The Tribune
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00084249/00939
 Material Information
Title: The Tribune
Uniform Title: Tribune (Nassau, Bahamas)
Portion of title: Nassau tribune
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 58 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tribune
Place of Publication: Nassau, Bahamas
Publication Date: January 30, 2008
Copyright Date: 2008
Frequency: daily, except sunday
normalized irregular
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: Bahamas
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 79, no. 210 (Aug. 3, 1983); title from caption.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 09994850
System ID: UF00084249:00939

Full Text







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Christle: FN

PLP leader claims govt

'without ideas' in face

of rise in violence

Tribune Staff Reporter
THE LEADER of the opposi-
tion has charged that the FNM
government is "helpless" and
"without ideas" in the face of a
major increase in violent crime
in the Bahamas.
"At what stage are we going to
realise that the government may
-not be responsible for crime itself
we agree to that but a gov-
ernment is responsible for
whether or not there are strate-
gies in place to deal with crime,
there is a plan to deal with
crime," said Mr Christie Monday
night at a PLP "open-air" branch
meeting at SC McPherson Junior
High School.
"The country, in the face of
the terrible trouble we are now in
with crime, cannot sit down and
watch a government that appears
in the face of it to be helpless and
without ideas."
Mr Christie criticized the prime
minister for his behaviour in the
FNM's rally last week celebrat-

ing the election court decision in
the Pinewood constituency case.
He said that Mr Ingraham
appeared to enjoy making jokes
and constantly referring to him,
rather than addressing the issue of
crime, which Is foremost on the
minds of most Bahamians.
"But what assurance, or reas-
surance,.did he give to the
SEE page eight

Man shot in his home
Tribune Staff Reporter
THE Bahamas saw more gun violence on Monday despite com-
munity and police initiatives to combat a scourge that has left nine dead
for the year and a number of others injured.
Police reported that a young man was shot by another man while in
his home Monday night, two days after a bloody weekend which saw
four people die in separate incidents from apparent gunshot wounds,
and left two in hospital.
According to police, a 29-year-old man was,roused from his sleep at
11pm Monday while in his Key West Street hqme by a man "known to
When the victim opened his front door to greet his visitor a struggle
SEE page eight

Never start your
engine with o t us!

When it comes to Auto Insurance,
remember the smart choice is
Insurance Management.
.Smart people you can trust.


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helpless on crPme

STUDENTS FROM the Centre for the Deaf learning about the Australian outback yesterday at the
Outback Steakhouse on West Bay Street. The students were treated to lunch as part of the
restaurant's community awareness initiative. SEE PAGE TWO

US airlines offering big
discounts to Bahamas
Tribune Staff Reporter
IN A move that could help reverse the declining
tourism figures of the last two years, several American
a. ,des are now offering significant discounts to entice
travellers to visit the Bahamas.
Both American Airlines and US Airways are cur-
rently offering special rates for round-trip flights to
Grand Bahama and New Providence.
To encourage Americans to visit in economically
struggling Grand Bahama, US Airways is'offering to
take $200 off the original price for a four-day vacation
to that island.
So far this special offer has proven very successful for
the airline.
"Due to popular demand, US Airways vacations is
extending their offer to vacationers and travel agents
- to receive $200 off a four-night air and hotel package
SEE page eight

Study suggests global
warming may lead to
fewer Atlantic hurricanes
Tribune Staff Reporter
A CONTROVERSIAL new scientific study has
suggested that contrary to conventional wisdom
- global warming may in fact lead to fewer Atlantic
hurricanes threatening Caribbean countries and
the United States.
The study, carried out by researchers at the Uni-
versity of Miami in conjunction with the US Federal
Agency, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, links sea temperature rises associ-
ated with global warming to an increase in a phe-
nomena known as "wind shear" that makes it hard-
er for storms to strengthen and stay alive.
Wind shear is a change in wind speeds at differ-
ent altitudes.
Carrying out a review of 150 years of US hurri-
SEE page eight

Power outage
leads to a
of BTC's
GSM system
Tribune Staff Reporter
Bahamas Telecommunications
Company said they have no way
of knowing whether sabotage
played a role in the disruption
of prepaid cellular service
throughout Nassau yesterday.
For nearly eight hours, cus-
tomers of BTC's prepaid cellu-
lar service experienced difficul-
ties in dialling and receiving
calls, and sending and receiv-
ing text messages.
Mr Marlon Johnson, vice-
president of marketing, sales
and business development, said
there was a power outage at a
cellular station that led.to the
eventual shutdown of the entire
GSM system around 7am yes-
This repaid platform had a
back-up power system. Howev-
er, Mr Johnson said the power
surge that knocked out the pre-
paid system had disrupted this
back-up power supply as well.
SEE page eight

Police no closer
to solving murders
of Harl Taylor
and Dr Thaddeus
Tribune Staff Reporter
MORE than two months
after their brutal slaying, police
are still no closer to putting
someone before the courts for
the murders of handbag design-
er Harl Taylor and College of
the Bahamas dean Dr Thad-
deus McDonald.
The murders of both men,
only days apart, rocked the
country as the Bahamas record-
ed.an unprecedented 79 mur-
ders in 2007.
Due to the proximity of the
victim's homes which are
only a street apart and the
apparent timespan of the
killings, many insiders have
speculated about a possible con-
nection between the two deaths.
SEE page eight

"~, M "


Mall at arthon






STUDENTS from the Cen-
tre for the Deaf were treated
to lunch yesterday courtesy of
Outback Steakhouse.
Gloria Young, marketing
manager for the restaurant,
explained that the lunches
began three years ago and are
part of the restaurant's com-
munity awareness initiative,
which is geared toward educat-
ing as well as entertaining inner-
city children and giving them
an experience to remember.
Outback Steakhouse is cur-
rently working with schools in
the Western district of New
Providence, treating a different
group of students every two
So far they have treated
Oakes Field Primary, St Francis
Xavier Primary and Joseph
Catholic Primary.
They are also trying to
encourage other businesses to

follow the trend and give back
to the community.
"For many of these children,
this is their first experience in a
restaurant," said Ms Young.
"Hopefully, we might have
inspired some of them to pursue
careers in culinary arts or some
part of the restaurant or food
The students were first given
a tour of Outback. During the
tour, conducted with the aid of
a sign language interpreter, staff
members explained how differ-
ent elements in te decoration

of the restaurant are represen-
tative of Australia.
They learned a bit about the
culture, flora, and fauna of The
Land Down Under.
The children even got a tour
of the kitchen and were shown
how Outback Steakhouse's sig-
nature "Blooming Onions" are
Sonja Rolle, vice principal of
the Centre for the Deaf, said
the lunch afforded the students
an opportunity to enjoy a one-
of-a-kind restaurant experience.
Also, in light of the media

coverage, she said she feels it
represents a chance for the stu-
dents to become more visible
in the community, which in turn
could sensitize and educate the
public about deafness in the
Ms Rolle said she hopes such
events will open more doors for
the students and diminish the
prevalence of stereotypes and
The school is in its 43rd year
of operation and has a popula-
tion of 44 students.
The purpose of the school is
to provide specialist education
for the students in an effort to
make them capable of func-
tioning fully in society.
The Centre for the Deaf also
caters to the general public,
offering sign language classes
for adults who are deaf or hear-
ing impaired as well as to fami-
ly members and people who
wish to learn the language.


over illegal


in Harbour


Tribune Staff Reporter
AN INFLUX of illegal immi-
grants continues to plague resi-
dents of Harbour Island with
some claiming immigrants are
now flocking to the island "in
Many in the tiny settlement
of Dunmore Town say they feel
overlooked by the government
and claim illegal immigrants are
holding down jobs in the con-
struction and hotel industries
without the proper paperwork.
"We have not only illegal
Haitians, we have illegal
Jamaicans, illegal Americans
and Canadians working
throughout the entire island
man, without papers. Something
has to be done and we're calling
on the government to step up to
the plate," said Martin 'Lee'
Grant, a resident of Dunmore
Town. "The island is only three
miles long and we really need
some help. We are hurting here
in Harbour Island and the ille-
gal immigrants are taking over,
they're holding two and three
construction jobs, hotel jobs and
it seems to me that there is
nothing we can do in Harbour
Mr Grant, a local business-
man, has spoken out on the ille-
gal immigrant issue afflicting
Harbour Island in the past. His
outrage led him to lead a num-
ber of protests in 2007.

Yesterday he complained that
there are no immigration offi-
cers permanently stationed on
the island leaving 'Brilanders
to rely on officers from nearby
mainland Eleuthera.
"We need immigration offi-
cers stationed here desperate-
ly. Even if we have to find hous-
ing for them, we will do that,
but we need two young vibrant
men here."
MP for the area and Speaker
of the House of Assembly Alvin
Smith could not be reached for
comment, however when he
spoke with The Tribune last
August, he stated that the illegal
immigration issue is a "serious
concern" for 'Brilanders.
"It is a real concern; this is
no manufactured of exaggerat-
ed concern, it is a serious con-
cern.We are probably at that
point where we need to have a
full-time person (immigration
officer) here in Harbour
Island," Mr Smith said.
Reports from Harbour Island
allege that every other day,
around a dozen illegal Haitians
descend on the island from
Eluethera under the cover of
night while American, Canadi-
an and Jamaican citizens are
working illegally in hotels.
Attempts were made to con-
tact Minister of State for Immi-
gration Elma Campbell and
Director of Immigration Ver-
non Burrows for comment, but
up to press time they could not
be reached.

Nassau Airport
Development Company



A W llI P Jill I I l

The Nassau Airport Development Company (NAD)
is looking for a visionary executive to join our group
of aviation and customer service experts as we
embark on a $400 million redevelopment of the
Gateway to the Commonwealth of The Bahamas.
Reporting directly to the President and Chief
Executive Officer, the duties and responsibilities of
the successful candidate will include:
* Operating as an integral part of the Senior
Management Team.
* Supporting NAD's goal of transforming the
Lynden-Pindling International Airport into a
world-class facility.
* Planning, procurement, engineering,
construction and commissioning of the
Phase I capital plan.
* Managing capital expenditures to maximize
rate of return and ensuring all capital
projects meet approved Board and
government environmental, health and safety
and regulatory standards.

* Supporting the Phase II terminal
redevelopment project.

* Ensuring a high level of environmental health
and safety for all Authority employees,
contractors, tenants, passengers and
the public, through a number of ongoing
initiatives, such as inspection and testing
programmes, risk assessment and facilities
upgrading programmes.
* Coordinating with partner agencies and
government departments on their capital
and maintenance plans at the airport.
* Providing effective, efficient facility
maintenance with a focus on preventative
maintenance, multi-skilled trades people and
enhanced skill development.

* Ensuring that airport facilities meet
regulatory and code standards through full
documentation of maintenance activities and
a facility permit system.
* Optimizing capital solutions that provide
for appropriate levels of customer service,
airline efficiency, reliability/redundancy and
commercial revenue opportunities while
meeting safety, environmentaland security
* Maintaining and developing a strong,
flexible and capable team of professionals.
Promoting employee training, cross training
and development opportunities to encourage
job satisfaction, promote innovation and
improve job-related skills and knowledge.
Potential candidates will be fully accredited and
experienced senior engineers with 15 to 20
years of experience in a variety of management,
maintenance and construction roles.
A competitive salary and benefits package will be
offered to the successful candidate.

Ifyou.are quillfed and Interested,
pleases, spenyour resume by
S8 February 2008 to:

The Presidentand CEO,
.N Isal Alrpdt Djielopment Company,
SLyhionPindilng International Airport,
SNau. u, Bahamas

or Fax 377-0294

Emeraid Coast is New Providence's newest, and graidousy
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designed around traditional British Colonial architecture.
Nestled in the West, adjacent to South West Ridge Emerald
Coast wil offerand preserve atestyle that revolves around love
of tranquilty and the natural wonders and timelessness
reminscent of the old-Bahamian living that embraces the
flI valae~s of. oo7ppt nity.

Home & lot Packages Starting At

Townhouse Unit Starting At

Single Family Lots Starting At

Reserve yours today, call our sales office at 242 376-

Demo Home Is Now Open ForAppointment Vtewings

""'~""~"*~'~ '-~11111-1--11"""~"~"""""~~~

Centre for Deaf
studens get tast

of the Outback





SIn brief Magazine lists Bahamas as

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Justice of the Court of Appeal
of the Bahamas Christopher
WIackman. (BIS)

New Justice

appointed to

the Bahamas

Court of Appeal
THE Cabinet Office has
announced the appointment
of Christopher Blackman,
GCM, as a resident justice of
the Court of Appeal with
effect from March 1.
Justice Blackman's appoint-
ment was made under Article
99 of the Bahamas Indepen-
dence Order (Constitution).
He joins Court of Appeal
President Dame Joan Sawyer,
MG Ganpatsingh, Emmanuel
E Osadebay and Hartman
Longley on the Court of
Appeal of the Bahamas.
Mr Justice Blackman was
born in 1944 and is a citizen of
He was admitted as a solic-
itor of the Supreme Court of
Barbados in 1970. He became
a partner in the law firm of
Carrington & Sealy in 1971
and in 1987 was appointed
Queen's Counsel.
Justice Blackman acted as
a judge of the High Court of
Barbados on a number of
occasions between November
1996 and November 2000.
From April 2001 to May
2003, he was a judge of the
Supreme Court of Belize.
In June 2003, he was
appointed a judge of the High
Court of Barbados.
Prior to assuming judicial
office, Justice Blackman was
active in the corporate com-
munity life of Barbados.
He served as an indepen-
dent member of the Senate of
Barbados from 1986 to 1990
and as president of the Bar-
bados Bar Association from
1983 to 1986.
Justice Blackman also
served as chairman of the
Caribbean Council of Legal
Education from 1985 to 1992
and chairman of the Police
ServiLt- Commission from
December 1996 to April 2001.

ARUBA: Valero's

oil refinery out of

service after fire
WORKERS on Monday
returned to an oil refinery
where a key unit caught fire
last week, but there was no
timeframe for operations to
resume at the 275,000-bar-
rels-a-day plant on the south-
ern tip of Aruba, according
to Associated Press.
Valero Energy Corp.'s
refinery on the southern
Caribbean island was tem-
porarily out of service fol-
lowing a blaze Friday that
started in a vacuum unit,
according to a spokesman for
the San Antonio-based refin-
"We do have some units
running, but there is no pro-
duction," spokesman Bill
Day said by telephone,
adding the U.S. company
does not know when full
operations will resume.
Day said the area where
the blaze sparked was not
yet accessible to fire investi-
gators. There were no
injuries reported.
The Aruba plant processes
heavy, sour crude which is
cheaper than the light, sweet
variety to produce a high
yield of finished distillate
products and feedstock mar-
keted in the U.S. Gulf Coast,
Florida, the New York Har-
bor and the Caribbean.
Valero, the largest inde-
pendent oil refiner in the
United States, bought the
Aruba plant in 2004.

