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The Tribune.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084249/03523
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune.
Uniform Title: Tribune. (Nassau, Bahamas).
Added title page title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Publication Date: December 14, 1973
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
newspaper   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850
oclc - 9994850
System ID: UF00084249:03523

Full Text


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If it's value you really ~ant,
you really want Siuper odlue j

VOL. LXX1, No. 20 Friday, December 14. 1973 'Price: 15 Cefts t

I'll always fight gambling, says George Mackey

By Nicl i K";'y
"I AM ONE who has always
been consciously opposed to
gambling in any form. I was
opposed to its inception and I
will continue to be opposed to
it whether private or
government controlled." St.
Michael's representative George
Mackey (PLP), emphatically
stated Wednesday.
Mr. Mackey was one of three




for over


THE DEBT of the Bahamas
Government and of
Government corporations
presently stands at over $80
million, and the figure is
expected to be well over $85
million by the end of the year,
the 1972 Treasury Accounts
and the 1974 Budget indicate.
The biggest single debt now
facing the Government itself is
the $30 million loan obtained
from a number of banks by
legislative approval this year,
which was used to wipe out
and consolidate a number of
smaller debts.
The 'Treasury Accounts
show that at the end of 1972
large amounts totalling
$59,60F.683 were owed on a
number of property purchases,
public wooks for medical and
wharf facilities, the Blue Hills
desalination, p.;,*r gene
development, out island
development and other
During 1973, about $9.85
million was spent on servicing
those loans, and this year also
the Development Loan, the
Out Island Development Loan,
the Bahamas Monetary
Authority Loan and several
short-term loans were paid off
with the $30 million
Refinancing Loan.
But also this year a further
$4.1 million has been
borrowed for school building.
With the almost $10
million repaid this year, 1973
is, expected to end with the
Government's direct debt
standing at about $53.7
According to the Budget,
Government plans this year to
borrow $5.3 million for the
development of water works,
$7.4 million for further school
building, and $400,00 for the
Bahamas Broadcasting
The Budget has also
allocated $10.5 million for
partial repayment of loans
during 1974.
The Government will
therefore end 1974 with a debt
of about $56 million half the
annual budget of the Bahamas.
Also to be considered are
the debts incurred by the
Bahamas Telecommunications
Corporation and the Bahamas
Electricity Corporation. The
corporations are responsible
for repayment of their own
debts, but if for any reason
they are unable to do so, the
Government is liable. The
Corporations' debts are
therefore contingent liabilities
of the Government
At the end of 1972 BEC
owed a total of $11,167,001
and BaTelCo was working
under a debt total of
$18,343,516, for an overall
Government contingent
liability of $29,510,517.
It is not known whether any
further borrowing has been
done, nor how much has been
paid off during 1973.



PLP House members who went
on record this week as
conscientious objectors to
gambling in any form. Mr.
Mackey, with Mr. Philip Bethel
(Governor's Harbour)
abstained when an Opposition
resolution on casinos was put
to the vote.

Development Minister
Carlton Francis also served

notice he would abstain but
walked out angrily beforehand
after a heated exchange with
Deputy Prime Minister Arthur
Mr. Mackey pointed out that
the Progressive Liberal Party
came to power in 1967 with
the help of the religious
community and mainly
through the advent of casino
gambling and the ensuing

corruption of consultancy fees.
The PLP inherited casino
gambling and the government
had honoured the long-term
gambling licences. If
government's intention to now
assume ownership of the
casinos could be viewed in the
context of Bahamianization
then it deserved
But, Mr. Mackey cautioned,

he hoped that in operating the
casinos the government would
consider the advisability of
investigating other avenues of
revenue which would reduce
the dependence on casino
Declared the St. Michael's
representative: "The
philosophy of gambling fosters
a something-or-nothing
attitude of get-rich-quick.

Government sponsorship ot
this will not be an asset to this
"If a positive stand is not
taken by us on gambling we
will become a nation of
Criticizing Marsh Harbour
representative Errington
Watkins for wishing to legalize
the numbers, Mr. Mackey
described this form of
Page 9 Col. 3

government ranks

SOURCES CLOSE to government confirmed today aroa
that Prime Minister Lynden Pindling has accepted the Onse
resignation from his Cabinet of Development Minister that
Carlton Francis and has advised Mr. Francis in writing of gov,
that fact. maj

Meantime, it is understood, Mr. Edmund Moxey,
parliamentary secretary Community Development, has been
relieved of his post following his placard demonstration in the
The surprise developments, stemming from what appears to be
a growing rebellion within government ranks, makes it
increasingly evident that PLP members are no longer prepared to
keep their differences behind closed doors.
And what is more astonishing is their preparedness to air them
in the best publicized place of all the House of Assembly.
Wednesday morning Mr. [B -
Moxey marched into the House By NICKI KELLY
wearing large placards front
and back, criticizing Prime Health Minister Loftus
Minister Lynden Pindling and Roker, a former Gaming Board
Deputy Prime Minister Arthur chairman, pointed out that
Hanna or deleting the Budget closer acquaintance with
allocation for his Community closer acquai tance with
Youth programme and the gambling had not made him
Jumbey Village project any the fonder of it. He too
Jumbey Village project. had his doubts, but thought
To emphasize his protest, that if it was to be, it was best
Mr. Moxey made his entrance kept within the control of
while Mr. Hanna., as Minister of goenment.
Finance, was making his government.
Budget Communication to the QUITE FORCEFUL
House. Whether the representatives
Futhermore, he strode were merely politicking
down the centre of the because of the public
Chamber to the foot of the emotionalism surrounding the
Speaker's desk to make certain subject of gambling cannot be
his point was made, before known.
his point was made, before But certainly their addresses
taking his seat on the were some of the most forceful
government side of the House. and convincing heard in the
Some seven hours later Mr.
Francis rose, and in a clear .-
statement of his position, said D e
he opposed casino gambling in
the Bahamas, despite the
government's policy statement WEDNESDAY'S HOUSE
to the contrary. DEBATE on the issue of casino
In voicing his personal views gambling left little doubt as to
Mr. Francis committed the the individual stand of various
cardinal sin for a Cabinet Progressive Liberal Party
Minister, and that is the refusal representatives.
to accept collective
responsibility for a government Although they were not
decision. called upon to do so by the
His position that gambling resolution of Opposition
was a "conscience" issue failed leader Kendal Isaacs, those
to impress his Cabinet who spoke during the lengthy
colleague Mr. Hanna, who rode meeting felt called upon to
him mercilessly with the phrase make their position perfectly
that "no one has an exclusive clear.
right to conscience." The debate also pointed up
He left Mr. Francis little how deeply some members feel
alternative but to submit his about the question of casinos
resignation. Mr. Francis did in this country. In the ensuing
this by a hurried note to the exchange the Opposition,
Prime Minister before making which had originally put the
an angry exit from the House. motion to condemn the
Mr. George Mac k e y, government position, appeared
who publicly at least has to come off second best.
always maintained the party
line, also felt impelled to speak Their own position could
the dictates of his conscience. only be guessed at from the
It was Mr. Mackey in fact, fact that they argued against
who turned the Opposition's the government's decision to
resolution into more than it own and operate the casinos
was ever intended to be. when the existing licences
The resolution sought to expire.
condemn the government Ironically the clash of views
decision to assume the among government members,
ownership and management of highlighted by the row
the casinos. It was never between Deputy Prime
intended to condemn casino Minister Arthur Hanna and
gambling as such. Development Minister Carlton
PERSONAL VIEWS Francis, came as the PLP's
Nevertheless every Georgetown representative
government member who George Smith remarked on the
spoke, and there were at least good sense displayed by his
12 of them, all expressed their party in resolving its
own personal views on the differences behind closed
issue of casino gambling in the doors.
Bahamas. Mr. Smith accused the
Mr. Philip Bethel, the Opposition of trying to take
repMr. Philip Bfor overnor'sthel, advantage of what they
representative for Governor thought was disunity in th<
Harbour, also objected to ranks of the government.
gambling as a matter of ranks of the government.
conscience. "They thought to use this
Mr. Moxey considered its House to bring it to a head, but
perpetuation a betrayal of PLP the triumph of the PLP is thai
philosophy and not a healthy we have the sense to resolve
proposition in a developing our differences in the prope
nation.. nlace "

Placard demo

House for many months.
The government's position
on fhe casinos got off on the
wrong foot from the start
when the Cabinet failed to
inform its backbenchers of its
The policy announcement in
the House two weeks ago was
as much a surprise to PLP
members as it was to the
The Tribune understands
that the PLP backbenchers
advised whip. Cadwell
-Armbrister of their displeasure
and asked that he
communicate a letter of
protest to the Prime Minister.
Mr. Moxey however, was not

is t

Mr. Smith said he would
have thought FNM Leader
Kendal Isaacs would have
learned a lesson from the
dissident eight that "the heavy
hand of the people fall on
those who seek to air the
At the same time however,
he commended the
"courageous posture" taken by
Development Minister Carlton
Francis; Mr. George Mackey
(PLP-St. Michaels); Mr.
Edmund Moxey (PLP-Coconut
Grove) and Mr. Philip Bethel
(PLP-Governors Harbour), "for
obviously to them this is a very
fundamental question, and it is
important at this time for their
posture to be enunciated to
start people thinking about
some of the ills flowing from
casino gambling."
Government and the
Opposition had arrived at the
stage where they should use
the House to try and talk sense
and not play on what they
believed to be the ignorance of
the people.
Whether government
backbenchers were consulted
before government made its
policy decision should not
exercise the minds of the
Opposition, Mr. Smith
They should be stating
clearly what their alternative
policy was. The church also
needed to state its position ...
"not whether casino gambling
should be controlled by the
public or private sector, but on
the fundamental issue of
whether there should be
gambling or not.
"I am not opposed to
gambling, and I believe the
government ought to control
gambling," Mr. Smith said.
He felt that government, "in
i*# %#4 04 l *^*0 *"*'

und when this was decided.
the adjournment motion he
and informed the House
t for six years the
ernment had been making
or policy decisions without
suiting other members of
governing party.
le said the statement on the
nos had come as a shock to
n and his colleagues, and he
.atened to resign if there
ever a repetition.
'he backbenchers
sequently sought a meeting
h Prime Minister Lynden
dling The meeting was
inged but at the last minute
Pindling decided to go to
imi for the Dolphins
tball game.
His backbenchers considered
s a second affront.
Under the circumstances
y have obviously found it
ficult to hold their tempers
I their tongues.
The Tribune understands
t Mr. Mackey, who is
irman of the Housing
rmmission, may now be the
[t to incur the wrath of the
me Minister and the Deputy
me Minister.
One fact which appears to
emerging through the rancor
he new found soldiarity that
ms to exist between Mr.
dling and Mr. Hanna.
Page 9 Col. 7

consideration" would arrive at
a system that would afford the
best possible benefits for the
Bahamian people.
"And the people will be
consulted because they are the
final judge of the rightness or
wrongness of this."
Mr. Smith reminded the
House that 1977 was the year
when there would probably
have to be an election, and
called for "sober and sound
discussion" on the question of
casino gambling.
"We ought to approach this
not considering the financial
advantages, "because the
concern must be deeper than
that. This historic decision by
government ... the effect that it
will have on the future of the
country and the controversy
that has flowed from it must
be the concern of all of us,"
Mr. Smith declared.
For his part Mr. Edmund
Moxey reminded the House
that he was one of the
members on hand when the
PLP philosophy was formed.
He also reminded Mr.
Isaacs that when he took
exception to the government
statement in the House two
weeks ago he dealt specifically
with a principle.
(Mr. Moxey complained that
there had been no consultation
beforehand with the party's
"I still maintain that a
principle was violated," he
declared Wednesday. "I would
like to remind him (Mr. Isaacs)
that it is my duty and
responsibility to remind my
government of any violation of
PLP philosophy.
"It is my responsibility to
say it to them at any time and
in any place that they are off
course, and that I will not be
with them when they say: 'Kill

