Title: Orange blossoms
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086633/00118
 Material Information
Title: Orange blossoms
Alternate Title: Orange blossom
Physical Description: 25 v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
Publisher: Florida Citrus Production Credit Association,
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
Place of Publication: Orlando Fla
Publication Date: January-February 1967
Frequency: irregular
completely irregular
Subject: Oranges -- Marketing -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Oranges -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1, (May 1942)-v. 25, no. 8 (Nov. 1967).
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 16 repeated in numbering.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086633
Volume ID: VID00118
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45618176
lccn - sn 00229153

Full Text

Directors Study Credit Maaementt
PCA directors a n d general managers gathered in
Jacksonville, Florida on January 23 and 24 for the
fifth annual institute for training in modern credit
management, sponsored by the Federal Intermediate
Credit Bank of Columbia, South Carolina. The Ad-
vanced Management Development Institute was de-
signed to a s si st association officials with their
responsibilities of offering growers and farmers up-
to-date credit services.
On returning from the conference Mr. Earl Peppercorn,
vice-president and chairman of the Association's
Executive Committee, reported that during 1966 the
production credit associations in North and South
Carolina, Florida and Georgia (states comprising
the 3rd Farm Credit District) furnished over 48,000
farmers, growers and ranchers with over $365 million
in short and intermediate term credit. The nation-
wide system of PC As loaned American farmers over
$5 billion to help them accomplish the gigantic task
of producing food and fibre for the needs of the nation

Scholarships Set by FCPCO
Funds for four annual scholarships
of $500 each are being allotted by
Florida Citrus PCA. These scholar-
ships are available to college stu-
dents of junior class level who are
planning to continue their education in agriculture,
preferably majoring in citrus.
Dr. Marvin A. Brooker, Dean of the College of Agri-
culture, University of Florida, heads up a Scholar-
ship Committee to review applications and determine
recipients onthe basis of general aptitudes, charac-
ter, interest, and need for financial assistance. The
Committee will function throughout the year, with
$500 cash award being presented toa selected can-
didate at each of the four annual citrus seminars--
the Indian River Citrus Seminar, the Gulf Coast In-
stitute at Dade City, the South Florida Institute at
Lake Placid, and the Annual Growers Institute at
Camp McQuarrie.

and peoples throughout the world. For many years the Florida Citrus Production Credit
Ssrv t tre n ri r r Association has published the official programs for
To serve these tremendous needs of agriculture for i t Eei
.. these seminars in cooperation with the Extension
credit, it is extremely important that PCA officials minr in c r n i
keep abreast of trends and developments in modern
abreast of trends and developments in modern Service which sponsors them. The Agricultural Ex-
, .tension Service is novw printing these programs at
agricultural credit," Mr. Peppercorn pointed out.
the University of Florida. The close ties of the
Attending the conference from Florida Citrus PCA Association with the important citrus seminars will
were directors J. Earl Anderson, John W. Evans, I be maintained through the scholarship awards, and
Eugene F. Griffin, Douglas R. Igou, F. Earl Pepper- the costs of printing the programs will be diverted
corn, and general manager A. T. Campbell, Jr. into the scholarships fund.

10 a.m. until 3p.m. 10 a.m. until 3 p.m. -
0FBRULARYIN DQ 7A Good Time to Visit and Get Acquainted! Ei- i

0)-u / -^)




"Orange Blossoms"

Neighbor rS

R, for Quality -

Citrus grower Frank E. Mirth sums up his formula
for success in citriculture in the "better mousetrap"
theory, and believes positively that quality for fresh
fruit is achieved by protection. He is an advocate
of preventive protection rather than post-damage care
and he offers his 40-acre grove near Dade City as
"proof of the pudding."
In 1929 Mr. Mirth planted a 10-acre plot in valen-
cias along with a neighbor on an immediately adja-
cent grove. These two tracts are the core of groves
which received similar cultural practices through the
years until Mr. Mirth began to develop his protective
program in his groves. Using detailed records that
are lighted up with red, blue and green pen markings,
Mr. Mirth points to a widening gap in production
figures between the two, both in boxes per tree and
in pounds solids, as evidence of the value of the
extensive protection program he has undertaken.
Mr. Mirth recognizes that his was a "Cadillac sys-
tem" in that it was a new development at the time
of installation in his grove; as a matter of fact, it
was engineered right in his grove. Short cuts and
costs savings have been effected for similar systems

vo~VLtL r &

three outreaching lines. Volume and pressure are ad-
justed easily in the control boxes by means of a
simple tool. Probably the greatest difference in this
irrigation system, however, is the placement of the
nozzles--rather than alongside the trees they are
located directly underneath the skirts of the trees,
putting the water immediately accessible to the roots
and eliminating evaporation.

