Title: Florida clearing house news ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00050
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: October 25, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00050
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text




DA


Sec. 485%, P. L. & R
U. S. Postage
1c. Paid
Winter Haven, Fla.
Permit No. 11


HOUSE


Representing more than 10,000
Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit
Headquarters: WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA


NEWS


$2.00 a Year Published Semi-monthly by the Florida Cit- Entered as second-class matter August 31, V e
10 C aear rus Growers Clearing House Association, OCTOBER 25, 1930 1928, at the postoffice at Winter Haven,Volume III
10 Cents a Copy DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Fla. Florida, under the Act. of March 8, 1879. Number 2.


.California Navels

Reported Good and

SReady to Be Moved

oierPmhes Reportsb ig Crop
SOf Early Grapefruit With
Prices Satisfactory

California's navel crop is getting
under way this month according to
reports received by the Clearing
House. A recent bulletin, an ex-
cerpt from which is given herewith,
declares that the eating quality of
the new crop will be of the best in
years. The excerpt from the bulle-
tin reads as follows:
"All indications point toward an
earlier movement of new crop na-
vels than last season. Navels in the
;Edison district are coloring up well
and tests for maturity have passed
the required 8 to 1 ratio. This fruit
will begin moving before Nov. 1st.
Central California shippers report,
however, that only a few cars of
Washington navels will be shipped
before Nov. 10th, as the large ship-
ping organizations desire to hold
back shipments until the fruit
beaches the point where entire sat-
isfaction will result from consum-
'ers.
"The quality and texture of new
crop. navels is reported to be-vcry
fine and the eating quality the best
in years. Sizes will run heavy 216s
and 252s. Favorable growing weath-
er between now and time of picking
may change sizes somewhat.
"Southern California navels will
srun medium-small sizes and should
fit in well because of the sales cam-
paign on medium-small valencias.
"The first car of the new crop
aas shipped from Edison in Tulare
County on Oct. 21. The second car
-ent out the next day and on Oct.
23, two more cars were shipped."
Isle of Pines
With the shipment of Sept. 20
the movement of early crop grape-
fuit from the Isle of Pines passed
the 200,000 mark and established a
record in volume and value to the
growers, according to the Havana
Post.
Up to Sept. 15, Post dispatch
says, the market had brought a price
which averaged the grower around


Member of Federal

Farm Board Visits

State Next Month

-Florida's citrus growers will have
an opportunity to rub elbows with
the Federal Farm Board next month
upon the occasion of a visit to the
state of C. C. Teague, member of
the Board, who will speak at Frost-
proof, Nov. 17. According to infor-
mation furnished by the Associated
Boards of Trade of the Scenic
Highlands, Mr. Teague's speech will
be part of a program on that day
devoted to "The world-wide citrus
market as affecting Florida's out-
look."
The purpose of the program,
which will be divided into an after-
noon and a night session, is to ac-
quaint Floridians with the competi-
tion arising in citrus throughout the
world, and particularly in Africa
and South America. Further details
of the program will be announced
early next month.

two dollars per box on the tree but
on that date, with heavy arrivals
from Florida and Porto Rico, prices
broke to a low of three dollars
which means practically nothing to
the grower who has his fruit packed
and: shippedl on .-cnsignment. This
low price was only on the lowest
grades while better fruit continued
to show some profit.
As about 170,000 boxes had al-
ready been sold prior to the drop
the season average is an excellent
one and the general purchase price
of $2.75 at Gerona dock will prob-
ably be found to just about match
the returns of fruit consigned while
the buyers will, apparently, make
their commissions and some profit
on the deal.
With an estimated production
cost of eighty cents per box the av-
erage profit for the approximately
1,200 acres of bearing grove on the
Isle would appear to be better than
$100 per acre although many of the
better groves made several times
this amount and probably a few of
the poorer ones earned very much
less.
This is considerably better than
the estimated 'average for Florida
(Continued on Page Five)


Plan Outlined for an Even

Weekly or Monthly Movement

So as To- Keep Markets- e

Extended Season Is Possi-
Florida ble Under Suggested

Comes Through Schedule


Florida's aggressive and success-
ful war against obstacles in general
and the Mediterranean fruit fly
problem in particular, are being
broadcast this month to the United
States. The Country Gentleman
following an investigation of the sit-
uation in the state has this month
published an editorial under the
heading, "Florida Comes Through,"
telling its readers of Florida's vic-
tory, and speaking optimistically of
the situation in the state. The fol-
lowing is the editorial in question
and is being reprinted by special
permission from the Country Gen-
tleman and the Curtis Publishing
Company:
Florida is now collecting divi-
dends on the resolute policy pur-
sued toward the Mediterranean
fruit fly menace. It has a good cit-
rus frui- rop msuing .fre .r.onf.-.-
strictions into practically all the im-
portant markets. The best market-
ing opinion in the state is that this
crop will yield a gross income of
around sixty million dollars.
The lifting of the embargo fol-
lowed an intensive search by about
600 inspectors. Restrictions now re-
main in effect only on shipments to
Southern and Pacific Coast states.
(Editor's Note: These restrictions
have now been removed).
Federal authorities feel that it is
the part of safety to continue these
at present, since climatic conditions
in those areas are favorable to the
development' of the fly if it should
still exist. No adult fly has been
found in Florida since the summer
of 1929.
The state's citrus fruit growers
have still another source of encour-
agement. This is the development
of added outlets for their products.
The grapefruit canning business,
(Continued on Page Three)


For the first time in the history
of Florida's citrus industry a con-
certed effort (along a pre-determin-
ed course) will be made to have
Florida's fruit move into the mar-
kets in an even and orderly fashion.
This endeavor is being made by the
Clearing House in the matter of its
weekly shipment allotments pro-
rated among the fifty or more ship-
per-members of the organization.
Shipments of both oranges and
grapefruit in past years always
have been erratic with regards to
weekly volume moved from the
state. This was unavoidable prior
to formation of the Clearing House
in that no shipping agency had any
idea of what his competitors were
doing and were planning to do. The
Clearing House will do much toward
remedying this situation by virtue
of its compilation and dissemination
of marketing information obtained
from the -shipper-rakmbersn-ofe-the-:..
Clearing House.
Past Seasons Studied
Figures showing the monthly
shipments of oranges and grapefruit
during the past seven years have
been compiled by the Clearing
House, the figures showing amount
of fruit moved each week as well as
each month and the percentage of
each season's total volume moved
during each period. A careful study
of the weekly and monthly ship-
ments during the past seven years
has made possible preparation of a
schedule of shipments for the cur-
rent crop that should prove of ines-
timable value to the entire industry.
This schedule is not an average for
the weeks or months of the seven
years in question. As has been noted
above shipments during the past
seven years have been erratic, hence
it would be unwise to plan to move
this season's crop in the same man-
ner.
(Continued on Page Three)


Official Publication of the
FLORIDA CITRUS GROWERS
CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION






FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


Weekly Citrus Summary

(By A. M. Pratt, Manager, Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association)
(Week Ending Oct. 18, 1930)

WEEKLY INDEX ANALYSIS


I

Florida Oranges Shipped.......
Total.............--...--------
Florida Grapefruit Shipped....
Total..............-------..............--
Florida Tangerines Shipped ..-
Total.......--..................----------.......---
Florida Mixed Shipped.........
Total .........--.. ---------
California Oranges Shipped ..


Week
Ending
Oct. 18
297
350
450
2200

157
194
329


Week
Ending
Oct. 11
42
53
532
1750

28
37
472


Week
Ending
Oct. 18, '29
47
64
567
1950

37
60
1125


Week
Ending
Oct. 18, '28
193
396
701
1297

106
195
450


Florida Oranges Auctioned.... 53 6 6 21
Average................----- ............---- $5.65 $5.40 $2.91 $3.38
Florida Grapefruit Auctioned 264 180 220 159
Average---......................---..-- $3.20 $3.60 $4.35 $5.02
Florida Tangerines Auctioned -
Average ................... -----..........
r'CTfiirinia 'Oranges Auctioned '286 280 537 254
Average------.........------............ $8.95 $8.70 $4.83 $7.71

FIRST FIVE DAYS' SHIPMENTS AND SALES
Oranges No. 1 Oranges No. 2
Week Ending Shipped Sold Avg. Shipped Sold Avg.
Oct. 11----................ 6 4 $4.37 7 1 $4.00
66% 14%
Oct. 18.............---.. 128 64 $4.22 65 36 $3.60
50% 55%
Difference..--.. +122 +60 .15 + 58 +35 +.40

