greatly reduced numbers. For your
further information, and as a matter in
which we believe the Congress as a
whole will be interested, we are tabu-
lating below the ten counties showing
the greatest damage as reflected by
claims filed. We give the counties, in
order of total citrus damage, the num-
ber of claims filed, damage to citrus
fruit, and damage to trees:


No. of Damage Damage
County Claims to Fruit to Trees
Orange ................1,318 $846,660 $1,023,291
Polk .................... 907 625,424 432,000
Volusia ................ 870 252,726 321,951
Hillsborough ...... 524 177,665 333,097
Lake -----................... 525 258,830 199,774
Brevard .............. 371 281,690 129,133
Seminole ............ 377 59,442 152,301
Osceola .............. 324 55,447 69,464
Putnam .----............. 213 38,524 74,484
Marion ................ 173 7,583 45,136
In order that you may know that we
look to you for help in this matter and
that we desire to cooperate fully with
you, our plans for further activities in-
clude a general policy of keeping in
contact with you. Many of us doubtless
will write you expressing individual
opinions and individually urge you to
carry through this fight on our behalf.
At the same time we plan to complete,
so far as our committee is able, the
filing of all loss claims. We all will fol-
low with interest your efforts in this
matter and you will, we know, appre-
ciate fully that we are with you and
will continue to give you our heartiest
cooperation.
Yours for completed reimbursement,
Eradication-Damaged-
Citrus-Growers.


The Honor Roll!
Here are the shippers and marketing agen-
cies-in addition to those who already were
signed members of the Clearing House-who
joined the state-wide grapefruit effort Wed-
nesday, March 29:
Florida Citrus Exchange, Tampa; Lee & Ed-
wards Corporation, Tampa; Eustis Packing
Company, Eustis; David Bilgore & Co., Clear-
water; Walter Packing Company, Plant City;
W. E. Lee, Inc., Winter Haven; Standard Dis-
tributing Company, Winter Haven; Wadford
Fruit Company, Sulphur Springs; Dr. P. Phil-
lips Company, Orlando; Winter Park Fruit
Company, Winter Park; West Coast Fruit Com-
pany, Clearwater; Vaughn Griffin Packing
Company, Howey; J. L. Sullivan, Wauchula;
Tampa Union Terminal, Incorporated, Tampa;
Florida Fruit Distributor, Incorporated, Or-
lando; L. H. Kramer, Lake Wales; Martin &
Turner, Lake Wales; Winter Haven Fruit Sales
Corporation, Winter Haven; Winter Haven
Growers, Incorporated, Winter Haven; Penin-
sular Distributing Corporation, Tampa; Spada
Fruit Company, Incorporated, Lakeland; Chan-
dler Davis Company, Lakeland; Gentile Bros.
Company, Orlando; Independent Fruit Com-
pany, Lake Wales; Max Glatner, Orlando; C.
H. Taylor & Company, Wauchula; Alexander
& Baird, Beresford.


April 1, 1933

New Electrical Gadget May

Test Citrus for Maturity
When Little Jack Horner stuck his thumb
into his Christmas pie he had no way of know-
ing whether or not the plum would be a sweet
one although Mother Goose doesn't go into
that point. If, however, little Jack Horner had
been equipped with one of these new electrical
devices he could have stuck a small needle into
the plum and determined quite easily whether
or not the plum was sweet or sour; perhaps
Mother Goose will be rewritten now!
More seriously, however, one of the electri-
cal engineers on the Westinghouse Company
staff recently discovered that electricity is af-
fected by acids, alkalies, or salts. Having dis-


covered this the engineer developed a little sen-
sitive instrument which would measure relative
content of acids, alkalies, and salts, a photo-
graph of the instrument appearing herewith
testing the acidity of citrus fruit. As yet, West-
inghouse does not claim that the Electrynx,
which is the name the company has given the
device, will revolutionize our methods of test-
ing the maturity of citrus fruit. To quote the
company, "the Electrynx is being offered for
sale at the present time only for experimental
purposes with the hope that its value to the
industry can be determined by actual tests and
experience in the field."
Here are some of the uses suggested by the
manufacturer for the Electrynx:
Grading of fruits or vegetables; testing
hardness or salinity of water; checking acidity
of beverages; testing uniformity of soaps,
greases, etc.; control of acidity of petroleum
products; control of food products, dyes and
pigment, electro-plating, soil testing, fermen-
tation processes, milk and milk products, and
paper manufacture; and pharmaceutical work.

