Title: Poultry mash formulas
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084452/00001
 Material Information
Title: Poultry mash formulas
Series Title: Poultry mash formulas
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Harms, R. H.
Publisher: Agricultural Extension Service
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084452
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 229442484

Full Text
Circular 18l


POULT


FORM


GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA
^^^^^^^^\\\\\\\\\\~


m









GROWER DIETS


INGREDIENTS


STARTER DIETS .


1 2 a 4* 5 6 7 1* 2 4 5 6 1* 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10


(Lbs./1000 lbs. of feed)


761 704

...... ... .
182 189


25 25
50 50

6 6
16 16
4 4
2.5 2.5


732 ...... 784

...... 749 ......
...... 146 120
161 ...... ....
-.... 50
25 25 25
50 50 50

6 5 6
16 15 5
4 4 4
2.5 2.5 2.5


(Grams/1000 lbs. feed)-

80 80 80 80 80 80 80
100 100 100 100 100 100 100
150 150 150 150 150 150 150
140 140 140 140 140 140 140
140 140 140 140 140 140 140
so 5o 50 30 50 50 50


(Lbs./1000 lbs. of feed)


Yellow Corn .............................................
Milo ...................... ....................
Oats .........
Soybean Oil Meal (44%) .............. ...
Soybean Oil Meal (50%) ............ .
Meat Scraps (55%) .....................
Fish Meal (60%) ........................
Alfalfa Meal (17%) ...........................
Dried Whey ..................................
Ground Limestone .. --.......-......-..........
Defluorinated Phosphate .....................
Salt, Iodized ...................................
Choline Chloride (118.5 em./lb.) ......


(Grams/1000 lbs. feed)

Manganese Sulphate ......................._.... 80 80 80 80 80 80
Vitamin A (20.000 I.U./gm.) ............ 100 100 100 100 100 100
Vitamin B,1 (19.8 mcg./gm.) ............ 150 150 150 150 150 150
Vitamin D, (3,000 I.C.U./gm.) .......... 140 140 140 140 140 140
Riboflavin (8 mr./lb.) ......................... 140 140 140 140 140 140
Ca. Pantothenate (70.5 m./lb.) ...... 50 50 50 50 50 50


(Lbs./1000 Ibs. of feed)

684 694 504 525 340 354 695 713 723 732
...... ...... 168 175 340 353 ...... ...... ...... ......

197 ...... 190 ...... 182 ...... 128 ...... 60
...... 168 ...... 162 .... 155 ...... 110 ..... 51
... ..... ...... ...... ...... ...... 50 50 100 100
25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25
50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

38 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 32 32
16 16 16 16 16 16 5 5 ...... ......
4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5


(Grams/1000 l:s. feed)4

80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80
100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
150 150 150 150 150' 150 150 150 150 150
140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140 140
180 130 130 10 10 130 10 10 130 0 1 130
30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30


LAYER DIETS




x x x x x
x x x x x


x x Antibiotic' ..........................................
x x Coecidiostat' ........................................


x x x x x x
x x x x x x


Calculated Analysis


13 13 15 17 17 17 17
932 758 976 956 970 752 984
72:1 58:1 65:1 56:1 57:1 44:1 58:1
5.89 12.79 3.63 3.86 3.22 11.93 3.64
1.05 1.01 1.05 1.06 1.05 1.04 1.08
.65 .69 .66 .67 .67 .72 .66
.45 .45 .45 .45 .45 .46 .46
7872 6668 8177 8048 8116 6637 8116
2.00 1.97 2.05 2.10 2.09 2.06 2.15
7.54 9.37 7.12 7.36 7.30 9.50 7.09
18.92 17.45 19.49 19.52 20.07 17.79 20.86
747 849 769 829 856 949 804
3 3 3 3 3 3 3
420 420 420 420 420 420 420


