Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00036
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: March 25, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00036
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text




Representing more than 10,000
Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit


Official Publication of the

10 Cents a Copy MARCH 25,1 Volume II
$2.00 a Year e Ed fr Nw g H Number 12

Record Vote Expected for New Clearing House Directorate

Clearing House Asks Members for Suggestions

Survey by Federal
Bureau Requested
By Grower Group

Directors Determine To Have
Operations Analyzed So
As To Perfect Work
One of the most important con-
structive steps of the Clearing
House this season was taken the
middle of this month by the Board
of Directors in inviting suggestions,
recommendations or criticisms of
the operation of the Association
from shipper and grower members.
The idea behind this action is to en-
able the Clearing House to so im-
W'prove its functions for the coming
Year that its operations will more
nearly represent the industry's feel-
ing of what is essential.
Ask Survey By U. S.
The action was taken following
presentation to the Board of a res-
tVoltion passed by the Committee of
Fity at that organization's meeting
fin Cocoa March 7th requesting the
Board to invite a survey by the Bu-
reau of Agricultural Economics,
United States Department of Agri-
culture. In discussing the request
by the Committee of Fifty, the Di-
Vrectors took cognizance of a survey
of the Clearing House which is be-
-ing made by the Floiida Citrus Ex-
change, the largest member in the
Association. The Board selected a
joint committee from its own body,
the Committee of Fifty and the
Operating Committee to work with
#the Florida Citrus Exchange sur-
vey committee and authorized the
fAssociation's Committee to secure
if possible the recommended survey
by the Department of Agriculture.
In discussing the Association's
work during the past season, the
Directors frankly admitted that the.

IDon't Forget to S

Nominees for Directors
(From State at Large-'Four To Be Elected)
J. C. Chase ----------------Winter Park
O. F. Gardener -------------------Lake Placid
Lawrence Gentile -------------------Orlando
J. A. Griffin ------. -------- -----------Tampa
D. H. Lamons ---------------- ------Ft. Myers
John S. Taylor (withdrew) ----- -------Largo
J. H. Treadwell -------------------------Arcadia
R. B. Woolfolk ----------------------- Orlando
(One Nominee From Each District To Be Elected)
District One-A. M. Tilden, Winter Haven; J. W. Till-
man, Lake Wales (withdrew); C. P. Zazzali, Lakeland.
District Two-J. H. Letton, Valrico; J. T. Swann, Tam-
pa; J. A. Walsingham, Clearwater.
District Three-R. D. Keene, Eustis; James Mountain,
Trilby; E. E. Truskett, Mt. Dora.
District Four-H. G. Billings, Lowell (withdrawn) ; F. G.
Moorhead, DeLand; E. H. Williams, Crescent City.
District Five-William Edwards, Zellwood (withdrew) ;
J. P. Holbrook, Orlando; Phil C. Peters, Winter Garden.
District Six-E. J. Etheredgq DeSoto City (withdrew);
R. E. Mudge, Fellsmere withdraww) ; A. R. Trafford, Cocoa.
District Seven-E. C. Aurin, Fort Ogden; Arthur Gocio,
Sarasota (withdrew); R. W. Reynolds, Fort Myers.

Clearing House must operate so as
to give the grower members, who
with affiliated shippers support the
organization, a maximum of service,
It was brought out that while this
is being done to the best of the of-
ficials' ability, unquestionably the
advice of disinterested and interest-
ed outsiders would prove valuable.
The predominating note was that
of making as much money for the
grower through the Clearing House
Association's activities as is human-
ly possible. Along with this-as
the most important objective sought

-should be the matter of keeping
the growers thoroughly informed as
to everything the Clearing House
does or undertakes to do. A practi-
cal stiggestion relative to this fea-
ture was injected into the discus-
sion to the effect that packing house
managers be kept more fully advis-
ed as to the Association's activities.
The packing house managers, being
in direct touch with the growers
themselves, are the logical sources
for information concerning the
Clearing House.
(Continued on Page Five)

Every Member Urged
To Cast His Ballot
In Second Election

Proposed Amendments Drawn
So As To Add Economy
And Efficiency
A record vote is expected April 1
when some seven thousand citrus
growers, members of the Clearing
House, cast their ballots for the new
Board of Directors who will formu-
late and carry out the Association's
policies during the coming season.
The election next Tuesday will be
the second annual election of the
Clearing House members and is re-
garded as possibly of even more im-
portance than was last year's elec-
tion owing to the fact that upon the
shoulders of the new Directors will
Be sure to sign the Amend-
ment and mail it in to Clear-
ing House headquarters
with your ballot!
fall the burden of guiding the Clear-
ing House through what may prove
a difficult season, particularly-_if .the_
fruit fly continues as a factor in the
marketing of our crop.
All Growers Should Vote
While election of District Direc-
tors as well as Directors from the
State at Large is the most important
season for every grower casting a
vote next Tuesday, it is imperative
that all growers avail themselves of
their voting privileges because of
the passage of three amendments to
the Association's By-Laws. -These
amendments in no way conflict with
any of the fundamentals of the
Clearing House but are proposed:
simply for economy in holding fu-
ture elections and for efficiency in
the operation of the Clearing House.
Two -of the amendments provide.
for changes in the date on which the
Directors assume office, moving the
(Continued on Page Two)

ign the Amendment And Mail It in With Your Ballot



SPage 2

Ballot Envelopes

Must Be Signed To

Insure Legal Vote

"Every grower member voting in
the Association's election April 1
should be careful to sign his or her
name on the OUTSIDE of the stamp-
ed envelope which contains their bal-
lot," J. C. Morton, Chairman of the
Election Committee has stated.
"This is imperative," Morton said,
"for if the envelope does not carry
this signature on the OUTSIDE the
vote will not be counted. The By-
Laws of the Association require this
signature on the OUTSIDE of the
envelope containing the ballot, the
signature appearing beneath a print-
ed request that the envelope be
dropped into the ballot box by the
Secretary of the Association.
Secrecy Is Assured
"This system, however, does not
mean that the grower's manner of
voting will be known. As a matter
of fact the vote will be secret in
spite of the fact that the grower's
signature is on the outside of the
envelope. Secrecy is made possible
by the manner in which the votes
are counted by the Clearing House.
Sealed envelopes, when first taken
from the ballot box in the Clearing
House are divided as to Clearing
House Districts. The sealed en-
velopes then are placed in alphabet-
ical order according to the name of
the grower as printed on the out-
side of the envelope. The envelopes,
still sealed, then are checked against
the Association's membership list in
order to make certain that every
grower voting is a bona fide signed
-grower member.
"After this membership check is
made the actual counting of votes
begins. A tally clerk slits open each
envelope containing the grower's
ballot. He then passes the opened
envelope containing the ballot to a
tally clerk across the table from
him who in turn takes the folded
ballot out of the envelope. This sec-
ond tally clerk tosses the empty en-
veldlpe intb a wasti -basket a-fd
passes the ballot, still folded, to still
another tally clerk who opens the
ballot and reads off the vote. Two
or three other tally clerks watch
this reading carefully, several other
tally clerks marking down the votes
as they are called out.
"In this manner every grower's
vote is separated from his name,
the only names spoken audibly be-
ing merely those of the nominees
voted for. There is no chance for a
grower's name being connected with
his ballot, even if the ballots were
handled slowly and one at a time. It
,so happens that in actually count-
ing, the tally clerks who cut open
the envelopes and extract the folded
-ballot from the envelopes work
much faster than the tally clerk who
-ealls off the votes on the nominees.
Hence, the tally clerk reading aloud


