Title: Florida clearing house news ..
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STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00101
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: December 1, 1932
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00101
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text


o" L LORI DAi .






CLEARING HOU


more than 10,000 OFFicia
anges and Grapefruit FLORID
NTER HAVEN, FLORIDA CLEARIN


44feafi r the
A CITRUS GROWERS
G HOUSE ASSOCIATION


$2.00 a Year Published Semi-monthly by theFloridaCit- Entered as second-class matter August 81, Volume V
10 Cents a Copy rus Growers Clearing House Association, DECEMBER 1, 1932 1928, at the postoffice at Winter Haven, Number 5
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Fla. Florida, under the Act of March 8, 1879.



Orange and Grapefruit Inspection to Continue

Mayo Accedes to Industry's Request to Extend

Test Period Until Dec. 20 at Expense of State


State inspection for maturity, which oidi-
narily ends Dec. 1 on oranges and grapefruit,
will be continued until Dec. 20 this season.
Inspection will be at the expense of the state
and not at the expense of the industry. Inspec-
tion for maturity on tangerines, which ordi-
narily ends Nov. 15 will not be continued.
These decisions were arrived at by the Com-
missioner of Agriculture, Nathan Mayo, a week
ago, thus settling a perplexing problem that
had been worrying the industry generally since
the start of the season. Reports heard from
practically every section of the fruit belt since
mid-summer indicated that the state crop in-
cluded a large proportion of late bloom fruit
which obviously would not be mature enough
to ship by Dec. 1. As the season opened and
progressed through October and November, it
became increasingly apparent that precautions
of some sort must be taken so that a flood of
Immature fruit would not be rushed out of the
state when the inspection season ended.
MASS MEETING HELD
At the insistence of industry leaders, defi-
nite action finally was taken to extend the of-
ficial inspection period. A committee from the
Clearing House and representatives from other
marketing organizations conferred with Com-
missioner Mayo in Tallahassee the middle of
November. On Nov. 25 a mass meeting, called
by the Commissioner to determine the desires
of the industry, was held in Winter Haven with
the committee likewise present. A full discus-
sion of the situation was heard at this meeting,
growers and shippers presenting their opinions
and pointing out various phases of the matter
which might affect different sections of the
state. The committee, at its previous meeting
in Tallahassee, had already agreed that inspec-
tion on oranges be continued. To determine
the trend of feeling as to grapefruit and tan-
gerines, the mass meeting was held.
During the general discussion at the meet-
ing as to the desirability of continuing inspec-
Stion on grapefruit, it was brought out by Su-
pervising Inspector J. J. Taylor, that represen-
tative tests on grapefruit from various parts
of the state showed beyond doubt that the
"mid-season" bloom and the late bloom fruit
was not yet ready to move. There was some
discussion also of whether a juice content test
--if legal-would be sufficient to determine


the maturity of grapefruit. It was finally de-
cided that the test for acidity, as well as for
juice content, would have to govern the in-
spection on the grapefruit.
NOT NEEDED ON TANGERINES
There was some difference of opinion ex-
pressed as to the need for renewing inspection
on tangerines, inspection having officially end-
ed Nov. 15. Opponents of continued inspection
on tangerines pointed out, and with consider-
able logic, that there had been no rush of tan-
gerines to the market during the ten-day period


between the end of the tangerine inspection
period and the date of the meeting then being
held. This fact, it was argued, was conclusive
proof that the industry needed no official reg-
ulation on the shipment of tangerines and that
there need be no fear of immature tangerines
leaving the state. A vote of those attending
the meeting showed that the majority agreed
on this point, that is, that there was no need to
renew inspection on tangerines. Commissioner
Mayo, however, later announced that he would
(Continued on Page Six)


Shipments Lighter Than Average Year;

Grapefruit Volume Same as in 1931- 32


During the week ending Nov. 26, 195 cars
of Florida grapefruit were sold at auction at
an average delivered price of $3.15. This aver-
age represents a gain of 5e over the previous
week's average and a gain of 75c a box for the
same week a year ago when 270 cars were pjld.
Grapefruit shipments to date are about half
as heavy as they were a year ago. On the esti-
mated crop this leaves in round figures 15,500
cars of grapefruit to move 'during the balance
of the season, which is practically the same
amount marketed from this time on a year ago.
On the assumption that the extension to Dec.
20 of maturity inspection will curtail ship-
ments somewhat, the state will have consider-
ably more grapefruit to market from Dec 20 on
than was the case last year.
The light shipments, which have governed
the movement from the state this season, are
clearly reflected in the figures below. A glance


