Title: Florida clearing house news ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00031
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: January 10, 1930
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00031
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text
Library C
Bureau of A
U. S- Dept.
Washilngton,






Representing
Growers of Or
Headquarters: WI


o;mp. ,
rig. Econ.,
of Arig.,
D. C.


FLORIDA


CLEARING HOU

more than 10,000 Official
anges and Grapefruit F FLORID
ENTER HAVEN, FLORIDA CLEARING


Publication of the
A CITRUS GROWERS
G HOUSE ASSOCIATION


10 Cents a Copy Volume II
$2.00 a Year JANUARY 10, 1930 Number 7


No Hope Held Forth

For Abandoning of
Processing Policy

-Dr. Marlatt Gives Burt au's
S Reasons When Knight
Appeals Again

Reasons for the United States
Department of Agriculture's re-
=fusal to do away with processing re-
irements have been set forth in a
,memorandum from Dr. C. L. Mar-
latt to Secretary of Agriculture Ar-
5thur M. Hyde, the memorandum
having been forwarded to Peter 0.
SKnight by the Secretary. Col.
Knight sent the memorandum to
ithe Clearing House for publication
for the benefit of the members of
fthe Association, and his letter ac-
companying it together with the
'memorandum and Secretary Hyde's
letter, follows:
From Peter O. Knight
V Tampa, Fla., January 7, 1930.
Mr. A. M. Pratt,
iGeneral Manager
Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association,
Winter Haven, Fla.
*Dear Mr. Pratt:
While in Washington in October
undertaking to assist in working
South the. Mediterranean fruit fly sit-
uation, after a careful considera-
tion of every angle of the situation
I urged the Agricultural Depart-
ment to modify the then rules and
regulations so as to permit of the
,shipment of fruit unprocessed to as
much territory in the United States
as the department thought was ad-
'visable and then stating that what
ever fruit remained upon the trees
in Florida on the first of April
would be destroyed and some com-
pensation made to the growers
therefore, not that they should be
paid what it was worth, but that
ome equitable compensation should
be made.
SI felt that this course would do
several things:
First, it would permit the grow-
ers of Florida to market their fruit
In an orderly manner without dis-
rupting the markets of the country;
hnd,
(Continued on Page Four)


Association Endorses Move to Obtain Fly Funds


Misinformation on

Is Corrected

In Lett

Idle gossip relative to the fruit
fly eradication campaign, which has
set many tongues throughout the
state wagging to the detriment of
the work in hand, has been answer-
ed in part by Dr. Wilmon Newell.
Dr. Newell's explanation of some of
the subjects about which consider-
able misinformation has been broad-
cast by word of mouth as well as
by the public prints, has been given
in a letter he recently wrote to Sen-
ator Duncan U. Fletcher.
The Clearing House feels that the
growers of the state are entitled to
know the situation as it actually
exists in the state and is glad to co-
operate with the Plant Board to the
extent of reprinting Dr. Newell's
letter herewith. Dr. Newell's letter
in part reads as follows:
Hon. Duncan U. Fletcher,
Senate Office Building,
Washington, D. C.
Dear Senator Fletcher:
-Please accept my thanks for hav-
ing forwarded to me under date of
December 17th copy of your letter
of that date to Hon. W. B. Davis, a
member of the State Plant Board,
at Perry, Florida. I presume that a
similar letter has been sent to the
other members of the State Plant
Board. I have, of course, received
your wires since your letter of the/
17th was written to Mr. Davis, ad-
vising that the House and Senrate
have pa s.d an appropriation of $1,-
000,000 lor temporarily continuing
the fruit fly work, so that the im-
pendin isis as to shipment of host
fruits | vegetables from Florida
has as ast been deferred.
While I am well aware that you
need no information from me as to
the facts regarding misinformation
which has been and is being circu-
lated both in Washington and in
Florida concerning the fruit fly ac-
tivities, I nevertheless take the lib-
erty of appending below some com-


Fly Fight Board of Directors
bD Nwe -And Shipptrf OttF'
Help to Department

er to Sen. Fletcher
Operators Discuss Quaran-
ments, in the hope that they may be tine And Sales Problem
found convenient for reference At General Meeting
sooner or later, namely:
"Been In Florida Many Years" Enthusiastic, as well as official,
One of the most frequent state- endorsement of the United States
ments circulated is that the Medi- Department of Agriculture's efforts
terranean fruit fly "has always been tc obtain the $15,000,000 fruit fly
.in Florida," or that it has been in appropriation, has been given by
Florida for many years. There is both the Board of Directors and the
no ground for such a belief. A pest shipper-members of the Clearing
so destructive that it could put House. The endorsement includes
whole crops of ripe grapefruit on commendation for the Department's
the ground within a few weeks time efforts and the pledge of all support
-as it did in numerous groves in possible.
the vicinity of Orlando last spring--
could not have for years escaped the Shipper Members Meet
notice of both growers and ento- This action took place early this
mologists. month, Jan. 3rd, at meetings held in'
The fly increases at such rapid Winter Haven of both the Directors
rate that, had it been anywhere in and the shipper-members respective-
the United States for any consider- ly. At the Directors' meetingiin the
able period of time, specimens of it afternoon, the quarati vobem
would have been detected and no- and situation was disctissed freel
ticed in the collections of hundreds and from all angles, with the result
of thousands of insects annually that a resolution was prepared, pass-
made by entomologists and students- ed--unanimously, comn3gpding. -th*
Incidentally, such insect collections work being done by Tdi-edeial of-
have been made in Florida in a very ficials as well as President Hoye
thorough manner for many years, and tbS e-for of the Budget
as Florida has been the meceaa~- re1ng the hearty assistance '-n
hundreds of insect cole Clearing House Aasoc;.,on.- On
Inspectors of t State Plant that night somu .tty shipper-mem-
Board of Flo have been watch- bers, holdi~,g general meeting for
ing for-this and other fruit flies in thd first. &ine in many months, en-
the groves of Florida since 1915, dorsed the Directors' action of the
and it was one of the Plant Board afternoon.
force, Mr. J. C. Goodwin, who dis- The resolution in question reads.
covered the fly in Florida on April as follows: .b :s
6th, though it should be said that "WHEREAS by special communi-
his discovery was accidental (by eat- cation to the Congress of the United
ing an infested grapefruit) rather States, dated December 9, 1929, the
than the result of a systematic honorable Herbert Hoover, as Pres-
search, ident, did recommend the appropri-
Rate of Increase ation of $15,381,000.00 to enable
There is no reason for believing the Secretary of Agriculture of the
that the fly had been inFlorida for United States to continue the work
more than a few 4dnohs-perhaps of eradication, control and preven-
six o0 eight-before being discov- tion of the spread of the Mediter-
ered. i The average length of the life ranean fruit fly, said recommenda-
cycle- (from egg to adult) under tion being based upon an estimate
(Continued on Page Two) (Continued on Page Three)


"'






