The Tribune
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084249/01007
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune
Uniform Title: Tribune (Nassau, Bahamas)
Portion of title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Place of Publication: Nassau, Bahamas
Publication Date: April 22, 2008
Copyright Date: 2008
Frequency: daily, except sunday
normalized irregular
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850
System ID: UF00084249:01007

Full Text







Volume: 104 No.1 TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008 PRICE 750

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T lecoms C h10

asked Iresig

Departure. of Leon BoatopbieI

Williams could be i

announced today

BAHAMAS Telecoms chief
Leon Williams has been asked to
resign in a move aimed at improv-
ing BTC's accountability and per-
The president and chief execu-
tive's departure could be official-
ly announced as early as today
after details of his compensation
package have been worked
Mr Williams is understood to
have told close friends of his
pending departure.
However, sources told The Tri-
bune last night that the decision to
part company did not imply any-
thing illegal or improper on Mr
Williams' part.
The government-appointed

BTC board has apparently been
concerned about lack of account-
ability at the company, especially
in relation to service quality and
Yesterday, as final details of
Mr Williams' departure were
being discussed, observers specu-
lated that his opposition to BTC
privatization plans may have con-
tributed to his fall from grace.
Mr Williams was always per-
ceived to have been close to for-
mer Minister of Works and Util-
ities Bradley Roberts. This will
not have endeared him to the
FNM government.
SEE full story in today's
Business section

Dwight and Keva Major

appear in a US court
Tribune Staff Reporter
ALLEGED drug conspirators Dwight and Keva Major had their first
day in a United States court yesterday after being extradited from the
Bahamas last week.
Appearing before US Magistrate Judge Ann E Vitunac in the Florida
Southern District Court, the couple were given dates for their detention
and arraignment hearings.
Speaking with The Tribune yesterday, the Majors' temporary counsel,
Troy Ferguson, said the husband and wife are scheduled to appear at West
Palm Beach court for their detention hearing next Monday, April 28.
SEE page 10

Tribune Staff Reporter
FOUR more bodies were
found yesterday as search and
recovery efforts continued for
the remaining passengers
believed to be on board a
small vessel carrying a report-
ed 25 migrants which sank
between Nassau and the
Berry Islands on Saturday
night, officials said.
On Monday afternoon, a
combined search effort
between the Royal Bahamas
Defence Force (RBDF),
Bahamas Air Sea and Rescue
(BASRA) and the US Coast
Guard netted four additional
bodies. The search continued
until sundown Monday and is
expected to resume today.
Three survivors one Hon-
duran male and a Haitian
male and female were found
by rescue teams about 6.30
pm Sunday about 15 miles off
-the coast of Nassau.
Up to press time yesterday,
the confirmed death toll stood
at 13 while the remaining nine
passengers are feared dead.
Chief Petty Officer Ralph
McKinney of the Royal
Bahamas Defence Force said
authorities have not uncov-
ered the sunken vessel but,
SEE page 10

Woman is shot
by masked
men in garden
A WIFE and mother was
shot in the knee as she was
letting the dogs into the gar-
den early yesterday morning.
Sharon Cleare was
approached by three masked
men as she opened the glass
doors at the back of her
home in Marine Drive, near
'Go Slow' Bend, off West
Bay .Street.
One of the men pulled out
a gun and demanded money
from Mrs Cleare before
shooting her in the left knee.
Her husband, Campbell
Cleare, a prominent attorney
and partner at McKinney
Bancroft and Hughes, was
shot at as he came to his
wife's aid, but escaped
unharmed as the three men
got away.
Mrs Cleare, a mother of
two, was treated at Doctors
Hospital and is in stable con-
Any information which
could assist investigations
should be reported to the
police Central Detective
Unit on 502-9991 or 322-


Tribune Staff Reporter
BAY Street businesses are suffering the effects of the current eco-
nomic crisis, with Bahamians and tourists less inclined to part
with their precious pay.
Rising oil prices and the increasing cost of food and gas are leav-
ing people across the Bahamas and the US with less cash to splurge
on luxury items of all kinds, from designer jewellery to ice-cream.
Frankie Lowe, manager of clothing store Jack and Jill in Bay
Street, said business has slowed down by as much as 50 per cent.
He said: "We are making about half the income we were last year,
while energy expenses have doubled, so we are not making enough
to even pay the bills."
Ice-cream vendor Leonard Carroll, of South Beach, has put up
prices of products in his 'Iscream' van by 50 per cent to make up for
falling sales, but the rising cost of gas is driving him out of the busi-
ness he has run for nearly a decade.
"I've lost about 30 per cent of customers in the last month," he
said. "If the gas prices keep going up and I keep losing business I am
going to be forced into a new trade."
Mark Finlayson, president of Solomon's Mines, said sales of jew-
ellery, perfume and designer goods have dropped significantly, and
SEE page 10

Leslie Miller
will not contest
election results
Tribune Staff Reporter
been rumoured for months, for-
mer PLP MP for Blue Hills
Leslie Miller announced yes-
terday that he will not be pur-
suing his election court petition
to contest the results of the May
2, 2007, general election.
Flanked by two of his former
SCabinet colleagues, PLP MP for
Bain and Grants Town Dr
SEE page 10

Gas in Nassau could reach $6
a gallon before end of year
Tribune Staff Reporter
IN I I- R NA.4TIONAL oil prices surged to over $117 a barrel yes-
terday, prompting speculation from some analysts that residents of
New Providence could expect to spend $6 a gallon on gas before the
end of the year.
Following a reported attack on a key pipeline in Nigeria late last
week, combined with the weakening US dollar and increased demand
from emerging Asian markets, the price of crude oil rocketed to
$117.05 yesterday morning, international reports said.
The seemingly endless climb of oil costs spells more bad luck for
Bahamian consumers who are fed up over high gas prices and pray-
ing government will provide some relief.
Fuel industry insider Elcott Coleby believes if current trends con-
tinue, gas prices could soon hover near $6 a gallon. "I think it is very
SEE page 10

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Significant revenue increases

for businesses in Abaco

ABACO businesses are bucking the trend,
recording significant revenue increases over last
year, it was claimed yesterday.
While some Nassau businesses are express-
ing concern about falling trade, Abaco is up in
every sector except construction, said an island
business source.
Tourism-related businesses are pleased
with the level of activity on all fronts,
including boat hire, golf-cart rentals and hotel
"The construction industry is down a bit, and
the sale of cement, but in most other ways, Aba-
co is bucking the trend," said the source.

"However, some gift shops are doing slower
trade, so it seems while tourists are still coming,
they are probably not spending quite so much on
luxury items."
Abaco has proved in the past that it often
remains impervious to outside influences.
Even after the 9/11 downturn, and the dot-com
slump, the island remained relatively buoyant.
"I guess part of the reason is that we depend
a lot of second-home owners who are in the
upper income bracket.
"While they feel the pinch like everyone else,
it doesn't affect things like vacations for them,"
said the source.

Bishop Simeon

Hall backed over

call for 'update'

on murder inquiry

BISHOP Simeon Hall was
yesterday urged to stand firm
in his bid to secure a police
"update" on the Harl Taylor-
Thaddeus McDonald murder
This followed Bishop Hall's
claim in yesterday's Tribune
that he had been threatened
with violence since calling for
police to make a statement on
the investigations.
Public disquiet has been
growing over the police's fail-
ure to make an arrest since Tay-
lor and McDonald were brutal-
ly murdered last November.
There is a growing belief that
Nassau's influential gay and bi-
sexual community is protecting
the culprit.
Yesterday, fathers' rights
campaigner Clever Duncombe
backed Bishop Hall's call,
adding: "I'd like to encourage
him to carry on calling for a
statement. I believe, as do many
others, that this killer is being
protected. In fact, we all know
"If we don't address this
issue, and keep it before the
public eye, it will go cold like
other high-profile gay murders.

For justice's sake, we need to
keep this alive.
"Bishop Hall should not hurt
his head over this threat. This is
one of the oldest ways for them
to keep you silent."
Mr Duncombe said it must
be demonstrated that the law
doesn't recognize "different
strokes for different folks", oth-
erwise people would take the
law into their own hands.

"I am not going to back down
from no sissy. If they are so
powerful and so correct, let
them show their faces. Bishop
Hall is right the police com-
missioner must be pushed to
bring closure on this matter."
Two weeks ago, lead investi-
gator, ASP Leon Bethel, told
The Tribune that no-one' was
blocking police- inquiries.
He said investigations were
still going on and that detec-
tives were confident of bring-
ing the killer to justice.
He said forensic evidence
both murder scenes was
good, but they needed a vital
breakthrough from the public
before piecing the case together.
Handbag designer Taylor and
College of the Bahamas acade-
mic McDonald were found at
their respective homes within
two days of each other;five
months ago.
McDonald had been blud-
geoned with an iron at his
Queen Street home, while Tay-
lor was found with multiple stab
wounds at Mountbatten House
in West Hill Street, where he
ran his handbag business.

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MINISTER OF State for Cul-
ture Charles Maynard officially
opened the Department of
Culture's Visual Arts Exhibi-
tion, which is part of the Min-
istry of Education, Youth,
Sports, and Culture's E
Clement Bethel Festival 2008,
under the theme 'Exploring
the Arts' on Friday, April 18 at
the Central Bank of the



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:Business ................................... P1,2,3,4,5 ,
Com ics................. ........................ .. .......FP7. .
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VILLE TEL: 322-1731 OR 322-3875
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0 In brief

PM is set to

face questions

on future Abaco

PRIME Minister Hubert
Ingraham is expected to face
a barrage of questions about
future development on Aba-
co when he visits the island
next month.
Residents are eager to
know the status of at least
seven projects listed for key
beauty spots, including Lyn-
yard Cay, Snake Cay,Cornish
Cay, Rocky Point and Hole-
The latter project is said to
be the brainchild of an
Atlanta-based group who
want to build two golf cours-
es and a jetport on an exten-
sive resort development.
"Residents are concerned
about all these developments
and whether Abaco has the
infrastructure," one* source
told The Tribune yesterday.
"They also want to know
the social and employment
implications of so many
The proposed Hole-in-the-
Wall project is close to Abaco
National Park and is expected
to raise environmental issues.
Mr Ingraham will be in
Abaco on May 2, when he is
expected to address the
Chamber of Commerce.
He is also scheduled to offi-
cially open the Green Turtle
Cay Heritage Festival.

US Embassy

to formally

open Earth

Day Exhibition

Earth Day, 2008 the United
States Embassy will for-
mally open an Earth Day
Exhibition at the General
Post Office located in East
Hiltreet on Tuesday at
3pno -m
The exhibition will run
from April 22 to May 2.

Martha Stewart

show to feature

Cafe Martinique
THE Cafd Martinique
Restaurant is scheduled to be
featured in an upcoming
episode of the Martha Stew-
art show.
American business magnet
and crafts expert Martha
Stewart last weekend visited
the Bahamas with her televi-
sion crew to film a segment
for her show.
Mrs Stewart cooked a Nas-
sau Grouper meal with Fred-
eric Demers, the executive
sous chef at Jean George
Vongerichten's Caf6 Mar-
tinique, and sampled conch
salad at Goldie's restaurant
on Arawak Cay.
The television crew toured
Atlantis' grounds and Mrs
Stewart viewed the resort's
flora and fauna.
The grouper recipe will be
available on Mrs Stewart's
website after the Bahamas
segment airs on her show.
The recipe for the conch
salad as prepared by
Goldie's "Big Dog Adrian" -
is illustrated in photos on Mrs
Stewart's internet blog.



The Tribune wants to hear
from people who are
making news in their
neighborhoods. Perhaps
you are raising funds for a
good cause, campaigning
for improvements in the
area or have won an
If so, call us on 322-1986
and share your story.

'Still no decision announced' on payment

method for Sea Hauler tragedy victims

Tribune Staff Reporter
spokesman Lincoln Bain said
that notwithstanding efforts
on the part of government to
communicate with those
effected since promising an
ex-gratia payment, there has
still been no decision
announced as to when and
how much money will be
Additionally, he said that
thousands raised in a Christ-
mas fundraising drive on radio
station More94 in aid of the
victims remains in trust with
law firm McKinney, Bancroft
and Hughes, which acts for
the station.
"They've had no word so
far," said Mr Bain of the pro-
posed government assistance.
"(The victims) had some
persons from the prime min-
ister's office and I guess (the
ministry of) Maritime Affairs
calling around questioning
them. I guess the government
is doing their investigation to
see how much they're going
to pay, how many people were
injured and thing," he said.
The government announced
in January that despite an
assessment that none of its
agencies "did or failed to do"
anything which contributed
"in any way to the cause of
the accident" they would pro-
vide an unspecified ex-gratia
(out of kindness) payment to
those effected.
Later, in February, Prime
Minister Hubert Ingraham
said the government in the
process of communicating

with some of the victims and
would "in due course be in a
position to make a judgement
as to what we ought to offer."
Mr Bain said that the vic-
tims "don't understand" why
government was calling them
as, he said, it already "has the
answers" to the questions
being asked.

"They have their medical
records. The attorney gener-
al's office has them," he said,
adding that the situation is
"kind of frustrating."
As for the hold up with the
money raised during the radio
fundraising drive, Mr Bain
said he finds it "totally ridicu-
"They collected money to
be given to these people
because they were in urgent
need. That was the thing they
were crying on the radio _
urgent need and then

months later ...the money
remains in trust," he said.
"They should give it to the
persons who represent the
group, they know who repre-
sents the group, and let them
be responsible," he said.
In March, Campbell Cleare,
the senior partner who was
handling the matter, said that
he was attempting to ascer-
tain who the "real" represen-
tatives of the victims are
after several people came for-
He said that once this was
done, he intended to put the
money in a joint escrow
account and have the onus
placed upon the attorneys to
distribute the thousands of
dollars in donations.
However, according to Mr
Bain this has not yet occurred.
Yesterday, victim Cedric
Hart who was left on crutch-
es as a result of the 2003
tragedy said that he has not
been contacted by govern-
ment. He said he was "going
through a lot right now" and
would appreciate hearing'
something soon.
The Tribune called Mr
Cleare for comment yester-
day, but was told that he was
out of office.
The prime minister's secre-
tary said that his senior policy
adviser, Theresa Butler, would
be the appropriate person to
speak on the issue, however a
message left for Mrs Butler in
the afternoon was not
Permanent Secretary in the
ministry of Maritime Affairs
and Labour, Thelma Fergu-
son Beneby, was also unavail-


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FROM LEFT: Kenneth McKenna II, his mother Laura, sister Erin, father
Ken (who is a firefighter) from Connecticut, US, and attorney Peter
McPherson Christie attempting to put out a fire which threatened the
Cascadilla House on East Street North.
A FAMILY of American firefighters on vacation in The Bahamas
prevented a blaze spreading to one of Nassau's landmark buildings yes-
Ken McKenna, a fireman from Connecticut, and his son Kenneth 111,
also a firemen, grabbed a hose from a nearby office to stop a bush blaze
spreading to Cascadilla, the derelict former home of Sir Harold Christie
in East Street.
The pair spotted flames in the overgrown two-acre garden of the
crumbling wooden house and leapt into action.
With help from Ken's wife Laura, and daughter Erin, the pair con-
tained the fire until the brigade arrived.
"There was a real fear that the fire would spread to the house itself,"
said a witness.
"Had it done so, it would have become a major blaze right in the cen-
tre of Nassau, but their quick action saved the day."
Fire crews were last night dampening down a charred area near
Cascadilla, which was the elegant home of Sir Harold and Lady Christie
until his death in 1973.
Built in the mid-19th century, Cascadilla was once one of the most
elegant society homes in Nassau.
The Christies entertained many notables there, including Earl
Mountbatten and the famous holiday camp king, Sir Billy Butlin.
Fifteen years ago, the Christie family sold the house to businessman
Raymond Wong.
Since then, the building has fallen into a state of ruin, even though it
is protected under local conservation laws.
Though once admired for its beauty, Cascadilla has become an eye-
sore only a few yards off the main Bay Street shopping area.
"A lot of people would like to see it burn down, but those American
tourists helped the old place to see another day," said a Bahamian

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THE world-famous striped lighthouse at Hope Town, Abaco, is
to undergo a facelift next month.
A team of experts is flying in from the United States to repaint
the red-and-white landmark with a special "environmentally friend-
ly" paint.
The lighthouse an authentic relic of the Victorian era has suf-
fered from the "sand-blast" effect of several recent hurricanes.
Its paintwork has been peeling for some time, reducing its appeal
as one of the most photographed buildings in The Bahamas.
An island source said: "A team of experts will strip off the old
paintwork and spray the lighthouse with a new type of paint. They
should be here by mid-May."
Also set for renovation are two lighthouse-keepers' cottages on
the site.
Though the cottages' 22-inch thick walls are sound, woodwork
and roofing will have to be replaced.







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The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEONE. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
Circulation Department (242) 502-2387
Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
Freeport, Grand Bahama: 1-(242)-352-6608
Freeport fax: (242) 352-9348

It'd take a miracle

The Boston Globe
WHEN Pope Benedict XVI's predeces-
sor, John Paul II, visited foreign countries, he
often "carried a saint in his pocket." Some-
times more than one.
So now, at the end of Benedict's six-day vis-
it, we have every right to ask: Where are our
Don't hold your breath. Benedict is no
John Paul, and has proved to be especially
inimical to the Polish prelate's penchant for
canonisation. "He thought the previous pope
was doing way too many saints," says Ken-
neth Woodward, author of the 1990 book
"Making Saints."
"Benedict is not about to start doing that
John Paul II was wild for saints. In his 26-
year pontificate, he canonised almost 500
men and women, and beatified the step pre-
ceding sainthood about 1,300.
On October 1, 2000, in a gesture redolent
of a Sun Myung Moon mass wedding, John
Paul made 123 saints, including the Philadel-
phia heiress Katharine Drexel. (Of those,
120 were Chinese Christians and missionar-
ies.) "Those were colossal numbers, far out of
proportion to any of his predecessors," says
the Rev Thomas Worcester, a history pro-
fessor at the College of the Holy Cross.
John Paul II not only put up big numbers,
but his critics felt he often acted in haste.
During a 1985 visit to the United States, he
hoped to canonise the Rev Junipero Serra
of California but failed to anticipate Native
Americans' objections. (Serra was canonised
two years later, from Rome.)
Likewise, he canonised the founder of
Opus Dei, Josemarma de Escriva de Bala-
guer, a pal of Spanish dictator Francisco Fran-
co, and beatified the pro-Nazi Croatian cler-
ic Alojzije Stepinac. Even John Paul's fast-
track beatification of Mother Teresa was
viewed as incautious, as he cast aside the tra-
ditional five-year waiting period.
Benedict, who has an academic background
and bent, is slowing things down. Upon tak-
ing office, one of his first orders to the Vati-
can's Congregation for the Cause of Saints,
aka "the saint factory," was: Not so fast. Ear-
lier this year, the pope again issued new
guidelines for saint-making, emphasising the.
need for rigorous documentation of good
works and miracles.
The go-slow policy will probably affect the



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sainthood "cause" of his predecessor. After
John Paul II died, cries of "Santo Subitol"
(loosely: Make him a saint now!) were heard
in St Peter's Square. Vatican officials now
say his sainthood cause will proceed along
traditional lines.
For the record, I like saints. In an exorbi-
tant display of faith or superstition? I car-
ried three St Christopher medallions on a
recent vacation trip. I am quite moved that
Maximilian Kolbe, who volunteered to die in
the place of another man at Auschwitz, is
one of the patron saints of journalism. In
fact, my profession has two other patron
saints St Paul the great letter-writer and St
Francis de Sales. Maybe Benedict is on to
something. The Calendar of Saints seems
pretty crowded already.
So what about we Americans? Where are
our saints? Worcester names three compa-
triots as most-likely-to-succeed in the saint
sweepstakes: Dorothy Day, the charismatic
founder of the Catholic Worker movement;
Cardinal Terence Cooke, the former arch-
bishop of New York; and the founder of the
Knights of Columbus, the Rev Michael
McGivney of New Haven. There are special
websites devoted to the causes of Cooke and
McGivney. The Claretian Order has been
championing the cause of Day, a lay woman
who once exclaimed: "Don't call me a saint!
I don't want to be dismissed that easily."
Other Americans are candidates for saint-
hood, of course. Until her death last year,
pilgrims travelled to Worcester to visit
Audrey Marie Santo, who fell into a swim-
ming pool at the age of three and slipped
into a coma.
The many miracles statues and portraits
deemed to have "wept" or "bled", and
"bleeding" communion hosts associated
with Sato are catalogued on a website, lit-
tleaudreysanto.org, which also advances her
cause for sainthood.
In New Jersey, the Sisters of Charity order
has twice submitted 500-page position, or cas-
es, to the Vatican's Congregation of Causes,
arguing for the beatification of Sister Miriam
Teresa Demjanovich, who died in 1927.
"We've been around No 70" in line for
sainthood for quite a while, one of Sister
Miriam's fellow religious told The New York
Times last month.
The Sisters of Charity hoped that Bene-
dict's visit might open the door to beatifica-
tion, the newspaper reported. But no they
will have to wait, like everyone else.

Two scales

of justice in

the Bahamas

EDITOR, The Tribune.
THE Bahamas is a weird
place. We very quickly brag about
the Bahamas being a Christian
nation. Is this really true or is it
used conveniently. Do we really
practise Christian lifestyles? Is
everyone equal, or is the
Bahamas a simply "kisses go by
favour" country. Do we practise
ethical behaviours?
Every day, we hear of prefer-
ential, treatment for one part of
our society or another. We hear
of the most egregious things hap-
pening, but depending on who is
involved, it gets the time of day.
How many times have we heard
of heinous crimes committed,
where the police would allegedly
react depending on who are
Handcuffs are used selective-
ly. There is blatant preferential
treatment which angers most.
Politicians, doctors, lawyers
and some well connected persons
could expect a slap on the wrist, if
anything at all, after breaking the
law. But the average "Joe Blow"
from over the hill will be made

to suffer the most indignation,
embarrassments and ridicule if
they were guilty of the same
things. To cut a, long story short
we have two laws in the Bahamas.
No law for the connected and a
law for the poor.
Our impressionable youth can
make one simple mistake and
their lives would be ruined by the
police and the judiciary. But there
are times when the well connect-
ed can misappropriate, embezzle,
and misuse client's money to the
tune of hundreds of thousands
and seemingly nothing happens.
We know of our sons being sen-
tenced to long years for minor
offences. A joint of marijuana
gets almost the same sentence as
a person who is a seasoned drug
trafficker and distributor. This is
There have been occasions
when lawyers have been accused

of being involved in stealing from
It is called, "stealing by reason
of service".
But it could also be called
"stealing by reason of employ-
But the Bar Association deals
with that, or fails ,to deal with that.
Then some slick spin will be
regurgitated to the press,to con-
fuse the indiscretion.
Interestingly though, our
young sons are given a blemish
on their police records for the
simplest infraction.
They are given the "mark of
death" just because they do not
know anyone "in position".
We have seen on many occa-
sions where some of our sons
were even disadvantaged because
they could not afford expensive
legal representation.
Makes one wonder if you can-
not afford some hot shot lawyer
"your goose is cooked".
April, 2008.

EDITOR, The Tribune.
LAST January 31st the Min-
istry of Tourism held its 5th annu-
al Tourism Conference as a part
of Tourism Week. Prior to
attending, I had a meeting with
the President of The Bahamas
Taxicab Union to ask him if he
was going to attend. He respond-
ed by telling me that he was not
going to attend the conference
for two reasons:
(1) He was not invited
(2) Tourism (The Ministry).
does nothing for his organisation.
After hearing him say this, I
had to agree with him and I too
was tempted not to attend. How-
ever, as a veteran in the Tourism
and Transportation Industry, I
felt compelled to make represen-
tation on behalf of taxi drivers,
one of the main groups of stake-
holders responsible for building
the House of Tourism.
The keynote speaker for the
conference was our Prime Minis-
ter, The Rt Hon Hubert A Ingra-
ham. The PM gave a very
provocative speech and he ended
with a very profound comment.
He said that what tourism was
: proposing in its theme they
should have been doing all along.
I do not know if the technocrats
at the Ministry of Tourism under-
stood the PM. However, I do
believe that the Director Gener-
al of Tourism, who is a quick

NOTICE is hereby given that ETTA HAYDEN of 16
BAHAMAS is applying to 'the Minister responsible for
Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization
as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who
knows any reason why registration/ naturalization should
not be granted, should send a written and signed statement
of the facts within twenty-eight days from the 22nd day
of April 2008 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.


Road to City Dump after Premix


study picked up. She was the next
Ms Vernice Walkine, Director
General of Tourism, in her pre-
sentation spoke on the theme,
"Advancing Our Tourism Busi-
ness through Innovation, Service
and Industry Leadership: Shar-
ing the Ministry's plans for Prod-
uct Development, Marketing and
Promotions through Partner-
Ms Walkine gave a brilliant dis-
sertation on the first part of the.
topic, 'Advancing Our Tourism
Business through Innovation, Ser-
vice and Industry Leadership.' I
was very disappointed, however,
in the second part of her speech
which dealt with, 'Sharing the
Ministry's Plans for Product
Development, Marketing and
Promotions through Partner-
ships.' I was disappointed in Ms
Walkine's presentation in this
regard because in my opinion, the
Ministry of Tourism has no plan
for promoting, marketing and
developing our tourism product
through partnership. Evidence of
this can be seen in the fact that
the president of The Bahamas
Taxi Union, one of the main
stakeholders in our tourism prod-
uct, refused to attend the confer-
As the head technocrat with
two deputies, our Director Gen-
eral is woefully out of touch with
the partners and the product; she
is supposed to be developing,
marketing and promoting. This
was evident during the question
and answer period of her presen-
tation. I said earlier that taxi dri-
vers are among the main group of
stakeholders responsible for
building the House of Tourism.
During the question and
answer period, I asked Ms
Walkine, Director General of
Tourism, the CEO of our main
industry, when she last toured the
island of New Providence. She
replied that she last took a city

tour about four years ago. This
would have been around the
same time that she took over the
helm from her predecessor, Mr
Vincent Vanderpool-Wallace.
Whether she knows it or not, the
House of Tourism is in serious
need of a major overhaul. In fact,
I pointed this out to her.
One of the main attractions on
the City Tour that taxi drivers
market and promote is the stop at
Ft Fincastle and Queen's Stair-
case. At this stop, the main points
of interests are the historic Ft Fin-
castle, the Queen's Staircase and
the Water Tower. Today, Ft Fin-
castle and its environs are in a
deteriorating state of disrepair,
rather than being an attraction,
the place has become an eyesore.
The elevator in the Water Tower
has not worked in five years.
Having said the above, the
question must be asked. Who is
responsible for the rundown con-
dition of our Tourism House?
The answer to the question is a no
brainer. Ms Walkine, our Direc-
tor General is responsible. She is
responsible because as Director
General, she is the CEO and'
Managing Director of our tourism
Since becoming Director Gen-
eral, Ms Walkine and her two
deputies have yet to demonstrate
that they are capable of taking
our tourism product to the next
level. If the current state of our
Tourism Plant is any indication,
Ms Walkine has her work cut out
for her. Ms Walkine and her two
deputies can begin by fixing up
Ft Fincastle and its environs,
including the Water Tower. We
shall see if they can get this done
between now and the sixth Annu-
al Tourism Conference.
April, 2008.

The mail cannot be trusted!
EDITOR, The Tribune.
I RECEIVED an automated phone call from BEC after 9pm
notifying me that our power was "scheduled to be turned off"
because the payment was one day overdue. Now, our Post Office
box is checked everyday. However, the BEC bill arrived one day
before it was due! And over 20 days after it was post-marked! Ours
was not the only BEC bill that arrived in the P 0 Box that day, and
like ours the other one I pay was due the next day and had the same
20+ day-old post-mark.
This same P 0 Box is used by other members of the family, six
entities in total. The past several weeks there has been mail in the
box one out of five days! That means that four families and two
small businesses got no mail four out of five days for several weeks
in a row. Does this sound realistic?
I pay our BEC bill in person because....the mail cannot be trust-
ed! So we're now in danger of being turned off because I could not
take time off work to go pay the bill until Friday. Did you get
that Post Office? It's called work, try it sometime.. the entire coun-
try, especially those of us who pay your salaries, would all be very
I would suggest if the government wants us to pay the telephone,
power, water and sewage, etc bills on time that they find a way to
get the Post Office to actually put the bills in the PO boxes,
preferably in less than 20 days!
This is not a new problem, it's been around "since time". Maybe
we need a foreign investor to take over the Post Office!
"Disgusted with
Third World
March, 2008.

