Title: Florida clearing house news ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00021
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: August 1, 1929
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00021
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

Full Text



Florida Clearing Hi
Library Comp.,
Bureau of Arig. Econ., 4
U. S. Dept. of Arig. Official Publication of the 0,
Wq ti, n toin D F){IDA CITRUS GROWERS CLEARING HOUSES
Representing More Than 10,000 Growers of Oranges and Grapefruit
Headquarters: WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA


ews


10 Cents a Copy Volume I
S$2.00 a Year AUG UST 1, 19 9 2 9lNumber 21



U.S. Government Adopts Survey Commission's Recommendation


rAgriculture Must
Organize, Federal
Farm Board States

Relief Work to Be Done
Only Through Co-oper-
atives, Chairman Says

SAmerican agriculture must or-
ganize!
SThis is the ultimatum, or at least
advice, handed down by the newly-
created federal farm board formed
last month to aid the producer of
agricultural products. In a state-
ment issued a few days after Presi-
dent Hoover called the board to-
gether, Chairman Alexander H.
"Legge and Vice-Chairman James C.
Stone, emphasized that the board
has been directed under the farm
relief act to do its relief work
through the co-operative marketing
agencies.
The board has concluded that its
work is confined almost entirely to
"contact with the co-operative mar-
keting associations. Therefore, the
memberss have decided individual ap-
peals will have to be passed over
while the board directs its energies
to relations with organized farmers.
Chris L. Christensen, secretary of
the board, and one of the agricul-
tural department experts who aided
in setting up the Clearing House
organization last year, estimates
that only about one-third of the 6,-
S000,000 farmers of America are
now organized.
Just how the board will attempt
to encourage efforts to. mobilize the
*farmers into marketing groups is in-
definite. Chairman Legge hopes
that the public appeal will help the
cause. Pending a reaction to this
appeal, no decision has been reach-
ed by the board on the extent of the
national organization to be re-
quired.
Legislation to encourage co-oper-
, ative marketing organizations was
embodied in the Capper-Volstead
act of 1923 but Mr. Christensen has
said that the associations must or-
ganize under state laws. This con-
(Continued on Page Four)


Under Doctor's Orders
The entire United States is truly indebted to the stupen-
dous work done so effectively by the Plant Board under the
direction of Dr. Newell, Dr. Marlatt, Mr. Campbell and final-
ly of Secretary Arthur M. Hyde, upon whom the highest
responsibility rests. The release from strict bondage has
come and we are thankful for we have suffered. True, we
have suffered not from our own faults-not from our own
neglect but from necessarily severe quarantine measures,
which have had more far reaching consequences than any
quarantine heretofore established by Federal authorities.


We have suffered that other grow-
ers of fruits might live. We did not
bring the fly here, nor were we as
growers responsible for its inva-
sion. It did affect our industry com-
mercially, but not to the extreme
that measures were applied so that
it would not spread to our sister
States. We could live with it and
handle it commercially. But from a
National standpoint eradication
rather than control was required
and wisely required.
We have undergone a major oper-
ation and the operation is success-
ful, but the operation was for the
entire body of the United States.
Florida just happened to be the part
of the body that was affected, i. e.
the right leg. But this major opera-
tion is over-the healing has com-
menced. Uncle Sam acting as Doc-
tor, after proper consultation says


that Florida will live and be strong
if we follow his rules. There are
nine rules agreed upon by consulta-
tion. We must observe them:
Rule 1-Calls for thorough inspec-
tion in all States. We cannot object
to that. We want the whole body
clean.
Rule 2-Says we must get a cer-
tificate of health. That's all right.
Rule 3-Says we must cut down
or remove non commercial host
plants. We liked our guavas and
surinam cherries but we will restrict
our diet under doctors orders.
That's all right.
Rule 4-Says we've got to spray
ourselves. We would like to but
we're hard up. We have spent all
our money in paying the surgeon
and we haven't a blame cent left.
Maybe some of us can and should
(Continued on Page Five)


This Is the Last Free Issue

Of the NEWS--Only Members

To Receive Future Editions


Starting with the next issue (Au-
gust 15th) of the FLORIDA
CLEARING HOUSE NEWS, only
members of the Clearing House who
have actually signed a grower's con-
tract with the Association, will re-
ceive the magazine. Heretofore
many growers who are not members
of the Association have received the
NEWS gratis but with the present
issue, this policy will be changed.


In the past the Clearing House
officials have felt that all growers
in the State should be kept advised
as to the activities and purposes of
the Clearing House. With this in
view, it was deemed advisable to
make the educational campaign car-
ried on as broad and helpful as pos-
sible. Hence the NEWS was sent to
many growers who had not actually
(Continued on Page Nine)


Hyde Personally

Promises Growers

During State Trip

Dr. Marlatt Explains Proc-
essing; Newell Asks
for Co-operation

The nine-point program of eradi-
cation recommended by the special
commission sent to Florida by the
Department of Agriculture, will be
put into effect as soon as the proper
machinery for regulating the com-
ing season's crop movement can be
set up, Secretary of Agriculture
Arthur M. Hyde promised Florida
growers upon the occasion of his
visit July 26th to Winter Haven.
The agricultural chief's talk was
made while he, accompanied by Dr.
C. L. Marlatt, chief of plant quar-
antine and control administration,
and Mr. W. G. Campbell, director of
regulatory work, U. S. Department
of Agriculture, was making a two-
day survey of the quarantine areas
July 26th and 27th. Secretary
Hyde, having expressed a wish to
talk to the people of Florida rela-
tive to the quarantine situation, dep
livered a brief talk at Winter Haven
at a mass meeting of some 1500
growers and others interested, the
talk and the entire program being
broadcast over two stations, WDAE
at Tampa and WFLA at Clearwater.
On the program with Secretary
Hyde were Dr. Wilmon Newell, of
the State Plant Board, who is in
charge of both State and Federal
forces in the eradication work;-Dr.
C. L. Marlatt and Mr. W. G. Camp-
bell. Governor Doyle E. Carlton
presided at the meeting, introducing
each of the speakers.
Dr. Marlatt, who was first called
upon, appealed to the growers to
continue their co-operation with
State and Federal forces in the
eradication program, and taking up
one by one the nine points outlined
by the survey commission, explain-
ed and described each of them. He
also discussed at length the proposed
(Continued on Page Four)





age _v ..... . -........ . . ... .. ..


Report of Special Commission

To Secretary of Agriculture

On Eradication of Fruit Fly


July 19, 1929.
Hon. Arthur M. Hyde,
Secretary of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C.
Dear Mr. Secretary:
The Committee of Seven, appoint-
ed by you to make "careful studies
of the present status and possibili-
ties for eradication of the Mediter-
ranean fruit fly, also to study the
desirability of the maintenance or
expansion of the present program,
or alternative possibility of commer-
cial control," reports as follows:
Economic Background
The economic situation of Florida,
the immediate future of the State,


Commission Members

The members of Secretary
Hyde's Special Commission and
their professional affiliations are
as follows:
V e r n o n Kellogg, Permanent
Secretary, Nationa Research
Council, Washington, D. C.; H.
A. Morgan, President, University
of Tennessee; T. P. Cooper, Dean,
College of Agriculture, Director
of Extension Work, Lexington,
Kentucky; Victor R. Gardener,
Director, State Experiment Sta-
tion and Professor of Horticul-
ture, State College, East Lansing,
Michigan; T. P. Headlee, Profes-
sor of Entomology, Rutgers Col-
lege, New Brunswick, State En-
tomologist of New Jersey and En-
tomologist of State Experiment
Station; G. A. Dean, Head, De-
partment of Entomology, State
Agricultural College, and Ento-
mologist, State Experiment Sta-
tion, Manhattan, Kansas; and H.
J. Quayle, Professor of Entomol-
ogy, University of California, and
Entomologist of Citrus Experi-
ment Station, Riverside.

is definitely and intimately related
to the policy which may be adopted
in relation to the Mediterranean
fruit fly. The region involved in the
infestation is 34 per cent of the land
area of Florida. It contains 72 per
cent of the bearing citrus trees, and
based upon a three-year average, 80
per cent of the carload shipments of
citrus fruit originate in this area.
The annual income from the citrus
crop and other host crops which may
be affected by the fly is upward of
$60,000,000. A capital investment
for the same crops exceeding $300,-
000,000 is threatened. Industries de-
pendent upon citrus fruit represent
an annual income of approximately
$52,000,000. Agriculture, of which
the citrus and kindred industries
represent the larger part, is the eco-
nomic foundation of the State. From
one-quarter to one-third of the in-
come accruing to the State, other


than that pertaining to the tourist
trade, may be attributed to agricul-
ture. The permanence of the home
and the adequate support of the
families of 40 per cent of the rural
farm population of Florida is threat-
ened by the fly.
The income for the State for the
purpose of government is largely
affected by the conditions of the cit-
ius industry and its kindred com-
mercial, transportation and indus-
trial development.
In the event the fruit fly should
escape from Florida, infesting the
regions of the South and West, cap-
ital values invested in properties
producing susceptible fruits aggre-
gating $1,800,000,000 and produc-
ing annual incomes of $240,000,000,
are threatened. Infestation by the
fly would bring chaos to many agri-
cultural regions of the South and
West. Their interest in the policy
which may be adopted with relation
to the fruit fly is even greater than
that of Florida.
The consumers of the United
States, likewise, are affected. An in-
festation of the Mediterranean fruit
fly may affect the reduction of sus-
ceptible products by 25 or even 50
per cent. It is estimated that a re-
duction in the production of suscep-
tible fruit by 20 per cent will in-
crease the cost of fruit to the con-
sumer by approximately 24 per cent.
In addition the consumer is also
directly interested by the fact that
the industry or trade with which he
may be connected will be affected
by the spread of the fruit fly.
The cost of commercial control
measures and of quarantines, should
the fly escape to other regions,
would involve an amount difficult to
estimate, but undoubtedly greater
than the sum required for eradica-
tion. This cost would fall upon the
national treasury, the States involv-
ed and upon numerous individuals.
This brief statement of the eco-
nomic background evidences the na-
tional interests that are involved.
The fact that the citrus industry of
Florida furnishes approximately 40,-
000 cars of citrus fruit to the rail-
roads is an indication of the wide-
spread economic effect that general
infestation would involve.
Eradication or Control
Basing its judgment on careful
observation, the results of research,
and the progress toward eradication
that has been made in the past three
months, the committee considers
eradication practicable under pres-
ent known conditions. This will re-
quire vigorous effort, large additions
to present forces, fearless action,
maintenance of the full co-opera-
tion of Florida citizens, and ample
funds promptly available.
Plan of Eradication
You commissioned the committee*