Grapefruit No. Is Grapefruit No. 2s
Week Ending Shipped Sold Avg. Shipped Sold Avg.
Oct. 11 --................. 176 60 $2.63 138 39 $2.21
34% 28%
Oct. 18.--...----. 148 46 $2.44 102 47 $1.94
31% 46%
Difference:-..--......-28 -14 -.19 -36 + 8 -.27

PREVIOUS COMPARATIVE SHIPMENTS
Florida Oranges
Week Last 1928- 1927- 1926. 1925- 1924- 1923.
Ending Year 29 28 27 26 25 24
Oct. 11-.---.... 13 154 120 95 62 12 205
Oct. 18............ 47 193 206 214 113 49 336
Oct. 25----........... 91 136 369 197 263 277 282
California Oranges
Week Last 1928- 1927- 1926- 1925- 1924- 1923-
Ending Year 29 28 27 26 25 24
Oct. 11.......... 1851 495 624 729 243 564 -
Oct. 18 ..... .. 1125 450 574 649 263 759: -
Oct. 25............ 1063 435 484 1088 191 668
Florida Grapefruit
Week Last 1928- 1927- 1926- 1925- 1924- 1923.
Ending Year 29 28 27 26 25 24
Oct. 11............ 497 375 431 145 187 333 415
Oct. 18----............ 567 701 422 98 208 597 433
Oct. 25----........... 374 639 280 196 360 851 354
Florida Mixed
Week Last 1928- 1927- 1926- 1925- 1924- 1923-
Ending Year 29 28 27 26 25 24
Oct. 11.......... 18 76 68 10 9 3 No Rcrd.
Oct. 18............. 37 106 131 26 21 9 No Rcrd.
Oct.. 25---.......... 56 92 161 41 49 36 No Rcrd.


Grapefruit Draggy
The Operating Committee at their
meeting Oct. 17, plainly expressed
their disappointment in the grape-
fruit market not being better than
it is, and some expressed themselves
quite plainly that we had ourselves
to blame in not having complied
with the allotments for the week
ending Oct. 11. Many were inclined
to think that the only way to bring
the "grapefruit .market up to the


level that it should be would be to
allot our shipper members 200 cars.
But everybody seemed iii dead earn-
est that there cannot be any further
violation of allotments and, there-
fore, after much discussion, 250
cars for our members was agreed
upon as the allotment in grapefruit
for the week ending Oct. 25. It is
thought that this will hold down the
state shipment to 375 cars. It is be-
lieved that shipments the early part


of the week will be quite light as
picking was very light the latter
part of the week ending Oct. 18. It
is hoped that next week's light ship-
ments, by the latter part of the
week or the early part of the week
following will pull up grapefruit
prices to a strong $2.50 f. o. b. level
on 1's and $2.00 on 2's, which it is
hoped is the price that we may ex-
pect as about the season's average.
The week just closed, a year ago,
showed a drop of $1.00 per box in
the auction markets. The same week
two years ago showed $1.35. For
next week a year ago, 253 cars sold
at auction at a general average of
$3.83, or 50c additional drop. Two
years ago last week, 252 cars sold
at $4.03, or $1.00 drop over the
week previous.
Number Unsold Diminishing
Monday, Oct. 13, our members
had 155 cars of grapefruit rolling
unsold, Tuesday 144, Wednesday
142, Thursday 120, and Friday 104.
This is a good indication, and to-
gether with our week's allotment
should re-establish grapefruit prices.
More Second Grade And All Third
Grade In Cans
It is urgently recommended by
some that we should limit the
amount, of second grade and not
ship any third grade grapefruit, and
that at least half of our second
grade and all of our third grade
should go to the canneries. Senti-
ment strongly favored this thought.
It was brought out, however, that
by the last of next week or not
later than Nov. 1 practically all can-
neries probably would be running
and all of our shippers would be in
better shape to dispose of a bigger
proportion of their second grade
and all their third grade to the can-
neries. This was one reason why it
was felt imperative that we hold
back the coming week's shipments
to not over 250 cars for our mem-
bers.
Big Dent To Date
Another thing, everybody realized
that with 220 cars of our grapefruit
crop already moved, we had moved
more to date than any other sea-
son. This is 450 cars ahead of last
year and 900 cars ahead of two
years ago. The impression then
seemed to be that the draggy con-
dition we were experiencing was not
necessary or even an indication of
the general situation that we must
face this year on account of de-
pressed business conditions, etc., but
rather the result of having shipped
so much early fruit in such large
quantities. There are vast quanti-
ties of cheap grapes, pears, melons,
etc. on the markets and with our
early grapefruit no more enticing
than it is, the consumers simply are
not taking it freely. We know that
we have exceptionally good eating
quality and are confident that by
proper regulation of shipments
throughout the season we can right-
ly expect higher prices than our im-
mediate supplies are realizing.
Season's Shipment Program For
Grapefruit
The crop estimate based on the
several hundred groves individually


estimated and put against the coun-
ty record indicates that we will be
shipping 9,000,000 boxes of grape-
fruit, or 24,666 cars. There are
some who are inclined to think that,
this possibly may be an under-esti-
mate on grapefruit. Therefore, to
prepare for the maximum, you will
notice in the figures below an as-
sumed possible 27,000 car output on
grapefruit.
What It Looks Like By Weeks
Working in a general way toward
the schedule B program on grape-
fruit, (explained in another article
in this issue of the News), I am of-
fering you in the following table
how the movement might work out
by weeks and believe that this will
be helpful to all of us in getting our,
bearings on our grapefruit problem
this year. Bear in mind that if our
detailed crop estimate is correct, the
following figures cover 2,000 cars
more than we will be actually ship-
ping; but I have deliberately taken
the larger figure so that we can see
that we can cope with even the max-
imum amount should we have it.
The actual figures given cover the
state movement. It is believed that
the Clearing House will control
80% of that state movement. Fig-
ured by weeks our grapefruit crop
appears as follows:
Grapefruit Weekly Schedule Basedi
On 27,000 Cars
Week
Ending Cars
Sept. 4..--- ----51
Sept. 13............ 191
Sept. 20---......... 317
Sept. 27............ 374
Oct. 4.............. 285
Oct. 11 ..--... 532
Oct. 18..---... 450
Oct. 25............. 375


Nov.
Nov.
Nov.
Nov.
Nov.


1............
1--
8...........
15-...........
22............
29............


Dec. 6..............
Dec. .13-....--..-
Dec. 20..............
Dec. 27..............


Jan. 3..............
Jan. 10..............
Jan. 17--.............
Jan. 22..............
Jan. 29..............


Feb. 7..............
Feb. 14...---.......
Feb. 21..............
Feb. 28..............


7............
7---
14............
21............
28............


Apr. 4.............. 900
Apr. 11.............. 900
Apr. 18.............. 900


Tot. 2,275
500
600
675
675
600 Sub. 3,050'

Tot. 5,325
650
700
700
550 Sub. 2,600

Tot. 7,92?
650
650
650
650
700 Sub. 3,300

Tot. 11,225,
800
850
900
900 Sub. 3,450

Tot. 14,675
900
900
900
900 Sub. 3,600

Tot. 18,275


Page 2


cr;-


October 25, 1930








900 Sub. 3,600

Tot. 21,875


Apr. 25..............


M ay 2..............
M ay 9..............
M ay 16-.............
M ay 23..............
M ay 30..............


Tot. 25,825
June 6---........ 600
June 13............ 575 Sub. 1,175

Tot. 27,000
Orange Prices Very Pleasing
The fact that 53 cars of Florida
oranges sold at auction this week at
$5.65 delivered, all grades and sizes,
indicates a very favorable situation,
Especially as compared with a year
ago when six cars averaged $2.91,
and two-years ago when 21 cars
averaged $3.38 delivered. It is inter-
L testing to note that our orange move-
ment to date is almost identical in
total with, that of two years ago.
Also, that our estimated crop of 37,-
C-40 cars is about the same as two
years ago. Seventy-five cars of late
Valencias will probably clean up the
past season's California crop. A wire
from California indicates that ship-
ments from Central California will
start in a small way the week end-
ing November 8, but will probably
aNot become heavy until about the
week ending November 22. It was
therefore thought wise to not pro-
rate our orange movement this com-
'ing week, even though a lot of
Zone 1 territory, due to the bait
spray used under quarantine re-
strictions, has produced again this
year quite a little fruit that will
pass the state maturity test earlier
than jf the spray had not been used.
The degree to which fruit has been
affected is generally reported, how-
Sever, as much less than a year ago.
Orange Sizes Small
i Although there has been consid-
erable picking for size, the average
4izes for the week ending Oct. 15
this year as compared with a year
:'ago show very much smaller, this
showing being as follows:
S96 100 126 150 176
This Year 2 10 34
Last Year 3 6 36 74 96
;e 200 216 250 288 324
This Year 50 93 97 55 19
Last Year 63 54 22 6
The trade at present are in the
habit of using small sizes, having
been forced to pay high prices for
these small sizes that have been
coming from California. We can-
4ot expect, when our shipments be-
come heavy, a high return on our
small sizes. But with California
shipments practically nil for the
'next three weeks, it is hoped that
we may fill this gap with fairly free
shipments of oranges without break-
ing down the market below at least
Aur season's expectancy.
Booking Holiday Orders
Last night (Oct. 17) the Operat-
ing Committee went on record as
being opposed to our shipper mem-
bers quoting cars for the holiday
markets at a definite price, guaran-
eed against decline. In our ship-


