O7N3 VOLUME 25, Number 4 MAY, 1967
THE WORLD IS WAITING
... for your high school graduate -
a world which is increasingly com-
petitive and specialized. And how
well he or she meets the challenge
depends in large part on his edu-
cational preparation beyond high
school. The diploma which a boy
or girl earns at the completion of
higher education is one of the most
valuable papers he or she will own.
It not only represents years of pre-
paration and study but markedly in-
*creases the progress and produc-
tivity of young people entering the
world of business and technology.
Whether college, technical or pro-
fessional training, or trade speci-
alization is the goal of your high
schoolgraduate, there is a way to
meet the ever increasing costs of
higher education. Recognizing the
importance of such education in
the financial planning of growers,
your Florida Citrus PCA has funds
in an educational loan program a-
sailable to students, regardless of
their field of interest. Like
all loans at FCPC A, each
educational loan is individ-
ually styled to fit the needs
of the particular student and
his parents, scheduling the
major portion of the repay-
ment after graduationwith
provision for realistic refi-
nancing of the balance in line
with income after graduation.
Too, throughout the period-
whether it be a six-months'
course or four-year college
program the benefit of our
cost-saving simple interest
A four-year college program
costing a total of $5, 200.00
could be budgeted prior to
entrance with disbursements
scheduled annually to meet
each succeeding year. The
plan would look like this:
1st FCPCA Scholarship Awarded
Recipient of the first scholarship award by Florida Citrus
Production Credit Association is Peter W. Marovich, Jr. of
Zolfo Springs, Florida. The award check of $500 was pre-
sented to Mr. Marovich at the Gulf Coast Citrus Institute
at Dade Cityon April 28th, the first of four annual scholar-
ships of that amount to be awarded by Florida Citrus PCA
to students at the college junior class level who are con-
tinuing their education.
A student at Polk Junior College in Bartow for the first two
years of his college education, Peter Marovich has been
accepted at the University of Florida and will continue his
studies in agriculture. He was anofficerin the Future Far-
mers Chapter of Hardee County High School and received
the State Farmer Award. The Scholarship Committee was
enthusiastic about this young man, and we expect to hear
more about him in the future.
Other students interested in scholarships in this
program may contact their county agent or a-,
Viori. 0.4f-.s DrnA k 4n:- 4-41 0-" k
Tom Campbell, FCPCA general manager (lett); award-winner
Peter Marovich, Jr., and Dr. Al Krezdorn, Scholarship Com-
mittee Chairman, following check presentation at Dade City.
Furd.; IFrrin _-il Iplu: si.npl. End .:.
E.'1 p j'.'l-. ri t tic r .- ,ear
bursed (end of year) on: ) Balance
Beginning lst Year: $ 1,300 $325 (1,300) $1,300
Beginning 2ndYear: $1,300 $ 325 (2,275) $1,950
Beginning 3rd Year: $1,300 $325 (3,250) $ 2,925
Beginning 4th Year: $1,300 $ 325 (4,225) $3,900
Totals: $5,200 $1,300 $3,900 g
After Graduation: -- balance of $3,900 refinanced
over additional three years to
n meett individual program. ::::
FOR FURTHER DETAILS -- SEE Your F.C.P.C.A. Man! i
- -- .MM. ....iiijiii~j 3 ... ..~i8~::::~:
FIR FONATO -BIH FUUR
(More about kumrquats) ,
C. L. Petters & Sons is a well-known name in the
citrus area of Dade City. Established many years
ago by C. L. Petters, now retired, the business
is carried on by one of his sons, Raymond, prin-
ciply as a caretaking operation. C. L. Petters &
Sons has the added distinction of being foremost
caretakers of the commercial kumquat production
in the area, handling between 40 and 50 acres of
grove which comprise about 90% of the acreage
devoted to kumquats, and harvesting and marketing
about 50% of the total production of the area.
Kumquats- be they mighty midgets or diminishing
dwarfs are grown in other areas of the State but
only in the area of Dade City has there been any
commercial success with the small elongated pithy
RAY PETTERS displays fresh kumquats
ready for shipment in new type container
fruit with the flavorful rind, though no one seems
to know the reason behind this; at any rate Dade
City has the title of Florida's Kumquat Capital.