The House of Tourism is in

need of a major overhaul




MEET THE PRESS: MP Bernard Nottage

Nottage defends

PLP's right to

push its ideas

Public urged to understand opposition role
Tribune Staff Reporter

PLP MP for Bain and Grants
Town Dr Bernard Nottage said
yesterday that the FNM gov-
ernment does not seem to ha% e
any agenda at-all for the de\ el-
opment of the Bahama's.
Speaking at a press confer-
ence held by former PLP NIP
for Baillou Hills Leslie Mtiler.
Dr Nottage who is seen by
party insiders as a front runner
for the inevitable leadership
race of the party fielded ques-
tions from the media on a list of
He addressed the recent
walkout of the PLP from the
House of Assembly and what
he termed the misperception
that the party is being con-
frontational for purely political
"It is our role, we are the
Royal Opposition, and opposi-
tion parties provide opposition.
provide alternative ideas, sug-
gest policies to the existing go\ -
ernment and in the best cir-
cumstance we are able to co-
operate with them and assist
them in governing the country.
"We have tried to do that.
and the problem if there is one
is this unwill-
ingness for
certain sec-
tors of the
public to
what an
party is and *t *o*
what an
opposition q i ?
party does.
S"After all fd wn.
we won 18
seats in the Bdea?
general elec-
tion, and we
got 50 per
cent more or
less of the vote.
"So we have a right to assert
our ideas. At the end of the day,
if the government brings mat-
ters to the Parliament which we
can support, we do.
"If they are adopting policies
that we think are in the best
interest of the country, we sup-
port them.
"So those who are saying that
we are seeking to stifle the gov-.
ernment are just being bother-
some because they understand
what opposition parties are sup7
pose to do.
"What are we suppose to do?
Be quiet? Lay down? Be dead?
That wouldn't be good for the
Bahamas and it wouldn't be
good for democracy," Dr Not-
tage said.
In a display of disgust with
the Speaker of the House of
Assembly Alvin Smith, the PLP
walked out of Parliament after
MP Frank Smith was denied the
opportunity to speak on the
Mona Vie scandal, claiming that
the matter was before the
Dr Nottage and Mr Smith
have pointed out that both of
them, who have been named in
the writ, have yet to be served

SPEAKING OUT: Dr. Bernard Nottage voices his
feelings at yesterday press conference.

by the Minister
of State for
Finance Zhivar-
go Laing.
since this most
recent walkout,
Dr Nottage said
that the PLP
has no desire to
"exclude" them-
selves from the
Lower Chamber.
This venue, he said, is the
place where the PLP has the
best opportunity to present its
ideas not only to the govern-
ment but also the people of the
"It is one of the few unfet-
tered ways that we can speak
and people can hear us as we
"Because once it is interpret-
ed by others through the media,
sometimes our points do not get
across, so we have every desire
to be there.
"But our problem is that we
are not being heard.
"We've had discussions with
the Speaker and we intend,
when the House meets again,
to express quite clearly what
our position is so the Speaker
and the government and the
people of the Bahamas can
understand why we did what we
did and understand what we
expect in a parliamentary
"Parliaments such as ours
have a very long history and
one of the most crucial items in
that history is the preservation
of freedom of speech for the

people's representative in the
Parliament. These are a lot of
the things that you are not per-
mitted to say outside of Parlia-
ment but in the Parliament you
are suppose to address matters
of public interest and address
them fully.
"And we intend to point that
out yet again to the Speaker
that his role in adjudicating mat-
ters in the Assembly is to ensure
that the public interest comes
first. Not the interest of any
political party, or of the gov-
ernment or of the opposition,
but the interests of the people.
"And we feel that sometimes
that does not seem to be either
understood and certainly not
implemented by the Speaker,"
he said.




I.,... ;.'. .



Contractor builds

'hurricane resistant'

homes for Grand

Bahama community
clable, non-combustible, and will not warp,
rot, split or crack, and is not vulnerable to any
type of organism, including mold and termites
and yields less scrap and waste.
"Steel also has the highest strength to weight
ratio, which provides safer structures with slow-
er aging and less maintenance," he added.
Mr Gallagher said the standing seam metal
roofing is extremely durable because the screws
are concealed along crimped joints. This lessens
the chance of exposure and deterioration and
prolongs the life expectancy of the roof, which
is typically where most damage occurs during a
hurricane. He said an integral part of his hur-
ricane resistant houses are the steel roof truss-
es, which are locally designed and manufac-
tured by Steel HQ on Peel Street.
The roof trusses are installed 12 inches apart,
creating wind load rating of 180 mph, he said.
A category five hurricane can bring sustained
winds of 155 mph.
"With all that Grand Bahamians have been
through in the last few years with hurricanes
and the world's rising fuel costs, these innova-
'tive techinilqfe iiay be'the wvay forward," Mr :
Gallaoher said. "

Tribune Freeport
FREEPORT With the hurricane season
fast approaching, one local contractor says he
is offering "a strong alternative" to the Grand
Bahama community.
John Gallagher, owner of Albacore Con-
struction, says he is building hurricane resistant
homes with steel reinforced, poured concrete
walls, metal roofing trusses that can withstand
180 mph winds, standing seam metal roofing
and impact resistant windows.
Mr Gallagher told The Tribune he has 40
years experience in the building industry on
Grand Bahama.
In 2004, two major hurricanes caused exten-
sive damage to homes throughout the island.
Mr Gallagher said he is implementing a num-
ber proven methods along with new ideas that
will make houses more efficient, strong, and
safe for many years.
"We have done everything possible to make
the home hurricane resistant, without build-
ing a bunker," said Mr Gallagher. "We have
not only build houses to our own local stan-
dards, but we also build to the code mandated
by Dade County, Florida."
He added that the combination of steel and
concrete virtually eliminates the need for wood
and therefore creates a more environmentally
Friendly, structure. ; ,- ..
He explained that steel is 100 per cent recy-

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Minister of Tourism and AviationJteko Grant
went on a walk-about on Sunday to inspect
speed bumps put in place to control traffic in
the community of Imperial Park .From left:
Mr Grant, Phillip Franks and Alvin Smith.





O In brief

Plea delayed for
Fla. man accused
of threatening to
stage Virginia
Tech-style attack
IT WILL be another two
weeks before a Florida man
enters a plea on charges of
threatening to stage a Vir-
ginia Tech-style attack,
according to Associated
The attorney for 20-year-
old Calin Chi Wong and
prosecutors agreed to delay
arraignment until May 6.
That will give a federal grand
jury time to decide whether
to indict Wong on charges of
.making the threat in an Inter-
net chat room in February.
Wong allegedly said he
would re-enact the 2007 mas-
sacre at Virginia Tech that
claimed 32 lives.
Police found a dozen
weapons including assault
rifles and thousands of
rounds of ammunition at
Wong's house in Homestead
when he was arrested.
Wong's family says he would
never hurt anyone.
Wong is being held without
bail at Miami's downtown
federal prison.

Bahamian junkanoo artists have high

hopes for Isle of Wight residency

PORTSMOUTH, ENGLAND Some members of a Bahamian tear
of junkanoo artisans and performers pose while on a ferry leaving
Portsmouth on April 19 on their way to the Isle of Wight.

~,, S ~ S .



AS THEIR two weeks of
residency begins, the team of
junkanoo artisans and per-
formers on the Isle of Wight
said they are full of high
The participants say they
aim to create appreciation
throughout England for this
A quintessential Bahamian art
"I can't wait to get started to
showcase our culture, to show-
case junkanoo," said Ms
Junkanoo Bahamas and Val-
leys Boys member Devia
"Diva" Wilson, who is in
charge of junkanoo choreog-
raphy and dance for the team.
"I also hope that in the
upcoming years there would
be more instructors from the
Bahamas travelling to show-
the world what we have to
The team is comprised of
members of various junkanoo
groups, each representing on a
- different aspect of the art, and
m is led by Angelique McKay,
g project manager for the
exchange and residency pro-
grammes and manager of the
National Junkanoo Museum
of the Bahamas,
Other team members
include: Quentin "Barabbas"
Woodside of Barabbas and
the Tribe; Treilon "Raker"
Stuart and Frank "Laing"
Wallace of the Saxons;
Edward "Rat" Munroe of the
Roots; James "King" Frazer
and Omar "Baby Lion"
Buchanan of the One Family
Junkanoo Group.
Treilon Stuart, 32, who will
be showcasing costume con-
struction and design, said it
feels good seeing that another
country is interested in
"People really think that
carnival and junkanoo is the
same thing, basically the same
art; but it is different in style
and creation," he said.
"It feels really good to see
the interest because some-
times, even back home, our
own people do not seem excit-
ed about the artistic side of
junkanoo the way that people
around the world are," Mr
Stuart added. "It feels,good
that someone is cheering us
on to see it and excited to see
"It is a great experience to
share our talent with the world
and to expose junkanoo to the
world in the way that we are
doing," said Edward "Rat"
Munroe, who is also showcas-
ing costume construction and
design appreciation. "I think
that it is real good for the
Bahamas to show the world
what we have to 6ffer. I think
it is a boost for the Bahamas
and we can go far with expos-
ing our talent like this.
"It is particularly a great
experience for us designers to
showcase their talent with and
interact with other designers
around the world and see
what they have to offer," he
James Frazer, the youngest
male team member at 24, said
that the experience is giving
younger members a chance to
display their talent.
"For a long time now, some
younger junkanoo. artists were
being almost held back, not
able to display what we could
really do in Junkanoo," he
"I was really pleasantly sur-
prised at. the warm welcome
we are getting. People are
excited to see-us and are very
Arts Council England, the

EDWARD "RAT" MUNROE, of the Roots Junkanoo Group mea-
sures off a length of rod while building the frame for a showcase
piece on Sunday. Also pictured working with him is Frank "Laing"
Wallace of the Saxons Superstars. They are a part of a team of
junkanoo practitioners and stakeholders on the Isle of Wight under-
taking a residency programme at the United Kingdom's first Carni-
val and Celebratory Arts Learning Centre.

UK national arts funding
body, provided resources to
bring several of the artists
from the Bahamas to the UK
for the residency and many
more for a backline junkanoo
tour in July 2008.


The Ministry of Education,
Youth, Sports and Culture,
the Ministry of Tourism and
Aviation and a private indi-
vidual also partnered with the
council on the project.'
Frankie Goldspink, Carni-
val Arts Development Offi-
cer for the Isle of Wight Coun-
cil, said she is excited to final-
ly have the junkanoo residen-
cy team on the island, after
more than a year of talks and
"Everybody's been expect-
ing this for such a long time
and it's really been talked
about and anticipated," Ms

Goldspink said. "Having been
working on it for so long now,
it's just amazing that they are
here and we are actually going
to see it happening now."
. Most of the group agreed
that they must get used to one
thing: the cold weather.
"I'm trying really to adapt
to it," Mr Stuart said. "Satur-
day night was like 10 degrees
and we have to adapt. We
come from the land of sun-
shine and sea."
"It's cold but warm," he
added. "The friendliness of
the people on the Isle of
Wight is very warm and it is a
pleasure for us to be here. It's
just a pleasure for me to be
here and I am thankful that I
am one of the artists given the
privilege to showcase this art
The Isle of Wight is a 23-
mile wide island county in the
English Channel across the
Solent from Hampshire.

DEVIA "DIVA" WILSON gives a kick for the camera as she
rehearses a few steps


S U c E S



0 In brief Bahamas may be called on to help

Shakira praises I

ritk;isher repeal monarch Catholic ban law
Prime Minister
Gordon Brown THE Bahamas, along with the line of succession is ber of Parliament for Redcar

GEORGE Clooney.
Angelina Jolie. Shakira.
Not a red carpet lineup, but
a roll call of celebrities the
sometimes dour British Prime
Minister Gordon Brown has
recruited to inject glamour
into his appeals to help the
developing world.
Brown joined a telephone
conference Monday with
Shakira, praising the Colom-
bian pop sensation for taking
an inspirational role in work
to provide a basic education
for every child in the world,
according to Associated Press.
The Grammy-winning
singer, famed for her hit
"Hips Don't Lie," is support-
ing a week of events to high-
light the cause of education
advocacy group the Global
Campaign for Education.
She said the group is press-
ing world leaders to provide
funding for primary educa-
tion for 72 million young chil-
dren who now miss out on
schooling as a result of pover-
The group also aims to
generate support for some
226 million older children
who miss out on classes
because of a lack of access to
schools, or because of truan-
Brown is the world's "No. 1
champion of education," said
the group's chairman, Gene
Sperling, an ex-White House
economic adviser to former
President Clinton.
Shakira also praised
Brown, who as British trea-
sury chief in 2006 pledged $15
billion over 10 years for edu-
cation in the developing
world the largest offer of
aid from a Group of Eight
industrialized nation.
"He is a man with wonder-
ful intentions, he is very pro-
active, he is working very
hard for the issue of educa-
tion," Shakira said, speaking
from Washington on a con-
ference call.

other Commonwealth coun-
tries, may be called on to help
with the repeal of the 1701 Act
of Settlement, a UK law that
bans the monarch from mar-
rying a Roman Catholic or
becoming a Roman Catholic.
However, this is not expect-
ed to be accomplished during
the Labour government's cur-
rent term.
Approval for the repeal of
the law must be given by the
governments of Common-
wealth nations where the
Queen is the constitutional
monarch and sovereign. These
include: Antigua and Barbu-
da, Australia, the Bahamas,
Barbados, Belize, Canada,
Grenada, Jamaica, New
Zealand, Papua New Guinea,
the Solomon Islands, St
Christopher and Nevis, St
Lucia, and St Vincent and the
Grenadines, and Tuvalu.
Since the passing of the Act,
the most senior royal to have
married a Roman Catholic -
and thereby be removed from

Prince Michael of Kent, who
married Baroness Marie-Chris-
tine von Reibnitz in 1978.
Prince Michael was 15th in line
for the throne at the time of
his marriage.
On July 28, 2007, an engage-
ment was announced between
Peter Mark Andrew Phillips,
11th in line for the throne, and
Canadian Autumn Kelly; it has
since been reported that Miss
Kelly is a Roman Catholic. If
she does not renounce her reli-
gion and they marry, Mr
Phillips will also lose his place
in the succession.
In an interview published in
the Sunday Times, UK Solisi-
tor General Vera Baird said
the "ban on Catholics" ascend-
ing.the throne "should be abol-
ished because it is discrimina-
Her comments came in a dis-
cussion of the government's
proposed Single Equality Bill,
which seeks to unify anti-dis-
crimination laws.
Ms Baird, the Labour Mem-

also denounced as "unfair and
a load of rubbish" provisions of
the 1701 Act that grant prefer-
ence to male heirs of the
monarch in the succession to
the throne.
As the current sovereign is a
woman who has reigned for
more than 50 years, and both
her eldest child and in turn his
eldest child are Anglican men,
any move to 'modernise' the
rules of succession by removing
the preference for males or the
discrimination against Roman
Catholics, would have no
immediate practical implica-
This, and the complicated
process of changing the law,
has meant that little public con-
cern has been generated over
the issue.
However, were Prince
William to father a daughter,
or express a desire to marry a
woman who happened to be
Catholic, some say calls for an
alteration of the law could sig-
nificantly increase.

New offices for Bahamas Alliance for the Blind and Visually Impaired

THE Bahamas Alliance for the Blind
and Visually Impaired officially opened
new administrative offices last week in
the Salvation Army's Workshop for the
Blind Building on Ivanhoe Road during
the Alliance's 11th anniversary celebra-
At the same time BABVI launched an
Adaptive Devices Ordering Service and
an Audio Book Club, two new pro-
grammes designed to assist blind and
visually impaired people who comprise
about one per cent of the population.
"I am confident that with the estab-
lishment of an office we will be better
positioned to carry out the mission of
the Bahamas Alliance for The Blind,"
said Desmond Brown, president of BAB-
"We recognize that a lot of our mem-
bers do not have access to the technolo-
gies, the adaptive aids and devices that
we really need to function effectively so
we make an effort to bring in these items
at a reasonable cost and make them'

available to persons at a reasonable rate.
We are looking forward soon to a time
when we can bring in items and give to
those persons who definitely cannot
afford to pay for them," he said.

Mr Brown explained that the Salva-
tion Army had not only allowed BABVI
to rent offices at a minimum cost but had
also made available hundreds of books
on cassettes and CDs as well as VHS
movies with descriptions to BABVI's
Audio Book Club for blind and visually
impaired persons.
Coming in June, he said, BABVI will
also launch training in specialised com-
puter software and later this year will
partner with the Salvation Army to pro-
vide blind and visually impaired adults
with training in English, math, assistive
technology, Braille reading and writing
and other subjects..
Presenting Mr Brown with the keys to

BABVI's new administrative offices,
Major Lester Ferguson, divisional com-
mander, Salvation Army, said: "The Sal-
vation Army is committed to partnering
with organizations like BABVI to fur-
ther the cause of awareness, rehabilita-
tion and education of blinds and visually
impaired persons.
"The theme chosen for this afternoon
is 'Forging Ahead through Effective Part-
"I am delighted to partner with Mr
Brown and his organisation and any oth-
er organisation to achieve one common
objective and to get the work done.
That's what's important," Mr Ferguson
Speaking on behalf of the Department
of Social Services, Iris Adderley said the
Disability Affairs Division had worked
very closely with BABVI on a number of
programmes and intended to continue
in that mode.
"We also want you to know that we're
there to partner with you, to encourage

you and do whatever it takes to be able
to serve this community of persons who
are blind and visually impaired," she said.
Also on hand for the official opening
ceremonies were Arvel Grant, executive
director of the Caribbean Council for
the Blind, who commended BABVI and
the Salvation Army on the maturity and
evolution of their partnership.

"It is of significant credit. It represents
a lot of spiritual and social insight and it
is the kind of evolution of organisational
partnership that I think some of our oth-
er members in some of our other coun-
tries could learn from," he said.
BABVI was registered on March 10,
1997. Its mission is to actively promote
effective measures for the preservation of
sight and for the education, training,
rehabilitation, employment and integra-
tion of blind and visually impaired per-

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Yager Funeral omwe &@CrewmLtowium
Queen's Highway
P.O. Box F-40288, Freeport, Grand Bahama, Bahamas
Tel: 352-8118 Paging: 352-6222 #1724
Fax: 351-3301


S^ ^and a resident of #172
Scott Avenue, Freeport
and formerly of Petty's,
Long Island, will be held
on Wednesday at
S3:30pm at The Pro-
Cathdedral of Christ The
King, East Atlantic
Drive & Pioneers Way,
Freeport. Officiating will
t Rev'd Canon Harry J. L.
Bain assisted by Fr.
Tellison Glover and
interment will follow in the Grand Bahama
Memorial Park, Frobisher Drive.

Cherished memories are held by his wife Roselyn
Darville; four sons, Charles, Richard, James and
Jeffrey Darville; two daughters, Donna Singh
and Lisa Darville; two daughters-in-law, Cheryl
and Carolyn Darville; six grandchildren, Candice,
Charles Jr (Chad) and Christina Darville, Krystle
Singh, Jeremy Cawthorn and Veronica Peak;
three great grandchildren Isaiah and Elijah
Darville and Kaissidy Knowles; three brothers,
Hullen, Algie and Leslie Darville; three sisters,
Naomi Carroll, Roselyn Machacek and Gloria
Nixon; three brothers-in-law, George Carroll,
Charles Machacek and Henry.Nixon; three
sisters-in-law, Adina, Ruth and Patsy Darville;
numerous nephews; nieces and other relatives
and friends including Rev'd Canon Harry J. L.
Bain, Rev'd Tellison Glover and the church
family of Christ the King, Rev'd Delano Archer,
Rev'd Leopold Cox, Michael, Lanor Winfield
Goodridge, Singh, Marvin and Marvin Jr, (Little
Marvin) Josey, and Irene Burrows and family.

Relatives and friends may their respects at the
church on Wednesday from 2pm until service

"Members from our Oakes
Field and Seagrapes locations
look forward to this grand
event each year."

Head coach Trevor Ramsey

MEMBERS of Nassau Nas-
tics, the country's oldest gym-
nastics. club, are getting into
gear to show off their skills
and talents at Gymfest 2008,
set to take place at the Kendal
Isaacs National Gymnasium
on Saturday, May 3.
"Members from our Oakes
Field and Seagrapes locations
look forward to this grand
event each year," said head
coach Trevor Ramsey.

"Those who attend will get
to see some of our award-win-
ning gymnasts who've repre-
sented the country abroad as
well as some of our new mem-
bers who will be making their
performance debuts.
"The seasoned gymnasts
will show off exactly what
earned them their medals and
ribbons abroad while our tots
will be demonstrating their
skill level, which includes tum-
bling and other fun activities."
According to Coach Ram-
sey, who splits his time
between both gym locations,
Gymfest 2008 will be an excit-
ing event climaxing with per-
formances from several dance,
cheerleading, judo and other
athletic performance groups
at 7pm.

Activities planned for the
day include an afternoon
cheerleading clinic starting at
1.30pm at the cost of $5 per
student. Meanwhile, children
ages four and up can.take
advantage of free gymnastics
lessons from 10.30am to noon
and their skills on the balance
beam, tumbling mats and
vaulting apparatus under the
supervision of highly-trained
"Gymfest serves to show the
community our students'
capabilities, as well as offer
the club an opportunity to
raise funds for further events,
team travel abroad, coach
training, the purchase of new
equipment, and to provide
student scholarships for those
in need," explained Coach
"That is part of the reason
we are so appreciative to the
generous donors who have
made our organisation a
tremendous success.
"Even though this is one of
the newest sports in the coun-
try, some of our future goals
include expanding the pro-
gramme at all levels, be it pre-
school, recreational or inter-
nationally competitive.
"Enhancing the gymnastics
apparatus currently in the
Nassau 'Nastics gym, coach-
ing clinics for staff, scholar-
ships for those in need and
when appropriate, obtaining
college scholarships abroad
for those that qualify."
At present Nassau Nastics
continues as a non-profit chil-
dren's club, offering students
from 18, months and up a
unique opportunity to develop
all-around physical as well as
mental and social skills that
few sports offer.
The club consists of over
120 members taking part in
classes from Monday through
For more information
on Gymfest 2008 contact
356-7722, 364-8423 or 395-


, i.

NASSAU 'NASTICS head coach Trevor Ramsey spots a gymnast on the
uneven bars in their Oakes Field facility.

A THREE-YEAR-OLD member of the Nassau 'Nastics Tots Programme
displays her balance beam skills.

The Bahamas' oldest gymnastics

club prepares for Gymfest 2008

A Tribute to


1925- 2005



On Eastern Road there lived a man
Who liked to keep his feet firmly on the land
Although he hailed from Harbour Island
In the sea you would never find him

As a youth he worked so hard
Success was surely in his cards
From serving ice cream to punching a clock
he saw Nassau being built with J.B.R. block

Soccer, rugby, and sailing for gold
Those short, bow legs could carry the load
As the years passed and he.grew older
Those sea scouts and his boasting grew bolder

Buck sat on the porch watching people walk by
Then lifted his diet coke to say good morning and hi
Driving on Eastern Road behind a slow poke
You know who it was by the smell of the cigar smoke

Once a month to Russell Island he would go
Sit on the balcony and watch his fruit trees grow
Stewed whelks, hamburger and fries he always ate
But his favorite food was a good chocolate cake

A man of few words, a short story he'd tell
To make his point, and he made it well
If you didn't understand and were slow to the take
He would look at you and give his head a slow shake

Poets we're not, but our love is deep
In our hearts forever, his memory we'll keep
Today we'll raise our cans of diet coke
And remember the man of whom we spoke

We miss you still

Your family and friends

I I -



,. . . ; '


The Tribune


F 3fotjjuii

at ck4ny A& Conie&

IF you've got a youthful spirit, with the looks to match, THE TRIBUNE wants
you! Are you or your Mother, (or someone you know) always celebrated as
looking at least ten years younger than you actually are? If so, THE TRIBUNE .
wants to hear from you. We're looking for timeless beauties 50 and over for the
launch Fabulous at Any Age promotion starting this Mother's Day.
There are three categories to enter:

Body Beautiful: We're looking for women who are in top physical form, looking
slim, trim and fantastic for their age.
Silver Foxes: When you walk down the street does every third person stop you
and tell you how fabulous your silver tresses look? Do your friends constantly ask for
the secret to your fabulous hair? Then we're looking for you.
The Athlete: Still playing on the softball team? Never miss a walk/run-a-thon or
marathon? Love to get your heart pumping with an early morning swim?,Still hitting,'' / -
the tennis courts with your college-bound grandkids? We want to hear from you. Cut
out the official Fabulous at Any Age application form. Mail or hand deliver your
completed application along with two recent colour photos, four by six or five by
seven inches, one close-up and the other a full-length shot. You may also scan and
e-mail application forms and images to features@tribunemedia.net. Include the
following information in the e-mail or on the back of each photo: age, birth date,
address and phone numbers.
Photos will not be returned.
All entries must be received by May 2nd, 2008. Good luck.

"Fabulous at Any Age" The Tribune & John ul
Name: Age: Date of birth:
Address: Phone number- Day/Evening and Cell:
1. Tell us what makes you an Ageless Beauty (100 words or less):

2. Beauty secrets: Tell us about your defining feature and how you maintain it (100 words or less):
A. Body Beautiful:

B. Silver Fox:

C. The Athlete:

3. Life Lessons: What important life lessons have you learned that you can share with others who
want to follow your example for a healthy, active, beautiful, "ageless" life (100 words or less):

- - -

PAGE 10, TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008



US couple rescue

three Bahamians

Tribune Freeport Reporter
FREEPORT Three Bahami-
an men were rescued at sea by
an American couple after being
stranded for 17 hours in waters
off West End.
The men Osward Austin
Dean. 60, of Ponce de Leon Dri-
ve, Jerry Smith, 40, of Faith
Avenue, Heritage Sub-division,
and Parquin Pinder, 25, also of
Faith Avenue were dehydrat-
ed and in shock when they were
discovered Sunday afternoon.
Chief Supt Basil Rahming
reported on Monday that Amer-
icans Jack Crowe, and his wife,
Judy, of Illinois, were on their
sailboat when they spotted the
three men in waters about 30
miles off West End around 4pm
on Sunday.
The men'were taken to Old
Bahama Bay, where they were
met by EMS personnel. They

were initially taken to the
West End Clinic and then trans-
ported to Rand Memorial Hos-
Mr Rahming said the men were
treated and discharged from hos-
According to reports, the men
left Grand Bahama on a fishing
trip around 11pm on Saturday on
board an 18-foot blue and white
boat with 115hp Envinrude out-
board engines.
The vessel began taking on
water rapidly and sank, leaving
the three men stranded at sea.
"It was not until 17 hours later
when the struggling trio was spot-
ted by a passing sailboat, the Ten
XXX, piloted by Mr Jack Crowe
of West Peoria, Illinois," said Mr
Mr Jack and Judy Crowe are
expected to spend the next two
days visiting Grand Bahama,
which was not part of their origi-
nal travel plan, before setting sail
to continue their journey.

Dwight and Keva Major
FROM page one

During that hearing, Mr Ferguson explained, the US government will
bring evidence to show that the Majors are not entitled to receive bond. Mr
Ferguson, in turn, will then argue why the couple should be released on bond.
Following the detention hearing, the Majors are expected to be arraigned
on May 5, the attorney said.
Mr Ferguson who lists federal and state appeals and federal criminal
defence among his practice areas said he does not know at this time if he will
be retained as the Majors' permanent counsel or if the couple will choose
another attorney to represent them.
The Majors, both 39, were taken to the US last week after a nearly five-year
battle against extradition.
The US alleges that the husband and wife were part of a drug conspiracy
between August, 2002, and January, 2003, involving the transport of hundreds
of pounds of cocaine and marijuana.
Former Mount Moriah MP Keod Smith, who represented the Majors in the
Bahamas, told the media last Friday that he does not believe that his former
clients will get justice in a US trial.
Mr Smith said the Majors still had several cases pending in the Bahamas
at the $ime of their extradition.
Prominent Bahamian attorney Paul Moss called the extradition a "clear
breach of international law" and violation of the Majors' constitutional
He said that, with an appeal still pending, the Majors should not have been
extradited before outstanding matters were concluded.
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs Fred Mitchell in 2006 signed a warrant
of surrender authorising the couple's extradition.
In November last year, the Privy Council refused an application by the
Majors for permission to file a challenge against a court's order that they be
extradited to the US.
Last Thursday, Chief Justice Sir Burton Hall refused an application for
leave to amend a review of the lawfulness of the former minister's actions.
Sir Burton had previously determined that other pending criminal matters
did not prohibit their extradition.

