Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00045
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: August 4, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00045
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
Library Comp'.
Bureau of Arg. Econ.,
U. S. Dept. of Arig.,
Washington D C. ...


Sec. 435%, P. L. & R.
U. S. Postage
1c. Paid
Winter Haven, Fla.
Permit No. 11



Representing more than 10,000
Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit


, c "a f I bicial Publication of the


Quarantine Modifications Extend Time

And May Open South

After several conferences between those in author-
ity in quarantine matters and Clearing House repre-
sentatives, we are now assured that:
Time for shipment will be extended to June 1st.
Restrictions will be removed from Midwest mar-
Pick-up requirements will be deferred to October
Later we may be privileged to enter the southern
states unsterilized.
In presenting this special edition of the Clearing
House News we believe every grower-member and
shipper-member of the Clearing House will agree
that we all have a justifiable pride in what has been
accomplished in connection with our quarantine ef-
fort, in again being practically back to normal in
industry restrictions.

The Clearing House, of necessity, became the
mouth-piece for the industry in working with the
Federal Department, the State Plant Board, the Fed-
Seral Fruit Fly Board and in continually presenting
to these bodies the needs of the industry, and step
by step finding the common ground in the continued
progress which has been made. Government officials,
upon whom the responsibility rested for enforcing
quarantine regulations, were not familiar with the
practical details that meant so much to the growers
and shippers of Florida. They were, therefore, fur-
nished with analysis after analysis, with all kinds of
data and a complete picture of everything bearing
upon this important matter. More and more official
Washington has come to recognize the sincerity of
the rank and file of those growers making up the
membership of the Clearing House, especially in the
voluntary effort made by Florida growers in carry-
ing out the eradication program.

Florida has done something that probably is im-
possible in foreign countries where the fly has exist-
ed for years. Talking to a man well acquainted with

the Mediterranean people, he said that the individ-
ual owners of properties would never have shown
anything like the attitude that the growers of Flor-
ida have shown in co-operating as we have. In these
other countries, under similar conditions, the au-
thorities have been met with stolid resistance, with
extreme suspicion, with the owners doing every-
thing possible to avoid regulations, ignorantly as-
suming that the more openly they complied with
them, the more danger there was of finding some-
thing that would be particularly damaging to the

Knowing that our readers would be interested in
having individual statements from some of those that
have taken such responsible part in handling mat-
ters connected with the Clearing House and the
quarantine, we are passing to you individual state-
ments signed by the President, the Manager of the
Clearing House, Chairman of the Operating Commit-
tee and the Chairman of the Committee of Fifty.

Governor Carlton, who was with Secretary Hyde
when the first modification for the new season was
assured, was asked to give our readers the benefit of
his conclusions. Likewise U. S. Senator Duncan U.
Fletcher and State Senator J. J. Parrish, who with
many others took an active part in helping secure

The entire atmosphere of thought has been
changed. Florida's experience has demonstrated that
many things that were at one time feared need no
longer be feared, and the attitude of Washington,
our State Plant Board and all concerned, reflects an
open mind with convictions based on experience
rather than policies based on fear and inexperience.
There is an undertone of quiet confidence and assur-
ance that speaks well for Florida's greatest industry,
as well as those in high position, who were compelled
to follow what now seems to some of us rather ex-
treme measures, until they could be convinced that
the tolerance now given is safe.