Tribune Staff Reporter
TOURISM may receive a
little boost in these days
when Americans are tight-
ening their purse strings
after the Bahamas was listed
by a prominent travel maga-
zine as one of the "best
places to stretch a weak dol-
Travel and Leisure maga-
zine's February issue

Tribune Staff Reporter
ALTHOUGH the Bahamas likes to consid-
er itself one of the most progressive and suc-
cessful countries in the Caribbean, other island
nations appear to have higher standards when
it comes to services such as power supply and
This weekend New Providence once again
experienced an island-wide blackout the first
for the new year. BEC said that faulty insula-
tors on two of its major distribution lines had
led to the power loss. The company assured the
Bahamian public that repairs were underway.
The Bahamas traditionally faces several
blackouts and numerous smaller outages each
Earlier this month, Jamaica faced a similar
situation, however the consequences were
decidedly different.
The Jamaican daily The Gleaner reported
that following the third nation-wide blackout in
18 months, one of the vice-presidents at the
Jamaica Public Service Company (JPS) stepped
down from a company he worked at for 30

"Their dollar is pegged to our dollar, and in some spots you
can even use greenbacks. To keep your bottom line really
steady, stay at an all-inclusive resort, where you'll prepay for
meals and even some drinks."

Travel and Leisure magazine

includes an article listing 10
holiday spots where US citi-
zens can expect to be able

to enjoy a vacation without
having to break the bank.
Along with countries and

regions including Eastern
Europe, Hong Kong, New
Zealand, Vietnam all sig-
nificantly further away from
the United States than this
country the Bahamas was
identified by the popular
magazine as somewhere
where holiday "bargains"
can still be found.
"Their dollar is pegged to
our dollar, and in some spots
you can even use green-
backs. To keep your bottom
line really steady, stay at an
all-inclusive resort, where
you'll prepay for meals and
even some drinks," says the
Recommending where to
stay, the magazine notes Our
Lucaya in Grand Bahama as
a good choice for thrifty
"If you want extra value
(and more all-inclusive
options), stay on the Shera-
ton side, where all-inclusive
nightly rates start at $295 per
couple," it says.

Yesterday a leading Wall
Street financial institution
downgraded its forecast for
the Bahamian economy in
2008 from "positive" to "sta-
ble", pointing to the
foundering US economy, on
which this country relies
heavily for its well being, as
the major reason for the
However, some commen-
tators, including Minister of
State for Finance Zhivargo
Laing who said last week
that he expects the Bahami-
an economy to do better this
year than last have noted
previously that the Bahami-
an tourism sector in particu-
lar can still do well in spite
of the problems in the US
because of the archipelago's
proximity to Florida.
Observers have suggested
that our geographic position
could act as a draw for cash-
strapped Americans trying
to save money on the cost of


According to The Gleaner, Harold Nemb-
hard who was appointed vice-president of
power delivery services at the JPS in 2004 -
resigned with immediate effect on Tuesday,
one week after the power outage.
JPS officials said that Mr Nembhard volun-
tarily tendered his resignation as he felt it was
the right thing to do following the nation-wide
Mr Nembhard had overall responsibility for
the company's transmission network.
The company has now announced that it will
bring in the expertise of a technical team from
Atlanta to improve the JPS system.
In addition to upgrading its power company
to ensure that future nation-wide outages occur
less frequently. Jamaica also has made strides
in improving telephone services in the country.
While BTC still holds the monopoly o0 cel-
lular phone service in the Bahamas, Jamaica
has revolutionised its telecommunication sys-
The Ireland-based cellular provider Digicel
just recently ended the 106-year telephone
monopoly of the London-based Cable and
Wireless company in Jamaica. The Miami Her-
ald reported that Digicel was able to sign up
100,000 new customers within 100 days.

BIC ,l ctupe

THE Bahamas Agricultural
and Industrial Corporation's
12-week business empower-
ment lecture series gets
underway on February 7 at
the College of the Bahamas.
Author and financial plan-
ner Glenn Ferguson will
speak on: 'Empowering
Bahamians global and
domestic perspectives' during
the opening session at 7pm at
the lecture theatre of the Col-
lege's Culinary and Hospital-
ity Management Centre on
Thompson Boulevard.
Held in conjunction with
the College's School of Busi-
ness, this is the third install-
ment of the free series.
They have been well
received by established and
budding business persons.
"We want to sensitise
Bahamians to the many busi-
ness opportunities available
to them now," said BAIC's
Business Services Department
assistant manager Lester Stu-
"We want to encourage
them to exploit these oppor-
tunities, and empower them-
selves to become self
Topics to be covered
include: business plan devel-
opment, government regula-
tions, customer service, c-
commerce, accounting, secu-
rity, linking business with the
tourism sector and the testi-
monials of successful busi-
"We want to provide poten-
tial business persons with an
opportunity to be exposed to
proven successful business
strategies, best practices, and
real life business experi-
ences," said Mr Stuart.

BAIC'S CONSULTANT Benjamin Rahming (front) and the business
empowerment team, pictured from left, Business Services Depart-
ment assistant manager Lester Stuart, business services officer
Tonjia Burrows, and junior business officer Levar Miller.
BAIC is aware of the
important role small and
medium sized businesses play ,
in the economy of the
Bahamas, especially as they ..
relate to job creation, said Mr
"We therefore remain com-
mitted to assisting them in
their development."
A highlight of the series will
be the round-table discussion
with bankers.
The organizers pointed out
that entrepreneurs should
seek to strengthen linkages
with financial institutions, in
an effort to make it as easy
as possible to secure the nec-
essary funding.
"This series will especially
enhance the capacity of busi-
ness persons to benefit from
the many investment projects
throughout the Bahamas,"
said Mr Stuart.


Jamaican power outage

sparks very different

consequences from

Bahamas blackout

Harbour Green Shops at Lyford Cay
Telephone: (242) 362-6656
Bayparl Building, Parliament Street
Telephone: (242) 323-8240 Fax: (242) 326-9953
P.O. Box N-121, Nassau, N.P., Bahamas
e-mail: info@colesofnassau.com


^*^^ ^ ^^^^ ^^^ .1





The Tribune Limited
Being Bound to Swear to The Dogmas of No Master

LEON E. H. DUPUCH, Publisher/Editor 1903-1914

(Hon.) LL.D., D.Litt.

Publisher/Editor 1919-1972
Contributing Editor 1972-1991

Publisher/Editor 1972-

Published Daily Monday to Saturday

Shirley Street, P.O. Box N-3207, Nassau, Bahamas
Insurance Management Building., P.O. F-485, Freeport, Grand Bahama

Switchboard (News, Circulation and Advertising) 322-1986
Advertising Manager (242) 502-2352
Circulation Department (242) 502-2387
Nassau Fax: (242) 328-2398
Freeport, Grand Bahama: 1-(242)-352-6608
Freeportfax: (242) 352-9348

Indiscipline is root cause of troubles

THE ROOT cause of the lawlessness in
our society, of which we now complain and
want government to provide an instant solu-
tion, stems from the fact that we are an undis-
ciplined people.
We do what we want, when we want, how
we want, regardless of how it might disrupt
the lives of others. Everything is fine in all
possible worlds as long as we get what we
want. If what we want is on the wrong side of
the law,athat too is fine, as long as we don't
get caught in achieving it. Today the only sin
is the sin of getting caught. As long as our
transgressions are not discovered, we con-
tinue to move in society's most respectable
It was in the seventies that Johnny and
Susie were promised from political podiums
that no longer would they have to pick up
after themselves. Their path to success was to
be strewn with roses all the way. And so the
seed was sown, and Johnny and Susie started
to feel their oats and break the rules.
In this column several years ago we told of
an incident in which a student was disciplined
and sent home -by a headmaster a head-
master noted for demanding respect for
authority. The following daythe late Sir Lyn-
den Pindling's chauffeur-driven car arrived at
the school. Out stepped the arrogant young
man. Head held high, he walked phst the
astonished headmaster, gave him a high five,
and returned to his classroom.
This young man might have won the battle
on the school campus that day, but over the
years we understand that in life's struggle he
did not win the war.
And today Bahamians wonder what's
wrong. There is no quick fix for a creeping
affliction that has gradually got worse over
the years.
Today's problems start in the home and
continue in the schools. And that is where the
"zero tolerance" of which Police Commis-
sioner Reginald Ferguson spoke recently,
has to begin.
The schools have rules and those rules
have to be obeyed. It is here that young peo-
ple learn the "A, B, Cs" of what it means to
obey and eventually acquire an "abiding
respect for the rule of law." Parents who
complain about teachers who enforce school
rules are no help to either their children, or to
a community, now plagued with the fall-out
from young people gone wild.
Last week about 15 high school students
were pulled out.of Queen's College because

of a breech of the dress code. It was a not a
sudden inspection. The high school princi-
pal told The Tribune that both students and
parents were warned of the school's plans to
enforce a "zero tolerance" policy against
dress code infractions. Focus was put on low-
ering the girls' uniform hems and seeing that
the boys had acceptable haircuts.
Every home room teacher discussed the
school rules, including the dress code with
their students. The students were told that
they had a week to rectify the infractions.
They were told to go home and discuss the
rules with their parents, girls to pay special
attention to their skirt lengths. On the day of
the deadline, there was a homeroom inspec-
tion. All had complied, except about 15 stu-
dents. They were sent home, later returning
to school after they had met the dress code.
But there were parents who wanted to
argue..Obviously, they expected the rules to
be bent for their little Susie.
Said one father, "We pay them too much
money for them to just be sending children
home like that."
To this father we would suggest that he is
indeed getting his money's worth if his daugh-
ter learns obedience. His daughter is learning
early that rules are there not be to ignored,
laughed at or broken, but to be obeyed. She
was warned. She chose to ignore the warning.
And so she learned the hard way that there
are consequences to disobedience.
Often parents are the problem. Growing
up in a society where rules were made to be
bent, they don't understand that the schools
are now trying to reverse the trend. Unless
this trend is reversed, don't send to ask who
is going to stop the crime. It starts with you,
the parent, and continues in the school with
the teachers. And if students don't learn to
obey before they graduate, they will find
themselves in the hands of the police and a
Commissioner who is committed "to a policy
of zero tolerance for criminal behaviour and
an abiding respect for the rule of law a law
that will be applied equally without favour
and irrespective of status, colour or creed."
We applaud all schools that are now pre-
pared to demand zero tolerance in their stu-
dents' behaviour. They will be making a
tremendous contribution to introducing dis-
cipline back into our society. Even if it is
only a girl's correct skirt length Bahamians
have to learn to obey rules before order can
be returned to our streets.

Amazed by


for laws

This very point. Senators are to
EDITOR, The Tribune. be appointed in the dignified
manner as prescribed by our
I AM amazed at the manner constitution and not in the bar
in which our politicians in gen- room brawl type atmosphere
eral and prime ministers in par- played out in the press by our
ticular so often display a bla- "nine Senators shall be appoint- national leaders.
tant disregard for the laws and ed by the Governor General Prime Minister Ingraham in
conventions which govern our acting in accordance with the my view is inexcusably tardyin
beloved Bahamaland. A classic advise of the Prime Minister"." carrying out the aforemen-
case has unfolded over the past 3) Article 39(3) states that, tioned responsibility. Admit-
weekend. In a story given by "four Senators shall be appoint- tedly, this is quite uncharacter-
Tribune staff reporter, Paul G ed by the Governor General istic of him.
Turnquest, under the caption, acting in accordance with the He has accused Mr Christie
"P M Ingraham To Appoint advise of the Leader of the of being "late again" on a num-
Senator To Fill Final Seat By Opposition". ber of occasions. Now, Mr
End Of Month", he quoted Mr 4) Article 39(4) states that, Ingraham must bite the bullet
Ingraham as saying, "I've wait- "three Senators shall be for this debacle and accept sole
ed long enough for Mr Christie appointed by the Governor- responsibility. I hold no brief
and those to get their act General acting in accordance for Mr Christie, who only a
together." with the advise of the Prime short while ago took eight to 10
The story continues, "I pro- Minister after consultation with months to appoint a replace-
pose to consult Mr Christie one the Leader of the Opposition." ment for Mr Edison Key after
more time, and then I propose The Prime Minister has com- his resignation from the Senate.
to advise the Governor Gener- plied with Article 39(2). The In closing, a bigger question
al to appoint a senator to finish Leader of the Opposition has must be considered. How could
filling the vacancy that now complied with Article 39(3). It this situation be allowed to con-
exists in the senate, so we can is the Prime Minister who has tinue for almost nine months
have a sixteen-man senate, and failed to carry out his responsi- with no intervention from Par-
I propose to do that before the ability as outlined in Article liament or the Judiciary?
end of this month, January 39(4). Had he so done, the Gov- I trust that if we ever get
2008. ernor General would have around to making some much
If we take these statements made the necessary appoint- needed constitutional reform
of the prime minister at face ments. I am convinced that Mr that provisions would be made
value, and I assume he is sin- Ingraham fully appreciates the to severely penalize or even
cere, then I submit that as a difference between consultation revoke the appointments of par-
country we have cause for grave and concurrence. His duty was liamentarians /members of The
concern. Let's examine a few to present three names to the Executive who seem to think
facts: Governor-General after con- that they can violate our con-
1) Based on Article 39(1) of sultation with the Leader of the stitution with impunity.
The Constitution, The Senate, Opposition. Whether Mr.
shall consist of sixteen mem- Christie agreed with him or not G A WATKINS
bers. is immaterial. The appointment Nassau,
2) Article 39(2) states that of Senator Tanya Wright proves January 24, 2008.

We elected the FNMto solve

problems not create them
EDITOR, The Tribune. Prime Minister. It seems as if it than from Clifton or Coral Ha

I HAD hoped that the Prime
Minister's speech last evening
would have indicated that final-
ly we had a logical thinking
Government alas I was pre-
tending that was possible.
The container docks on East
Bay Street starting with the one
owned by the Kelly family -
then the one owned by the
Bethell family then Pioneer
and of course the Symonette's
bringing up the most easterly
one would be closed and trans-
ferred to a location out of the
way from where there is the
majority of traffic probably
along the south-west coast -
alas there is no one seemingly in
Cabinet who can persuade the

was not his idea although it is
the better proposal he will not
agree. That's pettiness, Prime
He did state that containers
will stop sometime this year,
why not immediately, being
moved during daylight hours
downtown, but he did not warn
the consumers that this will add
to the cost of your package of
Corn Flakes as the drivers and
stevedores will have to be paid
"double time".
He did announce that the
container operators want dis-
tribution centres or what is
called in the trade a "stripping
depot" on Gladstone Road.
Isn't the distance between
East Bay or Arawak Cay longer

bour to Gladstone Road drive?
Even the moving of contain-
ers from Arawak Cay to Glad-
stone at night will rumble very
close to Croton Avenue in The
Grove and certainly in front of
and use the new proposed con-
nector road in front of Baha
Mar to Inner Field junction with
Gladstone and down Gladstone
to the annoyance of those own-
ers of homes in the new size-
able sub-divisions both private
and Government.
We elected the FNM to
resolve problems not to create
January 14, 2008.

