Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00044
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: July 25, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00044
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
Abwaf" Co'nirf
uhreau of Arig. Eoaoft,
T. S. Dept. of Aria.*

rashingtol p o G* ,


Sec. 485%, P. L. & R.
U. S. Postage
1c. Paid
Winter Haven, Fla.
Permit No. 11



Representing more than 0,0 00
Growers of Oranges and Graprefruit


Official Publication of the

10 Cent a Copy Volume I
$2.00 aYea JULY 25, 1930 Number 20

"We're in Critical

Period Now" Mayo

Says of Fly Fight
Agricultural Head Points Out
Necessity of Team-work to
Obtain Modifications
(Commissioner of Agriculture)
Every parent knows that famil-
iar and sometimes sinister phrase-
the second summer. Particularly is
it a reminder to those now in mid-
dle life of an age when medical sci-
ence was not prepared to defend
babies and young children against
the perils of a critical period, as it
now is. The second summer of a
child's life was a time of care, of
watchfulness, of sustained and in-
tensive effort to maintain whole-
some and normal conditions. It was
a period to be faced with courage
and ended with relief.
All Under Obligation
And so it is with us in the second
summer of Mediterranean fruit fly
eradication work. A greater crisis
,) has not faced our fruit and vegeta-
ble industry than that which now
presents itself, and regardless of
our personal opinions, each of us
bears a solemn obligation to Florida
and to her people to further the
cause of fruit fly eradication work
in every way within our power until
it has been demonstrated to the
complete satisfaction of all concern-
ed that the fruit fly is a thing of the
past. Then, and only then, may we
expect to restore fruit and vegeta-
ble growing to its former status as
the state's leading agricultural en-
deavor and to regain in our multiple
marketing centers the confidence
which our products deserve.
A recent statement by Secretary
of Agriculture Hyde has inspired
the hope and even belief, in some
quarters, that modification of exist-
ing regulations so as to permit ship-
ment of fruits and vegetables, with-
out sterilization, from uninfested
zones into the Northeast and Mid-
dle West may be expected by the
time the Fall shipping season opens.
Whether this liberal interpretation
may be placed on Secretary Hyde's
statement or not, the necessity for
intensive clean-up and spray work is
obvious. Without it, we can have
(Continued on Page Two)

Resolution Adopted by

The State Plant Board

(Meeting at Gainesville, Fl6rida, July 14, 1930, Introduced by R. F. Maguire)

WHEREAS, the Florida Citrus
Growers' Clearing House Associa-
tion has again requested the State
Plant Board to furnish materials
for Mediterranean fruit fly bait
spray to citrus growers without
WHEREAS, the State Commis-
sioner of Agriculture has agreed to
transfer to the Board from his de-
partment the necessary funds up to
$10,000 for the purchase of such
materials, therefore be it
RESOLVED that the State Plant
Board accept with deep apprecia-
tion the proffer of the Commissioner
and authorizes the expenditures of
any such funds transferred up to
$10,000 for the purchase of bait
spray materials to be distributed
through the agency of the Florida
Citrus Growers' Clearing House As-

sociation upon the following terms
and conditions:
(a) That the amount so trans-
ferred by the Commissioner of Ag-
riculture for the use of the State
Plant Board, shall not be charged
against the minimum allotment of
$10,000 per month from the special
fruit fly appropriation now avail-
able for use by the State Plant
Board in connection with the Medi-
terranean fruit fly activities.
(b) That bills for expenditures
for bait spray materials be regularly
presented to the State Plant Board
for payment.
(c) That this action be submit-
ted to his Excellency Governor
Carlton for approval, as contem-
plated by Senate Bill 157, approved
June 7, 1929.

"How California Enjoys

A Better Freight Rate

Structure Than Florida"

(Executive Vice-President, Growers & Shippers League of Florida)

Florida obtained a reduction in
freight rates on citrus amounting to
more than $1,000,000.00 annually,
by the decision of the Interstate
Commerce Commission July 10,
1928, as a result of the activities of
the Growers & Shippers League and
State Railroad Commission in their
effort to secure a readjustment of
the freight rate structure on citrus
from Florida. Still, in marketing
our citrus crop, Florida shippers
have many obstacles to overcome
which do not bother California dis-
Many growers and shippers have
asked the natural question, "Why
does California, in the distribution
of its citrus, enjoy a better freight
rate structure than Florida?" This
is true because the western rail-
roads, that originate the traffic, and
are the predominating factors in
making the rates from California,

are willing to help their growers
and continue a rate basis which was
originally adopted to meet competi-
tion from Florida and from foreign
"To Help The Grower"
The rate on citrus from Califor-
nia to the north Atlantic Seaboard,
according to Edward Chambers, for-
merly one of the chief traffic officers
of the Santa Fe R. R., was first
fixed by the Western Railroads to
meet competition with foreign or-
anges on the Atlantic Coast and
also to meet competition with Flor-
ida oranges. According to Mr.
Chambers the rate of $1.25 per 100
lbs., which, at the time, he consid-
ered a fair rate considering the
service furnished and the distance
of the haul, was later reduced ten
cents per hundred pounds, "on the
(Continued on Page, Three)

State Will Assume

Cost of Materials

In Spray Campaign

Plant Board Relieves Clearing
House of Self-Imposed

Suspension of the regulation re-
quiring the screening of stores,
markets, and other places where fly
host fruits and vegetables are sold,
and the decision by the state to as-
sume the financial expenses of the
spray material, are the most im-
portant developments in the eradi-
cation campaign this month. An-
nouncement of these two decisions
were made by the State Plant Board
which met in Gainesville the middle
of this month.
The Board officially gave its ap-
proval to the work the Clearing
House has been doing in helping to
organize growers and shippers into
county-wide spraying units to carry
on the campaign "to kill the quaran-
tine," inaugurated during the latter
part of June. The Clearing House
voluntarily assumed the burden of
paying for the spray material (cop-
per carbonate, sugar and molasses)
so the expenses would not fall on
the growers. P. K. Yonge, chair-
man of the State Plant Board, has
just announced through the press,
however, that the Board has arrang-
ed to supply the spray materials at
the expense of the state.
Clearing House Took Over Job
"Use of poison bait spray is a
necessary and most important part
of the eradication campaign," Mr.
Yonge said. "Last year this was
done by and at the expense' of the
federal government. Expenditures
for this purpose are not authorized
under the appropriation recently
made by Congress. In the emer-
gency the Clearing House under-
took to carry on this activity by or-
ganizing the growers for the pur-
"The Plant Board has found it
possible, through the co-operation
of Commissioner of Agriculture
Mayo, to finance the purchase of
necessary materials and supply same
to growers. The work will be done
by the growers under the supervi-
sion of the federal inspection forces.
At least two applications of spray
(Continued on Page Two)

Page 2


Tilden Reports on Borax

Patents; Gives Officials'

Views on Fly Eradication

During the week of July 13th,
Judge Spessard L. Holland, counsel
for the Clearing House, and Presi-
dent Alfred M. Tilden went to Wash-
ington to consult with the Associa-
tion's attorneys about the Borax
suit now pending in the Supreme
Court. This action in the Supreme
Court is being brought by the At-
torney Genegal of the State of Flor-
ida and the Attorney General of the
United States in behalf of the fruit
interests of the country. The mat-
ter of the action was requested by
the. Clearing House and after ex-
amining into the records of the case,
these high official gave it their at-
Thirty Patents
An examination of the Patent Of-
fice's records indicates that patents
have been granted covering many
of the operations performed in the
packing houses. These patents cover
both machinery and processes. An
examination in detail of these pat-
ents is now being made by the As-
sociation's attorneys so that their
effect on customary packing house
operations may be discovered and
proper steps taken to protect and
safeguard the interests of the pack-
ing houses. Whei this examination
has been completed, a report more
in detail will be made. Suffice it
to say, at the moment, that there
are outstanding about thirty pat-
ents covering the use of inhibiting
agents, such as borax, boracic acid
and possibly other alkali washes.
Certain patents have also been
granted covering the use of paraffin.
There are patents covering the use
of paraffin in solvents but these par-
ticular patents cover the use of
plain, ordinary paraffin.
_,_ Eradication Accomplished
Conversations were also had with
officials of the Department of Agri-
culture concerning the Mediterran-
ean fruit fly quarantine. The of-
ficials are both delighted and amaz-
ed at the failure of their six hun-
dred inspectors to locate infesta-
tions. While it seems incredible to
them that the eradication campaign
should have entirely eliminated the
fly, yet they cannot explain the ab-
sence of infestation in any other
way and they frankly admit that
there is no reason for quarantines
if there is no fly.
The Department is making the
most intensive inspection in an ef-
fort to determine the facts. All of
us want to know these facts-it is
better to know the truth than to be
in doubt. Certainly, if this inten-
sive inspection fails to discover fly
infestations, the growers' case is
very much better.
Bait Spray Valuable
In the opinion of the Association,
the bait spraying campaign is most

decidedly worth while. Generally
throughout the State the growers
have behaved splendidly and the
bait spray is being applied very
widely and in a manner that seems
satisfactory to the Department of
Agriculture. It is a great precau-
tionary measure and if consistently
done for the balance of this sum-
mer, there is reason to hope that
we will enter the new shipping sea-
son with a clean bill of health.
An investigation was made of all
previous cases wherein Congress had
appropriated money to reimburse
farmers for losses sustained by rea-
son of quarantines and resulting
confiscations. Copies of the official
records, bulletins and forms were
obtained. These are in the nature
of public documents and are proper-
ly available to the public.
Our attorneys are now making an
examination of these documents
with a view to arriving at a method
in accord with previous history,
wherein Florida growers may intel-
ligently arrive at the kind and
amount of loss suffered, and pre-
pare proper and reasonable claims
for adjustment and reimbursement.


