Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00034
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: February 25, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00034
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text

.brary Cop..|
ireau of Arlg. Econ., FLOR I
S. Dept. of Arig.,
shington, D. C.




..Representing more than 10,000
Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit


Official Publication of the

10 Cents a Copy EVVolume Ir
$2.00 a Year FEBRUARY, 25, 1930 Number 10

Committee of Fifty to Select Nominees for New Board March 7

Industry Cramped

By U. S. Ultimatum

Declining Requests

Growers Must "Carry On" for
Own Salvation And Rest
i Of Nation
General Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association
"Secretary Arthur M. Hyde of
the Department of Agriculture has
given his official 'no' as answer to
the plea put up by the Clearing
House and other leading business
interests on Feb. 8. In the exhibit
of 40 pages and the brief of 12
pages, which were presented, gov-
ernment figures were used which
showed conclusively that regardless
of every effort having been made to
make the best of quarantine regu-
lations, nevertheless up to Feb. 1,
" the citrus industry had been forced
by these regulations to put more
cars into the 11 northeastern states
than were shipped there last year
with a crop which was 70 percent
See Distribution Map on Page 5
larger than this. Our crop this year
is 26,000 cars short of last season.
Nevertheless, the quarantine re-
strictions have forced limited dis-
tribution on a basis that normally
would indicate our handling this sea-
son even a larger crop than last sea-
son. Passings up to Feb. 1 this year
show 13,780 cars going into the 11
northeastern states as compared
with 13,407 cars a year ago.
"Outside of the auction markets,
the sales made privately in the mid-
west states are only about one-third
as heavy as they were last year. The
sales made in the south are a little
more than half as much as a year
ago. Only 1567 cars of citrus are in-
dicated as having sold on the private
sale markets in the west this year
up to Feb. 1 in contrast with 4282
cars last year. Only 3535 cars were
sold in the south this year as com-


(Confidential Excerpts From The National Sterilizers

DOCTOR: "No change in steri-
lization requirements. You're all
wet in your claims. The only rea-
son you are allowed to see your
friends in Room 11 N.E. is because
of special dispensation which I may
withdraw. If criticism is due it's
because I granted you this special
privilege. By rights you should be
sterilized from head to toe before
you see even your nurses. You
don't know when you're well off.
You're sick. We're trying to help
you. This heat application may be
the only means of saving your life.
Apply as directed. Don't over-do
it. One hundred ten degrees for
eight hours. Don't go over 1110
F. You can follow directions if
only you'd want to. Either the heat
application or the ice pack for you
on 85% of your body or you can't
PATIENT: "You're the doctor!
I thought I was ready to leave the
hospital. I feel fine and can't see
anything wrong-but O. K!-For
the love of Mike let's get through
some day. When can I get out?"
DOCTOR: "When I know you're
well and no chance of passing your
trouble to others."
PATIENT: "Doubtless the
special dispensation of calling
around in 11 N.E. should be highly
appreciated and I do, but they've
seen enough of me, and have plain-
ly indicated it. And what's the use
of these antiseptics from the mid-
dle down? No bugs there for
DOCTOR: "There might be in
incipient quiescent dormant

stages. A residue as it were.
You've made a remarkable recov-
ery but the application is still nec-
essary. I will take no chances. I
must protect those depending on
me, even though no symptoms have
shown in your Southern half for
seven months."
PATIENT: "But I've got some
old friends, hardy and tough, from
continued cold weather that
couldn't get my trouble if I saw
them off hand and natural like.
They'd be scared if I called, all
bundled in steaming bandages or
wrapped in cold ice packs. I
couldn't give them anything except
a fright."
DOCTOR: "You're right. But
they're 'carriers.' They might car-
ry your germs to their less hardy
neighbors from the South and
West and then you'd have started
something. This is a pest house
and you've got the only pest of
the kind ever brought to the United
States and you must obey orders
to eradicate all emeffs from your
whole system. Otherwise you're in
for life."
The Doctor leaves. The tired pa-
tient sleeps. He dreams it is all a
night-mare and is happy he's
through. He needs the sleep. Walk
A consultation of doctors has
been requested but recognized
ethics of the profession interfere
with those of the other school be-
ing invited as requested by the pa-
tient. The patient is strong, with
great vitality and will be cured if
patient. It will be a wonderful vic-
tory for the allopathic school.

pared with 6488 cars last year. ing deducted cars sold in the mid-
These figures being based on gov- western auctions.
emnment passing records after hav- (Continued on Page Three)

Important Meeting

Of All Members To

Be Held In Cocoa
Nominations for Advisory
Body Will Be Made at Dis-
trict Regional Meetings
Nominations of the Directors who
will serve on the Clearing House
Board next year will be made at the
next meeting of the Committee of
Fifty to be held at Cocoa, March 7.
The Association's By-Laws pro-
vide for nomination of the Direc-
tors, by the Committee of Fifty, the
election to be held the first Tuesday
in April, which this year falls on
April 1st. James C. Morton, Chair-
man of the Committee-of Fifty and
of the Election Committee, is urg-
ing all members of the Committee
of Fifty to attend the Coacoa meet-
ing so that the. nominations may be
How Nominations Are Made
According to the By-Laws, mem-
bers of the Committee of Fifty in
each of the seven Clearing House
districts, are to place in nomination
the names of three growers, one of
whom will be elected to the Board
to represent that particular district.
The Committee of Fifty as a whole
will designate eight other growers
as nominees, four of whom will be
elected to the Board as Directors-
The By-Laws further provide that
nominations also may be made by
growers upon petition to the Board
of Directors. Seventy-five growers
in any district may place any grower
or growers in nomination by filing a
petition to this effect with the Board
of Directors at least ten days be-
fore the date of election. Three
hundred growers may nominate a
grower from the state at large by
filing similar petition also at least
ten days before the date of election.
Majority Vote By Mail
The various polling places in the
(Continued on Page Three) ,

