Front Cover
 Half Title
 Title Page
 List of Illustrations
 Dogs and their doings
 Back Cover

Title: Dogs and their doings
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00085512/00001
 Material Information
Title: Dogs and their doings
Physical Description: 112 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Morris, F. O ( Francis Orpen ), 1810-1893
Weir, Harrison, 1824-1906 ( Illustrator )
Landseer, Edwin Henry, 1802-1873 ( Illustrator )
S. W. Partridge & Co. (London, England) ( Publisher )
Hazell, Watson & Viney ( Printer )
Publisher: S.W. Partridge & Co.
Place of Publication: London
Manufacturer: Hazell, Watson & Viney, Ld.
Publication Date: [1897?]
Subject: Dogs -- Behavior -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Pets -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Human-animal relationships -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Animal welfare -- Juvenile literature   ( lcsh )
Prize books (Provenance) -- 1897   ( rbprov )
Bldn -- 1897
Genre: Prize books (Provenance)   ( rbprov )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: England -- London
England -- Aylesbury
Statement of Responsibility: by F.O. Morris.
General Note: Date of publication from inscription.
General Note: Illustrated by Harrison Weir and Edwin Landseer.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00085512
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002234577
notis - ALH5009
oclc - 235942744

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Half Title
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
        Page vii
        Page viii
    List of Illustrations
        Page ix
        Page x
    Dogs and their doings
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
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    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text

WL 4

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|~~-- ------------------------------- --~ --'.-. .;~~

The Baldwin Library
Itm I UIiversity
( 11 ,rna,



(After Sir Edwin Landaeer, R.A.)







BY THI1 .V 0. M04I4IS, B.A.,
Author of "A History of British Birds," Natural History of the Bible," etc., etc.

.onbon0 :

Printed by Hazell, Watson, & Viney, Ld., London and Aylesbury.

(From a Piotogra p.)





vi Index.










- 88

Index. vii







viii Index.






',,A ,

(After Sir Edwin Lanisecr.)
(Alter Sir Edwin L ndseer.)




BRAVE NEPTUNE Hacrrison /Weir







" GREYFRIARS' BOBBY Harrison eir

Full-Page Illustrations.
















Sir Edwin Landseer 56

-Sir Edwin Landseer 61

Harrison TWeir 33

Harrison WeCir 45

Harrison WTeir 97

Harrison WVeir 111

Harrison Weir 71

Harrison T tir 17

From a Photografik 29

Harrison WVeir 25

S Harrison fWeir 103

From a Photograplh 85

From a Photografb 47

From a Photograph
by Turner 79


(After Sir Edwin Landslcr. By Pcrmission.)

" THE wisest dog I ever had," said Sir Walter Scott, was what is called the bull-
dog terrier. I taught him to understand a great many words, insomuch that I am
positive that the communication betwixt the canine species and ourselves might be
greatly enlarged. 'Camp' once bit the baker, who was bringing bread to the
family. I beat him, and explained the enormity of his offence; after which, to the
last moment of his life, he never heard the least allusion to the story, in whatever

Dogs and their Doings.

voice or tone it was mentioned, without getting up and retiring into the darkest
corner of the room with great appearance of distress. Then if you said, the baker
was well paid, or, the baker was not hurt after all, Camp' came forth from his
hiding-place, capered, and barked and rejoiced. When be was unable, towards
the end of his life, to attend me when on horseback, he used to watch for my
return, and the servant would tell him his master was coming down the hill, or
through the moor, and, although he did not use any gesture to explain his meaning,
'Camp' was never known to mistake him, but either went out at the front to go
up the hill, or at the back to get down to the moor-side."

THE anecdote I am now about to give is from the pen of the Rev. J. C. Atkinson,
a good and scientific naturalist :--
"Walking with a favourite Newfoundland dog of great size, one frosty day, I
observed the animal's repeated disappointment on putting his head down, with the
intention to drink, at sundry ice-covered pools. After one of these disappointments,
I broke the ice with my foot, for my thirsty companion's behoof. The next time
it seemed good to the dog to try and drink, instead of waiting for me to break the
ice as before, he set his own huge paw forcibly on the ice, and, with a little effort,
obtained water for himself."

To Mr. Cornwall Simeon I am indebted for the following:-
Domestic animals not unfrequently contract sudden fancies for, and occasion-
ally as sudden aversions to, particular individuals, in a strange manner; the latter
being apparently more difficult to understand than the former. Doubtless something
or other has passed through the animal's mind, which, could we know what it was,
would fully account for this conduct on their part, while to those unacquainted
with the cause they appear to be actuated solely by caprice. The following
instance has occurred within my own knowledge. A brother of mine, when in the
army, had a very favourite little spaniel which was devotedly attached to him, and
his constant companion. During a visit of a few days, however, which I paid him
when quartered at Cork, and on the eve of embarkation for foreign service, the dog

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Dogs and their Doings.

took such an extraordinary fancy for me, that he decidedly preferred my company
to that of my brother, and indeed quite deserted him for me. On my leaving to
return to England, my brother kindly gave him to me, and he, as a matter of
course, followed me on board the steamer, leaving my brother standing on the
quay. The steamer sheered off, and proceeded on her course; but no sooner did
the dog perceive that he was really to be separated from his old master, than all
his former affection for him appeared to return in its full force. In every way in
which a dog can express contrition, he seemed to do so for his error in having
forsaken him for me; and I was actually obliged to hold him, in order to prevent
him from jumping overboard to rejoin him."

A CORRESPONDENT, Mr. Wheeler, furnishes me with the following:-
Our post-master has a strangely sagacious dog. A great deal of business is
-done at the post-office, and a great many messages despatched from it to the various
villages. The dog, Charlie,' sits at the front door of a morning, and signals, by a
short bark, as each individual messenger rounds the corner into the street. The
short bark is sufficient to tell the clerk in the office that his attention will be
required. So soon as the milkman appears, Charlie' runs indoors with a loud
continuous bow-wow, as it is uncertain in what part of the house the person may
be who should attend the 'milky-way.' 'Charlie' knows me well, and shows
marked fondness for me, but he always barks at my approach on Sunday mornings."

HERE is an example of generosity :-
A favourite house-dog, left to the care of its master's servants at Edinburgh
while he was himself in the country, would have been starved by them, had it not
had resource to the kitchen of a friend of its master's which it occasionally visited.
Not content with indulging himself simply in this freak of good-fortune, this liberal-
minded animal, a few days subsequently, falling in with a poor solitary duck, and
possibly deeming it to be in destitute circumstances, caught it up in his teeth, and
carried it to the well-stored larder that had so amply supplied his own necessities.
He laid the duck at the cook's feet, with many polite movements of his tail-the

A Nezefoundland Dog's Punishment.

most expressive of canine features-then scampered off, with much seeming com-
placency at having given his hostess this substantial proof of his grateful sense of
favours received."


YOUATT, in his "Humanity to Brutes," says:-
"My own experience furnishes me with a remarkable instance of bravery
in the dog. I had, many years ago, a Newfoundland dog, as thoroughly attached
to me as these I':ithl'u creatures generally are to those who use them well. It
became inconvenient for me to keep him, and I gave him to one who I knew would
be kind to him. Four years passed, and I had not seen him, although I had often
inquired about him; but one day I was walking towards Kingston, and had
arrived at the brow of the hill, where Jerry Abershaw's gibbet then stood, when I
met 'Carlo' and the master to whom I had consigned him. He recollected me in
a moment, and we made much of each other. His master, after a little chat, pro-
ceeded towards Wandsworth. 'Carlo,' as in duty bound, followed him. I had not,
however, got more than half-way down the hill, when he was by my side, lowly
but deeply growling, and every hair bristling. I looked to the right, and there were
two ill-looking fellows making their way through the bushes, which then occupied
the angular space between the Roehampton and Wandsworth roads. Their inten-
tion was scarcely questionable; and, indeed, a week or two before, I had narrowly
escaped from two miscreants like them. I can scarcely tell what I felt, for, presently,
one of the scoundrels emerged from the bushes not twenty yards from me; but he
no sooner saw my companion, and heard his growling, the loudness and depth of
which were fearfully increasing, than he retreated, and I saw no more of him or of
his associate. My gallant defender accompanied me to the direction post at the
bottom of the hill, and there, with many a mutual and honest greeting, we parted,
and he bounded away to overtake his rightful owner."

DR. ABELL, says Mr. Youatt, in one of his lectures on phrenology, related a very
:striking anecdote of a Newfoundland dog in Cork :-
"This dog was of a noble and generous disposition, and when he left his

Dogs and their Doings.

master's house was often assailed by several little noisy curs in the street. He
usually passed them with apparent unconcern, as if they were beneath his notice;
but one little creature was particularly troublesome, and at length carried his
petulance so far as to bite the Newfoundland dog in the back of his leg. This was
a degree of wanton insult which could not be patiently endured, and he instantly
turned round, ran after the offender, and seized him by the poll. In this manner
he carried him to the quay, and, holding him for some time over the water, at
length dropped him into it. He did not, however, design that the culprit should be
capitally punished; he waited a little while, until the offender was not only well
ducked, but nearly sinking, and then he plunged in and brought him out safe to
land. It would be difficult," says the doctor, "to conceive of any punishment
more aptly contrived, or more complete in character. A variety of comparisons,
and motives, and generous feelings entered into the composition of this act."

" I HAVE a poodle whom I would make tutor to my son, if I had one. I sometimes
use him towards my own education. Will not the following trait of his character
amuse you ? He conceived a strange fondness--an absolute passion-for a young
kitten, which he carried about in his mouth for hours when he went out to walk;
and whenever he came to a resting-place, he sat her down with the greatest care
and tenderness, and began to play with her. When he was fed, she always took
the nicest pieces away from him, without his ever making the slightest opposition.
The kitten died, and was buried in the garden. My poor poodle showed the deepest
grief, would not touch food, and howled mournfully the whole night long. What
was my astonishment, when, the next morning, he appeared, carrying the kitten
in his mouth! He had scratched her out of the ground, and it was only by force
that we could take her from him."-" Tutti Fru tli."

THE following is from the Ayr Observer:-
A cattle dealer in Irvine is frequently in the habit, when visiting Ayr market
on Tuesday, of leaving his dog behind him. On these occasions, upon missing
his master, the animal has been frequently known to take the next train to Ayr,

I I'IIj U ( !



Dogs and their Doings.



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18 Dogs and their Doings.

visit the cattle-market, and, not finding the object of his search, return again to
Irvine. His conduct has often attracted the notice of the guards on the line, and
his movements have been watched; but we have not heard by what class he is
accustomed to travel, and at what rate he is charged."

THE following fact will show that instances of gratitude are not wanting in dogs :-
"The very expression of poor 'Juno's' countenance," says Professor Bell, in
his History of British Quadrupeds," "was full of sensibility and affection. She
appeared to be always on the watch to evince her love and gratitude to those who
were kind to her, and the instinct of attachment was in her so powerful that it
showed itself in her conduct to other animals as well as to her human friends. A
kitten, which had lately been taken from its mother, was sent to us, and on 'Juno's'
approach showed the usual horror of the cat towards dogs. But 'Juno' seemed
determined to conquer the antipathy; and, by the most winning and persevering
kindness and forbearance, advancing or receding as she found the waywardness of
her new friend's temper required, she completely attached the kitten to her, and I
have often seen them lying together before the fire, the kitten sucking her kind
foster-mother, who was licking and caressing her as her own offspring. She would
also play with great gentleness with some tame rabbits of mine, and would entice
them to familiarity by the kindness of her manner; and so fond was she of caress-
ing the young of her own species, that when a spaniel of my father's had puppies
of which all, excepting one, were destroyed, 'Juno' would take every opportunity
to steal the remaining one from its mother's nest, and carry it to her own, where
she would lick and fondle it with the greatest kindness."

THE remarkable anecdote that follows, of a dog finding its way home from a very
long distance, is written by F. M. Burton, Esq. :--
"A gentleman, who is very fond of farming, and a large breeder of sheep, was
much struck with the sagacity of the Highland colleys, and on leaving the country
he took home a very fine one, for the purpose of introducing some of the right sort
of blood into our own mongrel breed of sheep dogs. The dog was carried by his

The Mastif Fire Discoverer.

new master from Inverness by coach to Glasgow, shut up in a sort of cage, so con-
structed that he could not possibly see anything but the sky, the cage being open
at the top only. After passing a night at Glasgow, he was conveyed next morning,
in the same cage, down the Clyde, and with his master proceeded by steamer to
Liverpool, landed there, and in due course of time was taken on, still shut up in
the cage, to his destination in this country. Here, of course, he was much admired,
and did his work well, until about three weeks after his arrival, when he was
suddenly missed. Every means were taken, by advertising and offering rewards, to
recover him, but without success, until, after the lapse of a little time, it was heard
that a dog answering the description of the advertisement had been seen wandering
about the docks at Liverpool for several days, but no one knew what had become
of him. Nothing after this was made out further, until a short time afterwards,
when a letter arrived from the old shepherd in Scotland, informing the gentleman
who had purchased the dog that he had actually found his way back, unaided and
alone, to his old master's shealing."

MR. CROUCH, in his Illustrations of Instinct," writes:-
In the spring of the year 1845 a mastiff dog in Cornwall, having discovered
that the roof of his master's house was in flames, ran in doors, howling dismally,
and, pulling at the garments of the inmates, urged their retreat from the building;
and hurrying out of the house, howled again, and directed their attention by his
looks to the flaming roof."

IN the course of last summer, it chanced that the sheep on the farm of a
friend of ours, on the Water of Stinchar, were, like those of his neighbours, partially
affected with a common disease in the skin, to cure which distemper it is necessary
to cut off the wool over the part affected and apply a small quantity of balsam.
For this purpose the shepherd set off to the hill one morning, accompanied by his
faithful canine assistant, 'Laddie.' Arrived among the flock, the shepherd pointed
out a diseased animal, and making the accustomed signal for the dog to capture it,
poor Mailie' was speedily sprawling on her back, and gently held down by the

20 Dogs and fteir Doings.

dog till the arrival of her keeper, who proceeded to clip off a portion of her wool,
and apply the healing balsam. During the operation, Laddie' continued to gaze
on the operator with close attention, and the sheep having been released, he was
directed to capture in succession two or three more of the flock, which underwent
similar treatment. The sagacious animal had now become initiated into the
mysteries of his master's vocation, for off he set unbidden through the flock, and
picked out with unerring precision those sheep which were affected, and held
them down until the arrival of his master, who was thus, by the extraordinary
instinct of Laddie,' saved a world of trouble, while the operation of clipping and
smearing was also greatly facilitated."-Greenock Newspaper.