the votes picks up his ballots from
a pile of folded ballots that have
accumulated because of the speedier
handling by the first two tally clerks.
This obviously makes it impossible
for any clerk to connect any grower
with the pile of folded ballots be-
fore them.
"Thus it will be seen that this vote
is as secret as it is humanly possi-
ble to make it and at the same time
it assures the election officials that
every vote is a legal vote-that is,
cast by a bona fide signed grower."

(Continued from Page One)
date from July 1 up to June 1. The
same change is contemplated for the
Operating Committee, the amend-
ments providing that the Directors
approve the nominations of the
members of the Operating Commit-
tee as soon after June 1 as is possi-
ble. In fact, passage of the amend-
ments will make them effective im-
mediately and the new Board of
Directors elected April 1 will take
their office June 1 of this year in-
stead of July 1. It is imperative for
the passage of these amendments
that a majority of the membership
vote on them. Hence, every grower
member is urged to sign the amend-
ment ballot and mail it in to the
Clearing House headquarters at
Winter Haven together with his bal-
lot for the Directors so that it will
be received in Winter Haven not
later than 5:00 p. m. Tuesday,
April 1.
Must Be In By 5 P. M.
Provision is made in the By-Laws
for voting at specified polling places.
For the convenience of growers who
prefer this method instead of mail-
ing their ballot to the Clearing
House headquarters, notation of
these polling places (one in each
district) is shown on the ballots
mailed to each grower member. It
is expected, however, that practi-
cally all of the growers will cast
their vote by mail in that .this
method is less troublesome than that
of going to the polling place. If the
ballots are mailed in to the Clearing
House they must be received in the
headquarters office at Winter Haven
not later than 5:00 p. m., April 1.
The polling places in the seven dis-
tricts are to be open for only two
hours-from 2:00 p. m. to 4:00 p.
m. April 1 only.
Board Representation
As has already been' explained in
the NEWS, the growers are voting
for four Directors from the State at
Large and for one Director from
each of their respective districts.
For the benefit of new members of
the Clearing House it might be ex-
plained here that the Florida citrus
fruit belt has been divided into
seven districts, all of the heavy pro-
ducing counties in the State being
included in the area encompassed


Growers Must Sign

Contract To Vote in

Election for Board

Growers who are not members
of the Clearing House, that is
growers who have not signed a
Growers' Contract with the Clear-
ing House, will not be eligible to
vote in the April 1st election.
These growers should immediate-
ly obtain a contract, sign it and
send it in to the Clearing House
headquarters at Winter Haven.
For the benefit of such non-mem-
ber growers, the NEWS is re-
printing a Growers' Contract on
page 7 of this issue which may be
torn out of the NEWS, signed
and mailed in to Winter Haven if
the non-member grower does not
receive one of the regular con-
tract forms which are being mail-
ed to a few known non-members.

by these seven districts. Each of
these seven districts is represented
on the Board of Directors of the
Clearing House by one Director. In
addition to these seven Directors,
four other Directors are chosen
from the State at Large. The names
of those nominated for Directors
from the State at Large as well as
from each district are reprinted on
the first page of this issue of the
NEWS. Each grower member will
vote for four of the nominees listed
from the State at Large and for one
of the nominees from his respective
Too Busy to Serve
It will be noted that some of the
nominees which were selected by
the Committee of Fifty, as provided
for in the By-Laws, at a meeting
held in Cocoa March 7, have asked
that their names be withdrawn.
These nominees felt that they would
be unable to devote as much time to
the Clearing House as they felt
would be necessary, hence their
names are shown on the ballots as
having been withdrawn.
The names of other nominees may
be included on some of the ballots
if petitions, as provided for in the
By-Laws, were filed on or before
midnight March 21 by growers de-
siring to nominate candidates other
than those selected by the Commit-
tee of Fifty. At the time this issue
of the NEWS went to press no such
petitions had been received by the
Board of Directors but may be re-
ceived between the time the forms
were closed and the NEWS received
from the printer.
Members of the Commitee of Fifty
who will serve during the coming
year are elected by direct ballot
cast at the polling places. This of
course is only a matter of form in
that only fifty representatives are
nominated, hence all of the repre-
sentatives are automatically elected.

March 25, 1930

At the time this issue of the NEWS
went to press, not all of the Re-
gional Meetings-at which the Com-
mittee of Fifty representatives are
nominated-had been held. Their
names together with the names of
the new Directors will be published
in the April 10 issue of the Ilorida
Clearing House News.

Pretty Wind-Up for

This Season Due to

Greater Foresight

When the Clearing House was suc-
cessful in securing (the last week
in February) extension of the time
period for shipment to April 15 our
picture began to change at once.
Prior to that we were facing a most
serious drop in the grapefruit mar-
ket with almost as serious a situa-
tion confronting us on Valencias.
There was talk that we would have
to take last year's low prices on
both Valencias and grapefruit be-
cause of the crowded condition re-
sulting from shipments having to
be out of the State by April 1.
Now we have an entirely different
picture. The market has been stead-
ily advancing. Everyone has con-
fidence. In our Citrus Summary of
March 1 the change for the better
was announced under the heading,
"Undoubtedly higher prices later."
In the Summary of the next week
the advance that came was recog-
nized and a further advance fore-
cast under the heading "Still higher
prices later." In our Summary of
March 15 we again felt compelled
to forecast "a further advance in
orange prices."
Using Cold Storage
The Clearing House is meeting the
grapefruit situation in a strong man-
ner. It is recognizing the necessity of
putting about one-third of the grape-
fruit shipments into cold storage
so as to extend the marketing
period. Regardless of present grape-
fruit prices tempting them to over-
supply the market, our shippers are
showing excellent foresight in main-
taining the present market by plac-
ing the surplus over the immediate
needs into cold storage, knowing
full well that this grapefruit will
have no competition except in a
small way from Porto Rico. They
are thereby not only maintaining
present very satisfactory returns on
grapefruit but have every reason to
expect still higher returns on the
grapefruit held in cold storage.
,This is good team work. It is
something that could not have been
done a few years ago. Today all of
our shippers know just what is go-
ing into storage each day, what is
coming out, where the fruit is being
held, and how much at each point.
These things could not be handled
intelligently except by mutual con-
fidence through such a medium as
the Clearing House.

