Title: Florida clearing house news ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00043
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: July 10, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00043
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
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Xrea.NI P^ uf2 0 6 f^ J FN







CLEAR F


Representing more than 10,000
Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit
Headquarters: WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA N E WS


Sec. 435%, P. L. & R.
U. S. Postage/
Ic. Paid
r Winter Haven, Fla.
Permit No. 11



HOUSE

Official Publication of the
FLORIDA CITRUS GROWERS
CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION


10 Cents a Copy JULY 10, 1930 number 1
$2.00 a Year JULY 1, 19Number 19


-Growers Must Work

Together As Others

Have Learned To Do

Former Mayor of Tampa
Gives Members of Clear-
ing House a Few Busi-
ness Hints

(Talk by Hon. Perry G. Wall, at Clearing
House Meeting)
One reason I wanted to come here
Today is that I have been to so
many funerals lately-business fun-
erals. So many of them. A few
weeks ago I was in Atlanta, Geor-
gia, speaking to the hardware men
of Georgia, South Carolina, Flor-
ida and Alabama; pessimism has
been rampant, and this is the only
organization that I know of any-
where that has reason to congratu-
late itself and feel proud of its suc-
cess. I listened to the other, gentle-
men in this meeting and they are
entirely too modest. They aren't
like I am; don't know how to sing
their own songs and speak their
kown praises.
I am a merchant, as you know,
and do business with the retail mer-
chants all over this section of the
SState and strange as it may seem to
.- _puI -ave more .interest i'mttha cit-
rus industry practically than most
any man in the state, because my
,"customers, the retail merchants,
are dependent on the citrus indus-
try and I, in turn, am dependent
on them, so my interest in you, is
not entirely philanthropic. I don't
claim any undue credit for trying
to help you get the industry on its
feet. I want to see you do well and
-then the retail merchant do well
and then I will run the risk of get-
ting my share of the "kitty." I
,don't know as you gentlemen un-
derstand what that means.
Suppose we take a broad picture
of this situation. Bear in mind that
4Florida, for the last several years,
has been suffering from the col-
lapse of the boom. One politician
met another in Washington and he
'said, "Bill, you look pretty bad,"
and Bill said, "Yes, I feel bad, too;
SI sat up last night drinking whiskey
and playing poker until I lost $5,-
778.10," and he said, "That is a
lot of money to lose playing poker,"
(Continued on Page Sim)


July 4th Grapefruit
Ready at Ft. Myers

For the first time in history
new crop grapefruit was on the
Fourth of July market at Fort
Myers, according to an Associ-
ated Press dispatch.
The new fruit came from
the groves of Harry M. String-
fellow on Pine Island, near Fort
Myers, and was described as
fancy. Stringfellow said he had
some 1800 boxes ready for ship-
ment but probably would not
send it north for another month
because of competition with
strawberries, melons and mid-
summer delicacies which are in
plentiful supply and cheap.
The new grapefruit is from
a bloom which started as a re-
sult of the storm last September.
Elsewhere in this region there
is also a large crop of early citrus
and growers are expecting good
prices.


1Borax Patent Case

Will Be Carried On

By Clearing House

Satisfactory- progress. in connec-
tion with the borax patent case
which the Clearing House is fight-
ing in Washington was reported by
Judge S. L. Holland, legal counsel
for the Clearing House, at the meet-
ing of the Directors, June 27. Judge
Holland reported that the U. S.
Supreme Court has taken jurisdic-
tion of the case, and has granted a
writ to call up the records for its
review.
An attorney who is an expert in
patent law has been engaged by the
Clearing House, and the case will
be presented on its merits to the
Supreme Court during the October
term. The Directors of the Clear-
ing House unanimously approved
Judge Holland's report recommend-
ing further that the fight be carried
on as far as practicable.
Other matters of importance act-
ed upon by the Board at this same
meeting included decision to begin
a membership campaign immediate-
ly. Plans for this campaign are
(Continued on Page Five)


Clearing House Annual Meeting

Pictures What Association Has

Accomplished During Past Year


Officers' Reports
Please 500 Growers
Attending Gathering
Routine and official reports from
the officers of the Clearing House
proved to be anything but dull
and uninteresting statistics when
some five hundred grower-members
of the association met in Winter
Haven July 8 for the second annual
meeting of this organization.
The reports of the officers which
included a statement of the finan-
cial affairs of the Clearing House
and first hand information concern-
ing the "quarantine eradication"
work and which are published in
this issue of the News, held the
close attention of the growers
present for three hours. As the
growers had been notified in ad-
vance, oratory as such was con-
spicuous by its absence, but the bus-
iness reports of the chairman and
other officers of the various groups
making up the Clearing House, told
4a graphic st6r-o? 'o genuine accom-
plishments and progress in a year
that was regarded as being well
nigh impossible to endure.
New President Presides
President Alfred M. Tilden,
elected last month, presided at the
meeting and introduced in turn Mr.
F. G. Moorhead, treasurer of the
Clearing House; Mr. E. L. Wirt,
chairman of the Board of the Flor-
ida Citrus Exchange, who spoke for
Mr. C. C. Commander, chairman of
the executive committee of the Op-
erating Committee; Mr. W. H.
Mouser, chairman of the Operating
Committee; Mr. J. C. Morton, chair-
man of the Committee of Fifty, Mr.
A. M. Pratt, manager of the Clear-
ing House; Judge S. L. Holland,
legal counsel of the Clearing House;
Mr. Raymer F. Maguire, member of
the Federal Plant Board, and Hon.
Perry G. Wall, former mayor of
Tampa who was active two years
ago in the organization of the Clear-
ing House. At the conclusion of the
meeting the Committee of Fifty


held only a brief session and voted
to hold their August meeting in
Fort Pierce.
Mr. Tilden speaking first and
reporting as president of the Assoc-
iation, gave a brief review of the
work the Clearing House has done
in obtaining modifications of the
quarantine regulations, and told of
seeking final removement of all the
rules that have hampered the in-
dustry during the past year.
"There comes a time in the af-
fairs of men or organizations," he
said, "when it is well to stop and
consider, to review the events of
the past in an effort to discover
whether or not there have been sins
of omission or of commission;
whether or not, in the hurly burly
of daily affairs or in the humdrum
drudgery of the daily occupation,
the impelling motives and the high
ideals that originally actuated one,
have been lost sight of. It is so easy
to forget, to wander from the main
highway and become lost in the by-
ways. And, so, today, we are hold-
ing this: meet~ a-O offio .
cers entrusted by you with the con-
duct of your affairs will render to
you an account of their stewardship
so that you may determine for your-
selves if their performances meet
with your approval. I shall touch
but briefly upon the main features
of the past season's work and shall
leave the details of it to those par-
ticular officers who had these de-
tails in charge.
"When the infestation of the
fruit fly occurred, there was immed-
iately formed a Clearing House
Committee which at once went to
Washington for conferences with
the Secretary of Agriculture and
other department officials. This
committee contain u ed to work
throughout the year, adding to it-
self, from time to time, such other
persons in the State whom, by reas-
on of their connections, it seemed
advisable to have. It is perfectly
reasonable to suppose that people
intimately acquainted with the fruit
(Continued on Page Five)





Page 2


FLORIDA CLEARING


Operating Committee Has

Co-ordinated Efforts Of

All Factors In Industry
By W. H. MOUSER
(Chairman Operating Committee)


I am not going to make a very
lcng talk here today. I happen to be
sandwiched in between Mr. Wirt
and Mr. Pratt; you are going to
stay here all day listening to talks
and there will necessarily, be more
or less repetition, so I am going to
try not to repeat things you have
been told and things you will be
told. I am going to spend only a
few minutes talking and am going
to try to cover more the operations
of the Operating Committee. Mr.
Pratt will follow with the details.
T'nii the set up of the Clearing
House Association it says: "The
Operating Committee shall have
authority to determine and direct
the marketing plans and policies of
the Association," which is a pretty
definite and broad statement and
then it goes on: "Provided such
plans and policies are in keeping
with the purposes of the Associa-
tion and that such plans and policies
are within and conform to all of
the provisions of the charter and
by-laws of the Association," so the
Operating Committee in the set up
of the Clearing House organization,
handles the marketing and distribu-
tion plans and policies, which in-
cludt inspection. The members of
the Operating Committee consti-
tute half of the Advertising Com-
mittee, the other members being
from the Board. The Chairman of
the Operating Committee sits in on
the meetings of the Board of Di-
rectors, the President of the Assoc-
iation and the Chairman of the
Committee of Fifty sitting in on the
meetings of the Operating Commit-
tee. Now, the Operating Committee.
consists of eleven men. These
eleven were selected as representa-
tive of the industry, representatives
from the cooperative organization,
representatives from the lar g e
marketing agencies, representatives
from the small marketing agencies
and representatives from the ship-
pers who buy on the trees, so that
in these meetings which the Oper-
ating Committee hold weekly
throughout the shipping season, we
have not a meeting of 'yes' men
who have come together to agree
with each other in a friendly and
easy going way, but we have a
group of men who look at the var-
ious problems from more or less dif-
ferent angles.
You take two men in partnership;
both are the same, both being op-
timistic or both being pessimistic
and you might as well have one
man there instead of two. But if
you have two partners, one an opti-
-nmist and one a pessimist they can
get together and thrash things out
:and go .ahead wholeheartedly and
..aike. a success of what they are di-
vided upon. The Operating Commit-
tee is composed of eleven men.


