Title: Florida clearing house news ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00039
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: May 10, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00039
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text

M. Ni'le sein, Chief.
Bureau cu tural EconomicsF LO R IDr A
Warhin L J DI.


CLEARING


HOUSE


Representing more than 10,000
.Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit
.Headquarters: WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA


NEWS


Official Publication of the
FLORIDA CITRUS GROWERS
CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION


10 Cents a Copy MA Volume II
$2.00 a Year MAY 10, 1930 Number 15


.Wood Consents to

$1,740,000 Fund

For Fight on Fly

Clearing House "Stuck On His
Trail" Until He Met
Hyde Halfway

Finally the Wood Committee of
five which were in Orlando from
SFeb. 25 to March 8, investigating
the fly situation in Florida and the
hDepartmerit of Agriculture have got-
ten together according to press dis-
'patches confirming friendly notice
from Representatives Buchanan and
Byrns of the Wood Committee.
The Department of Agriculture
Sand the Wood Committee have
agreed on a recommendation as fol-
*lows:
4 A total appropriation of $3,-
240,000.
$1,740,000 to cover immedi-
ate inspection and clean-up or
eradication work.
$1,500,000 as a reserve for
use in case any further Medi-
terranean fruit fly is found.
S- State to pay the National
Guards for maintaining the
present zones.
This decision has come after a
long\ delay. In the meantime the
fdices which a year ago were ac-
Stively organized and working have
been disbanded because of no funds
ofor clean-up, eradication or inspec-
ion- purposes. They will have to
again be organized.
In the meantime it behooves every
grower and citizen of Florida to see
,that every kumquat, sour orange,
surinam cherry, guava, peach, grape-
fruit and orange is removed and de-
stroyed for the inspection work will
'-tart in dead earnest soon. Zone
One or Two is a costly classification
,for any grower or community. Our
people in Florida cannot afford to
Stake things for granted. The fly if
around will find the fruit left if it
4s there and the fly is anywhere near
it, as it is hungry and is being starv-
ed. It is a life and death struggle
for the fly as well as for Florida
growers and the state itself. Why
let a pair of flies be victorious as a
Result of our own laziness or indif-
ference, DON'T TAKE ANY
S (Continued on Page Five)
4^


Clearing House Retain Set at 2c By Board


Annual Meeting of
Shippers Is Held;
Urge Retain of 4c

Nominate Operating Commit-
tee; Recommend A. M.
Pratt For Manager

Recommendation that the Board
of Directors set the Clearing House
retain for the coming season at 4
cents a box, nomination of the Oper-
ating Committee, recommendation
that the Operating Committee and
Board of Directors select General
Manager Pratt for the same position
next season and a resolution that
the Directors do all possible to up-
hold and extend grade and pack
standardization, were among the
most important matters of business
considered by Clearing House ship-
pers at their annual meeting held
in Winter Haven May 9. While not
all of the Clearing House shippers
were present in mere numbers,
some 88% percent of the tonnage
in the Clearing House was repre-
sented at the meeting.
The resolution requesting the Clear-
ing House Board to make-the assess-
ment for the coming season 4 cents,
followed full discussion on the sub-
ject by most of the shippers. (Edi-
tor's note: The shippers' meeting
was held the evening of the day on
which the Board of Directors in con-
sidering the matter of retain passed
a resolution pledging the new
Board's decision to make the retain
2 cents per box for the coming sea-
son. The Board's action of course
had not been transmitted officially
to the shippers when they met that
night).
The nomination of the Operating
Committee, on which the new Board
of Directors will pass when they as-
sume office June 3, resulted in the
naming of the folliwng shippers on
the committee:
W. H. Mouser R. D. Keene
C. C. Commander J. A. Watkins
R. B. Woolfolk John S. Barnes
E. E. Patterson L. P. Kirkland
L. Maxcy Lawrence Gentile
D. H. Lamons.
(Continued on Page Beven)


Seek Reimbursement
For Grower-Members

While action relative to the Clear-
ing House retain absorbed most of
the Directors' time and attention at
the Board's meeting May 9, one
other matter of business which will
be of far reaching consequences
was gone into. That was the ques-
tion of reimbursement for Clearing
House growers who have suffered
losses-to either trees or fruit-be-
cause of the Mediterranean fruit fly
quarantine regulations.
General Manager Pratt brought
up the question of the Clearing
House redoubling its efforts to ob-
tain reimbursement for the growers.
Spessard L. Holland, attorney for
the Clearing House, and present at
the meeting, stated that reimburse-
ment is the logical last step in the
Association's efforts toward solving
the fruit fly problem.
Commenting on the suggestion in-
corporated in a motion that forms
for proof of growers' losses be pre-
pared, Judge Holland said that this
would entail considerable study be-
fore such forms could be prepared
in that situations throughout the cit-
rus area are quite different in.many
respects. It was also pointed out
that the government will furnish
forms on which claims are finally
made.
After some further discussion the
General Manager and Judge Hol-
land were instructed to work out a
program as well as a form for proof
of growers' losses so that Clearing
House members may have as impres-
sive a representation as can be given
the government. The motion cov-
ering the action reads as follows:
"Moved that our attorney and
General Manager get together
definite recommendations of a
program seeking reimbursement
to growers and a form for proof
of growers' losses in the Mediter-
ranean fruit fly eradication cam-
paign and that we announce that
it is our purpose to seek an ap-
propriation for reimbursement
and to handle the claims of our
members. Report is to be made
back to the Directors at the June
meeting."


Committeemen Feel
Sum Inadequate for
Needed Advertising

Action Follows Study of Ten-
tative Budget; Surplus
To Be Essential

The Clearing House assessment
for the coming season will be re-
duced to 2c per box through action
taken by the Board of Directors at
a meeting May 9 at the Clearing
House headquarters. The action
was taken on the strength of a re-
port presented the Board by the
Clearing House Fact Finding Com-
mittee selected some time ago by
the Board to investigate the matter
of retain.
The Fact Fnding Committee's re-
port, while recommending reduction
in the assessment, brought out the
point that in the opinion of the com-
mittee the interest of the industry
would be best served by a more ade-
quate fund for advertising than the
2c retain will permit. Official no-
tice of the Board's action has been
mailed to all members of the Clear-
ing House.
Subject of Discussion
The question as to what the Clear-
ing House retain should be for the
coming season has been made a mat-
ter of considerable discussion for
the past two months. The largest
member of the Association created
a committee early this spring which
was instructed to make a study of
the cost of operation of the Clearing
House. This survey committee twice
met with the Clearing House Fact
Finding Committee to discuss the
retain question.
The Clearing House Fact Finding
Committee also met with the Clear-
ing House shippers as well as with,
the Committee of Fifty, at each of
which meetings the matter of reduc-
ing the Clearing House retain was
discussed. It was frankly admitted
at these meetings that a radical re-
duction of the retain meant elimi-
nation in whole or nearly so of the
(Continued on Page Four)


Sec. 435%, P. L. & R.
U. S. Postage
Ic. Paid
Winter Haven, Fla.
Permit No. 11





Page 2 FLORIDA CLEARING



Good Work Appreciated

Letters continue to pour into the Clearing House from growers, the
northern trade and others directly or indirectly interested in Florida's
citrus industry, congratulating the organization upon its showing made
for the season just closed. Publication of the market analysis for the
season, showing how the Clearing House was most instrumental in ob-
taining better prices this season than last despite the terrific handicaps
confronting the state by quarantine regulations inspired many of the
letters.
A few of these letters commending the Association for the part it
played in this work were published in the April 25 issue of the News and
a few more are reprinted in this issue as follows:


Fort Ogden Citrus Growers'
Association
Fort Ogden, Fla.,
April 30th, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
I have watched with much inter-
est the carrying out of the policies
of the Florida Citrus Growers Clear-
ing House Association and I feel
that the fundamentals of the organ-
ization have been strictly adhered
to. The results have been more
than was expected as far as net re-
turns to growers is concerned. And
there are more benefits yet to come
when one considers the coming crop
outlook and what might happen
under old conditions.
These things were viewed in the
building of the organization by the
original Committee of Fifty (of
which I was a member) and the far-
sighted growers of citrus Florida
can look forward to prosperous
years if they will just hold on and
work with us. I say "us" for I am
a grower and also belong to a ship-
ping organization. I feel that we
are on the right road and going a
pretty good speed.
With best wishes, I am
Yours very truly,
(Signed) D. H. HUCKEBY.