Prospects Never Brighter

For Profitable Season

By HON. DOYLE E. CARLTON, Governor of Florida
Our citrus growers have every reason to rejoice over the
recent modification of our quarantine regulations.
Under the direction of Honorable Arthur M. Hyde, Secre-
tary of Agriculture, quarantine lines except those on the
border have been removed. The markets of the north
and middle-west have been opened to shipment of fruit with-
out sterilization. This leaves the markets of the south as
heretofore, and, in my opinion, to a large extent in the hands
of the growers. I have every reason to believe that with
proper co-operation on the part of the growers the southern
markets will be open by the shipping season.
The Federal Government, with the officers in charge, have
given the best of co-operation. The importance of co-opera-
tion on the part of the people by way of cleaning up the
premises of all host fruits and vegetables will be a program
which cannot be over-emphasized, not only for the protection
of our groves but also to make certain of an open market.
Should this program not be carried out by any grower, his
neglect would bring loss to his neighbor. Failure in some
instance for each one to do his part has been responsible for
much of the embarrassment that has come to us.
As I see it, the matter is largely in our own hands from
now on. Prospects were never brighter for a profitable sea-
son and for the continued development of the citrus industry.
Let us lend that enterprise necessary to realize our own pos-

Seeing Through Same Glasses
By HON. J. J. PARRISH, Florida State Senator

In my opinion, the very best thing
about the new modifications is that
we are all seeing things through the
same glasses. The United States
Department of Agriculture, the
Federal Fruit Fly Board, the Flor-
ida State Plant Board, are all view-
ing Florida's problems just as the
Clearing House shippers and grow-
ers, and the citizens of Florida, are
seeing them. These public servants
are proving their earnest desire to
free us from unnecessary bondage.

Counted in days the time may not
be so long since the fly was discov-
ered, but in experience we have
gone through much in Florida.
Every one has adjusted and read-
justed himself to changing condi-
tions and changing viewpoints, until
we have now reached one common
viewpoint on quarantines; and all of
us today are pledging our continued
support on clean-up and bait spray
work, while rejoicing in the wonder-
ful progress which has been made.

Confidence Instead Of Alarm

Secretary Hyde's announcement dent upon absence of infestations.
that appeared in the press Tuesday It therefore becomes of paramount
morning, July 29, was the utter- importance that all growers should
ance of a great and far-sighted pub- keep their properties in such a
lic servant. The important modifi- splendid sanitary condition, and at
cations of the quarantine coupled the same time should so assist in
with the announcement of the find- the general bait spraying campaign,
ing of the incipient infestation in that our condition at the beginning
St. Augustine has created con- of the shipping season will justify
fidence. The bare announcement of these modifications.
the infestation would have created In my opinion, we will be per-
alarm. n;itted to ship our fruit into many
of the present eighteen embargoed
The further statement that the states if we do these things and
clean-up of citrus properties is to justify the confidence placed in us
begin on October 10, and the estab- by t quarantine authorities. This
fishing of June 1, 1931, as the date by the quaraeminently worth striving forThis
in which the last fruit may be ship- goal is eminently worth striving for.
on which the last fruit may be ship- It is, at this time, possible for us
It is, at this time, possible for us
ped, restores our industry to prac- so to conduct ourselves that our
tically normal conditions, troubles will be over, and our cit-
It is true that these tremendously rus industry will again be prosper-
beneficial modifications are depen- ous.

Secretary Hyde's announcement
of modification of the quarantine is
most important, and the gratifying
decision reached in Orlando to close
Ihe shipping season June 1 instead
of April 15 as last season is also
most encouraging and important, in
view of the prospects of a large
The discovery of a sporadic slight
isolated infestation here and there
should not materially disturb the
citrus situation, knowing now what
to do. Prompt action by authorities

"Let Us Spray I

The Nev

Through the press the public
has already been advised of Sec-
retary Hyde's and Dr. Strong's visit
to Florida, and of the assurance
given, that the citrus industry
would have this coming season the
privilege of shipping, without steri-
lization, not only to the eastern
states but to the rest of the United
States, except the eighteen southern
states, where the requirement as to
sterilization is formally required
but subject to change. There was
great rejoicing in Florida over this
positive assurance.
Now we have still greater cause
to rejoice. Instead of being com-
pelled to attempt to ship our crop
by April 1 or April 15, government
officials have given us the assur-
ance that modifications will be made
permitting movement of the crop
normally, as to time; June 1 having
been mentioned as the probable
date of shipping our last citrus
fruit. Every grower realizes what
this means, particularly on valen-
cias, when he recalls the low prices
of 1928-29, when so much fruit re-
mained to market in the short time
left after having learned of our
Mediterranean fly condition in
April, 1929.
Not only will this be of assist-
ance to oranges but also to grape-
fruit. Growers, as well as ship-
pers, have been decidedly uneasy
because of knowing that we had a
much larger crop to market this
coming season than the year just
closed. Every one seems to be
agreed that oranges, in particular,
indicate a big crop ahead. The last
report to the Clearing House from
California indicated a crop half way
between their largest crop of 1928-
29 and the present crop they are
now finishing. Under the combined
vigorous crop conditions in both
California and Florida, it was only
common sense to recognize that we
had a tough problem ahead if we
were going to be shut out of the
southern states, unless the fruit was
processed, and similarly shut out of