Growers Who Have Not Signed A Clearing House Contract May Not Vote Aprill



A meeting of the Committee of
Fifty was held February 13, 1930,
in the City Hall in Arcadia. The
meeting was called to order at 1:30
p. m.
Present: J. C. Morton, Theron
Thompson, James Thompson, F. E.
Brigham, J. D. Clark, Dr. James
Harris, E. Winton Hall, W. S. Bry-
son, C. W. Lyons, W. D. Yonally,
W. J. Ellsworth, F. J. Alexander, B.
J. Nordman, J. G. Grossenbacher,
C. A. Garrett, W. M. Reck, R. K.
Thompson, R. H. Prine, R. S. Wind-
ham, D. S. Boreland, Rupert Smith,
H. G. Murphy. Also, Directors F. G.
Moorhead and Dr. E. C. Aurin.
Mr. Igou, Secretary of the Cham-
ber: of Commerce, made an address
of welcome.
Minutes of meeting of January
24th were read and approved as
read. Minutes of the Executive Com-
mittee meeting read as a mettar of
Letter of Hon. Will R. Wood, Jan-
uary 28th, read as information.
Discussion of the duty of con-
ducting the election of Directors for
1930 and the importance of holding
the next meeting early in the month.
Motion made by Mr. Reck, sec-
onded by Mr. Murphy, that the next
meeting be held at Cocoa at 1:30
p. m. on March 7th. Motion carried.
Mr. Moorhead and Dr. Aurin
spoke on the subject of the election
and the thought that must be given
on the subject. Motion made by Mr.
Reck, seconded by Mr. Murphy,
that the election committee consist
of Messrs. Morton, Clark and Brig-

ham. Motion carried.
Dr. Aurin made an address tell-
ing of the accomplishments of the
Clearing House and giving an ac-
counting of his stewardship to the
large number of growers who were
present at the meeting.
Chairman Morton made a very
enlightening and detailed report on
the present fly situation and of the
meetings held February 6th and 8th
by the Composite Florida Commit-
tee and the Federal Fruit Fly Board.
Mr. Pratt was then called on and
spoke on the need of the co-opera-
tion of the growers to make the
Clearing House a success. He spoke
further on the general fly situation
and gave the unofficial, answers of
the Federal Fruit Fly Board to the
requests made of them at the meet-
ings on February 6th and 8th, stat-
ing that there would be no changes
for this year.
Motion by Mr. Clark, seconded by
Mr. Grossenbacher, that the Clear-
ing House take the necessary steps
to make an accurate estimate of the
1930-31 crop regardless of cost, this
information to be kept confidential,
the estimate to be made at an early
date. Motion carried.
Letter of Mr. A. W. Hanley of
February 10th was read regarding
attendance at the Central Florida
Motion made by Mr. Reck, sec-
onded by Mr. Grossenbacher, that
Chairman Morton's report of the fly
situation be reduced to writing and
sent to the membership. Motion

circumstances. It is the belief of the
department that prevention of spread
necessitates the maintenance of the
sterilization requirement, at least
for the present season.
Believes Fly Still Here
I note the views of the composite
committee relative to the failure to
find the fly in Florida since Nov. 16.
While we are extremely gratified
that the eradication activities have
apparently reduced the population
of the fly to a point where no fly
can be found at this time, this does
not furnish a basis for belief that
the fly has been eradicated. An ex-
amination of the biological probabil-
ities concerning the present status
of fruit fly in Florida and the known
behavior of this insect in other coun-
tries leads to the inescapable conclu-
sion that there are now, probably at
widely separate points in Florida, in-
cipient infestations such as the one
discovered Nov. 16. The finding of
infestations. in the beginning state
is a very difficult matter and in-
volves extensive examination of
properties, tree by tree, and the ex-
amination of vast quantities of fruit.
Even under the most favorable of
conditions the finding of infestations
such as the one found on Nov. 16 is
more or less accidental, and it is
very probable that numerous similar
infestations have been and are be-
ing overlooked in spite of the best
inspection we are able to make, and
that the sterilization requirement is
essential to prevention of carrying
these incipient infestations outside
of Florida and giving them more or
less wide distribution throughout the
Progress In Research
The members of your committee
and the members of the organiza-
tions represented on the committee
are familiar with the reasons which
caused the department to permit un-
sterilized fruit to move from the
eradication area into the northeast-
ern part of the country. In the early
part of the eradication problem it
was believed that it would not be
safe to permit the crop which is now
being shipped to reach maturity.
However, rapid progress was made
by the research bureaus of the de-
partment in the development of ster-
ilization methods which gave prom-
ise of commercial application to the
Florida crop so as to make possible
the movement of Florida products
under conditions of safety to the
rest of the country. The committee
of specialists which investigated
conditions in Florida at my request
during the summer recommended,
among other things, that the quar-
antine regulations be modified to
permit of the movement out of
Florida of hosts to the Mediterran-
ean fruit fly when sterilized in ac-
cordance with the methods which
had been developed by the depart-
ment. It was the belief of the com-
mittee that this sterilization could
be effected in a practical way and
that it should be done as a means of

