The Tribune
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084249/01115
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune
Uniform Title: Tribune (Nassau, Bahamas)
Portion of title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Place of Publication: Nassau, Bahamas
Publication Date: September 8, 2008
Copyright Date: 2008
Frequency: daily, except sunday
normalized irregular
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850
System ID: UF00084249:01115

Full Text

HAPPY MEAL i'm lovin' If






Volume: 104No.240 MONDAY, SEPTE 8, 008 PRICE 750

l r.I

PM relieved at no

hurricane deaths

Tribune Staff Reporter
PIRIME Minister Hubert
Ingraham last night expressed
heartfelt appreciation that Hur-
ricane Ike did not cause a single
death in the Bahamas.
Updating the nation through.
a special press conference at
NEMA's office in the Port
Department, he said the coun-
try was spared "a major, major
"I am very pleased that the
building codes held up quite
well, especially for a category
four hurricane, and that the
people in the communities fol-
lowed all the advisories that
were given by NEMA and the

I PaesfPhmcn itm

Department of Meteorology
and that we have been spared a
major, major disaster," he said.
SEE page 11

Donations to help rebuild Inagua
ALREADY donors are opening their pocketbooks to help rebuild
Mr Mark Roberts, owner of FYP, Tile King and The Paint Centre,
on hearing that a category 4 was bearing down on Inagua, has pledged
$100,000 worth of supplies to help rebuild the island.
Mr Roberts, who was in Fort Lauderdale, when he learned that
Inagua was threatened, said he realized that after a category 4 storm res-
idents would need building supplies.
He said that after a proper assessment has been done as to the
extent of the damage, and after consultation with the proper authori-
ties, he was prepared to do his part in helping to rebuild the island.
Another donor called on Sunday afternoon to pledge $50,000 to help
restore Inagua.

lP Omar Archer

0, believes he

was shot

by a hitman

Tribune Staff Reporter
WRITHING in pain,and with a bul-
let still lodged only millimetres from his
spine, PLP activist Omar Archer told
The Tribune yesterday that he believes
he was shot by a hitman who was paid
by someone who had made attempts on his life before.
As I sat at his bedside at Princess Margaret Hospital, Mr Archer
said he is lucky to be alive because the gunman not only shot him in
the stomach, but left his vehicle and tried to shoot him twice in the
head on Thursday evening.
It was only lby writhing clear of the bullets that he escaped with his
life. When the hitman's gun was empty, he fled the scene.
"When I came into the hospital after being shot in my abdomen,
SEE page 11


MEMBERS OF St Francis Xavier Cathedral pray for the safety of those
affected by Hurricane Ike.

Great Inagua devastated
by ferocious Hurricane Ike

Tribune Staff Reporter
melled Great Inagua with 135
.mph winds, with higher gusts,
as the eye of the category four
storm ripped through Mathew
Town yesterday wrenching
shutters off storm shelters,
destroying roofs amd severely
damaging a BTC building.

The island was hit with dev-
astation after hurricane force
winds extending outward up
to 60 miles tore shutters off
Inagua police station and
homes causing "water breach
and flooding".
No deaths or injuries were
reported on the island up to
press time last night.
According to a noon brief-
SEE page 10

More Meat... More Flavour


Tribune Staff Reporter
MORTON Salt Bahamas
Limited, located in Great
Inagua, has sustained "mil-
lions and millions" of dol-
lars worth of damage due to
the passage of Hurricane
Ike, managing director
Glenn Bannister said yes-
Speaking to The Tribune
from the company's guest-
house around 4pm, Mr Ban-
nister said the eye of the
storm had just passed
Inagua, and the "back wall"
of the storm was now pum-
melling the island with winds
of up to 160 miles per hour.
"Everything is getting
SEE page 10

Man shot
dead outside
restaurant in
Grand Bahama
Tribune Freeport
recorded its seventh murder
for the year early-. Saturday
morning when a Haitian-
Bahamian man was shot dead
outside the Pepperpot Restau-
rant, in front of a number of
stunned and frightened
The shooting occurred
around 4.05am at the popular
takeaway restaurant on East
Sunrise Highway, where the
victim was involved in a heat-
ed argument with three young
Chief Supt Basil Rahming
reported that the black male
victim sustained multiple gun-
SEE page 11

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Major concern over well

Inagua National Park flamingoes

THE INAGUA National Park is home to
60,000 flamingoes similar to those in
this Associated Press picture

Tribune Staff Reporter

THE well-being of the 60,000 flamin-
goes who make the Inagua National Park
home became a major concern as the
island was pounded by Hurricane Ike's
135 mph winds and heavy rain yesterday.
The park, located on Great Inagua, is
known as the world's largest breeding
colony of West Indian flamingoes who
were on the edge of extinction 40 years
Speaking to The Tribune from Inagua
yesterday, Morton Salt managing director
Glenn Bannister said he hoped the birds
flew to safe ground.
"Well, the day before Hanna hit

Inagua, we didn't see one single bird in
town that was amazing because it is
something that is noticeable because all
the parrots and birds are normally out in
town eating guinepes and all sorts of good
"And the day before Hanna hit we did-
n't see a single one of them so I would
imagine that they would have flown else-
where, away from the hurricane and then
afterwards they probably would return
back so I think most of them would be
Once the all-clear signal is given from
NEMA, he plans to visit'the park to assess
any damage, Mr Bannister said.
"We haven't had a chance to get out
there yet after the all-clear from NEMA,
I think we will drive around

there and see."
Park warden Henry Nixon told ZNS
news he last saw the birds a few days ago
hunkering behind a mangrove forest
seemingly bracing for the storm.
"A few days ago I was up there and the
roads were washed out from (tropical
storm) Hanna and it was very hard for me
to get out there but I did go and the
flamingo section of the park was in good
condition but the other side...the roads
out there were washed out pretty bad.
There's some damage to buildings out
"Mostly I'm concerned about the
flamingoes but, like I said, I was out there
a few days ago and the birds that I saw
they were all hunkered down behind the
huge red mangroves forest (like) they

were preparing themselves for it."
He said on his last visit to the park a
few thousand flamingoes were hunkered
down in coves around the park or in man-
groves to escape the heavy wind. But he
was confident the birds would be able to
find a safe haven.
The 183,740-acre park is also home to
wild donkeys, goats, pigs, the native
Bahama parrot, the Bahama woodstar
hummingbird, Bahama pintails, Brown
pelicans, tri-coloured herons, snowy
egrets, reddish egrets, stripe-headed
tanangers, cormorants, roseate spoon-
bills, American kestrels' and burrowing
owls, according to the Bahamas National
Trust's website.'
The park is also a protected wetland

A FORMER College of the
Bahamas lecturer last night
recalled the one-lime "rookie'
sports reporter "ho has
become a political superstar.
When Stephen Lay first
encountered Sarah Palin, she
was a novice in Alaska learning
her trade in her first job.
Now the self-confessed
"hockey mum" and lover of
moose stew has been propelled
into the world spotlight as
potential saviour of the Repub-
lican party's presidential hopes.
Mr Lay, who taught journal-
ism at COB for three years, and
worked as a senior editor at
Dupuch Publications, recalls
Palin now Alaska's gover-
nor and John McCain's running
mate as a "sincere and hon-
est" person making her way,in
the world.
"It would be an exaggera-
tion to claim that I really know
Sarah," he told The Tribune.

-When I \as the LUnimersity
of Alaska-Fairbanks public
information officer. 1 worked
with her a fe%% times when she
was a sports reporter on the
Anchorage station.
"I felt she was honest and
sincere, but she was a novice
learning her trade at her first
job. She made beginner's mis-
takes, but who didn't? I remem-
ber mine.
"By all accounts she is still
sincere and honest. By honest I
specifically mean not corrupt.
But like every politician she has
flip-flopped on issues.
"My friends in Alaska are
big supporters. She took on the
Alaskan Republican establish-
ment and won the primary
despite the best efforts of the
party insiders who backed one
of their own."
Mr Lay, who is now a col-
lege lecturer in Thailand, is
part-owner of an Alaskan pub-
lishing company which has
managed to cash in on the Palin
Epicenter Press, which spe-
cialises in books about Alaska,
issued a book about her in
March which quickly sold out
and reprinted it when John
McCain chose her as his run-
ning mate.
"We sold out and have since
sold more than 50,000 copies
as of Thursday. We expect to
top 100,000 in the next few
weeks. That is the only book
out about her. It is a positive
book that portrays her as being
. who she says she is."
Mr Lay, an American, said
he will wait until the later stages
of the presidential campaign
before deciding how to vote.
"It will be interesting to see
all of this unfold. We already
have both campaigns trying to
redefine her. The Republicans

REPUBLICAN presidential nominee Sen. John McCain, left, smiles after
introducing his Vice Presidential running mate, Alaska Gov. Sarah
Palin, in Dayton, Ohio., Friday, Aug. 29, 2008.

will portray her as wonderful
while the Democrats will paint
her as the devil. Neither will be
"Based on my limited obser-
vations nearly 20 years, ago, I
thought she was an
honest small town girl who
trusted and liked people. Noth-
ing I have heard or read since
then has changed my mind.
"She will make mistakes on
the campaigntrail because.she
hasn't faced the intensity of the
Washington media and a fired-
up Democratic party. This is
part of the real Sarah.
"She will answer questions
sincerely instead of trying to
see the agenda behind the ques-
tion. Alaska is far more benign
than the national political
scene. In Alaska her real oppo-
nents weren't the Democrats;
it was the Neanderthals who
control the Republican Party
in the state."
Mr Lay, who spent more
than 20 years in Alaska, said
Palin is the third Alaskan politi-
cian to be on the national stage,
but by far the most prominent.
"Mike Gravel, who ran for
the Democratic nomination this

year until he switched parties,
was a senator 1968-1980. He is
best-known for grabbing the
microphone and nominating
'himself for vice-president at
the 1972 Democratic-National
"In 1968, Alaska Governor
Wally Hickel became the Sec-
retary of the Interior under
Richard Nixon.
"He lasted for just two years.
In 1974 Wally told me that they
were the worst two years of his
"He went to Washington not
realizing how vicious the
national press was.
"Basically he was torn apart,
partially because he tried to be
himself. This is where I think
Sarah could falter. While it may
be refreshing to be herself,
she will need to learn how to
deal with attacks and maintain
her honesty and sincerity. Wal-
ly didn't. It destroyed him
Mr Lay left Nassau for Thai-
land in early 2007. While at
COB he organised a successful
writers' conference and was
popular among journalism stu-


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0 In brief

Fox Hill


leader Eric

Wilmott dies

aged 74

COMMUNITY leader and
"unofficial historian of Fox
Hill" Eric Wilmott passed
away suddenly at his home
yesterday. He was 74.
He was a crime reporter in
'the 1960s who then worked
his way up to the editorship
of The Nassau Guardian
toward the end of the
Mr Wilmott was one of the
bright lights in the Fox Hill
community whose love for
the historic village and its
people manifested itself in
his perpetual participation in
the annual Fox Hill Day Fes-
tival and his years as an
organist at St Anselm's
Catholic Church.
He completed two decades
worth of service this past
summer on the Fox Hill Fes-
tival Committee. This year's
event was named in his hon-
Mr Wilmott was also
awarded a British Empire
Medal when he was recog-
nised for his work as a jour-
nalist and for his community
work in Fox Hill.
A senior media figure who
worked with Mr Wilmott in
the 1960s said: "Eric always.
struck me as a straight-talk-
ing man of high principle. He
became editor of the
Guardian for a short time
but once told me he didn't
like the political aspects of
the job.
"I think he much preferred
to be out on the road gather-
ing news and meeting peo-
ple. He was a very likeable
person with a hearty laugh."

GB police

seize over

100 pounds

of marijuana

Tribune Freeport

Bahama police seized more
than' 100 pounds of marijua-
na and arrested two men of
Haitian-descent at the Bell
Channel Inn in Lucaya on
According to reports,
Drug Enforcement Unit offi-
cers went to the resort on
King's Road around 1.10pmr
and executed a search war-
rant on room A12 in connec-
tion with possession of
firearms and/or dangerous
When officers arrived at
the room, theyinformed the
two male occupants of their
purpose for being there and
conducted a search of the
Chief Supt Basil Rahming
reported that officers discov-
ered 140 pounds of marijua-
He said the men, aged 21
and 25. of Weddell Avenue,
were arrested and taken into
custody at DEU headquar-
Formal charges are expect-
ed to be filed against the
men on Monday in Freeport
Magistrate's Court.

Mayaguana hit by food and water

shortage following Ike onslaught

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE supply of food and drink-
ing water still remains a "great
concern"' for residents of
Mayaguana who suffered through
tropical storm conditions yester-
day as Ike battered the southern
Officer-in-charge of the Abra-
ham's Bay police station, Inspec-
tor V Rahming, told The Tribune
the majority of the 140 people liv-
ing in the settlement were hud-
dled in shelters rationing out food
and water supplies.
Although the National Emer-
gency Management Agency
(NEMA) flew 20 cases of relief
water and food supplies-to the
island on Friday, supplies are still
low on the island because its
weekly mailboat route has been
disrupted for almost a month, Insp
Rahming said.
The mailboat is the main source
of food supply for island.
"The people are faring well,
they have supplies of water and
food at the shelters and some of
their own. There is concern of a
(food and water) shortage but
they are rationing it out. We def-
initely need some more supplies
for sure because the (mail)boat
hasn't been to the island for it
must be about a month now.
"So there is really nothing left
on the island for the people but
(the foodstores) they are basical-
ly empty," said Inspector Rah-
ming from Abraham's Bay police
He added that for the time
being the island's "greatest con-
cern" would be making sure that
rationed supplies last until anoth-
er food and water shipment
Last week, Mayaguana chief
councillor Earnel Brown told The
Tribune that residents were "get-
ting by" but a mailboat had not
visited in weeks.
"We haven't had a mailboat
service in quite a while so that has
really contributed to the problem
but we are getting by. We didn't
have a scheduled stop prior to the
storm and since then, because of
the (bad) weather, the mailboat
hasn't been able to sail," he said.
As Hurricane Ike slammed the

DEBRIS LITTERS a sidewalk during Hurricane Ike, as seen through the windshield of a car, on the island of Providenciales, in the Turks & Caicos
Islands, yesterday. Ike roared across the low-lying Turks and Caicos island chain before dawn yesterday as people in the British territory sought
refuge in emergency shelters or in their homes.

"I think because they were aware of
the strength of the hurricane, a lot of
people decided to use commonsense
and seek out shelter."

Turks and Caicos Islands and
Great Inagua as a category four
hurricane, Mayaguana was lucki-
ly spared. The island only experi-
enced light, continuous rain and
heavy wind as dangerous hurri-
cane Ike ripped off storm shut-
ters and damaged roofs on Great
Inagua some 60 miles away.
However, the island's electrici-
ty was shut off by BEC around
1.30am yesterday but generators
were being used at government
shelters and clinics.
"We're holding up pretty good
(but) the rain has been continu-
ous, not necessarily heavy. We
had quite a bit of rain already
(and the) tropical storm condi-
tions have intensified a little bit
since a few hours ago, but right
now I see chickens outside

Insp. V Rahming
scratching so it ain' all that bad.
(On Saturday) I guess it was
rough...I mean basically the hard
winds, lil' bit of rain, stuff like
that, but mostly just that a lot
of winds and some rain," said Insp
The island is home to 312 locals
who live in three settlements:
Pirate's Well on the north coast,
Abraham's Bay on the south
coast, and Betsy's Bay on the west
coast. When he spoke to The Tri-
bune yesterday morning, Insp
Rahming said he had no reports
of infrastructure damage or flood-
ing in Abraham's Bay or Pirate's
About 36 persons sought shel-
ter at Abraham's Bay High
School, 22 were. sheltered at the
Pirate's Well Primary School, and

about 32 people sought shelter in
three different private residences
that were set up as storm shelters
in Abraham's Bay. :;, ,/ ; ,` .
"I think because they'were
aware of the strength of the hur-
ricane, a lot of people decided to
use commonsense and seek out
shelter. And most people took
necessary precautions with board-
ing up their homes and every-
thing," said Insp Rahming, adding
that he has been in close contact
with NEMA and the island's

TROPICAL storm force winds
and light rain were expected on
Acklins, Crooked Island, Long
Cay and southern Long Island as
dangerous Hurricane Ike churned
over Great Inagua yesterday.
Ike weakened into a category
three storm as it approached Cuba
last night.
A hurricane warning remained
in effect for the south-eastern
Bahamas, including Acklins,
Crooked Island, Mayaguana,
Inagua and Ragged Island.
A hurricane warning also
remained for the Turks and
Caicos Islands and the central
Bahamas, including Cat Island,
Exuma, Long Island, Rum Cay
and San Salvador.
According to a timeline pre-
pared by the Department of
Meteorology, Acklins and
Crooked Island received tropical
storm force winds from yesterday
afternoon which were not expect-
ed to die down until 2am today.
Tropical storm force winds
were expected in South Long
Island from 4pm yesterday to mid-
night today.
The Ragged Island chain was
expected.to receive tropical force

winds up until 11am today.
Land lines in Acklins and
Mayaguana were out due to a
power outage on Saturday night.
At 5pm yesterday, the centre.
of Hurricane Ike was located near
latitude 21.1 north, longitude 74.6
west or about 90 miles west of
Great Inagua and about 75 miles
north-northeast of Guantanamo,

-.behnd the news



NEW 1:20

3:40 N/A

8:25 10:30

SWING VOTE NEW 1:30 3:35 NIA 6:00 8:35 10:35
DEATH RACE T 1.00 3:30 N/A 6:10 8:40 10:45
THE LONGSHOTS C 110 3:25 N/A 6:20 8:30 10:35
THE ROCKER c N/A N/A N/A N/A 8:35 10:45
TROPIC THUNDER A 1:10 3:45 N/A 6:10 N/A NIA
MIRRORS T 1:15 3:50 N/A 6:05 8:30 10:40

TL30 L

administrator. Another Mayagua-
na resident said the elderly and
others had moved into shelters,
remembering the heavy damage'
caused by Hurricane Donna some
years ago.
"People have taken this very
seriously and have moved into,
shelters, especially the elderly,"
she added. The Tribune was
.unable to contact island adminis-
trator Jackson McIntosh who was
said to be touring the island and
assessing Hurricane Ike's impact.

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High winds and light rain expected

as Ike chums over Great Inagua

Cuba. Ike is moving toward the
west near 14 mph with a west to
west-northwest motion expected
last night and today.
On this track, the core of the
hurricane was expected to con-
tinue to move away from the
south-eastern Bahamas and over
or near eastern Cuba last night
and tomorrow.


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The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEONE. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Satumday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
Circulation Department (242) 502-2387
Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
Freeport, Grand Bahama: 1-(242)-352-6608
Freeport fax: (242) 352-9348

Inagua's hurricane myth shattered

AS A YOUNGSTER we were always led to
believe that hurricanes and Inagua did not mix.
Every island in the Bahamas had experienced a
hurricane, but not Inagua.
Hurricanes would threaten, but never strike,
and so the myth grew that Inagua was the only
island in the archipelago that had never hosted
a hurricane... and by educated deduction, nev-
er would.
Recently Morton Salt's managing director,
Glenn Bannister, told radio ZNS much the same
story. Over the years, he said, Inagua was for-
tunate, because for as long his memory served
him, the island had never experienced a full
onslaught from any major hurricane.
Yesterday, Hurricane Ike, a dangerous cat-
egory 4 storm, destroyed that myth.
"Boy we got hit, and we got hit hard. This is
going to be devastating for the island," said Mr
Bannister as Ike pounded Mathew Town, doing
millions of dollars in damage to the Morton
Salt plant and devastating the island. *
"Inagua is messed up,"-said old time resident
Carl Farquharson as we got through to him on
his cell phone. "We went through hell this morn-
ing (Sunday)."
Mr Farquharson said that shingles were,
blown off most of the houses, light poles were
down, large trees uprooted, Morton's plant bad-
ly damaged, roofs ripped from the two hurricane
shelters the Anglican Church and the Com-
munity Centre but as far as he knew no one
was injured.
He said Ike struck about 6am Sunday and
"really hit hard until past 9am." Apparently
the eye went over the island at about 11am.
When we spoke with Mr Farquharsbn shortly
after noon everything was still relatively quiet.
Inaguans were out.inspecting the damage. "We
have no communication," he said, "so I don't
know if we are in the eye of the storm, or if it
has passed."
Asked about nature's edict that no hurri-
cane should ever touch Inagua, he replied:
"Well, it's sure made up for it now..." Cut off
mid-sentence, his cell phone went dead.
However, reporters speaking later with Mr
Bannister learned that the lull of which Mr Far-
quharson spoke, was indeed the eye passing
over, with the storm resuming with terrible fury
a short time later. Its vicious winds and lashing
rain was expected to continue until 4pm. (See
story page 1).
As a young girl in the early forties we were
on a mail boat headed for Mathew Town,
Inagua, where we were to join two of our broth-
ers for the summer as guest of the Erickson
family, then the pioneers of what is now the
SMorton Salt plant. Everything was going
s "

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smoothly except shortly after crossing Nas-
sau's bar the mailboat's water supply shut down.
The mailboat dropped anchor off Long Cay.
After the mail and supplies had been rowed to
the settlement by dingy, the captain pulled up
the anchor and off we went for another island,
and the next mail delivery. However, during
that night the chief engineer died Mr Harg-
reaves, an English resident, whose son later
served as Black Rod in the House of Assembly.
It meant that the boat had to return to Long
Cay to prepare Mr Hargreaves for burial. When
the boat dropped anchor again, a cable was
delivered to us. It was an order from our Dad,
Sir Etienne Dupuch, to get off the boat imme-
diately and stay with Commissioner Harry Mal-
one and.his family until a hurricane, travelling
our way, had passed. This was the first that the
captain had heard that a hurricane was threat-
ening. But for the death of engineer Hargreaves,
we would have sailed right into its destructive
The mailboat captain had had no word from
his office about the hurricane. However, acting
on the information in Sir Etienne's cable, he
sought safe anchor on the lee side of the island.
He off-loaded all the passengers, and we walked
in spotting rain across the island to the main set-
tlement of Albert Town. There the town of 80
some residents turned out for a wake tha.t.
cloudy afternoon, followed by the burial of Mr
After several days the all-clear was given
and we were again on our way to Mathew
Town. During our time there the island was
abuzz about an approaching hurricane. We were
assured that nothing would happen because of
the special pact Inagua had with nature. That
evening we stood on the seashore and in the
. stormy mist saw the sails of a floundering sail-
boat fighting the angry seas. The next morn-
ing the sailboat was a wrcci. oi, the rocky shore.
As for Inagua, the storm had passed and the sun
was out.
At the end of the summer on our return to
Nassau, this time with our brothers, we stopped
and went ashore at Long Cay to see Commis-
sioner Malone and his family. The island had
been devastated. The Commissioner's home
had been badly damaged, as had the Anglican
church. During the hurricane residents took
shelter in the small stone building in which the
wake had been held for Mr Hargreaves. The
room in which we had slept in the Commis-
sioner's home had caved in.
Once again a storm had stood off Inagua,
but turned away. However, poor little 'Albert
Town had been crippled. Yesterday, Hurricane
Ike shattered the Inagua miracle.


EDITOR, The Tribune.
It should have happened a
long time ago, but as the say-
ing goes, better late than never.
So when Prime Minister Hubert
Ingraham announced several
months ago that he was consid-
ering legalising the numbers
business, because the laws
against it could not be enforced,
or so it seemed, for most that
was welcomed news.
I for one have long been con-
cerned about The Bahamas'
political leaders being held
hostage by religionists who set
up ramparts against gambling
on the supposed ground that
gambling is immoral.
Over time, the opposition
eroded as so called "number
houses" mushroomed with the
advent of modern technology.
The idea of a national lottery
surfaces every now and then,
but, off course, this always
draws howls of protest from the
religious establishment.
However, given that church-
es, businesses and charities
actively promote and partici-
pate in games of chance in the
shape of raffles and other
"drawings", this strikes me as
being more than a tad hypo-
Furthermore, such protest
fails to take into account the

existing urnderg
of the illegal n
which according
sources, can
money for our
than all the ca
elected by the i
2006, if the indi
This assumes
revenue of say
Such activity
one knows it is
flourishes, som
tacit acceptance
participation o
with enforcing
How ridicule
The entire c
service to the n
bling is illegal i
fy .some self-rigl
for keeping ul
while at the s
seems like the
tion blithely en
of chance of on
another, in bro
out in the open
Yes, one can
designed to ra

EDITOR, The Tribune.
I read with great interest your
editorial of May 8th on energy
conservation and agree with the
I am closely associated with a
company that sells motor scoot-
ers/cycles and confirm that the
duty is 65 per cent plus stamp
tax of 7 per cent.
This is almost as much as the
highest category on automobiles
of 75 per cent plus stamp tax of
7 per cent.
I find the level of duty on
motor scooters/cycles incredi-
bly high.
After all, a 100cc four stroke
motor scooter gets approxi-
mately 80 miles to the gallon! A
more appropriate duty would
encourage some motorists to
conserve energy and at the
same time take up less space on
the roads.


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B obcat
Versatility Productivity Reliubility
Crawford St., Oakes Field
Telephones: 328-'-18/19/20 Fax: 326-4831


local charities have altruistic or
philanthropic motives that are
as pure as the driven snow, but,
in my experience, they defi-
nitely have their eyes fixed on
the car, the Caribbean cruise or
;round economy whatever the major prize might -
iumbers racket, be.
ng to my inside Why not therefore, legalise
generate more what is already taking place and
natioryal coffers benefit the entire community
sino taxes col- instead of just those engaged in
Government in the numbers racket?
ovrnmn There can be little doubt that
stry is properly it would generate new revenue
streams for government for the
71/2 per cent peross financing of education, health.
71/2 per cent per sports, roads, community out-
S e reach programmes and other
is illegal, every- significant projects while boost-
illegal, yet still it ing many aspects of our econo-
etimes with the my in general, and really, how
and even active difficult would it be to regulate
f those charged and police properly?
the law. For too long, in my view,
)us is this? gambling in The Bahamas has
country pays lip been the usual can of worms,
lotion that gam- on which the lid has been kept
n order to satis- tightly closed by local' interests
hteous penchant of one kind or another.
p appearances, The recent announcement by
ame time what the Prime Minister has. stimu-
entire popula- lated much discussion.
igages in games It is my considered view that
:e description or the time to act on this matter is
ad daylight and NOW!
1. .
argue that those JERRY ROKER
raffle tickets Nassau,
raise money for June,2008.

As a matter of interest during
the FNM's second term in office
I was told by a member of the
House of Assembly that the
government had eliminated the
duty on crash helmets to
encourage riders to wear them.
My question is what is the point
of eliminating the duty on crash
helmets with the duty on motor
scooters/cycles so high?'
Unfortunately when it comes
to automobiles there is no
incentive for our government
to make any changes to the duty
This is due to the fact that the
Bahamas Government derives
substantial income from the
duty on vehicles and fuel. The
real negative here is that the
more cars and fuel that are
imported the more foreign
reserves leaves the country
(never to return) to pay for
In listening to one of the talk
shows on the radio this week
they indicated that there has
been a substantial reduction in
the country's foreign reserves
in recent months. This is anoth-
er cause for concern.
It seems to me that consider-
ation should be given by the
government to changing the
way duty is assessed on motor
At the present time the duty
is assessed on the landed
cost/value of the vehicle regard-

less of size. The duty starts at 45
per cent plus 7 per cent stamp
tax and goes to 75 per cent plus
7 per cent stamp tax.
All vehicles with a landed val-
ue of $25,000 and above are in
the maximum duty category
(except trucks that are at 50 per
cent duty plus 7 per cent stamp
Some years ago the duty was
based on engine size and it
maybe time to go back to this
method and at the same time
reduce the duty on vehicles with
small economical engines of
let's say 2000cc and less.
We should then increase the
duty on the gas guzzling big
vehicles with big engines sub-
If you want the gas guzzler
you will have to pay the higher
Some incentive should also
be given to diesel vehicles (both
cars and trucks) as their mpg is
a lot better than most gasoline
Last but iot least the age and
condition of the vehicle should
be factored in foi the importa-
tion of motor vehicles because
on older or wrecked vehicles
more part, will possibly be
needed frem "Midnight Auto
May 13, 2008.


Developers Ltd.

