WIAD Task Force members: Please review the following draft
proposal written by Marianne Schmink and provide either her or me
any comments by Thursday (tomorrow) so we can have it ready for a
meeting with VP Davidson and the IFAS deans for Monday morning.
Gender, Environment, and Agriculture Program (GEAP)
Proposal for support
First draft for comments
The Women in Agricultural Development Program (WIAD) was founded
at the University of Florida in 1984, with a focus specifically
on women's and men's roles in agricultural production. Since
then the program has sponsored activities on the UF campus,
including: 1) a bi-weekly seminar series; 2) compilation and
maintenance of a bibliography of some 3,000 titles on gender,
agriculture, and natural resources; 3) co-sponsorship of five
international workshops and conferences on the UF campus since
1986; 4) publication of a quarterly newsletter, and stimulation
of research publications by UF faculty; 5) systematic training
in gender analysis for UF faculty and students; and 6) a
graduate certificate in Women and Development. These activities
are detailed in attached documents.
The activities supported by WIAD have involved faculty and
students from a wide range of UF departments and units. Support
for this interdisciplinary program has been provided by the
Centers for Latin American and African Studies, the Graduate
School, and IFAS. Currently there are 160 faculty members and 75
students on the WIAD mailing list. Twenty-eight faculty members
from a dozen different UF academic units currently are active
During the academic year 1994-1995, WIAD Co-Directors Sandra
Russo and Peter Hildebrand convened a faculty Task Force to
provide recommendations for the future of WIAD. WIAD also
conducted a survey of faculty and student opinions about the
value of WIAD and perspectives on its future. The work of the
Task Force focused on whether WIAD should continue as a program,
and if so, what directions it should take and what support would
2. Task Force Recommendations for WIAD
Based on the faculty and student surveys, and members' direct
experience in WIAD and related activities at UF, the Task Force
concluded that WIAD was an important program supporting faculty
and graduate student training and research at UF. Faculty and
students who responded to the surveys valued the WIAD program's
contribution to their research and course work. The program's
uniquely interdisciplinary focus has provided an important bridge
between IFAS and other academic units, which has strengthened the
integration of social and biological sciences on the campus.
Through its speaker series, newsletter, bibliographic collection,
and on-campus training programs, WIAD provides an important
source of support for attention to gender in UF's academic
programs that focus on agriculture. With the establishment of
the new College of Natural Resources and the Environment (CNRE),
there is an opportunity to expand the reach of WIAD's support to
the environmental sciences. Broadening WIAD's scope from
development to conservation and environmental management will
strengthen the social science foundation of training and research
programs in the new program, and help stimulate consideration of
natural management issues in agricultural research and training
programs of IFAS.
This extension into environmental concerns has already begun
through the MERGE project (Managing the Environment and Resources
with Gender Emphasis), based in the Tropical Conservation and
Development (TCD) program. MERGE is a field-oriented project
financed by the MacArthur Foundation and USAID (grants totalling
$450,000) for work in Ecuador, Peru and Brazil (see attached
documents). Other WIAD faculty members such as Sandra Russo,
Anita Spring, Susanna Smith, and Dorota Hamann are actively
involved in research and technical assistance related to gender
and environmental issues. UF is well-placed to become
established as one of only a few academic institutions with
strong expertise in these cross-cutting and pioneering fields.
The Task Force recommends that the WIAD program mandate be
expanded, and the name be changed to Gender, Environment and
Agriculture Program (GEAP). The GEAP program would provide
support for gender and social science integration in research and
teaching in IFAS and the CNRE. GEAP could provide a valuable
outreach function within the newly-created Center for Women's
Studies and Gender Research, where eventually the program might
be housed (once the Center has facilities). In the interim, GEAP
should continue to be housed in IFAS, to take advantage of
existing office space, computer equipment, access to telephones,
Modest UF funds for GEAP are required to support one graduate
assistantship and part-time secretarial support.
Women In Agricultural Development Questionnaires
SUMMARY OF STUDENT AND FACULTY RESPONSES
For student questionnaire we received 25% response rate (n=19
received out of 75 sent).
For faculty questionnaire we received 27% response rate (n=47
received out of 160 sent).
1. How long have you been a student at the University of Florida?
18 student responses ranging from 0.5 yrs to 9 yrs
2. Student composition
52.6% of student respondents are Ph.D students
42.1% of student respondents are Masters students
3. How were you introduced to WIAD?
41.6% of students reported faculty member as introduction
33.3% of students reported flyer as introduction source.
4. How do you characterize your participation in WIAD? Measured
on 5 (high) to 1 (low) value scale.
Average student response value=2.5
Average faculty response value=1.82
5. Have you been able to attend the bi-weekly WIAD seminar
series? On 5 to 1 scale.
Average student response value=2.47
Average in faculty response value=1.76
6. Are you aware of the WID certificate program?
73.6% of students are aware of WID certificate
36.8% of students plan on obtaining it
7. Does your advisor or other faculty in your department have any
interests in WIAD?
