Title: Agricultural field notes
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00106
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: June 1, 1946
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00106
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text


ATLANTIC C OAST LINE RAILrOA D C N S/

Agricultural Department 48 994
Jacksonville, Florida '" .

-V( 'ol. V No. 11 June r, 1946 ._" ,'*,,,^

AGRICULTURAL FIELD NOTES

LEESBURG, FLA. Arrangements have been completed for holding the
Annual Field Day at the :iratermelon and Grape Investigations Laboratory of the
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station on Friday afternoon, June 7, according
to Dr. G. K. Parris, Plant Pathologist in Charge. The Field Day will be held
from 1 ovclook onward, at the experimental farm one mile north of Whitney which
is three m1es west of the city on the road to ;ildwood.

Dr. Parris has extended a cordial invitation to those interested in
watermelons and grapes to visit the farm sometime during the afternoon to ob-
serve results of watermelon and grape experiments. They will be shown field
plots of Blaoklee, Improved Leesburg, Improved Brownlee, and other strains of
watermelons produced at the Laboratory, with the melons growing well on land
never before planted to watermelons, and also on land that was planted to
watermelons last years At the same time they will see that the Cannon Ball
and Dude Creek have failed on "old land* but are doing well on "new land"*
Comparative data on yields and earliness will also be presented* Other in-
toresting features will include the use of lime paste to reduce or eliminate
the danger from sunburn, the effect of dusting to control leaf diseases, with
yield data on dusted and unfusted plots, exhibits of some of the newer spray
and dust materials as well as materials used in seed treatment. He adds
"Last, but not least, we will have all the ICED WATERMaLON8 that you and your
friends can eat." Those interested in bunch grapes will have the opportunity
to observe the marked effect on growth of vines of improved rootstooks, as well
as the use of newer spray mntorials which do not discolor the fruit*

- i
Alabama County Agents report that there were almost 500,000 acres of
winter grazing crops in the state last year a new high. Indications are
that this acreage will be increased this year.



JACKSONVILIE, FLA. After announcement by State 4-H Club Loaders of
delegates seolated to reprosont their respootivo states at the forthcoming
National 4-H Club Camp in Vashington, D. C., Juno 11-18, it has boon dotormined
that nine of those delegates will go to the National Camp as the guests of the
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad. The dologatos whom the railroad will sond to
Washington aro Paul fmory, Jr., of Alaohua County, and 4uth Lemmon of Volusia
County, Floridal Sybil Smith of Thomas County, Georgia; Billy Cook of Chambers
County, and MNry Kato Stubbs of Montgomery County, Alabama; Frank Flowers of
Darlington County, and Jane Sowell of Chostorfiold County, South Carolina;
Chester Barbour, Jr., of Johnston County, North Carolina; and L. WNolin Wray
of Dinwiddio County, Virginia. This is the fifteenth year the railroad has
offered free trips to the National 4-H Club Camp in Wvashington, which is com-
posed of two outstanding 4-H Club boys and two outstand4ag 4-H Club girls, and
two adult loaders from och of the stdtos. The Coast Line offer applies to
tho six states directly sorvod by the lino, and is limited to dologates rosid-
ing in counties travorsod by its tracks,







OHIOAGO, ILL. The Freight Claim Division of the Association of
American Railroads rooently rloepsod report showing damage and dooay to water-
melons in 13,241 oare unloaded at dostinations in Railroad perishable Inspeo-
tion Ageonoy territory in 1944, as revealed by rooords of inspection by this
Agency. The predominant varieties were the Tom Watson and Garrison of the
long typo, Cannon Ball and Cuban Queen of the round typo. The average number
of damaged melons per oar was 43.4, and of decaying melons 34.5. A total of
161 cars with excelsior pads between the ends of the melons to provont contact
bruising was inspooted. iWhile this number of oars ams relatively too small a
group on which to base final judgment, the use of pads seemed to have boon a
factor in the reduction of damage as indicated by following data:

WATERMLONSB PROTIOTED BY PADS AND WITHOUT PADS 1944 SEASON
Craoked Bruised Docayed
13,080 oars without pads 20.3 23.0 34.5
161 oars with pads 10.2 20.9 16.3

Reduction 10.1 2.1 18.2

The use of oxoolsior pads in packing watormelons in railroad oars has been roo-
omnandod for a number of yoars, but shippers have not yet adopted this method
of loading on a widespread scale.

At the end of the 1944 season the Railroad perishable Inspection
Agonoy summarisod tho data obtained from the inspection of the 13,241 oars,
showing the number of oracked, bruised, and dooayod melons per oar, subdivided
according to round typo and long typo melons, by methods of loading, either
three layers doop ar four layers doop. Thoro wore 5,188 oars of Cannon Ball
variety in the total. The Agoncy roportods "Experienoe, as demonstrated by
this study, proves tho superior shipping qualities of the Cannon Ball water-
melons ovor other variotios of round typo melons. This conclusion makos it
apparent that as much or moro can b acooomplishod in reducing watermelon damage
by research in improvement of the shipping quality of varieties as can be ac-
complishod by the use of protootivo devices during transportation. Molons
lacking sufficient strength to withstand normal oar impacts without bruising
or cracking are totally unsuitod for long distanoo commercial bulk shipments.
acots indiocto that this inherent poor shipping quality cannot be wholly over-
come by protective devices such as pads."



AUBURN, ALA. Grain sorghum grown as a supploment to corn and oats
will help greatly toward solving the food problem in Alabama, says J. C.
Lowory, Extension Agronomist with Alabama Polytechnic Institute. Ho says it
can be combined for grain, the plants can be out and stacked in the field or
stored in the barn, or it can bo grazed off by oattlo and hogs. Ho says the
best time to plant grain sorghum is around Juno 15, and that i is a good orop
to plant after winter grazing crop or aftor vetch, clover or lupines harvested
for sood. Ho rooommends Early Hogari, s rtin's Combine, Caprook, Plainsman,
and Early IQnlo whore the grain is to be harvested with a combine* For cutting
and feeding use Hogari and Sagrain, and for harvesting by hand use Hogari,
Early Hogari, and Caprook. Ho says growing one to three plants per hill will
give highest yields. Ho recommends tho use of 200 to 300 pounds 4 -- 0 -
before planting and side-dressing with 200 pounds nitrate of soda or equivalent
nitrogen when plants are cultivated.


110- 1090




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