American Fruit and Vegetable
Shippers Association
Chicago, Ill.,
April 23, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
This is a wonderful report; a
very fine record, and I rejoice with
you on the wonderful achievements.
It should be pleasing and satisfying
to your members.
The figures as to the auction
movement this year against same
period last year is a revelation and
were a surprise to me as they must
have been to many others. You
have more than justified the exist-
ence and value of the Clearing
House.
Yours very truly,
'(Signed) ED S. BRIGGS,
Manager-Secretary.

A Proven Success
Auburndale, Fla.,
April 29, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
In my opinion the Clearing Housd
is a .proven success even under the
two difficult seasons it has operated.


Without the Clearing House most of
the growers would have found them-
selves in debt for operating ex-
penses. In my opinion this is the
best move that has been made in
thirty years. When the organization
was first completed I frequently
said that the only thing I was afraid
of was that some growers would
expect too much. The fix we were
then in could not be revolutionized
over night. At that time no one
dreamed of the difficulties we have
since been faced with. So, I think
the organization has proven its
worth under the severest tests that
could have happened. I am with
you heart and soul. At this time I
have no suggestion to offer for im-
provement. As time goes on, no
doubt some changes will be found
necessary. If so, I am confident we
have men in control that are emi-
nently capable of handling any sit-
uation that may arise.
With best wishes I remain
Yours truly,
(Signed) J. W. ROLLINSON.

C. H. Robinson Company
Minneapolis, Minn.,
April 26th, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Your Clearing House surely had
one of the most difficult jobs possi-
ble. Under ordinary conditions it
would have been difficult but with
the fly restrictions, an equitable dis-
tribution must have been very dif-
ficult indeed. The shippers and
growers in the State of Florida, I
think, should commend your Asso-
ciation very highly for the record
you have made. We sincerely trust
that there will be no necessity for
restrictions the coming season.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) W. R. HEFLEY.

California Fruit Growers Exchange
Los Angeles, Calf.,
April 21, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Cleaning House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Thanks for yours of April 10th
enclosing "Comparative Analysis to
April 1st, 1930," which I have found
very interesting, and I appreciate
the opportunity of reading it. I
consider that the Florida Citrus
Growers Clearing House Association
have done an excellent piece of
work this season.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) DANA KING,
'Orange Sales Manager.


Canada Watching Us!
Royal Commission On Apple
Industry.
Windsor, N. S.
May 1, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Gentlemen:
There is at present a Royal Com-
mission investigating the Apple In-
dustry of Nova Scotia and numerous
references have been made to the
excellent work being done by the
Florida Citrus Clearing House.
The Royal Commission have ask-
ed me to request from you informa-
tion regarding the organization of
your company and its purposes in
respect to the Apple and Fruit In-
dustry of Florida. Would it be pos-
sible for you to let us have this in-
formation for our records?
I am sure that the Royal Com-
mission would appreciate your ef-
forts on their behalf in this regard.
Thanking you.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) Norman D. Blanchard,
Secretary.

Has Done Much Good
New York, N. Y.
May 2, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
While I am not active in the work-
ings of the citrus business, I can see
that the Clearing House Association
has done the industry a lot of good
and undoubtedly increased the re-
turns to its members very material-
ly, and I appreciate the work that
has been done.
As long as I am at all interested
in the growing of fruit I will be glad
to remain a member of the Associa-
tion and co-operate with it in every
way possible.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) E. C. MYRICK.

Value Seen In Facts
Pilling & Company, Inc.
Philadelphia, Pa.,
May 2, 1930.
Florida Citrus Grdwers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
The facts concerning this year's
operations are an evidence of the
value of the Clearing House. I fully
believe in the organization and hope
that the statistics now at your dis-
posal will enable you to secure co-
operation from growers who are not
members of the organization.
The great menace to concerted
action arises from the selfishness or
indifference of outside growers who
endeavor to obtain the benefits due
to our co-operation without them-
selves being subject to any regula-
tions.
I should think that the results ob-
tained during the past season would
offer a sufficient inducement to some
outsiders to co-operate both to their
advantage and ours. I should recom-
mend a diligent canvass among
growers who are not now members
of the Clearing House.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) W. S. PILLING.


National Clearing House
Odon, Ind.,
May 1, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
I believe the Clearing House is
the only thing that will save the
fruit industry in Florida, California
and Texas.
I would like to see a joint Clear-
ing House to represent all the citrus
states. Let Florida and California
both maintain their Clearing House
just as they have them now and
have a joint Clearing House to see
that the fruit is not doubled up too
much in any market and send ship-
ments as much as possible-to close
markets. That is, let Florida have.
the markets close to her and Cali-
fornia have those close to her and;
only ship a minimum amount to
those markets. In that way freight
charges could be held down.
I believe the time will come when
it is going to be necessary to do
away with a part of the groves that:
are coming in. If something is not
done then it will not pay to waste
money on a grove, while if we had
a joint organization to work out
those knots we could still make some
money.
Let the Clearing Houses in Flor-
ida and California continue as they
are now but have one over all as the
United States Government is over'
all, each state having its part to
play with the people, then the gen-
eral government over all.
My candid opinion is that if some-
thing of the kind is not done, when
all the groves come into bearing we
can't make anything. We need an
organization that can control the
amount of fruit raised if necessary.
Take Texas and some of the other
states that are raising grapefruit;
if something is not done it is only
a matter of time until it won't pay
overhead expenses. We must have
some organization that can control
the output.
A man-that would want to do.
away with the Clearing House is a
sap head that would fail at anything
you would put him at. You know
there is a class of farmers that plant
everything; they plant in the moon
and believe organization has noth-
ing to do with it but, thank fortune,
there are not many of them. The
time has come when the fruit busi-
ness in Florida is not worth the snap
of your finger if not managed by
some organization that can control
marketing in an orderly way and
see that markets are not glutted.
Rather than do that, it would be bet-
ter to allow a certain percent of the
fruit to remain on the trees. It
must be controlled or ruin stares
every fruit man in the state in the
face.
I am for the Clearing House first,
last and always, and am in favor of
having all the states that produce
citrus fruit combine for protection
of all, but let each state have its
own organization.
Hurrah For The Clearing House.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) A. A. LANE.
(Continued on Page Three)


May 10, 1630


B HOUSE NEWS





May 10, 1930


Amendments to Clearing House


By-Laws Approved by Growers,

Make Operations Efficient


Passage of three amendments to
the Clearing House Charter and By-
Laws, at the recent election by As-
sociation members, while not effect-
ing the fundamentals of operation,
"will help materially, for one thing
the completion of such important
matters that usually present them-
selves during the summer months.
The three amendments were merely
to simplify and effect economy in
'voting by mail; to change the date
,on which the Directors, the Operat-
ing Committee and Committee of
Fifty take up their respective duties
from the first Tuesday in July to the
first Tuesday in June.
Changing of the date on which
'the Board of Directors assumes of-
fice, that is on June 3 instead of
*July 1, will enable the new Board
to handle matters of importance be-
Sfore the customary summer vaca-
tions are begun. Confirmation or
selection of a General Manager, ap-
pointment of an Operating Commit-
'tee and the formation of various
Board committees as well as the
election of officers are among the
most important matters which con-
Sfront the new Clearing House Board.
In order that these matters may be
settled while all Board members are
in Florida it was thought wise to
make the date on which the new
,Board takes office a month earlier
than has been the custom in the
past.
No Opposition
There was of course no opposi-
tion to these amendments, the mem-
bers voting for them at the same
time they cast their ballot for the
.new Board of Directors. As a mat-
ter of fact, some of the growers,
feelingg probably that enough other
growers would vote to pass the
amendments, merely cast their bal-
lot 'for the Directors and did not
r send in their amendment ballot. Be-
cause of this, extra amendment bal-
,lots were mailed out to some of the
growers who had failed to vote on
'The By-Law changes so that there
would be no question of the grow-
ers' attitude toward the changes.
The three amendments voted on
and passed are as follows:
VOTING BY MAIL
Section 8 of Article III of By-Laws
Section 8. Prior to any annual
or special meeting of the Associa-
Stion and/or any election of officers
of the Association, the Board of
Directors may authorize and direct
an officer of the Association to pre-
'pare ballots upon the principal ques-
tions to be voted upon at such meet-
ing and/or ballots showing the nom-
inees for the various offices to be
Filled at such election. The officer
shall thereupon mail to each mem-
ber, not less than ten days prior to
the date of such meeting and/or