The main difference in the handling of kumquats
and oranges is in the harvesting and packaging.
From the beginning of the season around Novem-
ber first through the Christmas shipping period,
kumquats are clipped from the trees with branches
of green leaves for use in gift packaging and deco-
rations. The small-growing trees are brittle and
will not support usual type ladders for picking; the
harvesting during this period is selective --only
the bright colored, perfect fruit are clipped for this
trade. Under best conditions, skilled labor for
this specialized harvesting is hard to find, and
the supply of workers who qualify diminishes each
Cultural practices for the production of kumquats
are much the same as for other citrus- "only more
of it, Ray Petters explains. Amounts of fertili-
zation are critical and because of the fresh fruit
aspect, close attention and immediate spraying
for any developing disease or infestation is vital
to ensure perfect fruit.
After the first of the year the harv.'esting changes
to a clean-up picking process, with the fruit only
gathered in bushel baskets which are delivered
from the field to a processor for use in candied
fruit and marmalades.
Prime user of kumquats harvested by Ray Petters
is Joe Peck, Inc. of Winter Haven. Here again,
kumquats run a slow second in this operation to
the processing of fruit peelings for bakeries and
candy manufacturers. Because the kumquats com-
prise such a small part of his activity, Mr. Peck
has "created" suitable machinery to handle the
operation at such times as there are kumquats on
hand to process. (See photos at far right.)
Processing kumquats at Joe Peck, Inc. is solely
a storage method. After grading, the loose fruit
is mechanically punctured and dropped into plas-
tic-lined 55 gallon drums which are then filled with
a sulphurous acid solution. The fruit retains its
color and shape in this brine for several months,
and the solution is neutralized in the final pro-
cessing by washing and cooking of the fruit.
Currently this storage preparation is the only pro-
cess for kumquats at Joe Peck, Inc., but Mr. Peck
is experimenting with press es rvi ng methods and
packaging with a thou g h t of venturing into this
end of the trade as well. The results he has come
up with to date do the kumquat proud, appealing
in both taste and color on the gourmet table. Mr.
Peck explains that preserved kumquats are on a
dwindling market in competition with low-priced
processed imports, and with other food garnishes
which replaced the kumquat during the war years.
The telling trick now is to make them available at
economic prices for commercial table use as well
astocreatein the public a desire for the cool tang
Above: Squirrel cage grades kumquats, knocks off
leaves, twigs; readies fruit for processing.
Through the fresh fruit harvesting season, the fruit of the midget fruit.
and leaves are packed in shipping cartons by the R
and leaves are packed in shipping cartons by the "Curators" that they are, each in his own field of B
harvester and sold in bulk to shippers or through activity, these "neighbors"view the kumquatwith
brokers. Ray Petters calls in his wife and family aninterested, if somewhat wareye. Each recog- p
an interested, if somewhat wary eye. Each recog- P\
for assistance during this period, and in the five nizes the need for widespread advertising to ac- ir
years he has been working with this portion of the
es h ha ee quaint the public with the availability and diverse
business he ha s determined advantageous methods
usage of the fruit; individually, neither is prepared
of packaging and handling, changing from the cus-
to carry on such a program for the 'midget' which
tomary large wooden crates which held 32 quart
could become mighty. This diminishing 'dwarf'
containers to an economical, space-saving waxed
presents a particular challenge toa small segment
cardboard carton holding two layers of 8 quart con- industry.
of the citrus industry.
tainers of the bright orange and green cargo.
ilM l 1 I I I I I I I I I I i 11111 ia I II.I 11 0 i1 Iam I mI I I 1I i M N I I I I I la I I I IMI D Ia5 oPe I aw A o l-
..... Alice L. Cromartie, Agricultural Extension Nutritionist, suggests for
SLICE raw kumquats into Waldorf salad, fruit cups or fruit salads.
Wash whole kumquats and CLUSTER with parsley on meat platters for color, flavor.
STUFF preserved kumquats with nuts, cream cheese or soft yellow cheese serve as an hors d'oeuvre.