Mr. Moxey said he was not
against gambling. He believed
however that as a young
emerging nation "we should be
careful of the influence of the
casinos and gambling."
For that reason he hoped
that in the next two years the
government will be in a
position and economically
strong enough to eradicate
gambling from the country
"I believe that there are
other burning priorities. Since
we have settled the gambling
issue, what should be looked
after in this country is the
monster that is squeezing our
people over the hill drugs
and prostitution.
Mr. Moxey insisted that
the priority at this time should
be to eradicate some of these
ill effects and provide a
positive hope for the future
Unable to resist the
temptation, he managed,
despite the Speaker's efforts,
to interject a request to
government to have the Head
40 appropriation for Jumbey
Village reinstated in the
(He protested this cut earlier
in the day with a one-man
placard demonstration in the
The Coconut Grove
representative then abruptly
took his seat, but did not
escape the ire of Speaker
Arlington Butler.
Mr. Butler pointed out that
as a senior member of the
House Mr. Moxey should have
a sense of responsibility. His
deviation from the subject of
the debate was not fair, and it
was his view as Speaker that
these things should come at the





THE BASIC difference
between Government and
Opposition thinking on
casino gambling was not a
matter of casinos or not, but
whether they should be
under public or private
This evaluation by Grant's
Town representative
Franklyn Wilson (PLP), was
made during Wednesday's
casino debate in the House of
Mr. Wilson said that the
Opposition's objection to
government ownership was
only an extension of its
position in favour of selling
the public corporations.
It was Mr. Wilson's view
that the government's
responsibility to the people
must run higher than the
profit motive, otherwise it
would be abdicating its
responsibility to its people.
Countering the allegation
of FNM Leader Kendel Isaacs
that government ownership
would involve bigger payrolls
Mr. Wilson argued that it was
government's responsibility
to provide employment.
It was better to put people
in the Corporations where
they could be productive
rather than have them on
It was important to
recognize that there were
sometimes conflicting
national goals. Bahamas
Airways had had some of the
problems now being
experienced by Bahamasair.
But while BAL couid leave,
Bahamasair, as the national
airline, had a responsibility.
There was nothing peculiar in
the fact that Bahamasair was
losing money.
"Every other airline in the
embryonic stage has lost
money. The biggest problem
of Bahamasair is that because
government owns it it is in
the public light.
"If they are late for one
flight that is the subject of
debate in this Chamber. If
Eastern airlines came late this
morning would that be a
Page 9 Col. 5

Fox Hill representative di:
Lionel Davis. who followed Mr. lic
Moxey on the floor, appeared th
torn by indecision. Contrary to w
the "conscience" stand taken we
by Mr. Mackey, Mr. Bethel and go
Mr. Francis, Mr. Davis felt this na
was not the time to take such a
He was opposed to certain th
aspects of gambling, he said, an
but found himself in the m
difficult position of having pr
launched a raffle to aid his H
Soypin fund. ar
As the representative for to
Grand Bahama Mr. Kendal fu
Nottage (PLP) said his
constituents were not opposed H
to casino gambling when it was th
duly licensed and controlled. aw
"We only think the tht
government should take it
under advisement whether it P
will be used to promote the s
development of tourism or as a P
source of revenue towards our P
national Budget." P
He dismissed Opposition W
allegations that it was the re
government's intention to
nationalise the casinos. t
All the government was
saying was that it was going c
into the casino business, not g
that it would take over casinos
now operating, he insisted.
SUNDAY luncheon at the e
Halcyon Balmoral Beach Hotel w
will be a "royal" occasion this
Sunday with the first public
showing in Nassau of the
official film of the recent
wedding of Princess Anne and
Capt. Mark Phillips.
The film will be shown at
the hotel around 3 p.m. and is
presented by courtesy of the
British High Commission.
Members of the public may
only attend if they attend the

"Those concerned about
asino gambling in the country
should realise that ths-is Is an
improvement. If the cainos
'ill benefit the liahLmas by
encouraging devlopme a-nt then
wouldn't the governmaew~t be in
Paom 9CW.6

We are open
ni htly this week until 7p.m.



Rebellion mounts in

- -



BAHAMAS World Airlines
general manager Richard J.
Forhan (pictured) died
yesterday at the Princess
Margaret Hospital after a
heart attack.
Funeral services for Mr.
Forhan, formerly vice
president of the Associated
*Airtinet Division of Trans
World Airlines will be held at
St. Francis Xavier's Cathedral
West Street, at 3 p.m.
Prior to joining TWA, Mr.
Forhan, who was active in the
aviation industry for 35
years, had been ,with Pan
American World Airways for
20 years where he held senior
operating responsibilities
in Europe and the Middle
Hie is survived by his wife,
Marie, and his mother, Mrs.
Ursula d'Urbania.

feelingss in debate over the casinos

I I I -



of tfiia

HAIRMAN of the.e Gaiming
board, Health Minisr-ter Loftuw
oker said Wednesda..ay he had
come more tht-ian ever
nvinced that the =re was a
umber of unhappy-
le-effects to gambliitjg.
Speaking on an Ci ppoition
motion which attempted to
ndemn the gov-"ernnment's
'nership policy orm casinos,
r. Roker informed -the House
at he had been part of the
cision which result-ed in the
atement made by Finance
minister Arthur Hanna a,
Having served as Gaming
'ard chairman for tl-iree years
had some small ki-nowledge
the situation, hesai d.
The Minister poiasited out
at in 1968 wien the
vernment made its decision
purchase an inMerest in
nguet it became part owner
the Grand Bahanam casinos.
At that time O0 position
ader Kendal I saacs' "'who was
ore PLP than thit .e Prime
minister had nrothinag to say,
r. Roker observed,
What the governramnent was
ing now was only e--xtending
principle established in 1968.
Another thing that led him
believe government bad
ken a "bold step"tih.at would
entually be in t -he best
terests of the Bahammias, was
e fact that he had ne-ver been
ppy about casino agimbling
the Bahamas.
"As chairman I -wasi nore
an ever convinced that tlere
a number of unihyapy
de-effects ansociatead with,-
mbling," he declared.
"The PLP did notimntroduce
ambling. We inherit ted this
particular evil and it has
come a part of oure0conorny.
"If I was able todeternmine
e extent to which closure of
e casinos would afrffect the
onomy then I woxu.ld have
een in a much better position
decide at what point to
ose casinos in the IBaharras.
"But we all knew the
report licences wers due to
pire at the end of this month,
the original licencae there
as no provision for z-renewal.
o fas as I am coxicernes*d,iwhen
e expiry date arrives at
eeport than is theerndof the
atter, and no legal claim can
made by the operators.
"There was never any
scussion for a renewal of the
ence in Freeport, tXherefore
e Opposition themselves
would not be dishonest if they
ere to suggest tf at the
government would Ad be
ationalising the casino=-s."
Mr. Roker pointed caout that
e Monte Carlo had
denounced it would el-lose this
month because its leass on the
premises of the Lucaya=__a Beach
otel expired Decemnlker 31,
id the casino had bheerm-- unable
Negotiate a lease for a
rather two years.
As there were other=-s in the
house who believed asa he did
iat casinos should lo( done
vay with, then it was best for
e government to ow-1 them.
"If we are to leave T them in
private hands then we must do
o by licence,"' Mr. Roker
pointed out. ]No oz=e, was
prepared to undertake suchli a
projectt on a month~enomonth
>asis since plannlmg was
With government controlling
he casinos they could be shut
lown at any tirrie ltrlnout the
harge being naade tllat the
overnment had closed them







Whe (rtbutm

iday, December 14, 1973

NINE young Czechs, three
of them women, were
senten, ed by a West German
court to prison terms ranging
from three to seven years for
the hijacking of a
Czechoslovak airliner in
which the pilot was killed.
ELIZABETH Taylor and
Richard Burton left Naples
today in a private plane flying
directly to Venice.
PRINCESS Anne and Capt.
Mark Phillips, on a Caribbean
honeymoon, were scheduled
to leave Jamaica today after a
three-day visit.
GEORGE Metesky, the
"mad bomber" of a
generation ago, was
discharged from a state
hospital in New York after 17
years in mental institutions.

announced the nomination of
Lloyd I. Miller, chairman of
the Cincinnati Transit
Company, to be ambassador
to Trinidad and Tobago.
announced the nomination of
career diplomat Viron P.
Vaky as ambassador to
government has asked for a
two-year grace period for
loan repayments to its large
creditors, including foreign
British and American
THE GUYANA and Cuban
governments have signed an
agreement under which Cuba
is to train 25 Guyanese
annually over the next four
years in the techniques of
marine investigations, and the
operation of fishing and
shrimping vessels.
PRESIDENT Makarios of
Cyprus accused underground
guerilla leader Gen. George
S ( r i v a s of being "a
bloodthirsty murderer and
common criminal."
Assembly's main political
committee, for the second
year in a row, put off action
on a Soviet proposal that the
United Nations convene a
world disarmament
were killed when an
explosion shattered a
workers' dormitory in the
west Ciechoslovak town of
THE LONDON daily price
of sugar soared ten pounds to
a record high of 134 pounds a

launched Cosmos 615, the
latest unmanned earth
satellite in this multipurpose

IRELAND will grant
asylum to any Chilean
refugee who requests it, the
Irish government announced.
Reports ltom AP.

War on the


as truckers

open fire

WASHINGTON A protest by truckers over high fuel prices
and low speed limits has prompted gunfire, brick throwing and
vandalism. Independent truck drivers today were in the second
day of a nationwide work stoppage. Some truckers defying the
halt travelled in packs to avoid violence.






CAIRO President Anwar
Sadat said today Egypt would
not negotiate directly with
Israel at the Geneva peace
conference opening next
After meeting four hours
with U.S. Secretary of State
Henry Kissinger, Sadat said
Egypt was willing to be in the
same room with Israeli
representatives "but if you are
talking about direct
negotiations, the answer is no."
Sadat also told newemen he
hoped the two sides would be
able to bargain seriously about
disengagement of Egyptian and
Israeli armies before Christmas.
This apparently meant some
tangible progress in the talks
would have to be felt within
eight days between the
conference opening Tuesday
and Christmas Day.
Sadat said a disentangling of
forces on the Suez front should
be the first issue taken up and
Kissinger agreed it was a
"principal subject for the first
phase of the talks."
U.S. officials earlier said
they. expected the first round
of the peace conference would
be largely ceremonial, with
substantive issues tackled after
the Israeli national elections
Dec. 31.
Today's session between
Sadat and Kissinger, in the
president's country villa 17
miles north of Cairo, was
marked by cordial handshakes
and smiles.
Newsmen heard Kissinger
say to Sadat: I think it was
very useful. Our president
sends his warm regards. I
communicated with him during
the night."
Before the midmorning
private session with Sadat the
Secretary squeezed in a
breakfast with the British and
French ambassadors to Cairo, a
short visit to the Egyptian
museum and a 20-minute talk
with Soviet envoy Vladimir
Earlier, U.S. officials
reported that Kissinger and
Sadat agreed that the first
thing the peace conference
should do is work out a
separation of forces along the
Suez front. (AP)

But the major effect is a
reduction in truck traffic.
Reports from several states say
truck stops have become
massive parking lots for angry
Some parked trucks are
blocking fuel pumps. And at
least one driver said he was
pulling over because he doesn't
want to have to have his
equipment damaged.
Police in Delaware arrested a
protest leader for carrying a
loaded .32-calibre pistol.
Gunfire, brick throwing and
vandalism were reported,
primarily in Pennsylvania and
Ohio where truckers last week
staged massive blockades of
major roads.
The independents had called
for all truckers to honour the
two-day protest, but the
teamsters union, which
represents company truckers,
refused to sanction the move.
Ohio police began using
airplanes and extra cars to
patrol major highways after
receiving numerous reports of
slashed tyres, shootings and
nails being tossed on roads.
"We've got every plane we
have up in the air," a
spokesman said today.
There was noticeable but
scattered support for the
protest in Pennsylvania and
Ohio, but police said truck
traffic was about normal in
most areas.
A spokesman for the Ohio
highway patrol said truck
traffic was down as much as 85
per cent in areas near scenes of
the truck-ins but said police
did not intend to interfere.
A driver stopping for a meal
in Downingtown, Pa,Pa., returned
to his tanker truck to find
someone had opened a valve
and allowed between 500 and
1,000 gallons of oil to escape,
police said.
An Ohio highway patrol
post at Canfield reported seven
shooting incidents involving
rolling trucks on interstate 76
and said two other reported
shootings were being
Pennsylvania police said a
bullet smashed into a truck on
US 322, disabling the engine,
and an independent trucker
told police in Maryland he was
fired upon while driving down
a major route.