to study the desirability of the main-
tenance or expansion of the present
program and plan of eradication.
Particular attention has been given
to this program and plan of eradica-
tion as now operating. The com-
mittee recommends that the work of
eradication be expanded. Such ex-
pansion, vigorous and immediate, is
imperative to the success of the
work.
The committee believes advisable
a system of certification permitting
the entry of susceptible fruits and
vegetables into interstate commerce.
Experimental evidence indicates
that a system of processing whole
fruit may be devised which is eco-
nomically feasible and will insure
freedom from the fly. Under such
procedure: (1) Reimbursement to
growers from the National Treasury
is not required; (2) a sound eco-
nomic background for the industry
is restored, and (3) the full co-oper-
ation of growers and citizens of
Florida is maintained.
An arrangement which assures
that the products entering into in-
torstate commerce are free from all
stages of the fly, and which permits
the growers to continue their busi-
ness and industry is essential.
Attached hereto is a general state-
ment of a program, that the com-
mittee considers necessary to carry
out the work of eradication. It
recognizes, however, that as time
goes on modification may be neces-
sary and it has confidence that such
modifications should be determined
by the law enforcement and re-
search organization in charge of the
work.
Progress Made in Eradication
In spite of the fact that the area
considered as infested has shown ac-
cessions, the progress toward eradi-
cation has been rapid. Centers of
infestation have been so thoroughly
cleaned, and sources of infestation
removed, that in the infested zone
it is difficult to find any of the stages
of the Mediterranean fruit fly. At
the beginning of the campaign flies
were numerous, easily found, and
existed in great numbers at points
of infestation. Measurement of pro-
gress is difficult. But the committee
has been impressed with the rapidity
of the cleanup work, the effective-
ness of the poison spray campaign,
the progress of inspection and its
increasing thoroughness. Upon every
side there is found evidence of in-
creasing efficiency, and conviction
upon the part of those in charge
that they are making progress. A
description of the physical equip-
ment and of the methods used in
carrying on the eradication program
would be interesting but appears un-
necessary in this report.
Representatives of organizations,
citizens, joint committee of the
Florida Legislature, and the Plant
Quarantine Board as well as mem-
bers of the staff of the Federal and
State organization co-operating in
this work were examined by the
committee. We were impressed by
the solidarity of purpose.
No intimation was apparent of
lack of confidence in a program of
extermination. Desire was express-


ed to bring about eradication and
willingness to continue the' work
until brought to a successful conclu-
sion was evidenced by every indi-
vidual or organization represented.
Respectfully submitted,
Vernon Kellogg, T. P. Headlee,
V. R. Gardner, H. J. Quayle, T. P.
Cooper, G. A. Dean, H. A. Morgan,
Chairman, Committee.


Revised Program of Work
to Eradicate the
Mediterranean Fruit Fly
(1) Inspection to Determine
Spread-Prompt provision should be
made for inspection, adequate to de-
termine the spread of the fly not
only in Florida but possibly in other
States. This will mean considerable
enlargement of present inspection
forces.
(2) Host Fruits and Vegetable
Certification Adequate provision
should be made for the certification
of all movement of host fruits or
vegetables produced in any State or
portion thereof invaded by the fruit
fly.
(3) Removal of Minor Host
Plants-As absolutely essential to
the eradication object provision
should be made under State regula-
tion for the grubbing up or cutting
down and removal-in other words
complete elimination-of host plants
of minor commercial importance the
object being to maintain, for the
protection of the principal crop in
each area, a non-host or starvation
period during the interim of the
maturing of such crop. It is under-
stood that this is to replace any ef-
fort to eliminate the fruit from such
alternate hosts from week to week
as it ripens as impracticable both
from the standpoint of accomplish-
ment and of cost.
(4) Destruction of Flies and Pu-
paria-Citrus growers in infested
areas should be required under State
and Federal regulations to spray
their groves at such periods as shall
be required as necessary to destroy
adult flies, and similarly, if practic-
able, soil treatment to destroy
puparia.
(5) Shortening of Cropping Sea-
son-To reduce as much as possible
the opportunity of the insect to
breed up in the major host crop of
any area, the shipping season should
be terminated as early as practic-
able. The shipping season in Florida
for citrus normally extends from
September to June or longer. By
more adequate provision for holding
of fruit in cold storage and by en-
larging methods of processing fruit
it should be possible to terminate
by the first of March, the harvesting
of the citrus crop, and similarly to
shorten the period in the spring and
early summer of other crops.
(6) Orchard and Crop Cleanup-
As supplementing (5), provision
should be made under State regula-
tion for the prompt cleanup of or-
chards or other crops coincident
with the close of the stated harvest-
ing period. As correalary thereto
all culls and discards should be
promptly destroyed and drops


August 1, 1929


Por, 9


J


ffT.nRinA CI.FARINC HT)TTSF, NEWS






Auu 9FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS Pae


should be removed at weekly inter-
vals throughout the ripening and
harvesting period.
(7) Safeguarding Fruit, Etc. for
Shipment-Under the indication of
recent experimental work citrus
fruit and possibly also other host
fruits and vegetables may be treat-
ed or processed so as to make possi-
ble movement in commerce without
risk of carrying infestation. This
shall apply to the movement of all
citrus fruit leaving infested States
or Districts after successful demon-
stration of its commercial practic-
ability. Safeguarding movement of
other host fruits and host vegeta-
bles should similarly be required
upon determination of equivalent
methods.
(8) Research Work as Basis for
Control-This field of work should
Sbe enlarged to meet all the needs of
the eradication effort in Florida or
elsewhere, and also to include
studies of the fruit fly situation in
other countries where this pest has
become established.
(9) Port Inspection--To mini-
mize risk of future introduction of
the Mediterranean fruit fly or other
serious pest, provision should be
made for more adequate expansion
of port inspection service.
Note: This program provides (1)
for the enlargement of work now
under way; (2) for the elimination
of the special restrictions on so-
called infested zones, including the
removal of fruit; and (3) as partial
substitution for (2) the safeguard-
ing by processing of fruit and other
hosts, as indicated in paragraph (7)
above. The success of this enlarged
program is absolutely conditioned
on the carrying out of these require-
ments under State regulations and
with the full and complete co-opera-
tion of State officers and all associa-
tions and persons in interest.
With respect to the elimination
of fruit removal hitherto provided
for in both State and Federal regu-
lations, it has become apparent that
the removal of fruit now developing
in such zones is impracticable if not
impossible of accomplishment even
under the expenditure of any possi-
ble or reasonable funds, and that
therefore the continuation of the
eradication program must be based
on the development and intensifying
of other methods of control.

"KEEP OUT THE FLY"
California's determination to pre-
vent her infestation by the Medi-
terranean fruit fly is well illustrated
in the following press dispatch from
SLos Angeles:
Want Inspection More Thorough
Holding the opinion that present
quarantine measures against the
Mediterranean fruit fly's entry into
California leaves serious gaps, the
directors of the Los Angeles Farm
L Bureau yesterday called on the
State and Federal departments of
agriculture to investigate.
Investigation by the local organi-
zation revealed inadequate inspec-
tion of baggage and passengers en-
tering the State and the existence of
unguarded highway entrances, their
Report stated.


Promise Aid to Florida


HON. ARTHUR M. HYDE


DR. C. L. MARLATT


Hon. Arthur M. Hyde's Speech
(Delivered at Winter Haven July 26th)


"Ladies and Gentlemen:
"I have seen two telegrams to
the effect that a boy in Kentucky
has been made ill by eating fruit
from Florida. I have had several re-
actions to that. Ever since I was a
boy, all boys have been made sick
by eating fruit from somewhere,
and I am inclined to the belief that
the illness of the boy in Kentucky
is more due to conditions in Ken-
tucky than in Florida. I remember
one time reading the story of a col-
ored lady whose best friend had re-
fused to come to see her for some
time. When she met him she took
him to task and said, 'Look here,
Eastus, why haven't you been to see
me lately?' He was somewhat abash-
ed but he finally stammered out that
he was afraid of her dog. She said,
'Now, Rastus, in the first place that
dog won't bite nobody, in the sec-
ond place that dog am chained and
in the third place, I ain't got no dog
in the first place.'
"I wish to point out that if the
Kentucky lad for whom we must
have sympathy is in fact ill he must
have eaten fruit that was boot-leg-
ged into Kentucky because it can-
not be shipped there from Florida.
Also, no bait spray has been put on
any fruit that has been shipped
from these infested areas to Ken-
tucky for three months. Also he
must have eaten peel and all, there-
fore, I conclude as the colored wom-
an concluded that there 'ain't noth-
ing in the thing in the first place.'
"My previous journeys to this
State have been under happier con-
ditions and for more pleasurable
pursuits. Now we have serious and
important business. Delightful and
cordial has been your hospitality
and pleasant indeed the association


with your distinguished citizens. I
wish those associations might be
prolonged,-and under other condi-
tions. The business which brings
us here directly and vitally affects
the welfare of your great people,
and indirectly threatens the well-
being of the entire South. Under
such circumstances, the usual amen-
ities must be reluctantly foregone
and the problems which concern us
immediately considered.
"In one sense, this present trip
was entirely unnecessary. Florida is
represented in the national capital
by an able group in the Senate and
House, a group whose loyalty to
the interests of you people is un-
questioned, and whose diligence in
their service is commendable.
Through them, as well as through
the efficient scientists of our own
department, I have been able to
keep advised as to the needs and the
progress of the work of eradication
of the Mediterranean fruit fly. Nev-
ertheless, the issues of the contest
are so important, both to Florida
and the nation at large, that I de-
cided to visit the scene of action
personally, thus getting first hand
information, and meeting the inter-
ested parties face to face.
"It has been a pleasure during
the day to note the large amount of
effective work which has been done.
Appreciation is due to the efforts of
the staff which has had executive
charge of the eradication program,
their assistants and the loyal men in
the field. They have all rendered
devoted and efficient service. No
less advisable is the indomitable
spirit of the growers and the peo-
ple of Florida, who have borne with
fortitude the restrictions which
have necessarily been imposed. It is