Call for more information
between 9:30am to 4:30 pm

1 )


religion must

not hold our

Govt should consider changing the

way duty is assessed on motor vehicles




0 In brief

20 years of
the Royal
Bahamas Police
Cadet Corps
THE Royal Bahamas
Police Cadet Corps is cele-
brating 20 years of existence
with a series of activities.
Monday, September 22 -
Preliminary debate (7pm) at
the Paul Farquharson Con-
ference Centre.
Saturday, September 27,
2008 Fun, Run, Walk 6am
Souse Out (immediately fol-
lowing) tickets $8.
Sunday September 28,
2008 -
Church Service 10am New
Destiny Baptist Church,
Blue Hill Road.
Mond-y September 29,
Opening of exhibition
10am Mall at Marathon.
Wednesday, October 1,
Debate Finale (7 pm) Live
Recording at the Paul Far-
quharson Conference Cen-
Thursday, October 2,
Talk Show (Love 97)
Friday, October 3, 2008 -
At the Paul Farquharson
Conference Centre. Time

Man convicted

of manslaughter
A MAN was convicted of
manslaughter in the
Supreme Court last week.
Ishido Saunders, 24, who
was represented by attorney
Craig Butler, had initially
been charged with murder
in the 2006 stabbing death
of Andrew Farquharson.
On Friday, Saunders was
convicted of manslaughter
by 9-3.
Saunders stood trial
before Supreme Court Jus-
tice Stephen Isaacs.
His sentencing has been
deferred pending a proba-
tion report.
Lorna Longely-Rolle,
Anthony Delaney and Kirk-
land Mackey represented
the prosecution.

Restaurant armed

robbery investigated

Tribune Staff Reporter
POLICE are investigating the
armed robbery of a Chinese
restaurant on East Street South
Police say around 11pm Sat-
urday, an employee of the
restaurant located near Smith's
Motel was accosted by two gun-
men after he left the building.
The gunmen reportedly forced
the employee back inside the
restaurant before robbing the
eatery of an undetermined
amount of cash.
ASP Walter Evans, police
press liaison officer, said: "Just
before llpm (Saturday), at a
Chinese restaurant located in
the area of Smith's Motel on
East Street South, an employee
went outside when he was
accosted by two gunmen. They
forced him on the inside and
robbed the restaurant of a large
sum of cash and fled on foot in
that area."
A manager of the restaurant,
who asked to have his name
withheld, said this was the first
time the eatery was robbed. He
said he had no idea how much
money was stolen but plans to
beef up security measures at
night. Investigations are con-
In other crime news, a spe-
cial operation called "Yellow
Flood" spearheaded by officers
from Grove Street police sta-
tion over the weekend netted
four arrests.
According to ASP Evans, the
officers were assisted by offi-
cers from the Central Detec- t
tive Unit (CDU), Drug
Enforcement Unit (DEU) and
representatives from Internal
Security Division.
The special operation was
executed Friday night between
4 and 11pm.
The contingent surrounded
the area of Amos Ferguson
Street around 8pm when a male
reportedly broke off in a run

upon seeing police, ASP Evans
The male ran into another
group of officers who stopped
and searched him, allegedly
finding a .9 mm handgun
with four live rounds of ammu-
The suspect, a 30-year-old
man from South Beach,
was arrested and remains in
Officers also arrested a 19-
year-old man from Windsor
Place who was allegedly found
with a small quantity of mari-
juana, ASP Evans said.
In this special operation
police picked up two persons
who had outstanding arrest
warrants for not appearing in
court, he added.

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Rosetta St.

F Details of National Art Gallery

Sj improvements are revealed

EXECUTIVE PRODUCER Anthony Smith lining up and giving prospective
models instructions for their interviews.

Fashion extravaganza

finalists to be announced

FINALISTS for a spectacular
fall fashion extravaganza to high-
light the beauty of Bahamian
youth will be announced next
For about three months, young
model hopefuls from islands
throughout the country used the
internet to sign up with Ford Mod-
els and Models242 for a chance to
become the fresh new face of fash-
ion modelling.
And last week, Mystical Fitness
and Health Spa in Palmdale was
overflowing with prospective mod-
els, as a bevy of hopefuls turned
out for one last opportunity to be
chosen as one of the final 12 for
the October fashion event.
"'With this being our inaugural
event, I am more than pleased
with today's turnout," said Antho-
ny Smith, executive producer for
the event.
"From what I am seeing, nar-
rowing down all entrants and
choosing six girls and six guys for
our October grand finale is going
to be hard, and I am just glad that
I'm not the one who is going to
be responsible for making the
"'But, after we consult with
Ford, no matter who they recom-
mend," continues Smith, "the
. quality of the young women who
turned out says that the Bahamas
is going to be well-represented at
its first appearance at the Ford
Supermodel of the World compe-
tition in January, and I am excited
about that."
In addition to Smith and the
local director for the Supermodel
of the Bahamas/Male Face of 242
programme, Mark Humes, on
hand to assist with interviewing
the young hopefuls at the final

casting were Miss Bahamas World
beauties and talent co-ordinators
for the event Anya Watkins (2007-
08) and Deandra Conliff (2006-
07), runway coach Delano Sweet-
ing, and technical director Kent
"This is a very exciting time for
everyone involved," said Humes.
"When I began this process in
June of this year, I did not realise
what a daunting task it would be.
And despite the challenges
encountered getting to this point,
seeing the number of young peo-
ple who turned out for this chance
to live a dream, I am glad that I
didn't entertain the idea of giving
Added Smith: "Now the public
will have to keep an eye out next
Monday to find out who the lucky
12 will be," said Smith.
"We wish all finalists luck, and
we look forward to the public
turning out in numbers to show
their support, in every sense, for
these young men and women."
Tickets go on sale Monday, Sep-
tember 15, and will be available
at Diamonds International, Car-
los Valentino on Bay and Victoria,
Flaunt It on Rosetta Street, Urban
Nation in the Mall at Marathon,
and Coco-Nuts Bahama Grill,
West Bay Street.
A portion of next Tuesday's
Women's section will have an in-
depth feature on the 12 finalists
and next Wednesday's Arts and
Entertainment section will outline.
details of who and what the pub-
lic can expect to see at the grand
finale of the Ford Models' Super-
model of the Bahamas and the
Models242 Male Face of 242 in

THE steward of our national art treasures,
Curator Erica James, has revealed details of
the National Art Gallery of The Bahamas'
(NAGB) expansions and improvements,
which are divided into three major works
projects and will be conducted over the next
six to 12 months.
Ongoing at present is the painting and
.repair of Villa Doyle's exterior, including
slate retiling on the lower verandahs and
Commented Ms James: "In effect, the main
gallery is undergoing a mini-facelift. It really
is a living building with regular maintenance
being part and parcel of taking proper care of
an historical building."
Not only does it house some of the finest
artwork in the land but it also plays host to
highly professional and artistically represen-
tative seminars and events. The main gallery's
appearance must naturally reflect the role
for which it was .designated back in October,
1995, she said.
With the importance of this unique role
in mind, Ms James has elected to deal with
what has been by far the most pressing infra-
structural issue over the course of the NAG-
B.'s history and that is the air conditioning
The second phase, slated to begin within
the next few weeks, will encompass a full
redesign and reinstallation of the system. Ms
James explained: "The alleviation of these
problems are the result of a concerted effort
on the part of the Gallery to get things 'just
right' whereby optimising conditions for the
work on display and for our visitors, improv-
ing air quality and the ability to control and
adjust temperature and humidity levels,
resulting in a decrease in energy consump-
The third phase and the piece de resis-
tance is the much anticipated renovation and
expansion of the South Annex building.
An impressive and comprehensive archi-
tectural plan by Anthony Jervis Architect
Limited shows a graceful staircase with glass
windows which would allow for the natural
light so necessary for the relaxed ambience of
a co-operative workplace.
A basement beneath the middle section
as well as a second level will convert this one-
storey building into a three-level, multi-func-
tional space so necessary for the NAGB's
Ms James added: "We have been assured
by specialists, those who know how to work
with limestone, that as we are 72 feet above
sea level there is no problem with going down
a level."
With offices, a staff room, a catering
kitchen,'storage space and lecture rooms in
the Annex, more space will be freed up in the
Gallery for exhibits as well as allowing for the
expansion of the mixed media store and the

~/- ./





S... _. ... .-

THE NATIONAL Art Gallery of The Bahamas' (NAGB) main building, Villa Doyle, where two of the
NAGB's current works projects are taking place. Commented Curator Erica James: "In effect, the
main gallery is undergoing a mini-facelift. It really is a living building with regular maintenance
being part and parcel of taking proper care of an historical building."

addition of a caf6, a much requested resource
by visitors.
Enthused Ms James: "With no coffee house
nearby, the caf6 will become a much-utilised
space, we are sure, and will encourage the
lingering of visitors as well as engendering
the kinds of impromptu discussions and
responses to our exhibits which a community'
,space like ours is all about."
Having submitted the architectural plan
to the Ministry of Youth, Sports and Cul-
ture, the ministry to which the NAGB is now
answerable, Ms James hopes to gain Cabinet

approval for the exciting third phase in the,
very near future.
Speaking to the ongoing maintenance of
the NAGB's Villa Doyle, Ms James said:,
"Our last major project occurred after Hur-,
ricanes Frances and Jeanne when extensive'
repairs had to be made to the roof.
"I am really looking forward to the next'
year as these improvements not only consists
of regular repairs but also extending the range
of the Gallery's activities and more prdo-
foundly deepening its community roots which'
really is the mandate of this institution."

RBC Royal Bank of Canada's Main Branch was built in 1917

This year-in November- RBC Royal
Bank of Canada will celebrate 100 years
of operation in The Bahamas. Our
longevity and success would not have
been possible without the-loyal support
of our customers.

We want to honour some of our "oldest"
friends. So we are offering special gifts
for the earliest Royal Bank photos,
stories, anecdotes and records-an old
passbook, correspondence, statement,
a cancelled cheque, old photos, etc.

If you're a veteran Royal Bank client,
or if any of your family members were,
we'd love to hear from you. And we'd
especially like to see your old Royal
Bank records.

As we observe our 100th year as the
premier financial institution in The
Bahamas, we want to express our
appreciation to all our customers.
Without you we could not have come
this far.

Thank you.

If you think you qualify,
please mail a copy of your record to Jan Knowles at
R 0. Box N-7549, East Hill Street, Nassau, Bahamas
by September.30.

Please include your name, telephone number
and email address with all submissions.

on the passing of the Bachelor of Law LLB

with Honors from the University of London.

From: Her husband, O'Neil; children,

Taneil, Taneika; parents, Russell & Anna

Strachan, in laws, Thomas and Maybel

3ibson and the rest of the family.

Especially, uncle

Anthony Thompson (Attorney).

We Love You!

I ) -I

We7re looking for

son-ic "old" fricnds



IVIU U/'Al, t.-r I tlVIBtt' 0i, LUUO, rAt.l /


Immediate name

change for the

Sheraton hotel
and Resorts Worldwide
has changed the name of
the Sheraton Cable Beach
Resort to Sheraton Nassau
Beach Resort. The new
name is effective immedi-
The resort's name
change was made in
response to Nassau's
increasing recognition as a
leading destination in the
region among travellers
and visitors to the island..
"Nassau has become
one of the most popular
destination spots in The
Bahamas and is very famil-
iar to those travelling to
the islands," said Tim Rec-
tor, vice-president of sales
and marketing for Star-
wood's Caribbean region.
"It was only natural that
we change the hotel's
name to Sheraton Nassau
Beach Resort to capitalise
on Nassau's growing
appeal, while also preserv-
ing our unrivalled beach
The 694-room Sheraton
Nassau Beach Resort
offers accommodation fea-
turing a large private bal-
cony or patio. Rooms are
equipped with high-speed
Internet access, LCD flat-
screen televisions and the
signature Sheraton Sweet
SleeperTM Bed a multi-
layered creation adorned
with voluptuous down pil-
lows, sensuous cotton
sheets and a signature
blanket and duvet.
Bahamians can enjoy a
vacation at home at the
Sheraton taking advantage
of the resident rate of $99
plus taxes and fees for the
months of September
through November.

Canada's prime

minister calls

early election
CANADA'S prime minis-
ter on Sunday triggered an
early election, dissolving Par-
liament in a bid to bolster his,
party's grip on power in a
vote next month that will be
the country's third national
ballot in four years, accord-
ing to Associated Press.
Prime Minister Stephen
Harper says he expects the
Oct. 14 vote to produce
another minority govern-
ment but recent polls show
the Conservatives could win
the majority they need to
rule without help from oppo-
sition parties.
Analysts said Harper's
party has a better shot of
winning now than if they had
waited until being forced
into a vote later when the
Canadian economy might be
worse off or after Canadians
could be influenced by the
U.S. presidential election
The Conservatives unseat-
ed the Liberal Party in 2006
after nearly 13 years in pow-
er but as a minority govern-
ment have been forced to
rely on opposition lawmak-
ers to pass legislation and
adopt budgets.
Electoral legislation that
Harper helped enact after he
came to power in 2006 fixed
the date for the next election
in October 2009.
But a loophole allows the
prime minister to ask the
governor general to dissolve
Parliament, which Harper
did Sunday after signaling in
recent weeks that he was
leaning toward an early elec-
Harper said he is running
on economic issues and has
stressed his opposition to an
energy tax proposed by the
"Between now and Oct.
14, Canadians will choose a
government to look out for
their interests at a time of

global economic trouble,"
Harper said on Sunday.
"They will choose between
direction or uncertainty;
between common sense or
risky experiments; between
steadiness or recklessness."
Liberal leader Stephane
Dion acknowledged his party
faced an uphill battle in the
election campaign.



Storm causes GB power

Tribune Freeport Reporter
Bahama Power Company reported
that power outages occurred in sev-
eral areas throughout the island as
a result of Tropical Storm Hanna.
Work crews were busy on Friday
working to restore power to some
200 isolated incidents reported at
individual homes.
The company's teams began
their assessments at 7am. However,
due to strong winds in excess of

30mph, linesmen could not be dis-
patched until around 9am when
wind gusts had dropped to allow
safe working conditions.
"The system suffered minimal
mechanical damage and we have
confirmed reports of only two
downed poles during the storm.
We have received fewer than 200
isolated problems and we are cur-
rently working on restoring power
to these individual homes," said
According to the company, their
system began experiencing isolated
problems at 9pm Thursday, with

the majority of outages beginning
at 4am on Friday.
Some of the areas affected
included the Harbour area, West
End and Eight Mile Rock, Town
Centre, Bahamia North and South,
parts of Lucaya and Jolly Rodger,
and Sweeting's Cay in the East.
Power was restored at West End
and Town Centre by 10.30am, and
remaining areas by Friday after-
By the afternoon, 81 of the 200
isolated problems remained unre-
Inclement weather prevented

crews from travelling to Sw
Cay on Friday.
A crew is expected travel
Cay by tomorrow morn
address power issues on tha
The power company adv
public to stay away fr
downed power lines. Th
urged residents not to inst
erators into their home's
system without profession
tance, and to contact the 2
Call Centre should they exp
any power difficulties.
The company remain
Grand Bahama public to

Sister Sister Breast Cancer Support Group prayer breakfast


MEMBERS of the Sister Sister Breast Cancer
Support Group held a special prayer breakfast on
Saturday at the Wyndham Nassau Resort on Cable
Secretary of the group, Helen Rolle, a survivor of
breast cancer for the past three and a half years,
said: "September is the anniversary of the Sister
Sister Breast Cancer Support Group and for the
past three years we have held a special prayer break-
"We feel that this is significant considering that we
are all survivors of breast cancer, and therefore it is
imperative that we always give thanks to God for
sparing our lives.

"This event is most significant for us and we hope
that it will also serve as an encouragement for oth-
er women.
"Funds derived from the prayer breakfast will be
used specifically to assist women who for a number
of reasons cannot afford to pay for their podicat, the
instrument implanted under the skin which allows
them to have their chemotherapy treatment," said
The Sister Sister Breast Cancer Support group
was born out of the Surgical Suite, headed by Doc-
tors Charles Diggiss and Lockley Munroe. The
group's president is Andrea Sweeting.


SECRETARY OF the Sister Sister Breast Cancer Support Group,
Helen Rolle, a survivor of breast cancer, speaks about the group's
prayer breakfast, held over the weekend.

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'Available to all well qualified government and public service
employees. Call for details.

meeting's vigilant and secure their homes for
further weather problems.
el to the Officials said regular updates on
ning to the status of restoration will con-
at island. tinue to be given through the local
vised the media.
om all The Grand Bahama Power
ey also Company has a list of hurricane
tall gen- safety tips on its hurricane infor-
power mation page on their website at
al assis- www.gb-power.com.
24-Hour Grand Bahama Power Company
perience Ltd. is a totally integrated utility
company serving the island's 50,000
ids the residents and commercial estab-
remain lishments from east to west.


Nassau Airport
Development Company

LPIA EXPANSION PROJECT: Nassau Airport Development Company (NAD) is responsible for
the development, operation, management and maintenance of the Lynden Pindling International
Airport. the fourth busiest airport in the Caribbean, serving over 3 million passengers each year.
With Phase II airport expansion planned to commence in January 2009, NAD is seeking
experienced construction management personnel:


* Review design drawings and technical
specifications as they are developed and
provide feedback to the design team as it
relates to scope, schedule, constructability,
phasing and budget;
* Assist the Construction Manager with
various tasks related to tendering,
procurement and evaluation of contractors
and vendors;
* Coordination of quality assurance and
quality control testing and Ministry of
Works inspections throughout the various
stages of construction;
* Coordinate tenant fit-out of retail, office
* and concession space in accordance with
the Tenant Design Manual developed for
the LPIA Expansion Project;
* Liaise with local utility companies and
tenants to facilitate the sequencing and
phasing of the project and to maintain the
* .omiiuriu icae ,..learly and interface
,.ilh a mulhi-disriplined desiqri 3nd
':onrisru,:iion tea3m including a,:rhitectural.
.iru,:l.ir3 i mecrianical electrical civil and
e-nr.ir'rin'menial profesi-ion.al and
* A i: i ll ,ih contrrci admrrinistralion
rep irir siil- ir.,n peciionr and
coi:irriirssi-riinq 1 Ihe v.'irious prOlect

* 5 to 10 years of construction related
experience on one or more large scale
* Engineering Degree, EIT, or other
Technical Qualifications;
* Excellent analytical and problem solving
* Excellent oral and written communications
skills are a must;
* Superior interpersonal and organizational
skills are a must;
* Ability to work effectively with all
organizational levels;
* Ability to read and interpret construction
drawings is a must;
* Excellent computer skills including:
MS Office, Cad, scheduling software, or
other related software are beneficial

If you are qualified and interested please
send your resume and cover letter by
September 17,2008 to.
Construction Manager
Lynden Pindling International Airport
Expansion Project
P.O. Box AP 59229,
Nassau, The Bahamas

Only those applicants short listed
will be contacted.


Grand Bahama escapes major

damage J
Tribune Freeport Reporter
FREEPORT Despite some
minor flooding in some areas,
Tropical Storm Hanna did not
cause any major damage as it
passed just east of Grand Bahama
early Friday morning.
Weather officials reported that
the highest measured wind gusts
reached 42 knots and rainfall of
2.30 inches was recorded at Grand
Bahama International Airport.
Island administrator Alexan-
der Williams said no major dam-
age was reported. However, there
was localised flooding in some
In Freeport,'wind brought
down a few tree branches and rain
water caused minor flooding in
some streets. Some flooding was
also reported in East and West
Grand Bahama.
At noon on Friday, Grand
Bahama was still under tropical
storm warning as strong winds
were experienced throughout the

from tropical storm
morning hours as the storm Queen's Cove residents repc
moved further north out of the ed no major flooding in that ar
area. which is prone to severe floodi
At 11am, the centre of Hanna from the north shore during h
was nearly 165 miles to NNW of ricanes.
Freeport with increased forward East End residents experience
speed near 20 mph. more intense conditions as Har
Although government offices passed east of the island arou
were open for normal business, 2am on Friday.
government and private schools, Minister of Housing Kenni
and the airport, remained closed Russell, MP for High Rock,.-s
on Friday. powerlines were down near I

Administrator Williams said 17
persons sought shelter at the Eight
Mile Rock High School gymna-
sium,' and seven turned up the
Special Needs shelter at the
Christ the King Church Hall in
"I am pleased to report that
there was nothing out of the ordi-
nary, only some localised flooding
in areas but nothing to displace
anyone, and from all indications
the roads are still passable," he


graveyard in East End, as well as
on Sweeting's Cay.
He noted that, despite minor
flooding of the road between Pel-
ican Point and McLean' s Town,
everything was fine.
Mr Williams said residents
should continue to pay close
attention to weather reports on
Hurricane Ike.
"We are now going to have to
gear up and brace ourselves for
that system," he said.
The Disaster Preparedness
Consultative Committee held an
official update at 2pm on Friday at
the Administrator's Office in

Amndments to pps Act discussed

Amendments to Sports Act discussed

MINISTER of Youth, Sports, and Culture Desmond
Bannister (far right) met with the Anti-Doping Com-
mittee to discuss amendments to the Sports Act to
comply with international regulations supervised by
the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The reg-
ulations would hold athletes criminally responsible
for abusing substances and would disqualify them
from participating in international competitions and
maintaining international titles and medals.

The committee plans to employ a resident doctor
to monitor the drug interaction habits of athletes
and to advise athletes of endangering circumstances
that can compromise the integrity of their sports
Also pictured from left: Basil Christie, president of
the Special Olympic Committee and Archie Nairn,
permanent secretary in the Ministry of Youth, Sports
and Culture.



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PICTURED from left following presentation are Frederick DeCosta, Sr (parent), Latoya Ferguson (student), Lakenderia Rolle (student),
Decker Munnings (Assistant Labour Officer), Deandra McKinney (student), Tajah Laing (student), Barbara McCartney (Senior Labour Offi-
cer, Brenetta Rolle (Ministry of Labour), Floretta Laing (Department of Labour) Deborah Bethel (Department of Labour).

Georgian president vows

to reclaim two provinces

* TBILISI, Georgia
ON THE eve of a European
Union shuttle mission to convince
Russia to pull its troops back to
prewar positions, Georgia's presi-
dept vowed Sunday to regain con-
trol of two breakaway provinces
with the help of "the rest of the
world", according to Associated
A month after the Aug. 7 out-
break of war in the region and
weeks after a cease-fire was
approved, Russian troops remain
entrenched deep inside Georgian
French President Nicolas
Sarkozy is due in Moscow on Mon-
day at the head of an EU delega-
tion charged with reducing tensions
and ensuring Russian compliance
with the cease-fire terms, which
include withdrawing its troops to
positions held before the fighting
broke out. Russia says those troops

are peacekeepers and that they are
allowed under the accord.
Despite the presence of Russian
troops on Georgian soil, President
Mikhail Saakashvili said the West
would help his country regain con-
trol of South Ossetia and Abkhazia,
the separatist regions of Georgia
recognized as independent nations
by Moscow last month.
"Our territorial integrity will be
restored, I am more'convinced of
this than ever," Saakashvili said in
a televised appearance. "This will
not be an easy process, but now
this is a process between an irate
Russia and the rest of the world."
"Our goal is the return of our
territory and the peaceful unifica-
tion of Georgia," he said.
In Moscow, Prime Minister
Vladimir Putin, who often taunts
the West, insisted in an interview
broadcast late Saturday that Russia
was justified in its intervention in
South Ossetia.



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When itN oe oqaiy eDntCmae

Grants of up to $1,000

for students after

internship programme

TEN students were awarded
school grants of up to $1,000 after
completing an eight-week sum-
mer internship programme.
The programme was a part-
nership between the Department
of Labor, the Department of
Immigration, and Management
Research Inc, into its fifth
It gave students an opportuni-
ty during the summer months to
research subject matters that
could assist them in broadening
their knowledge and securing
gainful employment, according to
MRI's Jim Cone.
Topics included researching
local businesses and interviewing
senior executives; international
investing and investment analy-
sis; and analysing the challenges
facing Bahamians ages 16 through
25 in Obtaining higher education
and job opportunities.
Deborah Bethel, Labour Offi-
cer at the Department of Labour,
said the programme empowered

students by selecting research
projects that engaged them in
hands on experience.
Concepts included developing
a positive attitude while accepting
personal responsibility; time man-
agement including the importance
of punctuality; working individ-
ually and as a team; perseverance;
and, the importance of being
The programme is available to
young Bahamians who are seek-
ing employment through the
Department of Labour and-desire
to attend college to pursue their
Upon completion students are
issued grants of $500 to $1,000
reflecting the final completed pro-

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,FROM page one

ingl from the National Emer-
,'ncv Management Agency
N MI\A) \cstcridax shutters
.Irc blown (off Inagua police
,,Iation and residences causing
waterr reach and flooding."
Ike's intense power also
i'\. shutters ofT the hurri-
can' helte'r at St Philip's
' ;o)inmunilt Centre where
SpoplL sought shelter -
,ausine ,1 water breach.

Great Inagua devastated

by ferocious Hurricane Ike

NEMA said.
The roof of the Sunday
school section of Zion Bap-
tist Church, which housed 51
persons, was also struck by
Ike causing a water breach.

Ii m m r

i A-'" "/1 N <-'A 11 CA *


SEPTEMBER 9th to SEPTEMBER 11th 2008



Tuesday Sept. 9th
"... As Agents of Change"
Missioner: Fr. Sebastian Carnpbell

Wednesday Sept. 10'h
.As Agents of Hope"
Missioner: Canon Basil Tynes

Thursday Sept. 11 th
".. .As Agents of Peace"
: \Mis.sioner: Fr. Bernard Been


S_ nployent Opportunity
Personal Banking Officei; Mortgage Branch

Commonwealth Bank is the premier Bahamian Bank with
blanches located in New Providence, Abaco and Grand Bahama.
We are committed to delivering superior quality service, to
training and developing our employees, to creating value for our
shareholders and to promoting economic growth and stability in
the community.

Interviewing mortgage and other credit applicants in a
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the necessary financial and supporting information is on
hand for efficient loan processing.
Adding value to your customers' portfolio of financial services
by actively promoting, marketing, building and cross selling all
deposit investment and consumer credit business. Consistently
provide highly courteous customer service in an informed and
thorough manner. Assist the manager in attaining the targets
incorporated in the Branch's financial plan.
Maintaining and overseeing a portfolio of High Value or
Premier customers and assisting the Manager in oversight of
* the branch's commercial portfolio

t-ive years commercial banking experience with at least two years
experience in Lending
0 Strong leadership skills
\ Ability to deal tactfully with customers.
Stiong communication skills both written and oral
S('oinmitment to Customer Service Excellence
Sti olng sales abilities
Excellent PC skills (MS Word, MS Excel)
Some Accounting knowledge is helpful but not essential
". ,.,A, rON PACKAGE:
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exciting work environment with the opportunity for growth
and development. We also offer a competitive compensation
package, reflecting the successful applicant's experience and
qualifications, including a performance based incentive plan,
health, vision, dental and hlife insurances and a pension plan.
Interested persons who meet the minimum requirements
should submit their requests in WRITING by E-MAIL or FAX
hb September 12, 2008, to:

TELEFAX 393-8073
E-Mail address: HR@ combankltd.com
9' RE: Personal Banking Officer

Comrnonw health Bank sincerely thanks all applicants for
their interest in becoming a part of our Bank, however,
only those under consideration will be contacted."

Persons seeking refuge at the
shelter moved into the main
section of the church,
NEMA said.
NEMA also reported that
the roof of the BTC office in
Mathew Town was "severely
damaged" when a communi-
cations satellite dish fell
through it.
Island administrator Pre-
ston Cunningham told ZNS
news via a telephone inter-
view yesterday morning that
his "biggest concern" was the
possible storm surge of 13 to
18 feet. He said residents of
Inagua took Ike's threat seri-
ously and those living on
coastal areas evacuated their
homes. About 135 people
fled to shelters.
"Inagua is getting heavy
downpour of rain, winds hav-
ing increased tremendously,
we're having gusts in excess
of 70 plus (mph) and it's
going downhill rapidly at this
time. "You can see the
countenance of persons show

signs...of being a little fright-
ened. They haven't been
through this kind of thing in
many, many years some
have never seen a storm of
this magnitude and so they
are a little worried (but) they
will sit tight and hope for the
best," said Mr Cunningham,
adding that the island
was well-stocked in food sup-
Corporal Donovan Smith
of Inagua police said strong
winds were blowing shingles
off roofs and bringing down
trees as Ike blasted the
"We are in the midst of the
storm right now," he told
The Tribune, "We can see
shingles flying off. However,
we've had no reports of
injuries so far. Police and
Defence Force personnel
have been posted in all the
communities ready to help."
He said Ike "looks like a
bad one" compared with oth-
er hurricanes, dumping
heavy rain on Inag.ua and its
neighboring island,
Resident Ms Shanie Roker
of Mathew Town said:
"There is a lot of wind and
rain and Ike is quite severe

compared with other recent
Land lines in Inagua,
Mayaguana, Acklins are out
due to power outage since
Saturday night.
According to a timeline
prepared by meteorologists
Arnold King and Trevor
Basden at the Department
of Meteorology, Ike's hurri-
cane conditions were expect-
ed in Inagua until 4pm yes-
As Ike moved towards
Cuba, Inagua was expected
to feel tropical force winds
up to 73 miles per hour with
higher gusts from 4pm Sun-
day until late Monday
At 5pm yesterday, Ike's
centre was about 90 miles
west of Great Inagua and 75
miles north-northeast of
Guantanamo, Cuba. The
hurricane was moving
toward the west near 14 mph
with a west to north-west
motion expected last night
and today.
Ike was expected to move
away from the south-eastern
Bahamas and head toward
eastern Cuba last night or
today as a category three

'. .'7 w :. "' .. i . ... *. I *. '*. '
.. .
S. . .. ,.' -. . 1 .. : .... ..; . I- A,, , ..