such election, with a notice of the
meeting and/or the election, one
ballot and a voting envelope. Any
member who does not expect to be
personally present at said meeting
and/or said election may cast his
ballot by mail by sealing his vote
or ballot in an envelope with a re-
quest over his signature to the Sec-
retary that this envelope be dropped
into the ballot box along with the
votes cast by members present in
person. The Secretary shall read
the signed request and shall then
place the voting envelope, unopen-
ed, in the ballot box. Any vote so
cast shall be counted as if the mem-
ber were present and voting in per-
son.
DISTRICTS
Section 2 of Article IV
Section 2. The incorporating
Board of Directors shall divide the
territory in which the Association
operates into seven districts and
shall make known the territory in
each district. On the first Tuesday
ii: April, 1929, at an hour and place
to be designated by the Board of
Directors, the members of the As-
sociation residing in each district
shall elect a director therefrom and
vote for four directors-at-large. The
combined vote of the seven districts
shall be tabulated and counted to
determine the election of the four
directors-at-large. The seven incor-
porating directors and the four di-
rectors-at-large, as provided for
herein, shall serve until July 1,
1929. Thereafter the directors
herein provided for, as'well as the
members of the Directors' Advisory
Committee, shall assume the duties
of their respective offices on the first
day of June following their election.
The election for directors shall be
held on the first Tuesday of April of
each year. Following the election
provided for herein on the first
Tuesday in April, 1929, and after
all subsequent elections, a president
and one or more vice presidents shall
be elected from among the Board of
Directors. The President of the As-
sociation, as elected by the seven
Incorporating Directors, shall serve
until July 1, 1929.
The members of the Directors'
Advisory Committee of Growers in
each district shall place in nomina-
tion three growers residing in said
district, to be voted upon as a direc-
tor of said Association; and all the
members of the Directors' Advisory
Committee of Growers from all the
districts combined shall place in
nomination eight men to be voted
on for the election of four directors-
at-large of the Association. All such
names for nomination by the Direc-
tors' Advisory Committee shall be
filed with the Secretary of the As-
sociation at least twenty days be-


FLORIDA CLEARING


r HOUSE NEWS
fore the date of any election; The
Secretary of the Assodiation shall
notify members of the Directors'
Advisory Committee at least thirty
days before the date of any election
to place in nomination the names
of the growers for election to said
board. In addition to the above
method of nominating, seventy-five
growers in any district may nomi-
nate any grower or growers by fil-
ing a petition with the Board of Di-
rectors at least twelve days prior to
the date of any annual election; and,
likewise, three hundred growers
may place in nomination the name
of any grower or growers to be vot-
ed upon for directors-at-large by
filing a petition therefore twelve days
before the date of any election.
OPERATING COMMITTEE
Section 2 of Article VII
Section 2. There shall be consti-
tuted an Operating Committee of
not less than seven nor more than
thirteen, each of whom must be a
representative of a marketing
agency and/or shipper who has en-
tered into a Shippers Contract with
the Association. The Operating
Committee shall be nominated by
Marketing Agencies and/or ship-
pers who have entered into Shippers
Contracts with the Association, but
shall be approved and appointed by
the Board of Directors of the Asso-
ciation. The Operating Committee
shall have authority to determine
and direct the marketing plans and
policies of the Association, provid-
ed such plans and policies are in
keeping with the purposes of the As-
sociation, and that such plans and
policies are within and conform to
all of the provisions of the Charter
and By-Laws of the Association.
The Operating Committee shall have
authority to nominate members of a
smaller committee of not less than
three from within its own body for
the purpose of handling details and
said sub-committee may have the
authority of the full committee
when a majority of the full com-
mittee is not present and acting.
Such sub-committee shall be ap-
proved and appointed by the Board
of Directors of the Association.
Such Operating Committee and Sub-
committee thereof shall be nomi-
nated annually between the election
of directors on the first Tuesday in
April of each year, and the first of
June following, and shall be ap-
proved and appointed by the incom-
ing Board of Directors as .soon as
possible after said June 1st.


GOOD WORK APPRECIATED
(Continued from Page Two)
Sarasota, Fla.,
May 10th, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
I feel that the Clearing House
has done a good deal for us and we
ought not to expect too much in so
short a time. I have attended sev-
eral meetings this last year in dif-
ferent locations and feel if we would


only all pull together we might get
somewhere. We have a lot of grow-
ers in this neighborhood that al-
ways have a chip on their shoulder
and suppose it is so all over. I hear
that we will lose several packers if
you do not cut expenses, especially
advertising. As for me I believe in
it but if it could be shaded so we
would not have to lose members
then when we get stronger we can
be more independent. I know if we
can't accomplish some things I will
have two groves to sell.
Sincerely,


(Signed)


E. H. BURCH.


Florida Phosphate Mining
Corporation
Bartow, Fla.,
May 3, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
I think that the Clearing House
has done a great service for the
growers during the past season and
I think should continue the good
work.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) A. A. McLEOD.

Deserves Great Credit
Cincinnati, 0.,
May 2, 1930,
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Your Association has functioned
well, in fact much better than I ex-
pected, and deserves the greatest
credit for what it has accomplished
during the past season under the
most trying circumstances.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) CARL MEYER.

Pine Island Groves Company
Fort Myers, Fla.,
May 11, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
There is no question but what the
leading growers of this locality are
100 percent for the Clearing House
and that the large groves will- be
thoroughly cleaned up and some way
will be found to get after the
smaller growers.
As regards the Clearing House
and what it has accomplished, I
think it has done wonders when
thought is given to the difficulties it
has had to contend with. It is no
easy matter to bring the shipper and
grower together and get them to
work for the best interests of the
Florida citrus industry. If that can
be done and the organization con-
trol 80% to 90% of the season's
output, both will make money and
be satisfied. Whether this will be
possible is doubtful. It seems im-
possible for the growers as a whole
or the shippers as a whole to be able
to agree on any one thing. I am in
hopes, however, that if we can keep
the Association running, in time it
will be proven to the most skeptical
that only by co-operation and or-
ganization can results be had which
will take the raising of citrus fruits


Pave


Pano 3






FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


out of the hazardous class where it
now is.
This past season, as far as I know,
is the first time that we have had a
grower's instead of a buyer's mar-
ket, entirely due to the orderly dis-
tribution of the crop. If we can keep
it a grower's market, it stands to
reason that the grower will get bet-
ter returns.
The next in importance is I think
a strong advertising campaign. I
am firmly of the opinion that we
can increase consumption to any ex-
tent, only by intelligently and wide-
ly advertising our product. I am
very much in favor of a retain
of not less than 4 cents a box for
the coming season and all of the
growers in this vicinity that I have
talked to are also in favor of it.
I understand that the Exchange
and one or more of the independents
are endeavoring to cut this retain to
as low as one cent and do away with
advertising. I believe if they have
sufficient influence to bring this
about that it will mean the finish of
the Association. There is no use in
having an organization that can
only function fifteen or twenty per-
cent. As I understand it also, if the
retain is made much less than 4
cents, it will make it impossible for
the Association to maintain its in-
spection force. This will be a great
mistake as you cannot leave it to
the packing house manager to keep
the pack up to standard at all times.
The Med-fly has also brought
about another problem to the grow-
er and the industry and only by an
organization such as the Clearing
House can it be handled to the best
advantage in helping to secure nec-
essary funds for its eradication and
in getting co-operation of growers
and the public in general.
In a brief way this is my idea of
the Clearing House. If I can do any-
thing to bring about the results that
we look for, please command me.
Sincerely yours,
(Signed) W. G. MASTERS.

