VOLUME 22, Number 6
COUNTY AG CENTER IN THE MAKING
A long postponed need of St. Lucie County
growers appeared close to realization with a
recent announcement that a County Agricul-
tural Center would be constructed on a 27-acre
tract of land at the St. Lucie County Airport.
The Center, first building in a planned fair
complex, will provide housing for all county
agricultural offices, with provision for further
expansion. Planned for the original building
also are an exhibition hall and a convention
hall with stage, seating for four hundred per-
sons, and home demonstration cooking facili-
ties. There will also be a landscaped patio
area for outdoor gatherings. Eventually, the
area will include two exhibition barns and a
The center is to be constructed with $25, 000
already appropriated by the St. Lucie County
Commission and a like sum of state aid. The
project is under the sponsorship of the newly-
organized St. Lucie County Fair Association,
with active support from the local Farm Bureau
chapter and the Agriculture Committee of the
Chamber of Commerce.
'664 GRAD S
IN THE SPOTLIGHT
GRADUATING FROM HIGH SCHOOL NOW?
WONDERING G --ABOUT FUNDS FOR COLLEGE
EXPENSES OR CONTINUED EDUCATION ?
The representatives of the Association are
arranging this type of loan with citrus grower
families for their graduates, with repayment
schedules of up to seven years. These loans
are to be paid from the proceeds of citrus crops
in the same manner as our regular financing.
Similar loans for successive years are avail-
able as arranged.
This new and continuing educational prog-
ram further expands the service of Florida Cit-
rus Production Credit Association. It has been
set up to emphasize and assist in filling the
important jobs in Florida's highly-specialized
agri-business future. There is an increasing
shortage of people who understand agricultural
law, accounting, sales, research, and other
responsibilities that have become a part of a
grower's successful operation.
We invite your inquiry into this educational
loan program. And we add our GOOD WISHES
for Success to the GRADUATES OF 1964!
zraOL~z6C C^/6LLLS a. LLCi as Cf COCsoV^,
'ORANGE BLOSSOMS" PAGE TWO-- - -- - - - -
WHEN GOOD FRIENDS GET TOGETHER...
What's the opening conversation? WEATHER! Andmany
citrus growers, along with representatives of FLORIDA
CITRUS PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATION are begin-
ning to think "weather" should be spelled "WATER"~ ,
..... From around the Association circuit -- V
SE BRING reports: The past six weeks have been dry.
Most owners set upto do so have been irrigating almost
around the clock. Dryness appears to have accelerated
the fruit drop of mature valencias and caused droppage of
next year's crop. Most groves show remarkably good
growth for this time of year in spite.of recent dry weather.
EUSTIS reports: The welcome rains during the latter
part of March disappeared early in April, and all avail-
able irrigation equipment was placed in use. April was
extremely dry, and many growers abandoned spraying to
keep young trees watered, completing the spraying after
some early May showers. This season's valencias are
disappearing rapidly. The 1964-65 crop looks good in
WINTER HAVEN reports: Rains have been scarce.
Growers are beginning to irrigate again to keep the soil
moisture up and hold the young fruit crop. There has
been considerable fruit droppage, but it is believed to
be a normal drop for May.
...... And then from FORT PIERCE: John Brooks reports
that a newcomer to the area, discouraged by successive
floods and droughts, swears his next planting will be on
cypress root stock, in-arched with cactus. Wet or dry, he
intends to Be Prepared.
(All is not levity from Fort Pierce, though; see John's
story on Irrigation Practices on Page 4 of this issue.)
ORLANDO: Despite widespread irrigation and prob-
lems of dry weather, General Manager Al Whitmore re-
ports that some groves are being drowned due to high
water tables. Working in close cooperation with the
U.S. Soil Conservation Service through local Soil and
Water Conservation District Supervisors, Mr. Whitmore
is attempting to work out a program of recommendations
to growers for inspections and water management projects
with the Association assisting with necessary financing,
PROCEEDINGS OF STATE HORT SOCIETY AVAILABLE
Lacy Tait reports that the Proceedings of the Florida
State Horticultural Society for 1963 have been mailed to
members. This book contains valuable information for
citrus growers, vegetable and ornamental growers and
those producing sub-tropical fruits. Copies can be or-
dered from: R. R. Reed, Treasurer, Florida State Horti-
cultural Society, P. O. Box 2721, Tampa, Florida.----
Incidentally, this is the fifteenth yearthat Florida Citrus
Production Credit Association's Representative Lacy Tait
has been serving as Editing Secretary of the Hort Society.
IN THE SANDS OF OUR TIME
/ BIG SHOES that these representatives of ours
wear--at least we find their footprints in many
places . . . . . . . . .
Lacy Tait -- at the Annual Dinner of the Citrus
Club of Florida Southern College........