-Sanp in Moto
.. ..Used
0. F

.. . +- r
P3rd Pi
ncl'd, TI

jA L~


~n~- ~1I ~I.


of dollars of

damage' to

Morton Salt

FROM page one

blown down. Roofs, build-
ings, Batelco has lost its tow-
er, and at Morton Salt we lost
the western half of our roof
on our building. We also lost
two walkways on our dock -
they just fell into the water -
and that's major, major dam-
age, in the millions and mil-
lions of dollars," he said.
In terms of damage to
the roof of Morton Salt,
Mr Bannister said these
Figures could well be into
the hundreds of thousands
of dollars.
"But to do repairs to the
dock will take millions,"
he said.
Luckily, he said, Ike did
not bring as much torren-
tial rain as expected, and
Morton Salt was expected
to lose only about two to
three per cent of its salt
Despite the financial
losses to Morton Salt, Mr
Bannister said that Inagua
had been "lucky" in that
*there had been no report
of any loss of life or seri-
ous injury at this time.
"But there is major,
major damage to our
buildings, and to our hous-
es and to the electrical sys-
tem and also to the Mor-
ton Salt plant here at
Inagua," he said.
Riding out the storm
with eight or nine persons
in the Morton Salt guest-
house, Mr Bannister said
that electricity had to be
disconnected from 5am
yesterday, as wires were
beginning to touch and
burn out.
"Right now we are hop-
ing and praying that this
thing passes quickly,
because nobody has ever
seen anything like this
before. This is a very, very,
very powerful and danger-
ous hurricane, and when
you see things shaking,
and roofs shaking and
blowing off it is a very
humbling experience," he
Ironically, Mr Bannister
had recently quipped dur-
ing a ZNS broadcast that
Inagua had been fortunate
in that it had never experi-
enced a full onslaught
from any major hurricane
for as long as he tould
"But, boy we got hit, and
we got hit hard. This is
going to be devastating for
the island," he said.

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FROM page one
"Obviously full assessments have not yet been
able to be done and as the storm turns and dis-
appears and they can go through the communities.
so that tomorrow we ought to be in a position to
have NEMA give you a fuller report than what
has been given this afternoon," he said.
As of press time last night, the centre of Hur-
ricane Ike was located at latitude 21.1 degrees
north, and longitude 74.6 degrees west, or 70
miles west of Great Inagua. Ike is moving to the
west at nearly 14 mph. and a west to north-west
motion is expected today. ,
On this track, the category three hurricane is
expected to continue to threaten the south-east-
ern Bahamas as it moves over the north-eastern
coast of Cuba.
A tropical storm warning remains in effect for
South Andros as winds of between 39 and 73
mph can be expected for the remainder of today.
In Inagua, the airport remains open, despite
some damage to the terminal building.
In terms of school openings, however, Mr

FROM page one
the bullet that hit me ruptured
my large and small intestine and
my stomach. So the doctors had
to take a significant portion of
my large intestine out. They took
a small portion of my small intes-
tine out, and they also took out a
portion of my stomach.
"The bullet is still lodged near
my spine. They are too scared
to take it out," he said.
As initial reports confirmed,
Mr Archer was standing on a
street in Nassau Village when a
green Nissan Maxima, licence
plate 73451, pulled up and shots
were fired.
As Mr Archer recalled, he was
hit in the stomach by one of the
shots, then began a desperate
struggle for his life. The gunman
exited his car and approached
Mr Archer, who lay clutching
his stomach.
Taking aim for Mr Archer's
head, the gunman opened fire
again but luckily Mr Archer

Bahamas 'spared major disaster'
Ingraham said that assessments must be made
to determine whether they open today in
Mayaguana, Acklins, Crooked Island, Long Cay,
Exuma, Long Island and South Andros.
But in terms of the other major islands, school
will reopen today as usual.
Prime Minister Ingraham also promised that
assistance will be offered to nearby countries
such as Haiti and the Turks and Caicos Islands,
which were similarly damaged by Hurricane Ike.
"We will certainly provide any assistance that
Turks and Caicos requires, including assistance
with respect to persons who are in hospital now in
Grand Turk who need to be flown to our hospital
in the Bahamas.
"Any assistance they need in terms of leasing or
any environmental service, that is standard
between ourselves and Turks and Caicos.
"In relation to Haiti, they will need some assis-
tance of a financial nature as opposed to Turks
and Caidos, which is financially in a strong posi-
tion," he said.

was able to dodge the shot.
Approaching even closer, the
assailant, opened fired a second
time at Mr Archer's head, and
incredibly Mr Archer had the
composure to dodge the bullet a
second time,
"The ****hole came out and
tried to shoot me in my head
while I was on the ground. I
moved my head. once and he
fired this way (pointing), I
moved my head the second time
and the next shot fired this way
(pointing) and then he was out
of bullets. Then he got in his car
and left."
A 15-year-old boy who was
nearby helped Mr Archer into
his car, then though, he had
never driven a vehicle before in
his life rushed Mr Archer to
"We got here at Accident and
Emergency, and he jumped out
of the car and said we have a
serious gunshot wound to the
abdomen here, and you know
what the individuals out there

said to me? 'We don't see no
blood, so make him get out and
"So they made me get out the
car and walk from the parking
lot into A/E and I was taken into
the trauma section. And thank
God for Dr Wells and Dr Far-
quharson, they saved my life,
because within 15 minutes I was
in the theatre from 10pm until
3am. They performed the emer-
gency -procedure on me," he
As Mr Archer has identified
the gunman, police have sta-
tioned security outside his room
in the event that a second
attempt is made on his life.
Last night The Tribune was
told that a man in his mid-thir-
ties was being held for question-
Mr Archer is a former
Bahamas Democratic Move-
ment parliamentary candidate
who switched to the PLP and
ran for the party chairmanship
earlier this year.

Man shot dead outside

restaurant in Grand Bahama

FROM page one

shots to the head and back.
The victim's identity is being withheld,
pending notification of next of kin.
According to preliminary investigations,
the victim was among a number of persons at
Pepperpot early Saturday morning waiting
for take-outs when he became embroiled in a
heated argument with three young men.
The argument escalated into an altercation
and one of the -young men pulled out a hand-
gun and fired multiple times, shooting the


victim in the head and back.
After being shot, the victim reportedly ran
towards the car wash at the north-western
section of the parking lot, where he collapsed
to the ground and died.
Mr Rahming said when police arrived at
the scene, the body of a dark male, clad in
camouflage trousers, white T-shirt and a pair
of black shoes, was discovered lying face
down on the ground, with multiple gunshot
wounds to the head and back.
Police processed the scene and the body
was taken to the morgue at Rand Memorial



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Island! We have excellent ground floor opportunities available for the following:

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Previous student services experience
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EU and Caribbean:


in Guyana on
5th to which I was invited to
participate as a panellist with
representatives of the Euro-
pean Union (EU) and the
Caribbean Regional Negoti-
ating Machinery called on
Caribbean leaders not to sign
a controversial Economic
Partnership Agreement
(EPA) with the European
The consultation, attend-
ed by all political parties, the
trade union movement and

Throughout the Caribbean
now, political parties, religious
groups, trade unions and oth-
ers are saying that not enough
is known and understood
about this EPA, and there
should be more time to learn
its details and their implica-
tions, and to continue to nego-
tiate in a spirit of cooperation
those aspects of it that cause
us worry.
If there were similar unease
in the EU amongst its lead-
ers, the EPA would never
have seen the light of day, and
European leaders would not
have proceeded to sign the
Why then should the
Caribbean not pause to reflect

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the private sector requested
that Caribbean leaders use the
opportunity of a Summit
meeting of African,
Caribbean and Pacific states
on October 2 and 3, to discuss
the EPA issues before making
any decision on signing it or
Below is an abridged yer-
sion of my presentation to the
Guyana consultation.




Nln-r. a poMo.Fi sm6m



tDee 4A-- aT


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more deeply on an agreement
that will bind the people of
the region for generations to
The answer is that our
leaders have been placed in
the invidious position by the
EU whose negotiators have
said that if Caribbean gov-
ernments don't sign, their
important exports will be
placed under GSP terms
which means that they will
become uncompetitive in the
EU market.
At the expiry of the Coto-
nou Agreement, all that the
World Trade Organisation
required of the EU and ACP
countries was arrangements
for trade in goods that were
compatible with WTO rules.
But, the EU added to these
negotiations, issues that have
not been settled in the WTO
and are not part of the
requirements for WTO com-
Those issues are: invest-
ment, competition policy, and
government procurement.
They all fall under the gener-
al term "Singapore issues".
It is the private sector of
the Caribbean that should be
keen to understand precisely
what their governments are
being asked to concede on
these issues.
The range of services that
will be opened up under the
EPA is very wide from
accounting through financial
services, medical services to
There will be no restriction
on EU companies entering
Caribbean territories to set
up businesses in competition
with local businesses, and if
they have deeper pockets and
can put the local companies
out of business, then so be it.
Governments will not be
able to regulate effectively the
sectors in which these com-
panies are involved since the
EPA requires government
regulations to be "not more
burdensome than necessary."
The EU argues that the

FAMILIAR with the law of
supply and demand? In real
estate when there is a shortage
of buyers then prices come
down and vice versa. But what
could' really be in shortage may
be serious, legitimate sellers.
A committed seller is willing
and able to accept the best offer'
in the current market, and be
motivated to do so. Receiving
fair offer is inextricably con-
nected to pricing your home
The best way to arrive at an
attractive price is to aggressive-
ly challenge the competition.
Using past prices, your invest-
ment in the home, or even
appraisals may not produce the
ideal value factor for ,our
If you're serious about sell-

EPA is reciprocal, and that
Caribbean companies can
enter the EU market to com-
pete with EU companies.
Since the Caribbean has no
more than a handful of firms
with the resources to estab-
lish pan-Caribbean compa-
nies, the likelihood of the
region developing companies
with the capacity to establish
and compete in Europe seems
somewhat remote.
And, as for the export of
services, the EPA priorities
accounting, architecture, engi-
neering and tourism for mutu-
al recognition agreements.
So the question is: how many
professionals in these areas
does each Caribbean country
have who are qualified to sell
their services in Europe in
competition with well-estab-
lished European firms?

And, assuming that these
exist in large numbers, are the
professional associations suf-
ficiently well developed to
negotiate with European Pro-
fessional Associations? What
is a realistic assessment of the
probable number of benefit-
ting professionals, and what
is the probable value of their
exported goods? By the same
token, EU professionals can
and will come to the
Caribbean to sell their ser-
vices. They do so now with-
out an EPA.
No country in the
Caribbean requires ,an EPA
to get investment from the
The incentives and conces-
sions that Caribbean govern-
ments give to foreign
investors are already over
But, at least, because of
contractual arrangements and
local legislation, governments
are able to restrict sectors of
the local economy for local
investment only, and they are
able to regulate foreign com-
panies, especially in the areas

ing, let a BREA agent describe
to you how an appropriately
priced and aggressively mar-
keted home will always gener-
ate interest and offers, and will
ultimately sell for exactly what
it's worth in the current mar-

of public utilities to ensure
that they meet service
requirements. To be EPA
compliant will not be cheap
for any Caribbean country.
The EU negotiatorspoint
to funds that will be available
from the European Develop-
ment Fund and the "Aid for
Trade" arrangements.
But, if we are to believe the
European Parliament, these
funds are more illusory than
real. Its Working Document
dated July 1st, 2008, says:
"ACP countries insisted
that firm legal guarantees for
development resources addi-
tional to the EDF would be
part of the EPAs.
"Commission and Member
States refused to negotiate
development resources as part
of the EPAs.
"Finally, development
chapters or annexes were inte-
grated in the agreements
which do not provide for the
possibility of a kind of EPA
funds, but accompanied only
by vague pledges to increase
development resources spent
on trade related services."
The document goes on to
state that the EU decided that
needs arising from the EPA
would be dealt with in the
context of an EU Aid for
Trade Strategy established in
2007 in which the EU made a
commitment to provide three
to four hundred million Euros
for trade related assistance to
the ACP group. ,
But, it specifically states
that the three to four hundred
million Euros will not be
"fresh money", and, even if it
were, "it would not be suffi-
cient to offset the loss in cus-
toms duties before even start-
ing any additional support for
adjusting to the duty free
import of EU godss"
Every Caribbean country
wants an EPA with the EU,
but in the interest of an
enduring and sustainable
agreement that commands the
support of the widest cross-
section of the Caribbean peo-

All other [actors bein_ equal,
a home that languishes on the
market is simple ocrpriced,
and a seller hlling to10 aii for
more than fair price would be
better served by waiting until
the market catches up before
entering the fray.
Remember this Golden Rule:
There is a buyer for everything.
Any home can be sold in any
market when proper pricing is
combined with effective mar-
keting. #

pie, more time is needed to
discuss and negotiate a ser-
vices agreement even if a
"goods-only" agreement can
be initially signed to comply
with WTO rules.
Caribbean countries should
give serious consideration to
that course of action.
Responses to: ronald-
(The writer is a business
consultant and former
Caribbean diplomat)



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"Throughout the Caribbean
now, political parties, religious
groups, trade unions and
others are saying that not
enough is known and
understood about this EPA,
and there should be more time
to learn its details and their
implications, and to continue
to negotiate in a spirit of
cooperation those aspects of it
that cause us worry."



PAGE 14,


7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30

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\ !6.


_~1_1 I_





Hundreds of Haitians flee Gonaives


AP PHOTOS: Ariana Cubiflos

Hundreds of people fled this
waterlogged city Saturday for
higher ground as powerful Hur-
ricane Ike threatened to unleash
heavy rain and compound a dis-
aster caused by a previous storm. FLOOD VICTIMS leave the area in the back of a truck through flooded streets after Tropical Storm Hanna hit the
Food was distributed to famished area in Gonaives, Saturday, Sept. 6, 2008. Hanna has killed 166 people in Haiti.
residents, including to emaciated
inmates at the local jail.
With a tropical stormwarning
issued Saturday for Gonaives and
other parts of Haiti, some resi-
dents climbed on top of cars to
reach the second floor of their -
homes, where they had piled up
furniture and spread sheets to
provide shade, said Holly Inur-
reta of Catholic Relief Services.
"We are vely concerned about
Ike," she said. "Any bit more of
rain and Gonaives will,be cut offfr
again." .
Police Commissioner Ernst
Dorfeuille told The Associated .
Press on Saturday that a news ------
report the previous evening that
quoted him as saying 495 bodies
had been found in Gonaives from
Tropical Storm Hanna was corn-
pletely wrong. He told AP there
were 32 confirmed deaths in this .
city on Haiti's west coast from RESIDENTS wade through RESIDENTS wade through a flooded street after heavy rains in Gonaives,
thestorm that hit onMonday. a flooded street after Haiti, Sunday, Sept. 7,2008.
Ike, a Category 4 hurricane, heavy rains in Gonaives,
was expected to skirt northern Haiti, Sunday, Sept. 7,
Haiti late Saturday and Sunday. 2008. Hurricane Ike dam-
Wesley Sijuen, a 28-year-old aged mostof the homes N
father of twins and a 3-year-old on Grand Turk island as
son, trudged through heavy mud it roared onto the
with seven of his relatives to reach Bahamas, raked Haiti's
a convent at a nearby mountain- flooded cities with rain
top. His brother-in-law, 28-year- d te wth ri
old Jean Emmanuel, said numer- and threatened the Florida
ous Haitians were fleeing Keys on its way to Cuba
Gonaives. as a ferocious Category 4
"Everyone is trying to save storm Sunday.
themselves," Emmanuel said.

A MAN walks through flood waters as he pulls a wheelbarrow loaded with
RESIDENTS leave the area in the back of a pick-up truck after heavy a coffin containing the body of a man who died from hypertension triggered
rains in Gonaives, Haiti, Sunday, Sept. 7, 2008. during flooding after Tropical Storm Hanna hit the area in Gonaives.

I Love my Air Conditioner
You'll love yours too!

AN EMACIATED prisoner shows how thin he is as he serves jail time in a
prison in Gonaives, Haiti, Saturday, Sept. 6, 2008. The prisoners said they
have not eaten since Tuesday, Sept. 2 when Tropical Storm Hanna struck,,
which hae killed 166 people in Haiti.

for a better life

IN" UAMNI i.Y ( MIIA/'. 1A d

Strn g h n nums Patricia Hermanns, President & CEO
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t I III the following management promotions:

Michelle Butler, MBA Rosalyn Notlage, AA, ACS, AIAA
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in economics and the Executive Master of Business She also earned the Associate, Customer Service and
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_ ~_ I_






Bhutto widower elected Pakistani president

I "- I I .'W ;_. "
IN THIS AUG. 22, 2008 file photo released by Pakistan People's Par-
ty on the day, the ruling party leader Asif Ali Zardari speaks during a
party's central executive meeting in Islamabad, Pakistan. The widower
of slain former leader Benazir Bhutto will succeed Pervez Musharraf
as president of Pakistan after winning a landslide election victory Sat-
urday, Sept. 6, 2008.


Benazir Bhutto's widower
swept Pakistan's presidential
election on Saturday, offering
hope for stability to a nuclear-
armed country feeling intense
U.S. pressure to crack down on
Islamic militants, according to'-
the Associated Press.
In a grim reminder of the
problems awaiting Asif Ali
Zardari, rescuers in the north-
west dug with their hands for
survivors after at least 30 people
were killed in a massive suicide
Already head of the main rul-
ing party, Zardari becomes one
of the most powerful civilian
leaders in Pakistan's turbulent
61-year history. Last month, he
'marshaled a coalition that
forced stalwart U.S. ally Pervez
Musharraf to quit as head of
However, he begins with lim-
ited goodwill among a popula-
tion who recall his nickname,
Mr. Ten Percent, for alleged
corruption during Bhutto's two
terms in office as prime minister
and doubt his political vision
and leadership skills.
He is also untested on the
international stage, where he
must deal with mounting West-
ern concern over how Taliban

IN THIS PHOTO released by Associated Press of Pakistan, Bakhtawar Zardari, left, and Asifa Zardari, right, daugh-
ters of slain former leader Benzair Bhutto and Asif Ali Zardari, leader of Pakistan People's Party, react after unof-
ficial results show their father Zardari winning in the presidential election in Islamabad, Pakistan on Saturday,
Sept. 6, 2008.

and al-Qaida militants have
nested in the tribal belt along
the Afghan border.
Secretary of State Con-
doleezza Rice said she was
looking forward to working

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with Zardari. "I've been
impressed by some of the things
he has said about the challenges
that Pakistan faces, about the
centrality of fighting terrorism,
about the fact that the terrorism
fight is Pakistan's fight and also
his very strong words of friend-
ship and alliance with the Unit-
ed States," Rice told reporters
on a trip to North Africa.
Zardari made no mention of
those topics as he savored his
triumph over Musharraf, dur-
ing whose reign he sat for years
in jail on graft charges that nev-
er produced a conviction.
He was elected by members
of federal and provincial par-
liaments. Official results gave
Zardari more than two-thirds
of the votes.
A beaming Zardari hugged
and shook hands with support-
ers and well-wishers gathering
for a dinner Saturday in the gar-
dens of the prime minister's res-
idence on a hill overlooking the
In a brief speech, he reject-
ed criticism that he would be a
divisive leader and took a swipe
at Musharraf.
"To those who would say that
the People's Party or the presi-
dency would be controversial
under our guardianship, under
our stewardship, I would say lis-
ten to democracy,"the said.
Echoing one of Bhutto's
favorite slogans, he called
democracy "the best revenge"
against military rulers..
Zardari has surprised many
with his ability to concentrate
power since his wife was assas-'
sinated in a December gun-and-
bomb attack blamed on Taliban
militants and he inherited her
party's leadership.
Former Prime Minister
Nawaz Sharif's party aban-
doned the coalition and
switched to the opposition last
month. But Zardari quickly
won support from smaller par-
ties, suggesting he could pro-
vide some stability as the coun-
try faces soaring inflation, pow-,
er shortages and widening trade
and budget deficits.
Pro-Zardari lawmakers, some
in tears, shouted "Long live
Bhutto!" as the vote tallies
came in. The couple's two jubi-
lant but tearful daughters, one
carrying a portrait of their late
mother, smiled and hugged
friends in the gallery of the
National Assembly.
In the southern city of
Karachi, capital of Zardari's
home province, supporters
waved his party's tricolor flags,
beat drums and danced in the
streets, chanting "Zardari is the
There was nothing festive
about the mood in Peshawar,
the main city of the Taliban-
plagued northwest, which suf-
fered the latest in a string of
deadly suicide attacks.
Officials and witnesses said a
pickup truck packed with explo-
sives demolished a security
checkpoint on the edge of the
city Saturday, killing at least 30
people, including five police
officers, and injuring dozens
No one immediately claimed
responsibility. In recent weeks,
however, the Pakistani Taliban
have said they carried out a
string of suicide bombings they
called revenge for military
offensives in the northwest
region, which borders
In more violence reported
Saturday, 15 civilians and nine
militants died when residents
of the restive Swat valley foiled
an attempt by insurgents to kid-
nap a pro-government elder,
and then were attacked.

"To those who
would say that
the People's
Party or the
would be
under our
under our
stewardship, I
would say listen
to democracy."

Asif Ali Zardari
Pakistan has struggled to con-
tain rising militancy in its bor-
ders, and the fledgling govern-
ment has tried both peace talks
and military operations.
It's an effort watched closely
in the West, where officials'woi-
ry that militants have safe
havens in the northwest from
which they plan attacks in
neighboring Afghanistan and
could hatch another 9/11-style
plot against North America or
A recent U.S.-led ground
assault across the border on a
Pakistani tribal region, said to
have killed at least 15 people,
prompted protests from the
government and suggested that
American patience with Islam-
abad is wearing thin.
Like his late wife, Zardari is
generally considered a pro-West
liberal. He is not expected to
change Musharraf's commit-
ment to the U.S. war on terror-
ism, insisting the battle against
militants is Pakistan's own war.
But a key test will be how much
clout Zardari wields over the
powerful military.
As president, Zardari will
have the power to dissolve Par-
liament and appoint army
chiefs, and chairs the joint civil-
ian-military committee that con-
trols Pakistan's nuclear
He has said he, will relinquish
some of the power accumulated
by Musharraf. However,
Zardari has not made clear how
far he will go, sustaining con-
cern that one would-be strong-
man is replacing another.
* Friends say Zardari remains
underestimated, even after he
nimbly stepped into Bhutto's
political shoes and outmaneu-
vered both Sharif and Mushar-
raf. "I've seen a changed per-
son after his wife's death. I've
found him to be an extremely
astute politician, which was per-
haps overshadowed by the tow-
ering personality of his wife,"
said Wajid Hasan, Pakistan's
High Commissioner in London.
Many ordinary Pakistanis
also remain to be convinced.
"We want him to make par-
liament sovereign and to evolve
a clear policy on the war on ter-
ror" as well as tackle crippling
inflation, said Muhammad
Azam, a 33-year-old bank
employee from Lahore. "I want
to convey to Zardari that he is
not a leader by choice, but by
chance. Now he has to prove
his worth."

Associated Press writers
Nahal Toosi and Asif Shahzad
in Islamabad, Riaz Khan in
Peshawar, Ashraf Khan in
Karachi, Babar Dogar in
Lahore, Paisley Dodds in Lon-
don, and Matthew Lee in Algiers
contributed to this report.






-*. --;-- .......

PM taking

keen interest'


-2bn insured loss

over pension from majrr hm rricane

reform plans fro mar ri-c e

may be finalised
in a month

Tribune Business Editor
THE Prime
Minister is
"taking a keen
interest" in the
of private pen-
sion industry
regulation, a
minister has
told Tribune
Business, with
a commission
to advise on this possibly being
appointed by month's end.
Zhivargo Laing, minister of
state for finance, confirmed that
the Government was seeking to
"finalise" membership of a
Commission that would advise
it on the development of legis-
lation/regulation for private
pensions in the Bahamas, and
how to foster a national long-
term savings culture.
"We are seeking to finalise
some names for it [the Com-
mission], but it's not officially
appointed as yet," Mr Laing
told Tribune Business. "It's pos-

SEE page 4B

Tribune Business Editor
B ahamian insurers
were on tenter-
hooks over the
weekend as Hur-
ricane Ike bore
down on this nation, one exec-
utive telling Tribune Business
that Category 4 storms could
cause between $1.5-$2 billion
in insured losses on New Prov-
idence and Paradise Island
alone if they struck this island
dead on.
Patrick Ward, Bahamas
First's president, said that based
on previous estimates he had

put together, Category 4 or 5
storms that scored a direct hit
on Nassau "could cost us in the
average of $1.5-$2 billion [in
insured losses] if it came close
enough to New Providence".
Putting the likely level of
insured losses at "closer to $2
billion",'Mr Ward explained:
"We did do a'sort of analysis
based on the exposure we knew
existed in New Providence, and
made some guesstimates on
what the losses might be,
"I think for the whole.
Bahamas the figure we had was
$28 billion, and typically 70 per
cent of that is in New Provi-

"You're looking at $20 bil-
lion [in insured risks], or there-
abouts,.and in a Category 4
storm the insured loss is proba-
bly going to be in the range of 8-
10 per cent of the insured val-
Hence the probable $1.5-$2
billion insured loss projection
for a Category 4 or 5 storm hit-
ting New Providence, an esti-
mate backed up by the estimat-
ed $1 billion worth of damage
that Hurricane Ivan inflicted
. upon the Cayman Islands in
In a presentation to the 2007
Bahamas Business Outlook
Conference, Mr Ward said that

a catastrophic Category 5 hur-.
ricane hit New Providence,
Grand Bahama and Abaco, it
was likely to result in a 10 per
cent insured loss for all prop-
erty, auto and marine assets that
were covered.
On New Providence, Mr
Ward estimated that a cata-
strophic Category 5 storm
would inflict some $1.9 billion
worth of damage, given that the
island had, in terms of exposed
assets, $16.6 billion of personal
and commercial properties;
$2.354 billion in properties
under construction; $370 mil-
lion in vehicles; and $160 million
worth of marine vehicles and

Of the $1.9 billion worth of
damage, Mr Ward estimated
that some $1.325 billion was
insured by a combination of
Bahamian general insurance
carriers and their reinsurance
partners,., plus Lloyd's of Lon-
don and other offshore insur-
He estimated that $563 mil-
lion in damage, though, might
be utiderinsured or uninsured.
As for Tropical Storm Han-
na's impact on the Bahamas,
Mr Ward said it appeared to be
minimal as far as the insurance
SEE page 2B

Business 'unsustainable' in current environment

Tribune Business Editor
BEING in business in the
'Bahamas is "unsustainable" in
the current economic environ-
ment, a former Grand Bahama
Chamber of Commerce presi-
dent has told Tribune Business,
with the private sector's prof-
itability increasingly challenged
by skyrocketing energy costs
and government tax increases.
Christopher Lowe, who.is
also operations manager for
Kelly's (Freeport), said that it
was the "productive sectors" of
-Bahamian society and its econ-
omy that were paying for the
increased cost of living imposed

by rising oil prices and the Gov-
ernment's decision to increase
taxes in the 2007-2008 Budget.
"The situation is not sustain-
able. The Government has
moved to increase-its revenue,
electricity h,as shot through the
roof, and the money to pay for
all this is coming from the pri-
vate sector that produces," Mr
Lowe told Tribune Business.
"The Government has moved
to increase its own revenue
through the Budget communi,
cation, and all this is going to
stop the only producing sector
they have, which is the private
sector. It's not sustaii'able.-
There's no way it's sustainable."
Many have questioned the

move to increase Tariff and
Excise duties imposed on
imports at a time when the
Bahamian economy is already
experiencing a downturn, one
brought on largely by global
economic conditions that have
negatively impacted tourism
arrivals and spending in this
nation, plus foreign direct
investment in resorts and real
Conventional economic wis-
dom has traditionally dictated
that governments should cut
taxes, and increase spending on
capital and public works pro-
jects, when an economy appears