(Continued from Page One)
no hope of destroying any infesta-
tions that may develop during the
summer period, nor need we expect
to convince others that our fruits
and vegetables are free from the
danger of infestation and may be
safely shipped to and received by
our accustomed markets.
Clearing House Commended
The Florida Citrus Growers Clear-
ing House Association is to be
warmly commended on its program
for free distribution of bait spray
for all zone two and three proper-
ties. This is one of the most prac-
tical and constructive endeavors yet
instituted in the Medfly fight, and it
should be the means of fostering a
clean-up campaign so thorough and
far-reaching that it will be observ-
ed with respect by those in charge
of quarantine regulatory work, as
well as by the thousands of consum-
ers of Florida grove and field pro-
ducts who have been temporarily
prejudiced against their use, even
when obtainable.
This, the second summer of the
Medfly eradication work, is not a
time for personal prejudices, for
partisan politics, for unreasoning
panic or despairing surrender. That
opportunity for public service which
Fourth of July orators rant about
is now within the reach of every


one of us, though in a less spectacu-
lar manner. Now that organized of-
ficial eradication work has been re-
sumed, and bait spray has been
made available free of charge
through the Clearing House, every
grower can diligently and thorough-
ly spray his groves in a manner to
meet with official approval. Every
grove and field owner can carefully
and continually clean up waste fruit
and host products. Every person
connected in any way with the fruit
and vegetable industries of the
state, however humbly, can find
some practical way to demonstrate
his desire to improve the situation,
and the sum total of these individ-
ual efforts will undoubtedly be a
mighty force to reckon with when
the close of the host-productive sea-
son is reached.
Concerted Effort Needed
This is our second summer, our
day of danger, when the need for
persisent, relentless effort is greater
than ever before. Only by concert-
ed effort on the part of all growers
can we meet the situation adequate-
ly. Concerted effort on the part of
California growers has enabled
them to overcome apparently insur-
mountable obstacles in shipping and
marketing their products. They did
it by sticking together. That same
unity of effort offers our only hope
in settling the fruit fly question in
The beginning of the second sum-
mer does not find us wanting in
courage, foresight or zeal in prose-
cuting the eradication campaign
until all question of need for it has
been eliminated. Let not the end
of the second summer find us want-
ing in the realization that we have
done, each of us, in every way pos-
sible, everything in our power to ex-
pedite matters toward that happy


(Continued from Page One)
must be made. The grower is af-
forded the option of using either
the copper spray or the arsenical
spray prepared according to formu-
lae developed by the specialists of
the United States Department of
Agriculture. Either of these sprays
will be accepted by the State and
Federal authorities.
"The Plant Board," Chairman
Yonge added, "is well pleased with
the progress made in the fight
against the fruit fly. The resump-
tion of inspection by the Federal
forces is gratifying. Further
amelioration of the quarantine re-
strictions will, of course, be urged
upon the department should the re-
sults of the inspections now being
made, the clean-up during the sum-
mer months and the thoroughness
of the spray now under way justify
the Board in taking such action. We
are convinced that the continued co-
operation of the government agen-
cies, State and Federal, and of pro-
ducing .and shipping interests will
surely bring about the end desired

July 25, 1930

-the early announcement of the
eradication of the fruit fly."
Action Appreciated
Commenting on the State's action,
Manager Archie M. Pratt said:
"The decision on the part of the
State Plant Board to assume the
cost of bait spray materials up, to
$10,000 is highly appreciated. The
Clearing House was originally com-
pelled to assume the full responsi-
bility in contracting for materials
and starting this bait spray pro-
"At the time our Directors made
this decision it was impossible to
tell whether the State would be in
position to assume this material ex-
pense and it is a genuine relief to
know that materials connected with
the bait spray will now be paid for
by the State through the medium of
the State Plant Board. Commis-
sioner Mayo made it possible for
funds to be transferred from his
Inspection Department to the State
Plant Board, and the State Plant
Board, with the approval of the
Governor, acted favorably on the
request of the Clearing House.
"The labor, traveling expenses
and other incidentals outside of the
material itself, in the general direc-
tion of this bait spray program, is
costing more money than was an-
ticipated; but the Clearing House
feels that this money is well invest-
ed, as the county agents, the county
commissioners, the shippers and
growers of Florida, and many Cham-
bers of Commerce, have taken hold
of this campaign with decided vigor
and enthusiasm.
Work Will Be Thorough
"The citrus industry will now be
able to show official Washington a
complete and convincing picture of
every county in Florida having been
thoroughly sprayed in accordance
with official instructions. The en-
thusiasm shows the popular con-
fidence now held, that it is the last
important step in a big job and that
will be the means of relieving Flor-
ida from the serious handicaps in
marketing, it has recently been la-
boring under, due to quarantine re-
"The work that is going on is a
splendid example of voluntary co-
ordinated efforts, not only on the
part of the State Plant Board, the
Commissioner of Agriculture and
our Governor, but also the invalu-
able help received in an advisory
capacity from the Federal Fruit Fly
Board and the United States De-
partment of Agriculture Plant
Quarantine Control Administration,
as well as county commissioners,
county agents, packing house man-
agers and citrus growers and Cham-
bers of Commerce, all of whom
have done invaluable work. The
unconquerable spirit of Florida
growers and' its citizens at large,
has again been demonstrated."

"Hello, where have you been?"
"To the station to see my wife off
for a month's holiday."
"But how black your hands are "
"Yes, I patted the engine."


Dependable Crop

Estimate to be Made

The first two weeks in September
will find the Clearing House, through
its inspection force, packing house
Managers and expert estimators,
i mking a careful estimate of the cit-
rus crop throughout the state.
Estimates will be made on five
classes of fruit, early and mid-sea-
son oranges, valencias, regular
grapefruit, Marsh Seedless grape-
fruit and tangerines.
The Clearing House plans to se-
cure estimates on a percentage basis
as compared with previous years, by
counties, from each packing house
manager. The estimators will then
select key groves in each district
which will be carefully checked
against the estimates of the mana-
gers. .It is thought that in this way,
a very close estimate of each of the
varieties named may be gained, and
that Florida will have the most de-
pendable estimate possible for so
early in the season.
Only long experienced men, ex-
pert in crop estimating, will be hir-
ed for the final check-up. It is felt
that a correct estimate is of special
importance this year as crop condi-
tions in California as well as Flor-
ida are favorable and both states
will have considerable increase.
The last estimate from H. A.
Marks, Agricultural Statistician, was
83% of normal on oranges and
80% on grapefruit for Florida.


