Title: Florida clearing house news ..
ALL VOLUMES CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086639/00014
 Material Information
Title: Florida clearing house news ..
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 31 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Growers' Clearing House Association
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Winter Haven Fla
Publication Date: April 15, 1929
Frequency: semimonthly (irregular)
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: v. 1- Sept. 1928-
General Note: "Official publication of the Florida citrus growers clearing house association."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086639
Volume ID: VID00014
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 01306261
lccn - 30006589

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.-.4 , ;,iv,









4.OfulgnwAdwFkaiPaia Oaf)y '*" .<
a-;eirapidly, 9disappeariiig. In
tiis campaign will'.rest largely
Ibhe growers themselves for the
mittee of Fifty, both the retir-
iiifembers and the in-coming
bers, will assist in the sign-up
hiding the Committee of Fifty
ibers will be other grower-mem-
':yho also believe firmly in the
Iciation.
Lctual organization details for
handling of the campaign have
ye. been worked out but they
b omp!eted about April 25th,"
'HnifeSy said. "Interesting non-
Be'r. growers in the Clearing
e 'should be a far easier task,
any respects, than it was last
because the growers are some-
tfamiiliar now with the organi-
'aiid have come to appreciate
i e H&wevr, we are not de-
ot~urselves in the matter, for
poW6that thede are as yet some
rers who are not convinced that
searing House is the best solu-
t.'t the problems confronting
industry. Many of. these no
tihave not been in a position to
rithe matter carefully and con-
.itly lack-actual information as
-Association's progress to
Als, and these are rather
rity; who hesitate to cast
tlth 'the Glearing House,
ig'owers. hose shippers
e t fit, to support .this
nt&Pntwho by various
e'. vented their groiw-
o -jollowing their own

ary meeting already
.t ..which Mr. Hanley
t e members of 'thh
Fifty .the "tentative
%cppaign. ;The Com-
ayenibers' have-iagi-
gness to ep i
hll 'iq freadinss for
.


~I ?'r
~
:Bb .:~j~~


;


A. W. HANLEY.


Records Are Kept

Of Trees in Order

To Note progress.

I. ANY citrus producers in' ali-
L frnia are ndow keeping- rec-"
ords of.the'production of eaclih.te4r
i' their groves,. a -pradtice itro'
duced to the industry in 1909 .by
A. D. Shamel'of the. Uiitdd Stat~i
Department of-AgricultiLre.
These individual, re'e. records e~
.able jthe:growrs ,to lpeate go.9d
orange, lemon and grapefiuit' tree
from wihicli to take bud wood- for
top-.wboikiiB por trees. They also


- -~
r.:
.':' I1~"'
;.~ ' ''


o f Agiculture G.
es the loss from the twice ,
b week in northern The. results obtaiied ,i'
ioinia 'districts as election experiments dixinig .t
lmity." 18 year indic~ltd thit'by 'il
rf chief-,of the fed- ig, 'tble reior, r
j; .+4 4n., afiom .AVees


abuse and is E
J tminmati '.'friit


Vmt -A :,
?~


ii ,
R AL$ tp.ha..v. ai-aw.enactf
ted hat, would 'foid th~e -arti
.fiial cojoring-of.'lorida'ci;rus
fruit 'has brought frbm Dr. Lon A'
.Hawkinis, principial .physiologist -of
the United. States Departm.ent 'pf
Agriculture, apd recognized as' ttie
outstanding authority in the United
States onr the coloring of fruit, .un-
qualified sproval of, using the.ptd-
cess on.m'ature citrusi{ruit-and on-
vincing argument for, it As a.nee-
chandising., expedient, if FIorida' is
to maintain -"a: competitive status
.wthIobber.-,i"us -ro.gh" dta.e nd
counties. 'All color 't'ei friit" fi
some season of the year, -Dr. HaV-
kins says, and tHie, state tht. 'wpaTd
refuse .to take" advantage of ,'this
.practice would be shodieningits qeas
ion--several months and -4duld'.be
handing -the, Lnket'grat itu sly to
.its coloring competitbrs.'.- -
Dr.- Hawkii-s Baad extensive
experience' with. citru7,"Mnd *oth~s
,fruits in alstates.of thie unlio.n.id


ket. o: .' %t,.". fd 'i

no."'.o:,the.. ede;
ratete. "te" colopi
S '.r ". .,-. ,














Sponiace
_awl w'en.
ea. These
'.=


s -ofi.this kidd I.M .Watson
lAending that tbe material
[ h.i, he .groves, 'where it
iisefulas fertilizer and will
toftif' ay. :Ay tAerich
plbwe'd down the-middle of
,-ied with the refuse, and
With one or trwo furrows,
Watson. -

.predt i e from
ithe to, appiy chem-
,s, caleiu mi or sodium
iix,4ab;onisulplhde ,Such
tiwwil-e to. be 'applied
"1hiitnd .would likely be
e'ithanr buriyng 'the
'; ,t -- '.~. -
s.it mate.".ria.is .spread
hrerthe land the Wpopiace fly
hieonIy one. that will reed
S Watson.: -t piled in
W icuse fly 'will also
e ent L super-










Shipp;ers' Group

meruican Fruit and Vegeta-
hinnnaria i nnointmInn .a n


S t R le' -' .
SUnder the provisions of the Flor-
ida Plant 'Act of" 1927, Chapter
122fl, approved May- '19, 1927, the
State Plant-Board of Florida in ses-
sion, at Gainesville, Florida; this
lth bday of Aril, 1929, and in ac-
cordance with'Section 4, sub-section
9, of said Actdoes declare and give
piiblic notice thereof that the Med-
iterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capi-
tata Wied) and each and every fruit
and, article infested therewith to be
.a public nuisance.
-Rile 42B
Under'the provisions of the'Flor-


Staii an Board of Florida in a -
-sio .at. ,'Gaigesvilbe, 'Florida, this
15th day.of Apr"il '1929', and in ac-
cordance with Section 4, sub-section
10;. of .-said Act,, does declare- and
give.public notice thereof that'the
followink.-aras' withiii.the .tate of
Flodrida, areareas -in-which the Med-
*itenrnean-friiit fly' (Ceratiiis capi-
tat Wied)- is -known to;.occur,- to'-
wit:. -
. The cuties of.Orange and Sem-
inole and all of -Sections 25 to 3.6;
inclusive, .in Township 19 South,
Range 2'7 East, Sections-23 t6 36,
inclusive,- in Towanhip ,19.-.South,
.nge 28 East, Section 28, to, 33,-
inclusive, in TowiliHip. i? Soutr,
'Rge- 29 East, and- Setions 1 3,:14
and ..25 in iTownsliip t0 South;
R: aige ? East, in Lake douintjy.
Rule 42C
The e- transportation, movement,
shilient or possession, within the
.Stat; o;TFlbridakof'living Mediteir-
'-6nean' fruit. flies (Ceratitis capitata
Wii.d;) or -6f-any of the living im-'
mature stages of said! insect, or of
Sany fruits, vegetables, soil, contain-
ers or materials infested with or


'fscitios a destruction by agent.
:adrid'ispect6rs :of the Board op in
'ieut of'destruction shaU be subject
to'such'treatment, at the expense
of the owner or possessor of such,
infested material, as in the judg-
pient of the inspector shall render
such material unlikely to dissemi-
nate Mediterranean fruit fly.
S Rule -42E
The movement dr shipment. of
fruits of all kinds (such as oranges,
grapefruit, apples, pears, bananas,
figs,' guavas, peaches, plums, pome-
granates, strawberries, blackberries,
avocadoes, mangoes, papayas, cher-
ries, fruit of palm trees,.etc.) from
the areas designated in the rules
and-public notices of the State Plant
Board as areas in -which the Medi-

t~fi'Wiei ) occurs~rw .i'br whic'ir in'
fested':by said fruit fly,, into any
part f. the State of Florida, except
i.nder, permit issued by an inspector
of'the Plant .Board, is hereby pro-
.hibited; provided, that this rifle
shall not apply to the movement
from such areas of processed fruits
(such as canned fruits, jellies, pre-
serves, juices, .etc.) when such pro-
cessed.fruits have been produced,
prepared,'packed and transported in
a manner not in contravention with
othei rules,, regulations and orders
of the State Plant Board; and, pro-
vided, further, that this prohibition
shall not be. construed as applying
to shipments destined to points out-
sidethe'State of Florida and being
transported under such regulations
as inay be promulgated by the Sec-
retary of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture, .
Rule 42F
The movement or shipment .of
green beans, eggplants, peppers,
pumpkin s, gourds, cucumbers,
squash arid cantaloupes out of the
areas designated in the rules and
public notices of the Board as areas
in which the Mediterranean rruit
f,.- ___ jt._ -.D *L, 1