SEE page 8B

'Every reason' for government

debt listing on BISX

Tribune Business Editor
THERE will "be every rea-
son" for the Government to
move forward with the listing
and trading of its debt securi-
ties on the Bahamas Interna-
tional Securities Exchange
(BISX), its chief executive
telling Tribune Business he was
working on a number of initia-
tives to achieve this goal.
Keith Davies said the first
step was to prove that BISX
could smoothly facilitate the
listing and trading of debt secu-
rities, with this week's listing of
$25 million worth of Fidelity
Bank (Bahamas) bonds set to
be used as a key example.
Once BISX had proven its
capabilities to the Government,
Mr Davies said there were oth-

Exchange moves to
convince on $2bn market
er plans which he declined to
specify that the exchange was
likely to announce "in the next
month or so".
"We have a strategy in terms
of how we intehd to approach
that situation," Mr Davies told
Tribune Business. "The first
step is to provide examples to
show debt securities can be list-
ed and traded on the exchange.
"There is another step that
will be released in the next
month or so that will provide
support to the proposal of gov-
ernment securities trading on
the exchange."
The BISX chief executive
added of the government debt
securities market: "It is still one
of the many issues that we have
that we are dealing with, and I
suspect announcements will
soon come on the projects we
are pursuing now.
"There should be every rea-
son to move forward with gov-
ernment securities."
Zhivargo Laing, minister of
state for finance, told Tribune
Business that there had been
no further developments on the
issue since the Government
passed to the exchange an Inter-
national Monetary Fund (IMF)
report on the proposed BISX
listing of government debt secu-
That report raised several
concerns over the proposed list-
ing, and Mr Laing confirmed:
"We have made available to
them [BISX] the report the
IMF prepared for the Central
Bank, and I imagine they're

SEE page 8B

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'Critical' work start

on regulations for

new Securities Act

Draft to be released to industry
before year-end
Tribune Business Editor
WORK on drafting the regulations to accompany the new
Securities Industry Act began last week, the Securities Com-'
mission's head told Tribune Business, with their release to the
private sector for consulta- -..
tion likely to happen before SEE page 6B







I:R'YLF I DI TY]MAE' 3!111 'i

* By RoyalFidelity Capital
Markets t
IT was another week of mod-

erate trading in the Bahamian
stock market, with investors
trading in seven out of the 19
listed companies. Two stocks

advanced, two declined and
three remained unchanged.
A total of 66,296 shares
changed hands, a slight increase


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of 4,250 shares, or 7 per cent,
in comparison to last week's
trading volume of 61,776 shares.
Commonwealth Bank (CBL)
led the market volume for a
third consecutive week and was
also the advancer of the week
with 51,196 shares trading,
increasing by $0.15 or 2 per cent
to close at $6.92.
Finance Corporation of the
Bahamas (FIN) was the big
decline of the week, with its
share price falling by $0.50 or
4 per cent on a volume of 1,600
shares to close the week at $12.
Earnings Releases
Finance Corporation of trhe
Bahamas (FIN) released its
unaudited financial results for
the nine months ended July 31,
FIN reported net income of
$11.6 million, a decrease of $3.1
million! or 20.9 per cent in com-
parison to the same period in
Net interest income of $21.2
million increased by $357,000
or 1.7 per cent versus $20.9 mil-
lion f6d 2007. Provision for cred-
it losses, of $3.2 million
increased significantly by $2.9'
million from $271,000 in com-
parison to the prior year.
Management of FIN indicat-
ed that the weakening econo-
my contributed to a significant
increase in non-accrual loans,
which resulted in an increase to
the bank's loan provision in the
2008 second quarter. This, in
turn, caused net income to be
negatively impacted.
FIN reported earnings per
share of $0.43, a decline of $0.12
or 21.82 per cent, versus $0.55 at
the end of the 2007 third quar-
Total assets and liabilities
stood 4t $774 million and $682
million respectively, compared
to $712 million and $620 mil-
lion at year-end. Despite a
decline in its financial results,
FIN reported that its mortgage
book grew by 11 per cent for
the period. FIN states that, the
bank's capital ratios remain
strong, in excess of the regula-
tory requirement.

The Bahamian

Stock Market

FINDEX 856.15 YTD (-10.071%)



, $8.50
$2.37 '





Finance Corporation of the Bahamas (FIN) has declared an
interim dividend of $0.13 per share, payable on September 16,
2008, to all shareholders of record date September 9, 2008.

Commonwealth Bank (CBL) has declared a quarterly div-
idend of $0.05 per share, payable on September 30, 2008, to all
shareholders of record date September 12, 2008.

Consolidated Water Company BDRs (CWCB) has declared
a quarterly dividend of $0.013 per share, payable on November
7, 2008, to all shareholders of record date September 30, 2008.

Bahamas Supermatkets (BSL) 'announced that it will be
holding its Annual General Meeting on Tuesday, September 16,
2008, at 6pm at the British Colonial Hilton, 1 Bay Street, Nas-
sau, Bahamas.

Private Placement Offerings:
FOCOL Holdings (FCL) announced it will be extending the
deadline of its private placement offering. The preferred shares
will be paying a dividend rate of prime + 1.75%, payable semi-

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MFoor plans and house specs available on the website


insured loss

from major


FROM page 1B

industry was concerned.
"We're still trying to get in
touch with people in the south-
ern Bahamas to get some accu-
rate estimation on whether
there's going to be any signifi-
cant claims activity. So far, there
doesn't appear to be anything
much," Mr Ward told Tribune
Given the presence of Hur-
ricane Ike and Tropical Storm
Hanna, Mr Ward said Bahami-
an general insurers had stopped
writing any new business,
although they were accepting
renewals that were coming due
in the ordinary course of busi-
"We don't want to take on
exposures at a moment's notice
if a storm is going to occur," Mr
Ward explained.
The Bahamas First president
added that he did not currently
expect the damage, and associ-
ated insurance payments, result-
ing from other storms such as
Hurricane Gustav "to have a
direct correlation on rates in the
Bahamas".as they became due
for renewal next year.


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The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighborhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.

- J
..A i J

r _____C

r I I 'I II ~



O t 1.




Trio of Bahamas

brothers setting

lei A 'A

sail I

Tribune Business
FOLLOWING in their
father's footsteps, three broth-
ers born and raised in the
Bahamas have progressed
through the international ship-
ping industry's ranks to become
chief executive of three inter-
national shipping entities.
The men Roger Jr, Tim and
Scott Jones one brought here
at the age of one, one born here
and the third born in the US
and brought here at 10 days old,
were steered on that course by
their father, Roger Jones, the
co-founder and president of the
Nassau-based ocean bulk ship-
ping company, Jones,
Bardelmeier and Company.
The family's achievement
proves that this is an industry
where Bahamians can make
their mark on an international
stage. It also cements the coun-
try's position as a leader in the
maritime industry, given that
the Bahamas has the third
largest shipping registry in the
Roger Jr, known as Rod, has
become president and chief
executive of CSL Ocean and
the Great Lakes ship-owning
entity, headquartered in Mon-
For the past 17 years, he has
been based in Beverly Massa-
chusetts, with an ocean sub-
sidiary of CSL. The company
owns, and is a pool operator, of
the largest ocean fleet of spe-
cialised bulk carriers.
Roger's duties will include
not only CSL International, but
Canada Steamship Lines, the
Canadian Flag Great Lake sub-
sidiary and CSL Australia Ltd,
a bulk fleet that operates in

I 11 --- A& IU

or tie top

and around Australia and Jones genes, as Rod's daugh-
Indonesia. CSL' Group is the ter, Kimberly, is a deputy man-
oldest shipping entity in Cana- ager of corporate banking
da, and is owned by the family (Maritime) with the Bank of
of the former Canadian Prime Ireland in Dublin.
Minister, Paul Martin, with Tim's son, Alexander, 23, is
roots going back to 1885. an operations manager for the
Meanwhile, Tim earlier this German ship owner Oldendorf
month became the chief execu- Carriers, in the company's
tive of Barry Rogliano Salles Shanghai office.
(BRS), a 150-year-old French Scott's son, Guthrie, 20, dur-
company, which is one of the, ing this summer's vacation from
three largest ship broking com- college, sailed as a cadet on the
panics in the world. He has Canadian-owned OBO (combi-
worked for the company for the nation ore/bulk/oil carrier) M/V
last 29 years. Artic on which, he completed
Before his appointment as a round trip to a loading port in
chief executive, he was one of Deception Bay in the Canadian
three managing directors, hold-, Artic.
ing the post of, vice-president- Three major ocean shipping
commercial, and head of the companies have their corporate
company's largest division, "the and, in some cases, operating
dry bulk" department. functions headquartered in Nas-
Tim's new tasks will include sau,
responsibility for the Paris head- They are the Clipper Group,
quarters, and the worldwide one of the largest ship owners in
activities of the firm, which has the world, with approximately
fr~ t'E^ td MaiM r.dfd~'-' 100 own oesetes.Doclt1alema
Shanghai, Dubai, Athens, Rijei- Shipping and Teekay Shipping. _
fa in Croatia Ho Chi Minh -
tity in Vietnam and Singapore.
The final brother, Scott, was .
formerly chief executive of KC -
Maritime, an Indian family- 4
owned company headquartered
in Hong Kong. In January 2007,
when his contract expired, he
moved to Abu Dhabi, where he
became chief executive of E-
Ships, an Arab-owned compa-
ny that owns/operates tankers,
self-unloading barges and bulk
carries. Recently, he contract-
ed to have two LPG carriers
built in China.
All three attended St Protessional evedloHBMnt
Andrews School, were Sea
Scouts and were gold medal N'
particpatants in the Duke of
Edinburgh Award Scheme .Accounling 1 (12 I eirksl
now called the Governor Gen- hi 10/3, 6.9pm
eral's Award Scheme. Sat. 104, 9am-lpm $3'00
Shipping and sailing is in the
Accuunaing 11 (12 Weeks)
Fri. t1(13.6-9pmi
-- a -! -J-- Sat. 10i4.0 ,.i Ii" $300

james CavTlyn &O rrendsu

The Dundas Centre

Regular Performances
September 10th 13th 2008 at 8:00 p.m. nightly
Tickets $20.00
Benefit Performance for The AIDS Foundation
Tuesday 9th September at 8:00 p.m.
Tickets $25.00
Box Office: The Dundas Centre, telephone 393-3728/394-7179
9:30 a.m. 5:00 p.m. Daily
(Reserved tickets not collected by 3:00 pm on day
of performance will be sold)



We are pleased to advise the public that
effective September 1, 2008 Royal Fidelity.
Share Registrars & Transfer Agents Limited
has been appointed as the Registrar and
Transfer Agent for Finance Corporation of
Bahamas Limited. Shareholders can make
direct enquiries to Royal Fidelity as of
today's date.


Quick Books (12 Weeks)
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Sam. 104. 9am-Ipin


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Intro. Computers Applications 1 i2Weeksl
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Fri. tIO .6-o10pm


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Acrylic Nails (10 Weeks)
Fri. 10/3. 6-1.pm
Barbering I (15 Weeks)
Moln. Wed. 9S, 6-10pin




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SaI. (1 4. Jam- Ipm $300
Basic Blue Print Reading &
Estimating I Residential (10 Weeks)
Sat, Io 4. 9am-3pm s320
Basic Blue Print Reading &
Estimating I (niommercial (10 weeks )
ilF. 1)3.6i6prIn-lOpi $350

Tile Laying (15 .eWeks)
M.T.W.R.. 98. Sam- ipm iV
Drywall Installationi (15 M Si LS )
MT.W.RE 9, 9S, 8ain- Ipm $450

Window Treatment -.Drapery & Valence
I lll \%% W .
Mon(. V-,d. 9:29. 9am- Ipm

Tues. Wd, 9 0, 6 J Ifiiopm
T ies. I hiar.l. 9.;3. aim -I pm
Sewing (10 M'cks)
Sat. It:4, 9n-t'pmn


Painling, & lDLt ,ri.ing (10 Weeks)
(Residential & Cnommercial)
MoI. Wed. -9 26 9amnt1 pm
ues,. Thur'. 9 30, 9am pm
raes. Wed. 9 3f,? -.1]i ni
Upholstery I 1Ill weeks)
Tues, Thinus 9. 0. -10pm

tUpholSlery II (i10 eeks)
Mol.n Wed. 2 a 6..iin

Straw Craft I (10 eekA)
Milt. W\ .d. 9 29. a'n -.1m 104 1
Strawm Craft Ad\anced II (10 Weaeks)
Muon. Wed. 9 24. 6- 10pii $35
Shell Souvenir Manufacluring (10 Weeks)
Mon. Wied. 9 0., 9ai-lpmi
"ues ThUts. 9.:30. 9iam-lpm
Tus. Wcd, 9 U 6- I pr S30

Marine Outboard Engine'
PrevenliNe Maintenance (I0 weeks )

\,cd io W'imi SWil

Small (as Lngine Repair (10( Weeks)
S tIal. \ t-. t'.; a 3S 0J )

O---ffieH r: -d-Fia- r---

I OCT 3 DEC 6, 2008 I I

I OCT 3 DEC 20, 2008

SEPT 8 DEC 20, 2008 I

Attend the
Americas Food & Beverage Show & Conference
September 24-26, 2008 Miami Beach Convention Center
Take Advantage of $225 Airfares to Miami!
Why Attend?
See products exhibited by over 300 exhibitors from 25+ countries
Meet sales reps who specialize in providing products to the Caribbean
Visit the USA Pavilion with more than 100 exhibitors '
l *~~ 0 Source new products and meet new suppliers
0 Attend the USA/Florida Caribbean Cocktail Reception to make
new contacts
Participate in a Tour of Whole Foods store
Show Features!
SNew Products Showcase
Beverage Pavilion Kosher Pavilion Florida Pavilion
Foreign Pavilions: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Ecuador, Malaysia
Srom aa Why Now!
S* $225 discounted airfare available plus taxes/fees until September 11th
l K^ 'jl o Discounted rooms available
SRegister FREE at www.americasfoodandbeverage.com using special
S priority registration code: FAS

WorldM Trde CMt.er Miamia
." -Q": For More Information Contact:
Miami/Alex Rubin or Emy Rodriguez (305-871-7910)
Wagner Mendez/US Embassy/Dom. Rep. (809-227-0012, ext. 275)
Sylburn Thomas/US Embassy/Jamaica (876-702-6142)



In The Rapidly Expanding Carmichael Road Area

Lot #5 Block 2, Millars Heights Subdivision

Property Comprises 18,292.55 Sq.Ft.

With 106 Ft. on High Traffic Carmichael Road

Interested person should submit offers in writing

addressed to:

The Manager, Credit Risk Management,

P.O. Box N-7518, Nassau, Bahamas

to reach us before Septmeber 29, 2008.

For further information, Please contact:

356-1608 or 02-0929 ,
.,-.356 .. :4*2



9 1 r

w**iitatimiS '.ffa.. -



'taking keen

interest' over

pension reform

FROM page 1B

sible it could be done by the
end of the month.
"I think it's safe to say the
Prime Minister has a keen inter-
est in moving the matter for-
Mr Laing acknowledged that
private pensions, and other

4 bed, 3 1/2 bath, split level house
located on lots 4 & 5, block 5

Property comprises 59,395 sq. ft. or 1.364 acres

A. 4.

Interested persons should submit offers in writing addressed to:
The Manager, Credit Risk Management, P.O. Box N-7518, Nassau, Bahamas
to reach us before September 19, 2008.
For further information, please contact: 356-1608 or 502-0929

A vibrant entity invites application from suitable qualified individuals for the

The successful candidate would be an individual with strong marketing skills
and a good working knowledge of agriculture management techniques and a
strong commitment to promoting the advancement of this sector.


Responsible for the analysis and evaluation of the integrated
agricultural marketing system.
Development of an agricultural .information system and
capacity building.
Provision of support of agricultural marketing projects
and programmes including formulation, start-up,
implementation monitoring and evaluation in collaboration
with the marketing team.
Provide ongoing monitoring of the marketing programme
to anticipate and troubleshoot problems and issues,
track milestones and concrete progress on activities and
recommend appropriate action.
Provide quality assurance and review of the programme.
Provide feedback and guidance to senior management with
respect to the programme development.
Provide support in marketing development workshops and

BA Degree- Marketing
Minimum 7 years experience
Working knowledge of agricultural products
Working knowledge of the procedures for determining local
market conditions
Strong written and verbal communications skills
Excellent computer skills

Interested persons should submit a resume, police certificate,
testimonials, photograph and covering letter outlining
background and achievements to:
c/o DA 04733
P.O. Box N3207
Nassau, Bahamas

The closing date for appli( itions is September 22, 2008

forms of long-term savings,
were necessary to supplement
the National Insurance Board
(NIB), upon which all too many
Bahamians rely for 100 per cent
of their retirement income.
"I think any long-term plan-
ning in this economy requires
that we have to be able to
develop a means for people to
support themselves after retire-
ment, and create additional
facilities for domestic invest-
ment. As a long-term measure,
I think it's very important," Mr
Laing said.
"Clearly, NIB cannot ade-
quately address a person's
retirement needs." The main
issue, Mr Laing added, was how
to ensure NIB and private pen-
sions "cohabited" with one
He acknowledged that other
countries that had implemented
legislation mandating private
pensions and their regulation
had "benefited from it".
Although it is unclear what
mandate any Pensions Com-
mission will be given, it is likely
that among their key consider-
ations will be whether to insti-
tute legislation mandating that
every Bahamian have a private

Some have argued that man-
dating private pensions will
infringe on a person's freedom
of choice, and that it is not pos-
sible for the Government to leg-
islate for 'stupid people'.
Others, though, believe that
the issue is so critical to the
future of Bahamian society that
legislation must be introduced,
given the 'social timebomb' now
ticking with many Bahamians
unable to finance their retire-
ments. A long4term savings and
financial planning culture is
noticeably absent, with between
80-90 per cent of this nation's
bank accounts containing less
than $1,000.
Once that issue is decided,
there is then the question of
what form mandatory private
pensions should take whether
they should be employer-spon-
sored or individual schemes.
Other issues will involve reg-
ulations, standards and codes
of conduct for pension industry
practitioners, namely fund
administrators, managers and
Ensuring independent
trustees will be a key issue, in

order to prevent companies
using employee pension funds
for working capital.
This issue jumped to the fore-
front recently with Bahamas
Supermarkets, the City Markets
operator, which revealed in its
2007 annual financial statements
that it signed a $3 million sale
and leaseback deal with the staff
pension fund to'provide it with
immediate working capital.
Bahamas Supermarkets man-
agement have defended the--
deal, arguing that the pension
fund was receiving a better rate
of return 9 per cent compared
to 3 per cent than it did previ-
ously, with the transaction being
conducted on an arm's length
Anthony Ferguson, CFAL's
president, agreed that pension
legislation was "definitely need-
ed" in the Bahamas, especially
given the increasingly aged pop-
"NIB will not be able to sup-
port all of us in the future unless
the fund changes, through
either increasing the contribu-
tion rate or limiting the pay-
outs," Mr Ferguson said.
"It's for the country's future.
We either pay now, or we pay

We are currently seeking qualified persons to join our Audit practice as:

Senior/Supervising Senior
Successful candidates for the Senior/Supervising Senior position must have at least three to four years
professional public accounting experience. Applicants must hold a CPA, CA, or other professional designation
recognized by the Bahamas Institute of Chartered Accountants.
Essential attributes include:
auditing experience in the financial services (banking, investment funds and insurance) and hospitality
excellent interpersonal skills and the ability to relate well with clients
the ability to work independently and under pressure to meet strict deadlines
excellent oral and written communication skills
proficiency in a variety of software applications (Microsoft suite)
We offer a team-based environment with wonderful opportunities, in our Nassau office, to broaden your
professional experience in a varied practice that offers competitive compensation and benefits packages.
Assurance is given that every applicant will be treated in the strictest of confidence.
Applicants should submit a cover letter, resume, and a copy of their professional certification by Friday,
September 12, 2008 to: KPMG, Human Resources Manager, P.O. Box N123, Nassau, Bahamas or
jalightbourne@kpmg.com.bs. Telephone: (242) 393 2007

0 2008. KPMG, a Bahamas partnership, and a member firm of the KPMG network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International, a
Swiss cooperative. All rights reserved,

The following persons are asked to contact
in connection with items left in storage:













Al rentals must bepaid anditemsremovedn0:

Sode Road* e~

A global leader in audit, tax and advisory services

" h l'llr u -






Busiesss ured isei e 'll- h 1nesa

to combat looting

Tribune Business
AS the country scrambled
last week to prepare for three-
named storms, the Royal
Bahamas Police Force urged
business owners to secure their
properties to assist them in
reducing the vast amount of
looting that has taken place
during past hurricanes.
Jeffery Albury, a business-
man who is part of a business
community crime watch, told
Tribune Business that police
officials have asked his group
to spread the word around to
ensure business owners take
proper precautions.

"During the last storm sea-
son, police said that they had
to deal with numerous
instances of looting, so they
really want the word to go out
to the business community so
that people will secure their
properties prior to a storm hit-
ting," he explained.
Mr Albury said that in addi-
tion to the usual storm prepa-
rations such as battening
down, if weather conditions
permit business owners should
try to drive past their proper-
ties and report any instances
of looting as soon as possible.
"Most businesses will begin
to close down this weekend
(Friday to Sunday in prepara-
tion for Hurricane Ike) so
rather than leave the property

alone, you need to make trips
to ensure things are okay," Mr
Albury added.
While he said that looters
will always try to take advan-
tage of a storm situation, and
the police can only do so
much, businesses need to
secure their properties as much
as possible.
He also noted a new method
criminals have adopted.
"What a lot of robbers are
doing is that they will go to a
business and deliberately do
something that will start the
alarm for that business, and
then they will leave that place
and go somewhere and rob
them, because they have dis--
tracted the police to go some-
where else," Mr Albury said.


Approximately 500 feet east of the Village Road Round About

Interested persons should submit offers in writing addressed to:
The Manager, Credit Risk Management, P.O. Box N-7518,
Nassau, Bahamas
to reach,us before September 29, 2008.
For further information, please contact:
356-1608.or 502-0929

Nassau Airport
Development Company



NAD is inviting proposals for a 1000 sq. ft. Food & Beverage Outlet
in the Domestic Departures Lounge. The successful Proponent will
be required to design, construct, finance, maintain, manage and
operate the food & beverage outlet.
Proposals will be evaluated based on the proponent's relative
experience; the proposed concept, the proposed design; the
ability to finance the capital investment required for design and
developmentofthefood & beverage outlet,the operating, marketing
and customer service plans; and the financial offer to NAD.

NAD's goals and objectives are to:
(a) achieve a high standard of excellence and customer service;
(b) offer a mix of concepts that customers find attractive and that
will enhance the image of LPIA as a world class airport;
(c) offer food & beverage and retail choices to passengers at
reasonable prices;
(d) offer a mix of local, national and international brand-name
(e) develop and design retail and food & beverage facilities that
complement the qualities of the current and new terminals
while recognizing the distinctive spirit and character of the
community the airport serves; and
(f) optimize revenue to NAD.

For all of the RFPs, Proponents must be Bahamian
and Incorporated in The Bahamas.

Qualified and Interested parties may pick up the
Request for Proposal package at INAD's office,
Terminal 1 (Domestic/International), 2nd floor, LPIA
until Monday September 15th, 2008 at 4pm.

BIE Bank & Trust Bahamas Ltd.
Is seeking the services of an

Operations Manager

The successful applicant is expected to manage the day-to-day activities of the
Securities/Custody department, the Wire Transfer department, and Documentation
Provide guidance and direction to the Operations Team
Implement process effectively to create operational efficiencies and
deliver a high level of service to internal/external clients
Manage the security trade settlement process and mutual fund trade process
Manage the wire transfer process
Overall oversight of account openings, closings, updates and other
Documentation items
Prepare daily/monthly statistical an other reports/analysis for senior

Organizational, Planning & Management skills
Excellent Interpersonal & Communication skills
Detail-oriented, problem solving and decisions making skills
Thorough knowledge of Money Laundering Legislation and regulatory
Working knowledge of Bahamian legislation and regulations and their
relationship to corporate policies and procedures
Education and Experience:
Relevant professional qualifications-CFA, series 7, or relevant degree in
Business/Operations Management
Computer Literate. Proficient in a variety of word processing software,
graphics, outlook and spreadsheet applications including the Microsoft suite of
software products .
Ability to be trained on industry specific software such as Olympic
Banking System
Minimum of 3-5 years experience in an offshore banking environment at a
managerial level
Experience in strategic planning and analysis

Salary will be commensurate with qualifications and experience.
Interested applicants meeting the above qualifications should submit a recent resume to:

Human Resources Generalist
BIE Bank & Trust Bahamas Ltd.
Charlotte House
P.O.Box N-3930
Nassau, Bahamas

The closing date for receipt of all resumes is Thursday, September 11th, 2008

The College of The Bahamas Alumni Association



What We Are About

The Alumni Association Hall of Fame was established in spring of 2001 by the Executive
Board of the Association. The purpose is to recognize annually a COB alumna/alumnus who
is making significant contributions to the development of The Bahamas. It is envisioned that
honourees will play a major role in the fundraising efforts of the Association.

On May 11, 2001, the Alumni Association named Bishop Neil C. Ellis, Pastor, Mount Tabor
Full Gospel Church as its first inductee. Subsequently named were Larry Gibson, a financial
services expert (2002); Laura Pratt-Charlton, a pharmacist/entrepreneur (2003); Tanya
McCartney, an attorney and a former member of the Senate (2004); Vernice Walkine,
Director General of Tourism (2005), Keith Bell, Former Superintendant of the Royal Bahamas
Police Force(2006), Charles Sealy, Chief Executive Officer, Doctor's Hospital (2007).

Each honouree is presented with a 36" Silver European Cup, which symbolizes his or her
outpouring of inspiration that causes others to thirst for "knowledge, truth and integrity",
the values promoted by The College of The Bahamas and reflected in the institution's motto.

Hall of Fame Award Criteria:
What It Takes to Be Nominated and Become a Member of The Hall of Fame

'V^ The Alumni Association of The College of The Bahamas views induction into its Hall of Fame
I as its highest honour. It is a designation extended to individuals whose lives are the hallmark
-.1 K. of The College's motto "Knowledge, Truth, Integrity."

^ *To be considered for the Alumni Association Hall of Fame, nominees must:
.e Have distinguished themselves as students, academically and socially, while at The
College of The Bahamas
Be among the best in their chosen fields of endeavour, displaying scrupulous conduct
that stands as an example to others.
Be a leader and relentless worker whose success benefits co-workers, those they
4 supervise or employ and the community in general.
Excel in civic outreach and make a contribution to society that is easily visible within
their fields and the wider scope of Bahamian Life.
: Exhibit strength of character that translates generally into community strengthening,
personifying their alma mater's motto "Knowledge, Truth, Integrity".
Be nominated

The Hall of Fame Award Nomination Form
May be obtained from

The Office of Alumni Relations & Development (Upstairs, Administration Block (A-Block))
Oakes Field Campus Or may be downloaded from http://my.cob.edu.bs
All nomination forms, along with a current portfolio and photograph, must be submitted by
Wednesday, October 8, 2008.
For more information, please call the Office of Alumni Relations & Development at 302-4359.
Portfolio Size: Five (5) pages (maximum) Font size: 12 pt Paper 8.5 inches x 11 inches







Pursuant to the provisions of Section 137 (8) of the
International Business Companies Act 2000, notice is hereby
given that the above-named Company has been dissolved and
struck off the Register pursuant to a Certificate of Dissolution
issued by the Registrar General on the 28th day of August,
A.D., 2008.

Dated the 5th day of September, A.D., 2008.

Julio C. Rodriguez


UBS (Bahamas) Ltd. is one of the world's leading financial
institutions in the Caribbean. Our Business Area Wealth
Management International looks after wealthy private clients
by providing them with comprehensive, value enhancing
services. Our client advisors combine strong personal
relationships with the resources that are available from
across UBS, helping them provide a full range of wealth
management services.

