PROGI RSS flEEO. T C!(;. 2
Fieldwork on the project, "La Madre y el Trabajo," began on August
1, 1975, and now :is apprUoaching it: L E l .'J.n. n Or'jc in the ri 1i ,
it wvo di'.overed that the work dV: not go forw.rd o.'l : 5 vtly a:;:
nnti.cipatc d, partly because the lu.gthy q ni t Lic n. ic_-e ,e', -..i. at :.
going back to the interviewees a second and sometimes a third' time.
Often the women are interviewed on the street as they sell, or in
-th.i' home:s in the evenings or on w.eekends as th',y ,ngagi in th,
ss'ntl domestic tasks they cannot do during thuir wor;kd. y; '.i :.-,
to the difficulty of completing an interview in one attempt.
owvever, we have not viewed this development a a di rawbaclk; the inter-
vi ow .v yelAding very ri ch data, a;,. the. ncircesi;; t..;/ tc re turn sevy.er'a
times to oej'ch interviewee gives us a chianc'e to qe. o krowV thpim p-
sonally and to build up confidence. Since we are aiming for depth,
rather than breadth of knowledge, At least in the interviewee situ:a-
Lion (we hav'e, of course, gathered available aog..r[ uta e data an! Ll-,
.xi sting background studies in or'e"r to 'put our an:analyser" .in a :] ob:-;-'
context) there fact that the interviewingI goes slowly is i.n some ws;,s :..n
An attempt to incorporate several Peruvian university students a.
.nterviewers proved impracticable. Unfortunately, the "climate" of
:r':;car'ch iii Lima is somewhat unpreiictible, and we wore caught in a
misunderstanding with four prospective interviewers after an initial
meeting when one of their number tipped us off that they were a) '.-
ni'-rl ng to .wo.rl two weeks in order' to find out what we were doi '"; :w?,
:I:- trained, antLer which they inter lod to "strike" for higher wag1s,
"O.n..SS REPORT HO. 2 -- Page 2
:A:: 0.) sov.ral in tended to use the material .for their own theses
I t. Lut inorm ing us. Since ve were paying 650 soles per interview
(about $15 U.S.), which we felt was generous, and since we were not
.willing to have others use our data before we ourselves had even the
cpp.'-tunity Lc report cn our project to our finding agencies, we cut
_hi;t., our pl;in to use outside interviewers. This also has lhad the
-:l'':( t of I llgthl.: i ln the fieldwork phase, but there appeared to be
no .'asy soluti. on. 'e did not want to provoke a confrontation and en-
daior the pr4~oect t, and we simply felt safer :in going ahead with the
tv.w .mpnr (.A .-:C.n :irnd Hasaldua) whom we had worked with for so long,
aoJ vw.:io 1Iad prov( O Len'sely os loyal and capable.
Dr. tns:ter and Chancy, having completed their personal commitments
1 Lh v i:w. r, l.ift POMu for the United States at the end of
"- .t, t'?5, LO tahn up their respective teaching duties (Dr.- BusL-r
.: .i :'L.,. )rot',:;or of anthropology at Livingston Col.lege, Rutgor:
MinI'-i..l lty, (r thi: 1975-76 school year, and Dr. Chane'y has returned
to Fordham University). Thuir assistants, Jeanine Anderson and bea-
;. ,:' : : .L] N (no, Rl po' i No. 1), .ir orporcn Led intc" the tai i;i April,
}:: ;: '. : copoi.:;ibl; fashiont -ioniinuod with the interviews of
1.: ...- ,.. ,,i n : ..! loi: :; Le'ic servants. (The death of !', And-rson':,
father, requiring a short trip to the United States, also was a fac-
iw ii ::iv,"win urp ths: f elawo'rk phase.) As the miaids and market wonien
S. C :. l c.! i', as tant:; ,'ill work on the interviews with
l 'oct 'l l. r .\ni 'ln: r wvorIuir Onbri. ia d Urrutia continues
u.n ha!f-timeirs sina1ry (through January, 1976), whilo Hilda iMuercado is
-c.' ini.d ',r this pa'riod through a- small grant from the local office
S 'l-i: REPHiT O. ? N-- Page 3
o niveimoU)r I, the fieildiork had progressed as follows:
dome:; Li servants .complete
market women 20
street. :;el.lers 30
foctory workers 4.-0
(Pi't"' initervi' iewus nve projected for .each group, for a total of 200. )
ThT ir; t i 1 Chapter
Drn. Es.ter andc Ch n.,y have each cc-impleted the first drafts of their
ithL..wi-;.r't c.:h nlt Th-::y \ere invited to present a "roport-in-pro-
.'*:i.:" ,! GI.,,uLr 18 atL the: northeasternn Conf'eret!nce of Latin Ameri-
c:;!:i.cst, iTieeting aL the Uliversity of i'o assachusetts, Amherst. At
this meeting;, they received many helpful suggestions and reactions, as
,"! 'I a s;v.'v rl..] inv i t'i ior:.' (including one to conduct a weekend work-
t.. ...: Si,'th C oll', on the interdisciplinary team approach and the-
:w li:.ethodoloy). iovever, the two principal investigators have
.ice. idrd not,. to accept any additional invitations until after Lay.1,
.. '-c'r't .i t!(" t the :nt:ionali Institute of Child health ,::
'... \' 1 1.t. 1. :; I .r c table that they will take In ;u i:: t;.h
;*:.:- an,,d L,,va lopr ucal" ''ric:n n;ovw et f.or June 4-0. Wel"i.nsl...,'^!