"A VERY singular and interesting occurrence was lately brought to light in the
Burgh Court, by the hearing of a summons in regard to a dog-tax. Eight and a
half years ago it seems a man named Gray, of whom nothing more is known, except
that he was poor, and lived in a quiet way in some obscure part of the town, was
buried in Old Greyfriars' Churchyard. His grave, levelled by the hand of time, and
unmarked by any stone, is now scarcely discernible; but though no human interest
would seem to attach to it, the sacred spot has not been wholly disregarded and
forgotten. During all these years the dead man's faithful dog has kept constant
watch and guard over the grave, and it was this animal for which the collectors
sought to recover the tax. James Brown, the old curator of the burial-ground,
remembers Gray's funeral; and the dog, a Scotch terrier, was, he says, one of the
most conspicuous of the mourners. The grave was closed in as usual, and next
morning 'Bobby,' as the dog is called, was found lying on the newly-made mound.
This was an innovation which old James could not permit, for there was an order at
the gate stating, in the most intelligible characters, that dogs were not admitted.
Bobby' was accordingly driven out; but next morning he was there again, and
for the second time was discharged. The third morning was cold and wet, and
when the man saw the faithful animal, in spite of all chastisement, still lying
shivering on the grave, he took pity on him and gave him some food. This
recognition of devotion gave 'Bobby' the right to make the churchyard his
home; and from that time to the present he has never spent a night away from


LEngrav'ed, 3b .Zsy rmissionijroni i/hic ture by Mr. Gowiray Steele, R .S. A

22 Dogs and their Doings.

his master's grave. Often, in bad weather, attempts have been made to keep
him within doors, but by dismal howls he has succeeded in making it known
that this interference is not agreeable to him, and latterly he has always been
allowed to have his way. At almost any time during the day he may be seen
in or about the churchyard; and no matter how rough the night may be, nothing
can induce him to forsake the hallowed spot, whose identity, despite the irresistible
obliteration it has undergone, he has so faithfully preserved. 'Bobby' has many
friends, and the tax-gatherers have by no means proved his enemies. A weekly
treat of steaks was long allowed by Serjeant Scott, of the Engineers ; but for more
than six years he has been regularly fed by Mr. John Trail, of the restaurant,
6, Greyfriars' Place. He is constant and punctual in his calls, being guided in his
mid-day visits by the sound of the time-gun. On the ground of harbouringg' the
dog in this way, proceedings were taken against Mr. Trail for payment of the tax.
The defendant expressed his willingness, could he claim the dog, to be responsible
for the tax; but so long as the animal refused to attach himself to any one, it was
impossible, he argued, to fix the ownership-and the court, seeing the peculiar
circumstances of the case, dismissed the summons. 'Bobby' has long been an
object of curiosity to all who have become acquainted with his interesting history.
His constant appearance in the graveyard has caused many inquiries to be made
regarding him, and efforts out of number have been made from time to time to
get possession of him. The old curator of course stands up as the next claimant
to Mr. Trail, and the other day offered to pay the tax himself rather than have
'Bobby'-' Greyfriars' Bobby,' to allow him his full name-put out of the
It appears that 'Bobby' is a Sabbath observer-at least to this extent, that
he knows that the place of refreshment at which he gets his dinner on week-days
is closed on. Sunday; and he is sagacious enough to provide for this contingency
by saving, during the week, odd scraps of food, which he hides beneath a tombstone
adjoining the grave over which he keeps watch and ward. While sitting for his
portrait in Mr. Steele's studio, 'Bobby,' on hearing the report of the time-gun-
his usual call to dinner-got quite excited, and refused to be pacified until supplied
with his mid-day meal."-Scotsman, Aipril 8thl, 1867.

The Flower-plucker Punished. 23

MR. ST. JOHN, in his "Tour in Sutherlandshire," writes:
Dogs have a great deal of jealousy in their disposition, and even this may
be made to assist in their education, as it makes them strive to outdo each other.
Every clever dog is especially unwilling that any of his companions should possess
a greater share of his master's favour than himself. One of my dogs could not be
induced to hunt in company with another, of whose advances in my good graces he
was peculiarly jealous. There was no other ground of quarrel between them.
When Rover' saw that a young dog was to accompany me, he invariably refused
to go out. He also showed his jealousy by flying at him and biting him on
every occasion when he could do so unobserved. At last, however, when the
young dog had grown older, and discovered that his own strength was superior to
that of his tyrant, he flew upon poor Rover,' and amply revenged all the ill-
treatment which he had received at his hands. From that day he was constantly
on the look-out to renew his attacks; but having soon established his superiority,
he thenceforth contented himself with striking down the old dog; and after
standing over him a minute or two, with teeth bared ready for action, he suffered
him to sneak quietly away; for 'Rover' was too old a soldier to resist when he
found himself over-matched. At last the poor old fellow got so bullied by this
dog, and by two or three others, whom I am afraid he had tyrannized over
when they were puppies, that he never left the front door-steps, or went round
the corner of the house, before he had well reconnoitred the ground, and was sure
that none of his enemies were near him. In his battles with strange dogs he
was one of the most courageous animals I ever met."

THE Rev. R. Dick Duncan in a letter says:-
In the front of Mr. S.'s house, there was a parterre in which were reared
some beautiful flowers. The little children from some cottages in the neighbour-
hood were accustomed to steal in at the gate and pluck the flowers, to the great
grief of Mr. and Mrs. S. One day, a little fellow was busy at the work. Blucher'
espied him, and with a bound was at his side. Gently tossing him down, and
turning him on his face, the hero seized the astonished depredator by the clothes

24 Dogs and their Doings.

which covered his back. Then trotting off with him, he went out at the gate, and
passed along the highway till he came to a shallow pool of muddy water, into
which he suddenly dropped the delinquent. Making sure that the little fellow was
neither hurt nor likely to be drowned, 'Blucher' forthwith went quietly home.
The tidings spread amongst the children, and after that memorable day not a
flower was ever touched.

MR. WILCOX, of Liverpool Road, Islington, London, has a clever little dog named
"Dash." On week-day mornings, he may be seen at the shop door, waiting
for the "news-boy," from whom he receives a copy of the newspaper. Instantly
" Dash carries the paper to his master in the parlour. He, however, declines to
give up possession of the paper until a piece of bread and butter is presented in
payment for his services.

THE following remarkable fact is copied from the Warrington Guardian:-
"On the 27th of December, a bull-terrier dog was accidentally buried and lost
in a rabbit hole near Aston Hall. It was in a good condition at the time. It was
only discovered and dug out on the 18th of January, by the keeper, who heard the
poor creature howling underneath. When restored to its master at the Hall, it
was a mere skeleton, having been entombed twenty-three days, without meat or
drink. The dog is now quite recovered and again in good condition."

"THERE is a well-authenticated anecdote of two fine dogs at Donaghadee," say
the Messrs. Chambers, in their Anecdotes of Dogs," "in which the instinc-
tive daring of the one in behalf of the other caused a friendship, and, as it should
seem, a kind of lamentation for the dead, after one of them had paid the debt of
nature. This happened while the government harbour or pier for the packets at
Donaghadee was in the course of building, and it took place in the sight of several
witnesses. The one dog was a Newfoundland, and the other was a mastiff. They
were both powerful dogs; and though each was good-natured when alone, they

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Dogs and their Doings.

were very much in the habit of fighting when they met. One day they had a fierce
and prolonged battle on the pier, from the point of which they both fell into the sea;
and as the pier was long and steep, they had no means of escape but by swimming
a considerable distance. Throwing water upon fighting dogs is an approved means
of putting an end to their hostilities; and it is natural to suppose that two com-
batants of the same species tumbling themselves into the sea would have the same
effect. It had, and each began to make for the land as he best could. The New-
foundland,' being an excellent swimmer, very speedily gained the pier, on which he
stood shaking himself, but at the same time watching the motions of his late
antagonist, who, being no swimmer, was struggling exhausted in the water, and
just about to sink. In dashed the Newfoundland dog, took the other gently by the
collar, kept his head above water, and brought him safely on shore. There was a
peculiar kind of recognition between the two animals: they never fought again,
they were always together; and when the Newfoundland dog had been accidentally
killed by the passage of a stone waggon on the railway over him, the other
languished and evidently lamented for a long time."

MR. M. WESTCOTT wrote a few years ago, as follows, in The .:.'.,.';.'.:-
"Joseph Parsons, Esq., has a fine dog of the Newfoundland species, who is
a very docile and affectionate fellow to all with whom he is acquainted, but he is
very sparing of his friendship to strangers, nor will he hold familiar acquaintance
with any one until he has seen them about the premises some time. He is by no
means a savage animal, however, for he was never known to attack any person
excepting on one occasion, and then he doubtless felt himself in duty bound to do
so in order to protect his master's property. On this occasion the subject of his
displeasure was a stranger who came into the yard, and 'Lion,' not liking his
appearance, followed him about. The man, unconscious of the dog's sagacity,
and therefore careless of his presence, secreted a chamois skin and water-brush,
which the groom had been using, and was about leaving the place, when he was
pounced upon by the dog, thrown down, and kept there until some of the men
came to his rescue. Before he left, they elicited from him a confession of the theft
he had committed, which, of course, they assigned as the sole cause of his having

A Deer-slealer Discovered by a Bloodhound.

been so summarily dealt with by his detector, for strangers are almost every day
seen in the yard by 'Lion,' passing to and fro, without the least attempt at
BLOODHOUNDS were formerly used in certain districts lying between England and
Scotland that were much infested by robbers and murderers, and a tax was laid on
the inhabitants for keeping and maintaining a certain number of these animals. But
as the arm of justice is now extended over every part of the country, and as there
are now no secret recesses where villainy can be concealed, their services in this
respect are become no longer necessary. Some few of these dogs, however, are yet
kept in the northern parts of the kingdom, and in the lodges of the royal forests,
where they are used in the pursuit of deer that have been previously wounded.
They are also sometimes employed in discovering deer-stealers, whom they in-
fallibly trace by the blood that issues from the wounds of their victims.
A very extraordinary instance of this occurred in the New Forest, in the year
ISio, and was related to me by the Right Hon. G. H. Rose. A person, in getting
over a stile into a field near the forest, remarked that there was blood upon it.
Immediately afterwards he recollected hearing that some deer had been killed in the
preceding night. The man went to the nearest lodge to give information, but the
keeper being from home, he was under the necessity of going to Rhinefield Lodge,
which was at a considerable distance. Toomer, the underkeeper, went with him to
the place, accompanied by a bloodhound. The dog, when brought to the spot, was
laid on the scent, and after following for about a mile the track which the depre-
dator had taken, he came at last to a heap of furze faggots belonging to the family
of a cottager. The woman of the house attempted to drive the dog away, but was
prevented; and on the faggots being removed a hole was discovered in the ground,
which contained the body of a sheep that had recently been killed, and also a con-
siderable quantity of salted meat. The circumstance which renders this account
the more remarkable is, that the dog was not brought to the scent until more than
sixteen hours had elapsed after the man had carried away the sheep.

We are told by Plutarch of a certain Roman slave in the civil wars, whose head

Dogs and their Doings.

nobody durst cut off, for fear of the dog that guarded his body, and fought in his
defence. It happened that King Pyrrhus, travelling that way, observed the animal
watching over the body of the deceased, and hearing that he had been there three
days without meat or drink, yet would not forsake his master, ordered the body-to
be buried, and the dog preserved and brought to him. A few days afterwards,
there was a muster of the soldiers, so that every man was forced to march in order
before the king. The dog lay quietly by him for some time; but when he saw the
murderers of his late owner pass by, he flew upon them with extraordinary fury,
barking, and tearing their garments, and frequently turning about to the king,
which both excited the king's suspicion, and the jealousy of all who stood about
him. The men were in consequence apprehended, and though the circumstances
which appeared in evidence against them were very slight, they confessed the
crime, and were accordingly punished.-Chambers' "Anecdotes of Dogs."

A REMARKABLE instance of the sagacity of the dog occurred a few months ago in
London. Captain Talbot's man-servant and dog were having their usual daily stroll
along the Regent's Park Ornamental Water, when the feet of a man were seen
just above the water. The servant called the dog's attention to them, when
instantly Rock dashed into the water. In a few moments he seized hold of one
of the legs of the trousers, and struggled hard to draw the body out, but without
avail. Then was witnessed one of the most remarkable instances of dog sagacity
ever recorded. The noble creature suddenly dived down, seized the man by the
coat collar, and in a few moments reappeared on the surface, dragging the body to
the shore All honour to Rock," to John Adams, and also to the police by whose
persevering efforts the man was restored to consciousness. We regret that the
rules of the Royal Humane Society have not allowed them to respond to our appeal
for a collar of honour for Rock," but we are glad to state that a number of our
friends have cheerfully contributed the needful sum for one with silver mountings
which Captain Talbot has courteously accepted. It bears the following inscription :-
PRESENTATION COLLAR, in honour of Rock's' sagacity in saving a man from
drowning in the Regent's Park Ornamental Water, April 6th, 1869. Presented by
some of the readers of the 'British Workman.' "


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Dogs and tlieir Doings.

I WAS walking, some weeks ago," says the Rev. B. Grant, in a neighboring
town with a friend, who was accompanied by a small half-bred Italian grey-
hound. As we approached a large factory, the dog all at once started off at a
tangent, running through a gentleman's grounds, and meeting us again at some
distant point. I remarked upon the conduct of his dog to my friend : he told me
that the dog generally did so, if he were walking with it at the time the factory
hands were coming out, as was the case in this instance. He said the hands'
had jeered and laughed at the little dog sometimes, and since then it always made
a bend out of the main street in order to avoid meeting them. Surely here was
an instinct approaching to reason. We were not near the mill at the time, but a
street from it; but the dog evidently remembered the circumstance of the mill hands
laughing at him, and therefore, to avoid the like occurrence, acted, in the manner
I have described."

MR. HOGG, the Ettrick Shepherd, writing to Blackwood's Magazine, says:-
I must give you some account of my renowned 'Hector,' which I promised
long ago. I was once at the farm Shorthope, on Ettrick Head, receiving some
lambs that I had bought, and was going to take to market, with some more, the next
day. Owing to some accidental delay, I did not get final delivery of the lambs till
it was growing late, and, being obliged to be at my own house that night, I was
not a little dismayed lest I should scatter and lose my lambs if darkness overtook
me. Darkness did overtake me by the time I got half-way, and no ordinary dark-
ness for an August evening. The lambs having been weaned that day, and of the wild
black-faced breed, became exceedingly unruly, and for a good while I lost hopes of
mastering them. 'Hector' managed the point, and we got them safe home, but
both he and his master were alike sore forefoughten. It had become so dark
that we were obliged to fold them with candles, and, after closing them safely up,
I went home with my father and the rest to supper. When Hector's' supper was
set down, behold he was a-wanting and, as I knew we had him at the fold, which
was within call of the house, I went out and called and whistled on him for a good
while, but he did not make his appearance. I was distressed about this; for,

The Rev. F. .. Hele's Water-spaniel.

having to take away the lambs next morning, I knew I could not drive them a mile
without my dog, if it had been to save the whole drove.
"The next morning, as soon as it was day, I arose and inquired if Hector'
had come home. No, he had not been seen. I knew not what to do, but my
father proposed that he would take out the lambs and herd them, and let them get
some meat to fit them for the road, and that I should ride with all speed to Short-
hope, to see if my dog had gone back there. Accordingly, we went together to the
fold to turn out the lambs, and there was poor Hector,' sitting trembling in the
very middle of the fold door, on the inside of the flake that closed it, with his eyes
still steadfastly fixed on the lambs. He had been so hardly set with them after it
grew dark, that he durst not for his life leave them, although hungry, fatigued, and
cold-for the night had turned out a deluge of rain. He had never so much as
lain down, for only the small spot that he sat on was dry, and there had he kept
watch the whole night. Almost any other colley would have discerned that the
lambs were safe enough in the fold, but honest 'Hector' had not been able to see
through this. He even refused to take my word for it, for he would not quit his
watch, though he heard me calling both at night and morning."