(Continued from Page One)
basis of increasing the consumption
and helping out the grower."
The freight rates that were at
that time in effect from Florida and
from California have both been sub-
jected to percentage increases and
percentage reductions as authorized
or approved by the Interstate Com-
merce Commission. California ship-
pers later secured a reduction in
their rate per 100 lbs. and per pack-
age by making an agreement with
the railroads to increase the num-
ber of packages for the minimum
carload to 462 and raising the mini-
mum carload weight from 26,700 to
36,000 lbs., but still assuring the
railroads the same per car minimum
freight charges.
California has practically a blan-
ket or postage stamp rate. By that
I mean that the same rate applies
on oranges from all producing
points in California to a given east-
ern destination. To destinations be-
ginning with Denver on the west
and extending east to the Atlantic
Seaboard and as far north as Maine
and as far south as Key West, Flor-
ida, the rate from all points of ori-
gin in California is the same. It
costs no more in freight per 100 lbs.
from Los Angeles to Portland,
Maine, for 3274 miles or for 3,029
miles to Key West, Florida, for ex-

port to Cuba, than it costs for 1,416
miles from Los Angeles to Denver,
Carload Minimum Differs
Florida is situated entirely dif-
ferent. In the first place, no blan-
ket or postage stamp rate applies
from Florida, except on a very
minor portion of our output. Since
our line haul rate case was decided
we have had a blanket rate of $1.80
per 100 lbs., or $583.20 per mini-
mum car of 32,400 lbs. applying to
the Pacific Coast and all points west
of the western state lines of North
and South Dakota and Nebraska,
while California pays only $1.55
per 100 lbs. or $558.00 per mini-
mum carload of 36,000 lbs., as far
east as points in Maine and as far
south as Key West, Florida, for ex-
port. There is, however, a differ-
ence in the carload minimum from
the two states. California's mini-
mum is 36,000 lbs. and Florida's
minimum is 32,400 lbs. California's
boxes are smaller than the Florida
box and California can convenient-
ly load 462 boxes in refrigerator
cars, while Florida's boxes are larger
and our minimum is only 360 boxes.
In the establishment of rates on
citrus from Florida, they were orig-
inally based on a combination of a
proportional rate per box from point
of origin to Jacksonville, for be-
yond, and a proportional rate per
box from Jacksonville, when from
beyond, to make the through rate
per box.
When the Interstate Commerce
Commission decided our Line Haul
Rate Case they ordered through
rates published in cents per 100 lbs.,
minimum carload weight 32,400
Ibs., based upon a percentage of
the first-class rates, which they had
established as reasonable rates be-
tween Florida and northeastern des-
tinations, as far west as Buffalo and
Pittsburgh territory. To destina-
tions north of the Ohio River and
east of the Mississippi and west of
Buffalo and Pittsburgh territory,
rates were ordered published based
upon 40% of the first-class rates,
that the Commission had previously
ordered published between Florida
and that destination territory. Class
rates are based on distance. The
same class rates between Florida
and these northern destinations are
assigned to origin points in Florida
located in each 25-mile block of dis-
tance south of Jacksonville or other
north Florida gateway.
Proportionate Increase
As the point of origin is located
farthest south of Jacksonville or
other north Florida gateways the
through rate to a given destination
like Atlanta, Cincinnati or New
York is increased proportionate
with the distance for each 25 miles.
For instance the rate from San-
ford is 2c higher per 100 lbs. than
from DeLand, Orlando is 2c more
than from Sanford, Haines City is
Ic higher than from Orlando, etc.
Likewise the rate from Orlando
or other points of origin in Florida,
increases with distance, as the car
proceeds towards its market. The
rate from Orlando to Atlanta is 68c

per 100 Ibs., to Chattanooga is 76c,
Cincinnati 94c, Indianapolis $1.00,
Chicago $1.09, Milwaukee $1.12,
Minneapolis $1.26, etc. Thus it will
be seen the cost to deliver a mini-
mum carload of 32,400 lbs. of or-
anges at Chattanooga from Orlando
is $25.92 more than to Atlanta. It
costs $48.32 more to Cincinnati
than to Chattanooga and $113.68
more to Minneapolis than to Cin-
cinnati. California's rate is the same
to Atlanta, Cincinnati, Chicago or
Minneapolis. In fact their rate is
no more for 3,240 miles to Boston
than for 1,416 miles to Denver.
The advantage to California ship-
pers in having one blanket rate to
destinations, is that it enables them
to quote the same f. o. b. or deliv-
ered price at any market east of
Denver as, with the exception of the
difference in cost for refrigeration,
they can deliver a car in Boston or
Atlanta for the same freight as it
costs to Denver.
California May Divert
California's freight rate structure
is better than Florida's because
their distributive territory is not
cut up and restricted. They can
roll cars east via New Orleans and
offer them to any market in the
south and make delivery on the
through rate of $1.55 per 100 lbs.
If the shipment has not progressed
too far east they can still divert it
up through Cincinnati to Pittsburgh
or points east and deliver the car in
Boston for $1.55 per 100 lbs.
Florida on the contrary must
select its market either east or west
of an imaginary line drawn from
Buffalo down through Pittsburgh
into West Virginia. Markets, east
of the imaginary line, are only
reached via Potomac Yard, Virginia,
and markets west of that line are
routed through Cincinnati or other
Ohio River or Mississippi River
Gateways, depending upon the des-
tination. Cars moving through Po-
tomac Yard, Virginia, cannot go
west of the Buffalo-Pittsburgh line,
except by paying a local freight
rate beyond that imaginary line to
the western point. Cars moving
through the Cincinnati gateway
cannot go east of the Buffalo-Pitts-
:bugh line except under penalty of
*a local rate.
It will thus be seen that from all
origin points in California to a
given market the rate is the same,
while from various origins in Flor-
da we have different rates. Our
rates increase with distance, while
California's rates ignore distance.
Our marketing area is restricted, by
the restrictions in routing, which
necessitates marketing east or west
of Buffalo-Pittsburgh line, once the
car is sent through the Potomac
Yard or Cincinnati gateway, while
California's rates ignore such imag-
inary line and therefore their dis-
tributive area is not restricted.
It is difficult to satisfactorily ex-
plain in untechnical language these
differences between California's and
Florida's freight rate structure so it
will be clear to the layman, but I
hope you will have a little better
conception of it by this effort.

Representative Rates
The following destinations with
the freight per box shown compiled
by the Clearing House, are fairly
representative for Florida citrus
shipments. It will be noted that the
rates shown (all of which are made
from Winter Haven) radiate from
Florida in the three general direc-
tions, i. e., towards the eastern mar-
kets, toward the middle western
markets, and toward the southern
and far western markets. The rates
are as follows:
Albany, Ga.--------_--- $ .522
Atlanta, Ga. --------------- .612
Columbia, S. C.---------------- .594
Charleston, S. C.-- _- ----- .576
Spartanburg, S. C..------------ .648
Raleigh, N. C.. ---- ----- -- .702
Charlotte, N. C.- ---- .648
Asheville, N. C.----- .684
Richmond, Va.--------------- .783
Danville, Va. ...---.--- .738
Charleston, W. Va.--_------- .891
Baltimore, Md.-------------_:___ ..87
Washington, D. C.-------.----- .846
Pittsburgh, Pa ---.--.......-_... .972
Scranton, Pa... ---.-_-__--_ .972
Philadelphia, Pa.___- .909
Wilmington, Del. .____. .909
Newark, N. J...---...---------- .945
New York, N. Y.------.__ .945
Buffalo, N. Y...._- --....._. 1.035
Albany, N. Y ...- ------------ 1.008
Portland, Me......... ----__ 1.089
Boston, Mass...-. --.... .... 1.044
Nashville, Tenn..---_-.... .774
Memphis, Tenn. --_-- ... .792
Knoxville, Tenn. --- ------ .720
Louisville, Ky. ........ ... .846
Cincinnati, 0.--..........------- .855
Cleveland, 0 .....-------..... .981
Columbus, 0...---..---.. --_-. .927
Indianapolis, Ind....---------.. .918
South Bend, Ind. ----- .972
Chicago, Ill.. ........._ .981
Springfield, Ill._----_. _------- .936
Detroit, Mich.....--------_..... .990
Grand Rapids, Mich. ... ---.. 1.008
Milwaukee, Wis...----. ..... 1.008
Minneapolis, Minn. ------....... 1.143
Grand Forks, N. D ............ -- 1.620
Des Moines, Iowa ..------.. __ 1.053
Birmingham, Ala. -----......... .666
Vicksburg, Miss .--------------- .774
Greenville, Miss ...------.-____ .819
New Orleans, La.-----....... .....- .747
Shreveport, La.---. -__ .--__ .963
Little Rock, Ark........._....... .954
Jonesboro, Ark ...___---..... .900
Kansas City, Mo.---------.... 1.035
St. Louis, Mo.....-----... --..-- .918
Springfield, Mo. ..-------...... .909
Wichita, Kas. ---------.___ 1.170
Topeka, Kas.......-----.----... --- 1.170
Hutchinson, Kas. ---_-. 1.170
Oklahoma City, Okla..-_--- 1.125
.Muskogee, Okla....----------- 1.071
:Denver, Colo. ------...------_ 1.620
Guelph, Ont.------- _-_.- ------1.314
Brantford -----__ 1.314
Hamilton ----------1.314
Kingston ------------- 1.449
Ottawa --------------- -------.....---... 1.449
Quebec -----------------1.566
-Saskatoon, Sask. ------.. ------2.425
Regina, Sask. ------_ ____ 2.345

Raymond-"What would you say
if I were to throw you a kiss?"
Cathleen-"I'd say you were the
laziest man I'd ever met."-Ex.

