W I NTrTE
I.A.'VEN A rea
VOLUME 24, Number 9
} a| WELCOMES GROWERS
With two down and two more scheduled for November, the
double-sided welcome program in the form of Open House
at each of the branch offices of Florida Citrus Production
Credit Association is in full swing. The functions are pro-
viding an informal atmosphere for citrus growers in the re-
spective areas to get acquainted with the services offered
and the personnel who serve the area, as well as an oppor-
tunity for General Manager A. T. (Tom) Campbell, Jr. and
Credit Manager David A. Graddy to meet members and
friends in the territory.
The first of these affairs was held at the Sebring office on
September 13th, and on October 11th friends in the Dade City
area visited that office.
Coinciding with an important agricultural function in Winter
Haven on November 3rd, the doors at 206 Avenue 'D', N.W.
will be open to welcome visitors from 2 until 5:30 p.m. pre-
ceding the annual meeting of the Polk County Farm Bureau
to be held that evening at Nora Mayo Hall. Subsequently
on November 16th the red carpet will be rolled out from
2527 Okeechobee Road in Fort Pierce from ten until three
for Open House in that area in conjunction with the
second monthly servicing of the area by the Federal Land
Bank Association (see next column).
Do plan to come to see us at Winter Haven or Fort Pierce!
at the Dade City Open House
F e F rm Credit
of Lakeland Federal Land
Bank Associat io receives
Ft. Pierce office keys from
FCP CA general manager
A. T. Campbell, Jr., while
Charles Seraphiine, F.L.B.
Vice-presidenL looks on.
Although the services of the sister organizations of the
Federal Land Banks and Production Credit Associations
have always been readily available, complete cooperative
financing for citrus growers in the Indian River area con-
veniently serviced "under one roof" is now a reality at
On Wednesday, October 19, the Federal Land Bank Associ-
ation of Lakeland opened office facilities to serve growers
in the Indian River area within the branch office of Florida
Citrus Production Credit Association located at 2527 Okee-
chobee Road in Fort Pierce. Mr. E. R. Fields, manager of
the Federal Land Bank Association, announced that a regular
monthly schedule, planned for the third Wednesday of each
month, will be maintained with additional time as the need
is indicated. While the office is completely separate from
the Florida Citrus- PCA operation, telephone calls to the
Federal Land Bank office will be handled through the PC A
telephone number 464-3530.
Mr. Fields will join Florida Citrus Production Credit Asso-
ciation in its Open House at Fort Pierce on Wednesday,
November 16th, and hopes that all the FLB members in the
area will drop by to visit the new office facilities and get
acquainted with the combined services of the Federal Land
Bank and Florida Citrus Production Credit Association, the
former serving long term credit needs of all growers and the
latter providing short and intermediate credit for c i t r u s
. Outdo or Te ac
He doesn't look or act like a man who would chew his finge
nub in worried anticipation, but Tom Oswalt sheepishly confe
anxious moments many times before the actual start of the Her
onstration which he conducted recently. And he, who has i
to the tap roots, was perhaps the most surprised of all to see
evidenced by the attendance of nearly 200 growers.
Tom Oswalt is the Assistant Agent (Citrus Specialist) of
County where his work centers around citrus education of adul
He came to Tampa in this capacity in September of 1963 after
pleted a six-months training period under Citriculturist Fred
at the University of Florida.
The opinion generally expressed by growers and teacher
alike at the Herbicide Demonstration was one of watchful
interest. In this period of high production costs, any $$s
saved are $$s earned for the grower, and the problems in
the labor market cause every grower to look appraisingly
at any time- or labor-saving practice.
That weed control by herbicides could effect savings over
the customary control by hoeing is a generally accepted
Citrus growers listen and
ponder as Tom Oswalt explains the
calibration of the herbicide application.
nails to the
ssed to some
his ear close
the interest tte
apy mdbe 6oterester
tts and youth. t tot ide an9edctol l
having com- Otdo eC i
P. Lawrence the e es t0
premise. If one application made at the recommended time
in early spring as weeds appear sufficiently controls weed
growth through an ultimate six-months period, this would
replace an average of four mechanical hoeings estimated
to cost 6 per tree each time. If a grower is equipped to
apply herbicidal materials, the cost would be 6t or 9 per
tree (depending on the herbicide used), and would eliminate
the necessity of hoeing. Savings in labor costs would be
The disadvantages of the herbicide treatment are that it is
an exacting, technical process which must be correctly
applied by knowledgeable workers. Age of the trees, soil
moisture, and soil type are factors which affect the herbi-
cidalapplication, whereas these factors do not enter into
the consideration to hoe at any given time.
