Title: Eggplant production guide.
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084286/00001
 Material Information
Title: Eggplant production guide.
Physical Description: Book
Publisher: Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida,
Copyright Date: 1952
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00084286
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 221627147

Full Text
When using parathion and TEPP take special
precautions not to get the insecticides on any part
the body or to breathe the spray mists, vapors
dusts. Do not use parathion later than two
weeks before harvest.

Sulfur does not control some species of mites.
rathion or TEPP may be used if sulfur is not
fective.

In thrips control, sulfur may be used as the
luent for DDT, thus getting a dual-purpose dust.



DISEASE AND CONTROL

Phomopsis (fruit spots or bottleneck): Use
commended resistant varieties, such as Florida
auty and Florida Market.


Circular 109


September 1952


COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 30. 1914)
Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida
Florida State University and
United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
H. G. Clayton, Director


EGGPLANT PRODUCTION

GUIDE
(Prepared in cooperation with workers of the
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations)


AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA


I





Production practices are subject to rapid change
by new problems arising and the application of
research results to meet these needs. No attempt
is made here to foresee all the complications pos-
sible but, instead, to present the current pertinent

facts on eggplant production. Experienced grow-
ers may have several modifications of these prac-
tices for their specific conditions.

For further details on local application of these
facts, contact your County Agricultural Agent.


FLORIDA AND LEADING COUNTIES'
HARVESTED ACREAGE 1950-51:
2,200 ACRES TOTAL


Winter:
Broward
Lee
Palm Beach
and Martin

Others


350 Spring: 1,200
50 Alachua 125
175 Broward 225
Manatee 100
100
Hillsborough 225
25 Palm Beach 275
7 + Others 250


SEVERAL SEASONS' AVERAGE YIELD,
COSTS AND RETURNS PER BUSHEL
BY AREA
(Based on Representative Growers Records and Estimates)


4
S..


Bushels per acre 309
Production costs $00.70
Harvesting costs 0.98
Sales F. 0. B. 1.72
Net return 0.04
* No data for 1948 season.


437
$00.85
1.01
1.76
-0.10


e


201
$00.66
0.66
1.41
0.09


4s
5-


414 442
$00.89 $00.82
0.87 0.79
1.73 1.86
--0.03 0.25


PLANTING TRANS-
DATES: PLANTS:
North Fla. Feb.-March

Central Fla. Jan.-Feb.;
July
South Fla. Dec.-Feb.;
Aug.-Sept.


SEED TO
TRANS-
PLANTS:
42 to 46 days


DAYS TO
MATURITY:
80 to 85 from
transplants


VARIETIES RECOMMENDED

New varieties are recommended on a trial basis
only.

FLORIDA HIGH BUSH.-A standard variety.
Deep-purple colored fruit.

FORT MYERS MARKET.-A standard variety
similar to Florida High Bush.

FLORIDA MARKET. Phomopsis resistant.
High yielder, but initially a small percentage of
off-color fruit. Of the Ft. Myers Market type,
but a long-shaped fruit.

FLORIDA BEAUTY. Phomopsis resistant.
High yielder, but initially a small percentage of
off-color fruit. As much as 10 days earlier than
Florida Market in North Florida fall plantings and
fruit have a definitely more oval shape.

PLANTING PLANTING DEPTH SEED
DISTANCES: OF SEED: REQUIRED:
Rows: 36" to 48" A" Seedbed, plant acre -
% lb.
Plants: 36" to 48' 1,000 plants % oz.


SEED TREATMENT FOR PREVENTING
SEED DECAY AND IMPROVING STAND


Zinc oxide (80%)
Semesan (30%)


Ounces per 100 Teaspoonfuls per
Pounds Seed Pound Seed
8 %
6


FERTILIZATION

Best results are obtained by applying half
more of the complete fertilizer at planting ti
and the remainder when the crop is one-third
one-half grown. The initial application should
made in two bands each located 2 or 3 inches
low and 3 inches to the side of the plant r(
Subsequent application should be drilled close
the plant row.

Top-dressing applications of nitrogen or a co
bination of nitrogen and potash vary in amou
and frequency according to seasonal condition
Two to three applications at rates equivalent
100 pounds nitrate of soda and 25 pounds muria
of potash per acre generally meet the needs dt
ing a given growing period.
Type Pounds per A
Marl soil 4-7-5 1,000
Muck 0-10-10 0.5 CuO + 1.0 MnO 1,000
Peat 0- 8-24 -- 0.5 CuO + 1.0 MnO 800
Light sandy 4-8-8, 4-7-5 2,500
Dark sandy 3-8-8, 4-7-5 1,500


Aphids



Cutworms


INSECTS AND CONTROLS
Sprays:
Amount per
Dusts 100 Gallons
Parathion Parathion 1 lb.
1% 15%
TEPP % pt.
40%
DDT 5%: Toxaphene Chl
Toxaphene 2 lbs. 40% 1


10%;
Chlordane
5%
Flea beetles DDT 3%
Red spiders Sulfur;
(mites) Parathion
1%
Thrips DDT 3%


Leafminers Parathion
1%


Tox


Baits


ordane
%-2%
aphene 2


TEPP pt.
40%

DDT 1 qt. 25%;
DDT 2 lbs. 50%
plus spreader
Parathion 1 lb.
15%


Fall:
Hardee
Hernando
Hillsborough
Lee
Manatee
Marion
2 + Others


Seasons averaged


)




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