Don't Overlook Those Non Commercial Fruits in Cleaning Up Your Grove
?- :.- ;

Here Is Sample Ballot for Clearing House Election

Sign the Return Envelope
IMPORTANT Sign and Enclose the
Amendment Ballot

Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association Annual Election for Board of Directors, April 1, 1930.

(District Number)
Place an X before the names of the men of your choice and either mail the ballot and signed amendment
ballot in the enclosed envelope so that it will reach the Winter Haven office not later than 5:00 P. M. Tuesday,
April 1st, or deposit in the ballot box at the----...___..., ,--.... .,__-------------------

(Polling Place)
Tuesday, April 1st, between the hours of 2:00 P. M. and 4:00 P. M.

Vote for only one (1) of the following names for your district director:

(Name of City)

Name of Your District Director Nominee Shown Here
Name of Your District Director Nominee Shown Here
Name of Your District Director Nominee Shown Here

following names for directors at large:

J. C. CHASE, Winter Park

O. F. GARDENER, Lake Placid

J. A. GRIFFIN, Tampa
D. H. LAMONS, Fort Myers

O JOHN S. TAYLOR, Largo (withdrew)
J. H. TREADWELL, Arcadia

R. B. WOOLFOLK, Orlando

Above is shown a sample ballot
which will be used in the Clearing
House election April 1st. It will be
noted on the sample ballot that the
names of the nominees for the dis-
trict director are not shown as is
the case with the nominees for the
State at Large. This, of course, is
because the ballots, as sent to the
grower members in the seven Clear-
ing House districts, differ in that the
district nominees for the Board of
Directors are printed only on the
ballots to be used in the respective
For example, the ballot to be used
by members in the first district con-
tains the names of the director nom-
inees from the State at Large as
shown above and the names of the
nominees from the first district only.
On the ballot to be used by mem-
bers of the second district, the nom-

inees from the State at Large ap-
pear as shown above and the nomi-
nees from the second district only.
The same method is carried out on
each ballot for each district-that
ir, each ballot carries only the dis-
trict nominees and the nominees
from the State at Large.
Only one district director (as
shown in the panel prepared for
three names) is to be elected; there-
fore, vote for only one of the three
district nominees shown on your
In voting for the Directors at
Large, vote for not more than four
of the names shown in the larger
panel. Thus it will be seen that
each grower member votes for five
nominees-one as the grower's dis-
trict Director and four as the Direc-
tors from the State at Large.
In the directions printed above

the names of the district nominees,
the paragraph reading "Place an X
before the names, etc.," it will be
noted that the name of the city.
wherein is the polling place for each
of the seven districts as well as the
name of the building in the respec-
tive polling place cities, is left blank.
In these spaces on- the official bal-
lot, which will be mailed to each
grower member, will appear the
name of the city (and building or
hall) polling place only of the dis-
trict concerned.

A girl met an old flame and de-
cided to high hat him. "Sorry," she
murmured, when the hostess intro-
duced him to her, "I didn't get your
name." "I know you didn't," re-
plied the old flame, "but you tried
hard enough."-Atchison Globe.

Midnight, April 14th

Marks Shipping Time

Midnight of April 14th and NOT
April 15th, marks the time limit for
movement of our crop, the Cleariiig
House has just been advised by Dr.
W. C. O'Kane, chairman of the Fed-
eral Fruit Fly Board.
This announcement will set at
rest some confusion which has ex-
isted in the minds of growers and
shippers relative to the exact day
and hour after which fruit will not
be permitted to move out of the
State. The ruling means that the
billings on the last cars packed must
be in the hands of the railroads by
the hour mentioned above.


Vote for four (4) of the

Vote for 4 Nominees From the State at Large And One From Your District


March 25, 1930

Page 8

Pano 4

The Grower's Voice

Under this heading will be published
communications from grower members
of the Clearing House Association, who
desire to voice opinions upon matters
of general interest to Florida citrus
growers. The Association cannot, of
course, assume responsibility for the
opinions expressed in these letters, but
believes growers should have the op-
portunity of expressing themselves if
they are willing to assume the respon-
sibility. Communications should be as
brief as possible-preferably not more
than 250 words in length-and MUST
be signed with the writer's name and
address (although not,necessarily for

Standing In Own Light
Trenton, Ga.,
Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Ass'n.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Dear Sirs:
I own a grove near Plymouth and
belong to the Clearing House
through the Florida Citrus Ex-
cffA'.31Aigi6wert Who stays out of
the Clearing House is simply stand-
ing in his own light, in my opinion.
I hope there will be some dis-
tinguishing mark on every case of
fruit shipped by members of the
Clearing House showing this mem-
bership, as there are a lot of deal-
ers like myself who will eventually
purchase no other citrus, knowing
that it represents quality and pack.
In my opinion, if the Clearing
House continues to function and
grow as it now appears, other citrus
fruit shipped from Florida will be-
come classed as "wildcat" fruit.
Nothing worth while is without
criticism, and I hope Florida citrus
interests will see their best interests
and support the Clearing House to
the fullest. While I do not know
personally its president and man-
ager, I do know something of their
history and work, and they have my
fullest cooperation and support.
;With my best wishes for a
brighter day for Florida citrus, I
am, Yours very truly,
John L. Case.

New Fly Baiting Method
Daytona Beach, Fla.,
FlorMdia Citius Growers
Clearing House Assn.,
Winter Haven, Fla.
As a grower of citrus fruits and
having been through a season of
"Fruit Fly Eradication," I am won-
dering whether the growers as an
organized body may not have perti-
nent suggestions to make relative tb
many plases of last summer's cam-
I hade in mind especially the
method of applying "spray" for
poison bait. No. one can maintain
that the application of this liquid to
the trees and fruit by methods used
last summer has not had a marked
effect upon the (1) growth of the
trees, (2) dropping of the fruit, (3)
quality and flavor of oranges. In the
aggregate; the effects of this poison
bait have iost.the growers a very