preventing the spread of the pest to
other parts of the country.
Northeast Area Opened
As the shipping season developed,
it became very apparent that there
were not sufficient facilities in the
State of Florida to permit of carry-
ing out in full the recommendations
of the committee. Therefore, in
order to assist Florida in every pos-
sible way and with no greater as-
sumption of risk of spread of the
Mediterranean fruit fly than was ab-
solutely necessary under the circum-
stances by the department, permis-
sion was given to move unsterilized
fruit into that part of the United
States lying north and east of the
Potomac Yards.
The department realized there
would be criticism of this action in
permitting unsterilized fruit to go
into one section while requiring
sterilization for fruit moving to other
parts of the country. If there is any
basis for criticism, however, it is be-
cause the department permitted
fruit which might carry the fruit fly
to move out of the eradication area
into any part of the United States
without sterilization.
Overheating Blamed
With respect to the committee's
statement that sterilization is a com-
mercial failure, there seems to be
very convincing proof that the in-
jury which has been caused to fruit
by sterilization has been the result
of inefficient and improper applica-
tion of sterilization methods and
that sterilization. which has been
performed in accordance with the
recommendations of the department
has not injured the fruit. The Fed-
eral Fruit Fly Board is of the opin-
ion that the sterilization records
show conclusively that the telegrams
announcing the receipt of bad fruit
due to sterilization are tied up di-
rectly with cars which were im-
properly sterilized, that is over-
heated. The department is of the
opinion, decidedly, that sterilization
properly conducted, does not injure
the fruit, and that in order to take
the necessary steps to prevent spread
of the fruit fly the, sterilization re-
quirement must be maintained.
No Change In Zones
The same reason which necessi-
tates the maintenance of the sterili-
zation requirement, namely, the
probability which amounts almost to
a certainty that fruit flies still exist
in different places in Florida, makes
it necessary to refuse, also, the re-
quest that the eradication area or
any part of it at this time be re-
classified as Zone three.
The department appreciates sin-
cerely the generous co-operation
which has been extended by the cit-
izens of Florida in this emergency,
and I am sure you will understand
that the department is proceeding
in the manner which it believes is
best calculated to effect the com-
plete extermination of the fruit fly
in Florida at the earliest possible

There has been placed before me
a brief of the composite committee
of the Florida Citrus Growers Clear-
ing House Association and other
Florida business interests as present-
ed through the Federal Fruit Fly
Board in Orlando, Fla., on Feb. 8,
1930, requesting modification of the
quarantine regulations pertaining to
Mediterranean fruit fly. A request
for the removal of the sterilization
requirements now applying to citrus
fruit from the eradication area in
Florida to that part of the country
referred to as the midwest has re-
ceived the careful consideration of
the department over an extended
period as there have been numerous
requests of this same nature con-
Realizes Distress
The department realizes fully the
distress in which the Florida grow-
ers and shippers find themselves,
and it is with the greatest regret

that I find it impossible, under the
circumstances, to comply with the
requests which have been made for
a modification of the quarantine
which would remove the sterilization
It is the unqualified opinion of
specialists within the department
and outside that there does exist a
real risk of carrying the Mediter-
ranean fruit fly out of Florida in un-
sterilized products which may be
susceptible to attack by the fly. The
department is charged by congress
with the responsibility of preventing
the spread of the Mediterranean
fruit fly to other sections of the
country, and with the responsibility
of eradication of the fly from the
United States. It is incumbent on
the department, and naturally is the
desire of the department, to accom-
plish this purpose at the earliest pos-
sible moment and with as little in-
convenience as is possible under the

Secretary Hyde's Statement

Rig Up A Long Pole With Hook at End And Get Every One of Those "Shiners"

Pare 2



February 25, 1930


Regional Meetings

For District Seven

Will Start Feb. 27

Dates for the Regional Meetings
for District Seven, at which nomina-
tions for the Committee of Fifty
members from that district will be
made, have just been announced as
Punta Gorda, Feb. 27, at 8 p. m.
Wauchula, Feb. 28, at 3 p. m.
Fort Myers, March 3, at 3 p. m.
Arcadia, March 4, at 8 p. m.
Sarasota, March 5, at 10:30 a. m.
Bradenton, March 5, at 3 p. m.
District Seven is entitled to the
appointment of six Committee of
Fifty representatives for the com-
ing fiscal year. So that growers may
have the full privilege of choice of
such appointees, at least twice as
many names will be offered in nomi-
nation as will be finally selected.
Each Regional Meeting in District
Seven therefore will offer for nomi-
nation at least twice as many names
as will be finally chosen. District
Seven finally will appoint for the
ney season six names receiving the
highest vote at the Regional Meet-
ings called in the district for that
purpose. With District Seven hav-
ing the privilege of appointing six
members to the Committee of Fifty,
each of the above six meeting places
will select one nominee from the
two or more names offered at each
Similar meetings will be held in
each of the seven districts and a
similar method of procedure follow-
ed for the final selection of the
Committee of Fifty members for
the ensuing year.
Allotments of Committee of Fifty
membership for each district are as
District 1-14; District 2-5; Dis-
trict 3-6; District 4-7; District 5
-7; District 6-5, and District 7-
6. Each district is allowed its pro-
portionate number of Committee of
Fifty members according to the per-
centage of its membership to the
total Clearing House membership.

Marlatt Considering

Processing Zone Two

Fruit Into Northeast

Dr. C. L. Marlatt, chief of the
Federal Bureau of Entomology, is
considering withdrawal of the priv-
ilege of shipment into the eleven
northeastern states without process-
ing, according to a statement issued
early this month.
This of course does not mean that
the regulation will be changed-
final decision of course being up to
Lee A. Strong in charge of the P.
Q. C. A. and Secretary Hyde-but
it does mean that Dr. Marlatt is
beginning to feel that the Federal

Department's concession has served
its purpose.
"The acceptance by the Depart-
ment," the statement said, "as to
northeastern states, of the risk and
responsibility therefore has, by mis-
interpretation, been used as the
chief argument for the elimination
of the requirement of sterilization
as a condition for movement into
the middle western and even into
the southern states. As already in-
dicated, it was fully realized that
the opportunity for fruit fly devel-
opment, during the summer and fall,
was just as favorable in certain of
the northeastern states-in import-
ant peach-growing areas, for ex-
ample-as in states farther west,
the only difference being that of
geographical position in relation to
areas of greater risk.
"The withholding of the require-
ment of sterilization for this area
having served its immediate pur-
pose, and the facilities for treat-
ment having become generally avail-
able, there would seem to be no
good reason why the requirement
of sterilization should not now be en-
forced as to the eastern area, thus
eliminating further assumption of
risk and putting all of the northern
states on equality.
"The necessity for continuing and
possibly expanding the sterilization
requirement is strengthened by the
fact that the department has been
obliged, from lack of funds, to dis-
continue the clean-up of abandoned
properties in Florida and also spray-
ing operations, and to some extent
the supervision of the weekly clean-
up of drops and windfalls, thus
greatly enhancing the opportunity
of breeding and development of any
flies which may still remain in the
state. As the season progresses and
the fruit fly risk increases, condi-
tions may develop which will indi-
cate the need of sterilization of all
host fruits and vegetables leaving
Florida, as recommended by the
nation-wide committee of specialists
already referred to."