Page 2


MISINFOR ION ON
FLY t A CORRECTED
\ DR. NEWELL
(Contin ed from Page One)
average temperature conditions ob-
taining throughout the year in Flor-
ida is thirty-four days. The average
number of eggs laid by each female
fly is about 500, and about half of
each generation are females. From
these facts it is seen, on a conserva-
tive basis, that with sufficient fruit
and host vegetables in which to
breed, the progeny of one pair of
flies in 170 days (five generations)
would amount to 1,953,125,000,000.
This figure would be approximately
114,000 flies, on the average, for
every citrus grove tree in the entire
State of Florida (grove trees esti-
mated at 17,000,000).
Finally, it is the unanimous con-
clusion of entomologists that the
fly was not here in previous years
but that it is a newcomer. The con-
clusions of these entomologists are
entitled to the same consideration
that one gives, in legal matters, to
a lawyer of standing, pr, in medical
matters, to a physician of reputa-
tion. Entomologists are scientifi-
cally trained men who devote their
lives to the study of insects, insect
biology, and the control of insects.
It is their business to know insects,
and, as experts, their conclusions
and statements must carry the same
weight that attaches to the state-
ments of experts in other lines and
professions.
"Fly Being Planted"
It is repeatedly stated, by irre-
sponsible persons, that the fruit fly
"is being planted by the inspectors
to keep their jobs going."
In the first place, the men em-
ployed in the inspection forces are
men of high character. Their past
records are thoroughly investigated
'before they are employed. They
are vouched for' by the outstanding
men in their own communities as
being men of' outstanding integrity
and trustworthiness. Many of them


are men who have loyally served
the state and government in official
capacities for years. Their work is
performed under the personal direc-
tion of foremen and district inspec-
tors who, themselves, are tried and
faithful employes.
It would be virtually impossible
for an inspector to distribute infest-
ed material without being detected.
Likewise, if such an attempt were
made and detected the perpetrator
would be likely to go to the Federal
penitentiary.
The inspector's job is not worth
such a risk, even if his job did de-
pend upon additional infestations
being found, which it does not. The.
inspector has eight hours or more of
hard, galling work a day trudging
through deep sand, mud, sandspurs,
in hot weather or in cold; being bit-
ten by mosquitoes, his life threaten-
ed by rattlesnakes, for all of which
he receives an average salary of
$150_ per month.
If the inspectors had been dis-
tributing flies, it would indeed be
very strange that the number of in-
festations being found steadily de-
creased, after the month of May,
and that only one infestation (on
November 16th) was found in the
State of Florida between August
27, 1929, and the tiite of dictating
this memorandum (December 20,
1929).
Any charge that the inspectors
are distributing, or planting flies is
exactly in the same category with a
charge that reputable physicians are
spreading smallpox and tuberculosis
in order to keep their jobs going, or
that lawyers are promoting murders
and bank robberies in order to keep
their practice continually profitable.
"Flies To Be Shipped From Hawaii
By Government"
One of the most recent fabrica-
tions is to the effect that the fruit
flies in the government laboratory
at Orlando all died and that Pro-
fessor W. W. Others was sent to
Hawaii to get living flies and send
them back to Florida.


Demon Fire's Favorite Haunt


.' '
, JAboe is a photo of a certain grove (it's to be hoped the owner knows better) which
Sf.sctly what Demon Fire likes-one on which the grass has not been cut. A careless
Syor passing this grove may toss a lighted brand into this mass of tangled and dry
rS i 'amd the result is going to be a destroyed grove. If you don't believe in clean
ovationn, at least prevent fire hazard by mowing the cover crop.


There are living flies in the cages
of the Orlando laboratory-plenty
of them. They are kept there for
study and experimentation, to de-
termine facts which are vital to the
success of the eradication work. Mr.
Others was sent to Hawaii, it is
true, but he was sent there to con-
duct poisoning and other experi-
ments under conditions where the
flies are abundant, a condition
which, fortunately, no longer ex-
ists in Florida. He will not send
back any living fruit flies.
"Groves Destroyed"
The statement has been circulated
that the Department of Agriculture
and Plant Board, in their war on
the fruit fly, have destroyed entire
citrus groves. This is a falsehood.
These authorities have not destroy-
ed a single grove or a single grove
tree, in connection with the fruit
fly. Only the fruit has been de-
stroyed; and let it be recorded that
of the fruit destroyed by far the
greater portion of it was so rotten,
or otherwise worthless, that the
owner would never have attempted
to sell it or use it. The fly does not
attack the tree, it attacks only the
fruit.
It is true that wild sour orange
trees, wild guava trees and similar
host bearing trees of no commer-
cial value have been destroyed, with
the consent of owners if the owners
were known, in order that the tax-
payers might be saved the cost of
repeated visits to these trees for the
removal of fruit. It should also be
explained, in this connection, that
the thousands of acres of abandon-
ed citrus groves, worthless and de-
serted, which occur in central Flor-
ida, are a source of danger from
the fruit fly standpoint, for they an-
nually bear crops of inferior fruit
which may become infested and
serve as centers from which the
commercial groves would become in-
fested. The trees in these aban-
doned and deserted groves should
be destroyed, first for the purpose
of removing them as a menace to
commercial properties, and, second,
to save the tremendous expense in-
cident to their continued inspection
and annual removal and destruction
of worthless fruit crops.
"Fly Manufactured By Political
Parties"
The story has been circulated that
the Republican party manufactured
the fruit fly to order and, using it
as a pretext, proceeded to spend
enormous sums of money in Florida
as a reward to the people of the
State for having voted for Mr.
Hoover in ihe last Presidential elec-
tion.
Another story is that the Demo-
crats of Florida invented the fruit
fly and used it to put over a gigan-
tic hoax on the Washington officials,
inducing them and Congress to turn
over large sums of money to the
Plant Board of Florida to keep the
latter in office.
If either story were true, would
it not be passing strange that a Re-
publican Administration in Wash-
ington has worked hand in hand


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


with a Democratic Administration
in Florida, striving desperately to
curb this situation and eliminate it?
The situation is far too serious
for politics to have any place in it.
Politics have not been involved in
any way in the handling of the
work. Nothing connected with the
fruit fly work has ever been used
for patronage purposes. Not a man
employed in this work, or applying
for work, has ever been asked as to
his political affiliations. Efficiency
and industry are the only qualifica-
tions for those employed, from the.
highest official in Washington to the
lowliest laborer in Florida.
"California Responsible"
It has been reported that Califor-
nia had the fly introduced into Flor-
ida in order to eliminate Florida'
as a trade competitor. There is as,
much sense to this as there would
be to a man setting fire to his neigh-
bor's house. The presence of the fly
in Florida is a menace to California.
If not eradicated in Florida, it will
eventually find its way, through
channels of commerce and travel, to
California. The latter State has, for,
years, expended thousands of dol-
lars to keep the fly from reaching,
it from Hawaii and the Philippines.
California's interests, even if devoid
of all sympathy, would demand that'
the fly be eradicated in Florida, and,
quickly.
"When The Money Is Gone-Fly1
Will Be Gone"
Such talk comes only from either
the ignorant or those who are fools.
If the fly is not eradicated, and thel
citrus and other industries are vir-
tually ruined, the individuals mak-'
ing this statement will do nothing to,
save the situation.
Regardless of whether the fly will
continue after the money is gone,
it is certain that quarantines on the
interstate movement of host fruits
and vegetables from Florida wilL
continue until the United States De-
partment of Agriculture has official-,
ly declared that the fly is non-ex-
istent in Florida. Present shipments!
of host fruits and vegetables from
the State are estimated at a value ofA
$340,000 daily.
The Federal' Government is able to<
permit these shipments only because
it, the government, through its in-'
spectors and employes, can satisfy
itself as to the safety of these ship-"
ments from the Mediterranean fruit
fly. To this end the government,
through its employes, checks and in-
spects them at every step; in thed
grove, in the packing house, in the
sterilizing rooms, over the railroads,
through the diversion points and
into the markets. The government"
must pay these employes who do this
work. When the money is gone--no
employes, no inspection, no permits
-no shipments..
For further confirmation of this%
statement, if one is needed, one has
cnly to refer to the President's com-,
;munication to the House of Repre-,
sentatives (Document 145, House of
Representative, 71st Congress, Sec-
ond Session) on December 9, 1929
.on page 3 of which the statement is


January 10, 1930






January 10, 1980 FLORIDA CLEARING


made that if funds for the eradica-
tion of the fruit fly become exhaust-
ed it would be necessary to dismiss
personnel and discontinue all work,
such action meaning "that much of
the fruit and vegetable crop of the
State of Florida would, under Fed-
eral quarantine, be denied move-
ment from the State."
Finally, if the Federal quaran-
tines were removed the States,
themselves, would impose embargoes
far more drastic and strict than
those in effect at the present time.
Very truly yours,
(Signed) WILMON NEWELL,
Plant Commissioner.