July, 25, 1930

Pi e 3

Plmc 3


Citrus Exports

1929-1930 SEASON AS OF JUNE 1, 1930.

Week Destina- (Fresh) Or.
Ended tion Boxes Boxes
Sept.28-London 1,407 -
Liverpool __ 1244 ---
Southampton 501 -
Oct.5 London __ 3,561 -
Liverpool 1,929
Southampton -- 8556 -
Glasgow -396 -
Oct. 12 Liverpool 3,588
Southampton ___ 3,021
London 2,869__
Glasgow ____ 785-
Hull -___ 200
Oct. 19 Liverpool ____ 6,706-
London .. 4,406 -
Southampton 4,091 --
Glagow 1,800
Oct.26 London 7,366
Southampton __ 6,446
Liverpool 5,186
Hull ____ 538 __
Nov. 2 Southampton __3,749
London 3,649
Liverpool ____ 2,220 1,169
S:...-Glasgow 10
Nov. 9 London 2,690 -
Liverpool __. 957-
Southampton 674 294
Hull 400 __
Glasgow 218 __
Nov.16 London 2,667
Southampton 1,037
Liverpool __ 1,362
Glasgow 375 -6
Nov.23 London 1,830 248
Southampton __. 1,79 -
Liverpool __ 488
Glasgow 201
Nov.30 London ___--- 1,375
Southampton 635
Liverpool ___ 611
Glasgow 216 -
Dec. 7 London 2,058
Southampton 744 -
Liverpool ... 714
Glasgow 465 6
Dec. 14 London 694 70
Southampton _- 135 358
Liverpool ____ 44
Glasgow 21
Dec.21 London 1,810 40
Southampton __ 970 __
Liverpool 286 -
Dec.28 London ____ 1,266__-
Southampton 1,108 80
Liverpool ______ 475
Jin. 4 London 4,504 129
Southampton 1,782
Liverpool __ 238
Glasgow ____ 120
Jan.11 London 6,070
Liverpool ____ 98__
Jan.18 London 5,927
Liverpool _____ 1,103
Southampton 928
Feb.1 London 11,040 110
Liverpool -_ 3,728 --
Southampton 1,048
Feb. 8 London 65,595 _
Liverpool __ 4,118
Southampton 1,257
Glasgow 786__
Feb.15 London 3.886, .126
Liverpool _____ 3.2265
Feb.22 London 6._116 __
Liverpool ____ 2,998
Glasgow 1,562
Southampton __ 723
Mar. I London 7.009
Liverpool __. 8,432
Southampton 1,470
Hull ____ 600
Mar. 8 London 4,354 140
Liverpool __ 2,605
Glasgow ___ 971
Southampton__ 894
Bristol 66
Mar.15 London 3,876
Liverpool __ 1,328
Southampton __ 350
Mar. 22 London 2,361
Glasgow 1,002 _
Liverpool 770
Southampton __ 807
Mar.29 London __ 3,276 133
Liverpool -__ 1,610 _
Southampton 1,092 _
Hull ___ 100
Apr. 5 London 2,353 -
Liverpool 1,108
Glasgow 469___
Southampton 299
Apr. 12 London 8,694 _
Liverpool __ 1,383
Glasgow ____ 647
Southampton 254 __
Apr. 19 London 4,890
Liverpool 2,185
Southampton __ 640 _
SBristol -- 100-
-Apr.26 London ____ 38,747 91
S Liverpool 1,487 -
, :- Glasgow' 877 ___
* Southampton 611

May 3 London ._
Liverpool -..
Southampton -_
Glasgow _-__-..
Hull ___
May 10 London
Southampton __
Glasgow ___
May 17 London
Liverpool ___-_
Southampton _
May 24 London
Liverpool __
May 31 London
Liverpool .



Total for Season, Sept. 28,
1929, to June 1, 1930 266,324 3,058

Citrus Fruit Exported From Tampa to
United Kingdom, During 1929-1930
Season As Of June 1, 1930.
Week Destina- Gft.
Ended tion (Cases)
January 4 London 3,070
Liverpool 650
March 22 London 7,801
March 29 Liverpool 4,041
Manchester ___ 802
Glasgow __ _____- 500
Belfast _____ 50
May 17 Liverpool 278
London __ ____ 695
Southampton 50
Glasgow 370
Manchester 345
Total__ 19,152

Citrus Fruit Exported From Jacksonville to
United Kingdom During 1929-1930
Season As Of June 1, 1930.
Canned Fresh
Week Destina- Gft. Gft.
Ended tion (Cases) (Bxs)
Nov. 2 London 2,872
Nov. 23 London __ 5,600 __
Liverpool ___ 250
Hull __ 150

Committee of Fifty

At Fort Pierce

August Eighth

The August meeting of the Com-
mittee of Fifty will be held in Fort
Pierce at two o'clock Friday after-
noon, August 8, in the City Hall.
Several important subjects are to
be discussed, one the matter of ad-
vertising Florida's orange and grape-
fruit crop for the coming season.
The advertising committee of the
growers' committee has been giving
this subject much thought and will
have some important recommenda-
tions to make.
The membership campaign which
is now being launched by the Clear-
ing House will also be a matter for
Arrangements are being made for
accommodation at the hotels in Fort
Pierce for those who will be re-
maining over night.
This should be a meeting of
special interest to grower-members
and it is hoped that many will at-
The Executive Committee will
hold its meeting at eleven o'clock
in the morning of the same date.

Dec. 7 Liverpool .1_.. 1,200
Glasgow .....--- 6865
Bristol .... 150
Manchester __ 75
Dec. 14 Liverpool ___. 1,486
Manchester ____ 55
Dec. 21 London 65,680
Hull _..--- ... __ 100
Newcastle 50
Jan. 11 Liverpool ._. 550
Manchester _... 50
Jan. 18 London ......... 5,200
Southampton .__ 40
Jan.25 Liverpool __....... 1,725
Manchester -. 440
Feb. 8 London ._ 1,858
Feb. 15 Liverpool _
Feb. 22 Glasgow __.. 6.018
Bristol --_ 300
Mar. 1 Liverpool 684
Hull ____ 300
Mar. 8 London 2,750
Hull _-_..._ 75
Newcastle 7
Southampton 25
Mar. 15 Liverpool 175
Manchester _. .. 375
Mar.29 Liverpool 960
Apr. 5 London 750
Hull 450
Apr. 12 London 1,100
Apr. 19 Liverpool
May 3 Liverpool
May 31 Glasgow .... 50
Total 39,271

--- i






Unfair Practices

On Part of Trade

Halted by U.S.D.A.

The Clearing House has been fos-
tering the passage of the "Perish-
able Agricultural Commodities Act"
as it is right in line with one of the
original purposes for which the
Clearing House was organized;
namely, to put a stop to unfair re-
jections and unfair trade practices.
Acting as a member of the commit-
tee on Trade Relations, as well as
of the Legislative Committee, Man-
ager A. M. Pratt, when in attend-
ance at the last meeting of the
American Fruit & Vegetable Ship-
pers Association in Chicago, urged,
with others, the passing of this law,
which will be enforced beginning
December 10, 1930.
The law requires every carlot re-
ceiver and buyer, as well as broker,
to be under license. The fact that
any license may be taken away is a
tremendous power for good in ef-
fectively putting a stop to crooked-
ness on the part of handlers of per-
ishable products.
The Bureau of Agricultural Eco-
nomics makes the following state-
Explanation of Act
"Rules and regulations for the
administration of the perishable ag-
ricultural commodities act for the
licensing of commission merchants,
dealers and brokers, which was sign-
ed by President Hoover, June 10,
are being prepared by the Bureau
of Agricultural Economics, the
United States Department of Agri-
culture announced today.
"This law, intended to suppress
certain unfair and fraudulent prac-
tices in the marketing of fresh fruits
and vegetables in interstate and for-
eign commerce, requires the licens-
ing of commission merchants, deal-
ers and brokers. All persons sub-
ject to the act who plan to be in
business on and after Dec. 10, 1930,
must obtain licenses from the Secre-