45.4% of students have WIAD affiliated faculty advisor
36.8% of students have WIAD affiliated faculty advisor
8. Should Women in Agricultural Development change its name?
21% of students report Yes
25% of faculty report Yes
9. How would you rate the value of The WIAD Program to your own
Average student response value=3.88
Average faculty response value=2.49
10. How would you rate the value of The WIAD Program to your
Average student response value=3.61
Average faculty response value=2.38
11. Do you wish the WIAD program to continue?
89.4% of students responded positively
61% of faculty responded positively
"Definitely continue: (A) Important to continue to work with
faculty and train and expose them to gender analysis and its
effect on research. (B) Important to continue speakers to expose
us to new ideas, research, etc."
2 STUDENT responses:
"There are very few schools w/ a separate WIAD program so I
feel The WIAD Program should continue and increase campus
awareness of its existence."
"Yes. WIAD should continue to address women's (/gender)
interests in agriculture--perhaps it could also address them in
natural resources/environment, especially using new techniques
developed in NRM by applying them back to agriculture. Within
this scope, WIAD should go where it would best serve clientele
(students, faculty). WIAD would be most useful by continuing to
make available the material in its library, perhaps updating it;
also by continuing to bring in resource people to help provide
information in this field--if WIAD doesn't bring them, who will?
If WIAD doesn't sponsor seminars focusing on gender-related
aspects in development (especially agriculture), who will?"
Women in Agricultural Development Spring Seminar Series
Friday, January 6 at 4:OOPM--McCarty 1151: "FAO Plan of Action for
the Integration of Women: Perspectives Before and Beyond Beijing."
Presented by Leena Kirjavainen, Division Chief, Institutions and
Agrarian Reform, FAO.
Tuesday, February 7 at 4:OOPM--McCarty 1151: "Issues and
Constraints: Working with Women's Groups in Botswana, Senegal,
Peru, & Ecuador." Presented by Gretchen Greene, Debbie Roos,
Cristina Espinosa, Mike Kenney. Moderated by Dr. Sandra Russo.
Thursday, February 23 at 12:00PM--McCarty 1151: "Balancing
Agricultural and Reproductive Rights." Presented by Dr. Elizabeth
Tuesday, February 28 at 4:OOPM--McCarty 1151: Visiting Scholar Dr.
Njeri Mareika (African Studies) presenting research on Kenyan
conservation policy issues with a gender emphasis.
Wednesday, March 15 at 11:45AM--Grinter 376: "Gender, Healing, and
Conservation in the Northern Peruvian Amazon." Presented by Kathryn
Lynch (Latin American Studies/TCD).
Thursday, March 30-Saturday, April 1: 44th Annual Latin American
Conference, Center for Latin American Studies: "Innovation and
Partnership: Working with Natural Resource Management, Gender, and
Local Communities in the Tropics."
Wednesday, April 5 at 11:45AM--Dean's conference room, McCarty
1031: "Adaptive Strategies of Rural & Urban Women in Northern
Nigeria." Presented by Dr. Catherine VerEecke (African Studies).
Wednesday, April 12 at 3:OOPM--Byrant Space Sciences: "Black River
Morass, Jamaica: A Rapid Rural Appraisal." Presented by Dr. Anita
Monday, April 24 at 12:00PM--McCarty 1151: "Women & Animal
Traction." Presented by Dr. Paul Starkey.
Wednesday, April 26 at 4:OOPM--McCarty 1151: "Integrating Gender
into Environmental Policy and Planning at the District Level in
Uganda." Presented by Dr. Sandra Russo (International Studies &
1993 INTEGRATING THE USER PERSPECTIVE AND GENDER ANALYSIS INTO
AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT COURSES
Duration: 1 1/2 day session, 2 hour skills development sessions
Participants: faculty from the Center for Tropical Conservation & Development
Trainers: Dr. Sandra Russo, Deborah McGrath, Lisette Staal & Bea Covington of
the University of Florida
Focus: to assist agriculture and natural resource faculty w i th t h e
incorporation of gender analysis and the user perspective into existing or
proposed courses offered through the Center for Tropical Research and
1993 INTEGRATING GENDER AND GENDER ANALYSIS INTO AGRICULTURE
AND NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Duration: one day
Participants: graduate students in agriculture and natural resource management fields
Trainers: Dr. Sandra Russo, Deborah McGrath, Lisette Staal & Bea Covington of
the University of Florida
Focus: to enhance the ability of students to incorporate gender into thesis
and dissertation research
1992 GENDER ANALYSIS AND TRAINING TECHNIQUES
group of trainers
30 faculty and graduate students from various UF departments
various UF faculty and graduate students
introduce participants to the concept of gender and gender analysis,
to a variety of training styles and techniques, develop core
1987 WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT
5 day session at the University of Florida
50 faculty from UF and other universities
Mary Andersen of Harvard
Tim Broadhead of CIDA (Canada)
An introduction to gender issues in development
training of trainers