FROM page one

possible for gas to reach $6 a gal-
lon." he said.
The government needed to
enact certain public policies to
soften the "burden" on Bahamian
consumers' backs, he added.
"Because we have a consump-
tion-based tax regime, the gov-
ernment taxes gasoline heavily,
so when you have huge gas prices
and people are overburdened it
behoves the government to act,"
Mr Coleby said.
"One way they can eliminate
or reduce shock in the market
place is by putting the govern-,
ment's margins on a (sliding
scale) so that when prices go up
and down, the government's mar-
gins become variable (creating)
minimal shock in the market-
Mr Coleby also said the gov-
ernment could mimic strategies

Gas in Nassau
used by oil companies to secure
itself against loss, which could in
turn lead to lower fuel prices.
"The government can hedge
the fuels; they can buy and sell
futures contracts against the rise
and fall of oil prices. So when
prices go down, that's when you
buy and when prices go up you
sell the futures contracts, so when
prices go up as you lose money
you gain as you sell. the futures
contracts. That's how the oil com-
panies have to make money on
the fuel that is sold in The
Bahamas and so the government
should offer relief to the country
by adopting the same strategies."
Deputy permanent secretary in
Ministry of Lands and Local Gov-
ernment Alphaeus Forbes said
rising gas prices are an "every-
day occurrence" and consumers
need to exercise prudent con-

Downtown redevelopment Economic

plans 'are progressing'
* By ALISON LOWE Dr Deveaux said the govern- ket, which will be located in the
Tribune Staff Reporter ment has hired a co-ordinator and old Prince George Dock, Dr
alowe@tribunemedia.net will use "in house" resources to Deveaux said that he anticipates
bring down the price tag. the "five to seven" bids submitted
ALTHOUGH the process has "We have the plans. We'll pro- will go before the tenders board
taken longer than expected Works vide the materials and the for review on Tuesday. Cabinet
Minister Earl Deveaux said yes- resources and he'll provide the will then do a review, and a final
terday that key downtown rede- supervision and the expertise so decision could be made by within
velopment plans including the we can get it done in a timely three weeks.
creation of a park, building a craft manner," he said. The craft market is expected to
market, and upgrading the straw While stating that the project fill a gap in the souvenir market,
market are progressing. co-ordinator will be revealed at a providing a location from where
"It has taken longer than I later date, Dr Deveaux noted that Bahamian artisans skilled in man-
expected. It's late. But I think he is someone who is "passion- ufacturing traditional products
we're on top of it now," he said, ate" about the redevelopment of made in large part from materials
suggesting that within a month downtown Nassau. grown in this country can sell their
work should be underway on all He said that trees from Glad- wares.
three sites, stone Road have been identified Sitting on the tenders board are
Dr Deveaux originally indicat- to be relocated to the site and the permanent and financial sec-
ed in early February that within downtown merchants are also retararies in the Ministry of
three months Bahamians and anticipated to "provide different Works, a technical officer from
tourists should have been able to things" to go on site. "We'll get public works or environmental
enjoy a newly-beautified "green the prisoners to build the bench- health, permanent secretaries in
space" on the site of the old straw es," he added. the Ministry of Health and edu-
market, replete with benches, The site of the old straw market cation and other "technical people
trees and information kiosks. has long been considered an eye- (depending) on the matter going
However, yesterday the minis- sore by downtown merchants and to tender," said the minister.
ter admitted that bids received for visitors. The minister has suggest- Meanwhile, the government is
that project exceeded the govern- ed that the changes are intended now in the final stages of choosing
ment's expectations and to save to make it a more pleasant loca- a contractor for the refurbishment
money a decision has now been tion where tourists can relax in of the straw market tent. All of
taken by the Ministry of Works to, the heart of Nassau. the projects will get underway at
do it themselves. As for the authentic craft mar- the same time, he added.

Boat tragedy: More bodies found

FROM page one

based on information received, it appears the
migrants were crowded onto a 20-25 foot motor-dri-
ven vessel that was in "good condition".
He dispelled speculation the migrants were on
board a Haitian sloop.
Christopher Lloyd, of Bahamas Air Sea and
Rescue (BASRA), believes search teams have not
been able to locate the vessel because it is an old-
er boat manufactured without foam padding,
inhibiting its ability to float to the surface.
Search efforts continued until sundown yesterday
and are expected to resume today, Mr McKinney
said. He speculated that the migrants may have
been involved in a human smuggling operation.
"That is the direction (the investigation) is point-
ing in. It's not a normal thing to find twenty-some-
thing persons on board a small go-fast boat, so we
can only suspect it's possibly smuggling."
On Sunday morning, the Defence Force received
information from two local fishing vessels regard-
ing the discovery of five bodies 14 miles north-
west of New Providence, a RBDF statement said.
These bodies were taken to Lyford Cay Marina.
Subsequently, the RBDF launched a combined
massive search effort with BASRA and US Coast
Guard and found four more bodies and the three
survivors in the immediate search area.
"The boats are presently out doing an intensive

sumption to offset fuel increases.
"This is an everyday occur-
rence, as the price increases on
the international market there is
definitely going to be an increase
(in gas prices)," Mr Forbes told
The Tribune, explaining that
because local fuel providers buy
fuel on a 28-day cycle after their
inventory is exhausted, he could
not predict how soon gas prices
would increase.
"What we need to really do is
to try and employ conservation
measures and we need to change
our consumption patterns: That's
the only way Bahamians are
going to protect themselves.
"Car pooling isn't always a
solution but in some cases it can
be an option. The emphasis needs
to be out there to get the individ-
ual concerned to put in place a
proper bussing system that would
allow persons to conserve ener-
gy," he advised.
In light of rising energy costs,

search in the area where the first set of bodies
were picked up and they will continue in that vein
until sunset, hopefully picking up the rest of the
bodies," Chief Petty Officer McKinney said.
The search team comprises the RBDF, BAS-
RA and the US Coast Guard Cutter and two US
Coast Guard helicopters, officials said.
The Honduran survivor, Ivan Lopez, told The
Tribune he was returning to Nassau from a conch-
ing expedition in the Berry Islands on Saturday
when he saw a boat carrying a group of over 20
people "taking on water".
He said he lent the group a battery and a pump
to assist them with thier pumping efforts but the
boat sank about two hours later.
Fearing for their lives, the group swarmed his 14-
foot fishing vessel, Mr Lopez said, causing it to
sink, thus leaving him and the group stranded in the
Around 10pm Saturday, he swam off for help
along with a male Haitian who was on board the
sunken boat. The two were not discovered until
6.30pm the next day, he said, arid were reunited
with a Haitian female also rescued from the acci-
A vessel called "The Deep Drop" reportedly"
first heard "voices in the water" at 5am on Sunday
about 14 miles off Nassau but this early bid proved
fruitless because it was too dark for boaters to see
anything. They later radioed for help.

the government has started
researching alternative energy
sources such as bio-fuels.
But Mr Coleby asserted these
were not a viable option in the
near future.
"Alternative energy is not
viable in the near future because
if you talk about bio-fuels, then
the amount of crops that the US
for example would have to pro-
duce in order to produce alcohol
and the amount of grain they
would have to produce to con-
vert into ethanol for gasoline dri-
ven cars would be so much that
they would run into a food secu-
rity problem.
"They would not be able to
produce sufficient grains or crops
to convert to bio-fuels and feed
300 million Americans.
"So it is not viable at this time.
It is just now in the experimental
phases but people shouldn't talk
as if that's going to happen in the
near future because it is highly

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FROM page one

this is a trend year-on-year.
He said: "For Bahamians,
the cost of living has
increased so much, and these
are by definition luxury
goods, so when people are
only spending what they
have, it is just not what it used
to be.
"We don't have the same
calibre of tourists," added
Conjette Green, a manager
at Solomon's Mines Dia-
mond Centre, "Everybody is
feeling the pinch."
James Smith, the former
Minister of State for Finance,
said the economic downturn
in the States is having a direct
impact on The Bahamas
because of the nation's
dependence on the US econ-
He said: "Gas prices are
rising, and that works its way
into food prices, so if we are
getting the same income
while prices are going up, we
have less money to spend
"We must all recognize
that we are going through a
difficult period and brace our-
selves for it."
However, Bay Street store
owners fear the failing econ-
omy will be a fatal blow to
the dishevelled downtown
Edward. Hoffer, owner of
Hoffer Sports, hoped when
he renovated his-store in 2001
that standards in Bay Street
would improve, but is sorely
He said: "Whether there is
a bad economy or not, Bay
Street has made the situation
worse. There is no parking,
they don't have proper secu-
rity, and it needs to be run
Jack and Jill manager Mr
Lowe added: "People don't
come this far down Bay
Street because there are so
few stores here now. What
we'need is a facelift to bring
Bay Street back to life,
because right now, it's dying."
Improvements are in the
pipeline, insists head of the
National Tourism Develop-
ment Boaid Frank Comito,
as talks are ongoing between
the Ministry of Tourism, the
government and the private

improbable." sector to transform the city.
Pump prices at Shell service However, he believes every-
stations in New Providence stand one needs to do their bit.
at $4.98 a gallon, a representa- He said: "Every store has a
tive from Sun Oil Limited said responsibility to keep their
yesterday area clean and we really need
At Esso and Texaco stations, t p
prices are $5.03 and $5.02 respec- t pull together to make a
tively. difference."

Leslie Miller will not

contest election results

FROM page one
Bernard Nottage, and Fox Hill MP Fred Mitchell, Mr Miller said
this was the procedural and most "efficient way" to bring the mat-
ter to a close:
"This should not be a surprise to the press or to the public. Sev-
eral weeks ago, I announced that I was not inclined to go ahead with
the case but I would proceed with the case subject to the wishes and
resources of my party and I also said that I firmly believe that
elections are won and lost at the polls, and not in the courts that
is my personal belief," Mr Miller said.
The former Trade and Industry Minister went further, saying he
had canvassed this decision with his party leader, Perry Christie, and
the leader of the government, Hubert Ingraham. After these dis-
cussions, Mr Miller said he concluded that it would be wiser not to
proceed with his court action, despite "nationwide irregularities"
seen in the last general election.
As the Pinewood seat had already been lost, Mr Miller said it
became clear that it was no longer possible for the government to
change hands even if the PLP won the remaining two challenges of
Marco City and Blue Hills as the FNM holds a 22 to 18 lead in the
House of Assembly.
"I have now given instructions to act in accordance with the
logic of that result. I want to say to the people of the Blue Hills con-
stituency that I believe that they deserve good representation. I am
told by countless persons residing in Blue Hills that I provided them
with first-class representation when I served as their MP from
1987-1992 and again in 2002-2007 and I am very proud of the stel-
lar representation that I gave to the good people of Blue Hills.
"I remain committed to public service and, even though I am no
longer the Member of Parliament, I intend to assist where I can to
alleviate the burdens and cares of the wonderful people of the
Blue Hills constituency," he said.
Mr Miller also thanked his attorney, Philip Davis, for all his
hard work and assistance in building the Blue Hills case that ulti-
mately will not make it before the courts.
"I owe him a great debt of gratitude," Mr Miller said. "I want to
thank also my family, my two daughters Leslie and Yasmine in par-
ticular, for their support and our hardworking campaign team and
also a special 'thank you' to the Blue Hills branch who are vigor-
ously working to ensure that the hard work that I along with the
PLP have started, is continued in the community," he said.
Mr Miller has always been seen as a "firebrand" minister,
unafraid to take on tough issues and members even in his own par-
ty if his feels that his cause was just.
Turning his attention to the current FNM MP for Blue Hills, Mr
Miller cautioned Minister Sidney Collie that he was only "keeping
the (Blue Hills) seat warm" as he promises to return and represent
the people of Blue Hills again, whenever the next general election
is called.
In fact, Mr Miller did not even credit Mr Collie with winning his
"Mr Collie didn't win the election, Mr Ingraham did. It was
because of the swing that went to Mr Ingraham because we ran the
election like a US presidential campaign. You either vote for Mr
Ingraham or you voted for Mr Christie. In Blue Hills the people
chose to vote for Mr Ingraham. Collie didn't win any seat, and I
daresay none of those seats that were close were won by the indi-
vidual; it was won by Mr Ingraham, and if Mr Ingraham wasn't the
leader of the party they would not have won.
"There are no ifs, ands or buts about that in my mind. So they
should thank him every day and be grateful that he provided them
a seat in parliament," he said.



INIE*Itentoa sot es



More than 60 boats to compete in Junior Championships

........................................................................................................................................------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. -----------------------------------------. .......................... ------------------

Senior Sports Reporter
TODAY, the 55th Annual Nation-
al Family Island Regatta will get
underway in Georgetown, Exuma
with the National Junior Champi-
But from Wednesday to Saturday,
more than 60 boats are expected to
line up to compete in five different
classes for over $60,000 in cash prizes.
Danny Strachan, chairman and
commodore of the National Family
Island Regatta Committee, said they
are looking forward to a very com-
petitive week of sloop sailing.
"All of the boats are here. The
barge came in this morning with the
remaining boats from Nassau, the

Abaco boats are here, the Long
Island boats are here and the Exuma
boats are here," said Strachan, in an
interview with The Tribune from
Exuma yesterday.
The Junior National Champi-
onships, coordinated by Vice Com-
modore Clyde Rolle, will feature

three races, all of which are sched-
uled to be sailed today.
On Wednesday, competition will
take place for the Commodore Emer-
itus, Governor General's and Prime
Minister's Cups.
On Thursday, the first series races
for the dinghies in the C, D and E
classes will be staged, followed by the
B and then the A Classes.
They will sail in that same order on
Friday and Saturday before the
respective champions are all crowned,
based on points accumulated.
"We expected to have between 60-
65 boats," Strachan boosted. "The
competition is going to be very stiff,
particularly in the A through C Class-
"In fact, it should be tough to win in
all of the Classes because we expect

all of the top boats to be here com-
peting. So it's going to be very excit-
This year, the regatta will honour
Captain Lundy Robinson, a native of
Black Point, who comes into his own
as a champion skipper in the A and B
Last year, Robinson skippered the
"Red Stripe" to victory in the A Class.
Special recognition will also be paid
to the late Captain Rollie 'the Grand
Master' Gray, who died earlier this
year. Strachan and others have been
agitating to the government to have
Elizabeth Harbour renamed in Gray's
honour for his outstanding achieve-
ment as a Exumian sailing icon. Gray
is featured on the cover of the official
souvenir booklet.
Additionally, the committee will

also pay its respects to the late leg-
endary skipper Captain Hezron Mox-
ey and the late Hugh Cottis, who
worked tirelessly on the organising
committee for many years and served
as chairman of the protest commit-
"Everything is all set and we are
ready to go," proclaimed Strachan,
who anticipated that it will cost the
organizers more than $280,000 to
"It's not a little regatta. We are
hosting all of the dignitaries in the
country and we expect that thousands
of people will be traveling to Exuma
for the regatta."
A number of activities are expected
.to take place on the land as organizers
try to provide a carnival atmosphere
for all the participants and spectators.

Coach Hyland

pleased with


of athletes

Senior Sports Reporter
C coach Frank Hyland wishes he
had a couple more competitors
on his Benedict College team as
strong the four he presently has
in Columbia, South Carolina.
Over the weekend, Hyland was particu-
larly pleased with the performances of
Tigers' Bahamian quartet of distance runner
Oniel Williams, quarter-miler/hurdler Carl
Rolle and throwers Malinda Bastian and
Gabrielle Nixon.
They all performed exceptionally well at
the Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Con-
ference Track and Field Championships
with Williams carting off the Steve Abbott
award after he was named as the most out-
standing athlete at the meet at Stillman
College in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
"I love the Bahamian connection,"
Hyland quipped. "I'm trying to bring in
some more year. I'm working with some
coaches there to get some more quarter-
"But I've only had outstanding perfor-
mances from the Bahamians here, so that is
a plus for us. If we can get a few more, we
will be even better."
With the regional championships com-
ing up in two weeks, Hyland said the goal is
for Williams to qualify for the NCAA Divi-
sion II championships.
Although he competed in the 800, 1,500,
10,000 and 3,000 steeplechase, Williams has
his best chance of qualifying for the Nation-
als is the 800 where he will need to run

around one minute and 51 seconds to get in.
"He's been running with the flu over the
last two weeks, which has hurt him a bit,"
Hyland stressed. "He ran a 1:54 with ease,
so once he can get back healthy, I think he
will be ready to do it."
Williams, according to Hyland, has split
1:52 twice in Florida in the sprint and dis-
tance medley so he's confident that he can
do it, considering that he ran all of his
events in three days in heats and finals over
the weekend and wasn't even pushed.
Even though he turned in a personal best
of 48.56 in the 400 and 55 in the 400 hurdles,
Carl Rolle is focusing more on his gradua-
tion that will take place on May 10.
Hyland said he was quite pleased with
the performances that Rolle produced as a
Tiger and he wished him every success in his
future endeavors.
As for the dynamic Bahamian female
duo, Hyland said Bastian and Nixon are
both just coming into their own, but he is
sure that with a little more work, they too
will be contenders for the Nationals.
Bastian, as a matter of fact, turned in a
provisional qualifying mark in the javelin.
She will-have an opportunity to improve
on that at the regionals.
But Hyland said Bastian may not be
available to compete in the nationals as
she's considering coming home to compete
on the women's national volleyball team
going to the Caribbean Volleyball Cham-
pionships in Bridgetown, Barbados, July
This is only Nixon's freshman year, so
Hyland said he anticipates that she will
have her chance to make it to the nationals.


Cricket: Stars shine on first day with win over Paradise

THE Bahamas Cricket Association began its
2008 season the way it ended, featuring the
league champions and runners up squaring off in
the marquee game of the weekend.
The Dynasty Stars officially began their quest
to repeat as champions with an opening day vic-
tory over Scotia Bank Paradise.
Up first at bat, the Stars totaled 324 runs, led
by National stalwart Lee Melville. Melville
recorded the first century of the season with
106 runs. Also assisting in the Stars' offensive
output was Rentore Davson who finished with
89 runs.

Gary Belle bowled first for Scotia Bank Par-
adise and took three wickets, followed by Gre-
gory Irvin who took two wickets.
Scotia Bank managed just 196 runs for the
loss of five wickets. The versatile Belle led Par-
adise with 62, not out, followed by Gary Arm-
strong with 56. Melville and teammate Jairam
Mangra took two wickets each for the Stars.
The second match of the weekend featured
Castrol Commonwealth versus the T-Bird Fly-
ers. Commonwealth batted first and posted 251
runs, led by National Team member Himchand
Rampersand with 71 runs.

Mahendra Carpen and Terry Seepersad scored
39 and 31 runs respectively.
For the Flyers, Garsha Blair took six wick-
ets, while Garth Davis took three wickets.
The Flyers were bowled out for 132 runs, and
lost by a total of 119 runs.
Offensively for the Flyers, Davis scored 33
runs while Chester Wilson added 26.
Commonwealth was led by a potent bowling
attack of Sherwin Archer and Carpen who took
three wickets each.
Awards for the 2007 season were also handed
out over the weekend. The Stars and Paradise

accepted their awards for League Champions
and Runners-up respectively.
Mangra took the batting average crown as
one of the league's best hitters while Hassanain
Raza took most wickets.
Frederick Coley was the top run scorer while
Melville was named the league's most econom-
ic bowler.
Saturday's schedule will feature Dockendale
matched up against the Police, while St. Agnes
and the Dorsey Park Boyz will do battle on Sun-
day. Both matches are scheduled to take place at
Windsor Park.

p i-





* By The Associated


Tuesday, April 22
Phoenix at San Antonio
(9:30 p.m. EDT). The Spurs
defeated the Suns 117-115
in double overtime in
Game 1 of their first-round
series on Saturday.


Pau Gasol, Lakers,
scored 36 points with eight
assists and 16 rebounds in a
128-114 win over the Den-
ver Nuggets in Game 1 of
their first-round series.
Dwight Howard, Mag-
ic, had 25 points and 22
rebounds in a 114-100 win
over the Toronto Raptors
in Game 1 of their first-
round series.

Andre Miller scored 20
points and Willie Green
had a career playoff-high
17, helping the Philadelphia
76ers stun the Detroit Pis-
tons 90-86 Sunday in Game
1 of their first-round series.
The Eastern Confer-
ence's second-seeded team
was expected to beat the
seventh-seeded Sixers by
double digits and did lead
by 15 midway through the
third quarter. Both teams
will get two days off before
Detroit hosts Game 2 on
Wednesday night.

Pau Gasol established
playoff highs with 36 points
and eight assists and had 16
rebounds as well Sunday as
the Los Angeles Lakers
took command early in the
third quarter and beat the
Denver Nuggets 128-114.
Gasol, a 27-year-old for-
ward/center acquired from
Memphis on February 1
after spending six and-a-
half seasons with the Griz-
zlies, was 0-12 in three pre-
vious postseasons.
Game 2 will be played
Wednesday night at Staples
Center before the best-of-
seven series shifts to Den-
ver for the third and fourth
Dwight Howard had 25
points and 22 rebounds, and
Jameer Nelson scored 24
points, and the Orlando
Magic defeated the Toron-
to Raptors 114-100 Sunday
in the opener of their first-
round series.
Ray Allen scored 18
points and Kevin Garnett
had 16 as the two newcom-
ers who led the Boston
Celtics to the NBA's best
record sparked them to a
104-81 win in their playoff
opener against the Atlanta
Hawks. The second game
of the best-of-seven series
will be in Boston on
Wednesday night.
Denver's Carmelo
Anthony had 30 points and
12 rebounds in a 128-114
loss to the Los Angeles
Lakers in Game 1 of their
first-round series on Sun-

"I'm going to put this on
me. There's no excuses.
The last bunny, that was a
bucket I should've made.
I'm going to take this one
on the chin."
Detroit's Rasheed Wal-
lace, who missed a shot near
the basket that would have
tied the game late in the sev-
enth-seeded Sixers' 90-86
win over the second-seeded
Pistons on Sunday night in
Game 1 of their first-round

Ginobili wins

sixth man award


IN THIS March 25, 2008 file photo, San Antonio Spurs guard Manu Ginobili (center), of Argentina, goes up
for a shot between Orlando Magic's Maurice Evans (left), Keith Bogans (behind) and Dwight Howard (right),
during the first half of an NBA basketball game in Orlando, Florida. Ginobili has won the NBA's sixth man award
Monday April 21, 2008, given to the league's best reserve.

Associated Press Writer

San Antonio Spurs guard
Manu Ginobili good
enough to be a starter on about
any team -,won the NBA's'
sixth man award given to the
league's best reserve on Mon-
Ginobili led the Spurs in
scoring, averaging a career-
high 19.5 points to go with 4.8
rebounds and 4.5 assists. Gino-
bili came off the bench in 51 of
the 74 games he played this
"I really don't care about
coming from the bench if that
helps the team to win a cham-
pionship," Ginobili said.
The Spurs have a 1-0 lead
over the Phoenix Suns in their
best-of-seven first-round play-
off series. Suns guard Leandro
Barbosa won the award last
year and Ginobili came in sec-
"He's one of the better play-
ers in the NBA, who just hap-
pens to come off the bench,"
said Spurs starting guard
Michael Finley. "Any other
team in the league, he'd prob-
ably be starting, but for him to
come off the bench and put his
ego aside it just shows what
kind of team we have, and
more importantly what kind of
player and All-Star he is."
Ginobili got 123 of 124 first-
place votes for 615 points. Bar-
bosa came in second with 283
points and the Dallas Maver-
icks' Jason Terry was third
with 44.
"It was no race. Just like,
when (is it) going to happen,"
said Spurs point guard Tony
Parker. "He was our best play-
er all year long."
The 6-foot-6 guard who
gives the team a boost of ener-
gy off the bench. He was draft-
ed by the Spurs in 1999 in the
second round with the 57th
overall pick. The Argentinian
has been with the team for
three of its four title runs.
"That is what I'm going to
remember when I retire, ,the

rings I have," Ginobili said.
"Not the fact I played 28 min-
utes or 33 or my name being
called in the starting lineup.
That's not going to make the
difference in 10 to 15 years."
Ginobili enters the game,
usually about midway through
the first quarter, to huge roars
from the crowd when the
Spurs announcer yells "Here
comes Manu!"
"I just consider myself a
player, a team player," Gino-
bili said. "So this year he
(Spurs coach Gregg Popovich).
thought it was more important
for me to come from the
bench, so I just try to do it the
best way I can."
Popovich gave all the credit
to Ginobili, who is the first
Spurs player to win the award.
"Manu is a person who's
much more concerned with the
group than he is about him-
self," Popovich said. "He got
over himself a long time ago....
I don't think there are too
many All-Stars that coaches in
this league can go to and say,
'You've been great. Now
you're going to come off the
bench.' So I'm very fortunate."
Ginobili shot better than 40
percent from 3-point range in
his sixth regular NBA season
and when he drives the lane
- routinely picking up bumps
and bruises along the way -
he's known for putting the ball
in from seemingly impossible
"Before I got here I used to
think'those shots that he made
were luck, and what we called,
when I was growing up, fluke
shots," Finley said. "Now that
I'm his teammate and I see
him on a daily basis, that's his
Ginobili hit the game win-
ning layup in the Spurs' Game
1 win over the Suns on Satur-
day with 1.8 seconds on the
clock in double overtime.
The last sixth man award
winner to lead his team in scor-
ing was Milwaukee's Ricky
Pierce. He averaged 23 points
when he won the award in

Barcelona aims to copy AC Milan's

Champions League triumph

AP Soccer Writer

LONDON (AP) Last season, it
was AC Milan vs. the Premier League.
The Italian club won.
This time, it's FC Barcelona's turn
to take on English soccer in the Cham-
pions League with Manchester Unit-
ed, Liverpool and Chelsea- all in the
semifinals for the second season"in a
If last season is any guide, bet on a
Barcelona triumph when the final
comes around in Moscow on May 21.
Although the current form and odds
suggest the famous trophy will be head-
ed for England, fate could send it to
The English teams are great at reach-
ing the last four, and there will be at
least one Premier League club in the
final for the fourth season in a row.
Actually picking up the trophy is anoth-
er thing altogether they've won just
two since 1984.
Since then, the Italian clubs (seven
titles) and Spanish (five) have proved to
be much better at that, and the English
trio could well be beaten to the top
prize by Barcelona, which defeated
Arsenal 2-1 in the 2006 final.
Like Milan a year ago, Barcelona is
way off the lead in its domestic league,
plagued by injuries to big players and
struggling for consistency.
Milan finished fourth and 36 points
behind Inter Milan in the 2007 Italian
league, although that included eight
points imposed for its part in a match-
fixing scam. Saving its best form for
the Champions League, it beat Liver-
pool 2-1 in the final in Athens, Greece.
Barcelona is third and 11 points
behind Real Madrid in the Spanish title
race and that means, like Milan last
season, it realistically only has the
Champions League to focus on.
Now, with Lionel Messi, Samuel
Eto'o and Deco fit again, Barcelona
has the talent to beat Manchester Unit-
ed in Wednesday's first leg at the Camp
Nou a day after Liverpool and Chelsea
face each other at Anfield. The return
legs are next week.

BARCELONA'S coach Frank Rijkaard gestures against Espanyol during a Spanish league
soccer match at the Camp Nou Stadium in Barcelona, Spain.

Barcelona comes off a 0-0 tie at home
against cross-city rival Espanyol on Sat-
urday, although midfielder Andres Ini-
esta says that's a good sign.
"The Champions League is another
story," Iniesta said. "A good example is
that after a terrible (3-2 loss) in Seville
against Betis, we were able to beat
Schalke in Germany. It's very impor-
tant for us to get to the final, and we

have 180 minutes ahead of us to do so."
Barcelona just has to shrug aside its
league form and switch into Champions
League mode. But pressure has been
mounting on the Barca players since
they began falling too far behind
Madrid in the league title race.
Barcelona started the season expect-
ing great things from its new-look
strikeforce with Thierry Henry joining

Messi, Eto'o and Ronaldinho. But the
French striker has failed to make an
impact in Spanish soccer, Messi and
Eto'o have spent long spells on the
sideline with injuries and Ronaldinho,
clearly putting on weight, has been
accused of enjoying the nightlife a little
too much.
The Brazilian great is out of action
with a torn leg muscle and there is
strong speculation he might be moving
to AC Milan. With 17-year-old Bojan
Krkic producing standout performances
on his introduction to the team, how-
ever, Barcelona still has the players
capable of beating Manchester Unit-
The problem for the Catalan team is
that it appears to have lost confidence,
and the fans can feel it.
They have been getting on the backs
of the players, coach Frank Rijkaard
and president Joan Laporta, especially
with traditional rival Madrid on the
way to winning the Spanish league title
for the second season in a row.
Now the team has to respond with
two big performances against Man-
chester United, which is leading the
Premier League and hoping to win the
league title for the second season in a
row. United effectively needs only to
win at second-place Chelsea on Satur-
day to clinch. The Red Devils were in a
similar situation last term, with Chelsea
also back in second place.
But Alex Ferguson's team couldn't
manage the double. It struggled twice in
the Champions League semifinals
against Milan, coming from behind to
win 3-2 in the first leg at Old Trafford
and being soundly beaten 3-0 in the
With the home leg first, Rijkaard
needs to get the best out of Messi,
Eto'o, Henry, Deco and Krkic when
the two teams meet at Camp Nou, so it
can defend a lead at Old Trafford next
If he doesn't, European soccer will be
looking at a first all-English Champions
League final, Premier League domi-
nance will be complete and Rijkaard
probably will be searching for another


Fop the stopies

behind the news,,

Pead Insight

on Monday


PAGE 12, TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008

TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008, PAGE 13



FORMER Minister of Sports
Neville Wisdom, who coached
three of the five CAC inductees,
poses above with his former
athletes on Saturday night.
From left to right are high
jumper Troy Kemp, quarter-
miler Pauline Davis-Thompson,
Wisdom and triple jumper
Frank Rutherford.

FRANK Rutherford (below),
the first Bahamian to win an
World Indoor and Olympic track
and field medal was presented
with his awards by Teddy
McCook (left) and Victor Lopez
(right) on Saturday night as he
was inducted into the CAC Hall
of Fame.

CAC Hallof Fame


A list of local and international digitaries assembled for Saturday's CAC Hall of Fame for five Bahamians.
From left are Victor Lopez, inductee Troy Kemp, BAAA's president Mike Sands, inductee Dr. Bernard
Nottage, Minister of State for Sports, Byran Woodside, inductees Pauline Davis-Thompson and Frank
Rutherford and Livingstone Bostwick, former IAAF Council Member Alpheus 'Hawk' Finalyson, Teddy McCook
and former BAAA's president Desmond Bannister.

FORMER CAC president Dr. Bernard Nottage (center) is honoured by Victor Lopez, current CAC president,
.as he was inducted into the CAC Hall of Fame on Saturday night.