This Season (1932-33)
Shipments through Nov. 26............................
Estimated for entire Season......................
Pet. Shipped through Nov. 26........................
Last Season (1931-32)
Shipments through Nov. 26............................
Total Shipments for Season............................
Pet. Shipped through Nov. 26........................
Nine-Year Average
Shipments through Nov. 26..............................
Average Season's Shipments.........................
Pet. Shipped through Nov. 26..........................


at this table shows that our grapefruit ship-
ments of only 2,426 cars through Nov. 26 this
season represent only 13.5 percent of our esti-
mated grapefruit crop. A year ago at this time
22.6 percent of oulgrapefruit crop had been
moved through 1N47.26, last year's movement
being practically the same as the average
movement for the past nine years. Our orange
and tangerine movement has been even lighter,
comparatively, than the grapefruit movement.
On oranges and tangerines it will be noted that
we have moved only a little more than 6 per-
cent of our estimated crop, whereas the aver-
age for the past nine years shows that orange
and tangerine shipments through Nov. 26
should average about 18 percent of the sea-
son's crop.
The following table shows the percentage of
the crop shipped this season through Nov. 26,
in comparison with last season and the average
for the past nine years:


Orgs
(Cars)
1,720
27,688
6.2%

2,975
24,829
12.0%

4,841
26,819
18.1%


Gft
(Cars)
2,426
18,010
13.5%

4,537
20,067
22.6%

4,654
20,157
23.1%


Tang
(Cars)
253
4,032
6.3%

553
4,364
12.7%

468
2,674
17.5%


Total
(Cars)
4,399
49,730
8.8%

8,065
49,260
16.4%

9,963
49,650
20.1%


Representing
Growers o'f Or
Headquarters: WI





FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


Committee of Fifty Department
(Articles under this heading are prepared and published in the News by the thousands of other grower-members of the Clearing House and to report their
Educational Committee of the Committee of Fifty. Through this department efforts and activities to them. The Clearing House Directors and Manage-
members of the Committee of Fifty hope to maintain closer relations with the ment accept no responsibility for what appears in this department)

Let's Foot Our Own Advertising Bill


Doubtless you have met a few of the whim-
pering, whining, penny-pinching Florida citrus
growers who object to paying their proportion-
ate share of the advertising program, and who
by their penny-wise, pound-foolish attitude are
compelling their shipper, if he is cooperating in
this advertising effort, to bear the expense out of
his own pocket. "Slacker" is a very expressive
word, coined during the war. Rather a nasty
word, but used to describe an individual who had
rather a nasty attitude, and who was willing to
accept the privileges and rights without con-
tributing to the duties and responsibilities of
citizenship.
For a great many years the expense of the ad-
vertising effort that has been put behind the cit-
rus crop has been borne by grower members of


When the Industry
Pulled Together
In the October 15th issue of the Clearing
House News this department called the atten-
tion of the industry to the possible need of ex-
tending the maturity inspection period and said,
"The responsibility lies squarely on the shoulders
of Mr. Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agricul-
ture, and there we leave it at present."
Now that continued inspection of grapefruit
and oranges (tangerines should have been in-
cluded too) is assured until Dec. 20th, we compli-
ment Commissioner Mayo on his very tactful
handling of an extremely difficult situation. We
believe that the decision of the Commissioner in
this unprecedented emergency will have general
approval, and his prompt action will add much
to the success of this citrus marketing season.
Mr. Mayo received the support and hearty co-
operation of a large proportion of the leading
citrus growers and shippers of the state, a num-
ber of shippers expressing their willingness to
pay the inspection fee on all of the fruit that
they pack during the extended period.
Ordinarily, there is no need for maturity in-
spection after Nov. 30th ,but this season was one
of extremely irregular blooming periods, the like
of which may not be experienced again for a
great many years. Some have advocated chang-
ing the law so that the regular inspection period
would end on Dec. 31 instead of Nov. 30. Decem-
ber inspection certainly is not needed in our nor-
mal seasons and we may not have another ab-
normal season like the present one in many,
many years. We have proven that the law as it
now stands is equal to any such emergency.


the Florida Citrus Exchange and growers who
shipped through some of the other marketing
agencies that did advertising. Now that an ef-
fort has been made to put a joint advertising
program behind Florida fruit, every grower and
every shipper should be willing to play his part
in the effort.
This Committee believes in and has earnestly
and continuously advocated advertising for all
Florida citrus fruit, and appeals to every grower
to bear his own share of the cost. Do not be a
"slacker" and accept the benefits without shar-
ing the costs. Pay your part of the advertising,
don't hitch-hike at the expense of the others. See
your shipper today and offer your support in this
effort to increase your returns.