large sum of money. I claim that
the practice of applying the liquid in
a stream to the tree is unscientific,
very wasteful of materials, and det-
rimental to the tree and the fruit.
At this time fruit of late matur.
ing varieties like Lue Gim Gong is
green in color but sweet and insipid
in taste where the trees have been
treated with the poison bait. Much
fruit has rotted on the tree appar-
ently from poison injury. An ac-
quaintance of mine has picked up as
high as 1500 boxes of "drops" in his
grove in a single week. He esti.
mates that, aside from the loss of
the fruit, there is a direct expense
of picking up this dropped fruit and
burying it amounting to 40 cents
per box. All over the eradication
area, so far as my observation goes,
there are numbers of trees with dis-
colored leaves and unhealthy and
stunted growth.
There are doubtless several ways
in which poison bait. could be put
out to kill the flies just as efficiently
without its touching the trees them-
selves. As the flies do not feed upon
the foliage nor attack green fruit,
there would seem to be no adequate
reason for squirting the poison all
over the trees and allowing the
larger part of it to drip off onto the
If at intervals through the groves
poles were set up, say, six feet high,
with a board a foot wide and three
feet long nailed at right angles
across the top in a vertical position,
and this board covered with sacking
or burlap, it would provide an area
sufficient to hold ample poison for as
many flies as might come to it. The
burlap surface could be protected
from rain and sun to some extent
by attaching, say, a six-inch board
three feet long to the top edge of
the burlap covered board allowing
about two and a half inches to pro-
ject over each side to protect the
burlap. If this burlap were soaked
with the poison bait at proper in-
tervals, the bait would always be
ready for the flies, and no damage
to the fruit or trees would result.
It would cost something to put
these boards up, but this outlay
would be more than made up for by
the saving of poison materials and
the saving of labor in distributing
the poison.
Unless the whole eradication pro-
ject is a scheme based upon selfish
motives, those in charge of it should
be glad to inaugurate some such
plan to avoid repeating the great
injury done to the citrus industry of
Florida by their methods of the past
summer. Perhaps a' much better
method than I suggest has been
worked out, but in any event, some
method should be employed through-
out the eradication area to keep the
poison off the trees. And if the au-
thorities will not change their
methods, then it is time the organ-
ized growers gave their methods
such publicity as to force them to
change or to force them out of

Ato& ipole With AHook on One End Will.Help Get All Those "Shiners"


Dependable Report

On Texas Grapefruit

Situation Received

There have been all kinds of wild
rumors regarding what has happen-
ed in Texas. We all know that it got
mighty cold there and that Texas
shipments came to an abrupt end be-
cause the fruit on the trees was so
badly frozen. It has been difficult to
get a comprehensive and accurate
report as to tree damage and prob-
able crop conditions for another
The Clearing House has finally
made a most important contact.
During the past two weeks two
growers, formerly among the larg-
est owners of citrus acreage in Cal-
ifornia, arrived in Florida. Between
them they had close to a thousand
acres which they in the last year or
two sold. They are now taking life
easy but most naturally cannot get
away from those things they have
been interested in during their life-
time. Therefore in touring from
California to Florida they spent four
four days in the Rio Grande Valley,
where Texas grapefruit has been
coming from in increasing quanti-
Generally speaking they said
that practically every four-year-old
tree and younger was seriously in-
jured by the cold, most of them
frozen down to the root unless the
trees were carefully banked. On the
other hand they were surprised to
see the old grapefruit trees not only
in good condition as to foliage but
putting out a normal vigorous
bloom. They said, "If you people in

When we consider the closed
banks, the injury to the reputation
of Florida fruit, the wastage and
added expense, and the general and
far-reaching effects upon Florida in-
vestments, the fruit fly propaganda
has already cost the citizens of this
State a direct loss in money of at
least one hundred million dollars.'
Of course, no one will say that
the authorities purposely robbed
Florida in this way, but the result.,
of unwarranted and unwise methods
have had this effect, which could
easily have been avoided had the
proposition been looked at in its
broad aspects from the beginning.
We cannot phange,the past, but the
future may not be,much better un-
less some needful changes are made
and the campaign handled partly
from the point of view of benefit to
the grower: and the State of Florida.
I feel sure that ,our representa-
tives in Washington will do what-
ever they can to correct wrong prac-
tices if brought to their attention by
representative bodies like the Clear-
ing House Associatipn or the Citrus
Very truly yours,.

March 25, 1930

Florida are expecting that Texas is
going to ship very little next year
because of their freeze this 'year,
you have another guess coming;
there will probably .be some reduc-
tiori in the crop but not a great deal
judging from the way the trees are
blooming and knowing that most of
the crop this year had to come from
the older trees, which seem' unaf-
The men making this report are
not only growers of long experi-
ence but formerly large nurserymen
and men of exceptional thorough-
ness and observation so we feel that
the report is accurate. It is only
because of their own modesty that
we are leaving their names out of
the report. Most of the shippers and
many of the growers of Florida
would know them were their names

Remove Dead Wood

To Check Melanose,

Citrus Expert Says

Now is the time for Florida citrus
growers to begin protecting the com-
ing chop against low grades due to
mechanical scars and melanose in-
fection by removing dead wood now
in the trees, H. G. Clayton, district
agent for the Florida Agricultural
'Extension Service, recently stated
in a radio talk over Station WRUF.
The citrus tree being an ever-
green takes care of its own pruning
to a large extent, but as the tree
grows the branches that are not
needed die and storms and droughts
damage others, he explained. This
recent dead wood is a favored place
for the melanose fungus, and if the
wood is not pruned out the rains of
spring will wash the fungus on to*
the young and susceptible fruit.
This infection would possibly force
spraying with Bordeaux which would
kill friendly fungi and upset the
natural balance of scale control.
This scale will multiply rapidly and
without check will kill a lot of bear-
ing wood. He also stated that re-
moving the dead wood now would
result in less mechanically scarred
fruit next season.
; By removing only the dead wood
and using sharp pruning tools a
good job can be accomplished for a
little amount of money. However,
he said, in some cases growers,might
he justified in spending as much as
5,0 cents per tree.
:All cuttings should be made close
to the main branches so that no
stubs will be left. Only the larger
wounds need to be painted as
smaller ones will heal rapidly in
spring. There is little necessity for
hauling prunings out of the orchard,
but it facilitates matters to collect
them along with the drops. His con-..
cluding statement was, "prevention
and not cure is'the remedy for a
large part of fruit scar and mela-
nose troubles."


Our Newly-Developed

Self Control To Be

Essential in 1930-31

Because of a generally vigorous
and healthy bloom being reported
from nearly all sections many are
already prognosticating a big citrus
crop for.Florida for the coming sea-
son. Our weather conditions have
been rather ideal to set a big crop.
Our groves this year in many cases
have had a rest period which should
make them respond for the coming.
season's crop. No one, of course,
Scan make an accurate estimate of
the crop while it is in bloom but
everybody likes to guess and it is a
free world where we all can express
our ideas. The guesses for next
year's crop seem to range all the
.,way from 20,000,000 to 30,000,000
boxes as against our 14,000,000 box
crop this year and 23,000,000 boxes
the previous season.
The California bloom usually
comes about a month later than
Florida's, hence we cannot prophesy
California's crop at this time. Other
L*conditions being equal, California
woud be in line for a fairly big crop
Because of her very short crop this
season. California, however, has
been suffering somewhat for lack of
water. It never depends on rain for
its immediate supply but the avail-
able water for irrigation has been,
.in some cases, seriously restricted.
Nevertheless at present it would
seem we are warranted in expecting
a pretty good sized crop of oranges
from California next year.
Under such conditions more than
ever will it be necessary for our
Florida citrus industry to exercise
firmly its self-control along intelli-
gent, far-sighted lines. The buying
-trade as well as the shippers of Flor-
ida have confidence today because
of our self-control in moving our
crop from week to week in an order-
ly manner. With this confidence
having been created we can face an
Increased crop without feeling panic
or undue depression, providing :he
-industry, as expressed in the 'Clehr-
ing House, continues to 'exerdilse
control and freight. -
Not only control of shipments
from week to week has been proven
necessary for the present and the
future but also this year's effort has
strikingly shown the advance possi-
ble under the prorating plan at auc-
tion as established by the Clearing
'House. It was recognized that f.o.b.
prices would be extremely fluctuat-
ing unless the public auction prices
were maintained somewhere''along
even levels. 'The auctions are the
'key markets of the industry and the
-only way to control auction prices is
in the total supply to those markets.
The Clearing House has done a most
effective work in this prorating at
auction markets and will continue
to do so under the probably much
heavier crop conditions of the com-
ing season.