,towthi roots tiheteodOF9 1
ith is prohibited.: ,-
Rule 42H ,.Ja
'The -'ovement ofitk
bles and of all 6th-er lf
products from ny place*,v-w
Mediterranean fruit. fly.; ">
capitate Wied.) is lnown!i
or in which the Mediterti
fly may hereafter be- fbond
under permit issued by aidn
ified agent of the Board'i
prohibited. f, m ;:i
Extrapt from Sectii
ter 12291, Laws of Flo.ida
Act of 1927): "Pla ie.-
railroad cars, automobiles' 'a
vehicles, buildings, do.cks,c.
orchards and other premiaeg
plants and plant .prodi
grown, kept or handled.";'

r Work in propel .h
Mediterranean. fruit:flyis
ried on by the owner '
ployees under the..
vision of agents of theP
appointed especially
pose. Said .agents 's
such precautions.in corm
the grove operations-as'
prevent the spread. ;g
of the Mediterrane n'g
SRuieuJ
-The planting, cUltiti
vesting of asy crop'm i'4
sery or other property
been or shall beboe inA
Mediterran'ean sfu
prohibited:' tifl. 'yh
Plant' Boardrmn'le
dure unlikily:tdre
ean fruit fl"-

SThe pastiiA1
at large, bf l6iesto
or other pripery w
or shall'blbomeint
terraneanr fruit .fly'r
hibited until' suchtn
may deem such pro'e
to spread the Mediterrq
fly. 4 ,


,I"-, a bles. tret e, a.the .,, p c toi .ie
o lant arid,'of .other All lcr'paldng R

o. ., -'. ,'* -e .; ' ( l







Coadt~ Grower&,'

!F 6rim Study Classes
' For Citrus Culture

,ITRUS growers of Broward and
4i adjoining, counties have organ-
'ized-the Front Porth Seminar to
4iily the different phases of citrus
cltitre, 'and the work has been
4ebignated by the University of
".qrida as an extension course for
i $c credit of three semester hours
allowed.
,.ihe, work was begun with a nu-
ij.us of Broward county growers,
f'the.appeal has been so popular
fat it has attracted members from
f Dade and Palm Beach counties.
'fe wbekly meetings are featured
by-lectures and discussions of grove
.b'oblens, field observations and ex-
.i^nent supplemented, by text-
.plok.4 dy and research work. A
1p.per outlining the general policy
fIe organization was read by C.
.-'Hammerstein, of Hollywood, at
e annual meeting of the Florida
tSate Horticultural Society in Clear-
.ater last week.
'~it''March, 1927, the' first meet-
ii.Was held on the front porch of
-home of Frank Stirling at Da-
"'Mr:.Hammerstein said. "Topics
chosen at random, more for the
efit'. of planting crews, discuss-
'the problems of the grove and
culturee in general. Occasionally
Pbf-.the members of the faculty
e'e State Plant Board would
'~aniind'.a ddess us on his par-
hase .of citrus. Frequently
nlioave been pioneering in
pl aea during the past 15
ee called 'ipon to speak of
-Ari~nces, with -the result
t werp*re attracted, and. it
.ed 'to ,include all of. the
1'the ,muck soils. A new
irs. chosen. The, front
.John .McMainn, whose
inm the, ad8-year-old
ve-';j"an'd rafer cen-"


TL; .Yar TL; 1 O4
A ire Eif^ etic -7
tfc e'Yoa"~iift Sn 1^-10^


- ua J ,i a "a

LORIDA citrus growersto date
have been getting an. average
of 50 cents a box more for their
fruit than they did during the sea-
son of 1923-24, the last. big crop-
year, according 'to a statement of
the Florida Cittus Exchange, one of
the large shipper-members, of the
Florida. Citrus. Growers Clearing
House Association. This fact, Clear-
ing House officials pointed out re-
cently, is indelible proof of the ef-
fectiveness of the Associatidn, for
such sales would have been impossi-
ble without the united efforts of
Clearing House growers .ann ship-
pers, a. group- controlling more ,than
70% of the state's entire output.
With both Florida and California-
prdducing enormous crops this year
-crops far in excess of the last-big
crop season of 1923-24-the higher
sales more than justify all the ef-
fort made by the Clearing House to
bring the growers into a compact
organization, it is pointed out,. '
On the basis 'of the Exchange's
figures of 50 cents a box, the total
sales for this season will eclipse by
$10,000,000 the sates of the 1923-
24 season..
Sales $10,000,000 Higher.
The Florida Citrus Exchange, in
conimenting upon the higher sales
of this year over 1923-24, says:.
"Yet, in spite of 40 per cent more
fruit, and a much lower quality, in.
Florida, the Exchange returns f.o.b.
Tampa'to date 'are averaging a lit-
tie higher than -60 cdnts a box-more
than the. average for the entire sea-
son of 1923-24. 'T]e orange averi
age this season is $2.13 or 47c' a
box more than .1923-24, while tie
grapefruit. average-is $2.43 a box


;asass ass a'ej~sF, a vrx


I


of 90c per box on 'the.-tree would
-be left. Comparing thee figures
with the .most arith'entic' records ofP
the 1923-94 season, these prices are
seen to be, 50c a box higher this
year than 'they were during the last
biL crop season of. 1923-24:. These
sales, even with the existing uinfair
freight rates ednsidered, make a re-
markable showing, the Clearing
House points out. Were the freight
rates movie eq'uithble, the grow6rd
would be in even a better position,
for -Florida growers-this year will
pay. the railroads more than $20,-
0.00,000 forfieightr and refrigerg-
tion charges.' Car ling tthe a com'-
parison La step further, Florida
.growers have a freight rate ]per ton-
mile far in' excess of that'enjoyed
by California growers.
Florida's crop this season is three
million boxes greater. than that'of-
1923-24 with the California' crop
eleven million boxes more than for
the same seasort -Without the
Cleariig House asi a central oJghn-
iiation," with its- functions of *a.d-
vertising to the consumer, standard-
izing ,the grade and pack and pre-'
rating- the .weekly"shipments so .as
to avoid over-supply-or lindergsuap
ply in 'the inark-ets, it is geneirlly
admitted that conditions little' short
of ruinous would have- preaile~
The sales instead of. being 'SOeS box
higher than they were in 1923-2,4
as the Exchange points' Oit, un-
questionably' would-be considerably
less. c


Election Workers -
SThanked by Boar
*...^- ^ . -_,


Tidgl for the prime purpose of in- "'""'"""" "." growers Dy mne elecuon committee, from chaotic conditions. TL
ing our knowledge of the stan- given to the fact that this season's and particularly the. work of- its dire neAd 'of nUfity ,ana;i
ilf.production, enabling all in average applies up to Mafch 10th chairman, James C. Mdrton, At f-I' Tey'L ro' lgoittb
.;j'to produce a quality fruit, and does not include the Valencia biirn'dalel neme 'f ,the. Com9 d~t "
.he highest quality orange and Marsh Seedless -higher prices tee of f:ty,;r ..f. al ".
"i. practices of. good hus- which, however, are includedmn the' o"fi J.adr"" expr asog.a
aichas the"fruit from season' averages of- 1923-24,.,ie citation fromT 'e Boarld. d
opa. .the. istpped the .1 comparison,"' / -- '' n.mo aayb