tary of Agriculture. Application for
license should be filed with the Sec-
retary as promptly as possible on
forms which will be furnished on re-
quest, or which may be obtained
from any permanent city station of
the market news or inspection serv-
ices of the Bureau of Agricultural
"Dealer" Is Defined
"Perishable agricultural commod-
ities as defined in the law, says the
Bureau, mean fresh fruits and
fresh vegetables, of every kind and
character, whether frozen or packed
in ice or not. The term "dealer"
applies to any person buying or sell-
ing in car lots. A producer selling
only commodities of his own raising
is exempted and is not considered a
"dealer." Any person buying for
sale at retail less than 20 carloads
annually also is exempted. The law
provides for an annual licensing fee
of $10.
"Briefly summarized, the law, un-
der the section dealing with unfair
conduct, covers fraudulent charges;
unjustified rejection or failure to
deliver; discarding, dumping or de-
stroying without reasonable cause;
fraudulently making false or mis-
leading statements concerning con-
dition, quality, quantity, disposition
or market conditions; failure cor-
rectly to account; misrepresentation
as to state of origin; removing or
altering tags if such tags represent
Federal or Federal-State inspection.
Provision for Complaints
"Any one who suffers from any
such violation of the act may file a
complaint with the Secretary of Ag-
riculture for the purpose of secur-
ing equitable reparation.
"Persons violating the act shall
be liable for the full amount of
damages sustained, to be enforced
by a reparation order of the Secre-
tary of Agriculture or by suit in
court. The Secretary's findings
shall be prima facie evidence in
United States courts.
"The law provides a penalty of
$500 for failure to procure a license
by Dec. 10 of this year, and $25
per day for each day any person
subject to the act continues to oper-
ate thereafter without a valid li-
"For violation of the act the Sec-
retary of Agriculture may publish
facts and suspend licenses for not
to exceed 90 days, or for flagrant or
repeated violations he may revoke
licenses. Parties subject to the act
are required to keep such records
and accounts as will disclose trans-
actions and ownership of business.
For failure to keep records the Sec-
retary may publish facts or may
suspend licenses for 90 days.
"The Secretary is empowered to
inspect records, accounts and mem-
oranda, in connection with the de-
termination of complaints. The law
authorizes the Secretary to conduct
an inspection and certification serv-
ice, covering perishable agricultural
commodities similar to that now be-
ing conducted under the Agricul-
tural appropriation act."

Page 4


P.July 25, 1930

July 25. 1930

Kokomo, Ind.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
If the article written by John D.
Clark, published in the News of
June 25, were read and digested,
not only by every citrus grower, but
by every one interested in the wel-
fare of the industry, the future of
the Florida grower would be as-
It is one of the best articles I
have read in your valuable publica-
tion and I have read them all.
Were 1 to change it in any re-
spect, I would use for the opening
paragraph this statement, "If there
ever was a challenge to the intel-
ligence of a people it certainly is
aimed unmistakably at the citrus
"growers of Florida." It contains
real meat and demonstrates a clear
understanding of the real needs of
an industry that should dominate
the market.
Proof of his statements are every
where demonstrated throughout the
north. The power of advertising
creates demand for superior brands
so great that many purchasers will
have. no other. Advertising for
western products emblazoned every
where. What a neglected oppor-
tunity for a product that should be
first. One cannot but wonder how
many of the economists in advertis-
ing have been north of the Florida
line. Instead of curtailing on ad-
'vertising it should have been in-
creased liberally, the opportunity
and market is here for the asking.
Why neglect it?
To the citrus grower living in the
north and making occasional visits
to Florida there are some things,
Like these cited, almost daily im-
pressed on him which may not seem
so important to one busy only with
local work.
Another hint: The northern in-
vestor is surely an asset and de-
serves sincere co-operation that his
investment may ever be attractive.
It is hard to understand why Flor-
ida has not the fearless leadership
for which Ir. Clark pleads, but the
Clearing House looks like the solu-
tion if it but gain the unanimous
support of the industry.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) WILL J. MARTIN.
P. S.-Since writing the above
the attached editorial appeared in
the Kokomo (Ind.) Tribune:
Florida started with a big ad-
vantage. She had the orange mar-
ket before California started. Cali-
fornia has outrun her. Florida or-
anges are still sold extensively, in
season, in the northern and eastern


markets, but the California oranges
seem to be developing into a year-
round staple.
Why this conquest? Florida is
far nearer to the big market. Cali-
fornia oranges are good oranges, but
not necessarily better than the Flor-
ida product. The former are seed-
less and easy to eat, but the latter
are usually juicier and many prefer
their flavor.
The difference in public demand
is explained as a direct result of ad-
vertising. The California growers
make regular and liberal advertis-
ing an essential part of their busi-
ness. They automatically contribute
five cents a box for oranges and ten
2ents a box for lemons, to tell the
nation's consumers about them.
That makes a big fund and usually
insures the marketing of their crops
at a profitable figure.
Perhaps there are other farm
problems that could be solved in
this way. Undoubtedly many indus-
trial problems could.-Kokomo Tri-

Chance To "Swap" Ideas
Odessa Fla., June 3, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association,
Winter Haven, Fla.
It is difficult to conceive why all
the growers do not belong to the
Clearing House, for it is the only
sensible and business-like solution
of proper distribution of citrus
fruits that has been placed before
them, and without it I cannot pos-
sibly see how the growers could ex-
pect the individual and independent
shippers to market their fruit and
make a fair and reasonable return
to them. However, the marketing
of fruit does not seem to interest
the grower, but when the final re-
turns come in, they immediately
commence to wonder why they have
received so little money for their
fruit, putting the entire blame on
the shipper, who is not in a position
to make the right kind of distribu-
tion and is crowding the markets.
It seems to me, and I believe I
am right, that the enthusiasm and
interest the growers showed and
did have at the time of forming the
Clearing House has dwindled to
such a point that the institution is
not given much thought, if any.
The Clearing House News is a help-
ful factor in keeping the Clearing
House before their minds, but, I am
afraid, it is not read with the keen
interest it deserves-I would rather
think it is placed at one side, like
most literature sent through the
mail. However, I am a firm be-
liever in sending out the "News"

The Grower's Voice
Under this heading will be published communications from grower members
of the Clearing House Association, who desire to voice opinions upon matters of
general interest to Florida citrus growers. The Association cannot, of course,
assume responsibility for the opinions expressed in these letters, but believes
growers should have the opportunity of expressing themselves if they are willing
to assume the responsibility. Communications should be as brief as possible-
preferably not more than 250 words in length-and MUST be signed with the
writer's name and address (although not necessarily for publication).


to the growers, and if only a small
percentage of them read it, it will
have accomplished the purpose for
which it was intended.
In order to reach the majority of
the grower members and those who
do not belong to the Clearing
House, I am convinced that com-
munity meetings, every month or
two, will have the desired effect. In
nearly all sections of Florida the
people have their community organ-
izations, and it would be an easy
matter to set aside a sufficient num-
ber of their meeting nights to the
Clearing House business or affairs,
providing you can arrange for a
speaker to attend such meetings,
who is able to answer questions and
give such information that would
keep the growers interested and en-
thused in the organization.
It is impossible to get the ma-
jority of growers to attend general
or other meetings of the Clearing
House. In the first place it means
spending too much time to get to
them, and secondly, which I think
the the most important reason, such
meetings are usually controlled by
the few who have the courage to
express themselves.
I find community meetings usual-
ly overcome any diffidence a man
may have, and that the most timid
will at least make some remarks
whether good or bad, and by this
means much good may come out of
the discussions that may follow.
The organization, the name of
which you will note on this letter
heading, does much good for our
community, but I am willing to con-
fess that we have not been able to
hold a single meeting on the Clear-
ing House affairs for the simple rea-
son that we have no one in our sec-
tion who could intelligently explain
its affairs. Therefore we would
welcome community meetings so as
to hold the present membership in
the Clearing House and if possible
secure new ones.
Yours truly,
(Signed) T. E. MALONE, Pres.