Plugging you into the power of the sun...

A Star in the Galaxy Group of Companies
Crawford St., Oakes Field
Tel: 323-5171 Fax: 322-6969

Why was national event boycotted?
EDITOR, The Tribune.
I WAS shocked that no television channel seems to have attend-
ed Remembrance Sunday celebrations, neither the National Church
Service at Christ Church Cathedral, nor the Wreath Laying at the
Cenotaph. This celebration originated from the signing of the
cease-fire after the 1914-18 First World War and the signing of the
amnesty with the hope that there would be no further wars.
The public needs some explanation from the Chair of Bahamas
Broadcasting Corporation, Barry Malcolm as the State owned
National television service and a further question to Cable Tele-
vision and JCN why did you boycott this national event?
We might only have a few of those veterans living, however we
cannot forget those Royal Bahamas Marines who lost their lives in
the HMBS Flamingo incident.
November 12,2007.


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Serving The Bahamian Community Since 1978




* AL

0 In brief


standoff ends

in Venezuela
ORITUCO, Venezuela
GUNMEN who held more
than 30 hostages inside a
Venezuelan bank for over 24
hours fled in an ambulance
and were caught Tuesday
along a roadside, where they
surrendered and freed their
last five captives, according
to Associated Press.
The gunmen first let three
hostages go and then negoti-
ated with police while hold-
ing on to the last two, Guari-
co state Gov. Eduardo
Manuitt said.
"This nightmare is over,"
Manuitt told state television.
They eventually turned
over their guns and a
grenade, and then were
ordered to the ground as
police arrested them,
Manuitt said. The pursuit
ended less than two hours
after the gunmen fled the
bank in the ambulance under
a deal negotiated with police.
The standoff in this town
southeast of Caracas began
Monday morning with a
botched robbery. In the final
hours, some hostages inside
the bank waved signs in the
windows with desperate
pleas for help and used cell
phones to call their relatives.
Under the deal with police,
the gunmen were permitted
to leave with five hostages
who agreed to accompany
them, freeing the rest of the
captives at the bank.
One of the hostages who
later left with the gunmen,
Vanessa Saavedra, spoke
quietly and haltingly to
Colombia's Caracol Radio by
cell phone from inside the
bank, saying: "We don't want
them to shoot ... We don't
want them to open fire.

THE Ministry of Health will
soon begin a series of consulta-
tions with pharmaceutical sup-
pliers and pharmacists on its pro-
posed National Drug Plan, Min-
ister of Health and Social Devel-
opment Dr Hubert Minnis said.
The discussions, he noted, will
be used to get input on the pro-
posed plan and evaluate how the
relevant parties can best collab-
orate to achieve the desired
Dr Minnis said the focus of the
National Drug Plan, which is
expected to be introduced "in the
not too distant future," is to
increase access to prescription
drugs for chronic disease patients.
"You would appreciate that
drug therapy is an important
component of the treatment
regime to manage and control
the health and financial burden
faced by individuals and the com-
munity as a whole, because of
the high prevalence of chronic
diseases," Dr Minnis said during
an address at the opening session
of the annual Bahamian Health
System Pharmacists' Retreat.
"In addition to increasing
access, the plan will also provide
healthcare providers with infor-
mation on compliance, which is
essential for controlling the effect
of chronic, non-communicable
diseases (CNCDs) in patients."
Dr Minnis confirmed that the
plan will be administered by the
National Insurance Board. He
said officials at the Ministry of
Health have been working "dili-
gently" with officials from the
Ministry of Housing and Nation-
al Insurance on the development
of a viable, efficient and cost
effective plan.
"Pharmacists will, of course,
play a significant role in the suc-
cessful implementation of the
plan," Dr Minnis added.
He said the need for an effec-
tive National Drug Plan arose as
a result of an increase in the
prevalence of chronic, non-com-
municable diseases in the
Bahamas and the impact they
have had on resources at both
public hospitals and other care
"The prevalence of chronic,
non-communicable diseases such
as obesity, diabetes, coronary
heart disease, strokes and can-
cers in our country is unaccept-
ably high," Dr Minnis said. "Our
CNCD mortality data shows that
in 2001, these diseases accounted
for nearly 45 per cent of all
deaths and by 2003, CNCD-relat-
ed deaths had risen to 57.4 per
cent. In 2005, that figure rose to
65 per cent.
"This increasing trend repre-
sents a growing disease burden
on our people, on the delivery of


Govt 'looking for other ways

to provide benefits for

* By DENISE MAYCOCK I security in the school system, but stores may carry 2,000 ite
Tribune Freeport Reporter we have to be prudent." of that number there may
dmaycock@tribunemedia.net On the issue of price control 50 items that are subject

FREEPORT Although the
eight per cent tax exemption for
first time home owners has
expired, Minister of State for
Finance Zhivargo Laing said the
government is looking for other
ways to provide benefits to the
Bahamian public.
"A large number of Bahami-
ans own their own homes and we
have to acknowledge that that is
the case, and that has been hap-
pening now for decades without
this exemption," said Mr Laing.
"I understand that this benefit
you can no longer take advantage
of because the period of time has
expired, but we are also continu-
ing to look for ways to benefit
the Bahamian public generally in
terms of a number of things," he
Mr Laing addressed several
concerns and issues while on
Grand Bahama over the week-
end including the expired
exemption, hiring in the public
service and price control.
Grand Bahama businessman
Michael Edwards has called on
the government to reconsider its
decision to end the tax exemp-
tion to first time homeowners,
especially here in Grand Bahama,
which is still struggling economi-
He said it is "unconscionable"
to levy such a tax, which does not
help the economy and results in
further "monetary and emotional
trauma" to residents of Grand
Mr Laing, however, explained
that a large number of Bahamians
already own their own homes, but
cannot get a mortgage.
"While those first time owners

healthcare and the economy.
Like other countries in the
Caribbean region, the prevalence
of chronic, non-communicable
diseases and their impact on our
health facilities at both public
and hospitals and our primary
healthcare facilities contributes
significantly to the cost of the
provision of healthcare," Dr Min-
nis added.
The government, he pointed
out, subscribes to the interna-
tionally accepted principle that
health is a fundamental human
right, not a privilege, and to the
view that quality health care must
be universal in its application.
"As healthcare costs continue
to rise, it is essential for us to
improve our understanding of the
clinical, economic and social
implications of budgeting for the
healthcare system," Dr Minnis

are not able to benefit, we now
have another scenario where
'large numbers who own their own
homes can benefit," he explained.
When asked if there was a
moratorium on hiring at the pub-
lic service, Mr Laing said that hir-
ing has to be justified by each
He stressed that the govern-
ment has to be prudent and
ensure that there is a real need
for hiring before taking on new
"What is now happening, if you
were to look at the 2007/2008
budget, you will see posts for a
number of things and funding
available for those posts.
"So what is being required of
departments is to justify that
there is a post and that there is
funding available so that we are
supplying real needs and not just
hiring for hiring sake," he said.
"So no one can suggest that
there is no hiring going on -
teachers and doctors still have to
be hired. In some cases, there is
need for clerical staff, and there
are critical needs for janitors and

MINISTER OF Health and Social
Development Dr Hubert Minnis
addresses delegates attending the
annual Bahamian Health System
Pharmacists' Retreat. Dr Minnis
congratulated the organizers for
providing continuing education to
pharmacists in the Bahamas.
Patrick Hanna/BIS



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in Grand Bahama, Mr Laing said
that rising prices were among his
major concerns prior to the FNM
coming to office.
"I was chasing prices in the
foodstores a great deal and I con-
tinue to do so. And even then, I
said to people 'do not rely on the
government to bring down the
prices in stores it does not hap-
pen that way'," he said.
Mr Laing noted that price con-
trols apply to only a small number
of goods. He said the only way
prices go down is if consumers
begin to speak out.
He explained that some food-

ms, and
be only
to price

"Consumer pressure is how
you get prices to come down -
when you say to the store owner
'I will not take the continuing rise
in price of these products and not
buy it,' then they are compelled to
reduce it and I saw it work when
I spoke out and I saw them bring
down the price of cereal," he
Mr Laing said that when the
government decreases Customs
duties on an item and the
supplier does not pass that savings
on, the government should step


"I can tell you that we removed
the duties on the little soups and
I notice the price did not go down
and it was still at 33 cents. Every
time I go in the store, I say to the
manager 'I removed Customs
duty on that, why is it still at 33
cents?' And I think it is now 29
cents," he said.
"And so consumers have to
agitate, but don't believe price
control is going to solve that cost
"But what there can be is
maybe a re-examination of the
bread basket items to see if it
needs to be expanded.
"But, that will not solve the
general high prices of items in the
food store," he said.


. S I E NI A L & C M M E R C A L

LOT NO. 91 a portion of
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Residence
PROPERTY SIZE: 11,835 sq. ft.
LOCATION: South of the main Dundas Town

LOT NO. 152
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Residence
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.12 acres
LOCATION: Northwestern side of
intersection of Inagua Drive & Court #3

LOT NO. 57
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Residence
PROPERTY SIZE: 5,487 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Abaco Drive

LOT PO. 5 Block 25 ,
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Residence
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.22 acres
LOCATION: Along Victoria Lane South of
Whitehall Place

LOT NO. 5 Block 17
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Residence
4 beds/3 baths
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.28 acres
LOCATION: Northern side of a cul-de-sac
called Churchill Court

LOT NO. 44 Block 30
DESCRIPTION: 5 Bedroom, Single Storey
PROPERTY SIZE: 12,196.80 sq. ft.
LOCATION: Stratford Way


LOT NO. 19 Block 20
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Lot
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.27 acres
LOCATION: Western Side of Perth Court
LOT NO. 9 Block 17 Unit 3
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Lot
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.30 acres
LOCATION: Queens Highway & Dagenham
LOT NO. 152 Block "D" Section 2
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Lot
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.23 acres
LOCATION: South side of Kay Avenue West
of Drayton Street intersection

LOT NO. 13 Block 2
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Lot
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.34 acres
LOCATION: Northeastern section of
intersection of Ascension Drive & Tahiti Drive

LOT NO. 124
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Residence,
1 bed/1 bath
PROPERTY SIZE: 5,400 Sq. Ft.
LOCATION: Abaco Drive

LOT NO. 22 Block 16
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Residence,
3 beds/2 baths
PROPERTY SIZE: 16,300 Sq. Ft.
LOCATION: On Ivemess Lane

LOT NO. "Fairway Manor" Condominium
Apartment #304
DESCRIPTION: 1 bed /1 bath
LOCATION: Front Street Murphy Town

LOT NO. 113
DESCRIPTION: Fourplex Apartment
PROPERTY SIZE: 12,564 Sq. Ft.
LOCATION: On north of Nansen Avenue and
east of Forbisher Drive

LOT NO. 7 Block 1 Unit 1
DESCRIPTION: Single Storey Residence
PROPERTY SIZE: 13,660 Sq. Ft.
LOCATION: Cul-de-sac off Albatros Circle

LOT NO. 11 Block 22 Unit 2
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Lot
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.35 acres
LOCATION: South Side of Orlando Drive &
Arden Forest

LOT NO. 38 Block 47 Section 8A
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Lot
PROPERTY SIZE: 11,250 Sq.ft.
LOCATION: Southern Side of Harley Street
(backing onto the northern side of a canal)
LOT NO. 26 Block 1 Unit 1
PROPERTY SIZE: 13,800 Sq. Ft.
LOCATION: South Side of Ludford Drive

LOT NO. 46 Block 16 Unit 5
DESCRIPTION: Single Family Lot
PROPERTY SIZE: 0.26 acre
LOCATION: Southern side of Moor Close
east of intersection of Moor drive & Moor

CHRISTOPHER KNOWLES (FREEPORT), P.O. BOX F-40876, TEL: 352-8307; FAX: 352-8221




Sparkman Ferguson

to perform a benefit

concert to aid COB

scholarship fund
A BENEFIT concert
has been organized to
raise money for stu-
dents wishing to attend
the College of the
On Thursday, January
31 at 7.45pm at Christ
Church Cathedral, Dr
Sparkman Ferguson, a
local dentist and cathe-
dral organist, will per-
form a 65 session for
the COB Scholarship
"Anyone with the
experience of college
fees knows how expen-
sive educating oneself
or others can be," said
COB in a statement
yesterday. "The aver-
age Bahamian can be
challenged with afford-
ing education, especial-
ly at the tertiary level."


The college said that
while many individuals
and groups have con-
tributed to the COB
Scholarship Fund over
the years to assist with
tuition needs, "there is
always a need for more
funding to address the
needs of students
The statement said
that the recital will fea-
ture classical and
sacred organ music.
It said the concert
will include music com-
posed by great com-
posers such as Bach,
Guilmant, Widor,
Dubois. Elgar, Stanley,
and Boellman.
The compositions of
two modern composers
will also be presented.
These are Gordon
Young and Ralph Simp-
son an African Amer-
Members of the pub-
lic are invited to attend.

Adjudicators named for E Clement

Bethel National Arts Festival

THE Department of Culture
has identified the adjudicators
for the 2008 E Clement Bethel
National Arts Festival, slated
to begin on February 11.
Dance adjudicator Barbara
Requa is a former director of
the Edna Manley School of
Dance in Kingston, Jamaica.
She was also a member, per-
former and teacher of the
world renowned National
Dance Theatre Company of
Jamaica the premier dance
company in the English-speak-
ing Caribbean.
Lee Callender, composer,
voice coach, musician and per-
forming instrumentalist is this
year's music adjudicator.
The department said in a
statement that Mr Callender
is a sought-after accompanist
in the contemporary and clas-
sical fields and has been an
accompanist on several locally
released recordings.
He performed in the
Caribbean and the United
States of America and has trav-
elled to Europe as piano
soloist, accompanist and vocal
coach for the Bahamian group
"B4", as well as for his wife
JoAnn Callender.
Mr Callender is featured as a
piano soloist on the special fifth
anniversary release of the
Bahamas National Youth
Choir, playing two preludes
and variations on a theme by E
Clement Bethel, both original
compositions by Cleophas
Adderley (the former director
of culture.)
Drama adjudicator James
Catalyn studied drama at De'-
Paul University in Chicago, Illi-
"Bahamian culture has been
brought to the forefront by the
prolific writing of Mr Catalyn,
whose works have been per-
formed on stage, radio and
throughout the islands of the
Bahamas," said the depart-
nient's statement!, -, 1
Mr Catalyn and his troupe
represefited the Balhmas in



DRAMA ADJUDICATOR James Catalyn (left) speaks during a press conference announcing the launch of the 2008 E Clement Bethel Nation-
al Arts Festival as Arts and crafts adjudicator Heino Schmid looks on.