ASSOCIATION ENDORSES
FLY FUND MOVEMENT
(Continued from Page One)
of the Department of Agriculture of
the United States duly approved by
the Honorable Director of the Bu-
reau of the Budget of the United
States, and,-
Legislation Pending
"WHEREAS there is now pend-
ing in the Congress of the United
States proposed legislation which, if
it l'ee enacted, would carry out the
recommendation of the President
qpd would appropriate for such pur-
poses the said amount of $15,381,-
000.00, and,
"WHEREAS this body, the Board
of Directors of the Florida Citrus
Growers Clearing House Associa-
tion, represents approximately 80
percent of the citrus tonnage of the
State of Florida in which all known
infestations of said Mediterranean
fruit fly have heretofore occurred,
and,
"WHEREAS this Board of Direc-
tors regards the continuation of the
work or eradication, control and
prevention of the spread of the Med-
iterranean fruit fly of vital and in-
calculable importance to the citrus
industry of the State of Florida as
well as to many other agricultural
and horticultural interests of the
State of Florida, as well as to all
business groups and industries with-
in the State of Florida, as well as
to many other agricultural and hor-
ticultural interests and industries
within the United States though ly-
ing outside of the State of Florida,
and
Confidence in Department
"WHEREAS the said Florida Cit-
rus Growers Clearing House Associa-
tion through its Board of Directors
feels and does hereby express its en-
tire confidence in the ability, the in-
tegrity, the industry and the impar-
tiality of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture and those
agencies which are a part of it or
are affiliated with it in the conduct
of the Mediterranean fruit fly erad-
ication campaign, now therefore,
S"BE IT UNANIMOUSLY RE-
SOLVED by Board of Directors that
we do hereby unreservedly endorse
the above mentioned recommenda-
tion of President Hoover based upon
the request of the United States De-
partment of Agriculture, and that
we do hereby urgently request the


Congress of the United States to
carry out the recommendation of
President Hoover and to speedily
pass legislation carrying out said
recommendation and appropriating
the full amount requested by the
President for the continuation of
the work of eradication, control and
prevention of the spread of the Med-
iterranean fruit fly throughout the
fiscal year 1930.
To Select Representatives
"BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED,
that the President of the Florida
Citrus Growers Clearing House As-
sociation be and he is hereby au-
thorized and empowered to appoint
as many representatives as he may
deem necessary to present this res-
olution to the Congress of the
United States and to such of its
Honorable Committee as may be
considering said proposed legisla-
tion and to use all honorable means
in furthering the purposes of this
resolution and in securing the pass-
age of such legislation and in ac-
quainting said Congress or its said
committees with the views of this
body, touching the imperative need
of such proposed legislation."
At the shippers' meeting, which
was preceded by a "get-to-gether"
dinner and included a musical pro-
gram by Nettie Allen, Everett Allen
and Sam Pusatari, discussion of the
quarantine situation likewise was
thorough. Opinions concerning the
wisdom of the proposed fly appro-
priation of a full $15,000,000 were
many and varied when discussion
was opened. Others declared they
were convinced that only by having
such a sum available could the State
be assured of probable freedom of
marketing movement. In other
words, it was pointed out, if eradi-
cation and control funds are not
available, the government would be
quite likely to forbid the movement
of any fruit on the assumption that
its freedom from infestation could
not be guaranteed if there was no
method by which it might be in-
spected or handled under safeguard.
Directors Make Talks
This last sentiment was ably ex-
pressed by A. M. Tilden, vice-presi-
dent of the Clearing House, who
together with Dr. E. C. Aurin, R. B.
Woolfolk and Judge Allen E. Wal-
ker, also members of the Board at-
tended the shippers' meeting. Both
Dr. Aurin and Judge Walker sup-
plemented Mr. Tilden's talk while L.
Maxcy and W. H. Mouser also spoke
favorably of the appropriation ques-
tion. Other talks were made by L.
P. Kirkland, Gregg Maxcy, E. C.
Mason and John S. Barnes.
At the conclusion of the discus-
sion, the shippers voted unanimous-
ly and enthusiastically to endorse
the directors' earlier action, an at-
titude that is regarded as reflecting
fairly accurately the sentiment of
the State generally.
Sales Analysis Presented
An interesting analysis of Clear-
ing House shippers' sales was pre-
sented earlier in the evening by
General Manager Archie M. Pratt.
The analysis covered the period of


January 10, 1930


FLRIACLAIN,


IF YOUR NEIGHBOR ISN'T A MEMBER

OF THE ASSOCIATION, SHOW HIM THIS


CONTROL OF SHIPMENTS has
been effectively carried out by pro-
rating our shipments from week to
week and individual allotments to
our shippers.
CONTROL OF KEY MARKETS.
Through our prorating plan at the
principal auction markets supplies
are being well distributed and a
more even market made possible.
PRICE INFORMATION. Under
the system followed our shippers
know the first thing in the morning
what our total memberships experi-
ence has been the day previous in
their.marketing problems. They not
only know the number of cars ship-
ped by grade and variety but the
number of cars sold and the range
of prices including the highest, low-
est, general average of the indi-
vidual high prices, the general av-
erage of the individual low prices
and the average prices realized by
our total membership. Also they are
daily informed of the number of
cars rolling unsold by varieties and
grade; the number of cars rolling
to auction and to what auctions;
the number of cars rolling unso L
the West, South and East_ prices
realized on an a c e for each of
the sectio1w vided in accordance
with quarantine regulations.
INTELLIGENT SELF CONFI-
DENCE AND PRICE CONTROL.
With this complete information be-
ing furnished automatically to our
shippers they are no longer in the
dark as to prices 'being realized by
competitors. They are acquainted
with the recommended minimum
quotations.
Instead of weekly cutting prices
because of vague fear each shipper
is endeavoring to out-sell and sur-
pass in excellence of service his fel-
low-shipper because each man has
confidence, that did not exist be-
fore not only in himself but in the
other shipper-members. This con-


fidence is in turn reflected by the
confidence of the buying trade in
an industry.
STANDARDIZED GRADE AND
PACK. Because of the first quar-
antine regulations last season indi-
cating the likelihood of confiscation
of fruit there has been a neglect of
groves resulting in poor quality.
Regardless of this our records show
a marked improvement in the stand-
ardization of our output. We are
all talking the same language be-
cause of uniformity of grade and
pack.
CLOSE CONTACT WITH CEN.
TRAL OFFICE. The confidence ex-
isting together with the splendid
team work has resulted in a close
contact through the manager of
members desiring to get any special
information that cannot be used un-
fairly in a competitive manner. The
manager has been in phone contact
with those shippers that might seem
out of line and in every instance
such shippers have appreciated t4e
help so offered. .
AUCTJ-, mfF FORMATION.f Im-
teudeiately following each .auction
sale every shipper-has pv, .! n:'p
wire from the Cle0 fg '~!9 i m- '
formation sho wing the tb jnum-
bif crs sold, the general average
tnd-the differential in sizes as
shown by some representative
brand.
SHIPMENT AND PASSING: IN-
FORMATION. By 10 o'ellckievery
morning each shipper has available
by wire from the Clearing House
the government figures showing the
total shipments the day previous to-
gether with the number of cars that
are moved respectively byvariety to
the east, west and south. Also the
wired passing from Potomac Yards
to all auction markets.
CALIFORNIA INFORMATION.
At least once a week our members
(Continued on Page Seven)


HOUSE NEWS

the past nine weeks and showed the
shippers present how their sales
methods have improved under the
stimulus and assistance given them
by the Clearing House. Mr. Pratt
urged the shippers to continue their
study of the general sales situation,
"keeping in mind," he said, "the
necessity of maintaining a nice bal-
ance between f.o.b. sales and the
volume permitted to go to the auc-
tion markets." The object of main-
taining a certain balance between
the two, he pointed out to them, is
of course to keep prices for both
f.o.b. and auction sales at a maxi-
mum level so that the one will not
tend to effect the other downward.
Preceding the business session,
Merton L. Corey, who a year and a
half ago directed the membership
campaign of the Clearing House and
who chanced to be a visitor in Win-
ter Haven the night of the meeting,
made a short talk in which he paid a


tribute to General Manager Pratt
as well as commenting favorably
upon the progress the Association
has made and is making.
Corey told of an effort now being
made in New York State by growers
of certain farm products to organ-
ize a clearing house along the lines
under which the Florida Association
functions. His talk in the main was
along the lines of the necessity for
efficient co-operation in agricultural
lines and in pointing out the im-
portance of this, declared, "America
today has come to understand that
industry cannot prosper unless agri-
culture also prospers." He also
urged the Association shippers to
continue their policy of working to-
gether as they have been doing as
only through such co-operative ef-
fort, he said in effect, can Florida's
citrus marketing problem be solved
and the grower given an opportuni-
ty to profit from his investment.