They meet on Friday nights, not to
get through quietly and to agree on
everything, but we have very stren-
uous debates at times and- our
views often are very different, but
I am happy to say to you ladies
and gentlemen that we have been,
in these meetings, very fortunate.
While we will debate things very
strongly, we have been fortunate
in getting together and when we
finally arrive at a decision, we all
go along together to make a success
of whatever has been decided upon.
I have been told by the members of
the Committee of Fifty who have
attended these committee meetings
that they have been surprised to
see the thoroughness with which
the various things are debated and
the splendid spirit of the various
members in getting together on the
propositions. The members of the
Operating Committee are all ship-
pers and they are also grove owners
inasmuch as they own or control
groves. The problems that the
members of the Operating Com-
mittee face, are the problems of
the industry, in trying to meet
conditions in such a way as to
bring back the highest possible
returns to the growers of the fruit.
They are vitally interested in try-
ing to work out everything for the
good of the industry and I think
every one of them has done every-
thing that he could toward this end
in the groves and in the packing
house program. That interest is
working in every way for the wel-
fare of the industry.
In coordinating the efforts of the
various marketing agencies and
shippers through the Clearing
House, we have, in my opinion, the
greatest example of coordination
that has ever been in the perishable
industry in this country. I have
been engaged in the selling of citrus
fruit for many years and have
watched this industry throughout
the state and I don't remember of
knowing of any organization which
affords the opportunity for the co-
ordination of an industry as the
Clearing House does. Here we have
an organization that enables every
grower in the State, regardless of
his size, to join and coordinate his
efforts along the lines that result
in the good of the industry. We
have an organization here that can
assist every packer or shipper in the
State, whether large or small. We
have an organization that they can
come into and coordinate their ef-
forts and work 100% for the good
of the industry and yet, in this co-
ordination we do not remove the
personal initiative which is so nec-
cessary in making a success. We
still have the initiative on the pat
of the various shippers to out-sell
the other fellow and all of us have


) HOUSE NEWS

the same information available on
which to work. That seems to me
to present the ideal situation a
situation where it will necessarily
work out, in time, to the survival
of the fittest and those who per-
form will live and those who don't,
will not.
In closing, I want to say just a
word in following up upon Mr.
Tilden's very good remarks in ref-
erence to spraying. I happened to
run across a grove over here that
had a good deal of late fruit on it.
No one lived on this grove and I re-
marked to a neighbor, "You had
better get the owner of that grove
to get that fruit off of there; he
is liable to tie up your whole neigh-
borhood." He said, "I wouldn't say
anything to that man," and I said,
"Where can I find him? I will talk
to him." I looked him up and when
I .told him the inspectors were com-
ing out that way and that some
fruit was hanging on his grove and
suggested that he get it off, he said,
"I won't let the inspectors in my
grove." I said, "I won't argue with
you about the fly; you may think
that there never was a fly here,
but we have the quarantine. If a
man is in jail and he knows he is
innocent, he still must hire a law-
yer to prove he is innocent, because
the State has a lawyer trying to
prove he is guilty," and so I talked
to him along this line. He was very
rabid the other way, and finally I
said, "You are damning yourself
and your neighbors by leaving the
fruit on there. If you won't let the
inspectors in there, you can't dis-
pose of your crop.".I talked further
to him along those lines, not argu-
ing with him, but trying to show
him that we must do these things
in order to get rid of the quaran-
tine. When I finished talking with
him, he said, "You are right; I will
send a negro out there tomorrow
and get that fruit out of that grove
and off of those trees."
We must put it to the growers
all over the State that we are un-
der a quarantine and we must con-
duct ourselves in such a way that
we can get rid of this quarantine.
Last year California had a light
crop and they didn't need the
Southern market. Our fruit was
sterilized for the first time and they
bought our sterilized fruit for the
first time and they don't want
more of our sterilized fruit. This
coming year the Government re-
ports the crop in California as
heavy and if we have to sterilize
our fruit-with a big crop Califor-
nia can put in their second grade
all over the Southern market at a
lower price than we can our steri-
lized fruit and the trade is not going
to buy our serilized fruit. We must
be ready this coming season to go
into the Southern market with our
fruit without sterilization, so I be-
seech every one here not only to
follow out this policy of spraying,
but to preach it over the State.
Let's do what we can to make our
case strong so when we argue a
little later for full relief from this
quarantine, we will be able to pre-
sent a good clean case.


July 10, 1930

State Plant Board

Doing Its Utmost

To Open Up Markets

(By Raymer F. Maguire, State Plant)
Board)
I would not attempt to speak for
the State Plant Board and the mem-
bers thereof. This pest appeared on
April 6th; from whence it came or
what its mode of transportation
was, we don't know and I don't
know that it would do us any good
to find out.
You gentlemen of the Clearing
House Association of Florida know
that it has been the constant effort
of the Florida State Plant Board to
secure modifications of the quaran-
tine regulations. It will be the con-
tinual and constant efforts of the
Florida State Plant Board, I am
sure, whether we get this into the
public tribunal or not, to get the
products of Florida into every state
in the Union. That is what we peo-
ple of Florida want.
There are lots of cheering as-
pects of this problem. To begin
with, on April 6th, this pest was dis-
covered and within a period of four
months, 991 infestations were
found in various places in Florida
and during the past twelve months
there have been only ten infesta-
tions found in Florida and eight of
those ten were found in the month
of August, eleven months ago. You
don't insure your home for the pur-
pose of burning it up and collecting
the insurance; you don't insure
your life with the hope that you are
going to die and with the hope that
your beneficiary will collect the pol-
icy and we people of Florida are not
going to enter wholeheartedly into
this bait spraying campaign with the
hope that we have the Mediterran-
ian Fruit fly. But we are going to
enter into it with the hope that we
wlil absolutely eliminate any chance
of their existence in the State of
Florida, and we want those seven
or eight hundred inspectors to be
able to look all summer and not be
able to find a single infestation in
the State of Florida.
I want to tell you that we people
here in this Clearing House Assoc-
iation and every citizen of Florida
who have its interest at heart should
so influence public opinion to the
necessity of this plan upon this
spraying proposition that the man
who declines to enter wholehearted-
ly into the enterprise would be os-
tracized as a citizen not worthy of
the State in which he lives. We
ought to get full cooperation on this
proposition and make it impossible
to locate, in this State, a single in-
festation. I believe that can be done.
I believe if the members of this
Citrus Clearing House Association'
will put the pressure of public opin-
ion back of the enterprise that it
will be done. Then we can come into
court, so to speak, next fall when
we begin to move Florida citrus
fruit, with clean hands and with
this same spirit of cooperation and
(Continued on Page Three)






July 10, 1930 FLORIDA CLEARING


Clearing House Objectives

Are Being Made Effective,

Exchange Officer Declares

By E. L. WIRT
(Chairman of Board, Florida Citrus Exchange)


Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentle-
men: In the unavoidable absence of
Mr. Commander, as the Chairman
has told you, I have been requested
to speak to you for a few moments
on the subject of the benefits that
may be derived from the operation
of the Clearing House. I am firmly
convinced that the first and per-
haps, one of the most important
benefits that has been derived, is
the cooperative line of thought that
has resulted as a consequence of
the association of the shippers and
growers in this Clearing House As-
sociation. It has resulted in a far
greater confidence of the shippers
among themselves and of the grow-
ers with the shippers, due to the
exchange of ideas and the personal
contact that has resulted as a con-
sequence of the frequent meetings
that have been held with the ship-
pers, the Operating Committee and
the Board of Directors, represent-
ing both the shippers and the grow-
ers.
This spirit of cooperation started
with the old Fruitman's Club, but
without an organization and with-
out a definite plan to work upon,
it was more or less haphazard, but
with the organization of the Clear-
ing House it has crystalized so that
they have come to regard their com-
petitors as pretty good fellows and
that has resulted in a very much
better cooperation in the marketing
end of this game.
One very important benefit that
has accrued to the industry as a
result of this organization is the in-
creased support of the Growers and
Shippers League, which has, per-
haps, in dollars and cents, returned
to the growers of Florida more for
the money invested in it than any
other organization that you have
supported. The Growers' and Ship-
pers' League of Florida, has saved
the growers of Florida, within the
past two or three years, hundreds
of thousands of dollars and has
paved the way for many other
thousands of dollars for the grow-
ers, at an expense of something less,
I believe, than $20,000 a year, av-
erage.
I am sure that the standardiza-
tion of pack and grade that has
been accomplished by the Clearing
House has resulted very favorably
to the growers; the trade has re-
ceived our fruit in a better way;
they have bought more by our grade
and pack than they have ever done
in the past and I doubt if any ship-
per member of the Clearing House
will voluntarily return to the form-
cr method of grading and packing,
which was more or less haphazard,
each one injecting into his grade
or pack his own individual idea. I
\am under the impression and I have


it on authority, that the support of
the Inspection Department, by the
shippers, has been good and that
there have been very few refusals
to abide by the decisions and rules
of the Inspection Department.
Reference has been made, also,
by our Chairman, to the allotment
of shipments; the good accomplish-
ed by it and particularly by the al-
lotment in' the auction market.
Heretofore, on account of the allot-
ment at this end of the line not
specifying when that fruit could
move, it was possible and without
intention to do so, to get an undue
amount of fruit to reach some par-
ticular market. Arrangements have
been made whereby representatives
of the Shipper Members of the
Clearing House in those markets
can allot to the various shippers
according to their holdings in that
market or the movements to that
market, the amount of fruit that
should be moved into those particu-
lar markets, so that the best results
might be obtained and this, in many
cases, has proved most beneficial
in those particular markets and has
resulted in good.
It is a little hard to trace, per-
haps, the direct benefits that every
one has gotten out of the Clearing
House, but we all know that when
any shipper has been out of line the
General Manager of the Clearing
House has quickly called his atten-
tion to the fact and unless there
was some particular reason for it,
he got back in line.
One of the activities of the Clear-
ing House Association that was not
contemplated with its organization
has been the contact with the De-
partment of Agriculture and the
Quarantine Control Administration.
A good many thousands of dollars
have been spent in establishing that
contact, both in Washington and
maintaining it at this end of the
line and I feel that it has resulted
in a great good that is worth a great
deal more to the growers of this
State than the money invested in
that service. I am reasonably sure,
from my own observation of the
work of the Washington Commit-
tee, that they did a great deal of
educational work with the authori-
ties in Washington and that the
many modifications that were ob-
tained were, very largely a result
of the activities of that Committee
and of the persistence with which
they maintained the contact and
urged their view upon the Govern-
ment authorities.
There are many other matters of
general interest to the industry
that can best be handled through
an organization that is representa-
tive of a very large proportion of
the growers, which the Clearing