~s~8~a ~
"B~p~a"~/
g


August 1,. 1929


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


Pnae R


a matter of gratification to me to
find such courage and unflinching
spirit. I expected to find that spirit
when I left Washington. The con-
firmation of that expectation, here
on the ground, is one of the most
hopeful facts in the eradication pro-
gram.
"The progress of the work has
been rapid and satisfactory. The
areas affected have been cleaned up
but discovery of new points of in-
festation by the enemy has enlarg-
ed the battle line, and made neces-
sary the expenditure of increased
funds. The spread of the areas dis-
covered to be affected has required
other and different regulations. The
weight of the battle has borne heav-
ily upon the people of the infested
zones. It is the unanimous opinion
of scientists, state authorities, grow-
ers, and all others concerned, that
the fight must be continued. The
check-up of methods in use, and the
formulation of further measures
for eradication devolved burdens
and decisions upon the Department
of Agriculture so great that we felt
we must have the benefit of the best
knowledge attainable.
"Accordingly, a commission of
seven scientists was appointed to
survey the field, reach unbiased and
untrammeled judgments as to meth-
ods and plans and report its find-
ings. That commission has report-
ed the material portions of its
findings are as follows." Here Sec-
retary Hyde quoted from the com-
mission's report, reprinted else-
where in this issue of the NEWS.
"I am prepared to say now finally
that the recommendations of the
commission will be put into effect.
This decision was reached today
after an extended conference with
your Governor and other distin-
guished men of your State. The
program of the commission will be
put into effect just as soon as ap-
propriate regulations can be formu-
lated. Those regulations will cast
duties and obligations upon the Fed-
eral Government, the State and the
growers. There will be no let down
in the determination to wage relent-
less war on the Mediterranean fruit
fly. There will be a joining of hands
and a pooling of effort to carry on
the work of extermination.
"While the program will permit
the shipment of fruit and vegeta-
Eles, it must be apparent that only
such fruit as can meet the regula-
tions through processing or other-
wise and pass inspection can be
shipped. It will be our job to pro-
vide the inspection and enforce the
regulations. This will be done rig-
idly and with the sole purpose of ex-
terminating the fly by preventing its
spread. Since the shipment of fruit
and vegetables will mean many mil-
lions of dollars in income to the
State of Florida, it ought not to be
burdensome to Florida and its grow-
ers to perform their part of the pro-
gram.
"The success of the program de-
Fends upon the acceptance by the
Federal and State Government of
their respective shares therein and
the discharge faithfully and effec-
(Continued on Page Four)






Pa'p- 4 FL6RIDA CLEARING -ROUS NEWA


U. S. Government Adopts Survey thought there was little hope for
Commission's Recommendation remedy. We are glad to come to you
now not only with hope but with as-
(Continued from Page One) surance that the remedy has been
processing of fruit regarded as an found, and with the co-operation of
effective means of destroying the the people and of the State and such
fly. Dr. Newell's talk, while brief, co-operation as the Federal govern-
was enthusiastically received by the ment has given and is giving, we
growers who packed the Williamson are assured that this pest will be ex-
theater auditorium and even over- terminated. We do not, however,
flowed out into the street in front, look upon the work as having been
amplifiers relaying the program to- finished, but having discovered the
them there. Dr. Newell reviewed remedy we are sure that that will
the progress of the eradication work be accomplished, by the determina-
to date, concluding, after paying t'on on the part of our people and
tribute to growers and laymen alike the aid of the State and the Federal
for their whole-hearted co-opera- government.
tion, with a plea for continuance of "I want at this time to make pub-
the clean-up work. Mr. Campbell lic acknowledgment of the interest
devoted his talk to explanation of of our nation in this disaster that
regulatory methods to be used, ex- has come to our State and the very
plaining that the processing of fruit friendly and sympathetic interest
experiments are being made both to on the part of her high officials. Dr.
modify the existing quarantine reg- C. L. Marlatt, who is at the head of
ulations and to protect agriculture the Plant Quarantine and Control
outside of the State. Administration has been one of the
Secretary Hyde's talk, which in leading men in working out this
the main was supplementary to the problem. We are especially honored
survey commission's recommenda- to have him with us this evening and
tions, revealed at least two im- I now take pleasure in presenting to
portant phases of the situation you Dr. Marlatt." (Note: The for-
which will be watched closely by mal addresses made at the meeting
growers of the State. These two are will be found elsewhere in the
the development of experiments on NEWS.
the fruit-processing and the other
is the shortening of the shipping sea- Agriculture Must Organize,
son calling for a deadline March 1 onAgriculre Must Organize
grapefruit and April 1 on Valencias. Federal Farm Board States
President Griffin opened the meet- (Continued from Page One)
ing as follows, introducing Governor fines the associations for the most
Carlton, who presided: part to state groups.
"We will now come to order. The Virtually every commodity is now
meeting will be turned over to the organized for marketing purposes
Governor of Florida, who will pre- but the farm board wants the or-
side and introduce our distinguished ganizations to be more inclusive.
visitors and guests. I therefore take "One of our greatest problems,"
g eat pleasure in introducing to you Mr. Stone declared several days ago,
a gentleman who needs no introduc- "is to make the farmer 'co-opera-
tion, the Honorable Doyle Carlton, tive-minded.' We want him to or-
Governor of Florida, who will pre- ganize."
side and handle the meeting." Chairman Legge has declared that
Governor Carlton, in introducing the farm relief act "is essentially
the first speaker, Dr. C. L. Marlatt, to assist co-operative producer-own-
said: ed agricultural associations." He ex-
"Ladies and gentlemen: First I plained that the co-operative asso-
must remind myself that I am not citations must be owned and con-
one of the speakers of the evening trolled by the producers of the com-
but only the presiding officer, and modity involved.
shall therefore try to avoid the em- The board already has received
barrassment once inflicted upon me "many preliminary appeals from ag-
by another presiding officer when he ricultural groups for action" and it
said, 'I shall not bore you with a has been stated that "it is still more
long speech, but will be followed by important, however, that whatever
a long speech by a man who will.' action be taken shall be in the right
"When William Jennings Bryan direction."
was making one of his campaigns A statement issued by the board
through the west he arrived late at several days ago said in part:
a certain engagement, and then the "The board believes that its work,
presiding officer spent forty-five as directed by law and by oppor-
minutes in introducing him. The tunity, can best be done by working
next day two farmers were talking with and through established groups
about the speech. One said, 'That of farmers who are organized or
Mr. Bryan made a very fine speech, who may be organized on a basis of
but the old bald-headed gentleman specific farm commodities. The board
who came after him made a much believes that the larger the group
better one.' and the more regional or national
"I recognize this as a very signifi- in its scope, the better and more
cant day in the history of Florida. readily can assistance be given. It
It is a day which marks the coming will, therefore, be a part of the
out from another of the adversities board's program to co-operate with
to which our State has been sub- such groups now existant and to as-
jected in recent years. We are sist, so far as may be possible, in the
aware of the fact that few disasters development of such groups, where
have brought such gloom on Florida necessary.
as the discovery of the Mediterran- "Much has been said about the
ean fly, for at the time it was costs of distribution of farm pro-


ducts between producer and ulti-
mate consumer, and about the pos-
sibility that returns to producers
may be increased without any cor-
responding increase in price to the
ultimate consumer. The board firm-
ly believes that in many instances
this is possible through the develop-
ment of wide-spread farmer groups
for co-operative marketing, through
greater efficiency in management of
co-operative institutions, and
through more direct avenues of
trade between producer and con-
sumer than are now found to exist
in many farm commodities.
Would Control Surplus
"The board further believes that
a thorough organization of agricul-
ture for marketing purposes will put
producers in a much better position
than they now are to control the ap-
pearance of surpluses at their
source, and that this angle of ap-
proach to the so-called 'surplus prob-
lem' is worth serious consideration.
"The board intends to develop di-
rect contacts with the co-operative
marketing groups of America at the
earliest possible moment for the
purpose, first, of acquainting the
members of the board themselves
with the specific problems of specific
commodities in various regions, and,
second, for the purpose of ac-
quainting the co-operative groups
themselves with the members of the
board and their official powers and
limitations."

Hon. Arthur M. Hyde's Speech
(Continued from Page Three)
tively of their respective obliga-
tions. But much depends also upon
the state of public opinion locally
and its development to such extent
as not merely to support the pro-
gram, but to demand compliance
with it on one side, and enforcement
on the other.
"It is our desire to co-operate as
fully with you as possible. We de-
sire also to deal with all the questions
involved with sympathy for the
growers and with an intention to
give the growers as wide a measure
of liberty as is possible consistent
with the controlling purpose of
eradicating the fly. In all this we
need your co-operation and assist-
ance. This is true because the Fed-
eral Government must work through
you and through your powers as a
State, and because of the essential
truth of the ancient maxim, 'United
we stand, divided we fall.'"
Immediately following Secretary
Hyde's talk, Governor Carlton pre-
sented a basket of roses to Mrs.
Hyde, who had accompanied her
husband on the trip, making the
presentation on behalf of the Clear-
ing House. Governor Carlton then
brought the meeting to a close, say-
ing:
"This is a case where we all stand
or fall together, but it is also a case
of where we shall stand. I have ab-
solute confidence in the results of
our work and the fact that the pest
will be eradicated at an early time.
I want in conclusion to thank Secre-
tary Hyde. We are also grateful for
the presence and help of Dr. Marlatt


and Mr. Campbell, and we can give
them the assurance of a co-opera-
tion on the part of our people that
will result in an early solution to
this problem."