Tapes: experts doubt 18-minute buzz theory

WASHINGTON Technical experts
have cast serious doubt on a theory
that equipment on the desk of
President Nixon's personal secretary
might have caused the 18-minute buzz
in one of the subpoenaed Watergate
In a preliminary report submitted to
US district judge John J. Sirica, the
experts said: "Neither the lamp nor
the typewriter used by Miss (Rose
Mary) Woods was a likely cause of the
18-minute buzz."
A White House lawyer had
suggested that the buzz was caused by
a high-intensity lamp and an electric
typewriter on Miss Woods' desk.
The experts also said there are some
indications that a tape recorder used
by Miss Woods "could have produced
the buzz and that any speech that
might have been recorded under the

U.S. bids

to beat



energy chief William Simon
has announced new measures
to conserve fuel during the
energy crisis. Here, at a
glance, are the major
highlights to go to Congress:
Lighting: A proposal to
require lighting reductions in
all commercial and industrial
buildings and on major
highways; a request for
voluntary commercial lighting
reductions outside working
hours; and an order to federal
agencies to reduce their
Electricity savings: A
request that citizens
voluntarily limit their use of
electrical space heaters and
orders to federal agencies
banning use of portable space
heaters, limiting air
conditioning and requiring
purchasing of more efficient
air conditioners.
Gasoline saving: Orders
to federal agencies to reduce
their driving 20 per cent,
keep their cars tuned up
yearly, to use small cars
instead of big ones, and to get
rid of limousines and heavy
sedans by Jan. 1 except fbr
transporting the president,
vice president, and others
requiring special security.
General fuel saving:
Orders to federal agencies to
maintain building
temperatures at 65 to 68
degrees during working hours
and no higher than 55 degrees
during off hours in the cold
Fuel switching: The
granting of variances from
clean air rules for five power
plants in New York and New
Jersey allowing them to
switch from oil to coal at the
cost of some small setback in
regional air quality.

New step to end shortage

leaders of Western Europe met
today with a proposal before
them from West German
Chancellor Willy Brandt to
work with the United States to
end the shortage of oil that is
threatening the western world
with unempolyment and

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Brandt's proposal was sent
Thursday to President Georges
Pompiduo of France, Prime
Minister Edward Heath of
Britain and other top leaders at
the meeting.
Arab foreign ministers were
arriving in Copenhagen to
present their case to the
summit. West German officials
suggested that someone from
Israel might also be heard on
the Mid-East conflict.
Brandt's letter followed the
proposal from U. S. Secretary
of State Henry Kissinger
Wednesday for an energy
action group that would bring
together the oil producing and
the oil consuming countries.
In the past, the Arabs have
opposed attempts ot the oil
consumers to get together(AP)

buzz probably will not be retrievable."
At the request of the judge, the
advisory panel of technical experts has
been directing its attention mainly to
the tape recorded on June 20, 1972 in
an effort to find out what equipment
and conditions might have caused the
buzzing sounds heard during a stretch
of slightly over 18 minutes on the
Tests made with sophisticated
instruments have failed to give an
indication that the electric typewriter
of the tensor lamp, if used in the
arrangement described in testimony,
would have produced the pattern of
buzzing sounds observed on the tape.
The panel expects to report its
conclusions concerning the tape of
June 20, 1972 shortly after the first of
the new year and then will continue its
comprehensive study of the

authenticity and integrity of the tapes
in general.
Appointment of the panel members,
Richard H. Bolt, Franklin Cooper
James L. Flanagan, John G. "Jay '
McKnight. Thomas G. Stockham. Jr..
and Mark Weiss, was announced by
Judge Sirica on Nov. 2., 1973.
WILLIAM Kauder of Southwick.
Idaho, says he's voting Republican
in the 1976 election- despite the
Watergate scandal. Kauder is 105
years old and says he has voted for
the Republicans in every
presidential race since 1892, when
William McKinley got his vote.
Since then, the panel members
together with several other specialists
working directly with them have spent
about 150 man-days of effort in
setting up instruments and procedures



LONDON Millions of
British workers are threatened
with slashed paychecks or
unemployment as the result of
a government austerity
programme to conserve fuel
and electric power.
More tough news is expected
on Monday, including stiff new
taxes, import controls and
perhaps even food rationing.
"We shall have a harder
Christmas than we have known
since the war Prime Minister
Edward Heath told the House
of Commons as he announced
that, to conserve electricity,
the factory work week will be
cut to 2V2 days for the rest of
the year and to three days
beginning Jan. 1,
Shops, offices, restaurants,
theatres and sports centres can
stay open as usual but must
observe two "nonpower" days
a week using no electricity for
lighting or heating, and
television programme will stop
at 10.30 p.m.
The crisis is due to a
three-way squeeze labour
slowdowns in the coal, rail and
electric power industries, the
nation's failure to sell enough
abroad to pay for its imports,
and the Arab oil war.
Heath/said exemptimns in
the restrictions would be made
for the operation of
firefighting equipment,
computers, office machinery
and check-sorting machines.
He added, however, "unless
we can save electricity and all
fuels in every aspect of our
daily lives we shall have to
impose yet further restrictions

on business."
Britain's imports of oil will
also be down sharply, he
In December, only 85 tons
of every 100 tons expected will
be received, he said. The
amount could be lower in
But he promised motorists
there would be no gasoline
rationing before the new year.
Allocations of gas and diesel
fuel to garages, he said, will be
maintained at their present
level, for the time being.
The Prime Minister made no
mention of tax or other
measures to curb spending.
These had been widely
predicted by government office
But he warned that higher
costs of oil imports would hit
the balance of foreign
lie added' "There is an
acute danger that if we all
independently resort to
deflationary measures for the
sake of our individual balances
of payments we shall set off a
disastrous slump in the level of
world trade."

tradition of the marshall plan
after the war."
He was speaking shortly
before leaving for Copenhagen
to confer with European
Common Market Prime
Heath said he will discuss
the Kissinger plan with these
The plan proposes
cooperation between North
America, Europe and Japan to
ration and to conserve energy
supplies and to find alternative
sources. (AP)

Miss Modesty
MARGARITA Moran. the
Phillippine beauty elected Miss
Universe 1973 in Athens last
July, arrived in Madrid today
as part of a world tour.
She said she was not
interested in becoming a movie
star. "I'm very happy over my
election which, however, does
not mean I'm the most
beautiful girl in the world," she
said. (AP)

and making preliminary tests.
The work, which involves use of
spectrum analyzers, computers,
graphical displays, and other advanced
equipment has been conducted in
several facilities.
The questions that the panel has
been addressing are these: A
Is this tape the original one that was
recorded on June 20, 1972? Does it
contain erasures or splices? Or is it a
copy that has been edited by
operations such as cutting and splicing
before re-recording?
How was the 18-minute section of
buzzing sounds produced? Was all the
buzzing produced continuously at one
Can speech sounds be detected
under the buzzing? If so, to what
extent can the speech be recaptured
and made intelligible? (AP)

Call girl


LONDON Mrs. Norma
Levy, the call girl who set off a
sex scandal that led to the
resignation of two British
government ministers, said
today her past keeps haunting
"I have had as many as three
jobs in two weeks," Mrs. Levy
told a news conference
summoned by the publishers
Blond and Briggs to launch
her book "I, Norma Levy."
"On each occasion I was
dismissed because my
employers feared the
unfavorable publicity they
might get."
The convent-educated girl
whose relatives include a
mother superior, said she did
not agree with her publishers'
description of her as "the most
famous whore in the world"
but admitted that she had lived
as a call girl.
"All good things must come
to an end," she said with a
Mrs. Levy, 26-year-old wife
of a taxi driver, hit the
headlines last May when Lord
Lambton, British Royal Air
Force minister resigned.

Play early, clubs told

LONDON British soccer clubs, already hard hit by
energy crisis, were ordered today to abandon the us
generators for floodlights and start their games early.
The government's
Department of Environment
took the step in a new move to
conserve electricity.
Six English First Division
clubs had planned to start
Saturday's games at the normal
times, finishing under
floodlights power by their own
generators. Now they will have
to kick off an hour earlier.

Getty ransom

PAUL GETTY, missing
grandson of the American oil
billionaire, will be returning
home now that a $3 million
ransom has been paid for his
release, the newspaper 11
Tiempo says in Rome.
But the boy's mother,
former Actress Gail Harris,
denied the ransom had been
paid and said no one should
believe 11 Tiempo's report.



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Friday, December 14, 1973

Uiht tribune
Being Bound To Swear To The Dogmas Of No Master
LEON E. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903- 1914
Publiaher/Editor 1917-1972
Contributing Editor 1972 -
Publisher/Editor 1972-


This is so-called independence

WHAT today is called the Third World makes an interesting
study in human behaviour ... and in the changes brought about by
the erosion of time in the structure of human society.
The Third World is a collection cf new governments in areas ...
large and small ... that were formerly governed by the major
As a result of disruptions in the social structure caused by two
world wars a group of revolutionary leaders have come up out of
the swamps to stamp a new pattern on human society. They have
emerged in the name of freedom.
These new voices out of the depths made their rallying cry an
attack on restrictions and disciplines imposed on them by their
former rulers.
These restrictions and disciplines may have been necessary in
the early days of a backward people. But the people had quietly
grown in ways their overlords never suspected. Time had wrought
subtle changes in their character that the ruling caste ... feeling
secure in their ivory tower ... failed to observe and never thought
Because of the nature of my work my ear has always been
close to the ground. I saw the changes that had come over people
... not only in the Bahamas but across the face of the earth where
people were taking a new outlook on life.
Fifty four years ago I warned England that she would lose
India. It was reasonable to assume that the way India went, the
rest of the Empire would follow.
I had drawn my conclusions about India after being thrown
into contact with Indian troops in the field in France during the
first world war.
But the Old World rulers felt so secure in their power
entrenchments that it seemed absurd to suggest that a lot of
ignorant, subservient, unwashed, disunited people could challenge
their power and authority.
This is a mistake entrenched rulers have made since the
beginning of time because no one can measure the power of the
human spirit. There is no force on earth that can permanently
enslave the human mind.
A human movement is stronger than tyrants' arms. An example
of this fact is the way a student movement in Thailand recently
overthrew a powerful government.
When the Communists (Bolsheviks) overthrew the powerful
Czarist regime in Russia during the first world war less than a
quarter percent of the nation wre Communists. But that quarter
percent acted as a battering ram that broke down the bulwarks of
the great Czarist structure.
Mussolini marched into Rome at the head of a small force and
overthrew the ancient decadent Bourb-n monarchy.
We only have to took back a few years to recall the contempt
the powerful U.B.P. element in Nassau entertained for the tiny
germ of revolution represented by the emerging P.L.P.
Many of our people will recall the contemptuous editorial in
The Guardian that described these people as a lot of unwashed,
stinking, ignorant, dirty, irresponsible rabble rousers. It was such
a vicious article that even opponents of the P.L.P. were shocked
by its arrogance. This single article put new life into a dying
movement that finally rose to the top and now rules the
Where today are the people who entertained thoughts that
produced such an unwise public expression?
Only a few years earlier Miss Mary Moseley, last of the Moseley
editors of The Guardian declared in an editorial that The
Guardian was a white newspaper. I was obliged to point out to
her that The Guardian was printed on white paper but it did not
become a newspaper until black ink was impressed on its surface.