(Continued from Page One)
Diagnosis Desirable
In the matter of the survey by
the Department of Agriculture, the
opinion was expressed that such a
survey would be as desirable on be-
half of the Clearing House as would
a diagnosis by a physician for a
healthy man who desired to know
that there was nothing fundamen-
tally wrong with his body or nothing
inimical to his mode of living.
SIn short, the Directors made it
clear that no stone is to be left un-
turned in the Association's attempts
to improve conditions in the Florida
citrus industry. It was pointed out
that there is little question but that
the Clearing House has accomplish-
ed considerable for the growers dur-
ing its two years of operation but
that it likewise must exert every ef-
fort to increase these accomplish-
ments to the end that the industry
will become as profitable as its po-
-ential character merits.
The resolution pertaining to the
;urvey, is as follows:
WHEREAS, it has come to our
attention that the Florida Citrus
Exchange, a grower and shipper
member of this organization, has
appointed a special committee to
survey the operations of this As-
sociation during the past two years,
WHEREAS, it is the sense of the
Board of Directors of this Associa-
tion that in working to the objec-
tives for which it was originally or-
ganized these directors have a dis-
tinct obligation to direct and man-
age the affairs of the Association
with all economy and efficiency con-
sistent with obtaining the objectives
for which the Association was or-
ED, 1. That we welcome the survey
of the activities of this organization
by the special committee of the
Florida Citrus Exchange.
2. That we hereby authorize and
'direct the appointment of R. B.
Woolfolk, E. E. Truskett, W. H.
Mouser, James C. Morton and A. R.
T'ifford, as a committee from this
Association to work with the com-
mittee of the Florida Citrus Ex-
3. That the committee of this
Association, hereby created, is au-
thorized and directed to secure, if
possible, the advice, counsel and
recommendations of a representa-
tive of the Department of Agricul-
ture of the United States'govern-
ment, as recommended by the Com-
mittee of Fifty, before making its
final report.
4. That a copy of these resolu-
tions be immediately furnished to
the officials of the Florida Citrus
Exchange requesting the co-opera-
tion of their survey committee with
the survey committee of this Asso-
ciation, and that the Florida Citrus

Exchange be respectfully requested
to pass a resolution endorsing the
request of the Clearing House that
a representative of the Department
of Agriculture of the United States
government be invited to give his
advice, counsel and recommenda-
5. Pending a final report of this
committee, the committee is hereby
requested and directed to make a
preliminary report to this Board
within two weeks.

Chase Makes a Hit

With Congressmen

The name of J. C. Chase, repre-
senting the Florida Citrus Exchange
and the Clearing House Composite
Committee which appeared before
Congressman W o o d's committee
early this month, was inadvertently
omitted from the list of the com-
mittee printed in the last issue of
the NEWS. The NEWS regrets the
omission, particularly as the testi-
mony given by Mr. Chase to the
Congressmen was one of the high
lights of that body's visit to Florida.
"Makes a Hit"
Mr. Chase obviously "made a hit"
with the Congressmen both because
of what he had to tell them and of
his manner of telling it. Mr. Chase
painted a vivid picture of the effect
which the fly and quarantine regu-
lations have had on the industry
and the growers and shippers indi-
vidually. He even went so far as to
provide the listening Congressmen
with figures showing in dollars and
cents what the fly fight has cost him
personally. He told the Congress-
men that if Florida had had the
privilege of marketing her fruit as
she was free to do last season that
it would have added 90c a box to
the price received. "Instead," said
Mr. Chase, "figures which I have
compiled for the past five years
show a loss of 55c per box.
"The thought uppermost in the
minds of the growers is the eradica-
tion of the fly and removal of all
quarantine restrictions to permit
the free marketing of our crops. If
this can be accomplished without the
expenditure of a penny, then the
quicker the better. The question is
whether your committee can bring
this about or must it come through
the same channels which declared
the quarantine? Unless the Depart-
ment of Agriculture can clean the
State, then it must be necessary for
some authority to provide the funds
to make it possible. If there has
been waste it will be prevented in
the future. If your committee finds
improper men in charge of the work
in Florida then Washington ought
to remove them.
"Get On the Job, U. S."
"The vegetable and fruit growers
of Florida feel the Federal Govern-
ment should be on the job until our

State Horticultural

Society Will Meet

At Sebring April 18

The Forty-third Annual Meeting
of the Florida State Horticultural
Society will be held in Sebring from'
April 8 to April 10, inclusive. The
meeting opens at 8:00 p.m. on Tues-
day evening, April 8. A speaker of
prominence will make the opening
On Wednesday morning citrus
fertilizers, citrus grove cultivation
and cover crops will be discussed.
Many new ideas concerning these
practices have been developed dur-
ing the year that will be told about
by the speakers on this program.
On Wednesday afternoon avoca-
does, papayas and other sub-tropical
fruits will be discussed in detail.
This program will be..of..partieular
interest to the growers in the more
southern parts of the State. After
the afternoon session, a trip will be
made to avocado plantings near
Lake Placid and to citrus plantings
of interest.
On Wednesday night, the citrus
program will be continued with a
discussion of citrus grove economics,
citrus diseases and insects, and
other phases of citrus culture. Small
fruits also will be considered.
On Thursday, the Mediterranean
fruit fly will receive the considera-
tion of the Society. There is noth-
ing more vital to the industry and
to the business interests of the State
at the present time.
Other subjects that will be dis-
cussed on the Thursday program
which includes morning, afternoon
and night sessions are tung oil, or-
namentals, bulbs, pecans and other
crops. The complete Thursday pro-
gram will be announced in more de-
tail later.
The meetings will be held in the
High School Auditorium and the
headquarters for the Society will be
at the Hotel Sebring. Members and
those wishing to become members
should communicate with N. A. Rea-
soner, treasurer, at Oneco.

industries are -again on the same
basis they were before the govern-
ment took over, even if that takes
an ample fund.
"We've got a dirty bill of health
with every State quarantine. We
want a clean bill. Clean up. If I
could I'd say put this matter ih the
hands of Dr. O'Kane, head of the
Federal Fly Board, and then get*
right out behind the growers. The
fly never was found in vegetables,
yet the department had thousands
of dollars worth of vegetables de-
stroyed. And I'd say not to spray
unless we find infestation in the
"But I'd continue inspection
through August. If the fly isn't
found by August he's not likely to
be found."