False Propaganda

Gets in Its Work

Seldom is it that the capable and
trustworthy Associated Press allows
itself to become the medium for
spreading false propaganda or
propaganda of any other sort, for
that-but the news service's good
record was blemished several days
ago. The instance was that of ac-
cepting and relaying nationally a
story so palpably based upon ignor-
ance and utterly unreliable that
even the Secretary of Agriculture,
Arthur M. Hyde felt called upon
to publicly refute its accuracy..
The story in question emanated
from Dayton, Ky. and in effect quot-
ed a physician's diagnosis of a boy's
illness as having been caused by eat-
ing Florida citrus which had been
stung by a Mediterranean fruit fly.
The physician was convinced, ac-
cording to the news article, that the
fruit, poisoned by the fly, was sole-
ly responsible for the youth's ill-
ness, which it was stated, was ex-
pected to be fatal.
Publication of the story, while it
naturally arouses the just indigna-
tion of every Floridian, also reveal-
ed that Florida has indeed a loyal
friend in California in the person of
E. G. Dezell, general manager of
the California Fruit Growers Ex-
change. On the day which Secretary
Hyde visited Winter Haven, the
Clearing House received the follow-
ing telegram from Mr. Dezell which
indicates a friendly interest in this
State's problem:
"A. M. Pratt,
"Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Assn.
"Winter Haven, Fla.
"Local papers carry dispatch un-
der Cincinnati date line that doc-
tor of Dayton, Ky. claims patient
seriously ill caused by poison from
citrus fruit stung by Medfly. Are
you taking any steps to have author-
ities refute this? Signed: E. G.
Dezell."
General Manager A. M. Pratt in
answering the wire, said:
"E. G. Dezell, General Manager
"California Fruit Growers Exchange
"Los Angeles, Calif.
"Apprepriate your wire regarding
Kentucky doctor claiming patient
seriously ill from citrus fruit stung
by Medfly. This telegram was shown
personally to Secretary Hyde and
Dr. C. L. Marlatt when with us last
night. Was publicly refuted by Sec-
retary Hyde in big meeting last
night which was also broadcast by
two stations. You doubtless realize
Kentucky embargoed against Flor-
ida citrus. Signed: A. M. Pratt."
The Clearing House is investigat-
ing the news dispatch in question
and in all likelihood a correction or
explanation will be forthcoming
shortly.


Page 4


d


~i~6Rj~Dk CL~AR~~TG BOUSE ~I~WS


August 1, 1929






Au 1 1


Speech Made by W. G. Campbell
(Director of Regulatory Work, U. S. Department of Agriculture, at
Winter Haven, July 26th)


"Governor Carlton, Ladies and Gen-
tlemen:
"In this extemporaneous state-
ment, as a supplement to Dr. Mar-
latt's discussion of the interest of
the United States Department of
Agriculture in the fruit fly eradica-
tion campaign, let me point out that
all eradication campaigns whether
directed at the removal of the plant
or animal pests and diseases by Fed-
eral agencies, are ordinarily author-
ized by the terms of the appropria-
tion bill that makes available the
funds for the support of that work.
This is not only true with respect
to the work carried on now in Flor-
ida for the eradication of the fruit
fly, but was true in the eradication
campaign for the removal of the
corn borer, in the campaign against
the foot and mouth disease, bovine
tuberculosis and others. The com-
pelling power that is exercised to
require an observance of such regu-
lations which may be promulgated
in the course of this work, prevents
through inattention, thoughtlessness
or reactionary motives, the doing of
those things which would bring
about the accomplishment of these
expressed ends. It is by the exer-
cise of State statutory power.
"This is not the type of work that
is classified in the organization of
the Department of Agriculture as
regulatory service. It is work of tre-
mendous importance. It is a distinct
service work which consists in the
application of the best scientific con-
clusions that have been reached
through experimentation as the ef-
fective means for the removal of
such pests or diseases. The regula-
tory work, as it is designated in the
Department, consists in the enforce-
ment of Federal statutes which un-
dertake to regulate the traffic in in-
terstate commerce, or to prescribe
conditions under which interstate
transactions may be carried on.
Among the fifteen or eighteen im-
portant statutes that are enforced
by the Department of Agriculture
comes to my mind of primary im-
portance the Plant Quarantine Act.
"By the terms of that law, the
Secretary of Agriculture is author-
ized to declare quarantines and to
enforce these quarantines designed
to prevent the spread throughout
this country of pests and diseases
which may exist in certain sections
of the country and to prevent the
introduction into this country of
diseases and pests which are not pre-
valent here. Where the eradication
campaign calls for the destruction
of a large percentage of the suscep-
tible products, the regulatory work
in the enforcement of the quaran-
tine to prevent the spread of this
pest, is of comparative simplicity.
However, the destruction of proper-
ty, whether it be the slaughter and
burial of live stock to stamp out the
foot and mouth disease, or whether
it be the burial of citrus fruit to
stamp out the Mediterranean fruit
fly, is a resort to heroic measures.


"There is involved in that a loss
of income and unquestionably the
impairment of capital investment.
"Under the terms of the existing
quarantine, a material percentage
of the citrus-producing areas of this
State are not permitted to ship, not
only in interstate commerce, but in
intrastate commerce, their fruit. It
is now the proposal to effect a modi-
fication of the harshness or the se-
verity of the terms of this quaran-
tine. If this can be done, no one
more than the Federal officials
charged with the solemn responsi-
bility of enforcing the terms of a
statute like the plant quarantine act
will rejoice with you more than I
shall. But the acquirement of the
advantage involved in a restitution
to you of the markets of this coun-
try, which under the present cir-
cumstances are denied to you, can-
not come without certain costs, and
without the most earnest determina-
tion on your part to recognize the
conditions which may be prescribed
as those precedent to the enjoyment
again of interstate traffic.
"I wish it were possible to say to-
night just what the terms of the
modified quarantine in this respect
will be. We are engaged now at this
moment, in making a thorough ap-
praisal of the value of experimental
scientific work to determine what
conditions can be required by way
of processing your fruit, in order to
make it possible for you to ship it
to certain markets without the risk
of establishing this pest in unifested
sections. The Secretary of Agricul-
ture in the enforcement of these
Federal statutes necessarily must
have full regard for the nation as a
nation. His sympathy for you in
Florida due to the misfortune you
have encountered because this fruit
fly elected to land in your midst in-
stead of some where else, cannot
operate to make him unmindful of
the responsibility that is his for the
protection of States that have been
more fortunate. Florida herself
would be the first to complain if
there was not proper regard on the
part of Federal agencies for their
duty in the enforcement of the
terms of this law in the administra-
tion of different quarantines which
apply to other pests, from which
Florida thus far has been free. And
properly she should complain if we
did not take every precaution that
is involved in the recognition of our
duty in the enforcement of the law
to prevent the spread of these pests.
"It goes without saying, that the
Department of Agriculture must un-
dertake to prevent the spread of the
Mediterranean fruit fly from Flor-
ida to other sections of the country.
The regulatory work is supplemen-
tal to the eradication work, but a
modification of the quarantine
which contemplates the authoriza-
tion of the shipment of fruit which
thus far has been prohibited ship-
ment into interstate commerce in-
(Continued on Page Seven)


but we want to know that all parts
are properly sprayed. It is univer-
sally recognized by the Government
and local growers and agencies that
bait spraying should be immediately
instituted throughout the entire
State. After careful study of the
question we have definitely conclud-
ed that this work can only be done
by the Government. Directing the
growers to do so would be without
effect for the reason that many
properties are owned by non-resi-
dents and most of the growers are
without financial ability to comply
with such an order. The conclusion
is inescapable that the Federal Gov-
ernment must undertake this imme-
diate responsibility in order to in-
sure eradication. As a last resort
the owners might be assessed with
the cost.
Rule 5-Says we must shorten
our crop season to get through by
March first. That's an heroic pre-
scription, but we might swallow it
if Dr. (Uncle) Sam would say that
he would make this possible by or-
dering California to ship. nothing
while we were hurrying our crop off
during only four months period, No-
vember, December, January and
February, and leave California the
other eight months free to ship
without competition from Florida.
This four months prescription is cer-
tainly as much for California's wel-
fare and more so than Florida's and
we might just as well realize the
prescription is for the good of the
whole body-not merely for Florida
which is merely the right leg of the
body. We are born with two legs-
let's have the left leg which has not
been operated on carry the load of
holding back while we're doing our
best to shorten our marketing
period by cutting our time in two.
It talks about cold storage and pro-
cessing. That's rather theoretical
with the betting odds against us.
The right leg of the patient rebels.
Rule 6-Tells us we must keep
everlastingly clean (from culls).
We will be glad to. It pays to.
Rule 7-Says we must have hot
or cold applications-must be "pro-
cessed." If they weren't two infer-
nally hot or if we're' not frozen to
death with cold we'll accept that.
But we must figure what the patient
can stand. We don't want to die
after a successful operation. Doc-
tors know that there are many ways
of killing germs by drastic treat-
ment, but the real problem is to kill
the germs without killing the pa-
tient. This Rule 7 says under
the indication of recent experimen-
tal work citrus fruit and possibly
also other host fruits and vegeta-
bles may be treated or processed so
as to make possible movement in
commerce without risk of carrying
infestation. This shall apply to the
movement of all citrus fruit leaving
ir fested States or districts after suc-
cessful demonstration of its com-
mercial practicability.'


