VOLUME 23, Number 2
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T3edww nosin- ion/... 8
with thanks to Junius Bolin
9 Have you ever wondered about the many citrus vari-
eties that we accept so commonly today, where they came
from and how they originated? A recent inquiry from one
of our members caused a little search into the history of
citrus, which at best is rather sketchy and vague. Credit
for the preservation of much that is known is given to cit-
rus historians, such as H. Harold Hume.
Some fact, and some legend -- but all perhaps of in-
terest to our citrus friends, a series of capsule stories
about some of our common varieties starts with this issue.
If you are an old-timer and can give us an interesting side-
light to any of our citrus varieties, we'd like to hear from
TO FEATURE DR. YORK --
____________________ U -
for the appear-
ance on Satur-
day, March 13, of
Dr. E.T. York, Jr.
sity of Florida,
on CENTRAL FLO-
sion Channel 6,
at 7:00 P.M.
K Starting away back at the beginning -- the Dummitt
and Indian River Orange varieties were probably brought to In his two years as Provost for Agriculture at the Univer-
Florida by the Spanish inthe very early history of the state. sityof Florida, Dr. York has recognized the need for realis-
These varieties are listed by Hume as "a Spanish orange tic planning on a long-range scale for research, extension,
within the sweet orange group". Reportedly, the Dummitt and agri-business education. This he is accomplishing
orange was budded from a wild sweet tree into trees in the through a program which he instigated and directed, known
Captain Dummitt grove, between Mosquito Lagoon and the as Operation D-A-R-E. (We DARE You to find out more
Indian River. These original wild sweet trees were found about this if you don't already know.) The make-up of this
in Turnbull Hammock back of Hawk's Park by John D. Shel- program and some of the results of the studies will be dis-
don in the year 1832. cussed during the television presentation, along with other
The Dummitt Grove is located in the area which has recent developments, such as the newly-named Institute
been purchased by NASA for its space program. Long an of Food and Agricultural Sciences at the University.
Qbject of familiar interest, the huge octagonal house that
was built on the grove, known as Dummitt's Castle, has Knowing that this presentation will be of tremendous
been moved to the Titusville Causeway where it is to be interest, Florida Citrus Production Credit Association is
restored and preserved as a museum and site of historical taking this means of calling it particularly to your atten-
interest to the public. tion, and urging you to tune in to Channel 6 on your TV on
SATURDAY -- MARCH 13th, 7:00 P.M.
Another variety long in history is the Parson Brown o- 5 SATURDAY -- MARCH liii iii3th, 7:00
inge, which is also groupedby Hume as a Spanish orange F
>ut which was first introduced by Captain J. L. Carney of LO produces 60% of world's grapefruit
Lake Weir, Florida about 1878. It originated at Webster R produces 20% of world's oranges
in Parson Brown's Grove, whereby it received its name. D acks more than qn% wnr d' rn,- n er-+
vvr^awrr ft uifi
GEOGRAPHY PLAYS ROLE IN CIT-RICULTURE
GEOGRAPHY PLAYS ROLE IN CITRICULTURE
Of interest to both novice and expert are the varying
practices in citriculture throughout the 'state of Florida.
Certain rules are basic, but beyond the fundamental require-
ments of the citrus tree, the physical aspects of geographi-
cal areas come into play in the production of a crop.
The area served by the Association's Dade City Branch
Office has citrus planted on all degrees of the "hill country",
from gently rolling to steep slopes. This topography is the
primary cause of a problem that is largely concentrated in
that section -- that of soil erosion. Coupled with a sub-
soil of clay overlain with a comparatively thin layer of top,
sandy soil which has an early moisture saturation point,
this geographical feature of sections of Hernando-Pasco
counties can cause serious erosion problems with intense
or prolonged rains. (See photo at right)
The science of agriculture being largely the development
of methods to counteract negative forces of nature, citrus
growers of the area thus affected follow cultural practices
designedtomeet the problem of hillside erosion dueto the
soil characteristics and terrain.
imm, mm mm,
YEAR-ROUND DITTY An almost primary requisite to
SUMMER -- prevent this shifting sand is a
LET IT HOP year-round cover crop. With due
L -- regard to the season of the year
MOW OR CHOP as to the height of the crop, good
TR -- cover crop management on this
LEAVE IT LOW type of soil requires mowing or
SPR G - chopping as opposed to clean cul-
L E T IT GROW. tivation. Consideration of the
contours is another feature in
a m. amam meme
i Strip Cultivation
'-.. ^ S S - *I; -;
I Using the Tree Hoe
Losses from soil erosion
following heavy rains.
working the land -- strip cultivating across the slopes of
the land. The photo at left shows an example of 'stripping'
Some growers in the area are turning this constant need
for cover crops into an agricultural bonus. Harvesting a
winter crop of oats, and summer crop of alice clover hay
planted in citrus groves may provide an additional source
of income at little increase in expense. The costs of plant-
ing, and greater application of fertilizer to share with the
cover crop are more than offset by the conservation of the
soil. Hairy indigo, millet, and lupines are also used as
planted cover crops. One grower of the area set his grove
of 40 to 50 acres in improved pasture, leaving the sod as
a cover crop and working around the base of the trees with
a tree-hoe. (See second picture at left)
Growing cover crops poses little problem with young
trees. Once the trees have canopied, the use of hedging
equipment opens the rows to sunshine, and encourages pro-
duction of both cover crop and citrus.