A Good Grade
Will Pay
The following paragraphs are taken from the
annual report of the General Manager of the
California Fruit Growers Exchange for the year
which ended October 31, 1932, and are worthy
of the perusal and earnest thought of every cit-
rus grower and shipper of Florida:
"Abundant crops, together with the develop-
ment of truck transportation, intensified at pres-
ent by idle men and idle trucks, are causing loose,
unpacked, and otherwise unstandardized citrus
fruit to be distributed widely on the Pacific Coast
and in other areas accessible to this type of trans-
portation. Demand of the public under present.
conditions for cheap prices has accentuated this
situation, which exists to an even greater degree
in the populous territory readily accessible to
Florida distribution of the same sort.
"This is regarded as a dangerous development
and one certain to break down the careful, pains-
taking standardization practices of this industry,
built up over many years. It should be checked
in every way possible. The interests of the pro-
ducer, the trade, and the public will be better
served in the long run if the distribution of citrus
fruit is confined to .a well-graded, dependable
product packed in a standard container."
:The above lends further support to the Com-
mittee's advocacy-for which it has been fre-
quently criticized -of bigger and better cull
piles.


Page 2


December 1, 1932





FLORIDA CLEARING ( HOUSE NEWS


Weekly Citrus Summary

(By A. M. Pratt, Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association)
(Week.Ending November 26, 1932)

WEEKLY CARLOT INDEX ANALYSIS
Week Week Week
Ending Ending Ending
Nov. 26,'32 Nov. 19,'32 Nov.28,31


Fla. Org's Shpd.......
Total ..................
Fla. Gft. Shpd.........
Total......................
Fla. Tang. Shpd.......
Total ......................
Fla. Mixed Shpd.....
Total .................
Texas Gft. Shpd.....
Total...--................
Cal. Org's Shpd.......


493
1306
362
2139
108
150
297
814
188
1079
1554


Fla. Org's Auc......... 358
Average.................----- $3.05
Fla. Gft. Auc...---........ 195
Average .............-... $3.15
Fla. Tang. Auc. -.... 48
Average.................. $3.70
Texas Gft. Auc....... 26
Average-.................. ----$2.92
Cal. Org's Auc...... 392
Average------................. $4.00


639
813
384
1777
33
42
305
517
205
891
1426


89
$3.35
178
$3.10
21
$3.80
23
$2.95
527
$3.95


445
2291
594
4141
191
377
376
1256
110
1268
1271


334
$2.85
270
$2.60
150
$3.65
4
$2.10
- 400
$3.30


FIRST SIX DAYS' SHIPMENTS AND SALES
(Commencing Sunday)
ORANGES No. 1 ORANGES No. 2
Week Ending Shpd Sold Avg. Shpd Sold Avg.
Nov. 19 ...123 44 $2.48 85 27 $2.16
Nov. 26 .. 64 20 $2.17 52 13 $1.88
Nov. 28
last year..118 32 $2.21 39 10 $1.91
*-Five days
GRFT. No. 1 GFT. No. 2
Week Ending Shpd Sold Avg. Shpd Sold Avg.
Nov. 19 .... 45 17 $2.12 68 26 $1.93
Nov. 26 ..* 24 7 $2.13 57 28 $1.91
Nov. 28
last year..147 41 $1.60 84 22 $1.39
*-Five days

TRUCK MOVEMENT
Week Ending Saturday-9 A.M.
360 Boxes to Car
Does not include truck movement to boat
Week Ending Oranges Grapefruit Tang. Total
Nov. 19...... 34,791 21,477 1016 57,284
Nov. 26...... 43,095 21,208 34 64,337
Total to date 132,952 90,582 1441 224,975
Totaltodate
last year.... 187,180 103,818 8509 299,507


COMPARATIVE SHIPMENTS
Florida Oranges
Week Last 1930- 1929- 1928- 1927-
Ending Year 31 30 29 28
Nov. 19........ 823 777 663 751 935
Nov. 26........ 445 675 737 612 1080
Dec. 3-......... 552 1101 837 1154 1162
California Oranges
Week Last
Ending Year 1930 1929 1928 1927
Nov. 19........1091 782 622 1078 408
Nov. 26........1271 1555 1293 1638 1204
Dec. 3..........1317 1874 1689 1697 1804
Florida Grapefruit
Week Last 1930- 1929- 1928- 1927-
Ending Year 31 30 29 28
Nov. 19........ 571 408 428 509 399
Nov. 26........ 594 476 415 857 575
Dec. 3.......... 538 713 413 636 372
Florida Mixed
Week Last 1930- 1929- 1928- 1927-
Ending Year 31 30 29 28
Nov. 19........ 375 540 296 263 247
Nov. 26........ 376 372 366 274 338
Dec. 3.......... 494 775 433 453 393


