COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY, AND UNITED STATES
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, COOPERATING
H. G. CLAYTON, DIRECTOR
TRIBULATIONS OF PORKY, THE PIG
A Picture Story of How to Avoid Losses in Handling Hogs
Florida Livestock Loss Prevention Committee
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Porky had a good mother and he grew fast as a suckling pig.
To raise healthy, strong pigs, it is necessary to have good brood
sows that will take good care of their pigs.
While Porky was a growing pig, Farmer Jones kept him in an
oats field, and later in a millet patch, so that he would make a
good feeder shote. Being on land that was cultivated and free
from mudholes, Porky was not troubled with worms-the deadly
internal parasites that stunt and kill many of his cousins every
One day Porky slipped away from Farmer Jones' farm to visit
his cousin, Choppy. Farmer Brown, who owned Choppy, never
gave any care to his growing pigs, so there were mudholes and
hog wallows all over his place. Farmer Jones' boy, Bobby, had
learned that pigs may take in worm eggs if they are allowed to
drink water and take mud baths in mudholes, so he had put up
a sign on Farmer Brown's place to warn all pigs. When Porky
saw that sign he was awfully sad, for he wanted so much to take
a mud bath.
On his trip to Farmer Brown's place Porky learned another
lesson. He found out that his cousin, Blacky, had died three
weeks before with hog cholera. Farmer Brown did not believe
in vaccinating his hogs against cholera, so when this disease
struck his herd he lost nearly all of his hogs. People were warn-
ed against going on Farmer Brown's place. Fortunately for
Porky, Farmer Jones vaccinated him when he was weaned and
he was immune to hog cholera.
When Porky was 41/2 months old he was a good feeder shote-
just the kind that will fatten well. At that time, Farmer Jones
put him in a field that had produced a good crop of peanuts and
corn as fattening feeds. The farmer knew that it takes mineral
supplement to make strong bones. Farmer Jones' boy, Bobby,
had learned that more pounds of pork would be produced from
an acre of corn and peanuts if the feeder shotes had access to
minerals, so he kept a mineral mixture in the box all the time.
Peanuts and corn are very low in mineral matter.
The mineral mixture contained:
Marble dust or ground limestone
Red oxide of iron
Pulverized copper sulfate
Cobalt chloride or cobalt sulfate
Porky gained nearly two pounds a day on corn and peanuts
and after about two months on these fattening feeds he weighed
220 pounds-just the size desired most by the packers. So
Farmer Jones decided to send Porky to market. Then was when
his troubles began.
Porky was feeling good the morning Farmer Jones tried to
drive him to the pen in the corner of the field, so he ran down
the fence row, trying to stay in the corn and peanut field rather
than being caught. Farmer Jones had a hot temper, so he pick-
ed up a stick and threw it at Porky. The stick hit Porky on the
side, causing a bad bruise on the part of the body from which
the packer gets breakfast bacon.
Finally Farmer Jones got Porky penned, but by this time the
sun was hot and since Porky had eaten a heavy meal the night
before, he became awfully hot and panted badly. In late summer
and early fall, shotes on such crops as peanuts and corn graze
during late afternoon and at night.
Fortunately, Porky lived after being overheated, for his half-
brother, Fatty, died last year when Farmer Jones pulled the
same trick on him. Farmer Jones should have known better
than to load his hogs late in the morning. He should have driven
Porky to the pen in the late afternoon, kept him off of feed that
night and loaded him early the next morning.
But Porky was loaded when he was tired, hot, and just after
having eaten a full meal. Farmer Jones loaded 15 of Porky's
cousins with him, entirely too many hogs to try to haul on a
rather small truck, for they were all "overcrowded." Porky got
sick and lay down, but that caused him lots of trouble as he was
trampled upon and bruised from his snout to his tail.
Another mistake that Farmer Jones made was his failure to
put sand on the floor of the truck as bedding for the pigs going
to market. Yes, sand is the best bedding you can use for pigs.
They do not use this bedding to cover with, or to lie upon, but
to give Porky and his friends a firm footing when they are being
hauled to market. If they don't have sand to stand upon they
will slip and slide over each other.
Finally Porky got to market, but in unloading him Farmer
Jones' boy, Henry, got in the truck with the pigs and kicked
every one of them on the back when he tried to chase them out
of the truck and down the unloading chute. Porky was already
sore in his back from being trampled upon and when Henry kick-
ed him on that spot it added to his misery.
At the auction market Old Abe, the hog handler, punched
Porky on the ham with a stick instead of using a canvas slapper
to drive him to the auction ring. This "punch on the ham" just
about ruined that ham for human food.
Finally, Porky was sold to a packer and was loaded with many
of his cousins and piggy friends onto an awfully large truck.
Porky did not know they ever made trucks that big, and he could
not count all of his friends that were loaded with him. Unfor-
tunately for Porky, a new driver had taken over the truck that
day and he did not know how to drive a "hog truck." He had
been accustomed to driving a turpentine truck. So he drove fast
around curves and made sudden stops and starts, jostling all hogs
in the truck and causing them to become more bruised.
Well, all these experiences were more than Porky could stand.
He finally reached the killing floor, but instead of making good
hams, bacon, and pork chops as he so much desired, here is
what his carcass looked like after the inspector got through cut-
ting out the bruises.
Poor Porky finally came to this
Here's the Score
Farmer Jones did a good job raising Porky as a feeder pig and
in fattening him out for market. But, unfortunately, every
person who handled Porky did something that caused loss when
"Porky went to market."
Some of the things that should have been done to get Porky
to market without loss:
1. Provide green grazing crops and keep Porky on these
crops until he went on the fattening crops. This Farmer Jones
2. Provide adequate fattening crops. Porky had plenty of
corn and peanuts.
3. Keep mineral mixture before Porky at all times. Farm-
er Jones' boy, Bobby, did this for Porky.
4. When finished for market, Porky should have been
handled only during late afternoon and his feed should have
been cut off at least 6 to 12 hours before loading. This was
not done and Porky almost died from becoming overheated and
being trampled upon.
5. In driving Porky, Farmer Jones should never have
thrown a stick or any other object at him.
6. The truck should not have been "overloaded." Porky
was crowded so tightly that when he "went down" he was
nearly trampled to death.
7. The truck should have had three to four inches of sand
on the floor as bedding. This was not provided and Porky
slipped and slid from side to side and end to end.
8. Old Abe, the hog handler, should have used a canvas
slapper instead of a stick.
9. The packer's own truck driver should have been an ex-
perienced driver who would never drive over 30 miles per hour,
and would change speed gently on starting, stopping, and go-
ing around curves.
If Porky had been handled properly his carcass would have
looked like his cousin Curly's when it went to the cooling room
in the meat packing plant. Curly was handled properly from a
baby pig until he reached the killing floor at the plant. He was
a fine, smooth hog that did not have a single bruise when
slaughtered. His carcass brought more money to his owner and
provided more food for hungry people.
Cousin Curley looked like this