PPaa Q


P.wn Q





Paee 4


NO HOPE HELD FORTH
FOR ABANDONING OF
PROCESSING POLICY
(Continued from Page One)
Secondly, would remove any re-
sistance to any quarantine regula-
tions upon the part of the govern-
ment and would, in the end, cost the
government very little money.
Before submitting my views to
the department I went over the sit-
uation fully with Mr. Teague, in
whom everybody has confidence.
He concurred with my views. But
the department, after giving careful
consideration to the same, declined
to accept them.
Having exhausted myself and
feeling that I was making myself
obnoxious to members of the depart-
ment because of my insistence in
urging my views upon its various
officials, I came to Florida and, al-
though not in accord with the rules
and regulations, through the press
and otherwise have been busy ever
since, as every one in Florida knows,
urging whole-hearted support for
the federal government in every
respect.
Feeling, however, recently that
the situation was such as that the
rules and regulations could now be
modified in accordance with the
views I held in October, I wrote a
letter on the 27th of December to
Secretary Hyde urging that modi-
fication of the rules be made in ac-
cordance with the foregoing.
I am now in receipt of letter from
Mr. Hyde dated January 3, which is
accompanied by a memorandum pre-
pared by Dr. Marlatt; and it is my
desire that the letter which I am
now dictating, together with the let-
ter from Secretary Hyde and the
memorandum attached, should be
circularized to the entire member-
ship of the Clearing House Associa-
tion, Dr. Newell, the State Plant
Board, the Florida delegation, the
Governor, the Federal Agricultural
Department, and the President.
Please see that this is done im-
mediately, sending me twelve or fif-
teen copies of the circular, together
with return of the enclosed letter
from Mr. Hyde and memorandum
attached.
There was nothing in my letter of
December 27 upon which to base
-n assumption that I requested
P pane dollar per box profit
to the grow r .he fruit remain-
ing upon the trees was my idea
that they should simply be eompen-
sated for the cost of production;
Yours very truly,
(Signed) P. 0. KNIGHT.
Copies to Mr. J. A. Griffin, Presi-
dent Florida Citrus Growers Clear-
ing House Association, Mr. E. L.
Wirt, President Florida Citrus Ex-
change.

From Secretary Hyde
Washington,
January 3, 1930.
Dear Mr. Knight:
i have given very careful atten-
tion t% your letter of December 27,
in which you suggest that the De-
partment liberalize the regulations


Pg .


___ _


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE

concerning the sterilization of fruit
shipped out of Florida, and that ar-
rangements be made to pay the
growers a profit of one dollar per
box on the balance of the crop left
on the trees. At my request, Dr.
Marlatt has prepared a memoran- (By A.
dum in which Mr. Strong, Mi.
Campbell, and other regulatory of-
ficials of the Department concur. I
am sending a copy of this for your
information. Florida Oranj
You may make such use of this Total a
Florida Grap
memorandum as you see fit. In fact, Total.
I think it would be desirable for Florida Tang
you to send copies of it to those who Total__
received copies of your letter to me. Florida Mixe
Sinderely, Total_.
(Signed) ARTHUR M. HYDE. California Or
Florida Orang
From Dr. C. L. Marlatt Average.
December 31, 1929 Florida Grap
Average.
Memorandum to Secretary Re Florida Tang
Knight Proposal Average-
Mr. Knight's proposal, in a letter California Or
which you showed me yesterday, in- Average
evolves: . .
(1) Permission to move fruit
without treatment as widely as safe- FIRS
ty will permit-meaning northern
States generally-for winter period
(through February and March?),-
such movement to meet normal mar- Last week __-
ket needs only-that is, without This week-
crowding.
(2) At end of such period Fed- Difference
eral (and State) Government to con-
'demn, gather, and destroy the bal-
ance of the crop remaining on trees
and to pay owners "a profit" of $1
a box. Last week --
, This identical proposal was made
by Knight in Washington six weeks This week-.
or two months ago when substan-
tially the following reasons against Difference --
iit were indicated to and apparently
accepted by him. At that time also
Mr. Commander was concerned in
:this request (see letter of November
20, 1929).
Reasons Against Proposal
A-From Standpoint of Risk and Oranges..
Grapefruit ..
Eradication Effort: Mixed ..
Mixed .....
1. Fruit sent to northern States Tangerines .
will not be subject to winter condi- California .. 11
tions, i. e., not kept out qf doors. Texas .....
Larvae escaping in stores, fruit
shops, and in homes will have oppor-
tunity to reach hibernating quarters P
iin basements, cracks, etc., and re-
'main until warm weather returns to
.i-qform to adult flies. Such adult La
flies may li-o- for many months or Last week._
:well into summer vWithout breeding, This week- 1
conditioned on getting food from Next week 1
,many possible available sources;
.This risk must re recognized as a
distinct possibility and danger. In La
'this connection, note infested fruit Last week...
with living larvae found in northern This week._ 1
Cities last spring and adult flies Next week J
.emerging in Raleigh, North Caro-
lina.
2. All such fruit may and will be La
taken widely by individuals-rail, Last week..
motor, etc.-and also shipped in This week.-
larger or smaller amounts. Such Next week
movement cannot be controlled with
any effectiveness and any northern
area selected will contact with the La
protected area along its southern Last week-
and western border. This week_
(Continued on Page Six) Next week


.Week
Ending
Jan. 4
913
6650
400
,5853
103
615
362
3473
712


Week
Ending
Dec. 29
317
5737
144
5453
47
512
175
3111
561


Week
Ending
Jan. 4, 1928
1312
10556
639
6953
200
855
358
.3142
1261


ges Auctioned .---- ; 313 302 274
---------- $4.70 $4.25 $3.64
efruit Auctioned : 133 163 194
.----- -__ $4.45 $3.90 $3.43
erines Auctioned-... 92 102 92
--------- $4.65 $4.35 $4.17
anges Auctioned- : 239 183 211
S---- ....... $5.40 $5.95 $5.19


T FIVE DAYS SHIPMENTS AND SALES
Oranges No. Is Oranges No. 2s
Shipped Sold :Avg. Shipped Sold Avg.
--_ 45 25 :$3.24 92 68 $2.84
55% 74%
.--.-- 159 41 $3.58 297 130 $3.12
26% 44%
__ +114 +16 +.34 +205 +62 +.28

Grapefruit No. Is Grapefruit No. 2s
Shipped Sold Avg. Shipped Sold Avg.
..._ 34 26 $3.35 34 14 $2.75
76% 41%
._ 100 27 $3.47 127 57 $3.01
27% 45%
____+66 + 1 +.12 + 93 +43 +.26


THIS SEASON'S SHIPMENTS

OCT. NOVEMBER-For Week Ending-DECEMBER


Week
End Est.
28 Jan.4 Next
317 913 1000
144 400 500
175 362 350
47 103 100
561 718 800
73 185 200


DEVIOUS COMPARATIVE SHIPMENTS


st Year
506
.312
.133


st Year
807
.261
4657


st Year
371.
693
588


st Year
142
358
399


Florida Oranges
1927-28 1926-27 1925-26
477 646 458
1029 1222 724
1054 998 731
California Oranges
1927-28 1926-27 1925-26
733 704 442
492 995 613
989 870 861

Florida Grapefruit


1927
275
602
446


1927
16
27'
29


-28


1926-27
397
572
431


1!