will prevent any spread and elimi-
nate the pest.
Possibilities of this kind make it'
important that growers keep their
properties sanitary, and continue'
bait spraying, and if this is done,
further modifications will be justi-
fied and states in the restricted ter-
ritory will make no objections to
such modifications as Dr. Strong and
Secretary Hyde may propose.
The fight is practically won. Let's.
finish it completely!

For The South"

v Slogan
the midwestern states unless our
fruit from the eradication area was
processed, especially* if the whole
crop, as big as it seems, had to be'
marketed in the restricted time al-
lotted Florida this year.
The extension of time is assured
and there seems to be real ground
for assurance, with the splendid
progress that is being made, that
permission may be later granted to,
enter many of the southern mar-
kets unprocessed during the cold
months of the year.
The bait spray work has been
taken hold of vigorously and en-
thusiastically; not because of any
serious trouble that the state felt it
had from a commercial standpoint,
but that it could be shown that
every preventive measure possible,
had been used, thereby satisfying
official Washington that they were
doubly warranted in extending to
Florida the much greater privileges
that have finally come to Florida.
The second application of the
bait spray work must continue.
There must be no let up. This is
necessary not only to satisfy Fed-
eral authorities, but to secure the \
confidence of the officials handling
quarantine matters in the southern
states. One shipper said, "Why not
make our new slogan 'Let us spray
for the south,' and let us pray that
the south will be again our normal'
With all of our rejoicing we can--
not permit ourselves to again be-
come careless. Those that have
given this matter their thorough
study, know that what has been ac-
complished has been the result of
everlastingly sticking to a program.
Picking up the drops is, of course,
an additional expense and the
Clearing House asked that this ex-
pense be deferred as long as possi-
ble with the result that we now
have the assurance that the require-
ment of weekly clean up will not be
enforced prior to October tenth, by
which time it is thought that citrus
fruit might become sufficiently ma-
ture to warrant this necessity.

