Title: Suggested war-time feeds for chickens
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Title: Suggested war-time feeds for chickens
Series Title: Suggested war-time feeds for chickens
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Mehrhof, N. R.
Publisher: Agricultural Extension Service
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Bibliographic ID: UF00084507
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
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Resource Identifier: oclc - 222732559

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Circular 71 September, 1943


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE FOR WOMEN
AND UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
COOPERATING
WILMON NEWELL, Director




SUGGESTED WAR-TIME FEEDS

FOR CHICKENS

(Supplement to Florida Extension Bulletin 118)
By N. R. MEHRHOF and 0. K. MOORE
This circular is to be used in connection with Florida Exten-
sion Bulletin 118, Managing Poultry under War-Time Conditions.
Many feedstuffs which normally are used in poultry rations for
chickenss of all ages have become scarce, high in price, or even
unavailable. This calls for new feed formulas and the use of
various substitutes in making rations for all ages of chickens.
The formulas which follow supplement and bring up to date
;hose included in Bulletin 118.

CONSERVATION OF PROTEINS
The National Feed Industry Council, the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture, the Florida feed industry, and the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Station have developed a voluntary
program for the conservation of proteins. The recommended
pounds of animal protein per 100 pounds of mash are as follows:
Chick starters -................ ..-.- ..... .....-- 2.00 pounds
All-mash growing diets .................................... 2.00 pounds
Broiler m ashes ........................................ ...... 1.125 pounds
Growing mashes to be fed with grain .......... 2.25 pounds
All-mash laying diets ...................................... 1.125 pounds
Laying mashes to be fed with grain .--..-....--.....- 2.25 pounds
All-mash breeding rations .............................. 2.25 pounds
Breeding mashes to be fed with grain .......... 4.50 pounds
Poultry supplements and concentrates
20% protein .................................. ...... 3.375 pounds
32% protein .........-....-...-.. ... ......... ... 4.50 pounds
36% protein ........................................ 5.00 pounds

A r'RTrTTT.TTT A T. PYT~NTQTAnT QTPVTTOV





bo/o protein an


of a chick starter. This was determined by dividing the percent
protein of the ingredient into the amount of animal protei
allowed in 100 pounds of a chick starter. The same procedure
is followed for other poultry mashes. Combination of anim,
proteins may be used, but the total should be within the specific
limits. Further, fish meal should be used only in poultry star
ers, broiler mashes, poultry breeding diets and mashes excer
in cases of emergency or in areas in which the animal protein
are not available.
SUGGESTIONS IN MAKING SUBSTITUTIONS
When new formulas are to be developed, consider these points
1. Alfalfa leaf meal high in vitamin A content should be use(
If the vitamin A content of alfalfa leaf meal is low, other ir
gredients high in vitamin A content must be added to bring th
vitamin A content to the required amount.
2. Riboflavin or vitamin G must be supplied. Dried distiller,
solubles or other fermentation products may be substituted fc
dried whey, dried skimmilk or dried buttermilk as a source c
this vitamin.
3. Vitamin A and D feeding oil may be added to fortify th
ration with these vitamins. Restrictions on the amount of vits
min A derived from fish oils in poultry rations are specified i
Limitation Order L-40, War Production Board. The rations i
this publication conform with the limitations as of June 2, 194:
Consult your local War Production Board for changes.
4. D-activated animal sterol may also be used to supply vits
min D. It must be kept in mind that when this product is use
other ingredients must supply vitamin A. Defluorinated phoi
phate may be used to replace steamed bone meal. Untreated
phosphates which are high in fluorine should not be used in pou
try rations.
5. Pulverized technical anhydrous manganous sulfate may I
added as an aid in preventing perosis. It is recommended th
it be used at the rate of 4 ounces per ton of feed.

ALL-MASH CHICK RATIONS
These rations contain no vitamin D-add 0.1 percent of vitb
min A and D feeding oil containing 400 A. O. A. C. chick unil
of vitamin D and 2,000 International units of vitamin A pE
gram to the rations suggested.
2


As an (






GROWING RATIONS
It is suggested that grain be fed with the chick ration after
6 weeks of age, thereby reducing the protein level of the mixture
to about 16% protein.
LAYING RATIONS
The suggested war-time laying mashes are to be fed with
grain in about equal quantities. Clam, coquina or oyster shell
(hen size) should be available in hoppers.