With Humble Apologies
An insurance company wrote out a $1,000
life policy in the name of one Samuel Johnson.
Premiums were paid promptly for a few years,
but suddenly stopped. After sending a few de-
linquent notices, the company received this
reply:
"Dear Sirs: Please excuse us as we can't
pay any more premiums on Sam. He died last
May. Yours truly, Mrs. S. Johnson."






April 1. 1933


Weekly Citrus Summary
(Continued from Page Three)
season's auction .average on grapefruit up to
this time is higher than last year, namely,
$2.32 average delivered against $2.27 to the
same time last season. Our very best grape-
fruit of the early, flat variety, was shipped
early and commanded very satisfactory prices.
We will soon be starting, in a more steady man-
ner, the shipment of marsh seedless grapefruit.
I see no reason why we should not make that
start with a fresh viewpoint rather than feeling
licked, as nearly everyone does, on this grape-
fruit deal. We estimate the grapefruit ship-
ment from this time on as compared with last
year as follows:
GRAPEFRUIT
This Year Last Year
SRegular Grapefruit................ 2600 1744
Marsh Seedless ...................... 3700 3875
Total...........................--- ......---. 6300 5619
Doubtless there are many more regular
grapefruit than indicated in the estimate for
This season, but due to the quality and the ex-
tremely low market on marsh seedless, nearly
all operators recognize the necessity of grad-
ing this fruit very severely, with the result that
35 to 60 percent is not being shipped. Here
again this regular grapefruit should have right
of way over marsh seedless. We talked with
not only most of our own shippers that were
heavy in grapefruit, but with the Exchange
people and large grapefruit shippers not in
either body, and all were in accord in agreeing
that marsh seedless should be held back and
held at firm prices and that anything like a
reasonable sort of working together on marsh
seedless should make possible fairly good net
returns from this time on.
Florida has a monopoly on grapefruit. If
we were organized and working together as
we should there would be no question as to
What could be done with marsh seedless, and I
believe that operators are so sick of the grape-
fruit situation that it is going to be possible
to have a reasonable amount of teamwork,
even though we are not all in one organization
r, as we should be. That one organization should
be the Clearing House. Its need is so self-evi-
dent in this, as in so many other situations of
this season, that we believe the industry is
bound to see this need.
NEXT WEEK'S SHIPMENTS
We are estimating next week's shipments
Sat 1100 cars of oranges, 700 grapefruit, 275
mixed and 50 tangerines. This week's ship-
Sments went out considerably heavier than esti-
mated, due to the pressure of mid-season or-
anges and regular grapefruit and also the fact
that one of the T. U. T. boats was delayed from
last week to this week.
S HEAVY BOAT SHIPMENTS
A total of 753 carloads left Florida this
F week by boat, 236 having moved by the char-
tered T. U. T. steamers, the balance through
the regular steamship companies. This total
r movement by boat is nearly 200 cars heavier
than each of the previous two weeks and by
Small odds heavier than any shipments to date.
SHIPMENTS TO NEW YORK
Everything points to boat shipments to New
York being heavier than ever. Already 336
cars of oranges that will be available for New
P York next week by boat have gone forward,


y


ORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS

170 grapefruit and 15 tangerines. We esti-
mate the total available New York supplies that
will be arriving in time for sale next week by
boat alone as follows:
Orgs. Gft. Tangs.
Already Shipped--.... 336 170 15
Est. Sunday----.............. 15 10 -
Est. Monday...--------- 35 20 ,5-

Total........................ 386 200 20
New York sold this week the greatest num-
ber of Florida oranges it has ever sold, name-
ly 344 cars at a general average of $2.30 de-
livered, this price including Indian River as
well as all other districts, grades and sizes.
Normally, since the boat shipments have come
on, rail diversions to New York are about 85
cars of oranges. This added to the 386 esti-
mated available by boat would make a possible
available supply of Florida oranges to New
York next week of 471 cars, an unheard of
amount. This certainly is something that
would not be happening if all the large regular
shippers to New York were in the Clearing
House.
CALIFORNIA STILL ORGANIZING
The Associated Press announced that the
California Fruit Growers Exchange had secur-
ed the consent from its members to handle in
the central office its prorating program so that
this organization could work with the balance
of the shipping and marketing organizations
in any combined effort representing 90 percent
of the California orange industry. California
papers have been full of many reports dealing
with the various meetings, which have every
indication of working out some prorating pro-
gram on the latter part of the navel crop, as
well as probably on the whole valencia crop.