Fight Practically Won
United States Senator

August 4, 1930

Pg Two

P oe Twon


Page Three

Southern Markets Must

Have Unsterilized Fruit

By W. H. MOUSER, President of
W. H. Mouser & Co., and Chairman of Clearing House Operating Committee
With a maturing citrus crop of would have to be sold at a loss
good volume on the trees in Florida with the southern states embargoed
and reports indicating that the next excepting on processed or sterilized
California navel crop will be a fruit. Last season, the California
heavy one, with labor and business crop was so light that California
conditions throughout the country did not need the southern markets
Reported in poor condition, this sit- and the south used a lot of steri-
uation indicating a much more diffi- lized Florida oranges-for better or
cult job of marketing ahead of us worse. The coming season, how-
than that of the past season with its ever, California with a large crop
abnormally light crops in both Cal- of navels would have gone aggres-
ifornia and Florida, it is easily un- sively after the southern business
derstood why the Florida growers and in competition with sterilized
and shippers have been so worried Florida oranges, would have taken
because of the fact that the fed- the southern markets away from us.
eral quarantine rules -and reguaa- Noiv, with Secretary Hyde having
tions in effect last season, continued indicated that if the situation in
effective. Florida continues favorable, the em-
This article is being written be- bargo on the southern markets will
fore the official announcement of be removed, and if the embargo is
modifications, but is based on state- removed, we will be able to look
rents of Secretary Hyde, Dr. forward to an increased demand
Strong and Dr. O'Kane in confer- from this territory because the con-
ence with officials of the Clearing sumers who for the past year have
House; by the time this issue of the been obliged to use processed Flor-
Clearing House News is printed, ida oranges or else California or-
the official announcement will un- anges, will undoubtedly have a re-
doubtedly have been made. newed and increased appetite for
While, I understand, the southern the Florida orange which we will
4 states are not yet open, what a re- be able to deliver to them in its
lief it will be to know, if the south- natural state and with its delicate
ern states are opened, that it will and delicious flavor and high juice
rot be necessary to process or steri- content unimpaired.
lize our oranges and grapefruit. While the new modifications and
Nature did not mean that the delic- the additional ones which will un-
ious and highly flavored juice which doubtedly be granted in the near
is Nature's special gift to the or- future are unquestionably encour-
anges and grapefruit grown in Flor- aging and justify all of us in be-
ida, should be tampered with by ex- living that we will enter the new
treme heat or extreme cold. We shipping season without being hope-
will all feel pride and satisfaction lessly handicapped in the marketing
next season if we can again offer of our citrus crop, I do not believe
the consumers in the southern that it is wisdom for any one to fool
states our deliciately flavored citrus himself. I would not want this ar-
fruit in its natural state of perfec- tide to cause any growers to over-
tion. look the increased production which
With the embargo definitely re- is indicated for both Florida and
-o'oved on 'the middlewestern mar- California, or the effect the unset-
kets and with every indication that tled business and labor conditions
the embargo will be removed on throughout the country may have
southern and western states in the on prices during our next shipping
near future, giving us plenty of season. Neither would I want this
time to plan ahead on our distribu- article to lead any grower to expect
tion and marketing, we can face the Clearing House Association to
much more cheerfully the job of perform impossible feats in assist-
selling our crop at prices which are ing in the distribution and market-
profitable to the growers, notwith- ing of the coming crop.
standing the indications of heavy Accept as a fact that your Clear-
supplies and unfavorable business ing House Association will be of
and labor conditions, especially great importance in the job of mar-
when we also know that our ship- keting the 1930-31 Florida citrus
ping season will be extended under crop, that it will do good work and
the modified rules and regulations that its work will mean higher
until June 1st. prices for the growers than it would
In my opinion it would be im- be possible to realize without the
possible under the same quarantine Clearing House. Do not expect
rules and regulations which were in your Clearing House to overture
effect last season, to market the the old and undefeated law of sup.
coming crop of Florida citrus fruit ply and demand. It can and will
and realize average prices which however, do a lot toward regulating
Should return the grower's cost of the movement in such a way as tc
production, meet the demand to the best possi.
Even with the middelwestern ble advantage.
markets opened, it is probable that The favorable action of Secretar3
the 1930-31 Florida orange crop Hyde and his assistants was un

State Press Urges Continued Vigilance

The press of the state is rejoicing
with us in our modifications, and at t
the same time urging our continued
alertness, as evidenced by the fol-
lowing excerpts from recent edi-
"It has been a long time since
Florida received any better tidings
than were contained in the an-
nouncement of the United States
Secretary of Agriculture that there
will be decided modifications of the
fruit fly quarantine 'in the immedi-
ate future,' and the accompanying
statement that under these modifi-
cations the shipment of Florida cit-
rus fruits and vegetables to the
northeastern and middle-western
states without sterilization will be
"Now that the quarantine is about
to be so largely lifted Floridans
should be even more zealous in their
efforts to make sure that the fly is
entirely exterminated, by spraying
and doing such other things as they
may be called upon to do toward
that end. Whatever the fight has
heretofore been in this connection
it is now one against the quaran-
tine. This fight can be won. In-
deed, it has almost been won. The
way to entirely win it is to co-
operate with the Department of Ag-
"The outlook for the coming sea-
son is bright. It must be kept so-
and made even brighter-by Flor-
idans doing what they are called
upon to do in the premises. There
is no good to come from arguing
now about the fruit fly. Whether
it has ever been here or not cuts no
figure. The quarantine has been
here-is still here; but it is being
lifted. Inasmuch as such is the
case let us give thanks and take
"It is estimated that the modifi-
cation promised by Secretary Hyde
will open to Florida fruit unrestrict-
ed, 82 per cent of its usual market-
ing area, with the remaining 18 per
cent available under certain regula-
"This assurance is regarded by
leaders of the industry as removing
the last obstacle to a successful cit-
rus season. It should also stimu-
late the cleaning up of groves and
the adoption of every possible pre-
caution, to the end that the re-

