Title: Orange blossoms
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086633/00122
 Material Information
Title: Orange blossoms
Alternate Title: Orange blossom
Physical Description: 25 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
Publisher: Florida Citrus Production Credit Association,
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
Place of Publication: Orlando Fla
Publication Date: June 1967
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
Subject: Oranges -- Marketing -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Oranges -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1, (May 1942)-v. 25, no. 8 (Nov. 1967).
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 16 repeated in numbering.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086633
Volume ID: VID00122
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45618176
lccn - sn 00229153

Full Text
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Directors and managers of the 68 production
credit associations in the Third Farm Credit District
assembled in Jacksonville, Florida on June 12-14 for
their annual conference. The meeting was arranged
by officials of the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank
of Columbia, South Carolina which provides leader-
ship, supervision and loan funds for the production
credit associations in the four-state district of North
and South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. Approxi-
mately 1,000 farmer-directors, general managers and
guests attended the conference, and special features
were arranged for the wives and families of the con-
"Care and wisdom by Production Credit Associ-
ations during last year's stringent monetary situation
strengthened confidence in the Farm Credit System,"
reports F.C.P.C.A. President John W. Evans. "Out-
standing success was experienced by all in facing these
and other problems, and it served to confirm our belief
in this fine Farm Credit System which has been built
over the years since its founding in 1933."
Bank officials reported that the 68 production
credit associations which comprise the 3rd Farm
Credit District furnished over 47,000 farmer-members
with more than $390 million in operating and capital
investment credit on an intermediate-term basis. Of
this district total, Florida Citrus P.C.A. provided over
$25 million in loans in 1966 to approximately 600 bor-
rowing members of its total membership of 1,100.
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association serves
citrus growers throughout the citrus-growing area of
the State with credit for all their agricultural, home,
and family financial needs.
In addition to President John Evans other offi-
cials who represented Florida Citrus P.C.A. at the
district-wide conference were Vice-President Ben R.
Adams, directors Eugene F. Griffin, Douglas R. Igou,
and J. J. Parrish, Jr., and General Manager A. T.
Campbell, Jr..



John R. Anderson, newly graduated from Florida
Southern College, has recently become affiliated with
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association as an
Assistant Secretary. He is training in citrus credit
operations in the Orlando office under General Man-
ager A. T. Campbell, Jr., shown above outlining a
day's work with John.
Mr. Anderson is a native of Iowa. He lived in
Florida during the four years he attended Florida
Southern College where he majored in business with
a minor in citrus. Prior to his college training, Mr.
Anderson served for three years in the Marine Corps.
May 1967 was a month of memorable days for
this newcomer to the staff. College graduation was
held on May 8th. Two days later John Anderson
married his Lakeland sweetheart, Jerri Wetherington.
A brief interval, and then on May 22nd John began
his employment with Florida Citrus PCA.
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson make their new home at
the Georgetown Apartments in Orlando. John is
eager to test his mettle on any knotty problems that
are put to him, and he will be visiting around in the
offices of the Association to get acquainted with the
entire operation.

"Orange Blossoms



Your Neighbor



Under a special arrangement
with the U. S. Department of Ag-
riculture known as the Coopera-
tor's Agreement, in 1952 Charles
F. Fawsett, Jr. (better known
throughout the citrus industry as
Fran), became a researcher "with
portfolio". This was not by any
means an initial stage of his in-
terest in citrus budwood experi-
ments, but the Cooperator's Agree-
ment gave Fran Fawsett the op-
portunity to plant out and nurture
under normal field conditions ap-
proximately si x t y experimental
varieties of citrus which had not
yet been released to the public by
the U.S.D.A. From these trees
each cooperator was free to prop-
ogate up to 700 trees of any one
variety at any time he desired.
The U.S.D.A. reserved the right
to supervise pollination of the
trees and maintain records of re-
sulting production, growth pat-
terns, and fruit development.
These cooperating agreements
were designed to provide field test-
ing under normal grove conditions
for new varieties developed by the
U. S. Department of Agriculture.
The U.S.D.A. provides plant-
ings to authorized cooperators for
this field testing while the varie-
ties are still known by a series of
numbers which identify the tree's
location rather than by a name.