3,950


pers' meeting, the big majority of
our shippers were openly against
this practice and the Operating
Committee, in making a further sur-
vey of the situation, felt that it
was an opportune time to put a
stop to this practice. They were re-
minded also, and we wish to remind
all of our shipper members that if
any of our shippers quote this south-
ern trade or other trade for ship-
ment between November 20 and
December 20, that the quotations
and orders should be booked at not
less than $2.50 f. o. b. on 2's and
$3.00 on l's, this being in accord-
ance with the shippers' resolution in
our last general shippers' meeting.
Truck Citrus Shipments Not
Permitted
So far, notwithstanding pressure
being put on the state by Georgia
and other southern truckmen, the
shipment of citrus fruit by truck
has not been permitted, although
the shipment of vegetables has. Last
night the Operating Committee
passed a motion, going on record as
opposed to the shipment of citrus
fruit by truck out of the state ex-
cept when washed, graded and pack-
ed in standard containers through a
registered packing house.
No Sterilization
The Committee further went on
record as strongly opposed to any
of our shipper members doing any
sterilization whatever in citrus
fruit. This came up because of the
request from the State Entomolo-
gist of Louisiana that he be inform-
ed whether we would favor sterili-
zing our fruit for Southern Louis-
iana and, if so, he would favor per-
mitting such sterilized fruit into
Southern Louisiana. We were in
touch with Dr. Strong among others
and Dr. Strong wired us yesterday
as follows:
"Regarding action by states
regulating interstate movement
of Florida products on account of
Mediterranean fruit fly, it is the
opinion of legal advisor of this
Department that, since Federal
Government has acted with re-
spect to Mediterranean fruit fly,
state action seeking to regulate
interstate movement of products
on account of Mediterranean fruit
fly illegal and unwarranted.
Hence, this Department not un-
dertake under present conditions
to supervise sterilization of Flor-
ida products to comply with state
regulations. F o r i d a products
should move in accordance with
Federal regulations as laid down."
Prorating Instructions To Your
Auction Representatives
In acordance with action taken,
we are reminding each of our ship-
pers to not fail to immediately get
out letter of instructions to their
representative in the auction mar-
kets of New York, Boston, Pitts-
burgh, Cleveland and Chicago, au-
thorizing the representative to pro-
rate their cars at -auction in accord-
ance with the prorating program su-
pervised by the Clearing House and
carried out by the prorating com-
mittee that will be set up by the re-


ceivers at each of the foregoing
auction markets.
Porto Rico Fruit Certified For Ship-
ment Week Ending Oct. 18
Porto
Coamo Rico Total
Oranges.... 5,532 4,491 10,023
Grapefruit 5,293 77 5,370
It is understood that 5205 boxes
of grapefruit and 6290 boxes of
oranges on the boat leaving Oct. 23
for New York has already been ap-
plied for in the matter of space re-
quests.
Seattle, Washington, Claims Florida
Citrus Not Allowed
One of our members advises that
the Horticultural Inspectors at Seat-
tle have advised his agent that no
Florida grapefruit will be allowed
to enter Washington. I took this up
with Mr. Hoidale, and there have
been some disturbances in Washing-
ton due to the fact that another
shipper outside the Clearing House
had diverted a car to Washington
shipped prior to the 15th, but the
result of Mr. Hoidale's activities, as
well as the Department of Agricul-
ture at Washington, was the follow-
ing wire from Olympia, Washington,
tb the Federal Fruit Fly Board:
"Citrus fruit shipped prior to
October 15 as well as later will be
admitted, providing accompanied
by certificate from Federal Gov-
ernment."

FLORIDA COMES THROUGH
(Continued from Page One)
after a number of years of costly
experiment, is on a sound footing,
with a growing demand for its out-
put. The principal citrus coopera-
tive in the state has contracted for
the sale of all its cannery-grade
grapefruit this season at better than
usual prices, the large volume of
production considered. New pro-
cesses for the disposal of juice-grade
oranges are also in the making, with
a promising outlook.
Not many branches of American
farming have had to face as formid-
able a series of disadvantages as the
Florida. citrus growers in..recent
years. In succession, and some of
them at the same time, were an im-
pending over-production that Secre-
tary Henry Wallace pronounced
"well-nigh hopeless" in 1921, a
state-wide boom and consequent col-
lapse, a disorganized marketing sit-
uation, and then the Mediterranean
fruit fly disturbance. All these have
been pretty largely surmounted.
The ability of a group of farm pro-
ducers to come through such diffi-
culties should be a cheering note to
agriculture generally.

Only a Suggestion of Chicken
Guest-"Waiter, just look at this
piece of chicken; it is nothing but
skin and bone."
Waiter-"Yes, sir. D'you want
the feathers too?"-Hummel, Ham-
burg.
CERTAINLY, MADAM
Grocer-"What is it, madam?"
Young Bride-"I want a pound of
mincemeat and please take it from
a nice young mince."


ORANGE MC
'"A"
Mo. % Cars %
Oct. 3 990 4
Nov. 15 4950 14
Dec. 18 5940 16
Jan. 15 4950 14
Feb. 15 4950 15
Mar. 14 4620 15
Apr. 11 3630 12
May 7 2310 7
June 2... 660 33
July -
Aug. - -


33000
GRAPEFRUIT


Mo.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.


"A"
Cars
2430
3240
2700
3240
3780
4050
3780
2700
1080


)VEMENT
"B" *7-yr. Av
Cars % Cars
1320 3 990
4620 15 4950
5280 20 6600
4620 17 5610
4950 15 4950
4950 13 4290
3960 11 3630
2310 5 1650
99.0..... .3.0


33000 33000
MOVEMENT -:


"B"
Cars
2430
2970
2700
3240
3780
3780
3510
3240
1350


*7-yr. AV
% Cars
9 243"
12 3240
11 2970
15 4050
15 "4050
1' 4050
14 3780
8 2160
1 270


27000 27000 27000
Seven year average October to
March inclusive: Six year average
after March on account of 1929-30
season closing April 15.
t This percent to go mostly into
cold storage.
In the tables above for both
(Continued on Page Eight)


PLAN OUTLINED FOR AN
EVEN MOVEMENT TO
KEEP MARKETS STEADY
(Continued from Page One)
Briefly, the schedule in question
calls for an even movement through-
out the season-alternate heavy and
light movements having proven con-
sistently disruptive of firm markets.
The Clearing House at considerable
expense has for the first time ar-
rived at what is believed to be an
accurate estimate of this season's
crop. This estimate should be used
and a general program for the sea-
son laid out with due regard given
not only to the crop figures but to
depreciation in grade, droppage and
the competition provided by straw-
berries and other fruits, including
California and Texas citrus. Con-
sideration likewise must be given to
the difficulty of the Clearing House
shippers adhering to a concrete pro-
gram because of the high" pressure
frequently brought on the shippers
by growers and the difficulty result-
ing from the natural restlessness of
some of the shippers themselves who
are expected to hew to a line that
may appear too theoretical to them.
Any schedule of shipments such
as the schedule suggested for grape-
fruit shown in the weekly citrus
summary elsewhere in this issue of
the News, must be elastic. Condi-
tions very readily may make adher-
ence to such a schedule impractic-
able and unprofitable. Condition of
the fruit, unexpected situations, in
the markets, the weather, and any
number of factors might make it
necessary to alter or even abandon
any such schedule undertaken.