THE following fact illustrates in a remarkable manner the sagacity which some dogs
possess in being able to distinguish days of the week:-
"The Rev. F. H. Hele, of Little-Hempston, near Totnes, had, a few years
since, a water-spaniel which was much attached to the family, and never seemed
happy when alone, even if left merely for a few minutes. Whenever any of the
family were about to go to the village, about a mile off, the dog always followed,
and, if driven back, was sure to gain his point at last; but, strange to say, on a
Sunday morning he quietly escorted his friends to the end of the garden gate, and
returned to his usual station outside the house door until their return from church."

VERY curious are those many instances on record of dogs seeming to take note
of the lapse of time, and distinguishing between a Sunday and a work-day. Thus
writes the Rev. Leonard Jenyns:-

Dogs and their Doings.

"A lady (Mrs. Grosvenor, afterwards of Richmond, Surrey), living in the
neighbourhood of my own village, had some years back a favourite Scotch terrier,
which always accompanied her in her rides, and was also in the habit of following
the carriage to church every Sunday morning. One summer the lady and her
family were from home several weeks, the dog being left behind. The latter,
however, continued to come' to church by itself for several Sundays in succession,
galloping off from the house at the accustomed hour, so as to arrive at the time of
service commencing. After waiting in the churchyard a short time, it was seen to
return home quiet and dispirited. The distance from the house to the church is
three miles, and beyond that at which the ringing of the bells could be ordinarily
heard. This was probably an instance of the force of habit, assisted by some
association of recollections connected with the movements of the household on that
particular day of the week."

"VERY extraordinary stories have been told of dogs discovering and circumventing
plans to injure the persons of their masters, in which it is difficult to place implicit
credit. We give one of the most marvellous of these anecdotes, as it is usually
related. Sir Henry Lee, of Ditchley, in Oxfordshire, ancestor of the Earls of
Lichfield, had a mastiff which guarded the house and yard, but had never met with
any particular attention from his master. In short, he was not a favourite dog, and
was retained for his utility only, and not from any partial regard. One night, as Sir
Harry was retiring to his chamber, attended by his favourite valet, an Italian, the
mastiff silently followed them upstairs, which he had never been known to do
before, and, to his master's astonishment, presented himself in the bed-room.
Being deemed an intruder, he was instantly ordered to be turned out, which, being
complied with, the poor animal began scratching violently at the door, and howling
loudly for admission. The servant was sent to drive him away. Discouragement,
however, could not check his intended labour of love; he returned again, and was
more importunate to be let in than before. Sir Harry, weary of opposition, though
surprised beyond measure at the dog's apparent fondness for the society of his
master, who had never shown him the least kindness, and wishing to retire to rest,
bade the servant open the door, that they might see what he wanted to do. This



ILr'Ii rI) i '


:, Dogs and their Doings.

1 'i ll! I I

34 Dogs and their Doings.

done, the mastiff, with a wag of the tail, and a look of affection at his lord,
deliberately walked up and, crawling under the bed, laid himself down, as if
desirous to take up his night's lodgings there. To save further trouble, and not
from any partiality for his company, this indulgence was allowed. The valet with-
drew, and all was still. About the solemn hour of midnight the chamber door
opened, and a person was heard stepping across the room. Sir Harry started from
sleep ; the dog sprang from his covert, and, seizing the unwelcome disturber, fixed
him to the spot. All. was dark: Sir Harry rang his bell in great trepidation, in
order to procure alight. The person who was pinned to the floor by the courageous
mastiff roared for assistance. It was found to be the favourite valet, who little
expected such a reception. He endeavoured to apologise for his intrusion, and to
make the reasons which induced him to take this step appear plausible; but the
importunity of the dog, the time, the place, the manner of the valet, raised
suspicions in Sir Harry's mind, and he determined to refer the investigation of the
business to a magistrate. The perfidious Italian, alternately terrified by the dread
of punishment, and soothed by the hope of pardon, at length confessed that it was
his intention to murder his master and then rob the house. This diabolical design
was frustrated solely by the unaccountable sagacity of the dog and his devoted
attachment to his master. A full-length picture of Sir Harry, with the mastiff
by his side, and the words, More faithful than favoured,' is still preserved among
the family pictures."-Chambers' "Anecdotes of Dogs."

THE following, sent to me by E. D. Conyers, Esq., of Elmswell, near Driffield,.
is another instance of a dog's discernment of the Sabbath :-
"Fifteen or sixteen, or it may be seventeen, years ago, when I resided in
Driffield, a terrier dog, named 'Grasper,' was given to me by Mrs. Wilkinson, the
widow of Mr. Matthew Wilkinson, the well-known Master of the Hurworth
hounds. After the dog had been about two years in my possession, he declined
(from some cause for which I could never account) following me, either on foot or
on horseback, more than a few yards from the house, and consequently, becoming
useless as a companion, I sent him to a farm which I then occupied at Sunderland-
wick, about a mile and a half from Driffield.

The Friends, Pzabe and C/loe."

Here he was never fastened up, but allowed to range about as he pleased-
he never attached himself to any particular individual, nor could he be persuaded
to follow any one off the premises; but from the second or third Sunday after he
had been sent away, he regularly visited my house at Driffield every Sunday (so
long as he was able to walk) during the remainder of his life. The first intimation
I had of a visit was a continued scratching at the front door about ten o'clock on
Sunday morning. I at length went to the door myself, and there found him
crouched on the step. I spoke kindly to him, and, wagging his tail, he followed
me meekly into the dining-room, and lay down under the sideboard, where he
remained, seldom changing his position, until the following day, when he suddenly
left the house and returned to Sunderlandwick; and from that time, so long as
he was able to travel so far, he never missed a Sunday, and as soon as he could
get into the dining-room invariably took his old place under the sideboard,
where a plate of meat was always placed for him at dinner-time. Sometimes
he remained until Tuesday morning, but generally left on Monday. He lived
to a great age, as it was only when his teeth and eyes had entirely failed that I
gave orders to have him destroyed. His nose was perfect to the last; and when
he was scarcely able to move about he would sit perfectly quiet, at any place
where he had marked a rat, for hours, until some one came to assist in dislodging
it. I have had many good terriers, but 'Grasper' was the best at vermin I ever
saw. His portrait, by Fernly, jun., hangs in the entrance hall at Elmswell."

J. GWYNNE, Esq., in The School for Fathers," narrates the following interesting
fact :-
"Two individuals," he says, "appeared in the shrubbery, stepping soberly
along, one a little in advance of the other, and both wearing a meek air of virtue
and duty and goodness, which strangely became them. One gently nodded its
head up and down as it advanced ; the other, on the contrary, held it stiff and
straight, merely fixing a pair of soft dark eyes on the vicar the moment it saw
him. He looked fondly towards them, and said, 'Those are "Phoebe" and
Chloe "-my mare and Newfoundland; and huge friends they are, I assure you.
"Chloe" knows when the groom goes to saddle "Phoebe," and then she lies down

Dogs and their Doings.

with her nose between her paws, watching him. The minute he has done, up she
jumps, the rein is put into her mouth, and she leads Phoebe" up to the door as
you now see; and not only that, but she follows me in my ride, and when we get
home again I give her the rein, and she leads her friend back to her stable. If
the lad happens not to be in the way, Chloe" barks till he comes. Now, just
watch them.'"

MR. WHEELER supplies me with the following fact:-
"A mansion in Gloucestershire had been let to a new family, who undertook
not only to keep the house in order, but to maintain a large dog which had been
left there by the owner of the house. When the new-comers went away for the
season, the dog was placed on board wages with the dairy maid, who is supposed
not to have overfed her boarder, and therefore, at all future breaking up of the
establishment, he knew by preparatory packing and other signs that the day of
dearth was approaching, and very wisely used to prepare for famine, by hoarding
ip unpicked bones and all scraps, which he would at other times, and in palmy
days, have turned up his nose at."

A FEW years ago, the public were amused with an account given in the newspapers
of a dog which possessed the strange fancy of attending the various fires that
occurred in the metropolis. The discovery of this predilection was made by a
gentleman residing a few miles from town, who was called up in the middle of the
night by the intelligence that the premises adjoining his house of business were
on fire.
"The removal of my books and papers," said he, in telling the story, "of
course claimed my attention; yet, notwithstanding this, and the bustle which
prevailed, my eye every now and then rested on a dog, whom, during the hottest
progress of the conflagration, I could not help noticing running about, and
apparently taking a deep interest in what was going on, contriving to keep out of
everybody's way, and yet always present amidst the thickest of the stir. When
the fire was got under, and I had leisure to look about me, I again observed the

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Dogs and Lteir Doings.

dog, which, with the firemen, appeared to be resting from the fatigues of duty, and
was led to make some inquiries respecting him.
"' Is this your dog, my friend ?' said I to a fireman.
"'No, sir,' answered he; 'it does not belong to me, or to any one in
particular. We call him the firemen's dog.'
"' The firemen's dog !' I replied. 'Why so ? Has he no master ? '
"'No, sir,' rejoined the fireman; 'he calls none of us master, though we are
all of us willing enough to give him a night's lodging and a pennyworth of meat.
But he won't stay long with any of us; his delight is to be at all the fires in
London ; and, far or near, we generally find him on the road as we are going along,
and sometimes, if it is out of town, we give him a lift. I don't think there has
been a fire for these two or three years past which he has not been at.'
"The communication was so extraordinary that I found it difficult to believe
the story, until it was confirmed by the concurrent testimony of several other fire-
men. None of them, however, were able to give any account of the early habits of
the dog, or to offer any explanation of the circumstances which led to this singular
propensity. Some time afterwards, I was again called up in the night to a fire in
the village in which I resided (Camberwell, in Surrey), and, to my surprise, here I
again met with 'the firemen's dog,' still alive and well, pursuing, with the same
apparent interest and satisfaction, the exhibition of that which seldom fails to bring
with it disaster and misfortune, oftentimes loss of life and ruin. Still he called no
man master, disdained to receive bed or board from the same hand more than a
night or two at a time, nor could the firemen trace out his resting-place."
Such was the account of this interesting animal as it appeared in the newspapers,
to which were shortly afterwards appended several circumstances communicated by a
fireman at one of the police offices. A magistrate having asked him whether it was
a fact that the dog was present at most of the fires that occurred in the metropolis,
the fireman replied that he never knew Tyke," as he was called, to be absent from
a fire upon any occasion that he (the fireman) attended himself. The magistrate
said the dog must have an extraordinary predilection for fires. He then asked
what length of time he had been known to possess that propensity. The fireman
replied that he knew "Tyke" for the last nine years, and although he was getting
old, yet the moment the engines were about Tyke was to be seen, as active as

The Dog who Saved his Master's Life.

ever, running off in the direction of the fire. The magistrate inquired whether the
dog lived with any particular fireman. The fireman replied that "Tyke" liked
one fireman as well as another; he had no particular favourites, but passed his time
amongst them, sometimes going to the house of one, and then to another, and off
to a third, when he was tired. Day or night, it was all the same to him; if a fire
broke out, there he was in the midst of the bustle, running from one engine to
another, anxiously looking after the firemen; and although pressed upon by crowds,
yet, from his dexterity, he always escaped accidents, only now and then getting a
ducking from the engines, which he rather liked than otherwise. The magistrate
said that Tyke was a most extraordinary animal, and, having expressed a wish
to see him, he was shortly after exhibited at the office, and some other peculiarities
respecting him were related. There was nothing at all particular in his appearance.
He was a rough-looking small animal, of the terrier breed, and seemed to be in
excellent condition, no doubt from the care taken of him by the firemen belonging
to the different companies. There was some difficulty experienced in bringing him
to the office, as he did not much relish going any distance from where the fire-
men are usually to be found, except in cases of attending them at a conflagration
and then distance was of no consequence. It was found necessary to use stratagem
for the purpose. A fireman commenced running; "Tyke," accustomed to follow
upon such occasions, set out after him ; but this person having slackened his pace
on the way, the sagacious animal, knowing there was no fire, turned back, and it
was necessary to carry him to the police-office.-Chambers' "Anecdotes of Dogs."

GARRETT, in his Marvels and Mysteries of Instinct," writes :-
The Newfoundland dog has a sagacity that is remarkably strong and humane
in its character. This animal appears as if designed to be a companion to man,
but more particularly when he is exposed to the perils of the water. With semi-
webbed feet, which make him a good swimmer, and an inclination to enter the
water, this element seems half natural to his nature. It is when persons are in the
act of drowning that the sagacity of this dog displays itself more strongly, and
innumerable lives has it saved from a watery grave. One instance will serve our
purpose as well as a hundred which might be enumerated. A singular case is given

Dogs and their Doings.

of a person who was travelling in Holland, and accompanied by a Newfoundland
dog. Not taking proper heed to his steps in an evening walk along a high bank
by the side of one of those canals common in the country, his foot slipped, letting
him into the deep with a plunge; and being unable to swim, the fishes' element
soon deprived him of his senses. In the meantime, the sagacious animal had no.
sooner discovered the danger to which his master was exposed, than he was in
the water, and engaged in the struggle to rescue him from his peril. A party at
a distance saw the faithful servant at one moment pushing and at another
dragging, the body towards a small creek, when, at length, he succeeded in
landing his charge and placing it as far from the water as possible. This being
done, the dog first shook himself, and then licked the hands and face of his
apparently dead lord. The body being conveyed to a neighboring house, the
efforts to restore the lost senses were successful."


BLAINE narrates the following interesting anecdote :-
"I was once called from dinner in a hurry to attend to something that had
occurred. Unintentionally I left a favourite cat in the room, together with a no
less favourite spaniel. When I returned, I found the latter, which was not a small
figure, extending her whole length along the table, by the side of a leg of mutton
which I had left. On my entrance she showed no signs of fear, nor did she
immediately alter her position. I was sure, therefore, that none but a good
motive had placed her in this extraordinary situation; nor had I long to conjecture.
Puss was skulking in a corner, and, though the mutton was untouched, yet her
conscious fears clearly evinced that she had been driven from the table in the act
of attempting a robbery on the meat, to which she was too prone, and that her
situation had been occupied by this faithful spaniel to prevent a repetition of the
attempt. Here was fidelity united with great intellect, and wholly free from the
aid of instinct. This property of guarding victuals from the cat, or from other
dogs, was a daily practice with this animal; and while cooking was going forward,
the floor might be strewed with eatables, which would have been all safe from
her own touch, and as carefully guarded from that of others."