HOUSE NEWS

House does represent. The Clear-
ing House has undertaken, as indi-
cated by the report of the Associa-
tion, to handle some of those mat-
ters; they can be handled with
greater speed and the cost of it
will fall where it belongs-on all
the growers. The influence of a
large organization very often, ac-
complishes results that an individ-
ual would be unable to do and cer-
tainly couldn't be done without a
large organization, not even with a
small organization. The costs would
be prohibitive and the influence of
a small number of growers would
amount to very little. I believe that
other important matters to the in-
dustry will come up from time to
time and that the Clearing House
can serve the growers and the ship-
pers by handling those for the ben-
efit of the growers as a whole.
There is one phase of our activ-
ities that I would touch upon with
a great deal of reluctance. Of
course, I realize there is a very
large difference of opinion as to the
benefits as compared to the cost.
1 have reference to the question of
advertising as has been done by the
Clearing House. I believe there is
a growing sentiment that the adver-
tising of the Clearing House could
be budgeted separately from the
other activities of the Clearing
House and that in order to accom-
plish what I am satisfied every
grower in the State of Florida
would like to see accomplished, an
amount very much larger than has
ever been spent in advertising is
necessary. I believe there is a very
substantial number of our growers
who believe that unless it is done
by the expenditure of an amount
of 'money that will obtain a very
large advertising, job over a large
term of years, (because the value
of advertising is hard to see, that is,
modern advertising) that the
amount of money being spent is
more or less wasted. Frankly, this
is a personal opinion and it doesn't
represent the opinion of the organ-
ization of which I happen to be an
officer. I am firmly convinced that
we should either do a first class
job of advertising or confine our
advertising to a nominal amount of
money expenditure. I am not sold
altogether personally, upon com-
modity advertising. Neither do I
believe it is worthless. I think that
with the expenditure of sufficient
amount of money over a sufficient
length of time good results can be
obtained from commodity advertis-
ing. There is a decided doubt in my
mind whether the expenditure of a
small amount of money from time
to time will accomplish those re-
sults.
This, I think, covers the main ac-
tivities of the Clearing House, as
they have come to my 'attention. I
feel that the Clearing House is fill-
ing a place in the industry that can
be filled by no other organization
that we have. It should be support-
ed not by 55%, but by 95% or
100% of the growers of the State
of Florida. It is almost too much to
look for a full 100%, but I certain-
ly hope, in the near future, to see


Poi. a


- ..'- -


90% or 95% of the growers in
Florida in the Clearing House.
When that time comes the organ-
ization will have an influence that
it is hard now to conceive of. I
think that those of us who have
been in the marketing game, would
see, with great a deal of reluctance
anything happen that would break
down the influence of the Clearing
House or interfere with the activi-
ties of it or the good it is accom-
plishing.

STATE PLANT BOARD
DOING ITS UTMOST
TO OPEN UP MARKETS

(Continued from Page Two)
with the loyalty of the growers and
with the determination of purpose,
we can get solidily behind the move-
ment and demand of the officials
of the State and of the Department
of Agriculture that we be given free
range to market our produce
throughout the world.
We can't do it and we can't ac-
complish that purpose unless we
come with clean hands and clean
hands in this particular instance
means the carrying out to the best
of our ability these quarantine reg-
ulations. Whether we like it or not,
the fact remains that we are an in-
fested territory until the Secretary
of Agriculture is convinced that we
have eliminated the pest. Whether
we like it or not, it would appear
from a study that I have made,
(and that has been only a casual
one,) of the Court decisions, that
pending that period of time the
power vested in the Department of
Agriculture is absolute. Whether
we like it or not if the Secretary
of Agriculture should lift the ban
without decreeing that we are a
freed territory, then other states
might quarantine us and cripple
our prosperity and our efforts
would have been wasted.
The picture, in its entirety is not
one over which to be discouraged.
The picture, in its entirety, is one
over which to be encouraged. We
have now, the spirit of cooperation
for the benefit of Florida, and I
am sure that in the season of 1930-
'31 when we come into this picture,
as we will, with clean hands, and de-
mand of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture the right to
ship our products throughout the
Nation, that that right will be given
and I want to assure you that any
service that I can render as an indi-
vidual or as a member of the State
Plant Board, or otherwise, to that
end, that I am subject to the com-
mand of the Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association.

"Do you know, only two things
prevent your becoming a great
dancer?"
"Indeed? What are they?"
"Your feet."

A NOVICE
Jack-"Could I have just one
kiss?"
Jill-"Sorry, but I don't cater to
the retail trade."





FLORIDA CLEARING


Accomplishments of Season

Show That Clearing House Is

Justifying Faith of Members

(Report of Manager A. M. Pratt at Annual Meeting)


The grower members present at
this annual meeting of the Clearing
House have as a first duty the an-
swering of the question, "has it
paid." You have heard the Treasur-
er's report. You know what has
been received, what has been spent
and the surplus saved. But you did
not invest 4c a box last year to
create a savings account.
Our Quarantine Progress
An accounting of action as well as
a financial accounting is therefore
required. A year ago zone one fruit,
comprising about 30% of the crop,.
was condemned to be destroyed.
The whole crop had to be moved by
March first. Zone one was to be
buried. Zone three to be permitted
into the midwest and zone two, as
well as three, permitted into eleven
northeastern states. No fruit was to
be allowed to our most natural mar-
kets, the southeastern states. But
these severe restrictions have been
removed. Before it was too late we
secured the removal of former zone
one. This acreage was reclasssified
in with zone two. We sent repre-
sentatives to the southern states, as
well as Washington; and the South
was opened up in time for the Holi-
day trade. There was an extension
of shipping time to April 1st and
later this was changed to April 15.
These and many other modifica-
tions, over twenty in number, were
secured. Industry needs were per-
sistently presented to the Federal
and State Departments. Publicity
was used counteracting panicky
propaganda, with which the press
had been furnished. We have pul-
led through a situation that could
never have been met except in a
well organized manner, and the
Clearing House served as the offi-
cial m~outh-piece for the industry in
this emergency and is expecting to
continue in this capacity. Is there
any one who would deny the 4c well
invested, even if all the 4c had to
be spent in securing these better
quarantine measures
Heavy Supplies East
The quarantine restrictions,
even as finally revised, forced
our fruit out of normal trade
channels. We had to put more
grapefruit into the northeastern
states than a year ago, and Porto
Rico put in an additional 1190
cars, yet the public auction rec-
ords of those states show a net
increase in price to the grower
of 73c per box over a year ago
up to April 1st. Our oranges, also,
were forced into those states in
unusually heavy quantities, yet
our average up to April 1st show-
ed a gain of 97c per box. This
.was not due to California's light
supplies as the Eastern auctions
from September to April first
showed within 71 cars as many


California oranges sold as the
year before.
3971 more cars of citrus than
normal percentage of our crop
were forced into the eastern
states, yet the increased prices,
which were received from the
Eastern markets, alone netted
the growers, based on auction re-
turns, to April 1st, over $2,400,-
000 more than one year ago.
We have emphasized the problem
in the northeastern states because it
has been a real test for the indus-
try. From the beginning we knew
we had to go to the East in undue
proportion, and for that reason
every precaution was used by our
shippers in safe-guarding those
markets, particularly in avoiding
over-supplying the eastern auction
markets, knowing that if the auc-
tion markets became depressed, it
would not only lower the net re-
turns to the growers on auction
sales, but have the same demoral-
izing effect on f. o. b. sales.
The Clearing House established
Prorating Committees at most of
the auctions so that the trade
would have confidence in an even
supply being offered for sale from
day to day. Our prorating of ship-
ments and prorating of supplies at
auction demonstrated that Florida
was handling its business in a sen-
sible manner, protecting the trade
from unwarranted declines, and
protecting its growers from useless
loss.
It is interesting to note that on
auction sales for grapefruit this
year compared with last, New York
averaged $4.45, 82c a box more
this year; Boston $4.00, 83c more;
Philadelphia $4.00, 92c more, and
PitMjsburgh .$3.70,. 72cn mre than
last year, yet Boston, Philadelphia
and Pittsburgh each show more
cars of grapefruit this year at auc-
tion than a year ago to May 17th.
Naturally the Western auctions
show a greater gain this year,
grapefruit average in Chicago be-
ing $4.81, $1.51 higher this year;
Cleveland $4.15, $1.19 higher and
Cincinnati $3.93. $1.03 higher than
a year ago.
In oranges the Eastern auctions
show a gain over last year as fol-
lows: New York $4.94, $1.42 high-
er; Boston $4.43, $1.37 gain; Phil-
adelphia $3.98, 95c gain and Pitts-
burgh $3.79, 91c gain. The West-
ern auctions show still better. Chic-
ago $5.08, $2.06 gain; Cleveland
$4.70, $1.83 gain and Cincinnati
$4.38 or $1.58 gain.
Seasonal Auction Averages
All brands and sizes at the var-
ious auctions through May 17th,
show a general seasonal average of
$4.60 delivered on: oranges and
$4.25 on grapefruit. No. 1 oranges
averaged at auction 88c more than


number tyos. Number one grape-
fruit averaged 91c more than num-
ber twos. About 49% of our total
shipment of oranges was sold at
auction and 45% of our grapefruit.
However, not all these shipments
were sold for the account of our
shippers, some of the cars having
been bought by the trade and re-
sold for the account of the buyer.
Previous Year's Auction Averages
In contrast with the $4.60 aver-
age on oranges and the $4.25 aver-
age on grapefruit this year, the
year previous all auctions for the
season averaged $3.25 delivered on
oranges and $3.35 delivered on
grapefruit. A gain this year of
$1.35 per box on oranges and 90c
per box on grapefruit.
Auctions Get the Best Fruit
In connection with auction prices
our grower-members should bear in
mind that, generally speaking, the
auctions receive the pick of the
crop. Indian River fruit goes
heavily into auction. Very lit-
pick of the crop. Indian River fruit
goes heavily into auction. Very lit-
tle number three fruit ever goes to
auction and less than the season's
proportion of number two. Often
shippers pick out the better size
cars to sell at auction. Every ship-
per likes to see his sales high at
auction because auction sales are
public property.
Each auction market has a differ-
ent freight rate from Jacksonville,
and the point of origin in Florida
combined with the Jacksonville rate,
makes still greater variations in
freight. All of these things must be
considered when a grower compares
his returns with any general aver-
age, particularly when that average
is for the season.
Every grower knows that the
time of shipment may make from
$1.00 to $4.00 a box difference.
Sizes, the proportion of first grade,
and the actual merit of his district,
must also be taken into considera-
tion. These things are all pointed
out so that growers will not unjust-
ly jump to wrong conclusions in
making-:comparisons with their own,
averages.
About $1.25 per box is generally
thought of as a good working figure
in transposing auction averages to
f. o. b. basis. Using this figure we
find that the auction value on,
oranges, transposed to the f. o. b.
basis, would be $3.35 and on grape-
fruit $3.00 this year, compared with
$2.00 on oranges and $2.10 on
grapefruit last year.
Packing house charges for pack-
ing and marketing differ, also pick-
ing charges. Hauling charges are
different with almost every grower
so again, it becomes difficult to ar-
rive at a deduction from the f. o. b.
price that might apply generally in
arriving at the tree return to the
individual grower. However, be-
lieving our grower-members will
bear all these differences in mind,
we are hazarding the risk of mis-
understanding by assuming that we
might again figure on about a $1.25
per box on the average that would
have to be deducted from the f. o.
b. average to get the tree retiirn.