Note that it applies to all citrus
fruits, but fortunately it reads "all
citrus fruits leaving infested dis-
tricts." We know we are practical-
ly free from infestation compared
to our trouble in May. We'll stand
for any extremes of hot and cold ap-
plications if it will be applied only
to any newly infested portion but
for the love of Mike let's not have
them spreading the blame things for
a mile in every direction from that
infestation. We've been through
that and know what it means. We
don't need counter-irritants over the
whole State.
Regarding this "processing" we
recognize the fact that the Govern-
ment agencies reserve the right to
determine what may be done, yet at
the same time, the plan finally en-
forced must take into consideration
the economic factors involved with
the hope of reaching a workable plan
of operation. As a practical matter
the growers and marketing agencies
are unable now to conceive how it
will be possible to make the neces-
sary preparation to comply with a
program contemplating the process-
ing of all citrus fruits and host veg-
etables by application of extremes
of heat or cold for a long time.
The Clearing House stands ready
to eagerly work out and carry out
any processing plans which can be
applied without injury to fruits or
vegetables and still permit profit-
ably marketing the volume that
must be handled commercially in
the handling of the entire crop by
March first as suggested for grape-
fruit and April first as suggested
for oranges, and at the same time
leave our fruits in sound, acceptable
condition for marketing.
However the C 1 hearing House
urges the necessity of prompt an-
nouncement that fruits and vegeta-
bles found to be free from infesta-
tion be permitted to be marketed
under proper certification without
processing from September 15th to
May 31st, during the 1929-30 sea-
son (subject of course to citrus fruit
passing State tests as to maturity).
It might be feasible to require-
the processing of citrus fruits and
vegetables which are shipped into
certain States. The thought here
being the necessity of giving the
Florida fruits and vegetables as
wide a marketing distribution as
possible without processing. AssurA
ance of this kind issued promptly
will have a far reaching effect in re-
storing confidence, re-establishing
credit and would bring an immedi-
ate flow of funds into the State of
Florida so vitally needed at the
present moment.
In connection with the process-
ing of fruit, we wish to call your at-
tention to the fact that there are
now very few packing houses in the
entire State with equipment which
could be used for processing without
(Continued on Page Nine)


Under Doctor's Orders
(Continued from Page One)


August 1, 1929


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


Pane 5






age FC NEA 1
1) 0FLRDACEAIG OSENW


Dr. C. L. Marlatt's Speech
(Chief of Plant Quarantine and Control Administration, at Winter Haven,
July 26th)


"Mr. Governor, Ladies and Gentle-
men:
"The big result that is of great
interest to you and to us is the find-
ing of a method of processing fruit
-the possibility of a method of pro-
cessing fruit, which will enable all
of you perhaps to ship your fruit to
avoid the tremendous loss which has
come to you from the destruction of
fruit, avoid the tremendous cost to
the Federal Government for possi-
ble reimbursement, to avoid the tre-
moudous cost also to the Federal
and State governments of the pick-
ing and removal of the fruit.
"Now this discovery is therefore
not only of benefit to us but is of
benefit to the national treasurer
and to the state treasurer. This dis-
c.very is a method of processing or
treatifig friit which we believe can
be applied to the normal methods
of handling and coloring and ripen-
ing fruit in your packing houses
without great additional installation
of methods and apparatus. With
simply an addition or a simple
change of methods, this can be done
and render safe the movement of
fruit-which may be under sus-
picion throughout the United
States. In other words, give you a
market and a large market.
"This process will be discussed
perhaps more in detail by others,
but the experimental work on which
it is based seems to be of such a na-
ture that we can look forward con-
fidently to its being a commercial
success. The announcement of this
possibility was made by the Secre-
tary of Agriculture on the 18th of
this month, and we have been told
that it was received with great joy
of course throughout Florida, and
was the cause of stabilizing some-
what the public sentiment and the
financial situation. This is one of
the achievements of our research di-
vision, and I may say that in the
long run the research work which
the department is doing and which
the State is doing is going to be the
means of solving the fruit fly prob-
lem and of accomplishing the eradi-
cation of this pest.
"This discovery, as I have said,
changes the whole situation, and
gives a new aspect to the fruit fly
proposition. The new and enlarged
program, which is my subject this
evening, has developed from the dis-
covery and its application. This new
and.enlarged program is one of in-
terest today, and of interest to you
because it deals exactly with what
you may expect from the Federal
Government, with what you may ex-
pect from the State, and with what
you may want to do with co-opera-
tirn and help from your own stand-
point as property owners, as grove
owners throughout the State.
. -"This program involves nine dif-
ferent points. These points are not
included in the report of the com-
mittee, but the committee agreed
tf 'make an investigation of this
whole problem. We came up against


a difficulty that was enormous, the
difficulty of removing green fruit
from a vast acreage of fruit in the
central part of this State, which
seemed to me impossible, even with
the expenditure of enormous sums
of money. Now this is solved, we
hope and believe, to your interest
and ours.
"The first of the various condi-
tions which will lead to success
under the new program, success in
eradication, is a great intensifica-
tion of all the work that we have
been doing. The new program will
not differ from the old except in
one particular. We propose not to
destroy good fruit. We propose not
to include in the large area called
infested perhaps, a whole lot of
fruit, fifty or seventy-five per cent
of which is sound, and have it all
destroyed. But it means an inten-
sification of all the methods of con-
trol that have been used and the
substitution of this processing treat-
ment for destruction. These various
methods that are to be installed are
as follows:
"Inspection to Determine the
Presence of the Pests. In this or
other States we are especially to
greatly enlarge such inspection. In-
spection forces are to be greatly in-
creased so that we will determine
any new points of infestation at
such an early state that the fly will
not get to such a point as to necessi-
tate destroying great quantities of
fruit. That will be a Federal job.
Federal moneys are expected to pay
for the inspections. All of the fruit
out of this State or any other State
which becomes infested can only
move under certain certifications.
This job of certification is also a
Federal job and will be paid from
Federal funds. It is a co-operative
job but it is more strictly Federal.
"Now we come to a line of work
which is most important to all and
which I wish to stress with greatest
earnestness. That is the removal of
various fruits which we call minor
hosts of the fly which ripen during
the summer period, which if left on
the trees carry the fly throughout
the summer to citrus crops or what
ever crops are being produced at
other periods of ripening, in Octo-
ber, November, December and on
into the earlier months of the fol-
lowing year. In other words, the
principle of establishing efficiency
may be a principle of starvation
during the summer months and for
as long a period as it is necessary
to move these fruits ripened
throughout the summer, especially
guavas, surinam cherries, figs and
others.
"This is something that will be
done under State police power. It
is something that the people of
Florida (and I don't mean grove
owners only, but householders of
the State) can contribute to, and,
by such help, evidence their interest
and loyalty to the eradication pro-
(Continued on Page Seven)


Speech Made by Dr. Wilmon Newell
(Plant Commissioner in Charge of Fly Eradication Work, at Winter
Haven, July 26th)


"Ladies and Gentlemen:
"We are indeed very grateful that
the Honorable Secretary of Agri-
culture, Mr. Campbell, the Director
of Regulatory Work for the Depart-
ment of Agriculture, Dr. Marlatt,
Chief of the Federal Bureau of En-
tomology and Chief of the Plant
Quarantine and Control Adminis-
tration, are making this visit to us
here in Florida, to see our problem
at first hand. Their coming is cause
for great encouragement, not only
to you, as growers but to those of
us who are actively engaged in erad-
ication work.
"His excellency, the Governor,
has asked that I say a few words to
you regarding the progress of the
eradication work. During the four
months that it has been under way,
the success and progress that has at-
tended it, has been far beyond the
most optimistic hopes of any of us,
as they were in the beginning. In
some two or three counties where
on the first of May, we had the
Mediterranean fruit fly by the mil-
lions, we have now been from two
to three weeks without finding of a
single fly in any stage of existence.
That does not necessarily, and prob-
ably does not mean that the fly is
exterminated in those counties, but
it does mean that the millions have
been reduced to thousands, the
thousands to hundreds, the hundreds
to dozens and the dozens to indi-
viduals. There has been co-opera-
tion on the part of the people of the
State of Florida such as never has
been witnessed before in a time of
peace. When the call went forth to
you to clean the fruit from the trees
and bury it in quick lime under
three feet of soil, the response was
instantaneous. There was no hesi-
tation. There was no quibbling.
There was no asking when the bill
would be paid or who would pay it
or whether it would ever be paid,
and by that action on the part of
the people throughout the peninsula
of Florida, you then and there gave
the Mediterranean fruit fly a very
severe and effective check.
"The efforts of the employees of
the Federal Government and State
Plant Board have been most intense.
I do not think you would ever find
anywhere, in times of peace, a body
of men and women devoting them-
selves so whole-heartedly, industri-
ously and loyally to a cause in the
service of the public. That has been
their battle-a battle for your
homes and their homes, for your
property and their property, for the
business interests, the prosperity,
the future happiness of the people
of the State of Florida.
"It is true, my friends, that never
before has this State faced as grave
a danger as that presented by the
fruit fly. The Government of the
United States came to our aid quick-
ly, and in a very liberal manner and
what has been accomplished in the
past four months, seemed four


months ago, to be utterly impossible
of accomplishment. However, this
is no time to pat ourselves on the
back, or be congratulating our-
selves, or to be sticking our heads
in the sand.
"The advantage that we have
gained over this enemy must now
be followed up and followed up with
a vengeance. Now is the time to
strike and strike hard. It is our am-
bition to have practically a flyless
Florida by the first of November,
and let me say to you, that regard-
less of whether you ship your fruit
or not, or how you process it for
shipping, regardless of how much
money the Federal and State gov-
ernments pour into the eradication
work, you still must have a flyless
Florida if you are going to win this
battle. Lecause I tell you fraiikly
a single fly in all these hundreds of
thousands of tons of oranges and
grapefruit would spread like fire in
oil-soaked grass and we will be back
where we were last spring or in a
worse situation.
"I want to take this opportunity
to express to all of you apprecia-
tion for the wonderful help and co-
operation you have given us. But
the fight is not over. This must be
a fight to a finish. You have done
loyally and wonderfully the things
you have been called upon to do,
but you will be called upon to do
still more in this fight, and I know
you are going to respond, every
man, woman and child, as you re-
sponded before and as the people
never responded in the United
States of America. And with your
co-operation and with the support
and backing that the great govern-
ment of the United States I know
is going to give us, and with a firm
determination to succeed, we will
eradicate the Mediterranean fruit
fly."

