COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE
AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 80, 1914)
Agricultural Extension Service. University of Florida
Florida State University
And United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
H. G. Clayton, Director
(Prepared in cooperation with workers
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations)
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Production practices are subject to rapid change by
new problems arising and the application of research
results to meet these needs. No attempt is made here to
foresee all the complications possible, but instead to
present the current pertinent facts on cucumber pro-
duction. Experienced growers may have several modi-
fications of these practices for their specific conditions.
For further details on local application of these
facts, contact your County Agricultural Agent.
FLORIDA AND LEADING COUNTIES'
HARVESTED ACREAGE, 1949-50:
14,200 ACRES TOTAL
Palm Beach 200
St. Lucie 300
13 Others 1,350
24 + Others 3,000
YIELD, COSTS AND RETURNS PER BUSHEL
BY AREA, 1948-49
327 114 303
87 156 260 285
$ .83 $ .96 $ .97 $1.00 $1.48 $2.14 $1.27
1.05 .42 1.08 .97 .89 .50 .58
1.54 3.48 3.21 3.80 2.63 3.16 3.38
-.34 +2.10 +1.16 +1.83 +.26 +.52 +1.53
North Florida :February--April
Central Florida : January--March; September
South Florida : January--February: Sept.--Oct.
40 to 50
New varieties are recommended on a trial basis only.
MARKETER AND COLORADO.-Standard
PALMETTO AND SANTEE.-South Carolina
introductions resistant to downy mildew, with qual-
ity comparable to standards. Good yielders.
STRAIGHT 8.-For home garden use.
Between rows: 48" to 60"
Between plants: 15" to 24"
2 to /4 Per acre: 2 pounds
inch 100' Row: 1 ounce
Best results are obtained by applying fertilizer be-
fore or at planting time in two bands, each located
2 to 3 inches below and 3 to 4 inches to the side of the
Pounds per 100'
With 48" Rows
*Under troughs and on irrigated light sandy soils, increase to
A pH of 5.5 to 6.0 is optimum for cucumber
duction on the acid sands. Marl soils and sands
a pH above 6.0 may require spray applications or
plants of 1'l to 2 pounds of manganese sulfate
100 gallons of water where this deficiency deve
Top-dressing applications of nitrogen or a c
nation of nitrogen and potash vary in amount
frequency according to seasonal conditions. Tw
three applications at rates equivalent to 100 pounc
nitrate of soda and 25 pounds muriate of potash
acre generally meet the needs during given grov
INSECTS AND CONTROLS
Do not apply insecticide dusts to cucurbits w
plants are wet. Afternoon applications prevent in
per 100 Gallon
Lindane 25% 1 1
TEPP 40% V I
Parathion 15% 1
sulfate 40% 1 pt.
Lindane 1% Lindane 25% 1 11
Cryolite 30% Lindane 25% 1 It
DRY CHEMICAL TREATMENTS FOR
PREVENTING SEED DECAY AND
Ounces per 100 Teaspoonfuls per
Pounds Seed Pound Seed
m (50% active ingredient) 3 /2
an (30% active ingredient) 5 V2
;on (48% active ingredient) 6 V
DISEASES AND CONTROLS
POWNY MILDEW.--Use Nabam (27%) 2
lus 1 lb. zinc sulfate plus sticker per 100 gallons;
ineb (65%) 6.5% dust in suitable diluent.
irst application should be made when runners be-
:o form. Repeat at weekly intervals until harvest.
me years the disease starts before runners begin
ppear, in which case the first application should
iade earlier and the frequency of application de-
ined by the weather conditions.
'he varieties Palmetto and Santee are resistant to
lew. However, if susceptible varieties of cucumber
growing nearby, then even the resistant varieties
lid be sprayed for mildew control.
'hese materials are compatible with recommended
.NGULAR LEAF SPOT.-Make solution of
asive sublimate bichloridee of mercury) 1 ounce
tals per 72 gallons of water. Treat seed in the
000 solution above for 5 minutes, then rinse in
ral changes of clean water and spread out to dry.
Angular leaf spot does not often occur in the state
because seeds are produced in areas where the disease
usually does not occur.
POWDERY MILDEW.-Use Zineb (65%)
6.5% dust in talc or pyrax; or Ferbam (76%)
7% dust in suitable diluent.
Apply when runners begin to form and repeat at
weekly intervals until harvest.