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


October 25, 1930


Page 3






Pare 4


Detailed Study of

700 Groves Is Made

To Obtain Estimate

Clearing House Takes Actual
Packed Output as Basis
In Checking State

There are many viewpoints on the
good and evil of making crop esti-
mates. There is a popular idea
among probably all types of produc-
ers, whether they are citrus grow-
ers, peach growers, vineyardists,
cotton planters, or wheat farmers,
that any publicity as to crops is a
bad thing when the crops are large
and a good thing when the crops
are small. The fact remains that
these estimates will be made and
S wvl.be made. publicly. In;the-first
place, the government has its de-
partments that are directed and au-
thorized to make estimates. These
estimates are secured and published
in the interest of all, including con-
sumer, buyer, shipper and producer
in the belief that a publication of
facts so far as they can be deter-
mined is a wise business procedure
in helping meet the general prob-
lem of consumption, distribution
and intelligent marketing.
Estimates Are Close
Mr. H. A. Marks, the agricultural
statistician, asked by Uncle Sam to
handle such matters in Florida, has
announced his estimate of 22,500,-
000 boxes of citrus fruit to be ship-
ped by rail, boat and express from
Florida this year. He estimates 13,-
500,000 boxes of oranges and tan-
gerines and 9,000,000 boxes of
grapefruit. This estimate is a very
similar one to the actual output of
1928-29, when 13,900,000 boxes of
oranges and tangerines and 9,300,-
000 boxes of grapefruit were for-
warded. It corresponds very close-
ly to the estimate made by the
Clearing House.
'Several weeks were spent by the
Clearing House in a detailed inspec-
tion of about 700 different proper-
ties with our shippers in each sec-
tion selected as representative of
general crop conditions in the re-
spective territories where these in-
spections were made. A number of
properties gone over in each county
were in proportion to what that
county had shipped in the past. In
each case the actual output for the
past season in the groves inspected
was furnished to the Clearing House
but-not to our inspectors or estima-
tors. Every estimator had at the
inception of his work his estimates
independently checked by some
other estimator so that we could
know that those who continued in
this estimating work were, so far as
could be determined, accurate in
their estimates.
Packed Output Determined
After carefully compiling the
mass of data resulting from such
careful estimates, this data was ap-
plied to the: corresponding actual


Pae


Market Is'Factor
The market itself is also a deter-
mining factor in what will be ship-
ped and packed. It is believed the
canneries this year not only will
use vastly more grapefruit than has
ever heretofore gone into cans, but
that a vast amount of small sized
oranges and low grade oranges will
go into the juice by-product busi-
ness that has received such an im-
petus this season. Therefore, that
fruit which is just as good from an
eating standpoint as the balance,
but of low value from a pack stand-
point, will be marketed in greater
quantities than usual through can-
ning and freezing and the merchan-
dising of the product in this form.
Aside from this, in a big crop
year the demand for the packed ar-
ticle will to a certain extent deter-
mine how much will be shipped. We
seem to have a year of small-sized
oranges with an over-supply of 250s
and smaller. The smallest of our
oranges may reach a point where
there will be a question as to the
wisdom of packing during a part of
the season. The Clearing House will
not knowingly encourage its mem-
bers to ship anything that is in dan-
ger of red ink returns to the grower,
When we get into our stride, we
may find it necessary to adhere
firmly to size picking, relieving the
trees from carrying the load of the
larger sizes in the hopes that the
smaller sizes left will grow suffi-


Clearing House estimate corre-
sponds so closely with the estimate
made by Mr. Marks. The Clearing
House estimate shows a probable
packed output of 12,165,085 boxes
of oranges, 1,306,335 boxes of tan-
gerines, or a total of oranges and
tangerines combined of 13,471,420
boxes, which practically hits Mr.
Marks' estimate on the nose, of 13,-
500,000 boxes of oranges and tan-
gerines. The Clearing House esti-
mate of 9,300,90QQ, oxes9. of,grap.e-
fruit again corresponds most closely
to the government's estimate of
9,000,000 boxes.
In round figures, the actual ship-
ments of oranges, including tange-
rines and grapefruit for preceding
seasons, have been as follows:


Oranges
and Tang.
1918-19 ........ 5,700,000
1919-20 ........ 7,000,000
1920-21 ....... 8,100,000
1921-22 ........ 7,300,000
1922-23 ........ 9,700,000
1923-24 ........12,400,000
1924-25 ........11,000,000
1925-26 ........ 8,200,000
1926-27 ........ 9,600,000
1927-28 ........ 7,100,000
1928-29 ........13,900,000
1929-30 ........ 7,900,000
1930-31 Est. 13,500,000


Grapefruit
3,200,000
5.500,000
5,100,000
6,000,000
7,200,000
8,000,000
8,200,000
6,500,000
7,000,000
6,500,000
9,300,000
6,300,000
9,000,000


Wedding Bells
Rob-"When is your sister think-
ing of getting married?"
Bob-"Constantly."-Ex.


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS

production the season past from the Fl a O
respective groves estimated. Each Florida Oper
county was treated as a separate Hear
unit. In that way the percentage of Hear Calif
increase by counties was determin- ir
ed. This percentage of increase was Views ol
then applied to the actual output of
those counties, the output being West met East th
based on the number of cars which Dana C. King, ora
government figures showed had eager of the Califor
been shipped from those counties, er Exchange, paid
The output of course was separated Florida. Mr. King t
as were the estimates on oranges, unity to visit the C
grapefruit and tangerines, respec- sitting in on the we
tively. The result of this thorough t Orai o
inspection made by the Clearing At ths e eating Co
House is shown in the tabulated fig- evinced considerable
ures which are herewith given to Operating Committe
our grower and shipper members. ha ing th distri
In compiling the estimates, the Called upon for a
plan followed has been the most ld t or
thorough one ever attempted in King told the Florid
Florida. Even then, however, those was keenly interest
ing because the prob
familiar with the figures and the cussed were essential
method of arriving at the conclu- those that confront
sions realize that our estimate is Coast industry. Mr
just what the word indicates-pure- on crop estimating
ly an estimate. There is no way went of shipments
that any crop can be absolutely pre- the affiliated associate
determined as to volume on an ab- ifornia Exchange an
solutely accurate basis. It would be that the day is not f
too expensive to make a tree by tree dtial ts produ
estimate and even if this were done, should be discourage
even the most expert estimators
could not determine scientifically
the number of boxes because sizes ciently to be more v:
are such a determining factor in of increased size late
volume. No one knows in Septem- because the trade
ber very definitely what sizes will months, when display:
be by the time we get through mar- tical and the push
keting the crop. Splitting, dropping, will pay better prices
culling, heavy winds, or frosts all than they do usually
play an important part in lowering iday period.
the supplies that actually are Taking all these t
packed. sideration, it is inter


ators

rnian's

Industry

is month when
nge sales man-
ia Fruit Grow-
a flying visit to
;ook the oppor-
:learing House,
ekly meeting of
ittee, Oct. 24.
the Californian
interest in the
e's method of
ution problem.
short talk, Mr.
a group that he
d in the meet-
lems being dis-
Ily the same as
,ed the Pacific
SKing touched
and the allot-
rorated among
ions of the Cal-
d said in effect
ar off when ad-
ction in Florida
d.

valuable because
er on as well as
in the spring
y is more prac-
carts are busy,
Sfor small sizes
during the hol-

hings into con-
esting that the


Citrus Development

Talks Are Broadcast

By County Experts

WRUF, the broadcasting station at
the University of Florida in Gaines-
ville, is being used this month for a
series of talks on citrus culture that
are proving of tremendous interest
all over the station's field of cover-
age.
Early this month several talks
were given by county agents upon
various phases of citrus growing in
their respective counties, that are
extremely interesting. Three of the
talks are reproduced herewith for
the benefit of Clearing House mem-
bers who did not hear the talks over
the air, so, as the announcer says,
"Here they are!"

Trend of Citrus Growing In
Osceola County
(Radio Address Over WRUF, Oct. 7)
By J. R. GUNN, County Agent
Briefly stated the trend of citrus
growing in Osceola County is to-
ward greater acreage production of
quality fruit at the least possible
cost to the grower.
Situated as we are at the head of'
the Kissimmee Valley, only a small
portion of our citrus acreage is lo-
cated in what is known as the Ridge
Section, the larger portion being
situated in what is called hammock,
high pine and flatwoods soils. These
types of soil are naturally adapted
to the growth of heavy cover crops
which is the greatest step in pro-
ducing heavy crops of quality fruit
economically.
Our county was one of the pio-
neers in the use of Crotalaria as a
means of solving the cover crop
problem in orange groves. About
seven years ago Mr. C. K. Warden,
a grower of this county, secured
from the Agricultural Experiment
Station a small amount of the
striata variety of* Crotalaria for
trial in a grove under his care. The
results from this planting the first
year were so outstanding that it be-
came a show spot to the growers of
the entire county. From this small-
planting seed was secured by grow-
ers in practically every section of
the county the following year. Each
year since has seen more than
double the previous year's acreage
planted to this, apparently the
greatest soil builder that has ever
been produced in Florida.
Crotalaria Popular
At the present time, in propor-
tion to total acreage, we believe
that Osceola County ranks very
close, if not at the top, in propor-
tion of groves planted to Crotalaria.
The average yield of this cover crop,
in our county is estimated to run
around six tons of dry matter per
acre, some yields accurately check-
ed, having run as high as ten tons
per acre. One demonstration with
this crop on the Makinson-Plano
grove has resulted in a reduction of
(Continued on Page s8i)


