Title: Agricultural field notes
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00086632/00073
 Material Information
Title: Agricultural field notes
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Company -- Agricultural Department
Publisher: Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.,
Agricultural Dept., Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Co.
Place of Publication: Jacksonville Fla
Publication Date: January 15, 1945
Frequency: monthly[aug. 1947-]
biweekly[ former nov. 1941-july 1947]
Subject: Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Periodicals -- Southern States   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1 (Nov. 15, 1941)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 1948?
Numbering Peculiarities: Volume enumeration begins with: Vol. 2, no. 9 (May 1, 1943).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00086632
Volume ID: VID00073
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 45625504
alephbibnum - 002665095
lccn - sn 00229155

Full Text
Agricultural Departraent
Jaksonvill.,, Florida

IV ,nur Ja-uarr 194


JACKSONVILIZ, FLA. During the past seven years THE PRO I
FARMI a leading farm publication with a large circulation through r e '
South, has selected the MAN OF THE YEAR in twelve Southern States ffJt.iard-
ing achievements in service to agriculture. To R. E. Cammack, Supe 4 oi r oft
, Agricultural Education in Alabama, J. F. Jackson, General Agricultural Age B, -
S OeIatral of Georgia Railway Company, Savannah, Georgia, and L. H. Kramer, Chair-
man of the Agricultural Division of the State Defense Council of Florida, who
-\ have received this signal recognition and award for the States of Alabama,
Georgia, and Florida in 1944, we extend our heatiest congratulations. Super-
ivsfg and directing the work of agricultural teachers in the Hit,h Schools in
Alabama, )r. Caimack has made an outstanding contribution to agricultural edu-
eation. Mr.; Jekson, the dean of railroad Agricultural Agents in the South,
has an enviras record of constructive service to agriculture in the territory
served by his railroad, and Mr. Kramer has rendered a most helpful and effective
service. to the farmers, growers, and livestock producers in Florida as Chairman
of the Agricultural Division of the State Defense Council and of the Florida
Agricultural Wage Board.

JAC SONVILLE, FLA. Investigations during the past several years in-
S:'difate that the African squash, seed of which was brought to this country about
1932 by a missionary who had returned from Africa, should be more generally
grown both for human food and for livestock feed. African squashhas been un-
ter teat at moat of the experiment stations in the Southeast for several years
where it has given a good account of itself. Numerous farmers who have tried
it are quite.,enthusiastic in their praise of its merits. The African squash is
related to thtaashaw and resembles a pumpkin. It makes a very vigorous and
luxuriant vine growth, produces a prolific crop of fruit, and is relatively free
from damage by insects and diseases that are so troublesome on other varieties
of .squash. Planting season, soils, fertilization, and other cultural practices
are mauh the amme as for watermelons, but its luxuriant vine growth suggests
the advisability of wider spacing of the hills.. Usually the vines continue to
grow throughout the summer. The young tender fruit can be used in the same
manner 'as summer squash, while the mature fruits can be easily and cheaply
stored in a dry, ventilated shed, and, when protected from freezing, can be
kept in good condition throughout the winter and well into the following summer.
The fruit is irregular in shape and size, varying from bell and dumb-bell to
msarl' round, and weighing from 2 1/2 to 15 pounds. Seed cavity is relatively
S lall. the flesh of the mature fruit is thick and is medium to dark yellow in
oelor. It is covered by a thin hard shell which protects it from decay. The
African squash makes a good table food when baked, stewed or made into pies.
Itis also relished by cattle when cut into pieces small enough for them to
eat, and may be used as a succulent feed when green pastures are not avalbble
in adequate amounts. Used in this way it makes a good substitute for silage
.in farm where the her& is so small that the making of silage is not prasti-'
sable. Those who are interested in making a small trial planting of the Afrian
squash this year should communicate promptly with Agricultural Department, ACL
RR, Jacksonville, Fla., which has a very limited amount of seed available for
such plantings.

*- 2

HF8TINS3, ILA. A *ttle of potato varieties has been going on in
this important potato producilt area for a number of years. Over a period of
years results obtained in variety tests conducted by Dr. A. H. 4ddina, Plant
Pathologist, and Dr. E. N. MoCubbin, Horticulturist, with the 1borida Agricul-
tural xpfpaiment Station have shown that new varieties developed by the USDA
and experiment stations are superior to the old varieties formerly grown iAn
this district. The new varieties have largely supplanted the old ones, and
are now competing among themselves. Katahdin was the first of the new varie-
ties to be introduced. It rapidly replaced the Spaulding Rose which had long
been a favorite with growers, but which is estimated now to constitute net
more than 5 per cent of the total acreage in the district. Katahdin was a
higher yielder than Spaulding Rose, but not as hisi as Sebago which followed a
few years later and, with a better combination of good qualities, began push-
ing Katahdin for first place. Now Sequoia, a variety developed in North Cafe- ,
lina that is doing exceedingly well in its home territory and elsewhere,, is
causing many growers in the Hastings district to pause between it and Sebago.
In this area one of the most important characters in a potato variety is its
ability to recover after freezing injury to young plants. Katahdin, Sebago,
and Sequoia all do very well in this respect. Furthermore, Sebago and Sequoia
are damaged less than most standard varieties by periods of drought. So the
battle is now between Sebago and Sequoia. The latter has given about 50 per
cent larger yields than Katahdin, but the experts say that it is more subject
tf damage by late blight than is Sebago which has yielded about 32 per cent
more US No. 1 grade potatoes than Katahdin. Katahdin, Sebago, and Sequoia are
all ao-called white skin varieties. The Sebago has a clear light skin while,'
the Sequoia has a light skin marred by russet patches.

TIFTON, GA. Coastal Bermuda as a permanent pasture grass has in-
creased rapidly in popularity since its release to farmers a few years ago.
Since it does not produce viable seed, it must be established by planting
stolons or sprigs. Dr. Glenn W. Burton, Geneticist with the USDA at the
Georgia Coastal Plain Experiment Station says that every farmer interested in
getting Coastal Bermuda established on his farm should establish a grass nur-
sery so that he will have fresh, vigorous planting material available whenever
he finds time to plant it. He believes that by doing this and then planting
the grass when it is too wet for most farm work a number of acres of Coastal
Bermuda may be established in the course of a year with no extra farm labor
and very little cash outlay. In making the nursery planting he recommends
(1) Locate on a good, well-drained soil that is free of common Bermuda. Newly
cleared land is good. (2) Prepare the land as for cotton and peanuts (3)
Broadcast and disk in 600 to 800 pounds of complete fertilizer per acre (4)
Plant the stolons 4 to 6 inches deep in hills checked 5 to 6 feet apart to
permit aross cultivation between the hills (5) Water each hill as planted aan
less the soil is very moist, and firm the soil around each hill after the
stolen are covered. It is well to leave an inch or so of the stolons pro-
truding above the ground (6) Replant missing hills with stolons cut from liv-
ing hills as soon as possible (7) Cultivate frequently enough to keep the weedsa
down until the grass covers the ground completely (8) Sprinkle a little nitrate
of soda around each hill every 4 to 6 weeks during the summer (9) Do not gra;e
the nursery.


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