$3.24 a Car Extra Freight

Charge, Goes Off Sept. 30
Hello, look what the Interstate Commerce
Commission has to say about freight rate in-
creases!
Just a few days ago the I. C. C. told the
railroads: "The problem with which these rail-
roads are confronted today cannot be solved
by general increases in freight rates." And
that attitude to many of us would make it ap-
pear that a new day is coming for the agricul-
tural producer. The occasion of this remark to
the railroads was the decision of the I. C. C. re-
jecting the proposal by the railroads that the
surcharge of one cent per one hundred pounds,
granted in January a year ago as an emergency
measure, could not be continued indefinitely.
The I. C. C. in its decision advised the railroads
that this surcharge, which amounts to $3.24 per
car of 360 boxes, will be eliminated after Sep-
tember 30, 1933.
The Commission in handing down the de-
cision declared: "Continuation of the sur-
charges without limitation or condition would
be equivalent to a general increase in freight
rates. This clearly is not justified upon the
present record. The problems with which the
railroads are confronted today cannot be solved
by general increases in freight rates .
Economic conditions have grown progressively
worse since the surcharge plan was authorized.
The price level of practically all commodities
has continued to fall. The abnormal relation of
freight rates, as a whole, to the general level


Page 5

of commodity prices is, therefore, now much
more pronounced."
Originally, this surcharge of one cent per
hundred pounds was to have expired March 31
(yesterday). Last December the Association
cf Railway Executives filed a petition with the
I. C. C. to continue the surcharge. The Grow-
ers and Shippers League of Florida immedi-
ately filed a brief opposing the continuation.
The I. C. C., fortunately, was unable to see the
logic of an indefinite continuation of the emer-
gency charge and told the railroads as much.





Brogdex Pays

The New York auction prices for Feb-
ruary show market buyers prefer Brog-
dexed brands and pay premiums for them.
The following figures give the daily sales
prices for the month as reported.by the -
New York Daily Fruit Reporter, official
organ for that market:
ORANGES
Date Brog. Non-B. Diff.
1 $2.45 $2.17 $ .28
2 2.78 2.10 .68
3 2.86 2.60 .26
6 2.88 2.27 .61
7 2.58 2.17 .41
8 2.89 2.37 .52
9 2.95 2.20 .75
10 3.10 2.21 .89
14 3.17 2.25 .92
15 2.88 2.34 .54
16 2.73 2.30 .43
17 2.86 2.36 .50
20 2.94 2.30 .64
21 2.35 2.18 .17
23 2.46 2.15 .31
24 2.24 2.05 .19
27 2.36 2.19 .17
28 2.53 2.10 .43
GRAPEFRUIT
1 2.49 1.80 .69
2 1.97 1.89 .08
3 2.12 1.77 .35
6 2.37 2.04 .33
7 2.14 2.03 .11
8 2.33 2.05 .28
9 2.19 2.15 .04
10 1.92 2.10 .18*
14 2.35 2.11 .24
15 2.51 2.04 .47
16 2.28 2.05 .23
17 1.81 1.94 .13*
20 2.13 2.19 *-
21 2.43 2.04 .39
23 2.48 2.03 .45
24 2.44 2.04 .40
27 2.20 2.20 .00
28 2.36 1.88 .48
Represent only sales in which Brogdex brands
did not get a premium.
These better prices, important as they are, con-
stitute only a part of the benefits from Brogdex.
By reason of the better shine obtained under the
Brogdex System of washing and polishing more
fruit will grade out No. is than would otherwise
be possible. Refrigeration is not necessary to
make sound delivery with the straps still tight.
Opening up a standard vent car of Brogdexed
fruit finds the wraps dry and the original shine
still there. That means better appearance on the
sales floor. But perhaps the most important serv-
ice Brogdex renders is that it holds the fruit
sound and fresh in the hands of the dealer.
If the returns you are getting are not satisfac-
tory pack the balance of your fruit through a
Brogdex house-there is one near you.