October 25, 1930










Committee of Fifty Department


Governor Asked To

Enforce Provisions

Of Green Fruit Law

Committee of Fifty Discusses
Problems Confronting
Clearing House

Problems directly confronting the
Clearing House and the industry in-
Seluding effective distribution of the
crop and enforcement of the green
fruit law provided a full afternoon's
discussion for members of the Com-
Smittee of Fifty and other growers
attending the advisory group's meet-
ing held in Orlando, Oct. 22.
Discussion of the green fruit
Question occupied committee mem-
bers most of the session, the matter
of the violation of the law in ship-
ments to the canneries being the
principal factor considered. The
point was stressed by the green fruit
committee that the law makes no
exception of maturity tests for can-
.i-nery fruit, but that untested fruit
is being delivered to the canneries
direct from the groves. Action on
this question took the form of a re-
quest made to Governor Doyle E.
Carlton to see to it that the law as it
is written be strictly enforced. The
request telegraphed to the governor
Spreads as follows:
Carlton Asked To Act
"The committee representing
80% of the citrus growers of Flor-
ida request and respectfully urge
your excellency to immediately take
such action as may be within your
authority and influence to secure
from Commissioner of Agriculture,
. the immediate and strict enforce-
ment of the green fruit law as it is
written and has been interpreted by
the Attorney General. The law is
Being and has been seriously vio-
lated specifically in the shipments
to the canneries."
(Editor's Note:-
Governor Carlton replied to
the request the day following the
Committee of Fifty meeting, the
governor's telegram reading as
follows:
F. E. Brigham,
Winter Haven, Fla.
In response to your telegram I
'' have taken up with the Depart-
ment of Agriculture and through
that office the supervising inspec-
tor the matter of rigid enforce-
ment of the green fruit law. I
will be glad to cooperate in every
possible way.
o Doyle E. Carlton, Governor).
Mr. Raymer F. Maguire, member
of the State Plant Board made a
short, talk in the meeting on the
green fruit question emphasizing
the point that it is economically
foolish to permit the shipment of
fruit that is not palatable.
Several committee reports which


An Open Letter To The Operating Committee and Chairman
W. H. Mouser

By JOHN D. CLARK
(Vice-Chairman, Committee of Fifty)


I am not sure that growers know
or appreciate the work you are do-
ing or, if they do know, have taken
the trouble to write you and express
their appreciation.
By accident I happened to be
present at two of your recent meet-
ings and a witness to your determin-
ed effort to strengthen the grape-
fruit market. Your general alert-
ness to industry needs, together
with a new spirit of responsibility
toward industry matters is encour-
aging to me as an old Exchange
grower who never has really ex-
pected much from a bunch of
shippers. I have said some pretty

were heard included that from the
committee appointed to look into
the policy of quoting fruit shipped
into the southern states subject to
market decline. This committee had
appeared before the Operating Com-
mittee Oct. 17, where they were as-
sured that the shippers were oppos-
ed to such a policy. Other reports
were heard relative to the shipment
of citrus fruit by truck (which like-
wise is frowned upon by the Operat-
ing Committee except where fruit is
packed in standard cotnainers
through a registered packing
house).
The committee appointed to keep
in touch with the Clearing House
management in the matter of week-
ly shipment prorating was instruct-
ed to use every effort to see that the
allotments are complied with.
To Seek New Members
Following a discussion on the op-
portunity to sign members in the
Clearing House during the Orange
Festival to be held in Winter Ha-
ven the latter part of January, the
chairman was instructed to appoint
a committee to carry out such a
membership campaign. The follow-
ing were appointed: James Thomp-
son, C. W. Lyons, W. M. Reck, C. F.
Lathers, Theron Thompson, J. G.
Grossenbacher, J. C. Merrill, T. S.
Carpenter, Jr., R. H. Prine.
For the benefit of those attending
the meeting outside of the Commit-
tee of Fifty, chairman Morton made
a brief talk on the work the Clear-
ing House is doing. This talk cov-
ered the question of quarantine, dis-
tribution of the fruit, the green
fruit law, the standardization pro-
gram, and the Clearing House ad-
vertising program.
The November meeting of the
Committee will be held in Frost-
proof at 10:00 a. m., Nov. 17, this
being the day in which Mr. C. C.
Teague, member of the Federal
Farm Board will deliver an address
at the citrus meeting sponsored by
the Associated Boards of Trade of
the Scenic Highlands.
severe things at you and about you,


both publicly and privately and I
don't have to take back any of it;
but there certainly has been a great
change in your group attitude on
most matters which have to do with
the industry's welfare. I want you
to know that a lot of growers are
becoming aware of it and appre-
ciate it.
If these few lines of appreciation
will result in encouraging you and
your committee to keep up the good
work and even more of it, they will
have served the purpose of my writ-
ing.
There is a tremendous task ahead
of the Clearing House with this big
crop. Your efforts are being handi-
capped because certain of your


larger shippers are only going part
way in declining to lend their help
to put across our much-needed ad-
vertising campaign. How you can
hope to keep your machine func-
tioning with such a handicap I don't
know. I wish every grower in the
state could see the new picture-not
as a fetish but with the honest de-
sire to have the job done, not car-
ing who does it so long as it is done.
I think most growers feel as I do
about it; it's getting the job done-
who does it is immaterial.

CALIFORNIA NAVELS
REPORTED GOOD AND
READY TO BE MOVED
(Continued from Page One)
for last season which was three
times as much as for the year be-
fore and almost double the ten-year
average.
A good many thousand boxes re-
main to'be shipped'but'with abttf-
per Florida crop going it seems un-
likely that there will be a profitable
market from now on unless it be
very late in the spring.


County Shipments

For 1929-30 and 1930-'31 (Estimated)

The following table shows the actual packed output (in boxes) for
each of the citrus counties for last season and the estimated packed out-
put for the current season. The car total figures at the bottom are
based upon 365 boxes to the car.
In comparing your own county's shipments (or any others for that
matter) bear in mind that the figures shown do not include cannery or
cull fruit-only the fruit actually packed in boxes. This factor was
borne in mind by the Clearing House estimators in determining the
amount to be packed this current season:


ORANGES
Estimated
Shipments Shipm'ts
1929-30 1930-31
Alachua ..... 68,985 148,920
Baker ........ 365 730
Bay ......... 1,825 2,920
Brevard ..... 298,935 412,450
Charlotte .... 365 730
Citrus ....... 1,825 2,920
Dade ........ 4,380 5,475
DeSoto ...... 312,075 468,295
Escambia .... 5,840 8,760
Flagler ...... 9,125 13,870
Hardee ...... 259,880 548,230
Hendry ...... 5,110 7,665
Hernando .... 39,055 85,045
Highland .... 117,165 240,170
Hillsborough 432,890 826,725
Indian River 74,825 94,900
Jackson ...... 12,410 18,615
Jefferson ..... 365 730
Lake ......... 726,715 1,199,025
Lee .......... 99,280 162,790
Manatee ..... 196,370 406,610
Marion ....... 302,585 390,185
Okeechobee .. 1,460 2,190
Orange ......1,082,590 1,818,795
Osceola ...... 43,070 94,900
Pasco ........ 143,810 183,960
Pinellas ...... 410,625 628,165
Polk .........2,101,670 3,047,385
Putnam ...... 169,965 186,880
St. Lucie..... 144,175 190,165
St. Johns..... 12,045 18,250
Santa Rosa... 365 730
Sarasota ..... 8,760 13,505
Seminole..... 171,550 362,080
Sumter ...... 31,025 46,355
Volusia ...... 373030 525,965
7,655,510 12,165,085
Cars Cars
20,974 33,329


GRAPE


Shipm'ts
1929-30
5,475

116,800

67,890
112,055
1,825
71,905
2,920
20,075
230,315
136,875
162,060

223,380
227,030
395,295
65,335
3,285
341,275
16,060
81,395
789,495
2,484,190
37,595
212,065

16,790
35,040
7,300
59,860
5,923,585
Cars
16,229


RUIT TANGERINES
Estimated Est.
Shipm'ts Shipm'ts Shipm'ts
1930-31 1929-30 1930-31
6,570 1,460 2,920

129,575 14,235 29,930

125,560 -
276,670 25,550 34,310
2,920 -
396,025 17,885 51,100
4,380 365 730
69,350 12,045 56,575
214,255 9,125 29,565
622,690 25,915 68,620
176,660 9,125 9,855