Nov. 26.............. 191 123 44
Dec. 3---............... 154 239 63
Texas Grapefruit
Week Ending Last Year 1930-31 1929-30
Nov. 19.............. 182 114 183
Nov. 26.............. 110 138 154
Dec. 3...-.....-..-.. 99 177 232
NEXT WEEK'S SHIPMENTS A
The estimates turned in by our members for
next week's shipments are very close to last
week's estimate for this week's shipments. Our
members estimate for next week 274 cars of
oranges, 207 grapefruit, 29 tangerines and
four mixed, whereas their estimate last week
for this week's shipments was 258 oranges, 197
grapefruit, 33 tangerines and six mixed. Be-
cause of the interference by rain as well as
Thanksgiving with shipments this week we are
estimating next week's shipments from the
state at 600 oranges, 400 grapefruit, 300 mixed
and 150 tangerines. California estimates 1250
cars for next week and about the same quan-
tity for the week following. Texas wires that
they anticipate lighter shipments with prob-
ably not over 130 cars of grapefruit moving by
rail. Compared with previous seasons, next
week's shipments will be decidedly light. Com-
pared with last season only, next week's ship-
ments will be about the same as a year ago.
TANGERINES
Tangerines will be the only variety on which
the inspection period will not be extended. So
far the industry has shown a self control in
handling its tangerine problem that is com-
mendable, and from what we can learn it looks
as if this will be continued. Picking for size
and color and recognizing the limits existing
in a critical market has controlled tangerines
since the test went off and it will be quite inter-
esting to see if this will not continue to control
the tangerine movement.
ORANGES
Three hundred fifty-eight cars of Florida or-
anges were auctioned this week at a general de-
livered average of $3.05 as compared with 334
cars a year ago at $2.85 delivered. This is an


1 1


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p.^'


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., -


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/V


encouraging comparison as it is the first week
where normal supplies have been sold at auc-
tion. It is interesting to note that California's
average at auction for this week is only $3.45
on 95 cars of navels in contrast with $4.16 on
297 cars of valencias, this giving a total Cali-
fornia average at auction of $4.00 on 392 cars.
A year ago California valencias were selling at
$1.00 less; 253 cars of valencias averaged
$3.10 last year, and 147 navels averaged $3.60,
making a general average on Californias of
$3.30 on 400 cars. It is obvious, therefore, that
valencias this season have made the California
average high as compared with a year ago and
that we are pulling up in our relative position
as we compare our auction averages with Cali-
fornia's navels.
LOOKING AHEAD ON ORANGES
The difficulties of looking ahead in a year
like this have been mentioned before. We never
have had quite the same factors to work with,
namely so many different blooms and such re-
stricted buying capacity on the part of con-
sumers. Including proper proportion of mixed,
Florida has shipped only 1720 cars of oranges
to date as compared with 2970 cars last season.
Considering the very light volume that has
gone forward it would hardly be wise to be
falsely optimistic because of our showing at
auction this week. In attempting to look ahead,
we naturally go back to last year's conditions.
For the week ending Dec. 5th, 804 cars of or-
anges, including proper proportion of mixed,
were shipped; 319 cars were sold at auction at
a general average of $2.95 with f.o.b. prices
being $2.30 on No. Is and $1.98 on No. 2s. If
our estimate is correct, we will be shipping
about the same volume this coming week. For
the weeks ending Dec. 12 and Dec. 19 a year
ago a volume went forward that probably will
be impossible to reach this season because of
the extension period for inspection. For the
week ending Dec. 12 last year, 1551 cars went
forward and for the week ending Dec. 19th,
1739 cars of oranges were shipped, including
proper proportion of mixed. Will Florida this
(Continued on Page Six)


Trees and Plants


have Stomachs

SOUNDS FUNNY, doesn't it? But it's a fact that the duties
which your soil must perform to insure vigorous plant growth
are relatively the same as the functions of the human stomach.
Before you can receive nourishment from the food you eat, it
must be properly digested in the stomach. So must the soil assimi-
late plant food in order for it to be readily taken up by your trees
and truck crops.
Experience has taught us that cheap, poorly prepared foods, if
taken into the stomach, cause harmful reactions which frequently
result in serious illness. It's the same with your soil. Improper
combinations of fertilizers leach away essential elements, leaving the
soil sterile and unproductive burned out!
There's an easy way to be sure your trees and plants are prop-
erly nourished. Use Gulf Brands of Fertilizers for both grove and
truck farm. Gulf Brands are scientifically blended to insure lasting
soil energy.
THE GULF FERTILIZER COMPANY
TAMPA, FLORIDA
Stocks at Convenient Points Throughout the State