Californians Pay $600,000
For Pest-Control Program
Citrus growers of San Bernardino
county, California, will this year pay
approximately $600,000 in the pest
control campaign, according to news
dispatches from that State. Because
of the rather poor returns for or-
anges this year, a dispatch states,
and the poor set for the season to
come, it seems probable that grow-
ers will economize as much as pos-
sible, which might cause a much
larger proportion of spraying than
fumigating.
John P. Coy, county horticultural
commissioner, bases cost estimates
on fumigating at around $30 an
acre. On that basis he calculated
the cost for the county last year at
about $314,760, for approximately
10,000 acres. These figures did not
include the spraying costs which
probably would run about equal.
Redlands district, on this basis,
would expend upwards of $150,000
on its scale pest control program
this year.


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


August 1. 1929


P> 6






SPage 7-


Dr. C. L. Marlatt's Speech
(Continued from Page Six)
gram. This is a job which the Fed-
i eral Government cannot do. We
cannot step into Florida and destroy
Sa single gooseberry bush or a grape
vine unless we do so under State
law and State authority. But in a
job of this kind, which affects every
citizen who has a private garden or a
little property with guavas or other
1, fruit bearing trees, peaches, guavas,
surinam cherries, etc., ripening dur-
'-ing the summer-it affects every
one of them. Every individual can
help in this. Unless we have one
hundred per cent co-operation
throughout Florida, the efforts of
the Federal Government, the ex-
Spenditures of the Federal Govern-
ment, the efforts of the loyal Flori-
-dians who are putting so much into
this work, will all be lost. We have
to have unit work, unit co-opera-
tion. The government cannot ac-
complish this alone. You should
take it upon yourselves. That is
Where the radical part of the eradi-
cation will come in. It is necessary
Sfor the protection of the great crops
of this State, whatever they may be,
that lesser crops be sacrificed. In
the citrus districts you may even
have to destroy certain fruits, such
as avocados, mangoes, guavas, etc.,
Sbut it is here that we feel that the
owners of the property should clean
up their own properties. We think
there is no disagreement about that.
We think the owners should be will-
ing to clean up their own property.
"That will save great cost to the
Federal government and to the
State, which expenses are going to
be great in any event. We cannot
expect Congress or the administra-
tion in Washington to pay for things
which you can do better than we
can. So it is right here in this third
phase of control work that every
individual in the State who owns
property can do a part, and in my
Judgment we will not effect eradica-
tion of the pest without practically
one hundred per cent co-operation.
"We have thought perhaps that
you could eliminate this fruit by
picking it off from day to day. I
can imagine myself with not only
orange trees but peach trees or
guava bushes which I prize, having
some officer come there every week
and take off the fruit that is getting
ready for use. I might stand it two
or three times, but every reappear-
ance of that officer would lead to
discontent if not rage, and in some
sections of the United States it
Might lead to things much worse;
but like pulling a tooth, if you have
Sit over with, it's finished.
"There is no human power that
is competent to go over this State
and pick over the fruit as it ripens,
and the only safe and sure way is
to realize the necessity of making a
great personal sacrifice on the part
of the individuals throughout the
State. The destruction of flies,
spraying of orchards and groves, is
a matter which will have to be taken
care of in part by the owners, in
part by the Federal Government, in
part by the State. That is the thing
that is going to catch the last fly, in


our judgment-constant and con-
sistent spraying. It is the simplest
thing imaginable; there is nothing
technical about it. This is a process
which was developed in South Afri-
ca. It means placing a little food
on the trees at a time when there is
no other food for them. They go to
it greedily and in a very short time
nearly a one.hundred per cent kill-
ing is secured. This is the great
eradication feature, this and the
clean-up of orchards, which I will
come to directly. This is a phase
which should be co-operative upon
all of us who are concerned, and
the Federal Government will not be
niggardly in doing its part in that
field.
"Now here is the last one, and one
which will touch you directly, you
who are growers, namely shortening
the crop season. The fruit fly is a
tremendously rapid breeder. I am
told by Dr. Newell that here in Flor-
ida under your tremendously favor-
ing climate the fly has been found
to go from egg to adult in nine
days. In Hawaii which we thought
was most favorable it takes seven-
teen or eighteen days and often
much longer. It has fifteen genera-
tions a year in Hawaii, and you can
beat the generations in Hawaii prob-
ably by several, and, mind you, it
takes only four or five generations
from a single female to get into the
billions, and that is taking the rate
of multiplication about one-fourth
of normal, to provide for the haz-
ards of life of this pest.
"In other words, at normal mul-
tiplication of the fly there are six
hundred to one thousand eggs per
female. For the purposes of this
estimate we take only two hundred
eggs, and say only one hundred of
those hatched. We get a multiplica-
tion in each generation of two
ciphers. Take a piece of paper and
figure it out for yourself. In nine or
twelve or fifteen days at a genera-
tion here, two or three months will
do it. Shortening of the crop sea-
son is the remedy, or one of the big
remedies. The fly begins breeding
actively after your short winter.
This last year it apparently bred ac-
tively through March and certainly
was in full blast the first of April.
If you can shorten your cropping
season so as to get all the fruit off
the trees and begin this starvation
for citrus by the first of April, or by
the first of March for grapefruit,
you will have done the greatest
thing possible for the eradication of
the pest.
"It affects the grower and every-
body who owns citrus, this shorten-
ing of the crop season, and here
again is where the people can co-
operate, because they are the people
who will have to do it. This is the
State's job, the people's job, the
grower's' job, the owner's job
throughout the State, and that is
one of the ways where you can show
your loyalty to the cause of eradi-
cation, where you can give that
cause tremendous help.
"I don't need to mention to you
what is known to most of you, that
this shortening season may be help-
ed by processing the fruit and hold-
ing it in cold storage. New means


are being found, being explained,
being developed. Cold storage facil-
ities can be greatly increased. Many
inquiries are received. Persons con-
cerned in a large way have
come to us about cold storage and
holding the fruit, and we have given
every encouragement. By that
means you can get the crop off ear-
lier, and get it in storage. This may
mean sacrifice or loss, but it will
be a big means of helping the cause.
"Another thing which all you
owners, who own any kind of a tree,
can do; that is to be one hundred
per cent perfect in the clean-up of
fruit at the end of the crop season.
In other words at the end of every
crop season, be it March 1st or
March 31st, you can have your trees
as clean and your ground as clean
as they are today, and you will have
helped the whole cause of eradica-
tion tremendously. That is some-
thing, and something that must be
done if eradication is to be achieved,
and a great deal of -this eradication,
as you will see from these remarks,
is in your hands.
"Now this new process of safe-
guarding, this new thing that has
put a new face on the whole situa-
tion, is something that the owners
will have to do, not the owners ex-
actly, but through the packing
houses, through the handlers,-with
that little variation in the process-
ing of fruit for sale in the markets.
It will be something that the owners
will do. The government will spend
a great deal of money, will have the
supervision, to make sure that this
fruit when it goes out of Florida
can go in safety to any point in the
United States.
"That is.the end we are looking
to and expecting to reach. The re-
search work, which has been the
basis of this and other very useful
discoveries in relation to the fly is
a work that the government intends
to put all the funds into that may
be necessary to carry it on to the
fullest extent. We hope to have all
the co-operation that this State can
give. Naturally we expect, however,
that under the conditions that ob-
tain the Federal Government will
do practically all of that work, the
bulk of that work, and, as I said be-
fore, it is this research work and
methods of treating fruit, methods
of killing the fly and getting the last
fly, and methods that apply to the
whole problem of biology, to know
where to attack it at its weakest
point. Use of insecticides, under-
standing of infestation to determine
what is host fruit and what is not,-
all these phases enter into it and
many others. This is what we hope
to do and hope to get the greatest
benefit in the long run in the control
of this pest. That will be largely a
Federal cost.
"The last item is port inspection.
I want to say here that the State of
Florida stands with a good record
to her credit. Inspection at ports
has been one of the landmarks in
this country, established under the
State Plant Board, and has been of
tremendous service to this State. I
don't know how this fly got by,
whether it came through your port
or some other port or how it was


brought here, but at least we know
what kind of service Florida has
maintained. That was Federal work,
that is, they operate as Federal of-
ficers, but the State has borne the
cost, and that is what we appre-
ciate. Only one other State has the
same status as Florida and that is
California. Otherwise ports are
manned by Federal men. Any en-
largement of that work that is nec-
essary, we can believe will be Fed-
eral. We do not think the 'State
should stand any further expense in
that connection. We are willing to
pay for any necessary enlargement.
We want to get rid of this fly now,
we don't want it to get in again. I
want to say again that the success
of this large program of eradication
in its final analysis is in your hands.
If you fail to grasp as a State and
as individuals the necessity of your
co-operation and help, it would be
impossible for the State Govern-
ment or the Federal Government to
force it on you. We have got to
have co-operation.
"I don't want to stop before I say
a word of appreciation of the tre-
mendous co-operation, tremendous
energy and flattering quarantine
success that has followed the work
of the Federal and State forces up
to this time. I think the trip we
have made today (this makes three
trips of investigation which have
been made) has been a demonstra-
tion of splendid work and co-opera-
tion. I don't want you to get the idea
that we think you haven't been co-
operating. You have. We want to
encourage you to a greater co-oper-
ation, which may hurt, but we want
you to know we appreciate the kind
of co-operation which you have been
giving and the splendid benefits and
splendid results already in sight--
results which illustrate to us that
there is a real possibility of eradi-
cating this pest."


Speech Made by W. G. Campbell
(Continued from Page Five)
creases the importance of these reg-
ulatory operations.
"As soon as it can be done,, and
that means in the immediate future,
the terms of the quarantine taking
into recognition processing opera-
tions will be announced. The pur-
pose of my statement to you, that
is, the exclusive purpose-is to ask
you to earnestly undertake, as soon
as that announcement is made, the
creation of those facilities neces-
sary for the processing which must
and will be required before this
fruit can be shipped into interstate
commerce. By doing that you will
help yourself in a full measure. By
doing it you will co-operate with
the Federal agency in the enforce-
ment of these regulations. I hope
that these requirements can be mod-
erate. I can assure you that so far
as I am concerned they will be as
moderate as it is consistent to make
them, still mindful that it is neces-
sary to so enforce the law that it
will give full protection to uninfest-
ed sections."