Must Have Ammunition
Cornelia, Georgia.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
I regret that the majority of the
growers only wish to spend two
cents per box for advertising our
Florida brands of oranges and
I believe if we spend at least four
cents per box in advertising it will
come back to each and every grower
over four times.
With California and wide-awake
Texas now in the field it is up to
the grower-members to look and
watch and do. Soldiers can't fight
without ammunition. Engines can't
run without steam and oil. They
may be the very best engines and
the best men on the face of the
eath, but they must have ammuni-
tion and coal and oil.
So we as growers may have some
of the finest and best oranges and
grapefruit grown any where but we
can't properly keep up with Cali-

fornia and Texas unless we are
more liberal and spend over two
cents per box in advertising. Now
is the time to keep up the advertis-
ing campaign as we have a bounti-
ful crop on the trees in Florida. It
is good for human beings but it
must be properly pushed and mar-
keted. This takes money. It is
also necessary to know how. We
have many favorable factors that
will work to the interest of every
grower of citrus fruits in Florida if
we only take advantage of the op-
Yours very truly,

Watch The Scalpers
Chicago, Ill.
,The Florida Clearing House News,
Winter Haven, Fla.
As a member of the Florida Cit-
rus Growers Clearing House Asso-
ciation and receiving your regular
bi-monthly publications of the Clear-
ing House News, I would like to
make a suggestion which might be
of benefit to some of the grove own-
ers living outside of Florida and not
knowing the exact status of the
crops during the coming year.
During the past year when it look-
ed as if the embargo would be lift-
ed with regard to fruit in Zone Two,
I received a number of letters and
telegrams from Florida people try-
ing to buy the fruit on my grove
as it stood at the time on the trees.
Being away from the grove and not
knowing the condition of the mar-
ket at the time or the possibilities
of the future, I did not do anything
with regard to disposing of it.
Since all of my checks are now in
for the last crop, I find that the re-
turns received by me from the grove
were from two to three times the
amount offered by the "scalpers."
It seems very unfortunate that such
a thing as these "scalpers" should
exist in Florida inasmuch as it
shakes the confidence of the North-
ern grove owners in the integrity
of the real people that are doing the
best they can for all the grove own-
ers in general.
It strikes me further that it is
making it harder to establish the
confidence of the Northern people
in the Southern industries through
such conditions as this and would,
therefore suggest that your publica-
tion, which, no doubt, is read by all
Northern members of the Associa-
tion, give some consideration to
and write up the crop conditions,
and at times when necessary warn
members of the efforts by certain
"scalpers" to purchase the fruit on
the trees at unreasonably cheap
Yours very truly,
(Signed) C. G. FRANK.

Momentum Will Count
Tampa, Fla.
The Florida Clearing House News,
Winter Haven, Florida,
I do not know anything better to
be done by the Clearing House than
to keep up the work it has started
and with time and the momentum it

Pare 5


must gather, will make it more and
more valuable to the members.
I was born and reared on an
orange grove in Florida and have
owned one ever since I left the
parental homestead and have al-
ways had the firm conviction that
some time the spirit of co-opera-
tion would grow sufficiently strong
among those interested in the fruit
situation that we could grow and
market our fruit in an orderly man-
ner and it seems to me that the
Clearing House is coming nearer to
the accomplishment of that purpose
than anything that has ever been
attempted in the history of the Flor-
ida citrus industry.
I enjoy the monthly bulletin and
consider this of considerable im-
portance in keeping the individual
grower especially informed about
the work, as it makes no difference
how hard the officers of the organi-
zation work, their accomplishment
will always be limited by the co-
operation and enthusiasm of the
support of the individual grove
I think the meetings of the grove
owners from time to time in differ-
ent localities where they have an
opportunity to talk about their af-
fairs and with each other are well
worth while. Necessarily in a large
organization of this kind, some in-
dividuals will have criticisms and
when they have an opportunity to
get together and get such things off
their chest, and when they have an
opportunity to read through the bul-
letin what other members think
about like problems, it acts as a
safety valve, and permits them to
keep their enthusiasm going, while
uncommunicated with it might die.
Assuring you of my sincerest and
heartiest support, I am
Yours very truly,
(Signed) A. B. McMULLEN.

Suggests District Division
Maitland, Fla.,
June 14, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Gentlemen: ".
On June 12th I was able to take
advantage of the invitation extend-
ed by Mr. Garrett to attend the
meeting held at Kissimmee by the
Committee of Fifty.
I left the meeting strongly im-
pressed with the harmonious, earn-
est manner with which the members
of the committee took up the va-
rious problems discussed. The cit-
rus ,growers of Florida are fortu-
nate in being represented by such
a group of experienced, high-mind-
ed gentlemen giving their time and
energy freely to the betterment of
our industry.
It was a disappointment, how-
ever, as it has been at other dis-
trict meetings, to see what a small
percentage of the growers took
enough interest in their own or-
ganization to attend. It is evident
that there is lacking an interest
arousing link between the individual
grower and this committee of grow-

Possibly this condition is partly
due to the large size of the present
districts, and that in general, the
only time the growers are called to-
gether is at the annual election of
members of the Committee of Fifty.
I believe that by organizing the
districts into sub-divisions, each
with its own chairman, appointed to
start with by the Committee of
Committee, holding regular month-
ly or quarterly meeting at which
the problems of the grower with re-
gards to production and marketing
methods could be discussed, would
develop greater interest and
strengthen the Clearing House As-
sociation as a whole.
We growers evidently need to pay
more attention to our own business
and we certainly need educating in
order to direct wisely our future
Sincerely yours,
(Signed) W. F. GILLIES.

Will Join, One By One
Polyclinic Hospital,
New York, N. Y.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
The Clearing House is to be con-
gratulated' on what they have ac-
complished, especially during the
past year.
I realize that you have been work-
ing under great difficulties and
under the circumstances, have ac-
complished much. It is certainly too
bad that all the growers in Florida
do not co-operate by joining the
Clearing House, but, as I see it,
they will come in one by one as
they see results.
Let the good work go on.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) O. S. ROGERS, Secretary
Palmindian Fruit Company, Ft.
Pierce, Fla.

Crop Estimating Method
June 27, 1930
Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Ass'n.
Winter Haven, Florida.
An article in the last issue of the
Clearing House magazine, on the
importance of making an accurate
estimate of the citrus crop prompts
me to write you and suggest a
method of making this estimate,
which should be very accurate.
My plan briefly is to select from
100 to 200 acres of grove in the
vicinity of each town having any
great amount of citrus acreage sur-
rounding it. The production from
these groves would be determined
over the last five years, and by
comparing the production of these
groves with the total crop of the
State, I believe that a ratio would
be established, which would be prac-
tically uniform for each year of the
five year period. Certainly there
would be very little variation if
representative groves were selected.
After obtaining this standard
ratio, it would be a very simple
matter to determine the crop for
the coming year by making an esti-


There recently came to the Clear-
ing House office a letter from one of
our grower-members urging that a
definite plan of price-fixing be
adopted. The question is one of
such general interest that all grow-
ers will doubtless be interested in
the answer given to the above
grower by Manager Archie M. Pratt,
which follows:
"I remember that price-fixing was
one of the things that was talked
quite generally during the organiza-

mate of the fruit in the same groves
for which you have past records.
There would still be a chance for
error due to faulty estimates, but
experienced estimates come very
close, if they take sufficient time.
As the various crops are picked the
error would be quickly determined,
however, and easily corrected. The
growth of fruit and dropping is a
large source of error and I know of
no means that would more easily
determine the amount of these los-
ses and additions.
The cost would not be large, but
any means that will accurately de-
termine the crop would justify a
considerable expenditure of money.
The success of this plan would be
assured if the ratio between the
production of certain groves and
the total crop were uniform during
the last five years. To determine
this would be quite simple and
would involve only a small expend-
iture, so I hope that if this sugges-
tion appears to have any merit you
will be able to make the compari-
son over the past three or five year
Yours very truly,

"A Better Mouse Trap"
Grand Island, Fla.,
June 14, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
I am heartily in favor of your
suggestion of a monthly meeting
with the Committee of Fifty mem-
bers if for no other reason than to
get growers community and state
minded, out of their narrowness and
to learn co-operation.
Men who address these meetings
should say something to make us
think and not to rehearse what most
of us have read many times. Start
the meeting with a few jokes and
funny songs to break the men loose
from their shells and end with a
crock of sweet cider and doughnuts.
You all are doing fine, but please
do not let any flourish or fireworks
creep in; keep to common sense,
facts and produce results and re-
member the beaten path to the man
in the woods who made a better
mouse trap. Results speak louder
than words.