1929-30
50


Florida Tangerines
Week Ending Last Year 1930-31
SNov. 19.............. 163 452


December 1, 1932


Page 3





Page 4 F1

FLORIDA

CLEARING HOUSE

NEWS

CLEARING HOUSE PURPOSES
Co-ordinating members' activities for orderely control
of distribution.
Controlling supplies at key markets.
Disseminating marketing information.
Standardizing grade and pack through impartial in-
spection service.
Increasing consumer demand by advertising and pub-
licity.
Securing best freight rates and transportation
services.
Developing mutual interests of, and better under-
standing among growers and shippers.
Maintaining representation of industry in all matters
of common welfare.

DIRECTORS
E. C. AURIN Ft. Ogden
J. C. CHASE Winter Park
JOHN D. CLARK Waverly
L. P. KIRKLAND Auburndale
J. H. LETTON Valrico
JAMES C. MORTON Auburndale
M. 0. OVERSTREET Orlando
E. W. VICKERS .- ----_ Sebastian
GEORGE F. WESTBROOK. Clermont
E. H. WILLIAMS Crescent City
R. B. WOOLFOLK Orlando
OFFICERS
E. C. AURIN President
JAMES C MORTON Vice-President
M. O. OVERSTREET Treasurer
L. P. KIRKLAND Secretary
A. M. PRATT Manager

There's Plenty of Fruit

On The Way!
There's plenty of citrus fruit ahead
of us, if Uncle Sam's recent "Fruit Out-
look Report" is correct-as it probably
is. And whether we like to or not it's
well worth our while glancing over
these figures the old gentleman has
issued.
"The outlook for citrus fruit," says
the report, "is that production will con-
tinue to increase and that there will be
continued keen competition between
the various producing areas, particu-
larly between those areas marketing
during the winter months. The com-
bined production of oranges and grape-
fruit has increased tenfold during the
past 40 years and has been increasing
at' an average rate of about 6 percent
per year during the past ten years.
There are in the continental United
States around 759,000 acres devoted to
the production of oranges and grape-
fruit. About 30 percent of the trees
have been set five years or less and are,
therefore, normally not of bearing age.
Of the remaining 70 percent that are
over five years old many are yet too
young to produce fruit in paying quan-
tities.
"The upward trend in production,
together with increasing competition
from other fruit and fruit juices, has
been reflected in the trend of prices
through the past few years. With sip-
plies of citrus fruits in the 1931-1932
season almost as large as in the previ-
ous year, New York auction prices av-
eraged only slightly lower. New York
auction prices of Florida oranges aver-
aged $3.43 per box delivered in 1931-
1932 compared with $3.54 per box in


LORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS

1930-1931, California navels, $3.14
compared with $3.54, and Florida
grapefruit, $2.53 compared with $2.69.
Auction prices are only one index of re-
turns to growers. It should be under-
stood that various factors in addition to
volume of production and purchasing
power may influence the auction price.
These factors include average quality
of the crop and proportion of receipts
sold at auction each month. Much of
the low quality fruit does not go to the
auctions.
"Many of the recent plantings of cit-
rus have taken place in relatively new
areas and there is little evidence upon
which to base an estimate of the prob-
able .production from that part of the
total plantings that will remain for
production 15 or 20 years hence. Pro-
duction from groves now in bearing has
increased to a point where it amounted
to 64,264,000 boxes of oranges and
grapefruit combined in 1931, a year of
below -average conditions. While the
"condition" reported on October 1,
1932, is below both a year ago and the
10-year average, there is some evi-
dence that the increasing bearing ca-
pacity of the trees may again offset the
lower "condition" reported and that
production during the coming twelve
months may equal or possibly exceed
that of the 1931-1932 season.
"In the country as a whole there are
around 547,000 acres of orange groves.
Of this area, 112,000 acres are esti-
mated to be of less than five years
standing and 435,000 acres, or slightly
less than four-fifths, five years old or
older and of bearing age. Barring
severe loss of acreage from freezing
the upward trend in production which
has been apparent during recent years
may be expected to continue. In Cali-
fornia about 18 percent of the 234,000
acres in oranges is estimated to be be-
low bearing age. There are about 99,-
000 acres of Navels, the variety that
competes with southeastern oranges,
of which about 95 percent are esti-
mated to be of bearing age and prob-
ably nearing their peak of production.
The present acreage of orange trees in
Florida is around 268,000, about one-
fifth of which is not of bearing age,
while about three-fifths are 5 to 15
years of age and one-fifth are 15 years
old or older and approaching full pro-
duction. The Texas acreage increased
nearly 9 percent during the past year
to about 25,000 acres, 65 percent of
which is not yet in bearing. Of the
9,000 acres in bearing, only a small
proportion is in full bearing-
"Grapefruit acreage in the United
States was expanded approximately 9
percent during the past year and about
212,000 acres are now devoted to its
culture. Approximately 118,000 acres,
or nearly 56 percent, is less than five
years old. Due primarily to the rapid
increase in plantings in Texas during
recent years, the proportion of young
trees in the United States is even larger
than it was ten years ago."