CITRUS INDUSTRY FACES
FOREIGN COMPETITION
The American citrus fruit indus-
try is confronted with increasing
competition in foreign markets from
foreign producing countries in which
production is being stimulated by
the steadily growing world demand
for oranges and grapefruit, accord-
ing to the Bureau of Agricultural
Economics, United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture.
"Outstanding points in the world
citrus fruit situation," the bureau
says, "are increasing production of
oranges and grapefruit, with recent
new plantings and large non-bearing
acreages in a number of countries
pointing to continued future expan-
sion; an upward trend in consump-
tion of both oranges and grapefruit,
particularly grapefruit, in the
United States and the principal im-
porting countries, and an apparently
fairly stable lemon production situa-
tion, at a level, however, that neces-
sitates the use of a considerable pro-
portion in the manufacture of by-
poeducts."


Wait Until You Can

Find Rust Mites To

Begin Control Work

Russeted citrus will sell for about
fifty cents to a dollar less than
bright fruit. This extra loss should
be charged up to Rustmites; they
are one of the primary causes of
unattractive and thus low quality
fruit, according to J. R. Watson,
entomologist with the Florida Ex-
periment Station.
They will attack the fruit about
the time oil glands develop, he said.
This will mean about June before
they will damage oranges, but they
are probably already on grapefruit.
They are more apt to be abundant
in hot, dry weather. Rustmites will
cause smaller fruit, that is more sus-
ceptible to diseases as well as un-
attractive, he explained.
It has not proven practical to do
anything toward controlling rust-
mites until they appear on the fruit.
Many growers spray or dust every
few weeks through the entire sea-
son, but this is doubtless a wasteful
procedure, he said.
Sulphur used either as a dust or
spray is the standard rustmite rem-
edy, and he advised the following
procedure: Take a hand magnifying
glass, one that will magnify about
10 times, and inspect different parts
of the grove. If rustmites are pres-
ent on the fruit in any considerable
numbers either a lime sulphur spray
or a flowers of sulphur dust should
be applied. The dusting will prob-
ably be more effective if not fol-
lowed by rain within three days.
The lime sulphur spray will stick
better, but may not give as good
coverage. The chief advantage of
dust, he stated, is the rapidity with
which it can be put on. Ten acres
can be dusted in the time ordinarily
necessary to spray one; thus dust-
ing is usually cheaper. On the other
hand the grower will probably have
a spray outfit for controlling scale
and whitefly, in which case the small
grove owner would not be justified
in buying a power duster, when-the
work can be done with the spray
machine.
A good cover crop will render the
grove less liable to rustmite injury,
doubtless by encouraging the growth
of parasitic fungus, he concluded.

CLEARING HOUSE RETAIN
SET AT 2c BY BOARD
(Continued from Page One)
Clearing House Association's adver-
tising and standardization program.
A thorough discussion of the need
for advertising and standardization
was entered into at the Directors'
meeting May 9, not only by mem-
bers of both the old and new Board
but by the members of the Fact
Finding Committee and several
members of the Committee of Fifty


present at the session. Members of
the Board who favored acceptance
of the Fact Finding Committee's
recommendation (that is, those fav-
oring reduction of the Clearing
House retain) stated their reasons
in the main as being that they were
informed the majority of the grow-
er members of the Clearing House
would withdraw from the Associa-
tion if the present retain of 4c per
box is not reduced. Those who ad-
vocated maintenance of the present
4c retain advanced the point that
advertising and standardization, as
two of the Clearing House Associa-
tion's fundamental objectives,
should not be eliminated or even
hampered at this time, because of
the difficulties ahead of the industry
reflected in indications of a heavy
crop for 1930-31.
Study Tentative Budget
A rough estimate of what the
Clearing House revenue will be dur-
ing the coming season, based upon
a 2c retain, which is expected to
earn about $300,000, plus the sur-
plus of about $150,000 the Clearing
House will have at the end of the
current season, was presented to the
Directors by General Manager Pratt.
Following a discussion of this ten-
tative budget, the Directors took
their action on the retain, making
it clear that by so doing "the Asso-
ciation will be able to keep its entire
present membership and increase
both its membership and tonnage."
Study of the tentative budget re-
sulted in a rather full consideration
of the effect reduction in the re-
tain will have on the Clearing House
Association's objectives. It was gen-
erally felt that the inspection or
standardization program must be
continued on a basis equal to that
which it has had during the past
two seasons. From this viewpoint it
was brought out that if standardi-
zation control of distribution, inter-
change of price information, hand-
ling of industry problems connected
with the quarantine regulations and
meeting legal emergencies affecting
the industry are maintained that the
advertising would be the only fea-
ture of the Association which may
suffer any curtailment. Clearing
House shippers at their meeting dur-
ing the evening following the
Board's meeting passed a resolution
urgently requesting the Directors to
maintain the standardization pro-
gram, although the Directors' action
earlier in the day had not been
given official announcement.
The recommendation of the Fact
Finding Committee to the Board
presented by the Chairman, R. B.
Woolfolk, was signed also by Messrs.
W. H. Mouser, A. R. Trafford and
J. C. Morton. E. E. Truskett, the
fifth member of the Fact Finding
Committee who was forced to be ab-
sent from the Directors' meeting,
presented his report by mail. The
Fact Finding Committee's resolution
reads as follows:
May 5, 1930.
"In view of the fact that the
committee of the largest shipper
member of the Clearing House
has made recommendation that


the Clearing House be made to
operate on one-half of Ic per box
for the coming season, and that
certain other shippers have ex-
pressed themselves as not being
willing to go along on a per box
assessment in excess of 2c per .
box, therefore we, this commit-
tee, recommend to the Board of
Directors that in the best inter-
ests of a larger Clearing House,
the assessment for the coming
season be 2c per box, but that the
committee feels, in view of the
large crop of fruit in evidence of
this date, that the interests of the
industry would be best served by
a more adequate fund for adver-
tising."
The Board's resolution accepting
the Fact Finding Committee's rec-'
ommendation is as follows:
"MOVED that we accept the res-
olution of the Fact Finding Com-
mittee and set a retain of 2c per
box for the season of 1930-31, with
the following resolution explaining
our action:
"WHEREAS the special Fact
Finding Committee has submitted'
a report that is in their judgment to
the best interest of this Association,
that the retain for the ensuing year
be fixed at 2c per box, and
"WHEREAS a review of the
financial condition of the Associa-
tion at the present time reveals the
probability that the Association will'
close its fiscal year on June 30 with
a carry-over cash balance of not less
than $150,000, and
"WHEREAS we confidently be-
lieve and expect, on a retain of 2c
per box, that the Association will
be able to keep its entire present
membership and increase both its
membership and tonnage, with an
expected income from a 2c retain
during the next marketing season of
not less than $300,000, and
"WHEREAS in our judgment
this will produce sufficient revenue
to carry on all of the activities of
the Association as now contem-
plated,
"THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLV-
ED, that in reducing the retain to
2c a box it is done with the purpose
of effecting certain economies of
administration, with the hope of in-
creasing its membership, and with-
out any intention on the part of the
Board of Directors of abandoning
any of the activities for which the
Association exists."
It was then moved that a copy of
this resolution be mailed to each
grower-member of the Association.
Other business considered by the
Directors included instructions that
a committee comprised of Messrs.
Woolfolk, Chase and Gentile con-
tinue negotiations begun some time
ago to obtain the services for the
Clearing House of an entomologist
to serve in the present fruit fly
emergency; the matter of a crop es-
timate and the presentation by
Chairman J. C. Morton of the Com-.
mittee of Fifty of a resolution pass-
ed by that group recommending that
the Board of Directors retain the
present Manager in office during the
coming year.