College, i)'b-fore th-Y Oeturi to Peru for the final phase of the project.
.; ti -.- 11n i ;.-s Irn 1rew up an agreement as to hcw
: l .', ii i.uld pr .- d. rFollowin is a *'tnslati.in of this
^r.rti., a,' ra l if. i ed in a meeting of the team on July 28. Several
.. .. i j" p ip -i n t-C c:on l- 1atied, are noted
P1OTRTS.S PR.ORT 1 O. 1 -- Page -
July 28, 1975
.,:C'Y FI AN .Julv, 197 August, 1976
: hae t.ake; the oll. owing decisions in our meeting of Tuesday,
July 22_, 1975:
FPHA"i T -- The Four Study Croups
1. xc. isivr. dr:dica.tin to ;th fieldwork with the commitment
to f inish with fif'y inter views on the 30 of October, 1975.
Each collaUuoirator is to work on the analysis of her data
itn order to finish h and :mal a first draft to each other
tenr:m'nber by Dec:ember 20, 1975. (Because of the difficulties
outlined ini the beginning of this report, we have suggested
.Io le tieni' that we extend this date to January 31, 1976.
This; would put each subsequent date onu month forward. VIe
ac .!.ally allowed for this, in that our de.livery.date for our
NICHfD .eport is lay 1, not; April 1. )
3., Sntlhesis an-d editing of -the four drafts in order to circu-
latc- ."sco again amo.n thle rour teanuiierbers red to mall
Lbv Jnu.t.ar 31, 19(-76: ilda ;iercado.
,. All suggestions, corrections, critiques, complaints, etc.,
.i11! hav.: t.o T sent to Xir.ena and ir:sa before February 28,
,., ipn odrr to be .incoornorated in. the report. (A suges-
I'I,: .o .:., all1 the c iti cisms and complaints. that we can
i'' !1 our Re -eInc onter, in oi- der t iat the project moves for-
w.i -rd -- o,0,.' First obigation is a report for the SSRC, CEPD,
Sm th~icihsoo NTCHD and Ford, not a publication.
Ximena and t1sa commit themselves to incorporate any important
chang es, to arrange for the translation into English, and to
d liv,*:r ,.h report. ( -also to send a copy 'Lo (*,a, tearr.mcmber).
I.'yih.. i.: to , r ady by Ap.ril 1, 1976.
.'. E I.T, The le-. 'n c-nter.'
,,' ,''L, iLecided, b O I e of t e :;o :i:it ents o[' the various teat::!em'.bers:,,
to propose a re-encounter for the month of June (after June 15) or
: ;, DF-i''iig the re-',.:-nc i'unter, we will wiorik on:
T1. A f ial i- a1 crport.
2. P1n.rr s. fur a )'ook
3. A "popular" publication (in Spanish, means
S. i echani s i infusionn, for eanam l.e, .a
s i.- inar, a .indtbl]., fil strip using
t.i. +ho1 .. ,s: o ;0.". 2.'-1i2Litc}t I !-L:lt;.
C .SOC; REPORT IO0. ),- Page 5
A, -..:; meet ing, we hp:,pe i;o count on the assistance of Holeieth
.arfi~.L'i, and the continuation of the consultative help of Carmen
F i I ntel.
''- Teoretical Chapters
Each teammember commits herself to circulate among the team by
January 1, 1.97, drafts of their particular chapters, i.e.:
1. Ximena (with Ellan) chapter on the methodology
2. El:sa chapter on the woman in general
3. 1. ilda chapter on the theoretical framework in general,
ivyrin-d the socio-economic setting, the political
-. Gat.' chi'pter on ther Peruvian woman
Finally, we have each committed ourselves not to use any of the
i:'.'.: or t"he 'oca.'rh results in a personal form (for example, in
;.t. ;tic:le) wunt.i Octobe;r 30, 1976, the date which we have set for
l.: OI.'ii YouIIg in ro,.la .tion to release of the photos. It is possible that
v,r; wil. have to adjust this (late during our month of re-encounter,
,,* !.' I: t o the ';s .i liJti e we have .by then for publication.
- - i; of WVorl Plan
Respect fully subm Itted,
Ximena Bunster B., Ph.D.
Elsa I,. Chaney, Ph.D.
10 V '-. 1 O')'~