Title: Orange blossoms
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086633/00123
 Material Information
Title: Orange blossoms
Alternate Title: Orange blossom
Physical Description: 25 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
Publisher: Florida Citrus Production Credit Association,
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
Place of Publication: Orlando Fla
Publication Date: July 1967
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
Subject: Oranges -- Marketing -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Oranges -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1, (May 1942)-v. 25, no. 8 (Nov. 1967).
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 16 repeated in numbering.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086633
Volume ID: VID00123
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45618176
lccn - sn 00229153

Full Text

VOLUME 25, Number 6


JULY, 1967


On August 13, 1966 Dr. E. T.
York, Jr., Provost for Agriculture,
University of Florida, spoke at the
ROTC Commissioning Exercises
with an address entitled "Freedom
in Perspective." Not only were
his words appropriate to that oc-
casion, they also bring a stirring
message to all Americans. The
Freedoms Foundation of Valley
Forge, Pennsylvania considers the
address "an outstanding accom-
plishment in helping to achieve a
better understanding of the Amer-
ican way of life" and is awarding
Dr. York its George Washington
honor medal.
Relying upon thoughts of histo-
rians, Dr. York pointed out in his
address that the average age of
the world's great governments has
been 200 years, and that this pe-
riod of affluence has followed a
pattern of existence-from Bond-
age . .to Spiritual Faith . to
Great Courage . to Liberty ..
to Abundance . to Complacency
S. to Apathy ... to Dependency
... and returning to bondage. Dr.
York recalled the relation between
the rise of nations and a great

purpose and similarity between a
loss of purpose and decline of
great nations. He called our Na-
tional Dream or Purpose the quest
for Freedom.
Many present day commentators
suggest that America has already
moved through this cycle to a po-
sition of complacency or apathy.
Dr. York said that if the cycle is
completed, it would involve the loss
of this American Dream of Free-
Dr. York analyzes freedom in
this manner:
"Freedom is something which
obviously has to be earned and re-
earned. A free society must con-
stantly prove that it is capable and
worthy of survival. And above all,
freedom is something that must be
accompanied by responsibility . .
The characteristic feature of a civ-
ilized society which sets it apart
from a wild, uncivilized one is a
type of discipline reflected in peo-
ple who show proper respect for
authority-people who observe the
rights of others-people who ex-
ercise proper restraint to avoid do-
ing those things which would in-
jure their fellow man or society as
a whole-in other words, people
who, in exercising their freedom,
are willing to accept the responsi-
bility for what they do."
"Of course there can be no laws
to w h i c h obedience is optional.
Law and order are the foundation
upon which successful government
and civilized society must stand.
Without law and order society will

surely destroy itself . .What I
am saying is that many people
seem to have lost their perspective
about the true meaning of free-
dom. Freedom is not license to do
what one pleases. Freedom must
be accompanied by disciplined and
responsible behavior; otherwise it
may well be a curse rather than a
Dr. York feels it should be dis-
turbing to all of us that today pa-
triotism is considered by many to
be "old-hat", something to be
sneered at or made light of.
What to do about it? Dr. York
suggests that if we are to reverse
present trends and break out of
the c y cle we must rekindle this
great American Dream of Free-
dom; rededicate ourselves to the
principles and philosophies which
led to the establishment of this
nation "conceived in liberty"; re-
discover the Spirit of '76-a pa-
triotic belief in our nation and a
firm conviction in its future; re-
capture some of the courage, the
hardiness, and discipline which en-
dowed our forefathers and also re-
capture our moral strength and
our faith in God. "We cannot pos-
sibly exist as a strong nation and
a free people if we reject the time-
honored moral absolutes of the
Ten Commandments and the Ser-
mon on the Mount."
We have quoted from Dr. York's
address with his permission. Cop-
ies of the complete address may be
obtained upon request to Dr.
York's office.




"Orange Blossoms


Your Neighbor I

To St. Lucie County agricultural peo-
ple "water" is almost synonymous with
Walter A. Dun. He doesn't prophesy
seasonal abundance or lack of water; in-
stead, as one of three elected supervisors
of the North St. Lucie River Drainage
District, he supervises the movement of
water within St. Lucie County to the
benefit of all agricultural pursuits. One
local grower laughingly accuses him of
wearing the "wet" out of the water with
his ceaseless redirecting of water in and
out of the 230 miles of drainage canals
within the District.