December 1, 1932

Liberal and Wise Use of

Fertilizer Will Pay Grower
By W. R. BRIGGS
Address Broadcast Over WRUF, Gainesville
Fertilizing in relation to yield and cost of
citrus is a subject in which all citrus growers
are greatly interested. This interest is so in-
tense that the subject is raised at all gather-
ings of citrus growers regardless of the sub-
ject under discussion. In view of this fact, data
on this subject, as recorded in 118 citrus grove
records kept by growers in cooperation with
the Agricultural Extension Service, will be dis-
cussed at this time. The groves are located in
Highlands, Lake, Manatee, Orange, and Polk
Counties and are of various ages and varieties.
The records are for the year ending Septem-
ber 30th, 1931.
YIELD AND FERTILIZER COST
It has been possible to take account of the
age factor in considering amount and cost of
fertilizer in relation to yield, but the variety
factor is more complicated. However, there
appears to be less variation between varieties
than is generally thought to be the case but we
shall not discuss that factor at this time. Thir-
ty-six groves were reported with a bearing ca-
pacity of groves less than twelve years of age.
The average yield of these groves was 109
boxes per acre and the fertilizer cost averaged
$32.21 per acre. Forty-five groves, with a
bearing capacity of groves twelve to fifteen
years of age, averaged 217 boxes per acre with
a fertilizer cost of $37.96 per acre. Thirty-
seven groves, with a bearing capacity of groves
sixteen years and over, had an average yield
of 267 boxes per acre and a fertilizer cost of
$54.18 per acre. The fertilizer cost is for the
same year of yield and had little or no influ-
ence on the yield. It is quite probable, how-
ever, that it indicates the amount spent for fer-
tilizer per year on these groves. Both yield and
fertilizer costs vary each year, however, and it
should be kept in mind that we are discussing
figures for one year only.
FERTILIZER COST GROUP
As fertilizer cost represents approximately
50 percent of all production costs when inter-
est on investment is omitted, these same
groups of groves were divided into three sub-
groups each on the basis of dollars spent for
fertilizer. Data on the lower and upper thirds
are as follows: twelve lower third groves, with
bearing capacity of groves less than twelve
years of age, had an average fertilizer cost of
$19.08 per acre and an average yield of 83
boxes per acre, while the twelve upper third
groves of same bearing capacity group had an
average fertilizer cost of $48.67 and an aver-
age yield of 143 boxes. Gross profit was about
$9 per acre in favor of the upper group.
Fifteen lower third groves, with bearing ca-
pacity of groves twelve to fifteen years of age,
had an average fertilizer cost of $18.04 per
acre and an average yield of 184 boxes, while
the fifteen upper third groves of same bearing
capacity group had an average fertilizer cost
of $58.51 and an average yield of 275 boxes per
acre. Gross profit was $40 per acre in favor of
the upper group.
Twelve lower third groves, with bearing ca-
pacity of groves sixteen years and over, had
an average fertilizer cost of $30.38 and an av-
(Continued on Page Five)





