r and R.D. Rhue
i Soils Specialists
'4-C :~Cl cooperative Extension Service
S atlMe of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville
John T. Woeste, Dean for Extension
WHY A SOL TEST?
Lime and fertilizer are essential
for good crop production.
CAN YOU ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS?
1. What is the pH of your soil?
2. What are the fertility levels of the princi-
3. How much and what kind of lime does
your soil need?
4. Which nutrients need to be added to your
soil as fertilizer?
5. How much fertilizer is needed for your
crop and soil?
If you cannot answer these questions
A Soil Test May Help
A SOIL TEST CAN'T...
1. Tell you which crop to grow.
2. Prevent poor crops caused by drought,
disease, insects, too much water, etc.
3. Substitute for proper cultural practices.
4. Take the place of good management.
THE SOL SAMPLE IS MOST IMPORTANT FOR A GOOD SOIL TEST
1. Get full information from county agent.
2. Get proper sampling tool and sample bags.
3 Don't sample unusual spots or areas.
Your County Agent
These Simple Rules
5. Number samples-keep your own record.
4. Take soil from at least 15 places in each field
or area to make composite sample.
6. Fill out information sheet.
7. Send samples, information sheet, and pay-
ment to laboratory.
8. Discuss results and recommendations with
HOW TO TAKE A SOIL SAMPLE
1. See your county agent for complete infor-
2. Divide farm into fields or areas for sam-
pling. Sample separately areas with differ-
ent crop growth, soil color, or lime or fer-
3. Don't sample areas too small to be ferti-
lized or limed separately. Don't sample
unusual areas. Avoid wet spots, feeding
areas, burn piles, old fence rows, sand
boils, etc. The sample you collect should
be the average of the field or area sampled.
4. Proper sampling tool is important. Use
sampling tube or auger. If necessary to use
shovel or trowel, dig a V-shaped hole in
the soil 6 inches deep-slice 1-inch slab off
one side of hole. Lift out and save center
1-inch wide strip of soil.
5. Take a core (with sampling tube) of soil 6
inches deep from at least 15 spots in each
field or area to be tested. Sample lawns
only to a 3 inch depth. Mix together the
cores from one field or area. Put about a
pint of the mixed soil in a soil sample bag.
6. Identify samples by letter or number.
Make a sketch or record of some kind so
you will know which sample came from
7. Fill out an information sheet and include
it and payment in box with samples.
8. Send samples to the laboratory for analy-
sis. Shipping boxes are available from
county Extension offices.
9. Consult with county agent if help is needed
with interpretation of test results or ferti-
FOLLOW THE RECOMMENDATIONS
This public document was promulgated at a cost of
$303.86, or 2 cents per copy, to tell Florida residents
how they may test their soil. 3 13M 82
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNI-
VERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD
AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES, K. R.
Tefertller, director, In cooperation with the
United States Department of Agriculture, publishes
this Information to further the purpose of the May
8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and Is authorized to provide
research, educational Information and other services only to Individ-
uals and Institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex
or national origin. Single copies of Extension publications (exclud-
ing 4-H and Youth publications) are available free to Florida resi-
dents from County Extension Offices. Information on bulk rates or
copies for out-of-state purchasers Is available from C. M. Hlnton
Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University
Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing this public
tlon, editors should contact this address to determine avallability;