Florida Brogdex

Distributors, Inc.
B. C. SKINNER, Press
Dunedin, Florida.






FLORIDA CLEARING HUENW


Horticultural Society's Annual Meeting

Will be "Packed Full" of Citrus Topics
Once a year we all have an opportunity to "Melanose and Stem End Rot of Citrus
brush some of these citrus producing cobwebs Fruits," by W. A. Kuntz and Geo. D. Ruehle,
from before our eyes and see again quite clear- Lake Alfred.
ly that our grove is a pretty good old grove "Spray and Other Machinery for the Citrus
after all and that if we will give it just a mod- Grove," by C. D. Kime, Orlando.
erate amount of thought and attention that it "A Spray Program for Citrus Trees," by R.
will produce a pretty good crop of pretty good H. Linderman, Lake Wales.
fruit. And this opportunity is given to growers THURSDAY, APRIL 13-1:30 P.M.
at the annual meeting of the Florida State Hor- "The Top Working of Citrus Trees," by Leo
ticultural Society, the forty-sixth meeting of H. Wilson, Bradenton.
which will be held in Lake Wales this month 3:00 p.m.-Concert at Bok Tower.
on Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, April 11 4:00 p.m.-Spray Demonstration at Moun-
to 13 inclusive, tain Lake Groves.
While all of the program is not to be devoted
exclusively to citrus, there is plenty which will
have to do with citrus to prove of extreme value Directors Being Elected
to every grower in the state. Fertilization, cul- (Continued from Page One)
tivation, spraying, dusting, pruning, and sev- report of stewardship. A. F. Pickard, chairman
eral matters pertaining to marketing problems, of the Committee of Fifty, declared in his let-
all are included on the program. Pick out your ter that the Florida citrus grower, "should con-
favorite subjects in the program below and gratulate himself and his neighbor on the suc-
plan to attend. It's a big investment for a cess of the Florida citrus industry this year."
small outlay. Herewith is the preliminary cit- Explaining his statement, Chairman Pickard
rus program: went on to say that, "success should be meas-
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12-9:30 A.M. ured not only by what is gained, but also by
(High School Auditorium) what is overcome, and we have had great ob-
"The Fertilizing of Citrus Trees," by E.H. stacles to overcome in the selling of this year's
"The Fertilizing of Citrus Trees," by E. H.
Hurlebaus, Clearwater. crop. People with lessened incomes and closer
"The Intake of Plant Food by Citrus Trees," budgets have scrutinized every penny before
by H. C. Henrcksen, Euss. spending, because pennies have been scarce
by H. C. Henricksen, Eustis. mand have had to go far; yet our crop is being
"The Role of Organics in Plant Feeding," by consumed, and although we are not getting
R. P. Thornton, T consumed, and although we are not getting
R. P. Thornton, Tampa. much for it, still we are getting something, and
Discussion Subject-"The Crotolarias as
ssso e e Croor that is more than most agricultural producers
Cover Crops."
Cover Crops. ,can say in these difficult times.
"Costs and Receipts from Ten Citrus Groves can say in these difficult times.
during Sixteen Years," by J. E. Turlington, "I wonder if you see any cheer in this whole
Gainesville. picture? I do. It is worth a great deal to know
"Citrus Fruit Products," by Harry W. Von that citrus fruit is recognized as a necessity in
Loesecke, Winter Haven. the daily diet, and that people are buying cit-
rus fruit in days when all but necessities are
taboo. Then I am cheered when I think that
"The Correlation of Daily Rainfall and Soil we have done as well as we have, disorganized
Moisture with Citrus Yield and Size of Fruit," as we are, and ponder on what success is pos-
by E. F. DeBusk, Gainesville. sible if we unite in an effort to secure wider
"Sprays of Scale Insects and White Flies on and more uniform distribution of better qual-
Citrus Trees in Florida," by W. W. Others and ity fruit, properly graded and packed, and
Ralph L. Miller, Orlando. avail ourselves of every possible means to in-
Discussion Subject-"Adhesives for Sulphur crease the demand for Florida citrus fruit."
Sprays and Dusts." As has already been announced through
"Effect of Lead Arsenate Insecticides on these columns canvassing of the votes for direc-
Citrus Trees," by Ralph L. Miller, lone Pope tors will be handled by a special committee of
Bassett, and W. W. Others, Orlando. growers who will go to work promptly after the
Discussion Subject- "How to Determine polls close at 5 p. m. April 4. The results of
Time for Spraying or Dusting for Rust Mite the election probably will be announced
Control." through the press of the state prior to the next
"The Value of the Brand in Citrus Market- issue of the News. The election of the Com-
ing," by A. M. Pratt, Winter Haven. mittee of Fifty members has just been com-
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 12-8:00 P.M. pleted and the names of the new members (re-
"Packs and Bulges in the Marketing of Citrus elected in most instances) are given herewith
Fruits," by M. R. Ensign, Gainesville. by districts:
"Research in Relation to the Citrus Indus- DISTRICT ONE
try," by Chester T. Melvin, Tampa. Polk County-Norman H. Vissering, and
"Are Plant Quarantines Worthwhile?" by Max Waldron, Babson Park; Frank Burnett,
Jefferson Thomas, Tampa. Waverly; Fred T. Henderson, and W. L. Peder-
Business session. sen, Winter Haven; J. G. Arbuthnot, Lake Al-
THURSDAY, APRIL 13-9:00 A.M. fred; E. Winton Hall, Dr. James Harris, and
"Conditions Favoring D e c a y in Cit r u s A. F. Pickard, Lakeland; and George A.
Fruits,' by J. R. Winston, Orlando. Charles, Auburndale.
"Termites as a Pest of Citrus Trees," by W. DISTRICT TWO
L. Thompson, Lake Alfred. Hillsborough and Pinellas Counties-T. C.