This, however, does not take into
account cannery fruit nor culls. The
more cannery fruit that was sold,
or the more culls the grower had,
the greater the discount he would
have to figure on between f. o. b.
price and net tree return. Should
he endeavor to -compare his season's
average with the general average,
again, of course, he would have to
take into consideration the time
when he shipped and all the differ-
ent considerations previously men-
tioned.
Deducting this $1.25 from the f.
c. b. auction returns would leave a
tree value this year of $2.10 on
oranges and $1.75 on grapefruit
compared with 75c on oranges and
85c on grapefruit last year. For
easy figuring let's assume this year
$2.00 on oranges and $1.75 on
grapefruit. About 8,000,000 boxes
of oranges were shipped. Based on
this year's auction values the tree
return would be $16,000,000 to the
growers of Florida. About 6,000,-
000 boxes of grapefruit were ship-
ped at $1.75 per box would return
the grower $10,500,000 on grape-
fruit, or a total of $26,500,000 this
(. ar.
These figures as to auction re-
turns are used because there is no
way of getting the final returns
based on private sales. These auc-
tion prices, however, are actual in-
dustry figures, and, therefore, can
be compared with the year previous.
Applying last year's 75c to the 14,-
000,000 boxes of oranges shipped
would indicate $10,500,000 to the
Florida growers. Applying last
year's 85c to the 9,000,000 boxes
of grapefruit shipped would indi-
cate $7,650,000 on grapefruit, or a
total return on the two varieties of
$18,150,000 in contrast with this
year's return of $26,500,000, or a
gain for this season of $8,350,000.
Figured on this basis our 6,000,000
box crop of grapefruit brought the
same amount of money this year as
our 14,000,000 box crop of oranges
did the year previous.
From the above analysis it would
*seem only "fatr to o- iiselvesiit'a n
organization, to assume that what
the Clearing House has done in
carrying out more orderly market-
ing by prorating of shipments and
prorating at auction, by interchange
of prices, by its standardization of
grades, and its advertising, has con-
tributed an important part in real-
izing this additional money.
The lighter crop in California, as
well as Florida; the lighter apple
crop and other deciduous crops, all
played an important part in boost-
ing up this year's returns. This was
specially manifested in the Western
markets, where we saw such high
prices. But coming back to the East-
ern markets, where we were com-
pelled to market 3971 more cars
than our normal percentage, due to
quarantine restrictions, we recall
that in those markets the analysis up
to April 1st shows $2,400,000 gain
in that territory alone, where a big
crop for its normal requirements
was successfully marketed.
If the Clearing louse contributed
(Continued on Page Seven)


Page 4


HOUSE NEWS


July 10, 1930





July 10. 1930


CLEARING HOUSE MEET
PICTURES ACCOMPLISH-
MENTS OF PAST YEAR
(Continued from Page One)
industry could show the Quarantine
officials wherein the eradication
campaign could be helped, wherein
the fruit crop could be safely ship-
ped without harm to the public in-
terests with certain modifications
of the quarantine from time to time.
A great many of these modifica-
tions came about through reason-
able and sensible suggestions of this
committee. This committee, at the
Congressional hearing at Orlando,
presented sound logical reasons for
an adequate appropriation. It is my
opinion that the committee thought
clearly and well and rendered a dis-
tinct service.
Committee Ever Alert
"As our condition permits, the
committee will urgently press for
reasonable and sensible modifica-
tions, indicating to the quarantine
officials safety of such modifica-
tions. I think the committee can be
trusted not to omit any act or word
necessary for the protection of our
industry.
"The handling of the crop be-
came complicated by reason of the
quarantine. Its distribution was di-
rected by the Operating Commit-
tee. We know that the crop was
shipped and that, in the main, it
brought a profit. For the first time
prorating at auction was brought
into effect. It did succeed in keep-
ing the supply for auction at a fair-
ly uniform level and I think it is to
be admitted that the failure of the
auctions to fluctuate greatly was


due, in
rating. I
comment
handicap
A
"The
faced w
did not
territory
fruit col
unfavora
mittee t
about it
these fe
money
than wa
"The
lated by
and their
ager to1
price qu
ethical t:
ers were
and tele
tween t
Members
"It is
the estin
pers on
total nur
ly 1200
guessing.
estimates
had it
amount
the cann
son.
"Up t4
have bee
spectors
As you
Clearing
State-wid
an effort
so sanita


A Glimpse of

Clearing House

Growers

at the

Annual Meeting


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS

a large measure, to this pro- to discover. If we go into the next
Believe the committee did shipping season without discovery
dable work in view of the of new infestations, we will un-
s imposed. doubtedly have sweeping modifica-
kdvertising Curtailed tions of the quarantine. We believe
that a good spraying job will insure
Advertising Committee was this and we ask each and every one
ith a peculiar problem. It to support this program and help
seem wise to advertise in make it properly effective.
es where only processed "We have a good size crop com-
uld be sold. The fruit was We have a lood stze crop com-
ibly received and the com- ig, not the largest we have ship-
bhought that the less said ped, by any means, but large enough
, the better. Because of to make it very difficult to handle
matures, a less amount of at a profit under last year's quaran-
was spent for advertising tine regulations. Without these reg-
is originally contemplated. ulations, and with the most of the
weekly allotment as stipu- country freely open to us, we should
the Operating Committee be able to handle the next crop at
after handled by the Man- profitable prices.
tether with the minimum "Florida had hit the bottom and
stations and reports of un- was on the upward path when the
treatment by certain receiv- Fly infestation broke out. In spite
matters of daily telegraphic of that, there has been some recov-
phone communications be- ery. With a complete eradication of
he Manager and Shipper- the fly and the subsequent elimina-
i. tion of the quarantine, it is an as-
interesting to observe that sured fact that we will be back to
iates handed in by the ship- normalcy and that most of our
January 11 exceeded the troubles will be over.
nber of cars shipped by on- "The Committee of Fifty has held
cars. This was very close frequent meetings its members
SThe actual shipments and have been interested and thought-
s would have been closer ful and constructive in their views.
not been for the unusual In my opinion, they have been most
of grapefruit delivered to helpful. As I have watched the op-
eries at the end of the sea- erations of the Clearing House, I
find that as time goes on, it func-
Sthis time, no infestations tions better. As the various compon-
n discovered by the 400 in- ent parts, thru experience, become
employed by the Fly Board. better acquainted with their tasks,
undoubtedly know, t h e they do better work. Distrust and
House is sponsoring the jealously are steadily being pushed
le bait spray program in aside. Frankness and truthfulness
t to make our properties more and more prevail. I see an
ry that there will be no fly earnest effort on the part of every




















7 ."















.*-


Pa~


one to try to make the Clearing
House more efficient and more use-
ful and I look forward to the future
with much hope and confidence.
"Our attorneys are now working
on the subject of reimbursement
to growers whose fruit or property
was damaged in the early days of
the eradication campaign. This is a
complicated subject about which I
will not speak further until a defi-
nite plan has been worked on and
presented by our attorneys. The at-
torneys also are engaged in prepar-
ing to argue the borax bath patent
before the Supreme Court. Patents
effecting the preparation of fruit
for packing are maters of great in-
terest and should properly be hand-
led by the Clearing House. This par-
ticular bath case now pending in the
Supreme Court is being handled by
the Attorney General of the State
of Florida and the Attorney Gen-
eral of the United States, whom we
are assisting. '- '"
"We men who have been elected
by you to head the Association are
appreciative of our responsibilities.
We realize that we hold offices by
your will, that just so long as we
continue to be mindful of the high
ideals that brought the Clearing
House into being, that just so long
as we energetically perform the
tasks allowed to us, that just so long
as our work meets with your ap-
proval, do we continue to hold of-
fice. It is our constant effort to
do those things which you want and
to guide the destinies of this fruit
industry in such a way that the in-
dustry will continue to be profit-
able to you gentlemen who own it."

BORAX PATENT CASE
WILL BE CARRIED ON
BY CLEARING HOUSE
(Continued from Page One)
being worked out by officers of the
Clearing House and probably will
be completed within the next week
or so. Grower members of the
Clearing House are to be urged to
"Sign up Your Neighbor." Adver-
tisements show n g non-member
growers what the Clearing House
has accomplished for its members
as well as the industry, will be car-
ried in the newspapers throughout
the citrus belt.
J. A. Griffin, retiring president
of the Clearing House and J. C.
Morton, member of the Committee
of Fifty were appointed to serve on
the Clearing House permanent quar-
antine committee. The other mem-
bers of this committee are, Presi-
dent A. M. Tilden, J. C. Chase, R. B.
Woolfolk, L. Maxcy, W. H. Mouser,
and Manager A. M. Pratt. Fol-
lowing a recommendation by the
Operating Committee that the per-
manent quarantine committee im-
mediately start work to have the
South opened to Zone 3 fruit with-
out sterilization, the Board directed
the committee to undertake this
task.
President Tilden was directed to
appoint a budget committee to sub-
mit a budget of the coming year's
operations with recommendations
at the next meeting of the Board.