New Zealand, Trinidad,
Bermuda and at the United
Nations headquarters in New
York City.
His'insistence that Bahami-
ans speak "Bahamianese" has
made many aware of the beau-
ty and uniqueness of Bahamian
"In his writings and perfor-
mances, he accentuates the
beauty of our language while
encouraging us to be proud of
this aspect of our culture." said
the statement.
Arts and crafts adjudicator
Heino Schmid is a Bahamian,
born to a Bahamian mother
and a German father.
He earned his bachelor of
fine arts degree in photogra-
phy at'the Savannah College

of Art Design and his masters
degree in fine arts from the
Utrecht Graduate School of
Visual Art & Design in
Utrecht, the Netherlands.
He has participated in
numerous group shows in the

Bahamas, the United States of
America, the United Kingdom
and Europe.
Among them were "Work!"
in 2007 at the Popopistudios
Gallery, Nassau; "Funky Nas-
sau: Recovering An Identity"

in 2006 at the National Art
Gallery of the Bahamas and at
the Nassauischer Kunstverein
in Wiesbaden, Germany; and
"Dare 1" in 2006, at Univer-
siteitsmuseum in Utrecht, the

Police: Elderly German tourist dies while

swimming off Jamaican north coast resort

* KINGSTON, Jamaica

JAMAICAN authorities planned to conduct
an autopsy on a German tourist who died while
swimming off the north coast resort of Negril,
police said Monday, according to Associated
The body of Hilda Weber, 81, whose home-

town in Germany was not immediately clear,
was found adrift in the Caribbean Sea on Sun-
day, shortly after she went for a swim, a police
statement said.
A group of local people came to Weber's
aid, but she was pronounced dead at a nearby
hospital. Authorities believe she suffered a
heart attack while swimniing.








ZNS a public service challenge

One of the first things
to go in a coup -
right after the presidential
palace is the radio and TV
station so we know broad-
casting has power." Stephen
King, director of BBC World
Service Trust, speaking at the
Commonwealth Broadcasting
Association meeting in Nassau
last week.

Seventeen years ago, in the
midst of a tanking economy, a
group of home-grown Muslim
jihadis blew up the police head-
quarters in Trinidad, took over
parliament and held the prime
minister and many others
The second thing they did
was take over the state-run tele-
vision station to announce
that the government had been
A six-day stand-off ensued
with the army, accompanied by
widespread looting and chaos
in the capital. The prime minis-
ter and his attorney general
were both shot and wounded
by their captors, and dozens of
others were killed during the
coup attempt.
Trinidad and Tobago is a
plural society. The main ethnic
groups are Hindu East Indians
and Christian Africans, with a
small minority of Muslim
Asians, but the group that
mounted the 1990 coup was
mostly black. Its leader was a
former policeman named
Lennox Philips who had con-
verted to Islam.
This bit of recent history
shows that we don't need to
look far to see how our own
parliamentary democracy might
be threatened someday. Our
formerly homogenous society
is now developing a significant
and exploited creole minority,
not to mention a hardened
criminal underclass.
Of course, it is an extreme
example for us. But for some
members of the Common-
wealth Broadcasting Associa-
tion who met in Nassau last
week, it is a chilling reality. On
Friday, Tough Call attended a
workshop at the British Colo-
nial Hilton that examined state
pressure on broadcasters in sev-
eral countries.
Fiji is a Pacific Ocean archi-
pelago that is a former British
colony and parliamentary
democracy like us. Since inde-
pendence in 1970 it has had no
less than four coups, and is cur-
rently run by the army. The
clear message of Bill Parkinson,
who operates private radio sta-
tions under this regime, was that
complacency should always be
"You should establish a
strong media council and code
of conduct which will give you
bargaining power in the event
something bad happens. And
in a small society it should be a
cross-media council. You should
never stop promoting media
freedom, and don't take it for
granted that ordinary folk
understand what media free-
dom is all about."
Well, there is no media asso-
ciation here. And the state con-
tinues to control television and
radio infrastructure, as well as
the antiquated licensing and
regulatory regime. Of course,
no-one is suggesting that we will
be threatened by a rebellion any
time soon. But political control
of the state broadcaster remains
an issue.
In his keynote address, Com-
monwealth Secretary-General
Don Mckinnon pointed to
recent research that shows a
clear correlation between
democracy, a free media, and
economic growth. "The media
has enormous power and poten-
tial...there must be responsibil-
ity on the part of both media
and government to exercise that
power with freedom and wis-
dom. That's what governance
is all about."
He added that there was gen-
eral agreement today that state
ownership of the media has no
place in a democratic context,
and observed that the Bahamas
was currently seeking to con-
vert ZNS into a public service
broadcaster. That was a refer-
ence to Prime Minister Hubert
Ingraham's remarks at the con-
ference on Wednesday.
Mr Ingraham recalled ZNS'
failure as a government monop-
oly to provide free and fair
political coverage prior to the
1992 general election that
brought the Free National

F1 S


"Throughout its 70-year

history ZNS has been a crea-
ture of the state."

Movement to power for the first
time. As a result, that first FNM
government began licensing pri-
vate radio stations within two
months of coming to office..
Now, in addition to ZNS,
there are 12 private radio licens-
es, a dedicated parliamentary
channel, a community informa-
tion channel on cable, and a pri-
vate television station. And the
FNM was recently re-elected
with a mandate to complete the
liberalisation of Bahamian
broadcasting by transforming
ZNS into a non-commercial ser-
vice funded by corporate spon-
sorships and endowments in
addition to government grant.


Throughout its 70-year his-
tory ZNS has been a creature of
the state. Political control has
been a hot-button issue ever
since legislation was passed in
1956 to pave the way for televi-
sion, which was introduced in
1977. Before then, broadcast-
ing was part of the Telecoms
Department, which launched
ZNS radio in 1936 as a weather
Currently, the Public Utilities
Commission regulates telecoms
and a separate body was to have
been created to oversee broad-
casting. But the industry has
moved faster than the politi-
cians, and experts now say the
entire regulatory system must
be revised to bring it in line with
modern standards. Essentially,
this means a single independent
regulator to govern a converged
communications sector.
Mr Ingraham acknowledged
as much in his speech to the
CBA last week: "Much of what
we seek to achieve in broad-
casting," he said, "requires us
to update nd improve our reg-
ulation of the sector, bringing
our standards up to interna-
tional levels and thereby pro-
viding safeguards against
But he also argued that it
would be much better for
broadcasters and publishers to
develop their own industry
codes, to be applied through a
self-regulating media council.
This approach was echoed by

Patrick Cozier, head of the Bar-
bados-based Caribbean Broad-
casting Union.
"There is an ongoing transi-
tion from state-run to public
service broadcasting through-
out the region," Cozier said,
"together with the creation of
independent regulatory author-
ities that have media represen-
tation. There is also a need for
all countries in the region to
enact freedom of information
laws, whereas currently only a
minority have them, and we
want a debate on licensing -
which can be applied punitively
to broadcasters."

This debate has already
taken place in the two
biggest CARICOM countries,
Trinidad and Jamaica. Both
governments shut down their
old state-run broadcasting cor-
porations years ago and set up
new public broadcasting ser-
vices in 2006. The Bahamas has
been talking about following
suit although without upset-
ting the ZNS apple cart.
And like ZNS. those old
state companies in Trinidad and
Jamaica although created
somewhat in the image of the
BBC were never true public
broadcasters. They had to
endure constant interference
and micro-management by
politicians and their agents. In
effect, they were a prize of pub-
lic office and were divested by
both governments due to lack of
credibility and loss of financial
We could go on ad nauseam
about ZNS abuses over the
years. The refusal to play the
songs of Bahamian musicians
whose lyrics didn't suit the par-
ty in power. The arbitrary and
capricious business practices.
The political hiring. The gross
lack of accountability. General
Manager Charles Carter pre-
senting as a PLP candidate
while hosting the public affairs
programme "Focus". The total
exclusion of independent voices.
The childish propaganda mas-
querading as news. The endless
replaying of "Roots" during
election campaigns. And on and

To put an end to this dismal
record, the government now
wants to make ZNS a true pub-
lic service broadcaster. What
does that mean? Well, the
British regulator, Ofcom, has
just completed a five-year
review in the UK. Its updated
definition of public service
broadcasting boils down to pro-
gramming that deepens our
understanding of the world;
encourages us to learn; strength-
ens our cultural identity; and
makes us aware of different cul-
tures and views.


The BBC, funded by a TV
set license, remains the corner-
stone of public service broad-
casting in the UK, although
there are now other non-profit
channels that are commercially-
funded. The Ofcom report calls
for more clarity in terms of
industry regulation, corporate
governance and accountability
for public funds. A new inde-
pendent commission focusing
on public service broadcasting
has been proposed to make sure
that the BBC spend its money
well and delivers good value for
the public.
For a small country like the
Bahamas, with only about $40
million a year in total ad spend-
ing, funding is a big problem.
And the less credible you are
as an information provider, the
less revenue you stand to earn.
As Professor Fackson Banda of
Rhodes University in South
Africa pointed out at the CBA
"Most media practice is
caught between 'the hammer of
the state and the anvil of the
market'. The 'hammer of the
state' in post-postcolonial soci-
eties endures in at least three
ways: the archaic policy and
legal regime; the absence of
enabling legislation; and the
extra-legal manoeuvres of the
For example, in many coun-
tries (including our own) civil
servants are legally prohibited
from giving out information,
state broadcasters are in the ser-

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vice of ruling parties, there is
no legal right to information,
restrictive libel laws discourage
free reporting and debate, and
political strategies such as the.
withdrawal of government
advertising can be used to con-
trol the media.
"The 'anvil of the market' is
intricately bound up in the
1990s mantra of globalisation,"
Professor Banda said, "which
presented a different set of pos-
sibilities for media regula-
tion...Media content is increas-
ingly being shaped by the
demands of advertisers and
sponsors rather than public
interest factors. In fact, it might
be argued that such market-dri-
ven media content tends
towards the 'tabloidisation' of
broadcasting, targeted at satis-
fying the lowest common

H e went on to outline
some specific roles
that public service media canl
perform to enhance civil soci-
ety. These included producing
reliable analyses on current
affairs; inspiring loyalty to
democratic values; and pro-
moting good governance.
To play these roles effec-
tively requires autonomy from
both the state and the market,
and a broadcasting environment
that treats the public as citizens

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rather than consumers. In other
words, it is not about deliver-
ing an audience to advertisers; it
is about delivering program-
ming to citizens -- and counting
eyeballs is only one means to
that end.
What we see on ZNS today
Sis the same news and informa-
tion that appears on all the pri-
vate stations and in the news-
papers so why should we be
paying taxes for it? What we
should actually be seeing is a
perspective and a commentary
on the events that are unfolding
around us, as well as program-
ming-that communicates what
it means to be a Bahamian and
educates us on important issues.
In 2006 this column con-
tributed the following to this
nascent debate: "To recreate
ZNS as an authentic public
affairs service would require
strict legislative guarantees of
autonomy, and the station
would have to be operated by a
genuinely independent author-
ity, with a cross-section of com-
munity representation. The
right managers would have to
be found, and a massive fire-
wall would be needed to deter
interfering politicos."
Hopefully, that is what we
will get some day.
The Commonwealth
Broadcasting Association was
founded to promote public ser-
vice broadcasting in the former
British Empire. Delegates to
the Nassau conference included
the chiefs of regional broad-
casting unions, top managers
and regulators from around the
world, and senior representa-
tives of organizations like the
World Bank, Amnesty Interna-
tional, the International Feder-
Sation of Journalists, and the
Commonwealth Secretariat.
This is the second global CBA
conference that the Bahamas
has hosted. The first was in

What do you think? S'end
comments to larry@tribuneme-
Or visit www.bah-amapun-
dit.com pundit.com/>




FROM page one
Bahamian people about this
rapidly deteriorating condition in
our country with respect to crime
and the fear of crime," asked Mr
Police have not yet revealed
the complete crime statistics for
2007. However, in the last crime
statistics made public, which were
from the beginning of January,
2007, through to the end of Sep-
tember last year, some very dis-
turbing trends were evident.
These numbers revealed that

violent crime was up 30 per cent
over the same period in 2006.
Most Bahamians are aware of
the record 79 murders in 2007.
However, through the end of Sep-
tember, rape was up 67 per cent,
attempted rape was up 63 per
cent, unlawful sexual intercourse
was up eight per cent and armed
robbery was up 50 per cent.
For not using the public forum
at the FNM rally to address the
issue of crime, but instead taking

shots at him, Mr Christie ques-
tioned the fitness of Mr Ingra-
ham to lead the country.
"Without wanting to even
demean that office of prime min-
ister, any parent standing or sit-
ting watching that television with
him must ask themselves, is this
what I would like my child to be?
Is this the kind of example that I
would wish my child to follow?"
In his New Year's Report, Mr
Ingraham acknowledged that the
issue of crime is the most pressing
concern for the country.
"I wish to address specifically,
our single biggest national con-
cern as we begin this New Year -
that is, crime. Unless we can right
our social relations, the other
matters will have no relevance,"
said the prime minister.
At the time, Mr Ingraham
pointed to several initiatives his
government has taken thus far,
targeted at either bolstering the
effectiveness of the police or
improving the wider justice sys-
tem. These include: The amend-
ment to the Juries Act, which
reduces the number of jurors in

FROM page one

cane records, the scientists.
observed that warming ocean
waters had coincided with a
diminishing number of Atlantic
hurricanes actually making land-
fall in the US.
Researchers saw a connection
between this decrease and the
fact that, they claim, wind shear
increases by up to 10 miles an
hour with every degree celsius
that the ocean warms.
Speaking with New Scientist
magazine, study author Chunzai
Wang of the NOAA asserted that
the study's findings prove that
"the attribution of the recent
increase in Atlantic hurricane
activity to global warming is pre-
The precise effect of man-made
global warming on the intensity
and frequency of hurricanes has
been an ongoing subject of dis-
cussion in the world's scientific
and meteorological community
for some time.
Hurricanes are known to feed
on warm water, and prior
research has been taken to sup-
port the assumption that temper-
ature increases would thereby
lead to more common occurrence
of the strongest hurricanes -
those over 130 mph.
The scientists' reliance on land-
fall records in this latest study has
caused some contention among
interested parties.
Mr Wang and his partner in the
study, the university's Sang-Ki
Lee, said that they used the land-
il\n i

Nassau Airport
Development Company

FO G.N' V" ""M0 ,.0, -3

The Nassau Airport Development Company
(NAD) has the mandate to operate,
manage and develop the Lynden Pindling
International Airport. A project definition
report (PDR) defining the scope, schedule
and budget for the project was presented
to the Government, the NAD Board and the
media on September 17, 2007.

