6 ATLANTIC COAST LINZ RAILROAD OOMPA N .-AN -
)0, I)3 Agricultural spartmant \
.I Joskonvillo Florida Vr
E. B. '0*Ulley A. R. Howard AUG 8 1948 4
General Agricultural Agent Agricultural w
AGRICULTURAL FIELD NOTES
TIFTON, GA. Seed from a single Sudan grass plant the only one
in an experimental plot of more than 30,000 that combined disease resistance
with other good growth habits has been multiplied during the past three
years by the USDA, and is available in limited quantities for trial by farm.
era for the first time this year under the name, Tift Sudan. Sudan grass,
which is widely adapted to soil and climate, relished by livestock, giving a
good account of itself during mid-summer when heat and drouth dries ap many
ether forage crops, has become an important temporary pasture grass and hay
crop. In the Southeast, however, ordinary Sudan has been a disappointment
on many farms because it fires so badly, which is caused by diseases attack-
ing the foliage. Dr. G. W. Burton, plant Geneticist and agronomist of the
USDA, in cooperation with the Coastal Plain Experiment Station, has developed
the highly disease-resistant Tift Sudan through breeding and selection.
During the past two years it has boen grown in small plots in many Southeast-
ern States with success, It has boon announced that seed for trial plantings
are available through the Georgia Coastal plain Experimont Station. Dr.
Burton has also made progress in brooding and selooting superior strains of
other grasses, including Napier and Bermuda grasses and Gattail millet.
EMPRI~NNT, GA. Prot* Be A. Ma.soy, Animal Husbandman, Georgia
Agricultural Experiment Station, has found swoet potato meal a very satis-
factory substitute for corn meal in a dairy ration. In two trials 36 head
of dairy cattle wore placed on tost. All cattle wore paired as oeually as
possible as to weight, brood, and length of lactation. Tho potato meal row
placed only the corn meal in the ration. The chock ration contained corn
moal, what bran, ground oats, cottonsood meal, peanut meal, and salt. The
total digestible nutrients wero calculated and both lots wore kept as evenly
as possible, each cow in each lot was compared with another oow in the other
lot around the same stage of lactation. Cows receiving potato meal produced
8.2 per cont more milk than the check group, avoragod 4.42 per cont butter-
fat, and an average daily gain of .951 pounds per head. Tho average butter-
fat for the chock lot was 4.30 per cent and an average daily gain of .768
pounds per hoad. A richer color was noticed in the potato meal milk and
butter. The butter produced from cows receiving potato meal contained 7,14
more units of vitamin A per gram of butterfat than that produced by cows
fed corn meal,
JACKSONVILLE, FLA. The Govornmont, through the Commodity Crodit
Corporation, has announced an offer to purchase Sea Island cotton at prices
calculated to encourage increased production this year. :Dports of long
staple cotton from Egypt are jeopardisxd because of shipping conditions, and
Sea Island growors have boon urged to plant as much acreago as available
soed of suitable quality would permit. prices offered under the purchase
program for Sea Island range from 42 cents for 1 1/2 inch to 49 oonts for
1 3/4 inoh staple, No. 1 grade, and from 40 cents to 47 cents per pound for
No. 2 grade, with No. 1 1/2 grade I cont per pound higher, and NO. 2 1/2
grade 2 oeots below No. 2 prices.
- 2 -
MORE HAVEN, FLA, Tho Agricultural Department of the Atlantic
Coast Line Railroad, cooperating with County Agent F, D. Yaun and L. H.
Lewis of the Florida Stato Markoting Bureau, recently demonstrated the
practicability of air drying swoot potatoes into sweot potato meal on
the farm of lr. John oSott. Mr. Scott has 50 acres of sweat potatoes on
which ho produced 367 bushels per acre. According to experimental work
in Alabama, those potatoes when dehydrated, will yield the oquivalont of
123 bushels of corn per acre as a livestock food. The potatoes wore
shredded with a shredding machine made in a local machine shop from the
rear assembly of an old automobile, at a cost of approximately $40.00.
This machine was finanood by hr. iark Tonnant, public spirited local real
estate broker. This demonstration proved to intorostod cattlemen of this
section the practicability of dehydrating sweet potatoes in south Florida
as a choap source of carbohydrate food to replace corn.
TALLAHASSEE, FLA. Mr. William F. Jacobs, Assistant State
Forester, in charge of public Relations of the Florida Forest and Park
Service, believes there is a possibility of utilizing some of the lighter
sandy soils for the production of "Sand pines" for sale as Christmaa trees.
Mr, Jacobs states that this variety of pine should respond to proper prun-
ing, and thus produce a compact tree of the proper size in from 4 to 6
yoars. There is a largo quantity of Christmas trees shipped into the State
of Floride oach year from the north and from the Pacific Coast.
SEBRING, FLA, County Agent Louis H. Alsmayor, cooperating with
the famous novelist, Rox Beach, is planning to carry out trials of dehy-
drating dashoons for cattle food. Mr. Beach states that on the muck lands
of that section he has produced as much as 15 tons of dashoons per acre.
Ho has previously made tests of fooding chopped dashoons to cattle with
excellent results, and holds much hope for the use of dashoon meal.
TALLAHASSEE, FLA. Plans have boon recently announced by Mr.
J. F. Williams, State Supervisor of Vocational Agriculture, whereby the
teachers of Vocational Agriculture throughout the State, in cooperation
with the county supervisors of the Farm Security Administration, will
hold ovoning classes for Fe8.A. clients in carol, repair, and operation of
farm maohinory. The classes will be hold in the farm shops of the voca-
tional agriculture dopartmcnts, all of which are well ocquippod with the
tools necessary for repairing farm omohinory. This cooperation between
those two Government Agnocios should go a long way in reducing the repair
bills of FS.A. clients, and should sot an example for each community for
all farmers to learn more about farm machinery care and repair.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA. With few exceptions, this country has de-
pended upon imports of condiments which are of primary importance for
seasoning foods, With normal processes of trade badly disrupted, shortages
of those commodities are expected, and some growers are interested in the
possibilities of growing condiment plants. To those vho are intorostod
in this matter, it is suggested they obtain mimeographed report on
"Condiment Plants" prepared by the Bureau of plant Industry, USDA. From
this report it would appear condiment plants that offer greatest promise
of successful culture in Florida and the Southeast are paprika poppers,
hot poppors, ginger (Zingibor Offioinalo), and possibly licoriceo
April 13, 1942