In order to strengthen our team in Nassau, we are looking
to fill the following position:

Senior Client Relationship Manager

In this challenging position you will be responsible for the
following tasks (traveling required):

Coordinator for a team of Client Advisors
Management and advisory of a large book of existing high
net-worth clients
Acquisition of high net-worth relationships
Presentation and implementation of investment solutions
in French and English

Minimum Requirements:

BS/BA degree preferred
Minimum of 7 years of experience in the financial sector
(preferably wealth management / private banking)
Has experience in providing investment advice to Private
Banking Clients
Good knowledge of financial markets and capital market
products, fixed income/equity products, banking products,
trust structures, alternative investments
Excellent communication, organizational and client
relationship management skills
Must be able to read, write and speak fluently in French
Excellent computer skills (Excel, PowerPoint, Word)

Interested? Written applications should be sent to:

hrbahamas@ubs.com or UBS (Bahamas) Ltd.
Human Resources
P.O. Box N-7757
Nassau, The Bahamas

'Critical' work start

on regulations for

new Securities Act

FROM page 1B

Hillary Deveaux, the Com-
mission's executive director,
told Tribune Business that the
passage of the new Act and
regulations on to the statute
book was essential to meet the
"principles and objectives" set
by the international association
of securities industry regula-
The new legislation, he said,
was "critical in order to
enhance the reputation" of the
Bahamas in the international
financial services and capital
.markets industries.
"We're in the process of hav-
ing the regulations drafted,"
Mr Deveaux told Tribune Busi-
ness. "The consultant for that
,project is the same one who
worked on the Securities Indus-
try Act. They're contracted,
and started work on Septem-
ber 1.
"We've provided them with
our instructions on the draft-
ing of the regulations. We can't
give a timeline for their com-
pletion, but we will have a draft
Securities Industries regulations
to accompany the Securities
Industry Act, hopefully in short

When asked whether the
release of the Act and regula-
tions to the private sector was
likely to happen within the next
four months, Mr Deveaux said:
"Obviously, we expect that to
happen before the end of the

"Our objective was to try and
have these things go through
Parliament and go through the
parliamentary process before
the end of the year, but that
appears to be highly unlikely.
There are so many other things
that have to be done before the
Act is passed."
The Securities Commission
had released the draft Act for
industry consultation earlier
this year, but many in the pri-
vate sector said they were
uncomfortable in reviewing the
legislation without the accom-
panying regulations.
Many in the Bahamian capi-
tal. markets privately told Tri-
bune Business that the regula-
tions were critically important,
given that provisions omitted
from the first Securities Indus-
try Act such as trading from a
broker's own account and the
short selling prohibition- were
supposed to have been trans-

A well established agency has a vacancy for an
experienced Travel Consultant.

Following are the requirements requested for this
great and exciting opportunity.

* Must have 5 or more years experience
as a Travel Consultant

Must have experience with the
Amadeus Reservation System.

* Extensive clientele is a plus.


you are looking for a rewarding



resumes to the

possess the above
please email your
following email address.


ferred to the regulations.
If anything, this increased the
void left by the regulations'
non-release. The Securities
Commission had opted to place
the main requirements and real
details into the regulations and
rules it can make, leaving the
legislation to set out the gen-
eral obligations.
This was done to make it eas-
ier to anmend the provisions in
the Bahamian securities indus-
try's regulatory framework, and
eliminate the need to go to Par-
liament for each required
The regulations can be
changed without the need for
Parliamentary approval, unlike
the Act, enabling the Bahamas
to better keep pace with evolv-
ing international best practices
and global standards.
Mr Deveaux emphasised the,
urgent need for reform, telling
Tribune Business that the
Bahamas needed to come into
compliance with the standards
set by the International Organ-
isation of Securities Commis-
sions (IOSCO).
He explained: "It's impor-
tant, because the current legis-
lation is deficient in so many
areas. There's a need to go
through a repeal of the exist-
ing legislation, and replace it
with legislation that meets the
IOSCO principles and objec-
tives. And also ensure we are in
compliance with IOSCO's Mul-
tilateral Memorandum of
Understanding (MOU) on
information exchange.
"These two areas are critical

in order to enhance the repu-
tation of the jurisdiction. It's
important that these things are
done, and that the legislation
is created and provides for
these things to be addressed."
Among the main reforms
heralded by the reformed Secu-
rities Industry Act are the reg-
istration of industry participants
by function rather than prac-
tice; provisions for information
sharing; enhancement of the
Securities Commission's regu-
latory and investigative pow-
ers; simplification of the disci-
plinary process; greater minor-
ity shareholder protection; and
new disclosure and transparen-
cy provisions.


Meanwhile, Mr Deveaux
confirmed that the Govern-
ment was aiming to consolidate
all financial regulators bar the
Central Bank under one roof -
the Securities Commission's
current base of Charlotte
House before year-end.
"We are going through a
consolidation process that, as
per the Government's previous
statement, will see that all the
regulators barring the Central
Bank's Bank Supervision
Department will be under one
roof before the end of the year.
"We've already leased addi-
tional space to accommodate
that move, and are hoping to
make that happen. There are
leasehold improvements that
have to be made, and we are
in the process of doing that."

Share youa news

The Tribune wants to
hear from people who
are making news in their
Perhaps you are raising
funds for a good cause,
campaigning for
improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.



Tenders are invited for the Supply of Drugs and
Related Items for the Public Hospitals Authority
and the Ministry of Health, The Commonwealth
of The Bahamas.

The Supplementary Tender, which includes
instruction to the Tenderers along with other
relevant information, can be collected from the
Bahamas National Drug Agency, Market &
McPherson Streets, Monday through Friday 9
am 5 pm.

A Tender must be submitted in duplicated in a
sealed envelope or package identified as
"Supplementary Tender for the Supply of
Drug and Related Items" and addressed to:

Managing Director
Public Hospitals Authority
Third & West Terrace Centerville
P.O. Box N-8200
Nassau, The Bahamas

All Tenders must be received at the above
address on or before 5pm Friday, October 3rd ,
2008. A copy of a valid business license and
Nationals Insurance Certificate must
accompany all proposals.

The Public Hospitals Authority reserves the right
to reject any or all Tender(s).


C F A .l' C: (C C- 1N I A L-
BISX ALL SHARE INDEX: F L E 1 ,190.16] 6O. H ,,0.48 1 %CHG -0.03 I YTD -276.59 I YTD% -13.38
FINDEX: "W CLOSE 851.91 I YTD% -10.52% I 2007 28 29%/
52rk.1i 2.2.L jSa.aurltu Pier.ous Close Tooal s CIloa Change Danl '.', EPS I li. 3 0 I PJ E VYieldi
1 5 1 1 r:^. .:c'. arels 1 81 1 81 0 C 1 C 3 0 CC0 13 00 ".
11.80 11.60 Bahamas Property Fund 11.80 11.80 0.00 1.061 0.200 11.1 1.69%
9.68 8.50 Bank of Bahamas 8.50 8.50 0.00 0.643 0.160 13.2 1.88%
0.99 0 85 Benchmark 0.89 0.89 0.00 -0.823 0.020 N/M 2.25%
3.74 3.49 Bahamas Waste 3.49 3.49 0.00 300 0.209 0.090 16.7 2.58%
2.70 1.62 Fidelity Bank 2.37 2.37 0.00 0.055 0.040 43.1 1.689%
14.14 10.80 Cable Bahamas 14.12 14.14 0.02 1,900 1.224 0.240 11.6 1.70%
3.15 2.85 Colina Holdings 2.88 2.88 0.00 0.046 0.040 62.6 1.39%
8.50 4.80 Commonwealth Bank (Sl) 6.74 6.73 -0.01 10,000 0.449 0.300 15.0 4.48%
6.88 3.20 Consolidated Water BDRs 4.43 4.29 -0.14 0.122 0.052 35.2 1.21%
3.00 2.25 Doctor's Hospital 2.75 2.75 0.00 0.308 0.040 8.9 1.45%
8.10 6.02 Famguard 8.06 8.06 0.00 0.535 0.280 15.1 3.47%
13.01 12.00 Finco 12.00 12.00 0.00 0.650 0.570 18.5 4.75%
14.75 11.54 FirstCaribbean Bank 11.55 11.55 0.00 0.550 0.450 21.0 3.90--
6.10 5.05 Focol (S) 5.49 5.49 0.00 0.385 0.140 14.3 2.55%
1.00 1.00 Focol Class B Preference 1.00 1.00 0.00 0.000 0.000 N/M 0.00%
1.00 0.41 Freeport Concrete 0.44 0.44 0.00 0.035 0.000 12.6 0.00%
8.00 5.50 ICD Utilities 5.57 5.57 0.00 500 0.407 0.300 1.7 5.39%
12.50 8.60 J. S. Johnson 12.00 12.00 0.00 1.023 0.620 11.7 5.17%
10 .:. :. i.:. F-Pieaer Real Esalte 10 00 1'0 0G. C0., 0 180TSO 0000 55 6 0 0Cr
R: u . W ty over-Tre-counter securhias.
52.-Hi o.2k.Lo.5s S-mbol" Bid S Ask S Last Pi.-.e ,'eel ',ol EPS 5 D. P E Yield
14 60 Id 1 a.ar- as upe.rr-.arels 14 60 1560 14 E.C. 1 to10 *3 300 13 4 2 5:.-
8.00 6.00 Caribbean Crossings (Pref) 6.00 6.25 6.00 0.000 0.480 NM 7.80%
0 54 0 20 RND H0ol:igs O 35 04 0 0 35 -0 023 0 000 N'M 0 00'-
Cakima Ove6-Th-Qa,.C ntr Securiltes
41.00 41.00 ABDAB 41.00 43 00 t-I C... i 450 2 ,'S. 9_ 5- 70 .
14.60 14.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 14.60 15.60 14.00 1.160 0.900 13.4 6.16%
0.55 0.40 RND Holdings 0.45 0.55 0.45 -0.023 0.000 N/M 0.00%
SBISX Lutd Mutual Fundsa
52,k.l.l-i ..- L: ,... Fur.d Name NAV '--TD:. Las I: P.l :.r.r.. C1. Viela"
1.3320 1.2652 Colina Bond Fund 1.331954 ...... 3.09% 5.27%
3.0250 2.8869 Colina MSI Preferred Fund 3.024978 ----- 0.81% 4.78%
1.4105 1.3535 Colina Money Market Fund 1.410490-- 2.57% 4.21%
3.7969 3.3971 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund 3.5562----- -6.34% 6.47%
12.3289 11.7116 Fidelity Prime Income Fund 12.3289 ...... 3.32% 5.75%
100.0000 100.0000 CFAL Global Bond Fund 100.000-
100.9600 99.9566 CFAL Global Equity Fund 100.96-* 1.01% 1.01%
1.0000 1.0000 CFAL High Grade Bond Fund 1.00"*
10.5000 9.4733 Fidelity International Investment Fund 9.4733- .... -9.78% -9.78%
1.0147 1.0000 FG Financial Preferred Income Fund 1.0147-0. 1.47% 1.47%
1.0119 1.0000 FG Financial Growth Fund 1.0027.---" 0.27% 0.27%
1 0119 1 0000 FG Financial Diversified Fund 1 0119 ...... 1 19% 1 19%
Marlkcn Terma N A V Key
iSm ,- '_ 5 . 1' -' : 5 .. 1 -- 3 3e"- . 3 1: :osi price 31 March 2008
52k-Hi Highest cosi price in last 52 eae Bid S Buying price of Cona and Fdelity 31 Decomat 2007
52wk-Low Lowest closi price in last 52 eks lk k Selling pnce of Colin and fidelity - 30 June 2008
Previous Clse Precvos day's weighted prie for daly vol-ume Lst Pce Last traded ovor.-lheo- enter prce ----- 31 Apr- 200B
Today's Closo C ent day's lighted price for daily volume Wee Vol Trading volume of the prior ek -..... 29 August 2008
Change Changeclsi price from dayday EPS -A company's reed earnings per hre fo? the last 12 mh ...... 31 Juy 200
Day Vol Number of toial hares traded today NAV Net Aesci Vale *.*.- 31 ugust 2008
D S Dvidonds per share paid in the last 12 months N/M Not Meaningful
P/E Closing price divided by the last 12 month earnings FINDEX The Fidelity Barmas Stock Index Jaary 1. 199- =10
(S) 4-for-1 Stock Split Effcte Date 81/8/2007
TO TRADE CALL CFAL 242-602.7010 | FIDELITY 24 -Wa-774 I FPG CAPITAL MARKETS 242-3-"oo000 I COLONIAL 242-502-7526 FpOR





may benefit





Associated Press Writer
When the 1,020-foot
Explorer of the Seas cruises
through North Atlantic waters
next year, it'll spend more
time off the coast of New Eng-
land and less time near Cana-
dian shores, and it's not
because of better vistas.
Royal Caribbean Interna-
tional and other cruise lines
have begun charting a new
course in search of routes that
eat up less fuel. Already one
of the industry's biggest costs,
record fuel prices have cut
heavily into the bottom line.
The impact of shifting itin-
eraries will certainly have
implications beyond the bot-
tom line of cruise operators,
creating winners and losers in
port towns all along the way.
When cruise ships pull into
Maine's Bar Harbor, passen-
gers spend an average of $105
each while ashore, according
to a 2002 University of Maine
Explorer of the Seas can
carry more than 3,000 passen-
A ship even half that size
could mean nearly $160,000
per visit. That means big mon-
ey in Portland, which expects
more than 30 visits next year
from ships that can carry
between 1,000 and 3,000 pas-
While Portland stands to
reap big rewards from the itin-
erary changes, port cities
along Canada's Atlantic coast
could be on the losing end.
Canada's Atlantic ports saw
a 33 percent jump in cruise
ship visits between 2000 and
2007, according to the Atlantic
Canada Cruise Association.
"It's disappointing to be los-
,ig a bit of business, butiwe.
realize that cruise lines ,ve
to make decisions based on
best-business practices," said
Betty MacMillan, vice chair-
woman of Atlantic Canada
Cruise Association and busi-
ness development manager of
the port of Saint John, New
Royal CaribbeanInterna-
tional changed the fall itiner-
ary for the Explorer of the
Seas along its northern route
next year, shortening the dis-
tance between ports. Rather
than sail from New Jersey to
Quebec City and back, the
ship will add stops in New

England and go no farther
than Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Fuel consumption was the
primary reason, said Vice
President Diana Block.
"You have to look at where
the biggest benefit is financial-
ly with the least impact on the
guests," she said.
Annual fuel bills for cruise
lines can add up to hundreds
of millions of dollars and their
ships can gobble up tens of
thousands of gallons of fuel on
any given cruise. The price of
intermediate fuel oil, which
most cruise ships use, has risen
in tandem with crude oil.
Many cruise lines have
added fuel surcharges to pas-
senger bills, but energy costs
continue to cut into profits
and squeeze margins.
Cruise lines have also begun
using energy-efficient light
bulbs and new window coat-
ings that reflect the heat from
the .sun to keep rooms cooler.
They've,also beep using new
hull paint that reduces a ship's
drag in the water.
Ancd increasingly, cruise
lines are altering itineraries so
ships can slow down and
reduce their travel distances,
said. Lanie Fagan, spokes-
woman for the Cruise Line
International Association.
Carnival Corp., Norwegian
Cruise Line and others have
said high fuel costs are a factor
in new routes.
"While it is paramount to
offer a cruise itinerary that a
guest wants to sail, the design
and sequence of that itinerary



(No.45 of 2000)

Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section 137 (8) of
the International Business Companies Act, No. 45 of 2000, the Dis-
has been completed, a Certificate of Dissolution has been issued and
the Company has therefore been struck off the Register. The date of
completion of the dissolution was .the 22nd of August, 2008.


Pursuant to the provisions of Section 137 (4) of the
International Business Companies Act, 2002, Notice is.
hereby given that:-
Liquidation) is in dissolution.
2. Proceedings to wind-up and dissolve the Company were
commenced on the 26th day of August A.D, 2008.

3. Debi Williams Hancock whose address is Lyford Cay,
New Providence, The Bahamas is the Liquidator of the
Company for the purpose of such dissolution.

Registered Agent

can be evaluated to minimize
the distance between ports of
call and the speed necessary to
accomplish that itinerary,"
Fagan said.
In many cases, passengers
will barely notice the differ-
Besides changing port calls
on some routes, Royal
Caribbean is reviewing its
departure and arrival. In some
cases, ships are leaving port
half an hour earlier at night or
arriving half an hour later in
the morning allowing ships
to travel at slower speeds
between ports.
Cutting speed cuts costs.
For example, going 23 knots
will consume twice as much
fuel as going 15 knots for the'
new Solstice class of ship

being launched this year by
Celebrity Cruises, said John
Krousouloudis, senior vice
president for marine opera-
Even as cruise lines watched
fuel prices ratchet up costs,
some port cities had already
seen an opportunity.
In Maine, a consortium that
promotes Portland as a cruise
ship destination is using high
fuel costs as part of its market-
ing strategy.
Last fall, Discover Portland
& Beyond Executive Director
Sandra Needham met with
half a dozen cruise ship com-
panies in south Florida. She
presented them with some
mock itineraries for their ships
detailing how much money
they could save in fuel costs if

". ** ." W- . M -

.. - -

1. .' i

Prime development site located in the heart of Downtown
Nassau provides an excellent opportunity for a commercial,
residential or mixed use development within the proposed re-
urbanization master plan for Downtown Nassau and the
Harbourfront. This parcel is located in the Living Waterfront
District which will consist mainly of residential developments
with supporting retail, commercial and marina facilities.
3.94 acre site 826 ft. of water frontage on Nassau Harbour
394 ft. of frontage on Bay Street 5 min. walk to the city center
Magnificent views of Paradise Island & The Atlantis Resort
Three buildings on the property:
Main warehouse 21,250 SF Small storage area 1,569 SF
2-storey retail -,,il.ing 10,384 SF

they included Portland on cer-
tain routes.
Besides touting southern
Maine's attractions, Needham
wanted to show cruise line
executives how having port
calls relatively close together
could save them money.
By stopping at ports that are
relatively close together, the
ships could cruise at speeds of
12 knots or so rather than
higher fuel-guzzling speeds,
she said. Her itineraries

showed that a few tweaks here
and there could save cruise
lines between $40,000 and *
$100,000 a week in fuel alone
- and that was ten months
ago, when fuel prices were
She thinks the high price of
fuel is one reason cruise lines
have committed to bringing
large ships, those with over
1,000 passengers, to Portland
34 times next year, up from 24
stops this year.

Legal Notice

(a) ELENDIL LIMITED is in voluntary dissolution
under the provisions of Section 137(4) of
the International Business Companies Act 2000.
(b) The dissolution of the said company commenced on
the September 3, 2008 when the Articles of Dissolution
were submitted to and registered by the Registrar
(c) The Liquidator of the said company is Verduro
Associated Ltd., Pasea Estate, Road Town, Tortola, BVI

Dated this 4th day of September, A.D. 2008

Verduro Associated Ltd.

Legal Notice

NOTICE IS HEREBY, Q,EN as follows-
is in voluntary dissolution under the provisions of
Section 137(4) of the International Business
Companies Act 2000.
(b) The dissolution of the said company commenced on
the September 1, 2008 when the Articles of Dissolution
were submitted to and registered by the Registrar
(c) The Liquidator of the said company is Manex
Limited, The Bahamas Financial Centre, Shirley
& Charlotte Streets, Nassau, Bahamas
Dated this 2nd day of September, A.D. 2008

Manex Limited

Temple Christian High School
Shirley Street

Invites applications from qualified Christian
teachers for the following positions for the
2008 2009 School Year.

-Math (Gr. 7-9) FULL TIME
-Math (Gr. 10-12) PART TIME
-Social Studies (Gr. 7-9) FULL TIME

Applicants must:

A. Be a practicing born-again Christian who is
willing to subscribe to the Statement of Faith
of Temple Christian School
B. Have a Bachelor 's Degree in Education or higher
from a recognized College or
University in the area of specialization.
C. Have a valid Teacher's Certificate or Diploma.
D. Have at least two years teaching experience in
the relevant subject area with excellent
communication skills.
E. Applicants must have the ability to prepare
students for all examinations to the BJC/
BGCSE levels
F. Be willing to participate in the high school's
extra curricular programmes.

Application must be picked up at the High School
Office on Shirley Street and be returned with a full
curriculum vitae, recent colored photographed and
three references to:

Mr.Neil Hamilton
The Principal
Temple Christian High School
P.O. Box N-1566
Nassau, Bahamas
Deadline for application is September 12th, 2008




Notice is hereby given that liquidation, of the above
company commenced on the 04th day of August,
2008, Credit Suisse Trust Limited of Bahamas
Financial Centre, Shirley & Charlotte Streets, P.O.Box
N-3023,,Nassau, The Bahamas has been' appointed
Liquidator of the Company.

Credit Suisse Trust Limited






in current environment

stands that in some cases, busi-
nesses have already calculated
that the Budget tax increases
have yielded the Government
a 4 per cent rise in revenues that
they will have to pay.
And cofinpanies in both New
Providence and Grand Bahama
are feeling the pinch from high-
er fuel prices. Steven Hoffer, of
Hoffer & Sons, which owns the
Hoffer Sport store, previously
told Tribune Business that
between May-July 2008. his
main store's monthly electricity

(No. 45 of 2000)


Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section 138 (8)
of the International Business Companies Act, No. 45 of 2000,
has been completed, a Certificate of Dissolution has been is-
sued and the Company has therefore been struck off the Regis-
ter. The date of completion of the dissolution was the 22nd day
of August, 2008.

Legal Notice



Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section
138(8) of the International Business Companies Act
2000, the dissolution of DESERT FLOWERS INC.
has been completed; a Certificate of Dissolution has
been issued and the Company has therefore been
struck off the Register.


Legal Notice



Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section
138(8) of the International Business Companies'Act
2000, the dissolution of FOUR-POINT VILLAS INC.
has been completed; a Certificate of Dissolution has
been issued and the Company has therefore been
struck off the Register.


Legal Notice




Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section
138(8) of the International Business Companies Act
2000, the dissolution of FENESTE HOLDINGS LTD.
has been completed; a Certificate of Dissolution has
been issued and the Company has therefore been
struck off the Register.


bill had increased from $6,000
to $10,000, before hitting
$15,000. That represents a 150
per cent increase in two months.
A specialist Nassau food
retailer and distributor, who
requested anonymity, said yes-
terday that over the same peri-
od, their electricity bill had
increased by 240 per cent. It had
gone from $5,000 in June to
$11,000 in July.
"There's only so much people
can pay for their products. How
do you recoup that [BEC] mon-
ey? You don't," a senior man-
ager told Tribune Business.
"The trend for most busi-
nesses is the same way. Despite
the announcement of a reduc-
tion in BEC's fuel taxes, when is
this supposed to kick-in for the
benefit of the consumer?
"Everybody's in the same
boat, and it's going to get worse
before its gets better. It's ridicu-

Tribune Business has also
been told by sources that one
major Nassau-based food store
incurred a monthly BEC bill
worth $120,000, while another
business saw its energy costs
sore to $60,00o0.
In Freeport, one retailer, who
requested anonymity, said his
bill had increased from the flat
$13,000 in 2005 and 2006 to
$22,000 for July 2008, an
increase of 69 per cent.
Meanwhile, Dionisio
D'Aguilar, the Bahamas Cham-
ber of Commerce's president,
told Tribune Business that while
the Back-to-School season went
well' for a number of firms,.
including his own, the real chal-
lenge was turning greater sales
into profitability, given the

heightened operating costs.
He added that while many
Bahamian businesses may have
seen an increase in sales rev-
enues, this did not necessarily
mean they saw increased cus-
tomer numbers or volumes, as
growth may have been fuelled
by higher prices.
Mr D'Aguilar said that at his
Superwash laundromat chain,
sales revenues for August were
up 4-5 per cent, but token sales
off by 6-7 per cent. The revenue
increase was driven, .he
explained, largely by the price
increase implemented earlier
this year.
"I'm getting less business, but
getting more for the business
coming in," Mr D'Aguilar said.
"We were down for the first 15
days in August, but climbed
back during the last 15 days of
the month."
The Chamber president said

Bahamian retailers may also
have been helped by more fam-
ilies deciding to stay at home
and shop rather than go to
Florida, behaviour induced by
the increased air fare, hotel and
car rental costs.
While the Government could
prime the public spending pump
via the New Providence roads
and Lynden Pindling Interna-
tional Airport projects, with the
US in a likely recession, Mr
D'Aguilar said there was little
the Government could do to
ease the current economic
"I don't think there's much
the Government can do about
it," he said. "They've got to ride
the storm out, and I don't see it
getting any better, at least until
after the US presidential elec-
tion. I don't know when the US
economy is going to turn

'Every reason' for government debt listing on BISX

FROM page 1B

looking at that and dealing with things the
report pointed out.
"But there's been no further discussion
on that with them."
Mr Davies, too, agreed that currently no
progress had been made beyond that posi-
. The Government's main concerns are
likely to be that an orderly market in its
debt securities government-registered

stock and Treasury Bills -is maintained dur-
ing, and after, the transition to listing and
trading on BISX.
It may also fear losing control over the
market for its debt securities, which are
currently issued via the Central Bank
through a 'first come, first served' auction
process. It may also feel that the drive to
attract the public debt market on to the
exchange is, to some extent, self-serving,
as fees from issuance and trading will large-
ly accrue to BISX and its broker/dealer

Legal Notice


(In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that the above named
Company is in dissolution, which commenced
on the 23rd day of April 2008.' The Liquidator is
Argosa Corp. Inc., P. 0. Box N-7757 Nassau,


Legal Notice




Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section
138(8) of the International Business Companies Act
2000, the dissolution of OREM VALLEY INC. has
been completed; a Certificate of Dissolution has been
issued and the Company has therefore been struck
off the Register.


Legal Notice



Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section
138(8) of the International Business Companies Act
2000, the dissolution of WESTSIDE HILLS INC. has
been completed; a Certificate of Dissolution has been
issued and the Company has therefore been struck
off the Register.


However, outstanding government debt
securities issues are estimated to be worth
more than $2 billion, and their listing will
further enhance BISX's viability and prof-
itability, boosting market liquidity by giving
investors greater choice.
BISX has sought the listing :of govern-
ment debt securities since it first began live
trading in 2000, viewing them as a "key pil-
lar" of its business.
They are seen as giving the exchange crit-
ical mass and further boosting its market

(No. 45 of 2000)


Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section 138
(8) of the International Business Companies Act, No. 45 of
2000, the Dissolutionof JUNEL HOLDINGS LTD. has been
completed, a Certificate of Dissolution has been issued and the
Company has therefore been struck off the Register. The date
of completion of the dissolution was the 28th day of August,

Legal Notice


(In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that the above named
Company. is in dissolution, which commenced
on the 6th day of May 2008. The Liquidator is
Argosa Corp. Inc., P. 0. Box N-7757 Nassau,


Legal Notice

(In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that the above named
Company is in dissolution, which commenced
on the 12th day of August 2008. The Liquidator
is Argosa Corp. Inc., P. 0. Box N-7757 Nassau,


FROM page 1B

to be taking a nosedive.
This is seen as medicine that,
while, not necessarily producing
a complete cure or reversing
this process, at least might mit-
igate the worst effects of an eco-
nomic downturn. The Govern-
ment, though, appears to have
done the opposite by raising
revenues on hundreds of
imports to balance the fiscal
Tribune Business under-





Tribune Comics





Sudoku Puzzle
Sudoku is a number-placing puzzle based on a 9x9 grid with
several given numbers. The object is to place the numbers 1 to
9 in the empty squares so the each row, each column and each
3x3 box contains the same number only once. The difficulty
level of the Conceptis Sudoku increases from Monday to


6 917 2

1 9i

1 4 3

3 9 5

8 5 6


2 8 5 6 4

Difficulty Level ** 9/0

Kakuro Puzzle

Best described as a number crossword, the task in Kakuro is to
fill all of the empty squares, using numbers 1 to 9, so the suml of
each horizontal block equals the number to its left, and the sum
of each vertical block equals the number on its top. No number
may be used in the same block more than once. The difficulty
level of the Conceptis Kakuro increases from Monday to Sunday.