;.t ,


42 Dogs and their Doings.

THE following is from Chambers' Anecdotes of Dogs :-
"An English officer, who was in Paris in 1815, mentions the case of a dog
belonging to a shoe-black, which brought customers to its master. This it did in
a very ingenious, and scarcely honest, manner. The officer, having occasion to
cross one of the bridges over the Seine, had his boots, which had been previously
polished, dirtied by a poodle dog rubbing against them. He, in consequence;
went to a man who was stationed on the bridge, and had them cleaned. The
same circumstance having occurred more than once, his curiosity was excited, and
he watched the dog. He saw him roll himself into the mud of the river, and
then watch for a person with well-polished boots, against which he contrived to
rub himself. Finding that the shoe-black was the owner of the dog, he taxed him
with the artifice; and, after a little hesitation, he confessed that he had taught the
dog the trick in order to procure customers for himself. The officer, being much
struck with the dog's sagacity, purchased him at a high price, and brought him to
England. He kept him tied up in London some time, and then released him. The
dog remained with him a day or two, and then made his escape. A fortnight
afterwards he was found with his former master, pursuing his old trade of dirtying
gentlemen's boots on the bridge."

THE following, from Mure's "Journal of a Tour in Greece and the Ionian Islands,"
though not, strictly speaking, an anecdote, gives a very -useful hint how best to
ward off a canine attack :-
"At Argos one evening, at the table of General Gordon, then Commander-in-
Chief in the Morea, the conversation happened to turn on the number and fierce-
ness of the Greek dogs, when one of the company remarked that he knew a very
simple expedient for appeasing their fury. Happening on a journey to miss his
road, and being overtaken by darkness, he sought refuge for the night at a pastoral
settlement by the wayside. As he approached the dogs rushed out upon him,
and the consequence might have been serious had he not been rescued by an
old shepherd, the Eumaeus of the fold, who sallied forth, and finding that the
intruder was but a benighted traveller, after pelting off his, assailants, gave

The Trznmpeter and Dog.

him a hospitable reception in his hut. His guest made some remarks on the
watchfulness and zeal of his dogs, and on the danger to which he had been
exposed in their attack. The old man replied that it was his own fault for not
taking the customary precaution in such an emergency-that he ought to have
stopped, and sat down, until some persons whom the animals knew came to protect
him. As this expedient was new to the traveller, he made some further inquiries,
and was assured that if any person in such a predicament will simply seat himself
on the ground, laying aside his weapons of defence, the dogs will also squat in
a circle round him; that as long as he remains quiet they will follow his example,
but as soon as he rises and moves forward they will renew the assault."

" IN the triumphal entrance of the troops, the chief heroes of the day (with
the exception of General Prim, who was so greeted that he had to deliver half
a dozen speeches as he went through the streets) were a trumpeter and a dog.
Their glory obscured that of all the army. The trumpeter belongs to the Bourbon
regiment; he is a very active fellow, but is of short stature. When in Africa, he
happened one day, whilst in the advanced posts with his company, to be exces-
sively hungry, and he could not get any food. At last he perceived a number of
oak trees, and said to himself, 'Where there are oak trees there are acorns, which
at a pinch can be eaten.' He accordingly slipped away, and passed unobserved by
the sentinels, climbed up the tree, and began eating. He was suddenly interrupted
by a strange noise, and, to his dismay, perceived that the tree was surrounded by
furious-looking Moors. Flight was impossible, and resistance out of the question;
but a bright idea struck him: he seized his trumpet and sounded the charge. The
Moors, thinking that they had fallen into an ambush, took to flight. This exploit
of the trumpeter excited great admiration at the time, and on the entrance of the
troops, the crowd not only greeted him with enthusiasm, but he was borne in
triumph on men's shoulders, and crowned with laurel! From time to time, at the
request of the people, he sounded the charge which had struck terror into the
breasts of the Moors. As to the dog, he belongs to the riflemen of Baza. He was
sold by his owner for a loaf, to a soldier of the 4th company, at Barcelona; and
his new master gave him the name of 'Palomo,' and shared with him his food.

Dogs and t/eir Doings.

The other soldiers also treated him kindly, and the animal conceived an affection
not only for his master, but for the whole of the men. When the war broke out,
the battalion was ordered to Algesiras to embark, and the dog was left behind at
Barcelona. But just as the battalion was about to leave, he reached that port and
joined the men: how he found his way there none could tell. He was, however,
left behind; but one day he arrived mysteriously in Morocco, and again joined his
battalion He took part in all the combats up to the taking of Tetuan, and in that
affair he was struck by a ball, which has made him lame for life. In the entrance
of the troops, he marched modestly at the head of his battalion, but was covered
with flowers and laurel. He has been appointed honorary corporal in the battalion,
and wore the insignia of that grade."-Standard, June, 1860.


SIR PATRICK WALKER tells the following story:-
One of the most interesting anecdotes I have known relates to a sheep-dog.
The names of the parties have escaped me just now, but I recollect perfectly that
it came from an authentic source. The circumstances were these: A gentleman
sold a considerable flock of sheep to a dealer, which the latter had not hands to
drive. The seller, however, told him he had a very intelligent dog which he could
send to assist him to a place about thirty miles off, and that, when he reached
the end of his journey, he had only to feed the dog and desire him to go home.
The dog accordingly received his orders, and set off with the flock and the drover.
But he was absent for so many days that his master began to have serious alarms
about him, when one morning, to his great surprise, he found the dog returned
with a very large flock of sheep, including the whole that he had lately sold.
The fact turned out to be, that the drover was so pleased with the colley that
he resolved to steal him, and locked him up until the time when he was to leave
the country. The dog grew sulky, and made various attempts to escape; and
one evening he fortunately succeeded. Whether the animal had discovered the
drover's intention, and supposed the sheep were also stolen, it is difficult to say;
but by his conduct it looked so; for he immediately went to the field, collected
the sheep, and drove them all back to his master."

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ii: "


Dogs and their Doings.

A CORRESPONDENT of T/e Natuhralist magazine relates :-
"In the early part of last spring I called on a cottager, a poor neighbour, who
I heard was ill. I found him sitting by his fire, with a spaniel and her puppy, six
weeks or two months old, and a cat and a half-grown kitten. The dog got up to
greet me, for we are old acquaintances and good friends, when from under her ran
seven young ducks a few days old. The woman of the house told me that they
had been hatched under a hen, which would not take care of them, and that she
had brought them into the house to keep them warm. The spaniel immediately
took to them, and whenever she came in and lay down by the fire, the ducks ran to
her and nestled among her long hair. I asked her how the cat agreed with them,
to which she replied that 'Busy' (such is the spaniel's name) would not suffer
anything to come near them; and I had proof of this, for her own puppy went
up close to one of them as though to play with it, when she snapped at him and
drove him away. One of the ducks soon died, having, apparently, something
wrong in its head, but the other six throve under 'Busy's' care, and are now
fine ducks, fit for table. The woman added that she was remarkably fond of
young little things, and would nestle a brood of young chickens like a hen."

THE Times of June ISt, 1867, contained the following interesting paragraph :-
"On Thursday morning last a boy named Hargreaves, eleven years of age,
was playing on the bank of the Cauldon Canal, near Hanley, when he accidentally
fell into the water. According to his own intelligent account of what happened,
he was sinking the second time, when a retriever dog, belonging to Mr. Elijah
Boulton, grocer, of Hanley, seeing him in the water, sprang in to the rescue, seized
the back of his waistcoat, and dragged him to land. The poor little fellow soon
recovered himself, and walked home. The dog walked by his side until he had
reached his father's door, and then, with a self-congratulatory wag of his tail,
trotted off to Mr. Boulton's house."
Through the courtesy of Mr. Boulton, who has kindly sent us a photograph
of the boy and the dog, we are enabled to present our readers with the annexed

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Dogs and their Doings.

CoUCH, in his Illustrations of Instinct," says :-
"The modes employed by dogs of different races in capturing and devouring
the crab-and especially that pugnacious species, the velvet crab-will illustrate the
experience which has become propagated in the breed over the ignorance of the
uninitiated. On the first discovery of the prey, a terrier runs in to seize it, and is
immediately and severely bitten on the nose. But a sedate Newfoundland dog of
my acquaintance proceeds more soberly in his work. He lays his paw on it, to
arrest it in its escape; then, tumbling it over, he bares his teeth, and, seizing it
with the mouth, throws the crab aloft: it falls upon the stones; the shell is
cracked beyond redemption ; and then the dainty dish is devoured at his leisure."

' I POSSESS opportunities," says Mr. Couch, in his. Illustrations of Instinct," "of
frequently observing the conduct of a dog, who through life has displayed mani-
festations of a good nature which distinguishes him from the generality of his
canine brethren, and which, after subjecting him to much distress, has established
him in a situation in which this amiable quality procures him proportionate esteem.
He is of the Newfoundland race, and first saw the light in some part of North
America. Being of robust nature, it was thought that he would be valuable on
board ship, to which, therefore, he was consigned; and he would have fulfilled the
expectations of his owner, if he had been required to plunge into the ocean to save
a man from drowning. But he could not be made to understand that man could
be otherwise than honest, or an enemy to man; and therefore, being judged too
quiet for his situation, the poor dog was turned adrift in an English port, to obtain
food and shelter wherever he could find it. His fine appearance and docility soon
obtained him a master; but the same fault accompanied him, and it could not be
believed that he could be of any service when he would not snarl at a stranger, or
quarrel with a neighbour. Twice, therefore, was this poor dog turned out to seek
his casual fortune; and though a little food would suffice, and refuse fish as soon
as any, our poor 'Boatswain' was in danger of being starved, when a little boy
took compassion on his lank appearance and mild deportment, and by dint of
entreaty obtained permission to assign him a resting-place, with the condition

Reasoning Dogs.

that, to provide him food, .he would, in case of necessity, share with him a
portion of his own. By the superior authorities this was a reluctant permission;
but his affectionate behaviour soon succeeded in effecting a reconciliation. It
is amusing to see how fondly this poor creature is attached to all the members
of the protecting family. A slight notice is acknowledged rather by an inward
than an outward rejoicing, and he will suffer without a murmur a rejection,
and even expulsion, from a favourite situation, frequently even on the utterance
of a simple command. But his most characteristic expression is when he mani-
fests similar kindly feelings to his canine brethren, many of whom are too surly
to accept them in the spirit in which they are offered; and the appearance
of mortified disappointment in his countenance, when his approaches to friendly
intercourse are met by a growl, is exceedingly expressive."

HERE are three facts, illustrative of what I do not see that we can call by any other
name than a pure reasoning faculty. The first is from the pen of Mr Broderip:-
"We remember to have been particularly struck with the behaviour of a dog
that had lost his master. We were walking down a hilly field, whose path
terminated at a stile, which opened upon a road, running due east and west. This
road was cut at right angles by another road running northward. A dog passed
with his nose close to the ground, keeping the downward path till he arrived at the
stile, through which he squeezed himself, and, with his nose still down, he first
hunted busily along the eastern branch and then along the western. He now
retraced his steps, and when he came nearly opposite the northern road, he lifted
his head, looked about him for a moment or two, and then set off along that road
as fast as he could go, without putting his nose to the ground, as if thinking
within himself, 'He is not gone that way-nor is he gone that way; therefore he
must have gone this way :' an operation of the mind very like a syllogism."
Akin to this is the incident I next relate, for which Mr. St. John is my
authority, in the work already named-"A Tour in Sutherlandshire" :-
"While on this island, too, another interesting incident took place : we heard
the baying of a hound on the shore. At first I imagined that some fox-hunter's
dog had strayed away in pursuit of, and was still running, a fox or deer; but on
Dogs and their Doings. D

Dogs and t eir Doings.

looking with my glass, I saw a fine fox-hound sitting on a point of land which reached
into the lake, and howling in a manner which plainly showed he had lost his master;
and having heard me fire at a crow, he imagined that I was the person he was in
search of. After howling for a minute or two, till the hills around echoed with
his deep voice, the gallant dog swam into the loch, and made for an island on
which I had fired at a grey crow. I saw him land, and, with nose to the ground,
take up our track; but after a little hesitation he found that the scent was not that
of his master, nor of any one he knew; so, plunging into the loch again, he made
for the mainland, and having reached it after a stout battle with the waves (the
wind then being high), he continued his search round the shore of the lake, taking,
however, no further notice of us, although I fired one or two more shots within his
hearing. The instinct and the reasoning of the dog struck me as very great in his
manner of trying if we belonged to the party who had been up to the high ground
before daybreak in pursuit of a lamb-killing fox; for we afterwards heard that the
fox-hunter of the district had been following his avocation on the heights of Ben
Cleebrick that morning, and that some of his dogs had strayed away from him in
pursuit, probably, of a deer, though he owned only to their having followed a fox."
The third and last anecdote that I shall quote under this head, I am sorry to
say I omitted to note the authority for at the time I extracted it; but I am confident
of its authenticity :-
A gentleman having ridden sixteen miles in the winter, followed by his faithful
dog, the poor creature, wearied with his journey, fell so fast asleep before the fire,
that his master went out of the room unperceived by him. On his return the
gentlemen in the travellers' room said to him, 'We have been amused, sir, with
your dog. When he awoke, he was in great trouble at finding his master gone.
He, however, went round the room and smelt at all the great-coats hanging up
on the wall, and when he found his master's great-coat, he returned to the fire-
place, and composed himself for another nap, as if he had reasoned with himself,
and come to the conclusion : My master won't go away without his great-coat "'"

"ONE of the most striking instances which we have heard," say the Messrs.
Chambers, in their Anecdotes of Dogs," "of sagacity and personal attachment in


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Dogs and their Doings.

the shepherd's dog occurred about half a century ago among the Grampian
mountains. In one of his excursions to his distant flocks, a shepherd took with
him one of his children. After traversing the hills for some time, attended by his
dog, the shepherd found himself under the necessity of ascending a summit at
some distance to have a more extensive view of his range. As the ascent was too
fatiguing for the child, he left him on a small plain at the bottom, with strict injunc-
tions not to stir from it till his return. Scarcely, however, had he gained the
summit, when the horizon was suddenly darkened by one of those impenetrable
mists which frequently descend so rapidly amidst these mountains, as, in the space
of a few minutes, almost to turn day into night. The anxious father instantly
hastened back to find his child; but, owing to the unusual darkness, and his own
trepidation, he unfortunately missed his way in the descent. After a fruitless
search of many hours amongst the dangerous morasses and cataracts with which
these mountains abound, he was at length overtaken by night. Still wandering on
without knowing whither, he at length came to the verge of the mist, and, by the
light of the moon, discovered that he had reached the bottom of the valley, and was
within a short distance of his cottage. To renew the search that night was equally
fruitless and dangerous. He was, therefore, obliged to return to his cottage,
having lost both his child and his dog, which had attended him faithfully for years.
Next morning, by daybreak, the shepherd, accompanied by a band of his neigh-
bours, set out in search of his child; but, after a day spent in fruitless fatigue, he
was at last compelled, by the approach of night, to descend from the mountain. On
returning to his cottage, he found that the dog, which he had lost the day before, had
been home, and, on receiving a piece of cake, had instantly gone off again. For
several successive days the shepherd renewed the search for his child, and still, on
returning at evening disappointed to his cottage, he found that the dog had been
home, and, on receiving his usual allowance of cake, 'had instantly disappeared.
Struck with this singular circumstance, he remained at home one day, and when
the dog as usual departed with his piece of cake, he resolved to follow him, and
find out the cause of his strange procedure. The dog led the way to a cataract, at
some distance from the spot where the shepherd had left his child. The banks of
the cataract almost joined at the top, yet, separated by an abyss of immense depth,
presented that appearance which so often astonishes and appals the travellers who

The Dog who Hollowed the Sand for 1Moisture.

frequent the Grampian mountains, and indicates that these stupendous chasms
were not the silent work of time, but the sudden effect of some violent convulsion
of the earth. Down one of these rugged and almost perpendicular descents the
dog began, without hesitation, to make his way, and at last disappeared into a cave,
the mouth of which was almost upon a level with the torrent. The shepherd with
difficulty followed; but on entering the cave, what were his emotions when he
beheld his child eating with much satisfaction the cake which the dog had just
brought him, while the faithful animal stood by, eyeing his young charge with the
utmost complacence From the situation in which the child was found, it appears
that he had wandered to the brink of the precipice, and then either fallen or
scrambled down, till he reached the cave, which the dread of the torrent had
afterwards prevented him from quitting. The dog, by means of his scent, had
traced him to the spot, and afterwards prevented him from starving, by giving up
to him his own daily allowance. He appears never to have quitted the child by
night or day, except when it was necessary to go for his food, and then he was
always seen running at full speed to and from the cottage."