tion period, and we are so organ-
ized that we can fix prices without
violating the law because of being
under the Capper-Volstead act.
"There are many things connect-
ed with this problem of price-fixing.
Districts in Florida vary, as you
know. One variety might do well in
one territory and poorly in another.
Sizes make a very wide difference
in values on the same grade. Some .
number one fruit is more tender
than other number one. Fruit that
is likely to decay must often be
sold for less money, as the shipper
does not dare to play with that car,
fearing it may develop decay if
there is any delay.
"Every car must either be sold
privately or sold at auction, unless
it be consigned to some private
dealer. Therefore, the sales mana-
ger is continually weighing in his
mind what the car might sell for at
auction as compared with the price
he is offered or trying to get at pri-
vate sale. The price a car can sell
for depends, also, on the direction
in which the car is moving. The
Western market may be $1.00 or
$1.50 higher than the East. This
year sometimes there was $2.00 a
box difference, due to the artificial
restrictions of the quarantine. This,
together with the variance in size
contents, explains the wide range in
prices between our shipper-members
on any one day. Weather condi-
tions at destinations are big factors,
and you and I cannot forecast the
weather, nor can we tell what addi-
tional cars may arrive from Califor-
.nia. We have no control on either
the volume or the prices of other
competitive fruits, like apples; ba-
nanas, strawberries, cantaloupes,
grapes, etc.
"The marketing problem is a rap-
idly shifting problem. Each car is
a problem in itself and the right
type of salesman must be very sensi-
tive to all the different factors "
which affect the marketing, and ap-
ply those factors in his decision in-
dividually on each car as he handles
"Because of all the above reasons
(and there are still more) if the
Clearing House were to set a mini-
mum price on number one grade,
for instance, for a week, that mini-
mum price would have to be so
low as to cover the worst imagii-
able bona fide case that any sales
manager would be up against. A
low minimum would have a depress-
ing instead of helpful effect and
would tend to draw all of our ship-'
pers towards that minimum.
"In the above outline of difficul-
ties, bear in mind that I was pre- ,
senting the difficulties of price-fix-
ing, having in mind only fixing
prices for a day at a time. Your
suggestion is that we could fix these
prices for a week. You can realize
that the difficulties already mention-
ed for a day's price would have to
be multiplied, not only seven times
but there would be such unlooked-
for changes, due to weather alone,
that it would reduce the minimum
price to a dangerous level.
(Continued on Page Seven)

Pa- 6

Page 6


July 25, 1930

July 25, 1930

Interesting Program

Arranged for Farmer's

Fruit Grower's Week

Citrus Growers Are Promised
Much Of Interest During
Week at Gainesville

Farmers' and Fruit Growers'
Week at the College of Agriculture
in Gainesville, August 11 to 15,
promises to hold a great deal to in-
terest citrus growers.
Aside from the educational ses-
Lsions, much is offered in the way of
entertainment, music, motion pic-
tures, a picnic and other features.
A nursery and playroom is being
Provided, with competent persons in
charge, and every effort is being
made to provide for the comfort,
entertainment and 'interest of all.
IComfortable accommodations are
offered in dormitories and in the
camping space, at very reasonable
rates. The lectures, demonstrations
and entertainment programs are, of
course, to be offered free of charge.
Following is the Citrus and Small
Fruits Program:
Monday Afternoon, Aug. 11
Third Floor, Experiment Station
J. R. Watson and G. F. Weber,
2:00-4:10-Laboratory Studies of
Insects and Diseases-Led by J. R.
Watson, Dr. E. W. Berger, Dr. G. F.
Weber, Dr. W. B. Tisdale.
Tuesday, August 12
Room 203, Engineering Building
Morning Program
Louis H. Alsmeyer, Presiding
8:45-9:25-Cover Crops for Cit-
rus Groves-W. E. Stokes, Agrono-
mist, Exp. Sta. Practical Sugges-
tions on Handling Grove Cover
Crops-Louis H. Alsmeyer, County
Agent, Highlands County.
9:30-10:10-Solving the Pump-
Skin Bug Problem-J. R. Watson,
Entomologist, Expt. Sta. Loss of
'Fertilizer by Leaching, and Its Re-
lation to Cover Cropping-J. B.
'Hester, Asst. Chemist, Expt. Sta.
10:15-10:55-Grove Management
as it Applies to the Ridge Section-
Albert DeVane, grower, Lake Placid.
Afternoon Program
S E. F. DeBusk, Presiding
2:00-2:40-The Effect of Time
and Rate of Application and Source
of Nitrogen on Yield and Tree
Growth of Grapefruit-John P.
Camp, Asst. Agronomist, Expt. Sta.,
and R. S. Edsall, Graduate Student,
Col. of Agr.
2:45-3:25-New Ideas on Citrus
Fertilizing-Dr. R. W. Ruprecht,
Chemist, Expt. Sta.
3:30-4:10-Discussion of Needed
Citrus Experiments-Led by Dr. 0.
C. Bryan, Louis H. Alsmeyer and
Prof. E. L. Lord.
Wednesday, August 13
Room 203, Engineering College
Morning Program /
Dr. R. W. Ruprecht, Presiding
.8:45-9:25-Soil Acidity and Its
Relation to Citrus Fruit Production
-Dr. B. R. Fudge, Asst. Chemist,
Expt. Sta., Lake Alfred.
9:30-10:10-Insects and Mites
Attacking Citrus in Hawaii-W. W.
.Yothers, Entomologist, U.S.D.A. Cit-
rus Lab.t Orlando, Fla.
10:15-10:55 -Citrus Disease


Problems and Proposed Experiments
-Dr. A. S. Rhoads and Dr. W. B.
Tisdale, Plant Pathologist, Expt.
Afternoon Program
Dr. R. M. Barnette, Presiding
2:00-2:40-Drainage and Irriga-
tion-Alfred Warren, County Agt.,
St. Lucie County, and E. F. DeBusk,
Extension Citrus Specialist.
2:45-3:25-The Use of Applica-
tions of Nitrogen in an Effort to In-
crease the Size of Tangerines-E.
F. DeBusk. Effects of Cover Crops
on Soils-Dr. R. M. Barnette, Assoc.
Chemist, Expt. Sta.
Thursday, August 14
Morning Program
University Auditorium
Joint Program-
Citrus, Truck, Economics
C. V. Noble, Presiding
8:45-9:15-The Cost of Handling
Citrus from Tree to Car, and Some
Factors Influencing This Cost-Dr.
H. G. Hamilton, Asso. Prof. Agr.
Economics, Col. of Agr.
9:20-9:45-The Cost of Handling
Citrus from Shipping Point to Mar-
ket, With Comparative Costs from
Other Producing Areas-M. A.
Brooker, Asst. Agr. Economist,
Expt. Sta.
9:50-10:15-F unctions of the
Growers' and Shippers' League-J.
Curtis Robinson, Manager.
10:20-10:55-The Present Status
of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly-
Dr. W. C. O'Kane, Agent in Charge.
Afternoon Program
A. F. Camp, Presiding
Room 203, Engineering College
2:00-2:40-Studies of the Growth
of Citrus Fruit-Dr. A. F. Camp,
Horticulturist, Expt. Sta.
2:45-3:25-Mango Culture-
Chas. H. Steffani, County Agent,
Southern Dade. The Avocado Sit-
uation-Dr. A. F. Camp.
3:30-4:10-Miscellaneous Florida
Fruits-Harold Mowry, Asso. Horti-
culturist, Expt. Sta.
Friday, August 15
Room 203, Engineering College
Morning Program
Harold Mowry, Presiding
8:45-9:25-Soil Problems in Tung
Oil Production-Dr. R. M. Barnette.
9:30-10:10-Orchard Manage-
ment in Tung Oil Production-Dr.
Geo. P. Hoffman, Horticulturist in
Charge, Penney Farms.
10:15-10:55 -Tung Oil Experi-
ments-Harold Mowry.
Afternoon Program
E. L. Lord, Presiding
2:00-Unfinished Discussions and
Trip to Horticultural Grounds-Led
by Harold Mowry and E. L. Lord.


(Continued from Page Six)
"The California Fruit Growers
Exchange does not fix prices, even
for a day, and they control about
as big a percentage of the fruit in
California as the Clearing House
does in Florida. There is a greater
similarity of prices in their sales
for their various associations than
we have here between our shippers
in Florida, for two reasons:
"First. Because they work on
scale prices; that is, arrive at the
differential between the different
sizes, commanding a big premium
on the sizes that are scarce and
making a low, inviting price on sizes
that are over-abundant.