AN ,r- of uO
p ct..#high 'sn44
quait ;h loped foi't
fruit. industry 'of Fldrida
Clearingg: HboeitAs tidit
interesting .article pu-blisheh
April issue of "ReviewI of" Ri
The article was; -ttrittedi 'b
Shaw, editor 'of the- publlcat
The. artile, touchei'briefI
citrus idpstry 'It.-he..'
pointing-, out n .passin g-
m.endoils acreage available '
ida fo 'the qgrowiig:,of,,titi
some.mof the problepms.'seon
the-growers and shippers.
on the Clea.ring -House; M
rites. .. r'
n"b a great mdark '"ofp e
be noted. This is the recent
lishment' of the. Floridfa'
Growers' Clearing. 'Houst.J
tron. The"'ew organ~lstid'
be 'built upon the .fouItlai
listing facts... The. -alifogt
which has erected a ktre'tsi
ing .organiiaiton;upon' the. c
tive union of orange prodic
not fit the.-FlQlida pictu
Were var;ons 'l rge' prp
had their bwwn'imakekii g
Thetp. -ere' also a"3arge'e'ur
lfackera "and& -.'hi'ppeN"
capital investedii- their owr
listed enterries. Soqne .o
were -engaged ar.ly .n 'pri
and,.partly Jn buyiii their'
many other .producers, aLdd
!plying definite market' detni
one city or another of tie
Besides these, there ha`.-eqi
20 years the -.Flo~ d qi
.change a" coopei twe. i sop
-producers that hiad;.bI
sonie'theig like-20 pe^"6. 7-t
crop. it .c f
S-In, .tle0 berte' n i.
tio twt ceriti-L'iBI











o1 j gnizsbbfl.t stdof
M i@ outsidee 'reW e
Saig "uits,..*hitr of
-p. petieted" indikcl by ,
pee rd piroberityj of the 'pro-
atS ih'ol'e. :
>j~heors, tgiemselvesJi.ave an
Jrycom nittee tht meets con-
y,.wih thethexfecitive commit-
etie growers.: 'This move-
:hp'ad-the'.encouragement of
A.grciltural ;-Departmuent at
igfon, and, of 'bourse, is'sup-
.'hieyvry -way' -by he' state
pAs'ad "theilegislature. There
pkg houses of affiliat-
P)et,. using .the grades .of the
SStates government as'a ba-
(id'acking a nd shipping under
on. -'.. -
'tp.v-the&.crsa de was .Mr.

"( M- A.. W. Hanley from
g6,. to Florida to _ake 'a pre-
L.irvey._ .Mr. Hailey is I
frare energy, with--a back-
d :b'f.many years' experience
^in#g. and marketing- of- fruit
h .o.'Vth, Unite-d States' and
,i,6"d ih" 'remains -'i' Florida
effiae of the Clearing House.
;'. -Ms


sidoer oFor

" t- 'll -

I . '. s -.A1 .



i~gun ".*'csiderationd 'of "a
sTrTf-applicatitct ris: '- the post
iai6 citrus trade'-cdmnission-
rding to. O. Hopldns, act-
ir4citor' of '-the '"bureau at

ipdsition was created at the
ision 'dof congress.'by amnend-'


S* :~ ,- -.:. .. .
J.'' .:r;semUsn. o us'in the '.Clearig.
ded relt. produced, by Hoise. AssOcition that the solution'
honest eaf g.andapratices 'f this' problem is theoretically sim-
The s bj: of it 'Movei;eht ple, although attended by great and
and Distribution" .miinght,. be dis- complicated practical difficulties.
cussed, from .several 'different an- On 'paper it is easy to plan how
gles, but as related to the. aims and. o handle the fruit crop and'ship
purposes df the 'Florida Citrus and distribute it into all the mar-
Growers'.: Clearing House. Associa- kets of the country, but it is not
tion andi stated in a. nutshell the so easy to carry such paper plans
control of fruit movemen-t is rega'rd- into execution. It is easy to plan
ed as, one of the most' important on paper just how much fruit shall
methods of producing a satisfactory be shipped from Florida each week
net return to the grower without during the season so that the total
gouging the consumer. of any crop can all be shipped and
Notime need be spend in arg- distributed over the entire shipping
ing that unlesson the average the period. It is an entirely different
'grower of citrus: fruits .can secure matter to execute such paper plans
a reasonable net return he will not according to schedule. There must
continue to produce them. True, it be taken into consideration matur-
is more difficult for him to change ity of fruit in the groves, weather
than ao grower of i field crops, h bu conditions in Florida, and its effect
.thentaf gowein- iluanr es on .the.fruit-..because if we lave-dry
'g.owingodf' "itrus 'ffuits is' pr'ofit- weather, fruit may dy dr d drop
-able, r *ari, by- proper methods, he faster than.'if we have plenty of
made profitable,'it.ill not be con- rain. Weather conditions in the
tin'uedF-. '. north alsd. affect demand and dis-
Si- -' tribution..
Sain has little control over the"
quantityj'of fruit which- will:-be pro- On paper it is easy to plan to
duicd.~n '~r ven ien -seasoIi Co- ship all the fruit, but if the volume
sidering Florida. eondifions, cultiva- fr6.m Florida, California and other
tion,:. fertizatin,;spraying and competing states and countries
pruning, all ifecfLthe matter. But overload and glut the markets then
whep all is. said ad done, a citrus the demndis quickly reduced. The
grove has no very. close-resemblance problem to. be met, therefore, is to
to a .manufacturing establishment, mve Floda fruit out only in such
and a man iannot say tiat'whereas volume as.td ship and distribute all
he produced 10,000 boxes. of fruit of the'frUit Nbt not more than the
this year d d received" an unsAtis- markets will.absorb at-satisfactory'
factory retdrn'he will rodce only prices We ust take into consid-
5,000 boxes next yeqr. eration .thei'-,volume that has been
consigned -to markets in previous
.In considering 'fruit movements years; the<-volume that is moving
and how-they-inay be handled or from-other States week by week,ithe
regulated, we liust also 'necessarily' weather- conditions in the northern
consider the gradual but steady in- markets, -and the present and pros-
crease in the total crop due to-new pective demand, and base our. cur-
plantings and increasing age .ind rent movement accordingly. We
productivity of trees, already' in, must always bear in mind the vol-
bearig. ume of fruit in the state. to "be
Occasional,rare phenomena like moved. For this reason and .the
the Florida real estate activity of other fluctuating 'conditions to
several years ago, sometimes re- 'which I have referred we cannot
ferred to.as the Florida boom, will base our action one season just the


'Has' bee-n increased 560ien I
oir' the. season' of -'192'3-2.
was the last comparable ye
was done even despite the f
California ahd Florida tha4i1
000 boxes morn this year'ti ''*
1'923-24. '.'-"
There is no otitstanding a
ence between marketing condipw
in 1923-24 and 1928-291 e4j
the existence of the Citrus G9wdr
Clearing House Association,
with all due modesty we, thrj
feel justified in claiming; tutS1
least a substantial part of'
crease in price level is 4ue',t'
Clearing House Associatidn.'-,'
The Florida Citrus G"r,' o
Clearing House Association .Jt
ceived as an organization of
era to take such measures '
insure, among other things,
derly distribution and mart
their fruit. It is not d
sales .or marketing. aWgoy
forms these'functiofis'th
per members, through .V*ibfl
growers are required Jto:
who agree in general to.dev'
packing and shipping. f:i
handling the fruitfr f'
bers. Its program thipn'-
called attention to two>6
ters-standardizatibn 'of 'FA
pack aid advertising.:' T
very efficient insl Cfonva
maintained by th'e Cle tn-:
we have succeeded 'in' ei
many bad practice.'.id"
common, and it is fair t
leaning House fruit-now#"
tod the gr lde which'its bral
posed to cover. .e have
and placed n the hnds t
a booklet listing all. ba
the Clearing House.m
the name of-the slipp
where the. fiuit'was'pat
grade covered byjthtaft!
We have expended
over $250,000 in" nfds
magazine advertising afid
casting of- a radio prqr
addition to publishing, Sonm
copies of a booklet' "'ob
statements of the valiue:.of-
fruits .in .the treatme.eint-'cf