Florida 'Mixed
-28 1926-27 1!
4 194
2 227
7 194


925-26
335
565
665


)25-26
107
178
203


1924-25 1923-24
1062 478
1597 1323
1231 946


1924-25 1923-24
589 366
759 622
880 877


1924-25 1923-24
572 254
778 783
575 517


1924-25 1923-24
145 No Record
267 No Record
271 No Record


NEWS January 10, 1930


Weekly Citrus Summary


WEEKLY INDEX ANALYSIS
M. Pratt, General Manager, Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association)


ges Shipped ......-- ..-

efruit Shipped ---..

erines Shipped ----

d Shipped ------

ranges Shipped --. -





FLORIDA CLEARING VB HOUSE NEWS


January Estimate
Inside of another week we hope
to have completed another estimate
based upon actual crop picking ex-
periences. We are again asking our
inspectors to get in touch with each
of the local packing house managers
and secure from them figures on at
least ten different crops and, if pos-
sible, more where the mid-season
oranges or our regular grapefruit
has been completely picked, and
where they have similar crop figures
on the same groves last year.
If we can secure the figures on at
least ten comparative crops from
each of our packing house managers
we should have about 1400 different
crop picking experiences, which we
will group again by counties and de-
'termine relative percentages and ar-
rive at a new estimate on the sea-
son's output.
Coming Week's Movement
Our members are being allotted
900 cars of oranges and 400 cars
of grapefruit-o-a total of 1300 cars.
Our estimate for the week of 1,000
cars oranges, 500 cars of grapefruit
'and 350 cars of mixed makes a total
of 1,850 cars of which our allotment
*is only 71%. Nevertheless we be-
lieve the State movement probably
will, be as heavy as indicated.
Classifying two-thirds of the mix-
ed as oranges and the balance as
grapefruit it seems fair to assume
the State movement at 1,200 cars of
oranges and 650 cars of grapefruit,
whereas our figures last week indi-
cated that our estimated movement
i for the balance of the season left


required only 900 cars of oranges
and 450 cars of grapefruit. The
coming week's movement, therefore,
is 30% heavier in oranges and 44%
heavier in grapefruit than our esti-
mated requirements.
This Week's Advance
This week's advance in prices is
partly responsible for the strong
tendency to ship heavily the coming
week. Our f.o.b. prices on oranges
show an advance of about 30 cents
and the auction prices an advance of
45 cents. The f.o.b. prices on grape-
fruit show an advance of about 20
cents and the auction an advance of
45 cents.
California Shipments Comparatively
Heavy
The wired estimated movement
from California for the coming
week, outside of lemons, is 800 cars.
If you will glance at the table you
will see this is not much less than
four different season records for
the corresponding week though only
half-as- muh -as a -year ago at- -this-
time. Recent advice from Califor-
nia indicates, so far, lighter rather
than heavier estimates for Califor-
nia. However, the tendency to large
sizes as well as the attractive prices
being realized, is tending to move
the crop fairly rapidly.
Monday's Offerings New York
With New York being such an im-
portant market you will be inter-
ested in the following comparison of
figures, including the cars which will
be offered in New York next Mon-
day as compared with four previous
Monday offerings:


Monday's Offerings in New York
This Last
Monday Monday Dec. 23 Dec. 16
Oranges --___. 70 4 56 76 63
Grapefruit --_ 35 23 26 31
Tangerines .._ 11 17 23 19
Mixed ---- -- 10


Dec. 9
52
30
12


Total --------- 126 96 125 113 94
The wire from Mr. Huber of our timating the State movement for


prorating committee is as follows:
"Not sending wires Friday ac-
count no -sale Saturday. Cannot sup-
ply information for Monday prior
Saturday. Offering Monday seventy
oranges, thirty-five grapefruit,
eleven tangerines, ten mixed, view
track holdings fifty-one, assings
hundred and two and Sunday's pass-
ings good for Monday. Don't think
quantity offered excessive. Watch-
ing prorating."
What's Left
Classifying about one-third of the
mixed cars as grapefruit and two-
thirds as oranges we have shipped to
date 6,549 cars grapefruit. This
leaves 6,000 cars to market in the
thirteen weeks prior to April 1st,
which is an average of 450 cars per
week (in figuring the classification
of mixed cars last week our figures
were reversed and therefore the
amount left in grapefruit was un-
der-estimated and the amount left
in oranges over-estimated). Includ-
ing 2,000 of the mixed cars, classi-
fied as oranges, we have shipped
7,735 cars to date which would leave
11,400 cars for the thirteen weeks,
which would require an average
movement of 900 cars per week.
Movement By Months
We have January, February and
March in which to move the balance
of the crop and I would recommend
a general movement as follows:
Proposed Movement Balance Crop
Oranges Grapefruit
January ----. 3600 1700
February --- 3800 1900
March 4----- 4500 2500

Total --- -11900 6100
The above figures total 564 cars
more than our estimate indicates in
oranges and 100 cars more than our
estimate indicates in grapefruit. If
'we worked 'on the foregoing gen-
erai schedule I believe we could
plan on about 600 cars of grapefruit
out of the 2500 cars in March om
into the cold storage apd-OO cars
of oranges in Mareli-going into cold
storage. Working on such a basis
we should see a steady market with
gradually advancing prices.
The above figures seem to me
conclusive evidence of there being
no pressing need of shipping heavi-
ly at this time with the likelihood
that loss by dropping or any
lower percentage of No. 1 grade
will be more than made up by ad-
vance in prices. We cannot forget
that the cold month of January does
not have the consuming capacity of
February and March.
California Exchange Co-operating
With Clearing House
Dana C. King, general sales man-
ager of the California Fruit Grow-
ers Exchange, wired a week ago es-


Juicy and Sweet


MORE


FLAVOR


MORE JUICE


MORE PLEASU RE


... FLORIDA


ORANGES AND


GRAPEFRUIT


For Health Drink Orange
and Grapefruit Juice


January 10, 1930


January 10. 1930


the coming week as 650 navels and
asking that we advise him our prob-
able movement, respectively, on or-
anges and grapefruit for the months
of January, February and March
separately. We gave Mr. King the
above estimate of our monthly ship-
ments. He also asked our opinion
as to what would be held in storage
after April 1st and I ventured the
guess of 600 cars of grapefruit and
500 cars of oranges. His wire in-
dicated that they wished to plan
their distribution to fit in, as far as
possible, with our distribution dut-
ing the next three months.
Big Problem on No.s.2s-. .
We have five times the No. 2 or-
anges rolling unsold as No. Is. The
south is the natural market place for
No. 2s and would be using them
freely if they could he shipped with-
out processing. The trade in the
south are naturally somewhat timid
in buying more than their immedi-
ate requirements until they can see
how the processed fruit will be
taken by the consumers as a whole.
Everything should be done to en-
courage the southern states using
every box of No. 2 oranges that can
possibly be sold there and fruit from
our Zone 3 territory, or non-eradi-
cation area, should certainly be
moved exclusively into the western
states where processing from Zone 3
is unnecessary.

A CORRECTION

The account of the Committee of
Fifty meeting held Dec. 19th at
Clearwater, published in the last is-
sue of the NEWS, contained by mis-
take a list of the executive commit-
tee members as those present at
the. meeting,. There...were ..may..
other members of the committee'
presenta4-at iii attendance is
-qifollows:
James C. Morton,Aubrn4 ;
Vet L. Brown, BartBr; 'F. E.; Brig-
ham, Winter'Haven; John D. Clark,
Waverly; F. M. O'Byrne, Lake
Wales; Dr. James Harris, Lakeland;
E. Winton Hall, Lakeland; A. F.
Pickard, Lakeland; H. H. Constan-
tine, Clearwater; C. W. Lyons, Tam-
pa; W. D. Yonally, Grand Island;
W. J. Ellsworth, Dade City; J. C.
Merrill, Leesburg; H. V. Lee, East-
lake; F. J.. Alexander, DeLand; J. B.
Nordman, DeLand; T. S. Carpenter,
Jr., Crescent City; J. G. Grossen-
bacher, Apopka; W. M. Reck, Avon
Park; A. R. Trafford, Cocoa; R. K.
Thompson, Sarasota; R. H. Prine,
Terra Ceia; D. S. Boreland, Fort
Myers; Rupert Smith, Arcadia;
Henry G. Murphy, Zolfo Springs,


Page 5





FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


Friends of James H. Dowling, cit-
rus grower and lumber manufac-
turer of Odessa were shocked at the
news of his passing Jan. 7 in Wash-
ington, D. C. Mr. Dowling was a
member of the Clearing House and
was well known throughout the
State. He and his brother, W. H.
Dowling, had been in the lumber
business together for many years.

