fla e Lensusot W
I ---" --
SSpervisors for Federal Enum- in..F
ators. i Five Districts-.of I .'i e
State Have -Been Selicted-]to.
400 for Kine county, AsM
The recently appointed supervisor SO of
of the 1920 federal census, Roy rr- 189 at
d ,513 a
ford, will undoubtedly oversee the Lewis
counting .of more people In a, small Gl,.'a
territory than has ever been accom- will
polished in this state#,ut It was dis- cunt
covered yesterday as a result of the fort
unpacking. of some recently acquired ulatio
old census'records at the university. T
that the tindertaking of Col. J. Pat- year
ton'Anderson, the first .United States mad:b
marshal of Washington territory, whd tory.
made. the first federal count in this Wash
district at least takes the prlzb for of 'O
mileage covered. Erfbrd will bave Wall
about 400 enumerators to work-.over Cta
the- 2.111 squares miles of King P.bpli
.ouBnty, l hile. ul, .nade rson ,witlt" ~sn..
brl e and one assistant pi a ~i~
mer' covering nearly one hun-dred Whai.1,
times. A much territory. th,1ie
The eastern boundary. of Washlig- rtijed
ton was once the summit of the Rocky, itnbir
mountains and Clarke county, extend- ,only
ing from the Cowilt river into Mon count
tana and Wyoming. had an' area of 3$60'a
pproxlmately 182,000 square miles. $10,004
~ r that was before the civil war. state.
u t after the formation of the terri- $4,59
tot of Oregon and before any one produ
ha thought of the territory of Idaho. '1,1
us taking in those days was & of o.
r various business, towns were few *pers
and ar between. farms dotted a few
of Lh more fertile river bottoms and -'
famil s-in the outlying districts had. Kiil
tobe ached on horseback, by canoe period
or f4 and In that 200,00,000. squire lr1ilbl
S"as, s uttered as though sown by salary'
the an of some mighty planter, worth
other 'wer only 11.594 persons. of.18(i
t Census in 184. tr.li;.
3ut that was not the flrst' eenlsu sh0ow
that was ta en of the state of Wash- the.-
n n, or f the territory, :eit her.. fre n
egot -w. M 1t
from the -pr ent southern. b uh-
dary of that -tate north to the Cilha
historic parallel 54-40 and the 1 A
had a census ta se n --f the Vancouver C t
district, or the fart 'lying north of Csan~
the, Columbia .ri er nad" the forty, JeffrB
ssith, parallel, in 849,'-1 A`r he found King-.
that there were I the districtt 304 ttsa
persons--l9 Am er eans and 1t 5 for- ei
elgners--21 males jand 72 fet.nales-
The first census lf the Washlng- Pil-to.
ton territory under federall dir actionn Suwrt
Was made in 1I53, a er the apptoint- mish
metit of Gov: Isaac I. XStevens. to, get S lati
some basis for an ap'portionment. of an
the territorial legislature. Washi jog.
ton at that time had, its presto nt
northern boundary .and .'Es southern Waka
boundary was formed of -the Colun- Wah
bla river to where it turns' north, aniq
the forty-sixth parallel forom there T61
to the summit of the Rocl y moun-
Utalns. Col...Anderson, of Forlda,
-tH! fttat- census; assist a by his t
o;r. W togang gm.-I" t srts. bt'.
.ille, Ky. Colb Andersoanis dead. tW.t
now, but his wife Is still, living in ateaiii;
their, old home in Palatk Fla. ad .ti
Col. Anderson Was aPPsilnted gov- ing. w'*
ernor ot the state to. acoeed Gov.or t
Stevens. buttba'esadlowI of the ctvil I dra
war were falling and as iiterest.-in s il'tt
the oause of the South /led hiia.to the. etno':
convention where tle Cbpfederate tion io-
constitutlon was written, and lie was .
one of the first toi sign -h t .
ment. It was tht signatte.
led. Prof.t. S. e. ny, of tha e
I .. -'
. : :
a aof the Andersons
.up .to --the time he
-'- a book containing
.ra btititon he. had.