Sudoku Answer

Kakuro Aniwr

f__521319171862 47

974613582 97 79856
8236 9785
l 238596714
986 94
7598,41 326 38 9 1 7
S 641 327895 79 948
392185467 1789 2154
164 743925812 83 3 1
DiffficultyLevel 9/o 4.8[5 76 2 1 39



words in
the main
body of

HOW many words of four letters
* or more can yon make from the
letters shown here? In making a
word, each letter may be used
once only. Each must contain
the centre letter and there must
be at least one nine-letter word.
No plurals.
Good 15; very good 23; excellent
29 (or more). Solution tomorrow.
adieu ague argue argued audit
auger drug duet gaud gaudier
GRATITUDE guard guide
guitar gutted gutter rude rued
rutted taut tauter trudge true
trued trug turgid urea urge
urged utter


1 Distress and gravity
remarkably rife (5)
4 Pirate ship begins and
ends (7)
8 Set fire to a
bed (3)
9 Went to pieces,
although a lot expected of
one (7,2)
10 Broken treadle had a
warning notice (7)
11 A little hooter (5)
13 Hammer-thrower has a
number on his chest (6)
15 Time to make things palat-
able (6)
18 They spread out in all
directions (5)
19 Not many can provide a
word of opposite meaning
21 A crazy bounder (5,4)
23 Sink back and talk (3)
24 Stays if made
content (7) -
25 Fruit goes out of fashion

Yesterday's Cryptic Solution
Across: 1 Astonished, 8 Plain, 9
Concord, 10 Student, 11 Easel, 12
Thelma, 14 Assets, 17 Views, 19
Umbrage, 21 Lariats, 22 Wrist, 23
Down: 2 Stature, 3 Ounce, 4 Incite, 5
Hunters, 6 Drops, 7 Adolescent, 8
Positively, 13 Mascara, 15 Evasion, 16
Nurses, 18 Earth, 20 Bower.

1 Flirt and annoy worker (7)
2 Attuned to the situation, I
agree to have the doctor in
* 3 A surface of about one foot
4 South African currency
brought in by an ardent
spirit (6)
5 Bad risk, nothing to me,
just tedious (7)
6 As well as Dan could be
7 A store of French cannabis
12 When the play was taken
off recently? (4,5)
14 Gets off with a slight dislo-
cation (7)
16 One who overtakes with
a vengeance (7)
17 Complaint of youth in May
18 Uncle who helped found a
city (5)
20 Step or part of one (5)
22 Dreary routine produces
depression (3)

Yesterday's Easy Solution
Across: 1 Nail-biting, 8 Might, 9
Puckish, 10 Iciness, 11 Islam, 12
Exhort, 14 Hermes, 17 Felon, 19
Picasso, 21 Scrooge, 22 Mourn, 23
Down: 2 Anguish, 3 Lithe, 4 Impost,
5 Incline, 6 Grill, 7 Thumbs down, 8
Mailed fist, 13 Run down, 15
Misrule, 16 Upkeep, 18 Lurch, 20

1 Pounce
suddenly (5)
4 Open to the elements
8 On the
other hand (3)
9 Without delay (2,3,4)
10 Meditate (7)
11 Senseless (5)
13 Sailor (6)
15 Well matured (6)
18 Traitor (5)
19 Help forward (7)
21 Disposed
of by trickery (6,3)
23 Soft wet
earth (3)
24 Lack of
due care (7)
25 Hazardous (5)

1 City outskirts (7)
2 Beyond control
3 Inclined (5)
4 Extensive landed
property (6)
5 Accurate (7)
.6 Watering
place (3)
7 Research deeply (5)
12 Manually clumsy
14 Severely self-disci-
plined (7)
16 Sophisticated (7)
17 Determined attempt
18 Nippon (5)
20 Allude (5)
22 Fall behind (3)

You are South, and the bidding
has gone:
West North East South
1 r Dble Pass 1 4I
Pass 24 Pass ?
What would you bid now with
each of these four hands?
1. 4 107642 r 843 K5 4 K62
2. 4 9863 V AQ6 J94 4 J73
3.* A8543 V J62 104 Q754
4. 4 J9632 V Q874 852 4 10

1. Three clubs. It is clear that your
partner has a very good hand. Appar-
ently his values were too promising
for a direct two-club overcall, so he
doubled first to identify his extra
strength. This sequence typically
identifies a 17-point or better hand
that cannot be shown in any other
way. You have two kings and support
for his suit that he is totally unaware
of-- and the best way of letting him
know this is by raising to three clubs.
Standing alone, your hand is not
very impressive, but in conjunction
with what partner has indicated he
holds, there is surely a chance for
game. For example, partner may
hold 4 K5 V A7 AJ3 4 AQ 10953,
in which case three notrump is a vir-
tual laydown.
2. Two notrump. You hold much
more strength than your previous bid
implied, so you owe it to partner to
now inform him of your high-card
values and double-heart stopper. Two

notrump does not announce a power-
ful hand; if you had a better hand,
you would have responded initially
with a jump-bid. Two notrump is
also a far more encouraging try for
game than a raise to three clubs
would be.
3. Four clubs. Game appears to be
just around to- comer, and you can
best let partner know that by jump-
raising in clubs. One advantage of
raising him to four rather than five is
that it allows for the possibility that
partner might next bid four spades
(showing three-card support), which
you'd pass. Ten tricks in spades
could prove easier to make than 11
tricks in clubs.
lb raise to only three clubs would
show a lack of understanding of the
power suggested by partner's first
two bids. All too often, he would
pass three clubs, and you'd wind up
missing an excellent game contract.
There is no good reason to pussyfoot
in such a promising situation.
4. Pass. This setup is a hot potato,
and the sooner you let go, the better
off you'll be. Dangerous as your sit-
uation was at the start, partner's two-
club bid has made it more so.
It is true that a spade contract
might work out better, but as a prac-
tical matter it's not wise to test this
possibility, lest the roof suddenly
cave in. You're in a choice-of-evils
position where a further bid would
invite disaster.

Tomorrow: A shadow on the horizon.









13 14 15 16


21 22 23

24 25







Contract Bridge

by Steve Becker

Bidding Quiz





Articles get our readers talking

aouM inoinht s"".m Ml

The stories behind the news

He's not alone

,.,SM.....' Response to last week's hard-hitting article about the disgraced
~ : ....Nassau lawyer Andrew Thompson has been overwhelming,
0 =,=T="' with victims of 'legal' dishonesty clamouring to state their case.
?'+" .7., :What is clear is that Thompson was far from being alone in
"., .............his exploitation of ordinary Bahamians. INSIGHTreports...

Decline and fall of
Andrew Thompson
L - -s - USa. ta.. ...(

a' aaa.a.:' a .a aa -"';:":- 'a:. .a.a...

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SSpiral" lamps f

Sales & Full Service Department
Rosetta & Montgomery Streets
Email Geoffjones@comcast net



Read your recent articles
about the incidents relat-
ing to Mr Andrew
Thompson. I also observed that
your first article prompted sev-
'eral readers to comment that
Mr Thompson is not alone in
the arena of unethical practices
and that the number could be as
high as 60 per cent. Having
been a resident in the Bahamas
for 45 years, I have noted many
changes during this period and I
am of the opinion that because
of there being so many
unscrupulous lawyers, that this
issue has far greater implica-
tions than just the matter of
dealing with one or two really
"bad" guys.
Unfortunately, one of the
most significant weaknesses that
handicaps The Bahamas from
becoming a major offshore
financial centre is the general
standard and recognition' of its
judicial system.
The basic foundation of any
judicial system evolves around
its.players of which the lawyers
form one of the key elements.
Accordingly one has to wonder
if (a) the fact that frequent
appointments are made of prac-
tising lawyers to sit on the
bench either as magistrates,
judges, etc. and (b) the fact that
the legal profession in the
Bahamas is for Bahamians only,
are contributing factors? It is
well-known that the current
judicial process is blighted with
frequent delays and/or post-
ponements invariably in the
favour of the defendant?
In these given circumstances,
one cannot help but be sceptical
about the overall standard of
ethical and moral values within
the legal profession. To be fair,
I acknowledge that there are
some very good and very com-
petent Bahamian lawyers but
unfortunately they are the
minority and they do not appear
to be influential in holding and
maintaining high standards
throughout the profession.
Having focused considerable
attention on the legal profes-
sion, I Subscribe to the fact that
other professions should also
be held to similar high ethical
and moral standards eg
accountants and bankers.
It has been known that, over
the years, both professions have
been subjected to "rogues"
whose actions have been on a
similar scale to those of the
lawyers. The situation with the

accountants is somewhat similar
to the lawyers by the fact that
partnerships within the profes-
sion are for Bahamians only. I
hasten to add that like the legal
profession there are some very
good and very competent
Bahamian accountants.
However, the real issue of
these subject professions
evolves around the meaningful
oversight and exercise of high
ethical and moral standards.
Historically there are prece-
dents whereby several of these
disgraced professionals have
never been brought to court.
The- reasons being the potential
embarrassment and adverse
publicity attributable to the
plaintiffs, together with the time
and cost in pursuing such
actions, are considered greater
than any advantage that might
be obtained via the due process
of legal action. Unfortunately
such decisions leave these
"rogues" unscathed and unpun-
ished for their actions and quite
often they are allowed to con-
tinue to operate (in some cases
quite publicly?) as though noth-
ing had happened ie, they take
the position that by not being
brought to court clearly means
that they are not guilty of
unlawful practice ie, they are
do not consider themselves
New Providence, the capital
and business focal point of The
Bahamas, is a small island with
a relatively small population.
Accordingly the public-at-large
invariably know who these
"rogues" are, yet they are
allowed to continue their busi-
ness ventures as though noth-
ing had happened. In my opin-
ion, and in line with many other
countries, the findings of these
professional oversight bodies
should be rrdepblib : c.These':
findings should also be sent to,
the various regulatory oversight
bodies within The Bahamas to
ensure that such persons can
never again be permitted to
operate in any future position
whereby they can commit fur-
ther unethical and immoral acts
against the public.
Yours sincerely,
Another law-abiding
MY family was involved with
a lawyer for many years who
was "attending" to various land
issues. Every time he acted for
us he wanted an acre of land.
This kind of practice is com-

The stories behind the news

PP needs its own Obanima
A YEAR-OLD report
commissioned by the PLP
to find out why they lost
the 2007 general election
told Bahamians nothing
they didn't know. But it did
remind the party that now
is thetimeto workonits
future, or face another
defeat in 2012.
INSIGHT reports..

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it- ... .... t i t S .. . . . .
THE FRONT PAGE o f t*pe. m ",," 1, 2n : ." ,
.,d "",pa a 1.N.. ^ aA..I t 0P. *** -- **a* *; **a ; .. ".lA * :A
Aa,,^lSahSab lA"^^- ^ ^ SEeO

monplace. It is a way of snatch-
ing valuable property away
from poor families who don't
have money to meet lawyers'

Re: PLP Needs Its
Own Obama
n a recent 'Insight' col-
umn in The Tribune, Mr
John Marquis, one of the
best writers hitherto in this
country, opined that the
;.defunl Progressive Liberal Par-
ty (PLP.) may well need a local
'Obama' to resuscitate its polit-
ical viability. I agree with his
contention 100 per cent but go
even further to state, boldly,
that such a person is also badly
needed within the smug Free
National Movement (FNM).
This time around has got to
be the last parliamentary term
for the dinosaurs from what is
now a relatively old and vision-
less generation. The Bahamas
deserves a better calibre of lead-
ership than it has experienced
over the last 20-odd years. Since
the most untimely and much
lamented demise of the late
great Sir Lynden Oscar Pin-
dling, The Bahamas has lurched
from pillar to post, just like a
drunken man.
Yes, both Mr Christie and Mr
Ingraham mean well, I am sure,
but they have played their roles
on the stage called The
Bahamas, in my humble view
and the current cast of boorish
actors, uncouth prima donnas,
minics, clowns and stage-hands
must be changed. They must be
told, forcibly, that the curtain
must come down on their seg-
ment of the soap opera.

There is an 'Obama' avail-
able for both the FNM and the
More importantly, whomever
emerges as the 'Obama' fot
either of those parties, he or she
will have to contend with 'the
third force' in the form of Thd
National Republican Alliancd
(ARENA) which will usher in,
finally, the real changes and
deliver the real hope thai
Bahamians have been long hol-
lering for.
Both of the established par4
ties have played out whatever
-roles they were originally
assigned by Yahweh (that greaf
playwright) and they must noW
bow out gracefully,' or, if neci
essary, be dragged from the
national stage. The so-calle4
Bahamian version of 'Obama'
lies within the collective psyche
of our people and he/she onlC
awaits the clarion call to: 'Come
over to Macedonia' To God
then, in all things, be the glory.
Ortland H. Bodie Jr

IT occurred to me, also, that
Obama's convention speech
had the kind of content one
never hears from politicians
here in the Bahamas. There was
talk of honesty, integrity and
family values, all subjects rarely
touched upon by Bahamian
politicians, for all the reasons
we might well suspect. Unfor-
tunately, I see no person any-
thing like Obama here, so we
are a country without hope.
Tommy Turnquest sure ain't -
and nor is Obie Wilchcombe.
Mackey Streeter
WHAT about Fred Mitchell?
Ain't he another Barack Oba-
ma? Hey, man, only jokin'!






The Ministry.of Finance invites Tenders from interested
Companies to provide 24-hour security service for the
partially completed building on John F. Kennedy Drive.

Interested parties may arrange to view the partially
completed building by contacting Mr. Gordon Major,
Director of Public Works at the address below Monday
through Friday 9:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m.:

Ministry of Public Works and Transport
John F. Kennedy Drive
Telephone No. 322-4830

All Tenders are to be submitted in triplicate (3) in sealed
envelope(s) marked "TENDER FOR SECURITY
SERVICE" and addressed to:

The Tenders Board
c/o Financial Secretary
Ministry of Finance
Cecil Wallace Whitfield Centre (3rd Floor)
P.O. Box N-3017
Nassau, N.P., The Bahamas
Telephone No. 327-1530

The deadline for submission of Tenders is Friday, 19th
September, 2008 at 5:00 p.m.

Tenders will be opened at 10:00 a.m. on Tuesday, 23rd
September, 2008 at the meeting of the Tenders Board at
the Ministry of Finance.

The Ministry of Finance reserves the right to reject
any or all Tenders.





The Ministry of Finance invites Tenders from interested
Companies/Brokers/Agents to provide general insurance coverage
for a partially completed building on John F. Kennedy Drive.
Interested parties may arrange to view the partially completed
building by contacting Mr. Gordon Major, Director of Works
at the address below Monday through Friday 9:00 a.m. until
5:00 p.m.:
Ministry of Public Works and Transport
John F. Kennedy Drive
Telephone No. 322-4830

Tender Specifications for the general insurance required may
be collected from the Economic Unit at the Ministry of Finance
Monday through Friday 9:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m.

Tenders are to be submitted in triplicate (3) in sealed envelope(s)
addressed to:

The Tenders Board
c/o Financial Secretary
Ministry of Finance
Cecil Wallace Whitfield Centre (3rd Floor)
P.O. Box N-3017
Nassau, N.P., The Bahamas

The deadline for submission of Tenders is Friday, 19th
September, 2008 at 5:00 p.m.

Tenders will be opened at 10:00 a.m. on Tuesday, 23rd September,
2008 at the meeting of the Tenders Board at the Ministry of

The Ministry of Finance reserves the right to reject any or
all Tenders.


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The stories behind the news


a touch c




Managing Editor
Hillary Clinton, a hard-headed
campaigner who knew the best
and worst of politics, was not
everyone's favourite person. But
even those who detested her had
to acknowledge her work ethic and pay due obei-
sance to her phenomenal ambition.
Hillary missed making history as the first
woman presidential nominee after one of the
hardest-fought campaigns in American history.
She missed The White House by a whisker after
a career dedicated to public service.
Now, almost unbelievably, she could be
upstaged in the presidential annals by a woman
who until a few days ago was virtually unknown
outside of Alaska, a storm-lashed frontier terri-
tory situated just a few miles across the ice from
the most unforgiving extremes of the Russian
Pain, 44, governor of the state for a year and a
half, lfunter of wildlife and self-confessed lover of
moose stew, jokingly brushed off her lack of inter-
national experience by saying she could see Rus-
sia from her office desk.
That's probably literally true, but the bit of
Russia she can see is one of the most isolated
and desolate places on earth and a very long sled-
ride from Vladivostok, the eastern seaport where
- one begins an arduous eight-day train-ride to
Literally and metaphorically, Palin's political
career has occurred a very long way from the
seats of power. Until last year, she didn't even
have a passport.
Now, in an extraordinary series of events which
poses many questions about the way the US runs
its presidency, Mrs Palin has been hauled out of
the Alaskan wilderness to find herself half-way up
Pennsylvania Avenue within sniffing distance of
the Oval Office.
Since John McCain picked her as his poten-
tial vice-president, she has morphed from parish-
pump busybody to convention superstar literally
within days, with her picture splashed all over
the celebrity tabloids.
Celebrity status being what it is, many pointed
and quite alarming questions are now being asked
about her credentials and antecedents, none of
which were answered by her so-called "barn-
storming" speech to the National Republican
Most serious among them revolves around a
story in the National Enquirer claiming that Mrs
Palin had an affair with her husband's business
partner, a charge which if true would have
very serious implications for a right-winger high
on family values and moral rectitude.
Mrs Palin and John McCain have dismissed
this tale as tabloid rubbish, but the accusation
will not be easily resisted, especially as the Enquir-
er has a remarkably good record when it comes to
political exposes.
Many excellent stories about high-ranking polit-
ical figures have been broken by the supermarket
tabloid, the latest being John Edwards' affair
with a woman photographer he hired as part of
his campaign team.
It's happened so often, in fact, that the rather
sanctimonious mainstream press of America has
been forced to acknowledge, very grudgingly,
the paper's undoubted prowess in its field.
When it comes to digging dirt, the Enquirer is
a formidable force, throwing cartloads of money
at stories to ensure every fact is flushed out to its
Having done freelance work for the Enquirer
myself, I can vouch for the paper's obsessive
checking procedures. Double-checking and triple-
checking is never enough unless a journalist is
absolutely sure of his facts, backed up by solid evi-
dence, the Enquirer will not run the story. It's as
simple as that.
While allegations of infidelity are bad enough
potentially disastrous, in fact for someone

SARAH PALIN was virtually unknown south of the Arctic

Circle two weeks ago. Now she is being touted as a potential

president of the United States. What does this tell us about

America and its political system? And what does it tell us

about John McCain? INSIGHT reports...
- --. -- - -- --- - - --... -- -- --- -- --. - - -- - --. - -- -- - -- -- - - - -- ---. - -- - -- -- - --- -- -- -- - -- - - - -- -- - -- - -- - - - - - -- -- - - - -- - - - -- -- -- -

who is supposed to represent the puritanical right,
two other claims about Mrs Palin make disturbing
reading for those of us who dislike abuse of polit-
ical power and high-handed censorship.
The claim that Mrs Palin used her political
power to persecute her former brother-in-law,
who was divorced from her sister, will strike a
note with those who understand the machina-
-tions of Bahamian politics. Using one's office to
influence family bust-ups is not unusual in small
More worrying still was her run-in with her
local librarian, who successfully resisted Palin's
attempt to ban certain books from the library on
the grounds that she had no right to pick and
choose what others should read.
Bossyboots Palin, according to her Alaskan
critics, used her governorship to settle personal
scores and give vent to her prejudices. She was
apparently taking a cue from the Russians across
the street across the narrow Bering Strait,
actually by adopting a totalitarian approach
to local affairs.
As if all that were not enough, the now
"famous" Levi Johnston, teenage father of the
child Palin's 17-year-old daughter is expecting, has
declared himself an unashamed "redneck" who
doesn't want children.
As each toe-curling disclosure emerged last
week, one could imagine McCain's advisers run-
ning around the convention hall tearing their hair
out and yelling: "What have we done? What have
we done?".
All that was needed to complete their despair

was fulfilment of a cartoonist's hilarious forecast
that daughter Bristol might name her baby
"Barack" to get back at her mum.
Yet the really big argument against Palin's
nomination has not been discussed fully by the
pundits, whose attention has been diverted some-
what by the comparative trivialities listed above.
In the past, presidential running mates have
been largely overlooked as makeweight deputies
who will never get close to the top job. This was
true of Dan Quayle, who was famously quoted
(probably apocryphally) as telling people in Latin
America: "I-wish I'd studied Latin at school so I
could speak to you people in your own language."
Fortunately for us all, Quayle was VP to a
robust George Bush Sr, a man who was still jump-
ing out of aeroplanes and riding horses at high
speed in his eighties.
In Palin's case, this doesn't wash because
McCain is a 72-year-old war veteran who is not in
the best physical shape and has been struck by
cancer no fewer than four times.
If Ladbroke's the bookmakers were taking bets
on McCain's survival of his first term as president,
you would have a job securing attractive odds.
If you wanted to bet on his survival of a second
term, he would be an odds-on favourite not to
make it, given the immense pressures he would be
likely to face in the job.
That means Mrs Palin, the hockey mum from a
northern wasteland, would be required to step up
to the plate to face down Vladimir "Vlad the
Impaler" Putin from Russia and the revolting
"I've had my dinner dad", the Iranian leader with

-- - - - - - -----.- . --. -.-- .-.- ..................................4---
nuclear ambitions. This does not leave me wit4
warm and cosy feelings. I
Nor do I see Sarah as a Condoleezza Rice ot
Hillary Clinton when it comes to high-powered
negotiations in Baghdad, Brussels or Jerusalem
Alongside sophisticates like Sarkozy, she might
appear a tad gauche. Moose stew is fine in Fairs
banks, but it doesn't go down a bundle in thj
Palace of Versailles.
For McCain, Palin's emergence as a politic
figure might backfire in three ways. Firstly, h
might be outshone by her. Whatever she's not,
she's certainly a good-looking woman with far
appeal. Secondly, the Enquirer looks like it's dig{
going in for a long fight, insisting its research is faf
more reliable than the Republicans' supposed
due diligence when it comes to Sarah Palin.
Thirdly, at a point in the presidential campaign
where the going really gets rough, Palin will be
boning up on foreign affairs in an attempt to take
on Joe Biden, a man whose first-hand knowl-
edge of all the world's flashpoints is unmatched.
"Biden will chew her up and spit her out," a
blogger noted last week, "she will have nothing in
her powderhorn to match old Joe."
The most critical consideration for McCain,
however, is his own judgment, and whether it
has failed him on this occasion. If Palin screws up,
and the doubters think she might, he will be seen
as a man who fluffed the most important political
decision of his life at a time when the presidency
looked to be within his grasp.
If the story of her alleged affair gains legs, and
the Enquirer's exposure of her family's internal
strife gathers force, McCain's campaign could
find itself diverted at just the' point where it needs
to focus intently on the powerful, and extremely
attractive, Obama-Biden presidential combo.
While Obama will undoubtedly benefit
immensely from the Biden dimension, McCain
could be crippled without hope if Palin turns out
to be far less than she appears, at least superfi-
The Democrats are already undermining her as
a God-freak and Gun-freak with no knowledge of
anything outside of her own far-flung domain,
where a sparsely scattered population spends
much of the year bunkered down against the
weather and fighting off brown bears.
Her tormentors are already accusing her of
trying to cover up her daughter's pregnancy, of
trying to get the girl married off before her bump
showed, of being hypocritically over-concerned
with her own political image above the welfare of
her kith and kin.
You can guarantee there will be much more to
come as the presidential campaign nears its final
McCain's road to The White House has been
long, hard and painful. But the last few weeks up
to polling day on November 4 could be the tough-
est stretch of all.
It now remains to be seen whether Sarah Palin
will be the most ingenious choice of running mate
in the history of American politics, or a devas-
tating blunder who will stand between McCain
and his dream.
What do you think? Fax 328-2398 or e-mail




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OOKS change lives.
They can transform
dullards into wits, and
dunces into scholars. More
importantly, though, they give
life itself extra enriching dimen-
Read Alan Bennett's amusing
account of Queen Elizabeth
11 's fictional conversion into a
book-lover The Uncommon
Reader and you begin to
understand just what literature
can do for you.




h-mI Ma DElin. hn icer
Bjri,|.:im 1;Fj;,I Ferrii,.

"Up From Slavery", the autobiography of Booker T Wash-
ington opened the life of this great man for me to see his tri-
umphs and his struggles. I remember being absolutely
intrigued by the fact that the man who started one of the
world's great institutions, Tuskegee University, only learned his
alphabet at the age of 12. When I first read this story, I was at a
very impressionable age. I took for granted the privilege of
education, and thought everyone at the age of twelve could
read and write.
Biographies are special stories filled with the lessons of other
people's lives. This is a story that I have revisited-manv times in
my life because it reminds me, always, that anything you dream
is possible no matter where you start or how limited your
resources may be.


Bennett mischievously sug- Ross said: "The smallest book-
gests, in the most affectionate store still contains more ideas of
terms, that Her Majesty's unex- worth than haye been presented
pected encounter with a mobile in the entire history of televi-
library visiting Buckingham sion."
Palace changed her from a Naturally, writers have for
naive know-nothing into a years used their expressive
worldly thinker, powers to further the cause of
In Bennett's gentle satire, the books.
Queen becomes so besotted by Mark Twain, author of The
books that she develops an Adventures of Huckleberry
engaging technique of reading a Finn, said: "The man who does
good book resting in her lap not read good books has no
while simultaneously waving to advantage over a man who can't
her subjects from her gilded read them."
coach. And the tormented Czech
Starting with a novel by Ivy novelist-Franz Kafka said: "A
Compton-Burnett, she breaks book must be an ice-axe to
through the initial barrier of break the seas frozen inside our
finding the book "too heavy" to souls."
achieve an epiphany which In Bahamian society today,
wholly changes not only her the low priority of books is
daily life, but also her entire reflected in the poor state of
outlook, converting her from society itself.
uninformed frump into a The senseless pursuit of mate-
t colourful personality with rialism and the reverence for
insights that frighten the ser- Rolex watches and shiny wheel-
vants. rims over things of true worth -
Of course, humorist Bennett is a straight reflection of barren
is himself a master of the lan- minds.
guage and a brilliant exponent The writer George Steiner
of its many nuances and sub- said: "Books are the best anti-
tleties. And his book on the dote against the marsh gas of
Queen is intended primarily to boredom and vacuity."
amuse his devoted following, They also simulate an areabof
including the good lady herself. the brain the cells that convert
But the underlying message is printed text into images whose
serious: books really are the dif- development has run parallel
ference between those in the with the growth of civilisation.
know and those in the dark. To allow this faculty to atro-
If personal trainers can phy could ultimately endanger
improve your body, and tonics mankind.,
provide a sense of general well- So, if you are not a book
being, they are nothing along- reader, you should do yourself a
side books, which actually take favour and become one. What
over your life and make you Longfellow described as "the
think in ways you might never sweet serenity of books" is truly
have thought possible. one of life's great pleasures.
The great American publisher They have been called "the
Max Perkins, mentor of F Scott medicine of the mind" and,
Fitzgerald and Ernest Heming- more prosaically, "pure brain-
way, said: "The more a man is, food" but books are friends and
the less he needs." -companions, too.
But the essentials, he had to Charles Lamb said "I love to
concede, must include books, lose myself in other men's
those portals to superior minds minds" while Augustine Birrell
that mark the difference believed books to be the key to
between the donkeys and thor- eternal peace.
oughbreds in society at large. "An ordinary man can sur-
Over the last 50 years, read- round himself with 2,000 books
ing has fallen foul of television, and thenceforward have at least
and people have suffered mas- one place in the world where
: sively from its impact. Not only Uit's possible'io be happy," he
have attention spans been cut said. -. .
drastically across the board.'but Final word goes to William
'even the intelligentsia are less *' Somerset Maugham, a novelist
informed, and less articulate, and story writer whose work
than they used to be. was fashionable in the early and
The comic Groucho Marx mid 20th century.
said: "I find television to be "To acquire a habit of reading
very educating. Every time is to construct for yourself a
somebody switches on the set. I refuge from almost all the mis-
go into the other room and read series of life," he said.
a book." I couldn't ha\e put it better
And a man called Andrew myself.




;: .: ~: ::~:^':1:;51:.:.;1. .



Advantages of



A N intriguing
sight greeted
me one morn-
ing recently when I
logged onto MSNBC. I
saw a story'of a 17-
month-old who can
read! Her parents are
speech pathologists
and their early invest-
ment of time, stimulat-
ing her cognitive and
speech development
paid great dividends.