The use of herbicides to control weedgrowth has been un-
der the close scrutiny of the Citrus Experiment Station for
many years. At present Dr. George F. Ryan, Asst. Horti-
culturist at Lake Alfred, is carrying forward the experiments
and studies along this line and he worked cooperatively
with Tom Oswalt in the preparation and execution of the
demonstration. The Food and Drug Administration also tests
and studies the chemical products carefully. To date only
two pre-emergence materials (Karmex and Simazine) have
been passed by the Administration for use on bearing citrus
and one, Casaron, foruse in nurseries. Three other chemi-
cals were used in the demonstration on the non-bearing,
young grove of Mr. R. C. Harley near Brandon.
It was a deceptively simple type of outdoor classroom exer-
cise that belied the many prior plans and activities of
Teacher Tom Oswalt. The day was clear yet not bright
enough with sun and heat to scorch the onlookers (Tom takes
no direct credit for this particular phase of the arrangement);
a sound truck transmitted the verbal explanations of the
program to the entire crowd and the group was free to move
around for better viewing. Tom had scoured groves and
woods for good examples of 36 types of weeds andgrasses
coming under treatment by herbicides. These were planted
in tin cans, spread out along a table and labeled with iden-
tification. Showing thought for more than merely making an
(Continued on next page)
I TOM OSWAL4T -
interesting exhibit, Tom had carefully protected the seed
heads with plastic covers to prevent n festation in the
Each registrant at the demonstration received mimeographed
information bulletins with which he could follow the ex-
planations of Dr. Ryan and Mr. Oswalt during the program,
as well as providing a take-home reference. The information
packets contained a program of the events and list of co-
operators, an identification sheet for the weed exhibit, a
description and calibration of the Myers herbicide applicator
used in the demonstration, a plot layout which listed the
materials, rate of application and estimated costs for each,
and last but certainly not least, a collation of Technical
Herbicide Data sheets prepared by Dr. George F. Ryan.
The six pages outlined the chemical analysis, action of the
herbicide and weeds coming under its control, its botanical
symptoms on citrus, and its recommended or potential use
All of this had to be coordinated long before announcement
could be made to the public of the demonstration. To this
end Tom had a preliminary field day in the early spring of
1966 to which representatives of the various cooperating
agencies were invited. The herbicides were applied to the
selected grove site on July 15, 1966 in swaths eight feet
wide down 900 feet of six adjacent rows of Orlando tangelos
on trifoliate. For best exposition of results to the citrus
growers, it was decided to hold the demonstration at the
time when the herbicidal control showed signs of breakdown.
The need for such long range planning requires that Tom
Oswalt or any of his fellow Agricultural Extension Service
workers who use this field demonstration technique, have
prescience insofar as citriculture is concerned. Some, it
seems, have this foresight intuitively; others acquire it
through training in the Exten- Answeg q s
sion Service. Tom modestly CoA erig q s ares
discounts any "sixth sense," C
giving credit to former Lake and ,
County Agent Bob Norris for 0& o
pointers in effective demon- O C?
strationtechniques. "Educa- .
tion, particularly for adults,
is our job, states Tom Os-
walt. He feels this method
of "on the spot" education
is valuable because of the
visual impact as well as the
fact that the growers identify
themselves and their groves
more closely with another
grower than with the scien-
tific experimental plot.