May 10, 1930


Page 4





May 10, 1930

CONGRESSMAN WOOD
CONSENTS TO $1,740,000
FUND FOR FIGHT ON FLY
(Continued from Page One)
CHANCES if you want to live
profitably as a grower and citizen.
"Get That Fly!"
While no definite plans as to how
the campaign will be carried on
have been announced from Wash-
ington, it is quite likely that the
Fruit Fly Board's first duties will
Sbe to start active search for the fly
itself. Inspection was halted March
26, when funds gave out. Since
that date the flies, if any there be of
course, have had free license to
breed and travel as they saw fit.
SHence it is that, while clean-up work
will be pushed and encouraged to
the limit, it is quite likely that ac-
tual search for the fly also will be
started.
Leading up to the appropriation
have been many interesting episodes,
some of the most recent being a res-
Solution from the Committee of Fifty
which was interpretated by Acting
Secretary Dunlap and Wood as indi-
cated in the following correspond-
ence.
Possibly the earnest, sharp answer
to Wood by Mr. "Scotch," Chair-
man of the Committee of Fifty,
would be modified today as this goes
Sto press in the light of the agree-
ment reached but it all had its ef-
fect and is given as bearing on the
final decision which will doubtless
be ratified immediately by Congress.
The Committee of Fifty resolu-
tion under the discussion following
reads:
"In view of the fact that the time
of discovery, the last finding to-
gether with the progress of eradica-
tion of the Mediterranean fruit fly
is in fact now and has been plainly
before every branch of the Depart-
ment of Agriculture, the State Plant
Board, and the forces in the eradi-
cation work; and, that if it exists at
all, its spread is slow and not dan-
gerous; and, since the rigid quaran-
tine regulations which have cost the
main industry of the state many
millions in money and have given
the citrus industry much adverse
publicity, and need for which no
longer exists, we, the Committee of
Fifty representing ten thousand cit-
rus growers of Florida pray and
petition-
"FIRST-That the United States
Congress make the necessary appro-
priation to carry on inspection and
eradication work to the extent that
quarantine regulations as they now
exist may be entirely removed be-
fore our 1930-1931 shipping season.
"SECOND-Should it appear that
certain quarantines should exist, we
pray and petition that all citrus
Florida be re-districted, making
zones one and two as small as prac-
ticable thereby giving the widest
possible access to all markets of
North America and foreign coun-
tries without sterilization or pro-
cessing.
"THIRD-We pray and petition
and believe that. Zone Three, where


FLORIDA CLEARING

the fly has never been found, never
existed, and is as free from the fly
or even a suspicion of it as any
state in the Union, should be allow-
ed the free use of all and any mar-
kets without sterilization or pro-
cessing.
"With thanks to the Department
of Agriculture, the Plant Board, and
any and all who have so ably assist-
ed us; and, firmly believing that the
above resolution will endanger no
state, territory or country; and, that
the success if not the existence of
the citrus industry depends on these
or similar quarantine modifications,
we offer this resolution and ask that
copies be mailed under registered
regulations to Secretary Hyde,
Chairman O'Kane and the State
Plant Board."

Acting Secretary Department of
Agriculture letter stated:
Department of Agriculture
Washington, D. C.
May 3, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Contrary to the statement in the
first paragraph of the resolution,
the facts relative to the real situa-
tion with respect to the Mediterran-
ean fruit fly are not now plainly be-
fore the Department since shortage
of funds compelled us more than a
month ago to dismiss our field in-
spection force, thus leaving us more
or less in complete ignorance of
such conditions of infestation as
may exist. In view of our lack of
knowledge of wherein infestations
may exist, particularly in the eradi-
cation area, we are not in a posi-
tion to modify the quarantine, and
the need for the existing quarantine
regulations is just as great as it ever
has been. Until we are provided
with facilities for making the neces-
sary inspections in the State of Flor-
ida, both inside and outside of the
eradication area, we shall be unable
to make any changes in the so-called
Zone Two and Zone Three boun-
daries.
I regret that I am not able to
reply to the resolution of the Grow-
ers' Advisory Committee in a more
hopeful tone, but circumstances
over which the Department has had
no control have compelled me to
reply as I have.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) R. W. DUNLAP,
Acting Secretary.

MR. WOOD'S REPLY
Mr. Wood's reply with words
usual, bantering or skepticism reads:
House of Representatives,
Committee -On Appropriations.
Washington, D. C.,
April 29th, 1930.
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
I am in receipt of your letter of
April 24th, in which you enclosed
copy of resolution adopted by the
Growers Advisory Committee of
Fifty on April 17th, all of which I
have read with a great deal of in-


) HOUSE NEWS

terest, and in reply permit me to
say that I hope you sent a copy of
this resolution to the Secretary of
Agriculture.
I think nearly every one is now
convinced that there is no occasion
for the further maintenance of the
quarantine in Florida except the
Agricultural Department. I am
gratified that the people of Florida
are now realizing what a farce this
whole thing has been and how need-
less was the expenditure of Federal
money and the destruction of the
property of the growers of Florida.
Be assured that I will do all I can to
bring about the relief to which you
are entitled.
With very great respect, I am
Yours very truly,
(Signed) WILL R. WOOD,,
Chairman.

James C. Morton as head of the
Committee of Fifty, felt there should
be nothing taken for granted and
shot the following letter to Mr.
Wood which cannot be interpreted
in any uncertain manner:
A Reply To A Reply
Winter Haven, Fla.,
May 5, 1930.
Honorable Will R. Wood,
Chairman, Appropriations
Committee, House of
Representatives,
Washington, D. C.
Dear Mr. Wood:
The Assistant Secretary of the
Clearing House passed on to me
your letter of April 29.
A copy of the resolution passed
by our Committee of Fifty was sent
to Secretary Hyde, Chairman
O'Kane and the State Plant Board
as well as to you.
Will you pardon a Scotchman's
abruptness in what follows?
There is only one way to success-
fully meet our fly problem in Flor-
ida and that is to demonstrate that
our condition is such that the De-
partment of Agriculture is war-
ranted in lifting the quarantine. We
have too high respect for the De-
partment of Agriculture to believe
that their decision as to our status
will be based on anything else than
a most thorough and searching in-
vestigation. They are not the sort
of men who would be a party to a
farce, because funds are cut off
where they cannot finish their job.
You will notice that we asked
that the necessary appropriation for
eradication work, as well as inspec-
tion, be granted. It is the time of
year when the Mediterranean fly
will propagate most rapidly. Our
industry was forced to stop ship-
ping on April 15 for the very pur-
pose of starving out the fly and yet
after making that sacrifice, due to
continued inaction in Washington,
we are about to lose the ground
gained with victory right within our
reach. If there ever was a time
when Florida was entitled to imme-
diate relief it is now. That relief
can come only by completing the
job of eradication and satisfying, in
a most thorough manner, the De-
partment of Agriculture that the
job has actually been completed.


Pagre 5


Without an adequate appropria-
tion to finish the job there will be
no question but what there has been
a colossal waste of money. A ter-
rific hardship to the growers of Flor-
ida will be brought about simply be-
cause of failure of those in Wash-
ington to act quickly.
There are today thousands of host
fruits on wild sour orange trees in
abandoned citrus properties, or sub-
divisions, wild and tame guavas al-
ready starting to ripen, surinam
cherries, citrus fruit around houses
belonging to absentee owners and
no funds to force the clean up and
no way to meet this danger. This is
in marked contrast to last year when
all the public were thoroughly
aroused as well as thousands of in-
spectors actively seeing that the
cleanup was thorough. On top of
this poison spraying was general.
Speaking frankly, the position
you are taking of opposing what the
Department of Agriculture consid-
ers absolutely essential for eradica-
tion and inspection work may not
only make a fizzle of the wonderful
progress so far made but may also
create conditions in Florida worse
than a year ago. Florida will be
forced to make a sacrifice that is
extremely unjust to its people, and
particularly the citrus growers of
Florida. When we discover the mis-
take that has been made it will be
too late to remedy.
At the fruit fly hearing we be-
lieved that you were open-minded
and that you and your committee
were leaving for Washington with a
very different viewpoint than that
which you had when you came to
Orlando. But instead of this prov-
ing to be true the whole thing seems
controversial and personal.
Unless funds are immediately
made available for cleanup and erad-
ication work Florida will be facing
this coming season a big crop, with
a big orange crop also in California,
and far more severe quarantine re-
strictions than we had for the sea-
son just closed. This will be noth-
ing short of a tragedy.
During this time a year ago Flor-
ida was going to the extreme, under
Federal supervision, in eliminating
every host fruit and in spraying.
Starvation and poisoning was being
systematically and most effectively
carried out.
Today because of your oppositionr
and the opposition of others this
program is at a standstill at a time
when all of us know the Mediter-
ranean fly will propagate most rap-
idly. Our plight seems to be treat-
ed as a joke.
Where is there any justice in
damning Florida to such fate when
you have it within your own power
to immediately make available the
necessary funds for eradication pur-
poses?
As Chairman of the Committee of
Fifty, whose committee members
are close to our seven thousand
grower-members of the Clearing
House, I wish to appeal to you not
only for our grower-members (who
represent 80% of the industry), but
for all citrus growers in the state. I
beg that you no longer stand in the


Page






FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


way of whatever steps may be nec- ficers, to finally pronounce our free-
essary to successfully complete the dom from the fly after proper steps
eradication of the Mediterranean of eradication have first been made
fly and permit the Department of to be followed by final and thorough
Agriculture, through its proper of- inspection.