Frank Massey -- as newlyelected president of
the Eustis Panther Booster Club ........
Vee Lowe, Al Whitmore, and Earl Tomlinson--
at the Gulf Coast Citrus Institute .......
Wilson Jordan -- at meetings of the Florida
Society of Agricultural Accountants. .....
Harold Moreland -- appointed Co-chairman of
the University of Florida Alumni Loyalty
Fund for Highlands County .............
Al Whitmore -- participating in the CITRUS Sec-
Stion of OPERATION D. A. R. E. at the Univer-
sity of Florida. And former Assn. director
L. T. Bice, now on the Federal Farm Credit
Board, will be participating in the CREDIT
section of these hearings on June 15 and
16 at Gainesville .....................
Jim Riley -- working on the Cancer Drive for
the Eustis Kiwanis Club...............
John Brooks, Harold Moreland, Al Whitmore--
attending the South Florida Citrus Institute
at Lake Placid. ........................
Lacy Tait, Vee Lowe, Al Whitmore -- attending
the Silver Anniversary of the Soil Science
SUCCESSFUL FIRST -
WORKERS' CITRUS SCHOOL
Indian River County's first citrus school for foremen
and field workers exceeded even the most hopeful esti-
mates, reports County Agent Forrest McCullars. Atten-
dance at the 7-week school averaged well in excess of
100 persons per. session, with a record high of 130.
Interest remained high throughout the two-hour ses-
sions which covered farm safety, preventive maintenance
and instruction on the purposes of various grove opera-
tions. Much of the success is credited to the fact that
instruction was based on practical demonstration and il-
lustrated lectures. Certificates of attendance will be is-
sued to those who completed the school, said McCullars.
The school was made possible through the efforts
of County Agent McCullars and a group of Indian River
growers, with the active assistance of the University of
Florida Extension Service. Florida Citrus Production Cre-
dit Association also participated actively in the school
through its Fort Pierce representative, John Brooks, in
keeping with the Association's policy of supporting the
dissemination of citrus information as widely as possible.
PAGE THREE JUNE, 1964
IN STEP WITH YOUTH
PARTICIPATION WITH YOUTH by Association personnel
a crrl raitP nrin rin twh cnvia- m nfl-t
Members of the Palma Cia 4-H Club visiting in the Dade
City Office. Shown above, reading from Left to Right:
Bruce Russell, Vice-president; Frank Rodante, Secretary;
Bob Hamilton; Bevin Russell; John Traffe, President; Bob
Rodante; Hank Sutter; Tom Oswalt, Asst. County Agent;
and Earl Tomlinson, Dade City Branch Manager as host.
The Association's Dade City Branch Office was host on
Saturday, May 16th, to the PALMA CIA 4-H CLUB from
Tampa and Hillsborough County. Using visual aid equip-
ment, the various functions performed by FLORIDA CITRUS
PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATION were explained to the
young people by Earl Tomlinson, Branch Manager. The
group is engaged in the "4-H Town and Country Project",
objectives of which include getting acquainted with agri-
business from producer to consumer. This encompasses
agricultural finance and risk-bearing. Considerable in-
terest in the activities and work of the Association was
evidenced by the group.
Sebring Branch Manager Harold Moreland, Jr. was
the guest of Tom Stoutamire's Vocational Ag class at the
Sebring High School earlyin May. He talkedto the stu-
dents about his favorite subject -- Farm Credit; and of
course, FLORIDA CITRUS PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCI-
ATION figured prominently in his remarks.
Harold also served as one of the judges inthe 4-H Club
Cooperative Contest held at Camp Cloverleaf priorto the
statewide judging at the University of Florida.
Specialized help was given to a group of 4-H Club
boys of the Eustis area by Representative Frank Massey
early this spring when he tookthree of them to the Uni-
versity of Florida at Gainesville to visit with Dr. R. H.
Biggs, Assistant Biochemist, Fruit Crops Department.
The boys were gathering additional information on the
use of chromotography for a 4-H project.
In Eustis, Representative Frank Massey, Jr. also
was busy last month with 4-H Club Cooperative Demon-
strations. He was particularly pleased to see the Lake
County team, made up of Mary Anne and Richard Hennings,
brotherand sister, selected as representatives to go to
Michigan State University in August as co-winners in the
These demonstrations were sponsored throughout Florida
by the Florida Council of Farmer Cooperatives in an ef-
fort to interest more young people in studying agriculture
at the college level, since trained personnel is badly
needed by our State's agricultural programs.
And a collective TIP OF OUR HATS
to Luke Thomas, Executive Secretary of
the Florida Council of Farmer Coopera-
tives for the splendid job he has done
with these demonstrations.
Joining in honoring a-
dult workers with youth
groups was Lacy Tait,
Branch Manager of the
Winter Haven Office.