(Continued from Page One)
seven districts, which may be used
if the growers prefer to cast a direct
ballot rather than vote by mail, will
be designated at the Cocoa meet-
ing. Last year very few votes were
cast at the polling places. Nomina-
tions for the members of the Com-
mittee of Fifty are to be made at
various Regional Meetings which
will be held next month, some of
them even having been scheduled
for the latter part of this month.
Members of the Election Commit-
tee in addition to Chairman Morton
are John D. Clark, Waverly, and F.
E. Brigham, Winter Haven, from
the Committee of Fifty; A. M. Til-
den, Winter Haven; Dr. E. C. Au-
rin, Ft. Ogden, and Allen E. Walker,
Winter Haven, from the Board of
Directors. On this committee rests

the task of handling this year's elec-
The Cocoa meeting will be held
in the Cocoa grammar school, lo-
cated on the Dixie Highway, the
meeting to start at 1:30 p. m. As
usual the meeting is open to all
growers and it is expected that many
growers will attend the March 7th
meeting. The regular meeting of
the Executive Committee of the
committee will be held either that
morning or on the night before, the
members to be advised definitely as
to this in plenty of time for them to
make their arrangements.
Dr. P. J. Parrott, member of the
Federal Fruit Fly Board, has accept-
ed an invitation to make a short talk
at the Cocoa meeting in which he is
expected to tell the committeemen
and others of the quarantine situa-
tion. Dr. Parrott is chief entomolo-
gist of the New ,York State Experi-
ment Station. He was president for
some time of the American Associa-
tion of Economic Entomologists. A
Question Box also will be a feature
of the program, growers seeking in-
formation as to what the Clearing
House is and what it is doing, being
invited to present their questions
for open discussion following the
business routine of the meeting.

(Continued from Page One)
"This disproportionate and disor-
derly distribution has been unavoid-
able due to the fact that our quar-
antine regulations required process-
ing on all citrus going into the west
from the eradication area of Florida
and on all citrus, no matter how
originating, that went into the south.
After the first few weeks arrivals,
the trade turned against processed
fruit so universally as to limit fur-
ther sales almost entirely to zone 3
fruit comprising only 16 percent of
the crop.
"The live Mediterranean fruit fly
has not been found since Aug. 7 and
only one fly was found in one out
of 8000 traps in use on that date.
Since Nov. 16 when one orange was
found showing four larvae, no evi-
dence has shown up indicating the
presence of the Mediterranean fruit
fly in Florida. This remarkable free-
dom from any trouble together with
the serious handicap placed upon
our distribution problem by the ster-
ilization requirement, and the con-
vincing testimony of the govern-
ment's own figures of passing, it
was thought would bring about the
lifting of the processing require-
ment on fruit moving into those
states where even if the fruit had
any possible trouble, the fly could
not possibly live.
"The Clearing House did not ask
the privilege of moving into the
south because. of the hysteria still
controlling the minds of many re-
gardless of the fact that for all this
season, with the one exception of

one orange, nothing has occurred to
indicate the presence of the fly in
any stage.
"Not only did the Clearing House,
and those leading business interests
that allied themselves with it in this
request, believe conclusive evidence
had been presented showing the rea-
sonableness of this request for mod-
ification, but also the Plant Board
itself went on record as endorsing
the request, explaining that in fact
several weeks ago the board had
made a similar request to Washing-
"When it was seen that the prob-
able answer would be negative a
further suggestion was made by the
Clearing House that there should be
a reclassification of the eradication
area and recognize in the non-eradi-
cation area that portion of- Florida
which had been exceptionally free
from trouble in last season's crop
and which had so effectively met the
situation as to have been entirely
free from any known trouble duri-
ing the last seven months. This re-
quest for rezoning of Florida has
also been denied.
"The foregoing facts are stated
plainly to the public so there will
not be in the minds of any the feel-
ing that the Clearing House and the
citrus industry have not made the
proper effort to get relief from the
serious handicaps we are laboring
under. The full facts of the case
are a matter of public record and to
the layman's mind seem conclusive
evidence of the industry demands
being reasonable. The fact remains,
however, that our convictions in this
regard are not the convictions of
the Department of Agriculture and
that we must 'carry on,' recognizing
the authority of the federal depart-
ment and that we must continue to
make the best of the situation.
"Protest is useless. Becoming em-
bittered accomplishes nothing. A
more determined effort than ever
must be made to comply with our
requirements. Most certainly noth-
ing would be more short-sighted
than letting ourselves give up and
say, 'what's the use?' More than
ever we should keep the drops pick-
ed up and buried.
"We should accept the challenge
from Uncle Sam and absolutely
prove that the apparent freedom
from the fly is actual and that if
there should be some slight indica-
tion of trouble, we will as loyally
carry on and as determinedly set
about to eradicate it by our own ef-
forts as individuals as heretofore.
"The shippers of Florida are be-
ing urged to perfect the equipment,
the personnel and management of
the sterilization process by benefit-
ing from past mistakes. The Clear-
ing House will persistently continue
to present the needs of the industry
to those in authority and will use
every influence possible to see that
the regulations of our quarantine
are complied with because in so do-
ing lies the only means of finally
securing the verdict of 'not guilty.'"

