Title: simple farm brooder and finisher
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084508/00001
 Material Information
Title: simple farm brooder and finisher
Series Title: simple farm brooder and finisher
Physical Description: Book
Creator: O'Steen, A. W.
Publisher: Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084508
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 222734608

Full Text

L lI

e used by junior poultrymen (4-H and F.F.A.) for their broilers
r the brooder may be used to start pullets for their laying
One farm brooder accommodating from 50 to 75 chicks
through 5 or 6 weeks of age and 2 finishers accommodating 35
rollers each until they are 10 or 12 weeks of age form a com-
lete broiler unit. By continuous operation this equipment is
efficient to produce 50 to 75 broilers every 6 weeks.
This unit is practical and easily constructed.
Five or 6 brooders and 10 or 12 finishers of this type will be
neededd on a broiler plant when 50 or 75 chicks are to be started
ach week. When the chicks are 5 or 6 weeks old they should
ie moved to the finishers where they are kept until marketed
,t 10 to 12 weeks.
A brooder and finisher of this type will enable the producer
o start broilers or pullets at any season of the year without
Laving to wait for a hen to go broody before he starts his chicks.
)ne brood started with 50 or 75 chicks should give 20 to 25
rood pullets. If pullets are to be raised to maturity, they should
>e placed on clean range provided with suitable housing and
equipmentt at about 5 or 6 weeks of age. See Circular 50. The
hicks may be started early in the spring so the pullets ,will
;ome into production in the fall when egg prices are high.

The brooder described in this circular is divided into 2 sec-
;ions: BROODING unit and SUNPORCH unit. The brooding
mit provides the heat for the chicks, while the sunporch unit
allows the chicks to get out in the sunshine.

The brooding unit is divided into 4 separate sections desig-
nated as: (1) Bottom section; (2) floor section; (3) hover sec-
;ion and (4) top section.
The bottom section is 4' long, 3' wide, and 16" high. A door
)n one side 8" x 10" in dimension is made to provide for the
.nsertion of a lamp. Six 1/2" holes are evenly spaced on the 2
sides, 2 inches from the top, to provide oxygen for the lamp
1t i 11 -* L . .

Fig. 2.-Brooder unit, including bottom, floor, hover, and top sections.

Fig. 3.-Bottom section of brooder unit, 3' x 4' x 16".

Fig. 3.-Bottom section of brooder unit, 3' x 4' x 16".

eces 1" x 4" x 34Y2" (en

2 pieces 1" x 4" x 48" (side)
2 pieces 1" x 12" x 48" (side)
2 small hinges
1 hasp

covered with sheet metal;
Bill of material, Floor Section-
2 pieces 1" x 4" x 48" (side)
3 pieces 1" x 4" x 28%" (end and center brace)
1 piece 26 gauge galvanized metal 3' x 4'

The hover is 3' x 4', 8" high at the back and 12" high at th
One window 8" x 10" may be inserted on the front side to pei
mit light to enter the hover, so the chicks can see to eat an
drink for the first few days.
The front has a 1" x 4" strip across the top and to this i
attached a cloth curtain 8" wide to keep out the cold air.

1 piece 1" x 8" x 34/2" (back)
1 piece 1" x 4" x 341/2" (front)

in to mnnvi it fn n npw Irnition


The sunporch unit, which is 3' x 6', is divided into 2 sec-
tions designated as: (1) Bottom frame section and (2) sunporch

Fig. 6.-Sunporch unit, 3' x 6' x 28", including bottom and
sunporch sections.


The bottom frame, 6' long, 3' wide and 16" high, is constructed
of wood to correspond with the bottom section of the brooding
unit. The top of this frame is covered with 1/2" hardware cloth.
This forms the wire bottom of the sunporch. The hardware
cloth allows the droppings to fall to the ground and makes the
sunporch more sanitary.
Bill of material, Bottom Frame Section-
2 pieces 1" x 12" x 72" (side)
2 pieces 1" x 4" x 72" (side)
4 pieces 1" x 4" x 341/2 (ends and braces)
2 pieces 1" x 12" x 341/2" (end)
1 niece 1" hardware cloth 3' x 6'

Fig. 7.-Bottom frame section of sunporch unit, 3' x 6' x 16",
top covered with 1,%" hardware cloth.

