• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Main
 Bibliography
 Back Cover






Group Title: Women in agricultural development
Title: Rural women and the changing socio-economic conditions in the Near East
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00085460/00001
 Material Information
Title: Rural women and the changing socio-economic conditions in the Near East
Series Title: Women in agricultural development
Alternate Title: Mujer en el desarrollo agricola
Physical Description: Book
Language: Arabic
Publisher: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Human Resources, Institutions, and Agrarian Reform Division. Women in Agricultural Production and Rural Development Service.
Publication Date: 1991
 Subjects
Subject: Farming   ( lcsh )
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00085460
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
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        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
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        Page 41
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        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
    Bibliography
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
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        Page 91
        Page 92
    Back Cover
        Page 93
        Page 94
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- 41 -


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- 42 -


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- 43 -


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- 44 -


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- 45 -


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"t. L ,J lA. Jl ..AJ t.0 ,. r..- I ( )J
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2 -- *> ot... Aj *l.> JLa. t .IAJi i 1_J sLFt .. rJJ
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l t....----- .t .,a J l s *-1 ( .-1- ^ .- *"' J..c JS,. (.L,.LJI t Ji^J^..^, ^jj J t Jl







46 -



vdi- J~o^JI I J L t" 'a L..'i J 1 cJr r l; Jt


- ----L u Ij,... L-y.. (Dixon Mueller, 1985)~ku:J J L JIw ,


J I J o JI (T)

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- 47 -


----------------,


___ L~"


I -
I------i-----


1~-. ~* A Y* ~* o* -- -- ---* -
j. .. oA f r* T* \'


-- -- -


Source: Hammad, Hassan J., 1980
in FAO, Women in Developing Agriculture, 1985, 15 bis.


__


,^ J iJkl-^ 0.3^jHJ 'Sjl'.? Lri


LJ-JII-----
,IJII %:, -L



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I II .



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- 118 -


V J


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I g

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l 1 -L .Jl

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~U13JJI cjl J~JI 3J~









- 49 -


JJJ.Ih~iI


LLl iI ZLA jt C.P.sjl JII N i C1__| L .j :.l I C I A 11.3 j"'-* JI
J Y. 11AT I1YyM ,. { 1.zA 1 Z J1t L I..
J "o J.-. (J O1 "A*--) 1..11
Al/Ao Yo/Y1 (..k -- Y )
C6( _- .*.) _AT--1A Ai


TYI


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InT1


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TAYY
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- irr \1\

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1A*" TAYI loeTTI


Source: World bank, World Development Report, 1988


(J'J -,j) r/t :_3JujJu










T JJ- ~i



LP M' OLA J 1 JJI*
VIAo 1i'*


&-" I_/ I i, Lii i...11 .--L,. L.*. ..l 1

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TT. T ,A 9- o,* 0 I
1,* 1,* or T,* I 1

TYY TTT TT.Y IYo
IYY 11.* Y.T .Y
IT, T.I T ,,A f -
T ,P. T A T ,P 1-

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TY,o TY,f rt 9.T .
T*,A 19 oo 1,o -
o,r o0, A^,9 t,9 I..




r."i 1r.* 1r.1 n.T '^*^J




Source: FAO, "World-wide Estimates and projections of the Agricultural and
non-Agricultural Population Segments, 1950-2025", Statistical
analysis Service, Statistics Division, Economic and Social Policy
Division, FAO, Rome, 1986.


- 50 -







51 -

r JV-



As0JI o.l------- -LLJ .
I& ljI Ui 0,J.& L&J I C, LS-J I


-.*-II o 11At











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I .~ oo11 IYI r.*o* .

Iq, r9 IT(To AITT l-


"IT. "IA-*q ITIYT -


TY, I 1*TTO* AT'I .3

IAl To TroY IYIT eY. JuI- I



TA, 1o iToYf lYYT M.."-.


C.A.P.M.A.S., Labour Force Sample Survey, 1984.