oti.i~iat cenmis, the
diLided, into eight
,.:with. 196 persons,
re -Votersa Jefferson,
*:10 and 111; Pierce,
.e tbn, 096 and 381;
C39,.! Pacific 152 and
,;'131 and 446. It
b'ed that Clarke
ikl'j 6. the state east
e .;wh!ch accounts
rtagBe of the pop-
Was ;.tade. in 1860, a
tekrfttcy of Oregon
*ndt adll of the terri-
ego~ ridd the Rocky
li i..'Te :territory of'
'ihe ;;::Seantime three
SA. cutla; Spokane,
i.8lItat.- had been
tStw::moun itains, but
St iQatUiined its
.iith .3 67 perr
e rStHi5 k*-^ coal
' tory, was- dbne *in
i .'berW that ayar
360.:";Bushels- of coal
t i33,14,. the .coal
:'eO5a idaoth.' The
d ..rwas -.' .Kitsap
.ttimen working for
Ale,. castingip north
'`:f'isileries .of the
Iwt '$63,491, of which
bteds. The total
Aft.e; were Valued at
bSiq. property was
liph $,6S,l87: was
N647 6 1800.
ndustries at that
aOUlaigqiy hides and
loye.st a combined
Miyear: iandied $3,500
lu'.ngthe fiscal year
'. That. 1840 census
tlation' of lt,594 in
Swrribt" tlirt;. were.
60 1 n %'The
: P. s. a .' ..
8 ;i.'. : s 1-283
T 7.i' 1i, g -',' ., 149
," ".:"19 465
; -3A 8." 392
,430', .9 83'
t..221.. 80 301
7. .8.66 640
'-i:15 "''"' 756 230
19 117 ,336
.S6Si 1 41. 406
6" 08 1 114I
.t'. 39 162
S:' 31 / 647
6 619'. 1.495
li 2 li1,387
00 square. miles
5-4 8.86 Aoite9.
.omo il rbads,
instead of t k-
S .led among
tr hose work
i.was. done .by.
of Seattle would show a'population Roy Erford, a native son of Wash-
of from 360.000 to 330,000.. ington and a life long Democrat, has
"I think I. talked myself into the had considerable experience as a sta-
job because local statistics were and tistician as secretary of the state
still are. a hobby of rfihe," he said. prison board and chief clerk of the
"In taking the census much depends state penitentiary and later as chief
on your enumerators and your ability, clerk of the local exemption board
to pick them. We had more than. for division No. 9 of Seattle. He la
2,000 applicants for the positions'In' an alumnus of the University of
1910 and 750 of them passed the civil Washington and Johns Hopkins uu-
service examination. Work was nAp varsity and -has .r.ced .la J i'F : .. -.
as plentiful .then .a. now, .whifBliatd '.ti ancs In9O except wh '"&iepages :
'.ounta for. th-'large number of p'eo. ~Pble .work.
pie interested. I would not be Bur-- As a measut'e of.the progress ottba
praised if it would be difficult to get city during the past decade Mr. ,.
enough competent supervisors for ford says he believes the eeniasa
the work at the price the government great importance to Seattle and hopes
will be willing to pay at this time. to be able to make a full, bfir and
"We used a large number of col- complete count of.every man, womad
lege students and found them active and child that belongs to the city, oS
and aggressive. Women who had had countyy, and no others.
experience teaching or taking the "To obtain this full count, will re
school census made good enumer- quire the co-qperaton of the press
ators. The work down town in the especially: also that of every.civic, fcaA
business sections and hotels Is the ternal. religious and other organizaa
most difficult and requires the modt tion. Besides we hope that every in-
persistence on the part of the e d wll be interested enough
merators. One Of the more Important to see to it that he Is not overlooked
parts of the preliminary work sl lay'. and that he will report such omim-
ing the city off into districts of aboUt alone or duplications as may come to
an equal number of persons so that his notice. The actual enumeration
the enumerators will all complete does not take place until January and
their work at about the same time; I do not expect that we will make
We found that 1,506 persons was any appointment before that first o(
about all one enumerator could han- November. Headquarters will be
die in the thirty days allowed. opened as soon as the census depart-
Pound U. S. System Antiquated. Law Same a 1900.