In normal circumstances, good cover crop management
and cultural practices meet the problems of soil erosion in
this area of the state. If greater protection is needed, con-
tour setting or planned, grassed waterways are used advan-
tageously in some instances. In extreme cases mechanical
barriers, such as diversion banks or drop-out pipes, may
be needed. Growers can obtain expert advice on their par-
ticular problem by consulting their county agent or soil
conservationist. In Dade City Al Cribbett andLuther Rozar,
Pasco County Agricultural Agent and Assistant; and Jack G.
Diamond, Soil Conservationist, are each familiar with the
problems peculiar to the area.
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association also fits
into the picture --production costs for citrus, and the ad-
ditional cover crops, may be financed on an annual basis.
The machinery needed for this particular phase of citricul-
ture ---tree hoe, tractor, mower or chopper attachment,
hedging equipment -- all eligible for intermediate term fi-
nancing, may be paid for in annual installments over a peri-
od of up to seven years. Earl Tomlinson, Branch Manager
of the Dade City office of Florida Citrus Production Credit
Association will be happy to discuss these loans with you.
- 0- -0 -0- --- -
Getting to Know U..
You might have to have sharp eyes to identify the person in the
picture at left, but if you have been around Polk County very long, you
will soon recognize that man with his nose inabook as Lacy Tait, Branch
Manager for Florida Citrus Production Credit Association at Winter Haven.
The date on the photo is an old one, but Time hastouched Lacy lightly; to
do him justice, we include a formal photograph of W. Lacy Tait at right
Lacy's shoes are filledwith sand, having cometo Florida in 1932.
He attended the University in his home state of Georgia, being electedto
membership in Alpha Zeta National Honorary Agricultural Fraternity, and
graduating with the degree of Bachelor of Science in Agriculture. After se-
1111111111111111111111111111111111lUl111111111 veral years' work with the American Agricultural Chemical Co., he joined
the staff of Wilson & Toomer Fertilizer Co. and moved to Polk County, Fla.
FUTURE FARMERS HONORED Elllllllll
FUTURE FA S H= It will be remembered that during this period in the early
Future Farmers and friends of the Florida Associatio aof 30's, the bronzing of citrus was a serious problem. Through
F. F. A. were honored in two events at Tampa on February tests conducted in line with Lacy's work, it was discovered
6th. An annual event at the State Fair is F.F.A. Day with that the use of magnesium corrected orprevented bronzing,
a Grandstand Program during which time various special and the use of this element in citrus fertilization has be-
awards are presented to Future Farmer winners, and Honor- come an established practice. A paper on the results of
ary State Farmer Degrees are presented to adults as recog- these tests was published in the' Proceedings of the Hor-
nition for service to agriculture and F.F.A. Tying in with ticultural Society of Florida in 1936, and another report
these activities for the firsttime this year was a luncheon done by Lacy Tait, Soil Reaction Studies, was published
given by Alpha Gamma Rho, the agricultural fraternity at the in 1940.
University of Florida, to honor the Florida Association of
Future Farmers of America and friends of the F. F.A., along Lacy's connection with the Florida Horticultural Society
with an alumni reunion. Commissioner Doyle Conner pre- dates back to this time. He has been a continuous member
sided at the luncheon and Dr. E. T. York, Jr., Provost, was for the past 31 years; for the past fifteen of these years he
the principal speaker. has been serving as Editing Secretary. In 1962 he was e-
Slected to receive an Honorary Membership to the Society.
February 21 27 is a week for national recognition of Now an Assistant Secretary-Treasurer of
the Future Farmers of America. We salute these young men Florida Citrus Production Credit Assn. Lacy
who are our leaders of the future, and the capable staff of started in 1949 as Representative-Inspector
people inthe Department of Education who are leading their in charge of the Winter Haven office. He
activities in Vocational Agricultural Education. has continued his service in that area, and
has earned for himself a place of prominence
"ORANGE BLOSSOMS" in the citrus industry, particularly in fields
Published by: FLORIDA CITRUS of financing and production. Working with
PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATION Lacy in the Winter Haven office at 206 Ave.