Write Your Neighbor Who Lives Out of State To Have Grove Clean By April 1

February 25, 1930

Page 8

Page 4 FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS February 25, 1930


SEASON 1924-25 SEASON 19ZS-26

SEASON 1928-29









19g6 29
1924Z-5 24.687
22,196 A 6YEAR
119A96 1927-28
16,04 S 1,2913



5010Mm 75

SEASON 1923-24




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SEASON 19Z7-28



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Here's a picture of what the quarantine regulations are
doing to our distribution:
The map above shows the amounts of both oranges and
grapefruit normally consumed in the three national quaran-
tine areas, namely, the 11 northeastern states, the middle
western states and the embargoed southern and western
states. Quarantine regulations permit unprocessed fruit to
move into the northeastern area. Into the middle western
states fruit must be processed unless it is shipped from Zones
3. The embargoed states in the south and west will accept

only processed fruit regardless of where it is grown in
During the current season distribution into the three
areas shown above has been changed as follows, the figures
including shipments up to Feb. 1st: The northeast area has
received 67% of the total orange shipments and 67% of the
grapefruit; the middle western area has received 13% of the
oranges and 21% of the grapefruit; the southern and west-
ern embargoed states have received 20% of the oranges and
12% of the grapefruit.

It will be noted that the southern embargoed states' pro-
portion is practically the same as in normal years. This,
however, is not the case in that the proportion by the close
of the season probably will be cut almost in half. Reason
for this lies in the fact that the January shipments into the
southern states were abnormally heavy. Then reaction
against processed fruit became evident and the February
shipments have dropped tremendously. The result of the
decreasing movement into the south will be that the southern
proportion will be decreased and the proportions moved into
the middle western and northeastern areas will be increased.






Page 6


Weekly Citrus Summary

(By A. M. Pratt, General Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association)

Florida Oranges Shipped ----..-
Florida Grapefruit Shipped__ -.
Florida Tangerines Shipped --.
Total - ....--.-- ----.
Florida Mixed Shipped__--
Total .. .- ..-.--------
California Oranges Shinned -

Feb. 22


Feb. 15

Feb. 22,1929

Florida Oranges Auctioned .---- 417 386 504
Average----____------- $4.50 $4.25 $3.07
Florida Grapefruit Auctioned 309 250 241
Average .___....--... --. $3.95 $3.85 $2.95
Florida Tangerines Auctioned --- 10 20 98
SAverage_ .. .---..-- .----. $7.10 $5.55-- $3.88
California Oranges Auctioned.-- 280 265 311
A rag $5.10 $5.05 $3.73

Oranges No. Is Oranges No. 2s
Shipped Sold Avg. Shipped Sold Avg.
Last week ..- 192 71 $3.70 301 169 $2.96
37% 56%
This week -_ 259 85 $3.62 392 208 $2.97
33% 53%
Difference_-_ +67 +14 -.08 +91 +39 +.01

Grapefruit No. is Grapefruit No. 2s
Shipped Sold Avg. Shipped Sold Avg.
Last week --- 115 55 $3.38 224 99 $2.85
48% 44%
This week 1.30 40 $3.54 235 106 $2.97
31% 45%
Difference ---.. +15 -15 +.16 +11 + 7 +.12

For Week Ending Est.
14 21 28 4 11 18 25 1 8 15 Week
Oranges ... 1337 851 317 916 898 776 799 679 639 796 1150
Grapefruit.. 474 271 144 400 522 462 497 551 440 544 675
Mixed ..... 735 601 175 362 502 414 408 363 337 351 375
Tangerines .153 67 47 103 67 47 36 19 11 4 0
California .. 1108 712 561 722 616 305 549 820 950 938 1075
Texas ..... 304 231 73 192 308 323 176 116 92 46 5


Last week ..._ 796
This week ------* 975
Next week ...*1150

Last week__ 938
This-week__ 925
Next week .__*1075

Last.week-_ 544
This week_ 575
SNext "week 675

S' : :- This
Last week_- 351
This week_* 375
Next week-* 375
SA timated
.' '

Florida Oranges
SLast 1927- 1926-
Year 28 27
1196 372 834
1226 433 1034
954 485 769
California Oranges
Last 1927- 1926-
Year 28 27
1438 1136 454
1196 993 1198
1428 1158 1331
Florida Grapefruit
Last 1927- 1926-
Year 28 27
750 391 605
742 541 671
638 497 695










Florida Mixed
Year 1927-28 1926-27 1925-26 1924-25 1923-24
354 205 221 153 170 No Record
351 198 223 167 152 No Record
280 198 212 154 138 No Record