Notwithstanding Tom's dismissal of his efforts with team
teaching and field demonstration as part of his job, people
in the citrus industry who gain new knowledge and better
understanding of recommended practices feel that he is due
recognition as a "good neighbor" who shares his wealth of
knowledge. In citing Tom Oswalt as just such a good neigh-
bor we are, in fact, saluting the entire Agricultural Exten-
sion personnel and the county agents who, like Tom, give
unstintingly of their time, knowledge, and investigative
efforts to their citrus neighbors.
from the Desk of i
9om Campbe l l "
The use of credit to '
facilitate the production,
sale and consumption of
goods ranks with the tech-
nical developments that .
have occurred in the past,
as a basic cause for the
tremendous rise in our
standards of living. When properly extended, credit
provides responsible people with a supplement to
their own capital resources through money, goods
and services which can be used in creating additional
wealth and even higher standards of living. The ex-
tent to which earnings on our investments of time,
labor and capital can be shown, is a measure of how
successful we are in creating wealth.
In all credit transactions, there are two impor-
tant elements. The first is the element of future pay-
ments for which credit is extended in consideration
of payment at a future date. The second element is
that of confidence. The extender of credit has con-
fidence that, if his credit policies have been sound,
his customers will be in a position to pay their obli-
gations when due.
In order to be a dependable and permanent
source of credit, your Association must constantly
give careful consideration to the factors which con-
tribute to sound lending and its success depends upon
the extension of credit on a sound and constructive
basis, an efficient operation at a cost consistent
with good business practices, and convenient, cour-
teous service. This we are trying to do, and we
earnestly solicit your support and suggestions in
making Florida Citrus Production Credit Association
"The Pacesetter in Credit
for the Florida citrus grower."
Nine of the 25 members of the Third Year voca-
tional agriculture class at Brandon High School
elected to attend the Herbicide Demonstration
put on by Polk Assistant Agent Tom Oswalt. The
boys were interested in all phases of the demon-
stration--legs, arms, and heads could be seen
from all angles of the tractor, and they partici-
pated enthusiastically in the weed identification.
The nine students were under the direction of
F.F.A. Advisor and vocational agriculture teacher
Mr. Julius Peterson, who explained that these
3rd year students were just beginning their work
with citrus, that the major care of the FFA Chap-
ter's 2-acre citrus grove is done by fourth year
Shown above are seven of the nine students with
Mr. Peterson (far right) at the Weed Exhibit table.
Their youth, interest, and bright colored badges
cheering their football team made them noticeable
in the crowd; their voluntary election to attend
the Herbicide Demonstration over the school's
Pep Rally which was held at the same time, was
equally impressive. Citriculture is What's U-P
with these youths!
PERSONALS AMONG THE FAMILY: Happy news
of the engagement of Marcia Jeanne Moreland,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harold L. Moreland, Jr.,
to Robert Eugene Purvis, son of Mr. and Mrs. R.
E. Purvis, was announced recently. Mr. More-
land is branch office manager at Sebring; Marcia
is a student at South Florida Junior College and
is employed by the Tropical Bank and Trust Co.
of Sebring. No wedding date has been set.
MANY THANKS to all who wrote
into us with information or suggested
leads about the "Missing Persons" in
our last issue of Orange Blossoms. As a result,
we have definitely located three of the members
and are hopeful that the information we received
will lead us to several more.
In addition to letters, we have had telephone
calls. The long distance operator announced
a call from Washington, D.C.; when the phone
connection wa s made, the caller announced that
this was the first time he had ever been con-
sidered a "missing person" and he wanted us
to know that he was not missing. By way of
the trusty grapevine, this member had been told
by a friend in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania that he
was shown on our missing list. His long dis-
tance call to us was the result.
Thanks to everyone who has helped in this--we
are glad to get the dividends paid to the right-
And speaking of letters, Director Ford Moody
sent us a colorful picture postal from modern,
cosmopolitan Monterrey, Mexico. His kernel
comments may be interesting to you folks too:
Pub por Delfino Oliva. Xicotencatl 403 San Luis Pot i. S.L P.
-t-o '-- -
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7 z 44---(e
NEWSLETTER to the Membe'b and Fhend' o^ thei
Feio~da C^&tuws P'Loduc~tion Cied-.dt Ao oc.ia-tion
r POST OFFICE DRAWER 2111
ORLANDO, FLORIDA 32802
General Manager......... A. T. Campbett, Jr.
Newsletter Editor................ El en Haynie