Sourtel Egypt






- 52 -


*YiY *oUiT -oTTY .. J

*oTAo *1TYI *irTYI l.l


Source: Somalia, MONP, CSD. The 1982 Labour Force Survey: Analytical Report.
November 1985.








o T I --. TT
JaaJt .*. 9 U,. **.J .1









,VYT* Ttof nlo l.TTA fIT 1.TYo Cya*-JI
SIof r ii TT Ay, M, p
I ot T' ITY Y 1IY -ii/u ,
1 oi It Tir t Tro .i..*j is\ 1.1
r TA TI 1UT Mit Ly v.s
oT ITM A i I*#1 TI ,
I TI T or I** Jls
1,'To T,*YY lor TN 1 o1 ol, .- lsj

IT Yt IA UTo TY o01 JL= L-
J1., *> - I I


Source: Somalia, MONP, CSD. The 1982
November 1985.


Labour Force Survey:


Analytical Report.


f J-9


dyJJI i~ n LA r- I l H t

>A^JI y 1-t-; J lATyi, J jl 1_,J ^ -a.LJ t^









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- 54 -


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- 55 -


A JiL%


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"EMCIP" J: LJI --J -S.. ^ Jat
"EMCIP" J..01 Q....^ ..:J ..^ tS O.J( &a Jt *


Source: Ishak, et al, 1984.


__,.__I ._ __ I J ..I! .___ J..- II


l._ ._J11 L^..Jl ,.J Lt-...JI e _,L ..1l o .,L.. 1t .,.Ll.J tl cL..l....I ,.t-

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At AT (1 to -JI
AT Yi (Y IT .-JI
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(LMLI ,i>J l ) i-xJ t S-J .-, e Jj 4















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I I


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or

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-'-,t s--J ErJ I = *
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Source : Ishak, et al, 1984


___


1. Jo-1 % ?


L~IPC2~JI G(c~J -~t~rlJ4~~_ril' "ci;'ci~s~c--"


(EMCIP) JjwI .0--














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tY It 19
Tl IY To
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A* Yl Al
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AT At Al

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--(EMCIP) J ---- --- --------- ---J ------- :
(EMCIP) JJ;iJI ) L~l S e


Source : Ishak, et al, 1984

















T J---





Ll.JI L. J I .1 L-, .1. a 1J IAJL, ,Ls J I iLC
(F TP ') .J1 JJ.J. I l


lA T oa

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(EMCIP)


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I *


T T 1
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J----I
y-J Li- ..


Source : Ishak, et al, 1984


J J --------.. -----








60 -

,r j j. 1JI 1




JtJLaV I


Source: WED/FAO, Rural Household Survey, 19


- -- -- -- --- -


1* = JLs


Y






(1*.*) .)
V








A
(A. )

o
(o.0.)


( ,.)

A
(A...)

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(A.,.)

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(o. ,. )

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At = ,-



(oYY)

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(TOT)
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(vA.A)

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j.l i_.S Ja.IJI
Ao = -J-B J .- "



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(ooT)


Y I i J,_11
(Y. l)





(rvo)






(rA,A)


(TA.r)

T* J iJI
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83. Ministry of Planning, 1984,81.







61 -


it Jj


.. yi JjI U .L.IJ..jL- 7 .--.


l JI.


<-;l r.




(r.
C ,-)53


%l.-Jl
YA=J>-


Source: WED/FAO, Rural Household


..I911


T,*
(T *)


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(T.*

(T.,)



(T.)



T*)
(T-)
(1.*


(.- )






T-

(T- )


I *
T* I


1T,.
(io..)





IT,*
(lo,.)


Y,*




(T.o)



(T ,o)




















,*
Ot*
(1.o)


(1.0)


(A..


Survey, 1983.


T,*
=





1* .
(.Ao)


(IAo)

Y..




( .*


(Y,.)









TI





(r,)

(1.o)
To.*
(T,.)
T.
(r,*)










.


(lo)

-


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Y-





(T.*) )






e,.






0,
(,.)