4BlgB .llprrpBDBBI-au-; *YtlY.y ..^^S
A 5 '1 5rpePwUis p VAB IM
tilt. ojeeianly;.i, *thE bPdivierious efoi
easoi 'td Ke-any kin the r few y
EAj46'of reuuitsi prof '' w'(1"'f4 53
. .. '
** ,r : .. 1;. '." **' ,': ,i, f 'ig -A f
N41 I










I UIE:!I





A CAMPA~ t),r eucee
the state 6 1uatmieaya,
gapiied, 7~by .oikroft


damage to. tbicadtis-ln4
stat I &Q -eiitfthii

and a..;..con '0i
:e is nti'eaa
cwedns~a~ ~bdt-etings
: Poril~- been~ held- ia numk~ bi



7e1x*~1h an-d..h,
n e wee t
-'; 4-



Citrus -gtbwers'M.areiii e
mite Agitroih rfm





and W.O ". . Tesi



iOsi' cdC-4,
N 7.~



........~ .....











Imr -7 TY.4&u ... TANGERf
13r HN 33w""e Qioas 6eurW
" 26," ,- .



..h- ig-.- -a -- 'S e21 to Apr 9a.-
,708,4818 3.0L 374,973. -12.38,040.4f- 330 133,457 265,863.66
-- .. CiOcinnati--Oct. to April 9
s: 54,426.80- : 28 .106,748 309,418:45 2.90 59,948 112,877.15
'."" Boton-Sept. 27 to April 9
1' 'r113,097: i" 3.02 210,065 677,95019 322 90,342 173,937.62
? '.-" .- -: Cleveland-Oct. 1 to April 9
515,381P 30 27- 27 '158,867. .471,526.88 2.97 105,892 208,505.91
"- ^ '" PIttsburgh--Sept.'27 to April 9
S -. 819,;S).05 -2.8','" 164,739 490,384:97 298' 142,044 262,217.37

, /'12,439,329.5'.:-. 5318 2,430,706 ..8,150(,30012 $3.35 1,513,121. $3,034,945.73
pfr*' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -^. r _'* ___ "____*--


Aver 9 Boxes, "Gros o.tn
A Bo ee' G-i

$208. 3,170,643' Sl,

196 1,376,194 4,270,449"

1.99 676,977 2,212886.

1.88 335,915 976,722,46D

1.93 623,282 1,9498A'

1.97 391,092 1,195,371.0.


1S5 522,161
$2.00 ,096,264


23,624,575
523,624,575


S .

_-' r~2 tOTE ?ra'u '-. rpt twe -..


.. 'urkaee. or. eze.2 ght pachkin hiusse
:" """ *;: *n. idlilg _h5iu-gm'sre to ne.damucted
"t -. w d ..

S... NEW-YORK AUCTIONS
-. (Indn River FrUit not indued)
'J .- Orange Grapefrt
~jE-,ZL-dBdeiasouan' e. val-" -Early -. r* Warsh Seedless
S.-Bo-es-Average Boxee-Average BoSe-Averae
a ...... ..... .. 31*.-'.0 ., ....
'S- '1 4' :....- ..... 8,021 3.06 . ..
- 12,252 .... .... 10,784 1 :3.0 ... ....
10 l 244 2.S92 7-399 3.0 7 ,441. 3.06 3,578 3.16
S8- W 8,050 -3.18 -6798 2.62 -3,258 3.19
1~,1 -27 6,489.. 337 3,868 -2,89 2,269 328-
': _. _. -. .=- -- '. y ,
'.(W'"NE "O -"AUCTIONS -' "
.a tniivesr Fruit Only) .
,r '* arg e gnic
sd Early Marsh Seedisim
i&:oBk'TA.-'V oxe-eroage Boaes-:vera Boxes-AVerage.
'-Box,; $., '
S, .1'. 1,856* '$3.84 .... ...;.
4' '$ Hftl, gf" M .3,ir.p.4 -.. 4,907* 3.90 -
n. ..R "fls,... N


L3.'5 813Cft'4, .. 833, .-3.60-
,,,. 3B 3 :3 7, A :. ,64 3.37
3:4 2 t(' 2 ^438 658 3.02 V 7

1'p P. PHILADELPHIA. AU.TIONS- .
J'"..- . "Oranges. Gr
-. : Season yalenclas Early
S;Boxea-Average Boxes-rvers e Boxes-Average'
,*3qra Bxe


520 .32
2;361 8..' .
S164I 4:.34


perult-
Marsh Seedless
Boxes-Average


Experiment Is Being

k Made to Find Value

Of Forms of Potash

AN- experiment, to ascertain the
vI uvalu- of various forms of pot-
ashb for use on citrus groves as fer-
tilizer -was started in Indian River
county in 1924 by the Florida Ex-
periment Station,.according to the
Vero ileadh Journal. At the time
the experiment was started, the
trees were there' years old and had-
made 'unusual growth and bdre .a
small 6ropl of fruit- that year.
The black selected for the test
was< dividedA into- eight pldts, each
contaijini.gkhree Dancy tangerines,
24 Pineapple oranges, 39 Valeneia
-oRanges. h1d-. 30 Marsh seedless
grapefrui 'trees.- There was. a total
of 1,020! tiees in the .tracts inpcl.dr
ing the experiments;. C..
Each- plot contained three ro" -
ao trees separated from neighlibdg
plots by rdws of buffer trees. ,.
object o- the tests is threefold: fi .
-. .. . -1


Dale


to determine if muriate
can be used at any tinie.
of pQtash without 'i!!Ja
.ity or "afnti 0,"oSe
to determine .whidch. ia
source 'of potash' foj4cit
tion-hig -grade sulphf
ash, muriatp .of potash
salts;_ third to- deter~im
'non-acid phosphate. 'ISi
source of phpsphorie.4;M
phosphate. '. "
The experiment; a'; j
every year under-'tleup
Dr. R. W. Ruprech iai
ants in conjunction .t
and W. E. Evans. Th
ited by the experts t
year,.whern the ferizer
to the eight plots. *
tie" treeis,;amed tie
crop -is bdirig-; l
.from eacfi ee
ples seht to''
.Alhoug9,-ihe
,been ondi l14
sinsr no' adis eia '
.been discoveifia


SCHICAVd AUCTIONS-' oae
Oranges :" i
M, d-Season Valenclas .. Early ,,
Boxes-Average Boxes-Average Boxes-Average .
5. :. P.697* 92.49 ..... 2.... 3.395* 2.7f.1:.,


.. ,'-: .,6 "".A ". - -I B
~Dsd :'Bti-Avd3rag'I4AK

, -. Z .- J-W .1 ." 32 .. n ,,
"- ,'.' - A
20I ii


M ".' "A .... .';*:" i -.
,& A.M- a. it. ,. i --..* y. l o:..-... m a


i. i -


_ :I





-, . 9







ig dseA iatipn s ,

(Ionmiued fomWPage One)
ersofinel at the disposition of the
Stae Plan 'Board- in helping to
p.. out the menace. Shippers
vpre,asked to destroy all their cull-
al'frlit and regulations issued by
e'-Plant Board mailed to all ship-
ers and their co-operation and that
if'grwers urged in all plans to re-
ir.t the fly'to its present locale.

iGeorgia's Embargo
Son Bulk Fruit Only
INTERPRETATIONN of the em-
>,? argo ruling covering ship-
tit. of Florida citrus was ob-
'ed by the Clearing House
frni'.the Georgia State Board of
mtinmology just as this issue of
'.NEWS was .being prepared.
,the press. The ruling given
ebietimie follows:,
iet -Bulk Fruit
AIlk fruit may be shipped
ugh Georgia in refrigerator
i, the doors not to be opened.
k :fruit may NOT he shipped
Trough or into Georgia by truck
y'd-t may not be shipped into
rgia by rail to be unloaded
:.-. Packed Fruit
cled' fruit .may be shipped
h Georgia in refrigerator,
'doors not to be opened.
egd.fruit may be shipped into
faudi be unloaded subject
Section, fad"ondeifination.


airy measures against
ie fly to pest-free ter-,
taken. under the leader-
laring House through-
.sarea. These mess-
&foriC f local clean-n t
iwd ,'in each coml
l6sfoyi.all -. drops .in.
bulls om 'packing_
Ifu se-om juice and'
i'SawcIuei, d A'ede or.