Stantec Consulting International Ltd. is
" currently negotiating with the Nassau Airport
Development Company to act as the Prime
Consultant. If Stantec is successful, we will
need a professional team for the detailed
design of the Lynden Pindling International
Airport Expansion Project. Suitably qualified
Bahamian engineering consultants/firms
are invited to submit their expressions of
interest and credentials to Stantec, at the
e-mail address below, for the following

* Structural Engineering
* Mechanical Engineering
* Electrical Engineering
* Civil Engineering

Credentials are to be submitted in the following

1. Ownership
* Firm name and list of Principals/
* Locations) of firm

2. Stability and size
* How long in Bahamas; Size changes over
the years
* Insurance limits

3. Current Staff
* Number of qualified engineers
* Number of technicians and support staff
* CAD capacity

4. Provide the following information on 3
significant completed projects:
* Project name and type
* Project value
* Role performed (note if project was in
association with other engineers)
* Project start and completion date
* Provide at least one reference for each

5. List procedures for:
* Quality control; CAD coordination
* Adherence to budget and Adherence to

Please limit submissions to a maximum of 5 pages. Credentials are to be
submitted electronically to the following email address:
stanls.smith@stanteccom no later than February 8,2008.

All costs involved with the preparation and submission of information are.tq e.
borne by firms submitting their credentials, and any or all Sutbmisskons .maib :.
rejected without providing reasons.

butler's Jfunrral omnus

& remattrium
Telephone: 393-2822, York & Ernest Sts.
P.O. Box N-712, Nassau, Bahamas

M m ori announcement


of Yonder Road will be held
on Friday, February 01st,.
2008 at 4:00 p.m. at St. .
Anne's Anglican Church,
Fox Hill. Officiating will be
Fr. Crosley Walkine.
Interment will follow in the
church Cemetery.

Left to cherish his memories are his Mother: Edith
Knowles; Two (2) Brothers: Reginald and Samuel;
Three (3) Sisters: Miriam "Trixie" Clarke, Linda Lee
and Elizabeth Covington; Three (3) Brothers-in-law:
John "Donnie" Lee, Paul Clarke and Tim Covington;
Two (2) Sisters-in-law: Dianne Knowles and Inge
Flineaux; Three (3) Aunts: Agnes, Elva and Iva
Knowles; One (1) Uncle: Bertie Burrows of Mangrove
Bush, Long Island; Six (6) Nephews: Scott Ward, Ian
Lee, Mark and Byron Knowles, Etienne and Benedict
Christen; Five (5) Nieces: Tiffany Knowles, Khrystynia
Lee-D'Arville, Samora Albury, Sophia Clarke and
Bianca Knowles and other relatives and friends too
numerous to mention.

In lieu of flowers donations may be made to the
Sandilands Rehabilitation Center Male Ward, Fox
Hill, Nassau, Bahamas.

Arrangements are being conducted b Butlers' Funeral
Homes and Crematorium, Ernesjt d YorkiStreets.

non-capital cases from 12 to 9,
and is intended to speed up trials;
the amendment to the Criminal
Justice (International Coopera-
tion) Act, which permits the
attorney general to provide need-
ed information to foreign juris-
dictions in criminal matters; and
the expenditure of $3 million for
the acquisition of new patrol vehi-
cles for the Royal Bahamas Police
Force, intended to improve police
response time, along with the
additional sums earmarked for
the acquisition of other crime-
fighting equipment and technol-
Mr Christie has frequently crit-
icized the prime minister for "dis-
mantling" the Urban Renewal
programme, the PLP government
championed. On Monday night,
the opposition leader further
charged that since the alterations
to the Tourism Policing Pro-
gramme, which occurred after the
FNM came to office, violence has
come to Bay Street.
"The record would reflect that
they used to patrol up and down.
Since they have been discontin-

fall records as the basis for their
study because they are "the most
reliable Atlantic hurricane mea-
surement over the long term."
However, critics have called
into question this assumption,
declaring that at times only one in
10 North Atlantic hurricanes hit
the U.S. coast with many still
hitting the Bahamas and other
Caribbean countries and land-
fall records reflect only a small
percentage of storms around the
At the annual meeting of the
American Meteorological Soci-
ety this week in New Orleans the
findings received mixed reviews.
Richard Spinrad, NOAA's
assistant administrator for Ocean-
ic and Atmospheric Research,
called the study "seminal", but
Greg Holland, a senior scientist at
the US National Centre for
Atmospheric Research, said that
its results "just don't hold togeth-
Mr Holland added that there
are other factors involved in
storm formation that outweigh
wind shear.
FROM page one
The inquest into Daniel's death.
which has had several delays, got
off to a late start yesterday before
Magistrate William Campbell. The
matter began at 1 pm as lawyer
Wayne Munroe, who represents
Howard Stern in the proceedings.
was in the Court of Appeal yes-
terday morning. When the matter
resumed yesterday afternoon the
prosecution called Dr Hearn, the
lab director at the Miami Dade
County medical examiner's office,
to the witness stand.
Dr Hearn told the court that he
oversaw tests on blood and urine
samples as well as stomach con-
tents obtained from an autopsy on
Smith's body. Dr Hearn said the
samples were tested for alcohol
and other toxic substances.
Dr Hearn testified that 22 mil-
ligrams of methadone was found
in Daniel's stomach. He told the
court that the methadone concen-
tration found in the post and pre-
mortem blood samples were con-
sistent with a fatal toxication found
in someone who does no usually
take the drug and is not tolerant to
it. Dr Hearn described methadone
as a synthetic drug similar to mor-
phine. He told the court that
methadone tablets, which tests
showed Smith took, usually come
in five and 10 milligram tablets.

ued, a young boy was killed on
Frederick Street, another young
man was killed on Elizabeth
Avenue and the other was
stabbed," he said. "I'm saying
this," continued Mr Christie,
"when you come into power, Mr
Ingraham, and without thinking,
without assessing, without review-
ing, without understanding that
the world has changed and polic-
ing has changed, and that this
community policing does not
mean taking police officers and
putting them in the community, it
means a new form of thinking,
where policing adapts to the con-
ditions of the country."

US airlines

FROM page one
to Grand Bahama Island (from)
February 4 through March 31, for
travel April 1 to June 30," US
Airways said in a press release.
At the same time that US Air-
ways is offering discounted Grand
Bahama vacation packages,
American Airlines this week
launched a new web site that
offers South Floridians special
fares to New Providence.
At present American Airlines
and its regional affiliate American
Eagle are offeringfares from
Miami and Fort Lauderdale to
Nassau at rates as low as $49 each
These special offers come at a
time when tourism officials agree
that new strategies need to be
devised for the Bahamas to hold
its share of the market in the face
of the ever-growing competition
and a possible recession in the
US economy.
Speaking at the Caribbean
Hotel Association (CHA) Mar-
ketplace two weeks ago, tourism
'director general Vernice Walkine
told the media that the Bahamas
must re-package itself at a lower
price level if it wants to remain an
affordable vacation destination
for Americans who are affected
by the softening US economy.
Ms Walkine added that Prime
Minister Hubert Ingraham has
pledged to supply the Ministry of
Tourism with the requisite funds
to launch a new advertising cam-
paign promoting the "re-pack-
aged" Bahamas.

Daniel Smith
Dr Hearn said that methadone is
so addictive that doctors have to
have a licence to legally prescribe
it to patients. Dr Hearn told the
court that it is illegal to possess
methadone without a valid pre-
scription. He added that
methadone is usually given to
heroine addicts to fight addiction
although recently it has been pre-
scribed for pain relief. He said
Daniel was not a habitual user of
methadone as tests showed that
he had not developed a tolerance
for the drug. Dr Hearn also testi-
fied that based on the amount of
methadone still present in Smith's
stomach, he had taken the drug
two to three hours before his
death. Other drugs like setraline,
citlopram. benadryl,,promet-
hazine, ephedrine were also found
in Smith's system, according to Dr
During cross-examination by
lawyer Milton Evans, who is rep-
resenting the interest of the mater-
nal grandmother and father of the
deceased, Dr Hearn said that there
was no significance to the inter-
action between methadone and
the other drugs found in Daniel's
body and that even if they had
interacted they would not have
killed him.

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FROM page one
BTC, he said, had imple-
mented some "corrective
actions" to ensure that a crash
of this nature will not happen
When asked yesterday about
the possibility of sabotage being
involved in the systems crash
- recalling recent industrial
action Mr Johnson said that
at this point, he has no way of
"But certainly if we find any-
thing to that effect we will
advise the media of that fact if it
was done deliberately or mali-
ciously," Mr Johnson said.

Police no closer

FROM page one

However, authorities have
never publicly confirmed this
Dr McDonald was reportedly
found beaten "beyond recogni-
tion" with a clothes iron at his
Queen's Street home on
November 16.
Two days later, the body of
Taylor was discovered in his
bed at his Mountbatten House
home. Day's after his death,
police questioned eight people
who were working at a wedding
reception at the designer's
home the day before his body
was discovered.
The seven Dominicans and
one Bahamian, who were
reportedly contracted as chefs
and waiters, were released from
police custody on November 23.

Man shot

FROM page one

reportedly followed resulting in
a shot being discharged from a
handgun, he told police.
The victim was hit in the right
side of his face during the alter-
cation. He was taken to hospital
where he remains in stable con-
dition, Asst Supt Walter Evans
said yesterday.
Up to press time the suspect
was not in custody, but police
were following significant leads.
Ironically, Monday was dubbed
"Crime Free Day" by orgisers
of Bahamas Againsti Cilie
(BAC). Organisers hoped crimi-
nal minds would take heed of the
nation's cry that "enough is
enough" after a record four mur-
ders over the weekend.
Rev Dr William Thompson,
chairman of BAC, said:
"Bahamas Against Crime
believes there is hope for this
country and young, people,
despite what is occurring.
"We need to bring an end to
the scourge. For every young man
that commits crime it is sending a
message to other men, so we must
stop it."
Rev Thompson made
these remarks at a BAC church
service on Sunday held at the
Church of God of Prophecy
In a positive development, two
firearms were turned over to reli-
gious leaders over the weekend
after they urged concerned citi-
zens to help in keeping illegal
weapons off the streets.

I~L-~ I I








Sheraton Cable

Beach Resort

officially opens

THE Sheraton Cable Beach
Resort was the site for cock-
tails, hors'doeuvres, and fine
dining as the hotel celebrated,
its grand opening on Sunday
And a grand event it was as
VIP guests socialised with cab-
inet ministers, Baha Mar exec-
utives including CEO and
chairman Sarkis Izmirlian,
local government tourism offi-
cials and international lumi-
naries of the hospitality indus-
try, including Graeme Davis
and Kevin Regan of Star-
wood Hotels and Resorts.
Giving the opening remarks,
Hans Altenhoff, general man-
ager of the Sheraton Cable
Beach Resort, said "in the
years that I have been with
the company, for more years
that I can count, I am delight-
ed to say this is truly the high-
light in my career with the
company. I am indeed proud
to be a part of the opening of
this wonderful resort."
Kevin Regan also addressed
the guests after the cocktail
reception pointing out that
Nassau is a truly special and
beautiful gem. He said his
company has "the greatest
opportunity in the world" in
being part of the Bahamas.
"The Sheraton Hotel is
going be the leading edge of
what is going to be Baha Mar.
This development is going to
be nothing less than a world
class resort. We believe that
this will be the next premier
property in all of the Bahamas
and anywhere in the
' "The Sheraton Cable Beach
Resort is in fact a bridge to
tonaorrow for the,.yvisi,b,of

SARKIS IZMIRLIAN, CEO and chairman of Baha.Mar Resorts Limited; Phenton Neymour, Minister of
State for Public Utilities; Don Robinson, president of Baha Mar Resorts

DIONISIO D'AGUILAR, president of the Bahamas Chamber of Com-
merce; Don Robinson, president of Baha Mar Resorts.

Cable Beach; this develop-
ment is just a tiny spec of what
Baha Mar is going to be," Mr
Regan said.
Don Robinson, president of
Baha Mar Resorts, lauded the
vision of all the social part-
ners involved in making Baha
Mar a reality.
"Baha Mar represents the
bold vision of the government
of the Bahamas, our three
companies and the Bahamian
"The Bahamas should be
proud of the fact that Nassau
was chosen as home to one of
the most unprecedented part-
nerships in the hospitality
industry. We are also excited
that Harrah's Entertainment

has chosen the Bahamas to be
the site of the first Caesars
palace in the Caribbean," Mr
Robinson said.
His remarks were followed
by a video presentation of the
vision of Baha Mar.
In brief address to atten-
dees, Minister of Tourism,
Neko Grant said that in the
hospitality industry there is no
substitute for impeccable ser-
He also commended Baha
Mar for its efforts.
"I wish to commend and
congratulate Baha Mar Devel-
opment Company and the
Starwood Hotels and Resorts
for the great job they have
done thus far," he said.