1 Only Growers Who Have Signed Contracts Are Permitted To Vote April 1st

March 25, 1930


Pask -'



New Fertilizer Law

Shows Ingredients,

Percentage of Food

Measure Provides for Label
Carrying Complete Anal-
ysis of Bag Content.

The new fertilizer law as amend-
ed by the 1929 session of the Legis-
lature, the Florida fertilizer law will
give the farmer a detailed guaran-
teed analysis which will show not
only the percentage of plant food
present, but also the individual in-
gredients used to make up the fer-
The amended section is as fol-
Florida Commercial Fertilizer Law
As Amended by 1929 Legislature.
(SENATE BILL No. 166-x)
AN ACT to Amend Section 2398,
Revised General Statutes of Flor-
ida, as Amended by Section 2 of
Chapter 10128, Acts of 1925,
Laws of Florida, Entitled, "An
Act to Amend Sections 2398,
2401, 2405 and 2406, Relating to
Commercial Fertilizers," Being
Section 3807, Compiled General
Laws of Florida.
Section 1. That Section 2398,
Revised General Statutes of Florida,
as amended by Section 2 of Chapter
10128, Acts of 1925, Laws of Flor-
ida, entitled "An Act to amend Sec-
tions 2398, 2401, 2405 and 2406, re-
lating to commercial fertilizers," be-
ing Section 3807, Compiled General
Laws of Florida, be, and the same
is hereby amended so as to read as
"2398. (1264). COMMERCIAL
Every package of commercial ferti-
lizer or fertilizer materials manu-
factured, imported, transported, dis-
tributed, stored, kept or offered for
sale or sold in or into the State of
Florida shall have securely attached
a tag on which shall be plainly and
legibly printed the name or brand
of the commercial fertilizer or fer-
tilizer materials; the name and ad-
dress of the manufacturer or job-
ber; the net contents of the pack-
age in pounds; the chemical analysis
stating the minimum percentages of
total nitrogen as ammonia, and ma-
terials from which derived, available
phosphoric acid, and materials from
which derived; insoluble phosphoric
acid, water soluble potash, and ma-
terials from which derived, and total
available plant food; the maximum
percentage of chlorine and mois-
ture and a statement of all the ma-
terials from which the commercial
fertilizer or fertilizer material is
made. There shall also be attached

to the tag the stamp showing the
payment of the fee required by the
law. There shall be no other state-
ments on the tag. Commercial fer-
tilizers and fertilizer materials when
sold or shipped to consumers in bulk
shall have the statements required
in this section shown on or attached
to the invoice or bill and shall also
have attached to the invoice or bill
the stamps showing the payment of
the fee suffiicient to cover the ship-
ment or sale.
This form of tag shall be used for
all fertilizer material as well as for
the complete fertilizers. Any per-
son, firm or corporation who shall
manufacture, import, transport, dis-
tribute, store, keep or offer for sale,
or sell any package of commercial
fertilizers or fertilizer materials
that fails to have attached the tag,
cr the tag fails to bear all the infor-
mation required by this section, or
said tag fails to have attached the
stamp, showing payment of the fee,
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and
upon conviction thereof shall be
fined not more than Five Hundred
($500.00) Dollars for each offense.
In addition to the foregoing re-
quirements, every package of com-
mercial fertilizer or fertilizer ma-
terials manufactured, imported,
transported, distributed, stored, kept
or offered for sale, or sold in or into
the State of Florida, shall have se-
curely attached to a tag on which
shall be plainly and legibly printed
the name or brand of the commer-
cial fertilizer or fertilizer materials
and the name and address of the
manufacturer or jobber, or printed
upon the sack or other container in
which said fertilizer or fertilizer
material may be packed, a statement
giving in detail the percentage of
plant food in each and every ingre-
dient entering into and forming a
part of the composition of the con-
tents of the package, whether it is
organic or inorganic nitrogen as
ammonia, and the kind or class of
potash, together with a detailed an-
alysis of each of such ingredients
in such package, separately stated
as to each. It shall not be necessary
to set forth such additional informa-
tion upon both the package and tag
attached to the same, but one or the
other methods of stating such addi-
tional information shall be used in
every case. The penalty for failure
to comply with these additional re-
quirements in any particular shall
be the same as that hereinbefore set
forth in this section, and in the
other laws of the State of Florida
relating to commercial fertilizer."
Section 2. This Act shall take ef-
fect October 1, 1929.
Section 3. All laws or parts of
laws in conflict herewith are hereby
Became a law without approval of
As required by this new law, the
tag will guarantee the analysis of
plant food in detail.
The total nitrogen will be guar-
anteed as ammonia. Also the per-
centage of nitrogen that is organic

Abbate Co., The Chas-....


Adams Packing Co., Inc-Auburndale
Alexander & Baird Co., Inc.
---_______-- ---.---------Beresford
American Fruit Growers, Inc.
__ ________ .. Orlando
Bilgore, David & Co.____-Clearwater
Browder-Fowler Packing Co.
---__ _---_ --___ ______-----Arcadia
Burch, R. W., Inc...-__- --Plant City
Dixie Fruit & Produce Co.....Tampa
Emca Fruit Co..... ----- Crescent City
Eustis Packing Co., The .....-- Eustis
Fields, S. A. & Co.-__-..----- Leesburg
Florida Citrus Exchange .-a Tampa
Florida Mixed Car Co. ---- Plant City
Florida United Growers, Inc.
-____--------- ---_-Winter Haven
Fosgate, Chester C Co...._-Orlando
Gentile Bros. Co .._--..--_-----. Orlando
Herlong, A. S. & Co..-..-- Leesburg
Holly Hill Fruit Products, Inc.
...___..__..-..---_______----- Davenport
Keen, J. W ...--_ __ -. Frostproof
Keene, R. D. & Co. _-_--....------.Eustis
Lamons, D. H .----------. Ft. Myers
Lee, J. C., Sr ...- _-__. Leesburg
Lovelace Packing Co-Winter Haven
Maxcy, Gregg__ ___..----Sebring
Maxcy, L., Inc. ..--------.Frostproof
Merrion & Dodson --Winter Haven
Milne-O'Berry Packing Co., Inc.
.__-__ __._____ St. Petersburg
Mitchell, J. M --. _____-Elfers
Mouser, W. H. & Co..__. Orlando
Nelson & Co., Inc.--- ----Oviedo
Okahumpka Packing Co.
Overstreet Brothers ---..... Palmetto
Orange Belt Packing Co---...Eustis
Richardson-Marsh Corp.--- Orlando
Roe, Wm. G-....-----. Winter Haven
Roper, B. H._ .------ Winter Garden
Stetson, John B. Est. of-..-___ DeLand
Sullivan, C.. ..--_------ ---- Frostproof

and the percentage that is inorganic
will be guaranteed separately. The
materials from which the organic
and inorganic nitrogen are derived
will also be shown in detail.
The percentage of available phos-
phoric acid, and percentage derived
from different materials will be
The percentage of potash and the
percentage derived from different
materials will be guaranteed.
Chlorine and moisture will be
guaranteed "not more than" the per-
centage stated on the tag.
The guarantee tag will also show
the materials from which the plant
food is derived, and the actual per
cent of plant food in each of these
materials. These materials will be
grouped together as "organic" or
"inorganic." Thus it will show in
detail what makes up the fertilizer.

