Title: Organized club work in Taylor County, Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084626/00001
 Material Information
Title: Organized club work in Taylor County, Florida
Series Title: Circular, Florida Cooperative Extension Service ; 7
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Hiatt, S. W.
Publisher: University of Florida, Division of Agricultural Extension
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: April, 1919
Copyright Date: 1919
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084626
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 226965511

Full Text




April, 1919


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND UNITED
STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE COOPERATING
P. H. ROLFS, Director



ORGANIZED CLUB WORK IN TAYLOR COUNTY, FLORIDA
S. W. HIATT, District Agent

When R. L. Moore, county agent, took charge of the work in
aylor county in November, 1917, there were in all, 16 members
f the pig club, each owning a registered pig. Mr. Moore was
determined to make the boys' club a big feature in the agri-
ultural work of the county, as he believed that to be one of the
rest ways of helping the farmers help themselves. The great
drawback in securing members for the pig club seemed to be the
ck of funds with which to purchase the pigs, so the local banks
ere consulted about the matter. These banks were no excep-
ion to the usual rule, and were glad to encourage the industry
y lending their financial support, and agreed to furnish pigs
o the members under the following conditions.
Each member that joined the club signed an agreement to
are for the pig according to instructions of the county agent
md to return two pigs to the bank within 18 months. The banks
turned the pigs thus secured over to the other new members
ho wanted to join the club, under a like agreement.
After the arrangements had been made with the bank, all
hat Mr. Moore had to do was to get the information to the
oys, so in company with the superintendent of public instruc-
ion, he visited the schools of the county. The boys, and the
irls too, were so much interested that more applications were
received for membership than the agent was able to supply
ith pigs.
Printed instructions were given to each member to be studied
t home and answered at the next meeting, at which time a
local or community club was organized. From the very begin-
ning, the clubs of young boys and girls in Taylor county were
conducted in a business-like manner. Officers were elected at


rcular 7








Florida Cooperative Extension


the first regular meeting, and where the club consisted of bo
boys and girls, official honors were divided. Thru the assistant
of the agent, the clubs were in position to conduct their meeting;
along parliamentary lines. It was clearly understood that evee
member of the club bound himself or herself to attend all me
ings regularly every two weeks.
In December, 1917, the Home Demonstration work was start

About 50 girls were enrolled in these clubs the first season, a
a great deal of interest was created in the canning and pr
serving of fruits and vegetables. About the middle of th
season, all the boys and girls' clubs were consolidated, and th
has brought a marked degree of success. In case either t
county or home demonstration agent could not attend, the othE
would arrange to be present and handle the subjects.

MANNER OF CONDUCTING MEETINGS
The officers of the club took charge of the meetings in th
usual manner. The agents would at each meeting choose som
simple subject for study and discussion at the next meeting
always with a view of having the subject one that was applicable
to season or crop conditions. Bulletins and other information o
typewritten slips were given them for study and reference. Thi
subject was reviewed at the next meeting and a new one selected
The subjects were always presented in as simple and interesting,
a manner as possible. For instance, the garden insect was take
up for discussion and each member told to bring to the next meet
ing any bug or worm that they might find destroying garden
crops. These were named and discussed relative to their pro
pagation, depredations, and control. Very often meetings were
called where demonstrations could be held. In this manner man3
subjects such as soils, fertilizers, propagation of plants, diseases
of plants and animals, insects, care of pigs, budding and grafting
canning, preserving, poultry-raising, plain sewing (for the girls)
and many others were discussed and practical applications mad(
wherever possible during the year.
Time and places for club meetings were so arranged to enable(
the agents to attend at least two, and sometimes three meetings
on each day set apart for this purpose. The actual time taker
up at each meeting was from one hour to an hour and a half
This method of carrying on the club work enabled the agents t(








Organized Club Work in Taylor County


eep in close touch with all members and yet consume only a
mited portion of their time.

RESULTS

Proof of the fact that much interest was taken by the club
embers in this systematic method of club organization is an
attendance record for the year of 90% of the membership. Some
f the members had to go as far as six miles to attend the meet-
ngs. At the close of the year 1918, there was a membership
f 126 in the seven consolidated clubs, as against 16 club mem-
ers for the previous year. The pig, corn, peanut and canning
clubs were represented. Eighty-five percent of these boys and
irls made final reports at the end of the year's work, which is
Good record. The number of registered pigs owned by pig
lub members had grown from 16 to 31, and on January 1, 1919,
here were 31 other members on the "waiting list" for registered
igs.
No one would question that Mr. Moore was correct in his be-
ief that thru the club work with the boys and girls, the most
could be accomplished for the county as a whole. The far reach-
ing influence of the club work in Taylor county during the year
1918 would be hard to determine, but the following is definite
data regarding improvements made on farms, traceable directly
to the club work, and due largely to the manner in which it was
conducted.
On nearly every farm where a club pig has been placed the
farmer has had his entire herd immunized from cholera.
Four hog wallows have been constructed (the first in the
county).
On a number of farms seed corn was selected and treated
against weevils, several farmers treating their entire crop.
Improved methods were employed in harvesting the peanut
crop.
Much interest has been displayed by farmers regarding hog
pastures as advocated by the county agent, and where at the
beginning of the work there were no grazing crops grown for
the hogs, there are now at least 85 farmers with grazing crops
planted.
When the club work started less than two years ago there were
only twelve registered hogs in the county-today there are over
500.







4 Florida Cooperative Extension

Due to instructions given at the club meetings several spray
were purchased and used to combat insect pests and diseases.
Prior to the organization of the clubs and the studies pursue
but little interest was displayed in the reading of bulletins o
farm journals. Now there is an increasing demand for bulletin
on all farm topics, and 25 farm journals have been placed i
homes that never had taken a farm paper before.
It is the hope of the county agent to use these clubs as steppin
stones to the formation of community agricultural clubs, whose
influence may be felt in every farm home in the county.
The results obtained may not appear to be unusual to man
but if the following description of the county, its population an
agricultural possibilities are taken into consideration, one ca
readily understand what good work has been done by these(
people, and what it has meant to them. There are only about
18,000 acres of land in cultivation, and the farms are small
and widely scattered. In the communities where the organized
club work has been carried on, the white rural farm population
numbers about 2,000 with only about 400 school children.
The principal industries of the county have been lumber, tur-
pentine and fishing, with very little interest in agriculture or
improvement in livestock until within the past two years. Con
editions in Taylor county two years ago were typical of those to
be found in many other Gulf coast counties, and the results
obtained by the farm and home demonstration agents in this
county may be duplicated in any other county. Altho at the
time this work was begun, seemingly insurmountable difficulties
confronted the agent in the form of very bad roads, a widely
scattered rural population and general lack of interest in the
development and improvement of agriculture and livestock, the
work was undertaken and carried out with marked results.




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