Title: Agricultural field notes
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00083
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: June 15, 1945
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00083
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text
ATLANTIC COAST LINR RAILROAD COMPANY
Agricultural Department
S Jacksonville, Florida

S B, O'Klley J. M. Kennedy
General Agricult ural Agent Agricult ural Agent

Vol. IV No. 12 June 5' 1945 -'

AGRICULTURAL FIELD NO~ES 3

HAS5TNGS, FLA.- The Sebago continues to hold its popular t l
leading potato'variety in this important producing district. It has of
ficially estimated that 90 to 95 percent of the potato acreage in this i -
trief the past season was planted to the Sebago, with the remaining acr ge
mostly in Katahdin which was the predominating variety here only a few ye r
age.
For many years the motato Investigations Laboratory, a local unit '
of the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, has been cooperating in the
national potato development program by testing .ew varieties developed by plant
breeders with the USDA and Experiment Stations. Dr. A. H. Eddins, Plant Path-
elegist at the laboratory who has been conducting this work says that a potato
variety to be grown here profitably year after year should have at least two
important characteristics. It should have the ability to recover and produce
a yield after the tope of the plants are killed by freezes during the early
stages of growth, since such freezes occur about once each two years, and it
should have the ability to produce marketable tubers of US No. 1 grade during
dry seasons. In the variety trials here over a period of several years Sebage
has demonstrated that it possesses these desired characteristics.
While other promising varieties are under test Sebago is outstanding
among so-called white skin varieties tested to date. Dr. Eddins' records show
that Sebago has given a seven-year average yield of 273 bushels per acre com-
pared with 207 bushels for Katahdin. His records also show that under adverse
weather conditions with quite excessive rainfall during Larch and April, 1944,
and again with prolonged dry weather this spring the Sebago topped all varie-
ties under test. Growers in this area grow mostly white skin varieties since
the trade has come to expect this type of potato from the Hastings District.
Of the red skin kinds under test at the Laboratory the Pontiac has been out-
standing, giving a seven-year average yield of 272 bushels per acre compared
with 161 bushels for Bliss Triumph which is so widely grown in the southern
part of the State.



The Nation's orange crop in the Federal fiscal year ending June 30
is expected to establish a new record of 106,788,00Qoxes, 4 per cent greater
than last year's record crop.



LANE CITY, FLA. Conclusive proof of the value of chemicals to stim-
ulate the flow of pine gum is contained in report of results obtained last sea-
sonzA bi, several operators who cooperated with the Lake City office of the South-
ern forest Experiment Station by using the new method in comparison with eus-
tomary turpentining methods. Mr. H. L. Mitchell who is is charge of the local
offices says that three cooperating producers who used the bark-chipping method,
with weekly chipping and application of chemical, obtained increases of 98, 67,
and 44 per cent, respectively, by the use of this method an average increase
\




-2-


ia the three operations of 70 per cant. He also reports that seven operators
who used the wekip* treatment, a less intensive method consisting of weekly
shipping and bi-weekly acid application with regular chipping methods, obtained
2T to 62 per cent more' gum than where no acid was used an average increase of
26 per cent in these seven operations. He emphasizes the great importance ef
proper application of the acid for satisfactory results. Fall information re-
garding the process and its use may be obtained from him. He cautions opera-
ters not to try the acid treatment on a full scale operation but suggests they
try it on a small scale, so that operator and laborers can become thoroughly.
familiar with it and become convinced of the results, if the acid is properly
applied.
a ** *

This year'a peach crop in ten Southern States is estimated at 13 per
cent greater than last year.



PLANT CITY, FLA. A variety of cucumbers new to this State which was
first introduced to Florida growers in the Spring of 1944 under the name of
Mirkter or Early.Green Market is gaining rapidly in popularity with growers
and produce dealers, according to reports reaching the headquarters office of
The Kilgore Seed Company here. Henry Sohneok with the local seed firm says that
same produce dealers are recognizing this cucumber as "New Market", are calling
for it and paying a premium over what they are paying for Straight-8 and other
varieties. He says the Marketer originated from a cross of Straight-8 and an
i and C type. Marketer is said to produce fruits similar in shape to Straight-
8, but holds its color much better, particularly in late Spring. It makes
fruits about 8 inches in length that are exceptionally uniform in size, shape,
and. color. Growers'comment on its neat appearance and uniform dark-green
color do n to the blossom end. The vine growth is somewhat more vigorous than
Straight-8. The Marketer is quite prolific, throwing an exceptionally large
number of female blossoms per plant. It is also said to withstand intense heat
in late spring better than other varieties.
*** **

LEESBURG, FLA. The first Field Day at the watermelon & Grape Inves-
tigations Laboratory which was held here on June 14 was well attended by growers
and research workers with the Agricultural Experiment Station. The group was
carried over the watermelon breeding plots where the well known varieties of
Blacklee and Leesburg that were developed and released by the Laboratory sever-
al yeqrs ago were seen growing alongside Cannon BalAnd Tom watson, both eo
land where watermelons had never been grown before, and also on land where
watermelons have been grown year after year for the last four years. As was
to be expected, the Cannon Ball and Tom Watson were thrifty and doing well *n
the new land, while on the old melon soil these two popular commercial varie-
ties had failed completely. Om both the new and old land the wilt resistant
Blacklee and Leesburg, as well as several as yet unreleased strains, were grow-
ing vigorously and bearing well. Growers who have been incurring the expense
of clearing and preparing he land for watermelons each year were intensely
interested in the wilt resistant factor of the Blacklee, and several of them
indicated their intentions to grow the Blacklee another year.


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