WIAD Annual Report Academic Year 1993-1994
The Women in Agricultural Development Program (WIAD), was founded at the
University of Florida in 1984, after five years of informal Women in Development (WID)
activity. At that time, rather than taking on the entire range of WID related issues, the WIAD
group decided to focus specifically on the problems facing women engaged in agricultural
production. This focus distinguished the UF program from those at other institutions which
tackle a broad range of WID related issues. The main reasons for this WIAD focus were:
1) the recognition of the strength of UF in the area of agriculture, and 2) a desire to enhance
University of Florida research capabilities with the tools of gender sensitivity and analysis.
WIAD is currently coordinated by Drs. Peter Hildebrand (Food and Resource Economics)
and Sandra Russo (International Studies and Programs). Administration of the program is
supported by two graduate students. For the 1993-1994 academic year the WIAD Graduate
Assistants are Allan Wood, a candidate for the MA degree in Latin American Studies and
Charlene Brewster, a PhD student in the Food and Resource Economics Department.
The program aims to support and develop faculty and student expertise related to the roles
of women and intra-household dynamics in all phases of agriculture and natural resource
management in both international and domestic contexts. The main activities undertaken by the
WIAD group include organization of a speaker series, conference and workshops, training
activities for University of Florida faculty and students, documentation activities, administration
of the Women in Development Certificate and publication of the WIAD newsletter.
1. WIAD Speaker series
The WIAD speaker series for this year was very well attended by faculty and graduate
students. During the fall and spring semesters, a wide range of topics was covered by the ten
speakers sponsored or co-sponsored by the WIAD program. Half of these speakers were
University of Florida staff and students. In addition, WIAD was able to sponsor a talk by Dr.
Timothy Frankenberger of the Center for Arid Land Studies at the University of Arizona, Dr.
Caroline Moser of the World Bank, and Dr. Rama Devi Kolli of the International Crops
Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), India. The visits by Drs.
Frankenberger and Moser were made possible through the grant for visiting speakers received
through IFAS Academic Programs. WIAD was also a co-sponsor with the Center for Latin
American Studies for the talks by Dr. Sonia Catasus of the University of Havana, and Dr. Jean
Stubbs, a Rockefeller Fellow from the University of North London.
2. WIAD Training Activities
Training has become a very large component of WIAD activities over the past three to
four years. The University offers a substantially large number of technical short courses to
international participants every year through its International Training Division. Due to bilateral
and multilateral donor demands, a gender, component has had to be integrated into most of these
courses; these are taught by the WIAD training committee composed of both faculty and graduate
students. Much of the original research on gender analysis for development was done by faculty
at this university and forms the basis of our training approach. As we began incorporating
gender into short courses, we also began a fairly routine program of training graduate students
preparing to go into the field for theiriresearch. These graduate students range in discipline from
forestry to geography, and from agricultural engineering to political science.
In addition, the WIAD training committee serves as a resource to faculty in providing
lectures and demonstrations for their classes. This spring semester, WIAD trainers were
responsible for approximately 30 contact hours in two graduate classes, ANT 6933 -
Development and Gender Issues and HOE 5555 Women in Agricultural Development. These
training activities also included two field exercises.
At present, the demand for training in gender analysis at the University has far exceeded
the capacity of the small group of resource persons. The WIAD training group will therefore
conduct a training workshop in the fall of 1994. This workshop will be limited to individuals
who have previous experience in gender analysis. The objective of this activity is to expand the
pool of trainers to help meet the demand for gender-training activities.
3. Environmental Concerns
WIAD's traditional emphasis has been on agriculture, but as environmental concerns
began to rise, WIAD began to interact more with people concerned about environmental issues.
We became aware that we were "nature blind" in our approach to gender analysis and looked for
ways to integrate environmental concerns into our training activities. This led to the formation
of a separate group composed largely of WIAD members who wanted to focus specifically on
gender and the environment. The group. MERGE (Managing Environmental Resources with a
Gender Emphasis), plans to complete a training manual for gender analysis in natural resource
and environmental management.
4. Conference and Workshop Activities
(i) The First North American Symposium of the Association for Farming Systems Research
and Extension was held at the University of Florida October 12-16, 1993. More than 130
participants involved in research and farming came from all over North America, South
America and Africa. A gender analysis workshop was conducted with the assistance of
WIAD faculty and graduate students. The aim of this workshop was to introduce
participants to gender issues in agriculture and basic methodologies in gender analysis.
WIAD members also acted as support staff for the conference.
(ii) WIAD sponsored the attendance of three graduate students at the Association of Women
in Development (AWID) International Conference in Washington D.C. from October 20-
24, 1993. Faculty members involved in WIAD also participated in this conference.
(iii) A workshop was held on March 19-20, 1994, which brought together some of the top
names in gender and the environment from CGIAR, the Nature Conservancy, the World
Bank, CIAT, Clark University, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and USAID. This
workshop was co-sponsored by MERGE, WIAD and the Tropical Conservation and
Development Program (TCD). The primary objective of this workshop was to obtain
feedback from the participants regarding the gender analysis tools contained in the
training manual. Another objective of the workshop was to forge greater linkages
between the University of Florida and other institutions involved in gender and
(iv) WIAD has agreed to join the Women, Food and Agriculture Working Group of the
United Nations' Fourth World Conference on Women to be held in Beijing, September
5. Women In Development Certificate
The University of Florida now offers a certificate in Women in Development. This
certificate is designed for graduate students from all disciplines who wish to focus on issues
related to women in development. This certificate will be awarded to graduate students at the
Master's or PhD level who have completed 12 credit hours from a list of approved courses.
WIAD is responsible for administration of this program.
6. WIAD Documentation Center
The WIAD office houses a number of research publications (books, articles) which are
utilized by graduate students for their research needs. These resources are also used by faculty
when compiling reading lists and teaching material for their courses. Recognizing that much
valuable information remains unpublished, WIAD is currently trying to collect unpublished
literature (staff working papers, mission reports, consultancy reports etc.) so that our office
becomes a center for information not generally available in libraries. In addition, WIAD is
currently working on a bibliography specifically dealing with women in natural resource and
environmental management. Pro-Cite software has been installed, so electronic search of these
materials is available.