New racist forces now control formerly British islands in this
hemisphere ... as well as British Honduras in Central America and
Guyana (formerly British Guiana) in South America.
In some parts of the former British Empire, where there is
natural wealth on which to build a solid economy, some progress
is being made towards establishing a strong government but in
most places ... and particularly in the West Indies ... evidence of
decay is to be seen on all sides.
An example of the importance of some form of natural wealth
or industry in building a nation is the case of the oil p producing
countries in the Middle East.
They have not only freed themselves from foreign rule but
they are now flexing their muscles with the power given them by
vast deposits of oil in a world that is now dominated by industrial
There is very little natural wealth in the West Indies. Some oil
in Trinidad and bauxite in a few of the islands but, in spite of this
natural wealth, these islands continue to wallow in poverty.
For over three centuries cane sugar and rum have been the
main sources of income for many of the British Islands in the
As I pointed out recently, sugar was such an important
commodity in the 1600's that Britain seriously considered
exchanging her French Canadian colonies for the French
Caribbean sugar producing islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe!
Sugar and rum are no longer such profitable products largely
because sugar is now also produced from the beet root. But it is
still a prop for the economy of some of the islands.
In a false sense of power these poor islands have been trying to
flex their muscles.
For the first time now they are beginning to realize how
dependent they are on the goodwill and support of the U.S. and
Britain. But this awakening has come too late.
They received a shock recently when the U.S. cut their large
sugar quota to the bone. Under this sugar quota the U.S.
guaranteed to buy a large percentage of their crop at a price that
was profitable.
I have been telling them for years that when they severed their
connection with Britain ... and Britain entered the Common
Market ... the British Commonwealth of Nations would become
no more than a meaningless name on paper.
The sugar islands got another shock recently when it was
revealed that Britain may be obliged to discontinue giving
preferential treatment to their sugar and bananas which is another
important product of the West Indies.
Remove tourism and investment from islands like the Bahamas
.. and sugar, rum and bananas from islands like Jamaica.
Barbados, Trinidad and some of the smaller Windward and
Leeward Islands ... and the spectre of starvation will walk the
main streets of these small "independent" kingdoms.

Some of the new rulers of these islands are so irrational that
they draw comment even from some of their neighbours.
Bradshaw of St. Kilts and Gairy of Grenada, for instance, are
examples of how the spirit of Haiti's Papa Doc and Uganda's
Amin might well dominate the people of these formerly free





islands whose people were secure under British rule.

The question of independence was not discussed at the recent
meeting of the Caribbean Press, Radio and TV conference in
Antigua but I knew that some of the editors who attended that
meeting were ardent supporters of the independence movement.
But they were concerned for the freedom of the press which was
being challenged for the first time.
I commented to some of these men that under independence
the new rulers had challenged the freedoms of the people,
including press freedom. I suggested that was why the Caribbean
press was finding it necessary to unite in an effort to resist
government pressures on their freedom. They agreed ... but still
the idea of independence seemed to have some magic charm for
their imagination.

Errol Barrow, Prime Minister of Barbados, had some
interesting things to say recently on the changing scene in the
I printed some of his comments in this column on Monday,
November 26th. For the purpose of this article I will reprint what
he said about Grenada, due for independence on February 7,
"Premier Gairy," said Mr. Barrow, "is getting complete
freedom of action without any supervising force. I make a
distinction between Gairy's independence and the independence
of the people of Grenada."
It has been some years since I visited Grenada and so I didn't
understand the significance of this observation but the whole
picture was brought into focus for me by an article in The Miami
Herald on Thursday, December 6th. We reprint this article in The
Tribune today so that our readers may realize what is happening
in some of the formerly "free" British territories in this
* ** ****
The tragedy for Grenada is that the island's principal
newspaper is owned by Gairy. The first aim of most of these new
governments is either to suppress or own the press.
So far The Tribune has been able to resist all attempts at
coercion or suppression from any quarter. I wonder how many
readers of this newspaper realize what it means to the Bahamas to
have a newspaper like The Tribune.
* * * *
Colonies do not cease to be colonies because they are
independent. DISRAELI
0 0 ** i 0 *
You are not going, I hope, to leave the destinies of the British
Empire to prigs and pedants. DISRAELI

By William Montalbano
Herald latin A merican correspondent
ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada -
A funny thing happened to
tiny Grenada on the way to
independence. The people
discovered they don't like the
strongarm, police-state tactics
of their government.
No one is quite sure yet
what that augurs. But feelings
run hot. One battle has already
been fought. And clearly more
trouble is brewing on his lush,
lovely and unhappy island of
105,000 people in the eastern
Premier Eric Gairy, the most
charismatic and most erratic
leader in the West Indies, is
under heavy attack from an
informal coalition of some of
the island's most respectable
groups and citizens.
THE CHARGE is that Gairy,
who plans to take Grenada to
full independence from Britain
in February, has assembled a
secret police apparatus to
intimidate and terrorize any
who would stand in his way.
Gairy is an authoritarian
figure, notoriously intolerant
of criticism. He runs Grenada
his way through tight control
of the government, the police,
Grenada's only radio station
and its leading newspaper.
The fear is that once the
final links with Britain are
severed by independence,
Grenada under Gairy will go
the cheerless way of Haiti
under the late Francois (Papa
Doc) Duvalier.
LAST WEEK, St. George's,
this quaint and colorful
waterside capital, was locked
up tight in major protest
against Gairy.
For almost three days,
among other things, there was
no electricity, no telephone
service. Tourists who came to
savor Grenada's varied beauty
and its courteous people
discovered that candles had
other uses than for romantic
The protesters covered the
Grenadian spectrum: from
trade unionists to hotel owners
to the chamber of commerce
to doctors, lawyers, Rotarians,
Lions, Jaycees and the heads of
the four largest religious
denominations in the island.
CATALYST for the protest,
which was studiously
nonpolitical, was the savage
beating of three members of a
radical opposition group called
the New Jewel Movement on
Nov. 18.
The three men identified
their assailants as members of
the police force. Despite
government denials, everyone
on Grenada believes them.
Several years ago Gairy
created a corps of
police aides, recruiting toughs
on the theory "it takes a thief
to catch a thief." The special
police, armed with pistols, and,
lately, with 400 ax handles
purchased by the government,
do not wear uniforms.
Gairy said the police aides
were needed to bulwark the

overworked regular police
special police, whom they call
the "secret police" or the
"Mongoose Gang," are simply
a tool of repression and
The coalition of Grenadian
notables accused the Mongoose
Gang with Gestapo-like
predawn searches of homes and
with instilling a climate of fear
on the island.
After a round of complex
negotiation, the Grenadian
notables wrested a series of
concessions from Gairy last
week and the lights came back
Among other things, Gairy
agreed to disband and disarm
his special police, to appoint an
impartial commission of
inquiry and to bring charges
against those responsible for
brutality in the past month.
TROUBLE IS, no one is
quite sure if Gairy will live up
to his promises. He has a
history of promising what he
has to promise to get out of a
jam, and then of again doing
what he pleases once he is out.
"While he's in a corner he'll
do anything to get out," says
Hudson R. Scipio, a leader of
the opposition party to Gairy.
"And once he's out, he's a mad
So far, the Grenadian
notables have confined
themselves entirely to the
question of police brutality.
The deeper issue of what an
independent Grenada would be
like under a Gairy without
constraint did not surface in
their deliberations.
But it might when the
notables meet again Tuesday to
assay whether Gairy is actually
disbanding his special police
apparatus and bringing the
guilty to trail.
Given Gairy's track record
and the present widespread
mood of defiance against him,
there could be another
shutdown of the island and
possibly enough pressure to
bring the government down.

Wants Fawkes

in by-election
EDITOR, The Tribune,
Please allow me space in your
valuable columns to make this
public vote of confidence in
the ability and integrity of Mr.
Randol Francis Fawkes.
In all the long history of our
country no leader has served
the Bahamas with greater
distinction and honour.
On behalf of the many
Bahamians who think the same
way but are afraid to say out
aloud. I wish to beg Mr.
Fawkes to offer his name as a
Candidate in the forthcoming
by-election for St. Barnabas.
Dec. 10th, Nassau N.P.



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KELLY GREEN in colour, this simple classicly cut
pantsuit is in 100 percent texturized polyester and trimmed
with gold buttons. The jacket has the full shirtyy" look to
enhance its sportiness and to give the casual touch. Also
available in canary yellow. Exclusively at Cole's of Nassau
and Christie Street.

combine two unique
characteristics that rarely go
They sell clothes of
distinction and quality. Not at
Cole's of Nassau will you find
racks upon racks of identical
dresses, blouses, pant suits and
formals. You can be pretty
sure that when you buy from
Cole's you won't bump into
somebody else in "your"
Along with this
characteristic the prices are
reasonable and competitive so
there is no need to mortgage
your soul to provide your back
with quality and distinction.
This prestigious dress store
still stands in the same location
where it begun on Bay and
Christie Streets which is just
perfect for parking.
Cole's was opened seventeen
years ago by Mrs. Peter
(Marion) Cole, more for a
hobby than anything else.
However, what began as a
hobby and almost a pioneering
project then when there
weren't many dress shops
around, quickly blossomed
into the viable business it is
Part of the secret of Cole's
success lies not only in Mrs.

I By Daphne W. Whitfield J

Marion Cole's unerring good
taste in buying but also in her
sensitivity to the market.
We try to provide "whatever
our clientele wants", says
Diane Cole who now runs the
store with her mother, as well
as helping with the buying.
So, as the clientele changes,
so does the merchandising
emphasis, yet never at the
sacrifice of good taste and a
very limited number of the
same items.
With the change in emphasis
to a mass tourism market
Cole's closed down their hotel
boutiques and moved all the
stock back to the main store.
When St. Andrew's School
moved to its new location sales
in the children's department
dropped. Yet their ladies
clientele is ever growing. So
Cole's are expanding their
ladies wear and going out of
children's wear altogether. It is
still not too late to get some
bargains in children's wear
from 1/3 to 1/2 off.
What do Cole's sell?
They say a picture is worth a
thousand words and these
pictures on this page of Diane
in examples of their
merchandise are so lovely that
I am going to content myself
with very few words this time.
Practically whatever the
discerning and fashionable
woman wants in the line of
clothes and accessories can be
obtained from Cole's.
They have long formal
gowns and patio wear, a wide
range of travelling dresses in
jersey and polyester knits
(these start at $42 and go up to
$90), lovely gay and colourful
cotton dresses (from $23 to
$38), separates (pants and
tops) galore, pants suits and
bathing suits (in one piece, 2
piece and binikis.)
Both daytime and evening
co-ordinates at Cole's are
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blouses and blazers all
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especially famous for their
evening co-ordinates, blouses
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the multi-changes required at
this tine of the year.
What's more, Cole's cater to
all age groups and sizes of
ladies. For example swimsuits
are in the size range of 6 to 48,
dresses, pants and pants suits 6
to 20.
Cole's stock a wide range of
undergarment lingerie both
Maidenform and a Latin
American line. A friend of

THIS two-.iece
halter-neck (at left) and
palazzo pants outfit is one of
those flattering styles which is
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wear, and so suitable for most
any tropical affair the year
round. In 100 percent jersey,
this fine outfit is available in
black and white or shocking
pink and white combinations.
Exclusive at Cole's of Nassau
on Christie Street.

Service clubs

to ring bells

for S. Army

MEMBERS of the men's
service clubs here will appear
on the streets of Nassau this
Saturday and next Saturday as
they traditionally ring the bells
at the Salvation Army
Christmas kettles.
They will invite all passersby
to make their contribution to
The Salvation Army Christmas
and Annual Maintenance
To create a competitive
spirit among the Club, Major J.
Henry Russell, Regional
Commander for the Bahamas,
will present a Bell Ringers
Trophy to the Club raising the
largest amount of money. For
the past two years the Lions
Club of Nassau has won this
The following Clubs will be
participating this year: The
Nassau Rotary Club, The
Rotary Club of East Nassau,
Rotary Club of West Nassau,
The Lions Club of Nassau,
Kiwanis Club of Nassau,
Kiwanis Club PFort Montagu,
Kiwanis Club of Cable Beach,
the Key Club at Government
High, the Key Club at St,
John's College, and the Key
Club at Queen's College.

mine recently failed to get a
bra from the huge store she
usually patronizes so went to
Cole's where she successfully
obtained her style and size.
Cole's also carries a wide
selection of sleep &
loungewear, in sets or sparates
& in long or short
styles all very feminine!
Having got their basic outfit
Cole's customers then can get
the accessories to complement
and accentuate it. Sandals from
Brizil in genuine leather
and from the United States in
man-made leather have that
extra "something" that spells
The fine line of costume
jewellery sold by Cole's look as
if it costs a lot more than it
actually does whether it be
chain belts that are copies of
Gucci or medallions and pins
made in the latest material
If you have any trouble
putting these together Diane
has that flair that knows
exactly what is right with
You love the outfit but it
doesn't fit exactly right? There
is no need to reject it. Cole's
employs two dressmakers and
offer alterations on all
garments purchased.
What about the care
required for your beautiful
new outfit from Cole's?
Practically none of Cole's
clothes require dry cleaning -
they are mostly all machine or
hand washable.
The professional woman
who requires a uniform for her
job is also catered to at Cole's
RED, white, navy and
green diagonally slanted
stripes coupled with a one
shoulder cut, (top right),
make this a striking evening
dress for the holiday season.
The dress, in 100 percent
polyester, is styled and angled
to give the most flattering
look and is hand washable.
One of Cole's of Nassau's new
looks and new lines selected
for the fashion conscious

": ,

Please Don't Pick the Flowers
...until you've seen our divine
New Imported Vases and Bowls.
Your flowers will love them and so will you!