Sunny South Packing Co- ..Arcadia
Symonds, A. D. & Son .....- Orlando
Tampa Union Terminal Co.....Tampa
Taylor, C. H...-----------. Wauchula
Welles Fruit & Live Stock Co.
Associated With Other Shipper-
Armstrong, F. C.__-____. Palmetto
Babson Park Citrus Growers Assn.
-________----Babson Park
Blake, Ellis G......------.... Lake Helen
Campbell & Mixon __St. Petersburg
Cartledge, W. C.- ---Crescent City
Chase & Co.____----- .--- Sanford
Citrus Grove Dev. Co., The
______Babson Park
DeLand Packing Co ......-__ DeLand
Fellsmere Growers, Inc. _Fellsmere
Holly Hill Grove & Fruit Co
_________ .Davenport
Indian River Fruit Co._-___ Wabasso
International Fruit Corp. Orlando
Johnson, W. A.__ ------ ---Ft. Ogden
Lakeland Co. Inc., The --_Lakeland
Lake Wales Fruit Packers, Inc.
____ -Lake Wales
Mammoth Grove, Inc. Lake Wales
Middleton, W. D... __ Isle of Pines
Ulmer, H. D.___________Clearwater
Valrico Growers, Inc .....-__. Valrico
Vaughn-Griffin Packing Co._Howey
West Frostproof Packing &
Canning Co.. West Frostproof
Less Than Car Lot
Lyle, J. P.- --- _San Mateo
Pinellas Fruit Co. Inc.
____ ___St. Petersburg
Ufco Packing Co .-__-- Ft. Pierce
Not Operating This Season
Flesch Brothers -__-..... Auburndale
Ft. Meade Packing Co. __Ft. Meade
St. Johns Fruit Co.......-------..Seville
White City Fruit Co..-. White City


Regular work of the Experiment
Station and Agricultural Extension
Division is near normal again with
the return recently of five workers
who have been on leave of absence
for the past several months assisting
in the fruit fly eradication work in
the State.
Those returning to work at/the
Experiment Station are Harold Mow-
ry, assistant horticulturist; G. H.
Blackman, pecan culturist; H, E.
Bratley, assistant entomologist and
F. W. Walker, assistant entomol-
ogist pecan insect investigations,
Monticello. E. F. DeBusk, citrus
pathologist-entomologist, is the Ex-
tension specialist who returned re-

Shipper-Members of Association
The shippers named herewith are members of the Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association and they are the ONLY members of this organization.
In fairness to these shippers who are supporting the Clearing House, as well as
helping to build the organization, grower-members should urge their neighbors
to join and ship through one of these operators.

Sign A Clearing House Contract And V ote In the Election April 1st

March 25, 1930

Page 6





WHEREAS, the Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association (hereinafter referred to as the Association) is
an association composed of growers of Florida citrus fruit, incorporated under Chapter 9300 of the Laws of the State of
Florida, and has for its purposes to provide collective action with respect to the marketing of such Florida citrus fruit,
to distribute the same among the various markets over the marketing period, to determine the conditions under which it
may be marketed, to provide for grading and certification of such fruit, for the advertising thereof so as to stimulate the
demand therefore, to do such other things as may safeguard, further and protect the interests of the growers of Florida
citrus fruits by the promotion of higher standards in the production, handling, packing and marketing thereof and to take
such other measures as may be advantageous to growers of Florida citrus fruit generally, and,
WHEREAS the undersigned (hereinafter referred to as Grower) is a grower of Florida citrus fruit and desires to
join with members of the Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association to accomplish its purpose as above set forth,
now, therefore, in consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained the parties hereto do agree as
1. Grower hereby applies for membership in said Association and agrees to be bound by its Charter and By-Laws.
2. Grower agrees:
S(a) That all the citrus fruit produced, acquired, or controlled by Grower shall be marketed only through shippers,
distributors, or agencies (hereinafter known as shippers) that have entered into contracts with the Association in the form
prescribed by it. ... .... -
(b) That Grower shall be bound by such rules, regulations and instructions with respect to the picking, handling,
packing, grading and marketing of citrus fruit as may be issued from time to time by the manager of the Association
under authority conferred by the Board of Directors.
(c) That the Association may provide for the official inspection, grading and certification for grade and condi-
tion of such citrus fruit.
4 (d) That the Assbciation may make, and collect through shippers, for each type of citrus fruit for each market-
ing season a uniform charge per box or its equivalent, the amount in each case to be determined by the Board of Direc-
tors of the Association before the beginning of such marketing season, for the purpose of providing the Association with
funds for its maintenance, conduct and operation.
(e) That Grower will submit on forms furnished by the Association, such reports and statistical data as may be
requested by it, from time to time, covering the production of each type of citrus fruit, the condition thereof, and the
probable amount by sizes that will be available at a given date or during a given period for marketing, and the quality
(f) That Grower will promptly notify the Association of the name and address of the shipper that is to market
any part of Grower's citrus fruit, and the approximate amount thereof that will be marketed by said shipper.
3. In consideration of the foregoing, the Association agrees:
(a) That it will notify Grower on request and at reasonable intervals by mail or through newspapers published in
the citrus area of Florida, of the names of shippers that have entered into contracts with the Association to enable them
to market fruit for members of the Association.
(b) That it will offer to enter into such contracts with all shippers marketing Florida citrus fruit who are deemed
reliable and responsible, and who express a .desire to enter into such contracts with the Association.
(c) That it will regulate the marketing of Florida citrus fruits among the various markets and over the market-
ing period, provide for the official inspection, grading, and certification for grade and condition of said fruit in accordance
with United States standards, provide for the advertising of said fruit, and also in its discretion for the doing of such
other things authorized by its charter and consistent herewith as may be deemed conducive to the interests of growers of
Florida citrus fruit.
4. It is mutually understood and agreed:
(a) That if Grower should market any part of Grower's citrus fruit other than through a shipper, distributor,
or agency that has entered into contract with the Association, Grower shall pay the Association, as liquidated damages,
at the rate of fifty cents per box for all citrus fruit so marketed or disposed of by Grower, together with all costs, prem-
iums for bonds, expenses and fees, arising out of or caused by litigation and reasonable attorney's fees expended or in-
curred, and all such costs and expenses shall be included in any judgment obtained in any such action.....
(b) That this agreement shall not cover Florida citrus fruit used for home consumption or small quantities dis-
posed of for local consumption or quantities disposed of in any other way approved by the Board of Directors of the
(c) That this agreement shall continue and be in effect until June 1, 1935, subject to the right of Grower to can-
cel the same in June of any year by giving written notice by registered mail of such cancellation, but the cancellation
of this agreement or the failure of Grower to comply therewith shall have no effect upon other similar agreements.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties hereto have executed this agreement this----.......day of ___----------- 1930.