'When I first received my'supplije" The law. under which the eensms
and instructions I came to the conclu- will be taken is practically the same
sion that the government system of ad.that under which the 1900 census
census .taking was not eadeqste waa.taken, the law for 1910 having
enss athorinoughi w nt a .e7' bepti repeaJl&4- I pro-rldes for h -th .
make' a rtorough cenaus f a c eseblshment and personnel of the
be character' of Seattle, 'and called census bureau and the decennial
upon the'Chamber of Commerce and census. The inquiries shall be. e-
Commercial Club to furnish help to "tricted to population, agricultUre,
supplement the Work of the counters manufactures. forestry and. forest
paid by the government. Later, when products, mines and quarries.. the
it was too late to change our plans, ihednlds relating to population shJll
we realized fully that the government include, for each Inhabitant thaene,
provisions were not only adequate, place of abode, relationship to 24d
but that It Is almost Impossible for of family, color, sex, age, conjugal
any name to escape the dragnet meth- condition, place of birth, place of
ods provided by the government plan. birth of parents, nationality on
The only thing the public bodies can mother tongue of.parents of foreign
do for the census taker Is to stimu- birth, number of years in the United
late interest in the work and get the States, citizenship, occupation, wheth-
people to co-operate with the enu- e. or not engaged in' agriculture
merators by responding cheerfully to school a.ttendiance, Uteracy, tenure o
their calls for statistical information, home and the enoumbrance thereon.
"We found that some heads of fam- "nd the name and address of 'each
Ilies, when called on for information blind or deal and dumb person. .
relative to family history, would go The supervisor in the Seattle dirs
into elaborate details and start dis- trJct will receive about $3,000 for hi
cusslons from which the enumera- work at the.rate of $1.500, plus $1 foz
tors had difficulty in breaking away. each 1,000 inhabitants, and the enu<
Others would decline to state their Inerators are to be paid from S3 to $1
ages. and to give other information, at day for eight hours. Enumerstors
for-various and sundry reasons. Some will receive from 2 to 4 cents for each
Iesrsbsa, particularly foreigners, were 'lhabitant, depind$ng on how thickl.
suspicious of the purpose for which tled their district ,from. 20 to.-Sl .
the, Information 'w"s soaight. -and not 'to .for eaoch -e istlnent ",4 p ro< ..
.klp.wing ar.'.:&preoettal th' ti"tea :that d!t.l U istd- F.orted:f. .:;,1 -
all of the facts would be .Kopt entire- ents to'eh rm reported; froze e' :;
I secret-even from other depart- to 60 cent" f df each:drainage oa
mants of the government-forced the irrigation enterprAe reported, and 10
ienumerators to seknd much valuable peBte for each barp andinclostirecon4
time:argding them into an Informa- -tamlng live stocknot on farms. Pen-
tive state of mindt. at4e of from. $100 to $10,000 wit4 ,dm
"Eastern cities give'little or no at- piuisonment are provided for falslfy-
tentUan to the taking of the census, Ing returns either by the ebumeratoi
but out here we Lake the avoirdilpols or-the person giving the Information
of our population very seriously.. It and a fine not to expeed.$5,000 toany
affects our real estate values and up. person, committee or organization
to the last few years that has affect- that shall attempt to cause a census
ed many of our bank accounts. The supervisor or enumerator to make an
result is that many estimates are nraocurate enumeration.
made in advance and much specula- Other Washington supervisors and
tion arises as.to what the count will their districts are as follows: Sec'
be. Already many people. are mak- ond district-Jacob W. Oyen. Everetti
Ing bets on a basis of 400,000 popula- supervisor, Clallam, Jefferson, Island,
tion. This tendency to inflate our* Kitsap, Ban Juar. Skagit, .Snohomish
populstlon has caused supervisors and Whatcom counties. Third dism
and census agents to lend themselves trict-Ernest N. Livermore. Van-
to the falsifying of census returns cover, Clarke. Cowlltz, (frays Har
and one 9lty ;n this state had her bor, Lewis, Mason, Pacific. pierce,
.1910 cenass, reportt cut from.-380,Oa Eiang.an.Tluitonadl _.hip
to 83,000, In Seattle our first report counties; Fourth- distriqt-Wiilam L
showed a population of 248,000 and as Mccroskey.- Cdlfax, Adams, Asotin
that showed an increase of more than Benton. Columnblia, rankli.n. Garfeldj
200 per cent., which .seemed to the Grant, Kittitas, Kllckltat, Wall(
government officials as Impossible, Walla, Whitman and Yaklma coun
recount was ordered- and the returns 'tle s -W Fth district--Thomas Ai
cut. down 11.000. Practically all of Scott, Spokane, Chelan, ) Dousi'la
the change was made in three down- Ferry. Lincoln, Okanogan, Pend'Ore6
town districts and of the 800 men llle. Spokane and Stevens counties.