Panw K






Page 6 FLORIDA CLEARING


Committee Of Fifty Drives

From Back Seat, Chairman

Morton Confides to Growers

Talk by JAMES C. MORTON
(Chairman of the Committee of Fifty)
I have the honor of being a mem- rating Committee largely in an ef-
ber of the the oldest group in the fort to secure money for the carry-
Clearing House Association, the ing on of the eradication campaign.
Committee of Fifty. We have the We are also assisting them in the
best part of the Clearing House spraying program and we have as-
movement. We created the ma- sisted them in their efforts to se-
chine and built it. We don't have cure modifications of the quaran-
many charter powers, but we are tine. We didn't appear very much
the back seat drivers of the great in those things but we were right
machine we created. The Oper- in the back seat attending to the
ating Committee, the General Man- driving as usual. I want to say we,
ager and the Board of Directors have a number of committees at
are up in the front seat. We are in work at present, one the committee
the back seat advising them, and I on publicity. That committee was
want to -tell you we are good back responsible for the convention of
seat drivers. Packing House Managers that was
held here in Winter Haven a few
I want to express to you my ap- weeks ago. That idea originated
preciation for the work of the w s ago. That idea originated
with the Publicity Committee of the
Board of Directors, the Operating Committee of Fifty and was car-
Committee and the Committee of Committee of Fifty and was car-
Committee and the Committee of ried through very successfully by
ried through very successfully by
Fifty who have been willing, during T. G. Hallinan, with the assistance
the past year, to spend and be spent of other members of the Clearing
in your service. Mr. Moorhead has House family, and it was a success
outlined to you the fact that these The managers gathered together
men have worked hard and without The managers gathered together
any reward, except the reward that and discussed their problems, which
any reward, except the reward that was beneficial to them and will be
goes to worthwhile men after they beneficial to the grower in the co
have rendered services to their fel- beneficial to the grower in the com-
lowmen. These men are entitled to ing season, and I think that such
all the respect and honor which conventions will be carried through
all the respect and honor which as part of the Clearing House work
you can give them and their efforts as part of the Clearing House work
should be backed up by your efforts e future
in seeing that every grower in the We have also, a committee on ad-
State of Florida becomes a member vertising. You know the Committee
of this Clearing House Association of Fifty is deeply worried about the
movement, advertising situation and I want to
The Committee of Fifty has not call your attention to an article that
a great deal to show for its seas- appeared in a recent issue of the
on's work inasmuch as it is so Clearing House News, written by
largely advisory. The first work of John D. Clark, in which Mr. Clark
the season, I think, was a call from says that if we advertise, the cus-
the Federal Farm Board asking tomers up North will pay for our
that a committee of the Committee advertising program, and if we
of Fifty go to Washington and dis- don't advertise, we are going to
cuss with them the Florida situa- have to pay for it anyhow whether
tion. This committee went to Wash- we advertise or not. I say with Mr.
i'~Wn'and I think it (did good work. Wirt that we growers in the State
The Federal Farm Board, as you of Florida must make up our minds
know, has been created to bring that if we are going to prosper, we
prosperity into agriculture in the must put on an extensive and ade-
United States. It does recognize this quate advertising program. I am
fact and it is a fact that you ought not going to discuss the merits of
to recognize, that prosperity can commodity advertising or, brand ad-
never come to agriculture until the vertising, but I do want to say that
agriculturists join together in an commodity advertising is on the in-
effort to do themselves good. crease in the United States. I won-
This clearing house movement is der how many of you married men
one of the leading movements in blushed with shame when you saw
the United States, yes in the world that sign on the highway today
-one of the leading organizations which reads, "Do you still send her
in which agriculturists have banded flowers?" That is commodity adver-
together in an effort to help them- tising, and doubtless has resulted in
selves. Someone has said, and truly, a number of wives receiving flowers
that, "The Lord helps them that from husbands who hadn't sent
help themselves," and the Lord cer- them in a long time. I do say that
tainly will help the growers of Flor- if we growers are going to prosper
ida and the business interests of the we must educate the people of the
United States will help the growers United States to the value of citrus
of Florida so long as we continue to fruit in order that the consumption
band ourselves together in an effort of the fruit will increase. That is a
such as we have in the Clearing situation that we have got to face
House. and have got to face it manfully.
The Committee of Fifty assisted We also have a committee on
te Board of Directors and the Op- forms for packing house returns. I


HOUSE NEWS

don't know whether we are going
to make a go of that or not. Then,
there is another committee interest-
ing itself in the prevention of theft
from groves. That is a very import-
ant committee.
One other thing and I am;
through. I want to call your atten-
tion-the attention of the grower-.
to the Clearing House News. That
is really the only vehicle we have'
for communicating with the grow-
ers. There is a large amount of very
valuable material published in the
Clearing House News. It is not a
bulky magazine and I am going to
make a suggestion to you: that'
you start a file of the Clearing
House News-that each copy as it
comes to you be filed in order. You
will find that these magazines are
going to be of great value to you
for reference work from year to
year. You can find just what has
been accomplished by referring to
them.
Again I say, the Committee of
Fifty created the machine. They are
proud of the way it is running. We
had to run it pretty slowly at the
start lest we heat it up; a few rat-
tles were heard at first, and a few
squeaks developed which had to be
oiled; but I want to say we have
never yet had a flat tire and we are
not going to. We are not going to
run out of gas either. The machine
is running smoothly and in the
future is going to do better than it
ever has. We can speed it up more
and can put heavier loads on it. If
you growers will only stand solidly
behind this Clearing House move-
ment, the citrus industry will be
far better off in the future -than
it has been in the past.
Get behind your Committee of
Fifty and watch us. We are watch-
ing the Board of Directors and the
Operating Committee.' Come out to
our meetings, ask questions and
make criticisms and check up on
us once in a while. When we come
into your neighborhood for a month-
ly meeting, get out and keep track
of us.

GROWERS MUST WORK
TOGETHER AS OTHERS
HAVE LEARNED TO DO
(Continued from Page One)
and Bill said, "Yes, and the hell of
it is $5.10 of it was cash." We lost
a great deal on paper. I myself, got
very rich, and wondered where I
could find room enough in the State
to put all of my money then, but
now, I can put it all in one pocket,
and have room left.
We have had the greatest crash
ever known in the history of the
world in the stock market and we
have depression everywhere il: over
the country. I know what I am talk-
ing about. In my own business we
fell from nearly five million, to ohe
and ahalf million. Everywhere in my
trade and mind you, the hardware
trade is a constructive trade-peo-
ple eat and wear clothes, but when
they buy hardware, they are build-
ing and constructing-all over th
country we have this state of'. f-
fairs and then, as a special dispen-


July ,10, 1930
station you might say 'of Provi-
dence-the Lord sent to, you peo-
ple the Mediterranean Fruit Fly.
So, when we have all of these
things and in the face of all that,
we get better returns from. the
industry that we have for years
-could you ask for any better
situation than that? Is it possible
to produce' better. results?
One Irishman met another and
said, "Mike, lend me your pipe and
tobacco and give me a match; -I
have a mouth of my own." You
were furnished a mouth to talk with
and you should go around among
people and show them what has
been done by your organization.
Bear in mind that organization and
civilization go hand in hand, and
in war and in peace organization is
the central power on which every-
thing revolves.
Lately, in looking up the tax
question, it might amuse you to
tell you that I have found a very
popular tax. I didn't know any such
tax existed and it required a very
large amount of study on my part
to find it, and I found the popular
tax is the one the other fellow pays.
I had to look up a number of things
and I got a set of books and it show-
ed a report of the Conference Com-
mittee called by the President 6f
the United States showing recent
economic changes in the United
States, and this conference goes
into all the commercial industries
and agriculture-goes into detail
and shows the economic change.
brought about by good roads and
by distributive marketing and of
course, devotes a great deal of time
to agriculture and to the distribu-
tion of the agricultural products.
Bear in mind that this whole coun-
try has awakened to the fact that
we are dependent upon the welfare
of the farmer and the agricultural
interests for' our prosperity and
everyone, both Democrats and :Re-
publicans and'those both in and out
of jail, know that they must do
something for the 'farmer. Not only
must do sotnetling, but they must
make his business more profitable
so .he can not only 'make a-liviin,
but must be able to get some of.the
conveniences and comforts a'n:d
pleasures out of life.
I will have to tell you ~omet in
that is not' so agreeable. ,You. are
responsible,' by your own eusse4-
ness, for your.own trouble5M I have
said, and will say again, that I ,am
not running for any office, so I,c n
afford to tell the truth. Any-other
business but the orange business,
that had been handled as idiotically
as you folks handled yours, never
could have been redeemed, and in
looking over these books, I find a
most marvelous increase in the co-
operative movement in agricultural
associations for a period over the
last twelve years:
Cotton-there were 35 in 1913
and 106 in 1925; Nuts-15 and 14;
Tobacco-3 and 19;Fruits and veg-
etables--293 in 1913 and 1121 in
1925; Wool--1913, 7 and in 1925,
80.
Now, having as we have, a his-
(Oontiwued on Page Nine)






FLORIDA CLEARING


Report of Treasurer At

Clearing House Meeting


(By F. G. MOORHEAD, Treasurer)
Florida Citrus Growers Clearing House Ass'n.,
Winter Haven, Florida.
As Treasurer of your Association I take pleasure in submitting here-
with my report to you covering the operations of the Association for
the fiscal year ended June 30, 1930, and the financial condition of the
Association at that date.
During the fiscal year the income of the Association was as follows:
Assessments 11,055,736 boxes @ 4c 1929-1930-___$442,229.45
Assessments 1928-1929 --------- ------_--- 6,585.91
Clearing House News Subscriptions ---- __--_ 72.00
Interest and Discount. ----- -------------- 4,502.80
Advertising Refund 1928-1929 ......--- ...-------.---. 3,488.54

$456,878.70

The following is a list of the expenses for the fiscal year:
Advertising ------------ -------------- $137,871.72
Office and Administration --------- -- -_ 70,596.77
Inspection Department ___ ------ ---_ 68,796.50
Government and Auction Bulletin-Growers .------ 849.89
Shippers Bulletin-Wire and Bulletin --.----_ -- 21,513.67
Clearing House News ------------- ----- 10,567.49
Committee of Fifty Expenses ----- ----- 2,740.68
Membership Campaign ---__---- ___ 5,961.57
Election Expense --------------------- 1,964.31
Growers and Shippers League 1929-1930------ 15,144.73
Growers and Shippers League 1928-1929_ -------------- 226.52
Mediterranean Fruit Fly Expense ----_---- -- 16,271.79
Depreciation on Automobile ----___- 593.33
Depreciation 'on Furniture ---- ----_--------- 663.69
Brogdex Suit ------------- 3,153.65
Deposits Being Liquidated --------_----.---_ 25,728.91
Loss on Sale of Folding Machine_ .----..--_.------ 117.50