FORMER BAAA's and CAC secretary general Livingstone Bostwick (center) receives his awards from Teddy
McCook (left) and Victor lopez (right) on Saturday night after he was inducted into the CAC Hall of Fame.

TEDDY McCook (left) and Victor Lopez (right) presents Pauline Davis-Thompson, IAAF Council Woman,
with her awards after she was inducted into the CAC Hall of Fame on Saturday niqht.

FORMER world champion Troy Kemp (renter) r reivep hi", '';n'! frln! J.c lldv Mr,'ook (left) and Victor
Lopez (right) after he wv s i rinfic 1d ii i j ,,; I 1 i ,, '" ,il , i i hi


PAGE 14, TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008

Ferero Federer's Estoril Open

round at victory his first '08 title




AP Sports Writer

(AP) Two-time former
champion Juan Carlos Ferrero
beat Michael Llodra of France
6-7 (5), 6-1, 6-1 in the first
round of the Monte Carlo
Masters on Monday.
Llodra missed a chance to
level at 2-2 in the third set,
wasting two break points with
unforced errors.
The 13th-seeded Ferrero
never looked troubled after
that and the Spaniard won the
match with a lob after' draw-
ing Llodra to the net with a
drop shot.
Ferrero won the title in 2002
and 2003. He next plays either
ninth-seeded Paul-Henri Math-
ieu of France or Janko Tip-
sarevic of Serbia, who played
later Monday..
The 10th-seeded Carlos
Moya who won both the
Monte Carlo and French Open
in 1998 was upset 6-3, 1-6, 6-
3 by Sam Querrey of the Unit-
ed States.
The 20-year-old Querrey,
who won his first career title
at, Las Vegas on hard courts
last month, will play either,
Andreas Seppi or Agustin Cal-
leri in the second round.
No. 14 Andy Murray.
advanced with a 7-6 (5), 6-4.
win over Spain's Feliciano
Lopez and next plays Filippo
Volandri of Italy, who beat
Nicolas Mahut of Franice 6-2,
Murray hopes that working
alongside -two-time French
O0en finalist Alex Corretja as
a clay-court coach will improve
his play on the surface. The
French Open begins May 26.
"The first thing you need to
work on is the patience, and I
did that today," Murray said
after his win. "Today I didn't
play all that aggressive. I was
trying to keep the ball high and
Robin Soderling wasted
three match points before out-
lasting Radek Stepanek of the
Czech Republic 6-4, 6-7 (6), 6-
Also in the first round,
Mario Ahcic of Croatia beat
Ivo Minar of the Czech
Republic 6-3, 6-4 and will meet
No. 2 Rafael Nadal of Spain.
Kristof Vliegen of Belgium
defeated Fabrice Santoro of
France 7-6 (4), 6-1, and Olivier
Rochus of Belgium led 6-1, 3-0
against Tommy Haas before
the German retired with an
injured right shoulder.
"Every time you start play-
ing on clay, you have to do
more than you are used to,"
Haas said. "I just feel like the
shoulder is really nagging

Eikolay Iavydenko retires 'Wituh l .a..gInjr


- A
4 -
416 kil

A. .
' '

AP Sports Writer

OEIRAS, Portugal (AP) At this
point, Roger Federer will take a title how-
ever it comes.
The top-ranked Federer ended a long
drought, winning the Estoril Open for his
first title of 2008 when No. 4-ranked Niko-
lay bavydenko retired with a left leg injury
while trailing 7-6 (5), 1-2 on Sunday.
Federer hadn't gone this deep into a sea-
son without a tournament win in nine
years, causing some to question whether his
greatness was finally beginning to fade. He
wasn't fazed.
"After so many victories you are also
going to lose a little bit," the 26-year-old
Swiss star said. "Look, I bounced back
considering the rough start to the season
with my health and I'm definitely playing
better. It was a difficult start to the season
and hopefully from now on it'll be easi-
Federer improved to 7-7 in clay-court
finals, picking up his 54th career title.
He played better throughout the week in
the ever-evolving weather at Estoril.
Rain, wind and cold weather probably
provided him with the best all-around test
on the surface he's least suited to. He was
pushed more than usual through the first
four matches against competitors ranked
no higher than No. 68.
"Looking at the way things were this
week, I didn't have crazy tough matches,
but it was good to have three-setters that I
got through," Federer said.
"People play many more drop shots on
clay which is a great test to see how quick
_ your feet are, and I got to the drop shots
a really good. I think that is a definite sign
that I'm getting much better again.
S "I feel great, I'm happy to play. It's a
a good time for me right now."
5 Federer will continue working on his
S movement on dirt with new coach Jose
.o. Higueras. His health is not really an issue
after getting over the mononucleosis he
S was diagnosed with earlier this year.
"- "Two months ago when I didn't have
enough matches and because of my sick-
ness everything looked a little more up in
the air," Federer said, noting that Rafael
Nadal and Novak Djokovic haven't even
played on clay yet. "I already have five
matches on it."
Federer said the testy conditions limited
what he could take away from his first
week working with Higueras. But Higueras
will be at Monte Carlo this week and.
depending on how that went, maybe al
Roland Garros.
Federer would like the French Open -
the sole Grand Slam missing from his tro.
phy collection to be his 13th majoi
championship but he's not sounding pan
icked about adding it.
"Wimbledon is always No. 1 in my heart
that will never change," he said. "But I'n
obviously aware of the potential of the on(
I haven't won yet and for this reason i
would probably create bigger news around
the world than Wimbledon. But probably
not in my heart."
Davydenko, seeking his second Estoril
title in three finals appearances, leads the
ATP in match wins following a title in Mia-
mi and a successful Davis Cup weekend
for Russia. But his record against Federer
dropped to 0-12 and he didn't see any dif-
ference between the Federer of today and
the one that has been No. 1 for four years.
"He had good control, he kept the same
(play) as before," Davydenko said. "I don't
see anything different between the last
matches and now."

Cheruiyot, Tune win Boston Marathon

AP Sports Writer
BOSTON (AP) Robert
Cheruiyot won his fourth
Boston Marathon on Monday,
and Dire Tune outkicked
Alevtina Biktimirova by two
seconds in the closest finish in
the' history of the women's
Cheruiyot ran away from the
pack to finish in a blistering
two hours, seven minutes, 46
seconds. He missed the course
record he set two years ago by
32 seconds, but became the
fourth four-time winner of the
world's oldest annual
Cheruiyot and Tune, who
finished in 2:25:25, each earned
an enhanced prize of $150,000
- the biggest in major
marathon history.
Abderrahine Bouramdane
was 1:18 behind Cheruiyot and
Khalid El Boumlili came in
third, another 1:31 back.
Nicholas Arciniaga, of Foun-
tain Valley, California, was
10th to give the Americans a
top-10 finish for the fourth
straight year.
With his third straight victo-
ry, Cheruiyot gave Kenya its

15th men's victory in 17 years.
Tune was the first Ethiopian
woman to win since Fatuma
Roba won three straight from
Cheruiyot pulled away from
a pack of four at the base of
the Newton Hills, running the
19th mile in 4:37 to finish
Heartbreak Hill 27 seconds
ahead of his Moroccan pur-
suer. He passed defending
women's champion Lidiya
Grigoryeva, with the two No. 1
bibs running side-by-side, just
before the 24-mile mark.
Cheruiyot remained on a
record pace as he approached
Kenmore Square before slow-
ing over the last mile.
Tune and Biktimirova came
into Kenmore Square side-by-
side, jockeying for position.
Biktimirova appeared to get
an edge when Tune nearly
missed one of the final turns
and ran into a camera vehicle.
The Ethiopian quickly com-
posed herself and took the lead
before the last turn.
Biktimirova caught her and
regained the lead briefly, but
Tune pulled ahead for the
good in the last 100 yards on
Boylston Street to beat her to
the line.


DIRE TUNE of Ethiopi breaks the
tape to win the women's division
of the Boston Marathon Monday.

(AP Photo/Charles Krupa)

The previous closest wom-
en's finish came two years ago,
when Rita Jeptoo beat Jelena
Prokopcuka by 10 seconds.
Jeptoo finished third this year,
69 seconds behind Tune.
The race came a day after

the US Olympic women's trials
featured the top American
runners fighting for a berth in
the Beijing Games. Deena
Kastor, Magdalena Lewy
Boulet and Blake Russell fin-
ished in the top three to earn a
chance to run in the Olympics.
With the three new
Olympians serving as grand
marshals, more than 25,000
runners left Hopkinton under
cloudy but calm skies and tem-
peratures in the 50s a major
improvement over last year's
monsoon that threatened to
scuttle the race.
Among those in the event's
second-largest field: seven-time
Tour de France winner Lance
Before the race, Spyros
Zagaris, mayor of Marathon,
Greece, presented Hopkinton
with a replica of a cup that was
given to the winner of the first
modern Olympic marathon in
Athens in 1896. He vowed to
build strong ties between his
city and Hopkinton, both
homes of the start of famous

Associated Press reporter
Mark Pratt in Hopkinton con-
tributed to this report.

ROBERT CHERUIYOT of Kenya runs away from 30-year-old Abderrahime
Bouramdane of Morocco (behind right) as Cheruiyot begins an uphill
section of the 26.2 mile race during the 112th running of the Boston
Marathon. Cheruiyot went on to win the race with a time of 2:07:46.

(AP Photo/Steven Senne)


_________________ I A ALII~~lI~Y


Bush Calderon defend econo mic tie!s

US, Mexican leaders seek

to cement partnership

President Bush and Mexican
President Felipe Calderon
mounted a defence of their eco-
nomic partnership yesterday,
pushing back against anti-trade
sentiment, according to the
Associated Press.
Opening the North Ameri-
can Leaders' Summit here,
Bush and Calderon praised the
North American Free Trade
Agreement, the deal that
opened up the world's largest
trading zone.
Trade among the United
States, Mexico and Canada has
surged from $290 million a year
to nearly $1 trillion since NAF-
TA began 14 years ago. Yet in a
slumping U.S. economy of lost
jobs, trade has become a target
of disaffected workers, unions
and Democratic presidential
"Our trade has tripled, and
our economies have grown,"
Bush said, noting that once poor
border regions now prosper.
"This has been a very positive
aspect for both our countries."
Calderon backed Bush's
words. He said the trade deal
has helped create hundreds of
thousands of jobs for both coun-
tries and led to better choices
for shoppers.
"I stress this issue, because
recently, NAFTA has come
under criticism," Calderon said.
"And I do not believe that peo-
ple are realizing how many ben-
efits NAFTA has brought."
Bush was also meeting one-
on-one with Canadian Prime
Minister Stephen Harper. For
Bush, it is his fourth and final
summit, one centered on
expanding commerce and coor-
dination on border security,
product safety and other com-
mon interests.
Earlier, Bush and Calderon
heralded the reopening of the
Mexican consulate here Mon-
day as a sign of close ties
between the neighboring
nations and a reason to cele-
brate the rebirth of New
Orleans following Hurricane
Bush called it the "comeback
of a great American city."
"I chose New Orleans for our
meetings with Mexico and
Canada because I wanted to
send a clear signal to the people
of my country that New Orleans
is open for business," Bush said.
The Mexican government
closed the consulate as a cost-
saving measure in 2002. Immi-
grants from Mexico and across

Latin America have worked to
rebuild the city, and tens of
thousands of them now live in
the New Orleans area.
Calderon later noted that he
hopes whoever replaces Bush
as president will take up immi-
gration reform, a priority Bush
could not get through Congress.
"I know that thousands of
Mexicans have participated in
the reconstruction of New
Orleans," Calderon said at the
consulate. "I'm very happy
today to see New Orleans
standing and working."
However, more than two
years after the storms, large
swaths of New Orleans and the
Gulf remain in disrepair while
local governments grapple with
complex issues of rebuilding.
About two-thirds of the popu-
lation has returned, but the
trend is slowing.
Rent has increased by more
than 40 percent since the disas-
ter. About half of the home-
owners'who were promised
money from the federally fund-
ed and state-run Road Home
program have yet to see their
grants. Many projects to rebuild
infrastructure are under way
with funding from the Federal
Emergency Management
Agency. However, many more
haven't even begun.
Trade expansion was the ear-
ly, dominant theme of the sum-
mit. Heading into the meeting,
Bush said he plans to talk to
Harper and Calderon about
expanding trade in the Western
The timing comes as the
United States is mired in an
economic slide, and many dis-
placed workers and labor lead-
ers blame trade for shipping
jobs overseas. A particular
political target is the North
American Free Trade Agree-
ment, which turned the U.S.,
Mexico and Canada into a giant
trade zone 14 years ago.
Democratic presidential can-
didates Hillary Rodham Clin-
ton and Barack Obama have
threatened to pull,the U.S. out.
of NAFTA as a means to pres-
sure Canada and Mexico to
negotiate more protections for
workers and the environment.
Bush calls the idea isolationist
and reckless.
He sees trade with friendly
nations as essential to econom-
ic growth and national securi-
ty. He and his counterparts are
expected to use the platform of
the New Orleans summit to
defend NAFTA. And Bush,
frustrated by a stalled free-trade
deal with Colombia, will again

PRESIDENT BUSH shakes hands with Mexican President Felipe Calderon after their meeting at the North American Leaders Summit in New Orleans,

urge Congress to put it to a
vote. Bush does not have plans
to tour damaged areas on his
16th visit to the Gulf Coast
region since Katrina hit in
August 2005, but will meet with
community leaders on Tuesday.
White House advisers say the
very decision to hold the sum-
mit in New Orleans shows that
New Orleans is ready to host a
meeting with three world lead-
The federal government has
approved $120 billion for Gulf
Coast recovery efforts. About
$90 billion of that has been
obligated, while a smaller por-
tion has actually been spent.
Most of Bush's time will be
spent in a hotel and a historic
former city hall in the Central
Business District, out of sight
from the residential areas hit
hardest by Katrina. His agenda
includes a few events of local
flavor, but they are secondary to
diplomatic talks.
But he will discuss recovery
efforts and the challenges that
remain at least twice: in com-
ments, to business executives
Monday night, and at a Tues-
day lunch with community lead-
ers that will include his new
Gulf Coast recovery chief,
retired Marine Corps Maj. Gen.
Doug O'Dell.

April 26th, 2008

Poop Deck Sandyport

3:00pm -7:00pm

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TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008, PAGE 18



Ex-bishop wins

Paraguayan poll;

six-decade rulers
ose grip on power

11 11

PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE and former bishop Fernando Lugo,
of the Patriotic Alliance for Change party, celebrates the findings
of independent exit polls that project his victory in. Paraguay's
presidential elections, before the announcement of official elec-
tion results, as he offered a news conference in Asyncion,
Paraguay, on Sunday.

The world's longest-ruling political party is about to lose its
six-decade grasp on power in Paraguay after a former Roman
Catholic bishop won the country's presidential election.
The Colorado Party's reign which began in 1947 and
was marked by the right-wing dictatorship of the late Gen.
Alfredo Stroessner until his ouster in 1989 was halted by.
Fernando Lugo, a charismatic 56-year-old who advocated for
the end of political corruption and economic disarray.
He beat Colorado Party rival Blanca Ovelar, a 50-year-old
protege of President Nicanor Duarte who had sought to
become Paraguay's first woman president in Sunday's election.
The triumph of Lugo's eclectic opposition coalition the
Patriotic Alliance for Change is the latest in a series of elec-
toral wins by leftist, or center-left, leaders in South America.
Mark Weisbrot, at the Washington- think tank Center for
Economic and Policy Research, said Lugo's election is a sign
of "deep and irreversible ... changes sweeping Latin America."
But Lugo faces many challenges: 43 percent of the country's
6.5 million people live in poverty, illiteracy is high, 300,000
landless peasant farmers are clamoring for help and Paraguay's
corruption is notorious. Lugo himself is a political newcomer,
forging his anti-Colorado coalition just eight months ago.
For now, the opposition is basking in its victory, holding
gleeful celebrations in the Paraguayan capital and outlying
cities. "You have decided what has to be done in Paraguay.
You have decided to be a free Paraguay," Lugo told cheering
thousands. Those who cheered him will be looking to him to
keep his promises. Rodney Bernal, a hotel security guard
who watched horn-honking opposition celebrations peter out
early Monday, said promises by politicians even Lugo -
have made him weary. "Lugo made a lot of promises and
we're tired of promises. We'll have to wait at least a year to see
if he does anything, especially if he can give work to young
people," he said. Riordan Roett, head of western hemisphere
studies at SAIS-Johns Hopkins University, echoed that sen-
timent, saying there is scarce wiggle room.ahead.
"The economic realities give the new teams very little room
to maneuver," he said.
Maria Ines Gonzalez, waving a flag of the opposition Lib-
erals the biggest force in the left-of-center coalition -
said she hopes Lugo succeeds.
"My dad is a construction worker but he's out of work
because people don't have money to build anything," she
said. "Lugo is a priest who understands the needs of the poor
and I believe he is going to solve many social problems."
The Colorado Party emerged from a 1947 civil war to begin
its long rule in Paraguay. When Stroessner seized power in
1954, he recruited the party as an acquiescent "twin pillar"
alongside his repressive military.
After Stroessner's ouster, free elections led to a succession
of Colorado presidents despite sporadic political unrest and
party infighting. But countless corruption scandals blamed
.on party elites beginning in the late 1990s engendered new dis-
satisfaction with a party that still controlled a vast bureaucracy,
jobs and, some say, Paraguay's judiciary. Lugo became a bish-
op in 1994 but resigned the post in December 2006 to sidestep
Paraguay's constitutional ban on clergy seeking office. He
says he is neither on the left nor the right and has distanced
himself from the region's more radical leaders, such as
Venezuela's Hugo Chavez.


Thousands flee

bearing accounts

of violence

A VENDOR sells cooking Oil and vegetables behind an election poster with a portrait of Zimbabwean
President Robert Mugabe In Harare, yesterday. The recounting of 23 contested seats in last month's elec-
tions may drag on all week, state media reported yesterday, in a delay likely to increase tensions.

Sarah Ngewerume was driven
to the river by despair, reports the
New York Times News Service.
She said she had seen gangs
loyal to Zimbabwe's longtime
president, Robert Mugabe, beat-
ing people some to death in
the dusty roads of her village. She
said Mugabe loyalists were
sweeping the countryside with
chunks of wood in their hands,
demanding to see party identifi-
cation cards and methodically
hunting down opposition sup-
"It was terrifying," said
Ngewerume, a 49-year-old for-
mer shopkeeper.
Last week she waded across
the Limpopo River, bribed a man
fixing a border fence on the other
side and slipped into a nearby
South African farm.
She was among the latest des-
perate arrivals in what South
Africa's biggest daily newspaper
is now calling "Mugabe's Tsuna-.
mi," a wave of more than 1,000
people every day who are fleeing
Zimbabwe across the Limpopo
to escape into South Africa.

When a shallow, glassy river
and a few coils of razor wire are
the only thing separating one of
Africa's most developed coun-
tries from one of its most miser-
able, the inevitable result is mil-
lions of illegal border-jumpers.
But South African and Zim-
babwean human rights groups say
that the flow of people into South
Africa has been surging in the
past three weeks after Zimbab-
we's disputed election and the
violent crackdown that has fol-
One Zimbabwean man named
Washington, who goes back and
forth across the border ferrying
Super Sure cake flour and Blazing
Beef potato snacks, said the gov-
ernment was now using food as a
weapon and channeling much of
the U.N.-donated grain to sup-
porters of the ruling party.
"As we speak," he said, "peo-
ple are starving."
He seemed more defeated than
anything else.
"People hate the government,"
he said. "But they are too scared
to fight it."
Just to make sure, commercials
are now running on Zimbabwean
TV showing grainy images of cap-
tives from the liberation war in

the 1970s and reminding citizens
not to disobey their leaders,
recent arrivals said.
In the past, many Zimbabwean
men escaped to South Africa to
drive cabs or work on construc-
tion sites and send the money
home. But these days, many of
the Zimbabweans fleeing are
women and children willing to
take considerable risks to get out
for good.
"We were hoping for change
and waiting to see what would
happen in the election," said
Faithi Mano; another recent bor-
der jumper. "Now, I have decided
to quit that place."
It does not look as if Mugabe,
an 84-year-old liberation hero
who has ruled Zimbabwe for 28
years, will leave .without a fight.
After early election results from
the vote on March 29 indicated
that Mugabe was losing to the
opposition leader, Morgan Tsvan-
girai, the election commission put
the brakes on announcing the
The presidential results still
have not been released, and a
recount in 23 parliamentary races
is now threatening to drag things
out further. The opposition has
deemed it "illegal."

* In brief

UN chief says

the world

must produce

more food
ACCRA, Ghana
The U.N. chief warned on Sun-
day that the world must urgently
increase food production to ease
skyrocketing prices and pledged
to set up a task force on a crisis
threatening to destabilize devel-
oping nations, according to the
Associated Press.
The cost of food has increased
by around 40 percent since mid-
2007 worldwide, and the strain
has caused riots and protests in
countries like Cameroon, Burki-
na Faso, Haiti and Egypt. "We
must make no mistake, the prob-
lem is big. If we offer the'right
aid, the solutions will come," U.N.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
said at the opening of a five-day
U.N. conference on trade and
development in Ghana's capital,
"One thing is certain, the world
has consumed more than it has
produced" over the last three
years, he said.
Ban blamed a host of causes
for the soaring cost of food,.
including rising oil prices, the fall
of the U.S. dollar and natural dis-
asters. He said he would put
together a special task force to
help deal with the problem and
called on the international com-
munity to help. He said the U.N.
World Food Program plans to
raise $750 million per year to help
feed 73 million people in 80 coun-
"We need a real world and not
the world of economic theories,"
Ban said. "I will work on this
right now with a sense of
Ban said the Millennium
Development Goals adopted
at a U.N. summit in 2000 to cut
extreme poverty in half by 2015
- were not being met.
"We risk going back to square
one, and we need to redouble
efforts or betray the promises that
we made to our people," Ban
said. In Haiti, food riots this
month cost Prime Minister
Jacques Edouard Alexis his job
and set back international efforts
to stabilize the country. Hundreds
of Haitians have stood in long
lines to receive U.N. and regioid-
al food aid rushed to the coun-

Brazil priest

vanishes on

balloon flight
* SAO PAULO, Brazil
A Roman Catholic priest who
floated off under hundreds of
helium party balloons was miss-
ing yesterday off the southern
coast of Brazil.
Rescuers in helicopters and
small fishing boats were search-
ing off the coast of Santa Cata-
rina state, where pieces of bal-
loons were found.
Rev. Adelir Antonio de Car-
li lifted off fronr the port city of
Paranagua on Sunday after-
noon, wearing a helmet, ther-
mal suit and a parachute.
He was reported missing
about eight hours later after los-
ing contact with port authority
officials, according to the trea-
surer of his Sao Cristovao
parish, Denise Gallas.
Gallas said by telephone that
the priest wanted to break a 19-
hour record for the most hours
flying with balloons to raise
money for a spiritual rest-stop
for truckers in Paranagua,
Brazil's second-largest port for
agricultural products.

,. 6
---,,I^^^ It^


PAGE 16, TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008



22, 2008


0 0

BTCchiefs 75% drop in wait for

uupu Ull

is being


say sources

Tribune Business Editor
THE final steps in Leon
Williams' departure as the
Bahamas Telecommunications
Company's (BTC) president
and chief executive were being
ironed out yesterday, sources
familiar with the situation told
The Tribune, with the Board
and government possibly able
to make a statement on the
matter as early as today.
This newspaper was able to
confirm that BTC's Board has
asked Mr Williams to resign
from his post with the company,
although sources made it clear
there was no suggestion of any-
thing illegal or improper con-
duct on his behalf.
Rather, The Tribune under-
stands that BTC's Board who
are appointed by the compa-.
ny's 100 per cent shareholder,
the Government are con-
cerned about the lack of
accountability at BTC, specifi-
cally over how it does its job.
The Board is understood to
be especially concerned about
BTC's lack of accountability
when it comes to its service
" quality and standards, believ-
ing that management and per-
formance accountability struc-
tures should have been imple-
mented after its status was
changed from that of a 'public
corporation' to a 'company'
back in 2001.
BTC's chairman, former
Central Bank governor and ex-
Grand Bahama Port Authority
(GBPA) co-chair, Julian Fran-
cis, declined to comment on the
situation when contacted by
The Tribune yesterday.
Minister of state for finance,

SEE page 5B

financial deal 'validity'

Tribune Business Editor

en I mto "deter-
oau mine the
of all Bahamas-based
financial transactions
will be reduced from a
four-day minimum to
one day when the com-
mercial banking indus-
try's Automated Clear-
ing House (ACH) goes
live in October 2008, the project's main
overseer acknowledging that it had tak-
en "too long" to get the system in place.
Paul McWeeney, who heads the
Clearing Banks Association's (CBA)
ACH Working Group, said there had
been "no change" to the October dead-
line for going live with the electronic
payments system, with equipment for
the ACH due to arrive on New Provi-
dence by month's end.
"I'm pleased with the progress at this

* Commercial banking sector's electronic payments'system still on target to go
live in October, with project head acknowledging process taken 'too long'
Time taken to conclude financial transactions to fall from four days to one
Move to 'speed up entire money market of Bahamas'
and take financial industry to 'first world standards'

time," Mr McWeeney told The Tribune, Mr McWeeney, who is also Bank of
acknowledging that it had taken "too the Bahamas International's managing
long" to get the ACH in place. director, said the ACH would enable
He added of its benefits: "It's neces- other members. of the business commu-
sary to advance the financial services nity, including the Government, to
industry to first world standards, and become involved in electronic payments
there are so many opportunities spring- solutions..
ing from having it in place. Among the other activities that could
"It will speed up the entire money flow from an ACH, he added, were the
market of the Bahamas........ It will pro- establishment of a credit bureau to mon-
vide a lot more security to the consumer itor the creditworthiness of Bahamian
at the end of the day. We can determine borrowers, and a SWITCH transactions
the validity of transactions within a day, system that could stimulate "badly need-
which is a lot better than right now, ed" e-commerce activity and "more cus-
which is anminim-umof-fourdA-ys-WeVre- tomer friendly services".
moving down to one day." The ACH's first home will be the

Bank of the Bahamas International
branch at Village Road "just. to get it
started", with a permanent site due to be
established later. A back-up site is also
being sought as well.
Testing of the ACH will take place
between Bank of the Bahamas Interna-
tional and Commonwealth Bank before
October, given that these two institu-
tions are currently the ones that have
all the necessary equipment in place.
While this testing is going on, it will
allow the other five clearing banks -

SEE page 6B

LNG project awaits 'the final step'

Tribune Business
Reporter and
Tribune Business Editor
THE Bahamas Environment,
Science and Technology
(BEST) Commission is cur-
rently reviewing a "pretty long
document" of draft regulations
for the proposed AES Ocean
Express liquefied natural gas
(LNG) plant, something that
the project's director yesterday
described as "the final step" to
the Government determining
whether to approve the multi-
million dollar development.
Aaron Samson told The Tri-
bune that "while not a lot has
changed since you and I last
spoke", he added: "The regu-
lations are there [with BEST],

BEST reviewing draft regulations for AES project,
with company 'not having lost patience yet'

they are the last step, they are
being reviewed, and they'll
share them with us when
they're ready:"
Mr Samson explained that
AES would have full clearance
to proceed with the construc-
tion of its LNG regasification
terminal and pipeline on Ocean
Cay, a man-made island off
Bimini, "when these steps are
achieved and we move forward
with the Heads of Agreement"..
He added that his under-
standing was that when com-
pleted and approved by Cabi-
net, the LNG regulations would
not have to go before Parlia-
Ronald Thompson, perma-

nent secretary in the Qffice of
the Prime Minister, under
which the BEST Commission
falls, told Tribune Business yes-
terday that it was still reviewing
the data submitted experts on
LNG concerning the merits of
the project for the Bahamas.
"It is a pretty long document,
and it has been quite tedious
to go through it, but we are
reviewing it and once we are
done, then we will be able to
make our recommendations to
Cabinet," he said.
Mr Thompson added that
because of the complexity of
the information, he was not
able to give a timeline as to
when BEST would be able to

forward its recommendations
to Cabinet.
The regulations that BEST
is currently reviewing were
drafted by Washington-based
ICF Consulting.
Mr Samson yesterday said of
the AES project, which would
transport LNG by undersea
pipeline to Florida to supply
that state's energy needs, that
"it seems like it might get atten-
tion ".
When asked why AES had
been prepared to endure what
to date is almost a seven-year
wait for the Bahamian govern-

SEE page 3B

Bahamas 'in position'

to meet EPA deadline

Tribune Business Editor
THE Bahamas will meet the
deadline later this month for
submitting a preliminary draft
of its Economic Partnership
. Agreement (EPA) services
offer to the European Union

SEE page 3B

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Better governance vital for public corporations