Her highly developed visual perception, along with
consistent exposure to print, plus the rapid growth of
the brain during this time period, enabled her par-
ents to pull this off.
What does this have to do with homeschooling?
Quite a bit, because stay-at-home moms have the
time to-literally pour instructional effort into their lit-
tle ones. You can advance their intelligence, develop
their genius, and hone great character skills all at the
same time. ,
Educational experts agree that language-rich stim-
ulation enhances the efficacy of the neural function
of your child's brain. Moreover, if you keep your pre-
cious ones at home, they won't be sick as often, and
less spent with the local physician, is money in your
Research confirms that a loving, safe, stable, stimu-
lating home environment, is the single-most signifi-
cantly beneficial influence on the development of a
child's brain. Experiences in such a home affect
future learning in many positive ways.
Reading to newborns helps to develop permanent
brain mass, according to a study; which means that if
you diligently read to your baby, you are actually
changing the physiological structure of his brain. You
are in effect, building intelligence. So it makes sense
to ensure that you establish the foundation for early
reading skills to emerge, while boosting social and
emotional development and future academic success.
Early readers understand more about their world
sooner and faster and so have higher intelligence.
They also often become super-achievers as they
advance into their early teen years. Their advanced
reading abilities propel them forward ahead of their
peers. They gain more insight from what they read,
because of their highly developed comprehension
skills. Their mastery of vocabulary promotes fluent
and articulate speaking skills an invaluable asset for
life's journey. Their composition writing skills are
enhanced as well, since the language art skills are
closely intertwined.
There are great products on the market to enhance
early literacy skills. Parents can use them regularly in
a playful way, and help their youngsters learn to read
Ensure that you get, a good early learning curricu-
lum, and enjoy the benefits of teaching your young-
ster at home! .. ,
Websites to help your youngsters begin life as early

Early literacy- Bahamian

six-year-old whiz kid

was early reader

A SIX-year-old who can read the newspaper? In fact Morgan reads fluently
and decodes polysyllabic words effortlessly.
How did this happen? Simple: her parents exposed her to an early litera-
cy system when she was a toddler, that stimulated her thinking, reading, speak-
ing, listening and comprehension skills. She viewed words and pictures that
enhanced her cognition and thereby promoted learning.
Education experts agree that children from instructionally stimulating
home environments actually have more highly developed brains than children
from non-enriched home settings. It makes sense then for parents to seize the
opportunity to enhance their youngsters' learning capabilities during the
formative years, like Morgan's parents did.
This explains why some one, two, and three-year-olds
are learning to read so early. "During the first two years of life, the brain
makes neural connections at a very fast rate. The brain is connecting the infant
to his body, making connections for sight, sound, touch and movement," said
J Dianne Connell, author of Brain-Based Strategies to Reach Every Learn-
The accelerated growth of of the brain during this crucial period maximizes
learning absorption. Additionally, parents should regularly read to their
babies, as reading to the little ones enhances brain development,.
Consistently hearing language, from the kind, spontaneous words of par-
ents, to the soothing tones of a familiar story, promotes the efficacy of the
working of the brain, and thereby builds intelligence. Certainly early litera-
cy could be one of the answers to our nation's reading problems.
Morgan's early viewing of words helped to propel her forward in reading.
Early, consistent exposure to words, coupled with the rapid development of
the brain during the formative years of a child's life, enhance early literacy.
Morgan reads significantly above her grade level and recently skipped a
grade at a local private school. She is now 7-years-old and is going in grade
four. Alex Hanna, Morgan's father, indicates that she was very advanced for
her age, even in kindergarten. "The stuff they taught in kindergarten, she
knew already," he said.
As a stay-at-home mom and reading tutor, I strongly advise parents to work
with their children as much as possible during the formative years to enhance
early literacy and numeracy skills. I believe that great reading results can be
obtained if parents and teachers diligently provide a relaxed, playful, word-
centered learning environment for the youngsters, during this critical period.
Also, working with children early to promote literacy at home can quite fea-
sibly save parents money. Some parents are paying fees for private schools and
still have to pay a private tutor to ensure that their youngsters can read. They
are, quite frankly, paying through their noses!
Another benefit of early literacy, is accelerated learning and consequent-
ly, super-achievement. There are accomplished teenagers who have acquired
college-level certifications, invented products speak multiple languages,
achieved superior scores on the SAT exams, excelled in spelling and geog-
raphy bees and have achieved all A' rn nine, ten and even eleven BGCSE
exn'ninnli'ns. Many of these high a, evers were very likely early readers.

former Minister of Education, Attorney
General and Minister of Foreign Affairs

Being Literate provides a

window both to your self

and to the world. For the

basic skills for life and liv-

ing, I give primacy to
reading and comprehen-

sion. With books literacy

can be seen in an indis-

pensable and wider con-

text. A person without

books becomes a human

being incapable of func-

tioning to the fullest as a
complete and mature
member if society.


" 4

r I

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1.. Wk

*Aom wrkil,

A community working



dys exic

Assistant director of Education
THE school and home communities continue to
strive in understanding the significance of Specific
Learning Disability (SpLD). The term SpLD refers
to a special group of individuals who have signifi-
cant, unexpected, specific and persistent problems
in attaining and using efficient reading (dyslexia),
writing (dysgraphia) or mathematical (dyscalculia)
skills in the regular classroom (Karande, Mehta,
& Kulkarni, Z007).
Researchers indicate that the home literacy envi-
ronment plays a part in the child's ability to decode
and encode written or printed words. Commonly,
dyslexic students often have difficulty with repeat-
ed spelling, language delay problems, as well as
phonological patterns (eg cat = /k/,/a/,/t/) which.
may result in frustration and decrease in self-con-
fidence and motivation.
The term dyslexia (The International Dyslexia
Association) refers to individuals having difficul-
ty with receptive oral language skills, expressive
oral language skills, reading, spelling or written
expression associated with the development of
phonological awareness.
According to Cortazzi and Hunter-Carsch (2000),
the British Psychological Society (BPS) published a
revised working definition of dyslexia stating that
dyslexia is the individual's ability to incompletely or
with great difficulty apply accurate and fluent word
reading and/or spelling. The association further
expressed, "The definition focuses on literacy learn-
ing at 'word level' and implies that the problem is
severe and persistent despite appropriate learning
opportunities" (Reason, 1999).
The purpose of this article is to provide practical
steps on dyslexia to parents who desire to help their
children experience classroom success. Parents must
realize that early detection is the best intervention.
Although easily stated, in many cases, the regular
classroom does not react until the ability becomes a
chronic school problem and places emotional stress
on the child (low self-esteem or behavioral prob-
Remedial education intervention should start as
early as possible in order for the child to achieve
academic competence, and parents are invited to
become a part of the child's progress. Parents must
remember that literacy skills are not only devel-
oped at school, but are a part of the child's natural
interaction with his/her environment.
As a child enters the classroom for the first time,
he/she is introduced to basic skills such as rhyming
activities, directionality of print and vocabulary
concepts (beginning and ending sounds). Teachers
enforce the skills by using concentration games,
matching letter to letter and picture to letter, and
eventually increase the complexity of the concept by
matching words to words within a sentence, journal



or text.
As a result, it is imperative that educators and,
parents look at ways in which they can help children
successfully perform in the classroom. If the parent
suspects the child is experiencing a learning diffi-
culty, it is best to have the child assessed. In addition
to the curriculum-based assessments (CBA) (tests
given by the teacher in specific areas of learning), a
child may be referred to the Special Services Section
at the Ministry of Education or any private psy-
chological institution for a psycho-educational
The child would receive a dyslexia screening test
which comprises of assessing the following areas: lit-
eracy skills, phonological awareness and verbal
memory, motor skill and balance, and memory
retrieval fluency. Further, the child completes intel-
ligence and achievement tests which provide the
general cognitive ability, as well as the child's read-
ing comprehension, spelling, word reading, and
phonological ability scores.
It is important that parents and teachers under-
stand that although diagnostic screening measures
are a good way to identify the academic difficulty, it
would be in the best interest of the child if both the
school and home provide the best interventions
that would facilitate school success.
Parents can become the pillar of support as they
are the ones who hold the key to success in helping
their child build self-confidence by expressing their
personal reassurance and encouragement. More
specifically, parents should take an active role in the
academic process by monitoring their child's pro-
Before leaving the agency or testing ,centre, ask
questions. Questions would help the parent under-
stand the nature of your child's problem and how it
might affect his/her school and home life.
Further, parents can:
Discuss the instructional goals with the child's
teacher or tutor.
Reinforce class activities and assignments at
home by incorporating teaching strategies that use
the five senses, also known as the multi-sensory
teaching method.
Pay regular classroom visits to discuss best prac-
tices in reading, spelling, and grammar skills in
ways that are presented in school, thus enabling
the parent to properly assist the child with his/her
Politely request reduction in length of assign-
ment items until the child gains sufficient confi-
dence to complete greater amount of task items if
the child appears genuinely frustrated because of
assignments overload.
Encourage the child to practice using spelling
words orally in conversation. Keep a diary of activ-
ities and events that occur in his/her life (vacation or
Avoid correcting mistakes, but rather point
them out and see if the child can recognize the mis-
takes and self correct them (teaching the skill ver-


sus correcting.the skill).
Encourage the child to ask questions if they
don't understand.
Help the child develop listening skills. This can
be reinforced by recording the instruction or short
stories on a recording device, then have the child
play back.
Provide practice using every-day words.
Help the child proofread materials for errors.
Help the child understand the nature of dyslex-
Provide different talents that people have and
assist the child with finding out their strength and
how they can use their strength.
Discuss with the child's classroom teacher dif-
ferent ways to obtain notes if the child has difficul-
ty copying notes properly.
Provide time for pleasure or paired reading.
Pronounce words automatically during the read-
ing for the child. Keep a record of all mispro-
nounced words for the child to review at a later
Build a word-bank or word-wall (for younger
Although there are numerous websites, the arti-
cle suggests the following sites for additional infor-
mation www.proedinc.com, www.sra4kids.com or
Cicci, R. (1984). Dyslexia: Tips for Parents. Journal of
Cortazzi, M. & Carsch-Hunter, M. (2000). Multilin-
gualism and literacy difficulties: Bridging home and
school. Reading. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford UK.
Davis, G. N., Lindo, E. J., & Compton, D. L. (2007).
Children at risk for reading failure: Constructing an ear-
ly screening measure. Council For Exceptional Children.
Teaching Exceptional Children Vol. 39 No. 5pp. 32-37.
Karande, S., Mehta, V., Kulkarni, M. (2007). Impact of
an education program on parental knowledge of specif-
ic learning disability. Indian J Med Sci, Vol. 61 No. 7.
Meier, J & Sullivan, A. K. (2004). Spotlight schools:
Success stories from high-risk kindergartens. Reading
and Writing Quarterly, 20: 285-304. Taylor & Francis
Reynolds, 0D. & Nicolson, R. (2006). Follow-up of an
exercise-based treatment for children with reading diffi-
culties. Dyslexia. Published online October 27 in Wiley
InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com)
DOI: 10. 1002/dys331
Samuelsson, S., & Lundberg, I. (1996). The impact of
environmental factors on components of reading and
dyslexia. Annals of Dyslexia, Vol. 46

Literacy Coordinator
Uriah McPhee Primary School
MOST of us take literacy for grant-
ed: We can read signs telling us where
we are or how to get where we are
to go. We can read the newspaper
and labels on items in the grocery
store. We can use an automatic
machine or write a check without giv-
ing it much thought.
For many adults and young adults
in the Bahamas and around the world
those simple functions are difficult, if
impossible challenges, because they
can't read or can barely read. They
are functionally illiterate.
If we are to succeed in this mod-
ern society, reading is basic to every-
thing we do. People who can't read or
write at a functional level can't get

desired jobs. If they can, they are
hired at minimum wage or often
short-term jobs. Therefore, they are
left frustrated and most of them turn
to violence and wreck havoc in our
There is an old proverb that says,
"It takes a village to raise a child."
Therefore, if we are to curb the liter-
acy problem in the Bahamas and
around the world, all stakeholders
must be involved. There should be a
home and school literacy connection.
Research has shown that learning to
read starts well before kindergarten.
According to early childhood special-
ists, children who know sounds and
letters before entering kindergarten
are 20 times more likely to read sim-
ple words by the end of kindergarten
opposed to those who have not been
exposed to literacy before entering
kindergarten. Poor reading skills stay

with most of them throughout their
educational careers as they continually
fall behind their peers.
Therefore, parents must learn that
literacy development for children
begins at birth. Early literacy develops
from real life situations that are mean-
ingful, purposeful and functional.
Children develop these skills by par-
ticipating in activities involving think-
ing, reading, speaking, listening and
viewing. Children who engage in those
kinds of activities are better prepared
for today's school curriculum.
It is incumbent that parents do the
following with their child/children:
Read to them everyday
Talk to them
Ask them open ended questions
Print out objects and label them
Give them experiences, eg A
day at the beach, a camping trip, a

bike ride. Talk to them about their
Outside the home experiences
enrich a child's vocabulary. Language
development is a very important fac-
tor for future reading success.
It is very important for adults as
well as young adults in our society
who have challenges reading to enroll
in a literacy programme like the Min-
istry of Education's Adult Literacy
Programme, or any other similar pro-
gramme in their community to fur-
ther develop their reading skills. This
would enable then to get better
employment as well as be able to help
their child/children to become liter-
I encourage the people of the
Bahamas to get aboard the reading
express "Because reading is knowl-
edge and knowledge is power".



FOR about two
decades I felt trapped
within the constraints
ofthe thinking of
,political parties, and
-While I might be more
s.iupportive of one par-
ty over the other,
being literate has
helped me become
more independent in
my views.
Let me explain a lit-
tle more.
Knowing my involve-
ment in pQlitics, some-
one recommended I
read abook by Henry
Hazlitt titled Econom-
ics In One Lesson. If I
remember correctly
that was in 1994.
Well, that wonderful
little book of only 201
pages changed my life.
At least as far as poli-
tics is concerned. As
Mr Hazlitt pointed out
in the preface to the
first edition, back in
1946, "Economics is
haunted by more fal-
lacies than any other
study known to man".
Well he sure
explodes them. From
price control, to gov-
ernment spending to
the effects of taxation
and rent control, he
deals with them all in
straight forward lan-
guage that anyone that
has the ability to read
can understand.
The central message
that I must share is his
point that "The art of
economics consists in
looking not merely at
the immediate but at
the longer effects of
any act or policy; it
consists in tracing the
consequences of that
policy not merely for
one group but for all
Mr Hazlitt taught
me, in a nutshell, that
the rhetoric of much
of our politics is to
make us feel good in
the short term, with-
out consideration for
the lives of those that
will follow.
Without the ability to
read, I could not have
become a more critical
thinker about our poli-
tics of symbolism over
Congratulations to
The Tribune on this
wonderful effort.


-3 ^ *


Curbing illiteracy in our children

PF, s.




LAST year the College of the Bahamas and the
nation's leading newspaper, The Tribune,
orged a novel partnership, the purpose of
which is to make a contribution to the expansion of
true literacy in our country.

The partners understood fully
that achieving this goal would
require wide buy-in to the notion
that literacy, in its truest sense, goes
beyond the basic functionality that
allows people to recognize their
own names, buy groceries and
respond to basic signals and mes-
Rather, true literacy is about
owning meaning and the ability to
create and disseminate meaningful
messages and new knowledge. In
this way, literacy is essential to the
nurturing of good citizens and is
therefore one of the fundamentals
of nation building, of civic respon-

sibility and responsiveness, of last-
ing democracy and even of peace.
This seems rather a large claim
for something that to a large number
of our people means little more than
sending young children to school so
that they can understand that the
letters C-A-T on a page refers to
the furry creature running around
the house or yard scratching and
Literacy, however, is so much
more than decoding and calling
words. Decoding is but the first step
on a journey whose first milestone
must be deriving meaning from
what we read or hear, whether con-

veyed by means of symbols, images,
words, sentences, paragraphs, poet-
ry, narrative, exposition or argu-
The final destination or a deep,
abiding literacy is achieved only
when the reader or hearer is alive to
the fact that many of the messages
directed at us or to us are often
composed of several layers: a read-
ily accessed surface meaning, and
deeper strata that may demand
time, patience and work to mine,
retrieve and own.
Truly literate persons can make
inferences from decoded statements
and perceive the implications of
what is being conveyed. Once the
message is "owned", we can use it
as a jumping off point fdr new rea-
soning, new decisions, new concepts
and new knowledge. To derive the
greatest rewards from a message,
the truly literate will use their own
personal experiences and knowl-
edge, find out Whatever they can
about the background of the author
of the message, his or her purpose in
messaging and intended audience.

The Tribune/College partnership
is also founded on a deep belief that
good writing and access to good
reading material are the handmaid-
en of literacy. For this reason, the
serialization of good books, stories
and essays for children and adults in
The Tribune is one of our main
strategies. For this reason also, we
are determined to encourage local
writers and poets to produce more,
striving always for the highest qual-
We have begun to do this by
hosting readings at COB's Chap-
ter One Bookstore and, only
recently, we have engaged talks
with Erica James, director of the
National Art Gallery, to expand
this element of our programme. We
also mean to produce a special sup-
plement for World Literacy Day
annually, a commitment we hon-
oured through a first issue last year.
Access cannot be overempha-
sized. This means that much more
must be done to increase the range
and numbers of books available in
Braille for the sight challenged of

the Bahamas. It means that so
much more must be done to sup-
port and modernize our public
libraries and the archives.
It means recognition and promo-
tion of all the selfless literacy pro-
grammes and volunteers that have
been struggling unsung for many
years. It means that building a new,
state-of-the-art library for the Uni-
versity of the Bahamas, must
become a national imperative and a
personal goal for each citizen and
resident of this country.
As this important work of build-
ing literacy progresses, we hope to
acquire more partners, more spon-
sors, who believe as we do that the
expansion of literacy in this country
is as essential as anything else we
may do to build the nation. We
invite your support in any way you
can give it, whether it be financial-
ly, in permission to use your writing
for publication or through your sug-
gestions .for the continuing
enhancement of our drive for lit-



ALTHOUGH I have been greatly
influenced by several books, the one
that stands out is a book that I read ,. "
While in university which is titled
"The Challenge to the South". This
book, which was authored by several- .
prominent personalities from devel-
oping nations, argues that people '0i
must be at the centre of development
if their needs are to be met.
After reading this book, my view of
the process of community building
and national development changed. I
think that this change has also signifi-
cantly and positively impacted the
S way that I operate as a public servant. .


Vice President Finance.
Baha Mar Resorts Ltd.
Who AMoved My Cheese? by Spencer
Johnson. MD t
\\'lo Alo'ed A M CheeseL is an amaz-
ing story of change in u0111 lives and
typical reactions to such change. Four
characters (tw1o mice and t\wo "little
people") set out each day to find
"cheese". The characters all experi-
ence different levels of success as a
result their reactions to change. This
book has had far-reaching impact on
my professional and personal life. Not
only have I learned to embrace
change, I've also become an advocate
for change.


1 I.. I"

*r i



) Pakistan' Internalional
Literacy Day

An Afghan girl reads a:

book at a school of an

Afghan refugees camp in

Lahore, Pakistan, on Fri-

day, Sept. 8, 2006 which is

observed as International

Literacy Day. UN-spon-

sored International Liter-

acy Day is celebrated

around the world every

ydar on September 8.

The aim of the annual

observance is to highlight

the importance of lifera-

cy to individuals, com-

munities and societies.

The importance of knowing

ow to read

L ITERACY is defined as an individual's ability to
read, write, speak, compute and solve problems at
levels of proficiency necessary to function on the
job and in society, so that people may achieve their
goals and develop their knowledge and potential.

Beyond a shadow of a doubt, know-
ing how to read is extremely impor-
tant. When the tremendous amount
of information garnered daily through
reading is considered, it becomes
apparent that the ability to read pro'-
ficiently is a fundamental skill that
affects the quality of life of individuals
In the workplace of the 21st Cen-
tury, the nation's workers will need to
be better-educated to fill new jobs and
more flexible to respond to the chang-
ing knowledge and skill requirements
of existing jobs.
Proficiency in reading and writing
skills is one of the central pillars of
the economy. Reading skills are essen-
tial as most employees increasingly
work with information on computer
terminals, forms, charts, instructional
manuals and other information dis-
plays. Writing is also an essential part
of communication, as it conveys guid-
ance to others and establishes a per-
manent base of information. The aca-
demic basics of reading and writing
are interrelated and they are needed in
jobs of all kinds.
Research has confirmed that reading
skills influence the well-being of chil-
dren as well as adults. If children are to
become lifelong readers, it is impera-
tive that they are surrounded with a lit-
eracy-rich environment. When chil-
dren are engaged in meaningful liter-
acy activities and given purposes to
learn, they sense the power of literacy
in their lives and develop ownership
for literacy.
Any in-depth look at the concept
of literacy and the impact that it has on
society should begin with the home
where the child develops his value sys-
tem. The formative years, which are
essential to his growth and develop-

ment, will determine his accomplish-
ments going into adulthood. The
parental role is vital in every aspect
of a child's life. Exposure to educa-
tional material of necessity, should
begin as early as possible in the home.
Parents who lack basic literacy skills
are handicapped and find it difficult to
meet the challenge of parenting. It is
imperative therefore, that parents are
provided the tools needed.to enhance
their children's literacy development
and become effective as their chil-
dren's first and most influential teach-
In our Bahamian society, the tradi-
tional school system operates on the
premise that all students will be literate
upon completion of the primary level.
Research has established a strong asso-
ciation between attention and behav-
ioural problems in the preschool years.
According to Torgesen (1998), "A
poor first grade reader almost invari-
ably continues to be a poor reader".
This phenomenon also continues
throughout elementary school and
with the upward mobility of the child
there is accompanying frustration and
decreased self-esteem. What is' even
more disheartening is that studies also
reflect that poor reading skills at the
very basic level seldom allow a child to
catch up as he goes through the
remaining grades. The inability to read
could result in a child's self imposed
isolation which could manifest itself
in his display of anti-social behaviour.
These same children eventually
become adults and exhibit the same
patterns of behaviour, for example:
low self-esteem, feelings of isolation,
patterns of poor efforts, aggressive
behaviour and a general feeling of
inadequacy. Studies have shown that,
"Quality education is one of the most

cost effective ways of crime preven-
tion," (Green Wood Model, Rydall,
& Chiesa 1996; Taylor 1993). Hence,
literacy impacts crime and crime pre-
While illiteracy cannot be pinpoint-
ed as the cause of crime, information
gathered from the Department of
Rehabilitative and Welfare Services
indicates that the majority of youth
before the court system are deficient in
basic literacy skills such as, reading,
vocabulary, comprehension and flu-
ency. There is a correlation between
the lack of achievement and anti-social
National Literacy Services, a unit
within the Ministry of Education, was
established to become the pre-emi-
nent source of advocacy, training, tech-
nical assistance and information with
respect to adult literacy as the core
vehicle for changing the lives of indi-
viduals and their families and improv-
ing communities. The Adult Literacy
Programme provides free, confiden-
tial tutoring in basic reading and writ-
ing, using a one to one.approach,
emphasizing personal attention in a
non-competitive atmosphere.
Adults are tutored by on-site staff
members and volunteers. Volunteers
are key to the success of the Adult
Literacy Programme as they serve as
mentors and offer support and encour-
agement to the adult students. The
programme provides effective learning
experiences for adults who have left
school without achieving the appro-
priate levels of proficiency in literacy
The Unit is cognizant of the fact
that these skills are required not only
for personal development, but to
enable individuals to contribute to the
economic and social performance of
the society in which they live. Indeed,
it is one of the important assets in a
community's arsenal for progress.
Additionally, improved competency
in this area provides a platform for
people upon which they can build a
solid future.
Students in the programme at
National Literacy are excited about
their newly acquired literacy skills.
Currently, there are 140 persons
enrolled in the programme. Eighty

four or 60 per cent are males and 56 or
40 per cent are females. One hundred
and four or 74 per cent are being
tutored on-site and 36 or 26 per cent
are being tutored off-site.
Following are testimonials of three
new writers in the programme that
have expressed their learning experi-
ences. Indeed, their stories highlight
the declaration of Joyce Whidden of
the Adult Literacy League of Orlando,
Florida who once opined: "When stu-
dents write, they are finding a voice
they have never had before." To this,
one might add that when students
learn to read, they experience a free-
dom from captivity they have never
known. It is hoped that these stories
will serve as an inspiration and moti-
vation for others.

I have to give thanks to God and
the National Literacy Services Pro-
gramme for allowing me the privilege
to improve my reading and writing
skills. I say a heartfelt thanks to my
tutor Mrs Taylor, who shares her time
in order to ensure that 1 understand
what is taught.
I am a member of Prison Fellow-
ship Bahamas, headed by Dr Olga A
Clarke. At the time, she was also one
of the assistant directors at the Min-
istry of Education, Science and Tech-
nology. One day Dr Clarke asked ine
if I would like to be the secretary for
Prison'Fellowship. I said, "Yes, but I
have a problem." She then asked what
the problem was. I told her that my
reading and spelling are very poor.
With her encouragement, I became a
student at the National Literacy Ser-
vices whereafter my assessment, I was
placed at the correct level.
There was much excitement for me
as I got my first set of books and wrote
down the days and times that I would
attend classes. I was finally on my way
to learning how to read.
Now that I can read and spell better,
I am now the Prison Fellowship's
office secretary. I started in book one,
now I am in book four. What I like
about National Literacy Services is the
staff. They are so loving, helpful and
concerned. My plan is to stay in the
programme until I have completed the

highest level.

At first I thought this ':reading
school" was set-up like every day
school. My mother told the supervi-
sor that I came from the courts. I
thought there was going to be a diffi-
cult entrance test for the programme.
At a regular school, the teacher is
unable to give individual attention. In
the junior high school where I canie
from, the teacher placed me in a class,
but I didn't get the help I needed.
Sometimes I didn't get any help at all
with my reading. I am now able to
focus on the. lesson and get more work
done because of the one-on-one teach-
ing. I am now able to get the support
and encouragement. that I need.
I would like to see the junior high
school start a programme for the youth
who need to learn how to read. I think
that students should read and do math
during the first term. Students should
be allowed to read from special read-
ing books. I would like to continue
the programme up to Bahamas Junior
Certificate (BJC) level. One day I
would like to own my own construc-
tion company.

1 remember,how unconifoitable I
felt when my supervisor told me I
would have to attend reading classes. I
agreed so that I could keep my job,
ILu! hoped and prayed that day would
never come. I was afraid. hlie day did
come iand I was taken to meet my
prospective tutor.
When Mis Simms, my supervisor,
was about to leave me. imyv tutor saw
the ficar in my eyes. Being a caring
woman,l she placed hier aiiims around
me and said. "Come gill, we're going
to have lots o)f In in this class." As I
clutched my hbag for support, my first
lesson be.gan.
I soon realised that the lesson was
not as difficult as I had anticipated. I
told my lutor I would lcturn the fol-
lowing day. Weeks later. I admitted, "1
am a different person who is now
eager to learn and can't wait to get to
each class." This was the bheg.inning of
a new chapter in my life.


I always loved books and loved reading. I
don't know how or when I learned to read.
My whole consciousness of myself is tied to
reading because my very first memory as a liv-
ing being is of reading the card I got for my 4th
Birthday. I remember there was an elephant
on it. But in my formative years I'd have to
say one of the key books was *Tuck Everlast-
ing* by Natalie Babbit. It was beautiful and
sad. It taught me that what you long for may
not really be what's best for you. Of course, I
keep learning that lesson over and over
because I keep forgetting.




- I, -. 4~

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t lt-mtoa




NEXT to the Bible,
the book that has made
a lasting impact on my
ministry is entitled
"God in Us" by Miles
Lowell Yates. This book
comprises lectures given
by Doctor Yates at
General Theological
Seminary in New York
on "Ascetical Theolo-
gy" it concerned the
principles and practices
of Christian spirituality.
In addition to the
actual lectures, the
book also includes a
wide selection of quota-
tions from scripture and
spiritual writers with a
selection of meditative
I obtained a copy of
this book as I was
preparing for ordination
to the diaconate in 1959,
and I have returned to it
from time to time
because I continue to
find encouragement and
enlightenment from the
various chapters of the
book. One of the pas-
sages that I frequently
return to deals with the
question of dedication:
"Dedication is a kind
of sine qua non of spiri-
tual commitment. It is,
first, the wanting, and
then, the willing, to do
something more with
one's life than just being
alive and performing
.our inescapable duties
or letting things take
their course in and
around us. It is having
both the desire and the
resolution to honour
God with one's life.
And dedication, of
course, is an empty, a
self-contradictory pur-
pose, if it does not issue
in activity, in all-round
enterprise. Spiritual
enterprise involves the
whole man the think-
1 ing, feeling, choosing,
speaking, acting man. In
a curious way, we have
to enter all the events, if
we are going to enter at
all, even though we dis-
' cover that we are better
i in meeting some chal-
', lenges than others."

Archbishop of the West Indies
, Bishop of the Diocese of the
Bahamas andthe Turks and
Caicos Islands

4. .

. .
. ", i
'I w
.. ..".Orb

' t .



>7,- .