doubtedly largely influenced by the
splendid spirit and co-operation on
the part of the growers in the clean-
up and bait spray work. It is ex-
tremely important that the growers
continue to co-operate in the fu-
ture as in the past, not only in aid-
ing in preventing the Mediterran-
ean fly from again gaining a foot-
hold but to encourage the authori-
ties in continuing in effect these
important, yes essential, modifica-
tions of the old quarantine rules and

strictions applying to the states of
he south may soon be lifted.
"The absence of any further in-
festation, impressed upon Secretary
Hyde by official reports and by a
personal trip through the citrus dis-
trict, naturally will influence the
Department to remove all restric-
tions just as soon as it is satisfied
it can be done without danger. In
the meantime growers should exer-
cise every energy in keeping their
groves clean."
"Growers and shippers alike will
rejoice at the prospects of regula-
tions regarding fruit shipments be-
ing modified so as to relieve them
from the handicap of sterilization.
"Co-operation in the matter of
clean-up work has accomplished
great results. This same co-opera-
tion in keeping the fruit bright, and
in holding fruit off the market until
it is mature, will guarantee Florida
growers good prices for their fruit,
and shippers a profit they deserve
on their large investment. Co-oper-
ation should continue in picking and
marketing throughout the season.
"The citrus Clearing House can
be of material assistance in the mar-
keting; it has gone through the ex-
perimental stages of such an organi-
zation and is now firmly established
on a practical working basis; and it
is in the hands of good men. Full
and complete co-operation on the
part of growers will make the Clear-
ing House the helpful agency it was
intended to be. Sensible marketing
will mean a good many thousand
dollars to the citrus industry.
"States south of the Ohio river
have furnished splendid markets for
Florida citrus fruit prior to the
fruit fly troubles. If now the clean-
up work is continued as thoroughly
as in the past few months, this
nearby market will be open to us
"That but one light infestation
has been found and that in a door-
yard, indicates how little Florida is
affected by the pest. The one find-
ing, however, means that the work
of the United States Department of
Agriculture will probably be con-
tinued through this winter and into
the next spring and that the state
will not be given a clean bill of
health until such time next year as
it has been demonstrated to the sci-
entists' full satisfaction that no
menace remains.
"Cheering news it is that most of
the United States is open to ship-
ments of Florida citrus fruit with
no more restriction than Govern-
ment inspection at the packing
houses. Enough markets are open
or will be this fall and winter to
take care of a mighty fine crop of
Florida citrus fruit whose quality is
the best in years, according to some
growers and shippers. Florida or-
anges are brighter than usual, so
are Florida's prospects."