Lyford Cay Shopping Center
Mons. through Fris.-9 to 530 In Dec. Sats.-lO to 4



- I


Nd "ar


f int e ibell er






Quality Watches

for Men & Women


WM~t M M M

i- - ---I __ ,_ I-,., __ _.__ _~____ __

rIt' ^


Friday, December 14, 1973

MR. LEON A. CARTWRIGHT (left), senior staff
manager of British American Insurance Co. was presented
with a gold pin upon completion of 20 years of service with
that company, November 23.
Making the presentation at a party in Mr. Cartwright's
honour was Mr. Hens P. Vanderschoot, (right) President of
British American Insurance.
Mr. Cartwright began work as an agent in the Nassau
district which was located in the old Big Four building on
Bay St. Promoted to staff manager in 1961 in the Blue Hill
district, he is senior staff manager of that branch.
Mr. Cartwright Is married to the former Louisa E.
Knowles, they have four children and reside at Sea Breeze




December 13th. to 15th.
8:30 a.m. to 6 p.m.

December 17th 22nd and 24th
8:30 a.m. to 7 p.m.
CLOSED Dec. 31st 1973
and Jan 1st. 1974.

Best taste

on the island.

Howgood itis...

in the Super King Size
0 1973 L J. lRynolM Tobacco Co.

hbg (1

Theatre Workshop to present homosexual play
Till I III fI'RI Workshop East IHill Street's once-famed weakness for romantic walks out on him. confronts the audience with an Joey shares an lie, h
Company, Known around town "Villa Doyle" and features a entanglements with the other "HBrl also focuses on the unusual disaster. socks and time with Butey
for s e ri ous d ram a highly capable cosmopolitan fellows, human aspirations of the And Bancroft, as Butley, until meeting Reg Nuthall, the
presentations, especially since cast. Curtain time is 8:30 p.m. "Butley" is the striking protagonist who is able to also displays an ascerhic sense suburbanite book publisher,
the successful production The production runs story which centres on the life influence a former teacher's of humour in spite of it all. also gay but sensitive upon any
Jean-Paul Sarte's "In Camera" through Sunday, December 13 of a College of London favourite student for whom he Louis Isaacs is Joey reference toward his
during Summer performances, in the mansion's ballroom University lecturer. The poor has also secured a college Keyston, a weak-willed perversion
again take to the stage in opposite St. Francis Xavier's guy's desperate existence as a lectureship, teacher's favourite whose Eleanor Cartwright, pert
Simon Gray's "Butley." and stars Mick Bancroft as homosexual who is married Their relations, or romance, academic pecadillo with his with Joey for his relation is
An adult production. "Butley." and a father, also mirrors a rift somehow shows symptoms of English lecturer finds him a Mrs. Butley, eager to make an
"Butley" opened last night at Some men do have a in nupital ties when his wife disintegrating and the play source of jealousy to Butley's exit

- ---I---I 1= 2 -1= -;-- _, i _-- --- ---------, --, --=z _i~l_. ---~- ..-: ~-- --- 7~r T'r`-- I~~-I ___ -i -- --r-___TIIl___sCTrT~-~CI ::~ =::r

~~-~~-~---~~ ~

- -I-~ ---lf 91--


Friday, December 14, 1973


A.,I' r.r .. Br.

MRS. NORMN SOLOMON, wife of one of Nassau's
leading fashion merchants, Mr. Norman Solomon,
proprietor of Mademoiselle, was invited with the store's
general manager, Victor.Tuck, to view and-inspect some of
'the final dressmaking work done by the students of Sylvia
Laramore's dressmaking class at the Adult Centre's

Superior to ALL Cream Sherry
ON LY $50
NL Per Bottle g O
BEERS '9so Per case *-^

Wholesale and Retail Agent
East Street Phone 2-4796 & 2-8157

Open House on Wednesday. Picture shows honour student
Nurse Maulese Walker, who passed with distinction, being
congratulated by Mrs. Solomon, while Mrs.
Laramore-Crawford and Victor Tuck look on. The
dressmaking class will be graduated at a ceremony at the
Gleneagles hotel tonight. From left: Mrs.
Laramore-Crawford, Mr. Tuck, Nurse Walker and Mrs.
Solomon. Photo: Philip Symonette.

WHILE the energy
crises will disrupt some phases
of travel to Freeport/Lucay
this winter, other sections ot
the travel market appear to be
strong, it was reported to the
Freeport/Lucaya Promotion
Board by Les Harris, vice
president of the Interpublic
Group of Companies, the
board's promotion agency in
New York.
Harris told the board that
preliminary surveys in New
York and elsewhere in the
United States indicate that
private flying and yachting to
the Bahamas will be greatly
reduced because of the
shortage of gasoline and diesel

On the other hand, he said,
regular airline travel to the
Bahamas does not appear to be
affected at this time. He
pointed to Eastern Airline's
all-jet service to Freeport,
which was inaugurated
December 3, replacing the
older Electra aircraft that have
been on the run for the past
two years.
In addition to Eastern's
all-jet service from Miami,
Delta and Pan American have
announced no cutbacks in their
service from New York and
Boston. In fact, both Pan Am
and Delta, beginning January
6, will introduce a new
promotion fare of $125 round
trip to Freeport. The fare will
be good for travel on Tuesday,
Wednesday, Thursday and
Harris also discussed the
board's winter advertising
campaign in the United States.
Because of the growing fuel
crises, it was felt that the main
thrust of the board's
advertising should be shifted to
gateway cities along the eastern
seaboard where fuel for
commercial aircraft going
directly overseas is in good
Gateway cities include
Boston. New York,
Philadelphia, Baltimore, West
Palm Beach, Fort Lauderdale
and Miami.


|~ e Get the |
complete picture

on Philips T.V

When you're looking for a TV set, let the picture on the
screen decide for you. It should be sharp so that you
can clearly see the smallest details. And it should be
steady so that it's restful to your eyes. The kind of
picture you get on a Philips TV set.
But Philips offer you more than just that. For all Philips
TV's are well-designed sets with beautiful cabinets. But
that's not all. Remember, too, that every dependable
Philips set is backed by a fast-working service network.
And that completes the picture on Philips TV.



P. O. Box N-4806 TELEPHONE 28941-5


Knows the Bahamas Best.
For reservations call Nassau 7-8511, Freeport 352-8341.

' -

* 1



L I,



r i_

_ ~-------C-~

"-- L -- -- __ -I ,_ .. i.


I w I %...

V -- -7 - I -- w V-,;t



h5r rtributn

Friday, December 14, 1973


THERE ARISES from time
to time a moment so critical
that thousands of points hang
in the balance, depending
entirely on the choice of a
single card.
In a Duplicate Paris
tournament, this would be
relatively unimportant, because
even if a pair registered a
bottom score on that particular
hand, they have the
chance to even things out on
the very next hand. In a Teams
event, it would matter rather
more, but it may not be
entirely conclusive. At rubber,
however, there is an old and
true saying that "the cards
never forgive."
Here are the North and
South hands from a high-stake
rubber, where South found
himself at one stage in the
position of either making his
contract or going badly down.
KQ8 2
K 10732
Looking at the two hands,
you would imagine that a
sporting 3NT was the optimum
contract. So it might be if you
ignore the opponents' bidding,
which threw a well-timed
spanner into the works; with
North-South vulnerable, the
bidding went:
1C Pass ID IS
2 H pass 3 H pass
4 H pass pass pass
South felt he was strong
enough to reverse before
supporting Diamonds; North
was stuck for a second bid, and
fell back on support for
South's presumed 5-card Heart
suit. South, with a singleton
Ace of Spades, and no liking
for 5 Diamonds, thought that 4
Hearts would be as good as
anything else. West led the
Jack of Spades, and the play
went like this:
South took the first trick,
then wondered about the best
way to get over the dummy in
order to lead a Heart towards
his King and Queen. A small
Diamond would block the suit,
and he couldn't afford to
overtake a diamond honour
with. the Ace.4o he decided he
would have-to ruff his way
across. Accordingly, he led a
small Club.
West covered dummy's 8
with the 9, but East produced
the Ace. Obviously a singleton.
East's 10 of Spades allowed
South to discard a Club, West
following with the 2 of Spades.
Now in dummy with the
Queen of Spades, declarer led a
Heart, and was relieved to see
East pop up with the Ace.
Back came another Spade,
however, and South knew that
if he discarded, West would
ruff; also, if he ruffed small,
West would very likely be able
to over-ruff. So South ruffed
with the Queen. After that, the
remaining North-South cards

editorial tilted "loss to the
Caribbean" the "New York
Times" said today it was hard
to imagine a government of
Trinidad-Tobago headed by
someone other than Eric
After briefly mentioning the
circumstances that moved
Prime Minister Williams to
delay his announced retirement
until elections to be held next
year, the "Times" said;
"Dr. Williams has been one
of the most progressive,
far-sighted black statesmen in
the English West Indies..."
The editorial reviews some
of the problems Williams has
had to face in recent years:
protests by black power
leaders, the continuing fight to
suppress a guerrilla force

operating out of the mountains
of northern Trinidad, the
chronic unemployment,
inflation, corruption and
inefficiency ... all of which
"have provoked Mr. Williams'
decision to quit at 62." (AP)
CROOKED Island Street
chauffeur Michael Dean, 33,
was fined $300 or nine months
when he appeased in the lower
court yesterday charged with
having an unlicensed revolver.
Dean pleaded guilty to
having the 22-revolver with
him at the Fortune Theatre on
December 10 when police
officers searched him, upon
JAMAICAN tailor Carl
Murray was yesterday
remanded in custody by
magistrate Emmanuel
Ondebay on charges of
stealing and receiving.
The 33-year-old pleaded not
guilty to stealing $124


A65 3 2

K 107
South could afford to lose
one more trick. Four enemy
trumps remained at large, and
even if they were originally
3-3, there was still a trump
loser. However, South knew
that if East took the last round
of trumps, dummy's King of
Spades was still there to stop
the run of Spades, while if
West won the last trump trick,

the King of Clubs could stop
the run of Clubs. Having won
whichever black suit was
returned, South could then
cash his Diamond tricks and
make his contract.
But what if the trumps were
originally 4-2? Ruin stared him
in the face. One black King
would be knocked out, then a
Diamond ruffed, and the black
suit run against him so that his
contract would be cut to
ribbons. Over 1,000 points
hung in the balance.
South gave the matter long
and careful thought, then
decided that rather than
scramble around in an
undignified way for 3 down, he
might as well stake all on
finding a 3-3 trump division,

and so he played his King of
Hearts then his 8. You can see
the outcome for yourself from
this picture of the complete
K Q64
A6 5 3 2

J 104
QJ 9654

1098 7 5 3
A5 3
J 97

KQ 8 2
K 107 3 2
After the 8 of trumps lost to
West's Jack, West had the
option of leading a Club or a

Diamond. either of which
presented declare with his
conitrait. But it was a nasty
nm ncnit tIr South. made more
unpalatable h) the revelation
that either 3NT or 5 Diamonds
would have been a much easier

In its way, this was a moral
victory for I-ast, who though
losing the rubber, nevertheless
shook up his opponents by his
adventurous Spade bid, guided
them into the wrong contract,
and made life difficult for
them in the play. In itself, that
is worth several hundreds of
points. The player who
aIchieves psychological
as'enldanic\ ait the table rarely
loses in the oimg run, whereas

the player whose nerves are
stretched to the limit, as
South's were here, is likely to
allow it to interfere with his
judgement later on.