Examining the identification label attached
to the experimental tree, Fran Fawsett
checks date and pollinizor of fruit on the
limb ahead.

fkan fawsett
Fran Fawsett began his coopera-
tive experiment with budwood 6-
7-4, which was called Holt and
later renamed Robinson after T.
Ralph Robinson, the horticulturist
who did early research in citrus
budding; 6-9-22, now known as
Nova; 2-17-8, the Page; and sev-
eral other varieties. This stock
was originally set on property
known as Palm Indian Grove
which Mr. Fawsett manages; he
has continued these plantings and
made subsequent plantings from
budwood of these trees in his own
groves northwest of Fort Pierce.
These trees receive the same cul-
tural practices as his other citrus,
says Mr. Fawsett, with the possi-
ble exception of extra care being
given to protect them against
aphids. Primary scientific interest
of these experimental trees is the
determination of pollination re-
quirements. The U.S.D.A. encour-
ages reporting by the cooperator
of the progress and development
of the different varieties, and
makes frequent visitation to the
growing site for personal observa-
Every fifth row of Mr. Fawsett's
extensive experimental block is set
with a pollinating variety-Orlan-
dos, Temples, or Novas. Many of
the experimental varieties are
hand pollinated under controlled
conditions by Drs. Philip C. Reece
and C. Jack Hearn of the U.S.D.A.
Horticultural Station at Orlando.
This pollination is carefully
marked on the tree with labels
showing date and pollen used.
Fruit harvesting information is
also tabulated by the U.S.D.A. to
determine patterns of development
in the field testing.
To Fran Fawsett, watching the
growth and development of these
varieties is of equal interest to the
remunerative value of the fruit
harvest. Not all the experiments
prove to be "pots of gold." Some

- u m
varieties have proven disappoint-
ing to Mr. Fawsett and he is elimi-
nating most of them. In several
seasons of fruiting, practically all
the fruit dropped from the 6-8-7
trees after being set. This partic-
ular problem has been partially
solved by girdling. Conversely,
the 6-9-22 which has since become
known and released as the Nova,
is proving itself to both Mr. Faw-
sett and the U.S.D.A. teams which
are watching it closely.
Human foibles sometimes devel-
op a comedy of errors in nature.
Budwood from eight trees, thought
at the time by the budder to be
Robinson, was moved from the
Palm Indian grove planting, and
the resultant trees proved to be
off-type, constituting a different
variety. These are readily identi-
fiable in the rows of trees by their
upright growing tendencies (see
photo at right below). Closer ex-
amination reveals a smaller leaf
with a tight roll-"canoe leaf" is
the terminology given by Mr. Faw-
sett. The fruit of this other vari-
ety is some 30 to 45 days later than
the normal November 1st matur-
ity date of Robinson, and is of
smaller diameter and flatter in
shape, as can be seen in the photo.
Mr. Fawsett finds this variety sat-
isfactory and of interest to his ex-
perimental nature.
Cooperation between both par-
ties of the Cooperator's Agreement
is the key to the success of the
arrangement, and members of the
U.S.D.A. Horticultural Station at
Orlando who work with Mr. Faw-
sett are quick to voice their appre-
ciation. The real value of the pro-
gram is the testing of results over

from 4

a long period of time. This cannot
be accomplished practically by the
U.S.D.A., chiefly because of the
land limitations necessary for such
widespread testing.
Experimentation is almost sec-
ond nature to Fran Fawsett. In
addition to the testing which he is
doing with the U.S.D.A., Mr. Faw-
sett has sections of his groves al-
lotted to rootstock research, nema-
tode resistance, and other testing
which he is conducting on his own
initiative. He is one of the first
in the Indian River area to experi-
ment with water table wells, a de-
ceptively simple method of deter-
mining what is happening under

r .
Above: One off-type tree in a row of Rob-
insons grows two feet higher than its coun-


the ground. Using a length of 4"
pipe which is perforated at the
lower end, a series of "wells" is
sunk in various locations of the
grove in such a manner that the
top of each pipe relates to a fixed
point on an engineering survey of
the land. Water which moves
freely through the base of the pipe
is measured in terms of the dis-
tance below the top of the ground
to the surface of the water in the
pipe. Variations in the water ta-
ble level from spot to spot in the
gro ve determine the pattern of
drainage needed and prove valu-
able in certain periods of the year
when the water tables may vary
because of the season.
In following his quest for the
why? and how better? of things,
Neighbor Fran Fawsett is giving
yeoman's service to the entire cit-
rus industry through his growing
experiments with the U.S.D.A. and
proving again that cooperation is
tantamount to growth for one man
and all.
'b --SinrI

Comparison or rrui size ana snape, as .1 1 3
well as leaf characteristics, between the ,
Robinson in lower left and the "canoe- Fran Fawsett "leans" on his water table
leaf" variety at upper right. Photo made well to determine where the water is in
approximately 45 days prior to normal ma. relation to the citrus tree roots. Stand-
turity date. pipe is only evidence of measuring device.