MPORTS, f e nto t te
j. during 1'928 am6inVM't6b *heequiyafil
000 boxes as'qoni'ared --witfh 606'000
1927, according to, -.ptatisitcs, 'issued 'by
Empire Marketing'Boakdiand received-in 1
Service of the Bureauodf Agricultural EcoI
main sources of supply for -the grapefruit
into the British market are the United,.
British West Indies and British South Af
of the American grapefruit shipped to
Kingdom comes from Florida but some qu


Month


Briti
South A
Boxe


January ....... ............... .... .....
February ............................. .....
March ............................... .
April ............................... ....
May ................... ..............
June ............................... 1,67
July ............ .................. :.. 10,05
August ...................... .......... 8,06
September .......................... 3,61
.October .-..............: ....., 2,52
November ................ .......... 25
December ...........................- 2
Totals .............................. 26,21


F
Month ar
January ............
February ..........
March ...........
April ..............
May ..............
June .............
July ...........
,August ............
September .........
'October ...........
November .. .-.....
December .........


STotals .....


'alestine
id Egypt-
309,000
494,000'
293,000.
431,000
29,000

i ;.. .,

3,000
109,00
-160,000


..... 1,828,000


South
Africa



3,0006
53,000
192,000 .
- 138,000
.. isfooo
115,000..
14,000
864,000


'safeguards as outlined above will be
.useless." .
S\The above' suggestions by Dr.
'Newell were foidwaided to' -the
mayors in 165 tons in citrus grow-
Ing counties; and machinery-was im-
nmediate.ly -set ii motion by them to
destroyy -all aiscard.d -ruit on. the
\^ TrA S:\ w ':f^*^~aara*ir


id 'ngdQm.
I b.oqxB. 1
the Britih
the', Foreign,


frbm


ibmics. The 1928:-amiouttd to 692,000'bpxq or' aiproxim'telYe
it imported per cent of. ite total, as; compared. wi 021.
States,. the in 1927. -. -
rina., Mdst The.follobving tables" show the'. imports..4o,'_
the United oranges and grapeftuit- t e' the U ted KiXgdigd6n',
antitlek are 'countries *ad .-by months during,1928: .'
GRAPEFRUIT -
sh British United States Other' '
frica' West Indies and Cuba Countries -.To
s Boxes Boxe. Boxes B
11,925 *36,64 ,41 .4
11,768 43259 720 6,71.
8,534- 55,758 949 6.. ,
4,704 -75.78 .8
83 85,181 378
0 160 47,62 3,411
I ..... 25,898 2,403 -
7 ......r- 45,320 -2 279
5 ,. 262' ,8,570- 1, .483 -. .'
S 3,021- 26<176t '- 875 -57
8 8,49 71;405 7, 862 ..
1 1,331 77,30. 472 "7TI
0 50,739. 052,377 7 21A81 'Z5i,
ORANGES -
Spain and nid Oheri
Itly States .'Brazil Cpuntries TtaT-
1,451,000 2,000 ... 8,000 1' ,770,00'
S1,496,000 6,000 ... 30,00 2,02000
1,339,000 10,000 ...... 8,000 -- 1 v l ,60
1,328,000 10,000', ... -7,000- 1 .7
1,166,000 27,000 2,000. ...: '-...lij
s600,000, 14,000 ,000 13.0003 -.. 4"tO
56,000 18,000 1- 9,000 293
8,000 16,000 3. -. -'9120 20.
-,.3,000 ,., 24,000 208, 20
2,000Q 27,000 43,o0-- s,00o
33,.000' 0,00 Q- 2,000 44,000 67
1,44o0,000 :6,;0- _- ,000o- 400 .- 1.;6
9,282,000 '170,000 ,141,000 1'5000 .- ,00
..'. -.; ..' .. . --


an emergency which affects ,t only .idrk and 'charge the cost W
the welfare of the, whole citiess "in- property owners. "'. -
dustry, but .the economic structure Auburndala: "Wil endea
of the entire state as ,well. The handle situatii i 3s outlie&W
Clearing House was gratiAfed tihati i k ale nes? Iefi
could be of this service .and leadership *ib k t+ o i o
in the fight pointed to the necelaity~ i- take .
of just such -*a asesociati le-'ay llAqk.. : -.
-n A_ .- ',Dnde12, "W ,-. .aW .-. Al


se at the direct sug-
-Wilmon Newell, State
.;' commissioner. and
id leader of the pest
." D)r. Newell suggest-
fruit be buried and
mibidklime a'doil. Pro-
nb $fn r the diimv,


Newell was that the work must be' existence of the Clearing House a'nd and packers here will gl
continued. Fruit, if left in the was a convincing argument in .its operate- and take. every pre
groves, would beconie pos-siBle favor. as a, medium.thriouglx ieh ery measure
breeding places for the flies and. al 'uits of ilie i r'o e
prove a great menace' to nxit- sea-'. ltemsdelv e n acot.' er
son's crop. f --
'It was'ao eimp)iped that the.e : te i ''
M -* a. a,."fisdaiin.r the Waet -.


i. .. _


*














borrow with'view of-carrying
yqur instruqtipns. We are axi us
c-operte.ad rdissit n w.th your
*'in .eery way- and' shall' appre-
i TW.your continued advice." _
)dklan4:, '"Will co-operatd with
iihBoard.." , .
imimic "Organiiatton will prob-
9be perfected in this cbiuty' in
4w'o or three 'days." *
)a: "Your message will be car-
~ .is far as-possible.". '
ipa: "'Our growers will co-
in every way possible with
and federal autbiorities in con-
Spest::In abs6pce, of inspec-
-will proceed as best we can

"w: u Pa n. h'se. w
Committee called.", .
t eivee: "Meeting here-astmight.
Io~isd-quiack action in,disposal'6f
itin acecoidance with Dr. New-'
iTstructions, to clean up entire
t promptly." -
b o: "Have appointed a com-
to -handle 'disposition "of
se fruit ih accordance with .your
' -. I --
a~ibton Park: "Mesage received
inll. proceed: immediately with
m - ----
ileron't ."Full co-opeiati6n is
i2iyen- Plant -Board zeqluest
e#xitctions. .Comiiitteei act-

S"Pack ngjiousies nd grd~w-
3rgarizedito dpstioyd rope .afid
ill do a.-we ca to fight
in ter, Park: Have 'arranged
litt and-obunty authorities to
afce" entire -clean-up- .under
t'gapervisibo..,P- ". .
& Cityc- "We are organizing-to
.the situationn as per your

ianports "Committee appoint-
and' working actively for quick
through clean-up of culls and