462,455 47,450 113,515
540,200 3,650 16,060
600,790 6,935 10,220
94,900 11,680 42,340
5,110 -
586,920 80,300 188,705
71,540 8,030 13,505
150,745 10,950 16,060
1,065,800 22,265 43,070
2,782,395 185,785 337,990
87,965 16,425 52,925
256,595 22,630 36,135
365 730

54,750 -
73,365 8,760 23,360
10,950 730 1,460
133955 46355 126,655
9,003,090 588,015 1,306,335
Cars Cars Cars
24,666 1,611 3,579


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


Page 5


October 25, 1930






Pare 6


CITRUS DEVELOPMENT
TALKS ARE BROADCAST
BY COUNTY EXPERTS
(Continued from Page Four)
fertilizer cost of one-third that prior
to the start of this demonstration,
and the quality as well as the quan-
tity of fruit is increasing each year,
the trees at the same time are show-
ing remarkable growth and condi-
tion.
Along with a definite cover crop
program our growers are studying
and planning their fertilizer sched-
ule to maintain their trees in the
best possible condition, and at the
same time produce quality fruit at
a minimum cost. They are no longer
satisfied with buying so many bags
of a citrus brand of fertilizer with-
out first finding out if it is the best
possible formula for their groves.
A number of years ago dusting
for the control of rust mite was
started, and at the present time the
groves of the county are watched
carefully each year and dusted if
necessary for the control of this
pest which not only ruins the ap-
pearance of the fruit but causes a
lost to the grower in reduction of
size and carrying quality of the
fruit. The Kissimmee Citrus Grow-
ers' Association, affiliated with the
Florida Citrus Exchange, through
its manager and directors has done
a'great work not only by encourag-
ing the growers in the production
of quality fruit, but has also co-
operated by purchasing sulphur dust
in quantity lots, thus making it eas-
ily available to the growers.
Spraying Practiced Sparingly
Due to the fact that friendly fun-
gi as well as friendly insects thrive
exceptionally well in this 'section,
spraying work against scales and
whitefly are kept at a minimum, be-
ing done only when necessary. Some
groves of the county have gone for
a number of years with no spray be-
ing necessary, at the same time pro-
ducing quality fruit. The import-
ance of these sprays is realized by
the growers and used when neces-
.siry, keeping in mind that their ap-
plication means additional cost
against the crop of fruit and must
be of sufficient benefit to justify
their application.
From the wild trees in the na-
tural hammocks of this county we
have taken a lesson in producing
quality fruit by using as little cul-
tivation as is possible for the best
maintenance of the grove. It is an
established fact that the fruit from
these wild trees, in their natural
state with no cultivation whatso-
ever, almost without exception pro-
duce fruit of the very highest qual-
ity. No, we are not following a non-
cultivation system, but are doing as
little cultivation as possible in the
groves and giving every opportuni-
ty: for this production of a maxi-
mum yield to our cover crops.
To sum up, the trend of citrus
growing in Osceola County is to-
ward better cover crops, more sci-
entific use of fertilizer, less cultiva-
tion, and the use of dust and spray
material when their application is


Pate


FLORIDA CLEARING

justified in producing quality fruit
from an economical standpoint.

How The Indian River Sec-
tion Produces Blue
Ribbon Citrus
(Radio Address Over WRUF, Oct. 8)
By W. E. EVANS, County Agent
The Clearing House Association
lists the auction prices on the prin-
cipal markets, under two headings;
one as Regular and the other as In-
dian River. The price received for
Indian River fruit, through the ship-
ping season would average in the
different markets, from one to two
dollars more a box than the Regu-
lar, or the ordinary Florida run of
fruit. The average in all auctions,
for all sizes, on April 17, the last
report of the season, for grapefruit
was Regular $4.90 and Indian River
$6.85, or a difference of $1.95 in
favor of Indian River fruit. New
York is the principal market for In-
dian River fruit, and on the same
day the difference was $2.15 in fav-
or of Indian River fruit. On April
14 the difference was $2.40 and on
April 11 the difference was $2.45 in
favor of Indian River fruit as aver-
age over all others, in the New York
market.
The bulk of the Indian River fruit
comes from Brevard, Indian River
and St. Lucie counties, located on
the East Coast of Florida. One of
the main reasons why the fruit pro-
duced in the Indian River section is
blue ribbon fruit, as the price range
would indicate, lies in the soil, which
is mainly hammock and other heavy
type soils, well supplied with decay-
ing vegetable matter and having
good water holding capacity, under-
laid with marl or shell. Artesian
wells supply any water deficiency,
so that the trees never need to suf-
fer from a lack of water. Artesian
water is found at a depth of about
500 feet, and a four-inch well can
supply enough water for a forty-
acre grove, the water being con-
ducted through open ditches to the
tree middles; two rows being irri-
gated at a time. A good portion of
the groves in the district are in
drainage districts 'which afford
proper water control at all times.
Precaution Against Flood
The trees are set on mounds, on
the tree beds, allowing for a water
furrow between each row, thus se-
curing proper drainage. Some
groves have individual dykes around
them, as an added precaution
against unusual periods of heavy
rainfall. Various types of pumps
are installed as permanent equip-
ment to handle large volumes of
water in a short period of time, the
growers feeling that the added in-
vestment is cheap insurance against
a possible flood.
All groves have a cover crop
growing in them through the year
consisting of native grasses and
weeds, and wild and cultivated le-
gumes. These are mowed several
times a year with the mowing ma-
chine, the principal cultivating ma-
chine around the grove. The result-
ing mass of decaying vegetable mat-
ter supplies an ideal amount of hu-


HOUSE NEWS

mus to the soil, similar to what na-
ture produces in the hammocks, the
natural home of citrus.
All groves have a windbreak
around each ten acres, to prevent
wind scars on the fruit in times of
storms, the Casuarinas being the
ones most commonly used. The Cas-
uarina equisetifolia or the common
Australian pine has been the most
popular in the past, although the
Hardy Australian pine, previously
called C. cunninghamiana, but more
recently identified as C. lepidophloia
has been in the best favor. Some of
the older groves in the hammocks
have natural windbreaks of cabbage
palms, scattered through the groves.
When the land was cleared these
palms were left. The oaks on the
land were either burned or removed.
The excess palms were cut and piled
between the trees, and allowed to
rot, and two or three palms were
left as windbreaks in each tree
square.
Little Trouble From Pests
After the trees come into bearing
all cultivation except the cutting of
the grass, weeds and legumes, is
stopped. The trees are not plowed
or disked, and very little hand hoe-
ing is done. Fruit grown under
these conditions is relatively free
of scale insects, whitefly or rust
mite injury, due to the favorable
environment for the growth of the
beneficial fungi. The mulch under
the trees creates a favorable damp
atmosphere, in which the ascher-
sonias for whitefly control, the dif-
ferent fungi of scale insects, and
the fungus of rust mite thrive.
Many of the better groves have
never had a spray pump in them, ex-
cept for sulphur applications for
rust mite. Oil sprays have a detri-
mental effect on the vigor of the
tree and fruit quality, hence the dis-
trict has a decided advantage in
having nature help fight the battles
in pest control.
So we must give nature the most
credit for the Indian River district
producing blue ribbon fruit. Man
simply has endeavored to assist na-
ture in producing citrus fruits in
the most favored environment.

The Production of Early
Grapefruit In Lee County
(Radio Address Over WRUF, Oct. 7)
By PAUL HAYMAN. County Agent
Lee County for years has com-
manded the attention of the citrus
world in the early shipment of ex-
cellent quality grapefruit, for which
the growers have realized top mar-
ket prices.
Lee County's geographical loca-
tion and ideal climatic conditions
are responsible, to a very large de-
gree, in producing an early grape-
fruit of such splendid quality-be-
ing adjacent to the Gulf Stream,
four hundred miles farther south
than the southern boundary of Cali-
fornia, in the approximate latitude
of 26 degrees north in the Tropic
of Cancer, Lee County is bordered
on the west by the Gulf of Mexico,
with Charlotte Harbor Bay lying to
the north. The only killing frost
recorded in the vicinity of Fort


October 25. 1930


Myers from the year 1910 up to and
including 1926, was in 1917-18, at
which time a cold wave swept the
entire state.
Pine Island, where a large per-
centage of the early grapefruit is
grown, is entirely surrounded by
large bodies of water and the great
specific heat of water has a far-
reaching effect on climate. The
trees on the Island seldom go dor-
mant, and bloom three to four
weeks earlier, and by timely fertiliz- /
mig, with the controlling of soil
moisture by deep flowing wells, the
fruit is matured naturally earlier
than in most sections of the state.
The types of soil upon which the
grapefruit is produced range from
heavy to light sand loams, with clay
and marl sub-soils. Heavy cover
crops are grown in the groves which
are mowed or cut down with tractor
and disks.
Very little cultivation but well
balanced fertilization is practiced,
which is also an important factor in
the production of good quality fruit.
The Duncan variety gives best
average results season after season
and is grown most extensively. The
Silver Cluster, Excelsior and Marsh
Seedless also are popular varieties.
The Marsh Seedless will pass the
test as early as any of the other
varieties.
Following a dry period, the grape-
fruit trees received a shock in Sep-
tember, 1929, from winds and rains,
which caused many trees to bloom
and resulted in the shipment of sev-
eral carloads of good quality fruit
in July, 1930. This occasionally
happens.
During normal seasons the fruit
is mature and will pass the tests in
early September, at which time
preparations are made for shipment.
This fruit usually finds a good mar-
ket with attractive prices.
Under natural conditions Lee
County will consistently ship more
good quality early grapefruit than
any other section of the state.