BREEDING RATIONS
The suggested war-time breeding mashes in Table 3, herewith,
are to be fed with grain in about equal quantities. It is im-
portant to supplement these rations with succulent green feed
and sunshine.
FORMULATING RATIONS
It is suggested that you use the data contained in Tables 1, 2,
3 and 4 of Bulletin 118 as a basis in working up formulas to be
certain that the new ration made from available ingredients
meets the requirements as listed in Table 4.


The Poultry Division, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla.,
will be glad to assist you in working out formulas to fit the in-
gredients you are able to purchase.

TABLE 1.-SUGGESTED WAR-TIME ALL-MASH CHICK RATIONS.*

Ingredient Ration Number
1 F 21 3 4 5 6 7 8
lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs.
Yellow corn meal .......................... 36 36 36 36 40
Ground wheat ............................... 36 10 46 10
Ground barley -.... ... ................ ..... 36
W heat bran .................................. 5 5 5 5
W heat shorts ................................ 5 5 5 5
Ground oats .... .......................... 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 10
Soybean oil meal, peanut meal,
or corn gluten meal ............. 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10
Soybean oil meal ......................... 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 24
Fish m eal .................................... 3 2
Meat scraps ....................---- ..... 3 3 3 3 3 3
Dried whey ......... ...... ............ 3 3 3 3 3 6 5
Alfalfa leaf meal ......................... 6 6 6 6 6 6 6
Dried distillers' solubles ............. 3 3 3 3 6 3 5
Steamed bone meal or
defluorinated phosphate ........ 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Ground shell (clam, coquina,
oyster) ............... ...... ....... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Salt .................... .. ...... .. ....... 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
*A- Al n .rnt -S .ni1 nin -, A fl f-dr o nil fnr ohiolr-n, raipd withn-Lf Rllnlhins







TABLE 2.-SUGGESTED LAYING MASHES, WITH EACH OF WHICH AN EQUAL


WEIGHT OF GRAIN


Is To BE FED.*


Ingredient


Yellow corn meal .......................
Ground wheat ..............................
W heat bran ................................
Wheat shorts ....- ...............-
Ground barley .......... .....
Ground oats ............................. .--
Soybean oil meal .........................
Peanut meal, cottonseed meal,
corn gluten meal, or soybean
oil m eal ....- ..... ..... ....- ........
Fish meal .............................
Meat scrap ... -------- .

Dried w hey .......... .....................
Alfalfa leaf meal .........................
Dried distillers' solubles ..........
Steamed bone meal or
defluorinated phosphate ......
Ground shell (clam, coquina,
oyster) .................................
S alt ................. ... ...... .... ........
Vitamin A and D feeding oil ......


Ration Number
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. lbs. l bs.

24.5 25 25
25 33 40 20 20 13
10 10 8 10
15 15
25 25 16
10 20 10 25 11 10 10
25 25 25 25 15 15 15 15

S15 10 10 10
2.5 2.5 3 of meat
4 4 2.9 scrap or fish
meal
6 6 5 2 3
7 5.6 10 8 5
5 2

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

2.1 2 2.1' 2.1 2.1 2 2 2
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
0.41 0.4 0.4 0.4


*These rations are to be supplemented with shell (hen size).

TABLE 3.-SUGGESTED BREEDING MASHES, WITH EACH OF WHICH AN EQUAL
WEIGHT OF GRAIN IS TO BE FED.*


Ingredient
1 |
lbs.

Yellow corn meal ...................... 20
Ground wheat ................................ 24.5
Wheat bran ...............................
Wheat shorts .................................
Ground barley ...............................
Ground oats ...............-............. 8
Soybean oil meal ......................... 15
Peanut meal, cottonseed meal,
corn gluten meal, or soybean
oil meal ...................................
Fish meal ................ ........ ...I
Meat scrap ................... ......... 8
Dried whey ................ ................
Alfalfa leaf meal ......................... 8
Dried distillers' solubles ............. 10
Steamed bone meal or
defluorinated phosphate ........ 3
Ground shell (clam, coquina,
oyster) .................................... 2
Salt ....... ...... ........ ... 1
Vitamin A and D feeding oil ...... 0.51


Ration Number


3
lbs.


40


17
15


5.5

6.6
4
5

3

2.3
1
0.6


4 5 6
lbs. lbs. lbs.

25
20
10 10
10 15
25
9 25 11
20 15 8


12 10
2.5
3 2.9 3
9.6 8 7
4 5.6 10


3 3

2.3 2.1 3
1 1 2
0.6 0.4 1


*These rations are to be supplemented with shell (hen size).


7 8
lbs. lbs.

20.5
20 10
8 10


S10
1 9.4




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