Page 7

One Dozen Things You Have Accomplished

1. Quarantine restrictions removed and lightened.
2.. Reimbursement being sought to cover losses due to quarantine.
3. Green fruit law carried out fairly and effectively.
4. Citrus shipments regulated to insure maximum prices.
5. Distribution at the auction markets controlled.
6. Uniformity of price attitude on part of shippers in quoting and
accepting offers on Florida oranges and grapefruit.
7. Uniformity in grade and pack.
8. Competitive shippers working together instead of against each other
in their marketing.
9. Proper publicity used to increase demand for Florida oranges, grape-
fruit and tangerines.
10. Accurate information furnished on prices, market tendencies, pros-
pective crop condition, shipments, sizes and quality.
11. A state-wide organization has represented the interests of the grower
regardless of what shipper he may sell through or to.
12. Decisions on the numberless problems connected with picking, pack-
ing and marketing have been based on the accumulated experience
of the entire industry instead of each one guessing by himself in the

"Second. California has no quar-
antine to disturb it.
"The Clearing House, however,
has brought about a surprising uni-
formity in price attitude. Our ship-
pers now know, not only what is
being shipped during the current
week, but what will probably be
shipped the next week. Every morn-
ing they have on their desks a cur-
rent cross-section showing what the
combined marketing effort of our
shippers accomplished the day pre-
vious. Each of our shippers knows
the highest price that any shipper
got, the lowest, the average f. o. b.
price on all sales, and the discounts
that were allowed on off-sizes. He
has this data on number two as well
as number one fruit. He knows
how many cars are rolling unsold to
private sales markets, how many
cars are going to auction and to
what auctions. Within an hour after
each auction sale is finished he
knows how many cars sold, the
average realized, and the price sit-
uation by sizes at each auction, and
he is in constant touch with this of-
fice for further detailed informa-
"Any shipper that seems out of
line in price, it has been my privi-
lege and duty to telephone, and in
no instance has there been any an-
tagonism to suggestions given, each
of our shippers apparently going the
limit to get the last cent possible.
Under this plan, I believe we are
getting far more money than we
would to attempt to name minimum
prices, as you can see the minimum,
under the many different factors
entering into marketing, would have
to be so low as to be a depressing
figure instead of an inspiring figure
to work towards."

Mother-"Come here, Johnny, I
have some good news for you."
Johnny (without enthusiasm)--
"Yes, I know, brother is home from
Mother-"Yes, but how did you
Johnny-"My bank won't rattle
any more."


People interested in obtaining
employment on the fruit fly inspec-
tional work in Florida should ad-
dress their applications to the Agent
in Charge, Plant Quarantine and
Control Administration, United
States Department of Agriculture,
Old Court House, Orlando, accord-
ing to information received from
the State Plant Board headquarters
at Gainesville.
It was explained that every mail
brings letters of application to the
Plant Board office from interested
parties, and it is necessary to refer
these letters to the Orlando office of
the Administration. Due to the fact
that all employees of the Adminis-
tration must likewise hold appoint-
ments as agents of the Board, this
undertaking being a co-operative
activity, many people have the im-
pression that the Plant Board is re-
sponsible for the employment of in-
spectors. The Plant Board takes no
action until after the men are rec-
ommended for appointment by the
representatives of the Administra-
tion at Orlando. The Board then
looks up the record of the men rec-
ommended, and if the record is
clear, they are appointed as agents
of the Board without compensation.
To date the Administration has
asked the appointment by the Board
of approximately one thousand men
for inspection and road patrol duty.
Only three of the thousand recom-
mended have been refused appoint-
ments by the Plant Board.

The minister called at the Jones'
home one Sunday afternoon, and lit-
tle Willie answered the bell.
"Pa ain't home," he announced.
"He went over to the golf club."
The minister's brow darkened,
and Willie hastened to explain:
"Oh, he ain't gonna play any golf.
Not on Sunday. He just went over
for a few highballs and a little stud





JULY 25, 1930

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.





Ft. Oden
. Winter Park
Winter Garden
. Winter Haven
.. Cocoa
Mt. Dora


Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: 10c

Citrus Production
Outstanding points in the world citrus fruit
situation are: (1) Increasing production of
oranges and grapefruit, with recent new
plantings and large non-bearing acreages in
a number of countries pointing to continued
future expansion (2) an upward trend in con-
sumption of both oranges and grapefruit, par-
ticularly the latter, in the United States and
the principal importing countries; (3) an ap-
parently fairly stable lemon production situa-
tion at a level, however, that necessitates the
use of a considerable proportion in the manu-
facture of by-products.
Increasing production and export of or-
anges in the Southern Hemisphere, notably
the Union of South Africa and Brazil, is of
special significance to California Valencia
producers, with whose fruit the Southern
Hemisphere product competes on European
markets. Continued large Spanish crops, to-
gether with expanding production in Pales-
tine, leave little prospect for volume exports
of American oranges to Europe during the
winter and early spring. The United States
dominates the world grapefruit production
situation, but the growing interest in grape-
fruit in the world markets is stimulating pro-
duction in many foreign areas, and this will
mean stronger competition in the future. On
the demand side of the world citrus situation,
a large increase in the consumption of or-
anges in northwestern Europe has been evi-
dent in recent years. There has appeared

also a rapidly growing demand for grapefruit
in the United Kingdom and the beginning of
a significant demand in Continental Europe.
Another feature is the continued increase in
per capital consumption of citrus fruit in the
United States and Canada.-Citrus Leaves.

Here's National Notice
A report has just been issued by the Agri-
cultural Service Departmental Committee of
the United States Chamber of Commerce, en-
titled "The Clearing House in Agricultural
Marketing." It shows the results of one
phase of a study of ways and means whereby
producers and distributors of agricultural and
horticultural products can co-operate for mu-
tual advantage.
For the purpose of analysis and example
only, the Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association was chosen-largely be-
cause of the completeness of its organization
and its convenient location to National Cham-
ber Headquarters. The report is neither an
endorsement nor a criticism of the Clearing
House principle or the particular organiza-
tion chose as an illustration of that principle.
The report points out that the unco-ordi-
nated activities of the Florida fruit shippers
often resulted in glutted markets and demor-
alized prices before the Clearing House was
set up-not as an active marketing agency,
but a co-ordinating agency for already estab-
lished marketing agencies either privately or
co-operatively owned. This procedure per-
mitted the grower members of the association
to market their fruit through firms already
operating which had signed contracts with
the Clearing House giving it control over cer-
tain of their marketing practices and policies.
Efforts have been directed toward improv-
ing and widening the distribution of Florida
citrus fruit so as to stabilize prices on as high
a level as is consistent with fundamental sup-
ply and demand conditions.
The Florida Clearing House, during periods
of heavy marketing, set a limit on the total
number of cars which members could ship
during the week to prevent over supplying of
markets, and prorated this allotment among
member shippers. In the principal auction
markets of northern cities it has set prorating
committee of auction receivers to stabilize
auction offerings from day to day.

A meeting of the Board of Directors of the
Clearing House is to be held in the Winter
Haven offices Wednesday, July 30, at 2 p. m.,
at which time the Advertising Committee of
the Association as well as the advertising
committee of the Committee of Fifty will pre-
sent recommendations for advertising the
coming crop. Other business of importance
will also be considered.

Green Fruit Law

Subject of Conference

At a conference which was held
in the Clearing House offices on Sat-
urday, July 19, between the Oper-
ating Committee of the Association
and Commissioner of Agriculture
Nathan Mayo and his assistants, 0.
G. Strauss, A. N. Turnbull and Joe
Taylor, in regard to the operation
of the Green Fruit Law for the com-
ing season, an agreement was reach-
ed whereby the fee will be charged
only on the packed fruit which is in
the packing houses on the final day.
of the inspection season. This re-
leases the loose fruit which is in the
houses on that day, which will not
be packed until the following day,
and is of considerable advantage to
This change is embodied in Regu-
lation 8, paragraph (c), which will
read as follows:
"Fruit Inspected On Last Day of
"It shall be the duty of the in-
spector in charge of each packing
house at the close of the day's run-
ning on the last day of the inspec-
tion season, viz., the 15th day of
November for tangerines and the
30th day of November for grape-
fruit and oranges, to count all pack-
ed boxes of fruit in the packing
house and issue a maturity certifi-
cate covering the number of boxes,
and shall collect and attach to a
copy of such certificate sufficient
stamps to cover same."
The same tolerances will be per-
mitted at the beginning of the sea-
son as were permitted last year.
Commissioner Mayo stated that
their laboratory will be established
in Winter Haven as usual, and that
they will be prepared to furnish so-
lution to shippers.
The Department was highly com-
mended by Manager Pratt for the
splendid work they did last year,
the close co-operation given and the
complete lack of friction in carry-
ing out the provisions of the law.
Commissioner Mayo also expressed
the appreciation of the Department
for the co-operation of the shipped,
stating that they had practically one
hundred percent co-operation and a
very satisfactory season in eveSy
Maturity stamps will again be
carried by the Clearing House to
take care of cases of emergency
where shippers do not have time to
receive stamps from Tallahassee.

"Here, here, gentlemen!" exclaim-
ed the train conductor, finding two
of his smoker passengers engaged
in a brawl. "What's the trouble
"My pocketbook's gone," replied
one of the combatants when peace
had been restored. "And I think he
took it. He was sitting beside-"
"He's crazy!" interrupted the ac-
cused. "I never stole a penny in
my life; I don't have to steal, I'm a

July 25, 1930

Page 8


Paee 8

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