$382,761.72
The income for the fiscal year exceeded the
expenses by the amount of-___--- -- -- $74,116.98
The Association had on deposit with banks in the general fund
$116,483.18 and in addition held Certifications of Deposit amounting to
$45,000.00, making a total of $161,483.18 in the banks. These funds
are all earning interest for the Association and are adequately secured
against loss.
The number of boxes assessed during the fiscal year equalled 11,055,-
736 and based on this figure I have prepared a summary of the expenses
of the Association on a box basis, as follows:
Advertising ...---..------- --------__ ..______- $.0125
Inspection _-- --__-- -------- .0062
Office and Administration _--------_-- __ .0064
Telegraph and Bulletin Information Service -....--_------- .0020
Clearing House News ---- ------------- --------- .0010
Election __ ---.--------------------...---------- .0002
Committee of Fifty ..... ..........------------------ .0002
S-Membeiship .-----_r --__ -----.. ---.. -- 005 "
"Growers and Shippers League of Florida ---------... .-0014
Industry Matters-Mediterranean Fly-Brogdex __----- .0018
Depreciation ---------- -------------___-- .0001

$.0323
Earned Surplus .0077
As at the commencement of the fiscal year July 1, 1929, the Assoc-
iation had a surplus of $103,231.80. At the end of the fiscal year this
amount had been increased to $177,348.78. I am gratified to be able
to state that all liabilities of the Association incurred up to June 30th,
1930, had been paid, thus leaving our Association in a splendid financial
condition as evidenced by the following assets representing the surplus:
Cash on Hand and in Banks ...------------161,508.18
Assessment Accounts and Notes Receivable ...------ 7,285.27
Office Furniture and Equipment--Less Depreciation 5,680.98
Automobile-Less Depreciation ...---............------- 791.12
Advances and Expenses Chargeable to Next Year 2,083.23

$177,348.78
As previously stated the funds on deposit at the various banks are
amply secured by Depository Bonds and Liberty Bonds.
Now, ladies and gentlemen, as ed of fifty men of the very best
growers of citrus fruit in the State that could be selected from the dif-
of Florida, I think you all have a ferent districts of the State. You
lot to-be grateful for. When you get have on the Board of Directors
in trouble you love to feel you have eleven men and on the Operating
some backingand you have theback- Committee eleven men. The Board
inginthisClearing House movement of Directors is supposed to meet
of the Committee of Fifty, compos- once every two weeks and the Op-


July 10, 1930


l


HOUSE NEWS

rating Committee during the ship-
ping season, I think they are in ses-
sion about all the time even during
the dead hours of the night when
they ought to be at home sleeping.
These are seventy-two men who
are working for the industry and
for your good and my good without
a cent of compensation and I think
all you need to do is to back your
Committee of Fifty, your board of
Directors and your operating Com-
mittee and there is no opportunity
in the world for the Clearing House
to fail. If it should fail we are all
going with it and it is the duty of
every grower in the State to see
that he gives it 100% full support.

ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF
SEASON JUSTIFYING
FAITH OF MEMBERS
(Continued from Page Four)
half of this $2,400,000 it would be
a wonderful showing. If we credit
the Clearing House with one-third
of the gain realized in the Eastern
markets, alone, it would be over
twice the amount of money spent
by the Clearing House in the entire
season's operation.
Every week the shipper-members
were furnished with the average
sizes shipped the week previous,
based on 360 boxes to the car. Dis-
counts on off-sizes play an import-
ant part in net returns. The buying
trade is continually trying to not
only get discounts on certain sizes
but frequently claim that the car
in question is not up to the average
sizes. By furnishing our shippers
with the average sizes week by
week, each shipper knew how his
car in question compared with the
average size of the industry.
For the entire season the oranges
averaged per car as follows:
96s 100s 126s 150s 176s
4 9 45 64 84
200s 216s 250s 288s 324s
53 50 31 15 5
Grapefruit for the season aver-
aged as follows:
36s 46s 54s 65s 70s
18 58 99 64 49
80s 96s 100s 126s
47 21 1 3
Standardization Twice as Good
This year's record shows a
splendid gain in standarization of
grade and pack. Out of 45,380
reports on grade, only 2,780 re-
ports show out of grade, or
6.13% of the time out of grade.
This compares with 12.4% times
out of grade last year. We have
more than cut in two the times
out of grade last year.
The daily price attitude of our
shippers has been quite uniform. An
apparently wide range of prices at
any time is explainable chiefly by
artificial differences in markets,
causing the West and South to fre-
quently be $1.00 to $2.50 per box
higher (due to quarantine restric-
tions than the East. Sizes also cre-
ated very different car values for
the same grades.
Confidence Created by Information
We have attempted to get our
shippers thinking more uniformly


Page 7
by continually furnishing them with
statistical data of importance in
guiding their operations, not only in
prices but in sizes and comparative
shipments. Without such data a
sales manager's mind is necessarily
vague and indecisive. With such
data all sales managers are inclined
to reach a similar conclusion. This
information has been furnished not
only in tabulated form daily but
weekly and by months. Our general
market information also made it
much easier to carry out our pro-
rating instructions on shipments.
Looking ahead, we are not fearful
of larger citrus supplies, if other
conditions are normal. Not long ago
we feared more than anything else,
our own unorganized conditions in
Florida. With the self-control now
demonstrated we are more concern-
ed now with conditions outside of
Florida, particularly the unemploy-
ment -phase of national-- busitress
which is looming up more seriously.
In September 1929 the United
States Department of Labor showed
99.3% of factory hands employed.
In March 1930 this was officially
dropped to 89.8%. In September
1929 the American Federation of
Labor showed 10% unemployed. In
March 21% unemployed. The above
figures are the -latest authentic
comparisons available. Bread lines
are increasing in Detroit, New York
and other large cities. "Prosperity
straight ahead" is what we would all
like to believe, but we are finding
it will be more easily fulfilled in
Florida than in some of the other
manufacturing states. Yet, unless
labor is gainfully employed, gener-
ally the demand for our fruit will
likely suffer somewhat.
The citrus crop for the season
just ahead looks like a larger crop,
both in Florida and California. May-
be half-way between the past year
and the year before may be a fair
guess for both states. We have
every reason to expect more normal
distribution privileges with quaran-
tine regulations greatly modified.
If we can get into the west and
south without restrictions, having
proven what we can do in the east
this year, we should now be able to
handle an increase in the crop, and
not have to take the low prices ex-
perienced year before last. The sec-
ond year of the Clearing House has
established in the minds of the
trade, the fact that Florida means
business,-that there is an actual
control, that our shippers are
working together and have confi-
dence in each other and themselves.
We see no reason for being down-
in-the-mouth regarding next year,
nor for talking low returns. We will
get back our Southern markets. We
will move our proportion of the
crop into the Western states. Self-
reliance exists instead of fear on
the part of industry leaders. The
self-reliance and the team-work of
eighty percent of the growers and
shippers of Florida operating in the
Clearing House will demonstrate,
under a big crop year, the effective-
ness and earning power of central-
ized control to even a greater ex-
tent than this year has shown.






Page 8


Fly Fight Progress

Followed By Demand

For Lighter Rulings

Judge Holland Re v i e w s
Legal Work of Clearing
House at Meeting

(By S. L. Holland, Legal Counsel, Clear-
ing House)
There are several phases of the
work of the Clearing House which
has fallen, more or less, in the scope
of the employment of counsel and
I want to take the matter up briefly
of some of them. Most of them al-
ready have been mentioned, but I
feel perhaps that you want some re-
port on them coming from counsel
himself.
SThe first phase I am taking--
briefly, will have to do with the ef-
forts to secure the appropriation to
complete the eradication work and
to remove the quarantine restric-
tions. I don't think there has been
any service which has been render-
ed by the lay members of the Clear-
ing House personnel which should
be more fully appreciated by the
membership at large than the serv-
ice which was rendered by that
Committee of Twenty-two members
who fought that battle. Let me sug-
gest this, that on that committee
there were men who, more than
anybody else in the State of Flor-
ida, had reason to be irritated, be-
cause of some of the details of the
enforcement of the quarantine. But
those men who were more vitally in-
terested than anyone else in the cit-
rus industry, as growers, were able
to see clearly that above everything
else, the fruit fly must be eradi-
cated, if it were possible to eradi-
cate it, and get relief from the bur-
den of the quarantine restrictions,
and they went as far as it was hu-
manly possible in that connection.
I am here to pay tribute to those
twenty-two men and beside them
the- men -from the State Chamber
of Commerce, from the Florida
Banker's Association, from the
Florida Citizen's Committee and
from other statewide associations,
men who were able to see clearly
through and who were able to ad-
here to that fundamental fact, de-
spite things that irritated them.
They saw through all those things
and were able to gdt sufficient
funds to rid us of the pest if that
were humanly possible so that once
more we could go back to the mark-
ets in a normal condition, without
the restrictions of the quarantine.
That effort was probably the lar-
gest effort falling within the legal
department, but there were many
others, but the fact still remains
that the removal of the quarantine
will come only through complete
eradication.


bers of which have had some con-
nection with the legal department.
Suffice to say that whenever and
wherever the Clearing House
thought there was additional modi-
fication possible-at the time we
have all realized that the quaran-
tine restrictions were an evolution-
ary sort of thing which had to be
modified from time to time-it has
been our effort that those modifi-
cations keep pace as nearly as pos-
sible with the clearing up of condi-
tions.
Let me say this in that connec-
tion, that it is my sincere belief,
based upon past contacts with the
Federal and State authorities and
with the Clearing House men who
have been in constant touch with
this, that we may count, with rela-
tive assurance upon those two modi-
fications which were mentioned by
Mr. Hyde as being anticipated to
be made by him if it were possible,
namely: the opening up of the mid-
west and the cutting down of the
regulation territory except in the
immediate vicinity of such new in-
festations as might be discovered.
Surely, those two things are with-
in our grasp, and we may consider
them as actual facts, always remem-
bering that Mr. Hyde made it clear
to us that he was giving us that op-
portunity, in a large measure, de-
pending upon how much we helped
ourselves. There is no question in
the world about it. Things are com-
ing our way if we only show the
same willingness to fight and to
keep on fighting and to cooperate
as we did last year. I think the
prize is within our grasp; it depends
entirely upon our own efforts. We
will be to blame if we fail to heed
the suggestions made by Mr. Hyde.
That will depend upon the degree
of cooperation furnished here.
You have seen in the papers that
the directors of the Clearing House
have decided that the best thing to
do in order that the best results
may be obtained towards reim-
bursement in the citrus industry
should be a concerted effort, a unit-
ed effort, and that the Clearing
House shall go into the collection
of claims on the part of those who
are members of the Clearing House.
That is a great task and is going to
take a monumental amount of work.
Let me suggest this to you so you
may understand: There will go out
forms. Those forms will divide and
classify the various items and that
is for the purpose of making a com-
pilation.
This was suggested by our dele-
gates and representatives in Con-
gress as being the most logical ar-
rangement of the items. Please add
the cost of those items in filling out
the forms and also, I would ask that
the claims, as far as the Clearing
House members are concerned, be
made as complete as possible, that
is, a claim from every member who
has a claim and a statement from