First Grower: My tangerines
aren't up to standard this year.
Second Grower: Is that so? Why,
mine are all right. I only wish'I
had some grapefruit to help them
out.
---First -Grower; Yea, the grape-
fruit is pretty good. I'm sure glad
my grapefruit is running heavy.
*
Isn't it lucky, folks, that we've all
got some sort of blessing!
*
California too is looking forward
to good prices for the remainder of
the season. The Elephant Orchards
(Of Redlands, Calif.) says as much
in a bulletin issued during the hol-
iday week. "Groves that are pick-
ed clean," says the bulletin, "are
continuing to show a shorter crop
than the estimates and it seems like-
ly that the total navel crop instead
of running over 50% of last year
will not make over 45%. It does
not take much imagination to pic-
ture a gradually advancing market
to the close of the season. The fruit
that is being moved now from South-


ern California points, in general, is
moved either because of lack of
frost protection in exposed places
or on account of abnormally large
sizes which are picked now to save
the fruit from coarsening and drop-
ping in grade later on."
*
This from the Howey Tribune:
"An apple a day may keep the doc-
tor away, but it's a grapefruit a day
that ruins his pay."

And another about the apple and
the grapefruit from the Florida
Times-Union: "We often refer to a
person as being the 'apple of our
eye,' but we seldom refer to the
'grapefruit of the eye.' No, it's
usually "in" the eye.-T. U.

H. C. Plano, genial grower and
packing house manager of Kissim-
mee, is leading the way (at least in
his section) in the matter of crotala-
ria for a cover crop. Mr. Plano is
convinced-and he will tell you so
mighty quick-that crotalaria is sav-
ing him two fertilizings a year. As
for the pumpkin bug damage, he
feels that this is less than the sav-
ing in fertilizer plus the added qual-
ity and volume of fruit which he
gets. He sows his new seed in Feb-
ruary and mows about September 1.
Mr. Plano admits that continued use
of crotalaria may result in a flushed
growth of the trees and an early
bloom, but some potash will serve to
check any possible damage by har-


From Wheat to Oranges


W. Johnston, of Kissimmee, one of several very successful growers of Osceola
y. has been raising citrus for only seventeen years but to look at his grove you
readily guess that he'd been at it all his life-so attractive does 't look. Agri-
1O pursuits are no new thing to Mr. Johnston for he hails from Manitoba lin far
iona here they grow wheat, oats and barley by the millions of bushels. Mr.
i, has made and is making a study of his grove such as is not accorded to every
ih xithe state. He knows his individual trees, their characteristics, their needs,
if~ im, and it's no idle guess to predict that his knowledge will stand him


I "Co-Operation Needed"


R. L. Dickson, one of the pioneer citrus
growers in Cocoa, is a loyal booster for the
Clearing House. Mr. Dickson said recent-
ly that during the organization period of
the Clearing House he had been slow to see
in the proposition any actual benefit to the
grower. "I changed my mind pretty soon,
however," he said, "and I've known some
others who also have changed. The Clear-
ing House certainly is proving its worth
this year and, if the growers who haven't
joined it as yet could see what the Asso-
ciation is doing for the rest of us, they'd
get in mighty quick."


dening up the wood. As to the sav-
ing in fertilizer, this Kissimmee
grower has settled down to a one-
application policy, this fertilizer be-
ing put on in the spring. 'He is
planning to mow a little earlier this
coming summer in order to keep
down the pumpkin bugs and prob-
ably will have to go over his crop a
second time he thinks.
The point is this: If crotalaria is
used as a cover crop, danger of
pumpkin bug damage exists. The
extent of this damage is difficult to
estimate but possibly in Mr. Piano's
case, the damage does not exceed
the saving earned in.fertilizer cost
and added quality and volume of
fruit. However, if one desires to use
crotalaria, there is the opportunity
of keeping down the bug by two or
more mowings which of course may
necessitate yearly sowing of seed if
the mowing prevents seeding from
the crop itself.


Here's another one from the
Howey Tribune:
Grapefruit, grapefruit,
Wow, zow, boom.
Oranges, oranges
That last until June;
Pick 'em, pull 'em,
Squeeze 'em all dry,
Best health insurance
You ever could buy.
*
All's fair in love and war-and in
Florida this month and next. Which
means that the northern visitors will
have a chance to see for themselves
that our fruit is far from being


Fust Among


Ourselves


B-Knight Proposal from Standpoint
of Practicability and Cost:
With assured profit of $1.00 per
crate there would be a greatly les-
sened inducement to move the crop.
This situation would undoubtedly
pile up the Government cost of pick-
ing and destruction of crop and pay-
ment of the requested profit. Such
cost might well exceed the proposed
cost of eradication.
General Notes
(1) Sterilization is the chief as-,,
surance that we have of safety
against spread. The factor of hu-
man error here has already been
noted, but July committee was will-
ing to accept that under strict Fed-
eral supervision of sterilization. -
(2) Heat sterilization is practic-
able and the actual cost is negligible,.'
-between 2 and 3 cents per crate.
Upwards of 2,000 cars of fruit so
sterilized have already moved and,.
the present rate is from 150 to 175
cars a day. Prices "talk." The auc-


Page 6


January 10, 1930


wiped out by the Mediterranean fly.
Long live the fruit fairs.
*
If Thomas Edison succeeds in his
Florida rubber experimenting the
rubber interests probably will begin
to worry about our crossing the or-
ange and rubber trees in order to
grow rubber balls for the kiddies.
We might at that.

NO HOPE HELD FORTH
FOR ABANDONING OF
PROCESSING POLICY
(Continued from Page Four)
3. The acceptance of such risk
cannot be justified along with the
request for many millions of dol-
lars to eradicate the fly.
4. The recommendation of your
July committee was that all host
fruits and vegetables throughout the
State should be sterilized as a con-
dition of movement. In the interest
of making possible movement of the
crop we have departed somewhat
widely from that recommendation,
and have authorized movement with-
out sterilization as follows:
(a) Fruits and vegetables origi-
nating outside of the eradication
area may be moved to the entire
northern State area.
(b) Fruits and vegetables origi-
nating within the eradication area
may be moved to northeastern
States (exception, single infested,
zone established November 16).
Under present uncertainty as to
fruit fly conditions in the State, due
to lack of funds for adequate in-
spections, this means that the De-
partment has accepted responsibility.
for a distinct risk of spread which
it may have to answer for later.
The same is true of the authoriza-
tion issued some time back for
movement of sterilized citrus fruit
from any part of Florida with the
exception noted, into the southern
States-the risk there being largely.
the human factor, namely, the de-
pendableness of the treatment. The
responsibility thus assumed, it is be-
lieved is as far as the Department:
should go at this time.





January 10, 1930

tion prices in the principal cities
have been high for the fruit and in
comparison with other years. Com-
plaints have been negligible. With
respect to complaints, note should
be made of a concerted effort some
six weeks or two months ago of
western commission men, having its
incentive in Florida, to decry and
thus reduce the prices to them of
Florida fruit-no special reduction,
however, to the consumer. At a con-
ference with these commission men
at the time these facts were brought
out and as a result such commission
men gave assurance that they would
desist from this effort and endeavor
to correct it.
(3) Every lessening of safe-
guarding provisions, such as noted
as to movement of fruit authorized,
has been followed with new de-
Smands-in other words, the inch has
always been followed by the ell.
(4) Both Knight and Comman-
der, whom he now quotes as already
indicated, have been concerned in
"thi effort now under consideration-
from an early period. His action in
circularizing this letter as he indi-
cates, may easily result in greatly
increasing the obstacles which we
must overcome in Congress and else-
where to carry out the eradication
effort. In other words, it is the very
type of statement or propaganda
which will undermine the effort.