December 1, 1932 FL

Liberal Use of Fertilizer Pays
(Continued from Page Four)
erage yield. of 209 boxes per acre, while the
twelve upper third groves had an average fer-
tilizer cost of $81.48 and an average yield of
281 boxes per acre. In this case the gross profit
was $60 per acre in favor of the lower third
group although the yield was in favor of the
higher third group.
SIZE OF YIELD GROUP
When these same groves are sorted on a
basis of yield rather than fertilizer costs we get
the following picture:
Twelve lower third groves, with bearing ca-
pacity of groves less than twelve years of age,
had an average yield of 42 boxes with an aver-
age fertilizer cost of $23.11, while twelve up-
per third groves had an average yield of 169
boxes with an average fertilizer cost of $40.40
per acre. The gross profit was about $70 in
favor of the upper third, the lower third going
into red ink.
Fifteen lower third groves, with a bearing
capacity of groves twelve to fifteen years of
age, had an average yield of 112 boxes per
acre and an average fertilizer cost of $33 per
acre, while the fifteen upper third groves had
an average yield of 333 boxes and an average
Fertilizer cost of $47.36 per acre. Gross profit
was about $95 per acre in favor of the upper
yield group.
Twelve lower third groves, with a bearing
capacity of groves sixteen years and over, had
an average yield of 141 boxes with a fertilizer
cost of $55.73 per acre, while the twelve upper
third groves had an average yield of 437 boxes
with an average fertilizer cost of $53.34 per
acre. In this case, the fertilizer cost was about
the same but the difference in gross profit was
approximately $155 per acre in favor of the
high yield group.
OTHER FACTORS ARE INFLUENCES
A study of these data indicates that some
factors other than dollars spent for fertilizer,
had an influence on yield and gross profits.
We have the amount, analysis and cost of
fertilizer of 65 groves for the fall of 1930,
spring and summer of 1931 in comparison with
the yield of 1930-31. This gives us approxi-
mately the fertilizer used in production of the
crop. While it is for one year only, we believe






72 k2?-Deciduous-
6&CitrumsHeate
I KIills Frost at little Cost

MILLIONS
cAre in Use....
Write for
Descriptive Matter

RIVERSIDE SHEET METALWORKS. INC.
RIVERSIDE. CALIFORNIA
D. V. WEBB, Sales Agent
61 W. Jefferson St., Orlando, Florida
Stock of Heaters Now on Hand at Orlando


ORIDA CLEARING \ HOUSE NEWS
that it gives some information worth studying.
A study of these data points clearly to the
fact that those growers who used the larger
amounts of plant food received the large yield
on the average. Twenty of these groves ap-
plied an average of 255 pounds of plant food
(ammonia, phosphoric acid and potash) and
produced an average yield of 124 boxes.per
acre. Thirty-two groves received an average
of 426 pounds of plant food and produced an
average of 216 boxes. Thirteen groves re-
ceived an average of 659 pounds of plant food,
and produced an average of 276 boxes of fruit
per acre. After allowance is made for age, we
still find that it pays to fertilize liberally ac-
cording to the age and requirements of the
tree, providing it can be done economically.
The use of ammonia and potash during the
above period and for the above groves had
more effect on yield than any single plant food
or any combination of plant foods. Therefore,
it appears wise to consider very carefully the
use of these.
A study of the data on these sixty-five groves
indicates that there was a definite relationship
between source of plant food and cost, and that


Page 5


those growers who purchased for cash and used
judgment in buying were able to profit by so
doing. Several found it paid to purchase ma-
terials and mix at home or apply directly to
the grove without mixing. Some, however, pre-
fer to buy ready-mixed fertilizers.
Before adopting new practices, a grower
should study the practice and results carefully,
but the evidence is that fertilizer costs can be
lowered without lowering yield or profits, and
that plant food applied is a safer guide than
dollars spent for fertilizer.



IRRIGATION

Ames Lockseam Slip Joint Pipe
Universal (bolted joint) Cast
Iron Pipe
67 Years of Service.

The Cameron & Barkley Co.
TAMPA, FLA.


1,000,000 boxes more for



BROGDEX


O



LAT MAXCY of Frostproof, and Gregg Maxcy of
Sebring, between them operating six modern packing
houses and packing more than a million boxes of
fruit, have signed 3-year contracts for Brogdex.
The Maxcy brothers have been pioneers in the devel-
opment of our citrus industry and have contributed
much to the prestige of Florida fruit in the markets
of the country.
They have long recognized the weakness of Florida
fruit in the market and in various ways have tried to
overcome this fault by using treatments designed to
improve the appearance of the fruit as well as to
make it keep better.
We know of no better endorsement of Brogdex than
that the Maxcys finally turn to it as the most effective
means yet discovered that will insure sound delivery,
better appearance, and longer keeping time.
This action of the Maxcys is significant and should
give food for the thoughtful consideration of anyone
concerned in better prices for our fruit.