(Print Grower's Name and Address Below)


Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association.

By--- -- --..- .. ---------- -----.---

Clean Up Every One of The Drops And "Shiners" in Your Grove Before April 15





MARCH 25, 1930

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.



Ft. Ogden
... Orlando
Winter Garden
Winter Haven
Mt. Dora
SWinter Haven
Vice President
S Secretary
General Manager

Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: 10c

In Fairness To Them
The election April 1 of the Clearing House
Board of Directors for next year and passage
of the proposed amendments might appear to
be a simple matter and a piece of business
that could or could not be left undone. It is
anything but a simple matter and should not
be left undone by even one of the seven thou-
sand Clearing House grower members.
The election of growers is for the purpose
of selecting eleven directors who will formu-
late and carry out the Association's policies
during the next season. Every member has
before him in this election one or more nomi-
nees from whom he is to select his district
Director. In addition, he has the names of
eight nominees from whom he is to select four
Directors from the State at Large. These
nominees have been chosen by the Commit-
tee of Fifty members, who have done their
part in this work exceedingly well. During
the past year they have come in contact with
growers who have had at heart the interest
of the citrus industry and the Clearing House.
As a result of their observation they selected
more than a score of nominees from whom
the growers will select eleven for the new
Board. All of these nominees are men fa-
miliar with the citrus industry problems.
They were selected because the Committee of
Fifty members felt they have the welfare of
the Clearing House at heart and in having
the welfare of the Clearing House at heart
they likewise have the welfare of the grower
inr mind. So then, the Committee of Fifty
has performed its share of the work. The
rest is up to the growers. *

A small vote next Tuesday, which would
reflect indifference on the part of the grow-
ers, must be avoided in all fairness to the
members of the new Board. The Directors
serve without salary. They take of their time
and spend of their own money for the benefit
of the growers. In return they have the right
to expect genuine interest from the growers.
This genuine interest can be reflected next
Tuesday only by a unanimous casting of
votes. It is not for the Clearing House, of
course, to say how this voting should be done.
The Clearing House does say, however, that
it is the duty of every grower member of this
Association to indicate by casting his vote
that he is interested in the Clearing House
and appreciates the willingness of these nom-
iness to serve him next year. It is not to be
expected that the new Directors will put forth
less effort next year because of a small vote
than they would if every one of the seven
thousand growers vote, but the larger vote
will show these same Directors unquestion-
ably that they are working in the interest of
men and women who appreciate the sacrifices
being made for them.
The machine control, the shrewd control by
cliques or inner-rings has been forestalled in
the Clearing House set-up which requires the
nominations of those who are to be selected
as Directors to come from the Committee of
Fifty. It is an unwritten law that each grower
selected on the Committee of Fifty must be
some one free from undue influence from any
shipper or packing organization and prefer-
ably one in no way connected. So long as
the "Steering Committee" for nominations is
in the hands of such growers there is no ex-
cuse for the grower-members of the organi-
zation to think there is any railroading of
nominations. The grower, himself, has then
the full privilege of selecting from those nom-
inated the Directors for the ensuing year.
None but growers are permitted to vote.

Let's Improve It
How can your Clearing House be improved ?
How can your Clearing House increase its
effectiveness for both industry and individual?
How can your Clearing House return more
dollars to you?
The Board of Directors this month under-
took to learn the answers to these questions.
The Board's first step was to appoint a com-
mittee to delve into the matter of improving
the Clearing House. This committee was made
up of R. B. Woolfolk, Orlando; E. E. Truskett,
Mt. Dora; James C. Morton, Auburndale; W.
H. Mouser, Orlando, and A. R. Trafford, Co-
coa, representing the Board, the Operating
Committee and the Committee of Fifty.
This committee in addition to being in-
structed to work with the Florida Citrus Ex-
change committee which is making a survey
of the Clearing House as well as to invite a
survey by the U. S. Department of Agricul-
ture was instructed to seek suggestions, rec-
ommendations or criticisms from the grower
and shipper members of the Clearing House.
Fortunately for the operation of the Clear-
ing House the growers have manifested con-
siderable interest in the Association. There

are many, of course, who have been
content with its operation and who
possibly have felt that the officials
whom they placed in charge have
been capable of "doing the job
right." This may be well enough so
far as it goes but even theqe same
officials feel quite keenly that more
frequent suggestions from the mem-
bership will help them just that
much more fulfill their duties.
The Clearing House is a business
organization. It was formed primar-
ily to return more money to the
growers of Florida; It unquestion-
ably has filled its mission so far but
we cannot afford to sit back on our
laurels. We must continue to do
this job and we must continue to do
the job better. Indifference towards
the Clearing House will be fatal, for
the result will be that the organiza-
tion will fall into a rut. It is to
guard against such a result that this
joint committee seeks your help.
So, do not "let George do it." Of-
fer your suggestion as to how the
operation of the Clearing House can
be improved. Think of what the
Clearing House has done and should
do; of what it means to you, and
send in a suggestion either to the
Clearing House headquarters at
Winter Haven or to one of the mem-
bers of the joint committee named
Let's make the rest of the agri-
cultural country continue to sit up
and take notice of what Florida is

Britons' Taste For

Grapefruit Growing

The increasing popularity of
grapefruit in the United Kingdom
is indicated in a comprehensive an-
alysis of foreign trade just issued
by the Commerce Department.
The survey shows that the popu-
larity of this typically American
fruit is growing steadily in the
United Kingdom, aided to a consid-
erable extent by the "Eat more
fruit" campaign being conducted by
British importers. Of the 679,000
boxes of grapefruit valued at $2,-
900,000 exported from the United
States in 1928, nearly '60 percent
went to the United Kingdom. Can-
ada is also an important outlet, tak-
ing 38 percent in the same year.
Approximately one-third of United
States grapefruit exports, according,
to the survey, originate in Porto
Rico, being trans-shipped from New

There are now 53,914 Sunkist
electrical fruit juice extractors in
use, 7,200 having been sold last
season. Based on a careful survey,
these machines consume each year
6,332 carloads of oranges and
lemons.. At 10 cents a drink, this
represents a retail fresh citrus fruit
drink business of $63,025,466.-
Wall Street Journal.

Dog.t Forget to Sign the Amendment and Mail It in With Your Ballot,

March 25, 1930


March 25. 1930

Pare 8

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