Page 6


Bottom, and Ira W. Watt, Valrico; H. M. Car-
son, and William Turner, Lutz.
DISTRICT THREE
Pasco, Hernando, Citrus, Sumter, and Lake,
Counties-C. C. Holloway and 0. H. Keene,
Clermont; T. B. Gautier, and R. P. Conkling,
Eustis.
DISTRICT FOUR
Marion, Levy, Alachua, Putnam, Volusia,
Flagler, Seminole, and St. Johns Counties-W.
D. Carn, Ocala; E. B. Collins, San Mateo; Ben
F. Haines, Altamonte Springs; B. J. Nordmann,
DeLand; H. M. Papworth, Sanford; and J. W.
Starke, Beresford.
DISTRICT FIVE
Orange and Osceola Counties-Dr. A. A.
Kent, Winter Park; W. K. Price, and Richard
O. Compton, Orlando.
DISTRICT SIX
Brevard, Indian River, St. Lucie, Martin,
Palm Beach, Broward, Dade, Highlands, Okee-
chobee, and Glades Counties-Frank P. Beaty,.
Cocoa; G. A. Draa, Mims; R. R. Gladwin, Ft.
Pierce; and J. W. LaBruce, Fellsmere,
DISTRICT SEVEN
Manatee, Sarasota, Hardee, DeSoto, Char-
lotte, and Lee Counties-H. C. Case, Fort
Myers; H. G. Murphy, Zolfo Springs; and W.
M. Noland, Arcadia.


California Loses 2 Months

From Shipments to Florida
If California orange growers sell their or-
anges in Florida this coming summer they will
have to work faster than they did a year ago if
they dispose of an equal number of boxes as
was the case in 1932. The Florida State Plant
Board at a meeting the middle of March lopped
two months off of the period during which Cal-
ifornia has been legally permitted to ship her
oranges into this state. This year California
oranges may enter Florida under permit during
the period from June 1 to Sept. 1 instead of
from May 1 to Oct. 1, as was the case last sum-
.mer. Shipments of California lemons into
Florida are not to be effected, the California
lemon being admitted under permit through-
out the year.
This action of the State Plant Board appears
to have been brought about largely through the
efforts of the Committee of Fifty of the Clear-
ing House and other growers of the state who
had requested the State Plant Board to shorten
the period during which California might ship
fruit into this state. The Committee of Fifty
at a hearing before the Plant Board the first
of this year had made three requests of the
Plant Board having a direct bearing on the
California shipment situation. The three re-
quests made were:
That if California citrus is admitted into
Florida that it be confined to the north and
northwest sections of this state;
That immediate steps be taken to eradicate
two or three light infestations of brown rot
where it is reported as having been discovered;
That the period during which California
might ship fruit into the state be shortened to
not more than two months.

Get your shipper behind the grapefruit deal.


April 1, 1933




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