August 1, 1929


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


Page 7





gFLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS August 1 1929


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS
AUGUST 1, 1929
Published Semi-monthly by the FLORIDA CITRUS
GROWERS CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION,
DeWitt Taylor Bldg., Winter Haven, Florida.

Entered as second-class matter August 31, 1928, at
the postoffice at Winter Haven, Fla., under the Act of
March 3, 1879.
E. C. AURIN . Ft. Ogden
J. C. CHASE Orlando
J. A. GRIFFIN . Tampa
F. G. MOORHEAD DeLand
R. E. MUDGE . Fellsmere
PHIL C. PETERS. Winter Garden
JAMES T. SWANN Tampa
A. M. TILDEN Winter Haven
E. E. TRUSKETT . Mt. Dora
ALLEN E. WALKER Winter Haven
R. B. WOOLFOLK . Orlando
ARCHIE M. PRATT General Manager

SUBSCRIPTION RATES
Per Year: $2.00 Single Copies: 10c

OVER THE TOP
Probably the most gratifying episode in
the first year's history of the Clearing House,
was the President's report, read at the first
annual membership meeting last week. And
the best part of the report was the statement
that the organization has a balance of $103,-
000 in its treasury. That will come as a most
pleasant surprise to those composing its mem-
bership, for it indicates most efficient man-
agement through what will undoubtedly be
the most trying period in the entire history of
the Association.
With an unprecedented crop to handle,
and with other conditions most unsatisfac-
tory, the Clearing House handled upwards of
16,000,000 boxes of fruits. It has added 1200
members to its rolls during the year, and in-
cluded in that number are several of the larg-
est shippers in the State. It is inconceivable
how any grower can remain out of the Asso-
ciation with this remarkable record of
achievement as an inducement; in fact, the
Clearing House today has reached the point
where any grower might well consider it a
privilege to be identified with it. It is over
the top 100 per cent, and its future is well
assured.
An important phase of the Clearing House
structure that was emphasized at the annual
meeting, is the fact that it is a grower organi-
zation. At one time there was some talk of
shipper dominance, and it is a fact that the
large shippers have been a leading part in its
affairs, but that does not indicate any attempt
to dominate. Rather it is an attempt to co-
operate, and the shipper members have cer-
tainly given the growers plenty of evidence
of their good-will, for they have made many
sacrifices for the good of the industry. But on
the basis of its constitutional set-up, the Clear-
ing House is and always will be a grower or-
ganization, and it is up to each individual
grower to lend his full co-operation and sup-
port.
The executive and officiary of the Associa-
tion deserve a full measure of praise for their
record, and under the new executive and
management we bespeak a period of con-
tinued success.-DeLand Sun.


PEOPLE NOT SO ALARMED
Contrary to the impression prevalent in
some sections of the State and among resi-
dents whose optimism and natural enthus-
iasm for all things Floridians has been dam-
pened by the Mediterranean fruit fly, the fly
has caused little or no reluctance on the part
of the public to buy Florida citrus. This in-
formation is the result of a questionnaire re-
cently sent out by the Florida Citrus Ex-
change, according to officials of that organi-
zation.
Of fifteen replies selected at random
only one reported any hesitancy on the part
of the carlot buyers to purchasing Florida
fruit and only one indicated lack of knowl-
edge of the Government's efforts to banish
the pest.
Only one confessed lack of information
that part of the State is free from infestation
and can ship fruit and none indicated that
competitors had used misfortune of Florida
growers to their own advantage.
The replies covered territory between
Kansas City, Mo. and Boston; Winnipeg,
Man. and Shreveport, La.

THINGS THAT ARE ILLEGAL
Everyone knows that the States and cities
of America have passed scores of odd or fool-
ish laws that no one obeys or even knows
about. But did you ever check up to see just
exactly how weird some of them are?
The Portland (Ore.) News recently pre-
sented a compilation of some of them. The
list makes interesting reading-proving, as it
does, how easy it is to get a law passed to
remedy almost any imaginable kind of abuse.
In Seattle, for instance, it is against the
law to sprinkle salt on the sidewalk in the
winter time to melt the snow. Everybody
does it, and nobody knows there's a law
against it-but the law is there, just the same.
In the old days, it seems, the salt would run
into the gutters, form a brine and injure
horses' hoofs.
Los Angeles has a law forbidding street
car conductors to shoot jack rabbits from the
car platforms.
In New York State it is illegal to travel
more than 20 miles to church on Sunday.
In Massachusetts it is against the law to
travel at all on Sunday "except for charity or
necessity." Needless to say, this law has been
completely forgotten by every soul in the Bay
State.
In Georgia it is illegal to slap a man on
the back.
In North Carolina the law provides that
twin beds cannot be placed closer together
than two feet apart.
California statutes provide that if you
have a canary you must keep it in a cage of a
definite minimum size. Portland has made it
illegal to tickle anyone under the chin with a
feather duster. Kansas has forbidden the
spitting of tobacco juice in public.
Read that list, reflect that it only hits the
high spots, and ask yourself if it wouldn't be
a good idea to get together and rid our statute
books of all such dizzy laws.-Redlands
(Calif.) Daily Facts.


Statement Showing

Committee of Fifty

Expenses Amplified

Believing the members of the
Clearing House would be interested
in knowing just what the Commit-
tee of Fifty has spent since the
Clearing House has been function-
ing as a going concern, we askeC:
that the auditor who made the an-
nual statement amplify his report so
that the members could better un-
derstand the figures given.
You will notice that the following
statement shows that only $787.05.
was incurred as actual expenses in
connection with the past season's
work of the Committee of Fifty.
The annual statement as given did
not show that over $4,000 was paid
this year covering organization
work by the Committee of Fifty,
prior to the fiscal year. The cer-
tified public accountant's letter fol-
lows:
July 19th, 1929.
Mr. A. M. Pratt General Manager
Florida Citrus Growers Clearing
House Association
Winter Haven, Fla.
Dear Sir:
In connection with the revenue
and expenses of the Committee of
Fifty as shown in our audit report
of June 30th, 1929, and as publish-
ed in the Clearing House News of
July 15th, we wish to furnish you
with the following information:
The expenses of the Committee of
Fifty are shown as $11,639.95 and
the income from the Committee of
Fifty as $6,697.40, or a net excess
of expenses over income of $4,-
942.55.
Of the amount of $4,942.55 the.
sum of $787.05 represents expenses
of the Committee of Fifty paid dur-:
ing the period the Clearing House
has functioned as an organization.
All of this amount of $787.05 repre-'
sents legitimate expenses of the
committee in performing their usual
functions and all of the items mak-
ing up this total were approved in-
dividually by the Board of Directors-
before the bills were paid.
This leaves a balance to be ac-
counted for of $4,155.50. This
amount, in reality, represents the
net liabilities of the Committee of
Fifty at the time the Clearing House-
began to function and can properly
be considered as organization ex-
penses prior to the establishment of
the Clearing House.
The books and records of both
the Committee of Fifty and the
Clearing House have been audited
and all the books, vouchers and
audit reports are available, if any
further information is desired.
Yours very truly,
A. GILBERT LESTER & CO.
By A. Gilbert Lester,
Certified Public Accountant.


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


August 1. 1929


Pane 8





August 1 1929


What Others Say

Although the Clearing House As-
Ssociation's radio advertising pro-
gram was brought to a conclusion
several months ago, Station WEAF
from which the programs were
broadcast, still receives letters from
fans who "got the habit" of listen-
ing to the Florida Citrus Growers
Clearing House Association half-
(hour program last winter. One such
letter, received July 2 by WEAF
"has been forwarded to the Clearing
House and is reproduced here in
part as follows:
"We missed the lovely entertain-
ment more than words can express,
when Station WWJ, Detroit, stop-
"ped broadcasting your half hour.
Will you be on again this coming
fall and will you please do all you
can to have WWJ or WCX of De-
troit put your splendid music on the
air? Miss Mary's voice alone was a
tonic and a regular rest cure for
tired souls, whenever she spoke; and
M'Miss Leslie's singing so filled with
beauty of tone, and so well render-
ed, brought so much of joy and
quiet peace we all enjoyed.
"We sincerely miss them more
than we can tell you.
"It is the splendid work like their
work, which makes the radio in a
'home a joy to all.
S "Very truly yours,
"NELLA K. DREHER.
"Mrs. Herbert C. Dreher,
-"328 Thomson St.,
"Flint, Michigan."

Ft. Ogden, Florida.
r July 20, 1929.
,Citrus Growers Clearing House,
Winter Haven, Fla.
Sirs:
I see from time to time letters
and good suggestions from growers.
In my opinion of the Standard
Pack, the center head ought to be
one inch longer than the ends to
,protect fruit in the bulge.
I cannot express in words my
opinionn of the Clearing House. We
have just gone through the "hardest
Proposition we have ever had in the
citrus history.
All I get above 25 cents a box I
will give the Clearing House credit
for it. I feel that every grower in
the State should belong to the Clear-
ing House.
I believe, hope and trust that the
Med fly will soon be abolished. We
have never failed yet. "United we
stand, divided we fall."
With kindest regards for the
.Clearing House.
H. J. DOWNING.

This Is the Last Free Issue
Of the NEWS--Only Members
To Receive Future Editions
(Continued from Page One)
signed contracts with the Associa-
,tion.
Now that the plans, policies and
Purposes of the Clearing House are
so well known, it will become the
purpose and aim of the Florida
Clearing House News from now on
,2


Subscription Order


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS
Fla. Citrus Growers Clearing House Ass'n.
Winter Haven, Fla.