MONSIEUR ALPHONSE DE CANDOLLE has communicated to the Bibliotheque
Universelle de Geneve the following observations on the instinct of animals :-
Being last October in the neighbourhood of Aiguesmortes, I had occasion to
observe a remarkable instance of intelligence in a dog. The day was hot, and the
season unfavourable, by reason of the trade winds, so troublesome on the shores of
the Mediterranean. After walking several hours in the desert which separates the
town of Aiguesmortes from Carmagne, we arrived at a plain where we found, in
the midst of a whirlwind, some remains of a shipwreck. Out of three dogs which
had followed our guide, only two had accompanied us to this spot. Their black
hair attracted the rays of the sun, and the poor creatures, like ourselves, seemed
to find the sand somewhat too warm to be pleasant. I sat down on a mat half
buried in the sand. One of the dogs quickly conceived the idea of establishing
itself near me. It nestled close to a horizontal plank, by way of procuring a little
shade, but, finding this insufficient, it hollowed the sand until it came to the part
moistened by the sea. It then stretched itself with delight in this fresh and shady

54 Dogs and their Doings.

bed. There, said I, is an undoubted instance of reason. Had it been instinct,
every animal of the same species placed in similar circumstances would have
acted alike. But the other dog, though of the same race, and also weary, knew
not what to do: it writhed in the hot sand. One of these dogs evidently remem-
bered that by hollowing the sand-hillocks a cool and moist part is arrived at,
and it applied the reminiscence to this particular case."

PROFESSOR BELL tells the following anecdote :-
An intimate friend of mine possessed a water-dog which evinced a remark-
able degree of intelligence scarcely less than human. One instance of her sagacity
and faithfulness I cannot refuse myself the pleasure of recording. My friend was
travelling on the Continent, and his faithful dog was his companion. One day before
he left his lodgings in the morning, with the expectation of being absent until
evening, he took out his purse in his room for the purpose of ascertaining whether
he had taken sufficient money for a day's occupation, and then went his way,
leaving his dog behind. Having dined at a coffee-house, he took out his purse, and
missed a louis d'or, searched for it diligently, but to no purpose. Returning home
in the evening, his servant let him in, with a face of much sorrow, and told him
that the poor dog was very ill, as she had not eaten anything all day, and, what
appeared very strange, she would not suffer him to take her food away from before
her, but had been lying with her nose close to the vessel without attempting to
touch it. On my friend entering his room, she instantly jumped upon him,
then laid the louis d'or at his feet, and immediately began to devour her food with
great voracity. The truth was now apparent; my friend had dropped the money
in the morning when leaving his room, and the faithful creature, finding it, had held
it in her mouth, until his return enabled her to restore it to his own hands-even
refusing to eat for a whole day, lest it should be out of her custody. I knew the
dog well, and have witnessed very many curious tricks of hers, showing docility."

"THE Newfoundland is known to be superior to most others in the power of
swimming, for which it is peculiarly fitted, by having the foot partly webbed.



56 Dogs and their Doings.

Some years ago, a nurse was playing with a child on the parapet of a bridge over
the Liffey. With a sudden spring, the child fell into the river. The agonised
spectators saw the waters close over the child, and imagined that it had sunk to
rise no more, when a noble dog, seeing the catastrophe, gazed wistfully at the
ripples on the surface made by the child's descent, and rushed in to its rescue.
At the same instant the poor little thing reappeared on the surface : the dog
seized it, and, with a firm but gentle pressure, bore it to the shore without injury.
Among the spectators attracted to the spot was a gentleman who appeared strongly
impressed with admiration for the sagacity and promptness of the dog. On
hastening to get near him, he saw, with terror, joy, and surprise, that the child was
his own! Such was his sense of gratitude, that, it is said, he offered five hundred
guineas for the noble animal."-Saladfor the Social.

A LADY living in' the neighbourhood of my own village has communicated to me,
says the Rev. Leonard Jenyns, a somewhat extraordinary anecdote:-
"It appears that a poodle dog, belonging to a gentleman in Chester, was in the
habit of not only going to church, but remaining quietly in the pew during service,
whether his master was there or not. One Sunday, the dam at the head of a lake
in the neighbourhood gave way, so that the whole road was inundated. The con-
gregation, in consequence, consisted of a few who came from some cottages close
by, but nobody attended from the great house. The clergyman informed the lady
that, whilst reading the Psalms, he saw his friend the poodle come slowly up the
aisle dripping with wet, having swum about a quarter of a mile to get to church.
He went as usual into the pew, and remained to the end of the service."

THE following anecdote seems almost to betoken a reasoning power in the dog.
The authority for it is Mr. G. P. R. Pulman:-
A gentleman of my acquaintance at Axminster, in Devonshire, was a few
years since the owner of a very intelligent and sagacious dog. It was a white
bull-terrier of the largest size; by no means remarkable for its beauty, but
singularly docile, and strongly attached to its master, of whom it was the constant

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58 Dogs and their Doings.

companion in the extensive journeys which, as a commercial traveller, he was in
the habit of taking. One day, Mr. H. had occasion to call at a house at the entrance
to Lyme Regis, and accordingly alighted from his gig for that purpose, leaving his
dog on the driving box. The horse, from some cause, took fright, and started at
a tremendous pace towards the town, with the reins trailing on the ground in
dangerous proximity to its feet. In a few seconds, after apparently deliberating
how to act, the dog leaped from the gig and seized the reins in its mouth, pulling
them with all its strength, and allowed itself to be dragged for a considerable
distance, till he actually succeeded in stopping the horse by pulling it round into a
.gateway; he retained a tight hold of the reins, only relinquishing them when some
persons seized the horse's head. This extraordinary effort of what it would be
difficult to designate as less than reason was witnessed by several persons besides
the owner of the dog, who, as may be imagined, was both surprised and delighted
at an achievement which, besides its singularity, was in all probability the means
of preventing a serious accident."

"A SHORT time ago," says the Preston Guardian of 1860, "a dog, well known
to the railway officials from his frequent travelling with his master, presented him-
self at one of the stations on the Fleetwood, Preston, and Longridge line. After
looking round for some length of time amcngst the passengers and in the carriages,
just as the train was about to start he leaped into one of the compartments of a
carriage, and laid himself down under the seat. Arriving at Longridge, he made
another survey of the passengers, and, after waiting until the station had been
cleared, he went into the Railway Station Hotel, searched all the places on the
ground-floor, then went and made a tour of inspection over the adjoining grounds,
but being apparently unsuccessful, trotted back to the train, and took his old
position just as it was moving off. On reaching the station from which he had first
started, he again looked round as before, and took his departure. It seems that
he now proceeded to the general railway station at Preston, and, after repeating
the looking-round performance, placed himself under one of the seats, in a train
which he had singled out of the many that are constantly popping in and out,
and in due time arrived at Liverpool. He now visited a few places where he had

"Beau's" Resignation.

before been with his master, of whom, as it afterwards appeared, he was in search.
Of his adventures in Liverpool little is known, but he remained over night,
and visited Preston again early the following morning. Still not finding his
missing master, he for the fourth time 'took the train,' this time, however, to
Lancaster and Carlisle, at which latter place the sagacity and faithfulness of the
animal, as well as the perseverance and tact he displayed in prosecuting his
search, were rewarded by finding his master. Their joy at meeting was mutual."

CORNWALL SIMEON tells the anecdote which follows:-
"A King Charles' spaniel belonging to a lady, a relation of my own, was
constantly in the habit of attending her when she went out driving, and, if it
was wished that he should not accompany her, it was necessary to shut him
up to prevent him from doing so. On Sundays she went to teach at the
village school, where his presence was of course undesirable. To my surprise,
one Sunday morning I saw her preparing for a start to the school, leaving
'Beau' at liberty in the dining-room, which was on the ground-floor, opening
on the carriage-drive by which she would leave the house. I was proceeding
to shut him up, when she said, 'Oh, you need not trouble yourself to do that;
he knows quite well that it is Sunday, and won't attempt to go with me.' She
was perfectly right. Beau' sat in a chair, watching her through the open
window, as she drove off, looking the picture of mortified resignation, but not
offering to quit his place, though he had not been told to remain there."

A GENTLEMAN named Macaire, an officer of the king's bodyguard, entertained, for
some reason, a bitter hatred against another gentleman named Aubrey de Mont-
didier, his comrade in service. These two having met in the Forest of Bondy, near
Paris, Macaire took an opportunity of treacherously murdering his brother officer,
and buried him in a ditch. Montdidier was unaccompanied at the moment,
excepting by a greyhound, with which he had probably gone out to hunt. It is not
known whether the dog was muzzled, or from what other cause it permitted the
deed to be accomplished without its interference. Be this as it might, the hound

Dogs and t/ezr Doings.

lay down on the grave of its master, and there remained till hunger compelled it to
rise. It then went to the kitchen of one of Aubrey de Montdidier's dearest friends,
where it was welcomed warmly and fed. As soon as its hunger was appeased the
dog disappeared. For several days this coming and going was repeated, till at last
the curiosity of those who saw its movements was excited, and it was resolved to
follow the animal, and see if anything could be learned in explanation of Mont-
didier's sudden disappearance. The dog was accordingly followed, and was seen
to come to a pause on some newly turned up earth, where it set up the most
mournful wailings and howlings. These cries were so touching, that passengers
were attracted, and finally, digging into the ground at the spot, they found there the
body of Aubrey de Montdidier. It was raised and conveyed to Paris, where it was
soon afterwards interred in one of the city cemeteries. The dog attached itself
from this time forth to the friend, already mentioned, of his late master. While
attending on him, it chanced several times to get a sight of Macaire, and on every
occasion it sprang upon him and would have strangled him, had it not been taken
off by force. This intensity of hate on the part of the animal awakened a suspicion
that Macaire had had some share in Montdidier's murder, for his body showed him
to have met a violent death. Charles VI., on being informed of the circumstances,
wished to satisfy himself of their truth. He caused Macaire and the dog to be
brought before him, and beheld the animal again spring upon the object of its
hatred. The king interrogated Macaire closely, but the latter would not admit that
he had been in any way connected with Montdidier's murder. Being strongly
impressed by a conviction that the conduct of the dog was based on some guilty
act of Macaire, the king ordered a combat to take place between the officer and his
dumb accuser, according to the practice in those days, between human plaintiffs
and defendants. This remarkable combat took place on the Isle of Notre Dame at
Paris in presence of the whole court. The king allowed Macaire to have a strong
club as a defensive weapon, while, on the other hand, the only self-preservative means
allowed to the dog consisted of an empty cask, into which it could retreat if hard
pressed. The combatants appeared in the lists. The dog seemed perfectly aware
of its situation and duty. For a short time it leapt actively around Macaire, and
then, at one spring, it fastened itself upon his throat in so firm a manner that he
could not disentangle himself. He would have been strangled had he not cried for

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BLOW LIFE. [E La1dS 1111S

Dogs and their Doings.

mercy, and avowed his crime. The dog was pulled from off him, but he was only
liberated from its fangs to perish by the hands of the law. The fidelity of this dog
has been celebrated in many a drama and poem, and it has been usually called
the Dog of Montargis, from the combat having taken place at the chateau of
Montargis.-Chambers' Anecdotes oJ Dogs."

THE following anecdote, from a friend, is very wonderful:-
"On the 19th of May, 1834, a party who had been living at Quedgeley,
within two miles of Gloucester, sailed from Bristol to New York, intending to settle
in one of the Western States of America.. They took with them a wire-haired
terrier, which whelped during the passage. The distance from Quedgeley to
Bristol is twenty-seven miles. From New York they proceeded in a steamboat
up the Hudson to Albany, one hundred and ninety miles; thence to Schenectady,
fifteen miles, by railroad; to Syracuse, one hundred and forty miles, by tow-boat.
In the hurry of disembarking at Syracuse the dog was missed, and all trace of her
lost. Some time after arriving at their destination, one of the party wrote to his
father, and, amongst other things, mentioned the loss of the dog, which animal, at
the moment the letter arrived at Quedgeley, was lying down in front of the kitchen
fire of the house she had been originally taken from, having been absent from her
original home ten months. It is conjectured that she found her way back to New
York, and thence to Bristol, but how or in what ship is a matter of doubt; that
she did make this extraordinary tour is beyond the slightest question. She was
the property of Mr. Richard Guilding, formerly of Quedgeley, who went to St.
Louis, in the State of Mississippi, and returned from thence to Hanley Castle,
Worcestershire, at which place he is now residing."

TAYLOR, in his "General Character of the Dog," writes :-
It was with pleasure that I watched the motions of a grateful animal belong-
ing to one of the workmen employed at Portsmouth Dockyard. This man had a
large cur dog, who regularly every day brought him his dinner upwards of a mile.
When his wife had prepared the repast, she tied it up in a cloth, and put it in a

The Faithful Colley Dogs.

hand-basket. Then calling 'Trusty' (for so he was properly named), she desired
him to be expeditious, and carry his master's dinner, and be sure not to stop by
the way. The dog, who perfectly understood his orders, immediately obeyed by
taking the handle of the basket in his mouth, and began his journey. It was
laughable to observe that, when tired by the way, he would very cautiously set the
basket on the ground, but by no means would suffer any person to come near it.
When he had sufficiently rested himself, he again took up his load, and proceeded
forward until he came to the dock gates. Here he was frequently obliged to stop,
and wait with patience until the porter or some other person opened the door. His.
joy was then visible to every one. His pace increased, and with wagging tail,
expressive of his pleasure, he ran to his master with the refreshment. The
caresses were then mutual, and, after receiving his morsel as a recompense for his
fidelity, he was ordered home with the empty basket and plates, which he carried
back with the greatest precision, to the high diversion of all spectators."