FLORIDA CLEARING
B


' :6r instance, the phase having to someone who has authority that
do with modification. I can't go into there are no Clearing House mem-
all of the phases of modification bers other than those who have
which have been considered by that made claims, that have claims to
.committee and other growers and present. We promise nothing in
:iii the'Clearing House, many mem- this, except that'we will seek to as-


1 HOUSE NEWS

sist the growers in the State of Flor-
ida and will press their claims for
reimbursement for the great loss
which they have sustained.
There are other things-one of
them in connection with the pre-
paration of information so that if
we be not given the modification
which we so confidentially expect,
to fight, if necessary, in the Courts
of our Nation. The Clearing House
is, at the present time, making a
compilation of all decisions and all
data bearing upon this matter. We
hope we will not have to use that,
but we are going to have that as
a shield, because it is our duty to do
so and the Directors thought we
would be subject to criticism unless
they prepared themselves for such
an emergency.
There is another legal activity-
that in connection with the Brog-
dex suit, which, at least during the
life of the battle, is a matter of
interest to the whole industry. The
State of Florida has intervened in
that suit now pending in the Su-
preme Court. The Clearing House
was not allowed to interfere in that
suit. The Supreme Court was will-
ing to hear it and take jurisdiction
solely upon the question of public
policy and it has heard the matter
on behalf of the State of Florida
and on behalf of the Nation and
the Clearing House is financing the
State of Florida. I don't know
what the outcome will be, but cer-
tainly it is a big and worthwhile
thing for the Clearing House to be
working on.
One more statement and I will be
through. Since there is no one here
to speak for the Commissioner of
Agriculture I want to say this that
with the fight ahead of us this year
and with the confidence in the
Northern markets, the like of which
has never been accepted with ref-
erence to Florida fruit, and with
the large crop we have, we will be
guilty of sensless folly if we fail
to adhere strictly to the provisions
of the Green Fruit law during this
coming year. We have it within
our power to return Florida to nor-
mal by the proper marketing of the
crop we have now and it is in our
hands to see that that opportunity
is not wasted and in passing, I am
simply asking you to think about it.
I am going to close now with this.
I am an outsider in the Clearing
House. I am neither a shipper nor
a director; I am a grower in a small
way, but I am more of an observer.
As an observer I can say something
that the folks who are right in it,
could not say. After about ten years
connection with the citrus business
in Florida, watching the business
and all the various problems that it
has had, my hat is off to the men
in the Clearing House this last year.
They have made what I think is one
of the most constructive moves in
the citrus industry in the State and
I think we owe them lots of praise,
for they have built up a confidence
in the industry which confidence is
something that is worth while, and I
want to bespeak for you a continu-
ation of that confidence in the men
who are leading this and who are


Jul 1013


July 10. 1930


giving of their time to bring the
best possible results and success to
the citrus industry in Florida. I
bespeak for you your hearty coop-
eration with these gentlemen.

CHINABERRY IS HOST
OF WHITEFLY, WHICH
HARMS CITRUS TREES

While the chinaberry tree is a
beautiful ornamental, it is a host
of citrus whiteflies, and should not
be planted near citrus groves unless
it is sprayed for whitefly, just as
citrus trees are. Each spring and
summer the Experiment Station re-
ceives a number of inquiries re-
garding this. In answering a recent
inquiry, J. R. Watson, entomologist,
had the following to say:
"The chinaberry breeds whiteflies
by the millions during summer and
fall. The last brood of whiteflies,
which emerges in August or Sept-
ember, lays no eggs on the china-
berry but moves en masse to citrus.
"This tree should by no means
be planted in citrus groves unless
one wants to go to the trouble of
spraying it in the spring and sum-
mer. It should be sprayed twice,
once about the last of April and
again about the middle of June.
Not only should it not be planted in
a citrus grove, but it should not be
planted in a citrus community."



No Trouble Too Great
If Quarantine Can Be
Lifted, J.C. Chase Says

"No trouble is too great if it
results in eliminating the gov-
ernmental control of the indus-
try!"
The above observation was
made by Mr. J. C. Chase, mem-
ber of the Clearing House
Board of Directors in a recent
letter to the Association relative
to the inauguration of a more
intensive eradication campaign.
Mr. Chase, who is at present va-
cationing in Maine, conferred
with governmental officials in
Washington on his way North.
As Mr. Chase says, concerning
the present situation, it is highly
important that the citrus indus-
try comply to the fullest extent
with all rules and regulations,
for by so doing, as he points out,
all barriers that now interfere
with the freedom of marketing
and distribution will be lifted.


MORE SCOTCH
A Dutchman, an Irishman and a
Scotchman were boasting of their
generous expenditures. The Dutch-
man, to show his little concern about
the high cost of living, pulled out a
cigar and lit it with a $50 bill. The
Irishman, not to be outdone by the
other, did the same, except he used
a $100 bill. The Scotchman, un-
willing to take defeat at the hands
of his neighbors, wrote out a check ,
for $1,000 and lit his pipe with it.-
Blue Anchor.






July 10, 1930


"For It 100 Per Cent"
Dunedin, Pinellas County, Fla.
July 1, 1930.
Fla. Citrus Growers Clearing
House Ass'n.
Winter Haven, Fla.
Gentlemen:
I don't think anyone who has fol-
lowed the workings of the Clearing
House from the beginning, whether
grower or shipper, should have any
cause for complaints. In my Opin-
ion it is one of the best things that
has happened for the benefit of the
industry and I am for it 100 per
cent.
No one could expect the Clearing
House to work miracles. There had
to be time given the organization
to work out our problems. We could
not expect very great things in one
year or two years, we all know it
takes time and hard work to get re-
sults for it is a big problem.
There are still some things
though in my mind which the Clear-
ing House might help to accomplish.
In my opinion there is something
wrong with our maturity test law
for grapefruit. It seems a silly law
to me that will allow grapefruit to
be shipped in December that is less
matured as far as the legal test is
concerned than it is in November.
You and I know that actually
grapefruit is more mature in Dec-
ember than it is in November, yet,
if tested would not pass by several
points. In fact, I have known fruit
to pass the test by a narrow margin
in October that would not pass at
all in November, fruit from iden-
tical trees. This law on grapefruit
should be modified in some way
either by greater tolerance in test-
ing or allow the fruit to be shipped
without test after November 15th.
But, and this is where the shoe
might pinch a large number of ship-
pers, no grapefruit to be shipped
smaller in size than a 70 before
January 1st of each year.
The maturity law in regard to
Oranges I regard as good and as
fair as it can be made.
Another thing: The Florida grow-
ers have lain down and let the quar-
antine board at Washington, which
in the opinion of a good many is
controlled partly at least by the cit-
rus interest of California, walk all
over us and it is time for us to be
up and asserting what rights we
may still have left to us. We all
know now that this Medfly is not
nearly as bad as it has been made
out to be. There is no sense in
condemning the whole state for a
,few fly infestations. It has been
demonstrated that the fly cannot
live below 280 for but a few hours


FLORIDA CLEARING


and it's my opinion that the Clear-
ing House should appropriate suf-
ficient money out of the fee that
the growers have been paying to
fight for our right to a finish. We
should get the best legal talent
available. At the same time, this
talent should be entirely and ab-
solutely in entire sympathy with
the fly situation as it effects Flor-
ida. It is of small use for us to
spend our money in advertising if
the markets are closed to us, and
they will be closed to us if we don't
fight for them.
One thing more, there are now
quite a number of canning plants
springing up all over the citrus belt.
These plants are a great help to the
citrus industry but it seems to me
that these plants are already work-
ing in competition with each other
and if not remedied in some way
will be cutting prices on each other
and so spoiling the markets in the
same way that the independent
shippers of the fresh fruit outside
of the Clearing House has been
doing. Would it not be possible
for the Clearing House to set a
price on grapefruit each season for
the growers for fruit delivered at
the canning plants?
I believe the Clearing House as
it is being managed is one of the
best things for the whole Florida
citrus industry.
Yours very truly,
(Signed') A. J. GRANT


After The Fruit Thieves
Peru, Ind.,
Florida Clearing House News,
Winter Haven, Fla.,
Dear Sirs:
As a member of the Association
and a non-resident grower, my grove
being located at Fellsmere, Florida,
I am taking this method of writing
you to see if there can be something
done for the protection of the non-
resident grower, like myself, and
Pot only me but every grower in
the state, against fruit thieves.
Fertilizer and care of the groves
cost too much to have thieves walk
in when the fruit is ripe and put
your fruit on the market and keep
the proceeds. Let us get busy and
inaugurate a definite system where-
by we will all be protected against
these vandals.
The development company that
cares for my grove at Fellsmere in-
formed me that last year I lost quite
a number of boxes of fruit, it being
stolen. I would like to co-operate
with you on this to any extent you
can figure out and will let me.know
about.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) CLYDE S. EARL.


The Grower's Voice
Under this heading will be published communications from grower members
of the Clearing House Association, who desire to voice opinions upon matters of
general interest to Florida citrus growers. The Association cannot, of course,
assume responsibility for the opinions expressed in these letters, but believes
growers should have the opportunity of expressing themselves if they are willing
to assume the responsibility. Communications should be as brief as possible-
preferably not more than 250 words in length-and MUST be signed with the
writer's name and address (although not necessarily for publication).