RECENTLY, I had a con-
versation with a wide range of
business leaders in an informal
setting. Not surprisingly, the
issue of corporate governance
was raised and a lengthy dis-
cussion ensued. What was most
interesting was the way in
which the business leaders
spoke of their perception of
how their board of directors
can be most effective.
Without exception, they all
agreed that directors should
individually and collectively

bring attributes such as com-
mon sense, experience, techni-
cal expertise, diversity, vision
and perspective to the table.
Upon reflection, I conclud-
ed that it must be extremely
difficult for a leader of one of
our government corporations
to succeed, notwithstanding
that it may be in a monopolistic
situation. A private company
can recruit and appoint talent
as they see fit to assist in the
strategic management of a firm,
but a public sector manager is

stuck with what he/she is giv-
en by political masters.
Global Trend
The October 2, 2006, edition
of the Wall Street Journal
(WSJ) carried a story entitled
Drama in the Boardroom,
which addressed the change in
boardroom behaviour in the
post-Enron environment.
According to the article: "Cor-
porate Directors, pressed to
become more vocal following
the scandals of the Enron era,
are throwing their weight
around more, rubber-stamping
management less and shak-
ing-up many once clubby
The obvious question to ask:
"Is this new level of scrutiny in
the best interest of the compa-
ny?" I am of the firm view that
increased vigilance by directors
and more specifically, by inde-
pendent, non-executive direc-
tors (INEDs), is essential to the
advancement of good corpo-
rate governance practices.
Modern 'best practices' and
international standards demand
Role of INEDs
The Central Bank of the
Bahamas published a consulta-
tion paper on August 3, 2003,
entitled Guidelines for Inde-
pendent Non-Executive Direc-
tors. In this document it
. described the role of INEDs as
"A key principle of corpo-
rate governance is that there
should be a sufficient number
of INEDs on the Board of
Directors to create a suitable
balance of power, and prevent
the dominance of the board by
one individual or by a small


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in the Bahamas lnomeAway FromHome

Contact Ms. Allen @ Stop-N-Shop Online
394-4949 or e-mail:

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number of individuals.
"This is very important, as
INEDs should be able to bring
independent and objective
views, experience and a range
of skills to the deliberations of
the Board. A key role of
INEDs is also to bring an exter-
nal 'real world' focus to the
Board's discussions, and act as
a counterbalance, where appro-
priate, to the influence of the
chairman or chief executive
over Board decision-making.
"The Bank seeks to encour-
age the boards of its licensees to
carry out continuous evaluation
of the combination of skills they
need to be effective, and make
necessary adjustments to the
composition of the same.
INEDs would be expected to
maintain an ongoing dialogue
with the bank, and make con-
tact where necessary to discuss
matters of mutual concern."
Public (Government)
Corporation Boards
Notwithstanding the sub-
stantial body of knowledge that
has evolved regarding corpo-
rate governance and the role
of directors, this does not seem
to translate readily to public
Today, in the banking sector,
directors cannot be appointed
until they have been vetted and
approved by the Central Bank.
Using this example, if the Cen-
tral Bank were the regulatory
body for all government-owned
corporations, it would appear
that a number of Board mem-
bers would not obtain regula-
tory clearance. This begs a larg-
er and more profound question:
"Are we doing the right thing in
perpetuating the current sys-
tem of public corporation board
What I find most ironic is
that successive opposition par-
ties continuously lambaste an
incumbent government about
mismanagement at a public cor-

portion, but when they assume
office, they perpetuate the same
practices they previously found
so offensive. When the political
'silly season' is in full session,
there is no shortage of exam-
ples of such ranting and raving.
Let's assume (for the pur-
poses of this article) that the
promotion and advancement
process within government cor-
porations is not contaminated
and the best managers rise to
the top. There are several fun-
damental issues that are wor-
thy of consideration if we have
a true desire to improve the
performance of our public (gov-
ernment) corporations.
If we were to examine the
appointment of the Boards of
government corporations, we
would see that they generally
consist of identifiable support-
ers of the ruling party 98 per
cent of the time. What this does
is to automatically reduce the
potential pool of directors by
50 per cent.
The private sector does not
have this problem at all. I have
served 6n many private sector
boards over the years, and I
never knew the political leaning
of my Board colleagues. nor
was it important. Could you
imagine any of our public com-
panies making known a policy
to seek only PLP or FNM
Historically, governments
used public corporation board
appointments to reward sup-
porters who have contributed
to getting them elected. The
reality is that the skill set nec-
essary to get a person elected to
Parliament is vastly different
from the skill set required to
guide a complex organisation
in today's world.
If we accept the premise that
an excellent constituency work-
er does not necessarily make a
productive or contributing
Board member, this may
indeed begin to help us under-
stand that perhaps it is not
entirely the fault of the Broad-
casting Corporation, Bahama-
sair or the Water & Sewerage
Corporation that they are in
the financial condition they are,
given the historical amount of
political interference and incon-
sistent or weak Board direction
during successive administra-
tions over the years.
Policy considerations
It is unfair for a government
(at the policy level), for
instance, to say that Bahama-
sair must provide daily jet

flights into, say Acklins, and
then turn around and complain
that the airline is a drain on the
Public Treasury. This is simply
intellectually dishonest.
If a government, made a
determination that it needed
daily jet airlift into Acklins,
then Bahamasair should be
asked to price the cost of that
service and the Government
should pay accordingly.
Political interference
Whether we like it or not,
politicians do interfere in the
affairs of our government cor-
porations. They have been
known tQ hire, promote,
demote and transfer employ-
ees without any reference to
management or the Board. We
allow such practices to occur,
and then we express shock at
the poor performance of the
public corporation...a most
incredible situation.
Privatisation will normally fix
the problem of underperform-
ing government corporations,
largely because it takes gov-
ernment out of the day-to-day
management process. However,
in the absence of privatization,
our system needs to find the
"political will" to allow public
corporations to function in a
professional manner without
political interference, but with
large doses of transparency
under the direction of strong
and competent Boards.
More than any other sector, I
maintain that we ought not to
raise our expectations regarding
a financial turnaround in our
public corporations unless the
shareholder (The Government)
'embraces and adopts sound
corporate governance. It just
would not work otherwise.
Until next week...
NB: Larry R. Gibson, a
Chartered Financial Analyst, is
vice-president pensions, Colo-
nial Pensions Services
(Bahamas), a wholly-owned
subsidiary of Colonial Group
International, which owns
Atlantic Medical Insurance and
is a major shareholder of Secu-
rity & General Insurance Com-
pany in the Bahamas.
The views expressed are those
of the author and do not nec-
essarily represent those of
Colonial Group International
or any of its subsidiary and/or
affiliated companies. Please
direct any questions or com-
ments to rlgibson@atlantic-

1 Master Japanese Chef
Applicants must have a minimum of twelve (12) years experience in Japanese cooking espe-
cially sushi and sashimi food preparation, teppaninki and tempura techniques knowledge. The
candidate must possess a master's diploma in Japanese cooking with a minimum six (6) years in
a high quality Japanese restaurant. This person must be willing to teach knowledge to our young
Bahamian chefs.

1- Executive Chef in Fine Dining
Applicants must have eight (8) years minimum experience in Executive Sous Chef position
and at least two (2) years in Experience Chef position. Applicant must be fluent in Spanish and
strong knowledge in Mexican and modem Spanish cuisine, traditional French base is a must.
This person should as well be able to manage large functions and should be able to teach his fel-
low staffs in the art of 'Tapas", ice carving and vacuum techniques.

The applicant must have Four Season or Ritz Carlton experience.

1 Chef Tournant
Applicants must be relief cooks and know all departments of kitchen. Applicants will be re-
quired to work in various kitchen of the property. This is a seasonal position with a minimum of
eight (8) years experience in a high quality hotel kitchen is necessary. European experience is

All interested persons are asked to forward resumes to The Human Resource Director, P.O. Box
N-7776, Nassau, Bahamas.


Tree Estates, Carmichael Road in the Southern District of New Providence, one
of the Islands of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas.


NOTICE is hereby given that all persons having a claim against the above Estate
are required to send such claims duly certified in writing to the undersigned on
or before the 28th May A.D., 2008 after which date the Executor of the Estate
will proceed to distribute the assets having regard to only those claims of which
he had notice.

Williams & Williams
33 Pinedale Street
P.O. Box N-7421
Nassau, Bahamas


Main Responsibilities:
The ideal candidate will be responsible for the companies
building maintenance, and serve as a management liaison for
the entire company.

Applicants will be responsible for.
* Assisting in the day-to-day operations of the Company
* Following up on outstanding store matters
* Assist with issues regarding the property and management

* Excellent verbal and written communication skills
* Have the ability to multi task
* Excel appreciation of IT matters
* Basic supervisory skills

We offer in return an excellent remuneration package,
inclusive of medical and life insurance.

'Interested persons may forward a copy of their R6sum6 to:
The Human Resources Manager
Fax: (242)322-6607
Email: hr@luxuryretaillimited.com

1 Scotiabank

Investment Advisor
(Compensation is commissioned based)

SCOTIABANK is seeking the services of a self-motivated and
results focused Investment Advisor. If you are looking for a
career that continually challenges you in your commitment to
success, and your desire to make a difference in your clients'
lives, then this is the opportunity for you.


This position works directly with the retail investment arm of
Scotiabank. Our clients benefit from the integrated private client
services and expertise of the Scotiabank Group, one of North
America's premier financial institutions and Canada's largest
International Bank.


We have a tradition of advising sophisticated clients and helping
them to achieve their financial goals. For residents of Mexico,
Latin America and the Caribbean Region with international
investment and financial needs, we deliver personalized solutions
that encompass an individual's entire financial situation.


* University education
* A minimum of five years of business, sales or
financial experience
* Completed securities courses
* Entrepreneurial spirit with experience developing a
start-up business.

We are looking for a select individual to join our team of
Investment Advisors. This individual will be located in Nassau and
will have dual reporting lines to the International Brokerage
in Toronto, Canada and to the local Scotia Private Client
Group, Bahamas.

If you are ready to build a business in an organization that offers
unlimited opportunity, please submitapplication in writing, marked
private & confidential to: Manager, Manpower & Succession
Planning, Scotiabank, P.O. Box N-7518, Nassau, Bahamas
or E-mail ionie.diaaisstascotiabank.com

Qualified candidates only need apply by
Monday, May 05, 2008.

I -





Bahamas 'in position' to meet EPA deadline

FROM page 1B

(EU), the minister of state for
finance told The Tribune, as he
hit out at criticism by his min-
isterial predecessor for
"extreme hypocrisy".
Responding to concerns
raised by the Bahamas Insti-
tute of Chartered Accountants
(BICA) that the EPA services
offer might conflict with the
Public Accountants Act 1991
in allowing EU accountants to
perform audit sign-off and
opinion services for Bahamas-
based entities, Zhivargo Laing
said this was why the Govern-
ment and its Trade Commis-
sion were "listening to all of
these concerns that are raised"
by private sector groups over
the EPA.
Indicating that the Govern-
ment had still to decide whether

to open attestation services -
audit sign-offs and opinions -
to EU accountants, Mr Laing
said of BICA's concerns:
"Their points have been duly
noted, and I and the team look
forward to meeting with them
to hear their concerns."
He added that BICA had
invited him and Ministry of
Finance officials to a meeting
they were holding, but this
clashed with a Cabinet meet-
ing, so an alternative time and
date were being sought.
"We are doing a consultation
process to get from the sectors
the issues they believe might
arise," Mr Laing said in rela-
tion to the EPA. "This is the
first time such an exercise has
been done in such a compre-
hensive fashion."
He added, though, that the
Bahamas was "in a position to
meet the deadline" for submis-

sion of its initial EPA services
offer later this month.
The minister also hit out at
criticism of the Government's
handling of the EPA process
by former minister of foreign
affairs, Fred Mitchell, who last
held ministerial responsibility
for trade matters under the

Christie administration.
Mr Mitchell last week.said
during a press briefing: "We are
concerned that the Govern-
ment has not included the
Opposition and its supporters
in any of the mechanisms for
briefings on the EPA matters.
"We are concerned that the
true story on the EPA is not
being disclosed to the Bahami-
an people, including the fact
that the EPA will require reci-
procal rights to all CARICOM
countries, just as they are
offered to the European coun-
tries. We ask the Government
to come clean and to have full
and frank disclosure of the
In response, Mr Laing said:
"I find it alarming to hear Fred
Mitchell talk about no consul-
tation with the Opposition. If
he's asking for this new reality,
it's an unfortunate thing.

"He should have noted that
when he and his people had
charge of this process for four-
and-a-half years from 2003
[when in government], there
was no consultation with the
[then-FNM] opposition and
minimal consultation with the
private sector.
"It's extremely hypocritical
on his part to speak of consul-
tation, when no such thing hap-
pened, as far as I could tell,
when he and his colleagues
were in office."
Mr Laing said the .Govern-
ment would have no difficulty
in briefing and consulting with
the Opposition on the EPA,
but added that Mr Mitchell, at
his press conference last week,
should have "put into context"
that there had been no consul-
tation with the Opposition
when the Christie government
was in office.

Mr Laing also criticised Mr
Mitchell for hinting that the
EPA was their same as the
CARICOM Single Market &
Economy (CSME), pointing
out that unlike the latter, the
trade deal with the EU did not
involve the creation of a single
currency, free movement of
labour, and the harmonisation
of fiscal and monetary policies.

Dean's Shipping Company has an immedi-
ate opening for an experienced.Maintenance
The individual should have at least 10 years
expereince as a diesel mechanic with welding
experience. Successful candidate must be self
motivated, possess a strong work ethic, experi-
ence with diesel engines, tractor head, and trailer
Please respond to:
Deans Shippinl Company
P.O. Box EE-17318
Telephone 356-6672,356-6673

FROM page 1B

ment to give a definitive 'yes' or
.'no' to its proposal, a timescale
that would have seen many oth-
er investors walk away, Mr
Samson said potential demand
for the project's LNG was ever-'
Sincreasing given Florida's soar-
ing energy needs.
"The fundamentals in Florida
haven't changed. The funda-
mentals that drive this project
haven't changed," Mr Samson
told The Tribune.
"Projects like this take time.
Getting an LNG project from
conception to construction, in
the best of worlds, is a three-
year venture. This is longer, but
we're dealing with a new gov-
ernment, and from that per-
spective it hasn't been that
In a seeming reference to the
former Christie administration,
he added: "I'm not sure the last

five years were wasted, but we
haven't lost patience yet."
Mr Samson said Florida had
cancelled coal-fired power pro-
jects that could have generated
4,000 megawatts of electricity, a
hole that LNG given that it is
considered to be more envi-
ronmentally friendly could fill.
AES has spent more than
$65. million on the project to
date since receiving its approval
in principle from the first Ingra-
ham administration in 2001.
These funds were spent on
areas such as permits, engi-
neering and cleaning up Ocean
Mr Samson yesterday said
Ocean Cay remained prepared
to receive an LNG terminal,
adding that the company's
investment on the Bahamas
project and the cost of keeping
it ready was "a little more man-
ageable" now.
"These days, it's not growing
like it used to," Mr Samson said
of the company's bill.

Looking for an experienced

Fund Administrator

;k small start-up Fund Administration company

is looking for a dynamic person who has a few years

experience in the Administration of Bahamas SMART

and Professional Funds. The ideal candidate would

also be assigned other related tasks. He/she must be

able to fit in a small young group of professionals and
is a motivated team-player.

Please send your resume with a salary expectation
to HR Management,

P.O. Box N-7755, Nassau, Bahamas.

Vacancy currently exists for


We are a leading retail organization with a strong and growing presence looking for a
dynamic individual to join our team of professionals in a senior management position.

General Duties
Direct and co-ordinate Head Office functions in conjunction with Office Manager.
* Provide hands-on operational support management to retail store locations
* All property management and maintenance matters
* Ability to manage budgets and implement cost containment procedures
* Oversee other '[IijmcrLi functions

Basic Requirements
* Minimum two (2) years experience in a similar position; is desirable
* Willingness to work flexible hours
* Ability to analyze and react effectively to bring matters to completion
Strong Leadership, Administrative and Managerial skills
SExcellent' n1 I01 jdl Oral Communication skills
SComputer Literacy in Microsoft Office suite.
* Basic understanding of computer network systems.
* Bachelor's degree in Business ',Li.-ir.r or other related field would be an asset,

Benefits include a comprehensive medical and life package. Salary is commensurate with
qualifications and experience.

Interested persons may forward a copy of their resume, in confidence to:

Please submit your resume in confidence to:

The Human Resources Manager
P.O. Box N-623
Nassau, Bahamas
Fax: 322-6607 / 328-5902

The AES terminal would
regasify LNG brought to
Ocean Cay by ship, then pump
it to Florida via a 95-mile
pipeline to generate electricity
The project would also pro-
vide about 50 full-time jobs and
600 construction jobs over a
three-year build out, and bring
some needed diversification to
the Bahamian economy, creat-
ing permanent jobs that could

be filled by Bahamians with
engineering and science-related
degrees and qualifications.
Apart from annual business
license fees and fees paid to
lease the seabed, AES Ocean
Express would' also pay a
throughput fee linked to the
Henry Hub natural gas index.
It has been suggested that the
Bahamas could earn $1.2 bil-
lion in revenue over the life-
time of the AES project.

extended Stay

In Nassapu / Freeport

Do you have to spend more than a few days in
Nassau or Freeport and need somewhere to live?
Do you want to save money and not pay tourist
charges for a small cramped up hotel room?

Rent a tastefully furnished apartment in a nice residential
area for a week or more at a fraction or what it would
for a similar hotel room .

Check out Stop-N-Shop
Home- Away-From-Home Program
C l 't I'ii ll..tIi: l ' 'r, ilo i (o' ail.coll
Or ..ill thl_ Slhp-N-Sthop Tel: 1(242) 394-4949
To view apartments go to. www baharnamashomeawayfromhnhone corn
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(i'or v our offices on et Bay Starie. 300 Y.ard East
of Mackay Street and the old Paradise Island Brtdge


111 Shirley Street

Thursday, April 24

Friday, April 25

Saturday, April 26

We regret any inconvenience this

will cause to our customers

Equity Side

Name of Company:

Address of Registered Office:

Nature of Business:


Number of Matter:


Charlotte House, Charlotte
Street, Nassau, Bahamas

Banking Company

Supreme Court of the Com-
monwelath of the Bahamas,
Equity Side

221 of 1998

Last Day of Receiving Proofs: 23rd May, 2008

Paul Frederick Clarke

Name of Liquidator:




Bahamas Supermarkets Limited operates a leading
supermarket chain in The Bahamas. As a market leader,
the Company prides itself on delivering premier service
through its City Market supermarkets, having a strong
commitment to its customers, associates and community.

An opportunity for an Accounts Payable / Receivable
Associate in New Providence to join this market leader
has arisen.

Reporting to the Accounts Payable/Receivable
Supervisor, the successful applicant will have previous
experience in accounts payable/receivable;

Verify and pay vendor invoices, enter invoices
into the payable system
Research and respond to vendor inquiries
Prepare sales invoices and bill customers
Maintain collections of outstanding accounts
Must be prepared to be methodical and detailed
in ensuring compliance with company policies
Have a clean police record and good character
Associate Degree in business
administration/accounting or the equivalent in
experience or self-education
Have good communication (verbal and written)
and interpersonal skills
Solid functional computer skills with working
knowledge of Windows XP, word processing and
spreadsheet applications

If you have what it takes to succeed in this challenging role,
forward your resume and cover letter to:
Human Resources Director
Bahamas Supermarkets Limited
East-West Highway P. 0. Box N 3738 Nassau, Bahamas
Or e-mail to: humanresources@bahamassupermarkets.com
No telephone inquiries please

C1&,1u^/ itvr4t


IN THE MATTER of Socimer International
Bank Limited
(In Liquidation)


IN THE MATTER of the Companies Act 1992


Rule 68 of The Companies (Winding-Up) Rules, 1975

(No. 45 of 2000)

(In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that in accordance with Section 137 (4)
of the International Business Companies Act, 2000, No. 45 of
commenced Dissolution on the 18th day of April, A.D., 2008.

Mr. Nathaniel Cooper, Nassau Bahamas has been appointed
the Sole Liquidator of the Company.

Mr. Nathaniel Cooper

One Montague Place, Nassau,

Dated this 21st day of April, A.D., 2008
Paul F. Clarke



I LNG project awaits 'the final step' I





Visit our website at www.cob.edu.bs


Faculty Advertisements 2008
Lecturers in Law (New Providence Campus)
Candidates should have at a least a first degree in Law, with no less than an Upper Second Class Honours or equivalent.
Possession of a postgraduate degree and some experience as a legal practitioner is desirable. The curriculum includes all
branches of Common Law and courses pay special attention to the place of Law in Commonwealth Caribbean jurisdictions.
The ideal candidates should be competent in at least three of the basic or core Common Law subjects including, but not limited
to, Law and Legal Systems of the Commonwealth Caribbean; Criminal Law; Legal Writing and Research; Law of Torts;
Commonwealth Caribbean Constitutional Law; and Law of Contract. Experience in teaching in a semester system would be
an asset. The successful candidates will be expected to pursue individual and departmental research interests and to publish
in reputable law journals.

Associate/Assistant Professors -Accounting (Northern Bahamas Campus)
Candidate must be able to teach Financial and Intermediate Accounting,. Business Mathematics, Advanced Accounting,
Accounting Theory, Management, Cost, Fund and Tax Accounting up to the bachelor's degree level. Knowledge of computerised
accounting would be an asset. Professional certification or experience is desirable. The successful candidates should have an
advanced degree (Ph.D. preferred).

Assistant Professor Accounting (New Providence Campus) ,
Candidate must be able to teach Finandial and Intermediate Accounting, Business Mathematics, Advanced Accounting,
Accounting Theory, Management, Cost and Fund Accounting, Individual and Corporate Taxation, at the Bachelors and Masters
Levels. Knowledge of computerized accounting would be an asset. The ideal candidate will have a doctoral degree in the
subject area, tertiary-level teaching experience and some professional experience. However, candidates with at least a Master's
degree in the subject area, a minimum of five years' teaching experience at the tertiary level and some professional experience
will be considered.

School of Sciences and Technology
Mathematics (New Providence Campus & Northern Bahamas Campus)
Candidates must be able toteach mathematics at introductory through final year levels. The ideal candidate will have
doctoral degree in the subject area, tertiary-level teaching experience and some professional experience. However, candidates
with at least a Master's degree in the subject area, a minimum of five years' teaching experience at the tertiary level and some
professional experience will be considered.

Assistant Professor Physics (New Providence Campus )
The successful candidate will demonstrate a strong commitment and the ability to teach undergraduate Physics or Astronomy
courses to science and non-science majors. A Ph.D. in Physics is required. Candidates with research specialties in the following
areas are especially encouraged to apply: atmospheric and environmental physics, condensed matter physics, computational
physics, astrophysics, physics education and alternative sources of energy.

Assistant Professor Pharmaceutical Sciences (New Providence Campus)
Ideal candidates must have at least a PhD in Pharmacy and professional experience, as a pharmacist. The candidate will be
expected to coordinate a new pharmacy programme and to teach content area as well as professional courses at theBachelor's
Degree level.

In ALL cases, preferencewill be given to candidates with strong academic backgrounds, teaching and research experience.

Assistant Professor History (Norihern Campus)
Candidate should have a Ph.D. in History Education with a minimum of 3 years of school teaching; however, consideration
will also be given for persons with a Master's Degree in History Education plus 5 years of teaching experience along with a
Teacher's Certification or Diploma in Education. Candidates will be expected to assist with teaching History courses, assist
with supervision of student-teachers and assist with curriculum development of History education courses/programmes.

Assistant Professor Religious Education (New Providence Campus)
Candidate should have a Ph.D. in Religious Education with a minimum of 3 years of school teaching; however, consideration
will also be given for persons with a Master's Degree in Religious Education plus 5 years of teaching experience along with
a Teacher's Certification or Diploma in Education. Candidates will be expected to assist with teaching Religion courses, assist
with supervision of student-teachers and assist with curriculum development of Religious education courses/programmes.
Assistant Professor Mathematics (New Providence Campus)
Candidate should have a Ph.D. in Mathematics Education with a minimum of 3 years of school teaching; however, consideration
will also be given for persons with a Master's Degree in History Education plus 5 years of teaching experience along with a
Teacher's Certification or Diploma in Education. Candidates will be expected to assist with teaching Mathematics courses,
assist with supervision of student-teachers and assist with curriculum development of Mathematics education courses/programmes.

Assistant Professor Physical Education (New Providence Campus)
Candidate should have a Ph.D. in Physical Education with a minimum of 3 years of school teaching; however, consideration
will also be given for persons with a Master's Degree in Physical Education plus 5 years of teaching experience along with a
Teacher's Certification or Diploma in Education. Candidates will be expected to assist with teaching Physical Education
courses, assist with supervision of student-teachers and assist with curriculum development of Physical Education

Salary Scale For Assistant Professors
Master's Degree $39,460 $ 61,960
Doctorate Degree- $42,160 -$ 69,160


Librarians (New Providence Campus)

The positions are in the areas of Public Services and the Law Library and report to the Director, Main Library and Director,
Branch Library Services respectively. The incumbents should be dynamic, innovative individuals with a strong commitment
to service within a diverse community. The Librarians will demonstrate successful administrative experience in a library,
sound understanding of emerging technologies and the ability to use them within the library setting and commitment to
developing a strong integrated library service within the academic environment.

The duties of each Librarian will include: management of his / her Unit / Branch, leadership in short and long-range planning
to expand and diversify library services, development and promotion of library resources and services, budget and personnel
management, initiation and management of appropriate emerging technologies, and liaison with relevant internal and external
groups. !

The Librarians must possess Masters Degrees in Library and Information Science from accredited institutions, and a minimum
of two years post-Masters professional library experience. The position of Law Librarian also requires that the Librarian be
the holder of a law degree. All incumbents will demonstrate strong communication and interpersonal skills that engender an
excellent customer- friendly environment and professionalism. Evening ana weekend reference service (on rotation), library
research, service to the community and library instruction will also be required.
Salary Scale: Master's Degree $32,710 $47,710
To ensure consideration, application materials must be received by April 30, 2008. A complete application packet consists
An application letter
College of The Bahamas' Application Form
A detailed curriculum vita
Copies of all transcripts (original transcripts required upon employment)
The names and contact information for three references
The Director
Human Resources
The College of The Bahamas
Oakes Field Campus
Thompson Boulevard & Poinciana Drive
P. 0. Box N-4912
Nassau, Bahamas

The College of The Bahamas is the national institution of tertiary general education of The Commonwealth of The Bahamas.
The institution grants certificates, diplomas, associate degrees, and a growing number of Bachelor's degrees to nearly 4,000
students located around the Bahamian archipelago. It has extensive links with tertiary institutions in the Caribbean and
North America and its credits are accepted by more than 200 colleges and universities in those regions and in Great Britain.
It is poised to embark aggressively upon a major expansion of its programme offerings, its research activities, and its
physical facilities, and to incorporate distance teaching methodologies into its repertoire of strategies for delivering
instruction, all with a view to seeking a charter as a university.
Please visit the College's website at for more information about the institution and to access the College's Employment
Application Form.



COURSE OFFERING: SPRING 2008 Beginning May 5th


LOCATION: Munnings Building (next to KFC at COB Roundabout): Room 16

DURATION: 3 hours per week ( 2 sessions of 1 and % hours) for 10 weeks
Total course hours: 30 hours


$250.00 per course

TELEPHONE: 302-4584 or 302-4587
E-MAIL: ilci@cob.edu.bs





ACCA900 01 ACCOUNTING FOR BEGINNERS I 8:00pm Mon/Wed 5-May 10wks $250
ACCA901 01 ACCOUNTING FOR BEGINNERS II 8:00pm Mon/Wed 5-May 10wks $275
ACCA902 01 ACCOUNTING FOR BEGINNERS III 8:00pm Tues/Thurs 6-May 10wks $300

CUST900 01 SUPERIOR CUSTOMER SER. W/S 4:30pm Thurs 22-May 1 day $170
BUSI900 01 CREDIT'AND COLLECTIONS I 9:00pm Thurs 15-May 8wks $225
BUSI901 01 CREDIT AND COLLECTIONS II 9:00pm Tues 13-May 8wks $250

COMP901 01 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS I 9:30pm Mon 5-May 9wks $450.
COMP901 02 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS I 1:30pm Sat 10-May 9wks $450
COMP902 01 COMPUTER APPLICATIONS II 9:30pm Thurs 8-May 9wks $550
COMP941 01 QUICKBOOKS 9:00pm Tues 6-May 6wks $330
COMP953 01 PC UPGRADE & REPAIR 8:00pm Mon/Wed 12-May 9 wks $500
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COMP930 01 WEB PAGE DESIGN WORKSHOP 4:30pm Thurs 12-Jun 2 days $550

COSM802 01 MAKE UP APPLICATIONS 9:00pm Mon 12-May 8 wks '$225

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ANIM800 01 DOG GROOMING 9:00pm Tues 13-May 8wks $350

ENG900 01 EFFECTIVE WRITING SKILLS 9:00pm Tues 8-May 8 wks $300
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DANC900 01 BAHAMIAN DRUMMING & DANCING 9:00pm Tue 6-May 10wks $275
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MGMT900 01 HUMAN RESOURCE MGMT I 9:30pm Thurs 8-May 9wks $250
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ENQUIRIES: Contact the Coordinator at Tl: (242) 3255714 (242) 328-009313281936 302-4300 ext. 5202 or email curryCcob *du eI
Al fees are Included with the exception of the application fee of $40.00 (one time).
CEES reserve the right to change Tuition, Fees, Course Content, Course Schedule and Course Materials.


' I-%,- --rt I, ,tI K .