The Grower's Voice

At the request of some of the grower-
members of the Clearing House, the
NEWS herewith invites communications
from Association members who desire
to voice opinions upon matters of gen-
eral interest to Florida citrus growers.
The Clearing House cannot, of course,
assume responsibility for the opinions
expressed in these letters, but believes
that our growers should have an oppor-
tunity to voice their ideas if they are
willing to assume the responsibility.
Communications should be as brief as
possible-preferably not more than 250
words in length-and MUST be signed
with the writer's name and address as
evidence of good faith. If the writer
desires, his or her name will be with-
held from publication. Letters may be
addressed either to the Clearing House
Association or to the NEWS at Winter
Ha+en.

"Vacuum Lifts Tree's Water"
Lutz, Fla.
Florida Clearing House News,
SWinter Haven, Fla.
Gentlemen:
As to an article in regards sap
getting to the top of a tree.
This has always seemed simple to
me. It is very much like circula-
tion in animals, there are thousands
r upon -thousands of small vacuum
cup-like valves in the inner bark of
a tree and capillary circulation be-
tween these small spaces is very
easy and the higher the tree the
easier it is because of less atmos-
pheric pressure. Raw material from
roots is carried up with the water
-and digested in leaves, some of the
water evaporating thru leaves and
the rest of the water containing the
digested tree food or tree blood
passed back down the tree to nour-
ish it, this causes a sort of syphon


FLORIDA CLEARING

(5) Very naturally, every defect
of fruit as to quality or otherwise
is blamed on sterilization or other
control methods, especially spray-
ing. I have already indicated that
the sterilization has apparently not
affected the market prices. Some
effect may have resulted from spray-
ing but the same conditions-not as
widespread, but often as severe, are
found in the areas outside of the
eradication zone and also in groves
which have been sprayed only once
as compared with groves which have
been sprayed fifteen times. There
are examples of groves, having good
soil conditions and being properly
fertilized, which have also been
sprayed twelve or fifteen times and
which have suffered no injury. There
is, however, no doubt that arsenical
sprays do reduce the acidity of the
fruit. We have this year an un-
usual set of conditions, and the dif-
ficulties with the Florida fruit, such
as they are, should properly be dis-
tributed between spraying-where
spraying-has been practiced-lack
of fertilization and cultivation, and
also, and perhaps largely, to the ex-
ceptional climatic conditions-rain-
fall, etc.-during the summer and
fall.
Yours respectfully,
(Signed) C. L. MARLATT,
Chief of Bureau.


action which helps on the upward
trend of circulation.
Notice when you cut a tree off
near the top that the sap does not
drop to the roots but stays right up
to the very edge of cut, as would
be the case if a series of vacuum
valve action did not hold it there.
This action takes place at the in-
stant of germination and continues
until death.
Very truly,
(Signed) FRED W. POLEN.

IF YOUR NEIGHBOR ISN'T A
MEMBER OF THE ASSOCI-
ATION, SHOW HIM THIS
(Continued from Page Three)
are informed immediately by wire
of estimated shipments wired us by
the California Fruit Growers Ex-
change,, together with such informa-
tion on the matters that may be
pertinent.
IMPORTANT OPERATING COM-
MITTEE MEETINGS WEEKLY:
Expert marketing men selected by
the total shipper membership meet
weekly for three or four hours to
discuss and determine all important
marketing plans and policies for the
membership.
At the invitation of the Operating
Committee, Chairman. James C.
Morton of the Committee.of Fifty,
together with one or two other mem-
bers of the committee, attends the
Operators' meeting, thereby getting
first hand information as to the As-
sociation's marketing problems, and
thus being in a position to pass on
to the growers generally this same
information.


Rib,
HOUSE NEWS


Shipper-Members of Association
The shippers named herewith are members of the Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association and they are the ONLY members of this organization.
In fairness to these shippers who are supporting the Clearing House, as well as
helping to build the organization, grower-members should urge their neighbors
to join and ship through one of these operators.


ACTIVE
Abbate Co., The Chas ......- Orlando
Adams Packing Co., IncAuburndale
Alexander & Baird Co., Inc.
-_____.__------ Beresford
American Fruit Growers, Inc.
------- -----------_---Orlando
Bilgore, David & Co. -Clearwater
Browder-Fowler Packing Co.
-----______ ---Arcadia
Burch, R. W., Inc...........-Plant City
Dixie Fruit & Produce Co. ..-Tampa
Emca Fruit Co.......... Crescent City
Eustis Packing Co., The- ....Eustis
Fields, S. A. & Co.___.-----...Leesburg
Florida Citrus Exchange ___- Tampa
Florida Mixed Car Co._ Plant City
Florida United Growers, Inc.
___----.-______--__-Winter Haven.
Fosgate, Chester C Co....__Orlando
Gentile Bros. Co-___ ....- Orlando
Herlong, A. S. & Co.__L___Leesburg
Holly Hill Fruit Products, Inc.
----____ -- -Davenport
Keen, J. W.____ _Frostproof
Keene, R. D. & Co .---- .. Eustis
Lamons, D. H. ___.Ft. Myers
Lee, J. C., Sr. __- ----Leesburg
Lovelace Packing Co-Winter Haven
Maxcy, Gregg ____-__ Sebring
Maxcy, L., Inc.___-----..Frostproof
Merrion & Dodson_. Winter Haven
Milne-O'Berry Packing Co., Inc.
__________ St. Petersburg
Mitchell, J. M......----.....----------Elfers
Mouser, W. H. & Co.._--. Orlando
Nelson & Co., Inc -- ----Oviedo
Okahumpka Packing Co.
-__--- ----____ --Okahumpka
Overstreet Brothers _-- -.. Palmetto
Orange Belt Packing Co... _- Eustis
Richardson-Marsh Corp.---- Orlando
Roe, Wm. G ..--------.Winter Haven
Roper, B. H.__.----....Winter Garden
Stetson, John B. Est. of ....- DeLand
Sullivan, C ----.-- Frostproof
Sunny South Packing Co-..__Arcadia


DIRECTORS' MEETING EVERY
TWO WEEKS. Every two weeks
the irectorsi f-the organization
take up all general matters and gen-
erally -guide the fundamental poli-
cies of the business.
RESPONSIBIIE'TT Y U N D E R
QUARANTINE RESTRICTIONS.
Because of the emergency arising
from the Mediterranean fruit fly,
the Clearing House became the
mouth-piece of the industry in keep-
ing in close personal contact with
the administration at Washington as
well as the Plant Board in Florida
and has fully acquainted all quar-
antine officials with the complete
practical insight that would not oth-
erwise be possible. As a result mod-
ifications have become effective
which would have been seriously de-
layed or never would have been
made.
The Clearing House has also help-
ed hold the morale of the growers
and the public at large to a point of