FLORIDA BROGDEX DISTRIBUTORS, Inc.
B. C. Skinner, President DUNEDIN, FLORIDA


--






Pare 6


Orange and Grapefruit

Inspection to Continue
(Continued from Page One)
renew inspection on tangerines up until Dec.
20 if it developed that a need existed.
The Commissioner was assured by repre-
sentatives of the three originating railroads
that their respective lines would cooperate
with the Inspection Department in handling
the maturity problem. The state law makes it
mandatory on the railroads to refuse citrus
shipments up until Dec. 1 that do not carry the
Inspection Department's maturity stamp. Co-
operation of the railroads in voluntarily con-
tinuing this supervision until Dec. 20 is re-
garded by Commissioner Mayo as decidedly
helpful.
Growers doing a mail order business and
others who ship fruit out of the state by ex-
press will be permitted to make their custom-
ary shipments provided the shipments do not
exceed five boxes. Express shipments in excess
of five boxes, however, will be subject to in-
spection, the Department has announced.
The official ruling made Nov. 26 by the De-
partment reads in part as follows:
"1. In view of the emergency existing, ma-
turity inspections of round oranges and grape-
fruit under the standards of maturity set in
said Citrus Fruit Law (Chapter 14662, Laws of
Florida, Acts of 1931) shall be continued from
December 1st to December 20th, 1932, both
dates inclusive, by the regular citrus maturity
inspection service of the Department of Agri-
culture of the State of Florida including the
Chief Citrus Fruit Inspector, the State Chem-
ist and all duly authorized Citrus Fruit In-
spectors.
"2. All of the Rules and Regulations made
and promulgated by the Commissioner of Ag-
riculture under date of August 1st, 1932, ap-
plicable to round oranges and grapefruit, and
not applying to the registration of packing
houses nor to the payment or affixing of ma-
turity inspection stamps, are hereby continued
in full force and effect, namely: Rules And
Regulations numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13,
14 and 15.
"3. All shipments of oranges and grapefruit
in packed boxes or containers in lots of five
packed bexes or less to any individual con-
signee, shall be exempted from maturity in-
spections and from the production of maturity
inspection certificates. All other lots of oranges
and grapefruit (excepting only fruit moving
from grove to packing house or fruit moving
to canning plants for the bona fide purpose of
canning) shall be subject to inspection and to
the production of maturity certificates.


NITROSE
Corrosion is busy twenty-four hours a
day. He knows no shifts, no lay-offs, no
slack seasons. Idle periods only help him.
NITROSE has conquered the corrosive
problems in every industry and will do
the same for you. Sample gladly sent
without cost or obligation.
THE NITROSE COMPANY, Peoria, Ill.
G. L. SIMONDS
Southeastern Distributor
Winter Haven, Fla.


Page 6


The


Rathborne



"James" Box



Is Distinctly

A Bulk Package
*
One that gives every packing house the
same indisputable
MEASURE
by which to sell BULK FRUIT
(One and three-fifths bushels)
*
It is specially designed to allow maxi-
mum display with perfect protection to
FRUIT
*
Due to the construction the fruit arrives
by truck or railroad firm and tight in
the box.


Truck Drivers are using
the RATHBORNE
"JAMES" BOX on both
short and long hauls.
* * *
Keep these boxes on
hand and improve
your truck trade.


LARGE STOCKS OF THESE RATHBORNE "JAMES" BOXES
are available for quick delivery. Wire or phone

RICHARD D. POPE, James Crate Division
Taylor Building, Winter Haven
DO NOT DELAY


Rathborne, Hair & Ridgway Company
2138 S. Loomis Street Chicago, Illinois


ORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS
"4. The above and foregoing supplemental
regulations are hereby adopted by authority of
Section 16, Chapter 14662, Laws of Florida,
Acts of 1931, and are subject to alteration or
amendment at any time without previous
notice.
"NATHAN MAYO,
"Commissioner of Agriculture."


Weekly Citrus Summary
(Continued from Page Three)
year maintain the prices realized for those two
weeks a year ago or will we get higher prices
because of lighter shipments? A year ago 331
cars were sold at auction for the week ending
Dec. 12th at $3.30 delivered and 645 cars for
the week ending Dec. 19th at $2.90, with f.o.b.
prices remaining fairly stable, namely, $2.35 to


December 1, 1932

$2.25 on No. Is and $1.93 to $1.88 on No. 2s. -
Failure to show a gain on our lighter supplies
that are probable, will reflect the reduced buy- :
ing power of the public as compared to last
season, variously estimated from 25 percent to
40 percent less, depending doubtless upon the
frame of mind of the individual. We do know
that the trade are extremely cautious. We are
not needing to consider the desirability of
booking orders guaranteed against decline and
probably nearly all operators realize the de-
sirability of selling just as much f.o.b. as possi-
ble. Compared with a year ago, our f.o.b.
prices this week of $2.17 average on No. Is is
about 4c less than the corresponding week last
year. However, the proportion sold f.o.b. this
year is considerably less than for the corre-
spending week last year, as shown in the f.o.b.
analysis.




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