Visit our website at www.cob.edu.bs G S

April's Research Edge Forum

Topic: "Brackets are to Mathematics as Commas are to English"

The Forum will be held on Friday 25th April 2008, from 12 noon to 1:30 p.m. in
the Lecture Theatre of the Culinary and Hospitality Management Institute (CHMI)
located in The Bahamas Tourism Centre on Thompson Boulevard. Dr. Janet
Patterson, Assistant Professor and Mrs. Greta Kemp, Lecturer in the School of
Science and Technology, The College of the Bahamas, will deliver the presentation.
The presentation will highlight the importance of the use of brackets in Mathematics
by comparing the analogous use of commas in English.
The researchers argue that brackets are as important to the Language of Mathematics
as commas are to the English Language. They posit further that students are usually
oblivious of the role of brackets in mathematics, suggesting that mathematics
teachers need to emphasise the importance of this element of 'punctuation' in
mathematics just as English language teachers must emphasise the use of commas.
To highlight the importance of the use of brackets in Mathematics, researchers
compare its use to the use of commas in English. They advance a theory which
they seek to support through a review of the literature, highlighting errors that
result from the improper use of brackets in mathematics. Such errors they argue
are analogous to the communication errors that result from the improper use of
commas. Other uses of brackets in mathematics are discussed.

The following Research Roundtable has been organised
in conjunction with our
Kent State University partners:

Roundtable III
Title: Balancing Teaching, Citizenship
(Committee Work and Service) and Research

Presenter: Dr. Autumn Tooms, Associate Professor,
Teaching, Leadership and Curriculum Studies,
College of Education, Human and Health Services, KSU

Date: Friday, April 25, 2008

Venue: Boardroom, 3rd Floor, Michael H. Eldon Complex

Time:-3:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m.



Core responsibilities:

Acts as Relationship Manager to high risk clientele by
liaising with clients to determine needs and resolve
issues, providing answers and communication wherever
Performs maintenance and records management on
existing portfolios and advise Credit Risk Consultant
of any issues.
Performs constant follow up on high risk/impaired
accounts and institutes proper procedures regarding the
collection of same.
Assess financial position of high risk/impaired loans.
Prepares credit proposals by conducting comprehensive
financial and non-financial analysis.
Provides coaching, guidance, and direction to line
lenders in the assessment and structuring of credit

Knowledge, Skills and Abilities:

Bachelor's Degree and five or more years of credit
Strong accounting and financial analysis skills.
Strong negotiation skills.
Detailed knowledge of credit and collections.
Core knowledge of legal practices and documentation.

Benefits include: Competitive salary commensurate with

BTC chief's departure

is being finalised,

say sources

FROM page 1B

Zhivargo Laing, who has imme-

diate ministerial responsibility
for BTC, when contacted,
replied: "I can't confirm that at

the moment at all."
It is thought that the final
details of Mr Williams's depar-
ture were being worked out
yesterday. Among the condi-
tions still to be sorted out are
likely to have been the terms
of his departure, and any com-
pensation he will receive.
For his part, Mr Williams is
understood to have informed
close friends and confidants
that he has indeed been asked
to resign from his BTC post.'
Another factor that may have
contributed to him being asked
to resign is that Mr Williams,
in the eyes of many observers,
was a major opponent of
attempts to privatise BTC,
besides being perceived as close
to former minister of works and
utilities, Bradley Roberts, under
the former Christie administra-
The latter aspect will not
have endeared him to the FNM
administration under Prime
Minister Hubert Ingraham,
while Mr-Williams's opposition
to the privatization will have
come into conflict with the
Government's. stated goal of
privatising BTC by year-end,
ending a decade-long effort to
do so.
The BTC Board selected by
the current government con-
tains a number of pro-privati-
sation and liberalisation advo-
cates, so it will come as little
surprise to many observers that
a clash may have occurred
between the directors and Mr
His defenders are likely to
point to BTC's increased prof-
itability during his tenure, yet
almost two-thirds of its revenue
streams come from its cellular
monopoly, at the expense of
consumer choice, improved ser-
vice and lower prices. It should
not be fiard for monopolies to
generate a profit.

ag etbihe hls-galeCma ny eek6.aure
exeine sales supervisor.

-.Respo sibe fr aheovrsengofsaespesnsmrcani6r
6n6 h roe xcuin o i-tr66rhnisn n

promotion6s.. .

Wl sss. alsm nge ih al spriio fsae n

mecandsigstf.gg a a g.6 *s

-.Mut6beableto 6ecogize 6al 6. c 66et *.rs andmakt red
-nd epor to anageetpooast oneatngtv

trnsand mprve a l aes. 6'

us kepdeaiedreors f llstreviit, role s oud
recom endedchangs, i strcinsgvnadfolwu

Restaurant Manager Needed

Minimum 5 years Food &Beverage Experience
at Supervisory or Management Level
Computer Literate Word, Excel
and POS Systems

Able to work nights and weekends

Interested Parties:
Please send Resume,
2 References, Police Certificate,
Valid Health Certificate
and Driver's License

Immediate Start

We Provide a Competitive Salary for the
Right Work Ethic

Phone 327- 0965 Monday Saturday 9pm- 1pm
Fax: 327- 0966


experience and qualifications; Group Medical (includes dental
and vision) and life insurance; pension scheme.

Interested persons should apply no later than May 9, 2008 to:

The Tribune
P.O. Box N-3207
DA #62096
Nassau, Bahamas





BAHAMAS is applying to the Minister responsible for
Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization
as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who
knows any reason why registration/ naturalization should
not be granted, should send a written and signed statement
of the facts within twenty-eight days from the 15th day
of April 2008 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.

Legal Notice


(In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that the above-named
Company is in dissolution, which commenced on
-the 9th day of April 2008. The Liquidator is Argosa
Corp. Inc., P.O. Box N-7757 Nassau, Bahamas.


Legal Notice



(In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that the above-named
Company is in dissolution, which commenced on
the 1st day of April 2008. The Liquidator is Argosa
Corp. Inc., P.O. Box N-7757 Nassau, Bahamas.


Legal Notice


* (In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that the above-named
Company is in dissolution, which commenced on
the 7th day of April 2008. The Liquidator is Argosa
Corp. Inc., P.O. Box N-7757 Nassau, Bahamas.


75% drop in wait for

financial deal 'validity

FROM page 1B

Royal Bank of Canada, Scotia-

bank, Citibank, Fidelity Bank
(Bahamas) and FirstCaribbean
International Bank (Bahamas)
- time to get their technology

Legal Notice



(a) VAVEVIC AZUL LIMITED is in voluntary dissolution
under the provisions of Section 137(4) of the
International Business Companies Act 2000.
(b) The dissolution of the said company commenced on
the 15th April, 2008 when the Articles of Dissolution
were submitted to and registered by the Registrar
(c) The Liquidator of the said company is Credit Suisse
Trust Limited of Geneva, rue de Lausanne 17 Bis,
1211 Genva 70

Dated this 22nd day of April, A.D. 2008

Credit Suisse Trust Limited Geneva

Legal Notice


(In Voluntary Liquidation)

Notice is hereby given that the above-named
Company is in dissolution, which commenced on
the 4th day of April 2008. The Liquidator is Argosa
Corp. Inc., P.O. Box N-7757 Nassau, Bahamas.


Legal Notice



(a) ANNAALESIA LIMITED is in voluntary dissolution
under the provisions of Section 137(4) of the
International Business Companies Act 2000.
(b) The dissolution of the said company commenced on
the 15th April, 2008 when the Articles of Dissolution
were submitted to and registered by the Registrar
(c) The Liquidator of the, said company is Credit Suisse
Trust Limited of Geneva, rue de Lausanne 17 Bis,
1211 Genva70

Dated this 22nd day of April, A.D. 2008

Credit Suisse Trust Limited Geneva

and apparatus for interfacing
with the ACH in place.
A four-strong team from
New York-based electronic
payments solutions provider,
Montran, is due on New Provi-
dence shortly to install the
ACH's software.
To own the ACH project, the
Bahamian commercial banks
are in the process of forming
their own company, Bahamas
Automated Clearing House
All seven banks will have an
equal ownership stake in it,
something that Mr McWeeney
said showed all were committed
to the ACH project.
The ACH is designed to
improve the integrity of the
[banking] system, with persons
able to know the full value of
goods involved in a transaction
almost immediately. It will also
improve the cash flow of
Bahamian society, with money'
turned over much quicker.
The ACH is intended to
replace the current manual sys-
tem for settling cheque trans-
actions, where cheques drawn
on one bank but due to be
deposited at another have to
be taken by armoured car to a
central location where they are
settled by representatives of the
various institutions.
Apart from allowing inter-
bank cheques to be processed
electronically rather than man-
ually at a cheque clearing facil-
ity, the ACH system will allow
direct debits and credits from
accounts, debit cards and a

shared Automatic Teller
Machine (ATM) network.
The latter would allow
Bahamians to use their cash
cards at any bank branch. It
would also reduce the time per-
sons spent in line waiting to
cash and deposit pay cheques,
as they could be deposited to
their account.
Bahamian consumers would
also be able to use direct debits
from their bank accounts to pay
bills such as cable television and
The ACH could ultimately
lead to the creation of just one
back office system for the entire
Bahamas, a National Processing
and Archiving Centre for the
entire commercial banking sys-
tem. It may also help develop
SWITCH products, where
Bahamians could use their cash
cards at any bank's ATM
A further potential bonus
from the ACH will be the
opening up of a whole range of
electronic banking services in
the Bahamas, including its use
in the online purchase of gov-
ernment goods and services.
Ultimately; through mod-
ernising the Bahamian pay-
ments system through elec-
tronic means, the ACH will
provide buyers and sellers with
more certainty and confidence,
especially when it comes to set-
tling their transactions.
It will also enhance econom-
ic and business efficiency by
settling transactions quicker,
boosting business cash flows.

Legal Notice



(a) MAILLOT LIMITED is in voluntary dissolution
under the provisions of Section 137(4) of the
International Business Companies Act 2000.
(b) The dissolution of the said company commenced on
the 15th April, 2008 when the Articles of
Dissolution were submitted to and registered by the
Registrar General.
(c) The Liquidator of the said company is Paul Evans of
Helvetia Court, South Esplanade, St. Peter Port,

Dated this 22nd day of April, A.D. 2008

Paul Evans

NOTICE is hereby given that ILIONER CALIXTE of
applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a citizen
of The Bahamas, and that any person who knows any
reason why registration/ naturalization should not be
granted, should send a written and signed statement
of the facts within twenty-eight days from,the 15th day
of April 2008 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.

NOTICE is hereby given that LUCIA SAIN PINDER OF
BAHAMA, BAHAMAS is applying to the Minister responsible
for Nationality and Citizenship, for registration/naturalization
as a citizen of The Bahamas, and that any person who
knows any reason why registration/ naturalization should
not be granted, should send a written and signed statement
of the facts within twenty-eight days from the 15th day of
APRIL, 2008 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N-7147, Freeport, Bahamas.

NOTICE is hereby given that CATHLENE FENELUS
N-3331, NASSAU BAHAMAS is applying to the
Minister responsible for Nationality and Citizenship,
for registration/naturalization as a citizen of The
Bahamas, and that any person who knows any reason
why registration/ naturalization should not be granted,
should send a written and signed statement of the
facts within twenty-eight days from the 15th day of
April 2008 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.


NOTICE is hereby given that SIREN WAERLAND
applying to the Minister responsible for Nationality and
Citizenship, for registration/naturalization as a citizen
of The Bahamas, and that any person who knows any
reason why registration/ naturalization should not be
granted, should send a written and signed statement
of the facts within twenty-eight days from the 22nd day
of April 2008 to the Minister responsible for Nationality
and Citizenship, P.O.Box N- 7147, Nassau, Bahamas.


C FA L'"
, MONDAY. 21 APRIL 2008 .
BISX ALL St ARE INDEX: V CLOSE 1.934.21 I CHG -3.74 1 %CHG -0.19 I YTD -132.54 | YTDA% -6.41
S." FINDEX: A CLOSE 905.28 I YTD% -4.91% / 2007 28.29%
52,K-rlH 52.k-Lcw Seculrj Pre. ius ClIose Toa, sr Ct.se Char.ge Daiij Vol EPS i Di. P Yietld
1.95 1.05 Abaco MarKets 1 94 1 95 0 1I 2000 0 135 0000 14 3 0 00;.
11.80 11.50 Bahamas Property Fund 11.80 11.80 0.00 1.502 0.400 7.9 3.39%
9.68 9.00 Bank of Bahamas 9.61 9.61 0.00 0.643 0.160 14.9 2.71%
0.99 0.85 Benchmark 0.99 0.99 0.00 0.188 0.030 5.3 3.03%
3.74 2.50 Bahamas Waste 3.50 1 3.50 0.00 0.289 0.090 12.1 2.57%
2.70 1.30 Fidelity Bank 2.39 2.39 0.00 0.058 0.040 41.2 1.67%
13.70 10.41 Cable Bahamas 13.70 13.70 0.00 4000 1.093 0.240 12.5 1.75%
3.15 2.10 Colina Holdings 2.87 2.87 0.00 0.091 0.040 31.5 1.39%
8.50 4.75 Commonwealth Bank (Sl) 7.20 7.22 0.02 1.000 0.428 0.290 16.8 4.03%
7.22 3.60 Consolidated Water BDRs 4.97 4.99 0.02 0.157 0.052 31.0 1.07%
3.00 2.20 Doctor's Hospital 2.89 3.00 0.11 28000 0.316 0.040 9.1 1.38%
8.00 5.94 Famguard 7.92 8.00 0.08 4,000 0.713 0.280 11.1 3.54%
13.01 12.49 Finco 12.92 12.50 -0.42 1,250 0.810 0.570 16.0 4.41%
14.75 13.24 FirstCaribbean 13.24 13.24 0.00 0.651 0.470 20.3 3.55%
6.10 5.05 Focol (S) 5.05 5.05 0.00 7,800 0.386 0.140 13.1 2.77%
1.00 0.54 Freeport Concrete 0.61 0.61 0.00 0.035 0.000 17.4 0.00%
8.00 6.86 ICD Utilities 6.86 6.86 0.00 0.411 0.300 16.7 4.37%
12.50 8.60 J.S. Johnson 12.30 12.30 0.00 1.059 0.620 11.6 5.04%
1000 1000 Premier Real Estate 1000 1000 000 1 167 0600 8.6 6.00%
Fidelitv Over-The-Counter Securitles
52wk-Hi 52wk-Low Symbol BaI As,i La5i Pr.:e .'.ees EP5 D1 D. t EL ieled
14.60 14.25 Bahamas Supermarkets 14.1C, 15 '0 14 60 1 O 10 -':'0 13 4 6 16
8.00 6.00 Caribbean Crossings (Pret) 6.00 6.25 6.00 0.000 0.480 NM 7,80%
054 020 RND H lolings 35 .t- u 0 3. ..-,) ,', : C. 0, N N Q. ,'r : :
Cdolna Over. The-Counter Securitles
-.1 00 .1 0 ABDAB a j, J 3 00 41 ,00 J .150 2 ,' 0
14.60 14.00 Bahamas Supermarkets 14.60 15.60 14.00 1.160 0.900 13.4 6.16%
0 55 40 RND Itola,.-gs 0 .-1, *0 045 -u 3 CC 000. N .1 00,;.
BISk Listed Mutual Funds
52.k.HI 52 -0,K.LO.a Fona NaT.e NA T-r : LasI 12: .:..-,Ins Ci.i Ytel.d
1.3081 1.2443 Collna Bond Fund 1.308126." 1.25% 5.61%
3.0008 2.6629 Collna MSI Preferred Fund 2.996573.... -0.14% 13.11%
1.3875 1.2647 Colina Money Market Fund 1.387505- 0.90% 3.87%
3.7969 3.1827 Fidelity Bahamas G & I Fund 3.7011... -2.52% 17.78%
12.1010 11.4992 Fidelity Prime Income Fund 12.1010" 1.40% 5.72%
100.0000 100.0000 CFAL Global Bond Fund 100.00-"
100.0000 100.0000 CFAL Global Equity Fund 100.00"
1.0000 1.0000 CFAL High Grade Bond Fund 1.00"1
105000 946.'46 Fideii, Inlernavior, l ir. esi.ent Fiur-d 634e' -8.24% -8.24%
Marketl Terms N.A.V. Key
elx .- LL ..-.- e .*"uE x : e:. 6 = 1 ..0.:. -.: YIELD last 12 month dividends divided by closing price 29 February 2008
52wk-Hi Highest closing pnce In last 52 weeks Bid S Buying price of Colina and Fidelity 31 December 2007
52wk-Low Lowest closing price in last 52 weeks Ask $ Selling price of Colina and fidelity '" 11 April 2008
Previous Close Previous day's weighted price for daily volume Last Price Last traded over-the-counter price "" 31 March 2008
Today's Close Current day's weighted price for daily volume Weekly Vol. Trading volume of the prior week
Change Change In closing price from day to day EPS S A company's reported earnings per share for the last 12 mths
Daily Vol. Number of total shares traded today NAV Net Asset Value
DIV S Dividends per share paid in the last 12 months N/M Not Meaningful
P/E Closing price divided by the last 12 month earnings FINDEX The Fdelity Bahamas Stock Index. January 1. 1994 = 100
IS) 4-for-1 Stock Split Effective Date 8/8/2007
,S11 I, .eFA a-:7u | FDY Z, I -e, ,i,:,:





-. .





. DeD



South dealer.
Neither side vulnerable.
4AKJ 10
J8742 *Q 1063
V 5 VQ10 9
*A10 *KQ72
4+98653 +72
VK7 643
The bidding:
South West North East
Pass Pass 1 Pass
1 V Pass 4V
Opening lead four of spades.
Good defense often requires
meticulous care to achieve the
desired goal. For example, take this
case where East-West must function
perfectly to defeat four hearts.
Declarer wins the fourth-best
spade lead in dummy and plays the
K-A of hearts, on which West dis-
cards the deuce of spades. For what-
ever it's worth, this discard tells East
that West started with precisely five
spades and South, therefore, with
Declarer next plays three rounds
of clubs, discarding a diamond as

East ruffs the third club with the
queen. East must now return a low
diamond, not the king; if he returns
the king, the suit becomes blocked
and South makes the contract
Actually, East has all the clues he
needs to justify the low diamond
return. He knows South started with
two spades, five hearts and two
clubs, and therefore with four dia-
monds. East's .only hope thus lies in
assuming that his partner has the ace
of diamonds; if declarer has the ace,
the contract cannot be defeated.
Accordingly, East returns the deuce
of diamonds, not the king, hoping to
score three diamond tricks.
The burden of the defense now
shifts to West, who must be careful
not to win the diamond with the ten
after declarer follows low. Winning
with the ace may seem abnormal
when the trick can be won with the
ten, but it is the right play nonethe-
West is in a similar position to
gauge the situation accurately. He
knows his side cannot win any tricks
in the black suits, so three diamond
tricls.must be taken before South can
discard another diamond on
dummy's remaining club. The only
way this can happen is if East holds
the K-Q of diamonds. West therefore
wins the diamond with the ace,
returns the ten and so defeats the



N L in
the main

NE Dictionary
8 N E 11999
HOW many words of four letters
or more van you make from the
letters shown here? In making a
word, each letter may be used
once only. Each must contain the
centre letter and there must be
at least one nine-letter word.
No plurals.
Good 21; very good 31; excellent"
42 (or more). Solution tomorrow.

amen amenity ami
amir amity army e
emit enmity inmat
main mane many
marine mart marte
martin martinet m
matey matter matt
matte matter meat
meant meany mea
meaty merit mien
minaret mine mine
mint minty mire m
mite mitre mitt min
myna name raimen
ramie ream remain
remit rime rimy ta
tamer team term t
timer tram trim


e item



1 Owner of land left arid, possibly? (5)
6 Creature not extinct (5)
9 Bend on the road to the tube
station (7)
10 It's wet, so you can't get out in the
sunshine (5)
11 Have the feeling that "West" seems
to be missing! (5)
12 Supporters of a political party,
perhaps (5)
13 Menaces from mad hatters! (7)
15 NocilO(3)
17 We name the plant to kill (4)
18 Strong riverside shelter (6)

19 .But Gertrude was no mug! (5)
20 Position of a chap going
at half pace (6)
22 Monastic wine? (4)
24 Do one's best in wintry conditions (3)
25 Side-tracked by the crazy nut in the
outhouse (7)
26 How I am yours (5)
27 His love is for nvw.cars (5)
28 Rose and dressed (3,2)
29 Pay for somewhere to stay,
abroad (7)
30 Where, in Wales, somebody gets
nourished (5)
31 Written at the keyboard (5)

2 An American in Paris? (6)
3 A trend possibly talked wildly of (6)
4 Something to do with a bit '
of laundry (3)
5 What a mare does when she.is'
startled (5)
6 Strong supporter capable of endless
boasting (7)
7 Viewers said to be in
agreement (4)
8 Kind of hut or possibly inns around
the southeast (6)
12 Governmental, say (5)
13 Don't stick at a game (5)
14 Change early for the race (5)
15 It's found on grapes a Yankee
possibly eats (5)
16 Sober enough to give a
saini a hand (S)
18 Start home in shame, to be brief (5) ,
19 It's blemished, mark with red (7)
21 Central heating, neglected but
reliable (6)
22 Marked man in ancient Rom$! (6)
23 Occupation of a rent payer (6)
25 Cut a comer in a window
frame (5)
26 To record on it, deftly touch a key (4)
28 Became a bit bigoted (3)

o ar


APR 22
'g- --L

AQUARIUS Jan 21/Feb 19
. Love is what you make of it, and
you're certainly looking for affec-
tion this week, Aquarius. Expect sur-
prises in this department. Friday
proves to be interesting.
PISCES Feb 19/March 20
Your pet project may be close to your
heart, but others don't seem as endhusi-
astic. Instead of giving up, find a new
angle that will be more interesting.
ARIES March 21/April 20
You're ready to take a risk. You have
little to lose and only happiness to
gain. Love relations take an upward
tum by Thursday. Plan on a memo-
rable evening.
TAURUS April 21/May 21
Abandon an old project, Taurus, and
move on to something fresh. Your
career flourishes with the influx of
beginner's luck. Make the most of
your new-found success.
GEMINI May 22/June 21
You are moving forward with
incredible speed, Gemini. Why not
slow down and enjoy the scenery
instead. Good fortune arrives just in
time for the weekend.
CANCER June 22/July 22
Feeling somewhat stressed, Cancer?
The stass yenciurage you"to find
ways to make it easier on yourself.
Enlist the help of a close friend who
is also experiencing the same.',
LEO July 23/August 23
Become a willing student this weck,
Leo. and embrace the lessons the
world has to offer. You'll find that
the answers are out there if y6u just
take the time to listen.
VIRGO Aug 24/Sept 22
Expect that system and order Will not
be the course of this week, Virgo. If
you are prepared for the chaos, it will
be more easily accepted, especially
for one as organized as you. '
LIBRA Sept 23/Oct 23:
Be a good friend for a family mem-
ber on Tuesday. Set aside time to sit
and listen, but don't ask questions.
Use your troubleshooting ability to
set this person on a new course.
SCORPIO Oct 24/Nov 22
The key to this week is' subtlety,
Scorpio. You'll achieve major gains
through small maneuvers. Pay atten-
tion to what that voice in your head is
telling you. and you can't go wrong.
Look around you to see how your
ambitions fit into the big picture
Sagittarius. However, don't climb
over others to reach the top:l
Expect turmoil by week's end.
CAPRICORN Dec 22/Jan 20
Start to appreciate the little things,
Capricorn. Simple things lik'"a wal,
in the park are better than anything thai
can. be bought. Refresh your outlook
afid you may find renewed happiness.

O OS S L e on Or


I Yesterday's cryptic solutions I Yesterday's easy solutions
ACROSS: 3, Match 8, Go for 10, H-itch 11, Can 12, Trial 13, I ACROSS: 3, Steps 8, Carry 10, Otter 11, Via 12, Posse 13,
Curt-SE-y 15, Flan-k 18, Rum 19, Pe-St.-er 21, Coppers 22, Sem'nar 15, Terns 18, Sic 19, Repose 21, Deliver 22, Hood
Pool 23, Papa 24, f.intly 26, Drawer 29, Tea 31, Sal-on 32, 23, Mess 24, Similar 26, Stenic 29, Nor 31, Tonal 32, Dutiful
Densely 34, Rapid(-s) 35, To-O 36, B-last 37, Gents 38, Teeth 34, Metre 35, Nag 36, Seven 37, Feral.38, Stage
DOWN: 1, Focus 2, Co-ntr-o! 4, Al'y. 5, C-h-afes 6, H-ills DOWN: 1, Haven 2, Praised 4, Thor 3, Poster 6, Steep 7,
7, Sc-one 9, Far 12, Templar 14, Sup 16, At bay 17, Kraal [9, Leans S, Rim 12. Pacific 14. Mil 16, Rower 17, Sense 19,
Printed 20. S-p-uds 21, C-2ral 23, Plaster 24, 5-EN-ate 25, Retinue 20, Chest 21, Dozen 23, Mariner 24, Silent 25, Lot
Ten 27, R-atly 28. VWo'st 3'), Sloth 32, D0-et 33, Eon 27, Cower 28, Names 30, Sugar 32, Drag 33, Far

I Nonsense (5)
6 Lid (5)
9 Awkward (7)
10 Tasteless (5)
11 Flower
part (5)
12 Sweets (5)
13 Sake (7)
15 Moist (3)
17 Consumer (4)
18 Type of
play (6)
19 Start (5)
20 Smart (b)
22 Skin
complaint (4)
24 Possessive
pronoun (3)
25 Brings (7)
26 Acceptable (5)
27 Race
meeting (5)
28 Of tne sun (5)
29 Master (7)
30 Attempted (5)
31 Viper(S)

2 Depends (6)
3 Cosset (6)
4 limnsh(3)
5 h!d length (5)
6 Heading
7 Minerals (4)
8 Delighted (6)
12 Skinflint
13 Collection (5)
14 Atnou
time (5)
15 Servinqqair!15
16 Wheei
.cvers (5)
18 Quoted :
19 Sroldeo (1i,
21 Inferior (6)
22 Agreement e
23 Nuilify
25 Sonqbii d (.
26 Elect (4;)
28 Body of
water (3)

Artyom Timofeev v Elmir
Guseinov, European
championship, Dresden 2007.
Material is level, king, rook, and
five pawns each, so Timofeev,
who threatens Rxf7 +, mentally
chalked up half a point. Black's
next turn came as a shock. At
first glance it is irrelevant, but
actually it forces checkmate or
decisive material gain. What
happened? Golders Green hosts
an open-to-all one-day congress
on Saturday. Anyone from
*expert to novice is welcome,
everybody plays the full six
games, each lasting one hour
maximum, while winners qualify
for cash awards and'national
ranking points. Call Adam Raoof
on 020 8202 0982 if you'd like
more details.