We respectfully beg for your
most valuable assistance.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) J. C. MORTON,
Chairman Committee of Fifty.


Carlot Citrus Destinations for 1929-30 and 1928-29


(The following destination figures, whibh while
not accurate as a whole, and represent about 2,800
fewer cars than were actually shipped during the sea-
son just ended, will give a very good idea as to how
the quarantine restrictions effected our movement this
season as compared with the movement last year. The
figures were compiled principally from information
contained in the daily market reports issued by the
joint Federal and State marketing service which had
its headquarters at Winter Haven, under the direction


ORANGES


1929-30 1928-29
Connecticut ----- 442 553
Delaware .---...----- 46 15
Maine 57 74
Maryland -_- --- 836 1,192
Massachusetts -- 1,220 1,703
New Hampshire -_ 6 19
New Jersey__.---- 214 161
New York.__-- 4,893 6,578
Pennsylvania ---- 2,763 4,332
Rhode Island 163 273
Vermont --.---- 25 26

TOTALS -----.----- 10,665 14,926


ORANGES


1929-30 1928-29
Colorado ---- -- --
Dist. of Columbia 386 536
Illinois --- 763 1,139
Indiana ----- -- 264 392
Iowa -- 12 12
Kansas -- 4 11
Kentucky -------- 365 501
Michigan --- 272 315
Minnesota .--....... 43 19
Missouri .1------- 153 299
Montana .-----.- 3 2
Nebraska -------- 3 6
North Dakota-. -
Ohio --- ------ 816 1,339
South Dakota-.. 2 2
Virginia ----------- 567 1,090
West Virginia.--- 78 144
Wicpnsin -- .42 39
Wyoming --- -
Canada -- 125 90

TOTALS ...--- 3,898 5,936


Alabama ..---.--
Arkanas _--__-----
Georgia _- --
Louisiana .----.--
Mississippi ------
Nevada -------
New Mexico ..----
North Carolina .-
Oklahoma -----
Oregon -----_
Sbuth Carolina .--
Tennessee .._---.--
Texas ------------
Utah ------
Washington -----


ORANGES


1929-30
288
9
357*
96
106

317

189
306


of H. F. Willson. The difference between the total
carlot shipments (39,235 cars) and the total destina-
tions shown is largely because the office is not open
during all of the shipping season. This past season
the office opened Oct. 17 and closed April 19, and in
1928-29, the office opened Nov. 13 and closed May 25.
The destinations have been grouped into the three
quarantine districts, that is, the northeastern states,
the middle-western states and the southern embargoed
states).


NORTHEASTERN STATES
GRAPEFRUIT TANGERINES


1929-30
221
23
53
555
S752

226
3,257
1,734
63
19

6,903


1928-29 1929-30
281 18
5 -
77
437 37
863 55

79 -
4,373 359
1,685 183
94 11
17 -

7,911 663


MIXED


1928-29 1929-30
33 126
8
3 25
127 329
137 584
6
25
572 2,090
430 1,279
16 90
13

1,318 4,575


MIDDLE-WESTERN STATES
GRAPEFRUIT TANGERINES


1929-30
65
395
1,124
188
62
23
339
452
142
373
26
59
4
788
8
369
36
83
9
256

4,801


1928-29 1929-30
142 -
272 15
1,445 37
359 3
172 -
77 -
165 8
851 16
206 -
559 2
44 -
149 -
10 -
1,186 39
16 -
626 5
54 -
139 1
14 -
412 2

6,898 128


1928-29

20
121
8

5
56
2
9


150

50
2
2

5

430


SOUTHERN STATES
GRAPEFRUIT TANGERINES


1928-29
867
20
983*
334
166

819
2

698
1,142
112


143
005


1929-30 1928-29 1929-30
51 234 1
1 31 -
72* 325* -
27 105 -
5 20 -
2 -
57 148 -
6 75 -
9 64 -
57 266 -
89 489 1
86 -
14 46 -
21 140 -

409 2,034 2
12,113 16,843 793


1928-29
2

8
7


10

34
13



74
1,822


TOTAL


1928-29
140
17
30
290
526
16
30
1,656
845
91
26

3,667


MIXED


1929-30
4
53
481
88
8
14
166
189
14
78

3
2
344
3
322
85
22

89

1,965


MIXED


1929-30
132
1
117*
32
59

154


103
128

1

727
7,267


1929-30
807
77
135
1,757
2,611
12
465
10,599
5,959
327
57

22,806


1928-29
1,007
37
184
2,046
3,229
35
270
13,179
7,292
474
69

27,822


TOTAL


1928-29
10
70
431
130
13
8
169
130
26
78
8
7
1
474
1
443
135
23
1
60

2,218


1928-29
386
35
377*
99
189
1
2
506
4
5
381
420
36
1
3

2,445
8,330


1929-30
69
849
2,405
543
82
41
878
929
199
606
29
65
6
1,987
13
1,263
199
148
9
472

10,792


TOTAL


1929-30
472
11
546
155
170

528
6
9
349
524
14
22

2,806


1928-29
152
898
3,136
889
197
96
840
1,352
253
945
54
162
11
3,149
19
2,209
335
203
15
567

15,482


1928-29
1,489
86
1,693
545
375
4
4
1,483
81
69
1,379
2,064
234
47
143

9,696


36,404 53,000


Canned Grapefruit

Market Abroad Fast

Becoming Important

Figures recently compiled by the
Florida office of the United States
Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce at Jacksonville from cus-
toms records furnish additional
proof of the generally recognized
fact that consumers of fresh citrus
fruits also take readily to the
canned product.
Despite the small citrus crop in
Florida during the 1929-30 season,
and the lack of small sizes adaptable
for export, nearly 700,000 cases of
fresh grapefruit, most of which
originated in Florida, were placed
in United Kingdom markets from
the United States during the calen-
dar year 1929. There is reason to
believe that had Florida grapefruit
production been any where near
normal during that period well over
a million boxes of this fruit would
have been taken by the British pub-
lic. And although the small quan-
tity of fruit produced during the
period under consideration also lim-
ited the canned grapefruit pack, ap-
proximately 92,500 cases were ship-
ped to the United Kingdom, and in
a number of instances orders origi-
nating abroad could not be accepted
by the canneries because of lack of
fruit.
Of a total of 61,550 cases ship-
ped abroad during 1929 from Flor-
ida ports, 38,318 went from Jack-
sonville and 23,232 from Tampa.
The remainder was cleared through
New York and Philadelphia. Florida
canned grapefruit is being imported
at the present time into the follow-
ing countries: United Kingdom,
Canada, Germany, The Netherlands,
Sweden and Australia. That pres-
ent foreign markets will be expand-
ed and additional markets opened
in the near future seems to be a
foregone conclusion, judging by the
number of requests being received
by the Department of Commerce
through its foreign representatives
from concerns in many foreign
countries who are interested in pur-
chasing canned grapefruit or acting
as distributors on an agency ar-
rangement for manufacturers of
this product.

EFFECTIVE CAMPAIGN
The Florida Clearing House Asso-
ciation is broadcasting the goodness
and wholesomeness of Florida or-
anges and grapefruit in the rota-
gravue section of some of the larg-
est daily papers in the north and
east. One of these ads. recently ap-
pearing in the Pittsburgh Sun-Tele-
graph, is an artistic creation, the
equal of anything in the advertising
line we have seen recently. If the
Association keeps up the campaign
on the scale it has started the future
of the Florida citrus industry is as-
sured.-Ocala Star.


TOTALS .---...... 1,668 5,
GRAND TOTAL 16,231 26,1
-* Does not include Savannah.