~~K~-~E- *W.4*~ 11 -

HANS ALTENHOFF, general manager of the Sheraton Cable Beach Resorts; Neko Grant, Minister of
Tourism; Mrs Minnis, wife of Minister of Health-Dr Hubert-Minnis. "


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JANUARY 30, 2008

7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30

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New trucks to improve efficiency

in garbage collection

-A,,l l dI

THE deployment of five new
state-of-the-art, fully automated
garbage trucks is expected to
improve the garbage collection
capabilities of the Department
of Environmental Health Ser-
vices in some of the more
densely populated areas in New
Providence, Minister of Health
Dr Hubert Minnis said yester-
The department increased the
number of garbage trucks in its
solid waste management and
collection fleet to 17 on Mon-
day, with the deployment of the
five new trucks.
DrMinnis said the trucks will
be placed into operation imme-
Purchased at a price of
$250,000 each, the trucks can
double the collection capacity
of the 12 trucks currently in use
as they are capable of storing
between 10 and 12 tons of
garbage per trip.
Five additional trucks are
expected to be added to the
fleet within another three weeks
at a total cost of $2.5 million.
Dr Minnis said officials at the
department have devised a two-
shift system replacing the for-
mer three shift system, which
he said should bring more effi-
ciency and effectiveness to
garbage collection throughout
New Providence while reduc-
ing the wear and tear on the
trucks currently in use.
The day shift will cover areas
such as Bain Town, St Agnes,
Big Pond, Black Village,
Miller's Heights, Blair Estates,
Grants Town, Baillou Hill Road
to Collins Wall, Garden Hills,
Churchill Subdivision, Redland
Acres, Kennedy Subdivision,
Malcolm Road, Windsor Place,
Domingo Heights and Marshall,
Cowpen and Carmichael
Roads, including north from
Godet-Avenue to Fire Trail
Road East.
ThPe1ight shift kjl cq~er
Pinewo'o'd Gardens ea t and
south, Sir Lynden Pindling and
Dannottage Estates, Bernard
Road and side streets, Hill Side
Park Estates, Jean Street, Joe
Farrington Road, Hanna Road,
Kool Acres, Horse Shoe Drive
and surrounding areas, Eliza-
beth Estates, Colony Village,
Princes Charles, Claridge Sub-
division, Marathon Estates and
Regency Park.
"We have found out that
these two shifts have allowed
for a more effective garbage col-
lection policy on the island," Dr
Minnis said.
"Eliminating the 1pm to 5pm
shift will provide our mechanics
with an opportunity to ensure
that proper maintenance can be
carried out on the trucks which
will add to their longevity.
"Another bonus is that once
we eliminate the 1pm to 5pm
shift, we won't have the trucks
out on the road during peak
traffic hours thereby contribut-
ing to street congestion during
that time frame," Dr Minnis
He said factors such as an
increasing population, an
increase in the number of
households over the past five
years and a decrease in the
number of trucks available for
garbage collection have forced
health officials to look at more

mVluor uClLnscy poUpUItLCU

areas in New Providence to

benefit from deployment

- Minnis

MINISTER OF HEALTH Dr. Hubert Minnis (right) commissioned five new garbage trucks on Monday at the
Solid Waste and Landfill Sites, Harrold Road. Here, Senior Superintendent, Elvis McPhee looks on.

MINISTER OF HEALTH Dr. Hubert Minnis sits in the driver's seat of one
of the commissioned five new garbage trucks.

the 1pm to 5pm
shift will
provide our
mechanics with
an opportunity
to ensure that
can be carried
out on the
trucks which
will add to their

Dr. Hubert Minnis

efficient ways of collecting
He said the five trucks
deployed on Monday, in addi-
tion to the five scheduled for
delivery to the Bahamas within
the next three weeks, are part of
a comprehensive approach to
garbage collection and reduc-
tion, and proper environmen-
tal stewardship which the gov-
ernment will put in place.
Elvis McPhee, senior super-
intendent of the department,

said the addition of the five
trucks will give officials an
opportunity to increase their
response time to complaints:'
He said. thledepartment has*-
embarked upon a density study
for New Providence, the results
of which should provide offi-
cials with better statistical data
on the distribution of homes on
the island.
"We are also looking at
expanding our collection efforts
into the inner-city areas and so
with the arrival of the new
trucks and some additional per-
"I foresee this happening in
short order and so we will be
able to relieve the situation that
exists in these areas with
regards to the frequency of our
collection efforts," Mr McPhee
Superintendent McPhee said
the department will conduct a
"time and motion study" which
he says should further enhance
collection services.
"From the,results of this
study, we expect to be able to
better manage garbage collec-
tion to the point where we can
actually tell our citizens at what
time of day we will be in their
areas for pick-up and they can
walk out of their doors and that
time with garbage and we will
be there. This is where we want
to go and this is where we are
headed in the way forward," Mr
McPhee said.

:i,~l',ri ~~
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Entry deadline Is February 291h, 2008 at 4:00pm.

PHOTOS: Raymond A. BethelBIS




Gunmen in Venezuelan bank standoff

flee in ambulance with five hostages

A WUMAN is carried on a stretcher atter she was released from a bank in Altagracia de Orituco, Venezuela, yes-

A HOSTAGE screams from inside a bank in Altagracia de Orituco, Venezuela, yesterday. Four gunmen held
more than 30 people hostage inside a Banco Provincial branch.

ORITUCO, Venezuela
Gunmen who held more than
30 hostages inside a Venezuelan
bank for over 24 hours negoti-
ated their getaway in an ambu-
lance yesterday and sped off

Fn Threads

with five captives, leaving the
others inside, according to Asso-
ciated Press.
Under the deal with police,
the four gunmen were permit-
ted to leave with five hostages
who agreed to accompany
them, and they slipped into an
ambulance that backed up to
the entrance. As the gunmen
and hostages stepped out, they
concealed their faces with file
folders and paper bags. f
"They threatened to start
killing the hostages in 20 min-
utes, and for that reason they
were allowed to leave for an
unknown location to the west,"
Guarico state Gov. Eduardo
Manuitt said.
The standoff in this town
southeast of Caracas began
Monday morning with a
botched robbery. During the
night, the gunmen had accepted
a package with diapers and a
bottle for a 2-week-old baby.
On Tuesday, some hostages

inside the bank waved signs in
the .windows with desperate
pleas for help and used cell
phones to call their relatives.
One of the women who later
left with the gunmen, Vanessa
Saavedra, spoke quietly and
haltingly to Colombia's Cara-
col Radio by cell phone from
inside the bank, saying: "We
don't want them to shoot ... We
don't want them to open fire.
Saavedra's mother, Jasmin
Gonzalez, said her daughter -
a 25-year-old teller volun-
teered to go. "She's very brave.
1 know she's going to come out
of this fine," Gonzalez said
through tears outside the bank.
Manuitt said the gunmen
would not be followed and one
hostage was assigned to drive.
Officials said the five captives
agreed to go with the gunmen,
who promised to leave them
along the way. "Five hostages
are going with them. Let's see if

they abandon them on the
way," top police official Vicente
Alamo told The Associated
Press. It was not immediately
clear how many hostages were
freed as relatives and onlook-
ers massed as the front door of
the bank and some were led to
waiting ambulances. Bank exec-
utive Leon Enrique Cottin said
earlier Tuesday that 33 hostages
were held captive, but Manuitt
said before the seige ended that
some 50 hostages were being
Those freed were believed to
include a 2-week-old infant, at
least three other children under
the age of 10, and a woman who
is eight months pregnant.
One man emerged with a
bandaged hand, carrying a girl
in his arms, and got into an
ambulance. At least one woman
was carried to an ambulance in
a stretcher while the crowd
pressed to get a look.
The gunmen were in their

early 20s and had been taking
drugs, making the situation par-
ticularly volatile, said Justice
Minister Ramon Rodriguez
Chacin, who described the
negotiations by cell phone and
radios as "difficult."
On Monday morning, the
four gunmen entere.l at branch
of Banco Provincial, when a
uniformed police officer pulled
up to use the cash machine and
surprised the would-be robbers,
said Amanda Saldivia, a
reporter for the local Guarana
Radio FM. Seven captives made
it out of the bank during the
standoff, including several who
were released and two who fled.
Saavedra said she was terri-
fied when the men pointed a
gun at a security guard and
threatened him. "He went out
running and they shot at him"
but missed, Saavedra told Cara-
col. "It was truly horrific."
A man identified as one of
the gunmen who gave his name

as Jorge spoke to Caracol dur-
ing the standoff, saying "Peo-
ple have the sense that we're
going to leave."
Shortly before the deal was
reached, one of the hostages
broke a window in desperation,
and one of the gunmen fired a
shot in response, Manuitt said.
Officials did not immediately
say if the gunmen left with any
money. Police officers with
assault rifles took up positions
at windows directly above the
bank during the standoff, and
then stood down at the urging
of a hostage as the ambulance
pulled up to ferry the group
away. Security cameras cap-
tured images of the gunmen
until the cameras went dead -
apparently cut off by the men
- and the footage was turned
over to authorities, said Cottin,
the Venezuela president of
Spain's Bilbao Vizcaya Argen-
taria, or BBVA. which owns
Banco Provincial.

J. -


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Deep-rooted problems at the

heart of Kenya's ethnic violence

likely to take years to resolve

* NAIROBI, Kenya
Kenya, once a leader in the
region, is following neighbours
like Somalia down a path of dis-
integration, with no solution in
sight as burning slums and thon-
sands fleeing in fear alter the
nation's ethnic map perhaps
forever, according to Associatea
Police in helicopters on Tues-
day fired to turn back mobs.
Gunmen killed opposition leg-
islator Mugabe Were, and slums
where a tense peace had held
for days exploded with
machete-wielding gangs setting
fire to homes and businesses
owned by President Mwai
Kibaki's Kikuyu people.
Sabat Abdullah, a slum resi-
dent, said a gang dragged a
Kikuyu doctor from his clinic
"and then cut and cut until his
head was off."
The international community
is pressuring Kibaki and his
chief rival Raila Odinga who
is a member of the Luo tribe -
to share power to end the crisis
over the disputed presidential
Former U.N. Secretary-Gen-
eral Kofi Annan is negotiating,
but says it will take a year just to
settle on a plan for resolving
the deep-rooted problems that
caused anger over the election
to turn to murderous hate
between neighbors of decades.
Barack Obama, the Democ-
ratic presidential candidate
whose father was Kenyan, made
a plea for peace yesterday, say-
ing "Kenya has come too far to
throw away decades of progress
in a storm of violence and polit-
ical unrest."
"We must not look back
years from now and wonder
how and why things were per-
mitted to go so horribly wrong,"
Obama said in a statement he
read on Capital FM radio.
Secretary of State Con-
dolcezza Rice called the vio-
lence "deeply concerning," say-
ing, "We are currently asking
everyone to maintain calm."
Political disputes in Kenya
often mushroom into ethnic
clashes, but never before with
the ferocity that has left more
than 800 people dead since the
Dec. 27 election that the inter-

A KENYAN man sits in the cab of a destroyed truck used as a
makeshift roadblock while a tyre burns on the roof, as he and others
enforce the roadblock in Kisumu, Kenya, Tuesday, Jan. 29, 2008. The
town of Kisumu is now almost completely ethnically cleansed of
Kikuyus, and mobs armed with makeshift weapons erect burning
roadblocks and search for the few Kikuyu targets remaining.

national community and many
Kenyans agree had a rigged
vote tally. It was only the sec-
ond free election in Kenya,
which suffered decades under
one-party and authoritarian
rule. Kibaki, whose insistence
that he is president has incited
some of the violence, on Tues-
day deplored the fact that some
Kenyans "have been incited to
hate one another and view each
other as enemies."
Some of the violence is an
expression of pent-up anger by
the marginalized majority in
Nairobi slums, where 65 per-
cent of the capital's residents
balarlce on the edge of survival.
Statistics shows Kenyans grow-
ing poorer and in greater num-
ber each year while corrupt
politicians who mouth pious
words about alleviating poverty
buy ranches in Australia and
lakeside villas in Switzerland.
In the western Rift Valley,
scene of the worst violence,
thousands of people set homes
ablaze, smashed shop windows
to loot goods, and set up blazing
road blocks where they hunted
for rival tribespeople.
A gang of Luos stoned a
Kikuyu man, then slashed him
with machetes and threw him
to burn to death on their road-
block of flaming tires. Police
took away the body.
"We didn't waste time, we
had to kill him," Stanley
Ochieng, 25, told an Associated
Press reporter. In villages

around Eldoret, another west-
ern town, gangs of young
Kalenjins on Tuesday slashed
to death four Kikuvus and
stoned two others until they
died, witnesses said. When a
helicopter tried to land to inter-
vene, the youths set grasslands
ablaze, the witnesses said.
At the heart of the L'ntllm
are decades-old grudges over
land. The Rift Vpiley is the tra-
ditional home of the Kalenjin
and Masai.
British colonizers seized
large tracts of land to cultivate
fertile farms there. When much
of that land was redistributed
after independence in 19?3.
President Jomo Kenvatta flood-
ed it with his Kikuyu people.
instead of returning it to the
Kalcnjin and Masai.
Kikuyus are Kenya's largest
ethnic group, making up about
22 percent of the population of
38 million. Two of the three
presidents since independence
were Kikuvu and their domina-
tion of politics and the economy
is deeply resented.
Human rights groups and
others charge thai politicians
are manipulating people's angec
to orchestrate much of the vio-
lence. Odinga andl Kibaki blame
each other and have traded
charges of "ethnic cleansing."
More than 100,(000 KikuxNu Il;IVe
fled homes in the Rill alley
some fear they will never
return, hard-liners say they nev-
er should.




his wings
See page 8C



Bahamas to host 'Islands of


Tribune Feature Writer
D ubbed the
- o t e st
engagement in
the 2008
world w i d e
fashion week calendar, the
Bahamas is gearing up to play
host to "Islands of the World
Fashion Week", November 5-
8, at the British Colonial
Hilton Hotel.
Presented by the Bahamas-
based firm. Mode Iles Ltd, this
fall event will salute the world
of established and fledgling
designers from various islands
as it seeks to promote cultural
diversity and creativity.
The opening and closing
receptions will take place at
the Atlantis Resort on Par-
adise Island.
Owen Bethel, president of
Mode lies, conceived of the
idea for the Fashion Week
while on his tour of duty as the
representative for the
Bahamas on the executive
board of the United Nations
Educational, Scientific and
Cultural Organisation
(UNESCO) in Paris:
"I saw this as an opportunity
for those local designers to
showcase theit own creativity
and, being from a developing
island, I wished to start with
this group initially. The event
will be a visual and vibrant
expression of creativity; cul-
tural diversity and dialogue.

oteld Feashion

'Hottest engagement'


in the 2008

worldwide fashion week calendars

This will prove to be a cultur-
ally enriching event of global
proportions," he said.
While emphasizing that the
event is primarily a trade show,
certain events will be open to
the public. Mr Bethel also
stressed that "while it is not a
competition, awards of recog-
nition will be given to the
designers who best present
expressions of culture and the
global environmental issues
within their designs.
A special award will also be
given to a novice designer who
shows exceptional promise in
the international market.
The face of fashion
Speaking with local design-
ers about the event, and the
fact that those who use fabric
as their principal canvas still
find that the art world does not
regard their contributions as
truly artistic.
Bradley Leone, a designer
for more than 20 years whose
clients included the late Anna
Nicole, currently serves some
of Atlantis' high profile VIP
guests. He has also participat-
ed in several local fashion

OF "

Available at
Oewgard Plaza, Bradley St.
Palmdale Facing Old Wongs Gym
(Follow Big Axumit Sign)
At Oueen Sheba Wine Cellar

.. .............
50% Discount on Each Case of AXUMIT
with this Coupon
Valid: January 21,2008 February 15 2008.