Preserved kumquats make a delicious meat ACCOMPANIMENT, served on same platter or passed separately. _
elow: Graded baskets of fruit ready to be fed into
processing machine. Note plastic-lined barrels.
below: Close examination at point of arrow reveals
a shed kumquats impaled on points of revolving drum,
pushed through to storage drums. Brine will complete
itermediate processing of kumquats for later use.
Above: Camera-shy Joe Peck strides purposefully in
front of stacked barrels of brine or processed fruit.
~ rxryC- -
It'S tP s
BOOS T I NG Florida Citrus -- that's What's U P with
the senior class youths of Bartow High School. An en-
thusiastic 117 students literally invaded the Senate
Office Building in Washington, D. C. toward the end
of April to deliver 100 bags of choice Florida fruit to
all the U.S. senators, each bag containing a message
stating that Florida Citrus is the greatest, and acknow-
ledging the assistance given by Florida Citrus Mutual
in their project.
While their enthusiasm didn't lag, the difficulties of
orienting themselves in the many halls and finding the
right office door for the individual senators caused such
confusion among the students that one of the porters
in the building offered to properly deliver the bags of
fruit. Later the students were delighted to spot some
of the well-known senators walking toward the exits
shouldering their bag of oranges. Headquarters for the
operation was the office of Sen. Spessard L. Holland
who is an alumnus of Summerlin Institute, predecessor
to Bartow High School. The select fruit was obtained
by Florida Citrus Mutual through Alturas Packing Co.
and Lake Garfield Citrus Growers Assn., and shipped
by rail to Washington for the students to make their
The activity was a part of an exciting six-day trip to
Washington, D.C. and New York City for the 117 stu-
dents, using funds they had raised as a class project.
In retrospect.....one of the students is still wonder-
ing why he had to pay 50 for a glass of orange juice
at a NewYork hotel.... the group has been pleased at
the senators' response to the gifts through the many
letters they have received...and they are all convinced
that Florida Citrus is the greatest-to give and to get!
Bartow High School Seniors Pose with Eminent Alumnus:
Florida's senior U. S. Senator Spessard L. Holland
(seated extreme right, second row from bottom) visits
on steps of the Nation's Capitol with visiting seniors
during recent class trip to Washington, D.C.
Sebring Branch Manager Harold Moreland
was elected president of the University of
Florida Alumni Assn. of Highlands County
annual meeting in Sebring on April 28th.
Members of Florida Citrus PCA will receive
shortly two important pieces of mail one,
a booklet entitled "Does a Federal Marketing
Order Fit Your Industry" -- thoughtful reading for
the present time. The other enclosure in the PCA
letter will be a colorful bumper strip for your car
promoting our most important product FLORIDA
CITRUS. These bumper strips are provided bythe
Florida Citrus Commission and we hope we'll see
them coming and going on the highways as a result
of this mailing.
Promoting citrus is the business of each one of us.
AND DON'T FORGET -- May 30, 31 --
South Florida Citrus Institute at Camp
Cloverleaf, Lake Placid. Plantoattend!
Newsletter to the Members and Friends of the
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
General Manager .................................A.T. Campbell, Jr.
Newsletter Editor....................................... Ellen Haynie
Post Office Drawer 2111
Orlando, Florida 32802
Rather more than a mere 'segment' in
interest and importance to the citrus
industry is the proposed legislation
packaged under the name of the Orange Sta z
tion Act. Much work has gone into the formation
of this legislation which, in any form, will have
widespread influence in the industry. Ina meeting
on May 11lth the Board of Directors of Florida Cit-
rus PCA expressedits support of the Orange Sta-
bilization Act as it is now being presented to the
legislature. You as a grower are urged to express
your opinion of this important package to your
Florida legislator immediately, and on your ballot
when the matter is presented in referendum.
If the idea of preserving kumquats interests
any of our cooks, a good starting place for
recipes is at your county agent's office--ask
for a copy of Bulletin 167, Using Florida Citrus
Fruits, compiled by Alice Cromartie. In addition
to suggested usage for kumquats, the book contains
recipes for marmalades and preserving.