Planning Farm Wiring
By A. M. Pettis
Farm Electrification Specialist
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN
AGRI(C LT RIE AN) HOME ECONOMICS
iActs of May 8 and June 30. 1914)
A I;Rlt1' 'l AI, V\TI'.N.Oi(.N SERVICE. 'NINVERSITY OF FIARIIDA
I. I itll,\A STA'IE UNIVk1ITIY, AND) UNITED STATES
DI)EI'PTMENT OF A(;RI('tLTRi. COOPERATING
H. G. CLAYTON, DIRECTOR
dependable electrician, pref-
ood work. The
switch. The multi-breaker costs slightly
more than a fuse box but it is better, for
no fuses have to be bought and replaced.
When the wiring is overloaded, the break-
er will trip off. It can be reset over and
Farms that have fuse boxes should
not use fuses larger than 15 amp. for
lighting and wall outlets in the home,
except outlets in the kitchen and dining
room, which may use 20 amp. fuses.
Ranges, water pumps and other special
equipment will need large wires and may
use larger fuses. When a fuse blows,
correct the trouble and replace the fuse
with another of the same size. Never--
under any circumstances--place a penny
behind a blown fuse. If a penny is used
instead of a fuse and the wiring is over-
loaded or a short-circuit occurs, the wires
will become hot and may cause a fire.
Use weatherproof wire for outside
wiring. The distance from the farm build-
ing to the meter and the electrical load
in the building will determine the size
of weatherproof wire needed.
Plan your wiring---for present and
future uses of electricity. A three-wire
service, convenient outlets and good
lighting will be needed.
house wiring should be designed
ee-wire (220 volt) service. This
ree wires from the transformer
:er. If an electric range or water
Sever installed, a three-wire
will be necessary, and small
s will operate better because
:ostly to have a two-wire serv-
lied and later have it changed
e-wire service. If the farm has
buildings with electrical load
he home, it is better to have
e service. This means the meter
mounted on a yard pole located
he home and other farm build-
iber that outlets (wall plugs)
nvenient unless properly placed.
iving room and each bedroom
ve an outlet every 12 feet along
in the baseboard or as high
ies above the floor. Most lamps,
d other small appliances have
ords. By having outlets every
1 tieet, tne appliance can be placed any-
where along the wall.
The dining room should have outlets
every 12 feet along the wall. These out-
lets may be located about table height,
or lower if preferred.
The kitchen should have outlets for
the refrigerator, breakfast table, work
area around the sink, electric clock and
electric iron. Special outlets will be
needed for the range and water heater.
The bathroom should have outlets
for an electric razor and electric space
Provide for good general lighting
throughout the room. Most homes should
haye a ceiling fixture in the living room,
dining room and each bedroom. Special
lighting, such as lamps, will be needed
at reading and work centers.
Ceiling fixtures should have a glass
or plastic bowl to diffuse the light and
to prevent glare.
i1 a111 culiiIg iignlLs Dy wall
placed on the lock side of doors.
chain lights are used in rooms,
may fall while finding the string
n the light. Pull-chain switches
erous in the bathroom and kitch-
.ey could cause electrical shock
on is touching the plumbing and
h is shorted.
-way switches, to control lights
points, may be used in the liv-
and other large rooms having
,ore doors. Lights for stairways
le controlled from the top and
the stairs by three-way switch-
may be used at the house and
arage to control yard lights.
!scent lighting may be preferred
tchen because it is cooler than
>s and it can be located to give
.t on the work centers. Burned-
escent tubes should be handled
and never broken. On the farm,
i without breaking, if possible.
lass from tubes may cause cuts
slowly and need medical atten-
'es free to Florida residents on request to
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