:,1SecZ
^ta^y i- ui'led L


ernor -Carlton '~a a than Mayo,
.Comm isirner ;-if- Ag culture, tMe
speaker of-the state 'I hslatiie and
the' president-of the -senate, enpha-
sizing the seriousnsaiof- the situa-
tion' and pointing ouft the necessity
of- appealing to the federal govern-
ment for. funds to eradicate the pest.
Growers were advised tb send tele-
'grams to Waihington; stressing the
jeopardy in which the-whole citrus
industry of.Florida had been placed
By the invasion. -
The following -telegram was.sent
by Judge Walker to ..President
Hoover:
"Please take- cognizance of the
fact tha thte Mediterraneanf t cilly
.nw in *Floridai "invadin North
'American continent- for the first
time is grave meilace-.to Florida.
Urge you to authorize,; Department
of Agriculture to takeailTriicessary
steps fo assist in eridiication of this
pest. Also beg you to urge the-Con-
grens to make -large -emergency ap-
propriation. to assist the state of
Florida.in eradicating this'pest."
To Arthur M., Hyde; Secretary of
Agriculture in President Hoover's
cabinet: : -
-"Embargo on al-.Florida -on ac-
count of Medited*aiean fruit fly
would be vdry unjust and ruin many
citrus growers. Uige, you peisonal-
ly to investigate to''see that it is not
necessary. Will you. use alT powor'
at ybur command to.induce United
States government: to appropriate
whatever funds are. necessary- to
eradicate it?" --
-Tb6 Senatbrs, Fletcher, Trammell
and'tongressman Drane:
-"Am urging the President and
Secretary of Agriculture to make
available' adequate funds' to assist
in eradicating Mediterranean fruit
fly which is a grace menace to Flor-


To$85Pere, WL. bre
S 8l o.i. r ic u ral S
Te 0-H6 icU tura'US-11


f -HE -engine from a wrecked
Buick- car, purchased for $75,
is the power plant, behind, an
.irrigation system for a 72-acre
orange grove at Eagle Lake, W. L.
Drew, one of the owners, told the
members of the Florida State Hor-
ticultural Society, which held its
annual meeting in Clearwater last
week. It was during the general
discussion of the problem of irri-
gating groves that Mr. Drew related
how he and his associates met the
problem.
"We get our power from the en-
gine-.of. a. wrecked Buick a-; -this
engine costing us' $75," Mr. Drew
said.. We put in a three-inch
Worthington pump, double suction,
at a cost of $384. Then we laid
3,200-feet of six-inch pipe for the
main line, two branches of five-inch
pipe, aggregating 1,660 feet, and
one brandchof four-inch pipe of 375
feet. On extensions we also put in
67. feet of six-inch hose and 700
feet of- six-inch pipe, for complete
distribution. The total'installation
cost for the 72 acres was $7,345.81,
or approximately $102 an acre. We
can extend the service to 20 more
acres, bringing the cost down to $85
an acre.
"With this- system two men ,can

ways -leading, out of the territory
anid all fruit confiscated. All fruit
in the "infested. groves was picked
from the trees and gathered from
the ground by state and federal in-
spectors; poured into deep pits, cov-
ered with poisonous chemicals and
then buried under several feet pof
earth.
Cultivation of crops or pasturage
of the lands on which the fly has
.been found is.rohibited until "'the


irrigate three aces a day, at'
bor cost of $2.07'ah acre; .T.e
gine will consume 8.41 ;g4lloi1
gasoline-per acre, whie,- at *2'..d
a gallon, would cost $1.7,f ,tap .
making the total per acre cos1
$3.84. We put abdut, vmb i
or more water per acre;'ab6luI'
gallons a minute being auppli'ed
Answering the questio6i,,' .
does drouth do to the
Drew said: "Lack of mois
jures the roots of trees;;.-pi
an abundance of dead' wooq
has to .be pruned out to Iep
grove in reasonably good. co n
.causes-mature fruiti.jdf j
Sten induces much" obttle3frff
doesn't drop to wilt; .i 'stl8.
newly-set fruit to fall' o.ft,
late bloom and causes.'df. l
S"Irrigation will prev.7nt ia'
but there are some pgib
vorable results from.i-,
Among these adverse.',t-l
be mentioned. dry. fruit
green after it ig.ripen bea
stimulation of tree +grbwt.%
may likewise prevent late, l
.stimulating the tred-to r6ik
er than to fruit proddeti'd4
Prof. E. F. DeBus k,, 1 it
versity of Florida, read a.1
"The Economic Phases of Gr'
rigation," i which he.oit
system entailing. 'An.iopcirt
of 75 cents or less a t.ich4
'per acre. .
Prof.' DeBisk sees,
supply of organic ihtt
. substitution of irriti
measure, for cultivatio'a
tq the problem of id`-
quality .ftuitt t a 1
"It seems that the I
problem of producing .
ter quality and at a ld6Br'1
says, "is based upon ..the
sunnlvino. mnre nndha f


nIA. In ktl -


-'











r e6- thi' ar eliminated
Nidetitor w i '."Bdifinarily de-
sneful-.*t& !ieration. -In.
o6 the. handicap-of the enor-
i'op .in California and in
lA. it is a remarkable fact that
'ti' .lst, 1929, there had
ieped a combined total from
'Ai,' Arizona, Texas, Ala-
)tO 'Florida of 74,935 cars, of
izruit which is 20,499.'cars
tap.' the entire crop shipped
states up to the same date
eason,- and 18,548 cars more
were shipped by Florida for
i.Ire season in 1923-24, Flor-
a'~est. season up -to the pres-
sact-considered in the light
7 i ted~ and showing a net
yflicetsi to 50 cents per
re2r"thal6 in 1923-24 consti-
enarkable showing of ac-
ment. by the Clearing
ssoahtion.. .
Sperati*n committee, com-
t',eqpir;esentatives of 12 of
prominentt slippers in the
VrH'usieihas met at frequent
~Rth~oughout the season, and
huut y list has met regular-
id. nig t of each week.
se.'enu.trave 50 to 100
1e ithiseeting at 7:30;
1tniiblL:3p. or -12;
r gtning. to: be in their
Itmo nglo g 'At these'
ng ey mak a; care-
et situation,
Stipated shipments
arind -esnimate .ihat
cadiz be shipped to
-4 ensuing,; week


inimmdiktAr% a e Phave'
Just had *a> ltif $ 1
Board-of-Directors.ad 'niem er of
the Directors. dilviso*odiG imttee;
w.ich is a compiittee-of 0Sgrowers
apportioned" to the: eve. distrts
into which the state 'is divided, and
charged with: tlie duty of ieping
the' district director in t6ucW with
tie! growers. At this electiozi a'
heavy vote was cast, indicating a
lively ifiterest on the -part'of grow-
ers in the future of the Clearing
House. Over 500 new contracts
were signed by those. who desired
to qualify themselves to vote at-this
election, and the -Clearing House
will iddoubtedly plan a drive, foi
members in the immediate futures
In'view of the importance of the
citrus industry .to the state,,,oi.Flor-
ida and the absolutp-ne ai6ity-f so
stabilizing~coJnditions that citrus
growers can confidently count upon
receiving reasonable net returns, tit
is at once the privilege and the duty
of every person here present todaY-
whether directly conn fted with the
citrus industry or not, to use- every.
influence and argument at his com-
mand to urge growers ofcitrus fruit-
in Florida to ally themselves with
the Florida Eitrus Growers'; Clear-
ing House Association! and to sup-
port-its efforts loyal, steadfastly
and'to the' limit of their ability, 2.


Frendhman Studying

Florida Citrt f6
F Future S. Aifrica
A
iTT HEN a ypungjlieutenant of
' .-the Yrench army : *anted td
get some, knowledge -of citrusigropw
ing.and ,some experience in. tlhei-cit-
-rus. business,- says. the 6ollege .of
Aghilcbbtdrmlitfmihr go ijwtbdch


Yoi.k, 'Iacksioyille ~inl~pa/n 4 d. Ttfif *.s ~ lWl
Ag el p~: .the eks 'endi' a .- ~ .
30 and Api .6: ,- ,
SWeek Enin 'Mnarbh q.. GRAEFRUI:
S. -'GRAPEFRUIT Boie -New o-Io'H
New. York-London -.4,70. New ..-Yor-Liv6eool'
New York-Liyerpoo61 250 New York-Southaii. Mon
New York-Southainmton 3 New 1Yrk Gld ow
New York-Glasgow--_ 110 Los Angeles-
New Y9rk-Hull 36. 0 ,_ .-
Los Angeles-Liverpobl 940 Total "
,..To-,- RA-, GES
To al. :-. r- _r' *', 9 .,-r .-..
S' V, NewYrk Lodo.L-
SORANGES Boxes Net 'Yok-Lie .; i.i
NewYonrk'LoTnTdb V in j "B l
Ne& Yoik-Lfveiteio'S '.1061 "1in-ii
New York-Glasgow ___,- 924.
S.- .