-. ". -. ..
- COAST IS TW t
"':. i]'*' -r"" 4 4 .. "
o.. -calShips ( RSYFERiSPE; S-MSIJI
* .,:4? -..4ei'wwy 4-SlW ~ .
*" ... o 2 -s."+ ; 2 ? -; -';: "
44 it.4 d. 44 t -
ingtori PTrdi~iction. '
Briinng the rtessasc that qiasrern-
i. 0 c inder -Wa~shington-l tiltl wod .
ici-shii s.t ht peer of iraine :cargo Csr- .
Slior 'Cons.truct ed a anywhere in :-thp. .'
Uation Rl C. rii,; manager-.o0 the
: n. rrutsE tcharie of -Seattle. ar -
,.red a' is' oftIes' aturdaiy after
an extendtid Lusi ns *and p'i re;-
trip to, At anti-sh'i"i'ping clrclCs., ,..
;"Seattle is cer ainly-on the moap.n I
-... stip eoap t itrs f-b. Atla ilic .ad ,
:-rhae eista.tished aYe&rs here in
sIebt ship ibeed But Btery1 here !L
Q &eorit Is. hca ordr t he Guit .i
-. id Atlasitisoo sts in.w tlin i irb team .. 4 '4 v .
'. ips-n afctf whiilo'iaty n'ote n no
Sliftle iburprias. td eatttleite -who hive .
noF regarded our local framee ships .
ashingston's record' In wooden -- --
.h'' apbidirrij is' attributed. to 'the
qqLlity of Douglaesi Si and' on the
Atlantip this ta aerial id conceded of .
fine quality'for 'shipt.46itStruction. This. illustration shows how a Ferr :tye
hdded Mir. Hill,.' ld aeclareir1 tlat a will appear when converted into a barkentihen;
fleet ofJ.'ocaifm vessels hire onow
niga XtiT tc dswds e noi .Three of te vessels purchasedAy. the Init
... trsocean shipping. Shipping &.Trading .Comrpa- y are to be rigged aSo
'TaIcinge everythingg into. conlsider,- mast barkentines., with, in addition td a. ftall p.t
tion, S'atle's porCtfa litte aia-e tIl yards on the forempat, one yard on each'of h.ei
t4o any, hi thbe nation." said.--Mr. H ill. '/'
,"Shipping leglsfiaioih in Waashln-tohn 4 mizzen masar to carry the toieatlss. T he, stii
UC.'-. is. still 'zricertain, but bSenator point In favor of ba ving.a yard on th6' o oh ?:on
Jonc Is i kaltyfra dteep atudy or t~ thii.t t.miiaicos the -ow er a sail .bout a-p25.r: e
S ndllondle It" .iar4.Vte. 0 ionterqpt to, .. .
e.l:tes t.. tA:s ea Lthat' old A emafer th n .it would be with the ngua
S.;. a f orn i Afa thia. oty, Ia now r i, and anypiorl ho haa evEr 'aBed in large B;qh
*'a'i'id:: prE:B the1efflxlnr ore Dry Doc ks ers will ap'preiet i at'w at an"dvyiutage' thl wi
&' .I' h n and rone d handllngthe ple :o
.9 M 1l. r, a Itt at
N dtite' Aiot .4tie.te4 ts :vpe prt d F
: ienPt -nd manager- of a'anl e .t .col.' .t .
ret.n Boitilf r lits aind 'Air. t 7n .
e frt'.their rqgards -to-their oSeattle .- alibsn e il
:;n-. ts;" -. ....t -e .e. : 'AS MARINE A S pb
S. On his trip east Mr. .rill sailed 'on .i- tS e. :
tle- steel stealer West Hematite, .,
C"pt. J. -S. rCaeron,.vlai the Papama SAN F.RANCISCO, Aug. 23.--.43'pq- .