Bahamas Contract Bridge
Club November winners
Nov. 7: Mrs. J. Morris/W.
Kemp and Mr. & Mrs
Satchwell. Nov. 14: Mrs. E.
Dugdale/D. Richardson. Nov.
21: F; Flanagan/M. Jeeves.
Nov. 28: Mrs. P. Pringle/Mrs.
B. Rutherford.



P.O. BOX N1108

PHONE 5-6521




AS OF DECEMBER 12th, 1973
OFFERED PRICE ......... .$1.12
BID PRICE ............. $1.05
YIELD ........................ 1.82%

-I ___________

%W4z %4 b-440


- i

@te Grthune

Friday, December 14, 1973

D eoAb. k

By Abigail Van Buren
S73n by ChiCas Trbne-.N. Y. NmWS SynA. IRc.
DEAR ABBY: I guess you could call me a "neglected
wife." For eight years my husband has played weekends in
a country western band, here in town or towns nearby. We
used to have fights because I wanted to go with him, but
he'd never let me.
I got tired of fighting with him and just gave up.
I knew he couldn't be playing all night, but he'd never
get home until 7 or 8 the next morning.
He never talks about his music jobs, and he has friends
I don't even know.
He has another job during the week, but his country
music weekend jobs are what bothers me. He just lives
from weekend to weekend. Also, he leaves me without any
transportation, so I can't check up on him.
We never do anything as a family. We have two sons,
who are getting to be mama's boys because their father

Neglected wife wants

hubby to face the music

has so little time for them. I feel so all alone. I have no
one I can tell my troubles to. Can you help me?
DEAR NEGLECTED: You need more help than I can
give you in a letter. If you can't get your husband to agree
to get counseling with you, go without hin and get some
pointers on how to handle an immature husband, because
that's what you have.
DEAR ABBY: About a year and a half ago my sisters
gave me a beautiful baby shower. I never did send thank-
you notes for all the lovely gifts I received. I really meant
to, but I never got around to it because so many things
happened all at once. [For one thing, I got pregnant
Anyway, I still want to send thank-you notes for the
gifts I got at the shower for my first baby, but I don't want
anyone to think I am sending them now to get a gift for my
second baby.
I could say something like: "I'm able to use the first
gift you gave me for my second baby, so I am sending you
a double 'thank you.' Because of all the wonderful gifts I
received at the shower I haven't had to buy a thing."
[This is true.]
What do you think? A LITTLE LATE
DEAR LATE: Since you put It that way, I doubt if
anyone will think you are hinting for a second gift.
DEAR ABBY: Tonight was my wife's 30th birthday. I
am 34. We've been married 10 years. I bought her a cor-
sage and took her out for dinner. When we got home she
kissed me and said she wanted another present which
wouldn't cost any money, but would take about two minutes
of my time. Then she led me to the bedroom and on my
pillow she had the following clipping from your column. She
said she had been "saving it" until she had the nerve to
show it to me. And here it is:
"Dear Abby:
Once again, a letter in your column from a
man complaining because his wife doesn't give
him enough 'affection.' ['I just can't get her
into the bedroom.']
When a man says 'affection' he means sex.
Sex is great, but what most women really
want is affection. The reassuring words, the
warm embraces, the loving looks.
In my case, I can't show my husband the
least bit of 'affection' without his wanting to
head for the bedroom.
He isn't the 'affectionate' type. And he
doesn't want to waste time with preliminaries.
Women are advised to fake orgasms in
order to please their husbands. Will you please
advise men to fake a little affection in order to
please their wives? It could save their mar-
riage. Jinny"
My wife's name is not "Jinny," but I know what she
meant. Thanks for printing that letter. Sign me ..
DEAR WISED: Maybe this will "wise up" others.
For Abby's bbklet. "lew to Have a Lovely Wedding,
wad ,I to Abigail Van Baren, 132 Lasky Dr., Beverly HIa
Cal. aM$ .
Problems? Trust Abby. For a personal reply, write to
ABBY. BOX 60700, L. A., CALIF. 9000 and enclose a
Aamped, addressed envelope.

Help Us Feed the Needyl



bring us a can of food for the Salvation
Army, who will make sure it gets to a
needy family.
will put your can of food in the special
collection barrel, and then give you a
dollar off on a bucket or barrel of
Kentucky Fried Chicken.
That's right ........

$1.90 off
This collection campaign runs from Mon. Dec. 17th to Wed. Dec. 19th
inclusive, so be sure to bring in your can of food SOON (You may want
to do it more than once!) It's a great way to do a good deed, and save
yourself money at the same time!!
(Non-perishable canned food only.
please. Maximum discount per visit is
S 1.00of o n a bucket or barrel only
no substitutions.

Katuek fried Ckieka

.... II"IIr

Eastern now offers you the convey
ience ofDC-9 Whisperjets'on
every flight to Miami and every
flight to Ft.Lauderdale.
That includes 12 daily non-
stops to Miami and 12 back. More
than any other airline.
Plus one daily nonstop to and
from Ft.Lauderdale and Nassau.
And starting December 16th,
we'll even have one L-1011
Whisperlinefflight to Miami.
Eastern's DC-9 Whisperjets
and L-1011 Whisperliner.
Two more ways we're working
harder for your dollar.

EASTERN TheWmgs of ManOI

Santa and Christmas always go with


Christmas means Something Special
From the delightful Gift Selection of the wonderful

world of Max Factor.... Say Merry Christmas only with


And going

Leave Arrive
Nassau to Miami-Daily Nonstops
9:05am 9:50am
10:25am 1l:10am
12:35pm 1:20pm
1:35pm* 2:20pm
4:50pm 5:35pm
7:30pm 8:15pm
9:25pm 10:10pm
*Staring Dec.16 new .,1011Whisperlinmr serv-.
ice. Leaves a 3:15pm and arrives 4:05pmn.
Nassau to Ft.Lauderdale-Daily Nonstop
3:40pm 4:25pm
(Continues to Miami arriving :16pm)
Freeport to Miami-Daily Nonstops
8:35am 9:15am
11:45am 12:25pm
2:55pm 3:35pm
5:55pm 6:35pm
10:30pm 11:10pm

I' j

I; ',

_ __ ______

- ~-~ I -- -- WI~IYIYI I- I~1 __~U __1

Distributed in the BaMirnas by Bethell Robertson & C

um-I ~ I

hher Tribunt

Friday, December 14, 1973 U

Mackey on gambling
From Page 1

gambling as "a scourge which
has reached epidemic
proportions in this country."
He pointed out that certain
dangers had already developed
from the numbers racket. The
government had been severely
criticized for its immigration
policy which had provided
Bahamians with the
opportunity to hold down
responsible jobs in industries
formerly closed to them.
However, Bahamians had
chosen to leave these legitimate
operations to go into selling
numbers full-time, he said.

in memory of the late

who died in New York City
on the 17th November, 1973

will be held at

on Monday, December 17th, 1973
at 4:30 p.m.

SCLAIROL the name to be trusted in haircare
Sb tlk id'Jo .

Suauly alUo..

SWishes you a Merry Christmas

i by bringing you this Special offer

at 1 % Off on their t

Kindness Custom /

Care Instant

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Model K-300
while stock last at
stores below:
w*L. M. R. DRUGS tFreepoLt)

SCome in & see the other CLAIROL appliances

and hair care& beauty aids for the whole family

3iW 3A-t six 2W




How the Rebellion
la* tila From Page I

Mr. Mackey informed the
House that he had recently
visited a school where the
teacher told him that many of
the children, ages 1 1 to 13,
went without lunch because
they used the money to buy
numbers in the morning.
"If we do not take a stand
on casino gambling more and
more of our people will
become involved," Mr. Mackey
declared, "and where will we
draw our work force from
then?" he asked.
Government had said it
intended to do a feasibility
study. "Here I feel the time
has come for the church to
rectify its hypocritical stand
where it approves casino
gambling in private hands but
condemns it in government
Mr. Mackey urged the
church to take a stand and
make a determination on the
question of church raffles and
bingo games. He suggested that
they consider tithing, because
if action was not forthcoming
casino gambling would expand.
Suggesting that members on
both sides might be
anticipating their own casino
arrangements. Mr. Mackey
warned that it was precisely
this kind of thinking that had
destroyed the United
Bahamian Party.
"You will see a corrupt
government, a corrupt
Opposition, a corrupt civil
service and a corrupt police
force. I cannot see that this
government's credibility has
sunk so low that it can only
attract those who follow casino
gambling," Mr. Mackey
His dilemma at the moment
from what had been presented
to members, was that he could
not choose either side.
"I cannot support the
Opposition's resolution
because it is my impression
they see the Bahamas as a
commodity they want to sell
to the highest bidder.
(The Opposition was seeking
approval of a resolution
condemning the government
for its decision to assume
..ownership and management of
the casinos).
"Neither can I support the
government's position on
casino gambling," Mr. Mackey
continued, "because I am
consciously opposed to
gambling in any form.
Therefore I will abstain."

From Page 1
subject for debate?" he
Mr. Wilson also dismissed
the Opposition position that
bribery and corruption would
follow government's
It was clearly logical, he
said, that if government was
the policeman and the
operator the chances of this
happening would be reduced.
It was important for the
success of the enterprise
however that suitable people
be selected to carry out the
operation and that controls
be placed.
Mr. Wilson felt that as a
matter of policy the House
should go on record that
where it was in the public
interest, and possible without
nationalising, more and more
control should be vested in
the country.
"While no one is opposed
to the foreign investor, we
have to recognize that there
will be times when the
interest of the foreign
investor will not coincide
with our interest.
"We will have to reconcile
them, but it is better for the
decision to be made in the
Bahamas than in Memphis."
(An allusion to the Holiday
Inn hotel dispute in
Where these two interests
had to be reconciled and
where they were
irreconcilable, "the side
which we in this Chamber
have to come down on is in
the interests of the people of
this country," Mr. Wilson
Works Minister Simeon
Bowe advised the House that
he was not opposed "in any
way at all" to gambling.
"I have nothing at all against
gambling. I am an avid
churchgoer and on the synod
of my diocese," Mr. Bowe
declared. 4
He, ad made his position
clear to his Bishop he said.

From Pae I

in criticizing their government
for breaching the provisions of
the Agreement.
Mr.: Francis attacked the
four dissenters vehemently for
displaying the party's division
publicly. "When I have my
objections I know where to lay
them and where to get them
sounded," he said.

the best position to deploy the
proceeds to develop-those areas
in the best interests of the
country?" he asked.
Mr. Roker said he was not
going to quarrel with anyone
whose religious convictions led
him to speak against gambling.
He, personally, was against
gambling because of the side

Sailing ex-London and Liverpool

A year ago there were
continuous reports of a rift
between the two men over the
matter of immigration as it was
administered by Mr. Hanna.
In the Cabinet reshuffle in
February however, Mr. Hanna
was moved from Home Affairs
to the powerful Ministry of
Finance, previously headed by
Mr. Francis.
Although Mr. Pindling
assumed the immigartion
portfolio, the shuffle actually
downgraded Mr. Francis, who
had headed Finance for five
There have been reports of
"bad blood" since then, and
Wednesday' exhibition in the
House can only lend credence
to the belief that the pressure
was on for Mr. Francis to quit
the Cabinet.
In the past two days there
have been frantic efforts by
party members to patch up the
:split. Hence the absence of an
official statement on Mr.
Francis' resignation.
Interestingly, the Minister
wrote his own exit line nearly
three years ago when another
split erupted in the PLP ranks
over the immigration
amendment to the Hawksbill
Creek Agreement.
At that time then PLP
representative Arthur Foulkes
challenged Mr. Pindling's
credibility on the floor of the
House. Mr. Warren Levarity,
Mr. Maurice Moore and Dr.
Elwood Donaldson also joined


- 6th FEBRUARY '74

Sailing ex-Hamburg, Bremen,
Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Antwerp.