(Va.o)
o0.*
(yo,o)







(1..)
(ro,.)
( -)










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To,*
(rYo)





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(f ,.)


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)* = JL.










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(o.,.)
O-






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(o.,.)



(Y0..)








(i. ,.)
o0,*
(o.,.)



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( -,.-)


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l(oA.)


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.,...J Ia;~3







- 62 -


JL( _, cJI I :; 1 ,l i J -,.l. I... i 1 |SL.



: ,,.. L.,.... L pS... 1 ,... J 11 .,^1^. 11
: LJ L... JI *,.... I LI





o -. ",. ,.

A-* o.* J ..I -J1.. j,,
T* A* t<>Al LjJl J... | .-
90 o %La s.'. lI
r' Y' LLJYt ot:L; l s0
T 00.' CL0


ImA* e .... -.b .J LT i L.J. rL.l)l L.., -4.I _. *






- 63 -


T J


I, >...JI ,b .. 11 ,. j ,>ix 1 .^ ,i \1.,i\ t .. 1 J ... i,.


( l JI oTJoJI Toijo. S JjI










S %T'. j. o .). .T**I II

1** ili-
1* ,Yo TY0o ofJTo TY To .
*T,.* T.)o (oI o -
. TY- YO** JL
I** (,o* T%,,o* "l,** J.- 1 0 1-.J
.." Tr.o* Y'lo 1....... I 0i.
o, 1o. o J To T o.,rTo J 1...J-.. 1 i- .s
\* ij** 1* )** oAj UA** J 0L.0J I ^Laz


ILO Report Ministry of Youth, Sports and


Social Welfare, 1975. : .,.1.1 *







- 64 -


1Y JJ-----

J .II


T" A**, A* .-'- I J
To -^,. n J^ u y. .--Ji (
To T A dJ
IT ~

A" "I ol,Y 1* o- .iX-
T" AT *

-- T. I>

1r T* -T
S- **
T T


ITY I o'l oT J'

IAY I 11


Source: SWDO, 1985, 56.


L--j OL-;J'--g


J La ,-JI ,.- J..JI







- 65 -


IA Jj-'-


. j.L.J p eJlJ eLi6 Ji J.I1 JS 1.1. i.i 1r.Jl >1
_^JI v-yL y__ 3L-- 1 J-W CJ LJI ^. I jL J& L- I jJl



YT% T*al TYI TIY-l -A ToY ITo* *'
IT T I rr*. rT T 1 I)T To I o r
1..* T TE T rt TT.. ) j TY Y *..o o -
IT.T oro .AaA TaY Tti 1 iT oo o
Y.* YO* TIa* Toj* ITA I.* nT %* <


rT A TAjT


oJA LjA TTOo


r.AT e-I-*


Source : Commander, 1987, 74


Ii J~-


4jJ yJI


I U J J L.. ., -. I S3 Ja-.

l Ak lIYA AI MYA IAA( IIYA 1At MIYA


fI tojyT 1I0I T`*Y E f-IT ior 0o"
liT %T IoT 1- 199A l1IY YfJA YAT j
f.L nT>Y jT 1IJ -)A IYJI Yo-. YT A 3
TY 0rAA ITTII 9T1 AT *



Source: Youssef, 1983: 001/Zagazig Survey, 1984 in Commander 1987,71.


IY j I


TI' _


~ 3c~-11 r;LLrl e~j~








- 66 -


L. i-.. I ..1 k eg, Ion ,j.jJI ..,. .


Bay Regi on


.61 .. II


rsc~lu' ~Lsll I


yI I1 J^I Y l._l
U5^-. JUyU ^L-
'Ok1 _U .I .

.J.t.- 1, l -...
Ct 4

7--





JL ..J .1 1 %-- .u_


iU A -J 1 lsJIA
J.O... J1 1 i..' .,11I .