Discretionary Slumber
"Peggy- DoesI you r husbanild' tlk
m his sleep?"
Polly-"No, and it's awfully exas-
perating. He only smiles."-Ex.

STATEMENT OF OWNERSHIP. MAN-
AGEMENT, ETC., OF THE FLORIDA
CLEARING HOUSE NEWS, PUBLISHED
SEMI-MONTHLY BY THE FLORIDA CIT-
RUS GROWERS CLEARING HOUSE AS-
SOCIATION AT WINTER HAVEN, FLA.
AS REQUIRED BY ACT OF CONGRESS
OF AUGUST 24, 1912.
FOR THE PERIOD ENDING
OCTOBER 1, 1930:
Publisher: Florida Citrus Growers Clear-
ing House Association, Winter Haven, Fla.;
editor: T. G. Hallinan, Winter Haven, Fla.;
owner: Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association, a cooperative organiza-
tion of Florida citrus growers, incorpora-
tors for which are:
Allen E. Walker, Winter Haven, Fla.; T.
. Carpenter, Jr., Crescent City, Fla; W;
M. Igou, Eustis, Fla.; Dr. E. C. Aurin Ft. i
Ogden, Fla.; C. 0. Andrews, Orlando, Fla.;
R. E. Mudge, Fellsmere, Fla; James T.
Swann, Tampa, Fla.; James Harris, Lake-,.
land, Fla.; Norman A. Street, Winter Ha-
ven, Fla.; James C. Morton, Auburndald,
Fla. -
There are no bondholders or mortgagees.
(Signed) T. G. HALLINAN, Editor.
Subscribed and sworn to before me,
Essie H. Noland Notary Public, on the
18th day of October, A. D. 1930. (SEAL).
My commission expires Feb..22, 1932.- .






FLORIDA CLEARIG ZWHOUE EW


The Growers Voice
Under this heading will be published
communications from grower members
of the Clearing House Association, who
desire to voice opinions upon matters
of general interest to Florida citrus
growers. The Association cannot, of
course, assume responsibility for the
opinions expressed in these letters, but
believes growers should have the op-
portunity of expressing themselves if
they are willing to assume the respon-
sibility. Communications should be as
Brief as possible-preferably not more
than 250 words in length-and MUST
be signed with the writer's name and
address (although not necessarily for
publication).

Chester, N. Y.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
e. Winter Haven, Fla.
I have just read the Florida Clear-
ing House News ........ and
hasten to comply with your request
to hear from members about the
Clearing House operations. I am
glad to assure you that I am more
than pleased with the good work the
r Clearing House is accomplishing. I
can see an increasingly hopeful out-
look for the Florida citrus industry.
I appreciate the self-sacrifice of time
given to benefit the growers by
members of the committees; it looks
like a good working together in reg-
ulating the marketing and standard-
izing our shipments. I cannot see
why every grower should not co-
operate with you. I have noticed
how prices have held firmer and
steadier since the Clearing House
has worked.
I am a winter resident in Sebring,
SFlorida, much interested in my
grove, which I care for well, and to
which I look mainly for my support
in my older days of life. I would
especially favor a monthly meeting
in Sebring or nearby, with experts
present to speak to us. I should at-
tend such meetings. Especially,
such meetings should be held from
December to April, when many non-
p resident owners of groves would be
present. A good full report of such
meetings should be printed in local
newspapers.
:With best wishes for your increas-
ing success, I am
Yours truly,
(Signed) ALFRED T. VAIL.

New Method of Assessing Retain.
Dunedin, Florida.
The Florida Clearing House News,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Gentlemen:
I am in receipt of copy of letter
'addressed to the members of the
Citrus Clearing House advising us
of reductions of the Clearing House
fee or retain from four cents per
box to two cents per box for which
no doubt every member will be
thankful.
o But, in my opinion, the method
of assessing this retain is entirely
wrong, this assessment in my opin-
ion should be assessed on a percent-
age basis instead of a box basis.
No grower would mind paying
even as high as six cents per box
on a percentage basis of say 2%


He's Helping Too


WILLIAM G. ROE, large shipper
of Winter Haven, who recently was
elected to membership on the Clear-
ing House Operating Committee.
"Bill" is a real veteran in the citrus
business and his experience will be
of tremendous help to his associates
in their task of working out the best
method of handling the season's
crop.

when netting $3.00 per box for
fruit on the trees, but it sure hurt
our pocketbooks to pay four cents
per box which we paid the past two
years, while receiving almost noth-
ing for the fruit on the trees. In
years of large crops and small
prices a 2% retain would bring in
to the Clearing House as much as a
2% retain would bring in a year
of small crops and higher prices,
and the members receiving the
small prices would not be assessed
as much per box as the members
receiving the higher prices; the re-
tain on a percentage basis would be
a much more equitable tax and just
as easy to collect.
I suppose it is too late this year
for this suggestion to carry any
weight, but I think it certainly
should be considered another year.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) A. J. GRANT.
Picking Not All of It
Bonita Springs, Fla.,
Sept. 7, 1930.
Florida Clearing House News,
Winter Haven, Florida.
Dear Sirs.
I noticed in the News of Aug. 25
suggestions from Mayo Dade in re-
gards to improving the picking of
citrus fruit. I notice what he re-
ferred to in helping improve the
picking which is true. I was work-
ing for him in Arcadia, Florida, fif-
teen years ago, running a picking
crew for him, for Chase & Com-
pany, and I only differ with him in


one point and that is about the clip-
pers. From forty years' experience,
mostly field work, the best clipper
that was ever made is the Weiss
scissor clipper, provided they are
handled right. Ninety-nine pickers
out of one hundred turn the hol-
lowing side of the clipper to the or-
ange which is wrong. They should
turn the rounded side to the fruit.
Mr. Dade is one of the best or-
ange men in Florida. I have work-
ed for him I don't know how many
days, but what is the use to stop at
the picking? That is only a part of
the game. About 50% of the bad
work is done in the field, 25% by
hauling, and the other 25% in the
house. I have had fruit picked
about as carefully as it could be and
went to the house and have seen it
handled about like rocks. I guess
Mr. Dade has got me beat about the
citrus business except the picking.
I picked oranges before they used
clippers. I have had my fingers blis-
tered with the fruit. Used clippers
that did not have any spring in
them at all. I don't stack them as
the standard pack is today. The
middle head ought to be one inch
longer than the end to protect the
fruit in the bulge.
H. J. DOWNING.

Careless Pickers
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Gentlemen:
I have always read the Florida
Clearing House News from cover to
cover, and wish to say how much I
appreciate such articles as F. E.
DeBusk's in the copy of Sept. 13,
and also the privilege of the Grow-
er's Voice. In fact, I enjoy them
all.
My peculiar problem is pickers.
In the seventeen years I've man-
aged my own little grove, I've sel-
dom found an ideal set of pickers.
I have a lot of sympathy for work-


ing people for I'm a worker myself,
but I want them "worthy of their
hire." They are as a rule, ruthless
in breaking the trees, careless in
dropping fruit, making clipper cuts,
jammnig the fruit down into -the
field boxes, scattering remains of
their lunch and papers over the
grove, and even leaving souvenirs
of their presence such as carving
their initials on the trees! For the
first time, I noticed last year they
were riding on the boxes of fruit.
Day after day loads of fruit pass
my house on the way to Frostproof,
and frequently I see pickers lying
on, or sitting on the boxes of fruit.
Packing houses ought to be able to
furnish an extra truck for pickers
and their ladders, and forbid such
practices.
I, too, wish we might have month-
ly meetings with a good short talk
by some competent person and a
chance to talk over our problems
and get acquainted.
(Signed) MRS. MAY WALDEN,"'
Avon Park, Fla.