Mr. Dun has earned this reputation by
virtue of his long and devoted service
with the North St. Lucie River Drainage
District. He first became associated with
the organization as a supervisor in De-
cember, 1955 and five years later he was
elected president of the Board of Super-
visors, which position he has since held

Community Benefits
Organized in 1917 under the Drainage
Laws of the State of Florida, the North
St. Lucie River Drainage District is an
autonomous political entity operated by
the Board of Supervisors who are
charged with the responsibility of levy-
ing taxes and general administration of
the District. Taxation is on an assessed
benefits basis with the current rate for
agricultural lands averaging between

$2 and $2.50 per acre per year. There is
no outstanding indebtedness against the
District in the form of bonds or loans,
and when money was needed beyond tax
returns to finance additional equipment
for the District, landowners of the Dis-
trict voiced their confidence in the form
of $90,000 in contributions.

No restrictions on the use of the water
and canals, either for drainage or as
source of irrigation water, are placed by
the District up one arm and down an
adjoining canal the growers continue to
prove that cooperation is a neighborly,
practical means of achieving mutual

Above: Interior of one of the pump sta-
tions showing workhorse pump engine.
Right: Sliding metal caps control amount
of water coming in or being pushed out.


benefits. Proof of this comes regularly,
most recently during the drought when
no grower in the District who had facil-
ities to use water on his land suffered.

Long Range Planning
The canal system, planned and con-
structed in the early 1920's, spreads out
over the District like fingers, feeding
from and to Ten Mile Creek which is a
natural outlet and basin. Average an-
nual rainfall of the area is 54.8 inches
of which more than 75% falls during the
April to October period, leaving the bal-
ance of the year with a deficiency. In
1958 a Watershed Work Plan was de-
veloped jointly by the Drainage District
and the Soil Conservation Service to
meet the problems of too little and too
much water. At that time the system of
canals and laterals provided adequate
control by run-off from normal precip-
itation, but flood producing storms over-
taxed the capacity of the system. The
deep canals needed for drainage during
wet seasons were a source of trouble in
dry weather by lowering the water table
below the root levels of citrus and ulti-
mately sending out to sea the much-need-
ed water.

The outlines of this plan have been the
chart for activities of the District in the
ensuing years. Two additional pump
stations with combined water capacity
of 175,000 gallons per minute and two
major water structures (regulated dams)
have been added to the physical pro-
perties of the North St. Lucie River
Drainage District, these additions rep-



resenting investments of over $250,000.
In essence the construction is now com-
plete although the development of utility
right-of-ways and major roads, such as
the Turnpike which cuts through the Dis-
trict, creates special problems of water
runoff patterns and readjustment of the
water flow through canals must be
accomplished by additional or enlarged

"Hold That Line"
The present primary work of the Dis-
trict is constant maintenance of canals,
berms and right-of-ways, and daily con-
trol of the water levels throughout the
District. Twice daily water level sight-
ings ("Cracker" style -how high is it
on that stump yonder?) are routine at
strategic locations during drought pe-
riods. At times of hurricane watch, Plan
X goes into operation with each employee
aware of his assignment and trained to
meet any emergency. The drainage sy-
stem is designed to dispose of one inch
of water in 24 hours, but Mr. Dun re-
ports that it handles 4 to 5 inches in that
span of time. Regular employees of the
District include the spray crew, oper-
ators for two draglines and a bulldozer,
and operators who are responsible for
the pump stations.

Teamwork Is Foremost Asset
Cooperation is the key word given by
Mr. Dun to the success of the District.
He quickly acknowledges the capable
work of the staff; the team spirit of the
3-man Board of Supervisors; community
support from organizations such as the
Land Owners Advisory Committee of
which J. H. (Jake) Brooks has been
chairman for several years, offering
valuable assistance to the Drainage Dis-
trict on various problems; and inter-
unit cooperation, particularly with the
Central & Southern Florida Flood Con-
trol Project.

A native of Ohio, Walter Dun dates
his citrus experience back to 1920 when
he came to Orange County, Florida. The
freeze of 1934 created disaster in his
grove at Sorrento and he moved further
south. He acquired groves in the Ft.
Pierce area and became familiar with
the water conservation problems. His
home is located in the midst of more
than 100 acres of citrus at Fort Pierce.