Chess solution 8400: l...g5+! If now 2 h,.g5 Kg6
(threat e6-e5 mate) 3 g4 (hoping for e5+ 4 Kg3) h4!
and e5 mate. The game ended 2 Kxg5 Re5+ 3 Kf4 Rf5+
4 Ke3 d4+ and White resigned because he loses his b5

( Calvin &Hobbes )






7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30

Lady of the Nova Tom and Ray Magliozzi exam- TheReturn of the Cuyahoga (N) Frontline Hot Politics" Global
B WPBT Glades A ine new technologies and ideas for 1) (CC) warming. ) (CC) (DVS)
transportation. (N) /
The Insider (N) NCIS The FBI investigates the NCIS (:01) Big Brother 9 The veto meet- 48 Hours Mystery "The Last Take"
B WFOR n (CC) team for the murder of arms dealer ing and competition. (N) C\ (CC) An actress' secret sex tape may
La Grenouille. (N) n have led to her murder.
Access Holly- Most Outra- Saturday Night Live The Best of Chris Farley" Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
S WTVJ wood (CC) geous Moments Sketches feature Chris Farey. (CC) Closet" A money manager is found
(N) n (CC) murdered in his loft. (N)
Deco Drive American Idol The six finalists per- (:02) Hell's Kitchen An accident News (N) (CC)
S WSVN form. (Live) A (CC) sends one contestant to the hospi-
tal.(N)n (CC)
Jeo rdy! (N) Local10 Special Accordin to Dancing With the Stars Celebrity (:02) Boston Legal The Court
S WPLG (CC) "Going Green" Jim (CC) dancer is eliminated. (Live) 0 (CC) supreme" Alan must present an ap-
peal to the Supreme Court (N)

(:0) CSI: Miami The First 48 A young woman is Gene Simmons GeneSimmons GeneSimmons GeneSimmons
A&E Payack' killed; an eldedy man is found beat- Family Jewels Family Jewels Family Jewels FamilyJewels
(C en to death. (CC) Las Vegas offer.(CC) (CC) ((N) (CC)
:00) BBC World BBC News World Business BBC News Women on the News
BBCI ews America (Latenight). Report (Latenight). Front Line Sexu-
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BET College Hill: At- * NEXT FRIDAY (2000, Comedy) Ice Cube, Mike Epps, Justin Pierce. College Hill: At- Iron Ring (N)
BET lanta(CC) A young man lives with kin who won the lottery. (CC) lantaLudacis. (CC)
CBC (:00) NHL Hockey Playoffs -- Teams TBA. (Live) (CC) CBC News: The National (N) ,
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CNBC company (C) chance to win money. n (CC)
CNN (:00) Pennsylvania Primary Coverage Coverage of the primary. (Live)
Scrubs Cox falls The Daily Show The Colbert Re- Futurama F South Park Kyle John Oliver: Terrifying Times The
COM for drugsales With Jon Stew- port (CC) believes that e watches a movie. comic performs. (CC)
rep. (CC) art (CC) is a robot. (CC) (CC)
The Suite Life of JOHNNY KAPAHALA: BACK ON BOARD (2007, (:45) That's So (:10) That's So (:35) Life With
DISN Zack & Cody C Comedy Brandon Baker. A Vermont snowboarder Raven "On Top Raven "When in Derek "Sixteen
(CC) goes to awaii for a family wedding. 'NR' (CC) of Old Oaky" Dome" C (CC) Sparkplugs" C
DIY This Old House This Old House Sweat Equity Desperate Land- Rock Solid (N) Kitchen Renova- Kitchen Renova-
CA (CC) ( (CC) escapes tions tions
DW Beckmann ML Mona Lisa Journal: Tages- Global 3000 Journal: In Euromaxx
Wthema Depth .
E The Daily 10 (N) 50 Most Shocking Celebrity Confessions Revealing celebrity confes- Keeping Up-Kar- Keeping Up-Kar
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ESPN :00)E:60 (N) Colege Football NFL Live (Live) SportsCenter Special (Live) Baseball Tonight (Live) (CC)
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ESPNI ndyCar Rainndy Pro Series. UEFA Champions League Soccer Semifinal, Leg 1 Liverpool vs. Chelsea. (CC)
ESPNI From St. Petersburg, Fla. '
Daily Mass: Our Mother Angelica Live Classic Religious Cata- The Holy Rosary Threshold of Hope
EWTN Ladyi Episodes ilogue
FIT V :00)Cardio Shimmy (CC) Shimmy (CC) Namaste Yoga Namaste Yoga National Body Challenge Fitness,
FIT TV ast n (CC) "Earth" (CC) Grace. (CC) competition climaxes. (CC)
FOX-NC Fx Report- America's Election HQ "Pennsylvania Primary" Democratic presidential primary in Pennsylvania. (N)
FOX-NC Shepard Smith .
FSNFL (:00) MLB Baseball Toronto Blue Jays at Tampa Bay Rays. From Tropicana Field in St. Pe- Inside the Rays The FSN Final
tersburg, Fla. (Subject to Blackout) (Live) (N) Score (Live)
GOLF 00)Ultimate The Approach Golf Central Big Break: Ka'anapali Big Break: Ka'anapali Alliances
GOLF catches (Live) form and a dispute erupts. (N)
GSN Lingo (CC) WhoWants to Be a Millionaire A Family Feud Family Feud Russian Whammy (CC)
SN (CC)c (CC) (CC) Roulette (CC)
( :00) Attack of X-Play(N) Ninja Warrior Ninja Warrior Unbeatable Attack of the Show! New DVD re-
G4Tech he Show! (N) Banzuke(N) leases; gadgets.
(:00) Walker, Walker, Texas Ranger Walker pro- **x LITTLE HOUSE: THE LAST FAREWELL (1984, Drama) Michael
HALL exas Ranger tects an amnesiac who broke into a Landon, Karen Grassle, Melissa Gilbert. Residents of Walnut Grove may
A (CC) genetics lab. A (CC) lose their homes. (CC)
Buy Me Run- Designer Guys The Style Dept. Red Hot and Green A home that is Green Force Disaster DIY Try-
HGTV down fixer-upper. Designing a Unused garage environmentally friendly. 1 (CC) "Native Centre' ing to go green.
11 (CC) green room. C space. (CC). (N) C (CC) C (CC)
INSP ctory Joyce Meyer: Christ in Inspiration To- Life Today With This Is Your Day The Gospel
N _Everyday Life Prophecy day James Robison (CC) Truth (CC)
Reba R eba has My Wife and Accordin to Family Guy Pe- Family Guy Pe- Two and a Half Two and a Half
KTLA high blood pres- Kids "The Lady Jim Jim plays ter duels the ter's real father is Men A (CC) Men A Web site
sure. n (CC) Is Not a Tramp hooky with Kyle. Black Knight. in Ireland. ) about Jake. n
Still Standing Reba "Issues" C Reba Reba takes * QUEEN SIZED (2008, Drama) Nikki Blonsky, Annie Potts, Lilly
LIFE Parents tackle (CC) care of Brock. C Holleman. An overweight teen stands up to pranksters at her school. (CC)
school project. (CC)
MSNBC (:oo) Primary Coverage
NICK iCarly "ke H20 The Den- Zoe 101 n Home Improve- Home Improve- George Lopez George Lopez
NICK Jake n (CC) man Affair' (CC) mentCA (CC) ment (CC) n (CC) n (CC)
NT :00) House C NCIS Internal Affairs" (N) n (CC) (:01) Big Brother 9 The veto meet- News (N) C News
NTV CC)_ i___ _ng and competition. (N) (CC) (CC)
SPEED Pass Time American Thun- AmericanThun- Street Tuner Livin' the Low Super Bikesi (N) Super Bikes!
der der Challenge Life
Extraordina Behind the Joye Meyer: John Hagee To- Bill Gaither (CC) Praise the Lord (CC)
TBN Health With Jor- Scenes (CC) Enoying Every- day (CC)
dan Rubin da ife (CC)
Everybody Family Guy Family Guy Family Guy "Eu- Family Guy Wit- The Office The The Office
TBS Loves Raymond Chris pretends (CC) ropean Road ness protection Fight" l (CC) Michael surprises
"Sister-in-aw" he's dying. (CC) Show" C program. (CC) his boss. (CC)
:00) The New Dateline: Real Life Mysteries Dateline: Real Life Mysteres Dateline: Real Life Mysteries "Say-
TLC detectives (CC) "Death on the Nile" Tragedy. (N) Teens are convicted ofkilling a ing Carrick (Fighting High)" A
(CC) cadet. (N)(CC) teenager is addicted toeroin.
(:00)NBA Basketball Westem Conference First Round Game 2 -- Dallas NBA Basketball Western Conference First Round
TNT mavericks at New Orleans Homets. From the New Orleans Arena in New Game 2 -- Phoenix Suns at San Antonio Spurs. From
Orleans. (Live) (CC) the AT&T Center in San Antonio. (Live) (CC)
TOON Camp Lazlo Pet My Gym Part- Home for Imagi- Johnny Test C Johnny Test, C Courage the Grim Adven-
T snake. near's a Monkey nary Friends (CC) (CC) Cowardly Dog tures
TRU Cops n (CC) Cops (CC) Cops (CC) World's Wildest Most Shocking "Bedlam & Brawls
TV5 ) Toute une Pkin express Kazan. Frcheeet Brancha arbred
TVs5 hlstoire' sac Idos
TW C 00)Abrams & Epic Conditions Weather Ven- Weather: Evening Edition (CC)
TWC eettes itures
(:00) Yo Amo a Al Diablo con Los Guapos Pasi6n Una historic que toma lugar Aqufy Ahora El debate acerca de
UNIV Juan Querend6n entire pirates y fortunes. armar a los pilots. >
(:00) Law & Or- Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Law & Order: Special Victims Unit NCIS Terminal Leave" The team
USA der: Criminal In- "Doubt" A professor is accused of "Haunted" Fin tries to locate a miss- protects an Iraqi War veteran being
tent C (CC) sexual assault. n (CC) ing person. n (CC) targeted by terrorists. ,C (CC)
VHRock of Love With Bret Michaels Rock of Love With Bret Michaels Rock of Love With Bret Michaels "Bret's Rock of
"VH1 A surprise trip to Las Vegas. (CC) Bret meets the parents. C I Love" Bret makes his final decision. C
S. NHL Hockey Teams to Be Announced. (Subject to Blackout) (Live) Hockey Central World Extreme
(Live) Cagefighting
WGN ( :00) America's Funniest Pets & Funniest Pets & Funniest Pets & Funniest Pets & WGN News it Nine (N) l (CC)
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Family Guy Pe- Beauty and the Geek A surprise Reaper "Rebellion" Steve and Tony CW11 News at Ten With Kaity
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Black Knight. unseen footage. (N) (CC)
Jeopardy! (N) Dr. Phil C (CC) News (N) Jeopardy! (CC) Frasier Frasier's Frasier Frasier
WSBK (cc) new co-host. C asks a callers' ex
(CC) on a date.
(6:00)**A *s THE NUMBER 23 (2007, Mystery) Jim Carrey, Vir- (45) *A WAIST DEEP (2006, Action) Tyrese Gibson,
H BO-E GOOD YEAR ginia Madsen. A man becomes obsessed with a book Meagan Good, Larenz Tate. A man's son is inside his
(2006) 'PG-13' that seems to be about his life. C 'R' (CC) hijacked car. C 'R' (CC)

MR. WARMTH: LIFE SUPPORT (2007, Drama) Queen Latifah, Anna *** AUTISM: THE MUSICAL (2007, Documentary)
HBO-P THE DON RICK- Deavere Smith. An HIV-positive woman works for an Autistic children work together to create a live musical.
SLES PROJECT AIDS outreach group. n (CC) n 'NR' (CC)
Brooklyn REAL Sports With Bryant Gumbel ** A GOOD YEAR (2006, Romance-Comedy) Russell Crowe, Marion
HBO-W Dodgers: The C Cotillard, Albert Finney. A London banker inhents his uncle's vineyard in
Ghosts of Flat- Provence. C 'PG-13'(CC)
(:00) Y*** NOBODY'S FOOL (1994, Drama) Paul **I THE BOXER (1997, Drama) Daniel Day-Lewis, Emily Watson, Bri-
HBO-S Newman, Jessica Tandy. A 60-year-old handyman rev- anCox. A former boxer attempts to fight in war-tom Belfast. n 'R'"CC)
els in his irresponsibility. l 'R (CC)
(6:30) THE *** MICHAEL (1996, Drama) John Travolta, Andie (:45) African ** MIAMI VICE (2006, Crime
MAX-E PATRIOT (1998) MacDowell, William Hurt. Tabloid journalists see the Booty Scratcher Drama) Colin Farrell, Jamie Foxx,
Steven Seagal. light with an angel's help. Cl 'PG (CC) Prom dress. Gong Li. C 'R' (CC)
(:00) ** MAN 0 THE YEAR (2006, Comedy) Robin ** BREACH 2007, Suspense) Chris Cooper, Ryan Phillippe, Laura
MOMAX Williams. Atalk-show host becomes president of the Linney. A young FBI employee must prove that an esteemed agent is a
United States. 0 'PG-13' (CC) mole.n 'PG-13' (CC)
* FLYBOYS (2006, Historical Drama) James Franco, Martin Henderson, Jean Reno. fTV. The Tudors (iTV) Henry demands
SHOW Americans volunteer for the French military in World War I. 'PG-13' to be recognized as the supreme
authority in England. n (CC)
S(6:00)*** I ** BEAUTIFUL GIRLS (1996, Comedy-Drama) Timothy Hutton, Matt ** MRS. WINTERBOURNE
TMC RESTORATION.Dillon, Michael Rapaport. Premiere. Immature small-town pals face diffi- (1996, Comedy) Shirley MacLaine,
(1995) 'R' (CC) culties with women. C 'R' (CC) Ricki Lake. 'PG-13 (CC)

Let Cl allie tIhe
Bacil ainian T Puippet aId d
lis sidekick De^ek pnt
some siviles nI yo n VOL.%.I
kids's f-caces.

Brijg yoLour cl ildren tI l \e

AM'cHappy +HoLt i' McDonald 's in

MalA booLik Sfi'eef every TK 1'sCday

fromll 33 3m to 4:30pm during tlie

1mont0fk of A-1pil 2008.

Enjoy Great Food, Prizes and Lots of Fun.

i'm lovin' it

ivie Gift Ceitc

Make great gifts!
















PAGES 8 and


....-.. .-=-.-m -,. ~ na

Educator BREEF

Beautiful coastal
areas are the
Bahamas' sig-
nature. While
watching our
favourite shows on television
we come across advertisements
for The Bahamas depicting,
pristine beaches, intact reefs:
life in a coastal paradise.
Our coasts are intricately
linked to the well biritg of every
We depend on them for
employment, protection during
storms, for recreation, and for
food, after all, we must be able
to enjoy our boil' fish and crack'
conch every now and then.
Our entire population lives
on or in close proximity to the
coast, therefore our actions can
greatly affect the ability of our
coasts to support our way of
It seems that lately we have
been bombarded with informa-
tion about the state of the envi-
ronment and it can sometimes
seem daunting. Many think that
to make a difference you would
have to be a renowned scien-
tist or an important decision
maker in the country. But guess
what? Each of us can play a role
in helping to conserve our
Reduce coastal
Litter on our shores is unat-
tractive, unhealthy, harms
wildlife and may take hundreds
of years to breakdown. This
means that the garbage that we
put into the sea may seem to
be gone for us, but will continue
to impact the environment long
after we are gone. Here's what
you can do...
When you leave the shore
take your litter back home with
you... In fact go one step fur-
ther and remove litter left by
Keep the area around your
garbage bin clean.
Reduce the amount of waste
you produce by reusing bags
and containers and by buying
in bulk Dispose of household
garbage in landfills not in the
bush or in wetlands.
Reduce the rate of
climate change
Because The Bahamas is a
low lying country, it has been
listed as one of the ten most

Yes, each of us can

make a difference

Beach dunes protect our coastal areas from flooding during storms and help to prevent
beach erosion by trapping sand. Native plants such as sea grapes, sea oats and railroad vine
help to hold the dune in place so that it can continue to carry out its functions.
Keep off the dune to avoid damage to plants. Drive and park vehicles only in designat-
ed areas
Secure your trash, then take it home for proper disposal
Assist in the removal of invasive plants such as Casuarina and Scaveola and in the
restoration of the dunes.
Remember that each of us can make a difference. Earn more about our coast at
HYPERLINK "http://www.coastalawareness.org" www.coastalawareness.org

-^. _

-.- .. , L,\-.\ .-,


DON'T DUMP: Sign at Millar's pond, discouraging the public from
dumping the area.

vulnerable to the effects of cli-
mate change. Since the Indus-
trial Revolution the amount of

carbon dioxide in the air has
increased by 31%. This gas acts
like a blanket around the earth

"Guess what?
Each of us can
play a role in
helping to
conserve our

keeping in warmth, and increas-
ing global temperatures.
With the threat of more
severe and frequent hurricanes,
rising sea levels, and impacts to
food and fresh water supplies
we need to act now.
There are simple things that
each of us can do to conserve
energy and reduce our carbon
Switch to energy saving light
bulbs, they use less energy so
that you can save big on your
light bill.
Turn off lights and appliances
when not in use.
The next time you change
your car, buy a fuel efficient car
or hybrid.
Keep your existing car tuned
up; it saves fuel.
Buy energy star appliances
Change to a solar water
heater, turn your hot water
heater down a couple of degrees
or install a timer, wash clothes
in warm water not hot.
Leave mature trees on your
property they, absorb carbon
dioxide and provide shade help-
ing you and your house to keep





T he idea for Earth I
T Day evolved over a
period of seven years start-
ing in 1962. For several years,
Senator Gaylord Nelson had
been troubled that the state
of the environment was a
non-issue in the politics. In l
November 1962, he had an
idea to persuade President
Kennedy to give visibility to
this issue by going on aj
national conservation tour
The President began his five-
day, eleven-state conserva-7
tion tour in September 1963.
This was the germ of the idea
that flowered into Earth Day,
although it was still not on
the political agenda.
Six years would pass before
Sen Nelson had the idea of
Earth Day. At a conference
in Seattle in September 1969,
he announced that in thej
spring of 1970 there would,
be a nationwide grassroots.
demonstration on behalf of
the environment. For the
next four months, two mem-
bers of my Senate staff, Linda
Billings and John Heritage.
managed Earth Da\ affairs
out of my Senate office.
Five months before Earth
Day, on Sunday, No\ember
30, 1969, The New York
Times carried an article by
Gladwin Hill reporting on the
proliferation of environmen-
tal events. Earth Day worked
because of the spontaneous
response at the grassroots
level. It has become a global
phenomenon amid wide-
spread concern over the|
world's environment. In the
Bahamas, one of the most
naturally beautiful countries
in the world, the issue is for-
ever topical. Earth Day is a
.chance for individuals to'
focus on what they can do to
improve the environment.
"-And it is also a chance to
recognize the many people
involved in safeguarding
Bahamian land and sea lor
future generations.

No, it's not an oxymoron! Why are we
not conserving the most abundant
group of animals on the planet?
There are approximately one million
species of insects in the world and
the next most abundant group are the molluscs with
70,000 species. Mammals rank a distant seventh with
approximately 5400 species. The World Conservation
Union (IUCN) in its 2007 Red List of Endangered
Species showed that only 1225 species of insects were
evaluated and of this, 50% were listed as threatened.
However, this represents a,meager 0.001% of the total
number of insects whose status has been evaluated.
One of the major impediments to insect conservation
is the deservedly bad reputation of insects as pests.
Diseases like malaria, of which the Anopheles mos-
quito is the vector, have caused the deaths of many
persons, especially children, in regions in sub Sahara
Africa and other regions in eastern and western hemi-
Plant pests such as aphids and various lepidopterous
larvae have caused serious hardships to farmers by
reducing the market quality of crops.
Despite the devastation in life and property caused by
insects, only about 0.001% of them are classified as
serious pests and less 1% are considered occasional
or sporadic pests.
Insects have utilitarian value in that they serve as
food and provide medicine, and also serve as biocontrol
agents for ihsect pests.
Caterpillars, grubs, termites and locusts are major
food sources while popular byproducts such as honey
and silk are among the most utilized products.
Parasitic wasps, mainly chalcids and braconids, are
targeted and reared, or populations augmented tofcon-
trol pest species such as coffee berry borer (Hypothen-
emus hampei).
Normal predator prey systems eg: aphids controlled
by ladybird beetles are also enhanced and encouraged
by gardeners and farmers.
Another reason for conserving insects is the ecosys-
tem services that they provide.
The most well known service is that of pollination. Up
to 70% of plant crops require animal pollution and
include commercial crops such as melons, hot and
sweet peppers, okras and egg plants.
Other ecosystem services include seed dispersal,
nutrient cycling and food for insectivorous animals.
Finally, we can explore the esthetic and esoteric val-
ues of insect. Butterflies, metallic coloured beetles and
stick insects are among the most beautiful and exquis-
ite animals and have long appealed to even the most
ardent entomophobe.
Many are still enamoured with these insects and
specimens, treasuring photographs and drawings.

"Insects have utilitarian value in that they serve as
food and medicine."

Furthermore, disciplines such as taxonomy and the-
ories of sociobiology have developed from more spe-
cialized studies of insects. These studies have led to a
wider understanding of ecological theories such as com-
munity structure and behavior, such as reciprocal altru-
, Insect conservation will always be challenging due in
part to their image as noxious pests and nuisances. The
other part of the challenge will be due to the sheer
numbers of species to be catalogued and studied. Coun-
tries such as Papua New Guinea and Guyana have
worked with local collectors and parataxonomists (per-
sons with basic training in identification of species) to
start the arduous but invaluable task of classification.

The College of the Bahamas and the Ministry of
Agriculture have small collections of insects found in
The Bahamas. Visiting scholars to the' Gerace Research
Center, San Salvador, have also deposited specimens
collected on that island. These collections need to be
expanded, and the task of this expansion will fall first to
students and then to the wider Bahamian society. This
will ensure that the largest groiui of organisms hi the
Bahamas is conserved as a result of collaborative efforts
of all groups.
We can all play a part in insect conservation by fos-
tering a curious nature in our children (while ensuring
their safety) and helping them to understand the natural
world around them.

The solution is CUES
An incredible product that can save up to 35% on
refrigeration costs

W W R Wl~lli aWl iil

Unit 17, Caves Professional Centre, Caves Village
Email: syreta.roberts@eniginpartner.com
Website: http://bs.eniginpartner.com
Tel: 327-8756

,~, ~,


I \ tnot:

M angroves and Wetlands provide nesting
and shelter habitat for crabs, birds, fish and
other marine organisms.
Save our mangroves and wetlands.


SA Why are we not protecting them?
Assistant Professor Biology,
College of The Bahamas


Director Marine
and Environmenal
Studies statute.
College of
The Bahamas

Anyone who
has recently
tried to buy
fresh conch
around Nas-
sau knows that conch meat is
getting more expensive. This
is the law of supply and
demand: fishermen have to go
further and deeper to collect
conch using more expensive
gasoline. The Department of
Marine Resource Management
monitors the catching of conch
throughout the country and
studies the health or status of
conch populations. This is not
easy as the queen conch found
in Bahamian waters are part of
much larger populations that
stretch from Barbados to
Bermuda. Nevertheless, fish-
eries officers monitor the num-
ber of conch in any area count-
ing the number of egg-laying
adult females and the success
rate of baby conch in finding
the right seagrass bed to mature
in. In order to grow, young
conchs need the right food and
must also avoid predators, such
as sharks and sting rays. Older,
larger conchs are not preyed on
so much but they can be wiped
out of an area by a single fish-
erman in one sweep. The offi-
cial term for this occutrence is
"fishing mortality" and it would
never happen under ideal con-
ditions but conch are becoming
scarcer so fewer are being left to
successfully spawn and send out
a new generation of babies to
settle and grow.
Fisheries biologists through-
out the Caribbean have devel-
oped models and mathematical
theories on the "critical num-
ber" for a population of conch
to'survive but eventually some-
one has to get into the water
and count them, especially the
number of juvenile conchs just
'ready to mature, spawn and
enter the fisheries as a legal
catch. Fisheries biologists need
information from both fisher-
men on how many conch they
caught in a particular area, and

researchers who count conch in
the ocean. Both types of infor-
mation are critical to fisheries
management. Fisheries officers
need up-to-date information to
keep the population of conch
healthy and replenishing itself
as fishermen harvest the adults.
However, unscrupulous har-
vesting of juvenile conchs
threatens population stability
and is also hard to figure into
fisheries models. This means
that actually counting conch
provides more realistic popula-
tion estimates. the water, measure out areas of Density of conch is critical to
The task of going out and about 15 by 150 feet and search conch population health.
counting conch in the sea has for conch larger than 2 inches in Research done in the Florida
been headed up by Department length. In this way they cover Keys and Puerto Rico (both
of Marine Resource Manage- several areas per day and often places over-fished for conch)
ment fisheries officers with Col- swim several miles underwater. demonstrates that conch must
lege of The Bahamas Marine The resulting information is be in high enough densities to
and Environmental Studies staff perhaps the best way to really be able to find a mate and
and students. Juvenile and know how many conchs are in a spawn. Too few conchs in an
adult conch move across the sea population and what the size- area will fail to produce any
floor in aggregations or large distribution is. It is critical that babies for the next generation.
groups of individuals and are both adults and juveniles inhab- Conchs move by dragging
mostly found in sandy bottom it an area, as this means there is their shells through an area and
areas with seagrass and algae both recruitment of young this dragging disturbs the grassy
from a few feet to over 200 feet conch and spawning of older sea bed attracting other animals
deep. Spending hours each day conch. These surveys also give or algae into the area. Known
on the sea bottom, SCUBA very accurate information on as bioturbation, this disturbance
divers, equipped with compass- the overall density of conch on :" of the grass bed creates a better
es and tape measures, g6'irit6 "the' na'flb6r: ......... habitat for the settling baby



conch. When conch become
very scarce, this bioturbation
does not occur and it can be
more difficult for juveniles to
settle into the area and if conch
populations are depleted, they
may not come back. The com-
mercial fisheries for queen
conch have been closed since
1986 yet, after over 20 years,
the conch have not returned.
However, it is not only fishing
that is depleting the conch num-
bers. Research in the Florida
Keys has shown how very sen-
sitive conch are to water quali-
ty and pollution from land-
based sources, especially
sewage. Conch are soft-bodied

animals despite their shells and
they readily absorb even small
amounts of pollution.. Very,
very small amounts caffeine or
chemical bi-products of medi-
cine pass from our bodies in
urine and enter the ground
water through cess-pits and oth-
er on-site sewage disposal.
These pollutants go into the sea
and into the soft, absorbent
bodies of conch and can affect
their growth rates or prevent
egg development and spawn-
ing. Conch near populated
islands like New Providence or
even in isolated creek systems
can be impacted by these types
of pollutants.
The management of the
conch fisheries takes team work
and field work. As one of the
most important regional fish-
eries for queen conch, the more
ways we have to monitor the
population, the better we can
understand and manage the
resource. Two types of assess-
ments, what conch are caught
and how many conch on the sea
floor, can help evaluate the
increasing threat of coastal pol-
lution to fisheries, and inform
fisheries policy.



The impact on small island states


College of The .i.

The following has been adapted from a term
paper by Rico Munroe

scientists worldwide have been studying
the devastating effects of global warming
to discover how fast the Earth is heating up and
how crops and climatic conditions are being
affected. Melting ice caps are causing sea levels to
rise and this is one of the greatest concerns to
small islands in the tropical and subtropical
regions like ours.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change (IPCC), sea levels globally could
rise by as much as 5 millimeters per year over the
next 100 years. Such rapid increases in sea levels
have earned many small island states the name
Endangered Nations as most small island states
rarely exceed 3-4 meters in elevation. Further-
more, with the majority of their major settle-
ments located on the coast, the destruction rising
sea levels may cause is unimaginable. Coastal
communities will be displaced and the majority of
.the population, socioeconomic activity and infra-
structure will have to be relocated.
Water resources could also be damaged and a
decline in agriculture and fisheries would result.
For instance, the availability of water and food has
forever been scarce in island communities, but ris-
ing sea levels amplify this critical issue. Water
supplies may further decline due to the intrusion
of sea water into fresh water aquifers, crops may
fail due to salinization of arable land and a reduc-
tion of agricultural land due to coastal inundation.
Fisheries may also be negatively impacted by ris-
ing seas because of the possibility of fish redistri-
bution and decline around reefs and islands. Addi-
tionally, coastal erosion, beach loss and a drop in
tourism may also result.
Another possibly catastrophic effect of sea lev-
el rise is the likelihood of an increase in the sever-
ity of torms and further coastal flooding. A prime
example of the effects of storms on island states
can be witnessed throughout the Caribbean and
the increasingly adverse weather conditions this
century. But a more extreme case of sea level
rise can be observed on the tiny island country of
Tuvalu in the Pacific Ocean where rising sea lev-
els have forced the evacuation of the entire island.
Another lethal impact of global warming on
small island states is the potential change in rain-
fall regimes. According to the IPCC, global warm-
ing may increase droughts AND floods in tropical
ocean regions of the world. With the majority of
small island states located in these regions, and

depending on catchments or freshwater lenses,
water shortages will be a critical concern in their
futures. Droughts may also lead to the emer-
gence of other problems such as increased inci-
dences of skin diseases, water and food borne
illnesses, local air quality problems from wild-
fires and further agricultural loss. Additionally,
increased precipitation may increase mosquito
populations while simultaneously increasing the
spread of mosquito-borne dengue fever and may
also lead to regional interactions; for instance in
1999, heavy rainfall and river flows in northern
South America adversely affected the Caribbean
marine environment contributing to a massive
loss of fish.
Wind pattern modifications may also occur
resulting in bacteria, fungi and spores contain-
ing diseases being transported from the African
continent to small island states in the Caribbean.
This transfer of particles ih the wind may hold
devastating impacts for coral ecosystems, agri-
culture, livestock and, most importantly, the
inhabitants of small island states throughout the
Another negative impact on the environment
of small island states as a result of global warming
is the degradation of biological systems. For
instance, coral reefs, mangroves, and sea grass
beds are dependent on stable coastal environ-
ments to sustain themselves. With the rise in air
temperature and sea levels, coral bleaching has
increased and scientists also speculate that
changes in sea levels will affect landward and
long-shore migration of mangroves which act as
buffers to protect the land from wave actions and
The economies of these small islands will also
be affected because tourism is bound to suffer.
Attractive coastal environments will be lost or
damaged and development will be halted because
the land is being reclaimed by the sea.
Although scientists are not certain of the full
extent of climate change, they are certain that
undesirable consequences lay ahead. In know-
ing this ahead of time, small island states such
as The Bahamas have been proactive by signing
the Kyoto Protocol, the United Nations Frame-
work Convention on Climate Change and have
also become members of the Alliance of Small
Island States. However, despite the governmen-
t's ratification of the Kyoto Protocol which
requires all countries to reduce their average car-
bon emissions by 5 percent by the year 2012, The
Bahamas government has yet to put in place any
measures to bring about these requirements.
Small island states must recognize the inevitable
changes global warming is bringing and begin
managing their beach and coastal assets wisely.
They must also enhance awareness of their future
plight in an effort to propel climate adaptation
assessments and preparedness plans.


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n fall 2007 an enthusiastic group of Grade 8 Deep Creek Middle School (DCMS) students
and their Island School mentors kicked off a can recycling project. To get the settlements of
Eleuthera on board to reduce garbage and become more environmentally conscious, the stu-
dent team strategically positioned blue and white painted canisters in Deep Creek, Wemyss
Bight, and Rock Sound to collect aluminum cans. The success of the project was easily seen and mea-
sured as the canisters filled with cans quickly. Just in the time the project took
place with Island School students, 4200 cans were collected!
The DCMS Grade 8 students are driving the project forward with zeal!
Recently, 25 bags of cans were sent on the mail boat to Nassau where
they will be compressed and sent to the states to be recycled with our part-
.- ner project, Cans for Kids. The dedication of these students to minimize
S" trash and recycle the aluminum cans WVill have a lasting effect on the future
cl gand beauty of Eleuthera.