According to Mr Leone, art
is one of the key ingredients
in successful design because
the designer the artist is
inspired by what he sees
around him in terms of colour
coordination. So art and fash-
ion dk ,ign go hand in hand.
"For me, I am very creative
and I believe in working out-
side of the box. So I believe in
finding new and innovative
ways of doing things. I think
with that mindset I do consid-
er myself an artist. I don't lim-
it myself," he added.
Speaking of the local fash-
ion industry, Mr Leone
believes that while there is a
vast amount of local artistic
talent, Bahamian designers sel-
dom market themselves to let
the public and the world know
that they are here.
To some in the fashion
industry, however,. the
Bahamas may be on the verge
of becoming extinct as few new
artists are coming onto the
scene willing to let their cre-
ativity flow in new ways.
"This course in fashion has
almost died. I don't know
what's going on in our coun-
try, but we offer a very com-
prehensive course, but it's
dying," Kathy Pinder told The
A fashion design instructor
at the Bahamas Technical and
Vocational Institute (BTVI)
for the past 15 years, Ms Pin-
der has been a designer since
1982. To her, fashion design,
like all other visual arts,
whether interior design, culi-
nary arts, graphics, painting or
sculpturing, employs similar
principles that should solidify
the familiarities in each disci-
"You have to implement the
principle of design and the ele-
ments of design and that is how
you come up with your design
scheme and styles. It is across
the board, that's why you see
some fashion designers turn
out to be interior designers or
fabric designers," she noted.
What people may not realize
is that fashion design is an
actual discipline that has artis-
tic roots. Ms Pinder, for exam-
ple, graduated with degrees in
fashion from Blauder College
in Atlanta and the Miami Col-
lege of Applied Arts where
SEE page 2C

A MODEL walks on the catwalk presenting a creation by German designer Michael Michalsky
during the Berlin Fashion Week in Berlin on Tuesday. See page 2C

Spike Lee

links up

with local

See page 7C

JAN EYE fop' fashimon...

Presenting German creations

AL is proud to present the
"Creative Ladies" exhibition
@ The Guaranty Bank, Lyford
Manor. The exhibition features
a number of works by Susan
Cohen, Christa Dunn, Ann
Greely, Bo Guirey, Annabel
Hammond, Brooke Laughlin,
Sue Katz, Melissa Maura,
Jacline Mazard, Siobhan
McClory, Victoria McGrath,
Fleur Melvill-Gardner, Karen
Pilkington-Miksa, Rosemary
Rathgeb, Elodie Sandford,
Susan Sargent, Anne Smith
and Nora.
This art exhibition will
remain hanging until February
26. It may be viewed on week
days, between 9 am-4 pm. Or
by appointment with Princess
Guirey, call 362.4506 or
457.4593. The "Art Interna-
tional, 08" exhibition opens
March 7.

BAHAMIAN Ceramicist
Imogene Walkine is offering
ceramics classes for adults in
basic hand building techniques.
The classes will be held over a
period of six weeks two hours
per week evening or morn-
ing classes to fit everyone's
Wednesday Night's Class is
- Thursday, January 24:
6:30pm 8:30pm
- Saturday, January 26: 9am
to 11am
Venue: New Providence
Community Centre, Blake Rd.
Space is limited. Call today
at 323-7574 or e-mail

Call for Artist Participa-
tion The Conference on the
Abolition of the British Trans
Atlantic Slave Trade: Telling
The Story, invites all artists to
submit up to three art works
executed in any medium for
showing at the conference on
February 21-23.
The opening night for the
exhibition will be Friday, Feb-
ruary 15 at 6:30pm at the Per-
forming Arts Centre at the
College of the Bahamas, Oakes
Field campus.
All artwork should be sent
or brought to the Pro Gallery
which is located in the S Block
at the College of the Bahamas,
Oakes Field campus one week
prior to the opening of the
Please address all art works
to Mrs Joann Behagg or Mr
John Cox, School of Commu-
nication and Creative Arts,
Telephone 302-4650 or 302-
If 3D pieces are submitted,
artists must give an indication
of how they would wish their
3D pieces to be displayed. Pho-
tographic images would assist
us in determining your display
Foreign artists are welcomed.
However, all costs are the
responsibility of the artist (ie
packing, shipping, customs
duty) to and from the
Bahamas. The final decision
for work submitted and exhib-
ited will be up to conference
For more information con-
tact Mrs Joann Behagg, assis-
tant professor, School of Com-
munication and Creative Arts
@ telephone: 302-4650 or 302-
4484/5 or Mr John Cox, assis-
tant professor, School of Com-
munication and Creative Arts
@ telephone: 302-4484/5.

Bahamas to host 'Islands of the World Fashion Week'

FROM page 1C

classes involved learning how to apply
art to a plain piece of fabric through
painting on the fabric. From that
point, they would learn how to take
their raw material of fabric and create
something unique not unlike what
some artists are doing today.
In fashion design, several princi-
ples are vital to the outcome of the
piece. There is balance, contrast,
placement, the illusion of motion, tex-
ture, value (the measure of lightness
or darkness in a composition),
scale/proportion, rhythm (the recur-
rence or repetition of one or more

elements within a visual composition
with the goal of creating harmony),
and the list goes on and on.
. "You have to understand these con-
cepts in order to achieve something
artistic at the end. A lot of people
don't understand this. When you see
a garment, it should be coming out
at you. It should have rhythm, bal-
ance, proportion.
"With design, any type of design,
any type of art, you're looking at
colour, lines, textures and shapes. So
you can apply all of this to your fabric
and create just a simple silhouette
and you still have an art piece," Ms
Pinder noted.
Creativity comes at different lev-

els for different people, Ms Pinder
noted. So, if you were to put ten peo-
ple in a room and tell them to do
something with a piece of.fabric,
you'd be amazed to see what they
would come up with. She always
encourages her students to "step out-
side the box" and create individual
trademarks. It is that artistic signa-
ture that sets designers apart from
one another.


In her own work, Ms Pinder focus-
es on'taking inexpensive, and some-
times bland pieces of cotton fabrics
and making unique creations. She

may pull threads from the fabric or
add ribbons to create her work.
"I like to convert fabric into some-
thing else... To me, it's art. It's actually
When you think about architecture
and interior design and how the prin-
ciple of construction is applied, Avis
Munroe of Collezioni Manufacturing
believes that it becomes obvious that
fashion designing is an artistic disci-
"You are designing, making a pat-
terns to construct a dress. You have to
know about the curves and lines
because that is what makes your work
unique," she noted.
While her services range from

haute couture design to alterations,
Ms Munroe noted that in this industry
it is simply a romantic notion to think
in terms of high fashion all the time.
"There are seasons when there is
hardly anything going on. You have
to do whatever is available. We would
love for it to be high fashion straight
through, but it is not that way," she
No doubt, the same is true for all
other artists who find their creativity
stifled by the practicality of life.

For designers and interested per-
sons, registration and information are
available online at www.islandsfash-




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Junkanoo rushout, native show

to enrich visitor experience

Tribune Features Editor
AS the cry goes out from the Min-
istry of Tourism, and even visitors to
our shores, for an increase in the num-
ber of native entertainment options,
one company is looking to capitalize
on both its location and succulent
food offerings by positioning itself as
an up-and coming entertainment
venue that offers an exciting
Junkanoo and native show experi-
In their search to bring more
tourists to the strip along West Bay
Street just east of Arawak Cay,
Coconuts Bahama Grill, located on
the corer of Augusta and West Bay
Streets in the old El Greco Hotel, is
set to enrich the visitor experience
by introducing a Junkanoo rushout,
featuring Barabas and the Tribe,
every Friday and Saturday.
"The tourists, especially the cruise-
ship passengers, always complain that
there is nothing to do once they get
here. So, if you have one day in the
Bahamas you can get here, jump in a
cab or walk (from the cruise port)
and relax on the beach and then enjoy
the show, with a tall glass of switcher
and some Bahamian food," owner
and long time Bahamian cook Eldon
Ferguson Sr said.
"We would enrich the one day
experience by becoming one of those
things tourists can do in a day and
we're all ready to go Friday and Sat-
urday with Barabas and the Tribe as
far as Junkanoo is concerned."
According to Mr Ferguson, who oper-
ates Coconuts with his family, includ-
ing two sons Eldon Jr and Erin, he is
working along with the Ministry of
Tourism, who has promised to nego-
tiate with the cruise ships to promote
the new native show.

Together with his family. Mr Fer-
guson brings a wealth of experience to
the restaurant and entertainment
business. Cooking for more than 45
years, Mr Ferguson has spent the last
15 years creating unique Bahamian
products, including the conch dog
which is a fresh sausage made from
conch. He is also the author of
Bahamian Touch, a cookbook pub-
lished in 1995.
In 1997 the Ferguson family made
the decision to move to the United
States, in part to promote their
Bahamian products they would par-
ticipate in festivals across the US -
but also to be closer to their two sons.
Eldon, who was a marketing and com-
puter networking major and Erin, a
political science and Greek Classics
major, who were now in college in
Florida and Washington DC respec-
"When they were finished 1 said
my job was done and we all moved
back home. We started a conch farm
and then I decided to do something to
pass the time and since 1 had the culi-
nary skills we opened the restaurant.
"Once we came home with the fes-
tival experience we talked to the Min-
istry of Tourism and the Department
of Culture about getting more tourists
on the strip and how to do more to
attract the visitors. So we drew on
our experience with small festivals
and came up with a Junkanoo
rushout. We put on the show on Fri-
days and Saturdays around dinner
According to Mr Ferguson, tourists
can stroll down on the strip and expe-
rience Junkanoo while they enjoy the
delicious fare of Coconuts, which
opened in September.
And while the family anticipates
that they will get support in the form
of sponsors for the special Junkanoo
events, they are fully prepared to go it

THE OWNERS of Coconuts Bahamian Grill recently held a press conference to announce their newest venture which would allow
artists to display their work inside the restaurant. The two sides also discussed launching a Junkanoo/Native show which would fea-
ture local musicians and bring more tourists to the strip on West Bay Street, just east of Arawak Cay. On hand for the conference
was Minister of State for Culture Charles Maynard (4th from left) and Director of Culture Nicolette Bethel (left). Seated at far right

is Coconuts representative Erin Ferguson Ji

alone because "ideas sometimes die
because no one is prepared to put
their pound of flesh in it", Mr Fergu-
son noted.
With no formal launch to date to
announce their opening, Coconuts

Bahama Grill has already been doing
extremely well based on word of
mouth and a menu that boasts of
native recipes and unique Bahamian
flavors, including boil fish. stew fish
and sheep tongue souse.

"You can have boil fish anytime of
the day, and we've got steaks, and
sandwiches that we make with John-
ny cake as opposed to sliced bread.
They have lettuce and tomatoes and
everything else." Mr Ferguson said.

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"The art and entertainment communities

in The Bahamas are thriving. Every

Wednesday, I enjoy reading about my'

colleagues' contributions to the world of

culture in "The Arts" section otfThe

Tribune. The Tribune is my newspaper."



The Tribune







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9 A man I crashed into is hopping,
s'howng spirit 9)
10 When lhe writer is Englqish
allow it (9)
12 Make light shire out irom he
building 141
13 Thank'ltor [her ncouragement((6)
14 The mother insect is iwo-headed and
huge 17)
15 Had ioniinued with. having ied as
palhlinder (4.5)
17 He wonder 1I ,'s here. perhaps. the
gold is buried (9)
18 Has pangs of hunger one lends off
right through) 71
19 Result uof l ssing a doe with a pig?
20 Man the other lost her o|I41
23 Authonsation to maleri on his
entering the country 191
25 Would it put a man off using he
washing machine' 1(9
26 Diesslfor thejob l4)
27 ttlect the flalirng :Jat had o-' the
rascal (61
29 What ihe person hainq a lurl ish
bath is wearj"gq II)
32 The prevousor.e had a nice worked
cover stf| 191
34 Thought o be badly limed the
wrong dale (91
35 'hlnr. revealing a key bede Ihe
rubbih (71
16 Finnheon llvlhdrinrk l) Irhe group (6)
37 Home in on. only o hnd i's
nohtirig 141
38 I jr' periroim n intj bound to allure (9)
39 Hving lol 3 lauin indeed unhappy (9)

Tribune Comics

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JU)T) 06 AlFxr .N

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1 Years go by before making the trips (8)
2 How often the repeating offender
has been convicted? (4,3,5)
3 Just how exalted the title is? (8)
4 Unquestionably, when elected, the
thing to do (6)
5 Ready to go into class with
the tape (8)
6 Went off in a huff, having been got
rid of (7,3)
7 As more spitting rain comes in, they
wander off (7)
8 A flask covered in fabric is right at
the bottom (10)
11 Presses for strong deterrents to
escape, for prisoners (5)
16 Information obtained from a
d-deputy (6)
19 Author having a try at writing
verse (3)
21 Repeating the score, is a perfect
sight (6,6)
22 Stop when you pick up (6)
23 A decrease in bicycle accidents? (7,3)
24 Can't put your finger on it, but that
doesn't matter (10)
25 If I were little, I would have one,
lady (3)
28 Agreed it should be given to(8)
29 Extra food went along with
his order (4,4)
30 From trees felled, we'd carved doors
for outside (8)
31 Master Pat developed into a
murderer (7)
33 Leaves the sex change article in (5)
34 Why your blancmanges
taste musty? (6)

ACROSS BucK le 7. True lle 8, Spring 10, Os-car 13, PO-Op. 14, Step 15,
G amo 16 Beud 17 Roes 19 La-u-d 21, Film stars 23, Mild 24, O-ar-s 26, Cab
27 Hour 29. Oman 32. Pa CI 33, Snipe 34, M-ln.-ute 35, Aerobics 36, Re-ma-in

DOWN I A Tr.os 2 Juice 3 Slur 4, Besom 5, Carp 6, Lunged 9, Poplar 11, St-y
12 APD.iL 13. P3is Oul 15 Gem 16, Bus 18, Old hat 20, Arson 21, Fib 22, Tar 23,
Manne 25, Yep 28. Ocean 30, Minim 31, NEWS-Y 32, P-up-a 33, Shop

Famous Hand

East dealer.
Neither side vulnerable.
S K 106
*A63 +J10
T-- VJ9862
*A9742 Q85
+Q9865 +J 107
The bidding:
East South West North
Pass 1 4 Pass 2*
Pass / 2T Pass 4T
Opening lead ace of diamonds.
Suppose you're declarer at four
hearts on today's deal, and West
leads the ace of diamonds followed
by a low club. That's exactly what
happened when teams from the U.S.
and Great Britain clashed in the 1984
women's world championship, in
which 23 countries participated.
There's no way of knowing at this
point how you'll ultimately fare,
because the outcome depends on
how the missing trumps and spades
are divided. The British declarer,
Sally Horton, won the cbh shift with
dummy's ace and led a heart to her
ace, disclosing the horrendous 5-0

trump break. Undaunted, she next
cashed the king of clubs and led a
spade to the queen, West playing the
three and East the ten.
Mrs. Horton then ruffed a club,
led a diamond to the king and ruffed
the ten of diamonds, producing this
V K 10 5