To the owners of the 40,000 acres of
citrus in St. Lucie County, representing
two-thirds of the county's agriculture
and a primary source of income for the
area, provision for the right amount of
water at the right time and disposal
of the same -is vital. The total suc-

Long view of some of the miles of
"clean" canals which are the result of
constant maintenance of the District.


cess of this water conservation and utili-
zation project bespeaks grower cooper-
ation and capable management. It is
little wonder that when a St. Lucie
citrus grower says "water," he thinks
of Neighbor Walter A. Dun and the
North St. Lucie River Drainage District.

Florida Citrus PCA staff members and 1
their families-68 people, in all-gath-
ered at Lake Alfred on July 8th for a
first-time summer picnic. Games, swim-
ming, eating, and most of all, visiting,

Horseshoe Tournament was supervised -- -
by Wilson J o r da n, and the finalists
shown in 1) from left to right are: Ray
Holder, Dot Tomlinson, Wilson Jordan,
Bo Bozeman, and Charlotte Wood.
Barbecue was prepared by the L-B-J
Caterers, straight from Texas (by way
of Eustis and Dade City-Lowell, Bo,
and Jim.) Kibitzers of the horseshoe
tournament and the barbecue are shown :
in 2) under the shade of the ole oak
Top level decisions (3) were made over
the ice cream freezer (which will it be-
strawberry or vanilla?). The ice cream
was the specialty of the A. T. Camp-
Lower photos (4) show the Corn-husk-
ing Bee in progress when the boys vied
against the girls. Adult comment on
the contest: "Sneaky way to get the
corn fixed."
Staff members and their families dem-
onstrated their originality in some fun
skits while dinner settled, and toasted -
marshmallows topped off the "end of a
perfect day." .



What's UP

with YOUTH
A novel P (Pushing) C (Citrus) A (Approach)
was initiated this month by Mrs. Erna Grosser,
teacher of German at Colonial High School in Orlando.
With her, six local high school students are joining a
national group travelling to Germany for six weeks
summer study under the auspices of the Foreign Stu-
dent League. Asked by the airlines to mark their
luggage for quick identification, Mrs. Grosser decided
Florida citrus would make for good recognition. In
answer to her inquiry at our office for some badge or
label of this nature, enough of the colorful bumper
strips put out by the Florida Citrus Commission were
provided for each piece of luggage.
The six young people from this area-four of
Mrs. Grosser's students at Colonial, one from Oak
Ridge High, and one from Merritt Island-will join
130 other Florida students, and all will leave from
New York City with students from other states in
twelve chartered Capital planes. In Germany the
group will be housed in youth hostels and private
homes. Their schedule includes classroom studies each
morning with field trips and tours during afternoons
and weekends.

Surrounding their small mountain of citrus-marked luggage
are Steve Burkhalter (left) Barbara Blain, Ken Collins, Robert At-
cheson, Sue Castigion, and Pam Kappeler.

The important cargo
is shown by Barbara
Blain (below).
d, 'Ilk

Not content with just this P-C-A, Mrs. Grosser rushed in to
McCoy Airport minutes before flight time on July 5th and presented
each of her group with a mesh bag containing a couple large
grapefruit which they carried on board their flight to New York.
(When stopped for a picture, she quipped, "Make sure you get my
grapefruit." We apologize to Mrs. Grosser that our camera did
just that!-above right)

This is the Time for .

Florida Citrus
America's Best Food Value!

SHOW YOUR (Citrus) COLORS . Use your
Bumper Sticker as a part of your Pushing Citrus

Member Louis Abramowitz of Orlando is one
of the most consistently enthusiastic citrus
pushers we know. Mr. Abramowitz credits a
high daily intake of grapefruit with marked
improvement in the health of his wife, who has suf-
fered from hardening of the arteries. Mr. Abramo-

witz supplements her diet with grapefruit sections
several times daily between meals. Not only does she
enjoy eating it, but they and her doctor endorse the
good results. Mr. and Mrs. Abramowitz, shown above,
share the happy news with us as they visit in our
Orlando office.

COMING UP . Annual Citrus Growers In-
stitute at Camp McQuarrie, Ocala National
Forest, during the week of August 14 to 18.
The program promises to be outstanding, with
the theme being "LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT OUR-
SELVES". Each day will be devoted to one part of
the theme: The Situation; Industry. Resources; and
The Latest Word to the Grower.

"Orange Blossoms"
Newsletter to the Members and Friends of the
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
<%Jt c Post Office Drawer 2111
Orlando, Florida 32802

General Manager ................................... A.T. Campbell, Jr.
Newsletter Editor.......................... ................ Ellen Haynie


JULY, 1967

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