Five Weeks Left
Estimating two-thirds of the mix-
ed as oranges and one-third as
grapefruit our total shipments
through this week are 16,383 cars
of oranges and 11,522 cars of grape-
fruit. This would leave from our
estimated orange crop of 21,000
cars, 4617 cars of oranges to pmar-
ket commencing February 23rd.
From our estimated 16,000 cars of
grapefruit we would have left 4478
cars. The orange movement in itself
would indicate far greater pressure
to ship than grapefruit considering
the amount left, which from the
above figures is almost the same for
each variety.
Therefore I believe we might as-
sume 5,000 cars of oranges left and
4,000 cars of grapefruit.. If these
figures are correct it would mean
1,000 cars per week of oranges and
800 cars per week of grapefruit.
Quarantine Time Limit Interferes
-=- With Prorating
-Our members requested the priv-
ilege of shipping' this coming week
1253 cars of oranges and .750 cars
grapefruit. Because of the April
first time limit period it was felt
that although these shipments would
be too heavy, that the growers and
shippers would have to be permitted
to move this quantity the coming
week if their individual needs re-
quired it, therefore each member
was given the privilege of shipping
up to his requested figure. Assum-
ing that our members do so (and
that we represent 80 % of the move-
ment) this coming week it would
mean that the,week would show
1566 cars of oranges and 940 cars
of grapefruit or an orange move-
ment of 566 cars or 50% heavier
than it should be if our estimate is
correct. A movement of grapefruit
of 140 cars or 17% heavier than
it should be. I would recommend
that our shippers give serious
thought to this excessive movement
of oranges, particularly. The move-
ment indicated would be warranted
if we had 7500 cars of oranges to
market instead of 5,000 cars.
-Grapefruit Problem .
Grapefruit prices are more dis-
appointing than orange prices. This
naturally accounts somewhat for
the lighter movement of grapefruit
compared with the crop left. Also,
doubtless many of our shippers have
in mind the thought the Clearing
House is recommending; namely,
that grapefruit shipments be held
down somewhere near to a reason-
able point with the expectancy of
moving at least all the surplus of
the last two or three weeks into
cold storage.
Why Not Do This?
I think all of us will agree that
we have not over 5,000 cars of
grapefruit (my own estimate is 4,-
000 cars). If we would move into
the markets for immediate distri-
bution 700 cars a week that would
dispose of 3,500 cars. Then if the
last three weeks we would system-
atically agree with each other to
put 500 cars per. week in storage

February 25; 1930

that would give us 1500 cars. that
we could start releasing at the rate
of not over 300 cars per week after
April 5th. Our grapefruit will be
the only grapefruit of any conse-
quence as Texas is out of the way
and Porto Rico arrivals are not ex-
tremely heavy.
The last three weeks of March
would show twelve hundred cars per
week grapefruit movement but the
trade could be advised officially that
300 cars per week being deliberate-
ly taken from the market and go-
ing into cold storage, thereby re-
lieving their minds from what would
appear otherwise to be immediately
heavy supplies rolling. I earnestly
ask that you consider this possibility
before "cutting loose" on the much
heavier grapefruit movement antici-
pated for the week we are just en-
It was generally agreed at our
Operating Committee meeting last
night, that it was unwise to con-
sider storing this early and that the
surplus movement for cold storage
should go in the last two or three
weeks of March.
Market Dollar Higher Than a Year
Some of us are inclined to get
down-in-the-mouth on our problem.
We realize that last year was cer-
tainly no criterion to go by as last
year's prices were ruinous, never-
theless you will be interested to
again note that this week shows
more cars of grapefruit havingsold
at auction than a year ago and at
an advance of a dollar per box;
namely 309 cars this week at $3.95
as compared with 241 cars a year
ago at $2.95. The comparison on or-
anges is even more striking being
almost $1.50 per box difference;
namely, 417 cars oranges this week
at $4.50 delivered compared with
504 cars a year ago at $3.07. There
is nothing in these figures to war-
rant the growers getting panicky
and certainly nothing that .would
warrant our shippers doing so. Un-
less our estimates are all wrong we
do not need move our oranges a bit
faster than we have been moving,
-and we can move- the-surplus- of
grapefruit over 700 cars per week
into cold storage.
Cold Storage and Sterilization at
Same Time
The Clearing House is urging,
and it has reasons to hope, that ster-
ilization orders will permit in the
near future a long term cold pro-
cessing of grapefruit and oranges
at a temperature of 300 to 310 in-
stead of getting down to 280 for
five, hours as was originally requir-
ed. At 310 there would be no risk
of freezing the fruit and experi-
ments so far seem to indicate that-
fruit held to this point for 15 to 20
days effectively kill any larvae. It
is, therefore, highly desirable that
if this process can be authorized
that it be authorized immediately
so that our shippers may combine
their extension of the marketing
season by cold storage with the ster-
ilization requirements thereby per-
mitting storing the eradication area

February g5i 1930

February 25,.1930

fruit in the western market where
the market is so high on grapefruit,
Sand thereby also relieving the east-
ern markets.
Getting, First Hand Evidence on
Heat Sterilization
The Clearing House in connec-
tion with Dr. Hawkins will be send-
ing from each source one represen-
,tative or more to the southern mar-
(kets to get first hand evidence of
efficiently heat sterilized cars, not
only on arrival but in the hands of
the jobber, in the hands of the re-
tailer and so far as possible through
to the consumer. At least one par-
ticular car will be traced through to
, the consumer and its identity main-
''tained. Attention is going to be
given particularly to those cars that
have been commercially heat steri-
lized with a range of from 110 de-
grees to not over 112 degrees so
that from an open-minded stand-
point our own members, as well as
the trade, may learn the actual facts
aso inamage oi not by this process.
Sales resistances some time exist on
account of prejudices and fear. On
the other hand the result may show
that the government experts have
been over-confident and over-en-


Last Week To The South
No shipments will be permitted
to the southern states after Feb-
ruary 28 and Dr. O'Kane also ad-
vises that no interstate movement
between the southern states will be
permitted after February 28; that
is, no movement from one state to
another where that fruit is in the
Weekly Movement Including Pro-
portion Mixed
On the first sheet you will notice
the estimate is not as high as that
indicated by the prorating figures
allotted our members. I am assum-
ing there will be enough good com-
mon sense to hold our orange ship-
ments down to 1150 cars, grape-
fruit to 675 cars and mixed to 375
cars. Classifying two-thirds of the
mixed as oranges and one-third as
grapefruit it would mean that we
would be shipping this coming week
1400 cars of oranges and 800 cars
pf grapefruit,.compared. to 1225 or-
anges and 700 cars grapefruit this
week. This still leaves the orange
movement 40% heavier than it
should be and the grapefruit 100
cars heavier than it should be if we
agree upon the cold storage plan

Go over in your mind the following figures:
Weekly Movement, Including Two-thirds of Mixed As
One-third as Grapefruit

Oranges and

Week Ending January February This
4 11 18 25 1 8 15 Week
Oranges __ 1157 1235 1052 1071 921 864 1017 1225
Grapefruit_ 521 689 600 623 672 552 658 700


SDestroyed?-Not So's You Could Notice It


And above is a glimpse into the famous Hamlin grove at Orlando, photos of which
a year ago were sent all over the country showing fruit on the ground, damage done by
the fly. Articles dealing with the fly in Florida went to great length to tell how groves
had been laid waste, referring enthusiastically to the Hamlin grove. The above photo
is a bit too dark but it so happens that the trees again have a crop on them and if you
look carefully you probably can see this for yourself.