Due Freeport
- 18th JANUARY '74

Phone 683 P.O. Box N816R IvN St. NMe frhkn~. t -


I -i-I


__ I 11 III i I I I I i I rl ill II I


-.1 ... -I -I .. -I -.- I~-- __ .I-.-- -a -

- /We could learn a thing

or two from the Israelis O( Cnno .-veWP

day, December 14, 1973

O pen 6:30 % t,,.ar ..: 7 ;.in.
See 2 jeatftres late as 8: i
"ISt MIT% i A1 7& 10:30


BASEMENT bonnie's
ND AT 9:05 _._

No One Under 17 Admitted

"WSaturday Matinee Only Matinee 3:00O & 5:00

SGuiiy Madison. Ken Wood

Except Sat. Matinee. Evening 8:30 'Phone 2 1004, 2-10C5
Sunday Matinee 2:30 & 4:50, Evening S:30



Saturday Matinee Only Now thru Tuesday
Matinee starts at 2 45 Con tinuois Showings
"SAMSON & 7 MIRACLES from 3:00
OF THE WORLD" G Sunday continuous
STH WORLI)" G from 4:30
Yoko Tani Tamara Dobson,
PLUS Shelley Winters
Dale Robertson c (ARLESTON BLUE" PG
Dale Robertson, Raymond St. Jacques.
Luciana Paluzzi re .anbr.dg
Godfrey Cambridge
'Phone 22534 Plus late feature Saturday night.

I Saturday Matinee Only Matinee starts at 2:15

Sunday continuous from 4:30 'Phone 34666

ftROI O am. WDOE umam
No one un r7 will beadmitted

By Daphne Wallace Whitfield
THOSE WHO READ about T. C. Symonette's appraisal of the
life and people in Israel in Wednesday's "Town" might have been
given food for thought about our community.

For those who didn't read it
I shall state briefly what T. C.
had to say about this nation
and its people.
(1) "The Jews are an
intelligent, hard-working group
of people."
(2) They take pride in what
they do. T. C. concludes that
this is what pushes them.
(3) All work, whether it be
garbage collecting or business
or scholastic work, has value
put on it.
(4) Lack of inebriation in
(5) Equal civil rights
accorded to their "enemies" in
the occupied territories.
(6) The trust that exists
between Israelis that is an
important element in making
the co-operative system work.
Slaves in the Americas
identified with the Israelities of
old who had been enslaved by
the Egyptians. Many of the
Negro spirituals derived their
themes from situations of the
Jews of old.
One psychological effect
that slavery has on a people is
to cultivate childish and
irresponsible attitudes in them.
When a person has no control
over their own lives, when they
are told what to do and when
to do it and are continually
supervised to see that is done
initiative and courage are
discouraged and laziness, and
inventiveness are encouraged.
Bible readers well know the
hell Moses had with his people
in the desert.
Yet, the contemporary novel
enlisted appropriately
"Exodus" shows a completely
different characteristic in their
God had no need to work
miracles by striking rocks to
give his people water or raining
manna from heaven to give his
people food in modern Israel.
This time his people well
and truly got off their
backsides to cultivate the arid
deserts of their ancient
homeland and developed a
trait, uncharacteristic of their
ancestors, by waging efficient
war against those who
threatened their homeland.
And, if T. C. was correct in his
impressions, they then gave the
conquered equal civil rights.
So, what is all this to do
with the Bahamas 1973?
Much, I believe.
Slavery has long been
abolished in the Bahamas.
In 1967 the descendants of
these slaves ('thought it many
cases it would be truer to say
the descendants of those who
left their homeland of Africa
to become slaves for many
were landed in the Bahamas as
freemen and women) won a
majority in the government.
On July 10th the Bahamas
became an Independent nation.
So, 'though there may be a
legitimate comparison between
Ancient Israel and the
"Ancient" Bahamians there is
no comparison between
Ancient Israel and the modern
Bahamas. Or is there?
By the close historical
patterns between the two sets
of people and by
characteristics which T.C.
believes to-day's Jews in Israel
and to-day's Bahamian have in
common friendliness,
hospitality to strangers &c...
there appear to be much in
cotl tion.
However, there are
differences. In some part these
can be accounted for by
factors beyond our control.
For example, the Jews had a
common religion and culture
and language, which even in
their worst times they were
able to practice surreptitiously
and which sustained them.
While the Blacks in Africa
came from different cultures,
spoke different languages,
worshipped different gods and
had no written language.
Yet our "written" language
was that of the drums and, in

Nassau is introduced to President Katzir of Israel during
recent visit there.

Bahamians hard-working?
Again, without doubt, there
are a number of very
industrious Bahamians but as a
group we are not renowned for
upholding the work ethic.
U.S. Ambassador Ronald 1.
Spiers recently told a Rotary
audience that labour here was
"quite high-priced" and went
on to qualify this by saying
that he was speaking of the
ratio between labour costs and
productivity. In other words
our national productivity is
T. C. ascribes the modern
Israeli's pride in himself, his
country and his job for his
Is not today's Bahamian
proud of himself, his country
and his job?
The modern Israeli has none
of the childishness of his
ancient ancestors who came
out of slavery.
The modern Israeli has
cultivated his arid land.
We, in the Bahamas, on the
other hand have failed to
produce any quantities of
agricultural produce out of our
barren rock.
For, unlike in Israel, we in
the Bahamas do not accord
prestige to manual labour and
the trades. Does not every
Bahamian child want to
become a doctor or a lawyer?
Without doubt there is a
totem pole here where respect
is paid to the type of
profession one is in rather than
the excellence of one's work
no matter in what category.



The value placed on white
collar jobs in our community
and the lack of value placed on
the trades and even more so on
manual labouring jobs bears no
reality to the actual value of
the work to the cemmunitv.
The doctor's work would
come to nought if we didn't
have garbage collectors.
We would all starve to death
and die if there were not inmn
and women in the world who
placed a value on farming. The
architects' bridges and
buildings would not be built
without labourers and
civilization as we know it
would come to a standstill
without plumbers and
electricians. It would be easy
to go on ad infinitum but these
examples should serve
sufficiently to show how
ludicrous it is to assign much
greater value to certain
It is not only ludicrous. It
als. defeats the national good.
How can a man or a woman
whose profession is regain ded as
humble and unprestigious be
expected to work hard and
excel in his field. Ambassador
Spiers in this same speech
noted that he found "more of
class feeling than I like" here.
The Bahamian who
complains of his lot with the
words "tings tough" (and
things are tough for the
forgotten majority of our
population) sounds more like
the murmuring Israelites of
old rather than their modern

spite of the restrictions of
slavery, the drum culture
Modern Israel also had the
advantage of being largely
financed by rich Jews in the
United States.
Yet we in the Bahamas had
our investors.
Let us take T. C.'s analysis
of to-day's Jew in Israel and
compare it with today's
"The Jews are an intelligent,
hard-working group of
people", he says.
Without doubt the
Bahmniants are also intelligent.
Yet, s a group, are the

Those who decry this
attitude of childishness should
also examine the attitudes of
leaders in our community
today who encourage this.
For example, in spite of the
fuel crisis, the latest report is
that come hell or high water the
Bahamian people must get
their Christmas lights as
This is the kind of attitude
that degrades the Bahamian
people by treating them like
children instead of the Adults
that they are and should be.
It is a pure, albeit gentler,
perpetuation of the sort of
attitude the slave masters had
towards their slaves.
Bahamians, if treated like
adults, will behave like adults.
The youth Groups working
in the community are trying to
get away from handouts and
emphasis that what the
Bahamian people need and
want is a hand-up not a
T. C. says th ere is no
alcoholic problem in modern
Israel. Every reader of this
column is very much aware
that in the Bahamas we have a
severe problem of alcoholism.
This problem is probably
intimately connected with the
above. An alcoholic is not a
happy person and turns to
alcohol as a prop.
If he is not happy why isn't
he? Untenable living conditions
get the better of many of us. A
hand-out, as the shrewder
youth leaders in community
work realise, although fulfilling
in immediate need perpetuates
the problem. The people need
a hand-up which will help them
develop initiative to help
Happiness is also finding the
right kind of work in life
that fits the individual.
But how can yo.u be happy
in working that is despised by
the community in which you





S MON. TO THUR. -9 A.M. TO 7 P.M.


R1---- ----- ---- -----------

1 ~ ---~ -


U~thr aribunpt

Friday, December 14, 1973

Exciting things are

happening at the Fabuldous

Trade Winds Bar & Lounge

Paradise Island


SHOWTIMES NIGHTLY: 10:40 & 12:40

Make the evening complete with a gourmet dinner
in the Imperial Dining Room.
Dinner from 6:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m.


g luM1

U _

Our Community
From Page 10
despised why not drink?
T. C. emphasises the
necessity of developing trust in
each other for the success of
the co-operative system.
Sure the system of slavery
contributed to setting black
against black.
But slavery ended a long
time ago.
We have a black majority
government now. We have
Independence. We are a
If there is distrust of brother
for brother amongst the
community at large this just
didn't happen nor can it be
solely attributed to ancient
For if there is mistrust in the
Bahamian community it must
mean that the Bahamian
people have been let down.
Within the limits of this
space I have only been able to
touch on harmful traits present
in our community.
Next week I hope to expand
on the subjects of happiness,
work and pride in our
community -- how, in my
opinion, harmful personal and
national characteristics are
developed and how, on the
other hand, happy and
beneficial characteristics can be
engendered in a community
and a people.
Heavy stuff for the
Christmas season? Sure?
But then is not the message
of Christmas one of re-birth
and a second chance?
Beneath our tropical sun,
blue skies and Christmas lights,
moving to the Junkanoo beat
and drinking ourselves into
oblivion are we really as happy
a people as we appear to the
Bomb horror
A BOMB thrown into the
Algerian consulate in Marseilles
today killed two people and
injured 25 persons, about 10
seriously. (AP).

t, pictured mending and painting old bicycles and tricycles to
Sbe distributed, along with other gifts, by Santa's Helpers, to
.r T- a group of 150 needy children on Friday, December, 14 at
a party to be held at Loews Paradise Island Hotel and
Villas. Photo: Margaret Guillaume.

Sir Laurence honoured
KINGSTON Sir Laurence Lindo, Jamaica's Hi g
Commissioner to Britain and doyen of the London
diplomatic corps, has been awarded the national honour
Order of Jamaica.
As Jamaica's first envoy to London, Sir Laurence served
11 years in the post and .ecame doyen in 1972 by virtue of
*his seniority in the corps.
According to the government, Sir Laurence, who is 62,
planned to retire at the end of year.
He will be succeeded by Dr. Arthur Wint, a former
Olympic athletic star.
In 1962, he was appointed administrator of Dominica
and acted as governor of the Windward Islands in 1957 and
1959. (AP)

We have....
Special Panty Hose 99
Decorations Drapes Rugs Sheets
Toys Gift Items Jewellery
Open Mon. -Sat. 8:30 9 p.m. Sun. 'til p.m.
While you shop you can sit at our counter and have a snack.

6th Terrace Centreville


1 -.c .


Look what's happened to Maytag Dependability...



Iethell Ioberlson & CO. Ltd.


- --





'2 Whe i rth'tbt Friday, December 14, 1973

Tym catches up with wise-cracking Jack

THE THIRD Bahamas international
tennis open has got underway without
any hitches in the picturesque setting
of the Ocean Club Hotel courts,
Paradise Island.
Altogether 100 entrants from the
Caribbean, Canada, America, South
America and Europe are battling for a
* share of the $12,500 total prize
In yesterday's opening round
Bahamian Willie Lightfoot, resident
pro at the Anchorage Hotel defeated
[ Sergio Rodriguez 6-0, 6-0.
The best men's singles match was
between former Montagu Beach pro
and present holder of the USA

National Parks championship, Bill
Tym and Lucayan Towers pro Jack
Daniels entertained the crowd with
his tennis and frequent 'wise-cracks'
before being overpowered by the
younger Tym 6-2, 6-2.
In the men's senior matches local
tennis veteran Bob Isaacs won a two
add a half hour tussle over ben Bogsch.
Isaacs took the first set 6-4 but
Bogsch fought all the way in the
second set before Isaacs clinched the
second set 7-6 to move through to the
second round.
On the No. I court 'old timer'
Gardner Mulloy showed that at
62-years-old he can still 'do his thing.'