Make The Beginning Good
142 Eaton Place,
East Orange, N. J.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Gentlemen:
I herewith enclose signed grower
contract. I am in entire sympathy
with the huge problem before the
Clearing House -Association.
Saturday I purchased Terra Ceia
grapefruit. It was just good enough.
The past experience of Florida
fruit growers should cause them to
Isiten to the appeals of Clearing
House Committee of Fifty and
others and see that their fruit is
good, especially early in the season
when at each year beginning a new
market is to be created, and to
create a good beginning is surely a
necessity. Let us hope!
Truly,
(Signed) G. M. LESHER.


Daily Bulletin Request

The Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the United States Depart-.
ment of Agriculture and the Florida State Bureau of Markets,.co-:
operating, again has started issuance of the daily fruit movement bul-
letin from the Bureau's office in Winter Haven.
These bulletins will be similar to those sent last year from Winter
Haven in that they will contain somewhat in detail the manner in
which citrus fruit leaves the State and the volume arriving daily in
the markets. H. F. Willson again will be in charge of the office.
Those wishing to receive this free daily bulletin should write the
Bureau or fill out and mail the coupon below:

H. F. WILLSON,
U. S. Department of Agriculture,
Winter Haven, Florida.
Please mail me, free of charge, the daily citrus report to be issued
from Winter Haven, Florida, during the 1930-31 season.

Nam e....................................................................................----------

Street .................................................................. ......... .. ......-------------

Tow n ............................................ .. ..... ................................

State ........................................ ..................................................


October 25, 1930


Page 7





FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


FLORIDA

CLEARING HOUSE

NEWS

CLEARING HOUSE PURPOSES
Co-ordinating members' activities for orderly control of dis-
tribution.
Controlling supplies at key markets.
Dissemninating marketing information daily.
Standardizing grade and pack through an impartial inspection
service.
Increasing consumer demand by advertising and publicity.
Securing best freight rates and transportation services.
Developing mutual interests of, and better understanding
among growers and shippers.
Maintaining representation of industry in all matters of com-
mon welfare.


E. C. AURIN
J. C. CHASE
LAWRENCE GENTILE
J. A. GRIFFIN
F. G. MOORHEAD
PHIL C. PETERS
JAMES T. SWANN
A. M. TILDEN
A. R. TRAFFORD
E. E. TRUSKETT
R. B. WOOLFOLK

A. M. TILDEN
E. C. AURIN
F. G. MOORHEAD
E. E. TRUSKETT
ARCHIE M. PRATT


DIRECTORS
S t. Ogden
Winter Park
Orlandr
STampa
DeLand
Winter Garden
Tampa
Winter Haven
Cocoa
Mt. Dora
Orlando


OFFICERS


President
Vice-President
.Treasurer
Secretary
Manager


Whose Fault Is It?
I don't know anyone who is not disappoint-
ed in the price of grapefruit. And I'know of
no one who does not admit that probably the
chief reason prices have declined so rapidly
in grapefruit is because our grapefruit has dis-
appointed the consumer. It has passed the
state maturity tests, and, after throwing in
the additional requirement of juice content,
it has passed this test also. But notwithstand-
ing these state restrictions, the fact remains
that there has been serious complaint from
the trade as well as from the consumer, and
this in face of our having the finest potential
qualities, inside and out, for years.
The very early shipments were ricey and
dry. They were not sour or they would not
have passed the test but they were not what
consumers rightfully expected in Florida
grapefruit. Florida grapefruit, when right,
is one of the most wonderful fruits a person
can get hold of. But this year, because the
fruit quite generally over the entire state
technically passed the state requirements,
Florida shipped an unusual quantity early
and we have ourselves to blame.
I doubt if we can expect our state legisla-
ture to provide for all the ills that we as busi-
ness men, as shippers and growers, should
handle ourselves. The Clearing House is
supposed to be a business organization. Men
of foresight with a high sense of honor to the
industry are expected to guide its affairs. The
Operating Committee is in charge of market-
ing plans and policies; the Directors are in
charge of the more general and fundamental
policies. The Manager is employed to carry
out the purposes of the organization under
the direction of the Operating Committee and
the Board.
We are shipping mighty good grapefruit
now. We have been shipping exceptionally


good grapefruit for two or three weeks past,
but the fact remains that during three or four
weeks in September shipments went forward
which were decidedly disappointing to the
consumer and damaging to Florida. A lot of
consumers probably not only felt disappoint-
ment but felt they were deceived. When a
consumer gets that impression it takes time to
overcome it, particularly as our good fruit
today, to the consumer's eye, appears to be
the identical fruit that was tried before and
found wanting.
Always there will be the temptation to get
the early high dollar at the expense of the
industry. That is the reason the state law
was forced upon us. We have found that
the state law cannot cover all of our difficul-
ties. It was argued that with grapefruit so
scarce at the beginning and selling at such
probable high prices that there should be no
restriction on our prorating of shipments. It
was not until the week ending Oct. 4 that the
Clearing House allotted grapefruit shipments
to its members.
It is true that during the early shipments
every year the Clearing House never does
control its normal proportion of the crop. We
have an alibi to that extent, but let us at this
time, every individual grower member and
shipper member, make it a matter of honest
confession to guide us in the future that we
made the mistake this year that has been
made time and again in the past-of shipping
fruit too early, shipping fruit which disap-
pointed, and which was actually deceitful to
the purchaser. We are paying the penalty
that comes in any business from such short-
sighted practices.
The Clearing House is in business for the
very purpose of so co-ordinating facts and
actions as to effectively put a stop to foolish
practices that, individually many of us might
be tempted to indulge, but that collectively
should be avoided. By working together an-
other season and agreeing on a common sense
program to put a decisive stop to such ques-
tionable practices, we can as shippers and
growers, regardless of our competitive rela-
tions, afford to, and well afford to, do those
things which will pay in dollars and cents re-
turns over the entire season's results. And
now while still smarting under economic dis-
cipline, let's have the sense and good grace to
admit the error and make the resolve that
shall not again be forgotten.
We must look at big victories instead of
small ones; season's results instead of the
immediate temporary advantage; the total
income into Florida rather than the individual
income, whether it be for grower or shipper.
The purposes for which the Clearing House
was formed were these and to the extent that
we have failed to perform as decisively and
as firmly as we should, it is best that we
recognize our sins of omission and commission
and let our grower members as well as ship-
per members know that we have the sense to
recognize them. There is some hope for a
man or organization that recognizes mistakes,
but no hope for one that does not.-By A. M.
Pratt, Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association.

Read the NEWS and keep abreast of Clear-
ing House activities.


PLAN OUTLINED- FOR AN
EVEN MOVEMENT TO
KEEP MARKETS STEADY

(Continued from Page Three)
grapefruit and oranges three sche-
dules will be observed. The first
schedule (A) is a modification of
the second, while the third schedule
(average for seven years) shows ac-
curately how the crop has been mov-
ed by months in both percentage
and volume. It will be noted that
all three schedules in both tables
include the monthly percentage and
the monthly volume.
Schedule A is an extremely con-
servative variation from our past
habits. In other words, the move-
ment under such a schedule would
not give as even a flow as will sche-
dule B. Schedule B contemplates
extending the season a little-more
evenly, and in grapefruit,# consider-
ably more movement in May and
June than has been the case in past
years. This last phase is based on
the assumption that more grapefruit
could be moved freely in May if the
marketing season is extended by
putting most of the June shipments
into cold storage.
Adoption of a general picking
policy as to time and size can elimi-
nate things which have made trouble
for the state in the past in the mat-
ter of late grapefruit shipments;
the same thing to a great extent is
true of oranges. The industry at
present is troubled with small sizes.
The small sizes always hold better
on the tree than the large and they
never get as coarse nor tend to be-
come as dry. If the shippers are
permitted to pick the larger size
valencias when this variety reaches
the good eating stage, the small size
valencias then could be held for the
late market. This would take off the
late market the dry, coarse, and
large fruit which otherwise would
be shipped in extending the season.
Manager Archie M. Pratt present-
ed this plan to members of the
Operating Committee at the meet-
ing of that group on Oct. 17. In
presenting the plan Manager Pratt
summed up the benefits as follows:
"If we adopt the general idea of
scheduling ourselves this season,
which I most earnestly and urgently
do hereby request from the Operat-
ing Committee, I think we should
adopt it with the thought also that
there must be more than usual strict
adherence to spot picking, a prefer-
ence given early in the season to
those groves that tend to large sizes.
I have every confidence that, if we
will take hold of this problem to-
gether and at this time see clearly
those things which we are going to
do, that not only will we have a
sensible, orderly distribution
through the year, but there will be
confidence in each of the minds of
our shippers, confidence in the
minds of the trade and net results
to the growers that would be abso-
lutely impossible without program-
ing ourselves along the line con-
templated by this analysis as to
what should be done on this season's
crop."


Page 8


Paee 8


October 25, 1930




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