COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE
AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914)
Agricultural Extension Service, University of Florida
Florida State University
And United States Department of Agriculture, Cooperating
H. G. Clayton, Director
(Prepared in cooperation with workers
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations)
AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Production practices are subject to rapid change by
new problems arising and the application of research
results to meet these needs. No attempt is made here to
foresee all the complications possible, but instead to
present the current pertinent facts on pepper pro-
duction. Experienced growers may have several modi-
fications of these practices for their specific conditions.
For further details on local application of these
facts, contact your County Agricultural Agent.
FLORIDA AND LEADING COUNTIES'
HARVESTED ACREAGE, 1949-50:
13,750 ACRES TOTAL
6 + Others
225 Palm Beach
2 + Others
10 + Others
YIELD, COSTS AND RETURNS PER BUSHEL
BY AREA, 1948-49
$ .52 $1.41 $ .84 $1.57 $ .81 $2.13 $1.11
.99 .83 .36 .55 .74 .42 .41
3.78 3.00 3.24 4.17 2.63 3.03 3.16
rarn +2.27 + .76 +2.04 +2.05 +1.08 + .48 +1.64
SEED TO DAYS' TO
60 to 80
New varieties are recommended on a trial basis only.
lobed fruit. A standard variety.
WORLD BEATER.-Sweet. Mostly 4-lobed
fruit. A standard variety. Certain strains are said to
be resistant to one form of leaf spotting.
HUNGARIAN WAX.-Hot. Yellow, red at mat-
urity. Fruit slender, tapering. For home garden use.
20" to 36"
18" to 24"
Seed direct in field -
1 lb. per acre
Seedbed, plant acre
Produce 1,000 plants
Best results are obtained by applying half or more
of the complete fertilizer at planting time and the re-
mainder when the crop is one-third to one-half
grown. The initial application should be made in
two bands, each located 2 or 3 inches below and 3
inches to the side of the plant row. Subsequent appli-
cations should be drilled close to the plant row.
Type per Acre 36"
Marl soil 4-7-5 1,000 6
Muck 0-10-10 + 0.5 CuO 1,000 6
+ 1.0 MnO
Peat 0-8-24 + 0.5 CuO 1,000 6
+ 1.0 MnO
Light sandy 4-8-8, 4-7-5 2,500 1
Dark sandy 3-8-8, 4-7-5 1,500 1
Marl soils and sands with a pH above 6.0 may
quire spray applications on the plants of 1 2 t(
pounds of manganese sulfate per 100 gallons of w;
where this deficiency develops.
Top-dressing applications of nitrogen or a cor
nation of nitrogen and potash vary in amount
frequency according to seasonal conditions. Two
three applications at rates equivalent to 100 pour
nitrate of soda and 25 pounds muriate of potash
acre generally meet the needs during a given grow
INSECTS AND CONTROLS
Dusts per 100 Gallons
Aphids Parathion 1% DDT 25% 1 qt.;
Parathion 15% 11
Nicotine sulfate 40
1 pt. plus spreader.
worms DDT 25% 1 qt.
weevil DDT 5%
Thrips DDT 5%; DDT 25% 1 qt.
Toxaphene 5 %
Use nicotine only in warm, calm weather. Can
used for late applications.
DRY CHEMICAL TREATMENTS FOR
PREVENTING SEED DECAY AND
Ounces per 100 Teaspoonfuls per
Pounds Seed: Pound Seed
coxide (80%) 8 Y
gon (48%) 6 Y
DISEASES AND CONTROLS
ROGEYE SPOT.-Use Ziram (76%) 2 lbs.
100 gallons; Nabam (27%) 2 quarts plus 1
nd zinc sulfate per 100 gallons; or forms of
per that have proved satisfactory diluted to give
allic copper content of 1 2 pounds per 100
n plant beds, begin when plants are 2 to 3 inches
h and repeat at 7-day intervals; in fields after
nts have become established repeat at 7 to 10-day
rivals as needed.
rogeye spot does not occur in serious form every
r. When weather conditions are not favorable the
ay schedule may be modified.
These materials are compatible with isotox, DDT
table and emulsion.
BACTERIAL SPOT.-Use forms of copper that
ve proved satisfactory diluted to give metallic
per content of 1 Y pounds per 100 gallons.
Application and compatibility same as under frog-
Bacterial spot is usually most severe during or
allowing rainy, windy weather. Where it occurs with
bgeye and alternaria spot the same schedule should
ke care of all diseases.