THIS next fact is from the Glasgow Post:-
"A few days since, while Hector Macalister was on the Arran hills looking
after his sheep, six miles from home or other habitation, his two colley dogs started
a rabbit, which ran under a large block of granite. He thrust his arm under the
stone, expecting to catch it; but instead of doing so he removed the supports of
the block, which instantly came down on his arm, holding him as fast as a vice.
His pain was great; but the pangs he felt were greater when he thought of home
and the death he seemed doomed to die. In this position he lay from ten in the
morning till four in the afternoon; when finding that all his efforts to extricate
himself were unavailing, he tried several times without effect to get his knife out
of his pocket to cut his arm off. His only chance now was to send home his dogs,
with the view of alarming his friends. After much difficulty, as the faithful
creatures were most unwilling to leave him, he succeeded, and Mrs. Macalister,
seeing them return alone, took the alarm, and, collecting the neighbours, went in
search of her husband, led on by the faithful colleys. When they came to the spot,
poor Macalister was speechless with crying for assistance. It required five strong
men to remove the block from his arm."

Dogs and lieir Dozigs.

YOUATT, in his Humanity to Brutes," remarks :-
"I wanted one day to go through a tall iron gate, from one part of my
premises to another; but just within it lay a poor lame puppy, and I could not get in
without rolling the little fellow over, and perhaps seriously injuring him. I stood
for a while hesitating, and at length determined to go round, through another gate,
when a fine Newfoundland dog, who had been waiting patiently for his wonted
caresses, and wondered why I did not come in, looked accidentally down at the
invalid. He comprehended the whole business in a moment. He put down his
great paw, and as quickly and as gently as possible rolled the invalid out of the
way, and then drew himself back in order to leave room for the opening of the
gate. Here was a plain and palpable act of reasoning. 'Why does not my master
come in as usual ? This little fellow is in the way, and he cannot open the gate
without disturbing or hurting him. I'll get rid of that;' and immediately he rolls
the obstacle aside, but, with the characteristic noble feeling of his breed, he takes
care not to hurt the invalid. 'Now,' he continues, I must take myself out of the
way, and then every obstacle will be removed.' No philosopher ever reasoned
more accurately than our beautiful Newfoundland dog. No one ever drew more
legitimate consequences from certain existing premises."

THE following startling fact is from the Dumfries Courier:-
The farm of Airdrie, parish of Kirkbean, which contains a variety of soil,
has been for some time in the possession of Mr. R. A. Oswald, of Auchincrieve.
The present, as the reader knows, has been a most disastrous lambing season, and
.although Kirkbean is a wild waste parish, even there the loss of stock has been
very great. For a number of weeks the careful shepherds have been as much
.exposed as His Majesty's mail-guards when the country is blockaded, feeding
weak ewes, and picking up deserted lambs, which they carry to their masters' or
-their own homes, where they are nursed as carefully as orphan children. A
hound noticed what was going forward, and, though fourteen months had elapsed
since she has had pups, strange to say, she has already been the means of
succouringg and saving more than sixty woolly nurslings that might otherwise have


'I r~ %4,,

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Dogs and their Doings.




. *-s

Dogs and their Doings.

perished. Night and day she may be seen lying on sheepskins before the kitchen
fire with half-a-dozen lambs around her, distinguishing the weakest from such
as are somewhat stronger, and devoting to them the most assiduous attention.
Repeatedly when some of the invalids have got a little round, they have been
conveyed to the hillside with the view of mothering them, and very often, when
left free, she has not only sought out her former nurslings, but carried them home
again with the greatest care, although the distance is more than a mile.. After
the servants have gathered to rest, Mr. McCracken, while reading in the parlour,
sometimes lights his candle and visits the kitchen, to see how his woolly family,
with their hairy nurse, are getting on. The lambs, when they see the light, are
painfully affected, bleat piteously, and run about the floor, but their guardian soon
puts everything to rights by poking them gently with her nose back to their
former position. Although a more remarkable circumstance has rarely, if ever,
fallen under our notice, and though some may affect incredulity, there are
witnesses whose testimony prove it to be true to the letter."

A LARGE Newfoundland dog, that might be seen any day at No. 9, Argyle Street,
Glasgow, has added one more instance to the many on record of the sagacity of
dogs. It seems that being, like other juveniles, somewhat fond of fun, he required
to receive occasional discipline, and for that purpose a whip shaft was kept beside
him, which was occasionally applied to him. He evidently did not like this article,
and was found occasionally with it in his teeth, moving slyly to the door with it.
Being left at night on the premises, he found the hated article, and thrust the
small end below the door, but the thick end refused to go. A few nights after-
wards the whip shaft was left beside him, and was never seen again. He had put
the thick end below the door, and some one had pulled it out. On the dog being
asked where it was, he looked very guilty, and slunk away with his tail between
his legs. This same dog gets his provisions in a tin can. Taking a walk, he saw
.a child carrying a tin exceedingly like his. He quietly seized it by the handle and
carried it to his quarters, the child holding on and screaming all the way. When
shown his own, he seemed quite ashamed of his mistake, and allowed the frightened
child to go with the tin he had mistaken for his own. This sagacious dog is in the

Scent in Dogs.

habit of begging money from his biped acquaintance, with which he marches to a
baker's shop and buys bread, which he comes home with, and eats when hungry.


THE following are two illustrations of this remarkable power. The first is from
Mr. St. John's Tour in Sutherlandshire" :-
"An extraordinary instance of this faculty in a young blood-hound occurred some
fifteen or sixteen years back in Worcestershire, for the truth of which I can vouch.
At the house of a lady in the country, where a young full-grown blood-hound was kept,

Dogs and their Doings.

the harness-room was robbed during the night. Some of the grooms, who found
out the robbery at an early hour in the morning, having heard that blood-hounds
would hunt men, took the dog out, and put him on the footsteps, which at that
hour were plainly visible on the dewy grass. The dog immediately took up the
scent, the servants followed, and, after a run of twelve miles, came to a cottage,
where both the thieves and the harness were discovered. It appeared that the
thieves had waded through a tolerably broad but shallow stream; the dog scarcely
came to a check here, the scent appearing to remain in the morning mists, which
were still hanging on the surface of the water. He went straight across, and at
once took up the scent on the opposite side of the river."
In the Spanish West India Islands there are officers called chasseurs kept
in continual employment. The business of these men is to traverse the country
with their dogs, for the purpose of pursuing and taking up all persons guilty of
murder or other crimes, and no activity on the part of the offenders will enable
them to escape. The following, from Bingley's book on Dogs," is a very
remarkable instance, which happened not many years ago:-
"A fleet from Jamaica, under convoy to Great Britain, passing through the
Gulf of Mexico, beat up on the north side of Cuba. One of the ships, manned with
foreigners (chiefly renegade Spaniards), in standing in with the land at night, was
run on shore. The officers and the few British seamen on board were murdered,
and the vessel was plundered by the renegades. The part of the coast on which
the vessel was stranded being wild and unfrequented, the assassins retired with
their booty to the mountains, intending to penetrate through the woods to some
remote settlements on the southern side, where they hoped to secure themselves,
and elude all pursuit. Early intelligence of the crime had, however, been con-
veyed to Havanna. The assassins were pursued by a detachment of the Chasseurs
del Rey, with their dogs, and in the course of a very few days they were every one
apprehended and brought to justice.
"The dogs carried out by the Chasseurs del Rey are all perfectly broken in.
On coming up with the fugitive, they bark at him till he stops; they then crouch
near him, terrifying him with a ferocious growling if he attempts to stir. In this
position they continue barking, to give notice to the chasseurs, who come up and
secure their prisoner."

T/e "Learned" Bull-lerrier. 69

I so entirely agree with the remarks of Mr. St. John at the conclusion of the
following anecdote, that I here insert it. He says :-
Although I am perfectly content with witnessing the sagacity and instinct
displayed by my own dogs in their every-day employment and proceedings, and
am, generally speaking, unwilling to countenance the trickery of what are called
' learned dogs,' yet the other day, to please my children, I allowed a woman, who
sent up a most dirty-faced card, announcing herself as the possessor of the most
astonishing learned dog ever known,' to exhibit the animal in our front hall.
"The woman herself was a small, sharp-looking personage, with the sodden,
hard expression of feature peculiar to that class who travel in caravans, and exhibit
dwarfs, giants, and suchlike vamped-up wonders. The dog was a well-fed,
comfortable-looking kind of bull-terrier, slightly rough about the muzzle; but,
notwithstanding his quiet and sedate look, there was a certain expression of low
cunning and blackguardism about his face which would have stamped him any-
where as the associate of vile and dissolute company, and although he wagged
his stumpy tail, and pretended to look amiable at his equally cunning mistress, his
attempts at amiability seemed to be rather the effects of kicks and blows than of
genuine attachment. He received her caresses too with a kind of uncertain
appearance of pleasure, as if he did not much value them, but of the two rather
preferred them to her kicks. On entering the hall he cast a kind of hasty look
around him, much as you would expect a rogue to do on entering a shop from
which he intended to purloin something; however, on the woman producing
certain dirty cards, with their corners all worn round by constant use, and marked
with numbers, letters, etc., the dog prepared himself for action, with a preparatory
lick at his lips, and a suspicious look at his mistress. The tricks consisted of the
usual routine of adding up figures, spelling short words, and finding the first letter
of any town named by one of the company. This last trick was very cleverly
done, and puzzled us very much, as we-i.e., the grown-up part of his audience-
were most intently watching, not him, but his mistress, in order to discover what
signs she made to guide him in his choice of the cards; but we could not perceive
that she moved hand or foot, or made any signal whatever. Indeed, the dog seemed
to pay little regard to her, but to receive his orders direct from any one who gave

Dogs and their Doing-s.

them. In fact, his teaching must have been perfect, and his intellect wonderful.
Now, I daresay, I shall be laughed at for introducing an anecdote of a learned
dog, and told that it was all a 'trick.' No doubt it was all a 'trick,' but it
was a very clever one, and showed how capable of education dogs are-far more
so than we imagine; for here was a dog performing tricks so cleverly, that not
one out of four or five persons, who were most attentively watching him, could
find out how he was assisted by his mistress. The dog, too, as the woman
said, was by no means one of the easiest to teach."

MR. EDWARD JESSE relates, in his last edition of Gleanings in Natural History,"
that a gentleman of his acquaintance, who fed his own pointers, observed through
a hole in the door a number of rats running about the kennel, some of them
eating from the trough with his dogs, who made no attempts to molest them, or
indicate that their presence was unwelcome. Resolving to shoot the intrusive
rats, he, next day, put the food as usual in the area of the kennel, but kept out
the dogs. Not a rat came to taste. He saw them peering from their holes; but
they were too well versed in human nature to venture forth without the protec-
tion of their canine guard. After the lapse of half-an-hour the pointers were let
in, when the rats immediately sallied forth from their places of observation,
joined their hosts, and dined with them as fearlessly and heartily as usual.

MR. M. WESCOTT also tells the following story :-
A friend of mine was acquainted with a man who had a spaniel dog, which was
very much attached to him. The dog's master, it seems, was a particular friend of
'John Barleycorn's'; and on one of his occasional visits to the house where that
notable person may be found, his companions blacked his face for a 'lark.' Not
being aware of the trick they had played him, he left the house and went on his
way home. The dog, not liking his master's strange-looking face, began barking
at him, would run away, then come back, and cut such capers, that his master
exclaimed, There is something or other the matter with me, but none is so faithful
as my dog to inform me of it.' He looked at himself over and over again, but

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w31~ B/J F~E

Dogs and their Doings.

could see nothing uncommon : however, the dog continued in his efforts to make
his master understand what was the matter with him. Followed by young urchins
who were merry at his expense, he went into the first house he came to, and there
a peep at the mirror told him what his sagacious dog wished him to know."

A SOMEWHAT curious example of intelligence in a dog is stated to have occurred
some years ago at Toulouse. Some mischievous boys cruelly fastened a tin kettle
to its tail, and the poor animal, in great terror, ran off, closely pursued by them.
In spite of his terror, the dog, it was noticed, looked in a peculiar way at the
houses he passed, as if seeking for shelter in one of them; and at last, seeing one
in which was the office of the commissary of police, he rushed into it, entered the
office, and quietly lay down, as if certain of obtaining protection. If the local
newspapers are to be believed, the reason why the dog selected the office of the
commissary, in preference to any other, was that his mistress, an old and some-
what eccentric lady, having a few days before been persecuted by the same boys,
went to the commissary, and sought and obtained his protection. The dog, which
was with her at the time, remembered, the local journals remark, the effect
produced, and in his turn took advantage of it.

JAMES HOGG, the "Ettrick Shepherd," who possessed the best opportunities of
studying the character of the shepherd's dog, mentions that he at one time had a
dog called "Sirrah," an animal of sullen disposition, and by no means favourable
appearance, which was an extraordinary adept in managing a flock. One of his
exploits was as follows :-
"About seven hundred lambs, which were once under his care at weaning-
time, broke up at midnight, and scampered off in three divisions across the hills,
in spite of all that the shepherd and an assistant lad could do to keep them together.
Sirrah,' cried the shepherd in great affliction, 'my man, they're a' awa.' The night
was so dark that he did not see Sirrah'; but the faithful animal had heard his
master's words-words such as of all others were sure to set him most on the
alert; and, without more ado, he silently set off in quest of the recreant flock.

" Sirrak's Lr?;. ., 'jem7,e nl of a Flock.

Meanwhile the shepherd and his companion did not fail to do all that was in
their power to recover their lost charge; they spent the whole night in scouring the
hills for miles round; but of neither the lambs nor Sirrah' could they obtain the
slightest trace. It was the most extraordinary circumstance, says the shepherd,

that had ever occurred in the annals of the pastoral life. We had nothing for it
(day having dawned) but to return to our master, and inform him that we had lost
his whole flock of lambs, and knew not what was become of one of them.
On our way home, however, we discovered a body of lambs at the bottom of
a deep ravine, called the Flech Cleuch, and the indefatigable Sirrah' standing in

Dogs and tleir Doings.

front of them, looking all around for some relief, but still standing true to his
charge. The sun was then up, and when we first came in view of them, we con-
cluded that it was one of the divisions of the lambs which 'Sirrah' had been
unable to manage, until he came to that commanding situation. But what was our
astonishment when we discovered by degrees that not one lamb of the whole flock
was wanting! How he had got all the divisions collected in the dark is beyond
my comprehension. The charge was left entirely to himself from midnight until
the rising of the sun, and if all the shepherds in the forest had been there to have
assisted him, they could not have effected it with greater propriety. All that I can
further say is, that I never felt so grateful to any creature below the sun, as I did
to my honest 'Sirrah' that morning."