Fly Rules to Stick

At Least For While

Secretary of Agriculture Hyde of-
ficially refused to order any modifi-
cations of the quarantine regula-
tions in a statement issued from

Washington last week. The ultima-
tum was handed down as a reply to
the request made early this month
by the composite committee, headed
by the Clearing House, and com-
posed of representatives of practi-
cally all the important interests in
the State.


The Secretary's refusal, embodied
in a letter written to President J.
A. Griffin of the Clearing House,
declared that the government can-
not accede to requests for modifi-
cation because of the probability
"which amounts almost to a certain-
ty" that the fruit fly still exists in
different parts of Florida.
Denies Processing Failure
Secretary Hyde also took issue
with growers and shippers of the
State as to the practicability of pro-
cessing, declaring that the damage
reported to fruit heretofore has
been due to improper processing.
Data concerning the efforts made by
the industry to comply with the pro-
cessing regulations had been pre-
sented to the newly created Fruit
Fly Board at Orlando early this
month and the Sceretary's reply was
made as the government's attitude
toward the arguments presented to
the representatives in the State.
W. C. O'Kane, Chairman of the
Fruit Fly Board, in commenting
upon Secretary Hyde's statement,
declared, "additional modifications
of the present quarantine regula-
tions might seriously complicate the
future success of the eradication
campaign, must be regarded as a
determining factor in the situation
with which the Department of Ag-
riculture now has to deal. Appar-
ently Secretary Hyde considers it
unsafe to modify them despite his
sympathetic attitude toward the
problems of Florida growers and
President Griffin issued a state-
ment urging the growers to comply
with the regulations as long as they
are in force.
"Secretary Hyde's letter and
Chairman O'Kane's comment speak
for themselves," Mr. Griffin said.
"The statement of the Secretary of
Agriculture that he has and will con-
tinue to give any consideration to
the interests and requests of the
Florida growers and that he regrets
he cannot meet their wishes for
modification at this time should be
indicative as a cordial invitation to
continue to co-operate with him and
as a promise for the future. -
"Until the Secretary and his as-
sociates are convinced that it is wise
and safe to modify the regulations,
we growers must comply and it be-
hooves us to do so with as good
grace as possible and to carry on
our operations to the fullest possi-
ble extent under present regula-
tions. If as many believe the fly is
exterminated, to be sure that fact
will be demonstrated in due time.
That, after all, is- the real objec-
Salvation of the remainder of this
season's crop, totaling 9,000 to 10,-
000 cars of both oranges and grape-
fruit, is problematical, leaders in
the industry feel. There are, how-
ever, two factors entering into the
marketing of the remainder of the
fruit which may prove of tremen-
dous help despite the difficulties pre-

Page' i

Association's Work

Given Recognition

Let a handful (or many hand-
fuls) of growers get together for
a few minutes and sooner or later
the work the Clearing House
is doing will be brought up with
mutual agreement as to its value
to the industry.
And this was true at an Ex-
change meeting held in Tampa
the middle of the month when J.
C. Chase formally accepted the
post of president of that organi-
zation. Mr. Chase, in making a
brief talk to the growers assem-
bled before him discussed various
Exchange problems and of course
took occasion to mention the
Clearing House. "The Clearing
House," he said, "has done a
great deal to bring together the,
various interests of the industry
and weld them into one cohesive

sented by continuance of the quar-
antine regulations. The possibility
of placing a large quantity of our
fruit in cold storage is regarded as
one means of obtaining the best
price possible under present condi-
New Cold Method Sought
Every effort right now is being
made to see if it will not be possible
to combine the cold storage problem
with the revised processing method,
which would permit processing or
sterilizing the fruit at a consider-
able higher temperature than the
minimum of 28 degrees previously
required under cold processing. The
desired end is to see if a cold pro-
cess of considerable time duration
may not be applied without running
any risk whatever of freezing the
In Dr. Black's bulletin on "The
Effect of Cold Storage Tempera-
tures upon the Mediterranean Fruit
Fly," published in the Journal of
Agricultural Research, January 10,
1916, on page 665, the following
sentence occurs: .
"The data contained in this paper
show that no eggs or larvae of tn'e
Mediterranean fruit fly surviVedrae-r'
frigeration at 400 to 450 F. fior
seven weeks, at 330 to 400 for three
weeks, or at 320 to 330 for twb
Experiments made since the above
bulletin was published, it is claimed;
indicate 300 might be the only. safe
maximum from a quarantine stand-
point. Experiments are being car-
ried on under the direction of Dr.
A. C. Baker at Orlando, and Dr. Lon
A. Hawkins, and it is hoped that
some practical conclusion insuring.
safety from a quarantine standpoint
as well as avoiding freezing may be
reached in time to materially help
the industry to put more of its crop
into the mid-western markets and
relieve the northeastern markets.

Your Neighbor Must Join the Clearing House To Take Part in Coming Election

Page 7





FEBRUARY 25, 1930

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postofce at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.




