Title: Agricultural field notes
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00086
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: August 1, 1945
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00086
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text




,- A Arptictural Deparb t 9 19t46
Jao kseviit, lorida s nE ,,

E. Be. 0*Kelley J; M. nnedy EGUE
S(al Agricultural Agent Agricultural Agent
S... V t No. 15 August 1.194



JAGk ONVILL, .- A discovery that will greatly simplify the con-
trol p9 weeds on tobacco plant beds has been reported by Dr. E. J. Clayton with
the. UDA. Experiments that culminated in this method of weed control were con-
ducted over a period of years by the Department in cooperation with Georgi
Coastal Plain a. periment Station at Tifton, and with the State Experiment Sta-
,iobas in South Carolina, North Carolina and other tobacco producing states.

In comparative tests of various materials both uramon (urea) and
calcium oyanamide have given exoollent control of woods on tobacco plant beds.
Best results were obtained last year, according to Dr. Clayton, where one
pound of urea and one-half potnd of oaloim cyanamide for each square yard
of tobacco plant bed was applied and stirred into the upper four inches of the
so411 When this treatment was applied in tho fall, between September 1 and
November 1, the eoporimenters obtained good weed control as well as control of
root knot, and an average of 21 good transplants per square foot of bed. When
either of these chemicals woro used alone only 13 to 15 transplants per square
foot were obtained. Tho treatment was moat offootivo on light sandy soils in
the Coastal Plain section. At prosont no chemical treatment can be nquclifiod-
ly recommended for use in heavy soi2i.

Uxperimentors who dovooped this now method of wood control say that
old plant bed site and those in cultivatod fields have averaged from 44 to
185 woods to the square foot, but the now treatment has reduced the wood popu-
lation about 95 per count. They report that steam storilisation was a little
better for killing woods, but not so good in controlling disease, and did not
produoo quite as many plants. Tobacco growers in an effort to avoid doestruo-
tivo wood growth on old infested beds have used now ground wherever possible
to do so. Many of them have boon driven to the inconvenience of using ground
in out of the wra places. Some growers have boon sterilizing the bods with
steam, but most of them have been piling brush and wood on the bed site and
burning it to storilize the surfeoo soil. Wood for burning beds is becoming
soareo, and steam boilers are hard to got* The now chemical method enables
a gra~or to use a desirable site year after year. Uroa and oaloium oyanamido
are common and cheap, and may usually be obtained from farm supply dealers
in tobacco growing areas*


Southern Florida growers of tall and early winter Irish potatoes
who are interested in tmeating seed potatooa to break dormancy, and thus ob-
tai$ earlier sprouting, better stands boaieso of loss soed pieoo doocy, and
better yields, may obtaMin .41 information regarding treating materials and
methods from Dr. G. R. Toueoncd, PathologAst with Everglades Ixparinont Sta-
tion, Belle Glade, Florida.





-2-


MONTGOCiAP, ALA.- The rapidly increasing popularity of Blue Lupine
as a winter legume cover erop is clearly shown in a recent report of the Alabama
Cooperative Crop Reporting Service, giving indicated production of seed harvest*
ed this year. According to this report the 1945 indicated production of Blue
Lupine seed in the three states of Georgia, Florida, and Alabama is 11,200,000
pounds of loan seod 58 per cent larger than that of 1944, and 2 1/2 times
as large as the 1943 orop. There has boon a very sharp expansion of acreage
of Blue Lupine planted in each of these states for all purposes, and a propor-
tionately largo acroago saved for seed 'The total acroago Mrvosted for seed
this year is placed at 14,100 acres, 78 per cent greater than last year, and 171
per cent more than the 1943 acreage*

Georgia is now the leading Blue Lupino seed producer, with an indicated
production this year of 5.8 million pounds of soed, while Florida occoupios sec-
ond place with 2.8 million pounds. The indicated production in Alabama is 2.6
million pounds. The average yield of seod per acre on the 14,100 acres harvos-
ted in the three states is 794 pounds. The report says that growers have re-
ceived from 4 to 5 1/4 cents per pound for loan sood this year.

According to J. C. Lowery, Extension Agronomist with the State Agri-
cultural Extension Service, Alabama farmers planted 2,920,130 pounds of Blue
Lupine seed last fall, more than four times the amount seeded the preceding
year. Most of this was planted in the Lower Coastal Plain whore it has given
most satisfactory results. Nearly 87 per cent of the total Blue Lupine seed
planted in Alabama last fall was seeded by farmers in the ton counties of
Hquston, Henry, Dale, Pike, Covington, Goffeo, Barbour, Cronshaw, Gonova, and
Butler, all of which aro in the peanut producing bolt,


Within three years after the invention of inseotioidal aerosols by
research workers with the USDA more than 16 million "aerosol bombs" had been
distributed to protect the Armed Forces against mnlaria-carrying mosquitoes.


BRADMNTON, FLA.- After compiling and tabulating results of trials
last spring with several varieties of sweet corn Dr. E. G. Kelsheimer, Bntomol-
ogist with the Vegetable Crops Laboratory says he believes sweet corn has
commercial possibilities in this section, and he expects to continue the vari-
ety trials another year. The past season was exooptionally dry and the corn
suffered for moisture at critical times, but some interesting results were
obtained, even though no chemioals wore used to control the corn earworm. From
his work so far Dr. Kolsheimor says there are four sweet corns that are de-
serving of further attention Golden Cross Bantam, loans, Illinois Goldon
No. 10, and Honey June. The last named is a late maturing variety, producing
large ears with oxooptionally tight and firm husks, not only at the tps but
all over the ocrs. He reports this year Golden Bantam, the standard by whih
all swoot corns are judged, mado a little better yield than the loana Ai4s~omo
gold Bantam and Aristogold Bantam Evergreoe also Eado promising showing in the
tests this year.


90950




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