Orlando, Florida "D", NW., are V. E. Lowe and Mrs. Geral-
as a NEWSLETTER to its members dine Wlson Lacy Tait -
and the Florida Citrus industry;
and incorporating, when appropriate, Mrs. Tait is a teacher of mathematics at Denison Jr.
the Official Program-of the annual High School in Winter Haven. A visit in the home of-the
Citrus Institutes or Seminars directed by Taits is to experience the true hospitality for which the
the Florida Aqricultural Extension Service. South has become famous.
IIIIIIII III III1111111111111111111111111III IIIII IIIIIII11111111u11 I II III IIIIIIIIIIII1u11111111IIIIIIIIIlIIIII I l 1IIIIIII III III l l111IIIIIIIII 1IIIIIIIIl t
BEFORE DURING and ArTER
Establishment of Cover Crop Poa
(See Story at Left)
All Photos Courtesy of: Soil Conservation Service
aae --* -a
"ORNGEBLOSOM" PGE OU
##### THIRD ANNUAL FIELD DAY at the U. S.
Department of Agriculture's Foundation Farm
on January 18th attracted many persons in-
terested in citrus production and research,
including James Riley, representative of the
Association from the Eustis office. The event
provided a good opportunity to observe the
research and development, as well as to tour
the Foundation Farm, which is provided for
the USDA by Florida Citrus Research Founda-
tion. Association's General Manager Al Whit-
more is president of the Foundation.
***** PASCO COUNTY FAIR BIGGER AND
BETTER -- A record number of people, in ex-
cess of 17,000, attended the Pasco County
Fair at Dade City during the week of January
12 16. The story of Florida Citrus Produc-
tion Credit Association, with particular em-
phasis on the operations in the Dade City
area, was presented at the Fair by means of
a combination of color slides and taped nar-
..... HARVESTING GOING FORWARD -- The
Eustis office reports that early and mid-sea-
son fruit harvest is in full swing up in that
area of the state, with a few valencias also
being moved. It appears that the harvesters
will move right into the valencia season with-
out the usual 6 to 8 weeks' waiting period.
##### MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT INSTI-
TUTE for PCA Directors -- Series III meeting
was held in Jacksonville January 28 and 29,
with reports of a successful session. Direc-
tors Eugene Griffin, Douglas Igou, F. Earl
Peppercorn, and J. J. Parrish, Jr. attended
from Florida Citrus Production Credit Assn.
S!! Mark a BIG Red Circle around the date
of MARCH 2 3rd on your Calendar, because
that's Annual Meeting time for the stockhol-
ders and guests of Florida Citrus Production
Credit Association. It will be held at the
Tupperware Auditorium again; details will be
coming to you soon, but we want to be sure
that you save the day -- Tuesday, March 23.
+++++ RECOMMENDED READING for Citrus
Growers -- RevisedBulletin 536 on "Recom-
mended Fertilizers and Nutritional Sprays
for Citrus" maybe obtained from your county
agent or by writing to the Mailing Room, Ag-
ricultural Experiment Station, Gainesville.
The changes in this bulletin were discussed
by Dr. Ivan Stewart at the Lake Alfred Field
Day, and it was pointed out that fertilizers
used in excessive rates often caused a re-
duction of yields.
..... FRUIT & VEGETABLE BARGAINING CON-
FERENCE and NATIONAL COUNCIL OF FARMER
COOPERATIVES' Annual Meeting in Seattle,
Washingtontook Ass'n. Manager Al Whitmore
away from his office for a few days in January.
The leadership of the National Council of Far-
mer Cooperatives goes from the hands of a
Florida citrus man Marvin H. Walker, gen-
eral manager of Florida Citrus Canners Co-
operative at Lake Wales, who has served as
president of the National Council for 2 years -
to a California citrus man -- Fran Wilcox,
recently retired from management of Sunkist
Growers, Inc., Los Angeles, California.
***** RECENT VISITOR to the Sebring office
was Mr. James Rees of Geneva, Illinois.
Now retired, Mr. Rees has been associated
with the Fox Valley PCA since 1934 in vary-
ing capacities including assistant manager
and director. He was visiting familyin Seb-
ring and stopped by to get acquainted.
..... CITRUS GROWERS' FIELD DAY at the
Citrus Experiment Station at Lake Alfred on
January 27 drew more than 125 growers from
the surrounding area. Sponsored by Jack T.
McCown, Polk County Agricultural Agent, and
Bert Harris, Jr., Highlands County Agent in
cooperation with the Citrus Experiment Sta-
tion, this Field Day is an annual event, pro-
viding growers the opportunity of visiting the
Station, including the laboratories and field
plots, and hearing the latest reports on the
research work being conducted.