THE dogs attached to the Hospice of St. Bernard are employed to search for those
unfortunate persons who may have been overtaken by a sudden storm on the
mountains, and who would perish without their aid. By their sagacity, many a
belated traveller has been rescued from a fearful death. Benumbed with cold,
wearied out with searching for the track from which he has strayed, the traveller
sinks upon the mountain side, and is soon covered by the drifting snow. Though
the perishing man lie ten or even twenty feet beneath the snow, the dogs can dis-
cover his whereabouts by their keen scent. They scratch away the snow with
their feet, and then set up a hoarse and continued bark, which brings the Brothers
of the Hospice to their assistance.
One of this breed of dogs, which had been decorated with a medal in com-
memoration of his having saved the lives of twenty-two persons, perished in the
year 1816, while attempting to convey a Piedmontese courier to his anxious family.
The courier arrived at the Hospice at a very stormy period of the year, striving to
reach the little village of St. Pierre in the valley beneath, where his wife and children
dwelt. The Brothers vainly attempted to check his resolution. They at last
gave him two guides, each of whom was accompanied by a dog, of which one was
the wearer of the medal. As the party descended from the Hospice they were
suddenly overwhelmed by two avalanches, and the same destruction awaited the

The St. Bernard Dog.

family of the courier, who were making their way up to the Hospice to obtain
some news of him who was so dear to them. They all perished.
Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, who for many .years resided at Grange House,
Edinburgh, had a fine dog of the St. Bernard breed presented to him. Its bark

*' A.C;



* 'I. 'iii'l

_ %==~C

was so loud that it could be distinguished at the distance of a mile. Its bark
once 'led to its recovery, when stolen by some carters. Bass," as the dog was
named, had been missing from some time, when it was brought back to Grange
House by a letter-carrier, who said that in going along a certain street he heard a
barking inside a yard, and at once recognized the voice of "Bass." He knocked


Dogs and their Doings.

at the gate," writes Sir Thomas, "and immediately said to the owner of the
premises, 'You have got Sir Thomas Lauder's big dog.' The man denied it.
'But I know you have,' continued the letter-carrier. 'I can swear that I heard
the bark of Sir Thomas's big dog, for there is no other dog in or about all
Edinburgh that has such a bark.' The man then admitted that he had a large
dog, which he had bought for a trifle from a couple of coal carters; and at last,
with great, reluctance, he gave up the dog to the letter-carrier, who brought him
home here." Sir Thomas, after describing many of "Bass's characteristics, then
proceeds : He took a particular fancy for one of the postmen who delivers
letters here, though he was not the man whom I have already had occasion to
mention. It was the duty of the postman I now allude to, besides delivering
letters, to carry a letter-bag from one receiving-house to another, and this big bag
he used to give to 'Bass' to carry. Bass' always followed that man through
all the villas in the neighbourhood where he had deliveries to make, and he
invariably parted with him opposite to the gate of the Convent of St. Margaret's,
and returned home. When our gate was shut to prevent his following the postman,
the dog always leaped a high wall to get after him. One day, when the postman
was ill, or detained by some accidental circumstance, he sent a man in his place.
'Bass' went up to the man, curiously scanning his face, whilst the man retired
from the dog, by no means liking his appearance, and very anxious to decline all
acquaintance with him. But as the man left the place, Bass' followed him,
showing strong symptoms that he was determined to have the post-bag. The
man did all he could to keep possession of it. But at length Bass,' seeing that
he had no chance of getting possession of the bag by civil entreaty, raised himself
on his hind legs, and putting a great forepaw on each of the man's shoulders, he
laid him flat on his back in the road, and quietly picking up the bag he proceeded
peaceably on his wonted way. The man, much dismayed, arose and followed the
dog, making every now and then an ineffectual attempt to coax him to give up
the bag. At the first house he came to he told his fears and the dilemma he was
in, but the people comforted him by telling him that the dog always carried the
bag. 'Bass' walked with the man to all the houses at which he delivered letters,
and along the road till he came to the gate of St. Margaret's, where he dropped
the bag, and, making his bow to the man, he returned home."

" Topsy and the School Keys.

ONE of the most sagacious little dogs in London belongs to Mr. Nice, the keeper
of Highbury Chapel.
"Topsy" is not an idle dog; she is busy from Monday morning until
Saturday night; for what with keys to watch, doors to attend to, and many other
things besides, her time is fully occupied. Sunday is Topsy's" rest-day, and
right glad she seems not to be expected to bark nor do any work on Sunday, for
animals, as well as men, require, and are entitled to, one day of rest in the week.
"Topsy's master has trained her to distinguish the difference between Sunday
and week-day, and if a stranger were to see her on Sunday, he would imagine
that she were ill, for she lies down quietly in her bed, quite indifferent as to
who comes in or who goes out. She knows that she must not make a noise, or
bark at people who come to the chapel or school on that day.
Mrs. Nice has a fine cat which lives in the same rooms with Topsy," and
she pays all due respect to Pussy. When the cat has her milk, "Topsy" sits
quietly by to watch her drink it, and when Pussy has finished, "Topsy expects
the saucer refilled for herself. If she is kept waiting for her milk longer than
she thinks right, she rings the bell-that is, she taps the saucer; and if the first
tapping is not attended to, she taps again and again until she has due attention [
" Topsy is so polite that she cannot be persuaded to touch her milk until the
cat has had hers !
About 8 o'clock in the morning she may be seen sitting in the window,
watching for the boy who calls for the keys of the Day Schools. These keys are
" Topsy's" particular charge. She will not allow them to be taken from their
place on the wall, unless it be by her master, or by the person accustomed to give
them up at night; and if brought in, and not hung up in their place at once,
"Topsy" gets them, if they are left anywhere within reach, and hides them
underneath the carpet. She then sits beside them, and cries very pitifully, until
Mr. or Mrs. Nice steps forward and hangs them up in their usual place. "Topsy,"
however, has no objection to the keys being taken from their place on the Lord's
Day morning. On that morning she will allow any of the teachers to take them off
the nail, without the slightest hindrance, or without even looking after them.
"Topsy" is very affectionate and sympathising : if at any time her master or

Dogs and t eir Doings.

mistress be unwell or in trouble, she tries her best to comfort them by licking their
face and hands; and if at any time she has offended, and is spoken to crossly, she
holds out her paw, and looks into their face so pitifully, as much as to say, Please,
do shake hands with me and be friends." It is no wonder that "Topsy" has
many friends who call in to see her, and shake hands with her. The affectionate
little creature never seems content to lie down in her bed at night without first
putting out her paw, and shaking hands with her master; it is her "good night."
The high training of this beautiful dog reflects the greatest credit on her kind-
hearted master.

O. S. ROUND, Esq., writes in The Naturalist:-
I remember a most singular case of intelligence in a beautiful King Charles
spaniel, which belonged to my sister, which occurred a few years since. This little
animal was not only the most beautiful, but also the most touchy, fellow I ever
saw; but I am bound to speak well of him, because, for some reason or other, I
was an especial favourite; and although he sometimes snapped even at me, he
never did more, which few others could say. And I own, although I saw his
faults, I was exceedingly attached to him, and he in return had the most perfect
confidence in me, and understood my looks in a most extraordinary manner. It
was a common practice, not only with myself, but other members of our family,
when we left the room where he was, to promise in words to return, and not to go
out without him, for his sporting propensities were very strong, and I never knew
a more indefatigable or better finder than he was. One fine day, I was engaged
in my own room writing, and little Charlie' lay on the rug dozing, and very snug
and comfortable, and twice or thrice during the morning I had occasion to take my
cap and go out for a few minutes, but on each occasion, promising to return, he
only looked up, and again settled himself to sleep. But at last, thinking I would
take a short walk, but not particularly wishing to have the encumbrance of a dog
with me, I took my cap once more, and promised to return as usual; but as I
passed the corner of my room, took up a small stick, which was usually my walking
companion. This circumstance was sufficient to make him disbelieve what was
certainly intended to deceive, and it would not accordingly do this time, for he


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80 Dogs and their Doings.

immediately followed me to the door, showing that he was not to be done; and I
own that my heart smote me, and I took him with me, being no less pleased with
his intelligence. Now we know that it is a very common thing for a dog, if you
do not wish him to follow you, and therefore shut him up by a front door, to come
out and join you by the back door if it be open; or, if conscious of doing that
for which he-has been chastised, on the approach of any person immediately, to


decamp. But it appears to me that the anecdote I have just related is a greater
refinement of instinct than I ever heard of, or met with, and worthy to be recorded
of a little animal who has long since met the melancholy end of all pets; the
unnatural life he led producing asthma, which rendered it necessary to put him
into the hands of a dog doctor, where he soon after breathed his last, and lies
buried under a small stone, in those very shrubberies which had so often resounded.
to his joyous cries."

"Fred," the Terrier. 8r


MR. ST. JOHN, in writing of one of his terriers, says:-
There is a kind of quiet, discretionary courage, that some of these rough
terriers have, which is very amusing. Nothing seems to put them out, and Fred'
is as much at home in a crowded railway station or London street as he is in a
furze cover. He rather annoys me sometimes when travelling, for as soon as he
has seen me safely housed in an hotel, he is very apt to wander off in search of

-- _



adventures and acquaintance of his own through the town, wherever it is; and
although it may be a new place to him, he invariably finds his way back to my
room for the time being, regardless of all obstacles in the form of waiters, chamber-
maids, etc. I used to be afraid of losing him, but after some experience of his
ways I find that I may safely leave him to his own devices; for having once or
twice despatched ostlers and boys in all directions to search for him, I perceived
that he always came back alone, looking rather ashamed of himself, and not
Dogs and their Doings. F

Dogs and their Doings.

venturing to make himself very prominent in the room till he had examined the
expression of my face from under a chair or sofa; for dogs are great physiognomists.
Then on seeing that I am generally too pleased at his return to be angry at his
absence, he comes out of his place of refuge, wriggling his long rough body about
in all sorts of coaxing but uncouth attitudes; and at last putting his honest rough
face in my hand, or on my knee, he finds that peace is declared.
Fred's great attachment to my little children, too, makes him a universal
favourite in the house, and he walks about with them amongst their pet animals,
apparently taking as much interest in them as the children do themselves."


THE following, communicated by F. M. Burton, Esq., is an interesting instance of
a dog taking to the water in pursuit of fish :-
"Your anecdotes of the dog are interesting; but I heard one, a few days ago,
much more extraordinary, indeed almost, if not quite, beyond belief, marvellous as
the tales about dogs are. I met, when travelling in the Highlands, a gentleman

T/e Travelling Spaniel.

salmon fishing, and he assured me that a little terrier of the Skye breed, which he
had with him, would, whenever he secured a fish, jump into the river and perform
the part of a landing-net."

AN extraordinary circumstance is upon record of the late Colonel Hardy, who
being sent for express to Bath, was accompanied by a favourite spaniel in'his


chaise, which he never quitted till his arrival there. After remaining there four
days, he accidentally left his spaniel behind, and returned to his residence at
Springfield, in Essex, with equal expedition, where, in three days after, his faithful
and steady adherent arrived also, notwithstanding the distance between that place
and Bath is one hundred and forty miles, and she had to explore her way through
London, to which she had never been, but in her passage to Bath, and then within
the confines of a close carriage.

Dogs and their Doings.

THE Messrs. Chambers, in the book before mentioned, say:-
"Dogs may be trained not only to know the meaning of words, but to speak
them. The learned Leibnitz reported to the French Academy that he had
seen a dog in Germany which had been taught to pronounce certain words.
The teacher of the animal, he stated, was a Saxon peasant boy, who, having
observed in the dog's voice an indistinct resemblance to various sounds of the
human voice, was prompted to endeavour to make him speak. The animal was
three years old at the beginning of his instructions-a circumstance which must
have been unfavourable to the object; yet, by dint of great labour and perseverance,
in three years the boy had taught it to pronounce thirty German words. It used
to astonish its visitors by calling for tea, coffee, chocolate, etc.; but it is proper to
remark that it required its master to pronounce the words beforehand, and it never
appeared to become quite reconciled to the exhibitions it was forced to make."
IN the middle of Yarmouth market-place, on six mornings in the week, a fine
dog may be seen entering the shop of Mr. Overend, the grocer and tea-dealer,
with the Daily Telegraph in his mouth. This sagacious animal has been so well
trained by Mr. Overend that he has become one of his most useful servants.
Every week-day morning, the dog marches off to the newsman's shop for the
paper. This he carefully conveys to his master. His daily mission, however,
is not yet done. Mr. Overend has a friend in the town who takes in another
paper, with whom he has agreed to "exchange." When Mr. Overend, therefore,
has all he desires in the Telegraph, he calls his dog and desires him to Go with
this and get the other paper." Off bounds the noble animal-never loitering in
the streets-to the friend's house, where he delivers the paper, and will not return
without the other in exchange!
MR. C. A. WHEELER, in a letter, supplied me with the following anecdote:-
"A gentleman used to go twice a year to London, and remain near a week,
leaving his horse at St. Albans, and going to and from thence by coach. He
chanced, one journey, to have a small dog with him, and that he left with the

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P 1;I

86 Dogs and their Doings.

horse at St. Albans. Returning at the end of a week, he was told by the ostler
that on the day he (the gentleman) started for London, the innkeeper's dog broke
loose, and fixed on the other; when separated, the stranger bolted, and next day,
returning with a large Newfoundland dog, the two deliberately walked up to the
offender, and, after giving him a terrible punishment, departed, and had not
been seen since. The Newfoundland dog being then described-' Oh !' said the
gentleman, 'it's all right.' The small dog had been home (twenty miles), and
fetched his companion to help him in his revenge on mine host's Cerberus."

IN the Cyclopaedia of Natural History," the following interesting facts are met
"A gentleman residing in Fifeshire, and not far from the city of St. Andrews,
was in possession of a very fine Newfoundland dog, which was remarkable alike
for its tractability and its trustworthiness. At two other points, each distant about
a mile, and at the same distance from this gentleman's mansion, there were two
dogs of great power, but of less tractable breeds than the Newfoundland one. One
of these was a large mastiff, kept as a watch-dog by a farmer, and the other a staunch
bull-dog, that kept guard over the parish mill. As each of these three was lord-
ascendant of all animals at his master's residence, they all had a good deal of aristo-
cratic pride and pugnacity, so that two of them seldom met.without attempting to
settle their respective dignities by a wager of battle. The Newfoundland dog was of
some service in the domestic arrangements, besides his guardianship of the house;
for every forenoon he was sent to the baker's shop in the village, about half a mile
distant, with a towel containing money in the corner, and he returned with the
value of the money in bread. There were many useless and not over civil curs
in the village, as there are in too many villages throughout the country; but
ordinarily the haughty Newfoundland treated this ignoble race in that con-
temptuous style in which great dogs are wont to treat little ones. When the dog
returned from the baker's shop, he used to be regularly served with his dinner,
and went peacefully on house duty for the rest of the day. One day, however, he
returned with his coat dirtied and his ears scratched, having been subjected to a
combined attack of the curs while he had charge of his towel and bread, and so

A Disobedient Spaniel.

could not defend himself. Instead of waiting for his dinner as usual, he laid down
his charge somewhat sulkily, and marched off; and upon looking after him, it was
observed that he was crossing the intervening hollow in a straight line for the house
of the farmer, or rather on an embassy to the farmer's mastiff. The farmer's
people noticed this unusual visit, and they were induced to notice it from its being
a meeting of peace between those who had habitually been belligerents. After
some intercourse, of which no interpretation could be given, the two set off
together in the direction of the mill, and having arrived there, they in brief space
engaged the miller's bull-dog as an ally. The straight road to the village where the
indignity had been offered to the Newfoundland dog passed immediately in front of his
master's house, but there was a more private and more circuitous road by the back
of the mill. The three took this road, reached the village, scoured it in great wrath,
putting to the tooth every cur they could get sight of, and, having taken their
revenge, and washed themselves in a ditch, they returned, each dog to the abode of
his master; and when any two of them happened to meet afterwards, they dis-
played the same pugnacity as they had done previous to this joint expedition."