Clearing House Teamwork
Chairman Committee of Fifty
A few days ago citrus growers were made happy
when the Midwestern States were opened for the
marketing of citrus fruits from Florida without sub-
jecting them to the damaging sterilization methods,
and now every citizen and good friend of Florida
must be thrilled and delighted by Secretary Hyde's
further announcement that the citrus shipping sea-
son will be extended to June first.
What this means to Florida cannot be computed.
It makes success possible in the marketing of the
coming crop; but even more than that it announces
victory over a dreaded pest that, undefeated, might
have taken toll from us always.
Never before has the Medfly been conquered and
twelve months ago it was deemed an almost impossi-
ble task, but Florida, aided by the U. S. Government,
tackled the job courageously and earnestly, and al-
though victory is not quite complete it is assured, if
we keep up the good warfare.
The Committee of Fifty congratulates its fellow
growers and thanks them most sincerely for the
hearty co-operation and cheerful self-sacrifice that
has made eradication a possibility and earnestly
urges every grower to continue vigilant and active,
in full and speedy compliance with every precau-
tionary measure advocated. Certainly it costs money
and is bothersome to clean up and spray, but it is
cheap insurance, so keep up the good work in order
that the splendid progress made may be continued.
It was teamwork that did it, and co-operative ef-
fort makes everything possible to the citrus industry.
We are to be congratulated that we were teamed to-
gether in the Clearing House and able to act unitedly
during this Medfly campaign. Kipling understood,
when he said:
"It's not the men, and it's not the guns,
Nor the army as a whole,
But the everlasting teamwork
Of every blooming soul."

In The Saddle
With over six hundred men searching everywhere
for the last evidence of the Mediterranean fruit fly,
there has been considerable suspense and holding of
breath, wondering what would happen if an infesta-
tion were found, now that we have been through so
many months free from any evidence. Almost two
billion individual citrus fruits were produced this
past season and not an individual live fly was found.
About seventy-five million individual grapefruit were
prepared by the canneries for market, a preparation
which would easily disclose any larvae, but none
were found. In November two oranges were found
on the ground with larvae, but the tree under which
they were found showed no evidence of infestation,
nor did any trees anywhere in that neighborhood.

Again, when the Wood Committee was in Orlando,
two individual fruits were found on the ground con-
taining larvae, and again there was no evidence of
larvae or fly in the fruit on the tree under which
these fruits were found.
On July 28 the press reported a slight infestation
at St. Augustine. No larvae were found nor any
adult Mediterranean flies, but in this instance the
report is that an inspector was suspicious of some
sour oranges of the old crop and although he found
no larvae in the fruit, in working the soil with his
fingers he finally discovered two pupae, one of which
was dissected and unquestionably identified as being
a Mediterranean fruit fly pupa.
Instead of consternation and fear we have, imme-
diately following this discovery, an assurance not
only in our own minds, but on the part of official
Washington, that we are in remarkably good condi-
tion. It would, of course, be better if we could not
find the evidences mentioned, but the convincing fact
of the evidences themselves is that none of the fruit
growing on the trees, nor on any of the trees nearby,
could be found to be infested. Such an extremely
minor evidence of trouble is very reassuring because
the symptoms are not hidden but have become plain-
ly evident to the doctor making the diagnosis; yet
they are so inconsequential as to show that the pati-
ent is on the rapid road to recovery, provided proper
sanitary methods and common sense precautions
are followed. The fact that no growing fruit
has, throughout the year, been found with any evi-
dence whatever of infestation, even though these five
dropped specimens clearly pointed the way to find
such growing fruit in trouble, leads to the only con-
clusion possible-that the fruit that is picked and
shipped is no longer dangerous, even to states that
might have a similar climate to ours.
We must, however, take care of ourselves and
maintain the excellent condition that we are now in.
Bait spray efforts should be continued this year, and
even as long as necessary in the years to come to
assure the public at large, as well as the individual
owners of citrus properties, that proper preventive
are being systematically followed so that Florida
will never again go through the throes experienced
since April, 1929.
We must not take things too much for granted.
We feel greatly relieved with the modified quaran-
tine regulations now given to us but we must bear in
mind that these regulations can be changed just as
easily again to a much stricter basis, as well as to
grant us still wider privileges, and it is the duty of
Washington, no matter how much it hurts Florida, to
take whatever steps are necessary to safe-guard the
balance of the United States in handling this or any
similar problem.
We want inspection continued so that our fruit
may be certified and it is our part not only to main-
tain the ground already covered but to take such ad-
ditional precautions as to prove to the rest of the
United States that we know how to take care of our-
selves, and that they have nothing to worry about.

August 4, 1930

Page Four

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