HOUSE NEWS

GROWERS MUST WORK
TOGETHER AS OTHERS
HAVE LEARNED TO DO
(Continued from Page Six)
tory of the departments of all kinds
of commercial, financial and manu-
facturing organizations and a his-
tory that means simply this, that an
industry of any size that is not or-
ganized is really not recognized.
When business men such as in my
line of business compete with each
other every day and we come in
contact with all the petty friction
that can be brought out by active
personal competition-when we can
get together and when we can meet
as friends and talk over our affairs
in a friendly way, then it certainly
should be an easy proposition for
people like yourselves to do so. The
same is true of the manufacturing
interests and all other interests.
Bear in mind that you have a
business problem just as other bus-
iness people have and in addition
thereto, you have many things to
contend with which the average
business man does not. First, you
have got to produce and it takes,
I think, about seven years to pro-
duce an orange grove, does it not?
A bearing grove-now just think
about how few business men en-
gaged in buying and selling spend
their time preparing for their bus-
iness. A lawyer spends only four
years getting ready to say whereas
and howsomever and so on, and
you people take seven years to pro-
duce an orange grove. In that time
you have got to deal with the selec-
tion of land, proper stock of trees,
protection, cultivation and all the
other different things connected
with it, and after you have pro-
duced a grove, you have the selec-
tion of the pack and the' shipping
and the distribution and after that,
getting the money therefrom-get-
ting your share of the kitty as I
said.
You must bear in mind that bus-
iness is not a steady fixed affair;
it is growing, and rapidly. I believe,
in my own business, it is entirely a
different situation to what it was
a few years ago. All of the house
building and construction work of
that kind that we were paying par-
ticular attention to, no longer ex-
ists and so, we had to change. I
don't mind telling you that it cost
us nearly $200,000 to learn how
to do it. We haven't learned all
about it yet, and I think I am going
to have to start a beauty shop in
my hardware store.
If you want to have any success,
you must bear in mind changing
conditions. A few years ago they
didn't have the methods of trans-
portation for vegetables and fruits
and the communication they have
now. They can now communicate
to all parts of the world and you
have got to take that competition
into consideration. In addition to
that, there are new markets which
you yourselves can obtain. From my
viewpoint, I would not handle any
merchandise that didn't have some-
thing in the nature of a semblance
of control. I wouldn't put my mon-


Page 9

ey in any stuff that I thought after
1 got my money in it, the bottom
might drop out of it and that is
what happened to this citrus indus-
try.
Three years ago when I took this
matter up to study along with other
problems, I tried to find someone
I could talk with about it-I went
to see Joe Lyons and I went all
around town trying to find some-
one who could tell me something
and I finally got the Tampa Board
of Trade to organize a Citrus Fruit
Shipping Board. Here we were pro-'
ducing the best fruit in the world
and no one was to blame for the ex-
isting conditions, but yourselves,
and shortly thereafter, I heard the
green fruit business talked about
and it seemed like pessimism and
lack of faith were rampant and that
affected everybody's business and
everybody's credit and that de-
creased the value of everybody's
property, so I made up hmy mind
that I would look into it.
Now-we have a different atti-
tude today. We find, instead of pes-
simism and lack of faith and lack
of knowledge-only optimism and
faith. Also, we find material re-
sults in dollars and cents; money
that there can be no question about,
as reported by your officers here
today. So, to sum up the situation,
organization is a necessity now in
any business or profession. Organ-
ization can be maintained only by
cooperation. This cooperation it
means everything, people. I know
from my business experience. You
know, we business men have a
splendid organization in every line.
My line is the Association of Hard-
ware Managers, the hardware job-
bers from the South, East, West,
the Pacific slope and we have our
commercial agents.
I want to impress on you the
psychology of the situation, where
there is leadership; it affects the
industry both directly and indirect-
ly, especially insofar as the distri-
bution of the fruit is concerned. I
have been looking up the tax situa-
tion lately and I find that in. some
instances taxes have taken about
90% of what otherwise would have
been net returns to the owners. In
1920 the farmer paid taxes of $388,-
000,000 and their income was
$150,000,000,000. In 1 9 2 8 the
farmer's taxes were increased to
654 million and his income decreas-
ed to twelve billion. Your taxes con-
tinue to go up and you know why.
You are paying all the taxes prac-
tically. The fellows like me, get out
of most of it! You need to help on
that situation. The tax situa-
tion is chaotic; the net result is
that we owe today, six hundred mil-
lion dollars and all the property in
Florida is assessed at six hundred
million. Now I expect to accomplish
some good in that work, because I
am an Irishman and I thoroughly
enjoy a row and I like to be in the
limelight and if they can outcuss
me, they will have to go some, for I
can swear in two different lan-
guages. I may need your help there,
and you can count on mine when-
ever you need it.





FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


FLORIDA

CLEARING HOUSE

NEWS

JULY 10, 1930

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
GROWERS CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION,
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.


E. C. AURIN
J. C. CHASE
LAWRENCE GENTILE
J. A. GRIFFIN
F. G. MOORHEAD
PHIL C. PETERS
JAMES. T. SWANN
A. M. TILDEN
A. R. TRAFFORD
E. E. TRUSKETT
R. B. WOOLFOLK

A. M. TILDEN
E. C. AURIN
F. G. MOORHEAD
E. E. TRUSKETT
ARCHIE M. PRATT


DIRECTORS








OFFICERS


.Ft. Ogden
. Winter Park
Orlandi.
Tampa
DeLand
Winter Garden
Tampa
. Winter Haven
Cocoa
Mt. Dora
Orlando

President
Vice-President
Treasurer
Secretary
Manager


SUBSCRIPTION RATES
Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: 10c


Progress Must Be Rewarded
Contrary to the insinuations of some of the
northern newspapers, Florida wants nothing
from the Government that she does not merit.
Florida's demand for modification of the
quarantine regulations and for reimburse-
ment for its growers who suffered losses
through administration of the quarantine reg-
ulations, are justifiable from any angle, but
we are not asking charity, nor would we ac-
cept it if it was proffered.
As the logical mouth-piece for the citrus
industry in the matter of obtaining modifica-
tions of the quarantine regulations, the Flor-
ida Citrus Growers Clearing House Associa-
tion has maintained the above attitude. Since
inauguration of the quarantine regulations
more than a year ago, the Clearing House
has kept its eye on the situation day and
night. It has caught the significance in every
move made in the eradication campaign. The
program of infestation was methodically
noted and the effect studied with relation
to both last season's citrus shipments and up-
on future crop movements as well. Briefly,
the Clearing House has not studied the cam-
paign against the fly from the viewpoint of
the scientist alone, but has endeavored to see
the whole thing from the scientist's view-
.point,.and also to study the situation as re-
gards its effect upon the citrus industry of
Florida.
""A.'riter accurate picture is now before
the Clearing House. The situation pictured


is one in which is shown the necessity of
proving to the government that we are en-
tirely sanitary as far as the fly is concerned.
When the Federal government is convinced
of this, official Washington can do nothing
else but lift the quarantine regulations. Com-
mon sense would dictate the assumption that
the U. S. government wants to return Flor-
ida's former freedom of marketing her citrus
just as soon as possible, but this action is
being with-held because the government is
looking at the situation from its own stand-
point, mainly the welfare and safety of the
other states of the Union. This point the
Clearing House appreciates fully, but there
is still another factor which the Clearing
House is determined must be considered by
the government. That factor is that the
Clearing House itself, including the best
brains in the Florida citrus industry, knows
even better than official Washington what
can be done most effectively in this eradica-
tion campaign with the welfare of the in-
dustry considered first and above everything
else.
The Clearing House has undertaken to
help further the program of "Spray to Kill
the Quarantine." With this campaign ef-
fectively carried out the Clearing House will
press the Federal government for further
modifications just as rapidly as is consistent
with the progress being made under the
terms laid down by the U. S. Department of
Agriculture. In other words, the situation
is this, the government says that we may not
be 100% "Clean." To insure realization of
100 % sanitation the government deems that
it is advisable to spray. This will be' done,
and then it is that the Clearing House will
take its stand; for every inch gained in the
fight as directed by the government, the
Clearing House will demand its rightful inch
of recognition. Federal inspection has been
in effect for close to a month. No infesta-
tions have been discovered. The demand
that recognition be given for all progress
made is just and fair, and the government
can do nothing else but concede.


Orange Juice vs. Temper
In the future restrain yourself when irri-
table people make you mad. They simply
cannot help being irritable, neither can they
help saying mean and vicious things. At
least that is the way Dr. George Walker, big
doctor of Baltimore, feels about it, but he
offers an antidote. He prescribes oranges
and states positively that the juice creates
"amiability." Too much acid in alimentary
canals and too much acid make them hard to
live with. Orange juice provides calcium hy-
drate,- which takes up the acid in the system;
then better disposition.-DeLand Sun-News.


Fights Have Been

Friendly But They

Produced Results

Vice President E. C. Aurin at
Ft. Ogden, gave the growers ab-
tending the annual meeting an im-
sight into the actual work done by
the Clearing House "family" in a
two-minute talk that brought cheers
from the crowd. Dr. Aurin spoke
snappily and enthusiastically while
telling how the officers of the As-
sociation have had to scrap out
their ideas-although in friendly
fashion-before some of the organ-
ization's problems were worked
out.
His talk follows:
The Judge has just spoken and
if you give him that much applause
for a ten-minute talk, you are going
to give me five times that much be-
cause I am not going to take up but
two minutes.
I am not surprised that Mr. Mos-
ton thought Mr. Mouser and I were
going to have a scrap, but there is
one thing, we always sit down with
the same friendly feeling even when
we fight. I am proud of the Clear-
ing House Association. I am proud
that at the first meeting I travelled
eighty miles to be here on the
strength of a newspaper item about
an inch long calling attention to
that meeting. It has been of great
value to me, not only as a citizen
of the State, but personally through
the friends I have made on the Com-
mittee of Fifty and among the ship-
pers and among the growers and
among the good people of Winter
Haven. We have had fights. It has
been a continual struggle, but
thank God there is a little bit of
Irish in us an we enjoy a good
fight.
Years ago I used to make my
cigarette money by writing verse
for some of the magazines and when
I was coming up here today there
was a little verse that came back
to me and if you will pardon me I
will give it to you:

Tell me, who would a sailor be
If the skies were ever fair
And never a white cap on the sea
And never an hour of care
If our ships all sailed o'er a paint-
ed sea
Beneath a cloudless sky
Tell me, who would a sailor be-
Not I!
'Tis the wind and the wave and the
howling gale
And the uncharted reef and rock
And the fight in the night with the
flapping sail
While the storm imps jeer and mock
'Tis tie hours you spend at the
whipping wheel
With a grim determined smile
As you hold your course with a
grip of steel
That make it all worth while.

(Editor's note: and this DID
bring down the louset)


July 10, 1930


Page 10




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