ANOTHER case of a dog taking note of time, in addition to those given on a previous
page, is found in Swainson's "Instincts of Animals." He says:-" A spaniel
belonging to the Rev. H. N., being told that he must not follow his master to
church on Sundays, used on those days to set off long before the service, and lie
concealed under the hedge, so near the church, that at length the point was yielded
to him."
0. S. ROUND, Esq., writes in The Naturalist:-
"I know a gentleman who had so tutored his dog that, in walking through his
woods where snares were set for rabbits, it would always avoid them, and even
stop suddenly, and run on one side where a trap was concealed in the earth, which
no human eye could detect; and this I believe is not uncommon."

THE usefulness of the dog shows itself in a thousand ways, direct and indirect.

Dogs and tIeir Doings.

Let the following, related in Galignani's Newspaper, serve for an example:-
"A tradesman of Lyons received 3,000 frs. in notes, which he placed in his
pocket-book. He had occasion to open his pocket-book in order to show some
papers. He afterwards returned home, and there, to his dismay, found that his
pocket-book had disappeared. In great agitation he told his wife of his loss, and
they deliberated as to what was to be done. Presently the woman cast her eyes
on their dog, who had accompanied the husband, and, to her delight, perceived
that he had the pocket-book in his mouth. The animal had without doubt seen
the object fall, and picking it up, had brought it carefully home, following his
PROFESSOR BELL relates the following:-
"A fine Newfoundland dog, which was kept at an inn in Dorsetshire, was
accustomed every morning, as the clock struck eight, to take in his mouth a certain
basket, placed for the purpose, and containing a few pence, and to carry it across
the street to the baker's, who took out the money and replaced it by a certain
number of rolls; with these 'Neptune' hastened back to the kitchen, and safely
deposited his trust. But, what was well worthy of remark, he never attempted to
take the basket, or even to approach it, on Sunday mornings. On one occasion,
when returning with the rolls, another dog made an attack upon the basket for the
purpose of stealing its contents, when the trusty fellow placed the basket on
the ground, severely punished the intruder, and then bore off his charge in
"ALTHOUGH dogs form such strong attachments to man, they seldom," says Mr.
Crouch, appear to feel any great degree of friendship for each other. Occa-
sionally, however, a couple of dogs will enter into a kind of compact to assist each
other in hunting. For instance, I have known an old terrier who formed an
alliance of this sort with a greyhound, and they used constantly to go out poach-
ing together. The terrier would hunt the bushes whilst the greyhound stationed
herself quietly outside, ready to spring on any rabbit or hare that was started,
and she always took the side ,of the bush opposite to that by which the terrier


[Sir Edwin Landseer.

By permission.]

Dogs and their Doings.

had entered. On losing his companion, the terrier, who was becoming old in
years and cunning, entered into confederacy with a younger terrier. In all their
hunting excursions the old dog laid himself quietly down at some likely-looking
meuse or run, and sending his younger companion to hunt the bushes, he waited
patiently and silently for any rabbit that might come in his way. Their proceeding
showed a degree of instinct which almost amounted to reason."

THE attachment of the dog remains long after the death of the master, and in some
cases terminates only with the existence of the quadruped. A gentleman having
lost his way in a fog near the Helvellyn mountains, in Cumberland, fell down a
precipice, and was dashed to pieces. The remains were discovered full three
months afterwards, at the bottom, still guarded by his faithful dog. The story is
told with much feeling by Sir Walter Scott:-

Dark was the spot 'mid the brown mountain heather,
SWhere the pilgrim of nature lay stretched in decay,
Like the corpse of an outcast abandoned to weather,
Till the mountain winds wasted the tenantless clay.
Yet, not quite deserted, though lonely extended,
For, faithful in death, his mute favourite attended,
The much-lov'd remains of his master defended,
And chased the hill-fox and the raven away."

The Esquinmaux or Arctic Dog.


THE Esquimaux dog is employed by the inhabitants of the most northerly parts
of North America and the adjacent islands as a beast of burden. When the
Esquimaux Indian sets out on a hunting expedition, his dogs carry the materials

of his hut; or, yoked to his sledge, draw him and his family over the frozen plains
at the rate of sixty miles a day. Captain Parry, while searching for the North-
West Passage, frequently journeyed in the Esquimaux sledges. He tells us, in
his journal, that a number of dogs, varying from six to twelve, are attached to
each sledge by means of a single trace, but with no reins. An old and tried dog
is placed as the leader, who, in their simple journeys, steadily obeys the voice of



----- -
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-----i ;c_

Dogs and their Doings.

the driver sitting in front of the sledge, with a whip long enough to reach the
leader. This whip is used as seldom as possible, the driver depending almost
entirely on the docility of the leader, who, with admirable precision, quickens or
slackens his pace, and starts off or stops, or turns to the right or left, at the summons
of his master. When the Esquimaux are journeying homeward, or travelling to
some spot to which the leader has been accustomed to go, he is generally suffered
to pursue his own course; for, although every trace of the road is lost in the
drifting snow, he scents it out, and follows it with undeviating accuracy. In
summer the majority of these dogs are sent adrift, and support themselves on the
produce of the chase. The exactness with which, on the approach of winter,
each dog returns to its respective master is a proof of sagacity and strong
Youatt says that these dogs are not so high as the common pointer, but much
larger and stouter, although their thick hair, three or four inches long in the
winter, gives them an appearance of more stoutness than they possess. Under
this hair is a coating of fine close soft wool, which begins to grow in the early
part of winter, and drops off in the spring. Their muzzles are sharp and generally
black, and their ears erect.
The dogs of Greenland, Siberia, and Kamschatka are varieties of the Esqui-
maux or Arctic dog, and their docility equals that of any European breed.
Some years ago, a Frenchman named Chabert, who, from his wonderful
performances with fire, was known as the Fire King, was the owner of a most
beautiful Siberian dog, which, when yoked to a light carriage, used to draw him
twenty miles a day. Chabert sold him for nearly two hundred pounds, for he was
as docile as he was beautiful. Between the sale and the delivery the dog happened
to get his leg broken. Chabert, to whom the money was of the utmost conse-
quence, was in despair, doubting not that the lamed animal would be returned
and the price demanded back. He took the dog by night to a veterinary surgeon.
He formally introduced them. "Doctor-my Dog; my Dog-your Doctor.',
He talked to the dog, pointed to his leg, limped around the room, then requested
the surgeon to apply bandages to his leg, which, being done, he seemed to walk
sound and well. He then patted the dog on the head, who was looking alternately
at him and the surgeon, desired the surgeon to pat him, and to offer him his

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94 Dogs and their Doings.

hand to lick, and then, holding up his finger to the dog and gently shaking his
head, quitted the room and the house. The dog immediately laid himself down,
and submitted to a restriction of the fracture and the bandaging of the limb
without a motion, except once or twice licking the hand of the operator. He was
quite submissive, and in a manner motionless day after day, until, at the expiration
of a month, the limb was sound and whole once more. Not a trace of the fracture
was to be detected, and the purchaser, who was an acquaintance of the late
William Youatt, never knew that the dog had suffered any injury.
Dogs of the Esquimaux breed have been known to travel sixty miles daily for
several successive days. Should night overtake them, and no place of shelter be
at hand, they share in their master's scanty meal; and when he lies down on his
couch of snow to sleep, they crowd round him to keep him warm and to guard
him from danger.
In a luggage sledge, such as is represented in the engraving, an Esquimaux
dog will draw a weight of one hundred and eighty pounds along the ice at the rate
of from seven to eight miles an hour.

"I HAD a hen," says a correspondent of The Naturalist, sitting on some ducks'
eggs; when she hatched, she did not seem to like the appearance of the new-
comers at all; to use the servant's language, she could not abear them;' so they
were taken from her and put into a basket, and fed and attended to for a time
in the kitchen. Then a little dog, a sort of half-bred Skye-terrier, followed them,
and laid down close to the basket; after a while she got into it, and, curling
herself round, took as much care of the ducks as she could, taking them up from
time to time in her mouth very gently, and putting them into their right places;
but they were very restless and intractable, crawling through her long hair and
over her back in all directions; we therefore took them from her. She is an
inveterate vermin hunter, and at first we feared that she meant to kill the ducks,
mistaking them for vermin."

A VERY noteworthy character died in the city of Lincoln in 1868, viz., "The
Policemen's Dog, 'Jack.' He was a most extraordinary animal, exhibiting a share

"Jack," the Policemen's Dog.

of sagacity that was truly wonderful. For many years he was an active
member of the "Force."
When quite a pup he would steal away to join the man in blue," and, as he
grew older, his decided preference to policemen became so strong that it was found
impossible to keep him at home. The police, therefore, got up a subscription and
purchased him, and from that time till his death "Jack" has been "on duty "
both night and day. It is a most extraordinary fact that he never had any stated
time for rest; all the sleep he obtained was by occasional naps during the day
at street corners, or near the "Stone Bow," a place where some of the police are
always on duty. "Jack" was a great favourite with all classes as well as the
police, especially with the youngsters. Many a time a child would save its half-
penny for Jack," who took it to the nearest shop for biscuits. Occasionally the
man in charge of the shop would throw down a piece of meat unsuited to his
palate; this indignity "Jack" resented by picking up his money and proceeding
to another establishment !
But it was in his public capacity that Jack's" conduct was the most extra-
ordinary, always associating with the policemen, yet never partial to any one in
particular. He defied the coldest night, and the keenest frost and snow. When
the men assembled at station to be told off" on their several beats, "Jack" would
present himself, and accompany them on their rounds.
If he met any one carrying a bundle on his back in the night, "Jack would
stop the man until a policeman came up. Drunkards came under "Jack's"
especial notice, and if found sleeping in any hole or corner, they were never
allowed undisturbed repose, for he quickly had a policeman on the spot.
The instances in which "Jack saved lives from drowning are two in number.
One particular exhibition of his sagacity, which occurred one stormy night, I must
not omit. "Jack" on his rounds discovered an intoxicated man, standing near the
river, in most imminent peril; he instantly made a loud noise, which speedily
brought the assistance of two or three policemen, and the man was saved.
If Jack at any time caught men fighting, he would immediately run against
their legs with great force, and thus try to prevent their hurting each other; or,
whenever boys were assembled, making an undue noise, "Jack" would disperse
them by barking. He was never known to bite any one.

Dogos and their Dozngs.

Some time before his death, Jack "showed symptoms of declining health,
and notwithstanding that every care was bestowed upon him by the men of the
force, he was at length found in a dying state on the Holmes Common, from
whence he was gently conveyed to the police-station, where his last moments
were tenderly watched by the moistened eyes of many of his old friends.
Poor "Jack" is now stuffed, and placed in a handsome case in the Lincoln
police-office.-British Workman.

PICCOLO, or Picco," the beautiful dog belonging to the Rev. Henry de Bunsen, of
Dorrington Rectory (formerly of Lilleshall, Shropshire), is of the Pomeranian breed,
commonly known in England by the name of Spitz." He was born in the year
1865, in the village of Edgmond, near Newport. His parents, both fine dogs with
silky white hair, are still alive, and greatly valued by their owner, Miss Alcock.
When Picco came to Lilleshall, he was a small fluffy white puppy of six weeks
-snowy white, and very much like the toy lambs you can see in the shops!
His first development of character showed itself in his being constantly on the
alert, and always ready to bark his little shrill bark if he heard any footsteps out-
side the door. His education during the first six months of his life proceeded
very rapidly. He learned to beg in a few lessons, and with little difficulty waited
until ten was counted before he would eat the biscuit put before him. There was
usually a pet cat or two in the room with him, so "Picco" easily got over the
canine aversion to cats. Miss Pussy, indeed, became very fond of rubbing her
nose against him, and frequently followed him about the garden. From being con-
stantly in attendance at the family meals, Picco soon got to know the sound
of his favourite biscuit, and he has also learned never to come and beg for it till
after his own dinner, which is given him after the family have dined. The only
exception he makes to this rule is on his tub-day," when he fancies that he has
an additional appetite after his bath; and so on that day he comes regularly to
be fed at luncheon!
When his own dinner of rice and scraps is prepared, and some one calls out
"' Picco,' go and fetch your tablecloth," he gets up and walks to the sideboard
cupboard, which he opens with his nose, and brings out a copy of The Times news-


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Do .s and tizir Doings. G

Dogs and their Doings.

paper in his mouth, which is laid on the carpet. On this paper tablecloth his plate
is placed. He then begs, looking slyly out of the corners of his eyes to see when
the finger goes down as the word ten is pronounced. He then daintily smells all
round the plate to see if his dinner pleases him; very often this is not the case,
and only by dint of coaxing, or calling "puss, puss," can he be induced to eat his
dinner When that is accomplished he is told to fetch his biscuits, when he trots
to the kitchen, and picks up a covered basket, which he brings to Mrs. de Bunsen,
and throws it down with a bang by her side He will stand up by her side while
she puts a piece of biscuit in front of him, saying "Trust," and till he hears the
words "Eat it" he will not even dare to look at the tempting morsel. Then he
will dance on his hind legs and walk round the room for a piece of biscuit or bread,
and hold it on his nose till his mistress counts ten, when he lifts it off with his two
fore-paws. But the most remarkable trait in Picco's character is his great dis-
like of any kind of wine or beer. He knows the look of a wine-glass, and nothing
will induce him even to smell it! In the kitchen he refuses to drink out of any
tumbler offered him there, with but one exception; for, strange to say, he will walk
straight up to, and drink out of the glass of, the teetotal housemaid, for he knows
that she only drinks water! Peter the butler always has him to sleep in his room
at night, where he sleeps very soundly till awakened by the alarum at six o'clock.
When Peter gets up, then "Picco" stirs himself, and goes into the next room
where the groom sleeps, on whose bed he jumps, and pulls off the clothes till the
inmate rises "Picco" knows Sunday quite well, and never offers to go to church
with the family, though he flies after them if he sees any of them putting on their
out-door things on any other day. He also never barks at the Sunday-school
children who come into the house to their classes, though one footstep on a week-
day makes him furious. When the family are away, Picco" will never take a
walk with strangers; he keeps company only with those who live in the house.
At the annual meeting of the Lilleshall Temperance Society in June last we
had the pleasure of seeing "Picco." The dog was on the platform, much to the
amusement of all present. One of the speakers, in referring to Picco's firmness
in his water-drinking habits, asked, Is not Picco' worthy of being enrolled as a
member of the Lilleshall Temperance Society ? Amid loud and hearty cheers,
"Yes, yes," resounded from all parts of the large assembly The next morning

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