Total Citrus Fruit Exportpd F.om Floa min
- - MN30 ..
Jacksonvill- Grape anges ta
"- '' . -. ('*' .- (Crates) -, Or t.B 'Se
Sept. 11 Live4pool 6
Oct. 11--Literiooil -2 29 '
Nov. 9-Liveipool ,- -
Nov. 28-Eivitdrool -. r' .
SDec, 27-L` erpool -- 5-1. '8 r"'&'8=.. .8. 1tSOt f rJ_
2ec. 2 Liyrpoor -,138 -l
'Jan. 5 Aruba, D:W. I. L .- -. '--


eFb. 12- Liverpplol l r ,c~ ; 8 47 .
: Feb.. 21-~-oridon -' .-'. 4461- 30
S' T.ngerines :.- "-' -r. i
Feb. 25-Liveiool 1 5,03 -
Tangerines - -. /*' Q ,-
:.:;_ .-:- Tangerines r 2-50 .

'March 20-Lonido n '- .ei. .'
'Marc 2,-Li ..p. -.O -. .. ;. ,--. ..
'-C- "" -
'Totals --- 7 3
tTageriep taT, -
.. .- ..
T., iy .-- O.
,tb. liy^e ol^-


House has been issu- s LL AU"iuer"i iriCM.
notifying each ship- ',Last fall Dr. Weade- Ferguson, a Inn~'nre
ouid;,be permitted.-to ,fovmerly:- editor ,of the Southern I .-..
.number--of cars: of Planter,at Richmond; N-Va.,. wre iTte.
.toie' Shipments have Mr. P. A.Spencer, viice dii~eetor ..-.
c nitcsiowittetese 'the' lorida ,Agri fltiral Extensto
Wghgfa-,cthat I)ivision here.t an d..nl d-^


I -








,,,-& e'W 7 Y~. OiL1"'1.A4KI. v

S "* .... s t A if ."pri 15- 1929

'S' ; PECIAi4 il N T E ERS OF THE FLORIDA
:. ITU GRqWERS CLEARING HOUSE ASSOCIATION:
So WnteriHaven, Florida -

SND T R FRUIT TO MARKET
); e'is no reason for growers to feel.that they wil Artificial methods of control not satisfacto
l time tto. eove efait tomae, awaUian'onditions. -. -. . .-
h-I-0i,,ii i -'Natfural' c onrol.of the fruit fly.
rA.. r 23. :..* "' ,Quarantinhe. measures to prevent, introduce l
es Teceii i ate today-fr'o ,ou-, representatives Since the general fly itory in this issue bi
SWashrl.gton,'" the Board's statement continued, "in-. House News was written; three other areas inj
tno time-limit'will beset in which'thelfruit must have been put-under quarantine around Tayk
-apd that nob tnreaspiabl' restricfions wll be and -Eustis. The: pest has also been .repo..
e movementt of noniMected frmt. .We have -County. .. .
ee;;in Wagshington, conferring .wit the heads and -. .Reports received by the Clearing Houise
iSf 'otth. United States Department ofAgriculture, of the state indicate that the people are thoroju
eyphaise"dfthe problem i 'being studied. as to.the importance of. testroyirig. all dropi,
drl department realizes'fie sminiess- of phe s packing houses and wasteproducts-from juici,
r ted, .arid also keeps accurate deck6h o'just plaits. All this waste fruit is being'buriied ii'l
o it i ld partment and the state, forces. have after-being treated *it oil and, .u cki'e .
'ergenpy., t kiows.thtatevery eff:... Bord stresses the importance of thisd p
etIp pistlo .it present~ area, an'd t to prevent possible spread of the fly, to 4
calfiol 'easures 'have. been undertaken fested. In all citrus communities hu'idreds
t at..t ade y .allulls id drops in groves batteries of trucks hav'ebeen marshal
lheseif'e, ts 'eforet;Leii,ewe feel confident that armies and are doing most.effective Worfk
i le regulations .wilbe:K 6ssed that Would :Another point not being-overlookedi
to rfr i f amarketinti r co in an .orderly garbage into which rejected parts of orang
...t.h crp .. have. been dumped. Thepe decomposing
y Bulletin ' becomee fertile breeding grounds'for the fl'a
yn ,.p Fly Bulletin ---* 4
SGrowers munities are being urged by the Clearing Houde
S. h e-ni cinerators r. destroy it





u i f o"-rep oreps" est. il me.a











I"A T' ,I HooyerLau !S'te n] e
ii i . . ..t. - ..L


'Thi C- rRESIDENT:HOOVERnhim h agePtC essid '9 eu r"
.. ;: .- rinto extraordinary seswon.swk eqslah fo t. "'"

'"Thi' ." -, bhis c'mmehtRtion YhePMenw ,

'.n< F o d. ciationa aeg F ;lp$,a rgaiztion byg &0
Unit6. .Stde&6Dap`tmAri+VfA tueit
in te,'"' t a : '-


Standing association of thi. character in' the, cogn .
*.;'.: was formed with the department's, assistance and-tie advice i ...
of several of it; experts who were ii-Florida durini;t 4 m;ca. 4 -.:
S paign to help adjust theset-up othe GappT.-ypIg A.c... *. er;,-
:under which the Clearing House was organized. .- .
Mr.' Hooder 4 eiked hearing houses spedficaly' for',t'i: "'
co-operative activitiedibT'producers- aAdsid p.b'i bf. '.. -, .
e ableprducts. aInm ehi A sage to Con 'greseiiti
;eo T su. 56 .. 4,...
. prop'os feera'L. 5l.oJaW. !U'" IW'2

S' .is the a F -'-ha. ot# o
,; .. Un-o q -

'- ..-. ties for igarkt'in; adeu .o r la .
"" ...',"'vance f commonoa .....i "

l' :. -,ud-nt adva ., ricesto oio-
a:nd': kifarm nation f ingtiif. tee ) e a


7-:-- '" hMer "emar ~pa
A-..or-:by ndj v .,hd to a. -o-.,e,6 aro -.m2ve ,




e .s to. .elimi.dat .nfair .actices . .
so g -toelim atdiiiairIjiatic~s."...
S Z;1_r
:und~ ~wheh ~e Fea~n'HoLOA"e
IN _v i .,r
L viifl














:. '-,.- '" ac sonvure
tt Griow erL OrLad.iao
?n;9 .. 'F'.'4 Pablmetto
I#id;, 'Co s.L- Clearwater'
ELlit/. Lake Helen'
F.'W. :' Glenwool
iw.,w ,In -_ Ja1t City
III Ic. Plant City,
41W. C. Cresent 'City
;rDavis Co. Lakeland
-':_- -" "--Orlando,
jbPac:idg'Co.. "_ DeLanid
S'Wellr Fruit Co.
' Thonotodssass
sea., & Co.- Takelaid
riI':'Co'." Crescent City
SH; -* Palmetto
firoiwers,; Inci.-_Felismere
&.- e. 6. .. -',
Cifrus Exchange__n Tampa
Mixed Car Co.-_Pl;nt City
1 J Itea: Growers,; In. i.
r -- -Jacksonville
AChester C., Co.-Orlando
.Iacking Co.-Ft. Meade
.,'R. E. -- 'Orlando
FA S.. & Coi Teesburg
llFruit. Products, Inc.
nDavenpqrt
River Fruit Growers.
_______Wabasso
on l-Fruit Corp.. Orlando
At2U^ "Ogden
So s sti oaf
_'_'_ ISan Mateo
.'.;ti-Co.:_ 'O6viedb
.0.; WTh". c- '. laeeliuij
a~li anit Packers, fie. '. .
T-l.:. ::i..T .e..W ales
yiPacking Co.-,Ftt.My
C.T .eesburg.
iP-cking Co. Winter Haven'
P__-'_. _San Mateo
roves, Inc.-Lake Wales
Gegg Co. Sebring
I.' Inc.-' __Frostproof


