SATL ANTIC COAST LINE RAILROAD. C0 P r'
SA&rioultural Department '. -vr -
SJacksonville, Florida AUC 8 U ,6
P 3. 3. O lley A. R. Howa ,
Central' Jgrioultural Agent Agricultural P *r
AGRIO.U I URAL FIED NOTES
JAOI VONILLE, FLA. Trial plantings of Smith's perfect or yellow DeW
melopA at Thoc0sville,1 Ohlooknee, Mise, Tifton, Eniga, Alapaha, and Jesup,
Georgia, made '*ith eed furnished -ro.'ers by the Agricultural Department of the
Atlantio Ooas Line Railroad, indicate this new variety has nuoh promise of eE-
tablislings kWialf as one of the leading melons of tLe cantaloupe type in this ter-
ritory. GoI*wrs who made these trial plantings report this melon proved to be
BUp.erior in Jhality to any of the commonly grown varieties, and that it showed
go6a quality even after the rainy season started. This melon also" proved to be
Very resistadt to downy mildew disease. The fruit is round in shape, averaging.
about four 1 ,unds in weight, covered with a light netting, and is free from' rib-
bing, t 14)s a thick rind which is greenish in color until thoroughly ripe, at
which tima S.t turns to a greenish yellow. The flesh is deep orange color with a
d6lloious #%dor and taste. Mowt of the ooope-ating growers saved all of the seed
th* melon; produced and declare their intention of'planting an increased aoreage
STIFTCN, GA. II. Otis Woodard, Horticulturist, Georgia Coastal plain
Experimat Station, is working on the problem of reducing the cost of producing
sweet potatoes for livestock feed by eliminating the necessity of producing
early p.a'nts in expensive heated hot beds, He has been experimenting for several
years L.th planting whole potatoes and seed pieces directly in the field where
the $poi is to be grown. Accurate records have been kept on results obtained
in plaiting pieces out from various parts of the potato and with various sizes
of .se pieces. While his work has not been completed, and he is not ready to
mak4Jefinite statements,'it is apparent that the planting of small potatoes
* ea ly called stringss", out into two pieces, is producing excellent results.
Apptdznately one bushel zore is required to plant an acre with out "strings"
than is required to grow sufficient plants in a. hot bed to sat an acre, and
oUaiderable labor and expense in preparation of hot beds and transplanting
drawv or -lips is saved.
JACKSONVILM FLA. Farmers in northern Florida and southern Georgia
are high in their praise of Florida W-1 hybrid corn. This hybrid was developed
by, plant breeders at the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, to furnish
fimtaits with a hybrid orn that is particularly adapted to southern conditions.
Re.ena remarks typical of those by growers in this territory are those of To J.
MIrtiS4 of Jefferson Oouony, and Jesse Huggins of Hamilton County, Florida, MI.
Mrti says he has made the best crop of corn this year with, Florida W-1 that has
ever been produced on his farm. He estimates the yield on his five acres of
Florida. W-1 at 40.bubshel per acre, which was produced without any fertilizer.
Mr. Huggins says. that the average yield of "old-bype field, oorn" on hiLs farm has
been about 14 bushels er acre, but he estimates he will easily. harvest 30 bush.
esl. per acre of Florida .-1 hybrid. In Wmdrinng Mr. HugSins'planting, it was
not unusual. to find three extra good ears of corn on the main stalk and two or
three fair ears on -sukers from the main stalk. The ears were well covered over
the tips and wern, declared by the grower to be far more weevil. resistant than
othbr osanion varieties of corn.
OCHLOCGNBE, GA. An example of the fine work being done by the tea-
shere of Vocational Agriculture in Geori.a in helping farm families to reduce
their sasc of living by saving their surplus produce is exhibited by Loroy
tapleton of this oomunity. Already this suminer r. I8apleton has aided farm
families in oanning approximately 25,000 quarts of vegetables, which is a hundred
percent more than was canned here under the Food conservation program during the
entire ruiiWer of last year. The local school is equuipped with a modern oanning
plant, and eaoh family is priviliged to bring its surplus produce to the school
where Mr, 8toapleton supervises the canning.
JASPMR, FLA. Three farmers in Hlaiion and Iadison Counties have
produced fine orops of excellent quality torbaeoo this season where the wide-
narrow row system of planting as developed by H. A. McGee, Extension Tobacco
Specialist of South 0arolina, was used. These plantings resulted from a disoua-
sion of the wide-nrrow row method of tobacco dulturd as presented by L. Z. I bt,
teacher of Vocational Agrioulture, in ohd of his ad l 4 farmer meeiinGs, infow~a-
tion fqr which was supplied by the Agricultural bepartaent of the Atlantio Coast
Line *Railroad. plantings were made by Messrs. G6rdon and Jesse Huggins of
Hamilton countyy, and B. 8o Buohannan of Madison County. Ali of these growers
claim this system to be superior to the usual ntlhod of planting evanlypspaced.
wows, The wide-marrow row method of planting features the setting of two rows
of tobao e on a bed eight feet wide with a narrow middle of two feet between the
.two rowse which results in the alternate middle being six feet wide. Oe half
of the ertUlise for the two rows is placed in the narrow middle and the other
half is.plaoe& under the two rows of tobacco. The growers who used this method
state:that labor of cultivation was reduced by as much as one third, when compared
with evenly spaced rows. They also state that the fertilizer placement was more
efficient than where all the fertilizer was placed under the tobacco, and that
the ofd eight-foot bed more effectively conserved moisture for plant growth dur-
ing the dry season and provided more adequate drainage during the rainy season
than evenly-spaced rows. Each of these growers and. several of their neighbors.
who observed the plantings, have stated they expect to use the wide-narrow sys-
tem exclusively next season.
AUBURN, ALA. Prof. L, M. Ware, Horticulturist, Alabama Experimert
Station has recently issued a series of new and revised mimeographed papers doal-
ing with various phases of producing, during, and feeding sweet potatoes to live-
stock. He stresses the following points for production of high yields: (1) plant
high yieU.ing varieties such as Trid.th, Southern Queen, or porto Rioo (2) pro-
duce plants in fire heated.hotbeds in order to have them ready for setting as soon
as danger of frost is past (3) Sot plants as early in spring as possible* lay 1
plantings produced an average of 79 bushels less than April 1 plantings, and June
1 plantings 48 bushes less thah May 1 plantings (4) Select sandy loam soils with
Good clay subsoil4 if possible. Real high yields are obtained only on soils
wvith .a h4gh level *of fertility (5) iertiliso with 800 lbs. of 4-8-6 or 600 lbs.
bOf *r&a!6 fotiliser (6) Harrest as late in the fall as possible to avoid frost
:aiae IEperiments at Faithope, Ala. show that begininig with the period July
1-$ each 35 days harest was delayed production was increased approximately 46
b~sael (7) Cultivate lightly but frequently enough to keep all weeds and grass
d~.1 in advance of the growing viness yields are reduced som-what when it is
neessary to turn the vines to cultivate.
Augiust 1, 1942