Keep it Going

Freedom 2030: Cape Systems has launched Freedom 2030, an ini-
tiative focused on eliminating Eleuthera's dependence on oil and
advancing a sustainable Eleuthera. As energy prices rise and negative
impacts of climate change become more consequential, Eleuthera stands
to benefit greatly by utilizing the island's abundant natural resources to
become a model of energy self-sufficiency. Investigate more about the
Freedom 2030 initiative at HYPERLINK "http://www.freedom2030.org"
Eco-Forum: In response to the need to create a public forum to
exchange ideas about sustainable development, Larry Smith has set up a
clean technology web forum called the Bahamas Eco-Forum. Check out
HYPERLINK "http://www.bahamasecoforum.com" www.bahamaseco-
forum.com to share information and increase awareness on sustainabili-
ty in The Bahamas.

How Biodiesel Works

Together with Princess Cays, the Cape Eleuthera Institute col-
*lects between 200 and 400 gallons of used cooking oil each week
from Princess Cruises for use in our renewable fuels program. We began
the collection of oil from Princess Cays over 4 years ago and have added
three additional ships in the past year. We now collect oil from the
Caribbean Princess, Dawn Princess, Sun Princess, and Sea Princess.
Once we have collected the oil, it is brought back to the processing lab
on our Cape Eleuthera campus. There the oil is transferred into a bulk stor-
age tank outside the lab to allow excess particulates and water to settle out.
From the bulk tank outside, the oil is filtered and pumped into an inter-
nal oil heating tank, where it is brought to a reaction temperature of 135
degrees Fahrenheit. Once reaction temperature is attained, the oil is fur-
ther filtered and pumped into a reaction vessel.
Also pumped into the reaction vessel is sodium methoxide, which is
mixed onsite from sodium hydroxide and methanol. The sodium hydrox-
ide acts as an alkaline catalyst to break the ester mol-
ecules off of the glycerol in the oil and the esters
that combine with the methanol, yielding fatty-acid
methyl esters, or biodiesel. Glycerol and soaps settle j
to the bottom and are drained. This co-product is
combined with saw-dust and wood chips and com-
posted for garden use. 'i
The fuel is then pumped into washing tanks where
it agitates with a slightly acidic water wash to remove
any impurities in the fuel. After 3-4 days of washing .
and drying, the fuel is examined, tested, and then fil- -
tered before being pumped into our fueling station
Emissions from biodiesels are significantly better
than #2 fuel, as there is no sulfur in the fuel, and par-
ticulates-unburned HCs, CO, and C02-are
reduced roughly 80% when burning B100 (100%
biodiesel). EPA emissions testing has shown dra-
matic decreases when blends of biodiesel are -
increased. The Island School burns 100% biodiesel
made from waste cooking oil in over 30 engines, from :
stationary generators and construction equipment to
light duty on-road diesels and heavy duty marine
diesel applications.
Together with Princess Cays and Princess Cruises, we have kept over
half a million pounds of carbon out of the atmosphere!

*switch to CFL (energy saver) light
*turn off lights and TV when they are
not being used
brighten rooms by opening curtains
and using natural sunlight
unnewash clothes in warm water instead of
hot water
*eat local and seasonal foods
*plant a garden
*buy bulk foods and store in air tight
*purchase products that have minimal
*swap plastic bags for reusable grocery
*opt for a reusable water bottle instead
of buying disposable bottles of water at
the store
*bring Tupperware or other reusable
dishes to a Friday Night Fish Fry
*throw your aluminum cans into the
recycling instead of the trash can




I TI I n ol a n y




ANCHOR PROJECTS: Attempts to replicate the failure of

this plan to guide tourism development are indications of madness




Someone once said
that insanity is
doing the same thing
over and over again
and expecting different results.
If that's so, then trying to repli-
cate failed "anchor projects"
throughout our islands would
seem to make us certifiably
Although the so-called
anchor project policy was codi-
fied in 1980 in a never-imple-
mented master plan to guide
tourism development, the out
island resort actually dates back
to the fortuitous prosperity gen-
erated by bootlegging in the
During Prohibition, liquor
was profitably smuggled in huge
quantities from the Bahamas to
the United States, and since
West End and Bimini were
nearest to the American main-
land, that's where the first out
island developments were con-
The 100-room Bimini Bay
Rod and Gun Club opened in
1921 with its own power plant,
but never made a profit. It
closed four years later and was
eventually swept away by hur-
In his History of Bimini,
author Ashley Saunders said it
was "ahead of its time."
During the same period, hun-
dreds of square miles on then
sparsely populated Grand
Bahama were leased to foreign
investors who planned a deep-
water port and network of roads
at West End. But the project
never got off the ground.

After the Second World War,
international air travel helped
to revive tourism, and British
investors launched a 500-room
holiday village at West End,
which operated for just one sea-
son before closing in 1950. I
ironically, that was the year
the government began promot-
ing resort development
throughout the islands in
A few years later, the Port
Royale development on South
Bimini got underway with a
hotel, marina, canals and other
infrastructure on 95 acres.
Although construction contin-
ued in fits and starts, there was
never any widespread interest,
and many properties are
derelict today.
Other oig developments also
failed to prosper.
But meanwhile, the original
1920s era hotel at Bimini Bay
had accreted (through several
owners) into a 700-acre estate -
comprising about two thirds of
the north island.
Grandiose plans by Ameri-
can developers for a mega-
resort in the 1980s foundered -
but not until much dredging and
land clearing had taken place.
On Abaco, Bahamian
Leonard Thompson leased 930
acres of Crown land in 1957 to

"Although it has not lived up
to its early promise, Treasure
Cay can be considered an
exception to the rule of failed
out island developments. The
other major exception is

develop the Treasure Cay
Resort with American investors.
It eventually opened with its
own airport, golf course and
marina in 1963, but never really
took off.
The Meister family acquired
Treasure Cay in 1982, and the
marina (with 93 rental units),
and residential estate still opet-
ate as Abaco's second home
economy has boomed.
Although it has not lived up
to its early promise, Treasure
Cay can be considered an
exception to the rule of failed
out island developments.
The other major exception is
Before 1960, Nassau was the
destination for most of our
tourists, but that began to
change after the government
leased 80 square miles of Grand
Bahama in 1955 to an American

The original agreement called
for a deep-water port and indus-
trial zone. But five years later
the Grand Bahama Port
Authority acquired another 200
square miles for a residential
resort development called
After much effort and mas-
sive investments Freeport was
able to achieve critical mass and
went on to become our second
The town can accommodate a
population of hundreds of thou-
sands and is on the verge of
becoming a major entrepot
between China and the eastern
United States.
The experience of most other
out island developments has
been mixed at best.
Many came on stream during
the tourism boom years of the
1960s and early 70s. And 'their
foreign owners suffered from
the political upheavals and eco-
nomic nationalism of the time.
Alcoa chairman Arthur Vin-
ing Davis and Pan American
Airways founder Juan Trippe

developed afflue
colonies and exte
structure on Souti
But by the early 19
the resorts had fai
island's economy
into a recession fr
has yet to recover.
In 1963 a Germ
bought 2500 acre
Long Island and
Stella Maris Inn tw
A small dive res

THE FREEPORT ENIGMA: Freeport Harbour. Our second
always been an enigma, never living up to its potential,
because of government neglect and hostility.

adjoining residential estate,
Stella Maris faced bankruptcy
in the 1980s but with much
effort by a husband and wife
management team managed to
achieve a measure of stability.
Now, the latest wave of out
island investments may be fal-
tering due to the gathering
recession in the US., leaving
environmental damage in their
Experts say the high cost of
development in the islands is a
chief cause of these failures.
Achieving critical mass in an
area with limited infrastructure
and a sparse work force is a
risky and costly business.
Out island hotels require an
investment of a million dollars
per room, contractors say, and
this is why investors prefer res-
idential projects.
They can make a better
return on land sales to wealthy
Americans and Europeans
seeking scarce waterfront prop-
But there are lessons to learn
here. Most importantly, we
have to accept that huge trans-
forming projects on small,
underdeveloped islands are
unlikely to enjoy long-term suc-
cess and in the process can eas-
ily destroy the very assets that
attracted them in the first place.
For example, the mega-devel-
opmenat Bimini Bay, whose
700 acres were acquired by Mia-
mi investor Gerardo Capo in
1997, calls for over 2000 resi-
dential units on tiny North
Bimini, as well as hundreds of
boat slips and a golf course.
This model is being replicated
on other islands Emerald Bay
on Exuma (already in financial
trouble), Winding Bay, Baker's
Bay and Lantern Head in the
Abacos, a huge residential
resort marina project on Rum
Cay, a 10,000-acre residential
resort on Mayaguana and sev-
eral revived large-scale projects
on Eleuthera.


ent cottage Comments by Bimini-based
-nsive infra- marine biologist Samuel Gru-
h Eleuthera. ber could easily apply to other
980s most of islands: "Vast plans for attract-
iled and the ing large numbers of wealthy
had dipped visitors to Bimini through large
om which it and 'appealing' resort com-
plexes have ended in failure
ian investor time and again. Bimini, like
-s on North much of the Caribbean region,
opened the is littered with failed and
o years later. uncompleted resort projects."
ort with an In this view, "only small
resorts that cater to the cus-
tomer appreciative of the local
culture, quiet charm, fishing tra-
S-.'" : .. editions, small size and/or natur-
.,..':. al beauty of Bimini appear to
S enjoy any success. Bimini was
S never meant to be a five-star,
global destination. Modest facil-
ities have survived when others
"*' have passed into history, often
S-? .. before they were completed."
There remains the 50-year-
old city of Freeport where, as
lawyer Fred Smith says, we
could drop hundreds of million
of dollars to good effect: "Not
-,'- :" on a small cay in the middle of
-. nowhere; where there is mini-
mal economic impact, where we
S_. ---_ get nothing in taxes, where we
destroy the environment, and
where the local people do not
S -_- want it."
On Grand Bahama there are
'_ miles of beaches and paved
roads; with' infrastructure
already in place in a master plan
S" designed for 300,000 people,
including under-utilised canals,
__.. golf courses, marinas, and an
international airport and har-
-,\, And more to the point, there
i ," is a large work force hungry for
business and eager to see devel-
opment happen.
t iAs our second city, Freeport
has always been something of

/ up to its potential, mostly due to
S" government neglect and hostil-
d city has Nonetheless, it seems clear
mainly that this is where we should be
putting most of our eggs.

-*. '

_- .~" .'bi.' ," ,S'..., ~.. ., ,' "- .
*." -" *'. A ls--.. ",- -- -: ... .
'_; ... -_..- . .. *


L B es


) aribbean recycling & reading

"Recycling and Salvage Specialists"


PHONE: 242-324-8417

CELL: 242-422-2362

FAX: 242-324-8418

EMAIL: erottlle@coralwave.com


ALUMINUM (casting & sheet)




Sw^ B





Our Earth, our life


he Earth is our life. The
Earth provides us with
everything that we need
to exist clean air, good
quality water, the soil for us to grow
crops, animals for food, protection
and companionship and so much
We exist in a symbiotic relation-
ship with the Earth, so we have the
responsibility to take care of our envi-
ronment in order to secure our own
existence. '
It is important to understand that
ecosystems like forests and coral reefs
play important roles in ensuring that

the Earth remains healthy because
they are homes to rich biodiversity.
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem pro-
ductivity whereby each specie, no
matter how small, has an important
role to play in a combination of activ-
ities that enables the ecosystem to
prevent and recover from a variety
of disasters. This is obviously useful
because a larger number of species
of plants means more variety of crops
and a larger number of species of ani-
mals ensure that the ecosystem is nat-
urally sustained. Furthermore, coral
reefs play an important role in the
production of sand for our beaches
and also act as barriers against sea
surges. Forests and trees convert car-
bon dioxide into oxygen and filters
the air we breathe.
Unfortunately, we are becoming

more and more consumed with our
economic activities and modern con-
veniences, so that we have forgotten
the symbiotic relationship that we
have with our environment.
We are overusing the Earth's
resources by cutting down too many
trees that we need for oxygen, shade
from the sun and to soak up water
from heavy rains.
We are over fishing and depleting
our fish supply, filling in wetlands
needed for biodiversity, building on
beaches leading to beach erosion and
we are not paying attention to the
ways that we use energy.
The latter results in too much C02
in the atmosphere, which contributes
to accelerated Climate Change con-
ditions, such as more frequent and
violent hurricances, temperature and

sea level rise and coral bleaching.We
can reconnect creatively with our
environment by recognizing the bal-
ance between our economic develop-
mental responsibilities and our com-
munity developmental responsibili-
ties. Just think about it: Do we really
need so many vehicles on New Prov-
idence, or would a proper reliable bus
system for the entire island be more
effective economically and environ-
mentally? Should we remain uncon-
cerned about the ways that we use
energy, not consider the relationship
between energy used, Climate Change
conditions and high electricity and
gas bills or should we become energy
saving conscious, educated in Climate
Change and save money on our elec-
tricity and gas bills? Should we just
leave our dogs and cats un-neutered

and unvaccinated so they reproduce
uncontrollably, spread diseases and
look unsightly to us and our visitors or
should we neuter and vaccinate them
so that they would be healthier and
The Bahamas, cleaner?
Now is the time for Bahamians to
address the importance of our envi-
ronment for the sustainability of our
economy. Let us not forget that our
Earth is our life. '
For more information on "Our
Earth Our Life" please contact ENI-
GIN the energy saving business at
Tel: 327-8756 or email: HYPERLINK
"mailto:syreta. roberts@eniginpart-
ner.comr" syreta.roberts@eniginpart-
. ner.com. Website: HYPERLINK

SOUTH KOREAN children roll
huge ballons depicting the earth
during an Earth Day campaign
in Seoul, South Korea, on Sun-.
day. The event is part of Earth
Day celebrations and to pro-
mote the Clean Air campaign.
People across the world have
been taking part in similar activ-
ities as part of a global aware-
ness of the problems affecting
the world's environment.

Scenes from

around the

IN THIS PHOTO provided by the
California State Parks Founda-
tion, volunteer David Hatton of
El Cerrito, California, carries
away driftwood at Eastshore
State Park next to San Francis-
co Bay in Berkeley, California, on
Saturday, April 19. Hundreds of
volunteers cleared the park of
weeds and debris for Earth Day
2008, an event organised by the
California State Parks Founda-

A VISITOR to an outdoor Earth Day
exhibition, which falls on April 22,
walks past a mural made by Seattle-
based photo artist Chris Jordan at Tai-
wan's Democracy Hall square Taipei,
Taiwan, Friday, April 18, 2008. Jordan
is a photographic artist and a cultural
activist who's work focuses on the
detritus of America mass culture.
Image shows a Van Gogh based image
made of 200,000 packs of cigarettes,
marking the number of American who
die from smoking-related death every
six months.

NEW YORK Gov. David Paterson is
introduced at Earth Day Lobby Day in
Albany, New York, on Tuesday, April
15. Paterson promised environmental
activists that he is making a goal of
passing a bigger bottle bill this legisla-
tive session. That would require
deposits for non-carbonated beverages
including bottled water.

TWO FILIPINOS wear costumes as they ride their bicycles during the 10th Tour of the Fireflies in suburban Manila, Philippines,
Sunday, April 20, 2008. The event is part of Earth Day celebrations and to promote the Clean Air campaign.

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PETA (People for the Ethical Treatmenf
of Animals) activists American national
Istara Bon Gundry, left, and Canadian
Ashley Fruno, clad partly with fresh let-
tuce, hold placards as they protest out-
side a Catholic church, background, in
Manila's Quiapo district Friday April 18,
2008, in the Philippines. The activists,
protesting ahead of the global celebration
of Earth Day next week, alleged in their
statement that "meat production has a
devastating impact on the environment"
and urgedpeople to go vegetarian

GEORGE MARK, an Earth Day Community
coordinator, moves dirt over the roots
of a River Birch that was planted Friday,
April 18, 2008 as attendees of the tree
planting ceremony joins hands at North
Idaho College in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.
* AP Photo/Coeur d'Alene Press,
Jerome A. Pollos

I _



T H E T R I B N E T U E S D YRA P R I L 2 2 2 0 08LP A GEN7

Scenes from

around the

FILIPINO ACTIVISTS stage a creative protest
wearing electric transformer costumes at
the National Ecology Center as part of Earth
Day activities in suburban Manila on Sun-
day. They staged the rally to protest the
toxic stockpiles.

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WALTER DOUGLAS elementary school 5th
grade science teacher Aaron Miller, helps
Dallas Zamorano,11, adjust his solar car
before a test run on the sidewalk in Tucson
Arizona. Aaron's class competed in the Ari-
zona Junior Solar Car sprint on Saturday.

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FILIPINO ACTIVISTS wear electric transformer costumes during a protest at the National Ecology Center as part of Earth Day activities in Mani-
i on Sunday April 20, 2008. Environmental advocates said they staged the rally to symbolize the problem with the toxic stockpiles of polychlo-
.nated biphenyls (PCBs) wastes, and recognize the effort to rid the country of these chemicals which are toxic to human health and the environment.


S Orchids, Plants, Pots and Gifts for
i : Home and Garden

:^ ,Locatedon Shirley Street just east of
Church Street Plaza
'. -. ,.,., ^ ; .. -

S"-;^ Parking available in
"' Church Street Plaza Parking Lot

Monday thru Saturday
S9a.m. 5p.m.
1 s .. .

"' 1 "Tel: (242) 394-6175

*Fax: (242)394-1657
4ill ,Email: tanyanunez@coralwave.com

S '. P.O. Box SS-5294 Nassau, Bahamas



,,.*a'-;W--Wlwo, *

COURTNEY LUTZ picks up litter stuck along a lence in Laramie,
Wyo., as part of a community cleanup day Saturday April, 19,
2008. Laramie used the weekend to get a jump on Tuesday's
Earth Day ,

Morgan Atkins of Laramie, Wyo. paints over some graffiti on a wall downtown as part of a com-
munity cleanup day Saturday April, 19, 2008. Laramie used the weekend to get a jump on next Tues-
day's Earth Day. (AP Photo/Laramie Boomerang, Ben Woloszyn)




To encourage growth, cover cup with plastic wrap and compostable if you use
secure with rubber band biodegradable paper
'"f cups.
Place, cup in sunny window. Water as needed.

Remove plastic wrap, if using, when sprouting seedlings
grow near.
When your "crazy hair" is long enough, you can cut it
and watch it grow again.
When ready to discard, compost or throw out; it will -
biodegrade. moms;

Bill Ross/AP Photos


There are many ways in which parents can inspire

Parenting children to think more deeply about the world's
environment. Here are some fun suggestions ... from

creating a rice cereal treat to turning trash into treasure


*By The Associated Press
You qan turn the classic crisp rice cereal treat into an Earth Day celebration, using
a little bit of food coloring and imagination. This recipe is adapted from DL TK's
Crafts for Kids, www.dltk-kids.com.

Start to finish: 30 minutes (10 minutes active)
Servings: 12.
Ingredients: ", -
3 tablespoons butter or margarineA
1 10-ounce package regular marshmallows, or 4 cups mini-marshmallows t
6 cups crisp puffed rice cereal
Green and blue food colouring
In a large saucepan over low heat, melt butter. Add marshmallows and stir until
completely melted. Remove from heat.
Add cereal and stir until well coated.t
Divide mixture in half and place into two bowls. Add a few drops of green food
coloring to one bowl and blue food coloring to the second bowl. Stir each batch..
Allow children to take a scoop from each bowl and gently form into a ball to cre-. ..
ate a mini-Earth.
Set the balls aside until completely cool.
These are best eaten the same day.


This craft can be fully
compostable if you use i t t o
biodegradable paper cups.
bCheck your local coffeeV
shop or health-food store,
or purchase from a sup-
plier such as
Eco-Products, www.eco- ..
products.com. If you can .1
find wheatgrass seed, you
can cut your friend's *44
"hair"for juicing anoth-
er kick for kids.

SPaper cups, prefer-
ably compostable A7
Markers or crayons
Potting soil ..
Grass seed, such as
wheatgrass, or any lawn --
variety, such as tall fescue "i":
Spoon, measuring
spoon, small scoop or

A small plate or -- -.
Optional: Plastic wrap ''
and rubber band .
What to do:
GRACE CLARKE, 9, adds water to her Crazy Hair People earth cup
Draw a face on the in Arvada, Colo., Saturday, March 29, 2008. This craft can be ful- A plate of Earth Day Treats are seen Saturday, March 29, 2008. You can turn the classic crisp rice cereal treat into an
sideofthe cup with mark- ly compostable if you use biodegradable paper cups. Earth Day celebration, using a little bit of food coloring and imagination. This recipe is adapted from DLTK's Crafts for
ers or crayons. Kids.
Punch a small hole in the bottom of the cup (for NATHAN STEWART, 8,
drainage). right, and Grace Clarke,
_Fill full1 with sol. 9, decorate paper cups
cup 2/3 before filling them with
SAdd about 1 tablespoon of grass seed. /. .dirt and planting grass
d seed in them during an
Earth Day craft project in
Mix grass seed into soil with finger or spoon. Moisten soil p Arvada, Colorado, Sat-
with water. Put in sink for drainage or on saucer. l urday, March 29, 2008.
T cr gw ceu iptw aThis craft can be fully


left to right, Grace Clarke, 9, Hope
Clarke, 10, and Nathan Stewart, 8,
play with their completed Earth
Day crafts in Arvada, Colo., Sat-
Pa entin urday, March 29, 2008. Earth Day
Pt, craft projects can turn trash into
useable pieces of art.


For The Associated Press
To honour Earth Day in kids' crafting, one really needs to think trash.
That is, "What can I rescue from the garbage bin and reuse?" 7.. .
This is no time for going heavy on the non-recyclable doodads, such as pipe clean- '
ers and pom-poms, in our art projects. For Earth Day, which is April 22, consid-
er these crafts that make the most of objects you probably already have:

Wine corks of approximately the same size, about 10 or 11 per finished
These are fast to make and last forever. An excellent conversation piece, they c ....
really wihl protect your tabletops. .,t o-"I--.w'* "-o*,-. -

item"71, '
Heavy felt
Glue (such as Elmer's or
Aleene's Tacky Glue) -'
What to do:. ,
Cut a square of felt that's
approximately 4-1/2 inches long by '
4-1/2 inches wide.
Lay the wine corks on their
side on the square in any pattern of
straight lines that you'd like, trying
to cover the felt.
Test your coaster by placing ..
stneamodya t If nsubstitute annyi b NICHOLAS STEWART, 12, applies glue to a bottle cork that will "
offendingcorks for others. be made into a Wine Cork Coaster as part of a Earth Day craft
offending project in Arvada, Colo., Saturday, March 29, 2008. These are
Glue the corks to the felt. The fast to make and last forever:
glue may seep to the back of the
felt, so dry this item upside down.
When dry, flip over and use, cork side up. Cheers!

Finally, here's a use for your staggering collection of empty mint tins. Instead
of paper, you can visit your local wallpaper store and ask if they have any dis-
carded sample books to give away. You receive free "paper" while rescuing the
sample books from the landfill.
FINISHED Earth Day crafts are seen in Arvada, Colo., Saturday, March 29, 2008. Earth Day craft projects
You'll need: can turn trash into useable pieces of-art. (AP Photo/Bill Ross)
Mint tins, such as Altoids,
empty and wiped clean
Patterned paper scraps, such "
as from scrapbooking, or wallpa-
per scraps
Glue (such as Elmer's or
Aleene's Tacky Glue)
Found objects, such as but-
tons, beads, fake jewels and faux J
flowers, or anything that's small
and colorfulNQF
Optional: stickers and mark-
What to do: "- "-
Trace the tin's lid onto the _______ --_......_._.....
backside ofa piece paper. Do this GRACE CLARKE, 9, traces out a pattern from wallpaper samples to cover her NICHOLAS STEWARt, 12, left, Grace Clarke, 9, second from left, Hope Clarke, 10, and
twice; the paper does not have to Mint Tin Treasure Box as part of an Earth Day craft project in Arvada, Colorado. Nathan Stewart, 8, right, work on Earth Day crafts in Arvada, Colorado.

Trace the tin's base onto the backside of another scrap of paper.
Glue the three pieces of paper onto their respective places: Outer and inner
lid, and inside base. You may need to trim the paper to.make it fit.
Decorate the outside lid as desired, with buttons, beads, jewels, and other
found objects. .,' "
Decorate the inside lid and base, ensuring that nothing bulky is used that '
would hinder closing the tin.
_Note: Older kids may like the challenge of trying to cover the sides with paper, .
using the same tracing and gluing technique. This will take extra precision. ,, -

cuts wall paper to '
decorate her Mint
Tin Treasure Box as

part of a Earth Day .
craft project in
Arvada, Colo., Sat-
urday, March 29,
2008. "-

NICHOLAS STEWART, 12, clockwise from top, Grace Clarke, 9, Nathan Stewart, 8, and Hope Clarke, 10, work on Earth Day
crafts together in Arvada, Colorado. Earth Day craft projects can turn trash into useable pieces of art.

Bill Ross/AP Photos


Scenes from

around the

FILIPINO ACTIVISTS hold slogans about toxic stockpiles during a protest at the
National Ecology Center as part of Earth Day activities in Manila on Sunday.

wearing a costume
losses his balance
as he joins others
during the 10th Tour
of the Fireflies in
suburban Manila,
Philippines, on Sun-
day. The event is
part of Earth Day
celebrations and to
promote the Clean
Air campaign.

FILIPINO bikers clog a main street during the 10th Tour of the Fireflies in suburban Manila, Philippines, on Sunday.
The event is part of Earth Day celebrations and to promote the Clean Air campaign.

IN THIS PHOTO released by
the Florida Keys News Bureau,
"Living Green in the Key", is
spelled out in sand sculptures,
Saturday, April 19, 2008, dur-
ing an Earth Day-oriented event
at the Cheeca Lodge in' Islam-
orada, Florida. Participants paid
$300 US to form each letter
that featured a Florida Keys flo-
ra or fauna icon. Proceeds ben-
efit the Florida Keys Wild Bird
Center, a local rehabilitation
and treatment centre for
indigenous avian species. Earth
Day is Tuesday, April 22.

Global Warming,
Climate Change
We are in this TOGETHER!

. Here aare some things YOU can do to help
Save Our Planet:
SC lect your aluminum cans for Cans for Kids.
Depots at Sandyport Gas Station, BNT WasteNot, Lyford Cay School,
and NPCC on Blake Rd.
Stop putting your garden clippings out with your garbage.
WasteNot Limited (394-8517) will take it to be composted at Green
Systems (service starts as low as $8/month).
Take reusable grocery bags to the food store. You can get
grocery specific bagsifrom Bahamas National Trust or from Inner
Wheel, East Nassau (go to Coldwell Banker Lightbourn Realty
Take your empty beer bottles to be recycled. Kalik,
Heineken, Guinness and Vitamalt bottles go to Action Recycling
Take your empty Sands bottles Mon, VWed &Thurs 8-12pm to West
Car.Building on Wulff Rd, east of Columbus Primary.
Buy local whenever you can. Buying local dramatically
decreases transportation which is a huge contributor to greenhouse
gas emissions. There are many local producers like Aquapure Water,
Chelsea,'s Choice and Goodfellow Farms.
Conserve water, electricity E gas.
Take your empty ink cartridges to be refilled. Ink Depot on
Carmichael Rd (341-1465) and Prince Charles (324-9465) or
Cartridge Depot on Mt. Royal (328-5249)
The Bahamas National Trust
They look after our national parks (393-1317)
Bahamas Reef Environmental Educational Foundation
They look after our reefs and fish (327-9000)
Bahamas National Pride
They work to keep our islands clean, free from
litter and dumping (326-3330).
I ..... ....... .... -----I'-'--1



TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008, PAGE 11

\ WithdJilai Cash
SPuirclmse U.S. Draft
, *Safety Deposit Box Re 1tal
Purchase V\SA Gifti CIards
'I Apply for VISA. Credit & P^: d "
r Apply for Loanin-
e Ac,,a ss P.iatc B..nki -& Icru S: vce
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Q. Can I withdraw U.S. Dollar funds while I am shopping in Florida?
A. Yes. Customers of Bank of The Bahamas International will be permitted to withdraw funds,
in U.S. Dollars, at BOB Financial Services, Inc. Such withdrawals, however, will be subject to
Bahamian Exchange Control Guidelines.

Q. Will I be able to open a U.S. Dollar account, at BOB Financial Services, Inc.?
A. No. BOB Financial Services, Inc., will not offer U.S. Dollar account facilities at this time.
It will serve as a customer service extension of the Bank's Bahamas based offices and service
centres and will allow customers access to their funds for multiple purposes, within Bahamian
Exchange Control Guidelines.

Q. Will BOB Financial Services, Inc., be able to open accounts for persons wishing to conduct
banking business in The Bahamas?
A. Yes. BOB Financial Services, Inc., will assist prospective customers with opening accounts,
subject to the customer meeting the Bank's usual due diligence requirements and'Bahamian
regulatory guidelines.

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PAGE 12, TUESDAY, APRIL 22, 2008

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thinking about the A



We are...

At Bahamas Waste

We Support Earth Day.


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