Ft. Ogden
Winter Garden
Winter Haven
Mt. Dora
Winter Haven
Vice President
General Manager

Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: 10c

Are You Qualified To Vote?
The second annual election of directors and
members of the Committee of Fifty of the
Clearing House will be held April 1. There
are several hundred growers of Florida cit-
rus, some of whom of course do not live in
Florida, who as yet have not joined the Clear-
ing House. Many of these growers unques-
tionably have held back because they wanted
to see if the Clearing House can really accom-
plish something for the industry before throw-
ing their support to it. A few, unfortunately,
live in isolated sections of the state where
there does not happen to be a Clearing House
shipper and hence they have been unable to
join from economic reasons. There may be a
few others in the state who sincerely do not
believe the Clearing House has a place in the
Florida citrus picture.
Election of new directors and Committee
of Fifty members April 1 is to be done of
course only by actually signed grower mem-
bers of the Clearing House. Those growers
who have not signed a contract with the
Clearing House will not be permitted to take
part in the election, the envelope containing
the grower's marked ballot, showing the
grower's name which is checked as it comes
giiaiain'stthe Association's contract list. If
you are not certain that the Clearing House
has your contract in its files at Winter Haven,
by all'means take steps to remedy the matter.
If you have signed a contract with the Clear-
ing House at some time and are not receiving
the Association's official magazine, the Flor-
ida Clearing House News, it is probable that
your contract has never been received at the
Association's headquarters. If you have a
n ige bor who says he has signed up with the
go*Juse and who does not receive the
.Clbiring House News, pass this information

on to him and tell him to write the Clearing
House headquarters and ask either for an-
other contract or inquire as to whether or not
his contract is in the Association's files.
The fact that you are paying the assessment
through the Florida Citrus Exchange, the
American Fruit Growers or any other of our
shipper members does not necessarily entitle
you to a vote. The fact that you are getting
the Clearing House News does riot indicate
either that you area member. There were
many growers debarred from voting last year
although they thought they were members
since their fruit was assessed and all of it
moved under the guidance of the Clearing
House. But such growers, indirectly mem-
bers, are not actual members anad are without
the privilege of voting.

"This hurts me worse than it does you,"
may not be just exactly the attitude of the
Federal Government but we know that these
quarantine regulations are leaving on us a
considerable "smart" where it hurts the most
-our pocketbook. Nothing remains for Flor-
ida growers but to make the best of a bad
situation. Our regulations are not to be mod-
ified, the government declares, and for that
matter most of the growers appreciate the
wisdom of the order that our groves must be
cleaned up of all drops and every lone
"shiner" yanked down from the tree. The
government has held forth no definite promise
that regulations will be modified next season,
but unless we keep our groves so clean that
no infestations are found during the summer,
we cannot logically expect any modifications
in the quarantine regulations. All we can do
is abide by the regulations and of course com-
mon sense tells us that the clean-up order is
a wise one. Every grower in Florida today
should immediately begin cleaning his grove
of all drops and the overlooked "shiners!"
Use a long pole with a hook at one end for
the "shiners" and go over your grove again
and again and again and again! Experience
taught us last summer that it was almost a
physical impossibility to detect every fruit
overlooked during picking periods and it is
highly important that we do even better this
year than we did last. We have been free
from the fly (or at least none have been dis-
covered) since November and in the name of
common sense let us do everything we can to
remain that way this summer.
Carelessness or indifference on the part of
many growers of host fruits will not be looked
upon with a kindly eye by the rest of the
growers. Infestations this summer brought on
by neglect is going to place the neglectful
grower in the unpleasant light of being an
unfriendly neighbor. No person has a right,
moral as well as legal, to jeopardize his
neighbor's property.
Non-commercial fruit invariably provided
the sources of infestation last summer, Plant
Board records reveal. This, of course, is due
to the fact that no value is attached to them
and of course but little attention paid to them.
Although the host free period does not start
until April 1st, clean-up work should be be-
gun immediately so that when the period
opens we will be as near 100 percent clean as
it is possible to achieve.

Investigation Into

Fly Fight Expense

Getting Under Way
Investigations into disposition of
Federal funds and the need for ad-
ditional funds were scheduled to
start before a special sub-commit-
tee of the House Appropriations
Committee at Orlando February 24.
Under authority granted by the
House, the sub-committee has au-
thority to demand presence of de-
sired witnesses.and records and J.
G. Rogers, Sergeant at Arms of the
House, will accompany the group to
serve summons on witnesses. Those
making up the committee which is
headed by Chairman Wood of the
Appropriations Committee are Rep-
resentatives Byrns, Tennessee;
Cramton, Michigan; Simmons, Ne-
braska, and Buchanan, Texas. The
purpose of the investigation is to
ascertain how the money already
appropriated, approximately six mil-
lion dollars, has been used and
whether or not the fifteen million
dollars recommended by President
Hoover will be needed to carry on
the work.

Growers Must Write

Bureau for Summary

Of 1929-1930 Season
About the beginning of next sea-
son, a summary of the 1929-30 Flor-
ida citrus season will be released by
the Washington office of the U. S.
Department of Agriculture. This
summary will include: Carlot ship-
ments of oranges, grapefruit and d
mixed citrus from leading states by
weeks as compared with previous
season; comparison of total pro-
duction all citrus by states for past
six years together with comparison
of number of trees in important
states; carlot shipment of Florida
oranges, grapefruit, tangerines and
mixed citrus by counties and months
1929-30 season; U. S. standards for
citrus fruits (Florida); distribution
of Florida oranges, grapefruit, tan-'
gerines and mixed citrus as report-
ed by the carriers.during the period
the Winter Haven Market Service
office was open together with a re-
capitulation by states for the past
six seasons; tabulation of unloads of
Florida citrus by classes in sixty-six
important markets for 1929-30 sea-
son; general discussion and other
miscellaneous information pertain-
ing to marketing this season's citrus
This summary will be mailed, free
of charge to any one making written
request. Regardless of whether you.
are receiving the daily citrus report,
it will be necessary for you to write
for the 1929-30 Florida citrus sum-
mary, to H. F. Willson-, Bureau of.
Agricultural Economics, Box 458,
Winter Haven, Fla.

Paxe 8

February 25, 1930

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