He attended the an-
nual Polk County 4-H
Leaders' Dinner given
by the Polk County
Farm Bureau in recog-
nition of the services
of 4-H Club Leaders.
The excellent accom-
plishments of the Club
members are evidence
of the leadership 2800
boys and girls in Polk
County are receiving.
A program by the Club members was presented to the
approximately eighty persons attending. Among those
leaders being honored we noted the name of Mrs. W.L.
Tait for seven years of service in this field.
In the COMING EVENTS DEPARTMENT -- Annually
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association honors the
leaderandtwo F.F.A. chapter representatives of each of
the six district winners in the Cooperative Awards Con-
test. This contest, sponsored by the Florida Councilof
Farmer Cooperatives, is judged onthe basis of coopera-
tive activities carried on through the year by the F.F.A.
chapter and the individual members. The chapter winning
the state award inthis contestwill also go to Michigan
State University at East Landing to attend the Youth Con-
ference of the American Institute of Cooperation. .....
This yearthe Supper honoring the six district winners in
this contest will be held on June llth, during the State
Future Farmers Convention at Daytona Beach.
Duringthe morning session on the same day, R. A. Darr,
president of the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank of Co-
lumbia, South Carolina will present State Farmer Award
Keys to 191 boys earning this highest degree of the state
F.F.A. organization. The Keys are contributed jointly
by all the production credit associations of Florida.
"ORANGE BLOSSOMS" PAGE FOUR
LARGE GROUP CELEBRATES 30th ANNIVERSARY
% Shown at the head table of the An-
0 nual Meeting Luncheon are (1 to r):
Lorin T. Bice of Haines City, direc-
O tor of the Federal Farm Credit Board;
O Dr. Byron Shaw of Washington, D.C.;
o andAssn. Director J. DanWright, Jr.
Nearly five hundred persons, all of them VIP's,
gathered at the Tupperware Auditorium south of
Orlando on Tuesday, April 14th, to help Florida
Citrus Production Credit Association observe
its 30th Anniversary of service to citrus growers
and nurserymen of Florida.
The annual meeting of stockholders, at which
time reports of the activities of the Association
during the past year and statement of financial
condition were reviewed, was followed by a
buffet luncheon. Theme of the luncheon prog-
ram was "Partners in Agricultural Progress".
Dr. Byron T. Shaw, Administrator of Crops Re-
search Service of the U. S. Department of Agri-
culture, Washington, D. C., principal speaker,
saluted Florida's senior Senator Spessard Hol-
land as a #1 Cooperator, not only for Florida's
but for the nation's agriculture as well.
A large framed mural of the Orlando skyline
was presented to Senator Holland from the Asso-
ciation in recognition of "services rendered"
to all of agriculture. The oil painting was ac-
cepted by the Honorable Warren E. Hall,Jr. on
behalf of Senator Holland who was unable to
attend the meeting due to the press of important
legislation pending in Washington.
Published by: FLORIDA CITRUS
PRODUCTION CREDIT ASSOCIATION
Orlando, Florida -
Sas a NEWSLETTER to its members
and the Florida Citrus industry;
and incorporating, when appropriate,
the Official Program of the annual
Citrus Institutes or Seminars directed by
the Florida Agricultural Extension Service.
CHANGING IRRIGATION PRACTICES
John C. Brooks
Ft. Pierce Representative
Irrigation practices along the Indian River are
passing through a time of widespread changes
in outlook and method. Traditional methods no
longer satisfy the needs of progressive growing
practices, and new equipment and techniques
are being devised to meet the challenge.
Behind the changing irrigation patterns are two
theories of water management, long supported
by a few far-sighted growers but only recently
coming into general acceptance. The first of
these theories holds that the primary purpose
of water furrows and ditches is for drainage
and that attempts to utilize them also for irri-
gation can result only in high water tables,
shallow root systems and retarded production.
The second theory argues that flood-type irri-
gation is highly wasteful of water and that it
is in the best interest of every grower to seek
out means of doing a better job.
In recent years, ever-increasing numbers of
growers have turned away from the time-honored
flooding practices to the use of sprinkler sys-
tems which place water on top of the soil and
allow it to move downward. Never was this
change more evident than in the recent drought,
when the high-arching sprays of the "volume-
gun" systems could be seen onthe horizon from
almost any roadside,in the lower Indian River
Much work yet remains to be done, for the per-
fect system has not yet been achieved. One
grower is reportedly planning a fully-automated
permanent system, whereby any part of the
grove can be watered by pushing the proper
button at grove headquarters. Others are en-
gineering new plantings to use one or another
of the several systems available, and many
are modifying existing irrigation systems to
use the new equipment.
Florida Citrus Production Credit Association is
working closely with growers in these projects
by providing intermediate-term financing for
the new systems.