The readily noticed results in increased production
and greater ratio of solids encouraged Mr. Mirth in
his theory of protective maintenance. Retired 82-
year-old engineer living in Winter Haven designed
the irrigation system. Working in cooperation with
Growers L-P Gas Co. of Auburndale, a unique sup-
plement to the irrigation system was engineered to
provide cold protection through the same lines, using
propane gas. Not only are the same lateral lines
used in both methods, but also the same control boxes
and nozzle placement elements. Irrigation nozzles

The initial steps of the overall protective program due uLSureweudaureplaceu
were taken in the spring of 1963 when irrigation was vide a convection type of h
installed in the grove. The system is designedto the sides rather than direct
cover six acres with two inches of water in a twelve- Center and Right, Below: Gi
hour period. Valve boxes at the center line control heat jet and points to irrigat
-- - terchangable. Note location
-- Left: Valve box for three lateral lines,
showing simple valves and tools for control.

-','W Jillir

wilin eat jets wnicI pro-
eat being directed toward
:ly upward.
rower Frank Mirth holds
ion nozzle which are in-
Sunder canopy of tree. /
*^^__ ^^^_B_ /

. tA PA -


from 1

(PROTECTION continued)
Conversion from irrigation to heating is a matter of
clearing the lines of water through drip valves and
a pressure blast of gas sufficient to blow the lines
free of moisture.
Core of the heating system is the vaporizer, which
converts the liquid propane gas and sends it under
pressure through the lines. Igniting the system is
done simply by a lighted gas torch touched to the jets
and itrequires less than two hours to fire 30 acres.
Basic principle of the system -- the preventive theory
again -- is holding the heat within, rather than trying
to heat after cold has set in.
Multitudinous "small" problems arose with the in-
stallation of the new system. After this length of
time, Mr. Mirth can laughingly tell of having to re-
route the truck bringing the huge 18,000 gallon sto-
rage tank after it was merely miles from its destination
because of an underpass inches too low...Original
plans called for rolling the tank from the big truck
into the wooden cradle built for it. One glance at
the project and Mr. Mirth called a halt until the
ground could be built up around to cushion the load
and a boom truck called in to ease the tank into place.
S-6 -


The potentialities of the monstrous silver cylinder
sparkling in the sunshine are awesome... Irrigation
lines for the laterals were 6 to 8 feet longer than
necessary--Mr. Mirth converted the overage into
placement markers to protect the nozzle elements
and spot the control boxes.

SWANSON Champions Government
Dr. Paul Douglass of Rollins
College announces that The
i Center for Practical Politics is
publishing a book, "Landmarks
of American Policy, authored
by Orange County Agricultural
Agent Henry F. Swanson. It is
anticipated that the book will
I be used as a reference source
in political science courses at
SRollins College.

The subject of the treatise has
Swanson -
been developing in Mr. Swan-
son's thinking over a period of years. Pointing to
credits given by John F. Kennedy in "Profiles of
Courage" to national leaders regardless of political
affiliation, Mr. Swanson believes that government
and legislators should be likewise acknowledged for
the good they have accomplished. He followed up
suggestions of Congressional delegates and other
thoughtful leaders in determining the legislative acts
that have been landmarks, and spent two years in
research and condensation of this legislation. In
the book Mr. Swanson devotes a chapter to the heroes
of American legislation.
Of prime concern to Mr. Swanson is youthful cyni-
cism toward government and a tendency of all ages
to overlook the contribution of government to our way
of life. It is his contention that America is great
because of a governmental climate which encourages
creative action on the part of legislators.
Orange Countians have long been proud of their
capable Agricultural Agent, recognizing him as a
knowledgeable person in many fields in addition to
agriculture. His voice has been heard throughout
the State calling earnest attention to the encroach-
ment of the concrete cloverleaf and urbanizationon
Florida's agriculture. This new message on the
printed page is further evidence of his civic and
political awareness. F.
i7 k