5-)- 6LI -1


(C>>1 JL. I __ Ji .-JI J


T'o,TT



Uri,.
*, Y"





i Yr




TTA. 19


i T T*
As i
r s VAi
IAT










rr. I
IKYA






TA9.I


e)e$
Tr,9


Note: Differences in time allocations were determined with t-tests; levels of significance were designated as
follows: *p < .10, *p < .05, "*p < .01, "**p < .001.


Source: Molly Longstrath. "Final Report on the Women's Time Use Study. Bay Region, Somalia. May to
July 1985.' Paper funded by a Women in Development Fellowship from CID/WID USAID.


loA,*

AA.*T



**
iT .YT



,r **
oTT > Y
rT IY.


..*T ****
*,oT ***
IAT **
. OT ****
f* *


o,YI **

Y, ***
IYT ****
T I r 1


T. *A
ToAl


~l9q J-


T* Jj-







- 67 -


T I
l J L-.yJ
JL


L_ y-{ ol^. Y- I
LA :e lA :_ U :


T1 :T i TY :

.. ;L. -T ,. o!.. r-T ..-.." ..lt
U :e j r :e To :e

(J J ) Y1 :J (J-^J- ) AT : 1 :



Source: WED/FAO rural Household Survey, 1983.
Masood, 1983, 28.
A-l-_l l = c
TT J^- ---






1 _) it t .l Jt --. JIt


OLu i "as"-. T/I (Sarman Dheer) -.L-
aLL. .L.. -//l (Hareero Jiifo) ~-
S i Li A o t. .. .. -<.L.T/I (Wasta Jaffay) L.L I,--
o;L- A h- T/l (Buulo Hawo)~jL ~
t.- aL .T- /.I (Lootis) ,-J
s ..I"--r t.. / (Robary Gadud) j> L, sL ,
.. tt. 1 ic- L (Gaduudo Dhurti) .iJ aj.
T/11. I/nL --- T/I (Bullo Fur).
L .. o : L. T /I (Durei Aki Galle) J4L si SJ


Source: Ministry of Mineral and Water Resources and Water Development
.Agency, 1983, from Masood, 1983, 28.


rZ vi


^J^^^:ItJ*^11








- 68 -


l.,rt.l > '.L.W c zJUI u j. Jl
19A 19AT ^".--'" ,JL -.L.


P. .x 11


ri YTS, TTY

oi .'*T ,oY


,.AoT.Tlo
f/f
r/


$IhTi


IrT
I.T
0l,


'rio


Source: SWDO, Women in the SDR, 1985.



UT JJ--


J L aO..J It .Jt .>. I1 c *. L I 4 IJ
1IAo u0.J .im.it 6J^31 lI


U. I.. 1 .. 11 .,.1C ., .. I .. -* ,I iko L.I l ,. W 'r I .. ,* II
Y "1*JJ^ I. &, O'1,* ^, ., .


I Y i r****** nI) TiTi* _-w

Y *,I TPA****** Y*loo TrTT"* .l...

it to IT.IATY1I TYY,Y lor1 ,.L


Source: SWDO, Women in the SDR, 1985.


19AT




19AT
19AT



19AT
m1Ar
11AI


..JIj oLS<-


% _..5J I L.Jl..1.







- 69 -


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- 71 -


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Leidin, 1982

























II ? 1.... k



,t L i.. .>..., .JJ n I t ..,aJ i ., 1... ( J, ..

9-, J ..>... J1 L.. ., *, ... 5.i L. j3 1 1 U1L--1 aJI,
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.__ ,.. I LL ,s,*- JI t.;.,J l a JJ s. 11.I -ai J
-I ___ L.lJ. j..,a..i 11 ..L..J :La^ ., J1 cS. dJJ1 -t.JtI







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.,j.*1..L.JI i,, ,. ) .J I *_ ...*nJ -.

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a ,...n a jt iu e. L J U j a4,.1s J.i.n J 1 cj < 1 j JLt L (t)


. 1 L. 1s..;: I -.iLJ UIS I. 1 Ja- I\ 1 eL l 11 1 is;..lJ r
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W/U2076 Ar.1/4.91/225
RURAL WOMEN AND CHANGING
SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
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