May 10, 1930


Page 6


Page 6






May 10, 1930 FLORIDA CLEARING ~ HOUSE NEWS Page '7


This Is a Critical

Period for Cover

Crop, Says DeBusk

From May 1 to the beginning of
the rainy season, is usually a criti-
cal period with the native cover
crops, according to E. F. DeBusk,
extension citrus pathologist-ento-
mologist. When the seed begin to
Come up cultivation should be stop-
ped. The cover crop is the im-
portant thing and not the cultiva-
tion, he explained. If a few seed
are planted they should be planted
in narrow strips through the grove.
If the entire grove is covered 10 to
15 pounds per acre will be needed.
Groves that have been receiving
Bordeaux-oil for melanose should
have an application of oil emulsion
about the middle of June for scale.
June is preferable for this applica-
tion, since it seems to give a better
kill with less burning, DeBusk
stated.
The heavy dropping of fruit now
is possibly due to scale and mela-
nose, along with heavy rains and
sometimes too deep cultivation. The
feed roots are near the surface, due
to the rainy season, and deep culti-
vation causes serious root pruning,
.,he concluded.


Netherlands Offers

Chance for Sale of

S Florida Grapefruit

The Florida office of the United
States Bureau of Foreign and Do-
mestic Commerce has just been in-
formed by its Washington office of
a report from G. E. Luebben, Amer-
ican Citrus Trade Commissioner, in-
-dicating that opportunities exist for
the sale of grapefruit in Paris
!'(France) and The Netherlands.
The Citrus Trade Commissioner
states that Paris demands and pays
a premium for certain brands of
United States grapefruit. He says
that it is imperative that new brands
entering this market should be of
top quality, with sizes 54 to 64
fruit to the box preferred at this
time.
Principal consumption of grape-
fruit in Paris is by the 25,000 resi-
dent Americans, while a limited
,consumption exists among some 15,-
000 Britishers, and from 200,000
,,to 250,000 estimated American
tourists. Grapefruit importation in
Paris at present is in the hands of a
Sfew concerns buying from England,
Belgium and The Netherlands. Be-
cause of such restricted distribu-
,tion, only a few brands of grape-
fruit have become well known.
Dutch Offer Market
Mr. Luebben reports of an inter-
Sview with a fresh fruit importer in
Rotterdam (The Netherlands), who
informed him that while probably
not thirty percent of the residents
Pof the Netherlands are familiar with


grapefruit, a wider acquaintance
with this fruit and consequent in-
creased consumption could be ob-
tained through an advertising cam-
paign to educate the Dutch people
to the healthful qualities, and va-
rious uses of our grapefruit. Mr.
Luebben feels that in view of the
conservative nature of the Dutch
people, careful attention should be
paid to the form of advertising used,
and recommends that prices should
be made as low as possible to en-
courage wider consumption of the
fruit. He also suggests free dis-
tribution of grapefruit to various
hospitals for health experimental
purposes as well as some of the bet-
ter known fruit shops. Articles
should be secured from physicians,
emphasizing the healthful qualities
of grapefruit in various magazines
and newspapers.

FRENCH RAILWAY HEADS
TO STUDY OUR CITRUS
Three officials of one of the great
railways of France are coming to
the United States next month to
look into the fruit industry of the
country, the State Department of
Agriculture has been advised by J.
H. Dickinson, general agent at New
York for the International Wagons-
Lits Company, a railway organiza-
tion. The three officials will study
the fruit industry from preparation
of the soil to shipment of the pro-
duct. Dickinson asked for all infor-
mation on the subject in advance of
their coming.
The French Department of Agri-
culture is now engaged in a com-
parative study of the laws, regula-
tions and recommendations of for-
eign states governing standards of
grading, packing and certification of
fruits and vegetables, and the Flor-
ida Department of Agriculture has
been asked for assistance. The aid
was requested by W. Garreau Dom-
basle, commercial attache of the
French embassy at Washington who
has written Florida officials for all
information on the subject.

PORTO RICO GRAPEFRUIT
SHIPMENTS TO U. S. HEAVY
According to a cable from Trade
Commissioner J. R. McKey, at San
Juan, Porto Rico, to the Department
of Commerce, shipments of fruits
during the week ending April 19 to
the United States continued to be
large, amounting to 41,500 boxes
of grapefruit, 49,400 crates of pine-
apples and 2,800 boxes of oranges.
Shipments of fruits from April 1
to 21 totaled 131,000 boxes of
grapefruit, 82,000 crates of pineap-
ples, and 11,000 boxes of oranges.
It is estimated that the remainder
of the present grapefruit crop runs
around 300,000 boxes, and the re-
mainder of the pineapple crop will
run around 350,000 boxes.

ELIMINATION OF MISINFOR-
MATION. No longer can a buyer
or agent wire deceptive information
to our shippers and get the cut
prices hoped for. The deception be-
comes self-evident under our Clear-
ing House plan.


U. S. Commerce Body

Adds Influence In

Fight on Fly Rules

The United States Chamber of
Commerce has thrown its weight
into Florida's fight for completion
of the fruit fly quarantine situa-
tion. A resolution, passed at the
eighteenth annual meeting of the
Chamber, calls on the Congress for
"ample funds" with which the fly
fight can be carried on until the
menace is removed.
The resolution as passed reads as
follows:
The appearance of the Mediter-
ranean fruit fly in the United States
is a serious menace to large horti-
cultural interests and the economic
welfare of important sections of the
country. Experience in other coun-
tries has demonstrated that eradi-
cation of this pest at the earliest
possible moment is essential if its
spread is to be prevented. Congress
should therefore provide ample
funds to enable the United States
Department of Agriculture to prose-
cute vigorously a campaign of con-
trol and eradication until this me-
ance has been entirely removed.

SUMMER FERTILIZERS
SHOULD BE GIVEN TO
CITRUS GROVES SOON
This is about th e time for sum-
mer fertilization of citrus groves,
according to Dr. R. W. Ruprecht,
chemist at the Florida Experiment
Station, who recently discussed the
subject in a radio address over
WRUF.
He showed from tests at the cit-
rus sub-station at Lake Alfred that
such inorganic salts of nitrogen as
sodium nitrate and ammonium sul-
phate have given best results. Due
to heavy rains this season he sug-
gested the use of a complete ferti-
lizer containing about 4 percent am-
monia.
He advised planting a good cover
crop immediately if one had not al-
ready been planted.

THE GREEN FRUIT LAW as re-
vised for this season has proven
most effective. Our organization
took the initiative and worked out
most of its details.

ANNUAL MEETING OF
SHIPPERS IS HELD;
-URGE RETAIN OF 4c
(Continued from Page One)
The shippers also recommended
in a resolution that the Operating
Committee and the Board of Direc-
tors nominate Mr. Pratt as General
Manager for the ensuing season.
The vote for Mr. Pratt was unan-
imous, the shippers signifying their
obvious approval in an enthusiastic
manner. The question of a crop
estimate by the Clearing House
found the shippers of one accord in
the matter, a resolution being pass-
ed requesting the Board to make
proper provision in the Clearing
House budget.for a complete crop


estimate by the Association. Other
resolutions concerning uniform con-
tracts, destination regulations,
terms of sales regulations, consid-
eration of Indian River shipper
members and minimum quotations
were passed, the resolutions reading
as follows:
Uniform Contracts
Resolved that inasmuch as con-
tracts with all shipper-members
should be uniform, that this body
request the Board of Directors to
serve necessary notice in June on
any shipper-member who has a
special or any modified contract, ad-
vising such members that it is found
necessary to formally cancel such
contracts and substitute therefore
the uniform contract (already sign-
ed by the President and Secretary),
for proper signature of the shipper,
thereby continuing the membership
on the same basis as all other mem-
bers are accepted.
Destination Regulations
Resolved that in further interpre-
tation of our contract relations and
for the purpose of defining the priv-
ileges of the Operating Committee,
that all contracts to be signed and
those that continue in force, be and
are subject to the undersatnding
that this Clearing House shall not
take mandate action interfering
with any shipper-member marketing
fruit in any particular markets pre-
ferred by the shipper-member ex-
cept that when supplies enroute in-
dicate overloading of the auction
markets then this association shall
have the right to regulate the of-
ferings of the shipper-members at
auction through the receivers and
agents of the shipper-members pro-
rating cars on track in the various
auction markets.
Terms of Sales Regulations
Resolved that the Clearing House
shall not at any time issue regula-
tions which change or effect the
terms of sale of any shipper-mem-
ber, except that the Operating Com-
mittee may, if it deems best, rule
that in addition to the shipping al-
lotments given to the shipper-mem-
bers for any given period, such
members may be given the further
privilege of exceeding said allot-
ments upon the Association being
furnished proper evidence of such
quantity of bona fide f.o.b. orders
as to make the original allotment
unduly restrictive.
Indian River Members
Resolved that because of the
problems peculiar to certain terri-
tory such as the Indian River and
others, that Operating Committee
when regulating shipments by mak-
ing allotments, shall give proper
consideration to the shipping mem-
bers having packing houses in such
territories.
Minimum Quotations
Resolved that the Association
through the Operating Committee
shall have the power at any time to
recommend minimum quotations but
shall not for the season 1929-30
make mandatory rulings in this con-
nection.