Visiting with him, you can't help but be convinced - -
of the benefits of preventive protection; you share ( Spf. At Of Owadin. Off. .
Neighbor Frank Mirth's enthusiasm that he really Harold Moreland, Jr., Sebring Branch Office Manager,
has developed that "better mousetrap." - scores a point as he explains production credit (par-
................................. ............. rly FLORIDA CITRUS PC A) to a class of senior
.....:.We joined the county fair circuit .... a new display::: vocational agriculture students at Ft. Meade High.
:of the various loan purposes of Florida Citrus PCAI..:.
::: has completed a showing in the Highlands and Pasco:iii: .
::::County Fairs during January. Designed to demon-: '" m o-
:::strate the wide.range of activities eligible for finan- ii-i .
icing by Florida Citrus PCA, the display uses scaleii: t
models, the oil paint artistry of our Millie Clayton,:j:
i:: and the imagination of the Orlando staff to create a ::: -
:::::::citrus family scene in 3-D. Hope you'll drop by toi:il
see us at the St. Lucie and Lake county fairs coming i::::iiii:: L IO P Z
i::i::up soon.


with Y4

They're "budding" geniuses--that's what's UP with
the Ft. Meade F.F.A. youths. Four years ago Ad-
visor Tom Cochrane took advantage of then available
certified budwood for F.F.A. projects and started
his students on a citrus venture that has returned
handsome rewards to the Chapter during the past 3
years. Propogating this stock, the Chapter has sold
certified budwood at 5 per eye, and their records
show a return of $800 $900 the first year, $2,600
the second, dwindling off to $300 the third year of
the project.
Another phase of their citrus activities is the devel-
opment of a small nursery from which the Chapter
realizes an average of $1,000 a year. The stock in
the nursery is not solely from their own budwood,
although they have four certified trees, and they
rely on the services of a good "budder" to assist
them, as well as the supervision of the Division of
Plant Industry for site approval and certification of
stock to ensure saleability.
The Chapter's 2 1/2 acre grove and small adjoining
nursery provide an ideal classroom for basic prac-
tices in citriculture. Citrus shares position with
cattle and vegetable crops in the FFA program at
Ft. Meade High School. Their combined citrus ef-
forts during the past three years have enabled the
Chapter to buy grove heaters, a fertilizer spreader,
a used spray machine, and even divert some funds
into a cattle project.

Three senior students, Bill Lovett, Louis Hunter,
and Jim Walker, dig in the banks of the young nur-
sery stock. Two of the boys have a joint nursery
as an individual project in addition.

Under the supervision of Henry Schmidt, Division
of Plant Industry, sophomores Walter Sattersfield
and T.W. Neely pot some of the nematode resistant
varieties which they have raised in sterile soil, using
timed intermittent spray-mist techniques.



Three stages of citrus operated by the Ft. Meade
F.F.A. Chapter are shown, with the small nursery
stock in the foreground; two-year old stock behind
that, hedged for better development and easier
handling; and the mature grove in rear.

SA Little of

This 'n That

Talent in disguise.....The bright new additions on
the walls of the Orlando office are the generous loan
of our Orlando receptionist, Mrs. Millie Clayton.
Not only did she consent to our using them--she is
the painter herself. These gals are full of surprises!
-- --

^'at6 *4/ The annual stockholders' meeting of
Florida Citrus Production Credit As sociation has been
set for Thursday, March 16th. Please make a big
circle around that date on your calendar and plan to
attend. It will be at the Tupperware Auditorium --
new time--6:30 p.m. A good program is planned to
follow the supper, with door prizes and special en-
tertainment for the youngsters. More of this later;
just be sure that you and your family reserve the
evening of March 16th for your Florida Citrus P CA.

FCP CA Family News ..... Linda Riley, daughter
of Eustis Branch Office Manager Jim Riley, became
Mrs. Ronnie McNeil on January 14th. She and her
husband are both students at Florida State University.
----And Nancy Jordan, oldest daughter of Assistant
Secretary-Treasurer H.W. Jordan, is happily wearing
a lovely new diamond ring on her third finger, left
hand. Nancy's fiance, Don Crepeau, is in service
and no date is presently set for the wedding.

"Orange Blossoms"
NEWSLETTER to the Membets and Fi-ends of the
Flotida Citrus Production Credit Association


General Manager......... A. T. Campbelt, Jl.
Newsletter Editor............... EU en Haynie

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