-F ,la. ' ,
E 1f# e .l(ng HoduSe,'.
n iite4,?Hayei,'l '.
e iri ', .. -
is A. ME-BER .of. the Citrus
t. bGrowers' Association, I feel
impeded to ask you to explain
how you "ti the stateinenltF


government report sent out by the
CJear7Dg JlQsqane Ai 9ej.ed,J!,the
saie 'imailt' A similara' 4tatUmenti
adiT'elpots'aia~ave'b4eh i s u'.e'd
.tBicdug th'd' sason 'had adtis'e iin-
fav.ouable coimenth" lone, naturally
wonders why the Clearing House
dc6drtiine's -:t' make faviorble 're-
ports toqthe growerR ,as- t6 price
.wen .everyone, knows -that this is
te 'most disatasdus'season that the
,cit's>weBsibf FPoIdtSfhal'vd er

'l :TeTere seems to nie to..be no use
p.n tying" to "kid" ourselves nor .to
misrepresent conditions to growers
whencmost'df them-are either bank-;
rupt or on the verge of .bankruptcy
thruiigh, the results of- marketing
the present, season.- Such misrepre-
sentations causethe. growers to. lose
faith in'all our published reports.
Another article' of *news' which
seems-to have been persistently cir-
culated through. th'e, press is the
report of -the 20,000,000 'box'crop.
'Just why it -has been -necessary.to
keep bringing up"thlat- unfortunate
estimate before the-public is. more
than we ciin uriderstandt.' -Pihaps
,it is.an effort to -scare .groweis',nto
signing with the Cleariig Housebut
it' seems 'o have just the'opposit'
effect. '
.: .would like to explaiti that in
writing-this'letter-I am seeking for
'iiiormation-and do ndt wish to be
'clased"i i any way as being a'kickei
or' disgruntled but these points are.
points on which. I would like to get
some light. Yours very truly,

. Fla.
,- - ," r "-e -. -


Ient ,ta. iiint' '.be.proveR, to the,
itisfaction of any fair minded per-
son asto. its'cdrrectiess. -
* Your statement that "this was
the most disastrous season that the
Florida.'citrus growers have ever
known',' is seriously questioned by
leaders in the industry, partic ly
inll t rp'4 own Imocke iiu o za-

change. We "hearfily agree with
you that it is no use to kid our-
selves,m rn.r itff e misrep rBe 4i-
tions to the groaoers 1ithr 14 it
good biuine's, 'qr growers' t 0 i.o
kid themselves aodut ti iz'roair
crop, thinking by'lfidi'ng.the'ifaets
.that the buyers will not knopw just
how big a crop we haee. The buy-
ers, as most any well postied.,.p4-
son, knows, are far .better acquaint-
ed in adv e ith the size and con-

ual growetninthe'statb.'..' rbi,:'-
At.the'time of issuing o0n esti-
mate of 20,000,000 boxes .pyIqrs
throughout Florida and the TInited
States claimed "Floridh' 5 T"'ass
23,000,000 boxes And 'one 'cin eadd-
ily see that an estimate coming
from the Clearing Houseb office of
only 20,000,000 boxes'hadi hAtep-
dency to stop any bearing, do.win pf
the market on the part of th&e bu'y-
ers, should tbey.,so desire,sjflamuch
as we showed the crop .w.as shown
by the Clearing House as 3, 60 ,60
boxes less thaia -what they ifitX "a-
ing it was. At the end,of thW sea-
son you .will have had proven tovqu
frop government aiid iailroad"ec-
ords-just how well'we.ihaWid~edltMis
situation."' ,,, :
: We mightisay f~tihter iryttbiy-
nection,that .the s oner the rs
growers of Florida' &6 -ac
and realize just wha3 sriMa SrbW-
the -sooner. they. willjoi'tt gft r
and get ,the ;dei re.reuultJut
never: before.Rit ee t
ts call your attenti6h tt') ha i4t e
of the leading citrus.mRepnf,9i ii-
fornia, Mr. C, M. Brown, he adof
th_, Gold. ner Assocti, s8s


r1;87~.07or an:veage, of 'tv.4.
By 'deducting', ay erage.S
tree to iucbtion of,'$2.30,T
eludes pickingn, hauling,ii'
freight charges, selling, .etc"
give you a price on the'tJa
per box. This is .not,.guq
these are. actual .sales. 'C
this with the most authentic i
for the season of 1923hr2
prices are 34c per box.high
year than in 1923-24, soT itl
we agree with your stateria
this is the most disast-ou
that Florida citrus growe
ever known.
In connection with thes
prices we respectfully cahl'I
tention to the report of y.
eral sales manager, Mr.iGei
Scott, that his organizatit
Florida Citrus Exchange) -,t
whom we understand, you'
your fruit, has receiVed O o
sociations up to date 1,91 t&bo
on oranges for private. ale
on auction and 11i a bqk)
grapefruit for private sale-'t
auction (see page 5,-9i
Chronicle, issue April .t
being true our gain this:si
1923-24 is even greater'
outlined. We also beg tc
attention to the stateme' -
Florida Citrus Exchange ap
1st (see page 3, Sealdsw'eb
icle, issue of April sit),'
feet that the ExchangeM
its growers for thi',.
oranges up to March', 0J.
per box more than 1929
grapefruit'. 55c;per b'x
in 1923-24.
So you seewa
Clearing House 'ha
polished foir Icftruig
ida. Yours ver'S
FLO RI :. A-C
CLEA 9iNG'H00.


State.Plant Board'|
Mediter'
(Continued frori'P
ries. etc.. shall coidii


uIJLUU Us Ja. C IJ
.fixed there h'asbbei
'diseduint on grade.,
a fired funerstindin
.put :by the week
1 hoil bed'adopted-.,h
S1,estab._hed. if-i e .g
. t' t*- *l .'j:z.art.


-boes s6ld' ,during the'-,L-peodJ'B6k
naXt .,&ner lth. Mt.arch 21;ifei

^;"~:;,. r e a 'b'i t i -:.he

I'^ ^^^i& ^M












MoebbohV'd-class matter' Aui' Y4- A
9 .- ,' ,. .'u ' : .9 ."?
.-:'. -r' ,Haven, Fla., n. . ,i ,

,'' DIRECTORS i
33WS. .. ; .. .,, Orlando
,,' ... '. .. :' .. t ,Ogden'
PENTER, JR ... CrescentCityi
. ",'.- ". .-". . .' ., Orlando%
.. . -. I. Tampa
... ... . . Eustis
. .. . . . . Fellsmer
. . Winter'" Hven
.' .Taiffipa
R... . Winter'Ha:ei
. O laid -
SUI iRBSETION RATES -: .
D'Q a.:.. "'' Single Cojies: lOc:


ziciI scale for n more than fifty
6f more than one million b6xbs
qor fhe' first time in 1886-87:
,Tte .production.rose1 to a
S se liigh point of. five; milliQn
E '-,. boxes in 1893, .4.. e
ffeezd of 1895 eut p;rodiue-
Sitionto. less' than on'e 'humi-
I n;-tSiind bdes andcLit;. as
.,,t ,..oit again,'eached
., ^om, ,t.-afig" M."


every- ~i~gfile"th
Atk'e- 166 -,-b c-r-ce


n unite
it out.j




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