a g
The 34th Annual Citrus Institute at Camp
S McQuarrie in the Ocala National Forest is
scheduled for August 14th to 18th. As us-
| ual, the Extension Service and the Institute Commit-
a tee are planning big things for this event. Don't miss

it I iiN : 1tIt:: nir n : 1 i::7.""n::U:: N


James Alderman (left) happily accepts
scholarship check presented by FCPCA
general manager Tom Campbell.
The second of four annual
F.C.P.C.A. scholarships was
awarded to James M. Alderman of
Winter Haven, Florida. Presen-
tation of the $500 check was made
on May 30th by General Manager
A. T. Campbell, Jr. during the
South Florida Citrus Institute at
Lake Placid.
Mr. Alderman has divided the
first two years of his college stud-
ies between Polk Junior College at
Bartow and the University of
Florida, and he will continue at
the University majoring in citrus
production and marketing. Citrus
has figured prominently in his
background since childhood, work-
ing in the family grove and par-
ticipating in 4-H Club citrus ac-
One of eight children, James is
the son of Mr. and Mrs. Leslie D.
Alderman, Sr. An older brother
precedes James in the Fruit Crops
Department at the University of
Florida and a younger sister will
enroll at Florida State University
in September. As a high school
senior at Winter Haven, James
was the recipient of the David K.
Brengle Award which is given on
the basis of scholarship, leader-
ship, citizenship, and service to
school and community.
Mr. Alderman was the unani-
mous choice of the Scholarship
Committee for this second award
by Florida Citrus PCA. Dr. A.
H. Krezdorn, Chairman of the
Fruit Crops Department at the
University of Florida, heads up
the Selection Committee.



What's UP


with YOUTH

Noises like proud parents ema-
nate from our F.C.P.C.A. staff
every year as high school gradu-
ations roll around; June, 1967 is
no exception.
Jane Ketcham at our Dade City office has particu-
lar reason for her pride-daughter Susan has her
sights set on a nursing (possibly a full medical) career,
and she has gone after her goal with real spirit. Su-
san won the State Nursing Scholarship, an award by
competitive examination, which will pay her tuition at
Florida State University for four years. In addition
she has earned a grant from the Scholarship Founda-
tion Program which will provide her housing allow-
ances for the four years of schooling at F.S.U. The
entire FCPCA family shares the Ketchams' pride in
Susan's purpose and accomplishments
Other '67 grads in our family have college plans
well laid. Dick Helms, son of our Eustis secretary
Freda Helms, is getting a head start by attending
summer school at Clemson College, Greenville, South
Carolina, where he plans to continue his education in
engineering. Dicki Brooks, daughter of Ft. Pierce
branch office manager John Brooks, had acceptance
in hand from two prominent Northern universities to
choose Florida Presbyterian College at St. Petersburg;
her interest is in political science. Doug Haynie, son
of Newsletter editor Ellen Haynie, will study business
administration at North Georgia College in Dahlonega.
To each of them we extend congratulations on
the completion of their high school education and wish
them Godspeed in their new ventures.

A table full of gay packages in assorted sizes
greeted Orlando branch office manager Junius Bolin
on his red-letter day in May. He appeared quite over-
whelmed with the thoughtfulness of the Orlando office
staff. The first opened package revealed a box of
Bugles (good with O.J.). The second package, al-
S-k.'.' though of considerably different
i.,"outside dimensions, revealed
S:i: similar contents. By the time he
had accumulated 71/; packages
orf Bugles. Junius was convinced
he \would make this his last
hirthidaly hi : 39th. The Bugles?
.. we'restill eating them!

_-\ e.,-. .y'.


P (Pushing) C (Citrus) (Approach) ?
P (Pushing) C (Citrus) is everyone
ness, we believe, and the A (Approach) is
of interest to everyone else. There are many
novel and effective methods being used to-
day, some instigated and encouraged by Mutual's com-
mittees, some originated by advertising agencies, and
still others the results of individual enthusiasm for
making Florida citrus come out on top. We would like
to share some of these methods with our "Orange Blos-
soms" readers from time to time-won't you let us
hear about YOUR P.C.A., or your neighbor's?
PART 4 111,
OF -

R I.

Designed for self-service, but the delicious, cold
O.J. is given a pleasing boost by Receptionist
Libby Holder.
Sounding a clarion call at a citrus meeting
last fall, R. V. (Red) Phillips of Haines
S City Citrus Growers Association emphati-
cally invited every business institution to
have a juice dispenser in prominent display in its
lobby or reception room to push the use of concentrate
as a refreshing break. Although having cold orange
juice available for incoming visitors was already a
standard practice at the Orlando office of Florida Cit-
rus PCA, a dispenser in the lobby filled with bright
orange juice increased the availability as well as the
visual appeal. Our self-service O.J. dispenser has been
on duty since January of this year, welcoming all vis-
itors. The quantity of juice that has been consumed
has more than tripled since we began serving it, and
the tasty, ice-cold refreshment is appreciated. It's a
small way to push citrus--but every glass helps!

"Orange Blossoms"
Newsletter to the Members and Friends of the
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association

"'v Post Office Drawer 2111
Orlando, Florida 32802

General Manager ................................... T. Campbell, Jr.
Newsletter Editor........ .......................... Ellen Haynie

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