(Date)


---.--. 1929


Sirs:
I wish to receive the FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS and I am enclosing (check) (money
order) for $2.00 covering one year's subscription to the NEWS.

Signed .---------------------------


NOTE: Growers who have actually signed a Grower's
Contract with the Clearing House may ignore this order
blank as they automatically receive the NEWS as part
of their membership privileges in the Association.


to make its columns of increasing
value as a news service upon vital
matters to both growers and ship-
pers and to address that service to
those loyal ones who have been help-
ing the Association to carry on.
At the request of many growers
and with the approval of the Board
of Directors, it has been thought
best to confine the service the
NEWS represents to growers who
have actually signed individual con-
tracts with the Clearing House and
to those who have been sufficiently
interested in the Association and
the NEWS to pay the $2.00 sub-
scription price.
It is becoming more evident every
day that the attitude of the Asso-
ciation's membership is that the in-
dividuals feel that it is now a privi-
lege to belong to the Clearing House
and therefore that the rights, privi-
leges and benefits accorded the As-
sociation's membership can no long-
er be granted to those on the out-
side.
If you chance to be one of the
few who as yet have not joined the
Association, you may do so by sign-
ing the contract printed on the back
page of this issue, mailing it in to
the Clearing House headquarters at
Winter Haven. On this page will be
found a Subscription Blank for
those non-members who desire to
continue receiving the NEWS. This
may be signed and mailed in to
Clearing House headquarters with
the $2.00 subscription price, the
grower's name then being continued
on the magazine's mailing list for
one year. Growers who have signed
the Association contract may of
course ignore this subscription
blank for they automatically receive
the NEWS as part of their member-
ship privileges.


Under Doctor's Orders
(Continued from Page Five)
important changes yet the begin-
ning of our marketing season is only
70 days away and we cannot deter-
mine what changes may be neces-
sary until we learn more definite de-
tails as to processing plans.
Rules 8 for Research work and 9
for Port Inspection are fine. We


only wish these orders had been
given a few years ago. If they had
and had been carried out, the right
leg of the United States would not
have had any trouble. But we are
proud of our right leg and glad it's
not cut off. We're coming along
fine, thank you. The patient has
been patient and is co-operating fine
with the doctor and will continue to.
Inasmuch as most of the expense
of what we have gone through (and
our losses are now many millions,
including our banking troubles
which were precipitated by the
quarantine regulations) we earn-
estly feel the bill should not be paid
by us alone as it was for the sake
of the whole body of this United
States that we have gone through
what we have. The Clearing House
and all concerned gladly receive the
suggestion that with a practical so-
lution arrived at for the marketing
of Florida fruit and vegetables, re-
imbursement for future losses to
growers from the National Treasury
may not be required, but in order to
restore confidence and re-establish
the flow of credit into the State of
Florida, immediate reasonable assur-
ance of reimbursement should be
given as a safeguard against unfore-
seen contingencies as well as for
fruits and vegetables already de-
stroyed. Such assurance we are ad-
vised is justified by precedent. Pres-
ident Hoover and Secretary Hyde
have recommended the plan in prin-
ciple to the Congress.
Inasmuch as our vegetables have
been undamaged by the fly in the
field it is our opinion that it is of the
greatest importance that the Flor-
ida vegetable industry be immedi-
ately relieved from many of the re-
strictions imposed under the pres-
ent Mediterranean fruit fly meas-
ures. Practically one-half of the
perishable carload shipments of pro-
ducts from this State consist of veg-
etables. Many of these vegetables
are now classed as hosts of the Med-
iterranean fruit fly. We are reliably
informed that since the quarantine
was first established not a single fly
infestation has been found in Flor-
ida vegetables except under forced
conditions in the Experimental Sta-
tions. Under such conditions we feel
justified in respectfully requesting


(Street or P. O. Box)

(city)---------------------
(City)


that vegetables be released from the
quarantine thereby permitting farm-
ers in manydistricts to. immediately
begin preparation for diversified
plantings of fall and winter vegeta-
bles. This would enable them to ob-
tain necessary financial assistance
and permit them within a, period of
from 90 days to four months to be-
gin the marketing of revenue pro-
ducing crops. Incidentally this gives
to the northern markets the winter
vegetables which are now recog-
nized as vitally necessary.
And inasmuch as our grower and
shipper members own or control
close to 90% of the total citrus
acreage and production of Florida
and as the Clearing House is there-
fore the primary organization most
directly affected by all "Doctors' or-
ders" we respectfully suggest that
the Government agencies invite the
Clearing House to appoint a small
committee consisting of practical
and experienced fruit and vegetable
men to co-operate with them in the
formulating of policies, rules and
regulations. This committee by ad-
vising with the Government agencies
could at all times keep those
agencies in close touch with the
Florida factors which must be dealt
with in arriving at a successful so-
lution of the problems confronting.
us.

RADIO FARM PROGRAM
SUSPENDED FOR SUMMER
Farm programs from Station
WRUF will be discontinued for six
weeks, beginning the first of Au-
gust. The station will not be oper-
ated for this period, but it will be
opened about the middle of Septem-
ber, and at this time the farm pro-
grams will become a regular daily
feature at 1 o'clock.
Farm programs have been broad-
cast from WRUF since the opening
of the station in October, 1928.
Talks on almost every phase of Flor-
ida agriculture have been prepared
by members of the staff of the Ag-
ricultural College, Agricultural Ex-
tension Service, Experiment Station,
State Plant Board, State Depart-
ment of Agriculture and others. The
radio service of the United States
Department of Agriculture has co-
operated in the farm programs also.


Page $


August 1 1929


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS





Pags 10 FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS August 1. 1929


FLORIDA CITRUS GROWERS' CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION
Headquarters: WINTER HAVEN, FLORIDA


GROWERS' CONTRACT
WHEREAS, the Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association (hereinafter referred to as the Association) is
an association composed of growers of Florida citrus fruit, incorporated under Chapter 9300 of the Laws of the State of
Florida, and has for its purposes to provide collective action with respect to the marketing of such Florida citrus fruit,
to distribute the same among the various markets over the marketing period, to determnine the conditions under which it
may be marketed, to provide for grading and certification of such fruit, for the advertising thereof so as to stimulate the
demand therefore, to do such other things as may safeguard, further and protect the interests of the growers of Florida
citrus fruits by the promotion of higher standards in the production, handling, packing and marketing thereof and to take
such other measures as may be advantageous to growers of Florida citrus fruit generally, and,
WHEREAS the undersigned (hereinafter referred to as Grower) is a grower of Florida citrus fruit and desires to
join with members of the Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association to accomplish its purpose as above set forth,
now, therefore, in consideration of the mutual covenants and agreements herein contained the parties hereto do agree as
follows:
1. Grower hereby applies for membership in said association and agrees to be bound by its Charter and By-Laws.
2. Grower agrees:
(a) That all the citrus fruit produced, acquired, or controlled by Grower shall be marketed only through shippers,
distributors, or agencies (hereinafter known as shippers)that have entered into contracts with the Association in the form
prescribed by it.
(b) That Grower shall be bound by such rules, regulations and instructions with respect to the picking, handling,
packing, grading and marketing of citrus fruit as may be issued from time to time by the manager of the Association
under authority conferred by the Board of Directors.
(c) That the Association may provide for the official inspection, grading and certification for grade and condi-
tion of such citrus fruit.
(d) That the Association may make, and collect through shippers, for each type of citrus fruit for each market-
ing season a uniform charge per box or its equivalent, the amount in each case to be determined by the Board of Direc-
tors of the Association before the beginning of such marketing season, for the purpose of providing the Association with
funds for its maintenance, conduct and operation.
(e) That Grower will submit on forms furnished by the Association such reports and statistical data as may be
requested by it, from time to time, covering the production of each type of citrus fruit, the condition thereof, and the
probable amount by sizes that will be available at a given date or during a given period for marketing, and the quality
thereof.
(f) That Grower will promptly notify the Association of the name and address of the shipper that is to market
any part of Grower's citrus fruit, and the approximate amount thereof that will be marketed by said shipper.
3. In consideration of the foregoing, the Association agrees:
(a) That it will notify Grower on request and at reasonable intervals by mail or through newspapers published in
the citrus area of Florida, of the names of shippers that have entered into contracts with the Association to enable them
to market fruit for members of the Association.
(b) That it will offer to enter into such contracts with all shippers marketing Florida citrus fruit who are deemed
reliable and responsible, and who express a desire to enter into such contracts with the Association.
(c) That it will regulate the marketing of Florida citrus fruits among the various markets and over the market-
ing period, provide for the official inspection, grading, and certification for grade and condition of said fruit in accordance
with United States standards, provide for the advertising of said fruit, and also in its discretion for the doing of such
other things authorized by its charter and consistent herewith as may be deemed conducive to the interests of growers of
Florida citrus fruit.
4. It is mutually understood and agreed:
(a) That if Grower should market any part of Grower's citrus fruit other than through a shipper, distributor,
or agency that has entered into contract with the Association, Grower shall pay the Association, as liquidated damages,
at the rate of fifty cents per box for all citrus fruit so marketed or disposed of by Grower, together with all costs, prem-
iums for bonds, expenses and fees, arising out of or caused by litigation and reasonable attorney's fees expended or in-
curred, and all such costs and expenses shall be included in any judgment obtained in any such action.
(b) That this agreement shall not cover Florida citrus fruit used for home consumption or small quantities dis-
posed of for local consumption or quantities disposed of in any other way approved by the Board of Directors of the
Association.
(c) That this agreement shall continue and be in effect until June 1, 1934, subject to the right of Grower to can-
cel the same in June of any year by giving written notice by registered mail of such cancellation, but the cancellation
of this agreement or the failure of Grower to comply therewith shall have no effect upon other similar agreements.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties hereto have executed this agreement this---.....-day of_ .___..._-.....1929
(Print Grower's Name and Address Below)


Grower
Florida Citrus Growers Clearing House Association.


Solicitor's Name
By
President
Solicitor's Address


Paxe 10


FLORIDA CLEARING HOUSE NEWS


August 1. 1929




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