Protein-% .................... ............ 22 22 22 22 22 22
Productive Energy-Cal./lb. .............. 921 946 924 949 949 968
Calorie Protein Ratio ........................... 42:1 43:1 42:1 43:1 43:1 44:1
Fiber-% ................................................. 3.86 2.79 3.96 2.94 3.65 2.79
Calcium-% ........................................... 1.01 1.03 1.02 1.01 1.03 1.05
Phosphorus-Total-% ................... .71 .73 .72 .72 .67 .69
Phosphorus-Inorganic-% ................ 46 .46 .46 .45 .45 .45
Vitamin A LU./lb. ........... ................ 5941 6050 5425 5488 6009 6093
Riboflavin-Mg./lb. ............................... 2.38 2.87 2.88 2.86 2.44 2.43
Pantothenic Acid mg./lb. .................. 8.23 8.14 8.73 8.88 7.97 7.90
Niacin mg./lb ....................................... 19.88 20.82 21.73 22.80 20.72 21.47
Choline mg./lb. .................................... 875 922 862 906 850 888
Vitamin B, mcg./lb ................. 3 8 8 3 3
Vitamin D, I.C.U./lb. ........................ 420 420 420 420 420 420


17 17
918 934
54:1 55:1
3.82 3.17
2.27 2.25
.67 .68
.45 .46
7957 8025
2.01 2.00
5.90 5.84


17 17
922 936
54:1 55:1
3.92 3.34
2.25 2.26
.68 .69
.46 .46
7348 7348
2.00 2.02
6.48 6.45


SOne of the following: 10 grams of aureomycin, bacitracin or terramycin or 4 grams of penicillin per ton of feed in grower and starter diets.
Follow manufacturers recommendations. Use in grower and starter diets.
3When desiring to use for breeder hens: Substitute 25 lbs. of dried whey for 25 Ibs. of yellow corn, increase level of added vitamins by 50%, add 2 oz. of vitamin E
supplement (20,000 I.U./lb.), add at least 5 grams of a selected antibiotic (see footnote 1) and add 0.5 lbs. of methionine.
'28 grams equivalent to one oz.
Feeds presently used in experimental work at the Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations, Poultry Farm.


19.22 19.80 20.31 20.91 21.43 22.04
718 746 711 738 702 728
3 3 3 3 3 3
420 420 420 420 420 420





COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida,
Florida State University and
United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
M. O. Watkins, Director

POULTRY MASH FORMULAS
By R. H. Harms and C. R. Douglas
Associate Poultry Husbandman and Interim Assistant in
Poultry Nutrition, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
These all-mash formulas are designed to be used as
guides in preparing poultry feeds. They are calculated
to be adequate according to National Research Council
Recommendations* and should give satisfactory results.
However, they have not been proven with feeding tests.
The starter and layer feeds are similar to feeds in com-
mon use. There is still much controversy as to the best
grower feed. Therefore, types of grower feeds in con-
siderable variety have been included. Feeds designated
by asterisks are those presently used at the University
of Florida Experiment Stations Poultry Farm.
Improvements in performance of these feeds, especially
in feed utilization, would be obtained by adding 2.5 to 5
percent of fat (animal grease, tallow or vegetable oils)
to the starter and layer feeds. It might be desirable also
to add a source of methionine at the rate of 1 pound per
ton to the starter and layer feeds.
As may be noted, we have recommended the use of an
antibiotic in the starting and growing feeds. These same
levels of antibiotics can be used in laying feeds with ex-
pectation of improving egg production and feed efficiency.
However, whether or not an improvement will be obtained
will be determined by the status of the health of the hens.

FEED SUPPLEMENTS
Antibiotics, coccidiostats, growth stimulants and added
vitamins and amino acids make up only a small percentage
of the total weight of the feed. Each of these may be
purchased as a separate feed supplement in which the
potency will vary with the individual company. It is
possible to purchase these trace ingredients in a commer-
cially prepared premix. Such premixes are so formulated
and packed that one package is sufficient for a given
quantity, usually one ton of finished feed.

FEEDING METHODS AND MANAGEMENT
These feeds are formulated to meet the entire need for
all nutrients by the bird. Therefore, when using these
no supplemental feeding is needed (it is not necessary to
feed oyster shells to layers with these feeds).
For further information concerning feeding and man-
agement, see your county agricultural agent or write
Poultry Department, University of Florida, Gainesville.
National Academy of Sciences-National Research
Council, Publication 301, Nutrient Requirements for Poul-
try (1954). (12-58-7.5)




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