In another marathon Mulloy, using
his experience to its best advantage
played steady tennis throughout to
beat his younger partner, Mike
Paniotti 6-4, 7-5.
Former Bahamian champion
George Carey had little trouble in
winning his first round match when he
defeated F. Decknitz 6-1, 6-4.
In the ladies matches Nassau's No. 2
ranked woman, Jane Weinberg
emerged as the hero of the day when
she defeated Bunny Smith, Florida's
No. 5 ranked woman 6-4, 6-4.
Mrs. Weinberg chased everything in
the second set and whilst playing
steady tennis made several remarkable
returns as the crowd urged her on to

clinch the first upset of the tourney.
Vicky Knowles, holder of the
Nassau championship for the past five
years had a disappointing match when
she was overpowered 6-2, 7.5, by the
diminutive Rana Epstein of Florida.
Mrs. Knowles never really got into
her stride until late in the second set
but then ran out of steam in her effort
to make a comeback.
Maria Guzman, seeded No. I in the
ladies event demolished Sue Sindall
6-0, 6-0.

Local tennis stars Leo Rolle.
Bertram Knowles, John Antonas and
Anthony Munnings will play their first
round matches today.

Lee coasts

round with

super 68

ALL-TIME favourite Lee Elder (pictured) yesterday tamed the
South Ocean course for a commanding four under-par 68,
boosting his two-day total to 142 while moving into third place
following the second round of the $5,000 South Ocean Golf
Club's International Pro-Am tournament.

running at Nassau's Hobby
Horse Race Track from
January to April.
Here a group of young
Bahamian jockeys head for
the homestretch in a five
furlong rate.
In recent years the track
has been updated with
electronic equipment, and the
jockeys and handlers have
undergone extensive training
in Florida.
Racing is every Tuesday
and Saturday afternoon.

1 ... ..-- L a. .1I I

tempos between races for
patrons in the main enclosure.
Even the horse names add to
the informal Bahamian
atmosphere. Names like "Soul
Brother," "Young Bahamian,"
"Wait Awhile," "Miss Conch
Salad," "MNagic Woman," "Lil
Jess." "Dat Like Dat."
Racing in the Bahamas
started at least as far back as
1805. The following was a paid
announcement in the
"Sporting Intelligence" section
of the Royal Gazette published
October 1, 1805.
Next week will be run for.
on the Race Course of this
town, a large silver goblet,
given by the inhabitants. The
following horses are named.
Mr. Observer's Bahamian
Mr. Friendly's Broomstick;
M r. Se mper Paratus'
Mr. Stranger's Teutonic.
Huge sport is expected. The
manager of the Theatre Royal
has kindly offered to officiate
as Clerk of the Course; a Ball
and Supper in the evening will
be given by Miss Eliza
Friendly, where Mr. Ben Diver
will introduce his improved
machine for ginning
The Gasette doesn't indicate
who won the silver goblet.

LEO ROLLE,Nassau's No. 1
tennis player bowed out of the
$12500 Bahamas Inter:'rtional
tennis open this morning when
he was beaten 6-4, 6-3 by John
Maria (;usman, seeded No. I
in the ladies event clinched a
narrow win over unseeded
Randy Fox to go through to
the quarter finals.
Miss (iuzman pulled back to
4-4 in the final set and
eventually took the 6-4 to win
6-4, 4-6, 6-4.

Elder, who on Wednesday
got off to a slow start with a
two-over-par 74, yesterday
controlled the front nine holes
with a four-under-par 32 and
handled the back nine with a
par 36. He was the only golfer
to shoot in the 60's.
Florida's apprentice P.G.A.
champ Dale Welker whose hot
five-under-par 67 blasted him
into the lead two strokes ahead
of Bahamas' Donald "Nine"
Rolle dropped to a par 72
yesterday. He still holds the
lead with a two-round total of
Rolle having ended the front
nine two-under-par 34 fell on
the 12th and 13th holes for a
back nine score of one-over-par
37. His one-under-par 71 total
assured him of second place.
South Ocean's pro Audnel
Clarke whose team on
Wednesday had to their
advantage the consistency of
13-year-old junior Eric Gibson
Jr., came through with a strong
18-under-par 54 to hold a first
place tie in the net best ball
Others on his team are 18
handicapper Robert McMullen
and Eric Gibson Sr. an eight
Coming through in the heat
of the battle, New Providence
pro George Turnquest shot a

calm one-under-par 71 leading
his team to a first place tie
along with Clarke's. They have
a two-day total of 1 11.
Welker's team which led
the first round with a 53
dropped in third place with a
total of 112. Rolle's team is
fourth with 114 and Dave
Clayton's fifth with 115.
The following are the scores after
two rounds:
Dale Welker 139, Donald Rolle
140, Lee Elder 142, George
Turnquest 146, Charles Saunders
146, Glen Phillips 146, Dave
Clayton 146, Audnel Clarke 147.
Charles Houts 147, Ted Maude 147,
Al Green 151. John Philo 152,
Gary Pitchford 152, Kent Sasher
152, Al Huestis 154, Harold
Dymond 157, Ben Stuart 162, Max
Atherdon 166.

'Papa' Smith gets head

right fielder Fred "Papa"
Smith has been appointed head
coach of Jet Set Baseball Club
as teams begin training in
preparation for an early
baseball season beginning
February 24 next year.
The Bahamas Baseball
Association will be embarking
on their 20th successful year -
1964 to 1974 and all
indications show that the
upcoming season will be the
All teams expected to
participate in next season's
action are asked to submit

coach post
their entry to B.B.A. secretary
Jeff Williams on or before
December 27 when the next
meeting will be held. At that
meeting, the designated pinch
hitter rule will be discussed.
Teams entered so far: Del
Jane, Becks Bees, Schlitz
Brewers, Bahamas Blenders,
City Bank Chargers, St.
Bernards, Carrolls, Freeport
and Jet Set.
Heastie Lumber, Paradise
Island and Big Q have not yet
made any indication as to
whether they will enter.

Colonels hope for repeat

DEFENDING basketball
champs Kentucky Colonels,
who on Wednesday moved
within one game of the
Paradise League leading
Strachan's Auto Afrikans

following a 77-64 victory over
the Warriors, seek to duplicate
their efforts tonight when they
once more meet the Warriors in
a rescheduled match.
John Bull, scheduled to play
Nassau Schlitz in the second
game tonight, were awarded a
win as Nassau Schlitz who
defaulted two successive games
were dropped from the series.
John Bull now have an eight
and five record.
In the first game at 7:30, St.
Michael Dodgers seek their
second win when they meet
International House of Music.
International House on
Monday took a defaulted game
from the Soul Sisters.
Pabst Brewers play
Budweiser Eagles in the first
game 7:30 tonight at the C. I.
Gibson Gym. In the second
game, Rodgers Sport Shop play
Bain Town.
STANDINGS (seniors)
Strachi's 11 2
Colonels tO 3
Classic Pros 9 3
John Bull 8 S
Warriors 7 6
Police Royals 4 8
Nangoes 2 i
Nassau Schlit/ 0 13

John Bull

"THE RACE is not always
to the swift, nor the battle to
the strong but that's the way
to bet," advised Damon
Runyon a little earlier along in
this century.
Runyon, of course, was a
celebrated chronicler of horse
players and the gambling set.
He'd have revelled at the
wealth of story material and
cast of characters at Nassau's
quaint Hobby Horse Race






At all Branches of

Cole-Thonmpson Piharinacies and

the Christian Book Shop on Shirley St.

/18 edition scld in lritain. '.'S..1. & Canada)

Track, with its barnyard-tea
party atmosphere, and calypso
Only five years ago Hobby
Horse Race Track resembled a
country fair with young
untrained Bahamian youngsters
riding in bare or stocking feet
aboard Bahamian-bred ponies.
Often race officials had to
struggle to rally enough horses
for a race.
Today 500 American-bred
quarter horses crowd the
modernized stables. Thirty
video cameras scan the
mile-long track for closed
circuit monitor sets placed
strategically about the public
areas of the track. Race
finishes can be played back in
the case of close races.
Hobby Horse Race Track
still retains much of this garden
party atmosphere. It even still
has something of the farmyard
about it. But it's garden
party-farmyard with the
electronic touch.
More than $200,000 has
been spent in recent years on
updating the track. Besides the
closed circuit system, track
owners have installed
additional selling and paying
windows at the top of the main
grandstand-clubhouse. All the
ticket selling machines are
hooked electronically with the
lighted tote board.
Despite all the electronic
up-dating. Hobby Horse Race
Track remains one of the more
pleasant and relaxing diversions
for visitors to these friendly
sub-tropical islands.
The calypso mood remains
with a Bahamian calypso group
providing typical tropical





WAS $405

NOW '324"

15,000 / 18,000 / 23,000 B1 AIR CONDIIIONERS

WAS $300

NOW '240"




Best mtch

knows any reason why registration should not be granted
should send a written and signed statement of the facts
within twenty-eight days from the 14th day of December
1973 to The Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, P. 0. Box N7147, Nassau.

NOTICE is hereby given that HAZEL ELIZABETH
GARLAND of S'4S' Jamaica Ave, Freeport, Grand Bahama
is applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, for registration as a citizen of The Bahamas,
and that any person who knows any reason why
registration should not be granted should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 14th day of December 1973 to The Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, P. 0. Box
N7147, Nassau.
... sLau I

NOTICE is hereby given that LEONARD ALPHONSO-
POTTINGER of Palm Tree Avenue P.O. Box N4087
Nassau, Bahamas is applying to The Minister responsible for
nationalityy and Citizenship, for naturalisation as a citizen-
of The Bahamas, and that any person who knows any
reason why naturalisation should not be granted should
send a written and signed statement of the facts within
twenty- eight days from the 7th day of December 1973, to,
The Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship,
P.O. Box N7147, Nassau.

NOTICE is hereby given that CARL IPPOLITO of
Apartment 1002, Riviera Towers, Freeport, Grand Bahama
is applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, for registration/naturalisation as a citizen of
The Bahamas, and that any person who knows any reason
why registration/naturalisation should not be granted
should send a written and signed statement of the facts
within twenty-eight days from the 14th day of December
1973 to The Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, P. 0. Box N7147, Nassau.


NOTICE is hereby given that EVERETT LUTHER
ARCHER of Hawksbill, Freeport, Gand Bahama is applying
to the Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship,
for registration as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any
person who knows any reason why registration should not
" be granted should send a written and signed statement of
the facts within twenty-eight days from the 14th day of
December 1973 to The Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P. 0. Box N7147, Nassau.

NOTICE is hereby given that EDWARD LOIS COLON
HANCHELL of Free Town Lane, Nassau Bahamas Is
applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, for registration as a citizen of The Bahamas,
and that any person who knows any reason why
registration should not be granted should send a written
and signed statement of the facts within twenty-eight days
from the 7th day of December 1973 to The Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, P.O. Box
N7147, Nassau.

NOTICE is hereby given that DAVID STEWART PETERS
of Freeport Grand Bahama is applying to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for registration
as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who
knows any reason why registration should not be granted
should send a written and signed statement of the facts
within twenty-eight days from the 7th day of December to
The Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship,
P.O. Box N7147, Nassau.


NOTICE is hereby given that CLEOPHAS NATHANIEL
BAIN of Owen's Town, Andros Bahamas is applying to the
Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
registration as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any
person who knows any reason why registration should not
be granted should send a written and signed statement of
the facts within twenty-eight days from the 7th day of
December 1973 to The Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenshiip, P.O. Box N7147, Nassau.


NOTICE is hereby given that ALEXANDER SLORACH of
Woodland Rd. P. 0. Box ES. 6275, Nassau is applying to
the Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for
naturalization as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any
person who knows any reason why naturalisation should
not be granted should send a written and signed statement
of the facts within twenty-eight days from the 14th day of
December 1973 to The Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P. 0. Box N7147, Nassau.


NOTICE is hereby given that JOHN R. W. KESSOON of
Nassau, Street, Nassau, Bahamas is applying to the Minister
responsible for Nationality and Citizenship, for registration
as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who

y I O p S O DOOfOf f 0 9