Fig. 8.-Sunporch section, 3' x 6' x 12", with a door in the top.


The sunporch is 6' long, 3' wide and 12" high. The framing is
ide of 1" x 4" material and the sides, top and one end are
vered with poultry netting. A door is placed in the center
the top part of the sunporch so that feed and water may be
Iced on the wire floor. The door also makes it possible to catch
e chickens.
Bill of material, Sunporch Section-
4 pieces 1" x 4" x 6' (side)
3 pieces 1" x 4" x 34/2" (end)
2 pieces 1" x 2" x 341/2" (brace)
3 pieces 1" x 2" x 2212" (door frame and brace)
2 pieces 1" x 2" x 131/2" (door frame)
1 piece 1" x 2" x 2212" (door stop)
4 pieces 1" x 4" x 16" (corner posts)
1 piece 1" mesh poultry netting 2' x 15'

The sand in the hover directly above the lamp may be too
t for the chicks at times, but there is sufficient room else-
iere for the chicks to find the correct temperature. The
nperature may be controlled by the size of the flame in the
np and by adjusting the curtain in the front part of the hover
the roof.
The chicks should be confined to the hover for the first 24 to
hours to teach them to find the source of heat.
Feed and water vessels should be placed inside the hover at
st. As soon as the chicks are allowed the use of the sunuorch

the feed and water vessels should be removed from the hover
and placed on the wire floor in the sunporch.
As soon as the weather will permit the chicks should be out
in the sunshine. After they are 3 or 4 days old they should
not be confined to the hover but should have the use of both
the hover and the sunporch until they are placed in the finish-
ing pens or given free range.
Heat should be available for the first 4 or 5 weeks so the
chicks can be kept comfortable. The chicks will not get too hot
unless they are confined in the hover.

It will be necessary to clean the floor of the brooding unit
from time to time. To clean, remove the roof and then with
a small broom or rake remove the droppings with some of the
sand. Add more dry sand to cover the wooden frame. DON'T

A complete ration should be fed these chicks, since they are
raised in confinement. The chicks need a ration containing all
the essential vitamins. Use a well balanced chick or broiler
mash while they are confined.
After the chicks are 5 or 6 weeks of age and are removed from
the brooder to the range the ration may be changed to home-
grown grain, green feed and sour milk. A ration of this type

the brooder where there will be some protection from the su
during the hottest part of the day.

After the chicks are 5 or 6 weeks old they should be eithi
moved,to the range or confined to a finishing pen.
Two finishing pens 3' x 10' will be needed to grow out the E
to 75 chicks started in the brooder. One finisher 10' long,
wide and 15" high is satisfactory for 30 to 35 broilers. TI
framework of this pen is made of 1" x 4" (or 1" x 6") materi
and the floor is covered with 1" hardware cloth or 1" heam
poultry netting. The top, sides and ends (Fig. 9) are cover(
with wooden slats 11/2" apart. The framework may also I
covered with 2" poultry netting.

' : ^ . ..... ....- . . -

Fig. 9.-Complete finisher, 3' x 10'. Note feeder, waterer, cover, a
2 vertical panels which facilitate catching chickens. These are construct
to slide up and down between the slats.

A door 18" wide, either hinged or sliding, is placed near t
center of the top. If the framework is covered with 2" poult
netting it is suggested that 2 doors evenly spaced be used
facilitate catching the birds when ready for market.
A temporary cover may be made of wide boards or a piece
sheet metal, to protect the birds from the heat and from getti:
wet during the rainy season.

For more detailed information on brooding write for Ext(

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