FLORIDA CLEARING


HOUSE NEWS


Page 7


May 10, 1930






FLORIDA CLEARING' HOUSE NEWS


FLORIDA

CLEARING HOUSE

NEWS

MAY 10, 1930

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
GROWERS CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION,
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.

DIRECTORS


E. C. AURIN
J. C. CHASE . .
J. A. GRIFFIN .
F. G. MOORHEAD
R. E. MUDGE .
PHIL C. PETERS.
JAMES T. SWANN
A. M. TILDEN
E. E. TRUSKETT
ALLEN E. WALKER
R. B. WOOLFOLK
OF
J. A. GRIFFIN
A. M. TILDEN
ALLEN E. WALKER
E. E. TRUSKETT
ARCHIE M. PRATT


Ft. Ogden
S. Orlando
Tampa
SDeLand
Fellsmere
.* Winter Garden
Tampa
SWinter Haven
Mt. Dora
SWinter Haven
Orlando
FICERS
President
Vice President
Treasurer
Secretary
General Manager


SUBSCRIPTION RATES
Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: 10c

For Members Only!
Join the Clearing House.
That statement has become a slogan in
-Florida. It probably will become quite a
significant slogan within the next few months-
The Clearing House Board of Directors at
a meeting held May 9 took steps to carry out
the last step in the Clearing House Associa-
tion's labors on behalf of its growers in the
fruit fly emergency. That step was to try to
obtain financial reimbursement to grower
members of the Clearing House who have suf-
fered losses to their trees or fruit-because of
the fruit fly regulations.
The motto above-Join the Clearing House
-becomes significant in that the efforts of
the Clearing House to obtain this reimburse-
ment from the government is to be done
ONLY for grower members of the Clearing
House Association! This is not to say that
growers outside of the Clearing House may
not obtain reimbursement. If the government
accedes to such requests, outside growers, if
they merit reimbursement, very likely will re-
ceive it. Whether or not they will receive it
as readily as our Clearing House growers,
who will have the privilege of free legal ad-
vice as well as authorized proofs of losses is
doubtful. Uncle Sam has a wise habit of
recognizing numbers rather than individuals.
The habit or policy carries throughout the
Federal Government.
And so it is logical that growers represent-
,. ed by an organization as large as is the Clear-
;i ing House may very readily obtain much more
'effective and certainly more readier recogni-
Stion from the government than'an individual.


Again, the Hunt for the Fly
A final call for whole-hearted co-operation
in the clean-up was made by J. A. Griffin,
President of the Clearing House and W. C.
O'Kane, Chairman of the Federal Fruit Fly
Board, when news dispatches advised Florida
growers that Congressman Wood had agreed
to an appropriation to carry on the fruit fly
campaign. President Griffin viewed the an-
nouncement as being of considerable encour-
agement to the "citrus grower, the state and
the citrus industry."
"There is every assurance," President Grif-
fin said, "that Chairman O'Kane and his as-
sociates who constitute the Federal Fruit Fly
Board, representing the Federal Department
of Agriculture in the state, will make wise
and proper use of this money. Mr. O'Kane
and his associates since being on the job have
shown tact, judgment and a thorough under-
standing of the growers' position. They are
entitled to the most cordial support and co-
operation. If all the growers of the state will
co-operate with the Department there is
every probability that we can finish this job
of eradication in good shape."
"All of us in Florida should now forget that
there have been any difficulties over an ap-
propriation and pull together to make it a
success- I sincerely hope they will do it."
Chairman O'Kane said that he could not
comment on the announcement of the appro-
priation until he has received official notifica-
tion from Washington. "Obviously," he said,
"there is nothing I can think of that means
more to Florida than to have reasonable funds
available and with everybody working to put
across the job ahead. We can put it across
by working together and I refer here to the
United States government, the State of Flor-
ida and the people of the State.
"There is no inspection work going on at
present but all the plans that could be made
in advance have been made and we are bank-
ing on the people whose industry has been af-
fected to join whole-heartedly in the inspec-
tion and clean-up."
The Clearing House has continued its ef-
forts of the past month to encourage as ef-
fective a clean-up campaign as it is possible to
do through volunteer sources. Letters re-
questing community clean-up have been sent
by the Clearing House to the Mayors of prac-
tically every town and city in Florida, to the
Secretaries of Chambers of Commerce and
Boards of Trade and to newspapers. In many
localities clean-up work has gone ahead with
amazing vigor. In Orlando the service clubs
were appealed to and with Boy Scouts lead-
ing the search for "shiners" and the much
overlooked non-commercial fly hosts that city
is thought to be well on its way to 100 percent
clean. In Tampa the Police Department has
been instructed to help in the work. These
two cities are not of course the only ones that
are "going at it tooth and nail." Reports are
reaching the Clearing House daily of effec-
tive campaigns in many other communities.
To those who as yet have not started or com-
pleted. their clean-up, a word of warning
should be sufficient. In all likelihood the fly
forces in the state will be reorganized now
that funds are available and an IMMEDIATE
SEARCH BEGUN FOR THE FLY ITSELF.
WE ALL KNOW THE SIGNIFICANCE OF
THE FINDING OF AN INFESTATION!


Questionnaire Sent

Growers Not Issued

By Clearing House

Within the past week the largest
shipper-member of the Clearing
House through a committee has is-
sued a questionnaire to its grower
members that has created much con-
fusion and misunderstanding among
the growers throughout the state,
many of whom were led to believe
that it was a Clearing House com-
munication because it was signed
"F. C. W. Kramer, Jr., Chairman,
Clearing House Committee."
Mr. Kramer is not a member of
any committee of the Clearing
House but is chairman of a commit-
tee of the Florida Citrus Exchange
instructed to make a survey of the
Clearing House and its operations.
So, in fairness to the Clearing
House and to Mr. Kramer, I wish to
make clear that this questionnaire
WAS NOT ISSUED BY THE
CLEARING HOUSE.
As Chairman of the Committee of
Fifty, which group directly repre-
sents the interest of the growers in
their contact with the Clearing
House, I feel that the growers, par-
ticularly those belonging to the
shipper-member which appointed the
committee above referred to are en-
titled to this explanation. Proof
that the origin of the questionnaire
was not made clear is evident in the
fact that a number of the question-
naires have been mailed by individ-
ual growers to Clearing House
headquarters, and some have been
mailed into the Clearing House of-
fice by Managers of Association
Packing Houses.
I further feel that this explana-
tion should be given in jealous pro-
tection of the good name and repu-
tation of the Committee of Fifty
and in fairness to the Clearing
House.
(Signed) J. C. MORTON,
Chairman Committee of Fifty.

Pennsylvania Growers
Set Record In
Produce Grading

Pennsylvania growers of fruits
and vegetables made greater use
of the U. S. grades during the
past season than in any previous
year, according to the Pennsylva-
nia Bureau of Markets. They
shipped 2,276 carloads of graded
and Federal-State inspected
fruits and vegetables and sold to
canners on the basis of grades
over 13,000,000 pounds of these
raw products for manufacture
during the past season. As a re-
sult of increased grading, the
Bureau reports that "Pennsylva-
'nit fruit is gaining a better repu-
tation in the city markets and
buyers are having greater con-
fidence in purchasing apples,
grapes and peaches grown in this
state."


Page 8


May 10, 1930




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