Title: Agricultural field notes
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00075
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: February 15, 1945
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00075
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text

,- At A 7 c !

Agricultural Department "
Jacksonville, Florida E

Vol. IV Now' y ebruary 15, 1 ^ -n

WTIWNGTON, N. C*. According to announcement of Mr. R. J. Dose, Vice-
President, J. *. Kennedy has been appointed Agricultural Agent for the Coast Line
with headquarters in Jacksonville, Florida, effective February 16. lMr. Kennedy
will work in Southern Division territory under the direction of E. B. O'Kelley,
General Agricultural Agent, who is in direct charge of agricultural development
work of the railroad along its lines in the state of Florida, Georgia, and
Alsbamae I:r Kennedy comes to the Coast Line from the Agricultural Exte"sion
Service-of Florida with which organization he has served during the past two
years as County Agent. He is a native of lift County, Georgia, having been
reared at Tifton, Georgia. He gained wide familiarity with the agriculture" of
the territory to which he has been assigned during six years as field repraean
.tative with a nationally-known farm implement manufacturing concerns and with
two of the large. eat packers._,'He received his education and technical agrioul-
tural training in the Georgia State College at Tifton, and the Iowa ptate Qol-
1 tege, Ames, Iowa

GAINESVILLS, FLA. The Agronomy Department of the Florida Agricultural
Experiment Station ha- released a new variety of runner peanuts which has been
named Dixie Runner. The Dixie Runner was developed from a cross beteen..Florida
Snmal White Spanish and Dixie Giant made in 1933 by Dr. Fred H. Hu3l, Agronomity.
Its characters have been fixed by continuous selection during the past eleven
years by Dr. W. A. Carver, Associate Agronomist, Dr. Carver says that Dix4e Ran-
nsr produces kernels very much like the standard Florida Runner in size, 6tpe,
markings, and color .The pods are somewhat lighter and brighter in color,
shorter, thicker at the waist and more oylindrical in shape. 3t pro.duea fewer
one-ell pods, is equal or superior to Florida Runner in freedom from shr~ukan
and damaged sead, in sound and mature seed, in percentage of oil, and in. 'est
period for "hogging off". He. also says that Dixie Runner produces more .fruiting
nodes per branch and more.nuts per node than Florida Runner. It is a vigorous
grower and has more prostrate branches than Florida Runner, and seems to take
better advantage of additional space which is afforded by missing. plants in the
row4 The average yield from 1940 through 1943 was 53 per cent greater than the
Florida Runner.
A very desirable characteristic of Dixie Runner is that it remains
dormant after maturity like the regular Runner which makes it especially well'
suited to "hogging off". While the developers of the new variety were seeking
primarily high yields and dormancy characters, they have obtained a more valuable.
quality insofar as shollors are concerned. Samples of the 1944 crop showed less
than one per cent concealed damage, or decay of the interior of the kernels,
which has been giving increasing conoorn to shollors, and in somo variotios has
averaged as high as 20 per cent. The Agricultural Extonsion Sorvioo has arranged
to distribute from one-half to one ton of Dix4o Runner sood in at least twelve
of tho largo peanut producing counties in the State this season. To maintain the
purity of the strain growers who rocoivo the poanuts agree to shell the sood by
hand or clean the shelling maohino in advanco' of shelling, to plant on land whore
no peanuts havo boon grown for a year or moro, and to clean the pickors boforo
the now peanuts are run through the pickors next fall.

TIFON, GA. Hybrid corn is now being grown on over half tho corn
acroago in the United Statos, and has boon largely responsible for the largo
increase in yields in the Corn Bolt in rocont years. While some of the Corn
Bolt hybrids are being grown in tho Coastal Plain section of Georgia to produce
early corn for "hogging off", workers at the Georgia Coastal plain Exporimont
Station say that none of thoso hybrids are suited to ribbing booauseo they have
short husks, soft grain, and are extromoly susooptible to woovil danigoe
Tho Station has had corn hybrids undor tost hero for many years. It
reports that f w oommercial hybrids are available of full-soason typo whioh will
comparo with. Whatloy Prolific, the best opon-pollinatod variety in this sootion.
Available hybrids of this typo include same from Louisiana and one from Florida.
They say the Louisian hybrids yield well but do not have the husk protootion
nobdod for this section. Florida W-1 has boon in the tests for seven yours, ahd
has given an average yield of 40.9 bushels per acre as compared with Whatloy
39.3 bushols por acro. Thoy say Floride 7-1 is the only hybrid that has out-
yielded Whatloy, and which also has sufficient husk protootion to bo considered
orovil resistant. In sumnr.rizing results obtained thus far the Station says
(1) jYlorida 1Wl is definitely superior to most opon-pollinatod varieties grown
in the Coastal lain .(2) Although Florida W-1 oxoodod the varieties in almost
_ovory caso, the yields of both the hybrid and variotios are greatly influonood
by soil and weather conditions (3) Florida 1-i has good husk protection and a
hard grain, nnking it reasonably resistant to weevils. A common "doa among
farmers is that all hybrids are soft and havo loss husk protection than opon-
polliatod .varieties (4) Florida W1l appears more drought resistant than What-
loy (5) Florida W-1 has loss oar rot than opon-polliratod varieties (6) Florida
Wl 4is probably best adapted in the Lower and Middlo Coastal Plain.

Rosoarch workers havo found that juioo from small Florida oranges
average higher in solids, acid, and vitamin C, than juioo from modiumwsizod
or largo fruits,

GAINESVILLE, FA. Field mice ofton are quite troublosom to wator-
melon growers particularly in old fields or in now ground adjacent to old molon
fields. Thoy dig up the newly planted soed and mako it difficult to obtain a
stand. Entobologists at the AES hero say that a poison bait has boon found to
give the boat control. They rocommond a poison bait prepared as follows
Mix together 1 ounoo of powdered alkaloid strychnine and 1 ounce
of baking soda. Sift this over 8 to 10 quarts of rolled oats, stirring well to
got a uniform distribution throughout the mixture. Warm the oats in an oven,
taking care that they are not soorchod. Sprinkle hot beef fat over the oats
at the rato of 6 tablespoonfuls per quart of oats and stir until all of thea
particles of oats aro thoroughly covered. It is best to mako this bait up on
the same day it is to be used. In distributing it in the field a teaspoonful
should be placed at about 20-fpot intervals about two days before planting.
The above quantity should troat about 4 across. They caution that it is oft.heo
groatost importanoo to use only the alkaloid strychnine, and that growers
should arrange with their druggist to get the alkaloid strychnine for them in
advanoo, if they do not carry it in stock.


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