, '. --,,- w B, ,

-V 4

National and Information Library Services

promotes information literacy for all

HE fundamental
role of libraries is
to make informa-
tion easily accessible to
all. Therefore libraries
perform a multiplicity of
functions including acqui-
sition, preservation,
organisation and dissem-
ination of reading mate-
rials and resources for
the benefits of end '.users.
Libraries are recognized
globally as agents of
change that promote
democratic values and lit-
eracy for one and for all.
As the Bahamian Public Library
System evolves and develops, its users
are not only deriving benefits from
the traditional services but those that
encompass the use of modern infor-
mation technologies via a, computer-
ized system and Internet connectivity.
All public libraries in New Provi-
dence and several in the Family
Islands are connected to the Internet
and have access to many powerful
databases and electronic books to
assist the public with study and
research projects.
With the click of the mouse, users
are able to sit in their homes or in
libraries and learning centres and gain
access to the Online Public Access
Catalogue (OPAC) to find out if a
book is available in a particular library
in New Providence. Other services,
such as user's instruction, guided
Internet searches, use of CD-ROMs,
DVDs and book loans of various gen-
res ranging from fiction to non-fiction
are also provided.
Historically, our libraries hosted
story hour for children and adults'

alike. Many reminisce about story
times conducted by the late Mrs Lil-
lian G Weir-Coakley, library veteran
at Southern Public Library on Bail-
lou Hill Road. Today, in addition-to
the conventional story hour, we have
introduced a Toddler's Reading Hour
initially started at the GK Symonette
Library" and then at South Beach
This programme caters to 'stay at
home moms and fathers' and home-
schooled students. Children are
accompany by their parents or
guardians to attend weekly library ses-
sions to hear stories read to them.
Puppet shows depicting many
favourite story characters are also
included to appeal to children of vary-
ing ages and reading levels.
Other ongoing programmes in the
system are
A weekly Enrichment Reading
programme at Elizabeth Estates Pub-
lic Library
And upcoming new reading and
behaviour modification programme,
Wulff Road Library commencing this
In many of our Family Islands,
including Haynes Library in Gover-
nor's Harbour; Tarpum Bay Library,
Eleuthera; Sir George Roberts
Library, Harbour Island; and Green
Turtle Cay Library, Abaco; similar
reading programmes are not uncom-
The library system promotes litera-
cy in other ways as well. For example,
through our annual summer reading
programmes, children of all ages are
invited to share in numerous activi-
ties at the library promoting reading in
a fun filled environment utilizing
music, art and crafts to stimulate inter-
est in the basic skills of reading, writ-
ing and mathematics.
A timely initiative recently intro-
duced to our library system is the
Information Literacy Programme for
library cadets. It all began with a sub-
mission of a proposal to Information

for All Programme,' (IFAP), United
Nations Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) in
Of the 502 project submissions from
various countries around the world,
24 were approved and the Bahamas
was one of them. The project's theme
is "Recruiting and Training Library
Cadets (RTLC) for a sustainable
The main purpose of the RTLC
programme is to motivate young men
arid women to make librarianship and
information science professions of-
choice. Realizing that the profession is
graying, some tangible and proactive
steps need to be taken to recruit and
train vibrant young people in the field
of information that is growing by leaps
and bounds.
Library skills are special because
they are needed in the successful pur-
suit of any career. All students, in
order to effectively complete a course
of study regardless of the discipline,
must learn how to use the library effi-
ciently. Subsequently, the programme
serves a twofold purpose. While its
main target is high school students, a
pilot programme involving one pri-
mary school in New Providence is
being conducted for a year.
The information age presents stu-
dents with ample opportunities to gar-
ner information, communication and
technological skills. Libraries and
information centres are ideal places
tO not only demonstrate those skills,.
but also to acquire information litera-
cy skills that are crucial to succeed in
the 21st century.
The main objectives of the pro-
gramme are:
1. To increase the cadre of quali-
fied library staff in The Bahamas;
2. To identify promising intellectu-
ally capable young men and women
who wish to choose professions in
library science and information tech-
3. To sensitize the Bahamian society
of the important and critical role of
library and information profession in
the nation.

Societies all around the world
depend largely on libraries to collect,
organise, store and disseminate infor-
mation to the masses. Subsequently,
the need for qualified information spe-
cialists is becoming ever more crucial.
The perennial shortage of librarians in
the Bahamas was.one of the prime
motivations for introducing library
cadets' programme to high school stu-
dents to join the library and informa-
tion rank
Training of library cadets is being
conducted in three basic ways: for-
mally, informally and via the library
cadet website. The website, with learn-
ing resources, is especially useful to
distance learners or enrollees as it pro-
vides support to cadets on remote
islands of the country.
Trainers concentrate on teaching
basic library practice, highlighting the
relationship between modern tech-
nology and traditional library prac-
tices. New cadets are invited to view
online library skills courses and a
video presentation of teaching basic
library practices to young persons.
Library.cadets visit local public and
school libraries not only to conduct
research themselves, but also to
receive formal and informal training in
library and information skills.
To sharpen their library and
research skills and to fulfill their high
school requirement for graduation,
they have scheduled to engage in 20
hours of community service in a pub-
lic library of their choice.
This is a structured programme
comprising a number of tasks such as
simple book processing, stamping,
reading and organising shelves, con-
ducting searches and photocopying
materials for end users.
To date the library cadets have also
participated in a tour to the library at
the College of the Bahamas, taken
part in an essay competition entitled
"Why Do I Need My Community
Library?" knd a Caribbean Informa-
tion Literacy poster/ logo competi-
tion, received coaching for writing,
editing and producing radio broad-
casts on information literacy skills and
topical educational issues affecting
young people.

Dr Munroe tells of influential books in his life

IN a literate society it is important
for everyone to be able to communi-
cate effectively. And such an ability,
being able to effectively communi-
cate, is greatly enhanced by a healthy
appetite for reading a pastime which
helps build a person's vocabulary,
widens their knowledge base and
improves their ability to think criti-
Tapping into the life altering phe-
nomenon that is reading, author and
senior pastor of Bahamas Faith Min-
istries Dr Myles Munroe named "Pil-
grims Progress" by John Bunyan and
"My Utmost For His Highest" by
Oswald Chambers as two books that

have greatly impacted his life.
A fictional work about a believer's
faith journey, Dr Munroe said Pil-
grims Progress has greatly influenced
his life, teaching him how to accept
the reality that life has challenges.
"The book impacted my life and I
would encourage every young per-
son to read it."
Reading the book when he was a
teenager, Dr Munroe said that it pre-
pared him for his future, and even
turned out to be one of the books he
was required to study in college.
The inspirational, My Utmost For
His Highest, continues to be a source
of empowerment, motivation and rev-
elation to Dr Munroe. He admits that
everyday he is able to read a chapter.

"This book is a great book and it hap-
pens to be a part of my library."
For Dr Munroe "books are the
source of life, one book can change a
life. Books hold the ideas of past, pre-
sent and future". He believes strong-
ly that books indeed have the power
to change, and he encourages people
of all different ages to continue read-
"Books hold knowledge, and
knowledge is power. Young people
don't read just to get yourself through
high school or college, but continue
reading throughout your life because
reading can build a nation," he said.
In our culture some young men
have the idea that reading takes away
their masculinity. Dr Munroe

expresses a different view. and reit-
erates that the great leaders of this
world, some of who were men. loved
to read. "Martin Luther King loved
to read. Abraham Lincoln who, in
my opinion, was the best president
of the United States of America,
loved to read. In fact, he taught him-
self how to read. We need to change
our culture and teach the young peo-
ple that reading is the key to nation-
al development."
D.r Munroe also believes that
because some men don't read it
retards their ability to lead and make
intelligent decisions.
'God's Big Idea' is Dr Munroe's
new book which will be released this
week in 30,000 stores.


;I, r






Project Read



acy Day usually brings
renewed awareness to
the literate public about
those who are unable to
read, write or solve prob-
lems involving reading
and writing.
At Project Read this day is one of
reflection or even introspection. We
think about the millions of non readers
or low skilled readers in the world,
but more so those at home, in the
Bahamas our families, friends and
neighbours. Then we think about those
who can read and write, but who will
not take the time to either tutor a non-
reader or give a financial contribution
to organizations such as Project Read
to purchase books and other materials
to help 'a non-reader become literate.
Project Read is a not-for-profit
organisation that teaches adults and
teens to read free of charge. It was
started by the Rotary Club of East
Nassau in 1991, but is now a fully inde-
pendent charity incorporated under
the laws of the Bahamas. Project

Read's purpose is to enable individu-
als to acquire the listening, speaking
and reading skills they need to solve
the problems they encounter in daily
life: to take full advantage of oppor-
tunities in their environment and to
participate fully in the positive trans-
formation of theif society.
According to a recent study by the
Coalition for Education Reform, more
than one-third of persons leaving high
school this year are illiterate. Present-
ly, at Project Read there are 40 stu-
dents waiting for tutors. To become a
tutor one need only attend an initial
eight hour workshop followed by
ongoing seminars to keep up to date.
There are also other volunteer oppor-
tunities available.
Illiteracy does not suggest a lack of
intelligence. Most people who have
not learned to read are just as smart as
or smarter than their peers, but they
have difficulty learning in conventional
school settings.
Do some people go to school on the
first day bragging about how clever
they are and how well they will learn
to read? Do others go to school brag-
ging how dull they will be in school
and not learn to read? No, they do
not. All five year olds go to school
with the same thing on their minds,
lunch and play. However, some learn
to read in no time at all, alas, others
leave grade 12 not knowing how to
read. Unfortunately, the school system

seems helpless to deal with people
with reading challenges so they fall
through the proverbial crack. The
crack quite frequently is criminality.
In her paper, Illiteracy and Violence:
Confusion About Cause and Effect,
Marian Hinds refers to the latest Edu-
cational Testing Service report,
"Becoming Literate About Literacy,"'
which opines that wrong assumptions
are made regarding literacy and illit-
eracy thus, wrong questions are
asked and failing solutions are offered.
Because those reporting do not
understand what causes illiteracy and
the cause-effect relationship between
reading failure and delinquency, they
report that poverty, homelessness, etc
cause illiteracy rather than reporting
the reverse the true picture is that
illiteracy causes poverty, drug usage,
crime, etc. Schools with high expecta-
tions do teach children to read in spite
of problems resulting from poverty,
homelessness, drug addiction, etc.
Regarding violence and crime,
Michael Brunner, a leading US
Department of Justice official, details
the link between academic failure and
delinquency. In his paper, 'Retarding
America: The Imprisonment of Poten-
tial', Brunner documents that '.'this
link is welded to reading failure," and
proposes that "research-based read-
ing instruction can be used to reduce
recidivism and increase employment
opportunity for incarcerated juvenile

A study by Dennis Hogenson,
'Reading Failure and Juvenile Delin-
quency', is remarkable both in what
it did find and what it didn't find: "the
present study was unsuccessful in
attempting to correlate aggression with
age, family size or number of parents
present in the home, rural versus
urban environment, socio-economic
status, minority group membership,
religious preference, etc. Only read-
ing failure was found to correlate with
aggression in both. populations of
delinquent boys.
"It is possible that reading failure
is the single most significant factor in
those forms of delinquency which can
be described as anti-socially aggres-
sive: that is, assault, arson, sadistic acts
directed against peers and siblings,
major vandalism, etc, said Hogenson.
Experts such as Dr David Allen,
psychiatrist, and Dr Elliston Rahming,
criminologist, have made no secret of
the fact that there is a correlation
between delinquency/crime and acad-
emic failure/inability to read. Carl
Kline, MD, child and adolescent psy-
chiatrist internationally and known for
his expertise in children's learning dis-
abilities, states, "every poor reader
who does not receive appropriate help
will develop significant emotional
problems." He further states that when
35 per cent of a population is affected
by a disability, it is an epidemic; and he

notes that it "seems likely that
teenagers who can't read or spell and
who consequently hate school are easy
targets for drug dealers."
According to Hinds, "too often the
public is led to believe that the prob-
lems keeping children from learning to
read are not the schools' fault that
instead parents have not given enough
support, the parents are .divorced,
there is too much TV, etc. However,
according to Professor Siegfried Engel-
mann, University of Oregon, in his
book, 'War Against The Schools Aca-
demic Child Abuse', he has declared
war upon educational practices that
literally constitute child abuse.
Professor Engelmann vividly
explains how irresponsible practices
have contributed to the paralysis of
our school systems and injury to count-
less school children for decades. In an
age demanding intellectual proficien-
cy, the cost to those children and our
nation is incalculable.
As we reflect on this International
Literacy Day, let us consider the job
our teacher training institutions are
doing. If the very foundation of all
education reading instruction is in
trouble, what can be said about the
rest of teacher preparation? Let us not
reinvent the wheel, but rather embrace
the information already in existence
and restructure our system to reduce
our illiteracy rate by at least one third
within the next decade.




Prashant Ravi/AP Photo

0 Indian International Literacy Day
A college student holds a placard advocating literacy

on the occasion of World Literacy Day in Patna, India,

Friday, Sept. 8, 2006.

21st Century Literacies

IT'S time for a literacy
check... Do you know what ICTs
are? How about mouse potato?
Cybersquatting? Cyberphobia?
Avatar? Webinar? No? Let's try
some easier ones.. .Spyware? Mon-
degreen? Edamame? Subprime?
If you are befuddled by any of
these or the hundreds of other
words that have been added to our
English dictionaries since the 1980s,
you have run smack dab into the
wall of the new literacies which
have thrown a spanner in our intel-
lectual works with a maddening
wealth of new words, and dazzling
and equally confounding new
means and media for getting our
message across.
Literacy has never been a fixed
quantity, Christopher Columbus'
15th century voyages alone would
have added many new words, con-
cepts and technologies to challenge
Europeans, including "tobacco"
and the notion that ships sailing
west were not in danger of falling
off an edged world.
If such novelties were hard to
digest 500 years ago, just think of
the task confronting those who
would wish to remain at the fore-
front of comprehension nowadays.
In this first decade of the 21st cen-
tury, abuzz with a wealth of new
and faster technologies, startling
scientific discoveries and convo-
luted geopolitics, literacy has
picked up its heels and raced past
the unwary and those to whom
reading is no more than a distaste-
ful chore.
Now that communication satel-
lites, undersea cable, television, jet
travel and the Internet bring us
into close contact with ever increas-
ing paths of exploration and cul-
tures that were once distant and
dismissible, you can't just say 'I can
read and write' and leave it at that,
You will be limiting your oppor-
tunities for personal and profes-
sional development and even more,
shutting yourself away from the
world of meaning and pleasure that
reading with comprehension and
writing with crystal clarity enfold. If
you are responsible for bringing up
a child in this age, such retrograde
thinking tends to condemn all but
your genius children to the back-

burners of life.
An article from a publication of
the International Reading Atsoci-
. ation makes this notion even clear-
er and urgent:
"Consider, for example, the
changes experienced by students
who graduate from secondary
school this year. Their story teach-
es us an important lesson about
our literacy future. Many gradu-
ates started their school career with
the literacies of paper, pencil, and
book technologies but will finish
having encountered the literacies
demanded by a wide variety of
information and communication
technologies (ICTs): Web logs
(blogs), word processors, video edi-
tors, World Wide Web browser,
Web editors, e-mail, spreadsheets,
presentation software, instant mes-
saging, plug-ins for Web. resources,
listservs, bulletin boards, avatars,
virtual worlds, and many others.
"These students experienced
new literacies at the end of their
schooling unimagined at the begin-
ning. Given the increasingly rapid
pace of change in the technologies
of literacy, it is likely that students
who begin school this year will
experience even more profound
changes during their own literacy
journeys. Moreover, this story will
be repeated again and again as new
generations of students encounter
yet unimagined ICTs as they move
through school and develop cur-
rently unenvisioned new literacies."
What can we do to keep our-
selves, our children and our stu-
dents literate in the 21st century?
Donald J Leu et al say that while it
is clear that many new literacies
are emerging rapidly, "we believe
the most essential ones for schools
to consider cluster around the
Internet and allow students to
exploit the extensive ICTs that
become available in an online, net-
worked environment.
"In an information age, we
believe it becomes essential to pre-
pare students for these new litera-
cies because they are central to the
use of information and the acqui-
sition of knowledge. Traditional
definitions of literacy and literacy
instruction will be insufficient if we
seek to provide students with the
futures they deserve."
It is important to begin by under-
standing the new challenges in
reading and communicating. It is

equally important to spend appro-
priate time and money making cer-
tain that your home is furnished
with a wide array of books books
for pleasure, reference books -
access to a computer and the Inter-
net. But be careful It is essential
to arm yourself and your children
with the knowledge to use them
properly. It is better to forego the
latest branded clothing than to bar
the door to these important ele-
ments of personal development.
Note well, however. You cannot
only dispel the gloom of ignorance
in your own home and hope to
enjoy a better life. It is important to
create a literate community. We
must do more to bring our libraries
into the 21st century. Donate books
and equipment; form a library com-
mittee or book club in your neigh-
bourhood, company, your associa-
tion, your fraternity or sorority.
Make current literacy a criterion
for climbing the corporate ladders
under your supervision.
With radical changes in the
workplace and international trade,
confronting and mastering the new
literacies are important keys to
achieving and maintaining com-
petitiveness. So read widely; read
with a good dictionary handy; read
constantly; read appreciating that
you are opening up new doors to
knowledge and new possibilities of
success. But more than this, read
appreciating that there are rewards
to be pursued that cannot be count-
ed and to which we cannot attach a
price tag.
Literacy, appropriate to the
times in which we live, is a trea-
sure to be ardently sought and con-
stantly enhanced once it lies in our
grasp. Literacy is a precious gem
that makes us work continuously
in order to see and benefit from its
greatest beauties. If we do not pol-
ish it all through our lives, its bright
sparks that illuminate our lives will
grow dull and our minds will follow
suit. So let us keep the lamp of lit-
eracy burning brightly.
"Toward a Theory of New Lit-
eracies Emerging From the Inter-
net and Other Information and
Communication Technologies",
Donald J Leu Jr et al in Theoretical
Models and Processes of Reading,
5th Edition. Robert B Ruddell and
Norman Unrau, editors. April 2004,
International Reading Association.


I HAD a motto as a college student... "When I have
money, I buy books and if any is left I buy food and cloth-
There are two books which had a profound impact on
me; "Man's Search for Meaning" by noted psychologist
Pnd holocaust survivor Victor Frankl and "Emotional
intelligence" by Daniel Goleman.
Reading is the fundamental process of continuously
creasig your depth and breadth of knowledge. It pro-
Videi a competitive advantage and prepares you to stand-
out i-hiritellectual life. Combined with exposure, reading
develops your critical decision making skills and can
improve the quality of your ordinary existence.



- ~k~B~a~as~





Tribune News Editor

Theu ...
Tellsofthe war between A s ad ..
Sparta in 5th century BC Greece. Consid-'
ered the first real work of political theory,
The Peloponnesian War shows conflict .
both as the destroyer of humanity's highest
achievements and a necessary consequence
of human nature.
An exploration of ancient ideas of
fate. will-power and guilt..this trilogy of
plays is a vision of the transition from bar-
barity and tribalism to the rule of law and
civic responsibility. Ancient Greek philos-
ophy at this point in history stressed the
idea of balance, and Aeschylus believes
ethnic and tribal loyalties do have some
place in society. A founding text of west-
ern civilization, the Oresteia won the leg-
endary dramatic competition in Athens
known as the Dionysia in 458 BC.
John Miton
This epic poem revolutionised the way
verse was written in English. The story of
man's first disobedience against God, it
manages on the one band to be an argu-
mdnt in favour of obedience. hierarchy and.
order, and on the other, a subtle critique of.
authority and a defence of free will.
The story of a social outcast and virtual"
hermit known only as the Underground
Man. The book amounts to an argument
against the widely held opinion that reason
alone can bring about a perfect world. This
view brought an excess of arrogance and
egoism in those who held it. but tended to
underestimate the extent to which man .*
values free will, even if it leads him to art
against his own self interest.

C Indonesian International Literacy Day
Indonesian girls spend International Literacy Day reading at the Central

Jakarta Public Library, Wednesday, Sept. 8, 2004, in Jakarta, Indonesia. In

a country with widespread poverty, the United Nations reports that

Indonesia's literacy rate is around 87 per cent.

The Tribune recog-
nizes its responsibility
towards an informed
and literate citizen-
ship. Our Newspaper
in Education Literacy
Programme is an ini-
tiative to increase
awareness of the need
and importance litera-
cy, and the role it plays
in developing con-
structive citizens. We
are grateful for the
support of the persons
whose signatures
appear on this page,
and those whom we
profile in this special
section commemorat-
ing International Lit-
eracy Day. It is one
indication of their
commitment to litera-
cy programmes
nationwide. To learn
more about The Tri-
bune's Newspaper in
Education Literacy
Programme, call 502-
2350 or e-mail nie@tri-

foseph Conrad
A complex study of colonialism in
Africa and 19th century imperialism in
general, Heart of Darkness can be read as
an exploration of the darkness that exists'
inside all human beings regardless of skin
colour or level of "civilization".

A dat' W A4fA6:th N fetifeH rimIi'anii,
ci~ilisation in which the state controls .- 7,
advanced technology, and use modern
consumer culture to distract and'enslave
citizens, eventually breeding humans to be
passive and easily controlled. A warning
about what will happen if we take many of
the main driving forces of capitalist society
to their logical conclusion.
a Set in Mexico in the 1930s the book
discus.ss both the dangers of excessive ide-
alism and the shortcomings of organised
religion. It explores how failure, guilt, sac-
rifice and courage interact with circum-
stances to form the individual.
A classic of post-colonial literature.
the book charts the relationship between
rhe imunperial conquests of the West and
how they affected, and were affected by,
western culture. For Said. the conse-
quences of western imperialism are still
with us and have affected the culture and
traditions of both the colonists and the col-
-Jared Dio-
Wrintten by the professor of geography
and physiolog% at UCLA, in 1998 this
book won a Pulitzer Prize. More than a
history lesson, the book is an examination
of how ind why certain civilizations have
ended up dominating others. As it turns
out, the answer has nothing to do with dif-
ferences in race. culture, religion or moral-
ity,. and everything to do w ith geographic
and en\ ironmental factors.
John Gray
A dissection of the modern political
landscape from hard-line socialists to
moderates to libert'.rian capitalists which
uncovers the disturbing truth that they
were originally derived from apocalyptic
religion and retain to this day a dangerous
undercurrent of fundanientalism.

The Catholic Board of Education

,Corrective Reading Programme

faces the challenges head- on

Reading Specialist
Sts Francis/Joseph Catholic School

best reading
instruction possi-
ble for children who are
struggling academically
remains a major
responsibility for educa-
tors. The Catholic Board
of Education is aware
of this and also believes
that all students need
support from home,
school, church, and
community to become
productive and success-
ful members of society.
Some students, howev-
er, require additional
support that goes
beyond the ordinary
instruction received in a
regular classroom.
These children are iden-
tified as having specific
educational needs.

With this in mind, the Catholic
Board df Education has been chart-
ing a successful path for over five
years in their Corrective/Remedial
Reading Programme which was
redesigned during the 2005 -2006
school year with the establishment
of an official Special Education
Committee made up of counsel-
* lors, reading specialists, staff devel-
opment instructors and resource
This programme caters to chil-
dren with specific reading difficul-
ties and, for this reason, the pro-
gramme has been named the Cor-
rective Reading Programme
The goal of CRP is to develop
the students' reading skills so that
they are able to move from the
frustration level to a reading level
at which they can profit more read-
ily from instruction in the regular
school programme. A variety of
innovative and workable method-
ologies are used to ensure that stu-
dents will improve their educa-
tional capabilities, so that they can
move on to become productive cit-
There are presently six Correc-
tive Reading Resource rooms: four
in New Providence located at Sts
Francis and Joseph School,
Xavier's Lower School, St Thomas
More, Our Lady Catholic School
and a centre each at St Francis de
Sales in Abaco and Mary Star of
the Sea in Freeport Grand
The advantages of this type of
programme include:

Students benefiting from spe-
cific resource support while
remaining integrated with their
instructional peers.
Reading teachers serving as
informational resources .to other
school personnel, parents and to
students themselves.
Young children with mild,
though developing, problems can
be accommodated so that later,
severe disorders may be prevented.
Placement tests are used to assign
students to the programme. When
the Corrective Reading Teacher
determines that the student can
function at the instructional level,
the student will be recommended
to exit the programme. The pro-
gramme is used for students in
grades one through six. Class sizes
range from six to ten students.
Method of instruction involves
the use of the Pullout Approach.
This is based on the concept of,
"How The Child Learns Best". It is
important to note that the goal of
teaching reading is to create life-
long, independent readers, writers
and thinkers.
As educators, we have the
responsibility to develop and try as
many strategies as we can that will
help us reach these goals. Some of
the approaches that are used to
remedy reading difficulties include
whole language, literature-based,
phonetic, multisensory (VAKT),
language experience and the com-
mon basal reader approach.
At the heart of any successful .
programme of this nature you will

find the teachers. All Corrective
Reading rooms are operated by
teachers who are specially trained
in the delivery of remedial services,
counselling and special behaviour
management. These teachers:
Understand the child's reading
Can understand individual
reading development and link
instruction to previous experience.
Tailor instruction to meet
small group and individual needs.
Are equipped to use multi
methods and dynamic instruction-
al materials in their delivery.
Use strong motivational strate-
gies to foster independent read-
View themselves as lifelong
A dynamic feature of the pro-
gramme is the continues profes-
sional development of the teachers
who are in the programme. The
Reading Teachers Committee
meets once per month. During this
time, in a workshop setting, new
ideas in reading and teaching
methodologies are shared. It is
especially impressive as the mem-
bers themselves are used as the
presenters and constantly share
"best practices" with each other in
order to have uniformity, in con-
tent and delivery.
The programme has been expe-
riencing great success and it is
hoped that it will be used in other
schools and tailored to meet the
needs of each'individual school's
culture and climate.


'OF all those arts in which the wise
excel, nature's chief masterpiece is
writing well.'
A 17th century statesman-poet
called John Sheffield wrote that in an
essay on poetry. With a single line, he
claimed his place in every worthwhile
book of quotations compiled since
then, and captured the essential truth
of the literary art.
For outstanding writing, even more
so than painting, sculpting or com-
posing music, can only be produced

by fine minds. Precise written expres-
sion, superbly crafted, is as
Sheffield wrote the ultimate gift.
As The Tribune is in the business of
producing thousands of words every
day for public consumption, it recog-
nises more than most the importance
of the written word.
Its editors have to fashion prose
while working against tight dead-
lines, conscious that they are pursu-
ing a perfection that, because of the
rushed nature of newspapers, they

may never reach.
Now The Tribune is searching for
young writing talent in the hope that
we can identify the best young jour-
nalists, novelists, short story writers
and essayists of the future.
Every year, The Tribune's Young
Writer of the Year will be awarded a
lasting memento of their success in
the hope that they can convert their
talent into a successful writing career.
Schools will be encouraged to enter
their star writers and a panel of

judges all professional writers will
pick the winner based on command
of language and precision of expres-
There will be two age groups -
eight to 11, and 12 to 17 with a spe-
cial prize for the most promising
junior writer from the younger
For more details, please contact
The Tribune's marketing manager at
322-1986 or e-mail him at nie@tri-



p ~lIi


It's waaaay better than fast fooc
It's Wendy's.

Take pride in introducing this

year's Scholarship Recipients.
The Wendy's and Coca Cola Scholarship Program represents a unique opportunity
for those Bahamian children who are academically gifted, yet whose economic
situation would ordinarily place a private education beyond their reach, to aspire
and accomplish their academic goals. The full six-year scholarship is awarded to

The Coke Side of Life

the students who have demonstrated the highest academic excellence throughout
their entire primary school career, in conjunction with the greatest financial need.

Join in with Wendy's and Coca Cola as we recognize the
five (5) Scholarship Recipients for 2008...

ti L


Graduated as
Head Girl from
Yellow Elder Primary

Awards Afchieved
Prefect, Principal's Award, Ministry
of Education Award, Honor Roll
Award, GLAT Attack Award
Subject A*ards e~"'ved;
Mathematics, Social Studies
Language Arts, Science. Music,.: } .
Religious Education, and Spelling
Will be attending.
SL John's College

Graduated a;
Head Girl from Centreville Primary l ',';
Awards received: '. : .....
Principals' Trophy. Vice Principal's Award.
Subject Awards received:
Spanish, Listening Comprehension,
General. Knowledge. Computation and .'
Concepts of Numbers, Grammar, SpellQ ,
Religious Knowledge, Literature. Reading.,'."
Social Studies, Science. Arts and Craft.
Will be atfendirng '
Aquinas College' -'

x Vk -1.,

VendyS anad Coca Cola wish you a the Aes
as you continue to strive for excellence ..,/ .

The Program is open to any Bahamian sixth grader enrolled in a Bahamain school.and listed
are awarded every other year to selected students in New Providence as well as

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