c4al whloh was mana ida by.a:.crew cJai.)-,-The Pacific a.il' liner. Ecu. ABLRDBSE
al.'tost .'NO pe te'ent. A i atlaad.,. ,; dor Capt. Hanl5 Tb lnlpsop. sailed to -h.este" e's '
Hill d.isembar.ked tt..k tio ..3wot -l iay, for the Orlent :ta iHonolulu. Thb atl.rho'on: fri
-b.nd..fr6n that ;p~nt-prdbee ed to. Bal tiner .vas bo tioed ith,, passengers -
S timoro, Phlladelphls., 6;: sto~,;Bt.ew.o a'n freight to capacity. 'The dear* fo" a"T
: orkl.- Chicago.. and..; MimeapjAt*, ture bo several officials of the Pa- zenlopt
'wIliere lie visited shipping and grain elfic. Mall [and W. R. Grace & Co' ye'terdKa on
exchaliges.'and also completed. :a.t-" brought many visitors to the piet./
.raugemntns for the Seattlte e.xchlnge : Sailing pf the United: States army packed at t
to work in lose co-operation with transport.'Dix has bee'd indefinitely rif t :
similarr concerns througkhout.,the na. postponed, army authorities an-
Sti.n, ... .,". ce,-today. leceause of a strike of
S. .. offce a pippt eP' ligi'er wages. ip
OR D""2", sa;t iMW hied"' b'ben reported to.'i
SRODGERS UNAB.E Wastilt .""le c-strhrk just as
"J the transport,.-ully loaded and with Ai 'Bi
TOx AiT'IrNt IP TYW ore than 1,000 soldiers aboard, was iveTep'!lqhi
TO AT ENI PA TY lo i ito the stream bound for ttfe p is
S- .. ... The-goeriment -transport official
hirei'-re-rlated over tbe fact that Bth
Under orders .of hlibr.physei ,,.ia-n ~ two- forfnir Hill in'era, -Nortl;ern 'Pa-n:b?
vid Rodgers. 'formenl seaera itd ireat Northern, are to: %4i .
---- --- ---
RTED INTO BARKENTINE
SS-. 4. +-' *- 4. 7 .- .'
-t .. ,.. ..
'.-t' "', --. .
:4: .4: : .
t 'd "; -.
.. : '.:..o .
Elr.ea, as the illustration shows, arn
plnot'harvi ,o be chewed up and"'t
I rlin stays every timen the wind:.
dAe to the otber. It will also el
i eb.rdeeing. down in bad weath
Fcowpared to Ihe larger school
tfingle reef sail. Capt.. C. T.
s .tlhe company, who is. su
the Vessels, said yesterday I
A .rig from the schooner f
iged, somewhat similar, b
t..on. the, dolumbia,-- Fiv.
.p.n. on' "'-iece and
.e.vfr Ih.s case, tile upr
iirtis.iuuning oft wires
-'.: s .u'l to the. m' at.
r rayr. sea
.. .. ...
... .. ......
.. ... ......
1-Col. J. Paton Andermon, who
took Vashlbgton's first census in
2--Mrs. Etta Adair Andermon, who
missated in taking Washington's first
8-Roy Erford. supervisor of 19020
eenas" in King Conaty.
..ED FLEET IS DIBA LED*
fenne of ICronstadt :Aio D.
stroyed by lBritih Bombtirdmeat.'
By Assoalated PrAm.
STOOCKOLM. Aug. 23.-The Bog-
shevlk fleet in the Gulf of Pinla d
defending Petrograd has, been d s-
abled. compl]ta], the newspap rs
here 'report; The. defenses of. Krdn-
stadt, which were bombarded tby
British warshitse, lave been ,d-
PHEEAN ON NW GOM ITTEEz.
SWASHINGTON. Aug. 22.--An
nouncement was made today that
Senator Phelai. Democrat, of Call-
fornia, had been appointed a mem-
ber of the immigration committee,
retiring from membership on the
Twenty-six 'Japanese, merchantmen
were sunk by German submarines.