Needing three more tricks to
make the contract, Mrs. Horton
cashed the queen of trumps and then
exited with a low spade. It did not
matter whether East or West won the
trick either way, dummy was cer-
tain to score the K-10 of trumps and
so make four hearts.
If East won the spade, she would
have to return a trump into dummy's
K-10. And if West took the spade
with the ace, East would have to ruff
any return by her partner and would
then be forced to make the same sui-
cidal trump return into dummy's K-
Mrs. Horton thus demonstrated
- once again that no matter how
bleak the outlook might be, persever-
ance will often reap a just reward.










wonr in
the main
body of

HOW many words of four
letters or more can you make
from the letters shown here?
In making a word, each letter
may be used once only. Each
must contain the centre letter
and there must be at least one
nine-letter word. No plurals.
Good 25; very good 38;
excellent 49 (or more).
Solution tomorrow.

m' mm

b I

thai v
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97 101 7 A11





JAN 30

AQUARIUS- Jan 21/Feb 18
Watch your back, but don't become
so paranoid that you miss all the
wonderful people who are trying to
get your attention. You have more
friends than enemies out there.
PISCES Feb 19/March 20
Most things will come easily to you
this week. Don't sweat the small
stuff. Because the waters are so calm,
you'll have plenty of time to expand
your understanding of life.
ARIES March 21/April 20
You may be feeling the urge to
splurge this week, Aries. In fact, you
could spend so much that you'll have
to look around for extra income,
which could be a blessing in disguise.
TAURUS April 21/May 21
You're affectionate and approach-
able, making this a good week for
affairs of the heart. However, not all
loves are true; you'll have to be a
little more discerning than usual.
GEMINI May 22/June 21
This is a festive time for you. Party
on, but don't doubt for a minute
that you'll have to pay for it down
the line. By the weekend, you'll
realize the need to find balance in
your life.
CANCER June 22/July 22
You're feeling quite the charmer
this week, and those around you
are noticing. This is one of the
best times of year for you, and
things will only get better by the
end of the week.
LEO July 23/August 23
You'll pay almost any price to keep
the peace this week, Leo. In this
case, being a little too forgiving is
better than holding a hurtful grudge.
VIRGO Au 24/Sept 22
This week, you'llteel torn between
telling the truth and saying some-
thing nicer. It may be a good idea to
-tell a little white lie to calm a love
one's fears, but just this once.
LIBRA Sept 23/Oct 23
It would appear that you're very
attached to something, and have a
terrible fear of losing it. The best
way to hold on to things you hold
dear is to handle them gently, Libia.
SCORPIO Oct 24/Nov 22
Past disappointments fade into the
background this week. Your confi-
dence may have suffered one or two
blows lately, but the tiide has now
turned in your favor.
SAGITIARIUS- Nov 23/Dec 21
You've always been among the most
outgoing, Sagittarius, but it is impor-
tant that you take time for yourself
this week to resolve something that's
been on your mind. Don't worry,
your friends will understand.
CAPRICORN Dec 22/Jan 20
What exactly are you after,
Capricorn? This is the question on
your mind this week. Forget about the
power and the profit. Instead, strive
to make the world a better place.

e -o eS IO

12 14

151 1 161 1 17

1n ,o nn

23 242

26 27 28 29 30
32 33 34

35 36 37

381 39

9 Huge election win (9)
10 Game bird (9)
12 Nagging pain (4)
13 Breathe in (6)
14 Meat-axe (7)
15 Totally (3,4,2)
17 Annoys (9)
18 Underground
passages (7)
19 Minor earthquake (6)
20 Paradise (4)
23 Woodwork (9)
25 Shilly-shallies (9)
26 Religious sisters (4)
27 Population count (6)
29 Not either (7)
32 Translate orally (9)
34 Bloodthirsty (9)
35 European country (7)
36 Picnic basket (6)
37 Spoken, verbal (4)
38 Sound familiar (4,1,4)
39 Champers (9)


1 Nice (8)
2 Ultimately (2,3,4,3)
3 Piano players (8)
4 Patch up, renovate (6)
5 Enjoyment of food (8)
6 Insecure, perilous (10)
7 Nabs (7)
8 Stands for (10)
11 Continental quilt (5)
16 Required (6)
19 Plaything (3)
21 Drunken bravado (5,7)
22 Try extremely hard (6)
23 Unit of measurement
24 Tennis term(37)
25 Possesses (3)
28 Schoolbags(8)
29 Viking (8)
30 Decides or
determines firmly (8)
31 Male relative (7)
33 Very strong person (5)
34 Imitates (6)

ACHOSS: 4. Repast 7 Iotharlo 8, Danger 10, Orals 13, Test 14, Dell 15, Pros 16,
Eel 17, Tree 19, Asks ?1, Dreamlike 23, Lies 24, Ball 26, Don 27, Told 29, Laws
32, Gene 33, Allot 34, Salads 35, Earliest 36, Repent

DOWN: 1, Flood 2, Steal 3, Mass 4, Rodeo 5, Pant 6,-Scenes 9, Assail 11, Rep 12.
Lltre 13, Tremble 15, Pea 16, Eke 18, Rested 20, Skill 21, DIn 22, Lad 23, Locate
25, Two 28, Onset 30, Alter 31, State 32, Gate 33, Ally

Michele Godena v Helgi Ziska,
Malmo 2007. White (to move) is
rook for pawn ahead, but this is a
tricky endgame to win. The obvious s
play is 1 Rd2, guarding the f2 pawn,
but then Black replies Kf31
threatening h3-h2 and leaving
White nothing better than 2 Rd3+
Kg2 restoring the puzzle diagram. 1
Ke4 looks promising, with the idea
h2 2 Rdl Kxf2 (hlQ 3 Rxh1 Kxhl 4
Kxf4 and White's f2 pawn queens) 3
Kxf4 Kg2 4 Kg4 hlQ 5 Rd2+ Kgl 6
Kg3 planning 7 Rdl mate, but this
actually loses to Qh5! when the
black queen guards dl and he wins
with queen against rook. Can you
find White's real winning move?

11T h1
S U ,,r f 5


Chess: 8535:113! h2 2 Rd2+ Kg3 (if Kxf3 3 Rxh2 Kg3
4 Rh8 wins as White will soon capture Black's f
pawn) 3 Rxh2 Kxh2 and not now 4 Ke4? Kg3! when
Black wins but 4 Ke5! Kg3 5 Ke4 and Black must
allow Kxf4 followed by the winning advance of
White's f3 pawn.




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The Tribune



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ONE OF HOLLYWOOD'S most influential directors, Spike Lee shared a special evening at Luciano's with local filmmakers where he outlined issues that he felt are impacting a burgeoning film industry in Bahamas...
Shown (1-r) are Celi Moss, Moya and Munks.


Lee lit with

ONE of Hollywood's most influ-
ential directors, Spike Lee recently
shared a special evening at Luciano's
with local filmmakers where he out-
lined issues that he felt are impact-
ing a burgeoning film industry in the
The Emmy award winning and
Academy award nominee Shelton
Jackson Lee, better known as Spike
Lee, was in the Bahamas shooting
parts of his new movie, "Miracle at St
Based on a novel by James
McBride and directed by Mr Lee, the
film's plot tells the tale of four African
.American Buffalo Soldiers of the
92nd infantry division who get
trapped in a small Tuscan village dur-
ing the Italian campaign in World
War II.
The film is scheduled for release in
Hosted by the Bahamas Film and
Television Commission, the evening
was an effort to share the renowned
auteur's experiences in the film indus-
try with up and coming Bahamian
film makers, and to give them some
insight on what to expect in their cre-
ative development as they operate
with the Bahamian economy.
"Spike Lee was down here scouting
locations for shooting part of a new
movie he's directing. This was a small
shoot, but with a really big director.
He agreed to speak and share some of
his knowledge and experiences over
the years in [film] production," said
Film Commissioner Craig Woods.
The American director, who is also
a producer, writer and actor, told his
audience that the Bahamas was an
ideal location to shoot the final scene
of the movie.
"In the book it says, 'in the seashells
island', but we were not going to the
mother land to shoot. The'Bahamas is
great... The weather, the water, the
proximity to the United States, all
good reasons," he said.
As the Bahamas looks to build its
reputation as an ideal location for
movie shoots, Mr Lee said that one
very important thing that could attract
major film productions to the
Bahamas is the opportunity to see a
return as a result of their selection of
that location for the shoot.
"What studios and production

houses are looking at is rebates. They
want rebates. Before the writers strike
there was so much stuff happening
inside New York City because they
found out it came with a rebate.
"Two days before we got here we
were shooting in Louisiana and before
we even started shooting we had got-
ten 75,000 rebate checks from the
state of Louisiana. People want sub-
sidies. That would be my advice," Mr
Lee told the group, adding that he
was unaware of whether that system
was already in place in the Bahamas.
As the evening came to an end. Mr
Lee left everyone in the room with
one final piece of advice about film-
making; being able to tell and write a
"Everybody has stories, but I think
it is the people in this room that
should tell stories of the Bahamas. I
would say writing is key. If you did a
survey of the past 20 years and looked
at the debut films and their directors,
I would say [about] 75 per cent of
those films were directed by people
who wrote their own script." Mr Lee
Among those on hand for the
reception was Celi Moss, writer and
director of the new hit Bahamian
gangster movie 'Balls Alley.' Mr Moss
gave Spike Lee a personal copy of
his movie on DVD, and agreed with
Mr Lee's statements about writing
and directing one's own work.
"Writing and directing, you know
what you want to say. It's easier and
you have more creative control. If
you write and direct a film, your
vision will be pure," Mr Moss said.
Also in attendance was Bahamian
filmmaker Ian Poiter, various mem-
bers of 'Da Spot' drama troop, and
the Bahamas International Film Fes-
tival founder and executive director
Leslie Vanderpool.
"Spike made it clear to everyone
listening that there's no excuse for
not having any information in times
where the Internet makes informa-
tion so accessible," Mr Woods com-
mented following the reception. "And
do not get into this business if you
want to win awards. It's all about per-
fecting your craft and doing your best,
the awards will come."
According to Mr Woods, Lee's film
had a budget of about $45 million,
but he could not say how much of
that was spent in the Bahamas.

SHELTON JACKSON LEE (shown with Munks), better known as Spike Lee, was in the Bahamas shooting parts of his new movie,
"Miracle at St Anna." Based on a novel by James McBride and directed by Mr Lee, the film's plot tells the tale of four African Amer-
ican Buffalo Soldiers of the 92nd infantry division who get trapped in a small Tuscan village during the Italian campaign in World
War II.



local filmmakers









Tribune Feature Writer
Always feel a boost of
Bahamian pride when a song
by a Bahamian artist plays in
a primetime slot on local FM
stations... or better yet... when
a young Bahamian can riddle off the
lyrics to that song like they would any
of American hip hop star Chris
Brown's hits.
It gives the Bahamian artist true
celebrity status. And these days, Pre-
ston "Puzzle" Wallace is definitely
on the receiving end of some of that
national notoriety with his hit "Sour
Vibes". Really, how often is a
Bahamian the focus of his own tele-
vised documentary.
Those who have watched JCN TV
lately would have seen "A Day in the
Life of Puzzle" which features a little
bit of what Puzzle does to promote his
music in the clubs around Nassau.
The show, which premiered on Sat-
urday, January 19 and re-ran several
times since then, also shows some of
his performances.
With a musical background to get
him started his father, Preston Wal-
lace Senior, was a member of the Ele-
vations who had the gospel hit "My-
Lord is Writing" Preston grew up
singing in the church. He received
most of his training in music at High-
er Plain Ministries and later helped to
form the gospel hip hop group, 'Unit-
ed'. The'group enjoyed some popu-
larity with their song, "Satan Nah Fi
Cross Da Border".
A self-taught musician. Preston also
recorded music for Shabak. Tazi
Cleare, and other up and coming
gospel acts. He would work in his pre-
production studio and later go to the
larger studios when it was time to cre-
ate the final mix.
But it wasn't his time to shine just,
yet. The "United" group split and
their debut album was never released
to the public. It was at this time that
Preston spread his wings as a pop
artist and dubbed himself 'Puzzle-
man' to emphasize his musical diver-
"Puzzleman means that I have the
ability to touch all of the different
genres of music and bring them
together into one." he said. He would
later drop the ending, and became
known only as Puzzle. (I.think it rolls
off the tongue better too.)
Keeping the artist separate from
the person that he is seems to be this
performer's i, is as through-
out our interv i. oke of Puzzle
as a separate entit\ :gether. And
along those same lines, he would also
send e-mails to update Tribune Enter-
tainmnent on what Puzzle is doing -
not Preston.
"Puzzle has done shows in Cana-
da, America and all around the
Bahamas. Puzzle is respected not only
as an artist, but an ambassador for
the Bahamas," he writes.
Awkward? Kinda'. But it is all a
part of the artist's goal to keep his
life and his art separate. He won't
even reveal his age. Maybe Preston's
age has little affect on Puzzle the
An R&B artist for six years now,
"Sour Vibes" isn't Puzzle's first song.
And while this song is new to the
Bahamas, it was actually written two
years ago, and recorded and released
in Toronto nearly a year ago. He did
have the Bahamian public in mind
when he recorded it though.
"It was written almost two years
ago, but on my way back to the
Bahamas (after living in Toronto to
pursue music), I decided to record a
culture reggae song because I know
that Bahamians love reggae," he said.
The song made its Bahamian debut
on 100 Jamz with Reality and later
began playing in heavy rotation on
all FM stations. For five weeks the
S song was number one on Randy C's
Bahama Hot Ones show on 100 Jamz.
But Puzzle is surprised that this reg-
gae song took off so well since his
strongest genre is really pop and R&B
music "I didn't expect the kind of
success it is i, vimn right now because
this wasn't one of the ,!nes that I was
mainly concentration on. IHut it jusl
started to work, so I just kept pushing
Sour Vibes is really about a rela-
tionship where communication is
being affected by his girlfriend who
doesn't want to discuss the problems
that they are facing. I le reaches out to
one of his old female friends who ends
up falling in love with him as they
discover that they share the same type
of problems. In the song I'uzzle is
basically showing his girlfriend that
they need to communicate because

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