Symonds, A. D. & Son... Orlando
Tampa Union Terminal Co._Tampa
Taylor, C. H ...-----_______ Wauchula
Welles Fruit & Live Stock Co.
..-------------___---------_ ---Arcadia
Associated With Other Shipper-
Members
Armstrong, F. C...---..... -Palmetto
Babson Park Citrus Growers Assn.
.-......... Babson Park
Blake, Ellis G...---_-----Lake Helen
Campbell & Mixon._St. Petersburg
Cartledge, W. C. --.. Crescent City
Chase & Co........-----.......... Sanford
Citrus Grove Dev. Co., The
_.__-- -_~_ _-----Babson Park
DeLand Packing Co...........-DeLand
Fellsmere Growers, Inc..Fellsmuere
Holly Hill Grove & Fruit Co
..__-___._____-_......__.Davenport
Indian River Fruit Co ......-Wabasso
International Fruit Corp. Orlando
Johnson, W. A .-_......-__-- Ft. Ogden
Lakeland Co. Inc., The .-Lakeland
Lake Wales Fruit Packers, Inc.
-------__-- Lake Wales
Mammoth Grove, Inc.. -Lake Wales
Middleton, W. D...... --.Isle of Pines
Ulmer, H. D.........---_--. -Clearwater
Valrico Growers, Inc.............Valrico
Vaughn-Griffin Packing Co.-.Howey
West Frostproof Packing &
Canning Co.........West Frostproof
Less Than Car Lot
Lyle, J. P. -------.-------- San Mateo
Pinellas Fruit Co. Inc.
_____ _StS. Petersburg
Ufco Packing Co....-------Ft. Pierce
Stone, Forrest B .----.......Maitand
Not Operating This Season
Flesch Brothers ------...... Auburndale
Ft. Meade Packing Co......Ft. Meade
Roberts Bros. & Co. Inc...Avon Park
St. Johns Fruit Co..--...- ......-Seville
White City Fruit Co.......White City


properly co-operating to carry out
the necessary restrictions under
which Florida"pi -a-
It alo.sent--yers le
tives w I-meet the trade an"
important officials with t i
achievement of erad
accomplished.
CONSTRU TIVE PUBLICITY.
Through our Advertising Agency,
most important publicity of an in-
direct nature has been used in great
quantity by a large number of pa-
pers over the United States properly
counteracting the serious' publicity
for which Florida suffered in the
past on account of our quarantine
conditions.
NATION-WIDE ADVERTISING
Fully half of the money received on
our four cents per box assessment
plan will be spent in consumer ad-
vertising of the m6st practical and
effective type. We have established
our own EMBLEM which is being
used in connection with our adver-
tising.


I


Page 7





FLORIDA CLEARING \J y HOUSE NEWS


FLORIDA

CLEARING HOUSE

NEWS

JANUARY 10, 1930

Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
GROWERS CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION,
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.


E. C. AURIN


J. C. CHASE .
J. A. GRIFFIN .
F. G. MOORHEAD
R. E. MUDGE
PHIL C. PETERS.
JAMES T. SWANN
A. M. TILDEN
E. Ei. TRUSKETT
ALLEN E. WALKER
R. B. WOOLFOLK

J. A. GRIFFIN
A. M. TILDEN
ALLEN E. WALKER
E. E. TRUSKETT
ARCHIE M. PRATT


DIREC









OFFICE


TORS
SFt. Ogden
Orlando
Tampa
S DeLand
Fellamere
Winter Garden
Tampa
Winter Haven
Mt. Dora
Winter Haven
Orlando
ERS
President
Vice President
Treasurer
Secretary
General Manager


SUBSCRIPTION RATES
Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: 10c


Committee of 50 as Hosts
Friday, January 24th, will be a busy one
for citrus growers at the Florida Orange Fes-
tival to be held Jan. 21-25 in Winter Haven.
Friday has been selected as Growers' Day
(citrus growers' day, that is) and a full and
interesting program is in the making. Talks
on various lines pertinent to the industry will
be given by officials of the government and
the Clearing House. In the morning, accord-
ing to tentative plans, the Committee of Fifty
will hold its monthly meeting. The program
for this Committee of Fifty meeting had not
been completed when the NEWS went to
press but Chairman James C. Morton de-
-aTre.-tt the meeting will be of interest to
every grower who can attend. Relative to
the Committee of Fifty meeting that day, the
session will be open not only to Clearing
House growers but to all other growers and
a-.cordial invitation is extended to all to at-
tend.
There is a strong likelihood that the Grow-
ers' Day program will be featured by talks by
Secretary of Agriculture Hyde and Dr. Lee
A. Strong, new Chief of the Plant Quarantine
and Control Administration. Invitations have
been extended both men by the Clearing
Hbuse and both are expected to take part in
the. program if it is possible for them to do so.
State Commissioner of Agriculture Nathan


Page 8


Mayo, Dr. Wilmon Newell in charge of the Stamp Handles Work
fruit fly. war, General Manager Archie M.
Pratt and Chairman Morton of the Commit- Done by Telegraph
tee of Fifty, all will make short talks during And Saves Time, Coin
the Growers' Day program.
___A material saving to the Clear-
ing House in telegraph tolls as well
Sawing Wood Pays Dividends as an appreciated saving of time and
money to our shipper members has
The annual report of the Growers and just been made possible with the in-
auguration of a daily mail market
Shippers League of Florida, presented late information service.
last month at the annual meeting, and show- Heretofore dissemination of daily
ing that the League has saved the fruit and market information by the Clearing 1
House to the shipper members has
vegetable shippers of the State thousands of been handled by telegraph, a tele-
dollars, should be a source of considerable graphic code having been used in
order.to minimize the expense of
gratification. The saving to the growers as this service. Short though these
shown in Executive Vice-President Robinson's telegrams were, the tolls did reach
report is not yet ended either in that com- an appreciable amount and in addi-
plaints now pending before the Interstate tion decoding these messages meant
an extra cost to our shipper mem-
Commerce Commission are expected to bring bers in the time involved in trans-
further savings, according to Mr. Robinson. lating the codes into English.
A few weeks ago the Clearing
The League's work during the past and House substituted a special delivery
current seasons possibly has been made a lit- mail system, sending to our shipper
tle more familiar to the growers generally members the daily market informa-
tion compiled by the Clearing House
because of the active interest in it taken every night by mail instead of tele-
by the Clearing House. The League, how- graphing the information. Test bul-
ever, "says little and does much," a trait that letins were delivered to Haines City
and there placed on fast trains
is to be desired in the individual but which which delivered the letters to all of
is absent from many of us. "Sawing wood" the Association's active shippers as
instead of making mere noises unquestionably early the next morning as was
instead of making mere noises unquestionably necessary for them. Mail schedules
has enabled Mr. Robinson to accomplish what had been carefully examined, va-
he has. In all probability there are a great rious postmasters throughout the
citrus belt had been interviewed and
many Florida citrus growers who know little the result was a market information
if anything of the work the League is doing or service that gave the shipper mem-
has done. This is to be regretted of course bers the information they needed
and gave it to them as early as they
but the growers cannot remain long in ignor- needed it and at a minimum of ex-
ance for the work of the League promises to pense to the Clearing House. In-
be so important and the saving it will effect formation received up to 10 p. m. is
carefully compiled and delivered by
for the growers so considerable, that its work the Clearing House to the railroad
is certain to receive the appreciation it merits, clerk who is courteously co-operat-
J. Curtis Robinson, general manager of the ing for the good of the service.
Clearing House last season, is the guiding $40 Is Sliced Off
genius of the League's activities. A veteran Of Pre-Cooling Cost
in railroad traffic matters, Mr. Robinson is A pre-cooling plant erected by
making it difficult for any railroad magnate the Anaheim Co-operative Orange
or magnates to foist undue freight rates upon Association, Anaheim, Calif., was
completed at the beginning of the
the growers of this State. Versed as he is in 1928-29 season and the manager
the intricacies of traffic matters, he grasps the estimates that it has saved the grow-
significance of railroad activities that are ers at least $20,000 after paying all
expenses of its operation. The cost
harmless in appearance to the layman but of pre-cooling was reduced nearly
which to him are sure indicators that a $40 a car and the association han-
"hike" in rates somewhere is being contem- dled approximately 700 cars of fruit
during the year.
plated. Like a tried sentry, he is on the job Another way in which the plant
and has his defense or offense prepared al- effects savings is that it affords cold
most as ickl as th railroad has its storage facilities for 60 carloads of
most as quickly as the railroad has its plans fruit in the nine cooling rooms,
completed for its hoped-for increase, thereby giving the association an
Truly, the League is one of the most im- opportunity to care for that quan-
tity when it seems inadvisable to
portant factors in the State that affects the when it seems inadvisable to
growers' net income from their crops and it The plant was built at a cost of
is to be hoped that the League will continue $73,000, including both building and
equipment, and this cost is being
to receive the hearty support it is enjoying. amortized from the savings in
L. B. Skinner of Dunedin, president of the freight and refrigeration costs.
League during the past six years, has just The Anaheim association is a lo-
been re- d to al of the Mutual Orange Distribu-
been re-elected to this position. tors, Redlands.


January 10, 1930




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